Principles Of Green Computing And Environmental Protection Essay

Length: 16 pages Sources: 10 Subject: Transportation - Environmental Issues Type: Essay Paper: #21286958 Related Topics: Green Technology, Environmental Protection, Cloud Computing, Recycling
Excerpt from Essay :

Green computing is a term used to refer to the proper handling and disposal of computer parts. It is a term that has come of late with the need to have a clean environment devoid of unnecessary pollution on the environment. It is known fact that computers are made of non-biodegradable material, which is mainly plastic in nature. Disposal of used computers can cause environmental degradation if not well done. Given that they do not decompose, these substances end up polluting the environment. The other reason green computing practices are pursued is the fact that it helps bring out better utilization of resources through recycling.

Rationale behind green computing

Green computing practices are motivated by a desire to conserve the planet that is now under the threat of global warming. It is also done because of the recent upsurge in the usage of computers in the world. Virtually every department in all the workplaces uses computers. This has resulted in many used computers coming out of the process (Murugesan, & Gangadharan, 2012). Initially, during the onset of the use of computers, disposal was not a problem since there were only few computers in use. Another motivator that has likened to the usage of computers is the fact that computers are mainly made of plastics and metal, all which are no biodegradable. Their presence on the soul is of a negative externality. They cause the environment to experience unnecessary strain as it deals with the many lying non-decomposable material (Harris, 2008).

Scientists explain that the presence of too much non-biodegradable material on the ground contributes to global warming, which is the world's major problem now. Therefore, such a crisis does not to have measures in place to address this current menace of too much computers parts lying o the ground. Mobile phone industry has also contributed to the upsurge of unnecessary materials lying on the ground. Used phones are now a common phenomenon that is experienced globally. In the wake of this reality and the middle of the current crisis resulting from global warming, there has been a worldwide campaign to reduce the usage of non-biodegradable materials in the world. However, proper disposal is the remedy where reduction of the uses of these non-decomposing substances such as in the case of computers.

Global warming results

Global warming is a term used to describe the general rise in the world temperatures that is currently being witnessed around the globe. It is called this way because it is a phenomenon similar to that of a greenhouse, thus the name greenhouse effect. The chief cause of this problem is the accumulation of gases in the atmosphere that block radiated heat from the earth from escaping into the atmospheres. One of the chief causes is the cutting down of trees, which normally assist in balancing the carbon content in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide gas resulting from the breathing system of all animals accumulates in the atmosphere. Eventually, the blanket of gases in the atmosphere becomes too much to the point that it blocks the heat emitted by the bodies on the earth surface from escaping to the space, where it ought to end. Emissions normally occur once after the object on the earth surface absorbs heat from the sun (Smith, 2013).

Computer parts left after use form the bulk of the objects that absorb heat then emit it back at night. The more the bodies that absorb heat from the sun, the more the heat capacity emitted to the atmosphere. It increases the surface area for the absorption of heat and consequently adds to the capacity that will eventually be emitted to the atmosphere. As a way of managing global warming, it is necessary to increase global forest cover besides reducing the objects that produce damage the environment. Emissions occur from any object on the earth. Physics principles suggest that the color of an object also determine the quantity of heat emitted...


For instance, a black color is known to emit mire heat tan any another color. It is in this sense that used computers largely contribute to the emissions in the atmosphere. The reason for thus is that most of the computers and computer accessories are made of black substances. Mobile phone accessories also have this feature. It is in the occurrence of this phenomenon that measures have been instituted to address the problem (Murugesan, & Gangadharan, 2012).

The severity of global warming is dependent on a number of factors. One is the volume of gases emitted to the atmosphere. The more the amount of these gases, the higher the amount of heat trapped hence the more serious global warming gets. The reverse is also true. The other factor that determines the severity of global warming is the surface area for absorption and emission of heat ion the earth surface. The correlation between the amount of surface and the heat that will either be absorbed or emitted exists. The number of objects and the nature of their substance on earth determine the size of the absorbing or emitting surface. For instance, black surfaces absorb and emit more heat than any other surfaces. Computers, having been made mainly of black material as well as other mobile phone assortments thus qualifies to be classified as high contributors of global warming. Reasonably, a global campaign on eradication of factors and vector that cause global warming is ongoing. It is on this principle that the clamor for green computing was conceived. It was also built on the premise that a favorable environment is one that has the entire feature that support the restoration, conservation, and the betterment of the environment in which people live in. Environmental soundness is a term that is also affiliated to green computing as well as countering global warming and environmental pollution. It is in this latter term that also the measures and principles of green computing are applied (Harris, 2008).

Principles of green computing

Data center and overall energy efficiency

Energy conservation is one of the basic components under review in the quest to have a green computing regime. For instance, the kind of energy used determines the kind of effect that the environment will face. There are different sources of energy in use in the world. These include solar energy, wind energy, hydroelectric energy, as well as nuclear energy. The sources of these forms of energy vary and consequently their effects on the environment equally vary. The reason the considerations for the kind of energy are factors to consider is that different forms of energy have different effects of the environment.

For instance, the use of hydroelectric power source leads to a reduction in the level of water reservoirs if used for long periods. Secondly, the use of this kind of energy leads to other negative efforts since it incorporates the use of petroleum fuels in some way. Petroleum products are known to bring about emissions of carbon to the atmosphere, which against similar to the carbon emissions from animals. The end effect will be arising in the chances of global warming occurring. In the latter event, the effects to the environment are as dire as shown in this study. Nuclear energy sources also contribute to the environmental degradation. The emissions that land into the atmosphere are known to bring adverse effects to the environment. With the rise in the use of computers, energy requirements equally rise. It has become an issue to be considered prior thinking and planning to have good energy uses in place (Murugesan, & Gangadharan, 2012).

Data management is equally a factor that has a role in the green computing agenda. It involves the management of the basic units of communication within the computing network. Data refers to the units or packets of information through which communication is done. In order to have ineffective data efficiency, several hardware installations have to be made like the installation of network boosters and satellites have to be done to ensure that there are efficient exchanges of communication. Such installation will as well involve the use of fuel and other support factors that will in way lead to environmental degradation. Therefore, the implementing team needs to ensure that they have sufficient measures that will prevent the occurrence of any form of environmental degradation because of trying to install the data boosters. IBM is one example of a company that has successfully managed to incorporate green computing measures in their data managing procedures. There is no much use of unnecessary pollutants at this company (Harris, 2008).

Disposal of electronic wastes and recycling

Green computing is achieved through proper disposal of electronic wastes. Computers and mobile phone devices become obsolete after use. Where they end is what matters about the global computing agenda. If left in the open unused, it will lead to the hazards discussed above as well as the creation of an environment that does not look good about sound environmental management policies. It is important to appreciate the…

Sources Used in Documents:


Bell, S., & Mcgillivray, D. (2011). Environmental Law (7th Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dulworth, M. (2013). The Connect Effect Building Strong Personal, Professional, And Virtual Networks. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Harris, J. (2008). Green Computing and Green IT Best Practices on Regulations and Industry Initiatives, Virtualization, Power Management, Materials Recycling and Telecommuting. New York: Emereo Pty Limited

Hurson, A. (2013). Green And Sustainable Computing. Amsterdam: Elsevier/AP.

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