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Healthy People 2020
eview of Three Articles from Healthy People 2020
The goal of improved global health is to strengthen U.S. national security through global disease detection, response, prevention, and control strategies. Threats to health in one part of the world may have far reaching consequences that impact public health across the globe. The 2003 SAS epidemic and the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak are recent examples. Furthermore, improving the health of the global population promotes political stability, diplomacy, and economic growth worldwide.
The world and its economies are increasingly interdependent and international travel and commerce is becoming more prevalent. Expanding international trade introduces new health risks. A complex international distribution chain has resulted in potential international outbreaks due to food borne infections, poor quality pharmaceuticals, and contaminated consumer goods. Since the 1970s one or more new diseases have been identified annually. apid identification and control of emerging infectious…
The city has provided designated bright red bicycles for public use in the city in order to promote public transportation instead of driving. The rules are that they are not to go outside of certain street limits but can be picked up at any time, anywhere (means that if you leave it outside the barbershop, it may be gone when you return!). This direct support by government is not only a message but an action that can provide true results for the Healthy People 2010 goals.
Other local, public expectations of the program would be with a plethora of printed, visual, and audio messages. People need to be constantly reminded about something in order for it to be meaningful, especially if it requires such a drastic change of lifestyle. However, this also requires a serious effort at public and private industry to reach out to patients to show their dedication…
Healthy People 2020; Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity
The Healthy People 2020 initiative looks at a n umber of different health issues which face the American population and sets out some goals for improving the current health status of the nation. One of the topics is nutrition, physical activity and obesity.
The consumption of a healthy diet and a sufficient level of activity are for the maintenance of a healthy weight. A major issue in the use is an increasingly level of obesity; with problems leading this is a failure including the consumption of excessive calories, high intakes of saturated and trans fats as well as high intakes of other unhealthy inputs such as sugar, cholesterol, salt and alcohol (Healthy People, 2012). This is further aggravated by lower levels of physical activity to burn off the calories consumed, which leads to the body storing the energy and weight gain taking…
CDC, (2012), U.S. Obesity Trends, retrieved 5th April 2-12 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html
Faith MS, Kral TVE. (2006), "Social Environmental and Genetic Influences on Obesity and Obesity-Promoting Behaviors: Fostering Research Integration" In Hernandez LM, Blazer DG, (eds.), (2006), Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature/Nurture Debate. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (U.S.).
Healthy People, (2012), retrieved 6th April 2012 from
Healthy People program is an interesting system of discussing national goals and objectives on the physical health of our society. Although sponsored, by the Federal Government, there is a lot of informative data that this organization uses. The purpose of this essay is to examine the objective of physical activity as described by the Healthy People 2020 agenda. The essay will specifically view this objective through the demographic of those who are economically disadvantage, or poor.
According to the Healthy People website, " more than 80% of adults do not meet the guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. Similarly, more than 80% of adolescents do not do enough aerobic physical activity to meet the guidelines for youth. orking together to meet Healthy People 2020 targets via a multidisciplinary approach is critical to increasing the levels of physical activity and improving health in the United States." In other words, Americans'…
Healthy People 2020 and Tobacco Use
The Healthy People 2020 initiative provides a set of goals to improve the health of American citizens. The science-based goals set out ten-year targets to be achieved by 2020 across a wide range of health issues. One health issue included in the initiative is tobacco use with a target to reduced tobacco use to a "point that it is no longer a public health problem" (DHHS, 2012).
Over the last forty years there ahs been a wealth of research examining the health impacts associated with the use of tobacco, with tobacco use being cited as being the single most preventable cause of death in the United States (DHHS, 2012). Tobacco has a negative impact on those who smoke as well as those who do not smoke but are exposed to the second hand smoke. The health problems associated with tobacco use in cancer, heart…
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC), (2005), Annual smoking-attributable mortality, years of potential life lost, and economic costs -- United States, 1995 -- 1999, MMWR, 51(14), 300-3
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC), (2012), United States Cancer Statistics (USCS), retrieved 17th March 2012 from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/uscs/
Frieden, Joyce, (2004, June 15), Peer pressure likely to prompt tobacco use: behavior predictors studied, Family Practice News, p66
Guilfoyle, Jessica, (2011), Toll of Tobacco in the United States of America, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, retrieved 17th March 2012 from http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/research/factsheets/pdf/0072.pdf
Healthy People as a Roadmap to Nation's Health
The objective of this work is to select a health event and discuss the implications for nursing practice if you held each of Smith's concepts. This work will determine the media exposure of individual and community risk reduction activities and specify which determinants are the focuses of risk reduction measures. These measures will be analyzed for the potential for risk reduction in individuals, families, and communities. This work will further locate two relevant websites for each lifespan group and discuss the relevance of each website as well as examining the significance of Healthy People as a roadmap for the nation's health.
One of the goals of Healthy People is to "promote health and reduce chronic disease through the consumption of healthful diets and achievement and maintenance of healthy body weights." (Healthy People, 2011) This means that individuals will: (1) Consume a variety…
Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects both children and adolescents. This condition occurs when a child is above the normal weight for their age. The number of overweight children has dramatically increased over the recent years.it is approximated that ten percent of children who are aged between four and five years are over weight twice that twenty years ago. Obesity is more prevalent in girls as compared to boys and in preschoolers who are older ages 4-5 as compared to younger ages 2-3 years. Obesity increases more as the children grow older. For children aged between six and eleven years it is estimated that one in every five children is obese. Over the last two decades this number has doubled as the number has increased more that 50% (Department of Health, 2012). Childhood obesity is quite disturbing since the extra pounds are a beginning of…
American Heart Association, Inc., (2014). Preventing Childhood Obesity: Tips for Parents and Caretakers. Retrieved January 26, 2013 from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/HealthierKids/ChildhoodObesity/Preventing-Childhood-Obesity-Tips-for-Parents-and-Caretakers_aUCM_456118_Article.jsp
Department of Health, (2012). Preventing Childhood Obesity: Tips for Parents. Retrieved January 26, 2013 from https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/nutrition/resources/obparnts.htm
CDC's Healthy Community Program Success Story Worksheet (modified version)
Thank you for choosing to share your story! This worksheet will help you gather and organize information. As you read each question, imagine you are telling a friend about your program or strategy. What is the first thing you would tell them that answers the question?
Consider this a summary of your policy, system, or environmental change strategy that you'll reference later. Keep your answers short, no more than a sentence if you can.
Do you have a name for the policy, system, or environmental change strategy you're trying to implement?
What risk factors does it address?
It addresses misinformation among school children regarding tabacco use and its popularity by raising children's self-esteem to a high enough level that they overcome unhealthy peer pressure to smoke.
What kind of change are you trying to implement?
The goal is to reduce the…
1. Which of the 7 Areas of Responsibility were demonstrated in the project? Give examples. The areas are listed at http://www.nchec.org/credentialing/responsibilities/
This model primarily addresses the first area of responsibility. There was a defecit in education regarding tabacco awareness. Once addressed, the numbers of teen smokers began dropping.
Healthy People 2020
As a result, it is not stable to say that the balance of benefits and harms of routine use of supplements of vitamins a, C or E; multivitamins with folic acid; or antioxidant combinations for the prevention of cancer or cardiovascular disease (U.S. Preventive Services ask Force (USPSF).
From other evidence, it does not seem that the experiments of this article were not conducted long enough to prove its thesis because supplements do not help with cancer. If they were trying to prove supplements did not help, their testing would be valid. As it can be seen from other evidence, the objective can be proven false because other research prove tat their thesis cannot be accurate.
he Canadian ask Force on Preventive Health Care (CFPHC) concludes that there is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against the use of routine vitamin E supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease…
The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC) concludes that there is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against the use of routine vitamin E supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in the general population and in male smokers (Grade I recommendation) ("MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study," 2002 [I, good]; de Gaetano, 2001 [I, fair]; Virtamo et al., 1998 [I, fair]) (the role of vitamin E supplements in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer).
The most important outcome of the report will be greater recognition that it is time to concentrate on teaching nutrition, promoting regular physical activity, and strongly encouraging smoking cessation and particularly increasing outreach to women of racial and ethnic minorities. From there, although vitamin E is not a successful primary prevention strategy for women, one should not make the mistake of concluding that it will not turn out to be beneficial for men. There is the importance of recognizing biological differences between the sexes in cardiovascular research by providing valuable sex-specific data on primary prevention (Vitamin E May Not Prevent Heart Disease or Cancer in Healthy Women)
Despite the fact the objective was proven false, the article did make good points about women's health. "A total of 999 cardiovascular events were reported during the trial. For the composite outcome, vitamin E was associated with a nonsignificant 7% reduction in events. Vitamin E also had no significant effect on total rates of MI or stroke when each of these outcomes was examined individually. However, study subjects receiving vitamin E were 24% less likely to die from CVD, a significant difference attributable in large part to a reduction in sudden deaths and other CVD deaths besides MI and stroke.Vitamin E appeared to have a stronger effect in reducing the risk of cardiovascular death as the study progressed from years 6 to 10. Noncompliance did not appear to alter the study's main findings, nor did randomization to receive aspirin or placebo (Vitamin E May Not Prevent Heart Disease or Cancer in Healthy). Even though the article proves that vitamin E does not help to some degree, it can be concluded that further evidence needs to be provided in order to prove further prevention.
What do you think will be the most important new or expanded role for public health or health education in 2030 and beyond? Explain why.
The big thing, in my opinion, will be preventative care and lifestyle changes with a major focus needing to be on the poor. For example, the fight against obesity has largely been successful but it has been lagging, as I understand it, with the poor and the poor are often in a minority status such as black and Hispanic. That is one thing that ObamaCare did very well in that it helped with cancer screenings, physicals and so forth. There has also been a focus on pre-existing conditions…that is also good. However, it has to be recognized and realized that a lot of the conditions that cripple and kill so many Americans are entire preventable. Examples include many cancers, heart disease, diabetes and…
Resources and/or sources found through your own research.
To keep with the theme of the prior posts from the current group of responses and the Healthy People 2020 offerings, a few come to mind:
How to eat properly
How to eat properly if diabetic (either type)
How to prevent heart disease
The goal of Healthy People is to provide evidence-based health objectives and strategies to help empower Americans to make informed decisions. Healthy People is a program that emphasizes prevention, including lifestyle choices. The program also endeavors to eliminate disparities in health behavior and health outcomes, because risk factors are linked to issues like socio-economic class ("About Healthy People," 2012). Objectives are linked to public policy, too, as many of the health objectives pertain to improving community resources related to health such as improving public parks, boosting physical education in schools, and adding bicycle lanes in cities. Included in the Healthy People program are specific ten-year objectives to improve public and personal health in America.
The "Data" section of Healthy People 2020 is called Data2020. Data 2020 is an interactive tool designed to help people and health care professionals. The "Leading" section is for community leaders who wish to use…
ural Healthy People 2010 is a new initiative whose objectives include surveying local and state health leaders in rural areas. The intent of the survey is to identify "rural health priorities, synthesize available research and publications on these priorities, identify and describe models for practice and disseminate information to rural communities" (Gamm & Hutchinson, 2004). The rural healthy people project is focusing on developing practice models that rural health care communities can use to address problems and rural health priorities.
The project notes that many health challenges and public concerns exist within rural areas of the nations populations where more than 20% of the population resides (School ural Nursing, 2005). Further the project notes that many of the cultural, economic and social challenges facing the nation exist exclusively in rural settings. The project aims to recognize the unique needs of rural America and provide "illustrative solutions" for the conditions affecting…
Gamm, L. & Hutchison, L. (2004, Oct). "Rural healthy people 2010 - Evolving interactive practice." American Journal of Public Health, 94(10): 1711-1712. Available: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/content/abstract/94/10/1711
School of Rural Public Health. "Rural Healthy People 2010." Texas A& M. University
System Health Science Center, Available: http://www.srph.tamhsc.edu/centers/rhp2010/default.htm
Health Disparities in Healthy People 2020
For the last two decades now, one of the central goals of Healthy People has been on alleviating disparities. Healthy people 2000 focused on reducing health related disparities in the American population. The Healthy people 2020 mission defines health disparity as a health difference that has close links with socio-economic and environmental disadvantages. Such heath disparities negatively affect groups that face systematic obstacles because of their race, socio-economic stature, religion gender, age cognitive abilities, physical disability, geographic location, exclusive considerations, sexual orientation, or ethnic group (Anon., n.d.).
Maternal, Infant and Child Health
As in the case with adults, social and demographic forces, including the income that the family gets affects infant health, too. Physical and mental health dynamics of the caregiver and parent are also causal to the effects. acial-based disparities have been observed in both mortality and morbidity for children and mothers. This…
Anon., n.d. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. [Online]
Available at: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Disparities
[Accessed 27 August 2016].
Anon., n.d. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. [Online]
If a health outcome is perceived to higher or lower magnitude between populations, there exists a disparity. Imperatively, aspects such as age, race or ethnicity, disability, sexual identity, socioeconomic status, geographic location and sex are all contributing factors to a person’s ability to attain good health. In this case, the disparity selected is the obesity status of children. Notably, obesity is increasing at a significant rate across the globe and is in the present day approximated to be prevalent in more than 300 million people across the globe. In children today, obesity is the most prevalent metabolic and nutritional illness, whereas three decades ago this was barely seen. There are different ways in which members of this group may be disadvantaged with regard to health status. In accordance to Ahmad et al. (2010), childhood obesity can give rise to diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, liver disease, heart disease,…
People's Car Tata Nano
Financial, political and marketing/business commentators alike seem to agree that the Tata Nano, the planet's cheapest car, was a perfect match between an idea and a need when it was introduced -- or at least as a manufacturing idea. Making the smallest of small cars could happen because the timing was right for pairing just such an idea with the quickly emerging appreciation of frugal engineering innovations, or using sophisticated technologies and motivations to make a product that is affordable and helpful to the global economy and ecology. [1: "Stuck in low gear." The Economist. Aug. 20, 2011. http://www.economist.com/node/21526374 accessed January 15, 2012. ] [2: Sadanad Dhume. "Unloved at any speed." Foreign Policy. October 7, 2011. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/10/07/tata_nano_unloved_at_any_speed accessed January 15, 2012. ]
It was for this reason that the project came to life as quickly as it did. It seemed to be the perfect mix of…
When organizations align their goals and objectives with those of employees, workers soon also begin to realize how relevant their role is to the well-being of the organization as an entity.
The health and safety phenomenon is not likely to change, especially as more companies grow and enter the technological workforce, which now includes members from all parts of the globe. Diverse work practices and communications coincide with international programs committed to organizing health and safety programs for employees that want to balance work life and family life. Now that these changes are occurring, it is the job of the employee or worker to take advantage of them. This is especially true of preventive programs for citizens living in the United States where healthcare insurance may not be available for many members of the population in need.
Brett, J.M. & Drasgow, F. (2002) the psychology of work: Theoretically-based empirical…
Brett, J.M. & Drasgow, F. (2002) the psychology of work: Theoretically-based empirical research. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gunningham, N. & Johnstone, R. (1999) Regulating Workplace Safety: System and Sanctions. Oxford: University Press.
Murphy, L.R. & Cooper, C.L. (2000) Healthy and productive work: An international perspective. London: Taylor & Francis.
Takano, T. (2003) Healthy Cities and Urban Policy Research. London: Spon Press
People and Talent Management
Concepts of People Management and Talent Management.
People management and talent management go hand in hand. While people management is about hiring, retaining and managing all employees in an organization, talent management refers to the subgroup of attracting and retaining talented and highly skilled workers for the future needs of the organization. Armstrong (2006, p.3) has defined people management as, "a strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organization's most valued assets -- the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of its objectives." It includes the philosophies, strategies, practices and programs that have been developed to manage the people in an organization.
Davis (2007, p.3) defines talent management as, "the recruitment, development and retention of individuals who consistently deliver superior performance." From the above two definitions, it can be inferred that talent management is the policies and programs that…
Armstrong, Michael. 2006. A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. London: Kogan Page Publishers.
Davis, Tony. 2007. Talent Assessment: A new strategy for Talent Management. Burlington: Gower
Garrow, Valerie; Hirsh, Wendy. Winter 2008. Talent Management: Issues of Focus and Fit. Public Personnel Management. Vol 37(4). pp389-402.
Galagan, Pat. May 2008. Talent Management: What is it, Who owns it and why should you care? T+D. Vol 62(5). pp40-44
People Employed in the Nursing Profession:
As compared to nursing practices in the previous years, the profession is much different today with the expectation of ongoing change for the better of both patients and nurses. The nursing characteristics and values are considered to have begun at home because of the similarity with the traditional responsibilities of daughters, sisters, wives, and mothers. The traditional nursing role has usually incorporated humanistic support, nurture, comfort and caring (Limon, 2007). This role of traditional nursing care was mainly associated and related to physical maintenance and comfort. While women were the majority in the early development of the nursing profession, they were not the only people providing nursing services. Though they were the minority, men were also providers of nursing services especially through caring for their injured and sick comrades.
The development of the nursing profession to include the employment of various people has mainly…
Durham Region Local Training Board (2005), Nursing -- Many Faces, Many Places, Durham
Region Local Training Board, viewed 31 July 2011,
Limon, C (2007), The Nursing Profession: A Historical Perspective, SelfGrowth.com: The
Online Self-Improvement Community, viewed 31 July 2011,
Leaning does not only imply facts, but continual and fluid evolution of the brain. This is the identical process that the brain takes when improving itself and reducing aging. If the brain continues to receive stimuli and appropriate chemicals for energy, then it follows tat there will be increased brain function and activity. If the voltage, just as in a battery, becomes stronger, then activity increases. As the brain is continually stimulated, more building materials are produced that allow information to become part of our experience. Interestingly, the variety and frequency of certain exercise programs, in fact, "teach" the body at different rates. Using different intensities of movement, concerns of overeating, weight regulation, quality of life, and especially depression are mitigated (Douglas, 2009).
Finally, the healthcare and other market modifiers will need to change and evolve as the population ages. The global baby bust will change financial markets, investing, products,…
Aging Statistics. (2010, June 30). Retrieved from Administrator on Aging - U.S. Health & Human Services: http://www.aoa.gov/aoaroot/aging_statistics/index.aspx
Does Population Aging Affect Financial Markets? (2012). National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from: http://www.nber.org/bah/winter05/w10851.html
Dynamics of Population Aging in the Modern World. (2002, January). Retrieved from Longevity-Science.org: http://longevity-science.org/Population_Aging.htm
Family Caregivers: The Issues They Face Are Everyone's Concern. (2010). Capella University,
In 1911, Frederick Taylor wrote Principles of Scientific Management and Shop Management, and became the first to clearly introduce the study of people management. Taylor theorized that companies should identify the most efficient way to accomplish a job, train workers to complete each separate task in a specific way and provide equitable rewards for productivity improvements. Although Taylor is often criticized for his scientific approach that emphasized a strict division of labor and repetitive tasks, he is also commended for recognizing the need for cooperation between management and employees, fair rewards for positive work results and training programs. Over the past century, as increased globalization and technology has placed an emphasis on the acquisition of knowledge and a highly competitive customer-based service economy, a shift has occurred in organizations from task- to people-orientation. It is imperative for companies to meet the specific needs of their varied constituents --…
Amabile, Teresa M. And Steven J. Kramer (2007). Inner Work Life: Understanding the Subtext of Business Performance, Harvard Business Review, 85 (5), 72-83.
Archer, C.A. (2009) Different Path, A Different Result: A New Consciousness Model for Businesses. New York: I Universe.
Bensimon, E.M., Neumann, A., & Birnbaum, R. (1989). Making sense of administrative leadership: The "L" word in higher education. ASHE-ERIC Higher education report. Washington: The George Washington UniversityGeorge Washington University, at Washington, D.C.; coeducational; chartered 1821 as Columbian College (one of the first nonsectarian colleges), opened 1822, became a university in 1873, renamed 1904.
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Healthy Employee Pay Less for Insurance Premiums?
Statement of the Issue
The objective of this work is to examine whether the healthy employee should contribute less towards their health insurance premium than employees who are less healthy. Employers are more often offering wellness and health promotion programs focused on promoting good health among their employees and employee's families. Driving this movement is the rising cost of health insurance, as well as disability leave and sick leave benefits. Added to these cots are those associated with lost productivity due to employees being off from work. The position of this writer prior to examining this issue is that employers would benefit from reducing health insurance costs for employees who are healthy and who follow a good health program.
Background of the Issue
The position taken and supported in this work in writing is that immediate actions should be taken by expanding public…
Dowd, B.E. And Feldman, R. (1987) Voluntary Reduction in Health Insurance Coverage: A Theoretical Analysis. Eastern Economic Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1987), pp. 215-232
Casey, L. (2009) Incentives for Healthy Employees. The Health Council of the North Texas Region. 11 Jun 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.healthindustrycouncil.org/articles/incentives-for-healthy-employees.html
Molly French, MS, Shifting course of our nation's health, American Public Health Association April 2009. Retrieved from: www.apha.org
Appendix F -- Incentives for Healthy Behavior. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation - Office of Health Policy. Retrieved from: http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/blueprint/appendixf.shtml
Nutritional needs vary depending on people and rely on other aspects such as weaknesses of genetics, disease predisposition, diet, age, health state, work, nutrition imbalance, climate, daily activities and emotional activities. Exposure to physical and mental stress may ridiculously cause an increase in certain amounts of nutrients, which exceeds the daily-recommended intake. Poor health will deny people the freedom to work towards achieving their goals and so on. In case of any health disorder, this will interfere with the normal functioning of an individual. The people who are mostly around that individual will be affected. Many of the daily activities would be affected, and relationships will suffer a terrific deal (Brug & Oenema, 2009).
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan:…
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan: ABC-CLIO
Kristiansen, M. (2010). The role of values in the relation between gender and health behavior.
California: Learning EMEA
Healthy Behavior on the Healthcare System
Prepare initial statement. Understanding healthy behaviors U.S. health care system evolve make effective resources. How effectively solve problem; misuse health care dollars? How cost containment affected evolution delivery system health care U.
The effects of healthy behavior on the healthcare system
More than half of the money allocated for healthcare is misused. Giving patients defensive medicines or requesting they undertake unnecessary tests increase the amount of money spent in healthcare. There are inappropriate procedures that doctors or physicians request from the patients in order to provide a correct diagnosis Berwick & Hackbarth, 2012.
These procedures lead to the increase of health care costs and they are avoidable. Healthcare administration costs are exorbitant and account for 30% of the total bill given to a patient. The administration costs are included in the patient's final bill, and they have no option but to pay. Hospital administration…
Berwick, D.M., & Hackbarth, A.D. (2012). Eliminating waste in U.S. health care. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 307(14), 1513-1516.
Conklin, T.P. (2002). Health Care in the United States: An Evolving System. Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublshing, University of Michigan Library, 7(1).
Danaei, G., Ding, E.L., Mozaffarian, D., Taylor, B., Rehm, J., Murray, C.J., & Ezzati, M. (2009). The preventable causes of death in the United States: comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS medicine, 6(4), e1000058.
Satya-Murti, S. (2003). Health and Health Care 2010: The Forecast, the Challenge. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 290(6), 823-825.
people obey or disobey the law?
Many individuals are inclined to feel that the modern society is too rigid and controlling because of the numerous laws that have been imposed through the years. These people consider that humanity was meant to be free and that a free society would function much better than one that obliges its members to take on particular attitudes. However, the truth is that humans are probable to trigger chaos if they are not controlled by a solid system of legislations. This means that a healthy social order would have to understand and respect laws in order for people to be able to live in peace.
Although law is one of the principal tools that assisted mankind in experiencing progress, many communities in the contemporary society have differing understandings of particular laws. hile it might seem that the whole world can act in agreement with a…
Atkins Edmundson, William, "The Duty to Obey the Law: Selected Philosophical Readings," (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999 )
Morris, Stewart, "Do we have an obligation to obey the law?," Retrieved October 29, 2012, from the Stewart Morris Website: http://www.stewartmorris.com/essays/05runciman4.pdf
Tyler, Tom R., "Why People Obey the Law," (Princeton University Press, 17.04.2006)
"ARE HUMAN RIGHTS UNIVERSAL?," Retrieved October 29, 2012, from the Danish Institute for Human Rights Website: http://www.humanrights.dk/human+rights/history+and+documents/are+human+rights+universal-c7 -
Most American people are not actually doing this, however. Instead, it is mostly the corporations and large companies that are found throughout America. They work their way into other countries as well, and then they 'Americanize' them. While some countries tolerate this, and there are developing countries that are grateful for what America has done for them, most countries do not want others coming in and trying to change their way of life. The reason that they do things the way they do is because it works for them.
One of the most pervasive American companies when it comes to trying to change other countries is McDonalds. They move into any and every country that has the economic base to support them, and they build their restaurants everywhere. Most Americans love McDonalds, but the company is part of the American culture, and not all other cultures feel the same way…
Living a Healthy Lifestyle
It is feared that the current generation will be the first to be less, rather than more healthy than its parents' generation, thanks to the growing crisis of obesity and inactivity. A number of government websites exist specifically designed to promote a healthier lifestyle, most notably the White House's 'Let's Move' campaign. Let's Move is specifically devoted to preventing childhood obesity and provides a variety of resources for readers, including statistics on childhood obesity (it notes that in African-American and Hispanic communities as many as 40% of all children are overweight or obese); suggestions on how to pursue a healthier diet via links to other government websites, and suggestions for incorporating exercise into children's lives. There are also special offers like a contest for 'kid chefs' to submit healthy recipes.
What exactly constitutes a healthy diet is, of course, controversial. The USDA provides specific dietary guidelines…
Adult obesity. (2013). CDC. Retrieved from:
Calculate your BMI. (2014). NIH. Retrieved from:
An opportunity has been identified in a growing niche that has been largely untapped to date. The opportunity further can be described as being at a crossroads that exists where many factors come together in an intersection in which many social changes are present. The business model that is being proposed in this report consists of developing prepped meal service for seniors, where prepared, nutritionally-balanced meals are delivered to seniors who have trouble cooking for themselves, at a cost-effective price. The need for a sustainable food service model that focuses on meals that are easy to prepare, nutritionally-balanced, consistent with dietary requirements, and affordable is especially relevant to a vulnerable population like the elderly who, in many cases, has difficulty in maintaining a proper diet. The demand for such a service has quietly build a niche industry that is still developing.
There are many social factors that have been identified…
The final point is that others have to do whatever they are doing as all cults try to expand their numbers at the earliest opportunity. (the Cult Influence Tactics)
Another method of influence that comes on us is through frames and they are used for both good of the people or evil. The frames are manipulative to put individuals in a situation where they would find it very difficult to get out of. The frames are formed in a manner where they can not be determined easily as ordinary persons are too busy to realize that they are facing an issue which has been framed. The method of avoiding this is to remember that one has to make all decisions for oneself with full responsibility. One of the areas when this is used in convincing people to purchase some not needed items. To avoid this people have to ask themselves…
Ethics in Advertising." PONTIFICAL COUNCIL for SOCIAL COMMUNICATIONS. Retrieved at http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_councils/pccs/documents/rc_pc_pccs_doc_22021997_ethics-in-ad_en.html . Accessed on 23 May, 2005
Frame Defense." Retrieved at http://www.workingpsychology.com/frdefens.html . Accessed on 23 May, 2005
The Cult Influence Tactics." Retrieved at http://www.workingpsychology.com/cultdef.html . Accessed on 23 May, 2005
Also, there have been cases of people having a life that they have only dreamed of in the past because they have experienced considerable weight losses. (Evening Chronicle)
Even though most people are not aware of it, obesity is one of the most dangerous problems they face. Obesity is surpassed only by smoking when considering the main cause of death worldwide. One of the most disastrous diseases that overweight can lead to is diabetes. This is obvious through the fact that most people that have diabetes are usually overweight. (Mark Kimathi)
Overweight problems are certainly underestimated, with people believing that there is nothing wrong with a few extra pounds. In reality, overweight has terrible consequences on the human body. Among numerous other diseases, overweight people face the risk of developing various forms of cancer. All in all, overweight can lead to a lot of life-threatening affections, and, among the only…
1. Hamilton, Linda. "Appearance and Health: A Sensible Approach to Weight Loss." Dance Magazine, Vol. 71, November 1997.
2. Kimathi, Mark. (2006). "8 Reasons to Lose Weight Now." Retrieved May 5, 2009, from Ezine Articles Web site: http://ezinearticles.com/?8-Reasons-to-Lose-Weight-Now&id=169909
3. Papazian, Ruth. "Should You Go on a Diet?." FDA Consumer, Vol. 27, September 1993.
4. "We'll Pay You to Lose Weight." The Daily Mail (London, England), January 24, 2008.
The study will also be important to those in the future, because scientists have not yet found ways to cure these chronic illnesses or correct some of these problems that are seen today, and therefore it stands to reason that there will be more people in the future who will have to face the same problems as those with chronic illnesses and traumatic injuries today.
Scope of the Study
The scope of the study is relatively large, simply because there has been a great deal written about chronic illness and injuries from the perspective of the physician and from the perspective of the patient. Both sides are important, although the focus here will remain largely on the patient perspective. Because there are so many people today that suffer from a chronic illness or traumatic injury, much study has been done about these individuals. Despite these studies, however, not a lot…
Anderson, B.L. (2002). Biobehavioral Outcomes Following Psychological Interventions for Cancer Patients. Journal of Counsulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(3), 590-610.
Brannon, L., & Fiest, J. (2004). Health Psychology: Vol.. An Introduction to Behavior and Health (Fifth ed.) Belmont CA: Thompson/Wadsworth.
DiMatteo, M. (2004). Social Support and Patient Adherence to Medical treatment: A Meta- analysis. Health Psychology, 23(2), 207-218.
Eitel, P., Hatchett, L., Friend, R., Griffin, K.W., & Wadhwa, N.K. (1995). Burden of Self-Care in Seriously Ill Patients Impact on Adjustment. Health Psychology, 14(5), 457-463.
Sixty-five-year-old Sara shows that she love participation in activities that keep her in an active lifestyle some parts of the year -- in the warm months. It's a wonderful pastime for an older person to work in the garden, be outside, mowing the grass and keeping her yard neat. But because her doctor knows how inactive she is during the cold months, her health is at risk, and clearly, there needs to be a change in her habits and her daily routines.
Theory of Planned Behavior
Icek Ajzen, the person who devised the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), writes that there are three basic kinds of considerations when it comes to human behavior: a) beliefs "about the likely outcomes of the behavior and the evaluations of these outcomes" (these are behavioral beliefs); b) beliefs about "the normative expectations of others and motivation to comply with these expectations" (normative…
Ajzen, I. (2006). Behavioral Interventions Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. Theory of Planned Behavior. Retrieved February 20, 2017, from http://www.people.umass.edu .
People Mistrust Marketers
Why do people mistrust marketers?
Societies are composed of people and like the health of body depend on healthy cells and the strength of wall comes from the strong bricks, society is as prosperous and educated as its individuals are. The economies today are living in a much challenging state than ever before because the population is growing and there is scarcity of resources. Thus it is very vital to live and find ways in which people can live better lives. One such self-sustaining tool that helps individuals stabilize financially is education. Education offers skills and knowledge and is required to perform a job thus it ensures productivity of economic development. Particularly in the countries where the rate of literacy is low, there exists a huge margin for growth and development. There are people that can get education and increase the performance of system. Yet, this is…
Chattopadhyay, S., (2012), "Education and Economics Disciplinary Evolution and Policy
Discourse," Oxford University Press
Externalities -- The Economic Lowdown Podcast Series, (2013), Retrieved from:
Healthy People 2020
The author of this report is asked to offer a brief summary of the role of a community nurse and the interventions that are meant to meet or exceed the four main goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative. For each of the four main goals, the author of this report will describe at least one intervention that meets the goal in question. After that, the author will offer an example of an intervention that is already in full swing in the community of the author. While the goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative are lofty and far-reaching, they are noble and just goals and should be achieved in any reasonable and ethical way possible.
The first goal of the Healthy People 2020 initiative is to "attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death" (Healthy People 2020, 2015). Of course, the…
Brown, E., & Shapiro, T. (2015). Schools face new challenges as poverty grows in inner suburbs. Washington Post. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/as-poverty-shifts-to-the-suburbs-schools-face-new-challenges/2015/02/27/e1900cd4-bdef-11e4-8668-4e7ba8439ca6_story.html
CDC. (2015). CDC | Aging | Healthy Aging for Older Adults. CDC.gov. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/aging/index.html
Healthcare.gov. (2015). Where to Receive Low Cost Health Care in Your Community. HealthCare.gov. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from https://www.healthcare.gov/lower-costs/low-cost-community-care/
Healthy People 2020. (2015). Healthy People 2020. Healthypeople.gov. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/
people join fraternities and sororities, and do others not?
You may be a fresher in college or a student who has got transfer. Certainly you have taken up the college to attain a degree. Also you may be in search of some work to perform with all the leisure time you possess when you just are not doing anything in the class. There are umpteen groups of particular interest situated in the campus. You can enroll in one of these to enhance your extracurricular activities or render something for a valuable cause. It is recurrently convenient to make a decision about which group of particular interest you want to enroll in. But we see that the chosen lot of college students challenges the viability of joining a brotherhood group or sisterhood campaign. Each and every person has their own cause to enroll in or turn down these sororities or fraternities.…
Advantages of Being Greek" Retrieved at http://studentlife.tamu.edu/greek/Information/advantages.htm . Accessed on 12/02/2003
Parent's Guide to Greek Life" University Union and Student Centre: Clemson University. Retrieved at http://union.clemson.edu/sa/greek_life/parents_guide.asp. Accessed on 12/02/2003
Boan, Cliff. "In Praise of Greek Organizations." The Retriever - Opinion October 30, 2001
Retrieved from www.trw.umbc.edu/. Accessed on 12/02/2003
As mentioned in the Market Needs topic, many people are heading for restaurants that offer fast food at a slightly higher price, but at a much higher quality, and delivered by employees who do not feel degraded or otherwise fatalistic about their role at work. While the latter issue may be debated by intellectuals in management school courses or readers of the current bestselling book, "Fast Food Nation," the fact remains that American society will continue to want more for less.
The meals range from $4.50 to $11.00 and can be served with extra carbs if ordered by the customer.
The promotion of the company will occur primarily on the internet to compliment the word of mouth marketing campaign. This will allow us to focus on our specific benefits that are sought by our base. For example, personalized portion control, custom meal plans, and the ability to gain…
J Health Care Mark. 1993 Fall;13(3):18-25.Identifying the health conscious consumer. Kraft FB, Goodell PW.W. Frank Barton School of Business, Wichita State University, KS.
Annexure 1: Questionnaire for Cluster Analysis
1. What criteria do you have for food that you eat?
2. What criteria do use to determine what restaurant you should eat at?
Producing a Healthier iscuit: Evidence for Adding Dietary Fiber
The importance of fiber
One common way to improve the health profile of baked goods is to add fiber, usually in the form of whole grain products vs. refined white flour. It is important to note when developing the nutritional profile of the proposed biscuit that not all types of fiber are created equal. There are two basic kinds of fiber: soluble and insoluble. The main difference between the two is that "soluble fiber dissolves in water. Insoluble fiber does not" (Zelman 2012). Soluble fiber attracts water and contributes to the body's sense of fullness, making dieting easier for many people. Insoluble fiber passes through the body undigested and thus is important for regular bowel movements. Oatmeal is a good source of soluble fiber; whole wheat is a good source of insoluble fiber and both could be tasty additions to a…
Brock, K.E., Ke, L., Gridley, G., Chiu, B.C. -., Ershow, A.G., Lynch, C.F., . . . Cantor, K.
2012. Fruit, vegetables, fiber and micronutrients and risk of U.S. renal cell carcinoma. The British Journal of Nutrition, 108(6), 1077-1085
Dietary fiber. 2012. Report by the Australian Ministry of Health. Available:
http://www.nrv.gov.au/nutrients/dietary%20fibre.htm [9 Jan 2012]
Efforts to Achieve Healthy Aging
Institute of Chinese Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSA.
Abstract: Longevity is a blessing as long as good health is not lost. However, the tendency to have a decline on normal physiological activities is inevitable because of the natural processes of degeneration at all levels: molecular, cellular and organic. Hence, the elderly people frequently suffer from cardiovascular problems and skeletal deteriorations that gradually develop to disabilities. Awareness of factors leading to unhealthy aging has led to the formation of different professional groups that aim at the maintenance of health of aging community. The approach tends to be target orientated for the European and US groups, aiming at hormonal replacements and detoxification. In contrast, the oriental groups have been keeping their traditional belief of prevention and internal balance, using nutritional arrangements and non-strenuous exercise as means of maintaining health.
Keywords: chinese medicine,…
Abreu, M.T., Fukata, M. and Arditi, M. 2005. T.L.R. Signalling in the gut
in Health and Disease. J. Immunol., 174(8):4453 - 60.
Benno, Y., Shiragami, N., Uchida, K. et al. 1986. Effect of Moxalactum on Human Fecal Microflora. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.,
29(1):175 - 8.
Buckwalter, J.A., Heckman, J.D. and Petrie, D.P. 2003. Aging of the North American Population: New challenges for orthopaedics. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am., 85-A(4):748 - 58.
Census and Statistics Department, The Government of Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region. 2007. Style Guide [online]. Accessed 23 June
2008. URL: http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/hongkongstatistics/
Healthy People 2020' initiative (HP2020) greatly emphasizes social health determinants, health inequity factors, and income and educational goals. Further, it adopts a broader perspective of the health effects of natural and manmade environments. The National Prevention and Health Promotion Council, by building on this initiative, offers a new means to implement a government-wide 'health in every policy' approach. Several NPS (National Prevention Strategy) interventions will extend across sectors and departments, influencing various health results (Fielding, Teutsch, & Koh, 2012). Numerous HIV / AIDS-linked clinical characteristics may be attributed to the intense immune deficiency developing among infected individuals. Immune system breakdown by the human immune virus causes opportunistic infection, and greater vulnerability to malignancy and autoimmune diseases. Moreover, there may be HIV-connected disease manifestations; for instance, in the course of the primary ailment surfacing within a few weeks after the individual's first HIV exposure, clinical signs are seen in about half…
Alzheimer Healthy Community
PLANNED, PERSONALIZED CARE
Alzheimer's Healthy Community
Dog-Assisted Therapy for Older People with Dementia
A review of nine studies on the subject produced loose conclusions on the value of this type of therapy (Perkins et al., 2008). They, however, established a trend, indicating increased social behavior and decreased agitation when dogs were in the company of the respondents. This improvement in social behavior was unrelated with the severity of the respondents' dementia. Six of the 9 studies were conducted in the U.S.A., 2 in Japan and 1 in Australia on 28 respondents, all with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or dementia (Perkins et al.).
The behavioral and psychological symptoms of this ailment not only cause the afflicted individuals much pain but also put them at risk of physical harm (Perkins et al., 2008). Animal-assisted therapy, on the other hand, has shown positive effects over pro-social behavior and the…
Cevizci, S. et al. (2013). Animal-assisted therapy and activities in Alzheimer's Disease.
Chapter 12. "Understanding Alzheimer's Disease," InTech:Canakkale Onsekiz Mart
Hung, J, (2012). A study on the establishment and evaluation of adult day care service centers. Vol. 6 # 5, Global Journal of Business Research: Chao-yang University of Technology.
Iecovich, E. And Biderman, A. (2013). Attendance in adult day care centers of cognitively intact older persons: reasons for use and nonuse. Journal of Applied Gerontology:
The way Covey presents meditation makes an otherwise daunting practice seem approachable and doable. The author frames meditation as being another form of exercise, balance, and self-renewal, not as something reserved for mystics and yogis. After reading the chapter, it is easy to see how and why meditation can be incorporated into a regular regime of self-improvement. Not being so familiar with practicing meditation, I realized that the act involves little more than self-discipline, which is in itself a valuable habit to cultivate.
The next essential component of sharpening the saw is to develop healthy interpersonal relationships. I found this portion of Covey's chapter to be the most inspiring of all of them because how difficult interpersonal relationships can be. To sharpen the saw in the social arena, we need to reexamine some of Covey's other principles, mainly being proactive in our conversations and interactions. For example, instead of arguing…
They have grandparents who visit them during the holidays. However, for the most part family members deal with their problems as individuals, not as a family unit.
Information provided by the family is an important source of information about the family. However, one cannot ignore outside sources of information as well. For instance, the worker may contact the school, neighbors, or others who are involved with the family to examine factors that may influence the current situation. The assessment plan will involve contacting the school to find out about Conrad's performance in terms of grades, attendance and overall performance.
The case of the Jarretts is complex, with many individual goals that must be completed on the way to resolution of the systemic problems. In this case, the identified patient is Conrad, as he was the one who tried to commit suicide. The goal of family therapy is the…
Bowen Center for the Study of the Family. (2010). Bowen Theory. Retrieved April 13, 2010
Missouri Department of Social Services. (2007). Child Welfare Manual. Retrieved April 13,
2010 from http://www.dss.mo.gov/cd/info/cwmanual/section7/ch1_33/sec7ch25.htm
Managing People -- Wal-Mart
Summary of the Company and Facts
Wal-Mart is among many multi-national retail businesses that are well-known. It runs chains of large discount department stores and warehouses all over the world though it's an American multinational retailer corporation. It is also the biggest private employer in the world, to employ such a big number of workers can be very challenging and hence the employee relationship with the management requires thorough evaluation. With corporations such as Wal-Mart always chasing to grow higher and getting better returns come with the temptations to go really wrong in many ways. Wal-Mart does a lot right; it has expanded its productivity by being more efficient and leaner when compared to many companies. Shoppers accrue a lot of benefits from the expansion of Wal-Mart. Like all this retail businesses the employees in Wal-Mart are given low wages, they work on part-time conditions…
Ludensky, A. (2008).Wal-mart's Labor problem. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://campusprogress.org/articles/wal-marts_labor_problem
Cherry, K. (2009).Hierarchy of needs. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/hierarchyneeds.htm
Unlimited marketing. (2012). Walmart Workers For Change.Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://www.walmartworkersforchange.org/2012/08/walmart-works-to-empower-women/
DE-DE Group LLC (2012). Wal-Mart Workers on Strike. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from https://www.thunderclap.it/projects/653-walmart-workers-on-strike
Environment is something all people and all cultures share. Nature knows no international boundaries or religions. On the contrary, nature is the universal constant binding people together. A healthy relationship with the environment can promote intercultural dialogue and cross-cultural communication because of the universal need for and appreciation of nature. Nature is "healing," and it impacts human well-being (University of Minnesota). Although individuals and societies will have different attitudes, beliefs, and goals related to environmental stewardship, it is possible to discover shared values and work towards a new vision for the future.
Individuals and communities have responsibilities to protect, serve, and conserve the environment. As individuals change their attitudes toward nature, each person can work towards shifting social norms related to consumerism, materialism, and overconsumption. Likewise, individuals can alter their relationship with nature by promoting appreciation and affection for the beauty in all things. As the Canadian Conference of Catholic…
Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. Our relationship with the environment: The need for conversion. Retrieved online: http://www.cccb.ca/site/images/stories/pdf/enviro_eng.pdf
University of Minnesota. What is our relationship with nature? 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/enhance-your-well-being/environment/nature-and-us/what-our-relationship-nature-0
Psychological Movie Interpretation: Ordinary People
On the surface, the movie Ordinary People is a movie about loss. It focuses on a family that is recovering from the death of its oldest son. The older son, Buck, and the younger son, Conrad, are portrayed as stereotypical golden boys, with lifetimes full of promise ahead of them. Both boys are strong swimmers on the swim team, however, while out together, without any parents, on a boat, they get into a boating accident. Buck is unable to save himself. Perhaps more significantly, Conrad is unable to save Buck. Conrad spirals into a significant depression and attempts to commit suicide. He is hospitalized in a mental institution because of his suicide attempt. The movie opens after Conrad returns home from the mental hospital and focuses on Conrad's attempts to reintegrate into his family and his suburban environment. Conrad's father, Calvin, is distraught about Buck's…
Cherry, K. (2013). Erikson's psychosocial stages summary chart. Retrieved October 15, 2013
from About.com website: http://psychology.about.com/library/bl_psychosocial_summary.htm
Erikson, E. (1994). Identity and the life cycle. New York, W.W. Norton & Company.
Harder, A. (2012). The developmental stages of Erik Erikson. Retrieved October 15, 2013
In order to avoid that for this study, reliability of the EFPT was measured through trained raters who rated participants. How they were rated by the EFPT and by the other raters were then compared.
7.Define validity. How was validity of the instruments assessed in this study?
In order to determine whether the instrument was valid, there was construct validity and criterion validity that had to be tested. Construct validity is requiring a test to be able to distinguish between people who have and who do not have a known trait. This was assessed by determining whether the EFPT was able to distinguish people based on their level of stroke. Criterion validity was determined by comparing the EFPT scores with a lot of scores that were established for these same patients on neuropsychological tests.
8.Summarize Table 1.
Table one offered demographic information as well as information regarding how well the…
Baum et. al. (2008). Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility of the Executive Function Performance Test: A Measure of Executive Function in a Sample of People With Stroke
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 62 (4), 446. Retrieved August 29, 2008 from Proquest.
Doing so would ensure that there is a firm basis and grounds for interaction between the individual and the corporate environments.
It would also greatly behoove such a discipleship to allow a degree of liberty within bounds -- Mitchell calls it "allowing humankind to exercise choice and will" while simultaneously "restricting the options to maintain order"(6) -- in which both the individual contexts and the corporate contexts would operate. An example of this idea would be encouraging leaders of respective components of the ministry to conceive of and facilitate their own methods of disseminating their pedagogy to their students, while having one or two key individuals monitor their progress and gauge it against the feedback of those students. Lastly, the logistical work of administrative duties must also be ensured, such as the organization of files and the proper registering of students, all of which would merely aid in the overall…
Encarnacion, Roberto. Job Design. No date. [Online]. Available from http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/arossett/pie/Interventions/jobdesign_2.htm. 26 November 2011.
Mitchell, Dr. Michael R. Leading, Teaching And Making Disciples: World-Class Christian Education in the Church, School and Home. Bloomington: Crossbooks Publishing, 2010.
No Author. Job Design. 2002. [Online]. Available from http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/job_design.html 26 November 2011.
No author. Acts 4:13. No date. [Online]. Available from http://www.esvbible.org/search/Acts+4%3A+13/ . 26 November 2011.
abits of ighly Effective People Stephen R. Covey analyzes the deep-rooted character traits that define a genuinely successful human being. As opposed to the personality ethic, which consists of superficial manipulative motives and offers only short-term success, Covey investigates the character ethic -- a paradigm of living which ensures long-term success by forcing a person to live by universal, enduring principles of goodness which cannot be faked.
abit 1: Be Proactive
"Between stimulus and response, man has the freedom to choose."
This is Covey's way of summarizing the human ability to choose how they will respond to life's challenges; an ability that is uniquely human. While other creatures are truly slaves to genetics, upbringing, and environment, human beings have the amazing capacity for self-awareness. This means we have an incredible amount of control over our own destinies; we can take a step back from ourselves and decide how we want…
Habit 7: Sharpen the Saw
Unless you take care of yourself by working continually to renew your physical, spiritual, mental, and social/emotional health, you cannot hope to maintain success as a principle-centered person. The foundation of a successful life is good health and positive energy; upon this foundation the other 6 habits can be built. Physical health is established and maintained through proper nutrition, regular exercise, and effective stress-management techniques. Stress-management generally goes hand in hand with spiritual health -- an appreciation for "timeless truths" about life that inspire and uplift. A healthy spirituality keeps you on the high road, focused on the universal ethical principles necessary to guide your life toward enduring success. Spiritual renewal can be gleaned from prayer, meditation, nature, books, or meaningful time spent with loved ones. Mental health does not refer to avoiding mental illness, but to keeping the mind supple and toned through regular exercise. It means choosing to view every day as a day for learning and growing mentally, for choosing to read a book and ask questions rather than passively watching television. Finally, we can support and strengthen our emotional/social health by engaging in meaningful, empathic connections with other people that reinforce our personal security. By allowing us to put our ethical principles into practice, these interactions are the great teachers of life -- the human connections that transform our rough ideas about ethics into finely carved gems of timeless truth. Only when we are secure enough to confront challenging relationships and awkward social situations can we begin to take great strides toward building a character of strength and integrity.
Covey, S.R. (1989). The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. New York: Free Press.
Rogers saw all people as unique and basically good individuals. Everyone is trying to be the best for the society as a whole. It was only when they were unhealthy or mentally ill that these people did terrible things, such as criminal acts. Rogers thus assumed that all mentally healthy human beings, like all living beings, are motivated to develop and to put their efforts toward optimal health. This mandates that people have to be strong and resilient when confronted with challenges. Yet, Rogers admitted, such a resiliency typically develops from the nurturance of others. Thus, if someone is mentally ill, it is more than important to treat this person with kindness. This will help the person get better.
Therapists, therefore, need to value their clients in a positive manner, regardless of their behaviors, or what is called self-actualization. This self-actualization is strengthened by three important factors: Empathy, congruence and…
Managing People. Module 5 Managing developing teams Module 6 Managing Performance. Develop a -page scenario a work team familiar. Describe work team organisational context operates. Include appendix.
Managing and developing teams and managing for performance when creating a new corporate software training manual
The Bruce Tuckman model of team development
Managing and developing teams and managing for performance when creating a new corporate software training manual
In my past place of employment (which will be known as company X), the members of the IT staff and members of other departments were forced to collaborate on a joint effort to create a corporate manual to explain the company's new computer operating system to all employees. Proper safety Internet 'hygiene;' dealing with the operating system on a daily basis, and orienting workers to the various new applications were all to be described. In other words, effective communication was…
Bacal, R (1999). Performance management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Chapman, A. (2013). Bruce Tuckman. Business Balls. Retrieved:
Cleland, D.I. (1996). Strategic management of teams. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Local Health Policy: Philadelphia
In the article by Brownson, et al., the authors assert that environmental changes and certain policy interventions can have a positive impact in terms of reducing the incidence of chronic disease in a community. The authors go on to explain how interventions and environmental policies in a community can "…provide opportunities, support, and cues to help people develop healthier behaviors" (Brownson, et al., 2005, p. 17.2). This article also posits that pursuing a healthier environment benefits everyone in the community, which is a policy that makes sense from a public health standpoint because "changing the behavior of one person at a time" is short-sighted (Brownson, 17.2). Among the interventions that Brownson reviews are: a) tobacco use reduction (through clean air laws; taxes; restriction of availability); b) advertising; and education; c) better access to fitness facilities and school-based physical education programs; d) encouraging healthy eating in schools…
Brownson, R.C., Haire-Joshu, D., and Luke, D.A. (2005). Shaping the Context of Health: A
Review of Environmental and Policy Approaches in the Prevention of Chronic Diseases.
Annual Review of Public Health, Vol. 27, 17.1-17.30.
Get Healthy Philly. (2013). Annual Report for 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2014, from http://www.phila.gov .
ecord the suggested serving numbers to give quantitative values to the categories you will build your diet around.
The diet will be built around eating more fruits and vegetables in comparison to other categories. The most notable include: carbohydrates, fast, dairy / proteins and sweets. At the same time, it is imperative to engage in some form of daily exercise lasting from 30 to 60 minutes. The different serving sizes are: unlimited amounts of fruits / vegetables, 4 to 8 servings of carbohydrates, 3 to 7 servings of protein / dairy, 3 to 5 servings of fat and under 75 calories of sweets. ("Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid," 2014)
In Blackboard in your assignment text box, list the pyramid categories in this order: Vegetables, Fruits, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats and Sweets (also listing your serving numbers beside each category).
Vegetables: unlimited with a minimum of 4 servings daily.
Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid. (2014). Mayo Clinic.org. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/multimedia/mayo-clinic-healthy-weight-pyramid/img-20008111
Holly Bible New International Version. (2007). Lebanon, TN: The Gideon's.
Emotionally Healthy Church is a book about the importance of emotionally intelligent church leadership. A healthy Church depends on strong leaders who can introduce the congregation to Biblical principles and serve as role models in the community. Being disconnected with the emotional side of life is an unfortunate by-product of the modern world. Genuine discipleship involves a recognition and appreciation of the emotional components of spirituality. Emotional intelligence involves more than just empathy. It involves self-awareness as a pastor or church leader, with the express goal of eliminating sin and enhancing the power of prayer.
In The Emotionally Healthy Church, Scazzero (2010) provides an overview of why emotional health is important in a church, its leadership, and in a Christian community. The author also offers an emotional and spiritual inventory that can be used for church leaders to assess their current state, which can be useful in recognizing weaknesses and…
Scazzero, P. (2010). The Emotionally Healthy Church. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
ECIG and Healthy/Unhealthy Vaporizers
Electronic Cigarettes Internal Group (ECIG) is a business that manufactures and sells vaporizers and electronic cigarettes, which groups in the U.S. have labeled as harmful to health (even though the scientific board under the direction of the U.K. government has identified them as 95% healthier than traditional tobacco cigarettes) (Public Health England, 2015). ECIG, nonetheless, markets its "unhealthy" products by actually promoting them as a healthy alternative to traditional cigarettes and cites the U.K. study as a reason to switch from tobacco to e-liquids. Essentially, ECIG markets itself as a way to help tobacco smokers quit their habit.
The ethical dilemma associated with the production and distribution of e-cigarettes and vaporizers is the question of whether they are as harmful for one as traditional tobacco cigarettes (or whether they are even harmful at all). Critics of the product argue that they are (oloff, 2015), but there…
Gwynn, S. (2015). Great VIP Giveaway to see 10,000 e-cigarettes handed out. The Grocer. Retrieved from http://www.thegrocer.co.uk/buying-and-supplying/marketing/great-vip-giveaway-to-see-10000-e-cigarettes-handed-out/529168.article
Public Health England. (2015). E-cigarettes around 95% less harmful than tobacco estimates landmark review. Gov.uk. Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/news/e-cigarettes-around-95-less-harmful-than-tobacco-estimates-landmark-review
Roloff, J. (2015). The dangers of vaping: teens are falling for flavored e-cigs, but the vapors they inhale may be toxic. Science News, 188(1): 18-21.
Judicial independence is vital to a healthy society. Agree or disagree and discuss with particular reference to the judiciary system in Australia.
I agree with this statement. The reason why is because history is full of examples showing how judicial independence improves the overall amounts of: transparency and personal freedoms in society. This is because, an independent judiciary is providing a way of giving ordinary citizens the ability have their issues addressed. Once this takes place, it means that the rule of law can begin to function effectively, due to the fact that everyone feels that they will be treated fairly by the court system.
In those nations where the judiciary is often run by the government itself, this means that the citizens have less personal freedom. The reason why is because, the close relationship between these branches will give one more dominance over the others. Once this takes place,…
Australia is the 8th Least Corrupt Country. (2009). ABC. Retrieved from: http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/18/2745801.htm '
The Australian Legal System. (2011). Treasury. Retrieved from: http://www.treasury.gov.au/documents/1197/HTML/docshell.asp?URL=Preconditions-03.asp
The Courts. (2011). EMA. Retrieved from: http://www.ema.gov.au/www/agd/agd.nsf/Page/Legalsystemandjustice_TheCourts
The Duty owed to the Court. (2006). Supreme Court of Victoria. Retrieved from: http://www.supremecourt.vic.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/justlib/Supreme+Court/resources/3/c/3c87ba8045ff93b8bc85bf3676cca658/Chief+Justice+QLD+Bar+Assoc.pdf
Preventing Falls: A Program to Address Elderly Falls Using the Strategy of Education
The goal of this program is to prevent elderly persons from experiencing falls, which can have severe impacts on their health. Falls are one of the most dangerous experiences an elderly person can suffer (Owen, 1985) and so it is important not only for them to be aware of the dangers around them but also for others who care for them or who know them to be aware of how we could help to prevent falls (American Institute of Architects Foundation, 1986). The main goal of this program, therefore, is to spread knowledge and education about elderly fall risks and to adopt preventative measures that can be adopted both by the elderly and by their caretakers, children, neighbors, friends, loved ones -- in short, anyone who comes into contact with them and cares to help them avoid…
Al-Faisal, W. (2006). Falls Prevention for Older Persons. Eastern Mediterranean
Regional Review. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ageing/projects/EMRO.pdf
American Institute of Architects Foundation. (1986). Design for Aging: An Architect's
Guide. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Architects Press.
Dove Case Study
The author of this report has been asked to assess and review the Harvard Business Review case study that pertains to the emergence of marketing and message therein that counteract the "beauty is everything" paradigm that pervades so much of the cosmetic, clothes and other industries that in any way center on the beauty and appearance of women. Indeed, women are in many ways pressured or even bullied to fit into a certain "box" when it comes to the appearance and the efforts they engage in relating to the same. The HBR review talks about the efforts of companies like Dove to beat back such shallow and incendiary rhetoric that is used as a vehicle to sell beauty products. While beauty is something that society currently fixates on to a great degree, Dove and other corporate entities are making an effort (and they should) to change the…
Although I fully support the concept of a certain amount of family nudity at home, I do have my reservations regarding unrestrained "social" nudity whereby people practice a "nudist lifestyle" in the company of others, such as at beaches, clubs, or gatherings outside the privacy of their homes. The reason why I support "at home nudism" is because I am convinced about its positive effects on the normal development of children. I do not consider "Social Nudity" appropriate because I believe that it does not serve any useful purpose apart from enabling the "nudists" to make a political statement about their beliefs. Such public display of nudity also tends to create a backlash against more moderate forms of family nudity and gives credence to the view about nudists being "odd."
Peckenpaugh, William D. (1999). "Familial and societal attitudes toward nudity, and the effects on children's development." [Available Online] Accessed…
Peckenpaugh, William D. (1999). "Familial and societal attitudes toward nudity, and the effects on children's development." [Available Online] Accessed on October 3, 2004 at http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/2516/familial_attitudes.html
Study conducted by Robin Lewis and Louis Janda (1988) among others
A nutrition who views evaluating a person's nutritional health the way a builder would build a bridge - doing one's job and then leaving for the next client - is unlikely to have any real impact on a person's health.
Because people are such complex individuals, nutritionists must understand people well. For a person to follow a nutritionist's advice, he or she must be able to make a compelling case for the dietary changes recommended. The nutritionist must also be personable and able to talk to others in a way that is supportive. It will be an ongoing process for most people to take dietary advice and translate it into changes in eating behavior. So, in addition to a solid background in nutrition, a nutritionist must be an excellent communicator who is willing to work with a person over time. This will support the kinds of permanent dietary changes that…
In recent times, people have become more conscious of their health and they are choosing products that are healthy such as organic products. This has also been the case when it comes to organic wines. These wines improve the health of soil and vines at the same time improving the productivity of older vineyards. Organic wines are also beneficial to customers in that the wines are healthy as they contain only a small proportion of preservatives like sulfur which are added to normal wines which cause headaches. This paper will therefore look at the potential marketing landscapes for organic wines. It will also look at micro and macro environmental forces that have an effect on marketing ability of organic wines.
Marketing landscape for organic wines
Marketing involves the understanding of the potential market landscape or market place as well as the needs, demands and wants of the customers, market…
Valenzuela, F. (2000). Understanding the marketplace and the consumers; is your wine giving you a headache?
Zainbooks (2003).Principles of marketing; Marketing microenvironment. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.zainbooks.com/books/marketing/principles-of-marketing_11_marketing-micro-environment.html
parent-child conflicts cause people to act without being true to their own needs and desires. Because of the ingrained need to please the parents, people often sacrifice, suppress, or deny their feelings. Especially in families in which tradition is important, a person may find him or herself trying too hard to stay in the good graces of their family. An example would be marriage outside of the religion. It is very common for families to unduly pressure their children into marrying within the same faith, even if that religious tradition means little to the child. As a result, the child may end up sacrificing a positive and loving relationship to please the parents. This could cause serious repercussions for the person down the road. Not only will he or she lose an opportunity for a healthy marriage, but may end up building up resentment towards the strict parents. Instead of…