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I think we've just proved that hockey can truly be defined as a religion -- at least in Canada.
Now, as to its "ritualness." Is hockey played "in accordance with social custom or normal protocol?" That would be the question our friend Merriam-Webster would ask in order to define hockey as a ritual (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary).
My question would be how could anyone look at the game of hockey and not see that there are social customs and normal protocols involved with it? Those customs might include ramming the opposing player into the glass, slashing him with the hockey stick, high-lowing the opposition in order to put him out of the game but hopefully not in the hospital, generously standing directly in front of the opposing goalie "to protect him" from those mean, onrushing players with the big sticks, swearing, and just general fighting. Now, those are some social customs!…
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2009. 1 April 2009 .
Sibley, Robert. "Have Canadians substituted hockey for religion." 23 March 2009. The Ottawa Citizen. 1 April 2009 .
Tomesco, Frederic. "Canadiens Test Fans' Faith in City Where Hockey is Religion." 30 March 2009. Bloomberg.com. 1 April 2009 .
The spectre of assimilation, was even more pronounced in the native community. In the Hockey Game, es Fineday relates the memory of a game played on his reserve. Children were taken to boarding schools, where even the food was unfamiliar. Hockey was the one thing that Fineday could relate to and it brought him fond memories of home. The boarding school experience illustrates Canada's policies towards natives for most of the 20th century. This contempt towards native culture coloured the histories of hockey from that era. Thus, the history of hockey writing was coloured by racism that specifically excluded any special recognition of natives. Thus, even today it is mainly native people who are versed on the history of hockey among native Canadians.
Another contributing factor to the whitewashing of hockey's history is the fact that hockey is viewed as a national icon. Hockey is "an authentic and autonomous expression…
Brownell, Susan. (1995). "Training the Body for China" University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Gruneau, Richard & Whitson, David (1993). "Hockey Night in Canada" Garamond Press, Toronto
Bellegarde, a.J. (2005). "Aboriginal Hockey" Backcheck: A Hockey Retrospective. Retrieved November 17, 2008 at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/hockey/e.html?PHPSESSID=jv70oso2osetmg1joist5t5o31
Beardsley, Doug. (2005). "Our Game: An All-Star Collection of Hockey Fiction" Raincoast Books, Vancouver.
Of course, Fuller is not the only one to draw connections among hockey, the media, and differences between Canadian and American national identities. In fact, Gruneau and hitson get the name of their book from Canada's most famous television program -- Hockey Night in Canada. Like learning to skate before learning to walk, the pair suggest that the Saturday night "TV program made us feel like part of a national community" (2). Thus, Fuller suggests that hockey is of utmost importance to the nation's identity, not only as a sport, but also as a major media event. In this world of globalization and satellite and Internet television broadcasting, media has become the defining feature of many nations. Thus, the use of media to depict Canadian and American values so antithetically is of utmost importance to Canadians and suggests that the sport is integral in the defining of a national identity.…
Fuller, Patricia Hughes. "Am I Canadian?': Hockey as 'National' Culture." PROVIDE
REST of CITATION
Gruneau, Richard and Whitson, David. Hockey Night in Canada. Toronto: Garmond,
While hockey may have masculine connotations for the single sportsman watching a game, a father watching the same game may see the sport as a way to bring the family together, while a mother next to him in the stands may marvel at its sociological implications as she watches her daughter bond with her father while discussing the intricacies of the game.
While viewing hockey as an art form allows Canadians to draw a variety of meanings from the game, the game's implications on Canadian society are hard to deny. A community affair, hockey has had the power to bind Canadians together, bringing communities and families into stands or next to television screens across the country to enjoy a good game. While some may view the action of the game to be "hypermasculine," the consequences are anything but, but are instead a common ground for community interaction -- a rather…
Due to the relatively simple and straightforward nature of the proposed retail hockey supply business, the financing concerns and plans for this business are not incredibly complex or arduous. The bulk of start-up capital will be needed to make initial product purchases, make a year's worth of lease payments, and to make whatever equipment, shelving, display, and storage adjustments are necessary for the physical store itself. It is expected that these costs will not exceed $100,000, and it is possible that they will be considerably less. Most suppliers will provide credit terms of at least 30 days to initial retail customers such as the proposed business with evidence of adequate funding; this will help to offset start-up costs and provide a means of generating positive cash flow early on in the business's life cycle, which will in turn make generating further capital much easier.
If at all possible,…
Hockey Sweater - Children's Literature
Introduction / Argument
Authors of children's books are no different in terms of producing creative and substantive material from those writers and authors who pen stories for the adult market: both genres cry out for the portrayal of something meaningful, memorable, instructional, possibly provocative - and last but certainly not least, something entertaining enough to be devoured like a juicy mesquite-smoked salmon steak fresh off an outdoor grill on a Canadian spring afternoon.
And no matter what the storyline is, no matter the names and identities of the characters, no matter the tone, setting, ironies and conflicts, all writers have a moral and/or political agenda at work when they sit down to the keyboard to work. The values of the writer are interwoven into that writer's story like the planks of a political party during its convention. Careful, objective readers - with experience in analyzing…
This strategy, along with an "old-fashioned slap shot" - which was "drilled home...by Bill Baker of the University of Minnesota, in front of a crowd of 4,000 that half-filled the new field house" in Lake Placid. Only half full meant that perhaps most American inter Olympics' fans didn't think the U.S. had a chance, and didn't buy the tickets because of that.
Eskenazi went on to explain that on the same night, the Soviet team beat Japan, 16-0, and Czechoslovakia routed Norway, 11-0. It was a sweet "victory" for the Americans to tie the Swedes, because the Swedes had joked that they had sent their "B" team out against Team USA; their "A" team, Eskenazi went on, was playing in the NHL.
Team USA then defeated Czechoslovakia 7-3, and est Germany, 4-2, and won two more to make the "medal round" - in which they really began to be taken…
Anderson, Dave. "Big Doolies' of the World." The New York Times. February 25, 1980.
Blass, Eileen. "What makes miracles? Work." USA Today. February 19, 2006.
Eskenazi, Gerald. "American Tie Swedes on Goal in Last 27 Seconds." The New York Times.
February 12, 1980.
I'm here today to discuss a topic many of you may be passionate about, and the rest of you probably have no interest in. hat's the bad news. he good news is; I'm going to try to help you get a little excited about hockey, even if you don't know the difference between a stick and a puck. In May 2009, the Phoenix Coyotes of the National Hockey League, claimed bankruptcy. As a result, two competitive offers to finance the team emerged. One was from a Canadian businessman, the other from the NHL itself. his month, a judge ruled against both parties, leaving the hockey team in limbo, and outrage in the hockey fan community. (Yes, there is such a thing, and not just in Canada.) Here's what happened.
he sources of the conflict were the inability of the Coyotes to maintain operating costs and continue playing with…
There were numerous parties involved, of course, from the NHL league itself, to the fans, creditors, and the courts. Officially, it was the National Hockey League vs. Jim Balsillie, who wanted to move the team to Hamilton, Ontario Canada. However, there were several other parties involved in the conflict that often don't come into mind. First were the fans. Yes, there are hockey fans just as passionate and devoted as any fanatic football or basketball fans, and with the judge's decision, they were robbed of their favorite sport. Another contingent that doesn't get much press are all the people that work either full-time or part-time for the hockey teams across the country. These people, the ones you don't think about when you attend any athletic event, are the backbone of the fan experience. Ticket takers, announcers, fan store clears, food vendors, and the maintenance crews, all depend on the sports season for their income or extra income. With no games comes no pay, and these low-paid, part-time people may have been the biggest victims of the judge's ruling, and received the least recognition. Also, the team owner and team coach were not considered creditors for some reason, and did not receive their pay, another interesting twist to the story.
But, I digress. The issues at hand here were all to do with money and budgeting. The main issue at play in the conflict was the bankruptcy of the team, the payments to creditors, and where the team would end up. The league wanted to take over the team, and probably leave it in Phoenix. The judge ruled that the league's offer did not go far enough, but left the door open for them to make another offer. On the other hand, he closed the door on the businessman, saying that the court would not hear another offer from him. So, the team my still stand a chance of surviving, if the NHL ups the ante and comes back with a stronger offer the judge approves.
What tactics did these parties use in their negotiations? Well, they weren't exactly nasty, but they were firm. At first, both parties said they had absolutely no intention of backing down. The NHL said they had actually been in control of the team since November 2008, and that the team owner did not have the right to declare bankruptcy. The judge's ruling seems to back up the NHL in their claims, and makes it clear that moving the franchise to Canada, no matter how big the offer, is simply not acceptable. The two sides allowed the court to make the decision, and it clearly did not end the way any of the parties anticipated it would. Currently, the Coyote players are in training camp for the upcoming season, while the fate of the franchise is still up in the air. So, are you enthralled yet? Are you on the edge of your seat? Good, my job is done. Now, here's how the situation resolved itself..
Sledge Hockey is a terrific sport that individuals with physical disabilities can participate in. This sport was developed in the 1960s at a Swedish rehabilitation center. By modifying a metal sled (aka sledge) to fit two ice hockey skate blades under the sledge (so that a hockey puck could pass under it, the Swedes allowed themselves to be able to slide around the ice without inhibiting the movement of the hockey puck. They used round poles that had bicycle handles as sticks with which the propelled themselves across the ice—much like skiers use sticks when they are skiing long distance. Their game required no goaltenders, but other than that it was very similar in spirit to regular ice hockey: the goal was to get the puck into the goal—and instead of skating, the players sledged or sledded across the ice in the customized sledges that allowed the puck to…
Reflection on Parasport Sledge Hockey
Parasport Sledge Hockey is an increasingly rising and popular sport across the world. Invented in the 1960s in Sweden, it has spread across the globe to be embraced both in the East and in the West. It is played in the Paralympic Winter Games along with apine and cross-country skiing games and wheelchair curling (“No Accidental Champions,” n.d.). Sledge Hockey legends like Billy Bridges have captured the imagination of the public and have helped to propel the sport into the mainstream as its athletes are recognized for their power, skill, and determination.
In Canada, sledge hockey is gaining ground as a popular sport for children with physical disabilities that have caused them to lose one or both of their legs. These children find an athletic outlet in sledge hockey, as all the participants are equalized through the use of the sledge. The players propel themselves…
(Why I Quit Hockey... Keep Your Priorities Straight)
The mark of success is often due to goals in a hockey match, but in practice other performances are equally important, and that should be realized the people who are encouraging the player. The supporters often want the player to carry out action on the field that the player cannot do due to his deficiencies in some areas, though that does not make him any less a player. The players often get encouragement from their non-tournament performance as then they can perform without tension and this improves their capacities as a player. The supporters keep advising the coaches about what they should or should not do, and often enough even the players knows that such an action will be wrong. The players are aware that their game is costing the guardians money, and to them it seems that the guardian is not…
Bach, Greg. Combating Violence in Youth Sports. Retrieved at http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/ip010927.html . Accessed on 14 July, 2005
Bayles, Fred; Sharp, Deborah. Parental behavior under scrutiny. USA Today. 13 January, 2002.
Retrieved at http://www.pysa.com/images/Parents%20Under%20Scrutiny.PDFAccessed on 12 July, 2005
Davis. Peter. Be the Coach you want to be. Retrieved at http://www.fieldhockeywest.org/articles/art6.htm. Accessed on 14 July, 2005
Advances in Nanomaterials and Their Applications
Nanomaterials, including carbon nanofibers and nanotubes, are being explored extensively for their use and application in multiple manufacturing domains. One of the most eager manufacturing sectors to incorporate nanomaterials into their midst is the athletics gear and sporting industries. Tennis rackets, surf, skate, and snow boards, skis, ski poles, boats, bicycles, hockey sticks, baseball bats, golf clubs and balls are all potentially transformed by the use of nanomaterials. Other athletics applications of nanomaterials include sports stadium materials, artificial turf, running track surfaces, clothing, and gymnasium equipment (Chunyan, 2011). While nanomaterials are proving promising from design, implementation, and development perspectives, there are also significant safety issues that need to be taken into consideration by engineers, manufacturers, and industry regulators.
The root word "nano" comes from the Greek meaning dwarf because the particles are extremely small and require special technologies for visualization as well as…
3M (2013). 3M nanomaterials strengthen sports gear. Retrieved online: http://news.3m.com/blog/top-stories/3m-nanomaterials-strengthen-sports-gear
Abraham, T. (n.d.). Nanotechnology and nanomaterials -- applications and global market analysis. Retrieved online: http://www.aibn.uq.edu.au/Download/NSF/Thomas_Abraham_iRAP.pdf
Chunyan, L (2011). Study on application of biosafety of nano-materials in sports engineering. Future Computer Science and Education (ICFCSE, 2011).
DeJong, K.P. & Geus, J.W. (2007). Carbon nanofibers: Catalytic synthesis and applications. Catalytic Reviews 42(4): 481-510.
There are rumors, the Forbes report goes on, "that the owners are looking to sell the team, which has sizeable debt and has had a hard time attracting season ticket holders" (Forbes).
Another struggling franchise mentioned often in analysis as a financial loser is the Atlanta Thrashers. Forbes reports the team lost 10% of its value in the 2008-09 season and is now worth $143 million. Local revenue per fan is $10 and the Thrashers' debt is 46% of its total value; player salaries were $39 million and gate receipts were $23 last season. "A nasty and continuous legal battle amongst the eight owners…has resulted in the team turning to Goldman Sachs for investors"
(Forbes). Although the Thrashers are not in the so-called Sun Belt, Atlanta is not known for ice, snow, and cold, like the more traditional hockey venues experience.
The financial struggles of some teams today is not…
Badenhausen, Kurt, Ozanian, Michael K., and Settimi, Christina. (2009). "NHL Team Valuations: The Business of Hockey." Forbes Magazine. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2009, from http://www.forbes.com .
Baird, Michael (2005). "NHL Finances: Skating On Thin Ice." Sports Facility Reports. Retrieved Nov. 30, 2009, from http://www.law.marquette.edu/s3/site/images/sports/facilityarticlelled.pdf .
Forbes (2009). "NHL Team Valuations: #18 Tampa Bay Lightning." Retrieved Dec. 2, 2009 from
5% and 2.35% over that period but opposite the trend of fluctuation in overall spending
The result is approximately $23.5 billion spend each year in the U.S. attending sporting events like the 82 games per year at the Boston Garden
Average U.S. households spent more attending sports events while incomes fell after 2007, and less as incomes increased since then
Households in the Northeast region including Boston spend higher on "apparel and services" and more or the same compared to all other regions and the national average for complementary local amenities "fees and admissions" (the Garden) and "food away from home" and "alcoholic beverages" (neighboring sports bar)
Bostonians spend higher than the region on entertainment and less on apparel and alcohol than the regional average, for the most recent years available, 2007-2008
Bruins season tickets are already sold out, which suggests weak 2010 economic fundamentals may take second place to…
Boston Redevelopment Authority. The Boston Economy in 2010. Boston: Boston
Redevelopment Authority Research Division, 2011. 8 Oct. 2011 < http://www.bostonredevelopmentauthority.org/Research/Research.asp >
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. "Sales and Use Tax." Department of Revenue, Mass.gov.
2011. 8 Oct. 2011 < http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=dorterminal&L=5&L0=Home&L1=Businesses&L2=Current+Tax+Year+Information&L3=Guide+to+Employer+Tax+Obligations&L4=Specific+Trustee+and+Excise+Taxes+Requiring+Registration&sid=Ador&b=terminalcontent&f=dor_business_taxguide_salesuse&csid=Ador >
Theoren Fleury: Why?
Theoren Fleury is one of the most famous and controversial hockey stars of recent memory. While playing, Fleury was known for his aggressive style both on and off of the ice. However, Fleury has recently come forward with a public explanation of why he struggled with drug and alcohol addiction. When he was an up-and-coming junior hockey star, he was sexually abused by his then-coach Graham James. Fleury blames his inability to deal with the trauma for the "alcohol, drugs and promiscuity" that characterized his "otherwise impressive 16-year NHL career" (Gillis 2009:1).
Fleury was desperate to make it as a hockey pro, and was living with James while still playing as a junior (a common situation for competitive young hockey athletes in Canada). James was in a position of trust, which he violated. Fleury was particularly vulnerable -- one reason that the predator James may have…
Bessel A. van der Kolk. (1989). The compulsion to repeat the trauma: Re-enactment, revictimization and masochism. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12(2): 389-411.
Dissociation. (2013). Mothers of Sexually Abused Children (MOSAC). Retrieved:
The term "hockey stick" was given to this controversy by Jerry Mahlman, a climatologist who described a patter that is relatively flat to 1900 (the shaft) and then a sharp increase after 1900 that corresponds to the blade (see above) (Climate Legacy, 2004). This graph has been the key piece of evidence in views supported by the United Nations and IPCC regarding greenhouse gas emissions and environmental change.
Arguments against using the Hockey Stick as the only answer to climate claim that it is taken out of context when it comes to global climatic time. In addition, graphing the last 150 years causes, what some scientists say, is noisy data in which relatively minor changes appear to be over exaggerated because of the template of the graph. This, called small-amplitude variations, may be true from an empirical sense, but have little meaning statistically when dealing with macro-science like climate (Von…
REFERENCES & WORKS CONSULTED
Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. (2007). IPCC. Cited in:
Climate Legacy of 'Hockey Stick..' (2004). BBC News. Cited in:
Not unlike the wold of business, many eseaches and pundits have evaluated and looked at the wold of spots as a way to analyze whethe and how cetain coaching styles ae beneficial o non-beneficial in tems of the pefomance and outcomes of the team in question. Of couse, the question is a multi-faceted one and analyzing such a question in a contolled envionment can be difficult. Samples sizes and "apples to apples" compaisons can be difficult. Even so, thee ae many takeaways and points of analysis that can and should be undetaken so as to gauge the efficacy of a team if it is subjected to the suppotive-autonomy coaching ac as opposed to othe methods.
The subject of this epot is an analysis of whethe autonomy-suppotive coaching is o is not beneficial and effective in boosting pefomance of the athletes subjected to the method.…
references for male and female coaches. Women in Sport and Activity Journal,
Hodge, K., & Lonsdale, C. (2011). Pro-social and antisocial behavior in sport: The role of coaching style, autonomous vs. controlled motivation, and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33(4), 527
Klomsten, A.T., Skaalvik, E.M., and Espnes, G.A. (2004). Physical self-concept and sports: Do gender differences still exist?. Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum
Publishers, 50(1-2), 119-127
The Chinese sport has been identified as one of the most dynamic sectors in China based on the market value of the sports industry. In 2013, the market value of the Chinese sports industry was more than $2.91 Billion and increased to $3.44 Billion in 2014 revealing an increase of 18.01%. Typically, Chinese sports industry also recorded the market values of $3.43 Billion at the end of 2015 fiscal year. Although the Chinese sports industry only contributes to 0.63% of the GDP in 2013, however, since 2000, the sports industry has recorded more than 4% annual growth rate based on the increase in the household spending. After the Olympic game in 2008, the market value of the Chinese sports industry has increased by 20%. A report by the Chamber of Commerce (2015) shows that before the success of Lina's, the CSSM ("Chinese Sports Sponsorship Market") value (p 1) was approximate…
Outliers: The Story of Success" is a non-fiction literary work written by Malcolm Gladwell in 2008. In this book, Gladwell has explained the underlying reasons for the success of certain very famous individuals. He has called such people "outliers," which by definition is any value that lies far away from, or at the extreme ends of, a set of data. Similarly, Gladwell has explained such individuals to be very different from the rest of us, exceptional, far removed in their immense success.
In the book Gladwell has explained certain factors he believes are the reason for the success of, say, Bill Gates and the Beatles. These include the "Matthew Effect," which Gladwell has used to explain why many elite Canadian hockey players are all born in the first few months of the year. The reason he gives for this is that, as youngsters, these hockey players had an advantage of…
Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. London: Penguin Books, 2009. 320.
Knight, Charles. A biography of William Shakespeare. Nabu Press, 2010. 202.
This has led to reconciliation among the divided states. It is this unifying theme that is also expressed in both the book, Friday Night Lights, as well as the movie, Miracle.
The Unifying Effects of Representative Sports as Demonstrated in Friday Night Lights and Miracle:
In Bissinger's Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream, the author explores the societal webwork that is Odessa, Texas. An oil town that soars and plummets as oil comes and goes, is held together by the local high school football team -- the Permian Panthers. In the book, Odessa is a town that is both metaphorically and literally divided. There is the racial division of hites vs. Blacks and Hispanics. Reminiscent of a far earlier time in America, hites in Odessa in the late 1980s, on the whole are bigots, who feel Blacks are inferior.
There is only thing Blacks are valued…
Bissinger, H.G. Friday Night Lights. New York and Washington D.C.: Da Capo Press, 2000. Print.
Coakley, Jay. Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies. New York: McGraw Hill Higher Education, 2009. Print.
Eitzen, D. Stanley. Fair and Foul: Beyond the Myths and Paradoxes of Sport. Lantham, MA: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. Print.
Hoglund, Kristine & Sundberg, Ralph. "Reconciliation Through Sports? The Case of South Africa." Third World Quarterly Jun 2008: 805-818. Print.
From his entry to the company, Ian and his side of the family was summarily ousted and perceived as outsiders. Ian claimed that Eric "refused to work with him" and as a result had "destabilized the company," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The cousins had clearly outlined roles within the company so their conflict was not necessarily due to intrarole conflict or to jurisdictional ambiguity. However, their personalities did appear to clash. Ian was obviously to more brash and outgoing of the two and Eric has been described as a "shy man who was uncomfortable with public speaking," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The clash between the cousins led to significant intergroup and intragroup conflicts. Each believed the other incompetent, and each believed that his methods and strategies were more effective than the other's. Eric leveraged his superior position as Chairman of the Board and his…
Eric Molson Retains Control of Brewery." (2004). Modern Brewery Age. July 5, 2004. Retrieved Mar 31, 2007 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3469/is_27_55/ai_n6133475
Vying for Control of Molson Inc." (nd).
Elliott, H. (2013, January 6). NHL, players reach tentative deal on new collective bargaining agreement. LA Times [Los Angeles], pp. 1-3.
Collective bargaining can occur in a variety of fields, from sports, to politics. It enables settlement of disputes that can benefit both parties as well as produce a result that isn't too one-sided. Collective bargaining is "the negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees" (Beal, Wickersham, & Kienast, 1972, p. 5). In an article by LA Times, collective bargaining arises in contract disputes of the NHL.
The collective bargaining dispute stems from the NHL players Association and their laor dispute with the NHL. "Kings fans had waited 45 years for their beloved team to win the Stanley Cup last June, so it seemed cruel that a labor dispute between the National Hockey League and the NHL Players' Assn. delayed their chance to…
Beal, E.F., Wickersham, E.D., & Kienast, P. (1972). The practice of collective bargaining. Homewood, Ill: R.D. Irwin.
Elliott, H. (2013, January 6). NHL, players reach tentative deal on new collective bargaining agreement. LA Times [Los Angeles], pp. 1-3. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/06/sports/la-sp-nhl-lockout-20130107
ut help is on the way. A elgian theologian is cited as saying: 'It is important and healthy for women, for families, for societies, that we are dealing with the return of the human male, almost from the dead'." (2007) It is interesting to note that there appears to be great fear among the Polish majority mindset that the strong role of men in their society will somehow be diminished by women also entering into a role that is modified from the present role attributed to Polish womanhood and strengthened. The media in Poland has actively and imaginatively played with the Polish nationalist party and served to drive the country back into pre-E.U. accession mindset.
The cover of Wprost in May 2004 is stated to feature a man "placed well above the woman" who is looking "proudly and sternly ahead, into the future; the woman teeth bared in a submissive…
Abizadeh, Arash (2004) Liberal nationalist vs. postnational social integration: on the nation's ethno-cultural particularity and 'concreteness. Nations and Nationalism 10 (3), 2004, 231 -- 250. r ASEN 2004
Agnieszka Graff (2005) The Return of the Real Man: Gender and E.U. Accession in Three Polish Weeklies. Online available at: http://www.iub.edu/~reeiweb/events/2005/graffpaper.pdf
Alsop, Rachel and Hockey, Jenny (2004) in: In Women in society: achievements, risk, and challenges. Nova Publishers, 2004
Dizard, R., Korte, H. And Zamejc, A (2007) Right-Wing Nationalism in Poland: A threat to human rights? 2007 by Rachael Dizard, Henrike Korte and Anna "amej." Online available at: http://humanityinaction.org/docs/Reports/2007_Reports_P oland/Dizard_Korte_Z
Sports Center is a production of ESPN on cable television. It is a mixture of scores, game highlights, commentary, interviews and human interest feature stories. All of the people who are part of the ESPN broadcast team are, of course, intelligent, well-spoken, and attractive.
A lady by the name of Dana Jacobson was one of the primary anchors doing two of the three shows. She worked with one man named Mike Greenberg and another by the name of Dave Revasine. There were other females involved in the broadcasting, mostly as interviewers who also did a small amount of commentary related to what ever interview they did. There is, besides the gender mix, also an ethnic mix that is actually more diverse for women than men. There are Caucasian, African-American and Hispanic peoples represented by the women and Caucasian and African-American by the men. The gender ratio is approximately 3:1 males…
Mock Client Interview & Analysis
Dialogue between the social work counselor & Amal:
Social Work Counsellor: Good morning, Amal. How are you today?
Amal: (Gets up); says, 'I don't wanna be here. I'm normal, everyone else isn't'
Social Work Counsellor: Oh? Now why do you say that?
Amal: (Walks to the window & looks out); 'Because they're all against me. I don't fit in. I don't belong.
Social Work Counsellor: Please tell me more Amal. You can tell me anything.
Amal: The other kids are slow. They don't think, and only obey the teacher. I like to be active there isn't enough time for gym or recess like my old school. I'm bored there.
Social Work Counsellor: Have you told you teacher about your feelings, Amal?
Amal: No not like how I told you. The teacher doesn't ask me anything. I don't think the teacher likes me. The other kids…
A Social Approach to Counseling in Challenging Contexts. Negotiation, Chapter 6
A Social Approach to Counseling in Challenging Contexts. Ethics & Power, Chapter 7
Carey, M., et.al. (2009). The Absent But Implicit: A May to Support Therapeutic
Enquiry. Family Process. 48 (3): 319-32.
This ethnographic observation comprises two separate visits to a NHL hockey game, during the regular season. Both of the observations took place at an evening game, which began at 7PM. There are several predispositions of how I believe people will look and behave in this setting. For example, I believed that men would outnumber women. I also believed that about half of the people at the hockey game would be with groups, and especially with families. I believed that roughly half of the attendants would be wearing a hockey team jersey, and that a quarter of the fans would have purchased beer from the stadium kiosks. Shouting and other signs of fan participation and enthusiasm was also expected. I have been to several NHL hockey games, as well as minor league games. This is why I have some expectations of the game but still tried to keep an open…
Cherry, K. (n.d.). The three types of psychology research. Introduction to Research Methods. Retrieved online: http://psychology.about.com/od/researchmethods/ss/expdesintro.htm
Munro, C.E.S. (2006). Sports fan culture & brand community: an ethnographic case study of the Vancouver Canucks Booster Club. University of British Columbia [Thesis].
Noto, C.S. (2008). The ethnography: What it is and how to write it. Retrieved online: http://voices.yahoo.com/the-ethnography-write-it-1913940.html
"Writing an Ethnography," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.bethelcollege.edu/users/blowers/writing%20an%20ethnography.htm
Justification is an important part of the game and a number of fans say that if a team's defense cannot stop the opposite team from launching a drive into the end zone, they are worthy of being given the loss. In spite of everything, it could have just as simply gone the other way. Unmistakably it is to a team's difficulty to misplace the coin toss and have to deal with catastrophic consequences in case they fail, but supporters of defensive football claim that it is a genuine way to decide the game. The NCAA and the CFL work in the perfect way, according to followers of equal-opportunity overtime; every team is arranged an equal number of possessions ahead of the winner being determined. If, though the primary team to have the ball scores and the second team does not, it is game over. In case the first team does…
Easton, S., & Rockerbie, D. Overtime! Rules and Incentives in the National Hockey League. Journal of Sports Economics, Vol6, 2005.
Fort, Rodney and James Quirk. Optimal Competitive Balance in a Season Ticket League Working Paper. 2009. Print.
Longley, Neil and Swaminathan Sankaran. The Incentive Effects of Overtime Rules in Professional Hockey. Journal of Sports Economics Vol. 8 No. 5, 2007. Print
N.F.L. Ponders Changing How Overtime Is Played. New York Times, Section D, Page 5. 2003. Print
For any strategic planning activity to be effective there must be the ability to quickly define process-level changes to increase competitive advantage. Mintzberg's critique of the strategic planning process is illustrated in the shortcomings of the Ashoff Matrix in this regard.
Lack of strategic prioritization of projects within the context of the Ansoff Matrix - the Ansoff Matrix does not provide for strategic criteria to be applied to specific projects. The portfolio management approach to strategic planning specifically has been developed to respond to the shortcomings of the Ansoff Matrix and other analytical constructs like it. Portfolio management is in fact the basis for Boston Consulting Groups' Growth/Share Matrix, or as it is commonly referred to, the BCG Matrix.
Lack of quantification of cash generation and modeling of future financial performance - the shortcomings of the Ansoff Matrix as a strategic tool relative to the needs of strategists, specifically at…
Ansoff, HI (1957). Strategies for Diversification. Harvard Business Review. September - October. 113-124.
Wheelwright, Steven C. And Kim B. Clark. Revolutionizing Product Development: Quantum Leaps in Speed, Efficiency and Quality. New York: Free Press, 1992.
Nike SEC Filings (2007) - SEC filings completed by the company. Accessed from the Internet on April 7, 2007:
A toasted my favorite strawberry Pop Tarts, carefully cut them into quarters like my precision would protect me from something, and sipped regular Coke.
Garbage in, garbage out, sis," said my brother. "Carrie, girl, your energy is going to totally crap out halfway through practice, if you eat like that." I didn't care that much. Yeah, I'd probably have half a snack bag of corn chips for lunch, throw the rest away and say I was fat, try to pretend I was fashionably dieting like the pretty girls, and then feel like wet rag after doing wind sprints with my hockey stick after school. But I never saw my body as a carefully sculpted, inhuman machine, capable of perfection like my brother. My legs were just a vehicle to get my life to Point a and Point B, as best as it could. I think deep inside, I had learned…
The weather is also a threat, since attendance declines as the attractiveness of outdoor pursuits increases.
Manuel should pursue several different courses of action. He should be willing to sell ice time to hockey groups if it is more profitable, even on weekend evenings. He should focus on courting the teenage and young adult market during times when competition for their business is less intense, like weeknights. He should recognize the value of the ice arena as a babysitter and schedule skates for times when that has an appeal, such as after school. We should also focus his marketing efforts on media used by his target market. Some people still listen to radio, but if Manuel wants to reach a younger audience he needs to do it online, via text message marketing and other modes of communication that have a better reach with his target.
Manuel should be open to…
The food can be ordered by email or fax and is set 15 minutes before the doors opening or during the event, according to customers' wish.
Analysis of facility and focus area
After visiting the Arena whose characteristics I have tried to summarize up to this point of the essay, my opinion is that the facility perfectly moulds over the customers' needs and financial possibilities. It provides glamour for all those who can afford it, but also a comfortable, entertaining atmosphere for all those Americans that come back home late at night, open the refrigerator and drink the beer for which they work hard all day long. Thus, the Arena may be considered an oasis that people choose when they want to spend some moments "far from the madding crowd" of day-to-day life. In order to achieve this objective, the management uses various stratagems to enhance the programs' attractiveness. For…
http://www.cheapovegas.com/orleans.html.Last retrieved on November 5, 2006 http://www.lasvegaswranglers.com.Last retrieved on November 5, 2006 http://www.orleansarena.com.Last retrieved on November 5, 2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orleans_Arena . Last retrieved on November 5, 2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Las_Vegas_Wranglers.Last retrieved on November 5, 2006
Similar sport-specific performance improvement was found in the earlier study conducted by Smith, Wright, Allsopp, and Westhead (2007).
Smith, Wright, Allsopp, and Westhead (2007) compared the effects of PETTLEP-based imagery against the improvements found with the use of traditional imagery, in hockey players and gymnasts. In the first study, 48 varsity hockey players were divided into four groups. These groups included: 'sport-specific' imagery, 'clothing' imagery, 'traditional' imagery, and a control group. Following a six-week period, the sport-specific group saw the most improvement in penalty flicks. Other than the control group, the traditional imagery group experienced the least amount of improvement. The author's second study featured 40 junior gymnasts. These participants were divided into four groups that included: PETTLEP, stimulus only imagery, physical practice, and a control group. As was found in both Wright and Smith's (2009) and Smith, Wright, and Cantwell's (2008) research, there was significant improvement in both the…
Holmes, P. & Collins, D. (Mar 2001). The PETTLEP approach to motor imagery. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13(1). pp. 60-83.
Smith, D., Wright, C., Allsopp, A., & Westhead, H. (Jan 2007). It's all in the mind: PETTLEP-based imagery and sports performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psycholgoy, 19(1). pp. 80-92.
Smith, D., Wright, C., & Cantwell, C. (Sep 2008). Beating the bunker: The effect of PETTLEP imagery on golf bunker shot performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79(3). Retrieved June 5, 2009, from ProQuest.
Wright, C. & Smith, D. (Mar 2009). The effect of PETTLEP imagery on strength performance. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psycholgoy, 7(1). Retrieved June 5, 2009, from General OneFile.
Soccer balls can be made of rubber or leather; to develop soccer skills a regular ball is not required. For a European nation to develop into a football playing or football loving nation, the country has to develop the sport at the grassroots. It seems to be too much effort for countries that already have an established interest in several different sports.
The sports that come close to football are rugby, which is played in Europe and many other parts of the world and Australian ules football, otherwise known as footie. Both sports require far less infrastructure than football. Only a specific kind of ball is required. Both rugby and footie does not use specialized protective equipment. Most other countries also play basketball, the European nations play hockey and a few nations even play baseball. But none of these sports require the specialized infrastructure of football.
Quality of Players
http://www.essortment.com/all/americanfootbal_rwff.htm>Essortment.com. "American Football History." 2009. April 10, 2009.
nhl.com/sm-reebok-washington-capitals-alexander-ovechkin-language-barrier-player-name-and -- pi-3070445.html
Here, we can see an innovative way of overcoming the inherent language barrier, or at least rendering it secondary to fan intrigue.
hina is another market context where challenges are specific and dominant due both to the dramatic distinction between the hinese language and Romantic or Latin-based tongues and due to hina's isolated and distinctly defined cultural nature. In both of these, we consider that there is a real and difficult obstruction for organizations seeking to establish a meaningful identity.
In consideration of the example of Foster's beer, for one, we are given a narrative detailing a long and difficult process by which the Australian beer distributor was eventually able to penetrate the market. For Foster's, one of the biggest problems was its prior strategic dependence on its name and Australian identity, which are easily and charmingly conveyed in advertisement in America. In a non-English speaking market,…
China is another market context where challenges are specific and dominant due both to the dramatic distinction between the Chinese language and Romantic or Latin-based tongues and due to China's isolated and distinctly defined cultural nature. In both of these, we consider that there is a real and difficult obstruction for organizations seeking to establish a meaningful identity.
In consideration of the example of Foster's beer, for one, we are given a narrative detailing a long and difficult process by which the Australian beer distributor was eventually able to penetrate the market. For Foster's, one of the biggest problems was its prior strategic dependence on its name and Australian identity, which are easily and charmingly conveyed in advertisement in America. In a non-English speaking market, this is a harder association to draw. Such is to say that "The brand name is an essential part of marketing and it not only helps to identify a product but also creates value through consumers' association with the brand (Kohli, Harich, & Leuthesser, 2004). Cultural differences are therefore of major concern when managing brands in China." (Chung, 2) This is especially true coming from the Australian market, where the association between the brand name and a high standard of quality would negatively translate to mean high cost in the Chinese market, where income is decidedly more modest.
Another instance comes to us from China of cultural barriers creating a distinct challenge for internet search engine giant, Google. Google's ideology places it in a spot of unparalleled challenge, even further observable as it attempts
Pressure on the superior vena cava may produce SVC syndrome, a swelling of the head and arms. SVC syndrome involving the brain can be fatal and must be treated immediately. But enlarged lymphatic tissue in the chest cavity generally tends to displace -- rather than press upon or encase -- adjacent structures. Therefore, compromised breathing and SVC syndrome are relatively uncommon signs of lymphoma. (Hodgkin's Disease, 1998-2008)
Effects on Bone Marrow
Night sweats, fevers or anemia (a low red-blood-cell count), fevers may indicate Hodgkin's disease has spread to an individual's bone marrow. In these scenarios, a physician may order bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. In biopsy, medical staff uses a large needle to remove a narrow, cylindrical piece of the patient's bone. In another option, medical staff performs an aspiration, a process utilizing a needle to remove small bits of bone marrow. Generally, in both instances, to help determine cancer…
Atlas of the Body: The Lymphatic System." (1999). American Medical Association. 2 June 2008 http://www.medem.com/medlb/article_detaillb.cfm?article_ID=ZZZG0S6CGJC&sub_at=518 .
Carson-DeWitt, Rosalyn S; Alic, Margaret. "Hodgkin's Disease," Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer, January 1, 2002. 2 June 2008 http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G2-3405200219.html .
Detailed Guide: Hodgkin Disease What Is Hodgkin Disease? American Cancer Society. Revised: 08/30/2007. 2 June 2008 http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1x_What_Is_Hodgkin_Disease.sp?rnav=cri .
Hodgkin's Disease Signs and Symptoms. (1998-2008). 3 June 2008 http://www.oncologychannel.com/hodgkins/symptoms.shtml.
This has been the traditionally used mode of treatment for non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas, but the fact remains that there have not been many clinical trials conducted that would reveal the benefits of CHOP in comparison to various other chemotherapy options for the treatment of CLL, which is a very slowly growing form of cancer and is therefore conversely very difficult to treat and cure because of the fact that all the traditional methods of treatment, whether chemotherapy or radiation, are meant to quickly and rapidly destroy the fast growing cancerous cells. (Cancer Treatment and Prevention)
Curing a patient with the CLL or SLL forms of cancer is considered to be highly unusual, but it is true that these patients will b able to lead productive lives even after 6 to 10 years after the cancer have been diagnosed for them. A patient when he is making the choice of treatment for…
Bischof, Delaloye a. (2003) "The role of nuclear medicine in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)" Leuk Lymphoma. Volume: 44 Suppl 4; pp: S29-36
Cancer Treatment and Prevention" Retrieved at http://patient.cancerconsultants.com/treatment.aspx?id=782Accessed on 26 December, 2004
CHOP - complementary considerations. Lymphoma-tion" (2 October, 2004) Retrieved at http://www.lymphomation.org/chemo-CHOP.htm . Accessed on 26 December, 2004
CHOP Patient Information Sheet" Newcastle General Hospital, Northern Center for Cancer treatment. (June, 2005) Retrieved at http://www.newcastle-hospitals.org.uk/v2/PDF/patientleaflets/NCCT/Standard/CHOP.PDFAccessed on 26 December, 2004
Sports have graduated in the last half of the twentieth century from hobbies or pastimes into the pure, unadulterated pursuit of profit. In short, shorts have become a commodity to be exploited as far as the market will allow. The history of American sports has seen this process play out in a stepwise fashion; every several years developments come about that enable the enterprise to expand and increase profits. The latest changes in business that have allowed sports to enlarge have been globalization and communications technologies. Clearly, these two go hand in hand to some extent. Still, both have contributed to the acceleration of the commodification of sports; they have aided its degeneration from a pastime, into the form we see today.
If you were to ask the average American what they thought was wrong with professional sports today they would likely tell you that the amount of money athletes…
1. Calhoun, K., & Gorman, J. (1994). The Name of the Game. New York, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
2. Cosell, H., & Whitfield, S. (1991). What's Wrong with Sports. New York, New York: Simon & Schuster.
3. Dallas Morning News. "Steroids Readily Available." Dallas Morning News, Sunday, Feb. 6, 2005.
4. Kahn, Lawrence M. (2000). "The Sports Business as a Labor Market Laboratory." The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 14, No. 3, 75-94.
Given that people engage in sporting events for a wide range of reasons, the authors assert that it is time for athletes to develop a moral code that embraces higher standards of conduct that will help reverse these recent trends and once again provide American sports with a sense of fair play and respect.
Fredenburg, Karen, Rafer Lutz, Glenn Miller et al. (2005). "Dismissals and Perceptions of Pressure in Coaching in Texas High Schools: Similarities and Differences with Previous Studies Show the Contemporary Face of Coaching Pressure." JOPERD-- The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 76(1):29.
In this essay, the authors report that there have been a number of recent studies and reports that suggest that the pressure in high school sports is growing, rather than declining. The authors cite an article in Sports Illustrated that described the alarming trends of parental misbehavior at youth sport events. The president…
"Over the past century, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The majority of greenhouse gases come from burning fossil fuels to produce energy, although deforestation, industrial processes, and some agricultural practices also emit gases into the atmosphere" (EPA). These greenhouse gases play a critical role in global warming; they trap energy in the atmosphere, acting like a blanket around the Earth. From what is known about Earth's atmosphere at prior points in history, when these greenhouse gases were more abundant in the atmosphere from natural sources, there is no real argument that greenhouse gases do not trap heat. Moreover, science can prove that human activities produce those same greenhouse gases. However, the argument that climate change deniers make is that human activities are contributing only a nominal amount of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, and, therefore, that human activity cannot…
Cook, John. "Is There a Scientific Consensus on Global Warming?" Skeptical Science. N.p.
2012. Web. 26 Nov. 2012.
Cook, John. "What Evidence Is There for the Hockey Stick?" Skeptical Science. N.p. 2012.
Web. 26 Nov. 2012.
Product Placement in Console Games
A growing body of research confirms that one of the best ways to reach male consumers aged 18 to 34 years is to place products in console games. Originally, game developers paid advertisers to include their products in games to lend them authenticity and realism, but advertisers are now paying game developers to have their products placed in popular console games. The introduction of online gaming series has created additional opportunities for product placement and current trends indicate that advertisers will be exploiting this marketing tool even more in the future. This paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning product placement in console games, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
The introduction of video games such as "Pong" as home entertainment systems more than 30 years ago created an entire…
Andrews, A. (2009, April 1). Amanda Andrews on media: Getting in on the game. Marketing,
Christensen, J. (2009). Global experience industries: The business of the experience economy.
Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press.
The people of Puerto Rico have a unique history in the US immigration. Indeed, Puerto Rico has a special, if not distinct place in the civil society of the American nation. Puerto Rico has been owned by the US for over a century. However, it has not ever acquired a state status. Puerto Ricans have been part of the US population for over a century. Puerto Ricans do not have a vote in the US congress. Puerto Ricans can move freely throughout the US states. Such movement is regarded as internal migration. However, when Puerto Ricans move to the mainland, they leave a distinctive homeland and a culture. Such a movement comes with numerous cultural transition conflicts. Indeed, the movements come with similar conflicts that occur with actual immigration (History Team, 2017).
According to the census conducted in 2010, Puerto Ricans are some of the most densely populated communities in…
Neither Paul nor Frank ever recognized that this was the principal source of their mutual rivalry, resentment, and antagonism. In fact, to hear either of them discuss their relationship, one would think that the main issue between them is that Frank is meticulously neat and fastidiously clean whereas Paul is notoriously sloppy.
While those characterizations are completely accurate, they are not the source of conflict within their interpersonal relationship. Their respective differences in that regard need not necessarily cause interpersonal conflict; in their case, they do because their respective preferences and comfort zones became the battlefield for their underlying mutual resentment created by the way that their father pitted them against one another in lashing out against them. Just as their father retaliated against each of them indirectly and in emotional ways without ever actually expressing his anger over their relationship with (or perceived "favoritism") toward her, so did Paul…
Aronson, E., Wilson, T., and Akert, R. (2008). Social Psychology. New York:
Blair, G. (2007). Groups that Work. Washington, DC: IEEE Press.
Branden, N. (2008). The Psychology of Self-Esteem. New York: Bantam.
Through a school-based project, students within the proposed COMA program would watch popular videos under supervision and then talk about the images afterwards, to assess different rapper's portraits of women, violence, crime, and sexuality. Students would also analyze rap lyrics in their English classes. This would encourage teens to not simply mindlessly listen to the music, without critically analyzing rappers' overt messages and rap lyrics' subtexts.
Bringing rap into the school would help to erase the 'us vs. them' divide that is part of much of rap's violent, negative, outsider appeal. It could also offer a springboard in which to discuss larger social issues about racism and sexism. Students would be asked to create their own rap music videos and rap songs to talk about issues that were important to them on a personal level. Incorporating rap as an expressive medium has been proven to be effective in many contexts.…
Iwamoto, Derek K. (2007). Feeling the beat: the meaning of rap music for ethnically diverse midwestern college students: A phenomenological study. Adolescence. Retrieved July
25, 2010 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_166_42/ai_n27343301/
King, Samantha (et al. 2009). Effects of rap and heavy metal music lyrics on adolescent
Behavior. Missouri Western State University. Retrieved July 25, 2010 at http://clearinghouse.missouriwestern.edu/manuscripts/325.php
5). One this level, Obama makes a moe pesonal appeal to the audience. She bought the poblems down to the individual who would eventually cast the vote. The use of genealizations did not have the same impact on the individual. McCain's focus on "ou paty" and "ou nation" was meant to instill a sense of unity, but did not have the impact of Obama's moe pesonal appoach.
In the final analysis, it is appaent that although both women ae extemely intelligent and well educated, Michelle Obama knew he audience bette than Cindy McCain. Obama used language that did not highlight he college backgound, but flowed in a convesational manne. She continued to build appot with the woking class vote thoughout he speech. To do this, she used he level of language, use of examples, and continual eiteation of he connection and he husband's pesonal connection with the people of…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
Johnson, D. & Johnson, R. (2000). Civil Political Discourse in a Democracy: The Contribution
of Psychology. Retrieved February 22, 2010 from http://www.co-
Love, J. (2010). The Value of Building Rapport. Selling Journal. Retrieved February 22, 2010
Although the school had installed nets to prevent soccer balls from being kicked on the hockey field and vice versa, a problem occurred when the poles that held the nets up were not covered with padding. When a student ran into an unpadded pole, he suffered injuries.
Some specific ways to help ensure that a good facility does not go bad, orkowski (2006) explains, include, however are not limited to:
Thinking through all changes made to a facility and specifically searching for any new risks a change may introduce.
Keeping everything in its place, using storage for the specific needs the architect designed it to meet.
Ensuring the buffer zones are to used as buffers.
Making sure doors are locked when school or activities are not taking place, ensure the facility is properly supervised.
Not making bad adjustments to good facilities; using proper methods; equipment.
Avoiding shortcuts that may increase…
Borkowski, R.P. (2006). When good facilities go bad. Athletic Management. Retrieved July 22,
2009 from http://www.athleticmanagement.com/2007/01/15/when_good_facilities_go_bad/index.p p?printMe=1
Mournful as it is melodic, I found myself musing about lost relationships and people that have vanished from my life. My mind strayed to personal matters several times during the show, which lasted several hours including an opening act.
Another set of feelings that persisted throughout the concert related to Coldplay's big-budget stage production. Our tickets had cost a lot of cash, and every person in the building felt that we deserved to get our money's worth. Therefore, our expectations were high. My fellow concertgoers and I wanted to be swept off our feet, and we were. From the moment the show began I was in awe, impressed visually as well as aurally. The tension created by the first few dark seconds, combined with the rising intensity of the violin and percussion-studded "Viva la Vida" that ensued, created an aura of joy and gratitude. e got every penny's worth from…
Coldplay." Wikipedia. Retrieved Nov 21, 2008 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coldplay
Hamersly, Martin. "Coldplay's High Energy Show A Hit with Sunrise Fans." The Miami Herald. Retrieved Nov 21, 2008 at http://www.miamiherald.com/entertainment/music/story/764888.html
5% of total liabilities. Their retained earnings, on the other hand, total $5.073 billion. The heavy use of retained earnings is partially explained by their view of themselves as a growth company. hile they pay a dividend, Nike prefers to re-invest much of its profits back into expansion. They do not feel that the market has matured sufficiently to stop their aggressive growth strategy. Another consideration in their capital structure is the cost of capital. On account of its low volatility, Nike has a low cost of debt, approximately 6.8% using CAPM. Their long-term debt is primarily a revolving credit facility. The rate, based on their a+ rating, is LIBOR + 0.15%, which would equate to 4.12% based on the October 15th price of the 1-year LIBOR. If anything, Nike could become more financially efficient by increasing their use of debt financing.
Nike places strong emphasis on human resources. They…
Cohen, Marshal (2007). USA: Athletic footwear is significant portion of overall footwear market. Fibre 2 Fashion. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/company-news/npd-group/newsdetails.aspx?news_id=32512
Some financial information, ratios from Reuters. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=NKE.N
Nike 2008 Annual Report. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/10/100529/Areports/ar_06/docs/10k.pdf
Nike 2006 Annual Report. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at
Nevertheless, there have been many decisions over the years that have tended to weaken the intent of the Framers. In 2001, in Zelman v. Simmons Harris the Supreme Court ruled that school voucher programs did not violate the establishment clause of the First Amendment. The decision represented a blow to the essentially secular nature of the American state and system. By allowing public money to be given to religious schools, the Supreme Court was permitting the violation of a more than two hundred year old principle. In reaching its decision, the Supreme Court chose to accept the argument that giving money to schools was not a case of advancing religion but rather one of who should have power over education - the state or individual parents.
Personal freedom was now being re-defined as something that included the right to government assistance if the government provided assistance in similar situations. Persons…
Bolick, Clint. "School Choice: Sunshine Replaces the Cloud." Cato Supreme Court Review 2001-2002. Ed. Robert a. Levy, James L. Swanson, and Timothy Lynch. Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2002. 149-169.
Censer, Jack. "7 France, 1750-89." Press, Politics and the Public Sphere in Europe and North America, 1760-1820. Ed. Hannah Barker and Simon Burrows. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 159-178.
Champlin, Dell P., and Janet T. Knoedler. "American Prosperity and the "Race to the Bottom: " Why Won't the Media Ask the Right Questions?" Journal of Economic Issues 42.1 (2008): 133+.
Milner, Murray. Freaks, Geeks, and Cool Kids: American Teenagers, Schools, and the Culture of Consumption. New York: Routledge, 2004.
However, these studies did not separate the effects of ephedrine from that of caffeine and so more intense research is awaited in this direction. [Robert a] it is to be noted that caffeine and ephedrine work synergistically which could be dangerous in patients with pre-existing cardiac or blood pressure abnormalities. Caffeine affects the adenosine-mediated dilation of blood vessels by antagonizing its receptors. The resulting increased availability of free adenosine monophosphate furthers the activity of ephedrine and catecholamine stimulation resulting in reduced cardiac refractory periods and increased cardiac output and consequently elevated blood pressure. [Charles N. Krome]
It is necessary to look into the inherent risks associated with the use of ephedrine. Ephedrine has a very high percentage of adverse reactions compared to all other herbal supplements. As reported by ent et al. (2003), ephedrine alone accounts for around 64% of all adverse medical reactions due to herbal products. This in…
Daniel Ari Kapner, 'Infofacts Resources: Ephedra and Energy Drinks on College Campuses," Accessed 26th April 2008, Available at, http://www.higheredcenter.org/pubs/factsheets/energy-drinks.html
Michael P. Schaefer, Jay Smith, Diane L. Dahm and Matthew C. Sorenson, 'Ephedra Use in a Select group of Adolescent Athletes'. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 407-414, available at http://www.jssm.org/vol5/n3/6/v5n3-6pdf.pdf
3) Robert a. Robergs1, Tommy Boone2, Donna Lockner3, "Exercise Physiologists Should not Recommend the Use of Ephedrine and Related Compounds as Ergogenic Aids or Stimulants for Increased Weight Loss," Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, Volume 6 Number 4 November 2003, available at http://faculty.css.edu/tboone2/asep/RobergsV2.doc
4) Charles N. Krome, 'Cardiac Arrhythmia in a Professional Football Player. Was Ephedrine to Blame?' The physician and Sportsmedicine Vol31, No 12, Dec 2003.
One typically does not consider the floral designs required by Barnsdall to be a good match for the harsh lines and square angles used in house.
In order to accommodate the needs of the design and those of the owner, right used hollyhocks and floral designs to help soften the harsh lines created by the concrete. This allowed the work to flow, rather than to bring out the contrast created by these two opposing elements. Contrast is the key to right's work. However, this is difficult ground from a design perspective, as one must be careful not to make the building seem out of place in the natural landscape. Consider the following photo and the contrast between the concrete walls set against the rolling green hills in the background.
Photo Credit: Christy Rogers, 1998
This is an excellent example of how lines were used to contrast and draw attention to…
Friends of Hollyhock House. Hollyhock House (1921). http://www.hollyhockhouse.net/hhhistory.html . Accessed December 11, 2007.
Galinsky. Hollyhock House: Los Angeles. www.galinsky.com/buildings/hollyhock/index.htm. Accessed December 11.
Lockley, W. California Romanza. Hollyhock House, Hollywood, California. Historic Buildings Survey. 2004. http://www.waltlockley.com/hollyhock/hollyhock.htm. Accessed December 11, 2007
National Historic Landmarks Program. Barnsdall Complex, Aline. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=853494857&ResourceType=Building. Accessed December 11, 2007.
In tat case, te NFL will, naturally, take te position tat if tey do not want to be included in a profit-making activity, te NFL will gladly take te profits witout tem. Weter tis is truly collusion is peraps te decision of te individual to wom te tougt strikes; but certainly it seems to appear as collusion wen in fact it is not by any means deliberately collusive. Players' claims notwitstanding, it is very unlike te NFL to procure less-tan-maximum television revenues simply because tey must split tem wit anoter group; in fact it goes contrary to all oter signs tat te NFL sows and actions tat it takes.
I do not like Roger Goodell, te Commissioner of te NFL -- wo does?
-- but it is not in my interests to claim tat e is overseeing an organization caracterized by collusion wen in reality it is clean in tat…
Larry Buckingham is about to launch his season ticket drive for the Springfield Nor'Easters, a minor league baseball team. The city's only other minor sports team, the Falcons hockey club, is threatening to move and is about to launch a high-profile season ticket drive of its own. The ticket drive is critical because tickets are one of only three major sources of revenue for minor league baseball clubs. Another source is concession sales, which are highly correlated with ticket sales. Season tickets form the basis of the attendance -- the higher the rate of season ticket sales, the more profitable a baseball club will be in general. There are only small amounts of advertising and sponsorship revenues, totaling $46,000.
The Springfield market is challenging. The city has seen its economic base slump, and as a result real earnings are down and 25% of the city's population lives below the…
Philadelphia/New York Compare
New York vs. Philadelphia:
ho Claims the Top Spot in Sports?
If you're a sports fan, the East Coast is a great place to live. Many cities in the East boast great sports teams, but no one can beat Philadelphia and New York for the variety and quality of sports entertainment. The question, then, is who can claim the top spot for sports entertainment on the East Coast -- Philadelphia or New York? In order to decide victor of this metropolitan heavyweight fight, we must look at several factors that contribute to a city's sports greatness.
Let's look first at Philadelphia. In the introduction to his history of Philadelphia sports, Rich escott claims that "nothing defines the City of Philadelphia more than its passion for sports" (ix). This passion can be seen in the variety of professional sports played in and around the city. The city boasts…
Ianello, Joe. "5 Reasons Philadelphia Owns New York." Bleacherreport. http://bleacherreport.com/articles/593264-5-reasons-why-philadelphia-owns-new-york#page/6
Vencil, Mark, and Alfred Santasiere. Yankees Stadium: The Official Retrospective. New York: Pocket Books, 2008.
Wescott, Rich. A Century of Philadelphia Sports. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001.
4P's Marketing Mix
Nike Marketing mix
Nike as a company was initiated by two visionaries from Oregon, Bill Bowerman and a runner at that time for the University of Oregon Phil Knight. They were then working together in athletic with Knight being the runner supervised by Bill. Bill saw the endless possibilities that existed within people in terms of sports potential and it was with this that they set the tone for the company in 1972. This has remained the inspiration that runs the company to date and keeps the employees of the company from one generation to the other motivated to uphold the motto of the company (Nike, 2011). The company has grown from being a U.S. based footwear distributor to a mega world supplier of athletic shoes, equipment and apparel whose dominance is unrivalled in the entire globe.
The goal of the company is to have a legacy…
China CSR Map, (2011). Nike Sports (China) Co., Ltd. Retrieved November 23, 2011 from http://www.chinacsrmap.org/E_OrgShow.asp?CCMOrg_ID=737
Matthew Forney at.al., (2004). Marketing: How Nike Figured Out China. Retrieved November
23, 2011 from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,995462,00.html
Marketing Mixx, (2011). Marketing Plan for Nike. Retrieved November 23, 2011 from http://marketingmixx.com/marketing-plan-2/164-marketing-plan-of-nike.html
Few plausible arguments could be made to counter one in favor of protective gear for roller skaters. Some arguments against wearing such gear include that one that "extreme" sports enthusiasts who don protective gear might end up taking more risks than they would have otherwise. However, no evidence suggests this to be true, and it is more likely that skaters who enjoy taking risks would do so whether or not they wear protective equipment. A second argument against wearing protective gear would be aesthetics. Some skaters might feel embarrassed by appearing so padded; to counter their assertion footage of professional football or hockey players will show that some of the world's most talented and strong athletes have no problem donning protective gear, gear that is considerably bulkier and less attractive than the light gear that skaters would wear. There is nothing "cool" about becoming comatose, and therefore protective gear enhances…
Schieber, Richard a. And Branche-Dorsey, Christine M. "In-Line Skating Injuries: Epidemiology and Recommendations for Prevention." Published in "Sports Medicine" 19 (6):427-432, 1995. Reproduced online by Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 26 March 2005. http://aepo-xdv-www.epo.cdc.gov/wonder/prevguid/p0000450/P0000450.asp#head006001
Skating Helmets." Brain Injury Association of Oklahoma. Retrieved 26 March 2005. Online at http://www.braininjuryoklahoma.org/intro/Recreation/skating/skatinghelmets.htm.
Tapping Into the
Bower, J.L. & Christensen, Clayton M. (1995). Disruptive technology: Catching the wave. Harvard Business Review.
Chesbrough, H.W. & Appleyard, M.M. (2007). Open innovation and strategy. California Management Review, 50(1): 57-76.
Shehabuddeen, N. (2007). Innovation in real life - a hands-on guide to genuine innovation. NY: Open Innovation Ltd.
von Hippel, E. (1988). The sources of innovation. NY: Oxford University Press.
esocialization and Total Institutions
esocialization Total Institutions
ecycling: esocialization and Total Institutions
esocialization and Total Institutions
esocialization is a process in which the identity and personality of the individual is radically changed by placing that individual in an environment or institution, which is controlled and monitored strictly. Total institutions are such institutions that utilize resocialization process in order to bring significant changes in the personality of individuals living there. The goal of these institutions is to eradicate personal identity of the individual and then, create a new identity through reward and punishment system.
esocialization and Total Institutions
esocialization is a process in which the identity and personality of the individual is radically changed by placing that individual in an environment or institution, which is controlled and monitored strictly. Total institutions are such institutions that utilize resocialization process in order to bring significant changes in the personality of individuals living…
John J. Macionis and Linda M. Gerber (2011).Sociology Seventh Canadian Edition. Pearson Education, Inc.
Llewellyn, Jennifer J. (2002). "Dealing with the Legacy of Native Residential School Abuse in Canada: Litigation, ADR, and Restorative Justice."University of Toronto Law Journal. 52.3 (2002): 253-300. Print.
Patrick Donnelly. (2013). Scapegoating the Indian Residential Schools. Ottawa Cover Story.
hat impact does media violence have on society? How are children affected and how are adolescents affected by violence portrayed in movies, television, video games and in other forms? This paper reviews and critiques peer-reviewed articles that address the subject of media violence from several perspectives -- and takes positions on the arguments and research presented in those scholarly articles.
There is ample empirical research available to back up the assertion that violent video games, movies and television programs have a negative impact on young people. It is the thesis of this paper that ultimately the responsibility for guidance vis-a-vis violent media is not on schools or law enforcement but in fact is on the shoulders of parents.
The Influence of Media Violence on Youth
An article in the Psychological Science in the Public Interest (Anderson, et al., 2003) flatly asserts that there is "…unequivocal evidence that media…
Anderson, Craig A., Berkowitz, Leonard, Donnerstein, Edward, Husemann, Rowell L.,
Johnson, James D., Linz, Daniel, Malamuth, Neil M., and Wartella, Ellen. (2003). The
Influence of Media Violence on Youth. Psychological Science in the Public Interest,
Canadian Current Events Magazine
Prduced by NAME
This article describes the grwing trend in the crprate wrld f eliminating perfrmance reviews, which many find t be ineffective and even cunterprductive. The article ntes that wrkers and managers alike ften feel that perfrmance reviews d nt measure what they are meant t measure, and that they fail t prvide
Cntinued n New Mining Activity in Alberta
Letters t the Editr
Interview with Financial Expert
Prjected Grwth in 2012
Signs f imprvement in the labr market in the United States cntinue as the rate f peple applying fr unemplyment benefits hit its lwest number since May f 2008, accrding t recent numbers released by the U.S.
Canada is a cuntry whse main exprts are hckey players and cld frnts. Our main imprts are baseball players and acid rain.…
other: 3% (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
tudying a Magazine
ports Illustrated is an American run magazine, run by Time Warner, that has been in circulation for 55 years and that focuses on description of various events, which include, in the magazine's own words, sports news, scores, photos, columns and expert analysis from the world of sports including NFL, NBA, NHL, MLB, NACAR, college basketball, and many others. ports Illustrated, or I, offers the readers, who are primarily male (though the magazine and the website has also been able to appeal to female viewers as well more recently), everything from photos, in-depth sports reporting, cards, football awards, swimsuit issues, segments on sports related things, and awards for sportsmen and women's accomplishments.
ports Illustrated runs a variety of articles that are mostly connected to-you guessed it-sports. For example, by going to the website, one can see at least 13 "top headlines" in the right hand side…
Since the 1950's, SI has been able to provide hungry fans with the most comprehensive articles and updates on their favorite teams and their favorite players. And for a few decades now, the SI conglomerate has also published a Swimsuit issue of the magazine, which attracts both males and females, the latter which often are able to discern new trends in swimsuit apparel.
The latest SI news, for example, which are on the website concern the NFL, a major source of news, indeed, and the fact that players resumed mediation. The article written on this topic, which joins almost 13 in view on the website's front page 24 hours, 7 days a week, is a comprehensive coverage review on Jerry Jones' joining of mediation talks.
The magazine, as well as the site are easy to read, and customer service is always at your disposal, should you have any questions. Furthermore, the About Us section of the website is easy to navigate, and can help a reader find out more about the staff of Sports Illustrated.