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Congress did more than just reauthorize the Act, though. It also required that state agencies be established that would be able to handle some of the work that accrediting agencies were once expected to do on their own (Crow, 2009). By doing that, it was assumed accreditation would be easy to attain for deserving schools, and the value of being accredited would be seen once again (Crow, 2009). It became a failed experiment and did not work out in the way Congress had hoped. All it did was make more work for the states, but the accrediting agencies modified many of their policies and practices so that they could meet federal requirements that had been set out for them (Crow, 2009). One of the main requirements they had to meet to retain the ability to legitimately accredit universities and other higher learning institutions was to clearly spell out the expectations…… [Read More]
Investment in Higher Education
The literacy rate is one of the important indicators of a developed country hence governments focus on enhancing its infrastructure. There are many challenges to promote higher education as demographic and social factors act as barriers to admission for many candidates. The effect of these factors should be explored so that the negative outcomes can be controlled.
Investment in Higher Education
Formal education system is considered as one of the most important needs of an independent country. In many countries particularly the ones who claim or dream to be a welfare state, provision of free and quality education to all the citizens is considered to be one of the major responsibilities of national or federal government. In democratic form of government, budget allocation to high education is one of the initiatives of a successful government. There are many reasons for attributing high level of…… [Read More]
Higher Education 1970 -- 2000
Between 1970 and 2000, many changes took place in higher education. One of the largest ones was among the student population. Many more women started going to college, in some fields eclipsing the men who were attending classes for a better education and a more fulfilling career (Commission, 2006). That was not the only issue where the student body was concerned, though. Another large change was the way in which people attended school. As the 1970s moved toward the year 2000, more people went back to school after being in the workforce for some time (Commission, 2006). They had children, they were older, and they attended school part time or at night. Correspondence courses became more popular, and it was possible to get an education in more unique ways. By the year 2000, a large percentage of graduates were non-traditional students, as opposed to students…… [Read More]
Much like the argument of Carnoy (2005), ingh asserts the huge importance of education in a globalized structure. This article also resonates the disagreements of Carnoy (2005) and Kwiek (2001) -- i.e. The positive and negative effects of globalization in higher education with the author taking the side of Carnoy in the belief that higher education positively implicates a nation's economy. Unlike McPherson & chapiro (2002), who argued against privatization of educational institutions, ingh believes that higher education should be privatized as part of the liberalization policy that he posits to work advantageously for India. Method-wise, this work is a good example of how fruitful research on higher education and globalization would be if we put it in a particular context, like in this case, the Indian societies. This prods us to look at societal specificities to better understand the interplay of social factors in furthering our understanding of higher…… [Read More]
edina's arguments very much echo the sentiments of Kwiek (2001). These two authors have argued against the economic forces in a globalized economy getting in the way of educational institutions. Such is the case because it is believed that market forces strip away the autonomy and nation-state ideals propagated in the university. This in turn results to the subordination of education to market forces. Consequently, subordination of education to the hegemonic forces of the economy can be expected. edina's literature review is also helpful in our consideration of our research method. edina demonstrated two ways of approaching this subject matter. Firstly, the researcher can tackle this issue by employing the method of historical discourse analysis of education and globalization for the purpose of conceptual clarifications. Another way would be to conduct this study utilizing the framework of power. edina's successful demonstration of hegemonic apparatuses and conflict perspective showed how fruitful…… [Read More]
It is therefore a very new field, and could cause not only anxiety, but also a number of mistakes before the best way of integration is found.
In order to improve this situation, I believe that both management and employees can work together. There are many professional companies that can assist management in ironing out projected difficulties. It companies can for example identify problems that the University may not be aware of, and mitigate these before they occur.
Another possibility for improvement is regional and even countrywide integration via the online environment. Certain departments from other universities can for example be recruited to complement the local department, for the benefit of both. In terms of the financial aspect, care should be taken to govern integration in such a way that competition will remain on a level to provide learners with the best possible education.
I believe that the future for…… [Read More]
Writing skills are crucial for success in many fields not typically associated with paperwork, such as in law enforcement, advertising, and engineering careers, for just a few examples. Higher education allows students to improve their writing skills and even to perfect their non-written verbal communication skills by encouraging intellectual discussion and argument in many classes.
By the time students begin a course of undergraduate study, many are already computer literate, at least in the sense of using computers to communicate via e-mail and personal messaging programs. However, many students are not as familiar with other useful computer applications, particularly when it comes to using the Internet to do formal research. In most professional environments, the ability to use the Internet and internal computer intranet networks is critically important.
While it does not actually fall within the academic realm, higher education also enables students to improve and develop their socialization and…… [Read More]
After Truman, President Johnson recognized the need to do more in terms of general higher education. While previous federal programs were very focused on specific sectors of society, these did not encompass the needs of society as a whole. The problems of poverty and lower-income families for example remained, and where no longer related to the war effort.
The President articulated these needs as he regarded them in January 1965, when he delivered his education message. Not only, according to the President, was there a need among lower and middle-income families, but small and less developed colleges were also in the need of assistance for their development and an improvement in the education standard.. Furthermore, additional and improved library resources were needed to improve the standard of higher education in general (Cervantes et al., 2005). Poverty and community development furthermore needed to be addressed by legislation. President Johnson acknowledged previous…… [Read More]
Auto loans, credit card loans, and mortgages have all declined.
Another issue plaguing higher education is how to curtail of abates the influence of these rising costs on the lives of their students. Many of these costs are indirectly correlated to tuition and are therefore uncontrollable in a market subsidized by government. However, many issues are directly related to the tuition, and are therefore controllable. These include student demographics, institution financial aid policies, and overhead costs. Higher education must most now access the available options in order to lower the overall costs of tuition. Distance learning for example can lower the costs associated with the cost of living. Online courses can lower the overall cost of courses. Either way, higher education must subsequently deal with these costs in a manner that benefits the institution while also helping incoming students. This aids the overall strict user pay argument as those willing…… [Read More]
Higher Education Leadership Purpose Statement
The purpose of higher education leadership is to ensure organizational learning through the induction of most qualified men and women in educational institutions, at the same time keeping pace with rapidly changing educational standards by applying modern teaching and research methodologies, to embrace flexibility and creativity in virtual learning of diversified workforce across the globe. Higher education leadership aims to win the commitment and loyalty of personnel in order to achieve efficiency and effectiveness as well as to encourage change and innovation and lessen stagnation and conventional methods in learning. Since the increasing number of adjunct faculty members is employed for cost cutting, therefore, this study will assess the effectiveness of adjunct faculty in educational institutions through examining particular case scenarios. Given the observation, adjunct faculty is said to be less involved with students. Henceforth, the results will be helpful in determining the pros and…… [Read More]
Higher Education and the Workforce
The concept of college as a means to a higher paying job is not new to most Americans. However, the need mid-career for more education or even for a college degree is becoming more and more common for members of the workforce. Certainly there is a percentage of the employees who already hold a four-year degree and there is a percentage of employers who are willing to pay the way for these employees to gain a master's degree in their given field.
Indeed, an excellent example of this can be found among educators. Most states require teachers to continue with their education while they are in the midst of teaching school. The vast majority of those who teach will eventually gain a master's degree of some sort in order to continually move up the pay scale.
ut what about those who come into the workforce…… [Read More]
In Colonial America, a woman acquiring higher education was an impossible thing as the masculine gender was given preference in the colleges. The American society was against women education as it was believed that women won't be able to make use of higher education. As a consequence, people held the opinion that if women would be employed in particular fields, it would prove as improper or inequitable to the opposite sex. It was also believed that women do not have the intellectual capacity to participate in fields of science and technology and therefore, more hurdles were posed in their desire to acquire higher education. Another prevailing belief that prevented women to go to colleges was that their education must be limited to fields that may match their functions and responsibilities as wives and mothers. The belief that they should be educated in separate settings matching their future roles…… [Read More]
College staff can help them understand themselves better and through this approach help them become more efficient and more successful adult learners.
Harrison, Shari. 2003. "Creating a Successful Learning Environment for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities: Policy and Practice." Journal of College Reading and Learning, Vol. 33.
Harrison argues that college and university instructors should examine how they teach to ensure that their instructional approaches make it possible for all kinds of learners to succeed. She gives specific examples of skills instructors can incorporate into their college classroom, and that approaching the classroom in this way will help ensure that all students of a diverse college population have the opportunity to succeed academically.
Heiman, Tali, and Kariv, Dafna. 2004. "Manifestations of Learning Disabilities in University Students: mplications for Coping and Adjustment." Education, Vol. 125.
n this article, the authors interviewed thirty students with learning disabilities in order to evaluate their…… [Read More]
Moreover, whether I am given higher responsibilities or not, I wish to have the capability to contribute excellent performance and achievements to my chosen field. I believe that I can achieve all these by taking a graduate degree where improvement is considered to be among the most important objectives.
Finally, among my most important reasons why I am pursuing a graduate degree is because I wish to give honor to my family, especially to my parents who have done their best to provide me with education. I owe them a lot, not only because they have worked hard to earn enough money for my education but also because of the continuous support that they are giving me. Now, even though I am already taking care of my own financial expenses, I still consider that the hardships and care that they have given me are priceless. And those can never be…… [Read More]
Higher Education and Rankings
Identify key business goals
Education is a business in the sense that it involves customers (students) who receive a satisfactory product, namely an education that is, hopefully, both intellectually enriching yet also marketable in the 'real world.' College rankings in the media have an impact on how a degree is perceived by potential employers.
Thus it is the stated goal of the CA State Los Angeles President that the president will attempt to increase the 2003 CSLA's USNWR performance rating of the third tier to the first tier, over the course of the next ensuing years of the school's existence.
Identify individual performance goals
To improve the university's rating, the median SATs of entering freshman as well as the attendance of desirable accepted students must increase. Also, less quantifiable but other attributes that rankings attempt to measure such as overall student satisfaction, and prestige of…… [Read More]
The Internet websites of these 37 universities were visited in April 2005 wherein the published strategic plans were identified and downloaded. Only 34 strategic plans were obtained and these were arranged to show universities in the manner developed by Marginson and Considine, the five-tier classification which included Sanstones, Redbricks, Unitechs, Gumtrees, and New.
Data was analyzed using the complete set of public strategic plans. In order to proceed with the content analysis, the Leximancer was used in order to provide an objective reading of the strategic plans which is also automated and systematic. According to Bradmore and Smyrnios (2009), Leximancer is a data-mining tool that can be used to analyze the content of collections of textual documents' (as cited in Smith, 2005, p. 4, p. 4; p. 499 & 501). The results of the study showed that in terms of the level of concern the Australian public universities have on…… [Read More]
There have been many significant historical events that have affected the higher education system in the United States. There is not space to address them all but three of the most important will be addressed here, in an effort to show how much higher education has changed and the types of adjustments it has gone through over time. The 1947 Truman Commission eport, the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ruling, and the 1972 eauthorization of Higher Education Act are the three events that have been selected because they all represent major steps in the way education was offered, who could participate in it, and the types of higher education opportunities that were provided to various sectors of the population. There are, by far, not the only ways in which higher education has been changed through the years. However, they are representative of the kinds of…… [Read More]
HIGHE EDUCATION IN U.S.
Events that influenced the development of higher education in U.S.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, U.S. higher education stands for an impressive enterprise. Also, as an established industry of knowledge, higher education represents approximately 3% of the U.S. GDP. Virtually every legislature and govern in the United States evoke universities and colleges as fundamental to cultural, economic and social development of the U.S.A. Since the 17th century, the American higher education grew to fruition in the subsequent centuries. Similarly, differences emerged with each new period of collegiate development, but history has remained one of advancing access.
esearch indicates that there are key events that influence the development and growth of higher education in the U.S.A. Colonialist established institutions of higher education mainly for various reasons. For instance, New England settlers involved various alumni of the Oxford, Cambridge and royally chartered British…… [Read More]
Higher Education in Nursing: Three Major Historical Events
"Advanced practice nursing has evolved over the years to become recognized today as an important and growing trend among healthcare systems worldwide;" the evolution of advanced nursing is directly linked to the evolution of higher education within the nursing field (Kaasalainen et al. 2010 p 35). The structure of higher education in nursing today is nothing like it was even fifty years ago. Many major events in out distant past helped push the context of higher education and gave it a more theoretical and educational standard that has allowed for advanced nursing to thrive within the context of the contemporary health care environment. First, there was Florence Nightingale's push towards embracing theoretical foundations in nursing education, then Mary Adelaide Nutting's push for some of the earliest advanced nursing education programs, and finally there was the event of the Nurse Training Act of…… [Read More]
I believe that Bates College can prepare me best towards reaching my goal of being an educated person who is capable of productively giving back to the community.
Another reason why I prefer to pursue my studies further at Bates College is because I am very much aware of this institution having a sizable community of international students. As an international student from Ukraine, I feel I can add some much needed insight about my country to Bates' international community. Through attending college, I would be able to work together with students of various backgrounds and share knowledge about my country to those who are interested in learning about it. Thus I feel that Bates College is more than capable of providing me with an opportunity to achieve continued academic success; beside this it is capable of helping me to engage in international student activities. Finally it can greatly help…… [Read More]
Higher Education From 1970 to
During the era of 1970 to 2000, diversity of students experienced an ideal elevation. Leading universities continued to enjoy significant support from foundations, private enterprises, and government. The role of community colleges expanded in ensuring that students could access semi-professional employment. Approximately 50% of bachelor's degree graduates had credits from community colleges. Despite efforts by the state and the federal government to cap tuition, it continued to increase (aby & Valeau, 2009).
Although most trends that ran from 1970 to 2000 of higher education have been maintained in the contemporary America, some of them have changed course while others slowed down. Particularly, institutions are increasingly becoming entrepreneurial as they seek for funds because the historical dependence on public funding has shifted to individual donors, corporations, and students themselves. The essential professionalization of faculties hit a snag as universities and colleges prefer to employ great proportions…… [Read More]
Community colleges serve a distinct function in the gamut of higher education. When college classes are offered at the high school level, advantaged students tend to benefit more than disadvantaged students, further entrenching an achievement gap that plagues education (Venezia & Jaeger, 2013). As many as half of all students enter their post-secondary education programs—whether at community or four-year colleges—“without the basic skills necessary to succeed,” (Thomas, 2014, p. 43). The solution to this problem is not the current model of offering of optional college credit courses or dual enrollment in high school but to expand opportunities for all students to reach their goals. As Thomas (2014) points out, community colleges have been increasingly called upon to serve as remedial education institutions rather than functioning in the more democratic, egalitarian social spaces they could become. Instead of relegating remedial work onto the backs of community colleges, thereby thwarting opportunities for…… [Read More]
This is one of the most basic concepts in education, and it needs to be adhered to within the higher education sectors of Jamaica.
Government spending on education is also a major concern relative to the health of the higher education sector of Jamaica. During the 1980's the HART (Human mployment and Resource Training Program) aimed at providing training and employment for unemployed youths finished with school. However, after half a decade of hard work, the program came under fire from politicians and citizens eager to find ways of cutting government spending. The project eventually fell by the wayside and the current status of higher education in Jamaica has certainly suffered. Calling for a renewed sense of importance in the belief that government funding can make a difference is only part of the battle. The politicians and citizens associated with such funding need to feel as though they themselves are…… [Read More]
Higher education continues to be a significant aspect within an economy with professions necessitating individuals with such educational attainments. However, institutions of higher education have continued to experience several challenges, including deteriorating student enrollments, increasing student debt across the United States, and also concerning student completion rates for the different educational programs. The Higher Education sector in the United States is experiencing major challenges. California State University, Los Angeles, is the leading all-inclusive public university that is situated at the heart of Los Angeles and is committed to engagement, service, and the public good. It is one of the renowned higher education institutions not only in Los Angeles but also in the state of California as a whole. The purpose of this report is to conduct extensive research to offer prospective solutions to an organizational problem being experienced at Cal State LA as a setting for higher education.
Vision,…… [Read More]
Simply teaching a slave to read could result in punishment for the teacher and for the student. Therefore, literacy, the basic cornerstone of education, was virtually eradicated in the African-American community within a few generations, and those who were able to learn to read were not able to widely distribute those teachings for fear of reprisals. The end of slavery did not bring the end of intentional efforts to discourage learning in African-Americans; not only were school integrated throughout the Jim Crow south, but there were also intentional efforts to prevent people from educating African-Americans. For many Americans, those times seem like ancient history, but, even after the end of legalized segregated schools, how could parents who lacked basic educations provide help to their children? They could not, and the cycle of educational poverty continued as many African-Americans continued to fall behind their classmates, unable to access the most basic…… [Read More]
In reflection on the learning process, one can easily see the path that a student takes from thirsting for concrete information to needing to question information presented and integrate it with other knowledge in order to create new meaning. In support of this process professors can actively partner with students requesting their contributions to the knowledge development process. In order to ensure successful cognitive-structural development, professors and administrators must acknowledge how the student's own environment and experiences provide the foundation from which all new knowledge should be developed (Evans et al., 2009). Critics have contended that cognitive learning should not be separated from affective and interpersonal development (Evans et al., 2009). It is important to regard cognitive development in terms of all the factors that influence the process and this includes gender as well. While the theory clearly outlines gender differences, more information regarding how gender should be…… [Read More]
higher education as well as the quality and content of teaching in higher education" (Mandelia, 2000). In modern society, students come from a variety of different backgrounds and lifestyles, and each presents a unique learning style challenge for instructors. Criminal Justice Students are much the same. Students often come from many varied backgrounds, and not one learns the same as the other. Thus, the need for Teacher's to broaden their teaching perspectives, and incorporate a variety of teaching styles, is critical to the future success of Criminal Justice students.
Many Criminal Justice students are also trying to balance out the desire to obtain a degree in Criminal Justice with the need to support a family or work full time. The slightest obstacle, such as a flat tire on a car, may cause a student to feel desperation and flail. Many students have dropped out of programs for simpler reasons. Teachers…… [Read More]
The Draft Model refers to a revised model of the current Educational Administration, Masters in Education (EDEA MEd) in Higher Education curriculum. I am proposing modifications to the EDEA MEd curriculum. Currently, the University of Hawaii at Manoa offers five different pathways or programs in Educational Administration. Three of these five pathways are PhD programs, and two are Masters tracks. The PhD programs include Educational Foundations and Educational Policy Studies, Educational Administration in Higher Education, and Educational Administration in K-12. The Masters programs include MEd in Educational Administration of Higher Education, and MEd in Educational Administration of K-12.
The Masters programs are geared towards students and professionals interested in middle management positions and include coursework in “leadership, policy and finance, legal issues, organizational theory, curriculum, students, and research,” (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2017). To accommodate adult students and professionals, courses are offered at night. Although the curriculum is generally…… [Read More]
components of accreditation of higher-education institutions in the United States? To what extent does accreditation in the American model measure student-learning input?
The purpose of higher-education institutions' accreditation is: making sure they meet satisfactory quality levels in imparting educational facilities. In America, accreditation involves both state governmental bodies and non-governmental organizations (USDE, 2015). The key elements of accreditation for American educational institutions are:
Institutional Accreditors: In America, two kinds of accrediting organizations exist, for institutional accreditation, namely, national and regional accreditors. While the latter chiefly accredit private and public nonprofit educational institutions that confer degrees, they also accredit several for-profit educational institutions. National accreditors for educational institutions are classified into two general categories: (1) faith-related: these accreditors predominantly accredit nonprofit doctrinally-based and religious institutes, and (2) career-related: these accreditors predominantly accredit non-degree awarding institutions and for-profit career institutes (PNPI, 2013).
Programmatic/Specialized Accreditors: These accreditors assess a specific school, program, or…… [Read More]
Quality" Policy in higher education in the U.S.A. and the UK
As a country, we need more citizens who are college graduates. We need their help for rebuilding the nation's economy for a global age, to make our democracy stronger, to empower millions of the citizens. Even in this contentious and divisive times, harmony is building at that instance. Labor personnel employers, social scientists, researchers, together with Washington policy makers and those in almost every state- are in agreement: There must be a significant increase in college attainment-to help the short-term economic recovery and ensure long-term prosperity in the country as well as social stability.
But, as a matter of fact, increasing the number of college graduates is never enough. There is also the need to ensure that these new graduates come out from the postsecondary school system equipped with all the necessary knowledge and skills required to succeed in…… [Read More]
Higher education curriculum and practice responds to cultural, historical, political, and social events. Moreover, the curriculum in higher education institutions is purpose-driven, reflecting the educational theories and philosophies that guide the school’s mission and vision. Some institutions of higher learning aim for a competency-based curriculum, while others develop more subject-oriented or liberal arts-based curricula. Private and public schools may also respond differently to external or environmental pressures and influences. Whereas American higher education institutions had been directly influenced by their counterparts in Western Europe and Britain, more recent generations of American college and university students have received an education that is more specifically American in terms of content, tone, and pedagogy.
Contemporary social priorities and needs also affect higher education curriculum and priorities. Gender equality, racial parity, and other social justice issues can become especially important not just to campus life and the administrative environment, but to curriculum as…… [Read More]
The article by Eddy and VanDerLinden (2006) looks at how alternative definitions of leadership are replacing traditional leadership concepts. Specifically, the authors assess emerging definitions of leadership in terms of how community college administrators self-identify as leaders. Using a survey method to collect data, the researchers asked respondents to identify their definition of leadership. The purpose was to see if they viewed leadership in terms of their position at the college or in terms of other variables.
The researchers noted that, traditionally, these colleges have been described as bureaucratic in nature, with positional leadership serving as the main type, but today administrators in these colleges self-identify using a variety of different leadership ideas. These leaders are in fact thinking more complexly about leadership instead of linking leadership to position or to a single characteristic. The authors make the point that it is important to nurture these alternative definitions of leadership…… [Read More]
Systems Thinking Case Study: Karen Avery
Q1. From a systems perspective, what factors do you believe contributed to the marginal results obtained by the various subgroups within the task forces?
According to Lunenberg (2010), schools are open systems although the degree to which they interact with the external environment may vary considerably, based upon the open-mindedness of administrators. The initial solutions offered by the task force reflected a closed mentality, in the manner in which they suggested options such as motivating teachers, total quality management, a return to basics, or other solutions which merely reconstituted previously-used and ineffectual frameworks (Razick & Swanson 2010). No input was solicited from the larger community in the other task force models until Avery intervened.
Q2. Identify and discuss instances of an aggregate mentality at work in this case.
An aggregate or community mentality suggests that the sum of an organization is more powerful than…… [Read More]
Unfortunately, there is not a lot of literature about the idea of 2 years free college. There are certainly many countries, like those in Scandinavia, that offer their citizens free higher education. Yet there has not been much in the way of case studies as to the merits of offering 2 years' free college. Most of the knowledge on the subject derives from demand theory, which states that cost is a barrier to purchase. This is especially true when much of college education is framed in terms of cost-benefit analysis. This is clearly an area where there is a need for further study, since there is so little direct literature on the subject.
Behrman, Pollak & Taubman (1989) discuss the unequal access to financing for education. The study focuses on the relationship between family size, family resources and financing for education. There are many instances where family structure…… [Read More]
One of the major and challenging reforms in modern day higher education is the notion of safe spaces for students. Even though the concept of safe spaces is multifaceted, in this paper, it will be used to mean the shielding of students from ideological facets considered to be threatening to the students, be it religious ideology, or ideology against minority or marginalized student groups (Rose; Guterl). The paper will argue based on two articles; “Point/Counterpoint: Do safe spaces belong on college campuses?” by Yue Zhang and Kavahn Mansouri and “How Trigger Warnings Silence Religious Students” by Alan Levinovitz. The opinion held in this paper is that, safe spaces have no place in campuses, and the reasons supporting this opinion are presented in the body of this paper.
The concept of safe spaces within institutions of higher education is based on the Title IX and sex discrimination law of…… [Read More]
How to Make a Career Path Plan
Mission or Purpose
I perceive that my purpose in life is to serve others by using my training, experience, knowledge, skills, and talents and applying them in a way that helps others to achieve their goals. This perception is based on my experience as a leader in the military, where I have given a great deal of my life in service to my country. For me there is no better calling than to serve others, to put oneself at the service of a country, an organization, a group, family, friends, or community.
Personal Philosophy of Work
My beliefs about myself, people and work are that we are all here to work. I do not sit around and dream of holidays and think about how I cannot wait for the work bell to ring so I can go home, sit on the couch, and…… [Read More]
This work mainly dealt with current and rather specific issues surfacing on higher education in light of globalization. It made no attempt to provide conceptual clarifications on globalization and instead went beyond by simply asserting the current need to expand education systems dictated by the intensified call for higher education. The work is heavily focused on specific issues such as privatization of universities as well as the implication of demographic shifts on education systems. The work concludes by providing recommendations on how to go about these issues by presenting recommendations by experts in the domain of education and world economy. Indeed, this article can be utilized as a springboard for more focused, narrowed down research works. Albeit brief, the recommendations provided can be further explored for the benefit of actionable research.… [Read More]
In addition, this article also emphasizes the use of the faculty scholars model. This model is dependent upon a distributive leadership framework which places the focus on leadership instead of individual leaders. identifies four key factors to be addressed: "building trust; redesigning jobs; changing organizational structures; and creating a learning culture" The authors further explain that in congruence with the distributive leadership framework there are certain principles of learning including "authentic contexts and tasks, multiple roles and perspectives, the collaborative construction of knowledge, coaching and scaffolding [by a mentor], and evaluation (Lefoe et al., 2007)."
According to a book entitled Turnaround for Higher Education Leadership, turning academic people into effective leaders is a serious task and challenge. However, when such leaders exist they can be a valuable to an institute of higher learning because they understood the learning environment that students need to succeed. In addition, they have the capacity…… [Read More]
The camera that is used at Troy, which is made by Massachusetts-based Software Secure, eventually could monitor all of Troy University's distance learners. And while some might see this kind of test monitoring as intrusive, the new higher-education law could make such devices commonplace in online learning programs nationwide. Legislation necessitating greater accountability for distance-education programs has been in lawmakers' sights for several years. And college officials haven't been surprised with the legislation that has been unveiled. While online programs should solidify their test-verification policies, cutting-edge technology could face fierce opposition among students and university faculty (Carter, 2008).
There has been a lot of concern that has come along with the new monitoring technology. People often feel like these systems are rather intrusive, and they raise questions of privacy. Each institution is going to have different ways of dealing with this issue. Most institutions feel that since students pay their…… [Read More]
That year, I stepped into The Air Force filled with hope that I may be able to enter this prestigious institution. I have always dreamt of becoming a pilot. However, these preconceived notions dissolved the very minute that I set foot in the Air Force as the recruiter laughed me out of his office. He said that women were not allowed become pilots.
The U.S. Army
I have served in the U.S. Army from 1980 to 1983. I am very proud to say that this institution has contributed a lot to my personal growth. Through this institution, I learned the value of discipline and to be of service to others. The kind of responsibility that we have to the citizens of the United States has extended the scope of my understanding of the reason of my existence.
In 1983, I received an honorable discharge.
All these experiences molded my values…… [Read More]
American universities are working with their Caribbean counterparts to create a trans-border trade in ideas and information.
This weekly column will explore issues related to business and higher education in Jamaica and in the United States. Each issue will address specific concerns related to everything from gender to ethics, management to ecommerce. The column will encourage an exploration of cultural differences in a desire to foster dialogue. Business ethics, corporate culture, and diversity will be recurrent themes.
Finally, we will describe trends in higher education and business that impact Jamaica, the United States, and the relationship between the two countries. For example, American universities have started offering MBA areas of specialization in entrepreneurship. Jamaican universities may start doing the same: opening up a wealth of opportunity for small business growth and development. Jamaican universities are also taking advantage of trends in education-as-business. An article published on the Boston College Center…… [Read More]
Existing Funding Infrastructure
Education financing in Florida is at a crisis point. The current system for K-12 financing in Florida features a combination of state and local funds. Approximately $7.75 billion is contributed by the state. This comes from general revenues, which puts this financing at risk should there be significant changes to state revenue levels. There have been stories in the news media in the past year where different bodies of expressed concern about the sustainability of Florida's ability to finance its K-12 system (Times-Union, 2012). The education system has seen its funding cut several times in recent years. As a result, the performance of Florida's schoolchildren has been poor.
At the state level, the Florida Education Finance Program (FEFP) is "the primary mechanism for funding the operating costs of Florida school districts (FLDOE, 2012). The formula on which Florida state financing is organized is based on…… [Read More]
The efficacy of learning in a purely online format, from email and even from streaming web lectures is questionable when compared to an interactive seminar format, and learning from students face-to-face outside of class. Finally, fellowships and assistantships are wonderful 'resume builders' for a new graduate in the field and learning opportunities in and of themselves. The anxiety of the pressures a full-time employer might place upon me during my education was the final 'tipping point' that prompted me to reject online education for graduate study.
Davis, Randal. "Online degrees: Advantages and Disadvantages. Tips4students." 2008.
January 7, 2009. http://www.tips4students.com/onlinedegree.htm
Kuther, Tara. "hat Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Graduate Study?"
About.com. 2009. January 7, 2009. http://gradschool.about.com/od/distanceeducation/f/onlineadv.htm
Mascle, Denna. "Online Degree Programs - the Advantages and Disadvantages of Distance
Learning Programs." Search arp. May 6, 2008. January 7, 2009. http://searchwarp.com/swa327958.htm
Norman, Matt. Disadvantages of Online Education. EZIB Network.…… [Read More]
(Eds.). (2005). The role of education: Promoting the economic and social vitality of rural America. Jackson, MISS: The Southern
ural Development Center, Mississippi State University.
Green, M., Eckel, P., & Barblan, a. (2002). The brave new (and smaller) world of higher education: A transatlantic view. The Changing Enterprise. First in a Series. [n.p.].
Phelps, D.G. (1992). A vision for the Los Angeles Community College District.
Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles Community College District Department of Public Affairs.
obinson, P.. (Spring 1988). Changing roles and new expectations. New Directions for Higher Education 61(16, 1). 71-74
Whalen, E.L. (1991). esponsibility center budgeting: An approach to decentralized management for institutions of higher education.
IN: Indiana University Press.
In relationship to other responsibilities, e.g., department or program chair, for example.
Also, at various times, e.g., annual or biennial state legislative sessions, another responsibility of such a team is to request additional funding for…… [Read More]
Does your District support an area-wide network?
18. What types of operating systems are used with your school's LAN[s]? (i.e. Novell, Windows NT, AppleShare/Macintosh / Other)
19. Has your school adopted an Acceptable Use Policy?
20. For each group below please stated the number of accounts provided by your school district to the different user groups and the particular services provided:
Dialup Internet Individual
21. What three instructional technology support services are not adequately provided for in your school? (Example: maintaining a LAN, setting up desktop computers, provision of training for computers, software installation on a file server, provision of a help-desk for teachers and students)
The following labeled Figure 1.0 and Figure 2.0 are examples of technology surveys stated in the work entitled An Educator's Guide to Evaluating The Use of Technology in Schools and Classrooms (1998):
Statistical methodology…… [Read More]
2. Institutional retrenchment can be both painful and contentious. Can administrators ascribe to "ethical retrenchment"? What might the ethics of retrenchment consist of?
Ethical retrenchment is the idea of downsizing and cutting expenses in an ethical way. This consists of remembering that the staff that are being let go is in fact people and not just a number. Administrators can ascribe to ethical retrenchment by being as open and honest with their employees as they can be and by giving them as much notice that downsizing is going to occur. Another thing that can be done is a job counselor can be provided in order to help employees to deal with the uncertainty that they are experiencing. If retrenchment is not handled in a positive way it will lead to depression and low morale, neither which is good for an organization as a whole (Ethics, 2008).
Fischer, Karin. (2005).…… [Read More]
Online distance learning is completely different environment from that of a traditional classroom. There are different rules and regulations that must be adhered to. Class discussion often takes place via a bulletin board and more often than not also serves as a way of taking attendance. Students should expect to spend between two and three hours per credit hours per course studying every week. This is a completely different learning style that involves no face-to-face contact and often takes away from human aspect of learning. Distance learning is not for everyone, but for those who have the self-discipline to be successful it can open an entire set of new opportunities to get an education. Those who partake in this type of learning often find that they like the freedom that it gives them to get an education without having to be tied down to a traditional learning environment.
eferences…… [Read More]
Value of Assessments in the College Experience
The goal of college and university instructors is of course to provide the materials, the context, and ultimately the motivating and stimulating environment in which students may learn. But there is a deeper component that should be pivotal and present within the college milieu. That vital component is a process of assessment as to how well students are learning, which indicates how effective the instruction has been. Assessments are fundamental when it comes to accurately measuring the success (or lack of success) vis-a-vis the quality of teaching. Thesis: The overriding purpose of attending a college or university is not merely to engage in the process of receiving a degree -- but rather to learn and achieve a level of scholarship that prepares a student for the future; hence, without assessments the true value of that learning experience cannot be measured.
Classroom Assessment Techniques…… [Read More]
I. Thesis: Public education until grade 12 is already free; given that a high school education is no longer sufficient for most jobs, it is time to make college education free too.
II. One of the main reasons why public higher education, such as college and university, should be free for everyone is that it promotes the values of equal opportunity in education.
III. It is actually more cost-effective and better for the economy to offer free higher education to all students, to reduce the debt crisis and promote the economic empowerment of all citizens.
IV. Free higher education would be an incentive for all high school students to achieve their goals, thereby improving the overall quality of life in the nation.
V. Education should be free for everyone for ethical, financial, and social reasons.
Why Higher Education Needs to Be Free For Everyone
For well over a century,…… [Read More]
Nonspecific staining in both the control and experimental groups rendered any possible findings virtually invisible, but ultimately the opportunity to participate in the research process from hypothesis through to data presentation was a tremendous opportunity for me, and I highly value the experience.
My taste for research had only just been awoken by my experiences in my third year as an undergraduate, and after completing my degree I signed on with the lab as a full-time research technician rather than immediately moving on to graduate school. Over the course of my employment, I became involved in the study of modifier genes related to coagulation factors, primarily using zebra fish and occasionally mice as animal models for similar (often identical) human processes. This is the research that ultimately led to my creation of a scientific abstract and a presentation made to a pediatrics symposium, providing enormous learning opportunities and research leadership…… [Read More]
Higher Education Problem in the United States
The tuition rate in the U.S. higher education is one of the most expensive in the world. In 2012, the average tuition ranged from $3,131 to $29,056 per annum. Some ivy league colleges charge as high as $40, 000 per annum. For example, Harvard University and Princeton University tuitions were $43,938 and $41,820 respectively in 2014/2015 academic year. Thus, students' ability to pay for the colleges have been a great concern of the communities, colleges, and universities. While large percentages of American citizens intend to pursue their college education, the college tuitions continue to increase despite an increase in the number higher educational institutions. The only option left for prospective students intending to pursue their education is to seek for a loan. To assist the students, the federal government has set aside the funds to provide loans to a student under the "Federal…… [Read More]
Considering your analysis of your audience, how do you plan on gaining their confidence and respect and touching their emotions, and what style choices will you make in order to do so?
My audience will consist of college students and professors. Therefore, the audience will be an academic one, concerned about issues related to academia and scholarship. I plan to gain the confidence and respect of the audience with the rhetorical foundations of pathos, ethos, and logos. First, I will offer background information about myself to establish personal credibility. I will relay anecdotal evidence from people that I know. This way, I will be creating ethos and bolstering my argument. Next, I will create an emotional connection with the audience by relating my topic to their personal lives. I will inspire and motivate my audience to make meaningful changes based on the information I will present. The information will…… [Read More]
Higher Education: Ethics of International Student ecruitment
In recent years, the number of students crossing national borders in pursuit of education has increased significantly. This phenomenon is also referred to as 'global student mobility' and it can be attributed to the students' desire for migration, the inability to find study opportunities in their home countries, and the desire to improve their employability in their home countries. According to the National Association for College Admission Counseling, NACAC (2014), enrolments of international students at institutions of higher learning have more than quadrupled over the last three decades, from a total of 1.1 million in 1985 to 4.5 million in 2012. In fact, global mobile population is expected to exceed 7 million in 2025. Wilkins and Huisman (2011) state that the United States, United Kingdom and Australia are the three most popular destinations for international students and they account for almost 44% of…… [Read More]
Investment in Higher Education as a Tool for Promoting a Stronger Economy: Examining the Literature eviews of Previous Dissertations
The following research is an exercise where three dissertations under a similar topic were mined in order to better understand their organizational structure, thematic content, and approach to examining the current discourse. The primary topic here is going to highlight how reinvestment into higher education can help facilitate for a stronger, more stable economy based on a number of factors and indicators. The research which follows explores three similar dissertations that show a clear connection between investment in higher education and positive economic factors.
Carnoy, Martin. (2006). Working paper no. 297: Higher education and economic development: India, China, and the 21st century. Stanford Center for International Development. Web. http://www.stanford.edu/group/siepr/cgi-bin/siepr/?q=system/files/shared/pubs/papers/pdf/SCID297.pdf
I. Education and Economic Growth
A. Macroeconomic Approaches to the Education-Economic Growth elation
i. Previous studies have shown that when there…… [Read More]
establishment of Higher Education in relation to accreditation begin in the early 19th century as the United States and other countries saw a need to regulate various fields of academic study. The earliest accrediting was forged from the need to develop credit transfer and degree equivalents among countries. Another reason that accreditation was needed is "to protect public health and safety and to serve the public interest" according to (ACICS, 2012). Faculty has played a role that has changed over time. There are basic processes involved in accreditation. One being peer assessment and evaluation primarily handled by Higher educational institutions and also third party agencies. The regulatory oversight is the process of promoting legislation at the state and federal level to determine policies of managing the accreditation process.
One of the earliest agencies to provide regulation of accreditation was the National Association for Accredited Commercial Schools in 1912. This was…… [Read More]
egulation and accreditation of higher education refers to control processes carried out on institutions offering higher education with the aim of ensuring that they operate according to some set standards.
Higher education regulation generally refers to the imposition of requirements, conditions or standards which institutions offering higher education are expected to meet so as to ensure that they operate in a manner that promotes the interest of the public. egulation of higher education is mostly done by regulatory bodies that are established by a legal mandate of a country of jurisdiction. egulatory bodies are required to enforce the set requirements or conditions established by the laws of a certain jurisdiction and ensure compliance by the institutions offering higher education (Kaplin & Lee, 2007).
Accreditation of higher education, on the other hand, refers to the determination of whether the higher education being offered, e.g. By an institution of higher learning, is…… [Read More]
etention in Higher Education
Evolution across the Globe
Challenges of Institutes
Factors Influencing Student etention
Alignment of expectations and experience
Social and academic integration
Attitudes and Satisfaction
Measures to Improve Student etention
Orientation and Induction
Student-Centered Active Learning
Integration of Study Skills
Students from Under-represented Groups
Organization of Program
Cultural Issues in Classrooms
ole of Presidency in Dealing with etention
Accepting the Change
easons Given by Students for Withdrawal
This paper is designed to figure out the reasons which cause the failure of educational institutes to retain the students. It also gives comprehensive overview of the measures that can be adopted by the leadership and higher authorities to nullify the negativity prevailing in the institutes and how to effectively control and retain students.
Student retention has become a major concern for institutes across the globe.…… [Read More]
At-Risk Students in Highe Education
The objective of this wok is to wite on thee theoies that ae o should be pat of developmental education theoy in highe education and specifically as elated to at-isk students. This study will be in the fom of a eview of liteatue in this aea of inquiy that is located in academic and pofessional jounals and aticles as well as othe such pee-eviewed publications.
Thap (2001) wites in the wok entitled "Fom At Risk to Excellence: Reseach, Theoy and Pinciples fo Pactice" that sociocultual-based school pogams ae such that use the innate cuiosity of students to "constuct miniatue communities of scientific pactice." (p.11) Paticipation in schoolwok is paticipation in sociocultual activity and this is stated "to occu on many planes o levels of inteaction." (Thap, 2001, p.11)
It is stated in the wok of Rogoff (1995) that eseach can be divided into…… [Read More]
In a world that favors early adopters and revolves around the latest technology, individuals will be better served if they continue to seek out learning opportunities after their formal education has ended. Local governments and communities should provide these opportunities through libraries, universities and community centers. The skills gap applies to all.
Although people are defined by their different skill sets and this diversity enhances the richness of life in America, it is also clear that some skills are more important than others. If young people aspire to be successful adults, they must gain the skills they need to succeed in higher education, and those higher education skills must then translate into useful skills for the workforce. Focusing on process and information application, rather than restricting curricula to the collection of facts and information, is a critical step for successful learning. Integrating business leaders in the effort of re-defining…… [Read More]
The report also identified some important aspects that determined successful completion of higher education. It was found that among both borrowers and non-borrowers, working part-time or fulltime and/or delayed entry into college carried a significantly high risk for dropping out. The fact that almost all of the students who successfully completed higher education were enrolled in college right after high school, attended fulltime and did not work part time or full time implied that external distractions had a major negative impact on successful completion. Since borrowers are under financial burden they are more prone to take up part time jobs and therefore carry a greater risk for dropping out. Essentially, one of the main findings and recommendations of this report is to "Make college more affordable so as to reduce dependence on loan financing and student employment, especially for those with the greatest need." [Lawrence Gladiex, pg 16]
Loans cannot…… [Read More]