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Generation X and Y
The diverse workforce means that there are multiple generations in the same workplace. Recent research regarding generational differences has found common generational attributes. These generational commonalities may be found in varying degrees, and are not indicative of "all persons of that age grouping."
The traditionalists, born between 1925 and 1945, will stay in a position until they retire and don't always welcome change.
aby boomers (1946-1964), the largest group, are loyal to their jobs and often have a strong work ethic.
Characteristics of Generation X
Generation X by broadest definition includes those individuals born between 1961 and 1981. The collective persona of Gen Xers (discussed later) is frequently debated and discussed among academicians and marketing experts worldwide. It traditionally applies to North Americans including people from the United States of America, Canada, Australia, and various European countries.
The United States Social Security Administration defines Generation X…… [Read More]
"the tem Geneation X . . . fom a book witten in 1991. . . By the same name.
is a fictional book about thee stanges who decide to distance themselves fom society to get a bette sense of who they ae. . . . [Douglas Coupland, autho,] descibes the chaactes as 'undeemployed, oveeducated, intensely pivate and unpedictable'"
(Jochim, 1997, &paa; 4).
Geneation X Consume Poduct
Geneation X technically compises the geneation following the Baby Boom geneation; bon between 1965 and 1980. In the aticle, "Geneation X defies definition," Jennife Jochim (1997) assets that the definition fo Xes vaies with diffeent souces: "Geneation X can technically be defined as the geneation following the Baby Boomes. Xes wee bon between 1965 and 1980, 1961 and 1981, 1964 and 1979, 1963 and 1979, 1965 and 1975 o since the mid-1960s" (&paa; 2). In 2011, Xes typically ange fom 31 to…… [Read More]
Generation Gaps in the WorkForce
In every aspect of society there lies some form of a generation gap, be it in fashion, music or language. It is a well-known and often highly parodied facet of society that has now become an area of concern to many companies and businesses as they try to assess and formulate strategies that will bridge the generation gaps in the work place.
There are four generation groupings that are to be considered: Veterans, or Traditionalists, aby oomers, Generation Xers, and the newer generation, Generation Y, or Generation Next. Of all the conflicts between generations in the workplace, perhaps the most volatile and difficult to strategize upon is that between the aby oomers and Generation Y To understand why these two generations are butting heads in the workplace, it's important to take a look at where each of these four generation groups stem from.
Veterans, or…… [Read More]
However, such an egalitarian viewpoint of the world gives Generation Y a low avoidance of uncertainty, which has both positive and negative consequences. Of the latter, the proclivity to challenge authority and to create a new status quo can create certain problems. The ubiquity of file sharing and copyright infringement that resulted in the shutdown of a number of popular websites such as Limewire, and complications for others such as Napster, was partly fuelled by Generation Y's low tolerance for conventionality and need to sate its entertainment, music and movie needs expediently. As a result of this generation's relatively low tolerance for regulation, it has displayed an elasticity that allows it to adopt to change frequently and seamlessly.
Another direct result of Generation Y's low tolerance for uncertainty is its extreme individualism. In addition to assisting in fostering its sense of ambition and entitlement, the degree of individualism that categorizes…… [Read More]
Growth Trend for Generation X for 2004 to 2010
Martin & Prince (2009) predicted that Generation X would be the predominant market segment by 2010. U.S. Census data estimate that Generation X makes up 19% of the total population in 2010. Sources vary on which birth years to include when defining this generation. For the purposes of this research, the years of 1965 to 1978 will be used to determine the growth trend for this generation (Hachtmann, 2008, eisenwitz & Iyer, 2009).
Growth Trend for White Consumer Segment Members for 2004 to 2010
In 2005, the white Generation X population numbered 37,208,000 and comprised 12.93% of the total population. While there was an increase in this population in 2006, the market segment is projected to decrease steadily based on U.S. Census projection data. The table below shows the growth trend for the white Generation X market segment.
Year…… [Read More]
The older generation is famous for their stern stand against oppression. They did this through their physical presence when it came to a point where there was trampling of their rights. This generation relied on actions to pass their points and to let their voice be heard. However, the current generation does not seem to follow this model. It is exceedingly rare for the occurrence of a situation where this generation has an uprising. In fact, it may seem that they do not care. An indication of this would be the perception that they rarely follow current issues within the society. This point us further compounded by the appearance that most of them have, with most preferring to listen to music than news. However, this generation cares as much as the earlier generation. It is only method of passing the message that has changed. hile the earlier generation took…… [Read More]
Generation by Tom Brokaw
The Greatest Generation. Tom Brokaw. New York: Random House, 1998. 412 pages.
The author argues that the generation of Americans who fought World War II, maintained society at home during World War II, overcame the Great Depression and rebuilt the nation of America after the war are the "greatest generation any society has ever produced." The author argues that this generation is often undervalued for their contributions, when they did in fact, give us the lives we live today and create an American society with more to offer than any in the past.
Evidence to Support Thesis.
The book is designed to pay tribute to and make people aware of just what this generation of men and women did for America and how they contributed to the society we have today. The author describes how these men and women battled through World…… [Read More]
However, the NGN removes this restriction from you -- you have a choice. If you prefer to purchase voice services from another company…you have that option, too" ("hat is the NGN?" NGN Service Provider, 2010). By allowing separation between services, consumers could gain more bargaining power within the new marketplace.
Superior use of existing services are also possible: "the user could, for example, use a mobile phone to talk on a phone, see a video feed on an LCD screen, collaborate on a document through a PC ('screen sharing' or 'application sharing'), and receive a file to a mobile handheld device, all within the context of a call to another person" ("NGN: Functional architecture," NGN Service Provider, 2010). This could improve business communication by enabling more effective use of videoconferencing without the use of cumbersome technology. Even residential consumers might find additional value in the use of more 'lifelike' use…… [Read More]
While the narrator in Thomas' poem urges his father to resist death, the narrator in Pastan's poem wishes to advise her father to give up his struggle against it by saying, "father let go, and death will hold you up." Both poems show that the younger individuals, in being distant observers of death, cannot easily relate to those actually experiencing it.
The poem "Sestina" by Elizabeth Bishop also depicts two individuals of different generations; the older individual is the grandmother while the younger one is a child. The allusion to death becomes apparent when it is understood that the loss of a loved one has taken place. This loss is revealed after the child holds up a drawing of a "man with buttons like tears," which causes the grandmother to secretly shed tears of sorrow. This poem makes it most apparent how younger individuals often cannot relate to the…… [Read More]
Generation Alternatives 1-2 pages Important Section ecommendation 1-2 paragraphs This a Grad level strategic management class.
Harley-Davidson: Preparing for the Next Century
Harley-Davidson is not only a motorcycle manufacturer, but an emblem of the American society. Today nevertheless, the company faces the specific problem of an icon -- that of no longer being up-to-date, trendy and desired by the customers.
Harley-Davidson continues to generate strong financial results, but fact is that the incidence of sales has decreased. It would as such appear that the company is in need of a new strategic approach to help it reshape and reposition itself within the industry in a means which generates customer demand.
At a deeper level, the problem is manifested by the fact that the Harley-Davidson sales are based on history, tradition and sentimentalism. And the sales are attached to the target market of the manufacturer, which has nevertheless aged from 35…… [Read More]
Generations of Winter," by Vassily Aksyonov. Specifically, it will discuss literary themes and approaches used by the author and how the work reflects the political and social environment of the time.
GENERATIONS OF WINTER
Aksyonov's book opens in 1925, the "eighth year of the revolution." While it sometimes reads like a history of the Russian people, it is really a novel, written in the sweeping style of "War and Peace" by Tolstoy. The novel follows the Gradov family through twenty years of modern Russian history, with which they always manage to become involved. Mixed in with the family are real historical characters, so it sometimes becomes muddy between what is fact and what is fiction in this novel.
Aksyonov was expelled from his home country of Russia in 1980. His mother and father lived through much of the Stalin regime, and spent time in prison, and in the Crimea. "Aksyonov…… [Read More]
Newsletter to Generation Bling
Newsletter (and Manifesto) of 'Generation Bling-Bling'
Bling-Bling' is the sound of a cash register running up a total of flashing name brand clothes and shoes. So we, the members of 'Generation Bling-Bling' have often been called a generation that defines itself solely though its conspicuous consumption of the 'right' clothes, music, shoes, and brightly colored cell phones and laptops. hat one wears, buys, uses, and all the other products and labels one identifies one's self are what make up the general identity of 'Generation Bling-Bling.' All of these things are more important than what one does, who one's family is, or what one knows to our generation, it is alleged. e watch and consume advertising rather than make art. e go to the mall, not museums. e are of the moment, rather than of all time. (CNN, 2003)
But if this is true, why has the…… [Read More]
Mens sana, corpus sana: sound mind, sound body. A sound mind requires a sound body. A sluggish person has less energy to take risks, less bodily confidence, and often lower self-esteem. An unhealthy nation runs up high health care bills and grows old quickly. It is important that we as a society treat these symptoms of inactivity, but we must also treat the causes -- inequality, the rampant growth of consumption and technology that robs of us of our mobility and shackles us to computers and televisions, and the fact that factory-produced meat or commercially advertised products rather than real food is seen as the normal thing to eat. We must change our lifestyles -- cook food rather than buy it, walk rather than drive as fast as possible -- to be able to enjoy and maintain our unique prosperity as a nation.… [Read More]
Authors used observations to study result of designs; analyzed minuteaa of history, purpose, and structure of designs; and conducted inmate and staff questionnaires regarding how the design affected their job and quality of life.
160 inmates and 209 staff members participated in survey
Surveys are generally biased and have some shortfalls. This includes the fact of interviewer and interviewee bias where either may perceive the other in a certain way that influences response. Furthermore, context of mood and place may influence response too. The participants may be inadequately aware of their opinion or of their reason for their actions.
In a similar way, they may erroneously attribute their actions to certain intentions that are really contingent on a third issue that may be overt or covert, or concealed to them.
The researchers, in other words, were investigating whether the behavioral components of one place can effect the actions and…… [Read More]
Generation Xer's: My Why or No Way discusses generation Xers. Particularly it discusses perceptions that are commonly held about Generation Xer's. The case suggests that Gen Xer's are more emotionally suited for career realities in today's world and more apt to save money than previous generations. This despite a perception from some that Gen Xer's are simply slackers. Attitudes commonly held by Gen Xer's discussed in the case study include the belief that status is less important than accomplishments that breaking the rules is sometimes acceptable and that networking is critical to success.
If you were asked to measure the attitude of Generation Xers' which type of scale would you use? Why?
If I were to measure the attitude of Generation Xers' I would use a scale that assessed attitude, beliefs, morals, savings habits, career choices and overall success. This would be hard to actually define, however something along the…… [Read More]
Generations of Family TV Shows
Many believe that scripted television shows provide a window into the culture, by portraying cultural norms and standards. Therefore, family television shows should highlight aspects of family life in American culture during the time period in which the shows were produced, not necessarily the time period portrayed in the show. This investigation will involve a single television episode from two family-focused television series that stopped airing new shows at least 20 years ago, and a single episode from two family-focused television series that are currently airing on modern television. The two older television shows chosen for this paper are Little House on the Prairie and Bewitched. The two currently-running television shows are Good Luck Charlie and Two and a Half Men.
Little House on the Prairie
Little House on the Prairie was a television series that aired in the mid-1970s through early 1980s. It was…… [Read More]
generation to consider what the Civil War must have been like. Horrible fighting conditions, brother against brother, massive loss of human life - it was a bloody war on American soil. The wonderful, informative website, The Valley of the Shadow, takes an in depth look at two communities, close in proximity, fighting against each other during our nation's battle against each other.
The website is enormous - it offers pre-war information, war information, and post-war information for both the Staunton, Virginia region as well as the Franklins County, Pennsylvania region. There are countless photographs, documents, letters, journals, church records, government records, newspapers, and maps. All of these items collectively offer faces and names to associate with a war that happened so many years ago. As a college student, learning about the Civil War is somewhat tedious - it is hard to put yourself into something that happened so long ago,…… [Read More]
Epoch of Resentment
Throughout history, society has felt compelled to devise labels for nearly every category or trait. People may be given a specific label based on their age, economic status, education level, ethnic background, geographic location, occupation, political beliefs, religious beliefs, and various other factors. Although the use of labels based on one category may dominate at certain time periods (i.e., ethnicity-based labels dominated in the early 1950s), labels based on age seem to be common regardless of the time period.
Individuals ages 20-29 are commonly referred to as "Generation X" Other names for Generation X include "Gen X," the "Generation Without a Conscience," the "Lost Generation," the "Me Generation," the "Slacker Generation," the "Twenty something Generation," or the "Yuppies With a Conscience ut Without Fat Paychecks." While labels may be useful in distinguishing members of various categories based strictly on age, labels are most often used in a…… [Read More]
Design errors in assuming simple linear scalability of engineered systems as the transition is made from the current to the new technology and to more aircraft flying with closer separations. (Sheridan, nd)
Sheridan states that 'human-in-the-loop simulation' is both a "well-known and obvious need for any large system development involving people and technology interacting." (nd) These 'HITL' simulations are believed to be very expensive due to their requirement of "full-scale hardware and software setups that have face validity but are quite expensive to construct and operate." (Sheridan, nd) However, Sheridan does state that models of system processes and human observation which are "sufficiently good" make fast-time computer simulation an option as well.
SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
Simulation technology such as the a-SMGCS plays an important role in preparing today's air traffic controller personnel for coping with increasing air traffic in the airports which has been predicted for the future. At present,…… [Read More]
Wind energy itself is a completely renewable source. In fact, it actually relies on solar power as its own source; "The sun's energy in interaction with the Earth's surfaces creates the winds and as long as the sun is up there, wind is a renewable energy source," (Sustainable Table 2010). Modern implication and practice have proven that generating power through wind energy can be a reliable and clean source of providing practical uses of power. esidential and commercials cities have been provided with much power coming from the windy plains of America's greatest desserts. It is a growing strategy for alternative energy solutions, and "Today, wind energy is captured by wind turbines and used to generate electricity," (West 2010). More and more facilities of seemingly endless white wind turbines are being built across the country. Such facilities will provide great sources for energy within the future development of the nation.…… [Read More]
Death of a Salesman" by Arthur Miller, and "The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts" by Maxine Hong Kingston. Specifically, it will discuss conflict between generations and the "American Dream" in the two works. Both of these works clearly show the conflict between generations that often results from differing views of the "American Dream," the dream that is so elusive to so many of us.
Author Kingston's story is fact, rather than fiction, but the generational differences between her and her mother are still apparent. She remembers, "We'd have to face four- and five-day-old leftovers until we ate it all. The squid eye would keep appearing at breakfast and dinner until eaten. Sometimes brown masses sat on every dish. I have seen revulsion on the faces of visitors who've caught us at meals" Kingston 108). Her life is far different from her mother's, and she is firmly entrenched…… [Read More]
Generation Transmission of Culture
There are a number of ways that a culture may be transmitted to the next generation such as influences from family and parents, religion, and community. This works intends to explore the generation transmission of cultural elements through the methodology of informational research.
One of my earliest memories is the sound of the drums coming down Main Street while the smells of popcorn and coffee drifted through the summer air. That was the 4th of July many years ago as I sat atop my father's shoulders watching the Independence Day parade. Forever, red, white and blue will be associated with drums, popcorn and festivity. This is one example of cultural transmission.
Family & Parents
Cultural Transmission Starts at an Early Age:
In view of the fact that many Americans through generation after generation will ever relate lemonade to summer and hot chocolate naturally is only consumed…… [Read More]
When one thinks of teens and drugs, illegal substances such as marijuana and cocaine immediately come to mind. However, the real culprits aren't the drug pushers in the school yards; it's the medicine cabinets in their own homes. A national study has revealed that today's teens are more likely to have abused a prescription painkiller to get high than they are to have experimented with a variety of illegal drugs; 'Generation Rx' has arrived. Although this fact is initially surprising, when one reviews the reasons why teens turn to marijuana, one can easily see why prescription drugs have become even more popular.
The reasons teens use marijuana, repeated below, are even truer for prescription drugs.
Parents don't discuss the danger of drugs with their children.
Teens are left with less adult supervision because of societal changes.
Young people have more access now than they had ever had before.…… [Read More]
A large percentage of school population comprises multicultural origins.
Perhaps educational equity is a less problem in the early generation due to a large percentage of students with same cultural and racial background.
The increasing diversity and changing demographics presses more issue on inequality among students.
As seen on African-Americans, children in the early age still shows positive attitudes such liveliness and eagerness
Later generations show negative attitudes towards others such as cynism and apathy.
School dropout rate
Minimal school dropout rate
Shows an increase in the rate of school dropouts.
Social living and way of life
Due to lesser rate of cultural diversity, peoples' ways of life are not yet influenced by the culture of other races.
The present generation shows mixed culture that was influenced by other races' culture.
Early and Present Generation
The trend of the changing demographics and increasing…… [Read More]
" (Guelph Food Technology Centre, 2008) This report additionally relates four "meta trends" in the packing industry which are those of:
2) Health and wellness;
3) Upscale experiences; and 4) Sustainability. (Guelph Food Technology Centre, 2008)
The work entitled: "Generational Change and Marketing Indicators" states that five decades ago "when supermarkets were 'stores of the future' retailers and manufacturers pretty much knew where to find their customers. Food came from food stores; drugs from drug stores and cooked meals were consumed at drive-in or sit-down restaurants." (Mogelonsky, nd) it is important to know where shoppers intend to buy their food today. Generation Y, at a total population of 72 million, is an important consideration for marketers. Potato chip shopping including tortilla chips and pretzels are stated to "round out the top three snack categories, with household penetration rates of 76 and 62% respectively." (Mogelonsky, nd)) Also noted is…… [Read More]
This is also in defiance of the usual job search and reward method -- instead of salary-driven, Millennials are fulfillment-driven.
Through these intergenerational pairings, companies hope to tap into this valuable, selfless idealistic pursuit of knowledge and social capital for its own sake, while not losing the work ethic and focus of older generations. The experiment at andstad has been quite successful in many instances, although the degree to which the two personalities melded, it was reported, often varied between teams. Of course, a Baby Boomer might wryly observer that the fact that the degree to which the partners liked one another was so influential in the team's success might be seen as 'very Generation Y' Generation Y, the Google generation that spawned the search engine created by a company where work and play have almost no division at all at its corporate headquarters, wants to have fun at work,…… [Read More]
The research showed that today's dominant energy model remains the centralized, large-scale energy production approach that is focused on satisfying increasing demand in an efficient fashion. The research also showed that the move is on to decentralized energy production through smaller production facilities and so-called micro-systems that supplement and even replace traditional sources of energy. Taken together, it is reasonable to conclude that the successor to today's large-scale centralized energy production will be decentralized, downsized alternatives that are designed to meet peak demands in a more efficient ways.
Barclay, .A. (2010, Summer). Feed-in tariffs: Too much of a good thing? Management
Quarterly, 51(2), 35-37.
Blumsack, S. (2007, January 1). Measuring the benefits and costs of regional electric grid integration. Energy Law Journal, 28(1), 147-150.
Bluvas, K. (2007, Fall). Distributed generation: A step forward in United States energy policy.
Albany Law eview, 70(4), 1589-1592.
Cohen, L.. (2001). The technology…… [Read More]
beat generation are several strong principles, the most notable is associated with the founder, Jack Kerouac and his definition of the generation as a whole.
The road" has been a powerful metaphor for freedom from the constraints of ordinary life, ever since Jack Kerouac's On the Road became the Beatnik Bible in the 1950's. Kerouac saw beauty in gas stations and freedom on the road. The metaphor caught the imagination of a generation. Many of the key phenomena of "the Sixties" developed in coherence with this metaphor... getting high on psychedelic drugs was called "taking a trip."
Jack Kerouac and others developed through his mostly autobiographical works the "positive" concept or purpose of the retaliatory generation of the beats.
ithin the works of the small elite group of writers associated with the beat generation there are many messages about, life, the world and rejection of conformity. There is little doubt…… [Read More]
Large number of respondents will require large number of questionnaires to be given to the individuals and this would have high financial implications.
Due to the problem of fear of the information that if the Facebook members disclose will be used against them in future, I intend to guarantee them anonymity on any information given and confidentiality by ensuring no names or sensitive information is required in the questionnaires. On the time constraint, the questionnaires will be designed so that it takes small amount of time with few open ended questions. On the financial, the samples taken will be done randomly so that even if it's quite small compared to the whole Facebook membership, it will be representative.
Social networking is considered the as the manner of communication in the 21st century. It refers to the individuals grouping into groups…… [Read More]
Fourth Generation Warfare
Some analysts have argued that "fourth generation warfare" is new. This author will argue that there is nothing new about fourth generation warfare. Modern military analysts have simply been ignoring it because they know how to do second and third generation warfare. Fourth generation warfare is as old as human beings. Although it was only formally defined in the famous Marine Corps Gazette article of 1989, it predates formal warfare precisely because it involves terrorist actors. Since it existed from the beginning, it was just "under the radar screen" of military analysts who were used to modern technology and tactics.
The simplest definition of fourth generation warfare includes any kind of warfare in which one of the participants is not a state but instead a violent terrorist actor. Classical examples include such as the slave rising under Spartacus. Of course, this predates the modern concept of warfare…… [Read More]
Then in 1949, China was liberated and the state controlled by Mao Zedong, took over all music and artistic activities. Mao made great efforts to change musical traditions which he had associated with the older, defeated Chinese society. Promoted revolutionary songs and "Yangko Plays," (Yu un 1991). He moved the traditional away from professionalism, and towards exploring the life of the proletariat, the common people. Mao then allowed ussian influences to permeate into Chinese cultural traditions based on the nature of communism in the Soviet Union. Communism forced music like you would force production. Mao basically destroyed creative expression, all music other than state approved works were banned Popular musical developments were still occurring in British held Hong Kong, where the 1950s saw movements of Chinese ock and oll based on its Western influences (Wong 2000). Yet, it is clear that the music being handed down by the generations in…… [Read More]
Alternation of Generations
Alteration of Generations
"Alternation of Generations" is a term used to explain the life cycle and pattern of reproduction in certain vascular plants, protists and fungi. Usually generations of a species take one complete life cycle; therefore, in order to avoid confusion, this term is usually replaced with the term "Alternation of Phases of a single generation."
In "Alternation of Generations," the process of reproduction is different from other reproductions; it keeps moving back and forth from a sexual from of reproduction in one generation to an asexual form of reproduction in the other generation (Polunin, 1960). Each phase of the life cycle of organisms possessing "Alternation of Generations" contains one or two independent living organism gametophyte and a sporophyte. Sporophyte and gametophyte come from the concepts: spore bearing stage (sporophyte) and gamete bearing stage (gametophyte). Genetically, a gametophyte (which can be a tissue or plant) is…… [Read More]
habits of earlier generations and those of our current generation. Just as music and slang change from generation to generation, so do work habits. The work habits of earlier generations differ greatly from the work habits of the current generation, and the current generation will need to catch up in work attitude and social skills if American products and services are to remain at the top of the world market.
The older generations of workers today have a work ethic that is rooted in responsibility and dedication (for the most part). Many of these workers expected to be at their jobs until they retired. They give the company their loyalty because they expect the company to be loyal to them. Today, these work habits seem old-fashioned to many, but they are the ethics of generations who were raised at a slower pace, and when there were distinct guidelines about the…… [Read More]
A driver came to the house and picked Robert up five days a week at 7:30 and brought him home at around 4:00 P.M. The couple received a grant from United ay to fund the service they received from the Respite Center, which cost around $200 per week. The Respite Center had well-thought-out activities designed for seniors with dementia and Alzheimer's, and those activities "helped slow down his Alzheimer's" (Claunch). Those activities include arts and crafts, chair aerobics, games, socializing, breakfast, lunch and a snack, Claunch explains. On many days a special visitor or group comes to entertain the seniors; among those groups are the Gulf Coast omen's Club, the Garden Club, PAS Ministry, gospel groups, line dancers, pianists and sing-along singers.
hen an Alzheimer's patient is stimulated (by being entertained, walking, or engaging in a game of some kind that challenges the mind but does in minimally) the nerve…… [Read More]
If a parent does not realize what is important to a child, it can be hard for that child to feel accepted or loved. Older parents can have a harder time remembering how they were treated as children and what kinds of hardships they saw as being serious and important, but that does not mean that they should not try to be supportive of the concerns that a child is facing (Casterline, 2009). Things will be very different in that child's world than they were in the parents' world years ago, but the basic problems of human beings and their ability (or lack of ability) to socialize and treat each other well remain the same (Casterline, 2009).
Very often, parents talk down to their children without meaning to. They think that the child cannot understand adult concepts and so they must present them in a way that they make more…… [Read More]
This section will be used to provide a summary of the research and important findings supported by citations.
Arcand, Yves and Pierre Talbot. (2000) "Using Peat to Treat Wastewater." Journal of Environmental Health 62(6): 36.
Author provides a description concerning the utility of peat moss in wastewater treatment applications. Included in the report is a discussion concerning the origins of habitats favored by peat moss. Author also presents a useful basic description of this species and its physiology.
Coggins, Reed. (2002). "Ferns and Fire: Village Subsistence, andscape Change, and Nature
Conservation in China's Southeast Uplands." Journal of Cultural Geography 19(2): 129-
Author describes the economic impact of fern species for agricultural practices in rural
China where ferns are burned and used as fertilizer as well as used as a rotation crop to improve crop yields. Report provides useful background information for ferns.
Falcon-ong, H.J., D.J. Cantrill and…… [Read More]
THE NEXT GENEATION INTENET
The Internet was developed during the late 1960s and early 1970s as a network or computers capable of sustaining global communication. The original Internet, initially intended as and educational and governmental tool, has since reached a global commercial user base. The original Internet has proven a successful means of disseminating and communicating information to more than a billion users, thanks to technological advances.
A new wave however, has occurred in Internet technology. Educators and researchers are currently investigating and implementing new technology, referred to as Internet2. This new communication outlet was built to help ease the congestion researchers, government agents and educators currently face when attempting to access the Internet. The information superhighway has in fact, become jam packed, as an interstate during rush hour. Scientists, educators and government officials have invested in a program that will hopefully result in a more technologically advanced superhighway…… [Read More]
Dell Inc. Marketing and Manufacturing Process Integration
Based on analysis of Sources: (Kapuscinski, Zhang, Carbonneau, Moore, eeves, 2004) (Gunasekaran, Ngai, 2009) (Bilek, 2010)
Discussion of Current Business Issues
Today Dell suffers from not having enough insight into the most critical customer relationships necessary to grow its emerging virtualization and Cloud computing businesses, as the company's approach to managing by technology instead of customers created a very myopic mindset. The transition from being purely technology- and product-centric to one that puts customer feedback and their insights into the center of a business model can only be achieved by measuring processes and improving them (Liu, Guo, Lee, 2011). Nowhere is this more evident than in the company's quoting process. Ironically for a company so well-known for its build-to-order process online, tis enterprise-wide quoting systems are seriously broken and often can take weeks to produce a highly specific quote for a…… [Read More]
successful aging as viewed by Generation X versus Baby Boomers over the age of
Successful Ageing: Generation X versus Baby Boomers
Numerous studies have focused on understanding and defining the constituents of successful aging. The term "successful aging" is popular in the gerontological literature to cover processes in aging. The processes of aging are positive, and at times, the term has shown relations to "vital aging" or "active aging" implying that later life is characterized by sustained health and vitality. According to Moody (2005), "successful aging" suggests main ideas including life satisfaction, longevity, freedom from disability, mastery, and growth, active management with life and independence.
According to Dubey et al. (2011), as people grow older, they have incidences of illnesses. However, an older population has numerous needs as compared to a younger population. Life satisfaction continues to be an important aspect in the study of aging. This is because it…… [Read More]
feature of the contemporary workplace is the convergence of, and collision among, traditional and new talents from four different time zones: the Greatest Generation of World War II in the 40s and the 50s; the aby oomers born between 1946 and 1964; Generation X individuals born between 1964 and 1976; and Generation Y individuals born between 1976 and 1995. With different orientations and meeting in common grounds, the problem is how to set them together to produce their generational best without sacrificing corporate objectives and hurting anyone's rights or point-of-view. In other words, how to manage the generations' wide differences in the workplace without tilting the balance towards any particular side or sector.
Let us take a good look at these generations in the labor market. The Greatest Generation on top of the ladder consists of those born before 1946 are the brave souls of World War II who very…… [Read More]
Mock esearch Experiment: The Generation Effect
This research study plans to look at and analyze the generation effect. The generation effect is the finding that self-generated stimuli will be both recalled and recognize with better performance than for read stimuli. This effect has been demonstrated primarily with words, yet this study uses pictorial stimuli within the experiment as opposed to using words. Because so many studies have been done focusing on the use of words, I decided to compose a study This that examines pictures within the generation effect and whether or not this effect influenced subjects memory. Memory was tested through different methods such as recall, recognition and also two different source monitoring tasks. The data obtained seemed to support the notion that the generation effect can and does occur for pictures.
The phenomenon of the generation effect is one which I have long found very interesting. The…… [Read More]
Generational Diversity: Managing Different Generations in the Workplace
Every generation is defined by their experiences, and understanding these experiences is essential for one to appreciate who they are and what they believe in. Among the many changes the American workforce has had to deal with, the management of different generations in the workplace has proven to be one of the hardest tasks for managers - they have to be mindful of their differences and at the same time channel their efforts towards an inclusive and cohesive work environment. This text analyses a scenario that clearly brings out the extent to which generational differences can cause problems in an organization. It identifies the major issues and also provides guidelines on how both the managers and employees can contribute towards effective management of generational diversity.
Managing Different Generations in the Workplace
In the last century, the American workplace has experienced a lot…… [Read More]
At this time, the individual's parents were ?80 years old. If we take 75 to be the year at which caregiving begins, there is a period of 5 years where simultaneous demands are placed on the baby boomer (2005).
However, their evidence did not support the notion that baby boomers are spending more time as dual caregivers because of delayed childbearing. For example, they contrasted the baby boomer with their parent's generation, and discovered a simultaneous caregiving demand of approximately 5 years as well (ogerson and Kim, 2005). These results did not disprove the notion that sandwich generation members had a longer period of dual-caregiving duties. However, it does suggest that delayed childbearing is not the cause of the overlap. Instead, their analysis revealed that "the timing itself places no additional demands on baby boomers. Increasing life expectancies, however, have implied that baby boomers' parents are more likely to be…… [Read More]
2. Challenging state legitimacy -- Transnational maras are a significant threat to the authority of legitimate governments. This is especially true in areas where the legitimate authorities are weak or plagued by corruption. It can result in the decreased ability of the government to maintain necessary functions, services, and goods to the public.
3. Acting as surrogate governments -- Transnational maras can completely supplant the legitimate authorities in some regions. In those situations, they establish their own local rules and extort taxes and protection money from the local population.
4. Dominating black market business -- Transnational maras can take over the economic sector by establishing their own businesses, in which case they compete unfairly with legitimate businesses by intimidating them and because they do not have to pay taxes or comply with any of the other restrictions and legal requirements that legitimate businesses must respect.
5. Infiltrating public sector and…… [Read More]
Generation Y in the Workplace
Clifford and Behrstock's (2009) policy brief and study report aims at aiding district, state, and notably -- school-level heads -- in acquiring a better understanding of the generation Y (Millennial generation) so as to better support and manage teachers. The goal is improving the learning-teaching process, for present as well as future student generations. Drawing on studies from the educational field and beyond, this report explains how leaders at the school level can make sure the profession of teaching profits from millennial teachers' talents. It starts with a review of workforce and sociological research on this generation (i.e., Gen Y/Millennials), following which, it offers literature review results of strategies to retain emerging Generation Y talent in the nation's private sector. This is followed by a recent analysis of practices for new-teacher support and retention. Lastly, it provides strategies that may be implemented by efficient school…… [Read More]
Generation Techniques in New Product Development
The process of new product development begins with identification of good product ideas and the use of an appropriate criterion to determine ideas to pursue. This process involves concept generation, which is the most important step since it involves generating and/or obtaining ideas regarding the product. Concept generation in new product development entails developing a set of customer needs, specifying targets, and determining several product alternatives for the design process. Given the significance of concept generation in new product development, there are several concept generation techniques. These techniques can be utilized to create variations of the basic concept in relation to different product form, characteristics, positioning, benefits, and customer target.
Overview of Concept Generation
According to Nobel (2013), concept generation is the process through which product development team creates or obtains ideas relating to the various aspects of a product such as product form…… [Read More]
Each new generation has new challenge and issues to face, and the current generation of young people is no different. Today's parents were once young, and in the 1960's for instance, the younger generation had many conflicts with their parents. But now the young of the past are the old of the present and they have taken up the role of the old of their time and criticize the young of today. But instead of hippies and "rock and roll," today's generation of young people are criticized for being too familiar with, and too involved with the internet and their electronic devises. But, as Amy asserman points out in her article "hat's the Matter ith Kids Today," this criticism is unfounded and not appropriate.
Computers, iPods, and other electronic devices are criticized as the cause of ignorance and a lack of communication skills, but they are really just…… [Read More]
baby boom generation has been plagued for several years with the dilemma of how to handle the issue of marijuana. The issue has been an acrimonious one for several decades and it is one that has been attached to the baby boom generation and as said generation begins to reach retirement age the issue is no closer to a resolution than it was in the early 60's as the baby boomers were first reaching their teenage years.
The baby boomer generation is identified with many social issues that changed American society forever. The Vietnam War and the Civil ights Movement come immediately to mind but the use of drugs such as LSD and marijuana are also identified with this generation. The Vietnam War ended; the Civil ights Movement was successful; the dangers of LSD were exposed; and all that remains is the issue of marijuana.
Throughout the past several decades…… [Read More]
Sentiments of the "Lost Generation"
Sentiments of "Lost Generation"
Before the beginning of the Great ar Era an optimistic attitude championing technological and educational progress was pervasive on a global scale. However, with the commencement of orld ar I, destruction was visited upon the world on a scale never before seen. In its wake, came a cultural realization that the progress made was not entirely for the good. This new sentiment is reflected in the poetry and literature of the time, a barometer for the true feelings of the "Lost Generation."
Many youths were drawn to the new war by a sense of adventure. Among them were many well-known poets and writers such as Ernest Hemingway and John Dos Passos. arfare (prior to and during the early stages of orld ar I) was viewed by many as "romantic and noble…a struggle for honor and glory." (Nash p. 750) A prime…… [Read More]
living in a time, individuals and generations do not exactly know what they are contributing in their history. Writers might have an idea that their work will be cited and used in the time to come, yet they do not have an exact idea about how their work will be used in the future and what position will it hold. The African writers have been writing about their culture like authors around the world. These writings are a source of information for us today to find what the culture of Africa is. The paper studies how the African authors have defended their culture and the journey of culture through time.
What is the contribution of African writers in defense of their culture?
The African writers have taken special interest in writing about the general harmony as well as the common contrasts. Popular African authors like Chinua Achebe, Alan…… [Read More]
hire large numbers of Generation Y employees can function very well within the travel light philosophy. Evaluate this claim
Generation Y employees, also referred to Millenials, are those employees born between 1980 and the early 1990s. They are technology savvy, have preference for digital and instant communication, and are ambitious and family orientated. Having grown up in a digital era, where everything is done using computers, and solutions to problems are available at the touch of a button on Google and Wikipedia, members of this generation have grown to prefer things or solutions that provide instant gratification. They will tend to go for options that provide instant results. In the organizational context, Gen Y members love companies that have richly embraced technology as opposed to those that are still tied to the traditional mindset. Further, having grown up seeing their Baby Boomer parents live their lives on the job, with…… [Read More]
Internet has Resulted in a Generation of Lazy Young People
There is no doubt that everything is moving much more quickly these days. Technology and the internet have definitely made our lives easier, evolving to meet almost every need that requires fulfillment, and accommodating a more convenient way of life. Our lives are increasingly becoming more and more effortless. In fact, with the right gadgets and apps, you can work, study, conduct business, and stay in touch with friends and family without having to get off your couch. hy walk all the way to the library when you can obtain answers on just about any question from Google and ikipedia? hy have your friends over to disturb the peace when you can hold a quick video chat on Skype or Facetime? hy go through all the trouble of getting up from bed one Saturday morning to check whether the weather…… [Read More]
This is when they began to focus on integrating their approaches into one single entity and strategy. After the merger took place, is the point that there was a change in how everyone was working with each other (through having less conflict among different parties). Over the course of time, this resulted in the firm receiving favorable distinctions from these activities. These elements are showing, how succession issues can have a major impact upon the assets of family businesses. This is from divisions surrounding direction and who will control the firm in the future. (Carlock, n.d.)
Clearly, one of the biggest challenges facing most family businesses is strategic direction and succession. This is because the different family members want to be able to have control of select assets (despite a will that is in place). When this happens the odds increase that there will be more litigation surrounding these…… [Read More]
A decent and innocent soul suffers the effects of betrayal. The professor of engineering in a provincial college is the victim of the betrayal in "The New Generation" story. All these unfold in the story that unfolds in the trials of "wreckers" (7) amidst tech intelligentsia. There is a protracted public demonstration and marching that takes place for four hours in the city of Rostov; his home city and one in which Solzhenitsyn grew up. The demonstrators demand that all accused be subjected to shooting; and that they should not be accorded any mercy. In the unfolding events, Anatoly Pavlovich Vozdvizhensky believes that he will not be one of those to be subjected to the shooting; after all, he had lived true to the meaning of hard work and dedication all across the Soviet Union, but was only hindered to achieve by his party bosses who he regards…… [Read More]
Environmental Challenges Facing the Current Generation
hat are the most challenging environmental issues that will face humanity over the next 50 years? And what are the best ideas for options in the face of these challenges? hat are some companies doing to mitigate (reduce, reuse, and recycle resources) the problems on a local level? These and other issues and questions will be approached in this paper.
The Main Environmental Challenges
hile there is no one single most serious environmental challenge that all scholars, scientists, researchers, policy makers, journalists and others agree on, any cursory research into future environmental challenges and issues for Planet Earth will turn up the alarming and well-documented consequences of climate change. Of course climate change is not just a future issue but very much a current worry for citizens, scientists and policy makers. Many other critical issues are related to global climate change, including the population…… [Read More]
Accounting report generation, tackling exercises and answering exams is vital, especially when testing the competency of each student. The accounting profession is a demanding course and requires accuracy in the presentation of information: almost all skills taught in class are implemented directly in the field. This analysis presents some findings in favor of three integral exams-based learning methodologies. The ideas are extracted from chapter twelve of "Effective Writing: A Handbook for Accountants" as written by May and May (2012). The first section focuses on essay exams, which may be handwritten, or in computer-generated documents whilst appreciating the importance of cognitive reasoning in responding to essay exams. The second section- professional exam- attempts to expose a handler into real accounting situations. In most cases, the handler will tackle similar assignments as those in a real company in the form of reports.
This chapter commences with a clear…… [Read More]
Quiet on the Western Front
All Quiet on the Western Front is a book written by Erich Maria Remarkque that focuses on something other than the direct human consequences of war. It tells a lesser known story of the indirect costs that war can have on an entire generation of individuals. In the novel, the author describes a cohort of young soldiers begin there adventure with concept of war that includes it being glorious, noble, and exciting. However, as the war progresses, the group begins to see many of the consequences of war that begin to change their paradigm. The group of men experience personal tragedies that include injuries and deaths that occur to close associates. As the story concludes, the group is left with only one member.
The book is set in Germany where a group of young men are first marketed to about joining the military. They were…… [Read More]
It is far more difficult to move into sales later in one's career, without sales experience on the resume. Regardless of what transpires in their sales career, resilience is a quality all salespeople will learn, and resilience is the bulwark of every career: "As meeting clients and encouraging them to purchase your products is the core of the profession, good interpersonal skills are a must, as well as a degree of resilience. 'No' is an answer you may hear often, particularly in the early days of your career" (How do I get a job in sales, 2009, Target jobs). The resilience learned in sales is the glue, the personal mettle that will keep every employee emotionally and professionally whole through trying times, regardless of the industry he or she ultimately chooses.
Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers. (2009). U.S.
Department of Labor and Statistics. Occupational Outlook…… [Read More]
Teleford and Ivey James are the second-generation owners of a family-owned manufacturer of premium chocolates started by Teleford's father in 1964. James Confectioners has grown during its 50 years into a large and modern factory with sophisticated equipment and annual sales of almost $4 million. They are above the industry standard in pricing, but not at the top range for the quality they produce. The James' are quite concerned of late about rising costs of base chocolate because it is grown in South America and Africa. Additionally, there are escalating costs from milk and sugar which, in combination, are squeezing the company's margins.
Ratios for Jame's Confectioners:
Times Interest Earned Ratio
Average Inventory Turnover
Average Collection Period
Average Payable Period
33.63…… [Read More]
Cultural Issues With Different Generations
Cultural diversity represents a scheme of behaviors and beliefs that acknowledges and regards the existence of diverse groups of individuals within a society/organization, accepts and values the socio-cultural distinctions existing between them, and facilitates and encourages their ongoing contribution to the society/organization within an all-encompassing cultural context, empowering all societal/organizational members. Valuing and understanding cultural diversity form the solutions to defying racism. Every person needs to have the freedom to explore his/her respective identity's and culture's uniqueness, whilst simultaneously endeavoring to understand cultural diversity existing in our globalized world. A denial of cultural expression implies limiting the demonstration of distinctive views regarding life and inter-generational knowledge transfer (Lovely, 2012). esearch indicates that absence of cultural, racial, and gender cohesion arises out of stereotyping, mistrust, and an increasing number of intra-cultural language and conversation issues. When these issues aren't focused on, it can result in the…… [Read More]