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Gun Violence in America
There are raging political debates about gun control in America. Most poor urban cities are characterized by gun violence always attributed to gang violence. These gangs always comprise of young adults and juvenile males. Increased cases of highly organized mass killings have orchestrated gun laws, even as the scenarios become rare. eports released by researchers indicate that gun murders in the U.S. totals to 7,000 using firearms. ifles using telescope sights in concealed sites committed assassinations of high profile individuals such as Martin Luther King (Strain, 2010).
Gun violence is a major problem in America. This is a common phenomenon in America; it is gaining a lot of attention in the mainstream media. The U.S. is struggling with the poor political anthropology trying to develop strategies to address issues pertaining to gun crime and violence. Anthropologists have been defeated and are calling for more stakeholders to…
Bailey, A., & Peoples, G. (2010). Essentials of cultural anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage.
Carter, L. (2002). Guns in American society: An encyclopedia of history, politics, culture, and the law. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc.
Cook, J., & Ludwig, J. (2007). Gun violence: The real costs. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
DeConde, A. (2009). Gun violence in America: The struggle for control. Boston, Mass: Northeastern Univ. Press.
In December of 2012, Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT became just the most recent name to be added to the list of schools now infamous for the terrible tragedies to occur within. hile it may on one level be anecdotal rather than statistical in nature, the school shooting that claimed the lives of 20 children and 6 adults in Sandy Hook seems to represent a trend of growing visibility for deadly gun-related violence in schools. It also highlights an interesting dichotomy as we attempt to understand the implications of gun violence in schools, both as a chronic issue in urban or inner-city settings an as a perhaps less chronic but more salient issue in suburban schools. The research proposed here will attempt to discern the implications of gun violence in both of these contexts, broadening the discussion on gun violence in schools to include consideration of…
Muschert, G.W. (2009). Frame-changing in the media coverage of a school shooting: The rise of Columbine as a national concern. The Social Science Journal, 46(1), 164-170.
Nurmi, J.; Rasanen, P. & Oksanen, A. (2012). The norm of solidarity: Experiencing negative aspects of community life after a school shooting tragedy. Journal of Social Work, 12(3), 300-319.
O'Grady, W.; Parnaby, P.F. & Schikschneit, J. (2010). Guns, Gangs, and the Underclass: A Constructionist Analysis of Gun Violence in a Toronto High School. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(1).
Welch, E. (2013). Preventing School Shootings: A Public Health Approach To Gun Violence. Calhoun.
Gun Violence in Schools
School violence is a dangerous happening that is transcending many schools in the world. Several occasions have been reported where children have perished or suffered traumatic experiences of gunfire and killings within schools. As many states and governments have reiterated the need to have immediate solutions to this problem, gun violence and attacks in schools is still rampant. Gun violence among adolescents in schools is dated back to a number of happenings as those that attacked the U.S. Young generations are being exposed to weapons and knowledge on how to involve guns in schools and when at home. While in schools, children engage in unhealthy behaviours of joining gang violence groups. The entire problem remains as a mistake or burden to parents and fellow students who do not engage in such activities. Nonetheless, there are various reasons that have been given to result to gun violence…
Eisenbraun, K.D. (2007). Violence in schools: Prevalence, prediction, and prevention. Aggression and Violent Behavior, ISSN 1359-1789, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp. 459 -- 469
Kruesi, MJ.P et al. (1999). Suicide and Violence Prevention: Parent Education in the Emergency Department. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 0890-8567, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp. 250-255
Mazefsky, C. A & Farrell, A. D (2005). The Role of Witnessing Violence, Peer Provocation, Family Support, and Parenting Practices in the Aggressive Behavior of Rural Adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp. 71 -- 85
Parker, G. F (2010). Application of a firearm seizure law aimed at dangerous persons: outcomes from the first two years. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), ISSN 1075-2730, 05/Volume 61, Issue 5, pp. 478 -- 482
In fact, the Second Amendment is a crucial constitutional clause that protects the rights of citizens to rise up against the government in extreme political situations. The Second Amendment has been taken too far out of context.
Cornell (2006) states, "Ironically, the Second Amendment, does not prohibit robust gun regulation, it compels it. Without government regulation there would have been no Minuteman to muster on the town greens at Lexington and Concord." The Second Amendment can be reframed as "an obligation citizens owed to their government and communities to contribute to public defense," (Cornell 2006). Unfortunately, gun control has become a staunch states' rights issue and does not allow for a sensible national consensus. The push towards liberalized gun control promoted by powerful lobbying groups like the NRA reached a peak in the 20th century even though permissive carrying concealed weapons laws have increased, rather than decreased, rates of crime…
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (1999). Promising Strategies to Reduce Gun Violence. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/pubs/gun_violence/contents.html
Stop Handgun Violence (nd). The facts. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from http://www.stophandgunviolence.org/
Violence Policy Center (nd). Gun violence in America. NRA Information. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from http://www.vpc.org/nrainfo/phil.html
Gun Violence in Schools: Statistics, Why, And ecommendations
On December 14, 2013, 20-year-old Adam Lanza massacred 20 children and 7 adults at the Sandy Hook Elementary School (Barron, 2012). The doors were locked and visitors had to be buzzed in, but Lanza was able to overcome these barriers by shooting his way in. The guns came from her mother's house and she was later found shot dead, apparently by Lanza. After committing the massacre at Sandy Hook, Lanza committed suicide, thus robbing the nation of the possibility of learning why. This essay will examine the history of gun violence in U.S. schools and discuss current professional opinions about why these killings happen and how to stop them.
In 2010, epresentative Donna Edwards (D-Md) reported that there had been 181 school shootings since the Columbine massacre in 1999. On April 20 of that year, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold,…
APA (American Psychological Association). (2013). Recommendations to prevent gun-related violence. Improve and expand school violence prevention efforts. American Psychological Association. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2013 from http://www.apa.org/about/gr/issues/violence/gun-related.aspx.
Barron, James. (2012, Dec. 15). Gunman massacres 20 children at school in Connecticut; 28 dead, including killer. New York Times, A1.
Brock, Stephen E. (2013). Youth gun violence fact sheet. National Association of School Psychologists. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2013 from www.nasponline.org/resources/crisis_safety/Youth_Gun_Violence_Fact_Sheet.pdf.
Brooks, David. (2004, Apr. 24). The Columbine killers. New York Times. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2013 from http://www.nytimes.com /2004/04/24/opinion/the-columbine-killers.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Gun ownership is constitutionally protected in the United States, embedded in the Second Amendment to the Constitution, which reads, "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed," (Bill of ights, 1789). The interpretation of this constitutional right has become the topic of heated debate in the United States. As the Library of Congress points out, the meaning of the Second Amendment is "not self-evident," as are many items in the Constitution that were written, deliberately or not, in a vague manner that left matters up to future interpretations of the law by the judiciary. While other countries in the world find the American gun control issue perplexing, Americans continue to grapple with how to form and defend their own personal militias.
The Supreme Court has ruled on several Second Amendment cases,…
Acosta, J. (2008). United States: Gun ownership and the Supreme Court. Library of Congress. Retrieved online: https://www.loc.gov/law/help/second-amendment.php
Barry, C.L., Mcginty, E.E. Vernick, J.S. & Webster, D.W. (2015). Two years after Newtown -- public opinion on gun policy revisited. Preventative Medicine 79,pp. 55-58.
Bill of Rights (1789). Retrieved online: https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/bill-of-rights-transcript
Cage, F. (2013). Gun laws in the U.S.: seven things you need to know about the data. The Guardian. Jan 16, 2013. Retrieved online: https://www.theguardian.com/world/us-news-blog/2013/jan/16/gun-laws-need-to-know
The Violence Policy Center (2020) notes that African Americans are only 13% of the US population yet they represent more than half of all American homicides; but what is worse is that 87% of African American homicides are killed by guns. It is evident from these statistics that gun violence among the African American community is a real problem. This paper will provide an overview of the problem, who it affects and why it is important for social workers to address it.
Overview of the Problem
Who is Affected
According to FBI data, in 2016 there were 7,756 African American homicide victims in the US. This equals to a homicide rate for African Americans of 20.44 per 100,000 (Violence Policy Center, 2020). 6,505 out of 7,442 victims were killed with guns. 17% of the killings were gang related. Nearly half of the killings were a result of an argument…
Gun Violence Effect on African American Community
The African American community has faced the brunt of the criminal justice system in the aftermath of gun violence. For starters, the violence takes a toll on these communities. The violence that emanates from the use of guns and other incidences of shooting rips families apart and tears the family and community fabric. There's often a second devastating effect that results from the violence. The police frequently have to stop members of the colored community on the streets and run inspections. The outcome is that the community becomes suspicious of the law enforcement authorities. Indeed, any government departments, including but not limited to the police, are under thorough scrutiny regarding the treatment of people of color. There are calls for reforms in the justice system owing to the disproportionate numbers of people of color in incarceration. Also, the increase in gun violence…
Georgia Gun Violence
Reducing Gun Violence in the State of Georgia
Gun violence in the state of Georgia has not been reduced like much of the rest of the country, and it could be the state's relaxed gun laws that are to blame. As strong supporters of gun rights in general, it is this legislature's best interest to find common ground on measures to reduce gun violence, while maintaining the freedom of gun ownership for individuals. (GeorgiaPacking.org, 1) Gun violence in the state of Georgia has hit levels deemed unacceptable by the people of Georgia, who are concerned that inner city violence will spill into the rest of Georgia. Being mindful in balancing points of opinion, Georgia must curb illegal gun ownership, particularly in Atlanta, while maintaining its fiercely supportive stance on the Constitution's Second Amendment.
The first difference must be the ability of local police officers in the county…
"Ga Gun Law Change EFFECTIVE July 1 | Police & Law Enforcement Discussions and Forums - PoliceLink." PoliceLink: The Nation's Law Enforcement Community. Web. 27 Jan. 2012. .
"Georgia Gun Laws in Plain English on GeorgiaPacking.org." Welcome to GeorgiaPacking.org. Web. 27 Jan. 2012. .
"Proposed Gun Law Changes Spark Debate - Live, Local, Late Breaking News, Weather, and Sports." Live, Local, Late Breaking News, Weather, and Sports - WALB Home Page. Web. 27 Jan. 2012. .
ECONOMICS of GUN VIOLENCE
Ethical Analysis and CDC
Utilitarianism Theory and CDC
The Founding fathers of the U.S. were of the belief that keeping arms was important for the dignity and character of the free people and they wrote the 2nd amendment whose last line read that it is the right of the civilians to keep arms and that right shall not be infringed. The rights written in the Bill of ights does not grant them the rights but they are the fundamental rights given to the Americans by the Founding Fathers which define the citizens of America as independent and free people7.
Gun Control presents a different meaning for different organizations and many sides have fought for and against it for years. The government through the phrase 'gun control' means limiting the rights of the arm bearers in order to reduce crimes related to guns. The CDC uses utilitarianism…
Cagle, M. Christine, and J. Michael Martinez. "Have Gun, Will Travel: The Dispute Between the CDC and the NRA on Firearm Violence as a Public Health Problem." Faculty Publications, June 1, 2004. http://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/facpubs/2148 .
Cavalier, Robert. John Rawls. Drury College, Accessed on 11th November, 2015. Retrieved from: http://caae.phil.cmu.edu/Cavalier/Forum/meta/background/Rawls.html
"Congress Quietly Extends Ban On CDC Research On Gun Violence." Accessed November 7, 2015. http://www.mintpressnews.com/congress-quietly-extends-ban-on-cdc-research-on-gun-violence/207237/ .
Dahlberg, Linda L., and James A. Mercy. "History of Violence as a Public Health Problem." Virtual Mentor 11, no. 2 (February 1, 2009): 167. doi:10.1001/virtualmentor.2009.11.2.mhst1-0902.
Associations Between Youth Violence and Exposure to Gun Violence
The issue of violence in school has drawn increasing attention in recent years. Thus, the study by Forster (et al., 2015) entitled “Associations Between Gun Violence Exposure, Gang Associations, and Youth Aggression: Implications for Prevention and Intervention Programs,” appears to be a timely one, regarding the association of exposure to gun violence to aggressive actions. According to the authors, there is abundant literature showing a significant association between being victims and perpetrators of violence and gang affiliation for members of socio-economically disadvantaged youths from historically discriminated-against ethnicities. But the reasons for this remain difficult to pinpoint. There is a constellation of factors, according to the authors that give rise to this tendency.
One rational for the association is offered by by social modeling theory, arguing that by emulating family members, peers, and also the family provided by gangs, negative and aggressive…
Forster, M., Grigsby, T. J., Unger, J. B., & Sussman, S. (2015). Associations between gun violence exposure, gang associations, and youth aggression: Implications for prevention and intervention programs. Journal of Criminology. Retrieved from: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcrim/2015/963750/
Gun violence remains a pervasive challenge in the United States and policies on gun control is at the forefront of US politics. It’s an epidemic that distinguishes the US from the rest of the industrialized countries. However, there exist contrasting policy approaches with some states pushing for reduced regulations of access to ammunition while other states pursuing regulations that decrease the ease of access to ammunition. Moreover, the majority of the laws on firearm regulations are enacted by the state governments with the federal government enacted comparatively lesser regulations. The foundation of addressing the gun violence challenge is understanding the nature of the challenge. Firearm violence can mainly be categorized into three; homicide; suicide and unintentional firearm deaths. An analysis of firearm homicide, the policy brief by Rockefeller Institute of Government reports an average of 5.2 gun homicides per 100,000 in all US states and a high of…
Giffords Law Center. (2019). California. Retrieved April 30, 2019, from Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence website: https://lawcenter.giffords.org/gun-laws/state-law/california/
Siegel, M., & Boine, C. (2019). What Are The Most Effective Policies In Reducing Gun Homicides? 44.
Towers, S., Gomez-Lievano, A., Khan, M., Mubayi, A., & Castillo-Chavez, C. (2015). Contagion in Mass Killings and School Shootings. PLOS ONE, 10(7), e0117259. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117259
Mass shootings in America have become more prevalent than ever before. Depending on how one defines “mass shooting” the number of mass shooting incidents in America this year alone could range anywhere from half a dozen to more than 200. Even at the strictest definition of mass shooting half a dozen is too many. Last week, two mass shootings occurred back-to-back on different sides of the country—one in El Paso, TX, where 22 died, and one in Dayton, Oh, where 9 died. As the nation becomes, to a degree, desensitized to the violence year after year, whether it is the Parkland shooting or the Virginia Beach shooting, the Orlando shooting or the Vegas shooting, one still wonders what can be done to address this issue. Some believe stricter gun laws are needed. Others believe it is a mental health issue. This paper will discuss both, define the term mass…
Bagalman, E., Caldwell, S. W., Finklea, K. M., & McCallion, G. (2013). Public mass shootings in the United States: Selected implications for federal public health and safety policy. Congressional Research Service.
Blankstein, A. & Burke, M. (2019). El Paso shooting: 20 people dead, 26 injured, suspect in custody, police say. Retrieved from https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/active-shooter-near-el-paso-mall-police-responding-n1039001
Chastain, M. (2019). What we know about El Paso shooter. Retrieved from https://legalinsurrection.com/2019/08/what-we-know-about-el-paso-shooter-patrick-crusius/
De La Garza, A. & Zennie, M. (2019). Dayton Shooting Lasted Just 32 Seconds and Left 9 Dead. Here's the Latest on the Tragedy. Retrieved from https://time.com/5643405/what-to-know-shooting-dayton-ohio/
Durden, T. (2019). Dayton Shooter Was A Pro-Satan Leftist Who Supported Warren, Sanders, Antifa And Communism. Retrieved from https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-08-05/dayton-shooter-was-pro-satan-leftist-who-supported-warren-sanders-antifa-and
Evon, D. (2019). Did the U.S. Have 251 Mass Shootings in the First 216 Days of 2019? Retrieved from https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/251-mass-shootings-in-us/
Kauffman, J. M. (2009). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drugs: More risks than benefits. Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons, 14(1), 7-12.
Mass Shootings in 2019. (2019). Gun violence in America. Retrieved from https://www.gunviolencearchive.org/reports/mass-shooting
(NCSL, p. 1)
Beyond these states, the NCSL indicates that there are 23 states which avail the discretion of this ban to individual colleges and universities. According to the NCSL, these states are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, hode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and West Virginia. (NCSL, p. 1)
A third category exists for states of which Colorado is now a part. As the NCSL reports, "due to recent state legislation and court rulings, 5 states now have provisions allowing the carrying of concealed weapons on public postsecondary campuses. These states are Colorado, Mississippi, Oregon, Utah, and Wisconsin." (NCSL, p. 1)
What is particularly troubling about the policy orientation of the five states identified directly here above is that there position represents a rising wave of reactionary gun advocacy initiatives. As students, educators and…
Frosch, D. (2012). University is Uneasy as Court Ruling Allows Guns on Campus. The New York Times.
Jervis, R. (2011). State Lawmakers Push for Guns on Campuses. USA Today.
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). (2012). Guns on Campus: Overview. NCSL.org.
Gun control is a law or policy passed with the aim of limiting the possession and use of guns or firearms by private citizens. Gun and firearm control have been a subject of extensive debate in the U.S. The establishment of a balance between the personal rights of individuals to own and the government's commitment to maintain law and order has proved a tricky affair. The ownership of firearms and guns is an integral part in the culture and identity of the American people. The origin of gun possession can be traced to the west where the locals had to arm themselves to protect themselves from the Indians, enemies and wild animals. Consequently, the American citizens armed themselves for personal defense and as part of their culture. Additionally, guns are common in hunting, both leisure and for food and have since become a sport in the…
"Would Guns Control Reduce Suicides?." CQ Researcher 14.6 (2004): 131. Academic Search Complete. Web. 14 Mar. 2013.
Cook, Philip J., and Jens Ludwig. "Fact-Free Gun Policy." University Of Pennsylvania Law Review 151.4 (2003): 1329. Academic Search Complete. Web. 14 Mar. 2013.
Gorman, Linda, and David B. Kopel. "Self-defense: The Equalizer." Forum For Applied Research & Public Policy 15.4 (2000): 92. Academic Search Complete. Web. 14 Mar. 2013.
Grier, Peter. "Elementary school shooting: What gun control laws might U.S. voters support? (+video)." Christian Science Monitor 14 Dec. 2012: N.PAG. Academic Search Complete. Web. 14 Mar. 2013.
Congress can pass specific legislation to control what types of guns are sold, to whom, and how. The U.S. Supreme Court rules on whether congressional laws are in keeping with the letter and/or the spirit of the Second Amendment.
edefinitions of the problem
The current debate over gun control is so volatile because even supporters of gun control acknowledge that it cannot be 100% effective. The school shooter in Sandy Hook, for example, was able to obtain guns legally given that his mother was an avid gun collector. However, there are also examples of persons with questionable mental health histories, such as the Virginia Tech killer, who likely would have been prohibited from owning a weapon had he been forced to submit to a background check. "Seung-Hui Cho, who killed 32 people in 2007 on the picturesque Virginia Tech campus in Blacksburg, had been deemed mentally ill by a judge,…
Johns, Joe. (2013). Would background checks have stopped recent mass shootings? Probably not. CNN. Retrieved: http://www.cnn.com /2013/04/10/politics/background-checks-mass-shootings' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
hile sweeping gun laws are required to improve America's issue of gun violence, evidence from Obama's attempts suggest that only gradual and small degrees of regulatory change will be capable of passing through a divided legislative branch.
This literature demonstrates that even a public administrative force such as the executive branch must face power limitations. The very premise of the United States government is that the three branches work in coordination with one another to ensure to no singular ideological vision comes to dominate a nation founded on plurality. Accordingly, the text by Denhardt & Grubbs indicates that public administration must demonstrate the capacity for compromise, for accommodation and for recognition of a wide cross-section of interests (Denhardt & Grubbs, 422)
Moreover, this cross-section is always shifting, changing and demanding engagement by its leadership. Accordingly, in many locales, rising populations in immigrant communities, various shifts in settling patterns related to…
Barrett, T. & Cohen, T. (2013). Senate Rejects Expanded Gun Background Checks. CNN.com.
Denhardt, R.B. & Grubbs, J.W. (2002). Public Administration: An Action Orientation. Wadsworth Publishing.
Rainey, H.G. (2009). Understanding and Managing Public Organizations (4rd ED). Wiley Publishing.
Guns on Campus
SHOULD STUDENTS BE ABLE TO CAY GUNS ON CAMPUS?
Of all the places in the world, one would think that the collage is the safest place for a student to be and sometimes it is not. In this paper it will be discussed whether students should be allowed to carry concealed weapons to college. The advantages of allowing students to carry a concealed weapon will be discussed and why Gun Free Zones do not work.
There are many current issues happening in the U.S. And abroad, which makes it very difficult to decide which one to choose. I chose the topic: "If students are able to carry weapons on campus." It affects all students in the United States. Dispute the right to arms has been going on with the second amendment was approved. Some people believe that the Second Amendment states that the military should only be…
Bennett, J.T. (2008). Choice and Individual Responsibility are More Effective than Laws in Reducing Gun Violence, Retrieved April 17, 2011 from Gale: Opposing Viewpoint Resource Center (Power Search) database.
Blek, C.L. (1999). Gun Control is Constitutional. At Issue: IS Gun Ownership a Right. Kelly Doyle. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Retrieved April 17, 2011, from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Apollo Library database.
Brady Campaign. (2009). Facts and Issues. http://www.bradycampaign.org/ issues
Cornell, S. (2006). The Second Amendment Is Misused by Opponents of Gun Control. Current Controversies: Guns and Violence. Debra A. Miller. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 201, from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Apollo Library database.
"Studies have shown that guns are needed for the safety of the people and there is a need to repeal Gun Control for all guns."
Semiautomatic weapons have been brought out by a student of suburban high school and fired resulting in fatal injuries to his classmates and teachers and several others. The consequence is that a pre-teen boy was sentenced for life under the charge of murdering a 6-year-old girl. One teenager breaks out a pistol and gun and another fired at the girl. The news became so widespread that the respective horrors have initiated to coalesce, making our sense of hope and security as individuals and as a society becomes irresistible. The school yard insults that once resulted in a confrontation to deal with have extended to the children literally proceeding for their guns. In the past it was a matter of grave concern for some…
Cottrol, Robert. J. (September, 1999) "Gun Control is Racist, Sexist & Classist" American Enterprise. Vol: 8; No; 1; pp: 14-16
Graves, Earl. G. (May, 2001) "Stop the Guns - Need for Gun Control Demonstrated by How Easily People Kill with Them" Black Enterprise. Vol: 11; No: 1; pp: 27-30
Kates, Don. B. (6 March, 1995) "Shot Down - Opposition to Gun Control" National Review. Vol: 7; No: 1; pp: 18-20
Lott, John; Lehrer, Eli. (December, 2004) "Gun control flops" American Enterprise. Vol: 12; No: 1; pp: 32-37
rime rates do not drop with restrictions on gun control because crimes have been shown to be intent driven rather than means driven. Which simply means that those who are interested in committing crimes will usually do so given any access or restrictions standards? It is evident from this analysis that guns have little impact upon crime rates. However, gun control advocacies use misinformation to present a dangerous position to the public.
Another important factor in media manipulation is the use of specific misinformation to influence public opinion to support severity within gun legislation. Popular gun control advocacies use strong statistics to influence the public into perceiving that gun control is not only needed, but that gun violence is an escalating crime that needs to provide greater security mandates. Oftentimes they use deceiving statistics as a means to manipulate public opinion on the prevalence of firearms. For instance, the Brady…
Counting Guns, Randolph Roth. Social Science History 26:4 winter 2002
Would Banning Firearms reduce Murder and Suicide? A Review of international evidence, Gary a. Mauser & Don B. Kates. Bepress Legal Series 2006 paper 1564
Shooting down the more guns, less crime hypothesis, John J. Donohue & Ian Ayres. Center for the study of law and society Jurisprudence and social policy program. 2003 paper 5
Hence, while ratifying the U.S. Constitution, the Virginia convention passed a resolution specifying: "That the people have a right to keep and bear arms; that a well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state;"
It is, therefore, clear that the central issue that led to the adoption of the Second Amendment, as part of the Bill of Rights -- ratified in 1791, was the concern that the powers granted in the U.S. Constitution to the Congress over the militia and a national army may be used to abrogate state sovereignty and power, rather than a desire to recognize the right for bearing arms by individual citizens. Nowhere in the background and history of the introduction of the Second Amendment in the U.S. Constitution do we find the issue of personal use of weapons, for purposes…
Economic Costs of Gun Violence." Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Updated 4/17/07. October 31, 2007. http://www.bradycampaign.org/ facts/factsheets/pdf/economic_costs.pdf
Firearm Facts." Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Updated 4/18/07. October 31, 2007.
Because gun suicide success rates are at about 90%, however, those who attempt suicide with a gun are far less likely to be given a second chance or time to reconsider. Success rates for other types of suicide are significantly lower, such as 2% for drug overdoses and 34% for jumping (MSNBC 2008). These statistics suggest that gun ownership in itself is dangerous for those who have suicidal thoughts, a demographic that makes up a large portion of the population. By instituting a gun ban, these homes would be safer for these individuals as well as others.
Finally, children and those who suffer from suicidal thoughts are not the only types of people to suffer at the hands of a gun. Guns are dangerous, even in competent adult hands, and guns also have the potential to misfire when used properly or improperly. By employing a gun ban, however, governments can…
Braga, Anthony et al. (2002). The Illegal Supply of Firearms. Crime and Justice. 29, 319-
Davies, Anne. (2008). Cities targeted as DC gun ban ends. Retrieved July 1, 2008, at http://www.theage.com.au/world/cities-targeted-as-dc-gun-ban-ends-20080627-2y4a.html .
MSNBC. (2008). Surprising Fact: Half of Gun Deaths are Suicides. Retrieved July 1, 2008 at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/25463844/ .
Wintemute, Garen J. (2002). Where the Guns Come From: The Gun Industry and Gun
3. Structuring and enforcement process to respond to offenders, crime crews and/or gangs that includes various sanctions, i.e., pulling levers, to stop them from continuing their violent behavior.
4. Offering social services and specific resources to offenders to help them change their lives: Those who are open to the process are assisted in completing their education, finding employment, and providing for their basic human needs.
5. Communicating with the offenders to make them aware that they are under scrutiny: To emphasize the consequences of continued live of crime, offenders are told what has happened to other groups who have committed certain violent crimes such as shootings, and that the same enforcement awaits them should they engage in unlawful actions (Kennedy, 155-159).
One means fro communicating this information is through a call-in or notification meeting in which offenders and persons who love them are invited to a meeting with law enforcement…
Braga, A.A., Pierce, G.L., McDevitt, J., Bond, B.J, & Cronin, S. The strategic prevention of gun violence among gang-involved offenders. Justice Quarterly, 2008, 25(1), 132-162.
Goldstein, H. Improved policing: A problem-oriented approach. Crime and Delinquency, 1979, 25, 236-258.
Goldstein, H. Problem-oriented policing. 1990. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
Kennedy, D.M. Old wine in new bottles: Policing and the lessons of pulling levers. In D.Weisburd & A.A.Braga (Eds), Polic innovation: Contrasting perspectives, 2006. (pp. 155-159). Cambridge University Press.
S. Circuit Court of Appeals to reaffirm restrictive gun laws since the Second Amendment was not infringed by a law that requires firearm owners to demonstrate proper cause (Nimmo par, 2).
The unanimous decision by the three-judge panel was regarded as a victory for the New York State law, the American constitution, and families throughout New York who are appropriately concerned regarding the plight of gun violence that is a major problem to all communities. There are various groups in the gun industry such as the Second Amendment Foundation and the National Rifle Association have been filing cases against cities and states throughout the country on the basis of the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The ruling re-affirming restrictive gun control laws has followed the significant increase in the number of the sale of guns.
Gun Control Laws in Other States:
Generally, crime rates associated with gun violence have…
"Banning Assault Weapons - a Legal Primer for State and Local Action." Legal Community Against Violence. Legal Community Against Violence, Aug. 2005. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. .
Baynes, Terry, Eddie Evans, and Todd Eastham. "Appeals Court Upholds New York Gun Licensing Law." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 27 Nov. 2012. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. .
Garrett, Ben. "New York Gun Rights - an Overview of Gun Laws in New York." About.com - Civil Liberties. About.com., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. .
Gius, Mark. "The Effect of Gun Ownership Rates on Homicide Rates: A State-level Analysis." Applied Economics Letters 16 (2009): 1687-690. Print.
Gun Control Legislation
The availability of and access to firearms which is enshrined in the U.S. Constitution by the Second Amendment has created a multitude of consequences for modern Americans. The impacts of a loosely regulated gun market include the highest per capita rate of gun-related deaths in the world, major metropolitan areas like Detroit and Chicago struggling with unprecedented murder rates, and toddlers routinely finding their parent's weapons and dying after accidental discharge. Several longitudinal studies have demonstrated that the U.S. is by far the world's leader in both gun ownership and gun-related fatalities, and in fact, America's rate of 10.2 gun-related deaths per 100,000 citizens is more than double the rate of any other developed nation. The Congress has historically been averse to the passage of restrictive gun control legislation, as a powerful firearm lobby led by the National ifle Association has successfully kept the advances of gun…
Boodman, S.G. (2006, May 16). Gifted and tormented academic stars often bullied -- and more likely to suffer emotionally as a result. The Washington Post, p. F1. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp - dyn/content/article/2006/05/15/AR2006051501103 .html
Cooper, A., & Smith, E.L.U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2011).
Homicide trends in the United States, 1980-2008: Annual rates for 2009 and 2010 (NCJ-
236018). Retrieved from Government Printing Office website:
Gun Violence in the United States
According to the Gun Violence Archive, which keeps track of gun-related violence in the United States, 2016 has had 53,602 known incidents, resulting in 13,854 deaths and 28,505 injuries. There have been 363 mass shooting incidents in 2016. In 2015, there were 372 mass shootings killing a total of 475 people and wounding 1,870, according to the Mass Shooting Tracker ("Guns in the U.S.: The statistics behind the violence" 2016). Defensive use accounts for 1683 of all gun-related incidents in 2016, and 1,988 gun incidents in 2016 were classified as being accidental (Gun Violence Archive, 2016).
In 2015 alone, there were 64 school shootings. Some of those incidents did not involve casualties, but the numbers still prove alarming, revealing the extent of the problem ("Guns in the U.S.: The statistics behind the violence" 2016). Even more mass shootings take place in ordinary businesses --…
Barry, C.L., Mcginty, E.E. Vernick, J.S. & Webster, D.W. (2015). Two years after Newtown -- public opinion on gun policy revisited. Preventative Medicine 79,pp. 55-58.
Barzilay, Julie and Mohney, Gillian, 2016. "Why the CDC Hasn't Launched a Comprehensive Gun Study in 15 Years."
DeFilippis, E. & Hughes, D. (2015). The Myth Behind Defensive Gun Ownership. Retrieved online: http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/01/defensive-gun-ownership-myth-114262#.VLhsjS42d6I
"Firearm Access is a Risk Factor for Suicide," (n.d.). Harvard School of Public Health. Retrieved online: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/means-matter/means-matter/risk/
" (Foster, 1999) Within this framework there is no reference to gun ownership by individuals and according to Foster's report: "...it is reasonable to assume that private arms are intended for destruction under the term." (Foster, 1999)
The work of David . Kopel, a former assistant district attorney in Manhattan and presently a practicing attorney in Colorado writes in the work entitled: "Trust the People: The Case Against Gun Control" a policy brief published at the Cato Institute that: "Gun control is based on the faulty notion that ordinary American citizens are too clumsy and ill-tempered to be trusted with weapons. Only through the blatant abrogation of explicit constitutional rights is gun control even possible." (1988) Kopel relates that less than one in 3,000 gun owners commit murder. Each year approximately 7,000 individuals commit suicide and 300 or fewer people die in accidents involving handguns. As a matter of fact,…
NRA Warns of U.N. Gun Control (2006) the New World Disorder - WorldNetDaily. 16 June 2006. Online available at http://worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=50671
Foster, Sarah (1999) the 40-year Gun Grab: '60s disarmament plan still going strong, say U.N. critics. Panic in the Year Zero. 13 Dec 1999. WorldNetDaily. Online available at http://worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=17280
Bowers, Faye (2007) U.S. Steadies Its Aim at Gun Trafficking Into Mexico. 20 July 2007. Christian Science Monitor. Online available at http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0720/p01s05-usfp.html?page=1 .
U.S. Spent $27 Million to Destroy Small Arms, Light Weapons (2006) U.S. Department of State 9 June 2006. USINFO.STATE.GOV online available at http://usinfo.state.gov/xarchives/display.html?p=washfile-english&y=2006&m=June&x=20060609171603sjhtrop0.2761042&t=xarchives/xarchitem.html
People can no longer decide on their selves, and there the rulers of the country must intervene. The measures proposed will have as finality the reduction in violent attacks, and more tranquil life in American cities and ghettos. The feasibility of the legislative intention is also demonstrated with logical arguments, which would deter the behavior of individuals with an aversion to violence.
The violence is a sign of weakness, both of the individual and the society on one hand and of the laws that govern the society on the other. Some individual is not capable to think things clear, or maybe he is not familiar with the legal proceedings, so his only solution is violence oriented to other citizens. The authorities are not able, up to present times, to control this violence issue through specific measures - legal, in general. The current proposals could be a viable solution for the…
1) Peter Rutten & Albert F. Bayers III and the World Rank Research Team, Where We Stand', New York: Bantam Books, 1992), pp. 297,289
2) Brian Wenn Australian Government - Violence today, no. 4: Violence in sport
ISBN 0 642 14748 5; ISSN 1032-7894
In my personal opinion, everybody is legally and morally entitled to own guns. The U.S. Constitution does delineate citizens' right to possess and carry arms -- a right that is often disregarded in the organizational context. In the year 2002, timberland owner and timber-products manufacturer, Weyerhaeuser, based in Seattle, sacked a number of its Oklahoma factory workers for violating the company-stipulated prohibition against keeping arms in their automobiles. This mass firing elicited a sharp outcry from gun-rights supporters such as the NRA (National Rifle Association). These groups assert that individuals bearing a firearms license must be able to access their guns in the event they are really needed, while traveling back and forth between their homes and workplaces. According to the NRA's executive VP, Wayne Lapierre, the fact that organizations can prohibit firearms in employee automobiles represents a serious blow to the Constitutional Amendment II (Shaw). However, senior attorney working…
Bonding Over Bullets: Gun Fu is the Way to a Better Tomorrow
John Woo redefined the action film genre with his 1986 Hong Kong film A Better Tomorrow. Staring the Asian TV star Chow Yun Fat and movie star Ti Lung, the film transcended the action genre already well-established in the West by using the various tropes of the genre (gangsters, the conflicted family, brother-against-brother, friend-in-peril, reformed hood, betrayal, and so on), mixing in elements of melodrama and morality (both Buddhism and Christianity appear in the film), and layering it with stylized gun violence -- gunplay like swordplay -- in a manner that had never before been seen. The film played, in certain moments, like a dance -- bullets being used like rain to wash away all the problems and issues that otherwise could not be resolved. For both Chinese and Western audiences, the film was something new: it appealed…
Non-Sense Crime Drugs: A Policy Guide
Proposition #24: Attempts to ban the possession of handguns, or certain kinds of guns, are not a viable option for reducing crime.
According to sociologist Samuel Walker: "People intent upon committing a crime are particularly motivated to obtain a gun. In short, it is not very efficient or sensible to try to control ownership of guns by the public at large when the real problem is the behavior of a very small part of the population -- violent criminals" (Walker 2010: 236). This statement is problematic for a number of reasons. First of all, many individuals who do not intend to commit crimes still do so as a result of crimes of passion. Having a gun involved in a highly emotional situation almost invariably raises the ante of confrontation. Although they might not intend to commit a crime, the crime happens by virtue…
Background: CAP. (2013). Smart Gun Laws. Retrieved from:
http://smartgunlaws.org/ child-access-prevention-policy-summary/' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
2. I agree wholeheartedly with the author. Random acts of kindness do make the world and our society a better place. We need to become more aware of the connections between people. We do need to smile more, treat others with deep respect, and recognize the impact our actions have on other people. Instead of walking around angry all day, we need to develop a positive frame of mind and speak and act with kindness.
Universal health care would reflect a deep change in our culture. We have become so focused on our independence that we forgot the value of sharing and caring. Our selfishness and greed has led to a situation in which most Americans cannot afford adequate healthcare. Yet Americans are afraid of making small sacrifices that could benefit our society such as paying slightly more taxes to fund a truly universal system…
Schools have more esponsibility to Prevent School Violence than ever before
Issues related to school violence have become an increasingly salient issue in modern society. This issue affects schools on many levels. On one level, there rise in the number of tragedies such as mass shootings have increased and these incidents clearly illustrate the need for safer educational environments for children and adolescents. However, there are also more subtle examples of violence that can occur in school environments such as bullying. The evidence that bullying is severe physical and psychological detriment to students has become increasingly clear. Furthermore, technology has also offered new platforms in which violence can occur between students. For example, there have been many cases of online bullying that have occurred on social networks. This analysis will provide a brief overview of different types of violence that can occur in schools as well as a…
Adelman, H., & Taylor, L. (2002). Building Comprehensive, Multifaceted, and Integrated Approaches to Address Barriers to Student Learning. . Childhood Education, 261-268.
Beccerra, S., Munoz, F., & Riquelme, E. (2015). School violence and school coexistence management: unresolved challenges. Procedia, 156-163.
Crews, G. (2014). School Violence Perpetrators Speak: An Examination of Perpetrators Views on School Violence Offenses. Jouranl of the Institute of Justice and International Studies, 41-62.
Many see gun control as a controversial topic that has sparked much debate. This gun control essay can offer ways to examine this topic from both the pro and against sides. By detailing the pros and cons of gun control, you will be able to see the impact on society. These examples include recent changes in laws, news stories associated with gun violence, and what other countries do about this highly debated subject. Examining a topic from both sides, it offers a deeper and richer understanding that cannot be achieved from one-sided analysis.
Gun Control: Examining Both Sides
Understanding Gun Control
The Impact of Gun Control on Violence
How Gun Control Influences Gun Violence
Gun Control and the Second Amendment
Countries that Ban Guns
Gun Control and the Safety of the Public
Gun Control Laws
B. Understanding Gun Control
USING TECHNOLOGY TO MANAGE CANADIAN FIEAMS
The development of Canadian Firearms Program came because of the increased cases of gun violence and gun-related crimes that had rocked the country for decades. The firearms legislation bill was passed in 1995, and it immediately facilitated the establishment of Canadian Firearms Program (CFP) during the same year. The program itself was multi-jurisdictional, and it required that all firearms owners should be mandatorily registered under the Firearms Act. Therefore, an efficient information system was required to oversee the successful implementation of Canadian Firearms Program and particularly registry of firearms.
However, the Canadian Firearms egistration System had information technology bottlenecks. The complexity of its development was because a national database system was rightly in place and functioning well. The national database system required close cooperation between the Canadian National Police Force and the oyal Canadian Mounted Police (CMP). This marked the first complexity…
Wan, Z. (2006). Canadian Firearms Program. Ivey Management Services
Laws & regulations not adequate enough:
egistration & Licensing
National ifle Association (NA):
Sandy Hook and Colorado:
No need for assault rifles:
Government and Private protection:
Political and Social pressure:
Counter Argument & ebuttal:
Public will not be able to protect itself:
Hand guns and law enforcement enough for public protection:
The possession of guns is considered as a matter of tradition and heritage of the society. However the usage of automatic guns in violent crimes has initiated a concern for society to urge government for imposition of strict gun control laws. The previous laws should be changed to restrict automatic rifles possession and sales. The high powered weapons should also avoided by the public to evade unnecessary violence. United States is country that allowed its citizen to…
Bright, J.C. (2010). Violent Felonies under the Residual Clause of the Armed Career Criminal Act: Whether Carrying a Concealed Handgun without a Permit Should is considered a Violent Felony. Duq. L. Rev., 48, 601.
Carter, G.L. (2006). Gun control in the United States: A reference handbook. USA: Abc-clio, LLC.
Cook, P.J., Ludwig, J., Venkatesh, S., & Braga, A.A. (2007). Underground Gun Markets*. The Economic Journal, 117(524), F588-F618.
Kellner, D. (2008). Guys and guns amok: Domestic terrorism and school shootings from the Oklahoma City bombing to the Virginia Tech massacre. USA: Paradigm Pub.
Gun Control Legislation
The Gun Control Debate & Gun Control Legislation
With reference to the U.S. Constitution, which guarantees the right to the lawful possession of firearms to private citizens as well as with reference to law & economic journals, the paper will explore the gun control debate and the network of related issues. People who are not in favor of the use of guns and favor austere gun control legislation often argue that guns do not kill people; people kill people. People who are law abiding and moral have guns because it is their right; people who are of weak character and lack ethics have guns because it is their right. Gun possession is a fact of life making gun control legislation and regulation an absolute necessity; it is not the job of the law to judge a citizen's character, but rather it is the job of the law…
Cornell, S., & DeDino, N. (2004) A Well Regulated Right: The Early American Origins of Gun Control. Fordham Law Review, 73(2), 487 -- 523.
Krouse, W.J. (2012) Gun Control Legislation. Congressional Research Service, Available from www.crs.gov. 2012 June 21.
McClurg, A.J. (1992) The Rhetoric of Gun Control. The American University Law Review, 42(53), 54 -- 116.
Parker, J.S. (2001) Guns, Crime, and Academics: Some Reflections on the Gun Control Debate. Journal of Law and Economics, 44(2), 715 -- 724.
Gun control is a hot topic in America right now, and has been for quite some time. One of the major problems with the issue is that the two sides have entirely different perspectives, and there does not appear to be much middle ground between the two. This paper will analyze the different positions, the major ones anyway, with respect to gun control.
The two major positions on gun control are really the one side that wishes to see no further control of gun ownership, and the side that wishes to have greater restrictions on the purchase and ownership of guns.
The side that is against gun control will typically cite Second Amendment rights (Elving, 2018), the right to bear arms. This right is interpreted by this side liberally and broadly, as to mean that the right is immutable, and should exist without restriction. Any restriction on the…
Gun violence in America has always been a great concern to communities, families and law enforcement officials. But in recent years gun violence has received a great deal more publicity and public concern because of the mass shootings -- particularly in schools -- that the media focuses on in great detail. In other words, a law-abiding family living in a quiet small town in Vermont is impacted emotionally when a gunman enters a school in California or Connecticut and murders innocent children. This paper identifies recent trends in mass shootings, potential laws that would attempt to keep guns out of the hands of mentally disturbed and violent individuals, and how the National Rifle Association (NRA) uses unethical tactics to promote its paranoid obsession that government is out to take guns away from law-abiding gun owners.
Recent Mass Shootings
Of the many gruesome mass killings that have been reported on television…
Castillo, Marianne. "NRA clear on gun debate stance: arm schools." CNN. Retrieved May 12,
2015, from http://www.cnn.com . 2012.
Cohen, Amy P., Azrael, Deborah, and Miller, Matthew. "Rate of Mass Shootings Has Tripled
Since 2011, Harvard Research Shows." Mother Jones, Retrieve May 12, 2015, from http://www.motherjones.com . 2012.
Gun Laws / Gun Violence
Gun violence, gun registration, and mass shootings in the United States -- and to a lesser extent in the United Kingdom -- have caused authorities great concern over the past few years. And these issues have received a great deal of media attention and hence are worthy of research. This paper reviews gun violence in the U.S. and in the UK, and gun laws that are in place and those that should be in place.
Mass shootings and gun violence in the U.S.
In the United States, as of October 1, 2015, there have been 294 mass shootings (a mass shooting is defined as one in which four or more people were killed or injured by a gun), and 45 of those occurred at schools (BBC). In the U.S. (again, up to October 1) 9,956 people have been killed in "gun incidents," and 20,000 people…
BBC. (2015). Oregon shooting: Statistics behind 'routine' U.S. gun violence. Retrieved October 13, 2015, from http://www.bbc.com .
Brattleboro Reformer. (2015). Our Opinion: Guns, money, and simplistic assumptions.
Retrieved October 13, 2015, from http://www.reformer.com .
Casciani, D. (2010). Gun control and ownership laws in the UK. BBC. Retrieved
In light of events like Sandy Hood, Columbine, the Charleston church shooting, the on-air shooting of two reports in Virginia and many others, gun control is a topic that has remained a topic that is ever-present in the twenty-four hour news cycle of modern day America. Further, there are several cities right now that are the sites of some major and protracted gun violence. This violence and depravity is to the extent that some people assert that gun violence is a public health issue. The author of this report will answer that question and will also speak to the ways in which gun purchases can be limited and regulated given the presence of the Second Amendment. While gun violence is certainly an issue that involves health, it is primarily a crime and punishment issue and should be dealt with as such.
As easily discernible from the question…
Ernst, A. (2014). Why does Chicago have so many illegal guns?. America.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 11 September 2015, from http://america.aljazeera.com/watch/shows/america-tonight/articles/2014/10/22/why-does-chicagohavesomanyillegalguns.html
Volokh, E. (2015). A rare Second Amendment exemption from federal ban on felons possessing guns. Washington Post. Retrieved 11 September 2015, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2014/09/27/a-rare-second-amendment-exemption-from-federal-ban-on-felons-possessing-guns/
Definition of the Problem (Gun Control)
In America as well as other parts of the world, the role played by guns in committing violent acts, and what must be done in this regard, is a hotly debated topic. However, some facts are incontestable. Over 31,000 individuals sustained gunshot injuries in the year 2010, in America. As these victims are mostly youths, gun violence can be considered as one among the primary reasons for premature deaths in the U.S. Apart from mortal wounds, there were, in the same year, approximately 337,960 non-fatal acts of violence perpetrated with the use of guns; emergency departments of American hospitals received 73,505 cases of nonfatal wounds made by guns. The economic and social costs associated with gun violence are also huge, in the U.S. (Webster, 2013)
However, ironically, in spite of gun violence's colossal impact, a majority of public discussions in regard to…
Cook, P., Ludwig, J., Venkatesh, S., & Braga, A. (2007). UNDERGROUND GUN MARKETS. The Economic Journal, F558 -- F588.
Hood, M. N. (2009). Citizen, defend thyself: an individual-level analysis of concealed weapon permit holders. Criminal Justice Studies, 22(1), 73-89
Kates, D., & Mauser, G. (n.d.). WOULD BANNING FIREARMS REDUCE MURDER AND SUICIDE? Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 650.
Kopel, D. B. (1995 ). THE IDEOLOGY OF GUN OWNERSHIP AND GUN CONTROL IN THE UNITED STATES. Quarterly Journal of Ideology.
In the examination of the aspect of gun ownership, the research adopted the concept of qualitative research method. This is because the study focuses on the examination of social problem in the United States. Data was collected through administration of the questions to approximately 4901 participants.
The main aim of the process was to adopt an effective and accurate comparison between the research hypotheses and the available data. This indicates that the study's focus was on the determination of correlation between the dependent variables: age, gender, and income and independent variable: gun possession in the United States. esearch questions were formulated in accordance with the three hypotheses in order to achieve accurate and reliable data vital for quality and effective conclusion.
In order to analyze the available data, the data was integrated into Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). This was essential in the achievement…
James D. Agresti & Reid K. Smith. (September 13, 2010). "Gun Control Facts: Just Facts",.
Revised 2/11/13. http://justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp
Greene, E., Bornstein, B.H., & Dietrich, H. (2007). Granny, (don't) get your gun: competency issues in gun ownership by older adults. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 25(3), 405-423.
But the logic behind the analogy is sound. When my peer says that without human intervention guns do not kill people, he is ignoring the fact that free availability of guns may allow some crazy people to kill others although without guns they might not have been able to kill anyone. My peer's statement that a gun "is just a tool like any other" again is technically correct but simplistic. A gun is a much more powerful weapon than a pocket knife. The crazy person who tried to assassinate President Reagan would have had far lesser chances of attacking the President with a pocket knife, for example. The availability of guns makes it easier to kill others.
My peer's analogy with the use of machete in Rwanda actually weakens his argument. Again, it is technically true that the machetes did not kill people, but people with machetes did. But one…
Furthermore, it is suggested that the roots of the problem lie deeper than the superficial debate about gun control. In sociological terms, this problem is to do with the lack of meaning and the breakdown of inherent normative structures. In this sense the debate about gun control should be seen against the underlying background of these sociological issues. Even if a compromise was be reached about whether or not to have gun control, there would still be underlying structural causative features that would need to be addressed and which are the source of this problem in the first place.
Cukier, V. And Sidel W. 2005.The Global Gun Epidemic: From Saturday Night Specials.
New York: Praeger Publishers.
Deviance and Social Control. etrieved November 21, 2004
Egger, Steven A., et al. 1990.Serial Murder: An Elusive Phenomenon. New York:
Praeger Publishers, 1990.
Lintelman, D. Gun Control. etrieved November 21, 2009…
Cukier, V. And Sidel W. 2005.The Global Gun Epidemic: From Saturday Night Specials.
New York: Praeger Publishers.
Deviance and Social Control. Retrieved November 21, 2004
A poignant question was devised by the William J. Krouse. This was pertaining to: whether gun owners were contributing to increased levels in violent crime. According to Krouse, 44 million people owned guns in 1995 which represented: 35% of households and it amounted to 192 million firearms. In 2007, the total number of firearms increased to 294 million (Krouse). Where, the availability of guns increased by: almost 100 million. However, the amount of households owning guns is not indicated in Krouse's information. This has led to a number of questions that are brought up from this data. The most notable include:
Were the guns being purchased by: households that already owned them?
Was the proliferation of guns occurring with: those who could not legitimately own them? (Krouse).
Clearly, the issues surrounding those who can legitimately own guns is continually evolving. As those who are law abiding citizens have been declining…
Feigelman, William and Yih-Jin Young. Hands-On Sociology. Nassau Community College, 2008. Web. 9 May 2011
Hahn, Robert A. First Reports Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Violence: Firearm Laws. Centers for Disease Control. CDC, 2003. 9 May 2011
Krouse, William. Gun Control Legislation. Congressional Research Service, 2011. Web. 9 May 2011
Gun Control Legislation
Gun control is not one concern, but several. To some people gun control is a crime issue; to others it is a rights issue. Gun control is a safety issue, an education issue, a racial issue, and a political issue. Within each of these issues, there are those who want more gun control legislation and those who want less. Guns are not for everyone. Certain individuals cannot handle a firearm safely, and some individuals choose to use firearms inappropriately. Our society has passed laws regulating the ownership and use of firearms, and additional legislation is being considered. Most of this legislation restricts, to some degree, the rights of individuals to possess or use firearms. Some restrictions may be necessary, but some recent legislation has gone too far. Society benefits from firearms in the hands of responsible citizens, and taking firearms away from such citizens will do more…
The Need for Gun Control to Stop the Violence
Sandy Hook Elementary was a sad scene, one which hit at the heart of most Americans. It is a scene that we all wish to have never repeated. With so many outburst of violence around the United States using heavy machinery and advanced firearms, Congress needs to instill greater regulation of guns, especially more dangerous weapons like automatic weapons and riffles. This does not mean that Congress should ban such guns, as such would be a violation of the Second Amendment, but it is clear that these dangerous weapons need to be regulated in order to make sure they do not continue to end up in the wrong hands and continue to cause tragedies across the United States.
Despite a strong connotation that Americans should have free range in regards to their weapons under the Second Amendment, recent tragedies…
Calabresi, Massimo. "How Gun Control Ends: Not with a Bang, But with a Whimper." Time Magazine. 2013. Web. http://swampland.time.com/2013/03/11/how-gun-control-ends-not-with-a-bang-but-a-whimper/
Devi, Sharmilla. "Researchers Call for Reform of U.S. Gun Control Policies." The Lancet. Vol. 380, Issue 9853, P. 1545.
Violence on College Campuses
Virginia Tech could probably have avoided the terrible massacre of 2007 had its officials taken more timely and effective action with Seung Hui Cho. He had a very long record of mental illness dating back to middle school, including fantasies of violence and murder, and he had received psychiatric treatment in the past. His behavior at Virginia Tech was so disturbing to students and faculty that a court ordered him to undergo a psychiatric evaluation in 2005, although he refused all counseling. University officials did not discuss his case with each other or even with his parents for fear of violating state and federal confidentiality laws, although their interpretation of these was mostly incorrect. Even though medical and psychiatric records are confidential by law, there is an exception for students like Cho who are deemed a danger to themselves and others. Not only did he receive…
Burlin, S. And J. Gammage (2007). "Laws Limit Schools Even After Alarms," Philadelphia Inquirer, April 19, 2007.
Corey, G. et al. (2011). Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, 8th Edition. Cengage Learning.
Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, April 16, 2007 (2007). Report of the Review Panel Presented to Governor Kaine, Commonwealth of Virginia.
McMurray, J. (2008). "Colleges Are Watching Troubled Students," Associated Press, March 28, 2008.
It would also be highly recommended that there are designated buffer zones between the convention and any designated First Amendment Zones. Additionally, these zones must be away from any other public areas. If they are too close to public areas, like malls, they may inadvertently disrupt the flow of the public and endanger passersby.
There are also recommendations for general policy of the possible disruption of protest groups at the DNC event. If officers were to commence in disrupting the protest groups, it would be absolutely necessary to show they were acting in accordance with the misdemeanor violation of Section 870.02 in the 2002 Florida Statutes. Essentially, this would mean that officers would have to prove more than three individuals were acting in a way to disturb the peace, rather than to peacefully assemble. It is true, "no actual breach of peace needs to take place" (Unlawful Assembly Dispersal Order).…
Independent Review Panel. (2004). The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) Inquiry Report.
M6. (2013). "First Amendment Zones."
M6. (2013). "Unlawful assembly to commit a breach of the peace."
According to gun control advocates, crime should be extraordinary, but this simply is not the case. In fact, the exact opposite is true. Switzerland has far less crime per capita than the United States and almost no gun crime. ased on this example, Kopel (1988) correctly concludes that there is no direct link between the level of citizen gun ownership and the level of gun misuse.
Then there's the case of Kennesaw, Georgia where crime dropped after a law that requires its citizens to own guns passed. Lieutenant Craig Graydon, Kennesaw Police Department comments, "Well, after the city ordinance passed, there was actually a decrease in reported crime in the Kennesaw area, especially violent crime." (Wilmouth, 2007).
Last, but certainly not least, is the fact that there's already plenty of gun control legislation and it doesn't work. So, if guns are outlawed only criminals will have guns, leaving law-abiding citizens…
Greenslade, Robert. "The Flawed Second Amendment." Nitwit Press 6 Oct. 2004. http://www.thepriceofliberty.org/04/10/06/greenslade.htm
Gun Control Doesn't Reduce Crime, Violence, Say Studies." WorldNetDaily. 30 Dec. 2004. http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=42167
Kopel, David B. "Trust the People: The Case Against Gun Control" 11 Jul. 1998. Cato Institute. http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa109.pdf
The Right to Keep and Bear Arms." Report of the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the United States Senate Ninety-Seventh Congress. Second Session Feb.1982. http://www.constitution.org/mil/rkba1982.htm
Opponents of gun control became more proactive and in 1977 after the capture of NA leader, they began to harm the reputation of the GCA officers and executives. They aimed to scare the gun owners into thinking that they will be harassed and prosecuted for possessing guns.
Opponents of gun control pushed the Carter administration to remove the proposals which aimed at changing the execution of the laws. After this was done they became even more proactive in their campaign (Vizzard, 1993; 228-235). In 1979 and 1980, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms was called in for Hearings in the Senate after they sidestepped Congress to trigger a change in policy utilizing executive power. While the federal administration had influenced this strategy on not only the treasury but also the ATF, they rapidly backed out from the ATF and dumped the strategy as they saw strong resistance (Vizzard, 1993;…
Barber, Benjamin R. (1984). Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bruce-Biggs, B. (1976). The Great American Gun War. The Public Interest. 45, 37-62.
Cobb, Roger W. And Charles D. Elder, (1972). Participation in American Politics: The Dynamics of Agenda-Building. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Davidson, Osha Gray, (1993). Under Fire: The NRA and the Battle for Gun Control. New York: Henry Holt.
Gun Trafficking and Straw Purchasing
Traffic Jam: Straw Runners' Complicity
Rational choice theory is the theory of criminal behavior that posits that when people commit illicit acts, they generally tend to do so while considering their own self-interest. This theorem posits that criminals are well aware of the illegality of that which they are contemplating, and that they take into account a number of factors before first pursuing these actions. Such factors generally include what sort of benefits they will incur (as well as to what degree they will profit) from criminal behavior, which is typically weighed against the likelihood of their getting caught. Furthermore, this theory contends that people who commit crime also are cognizant of the nature and the degree of the punishment they may induce if they are apprehended for committing a crime. In view of all of these factors, when people decide to still commit a…
However, this is a common, recurrent theme that has been injected into the public sphere by private interests. As a result, it dominates a substantial amount of discourse in the public sphere, and even people like Griffin and ostron, who believe that it is demoralizing and misleading and state those beliefs publicly, have had little success in challenging this misconception. Therefore, to have a real gun control debate in the public sphere, it is necessary to investigate whether proposed gun control laws would have had an impact on some of these crimes. In the instances of these massacre-shootings, over and over again it appears that the gunmen purchased their weapons and ammunition legally, rather than going to illegal sources for their weapons. They were not prevented from doing so by current gun-laws, but many of them had behavioral flags that may have led to gun-restrictions under more exacting laws. For…
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Castells, M. (2008). The new public sphere: Global civil society, communication networks, and global governance. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 616(1), 78-93.
Goss, K.A. (2006). Disarmed: The missing movement for gun control in America. Princeton,
NJ: Princeton University Press.
Tighter egulations for Buying Guns
The argument essay tighter regulations buying guns proposed. An requirements word file.
In the recent past, there have been mass shootings that have taken place in different states within the United States. These mass shootings have caused many innocent people to loose their lives, and this has led to the citizens and leaders pushing for stricter control for firearms. In 2012, there were three major shootings that prompted legislators to take action against gun control. The first was the Chardon High School shooting, where a student went on a rampage killing three students and injuring several other students. The second event was the Colorado Theater shooting. In this event, the shooter killed 12 people and injured 58 others. The final event took place in December 2012. The incident occurred at Sandy Hook Elementary School where the shooter killed six adult staff and twenty children. The…
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-gun-control/1612162.html >Dockins, Pamela. "Us Lawmakers Consider Tighter Rules for Gun Buyers." Washington, D.C., 2013. Voice Of America.
Moreover, the increase in firearm-related homicide within this age group occurred among all race-sex groups (Fatal). Rates of suicide by firearm were especially high among the elderly in the United States, and increases occurred in all race-sex groups except African-American females, for whom the number of suicides were too small to produce stable rates (Fatal).
The CDC report cautions that the surveillance data in this report are intended to familiarize public health practitioners, researchers, and policymakers concerning the problem of firearm-related deaths in the United States (Fatal). And although these data help to characterize the magnitude of the problem and identify groups at risk, there are still gaps in knowledge, thus current surveillance efforts need to be expanded to include information about nonfatal injuries (Fatal). Moreover, there needs to be a greater understanding of the causes of firearm deaths to identify modifiable individual and societal risk factors, thus, further research…
Case for Gun Control. Retrieved November 06, 2005 at http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~zj5j-gttl/guns.htm
Fatal Firearm Injuries in the United States, 1962-1994. Retrieved November 05 from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-res/firarmsu.htm
Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-97. Retrieved November 06, 2005 from U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Statistics Web site. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/fidc9397.htm
Firearms and Crime Statistics. Retrieved November 06, 2005 from U.S.
The government has no right turning a blind eye to criminals who possess arms, allowing innocent citizens to live unprotected in their own homes. It is far too late to restrict access to guns, anyway. The market has already opened its arms to criminals who have stashes of weapons. Those weapons aren't going anywhere and so American citizens must have unrestricted access to the weapons that can protect them from being killed by criminals.
Gun control also prevents objective education surrounding the proper use of guns. If young adults are taught how to properly store and use a firearm they are less likely to use them indiscriminately. espect for guns helps create a more educated, enlightened society instead of one that cowers in fear from the very thought of a weapon that has been around for centuries.
The original purpose of the Second Amendment was to empower the citizens of…
Agresti, J.A. (1999). "Gun Control. "Just Facts. Retrieved May 15, 2008 at http://www.justfacts.com/guncontrol.asp
Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Website retrieved May 15, 2008 at http://www.bradycampaign.org/
Gun Control." Almanac of Policy Issues.Retrieved May 15, 2008 at http://www.policyalmanac.org/crime/guns.shtml
National Rifle Association. Retrieved May 15, 2008 at http://www.nra.org/home.aspx
Payne, B. & Riedel, R. (2002). Gun control attitudes criminal justice student: differences
Provide APA-style citation of research article.
Payne, B. & Riedel, R. (2002). "Gun control attitudes and the criminal justice student: do differences exist?" College Student Journal. 36 (2): 3-14
What is the research question/objective?
The objective is to determine if there are different attitudes between criminal justice students and others regarding gun control.
What is the main hypothesis?
The hypothesis is that there will be a difference in attitudes, because criminal justice students can sometimes be more conservative than instructors and other students.
What is/are the main dependent variable(s) (outcome measure(s)) and how is it/are they measured? The main dependent variables are student attitudes towards gun control. It was measured by filling out questionairres opining students whether or not they were in favor of or against gun control measures
5. What is/are the main independent variable(s) and…
Firearms Legislation and Firearms-Related Violence in Europe
This paper examines the relationship between firearms legislation and gun-related violence across countries and regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education, culture, economic stability, political instability, and so on. No two countries are the same in terms of people, customs, traditions, ideals, and execution of the law. It is therefore important to better understand how culture plays a role in determining the effects of firearms-related violence in throughout Europe. This information…
The Second Amendment to the Constitution states, “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed,” (United States Constitution). Because few contemporary gun owners would describe themselves as being part of a “well regulated militia,” the relevance of the Second Amendment becomes increasingly spurious. Mass shootings, firearm accidents, and other gun-related deaths are disproportionately high in the United States, but assessing causality remains one of the greatest policy challenges of the last century. Gun control advocates claim that revising the Second Amendment would help to reduce the number, frequency, and severity of violent deaths and especially curb instances of mass shootings. On the other hand, gun control detractors claim that guns themselves are not the problem; that existing legislation already controls firearm ownership, and that the Second Amendment must remain sacrosanct in…