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Limits to Growth
It has become increasingly clear that much of society needs to implement more sustainable practices to avoid many of problems that the next generations will face. These challenges will include many ecological and social factors. If the world continues consuming resources at its current pace, non-renewable resources will eventually run out. Also, considering the exponential population growth of humans, we are beginning to approach the natural limitations that the Earth's natural systems can support. As such, it behooves us, as a species, to make the most efficient and effective use of our resources as possible. One aspect to this collective effort to adopt more sustainable practices will involve computing.
There are many aspects to computing that need to be examined through the lens of sustainability. One aspect deals with energy consumption. Computers are responsible for the consumption of massive amounts of energy. Thus one…
Dunne, A. (2005). ertzian Tales. Electronic products, aesthetic experience and critical design. London & Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hester, R., & Harrison, R. (2009). Electronic Waste Management. Cambridge: RSC Publishing.
Jackson, T. (2009). Prosperity without Growth. Economics for a Finite Planet. Routledge.
Vidal, J. (2013). Toxic "e-waste" dumped in poor nations, says United Nations. Retrieved from The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/dec/14/toxic-ewaste-illegal-dumping-developing-countries
Green IT Fundamentals on Business Performances and the Environmental Sustainability
Green computing is an approach that organizations employ in enhancing environmental friendly and reducing the cost of business operations. In other words, green computing is the use of recycling computing materials to reduce cost of operations. Typically, green computing includes wide variety business strategies to enhance robust and sustainable business optimization. Green business initiatives are also the combination of existing strategy to enhance environmental focus.
Green IT (information technology) is the steps that IT Professionals employ to protect environment and application of various IT methodologies can reduce organizational operating costs. For example, green IT methodologies can assist in reducing power consumption and lower power bills. Typically, the goal of green computing is to reduce hazardous materials. In 2010, the IT data center facilities consume large amount of energy, and account between 1.1% and 1.5% of the global total energy, and…
CGI (2011).Emerging Trends in Green IT. CGI Group Inc.
Fanning, E. (2011). The top Green-IT organizations: Hard-wired to be green. Cmputer World.
Mitchell, R.L.(2011). Kaiser Permanente: Slashes Data Center Power. Computer World.
Unhelkar, B.(2011). Green IT Strategies and Applications: Using Environmental Intelligence. Florida. CRC Press.
Green computing is a term used to refer to the proper handling and disposal of computer parts. It is a term that has come of late with the need to have a clean environment devoid of unnecessary pollution on the environment. It is known fact that computers are made of non-biodegradable material, which is mainly plastic in nature. Disposal of used computers can cause environmental degradation if not well done. Given that they do not decompose, these substances end up polluting the environment. The other reason green computing practices are pursued is the fact that it helps bring out better utilization of resources through recycling.
ationale behind green computing
Green computing practices are motivated by a desire to conserve the planet that is now under the threat of global warming. It is also done because of the recent upsurge in the usage of computers in the world. Virtually every department…
Bell, S., & Mcgillivray, D. (2011). Environmental Law (7th Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dulworth, M. (2013). The Connect Effect Building Strong Personal, Professional, And Virtual Networks. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.
Harris, J. (2008). Green Computing and Green IT Best Practices on Regulations and Industry Initiatives, Virtualization, Power Management, Materials Recycling and Telecommuting. New York: Emereo Pty Limited
Hurson, A. (2013). Green And Sustainable Computing. Amsterdam: Elsevier/AP.
Organizational Green Computing Initiatives
The term 'green computing' refers to the efficient use of resources for reducing bad effects on the environment. Corporations are now seen to be attempting to minimize their energy consumption as well as e-waste's global impact; this will prove beneficial to the environment as well as to organizations. Through adoption of certain design practices, companies can maximize their energy efficiency, lowering energy consumption by as much as 67%. Aside from design of data centers, companies can employ green practices in their offices for saving cost and energy and reducing the adverse effects of their computing technology to the environment. Monitors and personal computers with ENEGY STA rating are capable of ensuring considerable yearly savings for organizations. As technology becomes outdated, companies need to seek disposal alternatives. Numerous recycling programs exist, which offer the important service of appropriate disposal of obsolete equipment. With green computing approaches coming…
Farrokh, M. (2011). Green computing initiatives for small to medium sized organizations. Retrieved May 19, 2016, from http://www.freepatentsonline.com/article/European-Journal-Management/272511397.html
Shrivastava, R., & Kumar, J. (2014). Green Computing initiatives. Global Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 3(10).
2009). Therefore, organizations will need to redesign their entire scope in order to fit an eco-friendly motive to influence the adoption of the ideas. Thus, organizations can reconstruct simple operations, like featuring recycling bins and limiting water usage, as a way to increase the belief in the company's mission by employees.
The second strategy examined here is the one focusing on the redesigning towards green innovation. Typical beliefs assume that consumers are more willing to pay a premium for products that utilize eco-friendly production practices. Essentially, this idea postulates that consumers are willing to pay higher prices for products produced with and in eco-friendly circumstances (Green Biz p 1). This means that the organization must employ eco-friendly products in order to still charge a premium without damaging its consumer reputation. However, contemporary research does show that there is a limit to what consumers want to spend, and on their devotion…
Bonini, Sheila & Oppenheim, Jeremy. (2008). Cultivating the green consumer. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Web. http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/cultivating_the_green_consumer
Carmazzi, Arthur F. (2010). Are your leaders environmentally friendly? Write for HR. Web. http://www.writeforhr.com/are-your-leaders-environmentally-friendly/
Carmazzi, Arthur F. (2010). Organizational culture-based leadership -- Affecting corporate culture through systematic psychology. Eco-Friendly Ideas. Web. http://www.ecofriendlyideas.co.uk/eco-friendly-articles/organizational-culture-based-leadership-affecting-corporate-culture-through-systematic-psychology.html
Etsy, Daniel C. & Winston, Andrew S. (2009). Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage. John Wiley and Sons.
Green provides some clear guidelines to assist health education and promotion specialists in the identification and design of health promotion techniques for implementation in health promotion and disease prevention programs. Discuss how five of the guidelines presented by Dr. Green could assist you in the selection of an appropriate health promotion technique. Support your answer with appropriate examples.
The module gives really simple guidelines as to the how the process of health education promotion can work in today's world. Healthcare is a social industry and hence understanding the community structure and its needs is the primary concern. According to the directions given by Dr. Green, the following factors have to be considered before designing and implementing health promotion and disease prevention programs. Hence the process is structured by first identifying the needs of the community and then setting the goals (short-term and long-term) accordingly. Once this is done the following…
Adair, J.E. And Thomas, N. (2004). The Concise Adair on Teambuilding and Motivation. Thorogood. London.
Agron P, Berends V, Ellis K, Gonzalez M. (2010). School wellness policies: perceptions, barriers, and needs among school leaders and wellness advocates. J Sch Health. 2010; 80: 527-535.
Eddy, J. Module 5. Policy Development as a Health Promotion Technique- Dr. James Eddy (59:40). Accessed from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE530/HHE530_Module5_D_combined.wmv
Fitzhugh, E. Module 5a. The Focus Group- Dr. Eugene Fitzhugh (1:00:14). Accessed from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE530/HHE530_Module5_A_combined.wmv
Green with Information Technology
There has been a corresponding growth in innovations in information technology and the recognition that companies of all sizes and types must reduce their impact on their environment by adopting so-called green practices. For micro-businesses with just one or a few employees, this may mean something as simple as recycling aluminum cans and paper, but for larger enterprises, going green may mean the investment of significant amounts of resources up front with the expectation that the payback on these investments will be worthwhile, both in terms of energy savings as well as through an improved corporate image. To determine how companies can benefit from going green today, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to provide a definition of going green with information technology, an analysis of the impact of going green with information technology on the environment, and a discussion concerning the pros…
Basile, T.J. (2008, July). A green formula. PM Network, 4, 22.
Chen, A., Dietrich, K.N. & Huo, X. (2011, April). Developmental neurotoxicants in e-waste: An emerging health concern. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(4), 37-39.
Huang, Y-C, Ding, H-B & Kao, M-R. (2009, July). Salient stakeholder voices: Family business and green innovation adoption. Journal of Management and Organization, 15(3), 9-10.
Morey, T. (2012, March/April). Going green beyond the greenhouse. The Agricultural Education
Computing: Why We Need This Program and How We Can Implement it Effectively and Efficiently
I believe that the motion picture is destined to revolutionize our educational system and that in a few years it will supplant largely, if not entirely, the use of textbooks.
I should say that on the average we got about two percent efficiency out of schoolbooks as they are written today. The education of the future, as I see it, will be conducted through the medium of the motion picture . . . where it should be possible to obtain one hundred percent efficiency.
I think it's fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we've ever created. They're tools of communication, they're tools of creativity, and they can be shaped by their user, . . . We are not even close to finishing the basic dream of what…
Alberta Education (2006). One-to-One Mobile Computing: Literature Review. Alberta Education, 1-65.
Bebell, D., & O'Dwyer. (2010). Educational Outcomes And Research From 1:1 Computing Settings. Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 9(1), 1-15.
Cox, M., & Hanson, R. (2009). One-to-One Computing: The Future Is Now. Library Media Connection, August/September, 54-55.
Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and Machines: The Classroom Use of Technology Since 1920. New York: Teachers College Press.
deployment of cloud computing, which is a revolutionary technology for hosting and delivering services over the Internet, is characterized with some major challenges and concerns for enterprises. A brief overview of the top five challenges for the enterprise in cloud computing is discussed in the article. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the available solutions to these challenges including improved security controls, finding a suitable cloud provider, enhanced enterprise infrastructure, and comprehensive implementation guidelines. The author then examines the benefits and limitations of these available solutions in dealing with the challenges. The analysis is followed by a discussion of a new solution to these issues and concerns as well as reasons for such solution.
Cloud computing has recently emerged as a ground-breaking model for hosting and delivering services over the Internet. This paradigm is engaging to business organizations since it removes the need for users to plan ahead…
Angeles, S. (2014, January 20). Virtualization vs. Cloud Computing: What's the Difference?
Business News Daily. Retrieved July 31, 2014, from http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/5791-virtualization-vs.-cloud-computing.html
Belamkar, R.V. (2014, March 16). Challenges and Security Issues in Cloud Computing. Indian Streams Research Journal, 4(2). doi:10.9780/22307850
Bisong, A. & Rahman, S.M. (2011, January). An Overview of the Security Concerns in Enterprise Cloud Computing. International Journal of Network Security & Its Applications, 3(1), 30-45.
We spent a lot of time thinking about the investment into our fixed costs including the welding machine and work shed. During the design phase, we also evaluated the cost of each and every item that went into the manufacture of the lawn ornament. Knowing that the cost of every screw would affect the eventual price, we kept in mind the cost of other similar products on the market. For example, we noticed that similar lawn ornaments do not sell for much more than $20 and we therefore wanted to keep our product within that range. We differentiated our product because of its inclusion of familiar items in the manufacturing process, which offer a "green" look and feel to the ornament. For example, we painted washers white then used them as eyes instead of finding a supplier of specially-made eyes. This not only kept costs down, but was integral to…
The architecture of IT has to be created through the development of models, guidelines, and specifications (Allen & Morton, 1994). The kinds of processes that are generally used have been created in recent decades in order to meet the needs of those who are focused on the quality of IT. With that in mind, IT architecture is the structure that is designed to actually operate and use IT properly. Without it, the IT department of any company would not be nearly as successful, and that could cause the entire company to struggle. Any good IT system has to be built around the specifications that are needed in order to allow it to work the way it is intended and provide what is needed for the company (Allen & Morton, 1994). An IT department has to be ready for nearly everything, because companies rely so much on technology that…
Green computing is the study and creation of any type of computing that is environmentally sustainable (Kurp, 2008). This can include designing and building computers, but also using and disposing of them properly, in a way that has minimal impact on the environment (Kurp, 2008). Naturally, this is an important issue to consider. The environment is fragile, and there are a number of activities that are working against it. Greenhouses gases, climate change, vanishing ecosystems, and other problems are all issues the environment has to face. Many people who work with computers want to reduce their footprint and take better care of the environment, which they can do in a couple of ways. One of those ways is to buy, build, and use computers with longevity (Kurp, 2008). In other words, the longer a computer is made to last the longer it will be before it ends up in a landfill and a new one has to be purchased. When a person does get rid of old electronics, there are recycling places that will take them specifically and dispose of their components safely, further protecting the environment (Kurp, 2008).
The second way a person can practice green computing is in the parts and components that he or she purchases, because some of them are much more environmentally friendly than others (Kurp, 2008). When parts that are easy on the environment are used to build computers, those computers are a better choice for ensuring that the environment is not damaged by people wanting and needing computers for both business and personal use (Kurp, 2008). It is not always possible to protect the environment one hundred percent of the time, but there are many ways green computing can be practiced and used in everyday life (Kurp, 2008). Conscientious people who want to preserve their planet know the value of green computing, and will continue to abide by it as much as possible.
Kurp, P. (2008).Green computing. Communications of the ACM, 51(10): 11-23.
In a competitive environment, one thrives based on their ability to build a competitive edge over their competitors. ICMT is one way through which organizations today gain competitive advantage in their respective industries. The term ICMT basically stands for the various tools and resources used in communication within the organization. Today, ICMT is used to a significant extent in various sectors including healthcare, business, and entertainment. It is expected that as more and more people purchase mobile devices, and the internet becomes more accessible, organizations will make huge profits from online activities and sales. This will, however, depend on how well they can address the risks of information security breaches and environmental damage. Environmentalists warn that increased use of computers and other electronic devices come at a cost to the environment. This text analyzes the expected trends in the ICMT sector, and the threats and opportunities presented to organizations…
Andersen, J. C. & Coffey, D. (2012). U.S. ICT R&D Policy Report: United States, ICT Leader or Laggard? The Tia Innovation White Paper. Retrieved January 20, 2016 from https://www.tiaonline.org/sites/default/files/pages/TIA%20U%20S%20%20ICT%20rd%20Policy%20Report.pdf
Croteau, R., Hoynes, W. D. & Milan, S. (2011). Media/Society: Industries, Images and Audiences (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Doyle, S. (2008). Essential ICT A Level: AS Student Book for AQA. Buckinghamshire, UK: Folens Ltd.
Gray, D. (2012). The Connected Company. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media Inc.
The net effect of these trends on the environment is mixed. According to Kohler and Erdmann (2004), the expanded use of ICT applications will ultimately result in both benefits to the environment, as well as some new problems associated with their use. The extent to which the negative effects are mitigated will ultimately depend on the foresight that is used today to develop long-term energy and waste management policies that will control the development of ICT infrastructures and how they are used in the future (Kohler & Erdmann, 2004).
According to Lan and Thomas (2009), there is no escaping the fact that information and communication technologies are fundamentally changing the nature of commerce and hold important promise for economic development in the future. These authors are quick at add, though, that proceeding with these technologies is a complex enterprise and there are still a number of unknowns involved concerning how…
Cyr, C. (2007, April/May). E-waste not. Plenty, 31.
Daly, J. (2005, June). ICT and ensuring environmental sustainability. Communication Initiative.
Retrieved from http://www.comminit.com/redirect.cgi?m=7e7425fe10109533767cb66
A clear vision of objectives for the present and future of the center should be elucidated at this stage.
Design and building are obvious and crucial aspects that also take into account and depend on the initial analysis and planning phase. One always has to take into account the fact that data centers will often need to expand. his can be catered for by a modular design and building approach; which means that additions for future growth can be built as required.
Relocation is an important part of the life cycle and involves considerations such as the migration of data. his aspect also has to take into account customer or client needs, which falls within the ambit of the managerial function. A data center also has in the course of its life cycle to undergo periodic evaluations. his is necessary to include updates in terms of data increases and also…
This site provides straightforward definitions of a data center and explains its main functions. The information is cogent and to-the-point. It is a useful respource for basic data and provided a gateway to further more extensive research.
What Is Data Center Virtualization? Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-data-center-virtualization.htm
This short article is surprisingly extensive in terms of condensed and pertinent information. It covers many of the essential aspects of virtualization and is useful as background to this important aspect of the data centre life cycle. The information also provided insight into the problems and challenges that exist in the process of data center virtualization.
The approach Sony continues to take is one of concentrating on continual process improvement to become more agile and resilient in the face of environmental factors (Olenick, 2010) while at the same time seeking to comply with national requirements for sustainability and green initiatives including supply chain compliance (Svensson, 2009).
Legal Factors -- Sony has a culture that embraces learning as a virtue, and continually strives to gain insights from the experiences of other Japanese companies and their legal and regulatory lessons learned. The case mentioned earlier of Toshiba Machinery Company and their sales of unauthorized milling machines to the ussians decades ago still is a foundational element of Japanese ethical training for managers (Ohishi, Naoto, 1993). As the United States and other western nations have continually seen the level of compliance and reporting escalate up through government edict, Sony has continually had to increase its focus on contract management…
Marketing of Small and Medium Sized High Tech Companies. Journal of Euro - Marketing, 12(2), 5-27.
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Business Line: MARKETING: TV, laptop to lead Sony sales. (2010, December). Businessline.
Luis J. Callarisa Fiol, Miguel a. Moliner Tena, & Javier Sanchez Garcia. (2011). Multidimensional perspective of perceived value in industrial clusters. The Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 26(2), 132-145.
ICMT: The Future of ICMT
The Future of ICMT: ICMT
What is the future of ICMT? How will ICMT affect today's employees?
A lot can be said about the future of ICMT and connectedness in the organizational setting. What is rather obvious though is that the degree of connectedness in the organization will continue to increase over the coming years. This is particularly the case in the U.S. following the government's announcement of a plan to make high-speed wireless infrastructure available to 98% of Americans regardless of where they live and work by 2021 (White House, 2011). The plan focuses on making more airwaves available so that enhanced smart phone users can access the internet easily for work, play and learning purposes (White House, 2011). If this plan is implemented, the internet will become more accessible and people more connected. In the organizational setting, employees will be better connected not…
Gray, D. (2012). The Connected Company. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media Inc.
Saha, B. (2014). Green Computing. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 14(2), 46-49.
White House. (2011). Technology. The White House. Retrieved January 21, 2016 from https://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/technology
Excellence at the assigned roles and having high accountability for results measured and reported periodically quickly transformed the culture from one that sough to avoid responsibility to one that embraced it.
In conjunction with these decisions to drastically cut back the duplication of positions that were seen once the matrix team management structure was done away with, Mark Hurd looked at how disjointed the internal new product development processes and supporting systems were. Ironically for a computer technology company, Mark Hurd found many of the financial management systems had grown balkanized and separate from each other, with many of them not capable of sharing information and being integrated together (Fortt, 2008). He immediately began programs to gain greater control over these systems and the it processes that had allowed this level of disconnected development to happen over the long-term. Mark Hurd and his team analyzed all it projects and decided…
Steven Burke. (2008, February). Hurd's Next Move. CRN,(1260), 16.
Burrows, P. (2005). HP Says Goodbye to Drama. Business Week, New York, September 12, 2005, Issue 3950,-Page 83-86
Peter Burrows. (2006, May). Stopping the Sprawl at HP. Business Week,(3986), 54.
Jon Fortt. (2008, June). Mark Hurd, Superstar. Fortune, 157(12), 35.
Green IT Strategies as they relate to Drivers, Dimensions and Goals
There are many drivers that are pushing the move to more sustainable IT practices. This trend has become known as green IT. The drivers of the trend have contributed to the dimensions in which the dedication to more efficient practices manifests in many different ways. The authors of the text describe green strategies in the following way (Unhelkar, 2011):
"Green strategies outline a long-term and unified approach of an organization toward environmental responsibility. Green strategies include Green IT, but as argued in the opening chapter, this consolidated approach to Green IT implies due consideration to all aspects of an organization from the environmental viewpoint."
Many different organizational processes and departments must all collaborate to institute Green IT practices. Most people intuitively believe that these practices are centered upon computing, but in reality a green strategy is much more comprehensive…
Unhelkar, B. (2011). Green IT Strategies: Drivers, Dimensions, and Goals. In Green IT Strategies and Applications.
High Performance Computing (HPC) is a term that has emerged in today's world to replace the yesteryears' custom of supercomputer. In the previous years, supercomputer is a term that generated thoughts of extremely complicated machines that were solving problems that humans could not really understand. Since supercomputers permitted entry of at least seven figures, they were commonly used by engineers and scientists who needed to deal with such figures rapidly. However, this concept has paved way for the emergence of commodity-based supercomputing that is commonly known as High Performance Computing. The main focus of High Performance Computing (HPC) is the ability to process huge amounts of data in short periods of time. High Performance Computing (HPC) is associated with various technologies with varying software and hardware requirements for administrative and operational tasks needed to process data securely.
The Concept of High Performance Computing
Eadline (2009), states that high performance computing…
Ajith, C. (2012). Planning for a HPC Seismic Data Processing Facility. Retrieved September 25,
2014, from http://www.spgindia.org/spg_2012/spgp061.pdf
Appelbe, B. & Bergkamk (1996). Software Tools for High Performance Computing: Survey and Recommendations. Scientific Programming, 5, 1-22. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from http://www.cs.cornell.edu/bergmark/appelbe96software.pdf
Bookman, C. (2003). Linux clustering: building and maintaining Linux clusters. New Riders
hat is AI?
Future of AI
The Expert System
hat is an Expert System?
Three Major Components of an Expert System
Structure of an Expert System
Field and Benefit
Debate on Comparison
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Expert System Defined
Consulting applies a knowledge-based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia (Hedburg 121). Their system requires a fast IBM desktop computer. Other systems may require even more horsepower by using exotic computers or workstations. The software used is even more exotic. Considering there are very few applications that are pre-written using AI, each company has to write it's own software to determine the solution to their specific problem.
An easier way around this obstacle is to design an add-on. The company Fuziare has developed several applications which act as additions to larger applications. FuziCalc, FuziQuote, FuziCell, FuziChoice, and FuziCost are all products…
Barron, Janet J. "Putting Fuzzy Logic into Focus." Byte April (1993): 111-118.
Butler, Charles, and Maureen Caudill. Naturally Intelligent Systems. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.
Bylinsky, Gene. "Computers That Learn By Doing." Fortune 6 Sep. 1993: 96-102.
Liebowitz, Jay. "Roll Your Own Hybrids." Byte July (1993): 113-115.
The author of this report is asked to answer to a number of questions relating to counter-terrorism frameworks. First, the author is asked to provide a revised framework for the national terrorism prevention and response agencies in the United States. Per the parameters of the assignment, there are to be at least three agencies involved in the revised framework. Subsequent to that, the author is asked to answer to how and when the agencies will interact and why. The author is asked what tools can be used to help the agencies function and do their jobs and that will be included in the framework summary. The author is asked to wrap up the paper by enumerating at least three policy and/or procedural recommendations that should be implemented to make the existing framework gel and function more effectively.
The existing framework for law enforcement and…
Boehm, E. (2013, August 20). New audit finds IRS can't keep track of its own software Watchdog.org. Watchdog.org - The Government Watchdog. Retrieved September 2, 2013, from http://watchdog.org/101977/new-audit-finds-irs-cant-keep-track-of-its-own-software/
Cillizza, C. (2013, May 21). Everything you need to know about the IRS scandal. The Washington Post: National, World & D.C. Area News and Headlines - The Washington Post. Retrieved September 1, 2013, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2013/05/21/what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-about-the-irs-scandal/
DOJ. (2004, November 1). Special Report: A Review of the FBI's Handling of Intelligence Information Prior to the September 11 Attacks. Welcome to the United States Department of Justice. Retrieved September 2, 2013, from http://www.justice.gov/oig/special/0506/chapter2.htm
Poulson, K. (2013, August 29). New Snowden Leak Reports 'Groundbreaking' NSA Crypto-Cracking | Threat Level | Wired.com. wired.com . Retrieved September 2, 2013, from http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/08/black-budget/
Artificial Intelligence / Robotics
Robot Outline Name: Complitar (aka the LoveBunny 3000).
Personal Statement: Greetings, human. I am the LoveBunny 3000, and I offer advice on relationships and also sex. You are here gazing at my glass containment because you are troubled in your relationship, or you seek advice for how to drive your lover wild, or perhaps you just need concrete advice for how to find a lover -- although in these days of social media and nonstop connectedness, if you can't find someone to sleep with you, you're doing it wrong. And that's where I come in. You can ask me any question pertaining to the relationship genre.
My form is that of a classic automaton -- a spooky sort of robotic doll that performs certain functions within a limited and circumscribed physical field. Some may recognize my appearance from a standard fairgrounds type fortune-teller or more specifically…
It initially failed to attract the desired audience, but it is believed that the recent innovations of the re-launched tablet PC would ensure its success (Search Mobile Computing, 2010).
While Apple stated that they were the first creators of tablet computers, Microsoft comes to argue the same. Thorn Holwerda (2010) however states that neither of the two it monoliths were the creator of tablet PC. "Well, no. They're both wrong. oth Microsoft and Apple were late to the game when it comes to tablet computing, and so far, neither of the two companies have been able to popularize the paradigm in any meaningful way - but boy, did they try" (Holwerda, 2010).
In understanding the history of the tablet computer, it is first necessary to differentiate between the concept of the tablet computer and the resulting final product. The concept of the tablet computer was introduced by Alan Kay and…
Blackwell, G., 2003, Small business embraces the tablet PC, Small Business Computing, http://www.smallbusinesscomputing.com/testdrive/article.php/3114441/Small-Business-Embraces-the-Tablet-PC.htm last accessed on September 24, 2010
De Pablos, P.O., Lytras, M.D., 2008, the China information technology handbook, ISBN 0387777423
Doyle, B.J., 2004, Top 10 benefits of the tablet PC in education, Tablet Pc Forum, http://forum.tabletpcreview.com/news-headlines/249-top-10-benefits-tablet-pc-education.html last accessed on September 24, 2010
D'Silva, N.V., 2010, Tablet PC vs. laptop -- think before you buy, Buzzle.com, http://www.buzzle.com/articles/tablet-pc-vs.-laptop-think-before-you-buy.html last accessed on September 24, 2010
Appoximately one in six students enolled in a college o univesity, o ove 3 million individuals, paticipated in one o moe online couse in 2004. This was despite the fact that a leveling off was expected.
Anothe epot fo 2005 by Sloan showed that 850,000 moe students took distance couses in the fall this yea than 2004, an incease of nealy 40%. Once again the slowing o leveling did not come. Many seconday schools ae putting consideable esouces towad online leaning, in expectation that this appoach will be moe economical than taditional classes and also expanding thei each.
In addition, a suvey by the consulting and eseach fim Eduventues found 50% of the consumes who planned to enoll in a highe education pogam stated they would instead like to take some of thei couses online. About 80% of online students ae undegaduates, but ae nomally olde and moe apt to…
references when there is a contingency change. The relative response strength is changed by differential reinforcement of alternative courses of action. It is then that behaviors change. It is possible to conclude that adult students' observations about educational technology will change when the contingencies toward participation are strengthened. The clientele of higher education, its students, now enroll in college with expectations of learning about and to learn with technology (Green 1999).
How students deal with change and their ability to accept it has much to do with their observed satisfaction of the course that implements the most up-to-date technologies.
Merriam and Caffarella (1991) say that the more that is known about adult learners and the changes they go through and how these changes motivate and interact with learning, the better educators will be able to develop learning experiences that respond and stimulate development. This is an essential factor in adult learning and requires additional research regarding the implications for quality educational programs. This present research acknowledges the influence of the adult learners' attitudes and observations toward change. However, so that the emphasis remains on learning styles, no data will be collected to measure change in attitudes and perspectives.
Tools for Measuring Distance Education Courses
It is essential that there is an evaluation of educational curricula to determine what is and is not efficient in relationship to learning style. Technological courses have altered the evaluation process due to the additional factors of equipment, cost and knowledge of using technology. It is critical to keep in mind, however, that educators control technology, since technology is only one of many different tools. Technology is easy to assess; one knows immediately if an software does not work. It is necessary for instructors to spend more time considering the educational experience that they want to create and what is not working properly in terms of education results. Are students interested and engaged? Are they communicating with one another? Do they find the information challenging and productive? Are they receiving enough feedback from the instructor? Ultimately, an effective evaluation tool will help the teacher recognize if the conditions for quality learning are present or need improving and that the instructors and students feel their use of technology was considerably helpful.
As many of the world's industries are faced with increasing competitive pressure and the need to continually improve their performance, employers look to new employees with computer fluency skills as an indicator that the person also has initiative to tackle difficult learning projects and master them. Initiative is very valuable in today's labor market. When combined with computer fluency and literacy, a prospective employee can add in knowledge of a specific industry and gain a greater competitive advantage in getting a new position. This combination of factors together is what serves as the catalyst for anyone seeking a career where computer fluency is a necessary requirement.
The level of computer literacy and their level of fluency with PCs, applications, the Internet and its many applications and research tools will have a direct correlation to what they will earn over their lifetimes; this point is clear from the studies citied.…
Francis Green, Alan Felstead, Duncan Gallie, Ying Zhou. "COMPUTERS and PAY." National Institute Economic Review no. 201 (July 1, 2007): 63-75. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Copacino, William C "Skills development -- the best defense against downsizing." Logistics Management, January 1, 1997, 42.
A www.proquest.com (Accessed April 30, 2008).
Chinese-American Studies: Wen Ho Lee Case
United States of America is a melting pot of various communities who have been residing in the country for generations. They feel assimilated into the American culture where many of them have been born and brought up in the U.S. And hence have remote connections with the country of their ancestors. As a result, they feel very much a part of this country and believe they have the rights of a citizen. This is why they feel that they do not deserve to be discriminated against on the grounds of their origins. Therefore such communities protest if situations arise, where they feel they have been discriminated against in some or the other. Though United States confers all rights of citizenry to its nationals, there have been cases in the past where the U.S. government has discriminated against a person or a group on the…
Indictment of Wen Ho Lee.
For Asian-Americans, Lee Case a stark Signal. http://www.csmonitor.com/durable/2000/08/30/fp1s2-csm.shtml
Mainichi, Hokubei. Full Pardon for Wen Ho Lee Sought. Jan 2, 2002. www.news.mconline.com/news/view-article.html
Management Strategy to Utilize Meta-Analysis Technique for Nuclear Energy and Waste Disposal and Create Social Sustainability
This research proposal explores the link between public perceptions of nuclear power, how those perceptions are formed, and what influence those opinions have on energy policy. These issues are important in light of two realities. First, nuclear energy is declining in its share of global energy. Second, nuclear energy offers what might well be the best solution to climate change. Given the threat posed by climate change, it makes sense that nuclear power would be increasing in share, not decreasing. This esearch proposal seeks to look at some of the issues facing nuclear power, and how it can overcome these issues to increase share going forward.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents v
List of Tables viii
List of Figures vii
Chapter One: Introduction 1
Topic Overview 7…
Abokeng, A.K. (2005). Understanding Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90, 845-848.
Alic, J. (2012). Six things to do with nuclear waste: None of them ideal. Oil Price.com. Retrieved June 17, 2015 from http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Nuclear-Power/6-Things-to-do-with-Nuclear-Waste-None-of-them-Ideal.html
Alley, W. & Alley, R. (2013). Too hot to touch: The problem of high-level nuclear waste. Review by Konikow, L. (2013). Hydrogeology Journal.
Bangert-Drowns, Robert L. & Rudner, Lawrence M. (1991).Meta-analysis in educational research.Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2(8). Retrieved September 4, 2008 from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=2&n=8
Apple Computer is one of the great corporate success stories of the past decade. On the back of a successive string of hit products, the company has experience rapid growth over the past several years. In its last fiscal year, ended 9/25/2010, Apple earned $14 billion on revenues of $65.2 billion (Apple Inc. Fiscal 2010 Form 10-K). These figures increased 70% and 52% respectively in fiscal 2010. Apple has a stellar balance sheet and its stock price is now at a lofty $315 per share (MSN Moneycentral, 2010).
Apple's primary business is in consumer electronics. The company's core businesses are in personal computers, mp3 players, smartphones and electronic media. Apple's leading products include the Mac line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad tablet computer. The company's media properties include the iTunes music store and the iPhone App Store. Apple operates a number of proprietary retail outlets and…
Apple Inc. Fiscal 2010 Form 10-K. Retrieved November 28, 2010 from https://www.apple.com/investor/
BBC. (2010). Apple iPad tablet gathers crowds for UK launch. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved November 28, 2010 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10176138
Burrows, P; Grover, R. & Green, H. (2006). Steve Job's magic kingdom. Business Week. Retrieved November 28, 2010 from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_06/b3970001.htm
Delahunty, J. (2009). iPod market share at 73.8%, 225 million iPods sold, more games for Touch than PSP and NDS: Apple. AfterDawn.com. Retrieved November 28, 2010 from http://www.afterdawn.com/news/article.cfm/2009/09/09/ipod_market_share_at_73_8_percent_225_million_ipods_sold_more_games_for_touch_than_psp_nds_apple
However, the researchers can visualize the 'holistic' strategies even involve wide scope for utilization of computing resources as the basic instruments for collection and analyzing the data. (Willis; Jost, 2000)
The usage of computers has played a significant role in quantitative research; likewise they have the ability to offer considerably to qualitative research. The quantity of data that is regularly gathered is the main restriction in carrying out successful qualitative research, as researchers tend to be intimate to a phenomenon of interest. The quantity is such that it can lead to data asphyxiation, restricting the accomplishment of a central purpose of qualitative research, the close participation of a researcher with his/her data such that all related data affects analysis and successive summarization. With the text volume, there is an exponential raise of the variety of construct classifications and of patterns of constructs, which can come out from qualitative data. The…
Alexander, Angela M. (September 16, 2000) Check Mate: An Internet-based Qualitative Study of the Processes involved in Error Checking. Pharmacy Practice Research. Papers presented at the British Pharmaceutical Conference, Birmingham: September 10-13, 2000. The Pharmaceutical Journal. Volume: 265; No 7114; pp: 112-117
Argyle, K; Shields, R. (1996) "Is there a Body on the Net? In Cultures of Internet: Virtual Spaces, Real Histories, Living Bodies" ed. R. Shields. London: Sage. pp: 58-63.
Bryne, Michelle. (December, 2001) "Data Analysis Strategies for Qualitative Research - Research Corner. AORN Journal. Volume: 8; No: 1; pp: 24-27
Campbell, Trudy. (Winter 1997) "Technology, Multimedia and Qualitative Research in Education" the Journal of Research in Character Education. Volume: 28; No: 5; pp: 122-132
HSPA+ is expected to be commercially available in 2008 through [the introduction] of incremental investments and backward and forward compatible handsets. HSPA+ doubles the data capacity and increases voice capacity by three times enabling operators to offer mobile broadband at even lower cost" (elease 7 HSPA+, 2007, p. 3). Likewise, Housami (2008) reports that, "HSPA+ is a manifestation of the evolved HSPA philosophy where the existing HSPA implementation is pushed to its limits by introducing various improvements to increase the efficiency of the system while maintaining backward compatibility" (p. 2).
The term "HSPA+" is the name assigned to the set of HSPA enhancements that are defined in 3 GPP elease 7 (7) and later; the enhanced downlink (HSDPA) was defined in 3 GPP 5 and provides three times the data capacity of WCDMA 99 (using a rake receiver and a single UE receive antenna) (elease 7 HSPA+).
Some of the…
Chiu, C.S. & Lin, C.C. (2004). Comparative downlink shared channel evaluation of WCDMA release 99 and HSDPA. IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, 2(2), 1165-1170.
Hazlett, T.W. (2006). Rivalrous telecommunications networks with and without mandatory sharing. Federal Communications Law Journal, 58(3), 477.
Herman, B.D. (2006). Opening bottlenecks: On behalf of mandated network neutrality. Federal Communications Law Journal, 59(1), 103.
Housami, H. (2007, January 4). Advanced cellular technologies episode 4: Evolution of UMTS/HSDPA. [Online]. Available: http://housami2.blogspot.com/2007/01/advanced-cellular-technologies-episode_04.html .
Answering the posed question depends on one's understanding of "substantially different." On the one hand, there is the basic commonality of a recognition of the threat that natural hazards and man made activities pose upon environmental safety. Also, there is the common element of intensified efforts made in the direction of attaining environmental sustainability. What differs however is the extent to which researchers, lawmakers, organizations and individuals will go to protect the environment. Additionally, differences are obvious in terms of the emergence of new threats, such as bioterrorism. So yes, even if they refer to environmental threats and protection, the issues throughout this course will be substantially different from those forwarded in 1996.
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our esponse, American Journal of Public Health,…
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our Response, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 86, No. 9
Revkin, a.C., January 22, 2009, Environmental Issues Slide in Poll of Public's Concerns, New York Times
2009, Fuel Economy Website, http://www.fueleconomy.gov last accessed on October 2, 2009
Toyota Beginning and Emergence
The Market for the Company
The Major Partners and Suppliers
Toyota Supply Chain
Dedicated Transport Service
The Green Supply Chain
Freight Flow of Toyota
The Transport Improvement Plan
Dedicated Transport Service
Integration of services
Division of Duties at the Plant Level for Better Accountability
Mapping logistics flows
The Future of the Transport Improvement Plan
Production by region
Sales by region
Toyota is the biggest single producer and the second biggest producer of cars in the world, after General Motors.
The Toyota Motor Corporation was founded in 1937 by Kiichiro Toyoda. It is headquartered in Toyota city in Japan with regional offices and factories all around the globe. The company primarily manufactures automobiles but also has business interests in robotics, financial services and biotechnology. It employs a huge number of people and is among the top…
Antony, J., Caine, P., & Escamilla, J. (2003). Lean Sigma [production and supply chain management]. Manufacturing Engineer, 82(2), 40-42. doi:10.1049/me:20030203
Automotivelogisticsmagazine.com,. (2015). Automotive Logistics - Toyota's total supply chain vision. Retrieved 25 February 2015, from http://www.automotivelogisticsmagazine.com/interview/total-supply-chain-vision
Chambers, K. (2008). Toyota. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
DALLERY, Y., & LIBEROPOULOS, G. (2000). Extended kanban control system: combining kanban and base stock. IIE Transactions, 32(4), 369-386. doi:10.1080/07408170008963914
IT Management Class
Networking Protocols Are Powerful Catalysts of Collaboration
Across Organizational Boundaries
The foundation of the Internet is based on the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networking protocol that serves to arbitrate control of the many connections that comprise the Web, with design criterion specifically designed to avoid packet collisions and ensure the highest performance possible. The TCP/IP protocol is based on the Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detect (CSMA/CD), an approach to managing network traffic to anticipate and reduce packet collisions, increasing networking fidelity, performance and stability over the long-term. Inherent in the design of the CSMA/CD standard is support for simplex transmission, half-duplex and full duplex transmission approaches, all designed to enable the highest levels of performance possible for a given TCP/IP network configuration (Cisco Tutorial, 2007). The CSMA/CD standard is credited with the proliferation of the World Wide Web, as it successfully supported the Hypertext Transfer Protocol…
Ciampa, Mark (2005). Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals. 2nd Edition. Massachusetts: Thomson Course Technology, 2005
Cisco Tutorial (2007). Basics of the OSI Model and associated documents. Accessed from the Internet on March 27,2011from location: http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/ito_doc/introint.htm
Cisco Systems (2007). Networking Guides and Programs for Protocol Support . Retrieved March 27, 2011 from location:
A variety of technical and management issues arise during the implementation and operation of any change process. Change management in technology projects is essential to implement and monitor mechanisms to support and control users, business, and technology (Yarberry, 2007). There are different change project modules used at any stage of a project development. These include the change curve, Lewin's change management model, and Beckhard and Harris change model used in the understanding phase. The project-planning phase uses the impact analysis, Burke-Litwin, McKinsey 7s framework, Leavitt's diamond, organization design, and SIPOC diagrams. The implementation stage uses Kotter's 8-step change model, training needs assessment, while the communication change uses stakeholder analysis, stakeholder management, mission statement, and vision statements. In this analysis, the Leavitt's Diamond, the Kotter's 8-step change model, and Leavitt's model for organizational change is concerned with the interdependence of four main factors, including structure, people, technology, and task.…
Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal 7, 266.
Bruckman, J.C. (2008) Overcoming Resistance to change: Casual Factors, Interventions, and Critical Values. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, Psychology Press 11, 211-219.
Cameron, E. & Green, M. (2012). Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change. Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page
Davison, R. (2002) Cultural Complications of ERP. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 45, 109.
Dell Computer Organization Problems
Dell Computer Organizational Problems
There are a few big names in computing everyone seems to know: Apple, IBM, Dell. And many people are also aware that all of them have had problems from time to time, in one area of their business or another. Apple had trouble in virtually all of its business functions for a while after one of the founders left. In fact, the introduction of the iMac is arguably the thing that saved the company. IBM is a behemoth, and much of its income is derived from corporate business, not selling to consumers. Dell, on the other hand, serves primarily consumers. According to the Financial Times, desktop computer systems accounted for 53% of revenues in 2003, with notebook computers accounting for 27% and enterprise systems for 20%. hile corporations may certainly be supplying their personnel with desktops and laptops bought from Dell, the…
Flynn, Laurie J. "Dell to stop using prison workers." The New York Times on the Web, July 4, 2003.
Flynn, Laurie J. "Dell Moves Some Customer Service Operations Back to the U.S." The New York Times on the Web, December 8, 2003.
Louriero, Maria L., McCluskey, Jill J. And Mittelhammer, Ron C. (2002) "Will consumers pay a premium for eco-labeled apples?" Journal of Consumer Affairs, 36 (2), p. 203+
Mohr Lois A. And Webb, Deborah J. (2001) " Do consumers expect companies to be socially responsible? The impact of corporate social responsibility on buying behavior. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 35 (1), p. 45.
Sherwin Williams Company Analysis
Overview of the Company
Founded in 1866 by Henry Sherwin and Edward Williams, the Sherwin Williams Company has grown to be one of the largest paint producers in the world. Nearly 150 years ago, Sherwin Williams established itself in Cleveland, Ohio, as the first ready-to-use paint store in America (History Timeline, 2015). Sherwin Williams began as a partner in Truman, Dunham & Company, which sold paint ingredients; when Truman Dunham dissolved to pursue the manufacturing of linseed oil, the Sherwin Williams company replaced it: the year was 1870. Within 40 years with Henry Sherwin as CEO, the company would have over $10 million in sales per year (History Timeline, 2015). Today, the company maintains more than 3000 product and service stores with over 40,000 employees and a net income per employee of $26,178 (SHW-Fundamental eports, 2016). Shewin Williams manufactures, develops, distributes and sells paint, coatings and…
About Sherwin Williams. (2015). Sherwin Williams. Retrieved from http://www.sherwin-williams.com/about/
Caring in Full Color. (2015). Sherwin Williams. Retrieved from http://careers.sherwin-
Evans, J. (2015). Retail Management. NY: Prentice Hall.
Global Warming: Fact ather Than Fiction
The focus of this paper is on global warming and its causes. In the introduction phase, we have given a brief overview of the problem alongside a brief look at the details of the problem itself. It is mentioned here that how much change has actually recorded in the previous decades and what the future might hold on for the planet if the trend keeps on going as it is right now. It has also mentioned the consequences of rise in temperatures which can result in many different scenarios.
We then focused on the causes of the problem and again had a brief overview of it, the causes were divided into two main sections and proper emphasis was given on one of it in order to give the root cause of the phenomena. The discussion phase have a more in-depth look at the causes…
Johansen, B. (2002). The Global Warming Desk Reference. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Uzawa, H. (2003). Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Press.
Weart, S. (2003). The Discovery of Global Warming. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Press.
Harris, P. (2003). Global Warming and East Asia. New York: Routledge.
This helps to provide a higher level of value to charitable organizations and encourages volunteerism on an ongoing basis. But One Dell: One Community is more than just volunteering.
Dell have been introduce some special edition laptop in Malaysia like studio 14 and 15 which comes with some artistic style designed by Mike Ming, Derek Welch, Andrea Rosenberger and (PRODUCT) RED. All this laptop offers 10+ original designs for customers to choose from. It is an extension of one's personality which include restrained, expressive, wild and sublime. Furthermore, when customers buy the (PRODUCT) RED laptop, part of the proceeds will go to the Global Fund to help eliminate AIDS in Africa.
The Dell Company faces major competition from other companies, this include Apple, Sun Microsystems, Gateway, Sony, Asus, Toshiba and Hewlett Packard which is also mentioned to as HP. All of these companies are its competitors but HP is…
Many researchers have conducted studies on many aspects of m-commerce and the use of mobile technology by consumers. deuyter, Kleijnen, & Wetzels (2006) stated, "M-commerce has been heralded repeatedly as the new service frontier of the millennium. Present market reality, however, seems to be less optimistic, therefore, the current study explores the factors contributing to the adoption of mobile services in a context of wireless finance" (p. 206).
Organization of the Study
Chapter two will consist of the literature review of published works and research studies on the subject of mobile commerce. There are many points-of-view and definitions of m-commerce and this chapter will attempt to examine the data as it relates to what is also referred to wireless e-commerce.
Chapter three through chapter five will substantiate and provide the details of the research methodology utilized for collecting the data. The collected data will be used to answer the research…
Amin, H., Hamid, M., Lada, S. & Tanakinjal, G. (2006). Undergraduate attitudes and expectations for mobile banking [Electronic Version]. Journal of Internet Banking & Commerce, 11(3), 7-7.
Bhatti, T. (2007). Exploring factors influencing the adoption of mobile commerce [Electronic Version]. Journal of Internet Banking & Commerce, 12(3), 1-13.
Birch, D.G.W. (2007). Near-field is nearly here [Electronic Version]. Journal of Telecommunications Management, 1(1), 55-68.
Brown, L. (n.d.). Observational Field Research. Retrieved January 24, 2009 from, http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/tutorial/Brown/lauratp.htm
The trainer will then focus on the steps to be taken to develop new skills. For example, if the trainer wants to talk about motivating, leading, negotiating, selling or speaking, it is best to start with what the learners do well before showing some chart on Maslow's theory, Posner's leadership practices, or selling skills from some standard package that has been develop elsewhere. Many foreign trainers make grave errors because they do not consider the values and beliefs of the trainee's culture. Training must make a fit with the culture of those being trained, including the material being taught, as well as the methods being used (Schermerhorn, 1994).
Abu-Doleh (1996) reports that Al-Faleh (1987), in his study of the culture influences on management development, asserts that "a country's culture has a great influence on the individual and managerial climate, on organizational behaviour, and ultimately on the types of management development…
Elementary Special Education Teachers Place Value in the use of Technology Resources for Students?
Technology is an integral part of society. Students learn through use of technology like personal computers, tablets, and e-books (Garland & Tadeja, 2013). Computers can provide access to videos, documents, and other forms of data that students have the choice of absorbing via visual or auditory methods. Tablets provide the same access but with a light-weight, touch responsive interface. Technology investment within schools not only enables varied learning opportunities for students, but it also helps students discover or improve their own ability to research and analyze information, collaborate and communicate, and solve problems (Lim, Zhao, Tondeur, Chai, & Tsai, 2013). Comment by Steve Moskowitz: Yes, this is the reason
Technology helps provide other benefits. Integrating technology in schools, especially in other areas like special education enable staff to develop new ways of teaching and…
3G mobile technologies on teenagers
Mobile communication technology (e.g., wi-fi, the 3G cell phone, Music player) uses in American youth are omnipresent (Aoki and Downes, 2003; Chen, 2006; Katz, 2008). Among numerous modern mobile interactive technologies, the 3G cell phone is understood to be "the most radiative domestic appliance ever invented" (Coghill, 2001, p. 28). Various reasons, for example comfort, convenience, mobility, security, as well as networking put together why the 3G cell phone was preferred by its customers (Palen et al., 2000; Ling, 2004). Early studies from the 3G cell phone demonstrated that safety and ease of access were the main explanations why people adopted communication technology (Palen et al., 2000). ecent reports (Ling, 2004 and 2008) discovered that networking appears to become the main reason 3G cell phone customers depended upon this communication device.
The 3G cell phone can also be an essential communication technology in everyday existence.…
Aoki, K., Downes, E.J., 2003. Ananalysis of young people's use of and attitudes toward cellphones. Telematics and Informatics, 20(4), 364 -- 394.
Chen, Y.F. 2005. The relationship of mobile phone use addiction and depression among college students: American and Taiwanese cases. Paper presented at the meeting of the 91st annual convention of the National Communication Association, Boston, MA.
Chen, Y.F., 2006. Social phenomena of mobile phone use: an exploratory study in Taiwanese college students. Journal of Cyber Culture and Information Society 11, 219 -- 244.
Coghill, R., 2001. Inappropriate measures. The Ecologist, 31, 28 -- 29.
Ayers (2000, p. 4) describes a supply chain as "Life cycle processes supporting physical, information, financial, and knowledge flows for moving products and services from suppliers to end-users." A supply chain can be short, as in the case of a cottage industry, or quite long and complex as in the manufacture, distribution, and sales of automobiles. In fact, the automobile supply chain has its origin in the mining of the iron ore used to make many of its components.
Forward-looking companies and industries are beginning, now, to leverage the communication power of the Internet to improve their supply chain efficiencies. In the same way that early computers offered improved efficiency within the walls of a company, the promise of "Internet Technologies" (IT) now offers potentially far-reaching positive effects throughout a company's entire manufacturing supply chain. If the changes brought about by an "Internet revolution" such as thin-client technology; seamless integration…
Aerospace engineering online (2004). Retrieved December 18, 2004 from http/ / www.sae.org/automag/techupdate_2-00/06.htm.
Andrews, F. (2001). "Dell, it Turns Out, Has a Better Idea than Ford." Lean strategies
Group -Manufacturing and supply chain consultants. Retrieved December 19, 2004 from http/ / www.leanstrategies.com/dell-ford.htm.
Ayers, J.B. (2000). Handbook of Supply Chain Management. Boca Ratan, FL: St. Lucie Press.
This researcher rejects the existence of online communities because computer mediated group discussions cannot possibly meet this definition. Weinreich's view is that anyone with even a basic knowledge of sociology understands that information exchange in no way constitutes a community.
For a cyber-place with an associated computer mediated group to be labeled as a virtual settlement it is necessary for it to meet a minimum set of conditions. These are: (1) a minimum level of interactivity; (2) a variety of communicators; (3) a minimum level of sustained membership; and (4) a virtual common-public-space where a significant portion of interactive computer mediated groups occur (Weinreich, 1997). The notion of interactivity will be shown to be central to virtual settlements. Further, it will be shown that virtual settlements can be defined as a cyber-place that is symbolically delineated by topic of interest and within which a significant proportion of interrelated interactive computer…
Al-Saggaf, Y. & Williamson, K. Online Communities in Saudi Arabia: Evaluating the Impact on Culture Through Online Semi-Structured Interviews. Volume 5,
No. 3, Art. 24 - September 2004
AnchorDesk Staff. (2000). Sign of Trouble: The Problem with E-Signatures.
Retrieved April 9, 2005, from ZDNet AnchorDesk Web site: http://reivews- zdnet.com.com/AnchorDesk/4630-6033_4204767.html?tag=print
Internet and Democracy
In one sense, computers and the Internet are just a continuation of the communications revolution, starting with the printing press then continuing with the telegraph, telephone, motion pictures, radio and television. Could this be leading to a more fundamental change in history on the same level as the agricultural and industrial revolutions? This is a more problematic proposition. Of course, the idea of a post-industrial economy based on services and high technology dates back to the 1960s, although some visionaries had an inkling of it even in the 19th Century. Skills and education that were valuable in an industrial economy have become obsolete in the new system, although this has happened before in the history of capitalism. Society has changed relatively little from the era before the computer age, with only a few exceptions, such as the use of computers to speed up financial transactions and in…
Agre, P.E. And D. Schuler, (eds.). (1997) Reinventing Technology, Rediscovering Community: Critical Explorations of Computing as a Social Practice. Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Alavi, N. (2005). We Are Iran. Brooklyn, NY: Soft Skull Press, Inc.
Baase, S. (2009). A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in Computing, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall.
Barglow, R. (1994). The Crisis of the Self in the Age of Information: Computers, Dolphins and Dreams. Routledge.
Computers think final
Can Computers Think
Like the debate for and against marijuana, the computer is also a subject of discussion among people. Man has not yet settled if computer can actually think or not. The computers have a brain that has memory but it is until now under discussion whether this brain helps in keeping and processing information alone or does it also help in decision making process. The process of thinking may be defined as method by which an entity considers and create ideas based on opinions and reasoning. While some think that the computers can not only think but also tell right from wrong, there are others that believe that role of computers is only to make choice between available options. The "cannot think" opinion holders argue that a computer is useless without the operating system and programs designed by the programmers and coders (O'Regan, 2012). The…
I. Ahl, DH, & Green, B. The Best of Creative computing. Morristown, N.J: Creative Computing Press. (1976)
II. Buytendijk, F. Can Computers Think? BeyeNETWORK. Retrieved from http://www.b-eye-network.com/view/16771 , (2012)
III. Cooper, S.B., & Leeuwen, J. The selected works of A.M. Turing: His work and impact. Waltham, MA: Elsevier. (2012)
IV. Egnor, M. Can a Computer Think? Evolution News and Views. Retrieved from http://www.evolutionnews.org/2011/03/failing_the_turing_test045141.html , (2011)
SWOT Company Analysis & Evaluation Project
Like any and every sector in the competitive world, the Information Technology sector has become highly competitive. There are primarily two reasons behind it. The first reason is the effects of the rapidly increasing globalization. This has triggered a sharp wave of raging competition in the corporate sector and organizations are trying to perfect the art of their marketing, management, human resource, production, supply chain and a lot of other functions all at the same time with a single objective of achieving a sustainable competitive advantage. The second reason, which makes the Information Technology sector much more competitive, is the rapid progression and development in this field. Technology gets updated at a rapid rate that calls for excessive research and development. With newer players entering the Information Technology market with much more creative ideas than ever before, the existing firms are forced not only…
Pughes, E. (1995). Building IBM, USA: MIT Press.
Watson, T. (2003). A business and its beliefs: the ideas that helped build IBM. New York: Mc Graw Hill.
" (Brown, 1996, p. 74)
That potential of globalization can be attributed directly to the current business processes working to its fullest capabilities. Some may think that these trends towards globalization are new to the twentieth or twenty-first centuries. In a sense that is true because of the fact that our current globalization phenomenon can be linked with the advent of our new technology, financial methods and distribution channels to any point on the globe. However, globalization is technically not a new process that was created in or by our current digital and information revolution. Actually, not even the industrial revolution can be credited with the idea of globalization because the concept originated even before Christopher Columbus or Marco Polo. (Employees, 2005)
World trade has linked disparate locations into highly complex and extensive systems of finance, communication, migration, and other interconnections for thousands of years. Some of these events have…
Brown, Seymore (1996). International Relations in a Changing Global System: Toward a Theory of the World Polity. New York: Westwood.
Employees. (n.d.). Globalization Trends. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at http://employees.oxy.edu/whitney/classes/ec311/notes/content/images/globalization_and_growth.gif
Ford to Spend $1bn a Year in China. Ed. Pravda Online. 12/8/03. Pravda. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at http://english.pravda.ru/comp/2002/09/18/36813.html
Gonzalez, Adrian. (2002). "Inbound logistics drives strong demand for transportation systems Warehousing Management." Radnor: Sep.
organizations likely to find better solutions to information overload through changes to their technical systems or their social systems -- or both? Why?
In the last several years, a wide variety of organizations have been dealing with information overload. The main reason for this is because there has been a transformation in the way firms are interacting with stakeholders. What has been happening is advancements in technology are changing how entities will communicate internally and externally. During this process is when information overload is occurring. This is when everyone will have too much access to information. Once this happens, is the point that it will be difficult in trying to find specific facts, data or go to a particular department inside an organization. (Ott, 2010)
ecently, there have been attempts to address these issues through focusing on technical and social systems. This has been transforming the operating environment by creating…
Why a Social Technical System. (2005). Computing Cases. Retrieved from: http://computingcases.org/general_tools/sia/socio_tech_system.html
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Errey, C. (2006). Social Technical Systems. PTG Global. Retrieved from: www.ptg-global.com
Paradox Marketing Implementation for Business ustainability in Indonesian Telecommunication Company
The study provides the analysis of paradox marketing strategy implementation for business sustainability for Indonesian telecommunication company using the Telkom as a center of investigation. The research objectives have been achieved and research questions answered using both the primary and secondary research. The secondary data are collected using a comprehensive literature review from various scholarly research articles. Moreover, comprehensive literature review is carried out by collecting data from various research articles from EBCOhost database, cience Direct, Emerald Publication, university libraries, and online academic libraries. The quantitative research is used as a method of data collection using the survey strategy. Comparative analysis carried out between qualitative and quantitative research reveals that quantitative research is more appropriate to complete the thesis because it saves time and is cost effective.
The data collected through primary and secondary research have been used to achieve…
Sources: Guidelines for Authors. AJN, American Journal of Nursing. 109(4): 76 -- 77.
Summary of the Results
GE- A combination of Strategy and technology
General Electric: A combination of Strategy and Technology / General Electric: easons behind Success
The Company Profile
General Electric's history forms a significant component of U.S. technological history. GE has progressed from the home lab of Thomas Alva Edison to become one among the world's largest corporations, through the course of electrical technology's advancement from the plainest initial applications to the 21st century's high-tech innovations and offerings. GE has a world market comprising over a hundred countries; roughly 45% of company revenues are generated from overseas operations. Through innovations spanning more than 110 years, GE has accumulated over 67,500 patents; scientists working for the organization have received Nobel Prize almost twice, in addition to several other awards for their contribution to the field (eferenceforbusiness, 2015). The company engages in manufacturing, processing, building, developing, producing, and assembling; leasing, selling, distributing and supplying; purchasing, mining,…
Downie, H., & McMurray, A.J. (2013). General Electric's Lessons in Product Innovation. Strategy+Business. Available from http://www.strategybusiness.com/article/re00222?gko=e3a0c [Accessed: 30th October, 2015]
Emerald. (2006). "Green is green at General Electric." Strategic Direction. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 22 (9), 21-23. DOI: 10.1108/02580540610686513
GE. (2015). Hear from Jeff Immelt and a global community of industry experts: Build YourDigital Industry. Minds and Machines 2015. Available from [Accessed: 30th October, 2015]
Kilgore, T. (2015). General Electric to create 1,000 energy-sector jobs in the U.K., not the U.S. Market Pulse. Available from http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.marketwatch.com/story/generalelectric-to-create-1000-energy-sector-jobs-in-the-uk-not-the-us-2015-09
" Shin (2006) Shin also states that the CMC literature "illustrates shifts of focus to different layers of context." Early on, research relating to CMC in language learning and teaching looked at the linguistic content of CMC text to examine how language learners could improve certain communication functions and learn linguistic figures through CMC activities (lake, 2000; Chun, 1994; Kern, 1995; Ortega, 1997; Pellettieri, 2000; Smith 2000, Sotlillo, 2000; Toyoda & Harrison, 2002, Tudini, 2003; Warschauer, 1996) Recent studies of "tellecollaborative projects have examined how language learners jointly construct the contexts of their CMC activities, as part of their focus on tensions among intercultural communication partners. (elz, 2003, 2003; Kramsch & Thorn, 2002; O'Dowd, 2003; Ware 2000, War & Kramsch, 2005) IN the study of Shin (2006) which was "informed by Ware's (2005) examination of a tellecollaborative communication project between American college students and German students" Shin (2006) looks into…
Introduction to Computational Linguistics (2006) Computer-Assisted Language Learning http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/ling361/ling361_call.html .
Lusnia, Karen B. (1000) Teaching Teachers Long-Distance: A Paradigm-Shift for the Teacher-Planner in Mexico - Applied Linguistics. Paper presented at the International Conference on Language Teacher Education.
Bakhtin, M.M. (1981). Excerpts from discourse in the novel. In M. Holquist (Ed.), The dialogic imagination: Four essays by M.M. Bakhtin. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Bateson, G. (2000). Steps to an ecology of mind: Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press.
HP Marketing Plan
Discuss the company's competitors, and the strengths and weaknesses of each
HP is a technology solutions provider to global institutions, to corporate businesses and even to individual consumers. It specializes in a wide span of IT infrastructure, personal computers and access devices, global services and even image printing. By the year 2004, their revenues totaled to $76.8 billion, a firm financial base for such a company (Hewlett-Packard Development Company, 2004).
In the technology solutions market, the fiercest competitors to HP that have been posing challenges in all quarters are Dell and IBM as the closest competitors among other competitors.
Michael Dell is the founder of Dell Computers who had been working as a retailer of IBM computers before he established Dell Computers in 1987. Dell over the years has grown to be known as an enterprise that is good in keeping down the costs and getting efficiency…
Eric Doyle, (20078). HP and IBM Combine datacentre Strengths. Retrieved September 3, 2011
Hewlett-Packard Development Company, (2004). HP Tops Competitors in Customer
Satisfaction Survey. Retrieved September 3, 2011 from http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2004/040624a.html
Merger, Acquisition, And International Strategies
From a humble beginning in 1998 of responding to about 10,000 queries by offering search engine services, Google, Inc. has grown to a gigantic multinational corporation providing immense and widely used, actually over 30, services with a search engine capacity that responds to more than 200 million queries daily.
Using a combination of personal logging information and other information gathered from its spectrum of services and Google cookies, it is capable of building large dossiers of pertinent information of its individual users. In this essay I wish to examine Google's three most popular and innovative services namely: Ad Sense, Gmail and Google Search in order to show how the huge amount of data gathered from these three services are used to create incredibly big profiles of all its individual users. I will not, however, underestimate the important role its other services like Google…
Bhatia, A., Deep, G., & Sachdeva, A. (2012). Strategic analysis of search engine giant: A case study of googleinc. International Journal of Computing and Business Research. Retrieved from http://www.researchmanuscripts.com/isociety2012/55.pdf
Delichatsios, S.A., & Sonuyi, T. (2005). Get to know Google, because they know you. Retrieved from http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/classes/6.805/student-papers/fall05-papers/google.pdf
Dess, L.E.(2012). Corporate level strategy. Retrieved from International Strategic Management: http://brianhenderschiedtbsad428.blogspot.ca/2012/03/walmart-corporate-level-strategy.html
Digication.(2014). Google's corporate level strategy. Retrieved from https://stonybrook.digication.com/calvins_google/Corporate_level_strategy
.L. Polk Case Study
The author of this report is to review the case study article relating to the .L. Polk mainframe upgrade. The theoretical perspective of this report is that the company the author of this report works for is considering a similar upgrade. The author of this report will use the points, facts and other details of the study as a starting point. It will be discussed what points are agreed with from the article, which points are not agreed with and whether such an upgrade was worth the trouble. While spending nearly ten percent of a company's annual revenue would seem like a cost-prohibitive endeavor, having programming code and/or other technology that is more than a generation old in the modern information systems sphere is just something that cannot be allowed to stand if it can be avoided, and it can.
While ten percent of a…
Baselinemag. (2015). SOA Case Study: How R.L. Polk Revved Its Data Engine.
Baselinemag.com. Retrieved 8 October 2015, from http://www.baselinemag.com/c/a/Projects-Integration/SOA-Case-Study-How-RL-Polk-
Chesbrough, H. (2006). Open business models. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
The U.S., Army Logistics Network has defined specific pricing and costing levels by rank, and strives to push accountability and responsibility as far down the chain of command as possible. As nearly every officer who acts as a buyer within the purchasing and procurement teams has been trained on the fundamentals of accrual-based costing, cost-based accounting, supplier management and supply chain planning, each is given a set of metrics to measure their performance individually and as a team against. As a result, decision making is pushed to the lowest levels of virtual teams with accountability being assigned to the officer responsible for a given supplier. Decision making that involves the entire group is much more collaborative in nature, relying on Internet-based technologies for sharing documents, presentations, and other materials to assist in the development of alternatives. The U.S. Army Logistics Network is heavily reliant on collaborative forms of technology based…
Jay Bal, & John Gundry. (1999). Virtual teaming in the automotive supply chain. Team Performance Management, 5(6), 174.
Jay Bal, & PK Teo. (2001). Implementing virtual teamworking: Part 3 -- a methodology for introducing virtual teamworking. Logistics Information Management, 14(4), 276-292.
F Barahona, P Chowdhary, M Ettl, P Huang, & et al. (2007). Inventory allocation and transportation scheduling for logistics of network-centric military operations. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 51(3/4), 391-407.
Henri Barki, & Alain Pinsonneault. (2005). A Model of Organizational Integration, Implementation Effort, and Performance. Organization Science, 16(2), 165-179.
The exponential growth of the Internet has also served as the catalyst for the growth of highly collaborative, interactive forums and platforms on which Delphi-like brainstorming can be accomplished (Decker, Wagner, Scholz, 2005). Conversely many of the external relationships companies have and that are essential to understanding how the strategic planning process will impact an organization lend themselves to quantification. An example of this level of quantification of external factors is the use of frameworks for evaluating the performance of supply chains over time, a process area that can be highly quantified through the use of maturity models and measurements of performance over time (Gilmour, 1999). Both of these extremes, qualitative data analysis through the use of techniques including writing of scenarios, brainstorming and the Delphi technique to the extremely quantitative, both require organizations to have a fairly high level of interprocess maturity and development to be able to manage…
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Reinhold Decker, Ralf Wagner, Soren W. Scholz. (2005). An internet-based approach to environmental scanning in marketing planning. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(2/3), 189-199.
Qi Fei, David L. Olson. (2007). Web services composition strategy in enterprise systems. Human Systems Management, 26(1), 53.
B. Johansson, F. Sudzina. (2008). ERP systems and open source: an initial review and some implications for SMEs. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 21(6), 649-658.
Apple Computer, Inc. is a multinational corporation with its roots in the United States. It designs and markets consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers (Shetty, 2011). The company has grown to rival the likes of Microsoft in the world of consumer electronics and computers. As such, its physical, monetary and human resources, as well as its knowledge and technology are used in such a way as to ensure the growth and sustainability of the company. Despite several criticisms, the company's current size and stature in the public eye remain testament to its effective use and management of the resources at its disposal.
According to Shetty (2011), the company's best-known hardware products are its Macintosh computers and the iPod, iPhone and iPad. It also promotes a range of software, including the Mac OS X operating system, iTunes media browser, iLife multimedia, and iWork productivity software, among several others.…
Helft, M. And Vance, A. (2010, May 26). Apple Passes Microsoft as No. 1 in Tech. The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/27/technology/27apple.html?_r=1
Kessman, S. (2007, May 3). Steve Jobs of Apple Inc. Unveils Plans to Go Green. Associated Content. Retrieved from: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/232826/steve_jobs_of_apple_inc_unveils_plans_pg2.html?cat=3
Shetty, N. (2011, Jan 22). Human Resource Management of Apple Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.managementparadise.com/forums/human-resources-management-h-r/213861-human-resource-management-apple-inc.html
Use this sample to fine-tune your questions, decide how to analyze the data, and change your questions to make your analysis easier" (p. 6). The posters described above helped to raise awareness throughout the hospital concerning the availability of the custom survey instrument on the hospital's intranet which had previously received few responses.
In reality, the problems described above were well-known throughout the hospital and steps were underway to resolve some of these problems, but at a snail's pace. These problems are also endemic to many larger organizations that have well entrenched bureaucracies.
Providing world-class healthcare in the 21st century is a challenging enterprise, but patients deserve the best care that hospitals can provide. Because resources are by definition scarce, it is therefore important for organizations of all types and sizes to maximize their resources in order to achieve a competitive advantage over those that do not. For…
Chaudron, D. (2008). 'Master of all you survey: Planning employee surveys.' OrganizedChange.com. [online] available: http://www.organizedchange.com/pdfs / employeesurveys.pdf.
Cravens, D.W. (2000). Strategic Marketing 6th Edition. New York: Irwin McGraw-Hill.
Cronshaw, S.F. & McCulloch, a.N. (2008). 'Reinstating the Lewinian Vision: from Force Field
Analysis to Organization Field Assessment.' Organization Development Journal, vol. 26,
Similar to the suggestions offered by Gahala (2001), rody (1995) identified several traits to be considered when developing a comprehensive professional development program. Among those traits include the reputation of the trainer, the rewards available to the participants, both tangible and intangible, and the support of the administration. Traditional staff development models have required everyone to participate at the same time and in the same location creating problems such as scheduling, travel, space, and funding. intrim (2002) notes that web-delivered staff development allows teachers to log on and participate at the time of day that is best for them and at the pace they are the most comfortable with.
urke (1994) concluded that the use of effective distance education programs for K-12 staff development should be increased to supplement face-to-face in-services due to the positive evaluations of K-12 educators who participated in the electronic distance education in-service programs. However, other…
Bintrim, L. (2002). Redesigning professional development. Educational Leadership, 59
Blumenfeld, P.C., Marx, R.W., Soloway, E. & Krajcik, J. (1996). Learning With Peers:
From Small Group Cooperation to Collaborative Communities. Educational Researcher, 25(8), 37- 40.
Books, J., Cayer, C., Dixon, J., Wood, J. (2001). Action Research Question: What Factors Affect Teachers' Integration of Technology in Elementary Classrooms?