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System of Inquiry -- Durham
Words: 1859 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65257024
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To the extent the totality of circumstances suggest that possibility, even acceptance of the most nominal gratuities (i.e. A cup of coffee) is ethically inappropriate.

Similarly, even where the gratuity involved is of nominal value and there is no potential misunderstanding on the part of the individual proffering an otherwise appropriate gratuity, there is the issue of creating the appearance or inference of an improper relationship from the perspective of others observing the exchange. For example, while the proffer and acceptance of a single cup of coffee is excusable within the framework of ordinary positive community relations, the conspicuous regular transfer of even nominal gratuities in the presence of third parties can create an apparent inference of inappropriate influence regardless of whether or not that inference is necessarily accurate.


The SOI is intended to ensure that police officers do not misuse their duly authorized latitude to take different degrees…


Conlon E. (2004). Blue Blood. Riverhead, NY: Bantam.

Peak K. (2002). Policing America: Methods, Issues, Challenges. New Jersey: Prentice


Schmalleger F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st

Why Grading Is Good
Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87813578
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Abolish Grading" by Paul Goodman

Paul Goodman's essay entitled, "A Proposal to Abolish Grading" is analyzes the effect of grading to student performance. Goodman's essay raises the question on whether grading is a good measure of determining student performance in schools and universities. The author's position in the essay states clearly that he is against grading as a measure that will be used in determining school performance, and this position is supported by three primary reasons. Goodman's first stance is that the pressure that a student gets from trying to achieve a higher grade in order to pass results to plagiarism and cheating; the second stance concerns the 'irrelevancy" of grading as a measure that will determine whether a student performed very well in school or not, and this is crucial when grades are used for appraising a student for his or her future career; and lastly, grading results to…

Motivational Reward System Pro's Con's the Learning
Words: 2551 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84897524
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On the one hand, it can increase the uncertainty he accumulated during the time in which he was subject to abusive treatment. On the other hand, he can limit the level of trust he offers to any superior with authority. Therefore, the punishment-based system of motivation can cause serious long-term effects.

Another reason for which punishment-based motivation systems is not useful for the construction of a stable and reliable motivation is the fact that it is not built or it does not appeal to a system of values based on mutual respect. More precisely, the element of fear present in the relationship between the professor and the student is not able to have a consistent contribution to the establishment of a respectful relationship and once the fear is gone, an offensive attitude replaces any submissive behavior from the part of the student. Moreover, he comes to reject any future authority.…


Cameron, J., Pierce, W. (2002). Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation: Resolving the Controversy. Westport: Bergin & Garvey.

Chan, E. (Maech 2004) Student Motivation/Teacher Motivation. Motivation for Mandatory Courses. Vol. 7, No. 3. Faculty of Human and Social Development, University of Victoria, Canada.

Cook, J. (October-November 2003) Motivational Strategies: The Outcome Starts Here Motivating through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Rewards. American Music Teacher. Vol. 53, issue 2..

Hurlbert, W. (2006). Employee motivation: Build trust and respect. Big Business World. 2006. Retrieved 14 January 2008, at

Systems in HRM One of the Most
Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93529624
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Systems in HM:

One of the most significant aspects of the human resource department of an organization is evaluating the implemented HM methods to determine their effectiveness. Given that there is no single evaluation system that is applicable and effective for all organizations, different types of evaluation systems are used in human resources. However, all human resources evaluation systems are centered on employee performance evaluation. These systems act as a catapult in rewarding employees, determine performance issues, and help in developing strategies to improve an employee's performance. Some of these evaluation systems include

Comparative Standard Evaluation System:

The comparative standard evaluation system is used by organizations to grade employees against one another and is one of the traditional grading methods. The system uses a straight grading method where an employee's overall performance is compared with that of his/her colleagues. On the other hand, this evaluation system also uses the forced…


Clark, W. (n.d.). HR Evaluation Methods. Retrieved August 27, 2011, from

Howard, R. (n.d.). Types of Performance Evaluation Systems. Retrieved August 27, 2011,


System and Security Having Secure
Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96272366
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If they need to access a site for business purposes, they may not be able to do so, and that can lead to frustration and even lost contracts and opportunities (Miller, 2005). With that being the case, it would seem as though there should be a way to get around these restrictions. If people start avoiding restrictions, though, where does that end? At what point does it become unacceptable and dangerous, and at what point does it jeopardize the privacy, safety, and security of other people who have their information online?

The people who own the information (i.e. The people whose information is being collected) should be the ones to control how secure that information is in the sense of who can see it and access it. Because their names, dates of birth, addresses, phone numbers, and other information belongs only to them, they should be able to determine whether…


DiBattiste, C. (2009) Privacy and Information Security 101: Have a plan Information Security Best Practices 2009 conference archive The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. Zicklin Center for Business Ethics Research. Retrieved on July 26, 2010 from 

Cranor, L. (2008) A Framework for Reasoning About the Human in the Loop. Retrieved on June 10, 2011 from 

Miller, M. (2005). Computer Security: Fact Forum Framework Retrieved on July 26, 2010 from

System and Security the SAP
Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 87651668
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There are times when software fails to provide the protection that it should, but that is generally not the case with these particular tools. They should be used by any healthcare organization that is committed to keeping patient records private but also providing them via the internet, so that a patient can be treated anywhere in the world and his or her medical history can be quickly called up and verified. It could make a serious difference in that patient's treatment.

These particular tools are specifically for the kinds of businesses where there is a careful balance between access and privacy. It is vital that companies that collect personal data have a good plan in place for how to protect and transmit that data (DiBattiste, 2009). That is why these two companies chose the tools that they are currently using, because they knew that these particular tools would be the…


Cranor, L. (2008) A Framework for Reasoning About the Human in the Loop. Retrieved on June 10, 2011 from 

DiBattiste, C. (2009) Privacy and Information Security 101: Have a plan Information Security Best Practices 2009 conference archive The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. Zicklin Center for Business Ethics Research. Retrieved on July 26, 2010 from 

Miller, M. (2005). Computer Security: Fact Forum Framework Retrieved on July 26, 2010 from 

SAP Business Objects Portfolio. (2011). Retrieved on September 23, 2011 from

System Superficially Upheld the Traditional
Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46800230
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Because Confucianism arranged classes according to moral criteria rather than economic criteria, even a poor shenshi enjoyed enormous status and respect among the lower classes, so their position as higher-level shenshi probably helped gain cooperation. Shenshi held. Shenshi were members of the gentry in their own right, as well, with the wealth, honor, and tax-exempt status due their position. Shenshi handled taxes for the central government, as well, which helped supplement their income.

One could say that our country does engage in a meritocracy similar to the shenshi system. Our children all go to public schools. Though our schools' educational systems are supposed to be locally based, in reality we have a common national standard, especially in specific subjects, including nationalized textbooks. Public school teachers are specifically instructed to create good, obedient citizens (witness the whole Thanksgiving Pilgrim mythology). Those who test well then are paid to go to on…

U S Health Care System Is a Series
Words: 1314 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97821353
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U.S. Health Care System is a series of geographically-determined networks. Established according to American beliefs and values, the system provides essentially two models of health care: the Market Justice Model, based on free enterprise and individual responsibility and ability/willingness to pay; the Social Justice Model, based on the public and equitable provision of basic health care services to all members. The two models are often in conflict with each other, with the Market Justice Model currently being the primary model.

Definition of a Health Care System

A "Health Care System" is commonly defined as "the complete network of agencies, facilities, and all providers of health care in a specified geographic area" (Mosby, 2008). Given that very broad definition, the United States has health care systems spanning such geographical areas as the entire nation, states, counties, cities, towns, villages and neighborhoods.

Implications of Beliefs and Values on a Health Care System…

Works Cited

Daniels, N. (2001). Justice, health and health care. Retrieved on June 9, 2012 from Web site: 

Mosby. (2008). Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Shi, L., & Singh, D.A. (2010). Essentials of the U.S. Health Care System, 2nd ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Surowiecki, J. (2009, August 31). Status-quo anxiety. Retrieved on June 9, 2012 from Web site:

Aux Bons Soins Enterprise Systems Strategy Strategic
Words: 1691 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7490870
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Aux Bons Soins Enterprise Systems Strategy

Strategic Assessment of the Aux Bons Soins (ABS)

Information Technologies (IT) and Enterprise Systems Strategy

Having grown both from a series of acquisitions and a continual series of internal strategies to retain and grow their customer base, Aux Bons Soins (ABS) Information Technologies (IT) infrastructure has grown widely distributed to the point of being fragmented. The acquisitions of General Maritime Protection and Western General Insurance have created significant challenges in integrating their IT infrastructures into the ABS IT systems platforms and architectures. The senior management team anticipated a certain degree of overlap of system licensing, resources, functions and roles, yet didn't realize how much the duplication would slow response to customers. Concerned with the slow response to customers and market conditions, in addition to the continual discovery of just how inconsistent the reporting processes are across the three divisions, the senior management team initiates…


Jackson, G.. (2011). Leading an IT Organization Out of Control. EDUCAUSE Review, 46(4), 32.

Bjorn Johs. Kolltveit, Bjorn Hennestad, & Kjell Gronhaug. (2007). IS projects and implementation. Baltic Journal of Management, 2(3), 235.

Karen Lindquist. (2007). HR's role in mergers and acquisitions. Strategic HR Review, 6(3), 3. R

Vincenzo Morabito, Marinos Themistocleous, & Alan Serrano. (2010). A survey on integrated IS and competitive advantage. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 23(2), 201-214.

U S Court System in Texas
Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22680829
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Obtaining a warrant to take blood sample of a person suspected of drunk driving but has refused to take breath test takes longer time and undermines the essence of time in this process. The Chief Justice John G. oberts Jr. together with other judges; however, expressed discomfort with what they termed government sanctioned bodily intrusions using sharp needles (Liptak, 2013).

Missouri prosecutors' petition was occasioned by a case where one Tyler G. McNeely was pulled over for speeding on a highway. Tyler, according to the Supreme Court, had the telltale signs of intoxication (Liptak, 2013). He had bloodshot eyes, slurred speech, and had the smell of alcohol in his breath. Besides, his performance in field sobriety test was poor. Tyler was adamant about taking breath test. He did not consent to taking blood test either. A blood test was nevertheless taken and the results showed that the blood alcohol level…

References List

Cohen, a. (2012, Oct. 11). Would you Trust These State Justices to Review Your Cases. The Atlantic.  tate-justices-to-review-your-case/262480/

Liptak, a. (2013, Jan. 9). Justices Look at Legality of Drunken-Driving Test. New York Times.

Performance Assessment Systems in Organizations Many Companies
Words: 1243 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7237928
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Performance Assessment Systems in Organizations

Many companies conduct performance assessment systems to cope with the current fast-paced global economy. The assessment reflects on companies past outcomes known as lagging indicators as well as the current leading indicators to inform the management on the latest developments. These indicators appropriately analyzed, reported and evaluated, help the companies achieve higher profits.

The use of leading indicators is increasingly getting popular with many companies and businesses today. According to Gjerde and Hughes (2007), computed deviations with standard cost systems give the management timely data on shortfalls of production allowing them to put emphasis on the unfavorable outcomes and take corrective measures to enhance profits.

In the case of South West Airlines, they put in place a performance assessment system that saw it successfully execute a cost leadership strategy. The liner recorded a growth in operating income using the performance assessment system and took advantage…


Gjerde, K.P., & Hughes, S.B. (2007). Tracking performance: when less is more. Retrieved March 25, 2012, from;col1 .

McCunn, P. (1998, December). The Balanced Scorecard…the eleventh commandment .

Management Accounting, pp. 34-36.

Mudde, P.A., & Sopariwala, P.Z. (2008). Examining Southwest Airlines' strategic execution: a strategic variance analysis. Retrieved March 25, 2012, from;col1

Alternative Grading Methods Guidelines the
Words: 328 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 11693412
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Such cognitive behavioral strategies often depend upon daily monitoring of behavior, and a system of rewards and punishments.

Another valuable means of assessment for all special needs student is the use of a portfolio. Grading students on relative improvement is important: composing a portfolio that shows improvement in meeting IEP goals over the semester, as well the extent to which the student was able to meet general classroom requirements creates a sense of accomplishment for the student as well as demonstrates to administrators and parents the educational benefits the student is accruing in the classroom. Having the student present the portfolio to the teacher aloud is also a useful aspect of a portfolio assignment, and can be used as an act of self-analysis that can help the student's level of confidence and ability to communicate to others.

Clinical Work
Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 94843227
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In medical science, grading systems are used to determine the most effective methods of treatment and the most useful research evidence. The use of a grading system to determine the quality of research and evidence has been instigated by the GADE goup, a team that has brought into being a number of guidelines regarding the grading of evidence for medical purposes. In my nursing practice, the system I use is the ACCP grading system. This is a system created by an American College of Chest Physicians (hence, ACCP).

According to Guyatt et al. (2006), grading systems exist to determine the strength of recommendations made for treatment and the quality of the evidence presented for such treatement. In this way, grading systems enhance the usefulness of clinical guidelines, being that they use empirical evidence. What makes the ACCP system particularly useful in this regard is that it has provided enhanced…


Guyatt, G., Gutterman, D., Baumann, M.H., Addrizzo-Harris, D., Hylek, E.M., Phillips, B., Rasdob, G., Lewis, S.Z., and Schunemann, H. (2006). Grading Strength of Recommendations and Quality of Evidence in Clinical Guidelines. Chest Journal. 129(1). Retrieved from:

Internal Controls and ERP Systems
Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29030506
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Implicit in the use of these internal controls is keeping strategic plans and initiatives on track. This focus on continual alignment of strategies to their objectives through the use of internal controls is what separates those organizations attaining success with their supply chains or not.

One of the more successful organizations globally in orchestrating their supply chains through the use of internal EP controls is PC and laptop manufacturer Lenovo (Barrett, According to studies of their supply chain completed by AM esearch, Lenovo has been able to attain a 37% reduction in supply chain costs over three years (Barrett, In addition Lenovo has been able to stay profitable while experiencing 42% growth during the 4th quarter of 2009, a time when many of its competitors were facing financial losses. Compare their growth to the overall market growth of 17% and the value of supply chain-based internal controls becomes…


Hari Bapuji, and Paul W. Beamish. "Mattel and the Toy Recalls (A). " Richard Ivey School of Business Case Collection: 9B08M010: Mattel and the Toy Recalls (A) 21 December 2009

Barrett, Jane . " Lenovo: The Journey of a Supply Chain Leader ." AMR Research . AMR Research, 12 March 2010. Web. 8 Apr 2010. .

Barrett, J.. "Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. " Industrial Management 1 Nov. 2007

Bhagwat, R., and M. Sharma. "Performance measurement of supply chain management using the analytical hierarchy process. " Production Planning & Control 18.8 (2007): 666.

PSI System and Other Educational
Words: 5885 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5995460
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The Keller/PSI approach to academic and professional training has been documented to improve student performance as measured by course completion rates and subject matter retention among students. On the other hand, there are considerable practical and technical problems implementing the Keller/PSI approach within traditional educational institutions. Meanwhile, there is little if any empirical evidence suggesting precisely how the Keller/PSI model benefits learning outside of the focus on the reduced deadline orientation that is the hallmark of that teaching methodology.

Substantial evidence exists to suggest that the success of the Keller/PSI approach is actually attributable to other changes typically attributable to Keller/PSI, such as the broadening of the range of media of instruction, despite the fact that those changes are natural consequences of the Keller/PSI design rather than deliberately conceived components of the approach. The empirical evidence of the increased success of CAPSI programs further bolsters that argument.

A wealth…


Abdulwahed, M. And Nagy, Z.K. "Applying Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle for Laboratory Education." Journal of Engineering Education. American Society for Engineering Education. 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from HighBeam


Burton, J.K., Moore, D.M., and Magliaro, S.G. (2004). Behaviorism and instructional technology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.

Dunne, J.D. (1997). Behavior Analysis: No Defense Required. Wright University.

Royal Bee System Addresses a
Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 53336155
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In order to encourage such an activity, the company could provide a free product or other similar amenities. On the other hand, the company would obtain useful information on the use of the product and would be able to address any issues that the users point out.

4. Coverage error could represent a potential survey error in this case, mainly because the interview option was chosen. With the interview option, the individuals conducting the research are limited from a geographic perspective by the fact that they can only interview people in a certain geographic area, which may create errors in the survey. At the same time, from the case study, one can understand that the potential consumers can be divided into two different categories: the handicapped individuals and the individuals who have been handicapped in the past, but are no longer physically challenged. The survey should be differentiated between these…

Arizona's Correctional Healthcare System Prison Healthcare Arizona's
Words: 1975 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40325503
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Prison Healthcare

Arizona's Correctional Healthcare System

The Arizona Department of Corrections (ADC) is the agency ultimately responsible for providing healthcare to the state's prison population. Even though the Healthcare Services division within the ADC manages the medical clinics in Arizona's prisons, there are a number of sections and divisions that have important roles to play in ensuring inmates receive the care they are legally entitled to recieve. This essay describes the structural organization that ultimately provides healthcare to inmates and how it operates to ensure statutory compliance.

Arizona's Correctional Healthcare System

Arizona Department of Corrections Organizational Structure

The Arizona Department of Corrections (ADC) is ultimately responsible for providing healthcare for the prison inmate population in the state of Arizona (ADC, 2011). This state agency is responsible for maintaining and administering all ADC institutions and programs, including community supervision for adult inmates released to their communities. The…


America Civil Liberties Union. (2009). Know your rights: Medical, dental, and mental health care. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2011 from 

Arizona Department of Corrections. (2011). Retrieved 15 Dec. 2011 from 

Arizona Department of Corrections. (2011). Medical Services. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2011 from

Safety Grounding System Well Checked
Words: 464 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11589045
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In grounded systems, you always connect equipment-grounding conductors to the system grounded conductor to provide a low impedance path for fault current. This allows the operation of overcurrent devices under ground-fault conditions.

When implementing a grounding system, there are important rules that must be followed to ensure that the system is efficient and safe. Extracted from Gregory Hayward's grounding system tips, the following procedures must be considered vital.


All ground points must be bonded together.

Physical Connections.

Use the recommended features of grounding components such as size and connection of ground wires.

Integrity Check of Grounding System.

It is important to check the total resistance of the ground by efficient grounding system checking equipment. Hayward indicates that the ground should ideally have a total resistance of.25 ohms and below.

Surge Protection

All electric services and points where electricity is distributed must have surge protector devices.

Grounding systems do not…


Hartwell, Frederic. "Don't Be Neutral About Grounding"

EC&M Electrical Construction and Maintenance v98 i4 (1999): 24-29.

Hayward, Gregory. "Grounding Tips." Teleconnect v10 n1 (1992): 22-23.

Personalized Systems of Instruction Psi
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95021733
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Abstract (ummary)

The purpose of this study was to consider the feasibility of implementing mastery learning strategies in higher education music settings. Initially, this was accomplished through an extensive review of course and research literature in other teaching/learning environments. Then a mastery-oriented course in basic conducting and score reading was designed and tested in a pilot study. A revised version of this course served as the instructional setting for an exploratory experimental study designed to compare a traditional approach to conducting instruction with two mastery-learning instructional paradigms -- the Keller Personalized ystem of Instruction (PI) and the Bloom Learning for Mastery (LFM) model of teaching and learning.

The experiment specifically focused on a comparison of corrective techniques commonly used in traditional and mastery-based instruction. Fifty-three undergraduate music majors were taught conducting and score reading using three kinds of feedback and correction procedures: (1) a traditional correction strategy (feedback…

State University, United States -- Pennsylvania. Retrieved November 28, 2009, from Dissertations & Theses: Full Text.(Publication No. AAT 8419600).

Abstract (Summary)

The study presented here compares two different methods of teaching the basic speech communication course at Central Michigan Univesity: a traditional lecture-recitation method and an experimental method based on the Personalized System of Instruction. The desire to keep a quality

Appeal System the Appeal of a Sentence
Words: 793 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30746946
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Appeal System

The appeal of a sentence or verdict in a criminal case is governed by statute. Consequently, the appeal represents the first opportunity that a convicted federal criminal may seek to contest a conviction or sentence. The appeal allows the system to engage in due care, and gives a final opportunity to the defendant to challenge before the conviction is finalized. In fact the conviction and sentence that has been applied to the individual is not avowed until the direct appeal has been heard by the higher appellate court. It should be noted that when a defendant is found not guilty by the court the government cannot appeal that verdict (The appeals process 2012). There are three avenues of appeal open to a defendant 1. A direct appeal, 2, a post-conviction relief petition and, 3 a petition for Writ of habeas Corpus (Criminal appeals process 2012)

Before a case…


About the court (2012). Retrieved from

The appeals process (2012). Retrieved from 


Criminal appeals process (2012). Retrieved from

Weaknesses in the National Incident Management System
Words: 530 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81343242
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National Incident Management System (NIMS)

eaknesses in the National Incident Management System

There is much controversy with regard to the contemporary idea of terrorism and concerning the actions that are being taken in order to discourage and generally prevent terrorist threats. The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the orld Trade center have influenced the masses to have a completely new understanding of terrorism in general. The Department of Homeland Security designed the National Incident Management System (NIMS) as a concept that would address a series of flaws in the way that the U.S. tried to cope with potential terrorist threats. Even with the fact that it was especially effective in preventing a series of terrorist acts, NIMS is essentially built as a constantly improving mechanism -- it is meant to discover weaknesses and make sure they are not used with the purpose of harming the public.

One of the…

Works cited:

Hess, K., Orthmann, C., & Cho, Henry, "Police Operations: Theory and Practice," (Cengage Learning, 1 Jan 2013)

United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency, "National Incident Management System," (FEMA, 2011)

U S vs The Indian Health Care Systems
Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5106075
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U.S. Vs. India Health Care Systems


Health care refers to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, ailments, and other body malefactions. It refers to measures such as purchasing medical supplies, training, and hiring of medical personnel, financing research in the medical field and supporting treatment of patients (Stavans, 2010). The government and the private sector majorly provide this role. In most of the developed countries, private sector operators provide quality health care while the government only takes care of the medical care for the poor in the society.

The health care systems of the U.S. And India are different as seen from their unique characteristics. The U.S. health care system is run by the federal states and the private sector. It is advanced in terms of quality as seen from the beneficiaries' life expectancy. U.S.s' life expectancy is at a record high of 75…


Nightingale, Florence & Lynn McDonald, (2006). Florence Nightingale on health in India. Wilfrid Laurier University Press

Shi, L., & Singh, D. (2012). Essentials of the U.S. health care system. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett.

Stavans, I. (2010). Health care. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood

Issues in Criminal Justice System
Words: 1670 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 84445229
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Criminal Justice System

Challenges of Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) to law enforcement

Law enforcement agencies view the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) the most harmful street gang in the U.S. The aggressive nature of MS-13 members have led to a variety of killings and terrible beatings. Various trials held in New York and Maryland have led to significant jail terms even extending to life imprisonment for MS-13 members. The FBI was first attracted by violence, but proof of the gang's escalating level of organization has drawn public attention. Organization is an indicator of a future where MS-13 is will be a transnational network of criminals extending from the United States to suburban communities in a multitude of U.S. towns (Mandel, 2013).

Despite functions of violence, it is worrying to note that MS-13 movement is improving its structure and organization. Many major security experts are comparing it to the illegal groups of the 50s…


Erbschloe, M. (2001). Information Warfare How To Survive Cyber Attacks. New York: Osborne/McGraw-Hill.

Mandel, R. (2013). Global Security Upheaval Armed Nonstate Groups Usurping State Stability Functions. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Scheck, B. (2010). 250 Exonerated, Too Many Wrongfully Convicted: An Innocence Project Report On The First 250 DNA Exonerations In The U.S. New York: Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University.

Siegel, L., & Senna, J. (2009). Essentials of Criminal Justice (6th Ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

National Healthcare System One Issue
Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 60582793
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There are also other problems with this argument that do not directly stem from the logic of it, but rather from its interpretation of motivation and society. The argument that people should be allowed to be as successful as they can is certainly in keeping with the ideals of democracy, and cannot be argued against from any liberalist point-of-view. But without the many people who are not incredibly successful producing and consuming on a constant basis, no one would be able to achieve incredible success. Without a society in place with certain rules (i.e. laws) concerning conduct, business, worker's rights, etc., the situation would be worse than feudalism, and the American Dream of pulling oneself up by one's bootstraps would be completely obliterated, as there was simply no way to achieve class mobility in an upwards direction. Because the wealth that Americans can and do achieve is a product of…

Knowledge Management of IT Systems
Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 57119918
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All in all, Business Intelligence allows the company to better analyze the myriad of forces in the micro and macro environment and to make better informed decisions. It as such supports analytics, which in turn creates competitive advantages for the economic agent (Davenport, 2006), but it also creates internal strength and stability in the face of external pressures; it supports the processes of decision making.

Still, regardless of the benefits of Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management within the organizational setting, fact remains that the two concepts are more difficult to apply in practice than they are to define in theory. Otherwise put, economic agents face a wide array of challenges when actually implementing BI and KM in their institutions. Some of the more notable of these challenges include the following:

apid development of the IT community, which generates the need for continuous updates, maintenance, technology replacements and the adjacent costs…


Bardoliwalla, N.., 2009, The top 10 trends for 2010 in analytics, Business Intelligence and Performance Management, Enterprise Irregulars,  / last accessed on September 22, 2011

Davenport, T.H., 2006, Competing on analytics, Harvard Business School

Loshin, D., 2003, Business intelligence: the savvy manager's guide, getting onboard with emerging IT, Morgan Kaufmann

Staples, S., 2009, Analytics: unblocking value in Business Intelligence (BI) initiatives, CIO,  last accessed on September 22, 2011

Health System Management and the Use of New Grad Program for Reducing Turnover
Words: 2457 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39644169
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Reducing Turnover in New Graduate Residence Program

Introduction- The process of recruiting and training, particularly in high-impact fields like healthcare, has become increasingly complex and expensive. Turnover is the rate at which an organization gains or loses employees. High turnover means that more employees are leaving more rapidly, which can be harmful to productivity and finances. Real costs of hiring including recruitment time, opportunity costs, and investment in both the new employee and the staff in Human Resources. Indirect costs include training, loss of production, reduction of performance levels, overtime due to inexperience, etc. In fact, this issue is so important that in for-profit organizations, the cost of employee turnover is estimated to be about 150% of the total payroll and benefit package (Rothwell, 2012). One needs to also understand the high costs of post-employment; drug-screening, physical exams, orientation, learning curve, coaching from others, etc. Staff time is difficult to…

Works Cited

Nurses' job satisfaction well below average. (2012, March 5). Retrieved from Medical Express: 

The Real Costs of High Turnover. (2012, October). HRNNewsdaily. Retrieved from:

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2013, January). Researcha dn Data. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services:

International Financial System
Words: 746 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 94888039
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International Currency Markets

How did George Soros make money in the international currency markets? as it something to do with his understanding of the international financial system, or just good luck?

Hungarian-born George Soros started making a name in financial speculation in the late 1960s, when he started investing with his own fund known as the Quantum Fund. Soros's speculations began making big news and he was able to gather a rather large following. The bulk of his fortune came from attacks on major currencies. For example, he was able to off major attacks on the currencies of Great Britain and Italy by speculating against them. Soros would bet against the currencies on the exchange rate market in a big way. The news of Soros's moves would also gather a lot of publicity that furthered his cause. Once the market knew that Soros had bet against these countries then…

Works Cited

Baby Pips. (N.d.). How You Make Money in Forex. Retrieved from Baby Pips: 

Delaney, D. (2008, June 25). Currency Forex Trading. Retrieved from Ezine:

Welfare System Essay
Words: 4440 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Paper #: Array
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This is a free 14-page welfare system essay example with sources. This paper was completed by a professional writer to be usedas a template, guideline, or reference in helping you write your own essay. You can compare the paper you write to this example to make sure it follows the correct writing guidelines. If you need help writing an essay, check out our guide on how to write an essay. If you need a one-of-a-kind custom written essay example on your specific topic, you can place an order for one.

Essay Prompt:
REPORTS should be as long as necessary, but no longer. Grading will be based on content, grammar, and style (i.e., professional appearance/neatness counts). Typically, the report should contain at least 12 double-spaced pages of real substance real substance does not include regurgitation of case background or tables, graphs, or appendices. However, your report should include all necessary,…

Education the Ninth Grade Language
Words: 928 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22361552
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Students who have low self-efficacy will be likely to give up easily, avoid challenging tasks, focus on their failings, and quickly lose confidence at the first sign of criticism (Cherry, 2013). Bandura's social cognitive theory and the concept of self-efficacy can be applied to this classroom with regard to the differences between genders. Clearly, boys had a high sense of self-efficacy vs. The girls, and the teacher did not recognize this fact. Again, refraining from offering feedback immediately after a verbal presentation might help the students with low self-efficacy address challenges in a safe way. As they build self-efficacy, learn to enjoy the art of failing gracefully, and see difficult tasks through to the end, the girls may increase their self-efficacy. The teacher can achieve this through gentle encouragement.

Self-regulated learning is related to social learning, motivation, and self-efficacy. In this classroom, the teacher already incorporates activities that will encourage…


Cherry, K. (2013). What is self-efficacy? Retrieved online:

Teacher Has in Helping Students Develop Their
Words: 7276 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81986428
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teacher has in helping students develop their writing. Traditional methods of grading and scoring children's writing are being replaced in the modern educational system with feedback and constructive criticism of the work, rather than a trophy grade or labeling score. This study reviews literature previously compiled on the subject of feedback in the development of children's writing, as well as conducting original research with a small group of students and teachers that helps evaluate the role of feedback in writing, as well as determining what types of feedback are the most effective.

Overview & Evaluation of the Project

According to a seasoned author of the ritish Educational Research Journal, "Education without educational research can be governed by dogma, superstition, tradition and other forms of prejudice about what will work well and be 'good for' those involved in the educational process." (Murphy 1996) Education is an ongoing process, and even the…


Brindley, S. (1995) Teaching English. New York: Routledge.

Bush, L.L. & Santi, S. (2004, August) Designing & Assessing Effective Writing Assignments. Center for Learning and Teaching Excellence.

Donaldson, M. (1989) Children's Minds. London: Fontana Press.

ERIC. (2001) Grading Students' Classroom Writing: Issues and Strategies. Counseling and Student Services Clearinghouse. U.S. Department of Education. CAPS Publication.

Worst Composition Class Policies the
Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15250035
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For that matter, the editorial process in this class changed my perspective about when a piece of writing is ready for submission in the first place. I realized that previously, I considered an essay substantially complete as soon as I had satisfied the required length. The editorial process in this class taught me that this is actually just the starting point for the editing process. From now on, instead of doing only an automated spell check and a quick read immediately after finishing my first draft, I intend to complete my first drafts with enough time left over to wait at least 12-24 hours before re-reading my work with a critical eye.

The Grading System:

My only complaint about the grading system is that it did not include a letter grade component but only a numerical grade. On one hand, everybody is aware of the approximate letter grade that corresponds…

For-Profit Education vs Non-Profit Education
Words: 17404 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85288713
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NPSAS was the only study in 1996 that encompassed the people who enrolled in the for-profit institutions which is why not even the very basic criteria of the for-profit sector and its educational setup has been well-recognized (reneman, Pusser and Turner 2000; Chung, 2006).

The confirmation that the students who had some sort of shortcoming whether in the financial sector, minority aspect or admittance-timeline factor were the ones who mainly enrolled in the for-profit educational institution was made by Apling and Aleman in a study they conducted in 1990, and Lee and Merisotis in a study they conducted in the same year which were also then matched by Phipps et al. (2000) and JL Associates (2004).

Grubb was the only researcher who, in the year 1993, explored and assessed the influence and affect of the concept of the industrial market proceeds in relation to the non-profit institutions and education. He…


Altheide, D.L., & Johnson, J.M. (1994). Criteria for assessing interpretive validity in qualitative research. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 485-99). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Apling, R. & Aleman, S. (1990). Proprietary schools: a description of institutions and students. (Report No, 90-428EPW). Washington, DC.: Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service.

Apling, R. (1993). Proprietary schools and their students. Journal of Higher Education 64:4, pp. 379-416.

Barone, T.E. (1992). Beyond theory and method: A case of critical storytelling. Theory into Practice, 31(2), 142-146.

Basic Information About Cancer
Words: 1643 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69395774
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Care of Patients With Cancer

Diagnosis and Staging of Cancer

Because cancer is a complex disorder that often progresses over long periods of time -- including long periods before an actual diagnosis can be made -- it is very useful to medical practitioners to identify various stages in the progression of the disease. Diagnosis may occur as the result of presenting complaints that cause a patient to seek medical help, or diagnosis may occur when routine check-ups lead to a suspicion by a physician or a laboratory specialist that a more thorough investigation is indicated. Indeed, one of the reasons why certain procedures are included in routine annual physicals is because these tests result in a diagnosis at sufficiently high rates to make them worth conducting. As medical technology advances, the procedures are modified accordingly -- and sometimes the frequency standards for these procedures are modified, as well.

The nomenclature…


Diseases and Conditions: Cancer. Complications. Mayo Clinic Retreived from 

Understanding Your Diagnosis: Staging. American Cancer Society. Retreived from

Educational Challenges Spelled Out in Specifics
Words: 3347 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37702565
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diversity of learning styles and needs represented in a typical 21st century classroom. As the United States continues to see an increase in multi-ethnic, multinational populations, the children of immigrants that bring diverse cultures and ethnicities to American shores are represented in the classroom. This presents a serious challenge for the educator, since the diversity of students reflect a wide range of competencies, skills and levels of intellectual comprehension. Within the context of that diversity the instructor must embrace a pivotal 21st century learning challenge -- meeting the learning needs of students who may fall behind without one-on-one instruction and the learning needs of more advanced students seeking to surge ahead while many students in the classroom may be struggling simply to stay up with the assignments.

In order for students to reach their optimum level of academic achievement, the system must change and the philosophy of instruction must change…


Ashford University (2014). Assessment in the 21st century. Retrieved November 30,

2014, from .

Framework for 21st Century Revision. Creativity and Innovation.

Leston-Banderia, C. (2013). Methods Teaching through a Discipline Research-Oriented

Introductory College Psychology
Words: 3620 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88161373
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psychological concepts. In some questions, specific scenarios were also given and we had to analyse them with reference to psychological concepts. Over all, this assignment broadened our knowledge of psychology and improved our thinking skills.

To answer this question, first we have to understand the meaning of gender. While sex refers to the biological differences between males and females, gender refers to the sociological differences between males and females. Gender however can be influenced by biological differences but it basically is a social phenomena. Gender differences can vary in different cultures and societies. For e.g. most of the females work in the U.S. But many women in Asian countries do not go to work. So if women and men were classified on basis of going to work, then women in U.S. would be very different from women in the Asian countries.

Let us now talk about gender roles. Gender roles…

Education Report to Congress Person
Words: 3813 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2919614
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Hernando County and NCLB: Mandate for Drastic Change

The Hon. Ginny Brown-Waite

North Main Street


Hernando County's Current NCLB Situation

The Hernando County Situation in a Larger Context

National Commentary on NCLB

2004 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) eport -District Level, Hernando

1004 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) eport, Hernando

FCAT Grades and AYP Status, Hernando County Schools

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act has stamped modern American education with the mark of mediocrity. In mandating that all school districts in the nation live up to a set of standards or lose important Title 1 funding for their disadvantaged schools, and by imposing sanctions that are draconian in their effects, the federal government is imposing the will of Congress on the choices of parents. In addition, the dissonant requirement that states set their own standards creates disparity of a magnitude unimaginable before the federal government decided to intrude into this…


2004 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Report-District Level, Hernando. Retrieved June 18, 2004, from Florida Department of Education Web site:

2004 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Report. Retrieved June 18, 2004 from Florida Department of Education Web site: tough law deserves tough questions; Four Maryland elementary teachers examine the new "No Child Left Behind Act" and tell NEA Today exactly what they think. (April 2002) NEA Today, 20 (7), p. 14+. Retrieved June 18, 2004:

Bacon, Deborah. (June 15, 2004) Seven county schools win A grades. Hernando Today. Retrieved June 18, 2004:

Instructional Technology Enhances Learning Mission
Words: 3747 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83195107
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The four pillars that must be included in a technology plan are: Infrastructure, software, hardware and the professional development (Cradler, 2013).

There are two basic categories that the software instruction and curriculum can be divided into:

Teaching and Learning Software Tools: the use of technology to improve the quality of education for the students as well as the teachers. Subscription-based electronic learning resources have enabled the teachers as well as the students to access more reliable and vast sources of information like they were never before able to do (Cradler, 2013).

Productivity Software Tools: the basic technology tools that have increased the usage of technology to the extent that it has changed the landscape of how work was done in the past and how it is being done today. Student information systems and the electronic gradin systems are an example of such tools (Cradler, 2013).

Productivity Tools

The most important…


Cradler, J. (n.d.). WestEd. Retrieved February, 2013, from Implementing Technology in Education: Recent Findings from Research and Evaluation Studies: 

Dexter, S. (2002). ETIPs -- Educational technology integration and implementation principles. In P. (Rogers, Designing instruction for technology-enhanced learning (pp. 56-70). Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.

International Society for Technology in Education. (2002). NETS for Teachers. Retrieved November 2007, from National Education Technology Standards Project: 

Massachusetts Department of Education. (2007). Technology Self-Assessment Tool (TSAT). Retrieved February, 2013, from the Office of Instructional Technology:

Certificate in Education FE
Words: 4236 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56596685
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Certificate in Education

There are excessively large numbers of new, young drivers represented in the road casualty statistics, and it can be contended that better driver training would reduce these numbers. It is also imperative that to deliver better instruction, improvements are needed to the way in which car driving instructors are themselves trained and qualified.

Presently, in the UK, only Approved Driving Instructors (ADI) is permitted to charge for providing car-driving instruction (with the exception of partially qualified, would-be ADIs who hold a Trainee License). The Driving Standards Agency (DSA) continues a Register of ADIs. There were approximately 29,000 names on the Register in April 1999, with a further 10,000 or so people at various stages in the qualification process. In recent years, approximately 2,500 new ADIs qualify each year, with some 4,000 leaving the Register in each of the past two years. The great majority of these leave…

Contract Learning Is a Form of Learning
Words: 2143 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52382851
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Contract learning is a form of learning (and teaching) that involves the student or mentee far more than usual in the formulation of assignments and curriculum. The teacher and student work together to come up with a series of assignments that the student agrees to complete, thus tailoring the course to their specific needs while giving them more motivation to complete the assigned tasks. Like any (relatively) recent development in education, contract learning has its supporters and detractors, and is likely not useful in every situation. However, contract learning has been successfully deployed in the nursing field, because it allows nurses and nurses-in-training to organize their own learning regimens and tailor their experience to their own learning needs. By examining critical literature regarding the function and success of contract learning, especially as it relates to nursing, it will become clear that contract learning is a highly effective form of learning…


Hiller, T.B. & Hietapelto, A.B. (2001), "Contract grading: Encouraging commitment to the learning process through voice in the evaluation process," Journal of Management

Education, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 660.

Kafel, K.W. (2007), "A Nuts-and-Bolts Approach to Teaching Nursing," The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 191.

Schrader, V. & Davis, S. (2008), "Opinions of Adult Learners About Negotiating Syllabi Rules

Using Formal Guidelines to Establish Nursing Practice
Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82167280
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Clinical Guidelines

The methods used to assess the quality and strength of the evidence by the National Guidelines Clearinghouse include expert consensus (alone and through committee and/or Delphi methods), subjective review, and weighting according to a rating scheme (in which the scheme may be give or not given). The methods use to collect and/or select the evidence that will be evaluated include the following: Hand-searches of published literature (primary sources and secondary sources), searches of electronic databases, and searches of patient registry data. The methods used to create, formulate, or establish the recommendations include: Informal expert consensus, expert consensus (alone, and through Delphi methods, nominal group technique, and/or consensus development conference), and balance sheets.

The guidelines comparisons of the National Guidelines Clearinghouse indicate that the rating schemes for the strength of the recommendations are derived from the weighted scheme used the developer of the guideline. These rating schemes are used…


National Institute for Health and clinical Excellence (NICE). (2012, March). Infection. Prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections in primary and community care. London (UK): National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Clinical guideline no. 139).

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2010). Report: Systems to Rate the Strength of Scientific Evidence.

Woolf, S., Schunemann, H.J., Eccles, M.P., Grimshaw, J.M., & Shekelle, P. (2012). Developing clinical practice guidelines: Types of evidence and outcomes; values and economics, synthesis, grading, and presentation and deriving recommendations. Implementation Science, 7(61). DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-7-61. Retrieved from

Policies Human Resources Management Is Basically Something
Words: 6716 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6197402
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Human esources Management is basically something that encompasses various activities in an office environment, some of them being: what sort of employees does a company need, what are the best methods to recruit as well as train these personnel, making sure that the performance levels of these people is at its optimum best, and also making sure that the rules regarding management issues are followed to the letter by the employees. Some other issues are those of employee compensation, employee benefits, and so on.

The first step in a human resources management policy is that of 'ecruitment' of the company's employees.

In order to prepare an Advertisement for the purpose of recruitment, certain guidelines must be followed. These are: there must be included, in the advertisement, a complete job description. This must state the 'job title' or 'rank' or 'position'. This means that the person who is interested will…


Corrective Action: Professional and Support Staff. March 1, 2002. Retrieved From  Accessed on 5 November, 2004

Employee Conduct, Disciplinary Discharge Guidelines. Retrieved From  Accessed on 5 November, 2004

Learning Motivation Learning and Motivation
Words: 3469 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89082575
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') (Tingstrom et al., 226) in correspondence with the example provided by the researchers responsible for this evaluation, it may be deduced that such method of positive reinforcement implementation is best suited to a younger educational context such as grammar school. It may only be considered appropriate to attach the positive consequences of individual efforts with the capabilities of an entire class in settings where future prospects such as class rank and college admissions have not yet entered into the discourse over performance motivators.

Tingstrom et al. also identify the independent group-oriented contingencies, which "involve consequences, and criteria for all group members, but access to reinforcement for each group member is based on each member's performance (e.g., 'whoever makes a 90% or higher on the end chapter math test will be able to pick a prize from the treasure chest.' (Tingstrom et al., 226) in many ways, this has proved…


Bunderson, C.V. (1990). Computers in Educational Assessment: An Opportunity to Restructure Educational Practice. Educational Resource and Information Center.

Eisner, E. (1997). The Promise and Perils of Alternative Forms of Data Representation. Educational Researcher, Vol. 26, No. 6, p. 4-10.

Emerson, J. (1989). Review: Dead PoetsSociety. Jeems Cinepad. Online at

Florio-Ruane, Suzanne; Marianne George & Taffy E. Rapheal. (2004). Book Club Plus: Organizing Your Literacy Curriculum to Bring Students to High Levels of Literacy. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, Vol. 27.

analysis of a'soccer position in turkey
Words: 3262 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18989124
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UEFA Certificate in Football Management -- The Turkish Edition

Assessment Guidelines

Each participant is expected to submit his/her assignment for Module 1, 2 & 3 by the 07.05.2017 directly to IDHEAP project manager. Participants should provide concrete evidence facts and references) to consolidate observations and assess the feasibility of the recommendations made. We emphasise the fact that these observations should be personal ones, drawn from their own assessment and not necessarily reflecting those of their institution. You are expected to write 250 words or more) for each of the questions.

Criteria for Grading Assignments

Assignment grades will be communicated three weeks after they have been submitted which will give participants ample opportunity to take into consideration the constructive feedback they have been given and use this to improve their subsequent submission. The criteria for grading are listed in the table below.

Criteria for Grading Written Assignments

Clear presentation…

(Hughen, Lulseged, & Upton, 2014)

(Gonzalez, 2014)

(Jimoh & Danlami, 2011)

Privatization of Prisons
Words: 1735 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 13417431
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Furthermore, even the goal of preventing recidivism (and crime rates in general) conflict with the profit motive of any industry whose demand is measured by the numbers of criminals convicted and sentenced to terms of incarceration.


Prison privatization has increased in the last few decades in the U.S. Its proponents believe that privatizing prisons will reduce the financial strain on government authorities in connection with maintaining correctional services. Critics are extremely wary of any transition to for-profit business models in the realm of corrections, primarily because of the tremendous potential for inherent conflicts of interests. Ultimately, the best approach might be a hybrid format where private entities supplement government authorities, but subject to appropriate legislative guidelines and oversight mechanisms sufficient to ensure that industry standards and integrity are not compromised the way they might be under unrestricted privatization policies.


Cullen, F.T., Eck, J.E., Lowencamp, C.T. (2002). Environmental Corrections:…


Cullen, F.T., Eck, J.E., Lowencamp, C.T. (2002). Environmental Corrections: A New Paradigm for Effective Probation and Parole Supervision. Federal Probation, Vol. 66, No. 28.

Dershowitz, a.M. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York: Little Brown & Co.

Gaines, L.K., Kaune, M., Miller, R.L. (2006). Criminal Justice in Action: The Core.

Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Teaching of Writing to Students
Words: 1289 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10866889
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I don't grade the final draft in class, as I need more time to carefully read it and give it a rubric score (TIMELINE ("

This is a valuable aspect of the writing timeline that the teacher has developed. It provides the student with the ability to earn points on having excellent ideas and content even if the grammar and spelling is not up to par.

For many students the fear of writing begins when they turn in something they worked hard to produce and thought they had a wonderful writing idea, only to have it returned with red marks all over it for grammar errors.

Grammar and punctuation are very important elements to the lesson of writing, however, one must also consider the ideas and content that were offered as well.

Dividing the grading system into two areas, one for ideas and content and the other for grammar, spelling…


The Writing Timeline  in Kim's classroom and predict the advantages and disadvantages of using a tool such as the TIMELINE. 

Teaching writing to exceptional children: reaction and recommendations.

From: Exceptional Children | Date: April 1, 1988 | Author: Barenbaum, Edna | More results for: "teaching writing"

The Bridge to Powerful Writing and Increased Test Scores: Skills and Effective Methodology for Teachers by Barbara Mariconda

Teacher Performance Assessment
Words: 5549 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 89356313
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Teacher Performance Assessment

Lesson Title: Science

Central Focus of Lessons: What science is all about

State Standard(s) Addressed: 7th Grade on science, science methodology and famous scientists.

Lesson Objectives and Language Demands

• Content/Skill Objectives:

Students should state the definition of science

Students should discuss the various science methodologies

Students should name and discuss various prominent scientists

Students should be able to identify the application of science in day to day life

Language Demands: students are required to define and describe what science is. They should also be able to use this understanding of science to apply scientific knowledge.

Use scientific terms and language both in spoken and written presentations of scientific information.

• Key Vocabulary:

Science, scientists, famous scientists, scientific methods

esources and Materials

• esources: class text-books, handouts, charts etc.

• Materials: worksheets, games, projector, Smartboard, paper, pencils, art supplies, cards, post- its, etc.)

NOTE: Attach and/or embed…


Edelson Daniel (2001). Learning-for-use: A framework for the design of technology-supported inquiry activities. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. Volume 38, Issue 3. Pages 355 -- 385.

Pappas Christoforos (2014). Instructional Design Models and Theories: Inquiry-based Learning Model.

Teacher Performance assessment
Words: 5567 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97655163
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Lesson Plan

Grade Level: 7th Grade Subject: Science

Number of Students: 4 Date: Instructional Location: Classroom

Lesson Goals

• Lesson Title: Science

Central Focus of Lessons: What science is all about

State Standard(s) Addressed: 7th Grade on science, science methodology and famous scientists.

Lesson Objectives and Language Demands

• Content/Skill Objectives:

Students should state the definition of science

Students should discuss the various science methodologies

Students should name and discuss various prominent scientists

Students should be able to identify the application of science in day to day life

Language Demands: students are required to define and describe what science is. They should also be able to use this understanding of science to apply scientific knowledge.

Use scientific terms and language both in spoken and written presentations of scientific information.

• Key Vocabulary:

Science, scientists, famous scientists, scientific methods

Resources and Materials

• Resources: class text-books, handouts, charts etc.

• Materials:…

Higher Ed Journal the Use
Words: 1095 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 21397771
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Among the most important findings produced in the results of the research, Langer conjectures that "the results of this research suggest that non-traditional adult students can find it difficult to understand what is meant by reflection and how it applies to their practical goals of changing careers. These students do not have a natural or traditional association with the journal process itself, as has been suggested, more or less, in much of the literature on learning journals." (p. 349-350)

Strengths & eaknesses:

Perhaps the greatest strength of the research conducted by Langer is its selected subject matter. The learning journal is indeed a compelling notion, particularly insofar as it appears to provide a practical contrast to the use of grading as the only tool for student assessment. In this regard, the research is to be commended for seeking to add to the discussion another set of findings justifying the use…

Works Cited:

Langer, a.M. (2002). Reflecting on practice: Using learning journals in higher and continuing education. Teaching in Higher Education, 7(3), 337-351.

Political Economy Calculations Between Costs and Benefits
Words: 863 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8772463
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grades were determined on a curve, I would work very hard to try to be in the top 5% of the class. However, my view of that grading system might be colored by how widely distributed the grades in the class were. If the distribution was narrow, then the curve system would appear to be an arbitrary reflection of the professor's desire to have a certain grade distribution, rather than a reflection of student knowledge. If POL S. 270 was the only class in Political Science that graded on a curve, then all but the strongest performers would avoid the class, which would deflate the grades of those who are traditionally the strongest performers because they would be subject to the curve. If all of the courses in the university were graded on a curve, then the university would experience more drop-outs because of forced-fails. This type of curve system,…

Effect of Deployment on Military Families
Words: 4773 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 398306
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military deployment affects military families. The writer explores the many differences between deployed and non-deployed families and examines some of the things being done to ease the stress and problems that deployment presents. There were 10 sources used to complete this paper.

Americans are waiting with anxious anticipation as the federal government attempts to convince the United Nations that a war with Iraq is in order. President Bush as well as Colin Powell have spent days addressing the issue and presenting evidence of the need to forcibly disarm Iraq. As the world watches the events unfold, nations are lining up on one side or the other of the issue. France, Germany and ussia are asking the United States to hold off on an attack and see if a more peaceful solution can be hammered out. Britain, Canada and several others have pledged if a war erupts, they will send troops…


Peterson, Karen S.(2001).Peterson, Long deployments stress military families., USA Today, pp 08D.



____(1999). INDSTRY GROUP 91, DOD STUDIES MISSION, FAMILY NEEDS., Regulatory Intelligence Data.

Anlayzing National Cranberry Cooperative
Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11986484
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National Cranberry Cooperative

Analyze and calculate as many costs as you can

There are a number of costs that can be calculated and evaluated in the case study.

Overtime costs

There is a high percentage of overtime hours. This can be calculated as follows:

12,000 / 34,000 x 100%

= 35.3% of the total hours

For instance, in 1980, there are 12,000 overtime hours. The estimated costs are as follows:

The maximum cost incurred is $9.75 x 12,000 = $117,000 for the full year employees

The minimum cost incurred is $6 x 12,000 = $72,000 for the seasonal personnel

Premium costs for the grading system

The grading system encompasses numbers 1, 2A, 2B and 3. There is an unnecessary $0.75 premium costs for number 3. For this number, there are 450,000 barrels but 50% was only for that quality:

Therefore, the costs:

(450,000 x 0.75) x 50%

= $168,750 (Harvard…


Harvard Business School. (2011). National Cranberry Cooperative, 1996.

High School Improving the Writing
Words: 3793 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38026582
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The author takes a chance bringing a new form of writing to a middle school, a technique that is innovative but not commonplace, thus would give rise to much questioning, which may be an obstacle teacher's would face trying to implement this type of learning style. This learning approaches views all students as independent, thus in an environment where everything is "sterile" or "sterilized and standardized" this type of learning system may receive some objection. By and large however, once educators realize how significant the improvements are among students adopting this method, they are likely to become more compliant and willing to place more effort at implementing this type of program.

The baseline approach used by the researcher to measure improvement is the ability of students to write using their own thinking skills, so they can in theory, teach others about writing. This is difficult to do, because this learning…


Angelillo, Janet. Writing to the Prompt. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2005.

Atwell, Nancie. Lessons that Change Writers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2002.

Fletcher, Ralph. Breathing in, Breathing Out: Keeping a Writer's Notebook. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1996.

O'Donnell, Angela and King, Alison. Cognitive Perspectives on Peer Learning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999.

Persistent Disability Associated With Ankle Sprains A
Words: 757 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24538745
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Persistent Disability Associated with Ankle Sprains: A Prospective Examination of an Athletic Population," by Gerber, et. al., published in Foot & Ankle International in 1998. The study was carried out at the United States Military Academy (West Point). This is a specialized population consisting of young, athletic men and women, but other studies have documented the prevalence of ankle sprains across populations (p. 653).

This study has significant significance to the study of podiatric practice. As the researchers point out, >40% of patients have chronic complaints about the injured ankles after treatment (p. 654). The study is timely. The results showed that we need more information about the treatment and rehabilitation of ankle sprains because careful, planned care during the first six months were "critical to achieving an acceptable long-term outcome" (p. 659, "Outcomes" section.)

The study has great utility for podiatrists because it demonstrates the need for rehabilitation of…

Of Learning
Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 94066342
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Strengthening a desirable behavior in someone can be a challenging experience. The use of psychological theories about learning may help make for a quicker and more effective instructional process. Therefore, adopting these principles in strengthening study skills is more likely to result in positive outcome.

Activity: Increasing study skills

Developing and improving study skills is a gradual and long-term process. This program will incorporate the following skills.

Time management

Effective reading of academic texts

Note taking

Development of academic writing style

Revising and sitting examinations

There will be mentoring of these activities through supervision. Supervision will take the form of checking class activities and assignments as well as oral interviews. This will be done after introduction of the skills. There will also be assessment method featuring periodic continuous assessment tests. The monitoring and assessment will incorporate the use positive and negative reinforcement.

Positive reinforcement

Shaping: as one of the monitoring…

On the other hand, one way of guarding against punishment is to reward for good behavior. Religious organizations are proponents of this notion that there is a reward for good deeds. Most of the religions believe in glorious life in paradise after death as a reward for good deeds while still alive. This has greatly resulted to reduced criminal and sinful activity within religious communities.


Ito, M., & Kiyoko, N. (1999). Humans' Choice In A Self-Control Choice Situation: Sensitivity To Reinforcer Amount, Reinforcer Delay, And Overall Reinforcement Density. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 87 -- 102.

Explanation and Description of the Delta Mu Delta Digital Badge
Words: 568 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36953377
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Badge Name -- The eponymous Delta Mu Delta Honor Society's Performance Excellence Digital Badge recognizes honorable academic performance in business administration.

Type/Category - What type is this badge: attendance, participation, learning, existing skill, achievement, association, etc.

The Delta Mu Delta Honor Society's Performance Excellence Digital Badge commends academic prowess, measured by both alpha-numeric grading and also by instructor commendation.

The Delta Mu Delta digital badge acknowledges what?

The Delta Mu Delta digital badge acknowledges quantifiable academic excellence. There are additional digital badges available to Delta Mu Delta members for the number of blog posts covering critical business issues, philanthropy, and outstanding entrepreneurial performance.

Description - a tweet-length description; work to distinguish the Delta Mu Delta badge from other badges.

The Delta Mu Delta digital badge sigil is a key with a triangle and a ship, distinguishing it from other badges.

5) Criteria - The required steps to acquire a Delta…


"7 Things You Should Know About Badges," (2012). Retrieved online: 

Delta Mu Delta (2015). Society Bylaws. Retrieved online: 

Delta Mu Delta Induction Ritual (2003). Retrieved online:

EMR Implementation in Saudi Arabian Hospital
Words: 3240 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Conclusion Chapter Paper #: 93931226
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King Khalid University Hospital implemented a new system called The Electronic System for integrated Health Information or E-SIHI. The results from the data for clinical documentation before the implementation of E-SIHI revealed the most documentation when it came to 'physical examinations' in relation to ICU and OB/BYN. However, in Medicine and Surgery, there were low percentages for clinical documentation with Medicine at 35% and Surgery at 43%. The data revealed across the board both Medicine and Surgery had low clinical documentation with the lowest standing at 18% for Surgery in the 'assessment' area.

A 2013 update review demonstrated hospitals had little clinical documentation for complications associated with esophagectomy. Meaning assessment of complications, reactions to medicine, length of stay, and postoperative quality of life were not performed. This had to with a lack of a standard system for monitoring and documentation. The review recommended newer assessment tools to allow better monitoring…


Appari, A., Eric Johnson, M., & Anthony, D. (2012). Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Record Systems and Process Quality of Care: Evidence from a Panel Data Analysis of U.S. Acute-Care Hospitals. Health Serv Res, 48(2pt1), 354-375. 

Boonstra, A., Versluis, A., & Vos, J. (2014). Implementing electronic health records in hospitals: a systematic literature review. BMC Health Services Research, 14(1), 370. 

Chandra, H., Pandey, R., Sarkar, A., Naik, S., & Aggarwal, R. (2016). Introducing the Computer Aided Information Technology -- An Administrative Experience in Government Tertiary Care Hospital (An Innovation for Effective, Efficient and Healthy Practices by E-Governance). Indian Journal of Medical Informatics, 1(2), 68-81. Retrieved from

Hilligoss, B. & Zheng, K. (2013). Chart biopsy: an emerging medical practice enabled by electronic health records and its impacts on emergency department -- inpatient admission handoffs. Journal of The American Medical Informatics Association, 20(2), 260-267.

To What Extent Can Nurses Deliver Evidence-Based Care
Words: 6819 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32324751
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nurses deliver evidence-Based care?

Define main ideas within the title supported from the literature

Nurse instructors confront many hurdles in the present healthcare environment. Educational methods, philosophies, and the content of curricula is required to reviewed to cater to the requirements of the professional nurses who would practice in the coming millennium. (Kessenich; Guyatt; DiCenso, 25) Evidence-based practice or EBP has currently emerged to be a remarkable attribute in nursing literature along with a key impetus in restructuring nursing practice. (Elizabeth; Pyle, 64) Evidence-Based Nursing or EBN is the strategy by which the nurses formulate clinical conclusions applying the best available research evidence, their clinical skill and patient prioritization. (Evidence-Based Nursing: University of Minnesota) It could be narrated as the meticulous, unequivocal and judicious application of the current best evidences in formulating decisions about the care of individual patients. When clinicians formulate health care conclusions for a population or group…


Asking Clinical Questions: Introduction. Retrieved from Accessed on 18 June, 2005

Beyers, Marjorie. About Evidence-Based Nursing Practice. Nursing Management. October, 1999. Vol: 11; No: 1; pp: 103-105

Code of professional Conduct. Retrieved from  Accessed on 17 June, 2005

Cronenwett, L. Research, Practice and Policy: Issues in Evidence-Based Care. Journal of Issues in Nursing. February 19, 2002. Vol: 7; No.2; pp: 57-61

Education of Abbasid
Words: 4250 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57391060
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Education of Abbasid

Today, the majority of high school students hope to finish college one day. This is a realistic dream for many, as there is an established education system that gives students a choice of career paths and training. The modern world if full of universities and training centers. However, the world was not always like this. Many centuries ago, education was limited to the privileged and even the privileged did not have many opportunities in learning. Today's existing modern educational system has been influenced by traditions of the past, particularly by the great advances that occurred during the Abbasid Dynasty in the Muslim world.

One of the achievements of Muslim culture during the Abbasid Dynasty was the widespread spread of literacy. Elementary education was almost universal, especially in the cities. Emphasis on the value of reading and writing stems from the very first revelations of the Qur'an, which…