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Group Dynamic Concepts Theories and
Words: 1526 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1014634
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Yet the film ends on an optimistic, even triumphant note, with the raised hand of Bender symbolizing victory over the stereotypes subject to which the characters began the film.


The film "The Breakfast Club" contains myriad examples of group dynamics at play. Doing a close reading of the film was valuable in that it provided insight into how narratives can be shaped by psychological principles. In dissecting the actions of the film's principal characters, it became apparent that the filmmakers were not simply trying to create a plotline that would entertain a mass audience. The film also integrates psychological inquiry into its teenaged protagonists. Each character is given a back story which motivates his or her behavior and later undergoes a realization of his or her flaws in order to make a change. The film goes beyond just a high school narrative; it is about how to break free…


Aronoff, J., & Wilson, J.P. (1985). Personality in the social process. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum


Golembiewski, R.T. (Ed.) (2000). Handbook of organizational consultation. New York, NY:

Marcel Dekker.

Group Stage of Development Individual
Words: 2146 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55806480
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The AA also provides a strong network of relationships that is important for the recovery and support process as pointed out by Khantzian & Mack, (1994, pp.348).

The steps are important since they assist the alcoholics in becoming patient. They also admit that they are reckless and out of control. They also give up the alcoholic struggle with self and the bottle in order to allow the higher power as well as assistance of other to emancipate them. In the recovery process, there are sponsors. A sponsor is an alcoholic who has fully recovered and the recovering alcoholic can reach them at any time.

Alcoholic Anonymous believes even the alcoholics are important help to others. The concept of AA is beneficial in getting rid of the incessant alienation as well as shame that the alcoholics feel. It then proceeds to instill a sense of hope, contact with other as well…


Alcoholic Anonymous (2002). Service Material from the General Service Office: THE TWELVE STEPS OF ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS 

Browne, B.R. (1991). The selective adaption of the Alcoholics Anonymous program by Gamblers Anonymous. Journal of Gambling Studies, 7(3), 187206. Fagan, R.W. (1986). The use of volunteer sponsors in the rehabilitation of skid-row alcoholics. Journal of Drug Issues, 16(3), 321-337.

Doweiko, H.E. (2009). Concepts of chemical dependency (7th ed.). Pacifi c Grove, CA:

Group Social Work Nurturing Father's Program the
Words: 2494 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96615087
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Group Social Work: Nurturing Father's Program

The group investigated for this paper is the Nurturing Father's Program. I encountered the Nurturing Fathers Program while working for my state's child protective services division (DCFS). The NFP is an evidence-based, 13-week training course designed to teach parenting and nurturing skills to men. Each 2 1/2-hour class provides proven, effective skills for healthy family relationships and child development" (Nurturing Fathers, 2012). The goal of the program is to help men transform themselves into nurturing fathers by enabling cognitive, behavioral, and affective changes in the group participants. The NFP program has been used successfully in a wide variety of contexts, including, but not limited to schools, preschools, churches, government child-safety programs, and the military.

This particular NFP group meets at First Presbyterian Church, 270 Franklin Street, Quincy, MA on Tuesday evenings from 6:00pm to 8:30pm. There is no charge for participation, and group participants…


Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups, Inc. (2006). Standards for social work practice with groups. Alexandria, VA: AASWG, Inc.

Brandler, S., & Roman, C.P. (1999). Group work: skills and strategies for effective interventions. New York: Haworth Press.

Department of Children and Families. (2012). Report child abuse. Executive Office of Health

and Human Services website:

Group Motivation Inventory Motivation Can Be Defined
Words: 1781 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54784109
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Group Motivation Inventory

Motivation can be defined as the various ways used to make people or a group of people to become more interested and committed to their work. Scholars' termed motivation to be more of sociological and psychological concept as it is relying on human behavior and how they relate to one another. Group motivation is an important aspect in group dynamics since most groups purely rely on motivation to be able to work together efficiently Xiangli, Solmon, Tao, & Ping, 2011.

Motivation can be derived from various things and because of that, each and every group member derive his/her motivation from different sources, which without their, existence results in differences in attitude and contribution levels to the group's projects or tasks. In the recent group motivation assessment, we carried out, I got to discover how I view group participation and some of the issues that affect both mine…


Amiot, C.E., & Sansfacon, S. (2011). Motivations to identify with social groups: A look at their positive and negative consequences. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 15(2), 105-127. doi: 10.1037/a0023158

Elliot, A.J., & Dweck, C.S. (2005). Handbook of Competence and Motivation: Guilford Press.

Lewis, T. (2011). Assessing social identity and collective efficacy as theories of group motivation at work. [Article]. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(4), 963-980. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2011.555136

Xiangli, G.U., Solmon, M.A., Tao, Z., & Ping, X. (2011). Group Cohesion, Achievement Motivation, and Motivational Outcomes among Female College Students. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 23(2), 175-188.

Group Behavior in Companies
Words: 2457 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36267350
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Group Behavoirs in Companies

Group Behaviors in Companies

There are so many different companies that have embraced executive coaching and mentoring as their principal way to support development creativities in hospital settings. However in today's corporate world these do not talk to the real-world, group dynamics that managers have to deal with. Behavior within a group in a hospital setting can be manipulated by group dynamics, interactions, group cohesiveness, the work environment, social influences, and leadership. This paper will explore each of these components of group behavior in the interior of an organization such as a hospital.

Defining Group Behaviors

Group Behavior can be described as, conditions that enable groups of people to have interaction rather it be large or small group settings. These individuals collaborating among each other may appear to coordinate their behavior by performing in a certain way that will bring them to a design that differs…


Alam, M., Gale, A., Brown, M., & Khan, A.I. (2010). The importance of human skills in project management professional development. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 3(3), 495-495-516. doi:10.1108/17538371011056101

Appelbaum, S.H. (1984). The organizational climate audit ... Or how healthy is your hospital. Journal of Healthcare Management, 29(1), 51-51.

Bradshaw-Camball, P. (1989). The implications of multiple perspectives on power for organizational development. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 25(1), 31-31.

Costigan, R.D., Insinga, R.C., Berman, J.J., & Ilter, S.S. (2005). An examination of the relationship of a western performance-management process to key workplace behaviours in transition economies. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 22(3), 255-255-267.

Group Cohesion
Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80283946
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Group Dynamics

From the inception of the group at the beginning of the group work engagements, the team had little idea about the personalities of the members of the group, there was a lose relationship that was purely based on the issues to be discussed or the research to be conducted and each person went his way after that. This changed with time as the group members got more and more acquainted with each others' personality and there was more understanding that grew among the group members. This meant that the group members did not just talk about the real academic issue in the meetings but there was opening and closing issues and comments that had nothing to do with the matter being discussed. In the process, there grew several contentious sections of disagreements, discontent as well as too much unanimity on an issue that made it uncomfortable for the…


Chattillon R., (2013). Tuckman's Five Stages of Group Development. Retrieved September 30,2014 from

Group Leadership Skills
Words: 2827 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41628099
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GOUP LEADESHIP SKILLS refer to the ability of a leader to manage a group in a manner that ensures maximum cooperation between group members and helps each make significant contribution for the accomplishment of organizational goals and objectives. ecent studies in the field suggest that group leadership skills may differ from individual leadership but the essential core competencies probably remain the same. For this reason, let us first understand what leadership means and how crucial a role in plays in organizations today.

Fenton (1990) explains who a leader is: "Leaders stand out by being different. They question assumption and are suspicious of tradition. They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. They have a preference for innovation."

Leadership is therefore "an interactive process that influences, motivates, and elicits human potentialities in the pursuit of group goals or interests" (Sogunro, 1996, p. 31). The most damaging…


Adrianna Kezar, Reconstructing static images of leadership: an application of Positionality theory. Journal of Leadership Studies. Volume: 8. Issue: 3. 2002. 94+.

Bavelas, A. (1969). Leadership: Man and function. In C.A. Gibb (Ed.), Leadership. (Pp. 9-16). Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books.

Beal, G.M., Bohlen, J.M., & Raudabaugh, J.N. (1962). Leadership and dynamic group action. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.

Dimock, H.G. (1987). Factors in working with groups: Leadership and group development. (Rev. ed.). Puslinch, ON: Center for Human Resource Development.

Group System Exam Questions Rationales
Words: 1176 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 22771386
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The basic assumption of the question itself, namely that there is a best method for organizing a social system independent of the needs, resources, or purpose(s) of that social system, could certainly be debated, but as stated the question's importance largely speaks for itself.

The need to develop a better (or best) method of organizing social systems for the contemporary era can be seen from many different perspectives. The technological advances of the last century, and of the last two decades especially (namely with the rise of the Internet and cell phones, and their new combined form in the data phone) have drastically changes the way social systems come into existence and operate. Globalization also demands greater conscious attention be paid to the development of social systems; increasing environmental concerns, corporate ethics issues, increasing divorce rates, and a plethora of other prominent social issues each suggest that we are in…


Bach, J. (2002). "Evolutionary guidance system: A community design project." The journal of general evolution 58(5/6), pp. 417-23.

Meunier, H.; Leca, J.B.; Deneubourg, J.L.; Petit, O. (2006). Group movement decisions in capuchin monkeys: the utility of an experimental study and a mathematical model to explore the relationship between individual and collective behaviours." Behaviour 143(12), pp. 1511-27.

Omran, E. & Van Etten, J. (2007). "Spatial-Data Sharing: Applying Social-Network Analysis to study individual and collective behaviour." international journal of geographical information science 21(6), pp. 699-714.

Robbins, G. (2009). "Understanding individual behaviors within covert networks: the interplay of individual qualities, psychological predispositions, and network effects." Trends in organized crime 12(2), pp. 166-87.

Group Behavior the Group in
Words: 888 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70104293
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The maintenance roles help to support the creative side, which is a task that can be high risk at times (Benne & Sheats, 1978). The work that the junior members do in providing support to the creatives while simultaneously challenging them to develop stronger ideas is one of the reasons that the shop's output is so highly regarded.

This group has a significant amount of trust. The different members have built this trust over the course of years and multiple projects. ith this trust, however, they are able to be stronger, in particular with task roles. Assumptions are challenged frequently, in particular with regards to the outcomes sought by the customers. The group views this is value added to the customer, by refining a vague customer concept into something that is actionable for the advertising firm.

The high level of trust that the group members have in one another allows…

Works Cited:

Baltes, B.; Dickson, M.; Sherman, M.; Bauer, C.; LaGanke, J. (2002). Computer-mediated communication and group decision-making: A meta-analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Vol. 87 (1) 156-179.

Benne, K & Sheats, P. (1978) Shared experiences in human communication: Functional roles of group members. Hayden Publishing.

Group Cohesion Discussing Group Cohesion
Words: 3093 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47357272
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Individuals trust that agreement speaks something relating to the fact. Complying with the group norms hence fulfils our requirement relating to mastery. When individuals privately, show their compliance since they trust group norms represent fact, the group has the impact of information. At the time when the chances are high, individuals are more inspired to take correct decisions, and hence correspond even strongly. Going away from the agreement weaken the impact of the group. Additionally, it weakens confidence, and hence we could feel perplexed, apprehensive and ambiguous. (Smith; Mackie 315-319).

Norms accord us the feelings of linkage since compliance to group principles lead to achieving a positive as well as principled social identity and getting respect from the members of the other group. Compliance as such gives rise to encountering a view of belonging, and it indicates assurance to members of other groups. A group has positive impact at the…


AlRoomi, Dhari. The effect of Cohesion of Group Productivity. The MBA Journal. 23 February 2006. 

Bostro, Alan; Bredemeier, Brenda Jo Light; Gardner, Douglas E; Shields, David Lyle Light. The Relationship between Leadership Behaviors and Group Cohesion in Team Sports. Journal of Psychology, vol. 131, no. 2, 1997. pp: 196-211.

Christensen, Ulla; Schmidt, Lone; Budtz-Jorgensen, Esben; Avlund, Kirsten. Group Cohesion and Social Support in Exercise Classes: Results from a Danish Intervention Study. Health Education & Behavior, vol. 33, No. 5, 2006, pp: 677-689

Glass, Scott. J; Benshoff, James. M. Facilitating group cohesion among adolescents through challenge course experiences. The Journal of Experiential Education. Fall, 2002. vol. 26, no. 2, pp: 47-51.

Group Processes Are Often Dependent
Words: 365 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33607701
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The study was performed on groups of White and South Asian students, and showed that cross-group friendships provided a platform for reducing out-group prejudice and perceived hostility among these groups.

A study by McGregor, Haji and Kang (2008) also reveal that in-group individuals who display a high Personal Need for Structure (PNS) tend to be inclined towards out-group derogation and hostility. The authors found that lowering PNS also lowers this inclination. Interestingly, this is not done by means of focusing upon the out-group, but rather upon in-group dynamics. This indicates that a positive in-group focus and stability lies at the root of the problem, rather than the perception of out-group hostility or the need to display such hostility towards out groups.


McGregor, Ian, Hagi, eeshma and Kan, So-Jin. (2008). Can in-group affirmation relieve out-group derogation? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 44, pp. 1395 -- 1401

Turner, hiannon N., Hewstone,…


McGregor, Ian, Hagi, Reeshma and Kan, So-Jin. (2008). Can in-group affirmation relieve out-group derogation? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 44, pp. 1395 -- 1401

Turner, Rhiannon N., Hewstone, Miles, and Voci, Alberto (2007, Sep). Reducing explicit and implicit out-group prejudice via direct and extended contact: The mediating role of self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 93(3), pp. 369-388.

Group Roles Leadership and Member
Words: 568 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61938952
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All of the above roles are positive influences on the group. Each is necessary in providing or prompting information, utilizing that information, and allowing for the free and equal flow of that information. Effective leadership in a group dynamic means ensuring that all of these roles are being met; if this is the case, little overt leadership should be required to maintain an effectively functioning group. There are also, however, several self-centered roles that disrupt the group dynamic and can lead to negative group performances and experiences.

Self-centered roles attempt to attract attention to themselves, and this away from the group task. Aggressors do this by belittling others and their issues, or blaming others for their mistakes; calm confrontation is often the only way to make aggressors aware of their behavior and its damages. Jokers quite obviously make jokes of things, not with the intent of relieving tension but rather…

Group Change Individual and Group
Words: 784 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 56647425
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Different demographic groups also feel differently about the demographics of a group, and racial and gender differences can cause reduced efficacy for some individuals. Group size must also be considered.

Group cohesiveness is also another important factor in measuring group efficacy, though some cohesion can be detrimental to the group's purpose. The cohesive elements must support the group's states and intended purpose to be effective. Group development can also be studied; this perspective treats the group as an individual entity that changes over time, hopefully for the better. This concept is most useful to practitioners as a way of organizing the individual members of the group as far as their goals are concerned, and to draw their attention to the dynamics of the group, especially during times of group change.

Though empirical evidence is still difficult to come by when addressing group development, there is a general consensus in the…

Group Conflict a Thorough and
Words: 1847 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38364804
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" (Unknown, Culture at ork) and finally, avoidance is the final stage of conflict resolution and is best used when issues are unimportant or conflict doesn't involve some other party.


Technology, global demand and consumerism have all contributed to the need for the majority of both private and public organizations in their quest to grow. Employees are expected to increase productivity but with fewer of their peers from a few years ago to assist them. These developments and expectations of constant change disrupt work environments and therefore cause deep conflicts. One outlet for many is to strike out as opposed to try for stress and conflict relief. Ever since Volvo made the team concept famous the world of manufacturing retail and more have all initiated, many organizations have naturally migrated to that particular business model and new concepts such as just-in-time inventory has taken the team concept even further.…

Works Cited

De Dreu, Crsten K.W. & Annelies E.M. Van Vianen. (2001). "Managing Relationship Conflict and the Effectiveness of Organizational Teams." The Journal of Organizational Behavior J. Organiz.Behav.22, 309-328 (2001) DOI: 10.1002/job.71.

GMU. (n.d.). "5 Stages of Group Development." Retrieved on 19 May 2005, at .

Jimeson, Merrie S. 'M.S.' (2004.) Conflict Resolution in the Workplace. The web site. Retrieved on 19 May 2005, from

Robin, Daniel. (n.d.). Articles on Conflict Resolution and Negotiation. Retrieved on 19 May 2005, at .

Groups the First Thing That Christine Should
Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 17210365
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The first thing that Christine should have done is formed a personal relationship with each member of the group; it would not have to be anything real formal, instead it could be something as simple as have a 15-minute conversation with each member. During this initial forming stage group members usually are looking to know that the group is safe; it's obvious to see that Mike does not feel safe within the group, nor does he feel that the group members are being upfront with him. Mike believes that the group is excluding him, and that they are doing so primarily because he is different than they are. One recent study determined that "there is growing evidence that the existence of shared mental models (SMM's) among the members of a work team has a great impact on team processes and task effectiveness" (Jo, 2012, p. 290). Christine could have…


Holmes, B. & Douglas, K.; (2012) The nature of the beast, New Scientist, Vol. 214, Issue 2861, pp. 38 -- 43

Jo, I.; (2012) Shared mental models on the performance of E-learning content development teams, Journal of Educational Technology & Society, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 289 -- 297

Thompson, P. & White, S.; (2010) Play and positive group dynamics, Reclaiming Children and Youth, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 53 -- 57

Wachtel, T.; (2010) What is restorative practice, accessed at on June 18, 2012

Group Challenges Addressing Challenges in Group Work
Words: 880 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50905902
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Group Challenges

Addressing Challenges in Group Work

Group work can be complicated and challenging, since there are different individuals from different backgrounds attempting to achieve one common goal. Students in many universities are required to work in groups or learning teams. These teams are a representation of the work environment, and team work. In the job force, most types of jobs require working in groups; with one common goal. The academic learning team was established to educate students how to work in groups, work with others to accomplish the same task. In this training plan I will identify some of the challenges, and benefits of working in teams. I will also discuss team communication, collaboration, conflict and how this information would apply to the workforce.

Team Challenges

Some of the main challenges that groups encounter are distrust in team members, communication failure and individuals not knowing how to handle group…


Metlife (2010). MetLife History. Retrieved on March 19, 2011 from 

Pattman, R. (2007). Working with Groups. South African Review of Sociology. 38 (1) 99-101.

Potential challenges with cooperative learning . (2010). Retrieved from 

Sarkisian, E. & Bok, D. (1997). Working in Groups. Teaching and Learning, Harvard University. Retrieved from

Group Leadership and Formation
Words: 1398 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85245692
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Group Dynamics and Teams
This paper examines an experience I had in a group dynamic that did not go well. The group was tasked with a rush project and the members of the group were not prepared professionally or personally to meet the demand. The result was a complete failure, but looking back on it I can see why it failed. This paper will describe the experience, discuss it from multiple points of view, and show what could be done to turn a similar situation into a success the next time around.
Concrete Experience
We were a team of five: Paul was the group leader; Bishop was from sales; I was heading the social media team; Carlos was from product development; Dodd was from HR; and Michelle was from PR. Each of us had worked together in the past, so we were familiar with one another; however, on this…

Group Management Organizations Are More
Words: 2115 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93561670
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57). Although both teams and work groups are similar, there are some instances in which one is better suited than the other, and these issues are discussed further below.


elative effectiveness of work groups compared to teams.

While some authorities suggest that team and work groups share a sufficient number of commonalities to make them indistinguishable, there are some situations in which work groups may be more effective if they are defined within certain categories (Biech, 2001). In this regard, Lewis (2001) reports that a useful definition of team is "a group of people who work together to achieve a common goal. Unless they collaborate and cooperate with each other, they cannot achieve the goal because it is too big for any one of them to accomplish individually" (p. 410). Although this general definition could well fit most work groups as well, there are some distinguishing characteristics involved. According…


Biech, E. (2001). The Pfeiffer book of successful team-building tools: Best of the annuals.

San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.

Kristof, A.L. (1999). Person-organization fit: an integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49(10, 1-2.

Kruppa, R. & Media, A.K. (2005). Group dynamics in the formation of a Phd cohort: a reflection in experiencing while learning organizational development theory.

Groups and Classroom Education by
Words: 1193 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93856876
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One theory holds that a variety of sociometric techniques will bring relations into view, structure, them, and use sociometrty to measure and diagnose the peer relations, friendships, and social status of individuals within the classroom. Once this data is recovered, using the proper template, an aggressive management of group dynamics may occur -- more powerfully in the younger years where authority and time are more conducive, but still powerful in the secondary classroom (Sherman, 2002; Harris, 1998).

In the primary grades, the instructor can often create and manage the group -- size, composition, stabliity, etc. For maximum effect on certain projects. This allows students to both learn and teach, but the instructor to manage the inner dynamics in a proactive manner (Baines, Kutnick and Blatchford, 2009). In fact, one of the great pedagogical challenges that, if done correctly, meets a number of classroom goals is the ability to create high…


Baines, Kutnick and Blatchford. (2009). Promoting Effective Group Work in the Primary Classroom. New York: Routledge.

Berry, D. (2007). Health Communication: Theory and Practice. Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.

Brown, N. (2000). Creating High Performance Classroom Groups. New York: Falmer Press.

Carter, N. (2008, July). Visual Group Theory. Retrieved October 2010, from Bentley University:

Group Discussion Case Analysis
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27625496
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KAPesources Consulting Firm

Case Overview

KAPesources Consulting Firm, a Human esources consulting company, has recently made the decision to expand its operations internationally. This expansion has been identified to require twenty-five families to relocate from the domestic headquarters to offices in Spain and Hong Kong. The plan is to also hire an additional fifty employees from the local international regions to support the company's growth plan. It has been identified that the transition for the families to the overseas locations could be a critical success factor and it is commonly known that many families have trouble during an extended overseas assignment.

Not only will the new cultures require significant amounts of adaptation from the employees and their families, but the employees' new roles in the international markets will also require new skills and new perspectives. This analysis will focus on the company's task force who has been asked to make…


Hatch, M., & Cunliffe, A. (2006). Organization Theory (2nd ed.). London: Oxford.

Tsai, W. (2001). Knowldedge Transfer in Introgranizational Networks. The Academy of Management Journal, 996-1004.

Group in Society and How
Words: 777 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72220805
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Otherwise, you face rejection, and in some cases even murder or other violence. This indicates the great influence groups can have over our minds and our actions, and indicates how whole groups of people can get swept up into a movement like Nazism, where Hitler created a "master race" that was better than everyone else and wanted to exterminate others from the earth. That's a good example of a very frightening and influential primary group (the German people, which seems like a secondary group, but they had nationalistic pride that brought them together as a "family").

In an article, sociologist Gil Friedman talks about much the same group dynamics in our own nationalism and patriotic pride after the events of Sept. 11, 2001. He notes that leaders can use rallying tactics to "mobilize the public through patriotic appeals" (Friedman, 2006). This is exactly what Hitler did when he mobilized the…


Henslin, J.M. (2005). Essentials of sociology a down to earth approach. 7th Edition. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Friedman, G. (2006). Insights from sociology's in-group-out-group hypothesis for the explanation of rallying-round-the-flag and diversionary force. Retrieved 25 Jan. 2008 from the Web site:

dynamic network theory article on psychology
Words: 616 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23439774
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Westaby, J.D., Pfaff, D.L. & Redding, N. (2014). Psychology and social networks. American Psychologist 69(3): 269-284.
Westaby, Pfaff & Redding (2014) attempt to fill a gap in the literature on social networks by focusing on how social networks influence goal striving via emotional pathways. The authors base their research on dynamic network theory, and the results can be applied to numerous practical or clinical settings including organizational-industrial behavior or even information science. The dynamic network theory orientation also sheds light on numerous types of social networks and organizations, illuminating both individual and collective behavior. Although not an experimental research or a meta-analysis, the study does direct psychologists and researchers toward potentially fruitful areas of investigation.
The authors explain dynamic network theory in depth, centering their attention on the importance of emotional responses in social networks, and then outline the most important roles social networks fulfill in human behavior. Dynamic network…

Managing a Group
Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15591344
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Group Dynamics

In the lifetime of an individual student in any learning institution, he is bound to work within a setting that brings him together with other students with a common goal to be achieved collectively. Group work seems inevitable in many aspects of a student's life and our group discussed herein was one of the several groups that I have found myself in the course of my academic pursuit.

The group here was out to set a vacation for the group that had been working together on several assignments and it was agreed that it was in order to end the year by having a weekend vacation together. This was interesting since it presented a unique and somehow queer situation since the group had been working together on school and academic based assignments for quite sometime, but since it has never worked on the arrangement of a vacation, it…


Mind Tools Ltd., (2014). Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing: Understanding the Stages of Team Formation. Retrieved September 28, 2014 from

Influence of Groups on Individuals
Words: 1579 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7211874
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Group Influence:

Groups or teams in a workplace play a crucial role in promoting and enhancing the ability of an organization or company to accomplish its desired objectives. In most cases, the groups are usually structured in different ways depending on various factors such as the number of people in the team, the established objectives, and the duration for the accomplishment of these objectives. Moreover, the structure and purpose of the team is influenced by the type of organization where they are formed i.e. either profit or non-profit organizations. An example of a departmental meeting at a workplace is the marketing team meeting at The TYPO3 Universe Company. The firm provides highly flexible, customizable, and scalable products for Web Content Management. The marketing team or group meeting is vital because of the significance of this department in promoting the firm's productivity.

Observation of the Marketing Team Meeting:

As previously mentioned,…


Cialdini, R.B. & Trost, M.R. (1998). Chapter Twenty-One: Social Influence: Social Norms,

Conformity, and Compliance. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from 

Ende, B.V. (2013, July 19). Marketing Team Meeting July 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from 

Friedkin, N.E. (2001). Norm Formation in Social Influence Networks. Social Networks, 23, 167-

Group Development The Case History
Words: 744 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 26788251
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Individuals forging together as one is not so simple. There is often an overt or covert struggle for power amongst certain members, whilst others may assume differential roles such as those of loafer, of leader, of helper, or of needy person, and so forth. That this is so in this group too can be seen from the fact where Diana is quiet and needs to be drawn out, whilst Christine is serious and motivated, and Mike is the class clown. Some need to be drawn out, whilst others need to be gently suppressed. Understanding the different team persona and playing to them may have helped Christine build a more supportive workgroup.

art III. Retrospective Evaluation

Christine can take two particular steps. Dealing with the conflict as soon as possible is essential. She can have the major parities sit around the table and negotiate, or at least talk out their complaints.…

Part IV. Reflection

It does not seem to me that Christine was an effective leader, since it seems as though she allowed the group to continue to function in a fragmented manner, rather than addressing the obvious differences and problems. Instead of approaching Mike with her concerns and asking how she could help and pointing out his potential, Christine seemed to have allowed the group to drift further and further away

Chapman, a. (nd). Tuckman's 1965 "Forming Storming Norming Performing" Team-Development Model. Retrieved July 27, 2010 at:  m

Dynamic Pricing According to Rincon
Words: 345 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17136043
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) to engage in online price discrimination (Ramasastry, 2005). For instance, Amazon has used dynamic price to offer discounts to customers comparing prices on a bargain hunter Web site and to offer special prices to first-time customers (Ramasastry, 2005). To date, online price discrimination based on information about individual customers has been limited primarily by consumer resistance to this practice. A University of Pennsylvania survey revealed that eighty-seven percent of people believed the practice should be illegal (Ramasastry, 2005).


Allen, C. (2000, February 8). Dynamic pricing.

Ramasastry, a. (2005, June 24) Web site change prices based on customer's habits. CNN.

Rincon, a. Definition of dynamic pricing.

Weiss, R.M..and Mehrota, a.K (2001, Summer). Online dynamic pricing: Efficiency, equity and the future of e-commerce. Virginia Journal of Law and Technology.


Allen, C. (2000, February 8). Dynamic pricing. 

Ramasastry, a. (2005, June 24) Web site change prices based on customer's habits. CNN. 

Rincon, a. Definition of dynamic pricing.

Weiss, R.M..and Mehrota, a.K (2001, Summer). Online dynamic pricing: Efficiency, equity and the future of e-commerce. Virginia Journal of Law and Technology.

Groups and Teams in This Text I
Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32899780
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Groups and Teams

In this text, I highlight the main differences between groups and teams. Also, I examine workplace diversity and its relevance in an organization. Further, I determine how diversity relates to workplace team dynamics.

Groups and Teams: Key Differences

It is important to note that although the terms teams and groups are in most cases used in the same context, they do not mean the same thing. When it comes to their definition, a work group according to Griffin and Moorhead (2011) "is two or more persons who interact with one another such that each person influences and is influenced by each other person." On the other hand, in the authors' opinion, "a team is a small number of people with complimentary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" (Griffin and Moorhead, 2011). Apart from having…


Griffin, R.W. & Moorhead, G. (2011). Organizational Behavior: Managing People and Organizations, (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Schermerhorn, J.R. (2011). Organizational Behavior, (12th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Groups Teams All Teams Are
Words: 923 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17408653
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Zeff & Higby (2002) also point out that respect is a common feature enhancing communication within teams. Therefore, quiet members can be encouraged to participate more readily in the informal and supportive team environment than they might in a group environment.

A diverse workplace benefits especially well from teamwork because of the enhanced communication potential. Moreover, minority voices are more likely to be acknowledged within the respect-oriented setting of a team. The team has no choice but to work together to achieve goals meaningful to each individual. In the group, individuals only care about their own performance. The motivation to help others in the group is low, and the desire to seek help by expressing concerns is also low especially when some members of the group are domineering. Quiet members of a group will feel dominated by the more aggressive ones ("Teams & Groups" 1996). This is especially true when…


"Differences between Work Groups and Teams." (nd). For Dummies. Retrieved May 3, 2010 from 

"Teams & Groups." (1996). Retrieved May 3, 2010 from

Zeff, L.E. & Higby, M.A. (2002). Teaching more than you know. Academic Exchange Quarterly 6(3). Retrieved May 3, 2010 from

Group Process Social Workers Deal With Many
Words: 1153 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 12224307
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Group Process

Social workers deal with many different types of people in many different situations, but probably the most common interaction is with some type of group. The job of a social worker is to be an advocate for whomever the individual is working with and to find resources that the individual or group did not know existed. This work can either be difficult because the worker in question does not understand the dynamics involved in the work, or it can be made easy by focusing on the objectives of the particular assignment. When working with a group of people it is essential to remember what type of group it is, know the roles the different participants can take, and have the training required to adequately facilitate the group.

Understanding the type of group is the first step. The study guide (Maidment, 2010) lists the different types of groups that…


Beck, D., Fisch, R. & Bergander, W. (1999). Functional roles in work groups -- An empirical approach to the study of group role diversity. Psychologische Beltrage, 41(3), 288-297.

Bianchi, A., & Shelly, R.K. (2007). Guest editors' introduction: Group process as social microcosm. Sociological Focus, 40(2), 117-119.

Finn, J. (1999). An exploration of the helping processes in an online self-help group focusing on issues of disability. Health and Social Work, 24(3), 220-230.

Gross, B. (2002). Online therapy. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 5(5), 30-31.

Group Protocol for Adolescents -
Words: 1719 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96453566
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Next, the facilitator will pose an introductory question that will stimulate brainstorming by engaging students in the "why" of their involvement in the group (Bouassida et al., 2006). Next a transitory question will lead to examination of the problem at hand, where the members of the group attempt to answer key questions including (1) what is the foundation of the problem (2) what tools are available to solve the problem (3) what are the most probable outcomes of a problem given the information provided (Bouassida, et al., 2006).


Bouassida et al. (2006) provide the rationale for this protocol, suggesting it enables group members to participate in a manner that allows greater collaboration and verification of the results. This form of focus group enables each member to participate on an equivalent basis. The outcome will result in rapid resolution of complex problems including those presented in the future to students…


Bouassida, M.S., Chridi, N., Chrisment, I., Festor, O. & L. Vigneron. (2006, Jun).

Automatic verification of a key management architecture for hierarchical group protocols, in, Cuppens, F. And Debar, H., editors, 5th Conference on Security and Network Architectures.

CEISMC (2006). Focus Group Protocol, Center for Educational Integrating Science,

Mathematics and Computing at Georgia Tech College of Sciences. Retrieved October 18, 2007:

Group Behavior Week 1 DQ1
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Week 2 DQ 2 -- Diversity is having a team comprised of heterogeneous members -- in physical characteristics, education, experience, outlook and other facets of being. Diversity brings a number of viewpoints to the workplace. In addition, it helps the company to better understand its customers if the workforce reflects the customer base. By opening up more markets within the general populace, diversity can increase the potential value of a firm by increasing its potential revenue streams. There are a number of strategies to increase diversity, including targeting recruiting, building better networks in specific communities and establishing mentorship programs that can encourage members of different communities to apply at the firm by improving the firm's employer brand within those communities.

Week 3 DQ 1 -- I was engaged in a field operation and my team faced enemy fire. Keeping the team together under such an adverse circumstance was partly the…

Group Decision-Making What Are the
Words: 346 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43997100
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People function in work groups together much as they do in unified departments within an organization.

How does a group differ from a team?

On a true team the human parts of the group still retain their integrity as individuals, but become a part of a whole that is larger than their individual selves -- teams bring specialized skills or knowledge that are vital to larger organizational goals, like a baseball team is made up of a good pitcher and a hitter, fielders, etc., with the aim of winning a championship -- rather than just lots of great hitters.

How can a group become a high-performance team?

People must feel free to share their unique skills and ideas, so they can work together to solve problems and achieve common goals. High-performance teams listen as well as talk, are comfortable with reasonable disagreements, but keep task-focused so consensus ultimately occurs and…

Group Think Groupthink Refers to
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Groupthink can also influence the wider cultural context. Mullen, Calogero and Leader (2007) for example examined the phenomenon known as ethnonyms among different racial groups. Ethnonyms is a term referring to the designations that an in-group uses to distinguish itself from out-groups. These influence the groupthink dynamic, as it encourages homogeneous thinking and paradigms. Indeed, the authors found that intergroup hostility is directly related to these ethnonyms. The dangers of groupthink can therefore be avoided by encouraging diversity and critical thinking on the internal level.


Mullen, Brian, Calogero, achel M., Leader, Tirza I. (2007, Apr.). A social psychological study of ethnonyms: Cognitive representation of the in-group and intergroup hostility.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 92(4), pp. 612-630.

Sommers, Samuel . (2006, Apr.). On racial diversity and group decision making: Identifying multiple effects of racial composition on jury deliberations.

Journal of Personality and…


Mullen, Brian, Calogero, Rachel M., Leader, Tirza I. (2007, Apr.). A social psychological study of ethnonyms: Cognitive representation of the in-group and intergroup hostility.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 92(4), pp. 612-630.

Sommers, Samuel R. (2006, Apr.). On racial diversity and group decision making: Identifying multiple effects of racial composition on jury deliberations.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 90(4), pp. 597-612.