Holocaust Essays (Examples)

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America's Failure to Act During

Words: 1874 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92946954

On the other hand there is a growing consensus that these reasons do not fully explain the failure to deal with a problem like the Holocaust when the dimensions of the situation were known at a relatively early stage. The weight of the argument would the therefore be inclined towards critics such as Wyman who see political reasons for this lack of action based on anti-Semitic sentiment in the county at the time. This seems to be supported by the fact that strict immigration laws were implemented in a time of crisis


Abzug . America and the Holocaust. etrieved April 23, 2007, at http://www.utexas.edu/opa/pubs/discovery/disc1997v14n2/disc-holocaust.html

Ambrose S. How America Abandoned the Jews in World War II. etrieved April 23, 2007, at http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=395061 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709

Barnett, V.J. (1999). Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity during the Holocaust. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. etrieved April 23, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709

Brustein W.I. (2003) oots of…… [Read More]


Abzug R. America and the Holocaust. Retrieved April 23, 2007, at  http://www.utexas.edu/opa/pubs/discovery/disc1997v14n2/disc-holocaust.html 

Ambrose S. How America Abandoned the Jews in World War II. Retrieved April 23, 2007, at http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=395061 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709

Barnett, V.J. (1999). Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity during the Holocaust. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Retrieved April 23, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709

Brustein W.I. (2003) Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Impressions of War the Most

Words: 6472 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55535844

" There is a more calm feeling to his description. This is not to say that the author was portraying war as being a patriotic act, but the author was not as graphical in his describing what the soldiers were seeing and going through. The reader is more connected to the actions of the poem and not the fact that someone is dying. He ends his poem by referencing "hell" and the reader is left wondering whether the hell that he is referring to the war that is being left behind, or to dying itself.

3) Rites of Passage Activity

In speaking to my grandmother, I was able to find out what it was that she took when she first left her home. At the age of sixteen, she was married to my grandfather and was getting ready to start her knew life as a wife and very soon, as…… [Read More]

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Roma Persecution by the Nazis

Words: 3715 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67748426

Even though the Gypsies in prewar Germany consisted of a very limited per capita population they received massive amounts of attention from the Regime and were left ripe for further marginalization and destruction.

Though they made up less than 0.1% of the German population (between 20,000 and 30,000), Gypsies, like Jews, received disproportionate attention from the authorities as the various agencies of the state sought to transform Germany into a racially pure society. etween 1934 and the outbreak of World War II, a series of laws and regulations created a web of restrictions that set Gypsies apart and severely restricted their ability, individually and collectively, to survive. In July 1934, a decree forbade intermarriage between Germans and Gypsies. 4 the same year, the law permitting the deportation of aliens was extended to foreign Gypsies. 5 in September 1935, the Nuremberg Laws declared the Gypsies "an alien People" 6 and restricted…… [Read More]


Crowe, David, ed. The Gypsies of Eastern Europe,. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe, 1991.

Csepeli, Gyorgy, and David Simon. "Construction of Roma Identity in Eastern and Central Europe: Perception and Self-Identification." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 30, no. 1 (2004): 129.

Csepeli, Gyrgy, and Antal rkeny. "The Changing Facets of Hungarian Nationalism." Social Research 63, no. 1 (1996): 247-286.

Epstein, Eric Joseph, and Philip Rosen. Dictionary of the Holocaust: Biography, Geography, and Terminology. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997.
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Misperceptions of History -- the

Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47062818

They wagged their heads in sympathy and then proceeded to speak in the barren legalism of constricted hearts of their inability to intervene in the domestic affairs of other nations and of their own inviolate immigration laws."

(Leff, 2005, p. 218)

The Psychology of the Denial of Historical Fact

Numerous examples exist of the extent to which even individuals without anti-Semitic animus ignored what, in retrospect, might be considered painfully obvious. In fact, the ultimate fate of European Jews under Nazi occupation was so outrageous that even many Jews caught within the Nazi snare either could not or would not recognize the reality and magnitude of what was in store for them. Many German Jews, in particular, could have taken the opportunity to leave the country before that option was cut off by German authorities. If the victims of horrific persecution cannot easily accept the evidence in front of them,…… [Read More]


Leff, Laurel. Buried by the Times: the Holocaust and America's Most Important

Newspaper. Cambridge University Press: New York. 2005.

Lipstadt, Deborah. Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory.

Penguin Group: New York. 1993.
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Israeli Cinema

Words: 1495 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38534293

cinematic image of the Sabra beginning with the early Zionist films, through the national-heroic mode, and ending with the critical attitude of the late 1970s and 1980s

The 1955 film Hill 24 Doesn't Answer is one of the first products of Israeli cinema. It is meant to be a stirring portrait of the new Jewish state. It dramatizes the then-recent war of independence. The film shows the war bringing together Jews of disparate backgrounds, all united by the need to defend Israel. "In Israeli culture, the figure of the Sabra" during the time period when Hill was made was considered a kind of ideal national type, exemplifying the new Jewish attitude that was free from fear and persecution (Avisar 132). The national ideal of a state that could triumph against all odds and was strong, both spiritually and militarily, is conveyed by the film through the physical strength and determination…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Avisar, Ilan. "The national and the popular in Israeli cinema." 2005. 24.1 (2005): 125.

Charlie Ve'hetzi. Directed by Boaz Davidson. 1974

Hill 24 Doesn't Answer. Directed by T. Dickenson. 1955.

Smith, Anthony. "The formation of national identity." Identity. Oxford, 1995.
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Witnesses Five Teenagers Who Died

Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54333484

His life became a constant dread, a horrible fear that German militia would kill him or his family.

On June 16, 1941, the Nazis ordered his father to report to the militia. "I looked out the window for hours on end," David wrote in his diary (p. 17). He thought his parents would return soon but "…the hours went by and still no sign of them…in the end I didn't know what to think." On the 17th of June, the Nazis came into David's village and searched other houses but not David's. One day a Nazi (David always referred to them as "militiamen") pushed a motorcycle into David's house after the motorcycle had broken down. hile the Nazi was still in the neighborhood, some Jews came along; the Nazi checked their papers and then administered "…a severe beating" to an innocent man (p. 18).

"Nowadays a person can be arrested…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boas, Jacob. (2009). We Are Witnesses: Five Diaries of Teenagers Who Died in the Holocaust.

New York: Macmillion.

CBN News. (2009). Amid Protests, Iran President Denies Holocaust. Retrieved Nov. 10, 2010,

From http://www.cbn.com.
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Danish in April 2004 Danish

Words: 4304 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2284365

In 1918 Iceland became independent but remained under the rule of the Danish king. At the end of the war a plebiscite showed a 75% pro-Danish majority and the North Slesvig was once again reunited with Denmark (Miller 224).

As World War I was coming close and Denmark remained neutral Jews started moving to the country. There are no exact statistics since many of these immigrants were wary of the authorities, but as many as twenty to thirty thousand Eastern European Jews may have entered Denmark during this period and approximately 3,000 stayed permanently, thus doubling the Jewish population (Hammerich in Kisch). More did not stay because the existing assimilated Jewish community wanted to pay their passage out; they believed their position in society was threatened and latent anti-Semitism would spread. The Jewish congregation even actively cooperated with authorities such as the police to expel unemployed or unwanted individuals from…… [Read More]


Buckser Andrew. After the Rescue. New York: MacMillan, 2003

Bauer, Yehuda. Rethinking the Holocaust. New Haven: Yale University, 2001

Fein, Helen. Accounting for Genocide. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1979

Kische, Conrad. The Jewish Community in Denmark: History and Present Status.
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Home Examination Culture Marianne Hirsch Discusses an

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28051244

Home Examination


Marianne Hirsch discusses an important concept in Holocaust/Memory studies, postmemory. What kind of experience/process does postmemory refer to? Why did Hirsch need to invent such a concept? What is the importance of memory, family, and photography in order to understand postmemory?

Postmemory is a concept that Marianne Hirsch developed as part of memory studies. She contends that memory is something that can be passed on to others, particularly passed on to others in the generation that follows the tragic event, and in this case her focus in the Holocaust, though she explains that her theories can be applied to other events. Early on in her article she succinctly describes the term and the concept of postmemory.

Postmemory describes the relationship of the second generation to powerful, often traumatic, experiences that preceded their births but that were nevertheless transmitted to them so deeply as to seem to constitute…… [Read More]


Hirsch, M. (2008). The Generation of Postmemory. Poetics, 29(1), 103 -- 128.
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Eliezer's Struggle to Keep His

Words: 698 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10972740

God never intervened and Ellie had to reconsider the role of his faith in his life. Though the absence of God may have led many to question their faith, there is another component of faith that must be considered. Elie's faith in God, by itself, had allowed him to find the strength to carry on as the elders reminded him, "You must never lose faith, even when the sword hangs over your head. That's the teaching of our sages" (iesel, 40).

Lack of faith can quickly turn to despair Elie considered the idea that he was "alone-terribly alone in a world without God" (iesel, 75). He goes as far as to mention that he might believe in Hitler beyond all others because he is one that kept his promises; though the results of these promises were horrific. This represents the lengths that he went in his fall from faith. There…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Wiesel, E. (1972). Night. New York City: Hill and Wang.
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Hunchback Oppression Isolation and World

Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37563014

In addition to the Jewish population that was decimated by Hitler's Final Solution, the gypsy population was a targeted victim. According to the Jewish Virtual Library (JVL), "it is known that perhaps 250,000 Gypsies were killed, and that proportionately they suffered losses greater than any other group of victims except Jews." (JVL, p. 1)

The Jewish Virtual Library goes on to explain that because of their nomadic lifestyle and their preservation of a distinctive culture, they were often seen as strangers and social other in the countries of Europe where they made their homes. The result was a set of prejudices stemming from fear, suspicious and misunderstanding. These would all help to feed into the victimization of this group during the Holocaust. This shows a startling continuity from the time of Esmerelda and Quasimodo in the medieval era to the time of Hugo's writing and directly up to the time…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Dieterle, W. (1939). The Hunchback of Notre Dame. RKO Radio Pictures.

Jewish Virtual Library (JVL). (2013). Gypsies in the Holocaust. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise.

Miller, F. (2010). The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939). Turner Classic Movies.
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Eradicating Genocide in the FUture

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59025043

Genocide in the 20th and 21st Centuries

Prompt: Sadly, genocide did not end with the Holocaust. In fact, a lot more people have died from genocide since orld ar II than were victims of it in the war itself. How and why has this happened? hat have been the steps taken to prevent, stop, and punish in regards to genocide since 1945? Have these efforts been successful or not? Explain why. In these more recent genocides, compare and contrast them. hat big similarities and big differences have there been? Do we see anything similar in most of them? If so, what and why? Based on what we learned about genocide in your lifetime (since the 1990s), are we on track to finally eradicate these horrors or are we a long way off from that? Explain.


The Second orld ar claimed the lives of tens of millions of civilians including…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Past genocides and mass atrocities." (2016). United to End Genocide. Web.

Romaniuk, Scott Nicholas. (2015, March). "Genocide: A Normative Account." Romanian Journal of European Affairs 15(1): 86-90. Print.

Rubinstein, William D. (2004, April). "Genocide and Historical Debate: William D. Rubinstein Ascribes the Bitterness of Historians' Arguments to the Lack of an Agreed Definition and to Political Agendas." History Today 54(4): 36-40. Print.
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Nazis Define and Discuss the

Words: 2390 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81306412

The authorities in charge of Lodz sought to completely separate the Jewish population from the non-Jewish population. Business were marked with the nationality and ethnic identity of the proprietors, which made it easier for Germans to target Jewish-owned stores and Jews were required to wear arm bands and forbidden to leave their houses between 5:00pm and 8:00am. In fact, Lodz was the first area to institute the armbands that would distinguish Jews from non-Jews. Jews could not use public transportation, public parks, or work at non-Jewish businesses. Furthermore, Jewish property was pillaged and taken, with official sanction. If the Jews abandoned any real property, that property went into receivership. Jews were prohibited from withdrawing substantial sums of money from their bank accounts or from keeping substantial sums of money in their homes. The government confiscated raw materials from Jewish workshops and prohibited them from engaging in certain trades. People began…… [Read More]


Bauer, Y. (2000). Rethinking the Holocaust. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Browning, C. (1992). The path to genocide: essays on launching the final solution. Cambridge:

Browning, C. (2004). The Origins of the Final Solution. Omaha:(University of Nebraska Press.

Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. (2007). The Lodz ghetto. Retrieved February
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Religion How Could God Do

Words: 1795 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48816209

They angered God, and as God has done throughout the ages, He punished the Jews. Many of them retain their faith and hope in God, and retained it even during their time in the concentration camps - it was the only thing that helped them to survive when all other hope had died. On the other hand, many Jews saw the camps as a place where they lost their belief in God. They questioned how He would allow such a thing to happen, and felt He had turned His back on them when they needed Him the most. Neither of these reactions is surprising. Another historian believes this gap between acceptance and denial of God will continue. He writes, "I believe that Jewish religious thought will continue to demonstrate this tension between mixed intentions, innovation, and conservation well into the future" (Braiterman 164). Faith is a tenuous thing for many.…… [Read More]


Braiterman, Zachary. (God) after Auschwitz: Tradition and Change in Post-Holocaust Jewish Thought. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Mandel, Naomi. "Ethics after Auschwitz: The Holocaust in History and Representation." Criticism 45.4 (2003): 509+.

Mathis, Andrew E. "General Semantics and Holocaust Denial." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 63.1 (2006): 52+.

Raphael, Melissa. The Female Face of God in Auschwitz: A Jewish Feminist Theology of the Holocaust. New York: Routledge, 2003.
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Dangerous Beauty Michael Paterniti Uses

Words: 5625 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66454747

Based on what is present in the essay, it seems as if you do not really have a problem finding beauty in the work of the Nazis, or benefiting from their atrocities, but rather maintained a false sense of ambivalence throughout the essay in order to make it more compelling. However, it also seems likely that you would attempt to maintain a distinction between finding your essay entertaining and finding beauty in Pernkopf's book, if only because the essay's ambiguity points towards an unwillingness to follow your own positions to their logical, if sometimes uncomfortable, ends. The question your essay poses is a crucial one, and it is regrettable that you were unwilling to answer it sufficiently.

Assignment 4: Making a Scene


Reading about the Holocaust is a little bit like reading science fiction, because everything is at once familiar and entirely alien. Movies and television have made almost…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Angetter, Daniela C. "Anatomical Science at University of Vienna 1938-45." The Lancet

355.9213 (2000): 1454-7.

C, Raina MacIntyre, Catherine L. King, and David Isaacs. "Ethics and Access to Teaching

Materials in the Medical Library: The Case of the Pernkopf Atlas." Medical Journal of Australia 184.5 (2006): 254-5.
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Film Shoah by Claude Lanzmann

Words: 2933 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34063702

Men described how they would make a throat cutting gesture toward the incoming Jews as they arrived in the death camps, but some said that they made that gestured a warning and others made it in order to taunt. Survivors talked about a deceiving cordiality from the guards, while the others talked about a brutal experience filled with confusion. Due to this the truth becomes almost irrelevant, the effect that those people's experiences have had on them is easily observed. It seems like somehow the past is defined by the present.

Healing seems to be tied in with the process of forgetting for these people, and since they are not capable to overlook the terror they experienced, healing seems impossible, until it becomes apparent that many of the people questioned have become distanced from their stories because they have told them over and over again.

Shoah" tells the story of…… [Read More]


Shoah, Wickipedia, The free encyclopedia http://wikipedia.org/wicki/Shoah

Benstein Richard, "An epic film about the greatest evil of modern times";New York Times Review, 20 Oct. 1985 http://movies.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review

Heilman, Jeremy "Newest Reviews: Shoah (Claude Lanzmann 1985)." 10 Aug. 2003
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Agree or Expand on a

Words: 1552 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52967024

Europe and Germany had a long anti-Semitic history and Nazism appeared to be the best solution during the 1930s. The masses were vulnerable to being influenced and Hitler was well-acquainted with this concept. Even with the fact that it is difficult to determine his exact interests in wanting to remove Jewish people from Germany and from territories that came to be occupied by Nazis, it is very likely that he was also a victim (at least partly) of anti-Semitic thought that dominated Europe for many centuries before the Holocaust.

Numerous individuals in the contemporary society continue to believe that Jews are responsible for many problems that the world is experiencing. Even with the fact that it would be impossible for another Holocaust to happen, it is worrying to observe how many communities preserved traditional thinking and are reluctant to acknowledge the horrible effect that the Holocaust had on society in…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Bartov, Omer, "Defining Enemies, Making Victims: Germans, Jews, and the Holocaust," the American Historical Review, Vol. 103, No. 3 (Jun., 1998), pp. 771-816

Brustein, William L., "Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust," (Cambridge University Press, 13.10.2003)

Rittner, Carol Ann, and Roth, John K., "Good News" After Auschwitz?: Christian Faith Within a Post-Holocaust World," (Mercer University Press, 2001)

Spicer, Kevin P., "Antisemitism, Christian Ambivalence, and the Holocaust," (Indiana University Press, 2007)
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Representations of Tradition

Words: 2145 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82772002

eauty for Ashes

The Yiddish short story "If Not Higher" by I.L. Peretz was published in Warsaw in 1900, decades before the holocaust. Fifty years later, the short supposedly true story of "The Kozshenitser Rebe" was published in Yiddish by Orenshtayn in a book of memorials to Jewish leaders. oth stories tell of the behavior of a specific (assumably Hassidic) rebe on an important Jewish holiday. However, apart from this basic similarity, these two stories are radically different. This may be partly a function of having different authors and of coming from different historical areas. However, if the differences between style and content with these two works is indicative not of the personal styles of the authors, then one is left with another option: namely that the striking differences between these two works is a result of the holocaust and the slaughter of the Jewry of Eastern European. If these…… [Read More]


Orenshtayn, Binyomin. "The Kozshenitser Rebe," in Kugelmass and Boyarin, eds. From a Ruined Garden: The Memorial Books of Polish Jewry, pp. 113-116.

Peretz, I.L. "If Not Higher," in Howe and Greenberg, eds., A Treasury of Yiddish Stories, pp. 231-233.
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A Sociological Take on Violating Folkways Sanctions and Reactions

Words: 1437 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79682173

Violating a Folkway

The norm that I have chosen to break is to discuss a subject that is related to politics and religion, which are two subjects that people tend to avoid discussing in polite society. This is a folkway that has consistently been brought to my attention in the past: at my work, our team leader has told us that two things he never talks about with clients are politics and religion, and while he may have strong views about both, he makes it a point to avoid these topics as they can quickly lead to tension in a relationship. On a separate occasion, my mother-in-law also made this point when at a family dinner she noted that the two subjects that are not allowed at the dinner table are politics and religion. I could also add "money" to this folkway as, according to Folkways Nowadays, the three things…… [Read More]


Atkins, Audrey. (2015). Money. Politics. Religion. FolkwaysNowadays. Retrieved from http://folkwaysnowadays.com/2015/06/29/money-politics-religion/

Cole, D. (2015). Republican Party Animal. WA: Feral House.
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Race Both Ward Churchill and

Words: 1171 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71976082

The French colonial government actively sought means to control land and land use in Algeria, notes Sartre. Control over land and natural resources equals ownership of the means of production. Economic oppression also creates class conflict: the subjugated peoples become a clear and identifiable underclass. Even within the underclass, class conflict prevents political cohesion. The French and the Americans would have been far less successful in their colonial campaigns had the Algerians and the Native Americans been able to organize en masse in rebellion. Poverty pits neighbor against neighbor in the competition for limited resources.

Furthermore, race and social class become linked together and offered up as false proof that the oppressed groups are inherently inferior. Economic oppression also serves another key goal that helps perpetuate colonial rule: ignorance. Stripping the underclass of access to capital or to the means of production, the ruling class ensures lack of access to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Churchill, Ward. A Little Matter of Genocide. City Lights Books, 1997.

Sartre, Jean-Paul. Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism. Translated by Azzedine Haddour, Steve Brewer. Routledge, 2001.
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Raul Hilberg's the Destruction of the European

Words: 1211 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57861321

aul Hilberg's The Destruction of the European Jews is a classic in its field and a landmark historical text. First published in 1961, The Destruction of the European Jews was, and remains, one of the most comprehensive works of research on the Holocaust. The tome has been re-released in a three-volume set, revealing the level of complexity and comprehensiveness the author originally imparted. The Destruction of the European Jews therefore continues to have relevance today and is a must-have feature of scholarly bookshelves.

What makes The Destruction of the European Jews unique and indispensible is the fact that it focuses more on the German genocide project than on Jewish culture. This permits insight into the sociology, psychology, ethics, and politics of genocide: allowing scholars to apply Hilberg's analysis to other instances of genocide. The account is grim, eerie, and disturbing. For those who have not yet visited Auschwitz or any…… [Read More]


Hilberg, R. (1961; 2003). The Destruction of the European Jews. Yale University Press.