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Hills Like White Elephants
analyze literary works week's readings, completing: Explain literary work captured interest, terms concepts text support explanation. Describe analytical approaches outlined Chapter 16, details text support interpretations.
"Hills Like White Elephants:" Using dialogue to advance a story
Ernest Hemingway's short story "Hills Like White Elephants" is a spare, poetical tale told almost entirely in dialogue. The plot of the story is simple -- a man and a girl are traveling through Spain. They are both lovers. The girl is pregnant and the man is pressuring her to have an abortion. By the end of the story, the reader is certain that the girl will get the abortion but the relationship is permanently soured. This is revealed gradually, over the course of the couple's rather elliptical dialogue. By stressing the dialogue between the two characters and keeping description at a minimum, Hemingway is able to bring the lack…
Hemingway, Ernest. Hills Like White Elephants. Retrieved:
L'Heureux, J. (2011). Talk that walks -- how Hemingway's dialogue powers a story. Wall Street
Lamb, Robert Paul. (1996). Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue,
Hills like hite Elephants -- Critical Literary Analysis
One of the first things entering the mind of a reader (on an obvious level) in Hemingway's short story is that the image of a white elephant the woman sees in the line of hills in the distance has created a classic man-woman conundrum. She sees it her way and he sees it his. The beer and the anis del Toro -- and the expectant train -- are just pieces on the chessboard, merely part of the setting that perhaps will play a role in this very short story.
Like his other short stories, this brilliant piece of fiction by Hemingway is very tightly written but it packs symbolism, irony and characterization into a short amount of space. In this story, the ultimate meaning is that the man does not wish to take responsibility for the woman's pregnancy and on the other…
Hemingway, Ernest. The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway: The Finca Vigia
Edition. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1998.
Link, Alex. "Staking everything on it: a stylistic analysis of linguistic patterns in 'Hills like
White Elephants'." The Hemingway Review, 23.2 (2004): 1-5.
Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway
In Hemingway's story there are a number of contrasts between the two people. First of all, there are the obvious contrasts -- he's a man, she's a woman. He speaks Spanish, she doesn't. (When the woman tells them, "The train comes in five minutes," Jig's response is "What did she say?")
But the larger contrasts deal with the attitudes of the American and Jig. The American tries to convince Jig that "the operation" is no big deal. ("It's really an awfully simple operation, Jig," the man said. "It's not really an operation at all.") She seems unconvinced and doesn't really want to go through with it, although much of her concern appears to have to do more with how the man will act toward her "afterward" than how she feels about the operation itself.
These two people have a real communication problem. The…
Hills Like hite Elephants": Critical Analysis
Ernest Hemingway's "Hills like hite Elephants" is an intriguing story of two individuals who have come to a difficult conversation. Hemingway captures this conversation between man and woman about a pending abortion but never actually revealing what they are talking about, only subtly alluding to the issue throughout the conversation. The context for the conversation is at a bar in a rather desolate place in a station where individuals simply pass through. The setting sets up the context of how the story is reflective of the dialogue of between the man and the woman- it seems like a pass through conversation and it is a conversation that needs to happen to reach the final destination. The man tells Jig that it is a "real simple operation" and that it is just to "let the air in" and that it's "all natural" (Hemingway). These words…
Adair, William. "Ernest Hemingway and the Poetics of Loss." College Literature. 10.3 (1983): 294-306. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. .
Hemingway, Ernest. "Hills like White Elephants." http://www.gummyprint.com/blog/archives/hills-like-white-elephants-complete-story/.
Wagner, Linda."Proud and Friendly and Gently: Women in Hemingway's Early Fiction." College Literature. 7.3 (1980): 239-247. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. .
A white elephant, afte all, is a false vesion of something eal -- an antique that is wothless is often called a white elephant. When the man and the gil ae sitting, tying a new dink togethe, the gil says that the hills in the distance look like white elephants. Howeve, he language seems to elide the eal with the false: "I just meant the coloing of thei skin though the tees," she says, of the hills, efeing to the hills as if they wee alive. Within the famewok of the stoy, the confusion of the eal with the false o with the metapho could efe to he confusion as to whethe she is pegnant with something that is 'alive' o whethe the elationship is 'alive.' Similaly, Gallimad confuses the tappings of femininity with being female itself, and the tappings of anothe cultue with the eal essence of the cultue…
references to the Spanish word for beer, for example, and various foreign drinks like absinthe create an aura of the exotic that seems to act as a barrier to creating a real relationship between the man and the girl. When one is a foreigner, either a perpetual traveler like the man, or a permanent foreign resident like Gallimard, one is always a trespasser, learning things through a translation, rather than truly apprehending the culture directly. As a traveler, one cannot even really understand a person from one's own culture, in the case of the man, in a stable, fixed, and permanent fashion, because of the inability to form a true commitment while constantly moving.
Hills like White Elephants is one of the most discussed works of Ernest Hemingway primarily due to excessive use of symbolism in the story to depict conflict of interest of a young couple on the subject of abortion. Interestingly the word pregnancy or abortion is never used in the story but a reader still gets the message through variety of symbols. These symbols and theme augment the iceberg technique used by Hemingway to illustrate his message without actually using the exact words. In the story, the theme and symbol of white hills play an important role as it lends support to other symbols as well.
White elephants refer to the pregnancy and the unborn child. When the American says he has never seen a white elephant, he is possibly referring to the child who hasn't yet arrived. "The girl was looking off at the line of hills. They were white…
Hills Like White Elephants
Ernest Hemingway's "Hills like White Elephants"
Ernest Hemingway's "Hills like White Elephants"
Ernest Hemingway's short story, "Hills like White Elephants" draws largely on the themes of selfishness and naivety, which can be seen in looking at the story's main characters. In order to further embed these themes into his writing, Hemingway skillfully utilizes the literary tools of setting and symbolism to not only give readers an understanding of the situation at hand, but an allowance to place themselves into the characters' shoes.
The story centers upon a young couple traveling throughout Europe. Whether the couple is married or engaged is left unsaid, and it becomes uncertain whether or not the couple has really known each other very long at all. The woman, Jig, and the American man she is with begin the story with small-talk on a train that evidently leads into a much larger discussion.…
Hashmi, N. (2003). Hills like white elephants: the jilting of Jig. The Hemingway Review,
23(1): pp. 72. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Hemingway, E. (1998) Hills like white elephants. The complete short stories of Ernest
Hemingway. Print. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc.
Goodman Brown is clearly a pious and spiritual man and evil creates great conflict in him. Hemingway's characters are not spiritual, that is clear from their dialogue and from the fact that they are considering "the operation." Both sets of characters are facing moral dilemmas that will affect them now and later, and they both handle those very differently, and that is another element that sets these two stories apart. The writers were different, they wrote in different eras, and their stories reflect these changes in time and place. Their similarities are there, but so are their differences, and these differences are just as important to both stories' success as their similarities are.
While the outcome of the two stories is ultimately the same, the characters are certainly different people, the setting is different, and they react differently to their difficulties. The Hemingway characters seem almost resigned to their fate,…
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "Young Goodman Brown." Online-Literature.com. 2005. 9 July 2005. http://www.online-literature.com/hawthorne/158/
Hemingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." Purdue University. 2005. 9 July 2005. http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~conreys/101files/Otherfolders/Hillslikewhitepg.html
Hills Like hite Elephants" -- Ernest Hemingway
ill the couple agree to an abortion?
Jig, the girlfriend, knows she is going to have to give in to the man and have the abortion, and there are hints and there is foreshadowing (albeit very subtle) that provide the clues. This paper reviews the subtleties and on pages 2 and 3 points to specific passages that suggest she will in fact give in to him and abort the baby.
Subtle Hints in the Narrative
The reader knows from a careful study of the short story that these two have traveled together and are very familiar with each other's positions on the issue at hand. It is obvious from the start that there is tension between the two, and the fact that a train is on its way adds to the heightened tension. Hemingway is well-known for his brilliant use of allegory, metaphor…
Hemingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." Men Without Women. New York: Simon
and Schuster, 2002.
post: Hills Like White Elephants
Ernest Hemingway's short story "Hills Like White Elephants" revolves around the dialogue of a young woman and a man, obviously lovers, who are discussing the woman's pending abortion. The woman does not want to have an abortion; the man wants her to do so. She sees his not-so-subtle lack of enthusiasm about her pregnancy as an example of how he does not care about her. Although he claims to have feelings for the girl, the man clearly wants to be free and unfettered and feels a baby will tie him down.
A white elephant is a term often applied to something that is false. The girl sees the hills in the distance and says they are like white elephants, but her simile becomes confused as she says it is if they have 'skins' like real elephants. To the girl, her unborn child is real; to…
Ernest Hemingway's - Hills Like hite Elephants, write essay supports
It is quite possible that Ernest Hemingway was being deliberately deceptive when he wrote "Hills Like hite Elephants," which first appeared in 1927 in the collection of short stories entitled Men ithout omen. Regardless of his intention, when the story is read outside of the social and cultural context in which it was written -- as is the case when a contemporary reader peruses this manuscript -- the text has a certain aura of duplicity in which undiscerning readers may be lulled into misinterpreting its meaning: or possibly even thinking that there is no meaning. Close analysis of literary criticism, as well as an examination of biographical information in Hemingway's life, however, informs readers that there is a crucial debate occurring between the two main characters regarding whether or not a young woman, named Jig, will have an…
Altman, Christine. "A Junction In Life." VCCS Litonline. 2003. Web. http://vccslitonline.cc.va.us/copy_of_hills/junction.htm
This source provides a comprehensive summary of Hemingway's short story. It also emphasizes an interpretation in which the setting of the story (the train stop) provides the most insight into the future lives of the characters.
Anderson, Jefferson. "Ernest Hemingway's Hills Like White Elephants": icerbergs, raisin bread, and the short story. Neither Red Nor Blue. 2009. Web. http://jeffersonflanders.wordpress.com/2009/10/29/ernest-hemingways-hills-like-white-elephants-icebergs-raisin-bread-and-the-short-story/
This is a fairly insightful article regarding Hemingway's short story. It contains a good deal of history regarding the social context which Hemingway wrote in. This article also elucidates Hemingway's "Iceberg Theory," which is featured in "Hills Like White Elephants."
male figure in Hills Like hite Elephants is inferior to Jig, the female counterpart within the story, yet Jig's realization of her strengths against the male is her power to refuse having the abortion surgery. Of course, the story is never resolved and many critical analysts of Hemingway's story have sought to make a prediction about what decision Jig will ultimately make in the face of such a selfish and immature man; Rankin is no different. The orientation of his article is mostly analyzing the dialogue between the man and Jig, paying special attention to her responses and reactions rather than his. In this way, Jig is always the most important person within the story due to the fact that she is the one who is debating whether or not to have the operation. Rankin takes the position that Jig is stronger than the acts, but these displays of strength…
Hemingway, Ernest. The Complete Short Stories Of Ernest Hemingway. Finca Vigia. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Inc., 1987. 211-214. Print.
Rankin, Paul. "Hemingway's Hills Like White Elephants." The Explicator 63.4 (2005): 234+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 17 May 2011. http://0go.galegroup.com.library.wvmccd.cc.ca.us/ps/i.do?&id=GALE%7CA137 018186&v=2.1&u=mission_main&it=r&p=LitRC&sw=w
“You know in the old days it was not so easy to get a girl when you wanted to be married.” This quote begins the story of “High Horse’s Courting,” and it sets the tone that Black Elk wants to set. He is making a comment on the present and the past with the quote and wants to show that times were different when he was a young man and that the courting process was a lot more challenging back in the old days. It thus appears that he is talking to a younger audience and is both trying to entertain them a bit and trying to teach them a lesson—namely that if young men want to win a nice young girl they should be prepared to show that they are men. So that story that he is about to tell is one such a story,…
Don’t Want Any Tension
The theme of Hills Like White Elephants revolves around the tension between the two main characters, the American and the girl, Jig. The author uses a number of different literary elements to reinforce this theme. Each of those elements underscores points of distinction and opposition. In that way, those elements reinforce the opposition between the American and the girl, which is one of the reasons why tension is the dominant theme of this tale.
The setting is one of the main ways literary elements that emphasize the opposition between the American and Jig to create tension in Hills Like White Elephants. The story is set in a train station, which is significant because it is manmade as opposed to a creation of nature. The characters are in a barren setting, described by the author as a place of “no shade and no trees…between two lines of…
Moreover, the girl changes the subject quickly to having another beer.
While the man in the story remains utterly insensitive to his girlfriend, her state of mind is less clear. On the one hand, her self-esteem seems dreadfully low. She repeats, "I don't care about me," and she asks the man if getting the operation will make him happy. When she states, "I don't care about me," she could also mean "I care about you more," but she never says that." She utters the finishing lines of the story: "I feel fine...There's nothing wrong with me. I feel fine." Her words most likely indicate her further suppression of her anger and true feelings. However, the girl might also have come to a decision about ending their relationship. It is entirely possible that her hill-gazing has inspired her to make major changes in her life. After all, the open-ended story does…
Here the man also implicitly suggests that perhaps he has not always just been out for himself or for a good time and that he instead has learned from life itself that it is a mistake to accept an unwanted "white elephants" into one's life. Next when they order two more drinks (Anis del Toro with water this time) the woman notices how "Everything tastes of liquorice [sic] [bittersweet]. Especially all the things you've waited so long for . . ." (Hemingway, "Hills Like hite Elephants") meaning that she herself has longed for this pregnancy, but that the pregnancy also now has a disappointing, not-quite-sweet aspect to it.
A short while later, the man next says, still trying to convince the woman of his own logic for [from his perspective] both their sakes: "That's the only thing that bothers us. it's the only thing that's made us unhappy." But…
Hemingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." Plato. 4 December 2007.
male/female perspective on the issue of abortion as it appears in Ernest Hemingway's most subtle short story, 'Hills like white elephants'. The author has made use of symbolism to highlight the problems experienced by most married couples due to lack of proper communication. Hemingway chose this topic because he believed in this interesting iceberg theory which has been explained in the concluding part of this paper.
HILLS LIKE WHITE ELEPHANTS: MALE/FEMALE PESPECTIVE ON ABOTION
The theme of abortion is predominant in the story titled, "Hills like white elephants." The author, Ernest Hemingway, however has not mentioned the actual word 'abortion' throughout the entire short story but instead has used symbols and vague dialogues to convey his message to the readers. The reason why Hemingway probably refrained from using the actual term was because he firmly believed in using dialogues and language, which required deeper study. The author wanted the readers…
Jeffrey Meyers, Hemingway A Biography, Harper Row Publishers, 1985 pp196 197
Sheldon Grebstein, Hemingway's Craft Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1973
Ernest Hemingway, Hills like White Elephants, 1927
Lamb, Robert Paul, Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue. (American author Ernest Hemingway). Vol. 42, Twentieth Century Literature, 12-22-1996, pp. 453(28)
"She relaxed limply in the seat. "Oh, no. No. I don't want to go. I'm sure I don't." Her face was turned away from him. "It will be enough if we can have wine. It will be plenty." She turned up her coat collar so he could not see that she was crying weakly -- like an old woman" (Steinbeck).
There are a number of fairly eminent points to be made about this quotation -- the first of which is that Allen's husband has taken her away from her source of power -- her garden. Away from that source, she is described by imagery that is rather enervating and in opposition to the vivacity she previously personified. The imagery of her sitting "limply" and weeping "weakly" is strongly contrasted with the images of her cutting through plants and powerfully gripping handfuls of earth -- which symbolizes the source of her…
Budnichuk, Monica. "The Chrysanthemums: Exposing Sexual Tension Through Setting And Character." Universal Journal. No date. Web. http://ayjw.org/print_articles.php?id=647033
Hemingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." Men Without Women. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1927. Online reprint. Scribd.com, 2011. Web.
Hashmi, Nilofer. "Hills Like White Elephants": The Jilting of Jig." The Hemingway Review. (2003): 72-83. Print.
Hunt, D. "Steinbeck's Allegory of the Cave: Deconstructing Elisa Allen in "The Chrysanthemums." Universal Journal. No date. Web. http://www.ayjw.org/articles.php?id=582962
This essay is well-written and well-constructed. The writer refers to the primary source material liberally and provides in-text citations as well as a bibliography. However, the writer could use active voice more often. For example, the sentence "The use of different point-of-view for the narration of the story has great influence on how the elements of characterization and setting are presented" could be rewritten and presented in active voice: "...great influence on how the authors present elements of characterization and setting." The sentence that follows is also slightly clumsy and would be improved through using more parallel verb forms. It reads: "The first person narrative can use more direct characterization to establish the people in the story while the objective point-of-view relies on indirect interpretation." It could be changed to read: "The first person narrative uses direct characterization to establish the people in the story, while the objective point-of-view…
" As the kitchen gets darker, things move slower and people are more intoxicated. The symbolism is obvious in this story.
A reader could be forgiven if he or she shouted, "ould someone please shed some light on love, on relationships, on truth and dignity in this story and stop babbling through the gin!"
In the hite Elephant story -- as in the other two stories -- there is no resolution, no solution, readers don't know if the woman has her baby, or decides to do what the man wants, have the abortion. But light is important in this story too. The mountains looked like white elephants. There was "no shade and no trees" so the visual is focused on bright light. Shrill light, but there is not much light shed on the real difficult decision facing the couple. There is a lot of talking around the issue. "Let's try…
Carver, Raymond. What We Talk About When We Talk About Love: Stories. Ed. R.
Carver. New York: Vintage Books, 1989, c1981.
Faulkner, William. "A Rose for Emily." In the Best of Faulkner. London: The Reprint Society:
Hemingway & Lessing
Compare and Contrast: Martial and Romantic Relationships
Ernest Hemingway and Doris Lessing each examine marital and romantic relationships their short stories Hills Like hite Elephants and To Room Nineteen respectively. Hemingway's story is set in a bar in Northern Spain near a train station and centers around a conversation between a man and a woman as they wait for a train to Madrid one afternoon ostensibly so the woman can get an abortion. Lessing's story takes place over the course of a number of years and examines the evolution of the relationship between a Matthew and Susan Rawlings, an English couple who married in their late twenties and had four children during the course of the union.
Hemmingway does not name the man in his story and refers to the "girl" as Jig. The content of their character is revealed chiefly through their dialogue. The conflict between…
Hemmingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000. 400-404. Print.
Lessing, Doris. "To Room Nineteen." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000. 525-549. Print.
Zora Neale Hurston's story "Sweat" the development of the characters is the most important element of this particular story. Delia, the main character, is a woman who is presented as a victim who has to put up with the constant domestic violence from her husband Sykes. It is those two characters that make up the entire story and it is them who define the meaning of this story. I debated whether the point-of-view would be an element of importance, but decided that without the character's introduction into the story, their point-of-views would not have made a difference. The ending of the story the irony of the characters development since Sykes death was in a sense his own fault. "Delia's work-worn knees crawled over the Earth," shows her hard dedication to whatever it was that she had to do. Regardless of her social situation, she worked hard because she knew she…
Nathaniel Hawthorne's beliefs concerning ethics, morality, and guilt as made evident in one of these stories. Consider how beliefs affect characterization, setting, plotting, and theme.
In the story of Rappaccini's daughter, the narrator becomes infatuated with a young woman whose life literally has become poisoned, because of her father's influence. Unlike a conventional Christian system of morality, as is typical of most of the author's other tales, the girl is being 'punished' for no real crime, other than being born the daughter of a mad scientist. The European setting is also atypical of the author. It takes place in exotic Italy, where the fantastical narrative seems more appropriate than Puritan New England.
The title character's father is a botanist who has created a beautiful garden, but because of his extensive scientific knowledge, he has hubristically attempted to transcend the laws of nature. He has created a girl whom literally has…
Hemingway is classified as a modernist in fiction. Modernism rejected traditions that existed in the nineteenth century and sought to stretch the boundaries, striking out in new directions and with new techniques. More was demanded of the reader of literature or the viewer of art. Answers were not presented directly to issues raised, but instead the artist demanded the participation of the audience more directly in finding meaning and in seeing the relationship between technique and meaning. In literature, writers developed new structures as a way of casting a new light on such accepted elements as character, setting, and plot. Much of modernist fiction shows this increased demand on the reader. Ernest Hemingway gives the illusion of moving in the other direction by simplifying language to the point where it seems ascetic, but in truth his language is complex in its way, building meaning into every word and the placement…
Aldridge, John W. "The Sun Also Rises?
Sixty Years Later." The Sewanee Review XCIV (2)(Spring 1986), 337?45.
Baker, Carlos. Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.
Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1956.
John Berryman's "Dream Song 14"
This poem, friends, is boring. The entire work seeks to illustrate the idea that "life, friends, is boring." It does so by being itself tremendously boring. Though the author occasionally uses exciting or interesting words and phrases, such as "flash and yearn," he does so only in the pursuit of higher boredom by showing that even these words can be sucked into a context which ultimately yields a wish for death. There is nothing but boredom. In the poem, the narrator subsumes the conventions of interesting poetry and puts on, as it were, the form of a half-decent modern poem. However, he purposefully avoids allowing any of the sublime to slip into his work, thus leaving this form of high poetry dead and boring. By structuring his poem in a modern conventional fashion, maintaining a detached and uninterested tone throughout, and by setting…
aiting is a critical aspect in this story and there are several images that point to this notion. alls, doors and clocks are powerful images. Arthur aldhorn believes that the walls are significant symbols in "The Killers." They represent an "irresistible obstacle" (aldhorn 37) which "adds to the total image of terror without becoming an effect for its own sake" (37). They are symbols of the prison in which Ole lives. He has no choice in this world and, as a result, nowhere to go. On the other hand, the door proves to be a symbol of hope and the future for Nick. Hal Blythe believes the doors are a "passages through what appear to be barriers" (Blythe). Blythe states that Hemingway "laced his narrative with the door motif to suggest that Nick is free to make choices" (Blythe). The images in this story are powerful because they seem to…
Adams, Michael. "A Clean Well-Lighted Place." Masterplots II: Short Story Series, Revised
Blythe, Hal. Hemingway's The Killers. The Explicator. 2003. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 22, 2009.
Brooks, Van Wyck. Earnest Hemingway. Modern American Literature. Vol. II. Curley, Dorothy, at al, eds. New York: Frederick Unger Publishing Co. 1969.
Either way, what they shared is gone. The interesting thing about this story is the boyfriend's inability to see things from Jig's point-of-view. He does not have to deal with the emotional aspect of abortion, so he can say things like, "It's not really an operation at all" (Hills Like hite Elephants 1391). The nameless man is selfish and a liar because he tries to convince Jig "It's really not anything. It's just to let the air in" (1391) and "it's all perfectly natural" (1391). Hemingway purposefully leaves him nameless in an attempt to reveal how very little there is to his character. hat is worse, he probably is not concerned with what Jig is experiencing. He fails her and he fails to see her struggle, alienating her with just a few words. In addition, while he is alienating her, he is separating himself from her by demonstrating how selfish…
Aldrige, John. "The Sun Also Rises: Sixty Years Later." Readings on Earnest Hemingway. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. 1997. Print.
Hemingway, Ernest. "A Clean Well-Lighted Place." Literature: An Introduction to Fiction,
Poetry, and Drama X.J. Kennedy, ed. New York: Longman. 1998. Print.
-. "Hills Like White Elephants." The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Vol. II.
Hemingway, Fitzgerald and Cather share a bond when it comes to style and framing fiction with language. ords are not simply meant to describe a character or scene; they can help round the story through how they are arranged. Fitzgerald illustrates how language can blossom around particular aspects of characters and ideas. Hemingway and Cather demonstrate how short, concise sentences can enhance a scene by increasing tension. Style emerges as an afterthought but as we study it, we realize it is a deliberate act that is so subtle that most readers overlook it when it comes to reading. Nouns and sentences are structured in a way that helps the reader make an emotional connection with the reader. These writers have different styles but this does not make one better or worse than the other. The variety we see in them represents the vast capability of writing styles around the world.…
Cather, Willa. My Antonia. New York: Bantam Books. 1994. Print.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Macmillan Publishing Company. New York. 1974. Print.
Hemingway, Earnest. "Hills like White Elephants." The Heath Anthology of American
Literature. Vol. II.
Disillusionment and the Harlem enaissance and Post-Modernism
Distortion of the American Dream
The American dream has been as old as the American constitution. From the text, there is a highlight of the American dream and its distortion over years. It is presented as an old dream, which is as old as the Constitution of the United States of America. According to the text, those who framed the American dream were engaged the country in a state where everyone will gain the good as from working hard. Through working hard, people will be able to make it possible to attain different levels of their fulfillments. Nonetheless, today many things have changed with the changes in time (Hemingway, 2013). With the aspects of capitalism and materialism taking root in every society, the dream has been distorted. The possible supports for a statement that many of the people live within their required states…
Hemingway, E. (2013). Hills Like White Elephants: Short Story. Toronto: HarperCollins Canada.
Wicks, R. (2003). Modern French Philosophy: From Existentialism to Postmodernism. Oxford: One world Publications.
Fiction has the unique attribute of being able to be relatable to a person regardless of its implications to real life. No matter how bizarre a plot or character might be, it is the meaning behind everything that is obvious that makes the interpretation of stories unique and applicable to the human experience. This is greatly demonstrated in a collection of quotations from a variety of stories that all share one commonality: survival. No matter how tough things go, and no matter what life's circumstances can be, survival is the ultimate goal, and these stories all bring together that philosophy in a variety of ways, but all coming up with the same equal concept.
Nothing brings on this notion of survival more than Zora Neale Hurston does in her story "Sweat." Life is all about how hard one works in order to be able to excel and in order to…
Short story -- A brief story where the plot drives the narrative, substantially shorter than a novel. Example: "Hills like White Elephants," by Ernest Hemingway.
Allusion -- A casual reference in one literary work to a person, place, event, or another piece of literature, often without explicit identification. It is used to establish a tone, create an indirect association, create contrast, make an unusual juxtaposition, or bring the reader into a world of references outside the limitations of the story itself. Example: "The Wasteland" by T.S. Eliot alludes to "Paradise Lost" by John Milton.
epetition -- The repeating of a word or phrase or rhythm within a piece of literature to add emphasis. Example: The story of Agamemnon in The Odyssey by Homer.
Blank verse -- Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents, most closing resembling the natural rhythms of English speech. Example: "The…
Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "Literary Terms and Definitions." Web.
"Word List of Literary and Grammar Terms." Web.
Faulkner and Hemingway: Comparison
William Faulkner (1897-1962) and Ernest Hemingway (1898-1961) were contemporaries who chose to adopt writing style that was highly unique and totally different from many of other writers of their time. Both reached great heights of success and were awarded Nobel Prize for literature. Both Faulkner and Ernest were similar in many ways but there was something essentially different about their narration styles and the psychological influences, which their writings reflect. For example while Faulkner was totally obsessed with dark mysteries such as death and murder, Ernest created stories, which were closer to reality. That is the reason why latter received more appreciation for his work than Faulkner who was highly popular among those who enjoyed thrilling mysteries and dark adventures. But they were both totally original in their writing style and they are responsible for introducing unique powerful devices in literature. Ernest Hemingway enjoyed concealing important…
William Faulkner, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Seventh Edition, 2002
Ernest Hemingway, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Seventh Edition, 2002
Jack Welch Leadership Strategies
Jack Welch is rated as the greatest CEO of the current generation and one of the greatest business leaders of all times. The legendary leader, donned the top post in General Electric (GE) from April 1981 to September 2001, taking the company from mediocre levels to the very top levels, in the process turning the very basic concepts on which businesses were run till then. When he took over the top job as Chairman and CEO in 1981 at a relatively young age, GE had annual revenues of U.S.$25 billion and profits of U.S.$1.5 billion, rated as tenth best among the American public companies.
In year 2001, when Welch finally hung up his boots, GE did sales of U.S.$125.9 billion with profits soaring to U.S.$14.1 billion. During the rather long tenure of almost twenty years, GE delivered dramatic results on many counts. From 1993 to 1998,…
Bennis, W and Nanus, B - 'Leaders: Strategies for Taking Charge', HarperCollins, 1985
Bennis, W - "Leadership' in 'Writers on Leadership', (ed) van Maurik, J, London: Penguin, 2001
Bock, W - 'Professional spotlight: Jack Welch', 2001, accessed 2004, available at www.mondaymemo.net/010910feature.htm. Accessed on 18 April, 2004
O'Boyle, T - 'At Any Cost - Jack Welch, General Electric and the Pursuit of Profit', New York: Knopf, 1998
Cape Wind Project proposed for Cape Cod, and the political, economic, and social impacts to Cape Cod and Nantucket. The Cape Wind Project is a proposed wind-turbine project off the shoreline of Cape Cod in Massachusetts. Supporters of the project believe it is the right clean-air, renewable energy project for the area, and it will negate the need for an old, outdated fossil fuel electrical generating plant. Opponents believe it is the wrong project for the area, and it will reduce their quality of life, as well as block local fishermen from their livelihoods. Controversial and very public, the project has been debated since 2001, and it still has not begun construction.
I am David McCullough, author and historian, and I live full time on Cape Cod. I am adamantly opposed to the Cape Wind project for a number of compelling reasons. First and foremost, in my mind, is that…
Editors. "Wind Farms." Cape Cod Times. 2009. 19 May 2009.
Editors. "Cape Wind: The Economy." Save Our Sound. 2009. 19 May 2009.
Kennedy recognizes the need to establish a bond with all the South American leaders, thereby isolating Chavez-Chavez politically as ineffective leader in South America. Kennedy perceived the Third orld in terms of the "national military establishment," and vulnerable to the manipulations of the Soviet Union (Schwab, Orrin, 1998, 1). Kennedy had already gone around with Cuba, and did not wish to repeat his mistakes in Venezuela, but he also had no intention of surrendering Venezuela to the Soviet Union in the way in which Cuba had been surrendered before him.
President Kennedy saw South American diplomacy as the route to turning Venezuela away from bonding with the Soviet Union. He recognized that he could not alienate the rest of South America from the United States, or that would drive them into the sphere of Venezuela's influence over them towards the Soviet Union.
Kennedy calls a meeting with Chavez-Chavez, in private,…
Brown, Seyom. Faces of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100986354
Clark, General Wesley K. Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat. New York: Public Affairs, 2001. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100986356 .
DeConde, Alexander. A History of American Foreign Policy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=65362550 .
Waverley Park was designed for and reflected a demographic shift in Melbourne's population away from the inner suburbs to the south and east. Waverley Park was a symbol of, and a contributor to, the shift of the locus of power within the Victorian, later Australian, Football League from the clubs to the league, a change whose consequences are still being felt in 2000. The stadium reflected an Australian tradition of multi-sports facilities despite its genesis in Australian ules, both in its conception and subsequent development. Waverley Park played a significant role in the development of post-war Australian football, cricket and baseball. In April 2000 it was nominated for the Victorian Heritage egister by the City of Greater Dandenong (Hay et al.).
Waverley reflected also a major geographic shift, taking the game away from the traditional inner urban areas to outlying suburbs where a more affluent society with discretionary income…
And the winners are...: The votes are in and business travellers across the region have had their say on Asia's best hotels. Business Asia, 15(2), 20.
Berry, J. & McGreal, S. (1999). Cities in the Pacific Rim: Planning systems and property markets. London: E & FN Spon.
Cannon, M. (1995). The land boomers: The complete illustrated history. Carlton: Melbourne University Press in Berry & McGreal at p. 225.
Crozier, M. (2003). Political legacies: Australian political studies and the University of Melbourne. Melbourne Journal of Politics, 29, 8.
In conclusion, it has been sufficiently demonstrated that elty's recurring motif in "Death of a Traveling Salesman" and in "A orn Path" is the treating of human relationships, which are inherently founded in human nature and which can be evinced from such human principles of love, devotion, and spirituality. The author has purposefully repeated this theme in many of her works to accurately portray real life, since it was the living, breathing world (through the author's interpretation) which engendered these tales. Readers would benefit from the review of these texts, therefore, in order to gain a degree of sapience into the inner workings of people and of the world around them.
Johnston, Carol Ann. "Eudora elty." The Mississippi riter's Page. 2005. eb. http://www.olemiss.edu/mwp/dir/welty_eudora/#T2
Sederberg, Nancy. "elty's Death of a Traveling Salesman." The Explicator. Vol.42 1983. eb. http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst?docId=96539565
Seltzer, Catherine. "Pondering Hearts: Studies of Eudora elty and Josephine Pinckney."…
Johnston, Carol Ann. "Eudora Welty." The Mississippi Writer's Page. 2005. Web. http://www.olemiss.edu/mwp/dir/welty_eudora/#T2
Sederberg, Nancy. "Welty's Death of a Traveling Salesman." The Explicator. Vol.42 1983. Web. http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst?docId=96539565
Seltzer, Catherine. "Pondering Hearts: Studies of Eudora Welty and Josephine Pinckney."
The Southern Literary Journal - Volume 41, Number 1, Fall 2008, pp. 145-150 .Print.
Also, it does not really fit very well with the rest of the syllabus. The other stories on the syllabus have three-dimensional characters that show a mix of good and bad characteristics, and face moral dilemmas. But the 'good man' of the title is suddenly confronted with a vision of hypocrisy, of the good people of the town showing their evil side. He does not come to this encounter with any soul-searching, or because he has done something particularly extraordinary, in terms of the story's plot. The story is heavy-handed and does not make much of a 'case' for the effective use of symbolism or the use of stories with clearly moral tales. Most people in the class have already encountered fables and morality tales in their other reading, even as children, and the more complex modernist works are a better spur towards better writing and…
Flannery O'Connor's short story "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" provides readers with ideas related to morality and to the fact that society has the tendency to put labels on things. The central characters in the story form a rather dysfunctional family, with the father being pressured by his mother to do a series of things that he doesn't want to while she appears to leave in an imaginary world. The idea of good is used to such a degree in the story that it eventually comes to lose significance. The grandmother seems to be obsessed with this respective concept and uses it to describe a series of things. Instead of actually making it possible for readers to gain a more complex understanding of the idea, she brings confusion to the topic as a result of generalizing it and using it in context where it does not necessarily apply.…
O'Connor, Flannery, "A Good Man Is Hard To Find."
Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process
Review of the Relevant Literature
Types of Mergers
Identifying All Stakeholders in a Given usiness
Strategic Market Factors Driving Merger Activity
Selection Process for Merger Candidates
Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendations
The Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process
Mergers and acquisitions became central features of organizational life in the last part of the 20th century, particularly as organizations seek to establish and maintain competitiveness in an increasingly globalized economy (Nevaer & Deck, 1996). Mergers are generally described as being the formal joining or combining of two corporations or business (Prichett, 1987), although both the framework and the method of merger vary greatly. The reasons for mergers are different based on what a company is trying to accomplish. The acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor; to increase its efficiency; to diversify its products, services,…
Ansoff, H. Igor. 1987. The Emerging Paradigm of Strategic Behavior. Strategic Management Journal, 8, 501-515.
Barney, Jay B. 1986. Strategic factor markets: expectations, luck, and business strategy. Management Science, 32, 10, 1231- 41.
Beinhocker, E.D. & Kaplan, S. 2002. Tired of Strategic Planning? Many Companies Get Little Value from Their Annual Strategic-Planning Process. It Should Be Redesigned to Support Real-Time Strategy Making and to Encourage 'Creative Accidents.' The McKinsey Quarterly, 49.
Black's Law Dictionary. 1990. St. Paul: West Publishing Co.
14). Soon, Congress passed the Marijuana Tax Act, which was signed into law in 1937. Like the Harrison Act, the Marijuana Tax Act placed marijuana into the same category as the cocaine and opium drugs. It was now illegal to import marijuana into the United States (McWilliams, 1991). However, this law was ineffective in curbing marijuana use (Brecher, 1986, p. 14).
By the early 1940s narcotic addiction had significantly reduced in the United States (Harrison, Backenheimer and Inciardi, 1999). However, this was not the result of legislative initiatives. Instead, it was because World War II was cutting off the "supplies of opium from Asia and interrupt the trafficking routes from Europe" (Inciardi, 1992, p. 24).
Several other legislative efforts in the supply reduction department served to establish more severe penalties for violations of drug laws, and tighten controls and restrictions over legally manufactured narcotic drugs (Harrison, Backenheimer and Inciardi, 1999).…
1999). Recreational Drug Information. History of Drug Use U.S. Retrieved from the Internet at www.a1b2c3.com/drugs/.
Brecher, E. (1986). Drug Laws and Drug Law Enforcement: A Review and Evaluation Based on 111 Years of Experience,' Drugs and Society 1:1.
Drucker, Ernest. (1999). Harm Reduction: A Public Health Strategy. Current Issues in Public Health, 1: pp. 64-70.
Drug Policy Alliance. (February 17, 2005). Harm Reduction: Options that Work. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.drugpolicy.org/news/021705harm.cfm .
Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities
For most of the developing countries tourism industry is playing a very important role in boosting their economies. In 2004, it was found out that Asia Pacific was one of the fastest growing tourism regions (Cruey, 2005). According to WTO, up to 3% of world's tourism market is made up of Thailand, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It was in 1970's that the development of Thai international tourism started (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). Tourism industry accounts for 5.1% of Thailand's National Gross Domestic Product (Tourism Authority of Thailand, 2009). For the purpose of providing a proper development direction, the National Economics and Social Development Plan (NESDP) served as a guide (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). The result of the survey which was conducted by the Universities of USA and Thailand, showed that Thailand stood on the first place as best hospital city for all the…
Blamey, R.K. (2001). Principles of ecotourism. In Encyclopedia of Ecotourism, Weaver D (ed). CAB International: Wallingford, England; 5 -- 22.
Brass, J.L. (1997). Community Tourism Assessment Handbook. Western Rural Development Centre, Utah State University, ed.
Business Day, (2005). Tourist Sector Wins 3.65BN Baht Budget. [Electronic bulletin board], February 24, 2005.
Carter, R. And Fabricius, M. (2007). UNWTO Conference in Topic is Creating campetitve advantage for your destination, Budapest, UNWTO Consultants (TEAM tourism Consulting).
(?Recognized as the official photographer for a promotional website, www.oldsanjuanpr.com.
CERTICATION & TRAININGS
Certified Professional Final Cut Pro-End-User Level 1, the Edit Center, New York, NY
Pursuing Certification Motion and DVD Studio Pro 4 HD End-User, the Edit Center, New York, NY
Screenwriting 101: Introduction to Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net
Screenwriting 102: Advanced Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net
SILVER HILL HOSPITAL
New Canaan, CT
Residential Counselor/Psychiatric Technician
Responsible for ensuring efficient, quality functioning for adolescent unit in 28-day Transitional Living Program. Assign, assist and supervise residents in weekly duties. Supervise and participate in-house staff meetings. Manage and operate equipment safely and correctly. Cover house operations in the absence of the Senior Residential counselor. Carry out admission and discharge process for residents, while ensuring transitional living experience fosters growth and independence in residents.
( Promoted to Residential Counselor after 5 months of employment as…
Immigration reform, once seeming close under President Bush after the introduction of the Comprehensive Immigration eform Act of 2007, has completely stalled since that point. That bill died in the Senate (Marre, 2007), and there has been little action on immigration reform since then, despite the support for the ideas of CIA by both Presidents Bush and Obama. There are few reasons why immigration reform has stalled. The first reason is that the economy went swirling down the porcelain. This shifted the priorities towards the end of the Bush Administration and for the first couple of years of the Obama Administration. Both presidents were forced to address economic issues, orchestrating bank bailouts and other measures to stabilize the economy. Immigration reform, while still viewed as important at the time, was simply viewed as less important. While Democrats had the clout to pass an immigration reform bill, they were concerned with…
Marre, K. (2007). 46-53 immigration bill goes down in the Senate. The Hill. Retrieved November 12, 2014 from http://thehill.com/homenews/news/12430-46-53-immigration-bill-goes-down-in-defeat
Smith, D. (2007). Senate kills Bush immigration reform bill. Reuters. Retrieved November 12, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/06/29/us-usa-immigration-idUSN2742643820070629
Foley, E. (2014). Conservatives warn that GOP must act on immigration, not just attack Obama. Huffington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2014 from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/11/10/republicans-immigration-reform_n_6128980.html
If students are misbehaving, they are not engaged in their lessons. Behavior management is, unfortunately, a priority focus at Springfield Gardens, to the detriment of instruction. This is the point that the three interviewees continued to stress. None of them blamed the teachers for failing to engage students; the fault, as they see it, lies squarely with the students whose families apparently do not place a high value on education. The students, as Gordon, Benton and Johnson see it, are products of the culture in which their parents live.
The three frequently compared and contrasted the students of today with students of generations past. Students in "the good old days" did not misbehave the way students do "these days." That point was made clear, particularly in interviews with Benton and Gordon. Benton recalled a childhood outside the United States where school, he implied, was much more rigorous. It would appear…
Bali, V.A., & Alvarez, R.M. (2003). Schools and educational outcomes: What causes the "race gap" in student test scores? Social Science Quarterly 84 (3)
Biddle, R. (March 7, 2011). The condemnation of black children to dropout factories must end. Dropout Nation. Retrieved from http://dropoutnation.net/2011/03/07/condemnation-black-children/
Lewis, a.E. (2001). There is no race in the schoolyard: Color-blind ideology in an (almost)
all-white school. American Educational Research Journal 38 (4), 781-811.
business culture and expansion trends that exist for American companies in India. The paper focuses on answering the following questions: 1. What are the major elements and dimensions of culture in this region? 2. How are these elements and dimensions integrated by local conducting business in the nation? 3. How do both of the above items compare with U.S. culture and business? 4. What are the implications for U.S. businesses that wish to conduct business in that region? The paper also tackles the following aspects: Dimensions of Culture, Communication. Different Meaning of Words across Languages, Verbal, Nonverbal, High Context vs. Low Context and eligion -- Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Shinto and Ethics; Definitions, The Issue of Corruption, Corporate Social esponsibility, Values and Attitudes, Variances in Attitudes across Cultures, Concept of Time, Dealing with Change, The ole of Gender, Social Status, Business Manners and Customs across National Cultures, Social…
Bose, P. And Lyons, L.E. (2010). Cultural Critique and the Global Corporation. Tracking Globalization, Bloomington, IN.
Butler, Patty. (2012). India Business Etiquette, Manners, Cross Cultural Communication, and Geert Hofstede Analysis. International Business Etiquette and Manners. Cyborlink http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/india.htm
Doh, J., and Luthans, F. (2009). International Management: Culture, Strategy, and Behaviour. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Doh, J., and Luthans, F. (2009). International Management: Culture, Strategy, and Behavoir. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Environmental Effects on Species Habitats in the Southern California Mountains
Southern California is not for everybody. "Some people view the climate and laid-back lifestyle with longing. Others perceive the area, and its inhabitants, as a little too far over the edge" (Hutchings 2001:4D-Z). hile the region may not appeal to all types of humans, it does attract a wide range of species who make their home in the mountainous areas of Southern California. In fact, Southern California is dotted with several mountain ranges, including the San Gabriel, San Bernardino, San Jacinto, San Bruno, Santa Rosa, Cuyamaca, the Palomar Mountains and even the Chocolate Mountains (Havert, Gray, Adams & Gray 1996). One of the most biodiverse and well-studied of these ranges is San Gabriel (ake 1996). This paper will provide an overview of the ecosystems in these mountain ranges in general with an emphasis on the San Gabriel mountain range in…
Adams, Jonathan S., Lynn S. Kutner and Bruce A. Stein, eds. Precious Heritage: The Status of Biodiversity in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Baur, Donald C. And Karen L. Donovan. The No Surprises Policy: Contracts 101 Meets the Endangered Species Act. Environmental Law, 27(3):767-90.
California's Plants and Animals. (November 24, 2003). Habitat Conservation Planning Branch, California Department of Fish and Game. Available: http://www.dfg.ca.gov/hcpb/species/lists.shtml.
Dasmann, Raymond F. (2004). Habitat Conservation. In Encyclopedia Britannica.com [premium service].