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She became a student of the School of Homoeopathy in Devon, England in 1996 and graduated in 1998 (Amy L. Lansky, PhD). Furthermore, she has studied with a number of prominent homeopaths -- including clinical studies with Louis Klein, Sadhna Thakkarand Simon Taffler. (Amy L. Lansky, PhD ). She began her own homeopathic practice in 2004. Her involvement in homeopathy is also evidenced by the fact that she served as co-editor of The American Homeopath, the journal of the North American Society of Homeopaths (NASH) until 2000 and became an executive board member of the California Health Freedom Coalition. She was also elected to the board of the National Center for Homeopathy in Alexandria, Virginia. (Amy L. Lansky, PhD)
The book also explores the positive effects of homeopathy as a treatment for many other ailments and diseases. For example, a chapter with anecdotal stories is devoted to homeopathic remedies and…
Amy L. Lansky, PhD. Retrieved from http://www.renresearch.com/vita.html
Book review: Impossible Cure: The Promise of Homeopathy by Amy L. Lansky.
Retrieved from http://www.impossiblecure.com/consumer-flyer.pdf .
Lansky A. ( 2003) Impossible Cure: The Promise of Homeopathy. London: R.L.Ranch
Homeopathic remedies all over the nation have been regulated by the FDA in a manner similar to over-the-counter (OTC) drugs since 1938. Unlike prescription drugs and OTC drugs, which "must undergo thorough testing and review by the FDA for safety and effectiveness before they can be sold" homeopathic remedies do not, much like nutritional and herbal supplements (FDA egulations on homeopathic medicine, 2010, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine). The manufacturers of homeopathic drugs are also "exempt from good manufacturing practice requirements related to expiration dating and from finished product testing for identity and strength" (Homeopathy, 2010, Citizendum)
Homeopathic drugs may be purchased without a physician's prescription. A 1988 federal law mandates the treatment for which they are designed to be used is recorded on the label, along with ingredients, dilutions, and instructions for safe use (FDA egulations on homeopathic medicine, 2010, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine).…
FDA Regulations on homeopathic medicine. (2010). National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved January 15, 2010 at http://www.answers.com/topic/homeopathy
Homeopathy. (2009). Citizendum. Retrieved January 15, 2010 at http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Homeopathy
Scofield, Edward L.W. (2001, June 20). Homeopathy: Similia similibus curentur.
traditional Chinese Medicine homeopathy
While the society evolves, alongside with technology and medicine, modern day individuals seek to gather more information and identify more health conscious alternatives when treating their diseases or discomforts. A notable trend is that of reducing the use of highly chemical pharmaceutical products and turning to more natural products that help maintain and preserve health. And as part of this trend, people turn more and more to homeopathy and traditional Chinese medicine.
The two alternatives are often viewed as either substitutes or complementaries to the pharmaceutical products, but a confusion is often made in believing that the two are synonymous. The two concepts do share some notable common points, the most important of them being that they both seek to create a balance of energies within the body and thus to preserve or restore health.
"Both Homeopathy and TCM work to correct internal imbalances or imbalanced…
Eliaz, I., Uniting homeopathy and Chinese medicine. Insiders Health. http://www.insidershealth.com/article/uniting_homeopathy_and_chinese_medicine/4457 accessed on March 11, 2015
Homeopathy: an introduction. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/homeopathy accessed on March 11, 2015
Trditional Chinese medicine: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/whatiscam/chinesemed.htm?lang=en accessed on March 11, 2015
"Successful candidates become Diplomates of the American Board of Homeotherapeutics and may affix the designation D.Ht. after their name. They must maintain certain criteria of continuing homeopathic education and submission of Journal articles annually to maintain their Diplomate status" (Frequently Asked Questions, 2007).
Homeopaths care for patients based on genetic and personal health history, body type, and present physical, emotional, and mental indications. Patient visits tend to be long. Treatments are custom to each individual and it is not unusual for different individuals with the same situation to get dissimilar treatments. According to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, which incorporated an inclusive survey of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by Americans, an anticipated four million U.S. adults and approximately nine hundred thousand children used homeopathy in the prior year. "People use homeopathy for an assortment of health concerns, from wellness and prevention, to the treatment of diseases and…
Frequently Asked Questions. (2007). Retreived from http://www.homeopathyusa.org/faq.html
Heal Your Body Naturally. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.homeremedycentral.com/
Homeopathy: An Introduction. (2011). Retrieved from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/homeopathy/
Homeopathy - Topic Overview. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/learning-treat-depression/talking-your-doctor
The Remedies as Part of Life
What Bach Flower Remedies mean to me is that there is an alternative option available to mainstream medicine. For years I have been suspicious of the pharmaceuticals that prescribed to patients for whatever ailment or complaint they take with them to their doctor. I have seen firsthand how often people are overprescribed. In my family alone I have seen this with loved ones: they take one drug to treat a particular symptom, then take another drug to address the side effects of the first drug. The second drug also produces side affects that must be alleviated by a third drug. Then a fourth drug has to be introduced because the first one is not acting as well as it was in the beginning. So the individual is taking half a dozen drugs by the end of it and feeling worse than he was when…
Homeopathy is a topic that has brought about a great deal of controversy. In delineation, it is an alternative medical system that was developed over two centuries ago. It was developed by a German physician known as Samuel Hahnemann. In his discovery, Hahnemann found that a similar substance that could give rise to a reaction in an individual that is fully healthy could also be a remedy and treatment for an individual suffering from the same symptoms. Homeopathy is a natural, all-inclusive, method to healing a person, using little doses of specific remedies (Cook, 2010). Its significant variance from normal medical treatment and therapies has been a constant major cause of debate and criticism.
One of the controversial points is that the fundamental conceptions of homeopathy are not in line with essential theories and models of chemistry and physics. For instance, it is not conceivable to elucidate in a scientific…
Homeopathy for acute conditions is mainly focused on the symptoms being presented at that particular time. For chronic conditions homeopathy focuses on a larger set of symptoms and the characteristics of the person experiencing the symptoms. An acute condition is defined as a condition that comes on quickly and lasts for a short duration not more than several weeks. Acute conditions can be traced back to a situation. Chronic conditions are conditions that have persisted for long periods mostly throughout a person's life. The symptoms might be less severe than those of an acute condition, but they seriously affect an individual's quality of life. Acute conditions can be easily treated with homeopathy without the intervention of a professional homeopathic. This is because the condition is well known and it is easily established when it begun and what caused the condition (Haidvogl et al., 2007). The symptoms of an acute condition…
Improved quality of care is one of the major issues that has characterized modern healthcare practices. Ferreri et al. (2016) conducted a study to examine enhanced quality of life and decrease of traditional drugs in homeopathy treatment of allergic patients. The study was carried out in the Centre for Integrated Medicine in Pitigliano, Tuscany. These researchers conducted their study in this healthcare facility because its an innovative hospital that provides homeopathy and acupuncture in combination with conventional clinical care. Therefore, this facility provides integrated medical care for patient treatment, which makes it ideal for examining enhanced quality of life and decrease in conventional drugs. This paper examines the study conducted by these researchers in relation to establishing the reliability of its findings and conclusions as well as the suitability of the research process.
Brief Summary of the Research
Ferreri et al. (2016) conducted a research in which the examined the…
.....homeopathic remedies have been developed to treat stomach and bowel problems including indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids. The following are among the most common homeopathic remedies for digestive issues and their specific applications:
Because the symptoms of indigestion vary, there are different remedies to address specific symptoms. Remedies can be combined when multiple symptoms are present.
Calcarea carbonica: This remedy is indicated for individuals who suffer from heartburn with accompanying stomach cramps, and who also tend to be lactose intolerant (British Homeopathic Association, 2010). A person who experiences a bitter taste in the mouth after belching would also benefit from calcarea carbonica (British Homeopathic Association, 2010).
Carbo vegetabilis: This remedy is indicated for individuals who experience indigestion symptoms like gas and belching a short time after eating, and even after eating small portions.. Bloating may also be an issue, as is aversion to meat, milk, or fatty foods (National…
Homeopathic remedies are prepared in a systematic way that ensures their safety and efficacy. The first step in the preparation of a homeopathic remedy is acquiring an original substance, such as a mineral salt or plant tincture ("Understanding Homeopathy Potency," (n.d.). The second step is to systematically dilute the original preparation in a measured and successive way until the desired level of potency is reached. In homeopathy, the process of dilution is called successive or serial dilution because "each dilution is prepared from the dilution that immediately preceded it," ("Preparation of Drugs & Homeopathic Scales of Dilution," 2009). The type of dilutive substance will vary depending on whether the original substance is soluble or insoluble. Soluble substances can be dissolved and diluted in water, alcohol, or glycerin. Insoluble substances can be diluted with lactose.
In addition to serial dilution, the homeopathic remedy will be subject to a kind of vigorous…
Sulfur in Homeopathy
As a homeopathic treatment, sulfur is recommended for both psychological and physical disorders. How it is administered depends on the situation and the individual's characteristics. According to Module 5, there is a "sulfur personality," characterized in part by selfishness and the tendency to get "stuck in their own world and mind," (p. 183). The sulfur personality can be also manifest as "an inclination to become creative and ingenious, but usually do not possess practical or common sense," ("Homeopathy Sulfur," n.d.). In other words, many frustrated creative types can be sulfur personalities.
A sulfuric mind can vary between highly active and dull, indicating a lack of cohesiveness to the research or alternatively, indicating the vast fluctuations in mind and spirit of the sulfur personality ("Module 5"). In fact, Lilley (n.d.) adds that sulfur is "forthright and open," contradicting the information about self-centeredness. It could be that sulfur types…
Antibiotic resistance develops in the same way that human resistance to infection develops—through exposure, the body builds up a resistance so that whatever is introduced is less effective at performing its task. As Ventola (2015) notes, “the overuse of antibiotics clearly drives the evolution of resistance. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between antibiotic consumption and the emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria strains” (p. 277). Moreover, bacteria can inherent genes that are already resistant to antibiotics, which means that horizontal gene transfer occurs to create a veritable shield of defense against antibiotics. The more that antibiotics are used, the less effective they become and the stronger harmful bacteria can become. The complications that ensue are based on the fact that “when these resistant bacteria are all that are left, they are free to multiply, passing the resistance to their offspring” (Environmental Encyclopedia 4, 2011, p. 81).…
A study recently published in Global Pediatric Health by van Haselen et al. (2016) investigated the use of a homeopathic remedy as an add on therapy for the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in paediatrics. This paper provides an overview of that research, including his methodology and results, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the paper.
The aim of the research was to determine whether or not the addition of a homeopathic remedy; Influid, would improve the outcome for paediatrics presenting with upper respiratory tract infections if added to an existing treatment of paracetamol, known as acetaminophen in the United States (van Haselen et al., 2016). The researchers note that homeopathy is increasing the accepted in Germany, including use the treatment of colds and flu, or flulike infections. The aim is to assess a homeopathic remedy which is specifically designed for the treatment of flulike infections…
Product Pricing Component
Boiron Group, a French company, provides products for health maintenance through, mainly, health and natural foods stores. The products they produce and market are homeopathic medicines. These medicines are the result of work by a German physician, Samuel Hahnemann, in the 1800s. He was disgusted with the barbaric state of medicine, which still included bloodlettings at the time, and decided to look for a gentler way to heal people of disease. He began taking doses of various plant and mineral substances to determine the effect on the body. Today, the medical establishment regards homeopathy as a 'quack' form of medicine, as do most Americans. Interestingly enough, however, the British oyal Family uses homeopathic physicians, and no one can accuse them of shortening their lives. "Queen Mary and King George VI were firm followers of homeopathy, the King even calling one of his horses Hypericum which…
Barrett, Stephen, M.D. (2003) Homeopathy: The Ultimate Fake. Retrieved on July 1, 2004 from Quackwatch Web site: http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/homeo.html
Experts' testimony on homeopathy and research. (2004) Retrieved on July 1, 2004 from Boiron Web site: http://www.boiron.com/en/htm/service/actualite.htm
Exploring Economics. (2004) Retrieved July 1, 2004 from NEU Web site: http://www.economics.neu.edu/exploring/index.php
Homeopathic remedy suppliers (list) (2004) Retrieved July 1, 2004 from Whole Health Now Web site: http://www.wholehealthnow.com/homeopathy_info/weblinks3.html
Homeopathic Remedies for Pregnant Women
Before delving into the use of homeopathic remedies by pregnant women, it is instructive to review the report published in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The Center explains that there is "inadequate evidence" that medications (some of them homeopathic) offered on 25 Internet sites are safe. Some of them present "fetal risks," the CDC reports. For example, 43% of the 103 components listed as "safe" on those 25 Internet sites, the research standards used by the CDC could not verify that indeed, those 103 components are safe (Peters, et al., 2013). Hence, it behooves pregnant women to use great care and reach out for good medical resources when using homeopathic remedies.
The First Trimester
Doctor Jennifer Worden is a general practitioner in the UK, and a member of the British Homeopathic Association (BHA). She explains that during the first few weeks of…
When processed by a transglutaminase enzyme, it can interact with immunological cells and produce cytotoxic inflammation. In autism, it is believed that peptides from gluten and casein cross the intestinal microvillus barrier and enter the blood stream. They also cross the blood-brain barrier. In the brain, certain amino acid sequences of these peptides compete with natural peptides, which bind to opioid receptors. These receptors are G-protein receptors in cell membrane surfaces of neurons. inding to these receptors disturbs the neuronal function and ultimately leads to or contributes to autism (Department of Pediatrics Staff).
Limited Reliable Scientific Evidence
UK researchers investigated more than 30 scientific articles on the effectiveness of the gluten-free, casein-free diet on autistic children (astian, 2004). They found one, which provided reliable scientific evidence that the diet works. The particular study, however, was conducted on only 20 children aged 5-10 who had high levels of protein in their…
Atwood, K.C. (2003). Naturopathy: a critical appraisal. 5 (4) Medscape General
Medicine. Retrieved on June 23, 2010 from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/465994
Bastian, H. (2010). Can a diet avoiding gluten and milk proteins reduce autism?
Medicine News Today: MediLexicon International Ltd. Retrieved on June 23,
e recommended the remedy Natrum muriaticum, as it applies readily to Roy's symptoms, including his responsiveness to massage, his suppressed emotion, and his tendency to keep his feelings concealed from those around him. e asked that Roy not alter anything about his exercise regime during the course of treatment. Six months after Roy started taking the remedy, he returned to us for follow-up. Roy's posture was noticeably improved and he sat upright in spite of having returned from a business trip just that morning. hen asked, Roy stated that he had been increasingly aware of his negative emotions and was making a conscious effort to consciously own up to his feelings by being more assertive at work, and by simply admitting to himself that he was angry. Roy's back problems had waned; although last week he had a sudden relapse, he could readily attribute the setback to a stressful incident…
Homeopathy Index." Vitacost.com. Online at http://www.vitacost.com/science/hn/Index/Homeo.htm.
One of the oldest cultures in the world is the Indian culture as the society started experiencing civilization some 4500 years ago. As at today, India is an extremely diverse nation, boasting a population of over 1.2 billion, a number which makes it the second most populous country after China. Several dynasties, conquerors and religions have contributed to Indian history bringing about a fascinating culture blend as well as a wide variety of ethnicities present within the country. The British take-over and subsequent governance of India which came to an end in 1947 when the Indian Independence Act was signed into law equally added to the already rich culture. This Act separated Pakistan and India into separate countries with the Hindus settling in India while the Muslims settled in Pakistan (eCald, 2016).
India is South Asia's largest country. Indians speak over 17 major languages and about 200…
eCald. (2016). Indian Culture. Retrieved June 26, 2017, from eCald: http://www.ecald.com/Portals/49/Docs/Toolkits/C2%20S2%20Indians.pdf
Zimmermann, K. A. (2015, January 30). Indian Culture: Traditions and Customs of India. Retrieved June 26, 2017, from Live Science: https://www.livescience.com/28634-indian-culture.html
An initial psychotic episode is often the result, with immediate in-hospital treatment recommended for testing and observation. Treatment includes anti-psychotic medication and patients often respond well, particularly in milder cases of the illness. (Csernansky, 2001) However, a general inability to adapt socially will persist and prevent a "normal" existence for these individuals. In one case, a female patient described her general personality despite medication as characterized by "low self-esteem, hypersensitivity to criticism, hyperempathy, excessive generosity, susceptibility to manipulation, and social awkwardness" (eichenberg-Ullman, 2010). In addition, substance abuse, inability to hold a job, risk of suicide, and unwanted pregnancy are typical themes in these patients' lives. (Csernansky, 2001) in the case of pregnancy, females often suffer complications beyond their mental illness, such as poor prenatal care, risk of violence during pregnancy, and reduced likelihood of having a male supportive figure (staff, 2007)
In the middle phase of schizophrenia, or the first…
Collier, E. (2007). Challenging the concept of "burned out" schizophrenia. Mental Health Nursing, 14.
Csernansky, J.G. (2001). Schizophrenia: A New Guide for Clinicians. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Heinrichs, R.W. (2001). In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nicole, V. (2007, 11-21). Schizophrenia and Pregnancy: Genetic Links and Effects. Retrieved 11-24, 2010, from www.associatedcontent.com: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/454786/schizophrenia_and_pregnancy_genetic_pg2.html?cat=70
The articles on the website do feature articles on classified subcategories of depression such as bipolarity, major depression, minor depression, and psychotic depression and information about drug treatments and side effects that are legitimately accepted by the medical community.
A website should review CAM and conventional medicine in the same terms
Look for slanted advice [Image: Display picture of editorial on Depression website' UL: http://www.holisticonline.com/emedies/Depression/dep_editorial.htm]
Speaker's Notes: The website does not claim that alternative treatments should be used to replace conventional medicine. One editorial written by Dr. Matthews (and it is clearly marked as an editorial opinion, not as fact) reads: "There has been tremendous progress made in the past years in understanding how the brain works. One of the outcomes of this research is that we now understand that depression may be due to the decreased activity of the serotenergic pathways in the brain. (This…
Benedetti, Jo-Ann. (2010). Evaluating Health Web Sites. From snake oil to penicillin:
Evaluating consumer health information on the Internet. NN/LM (National Networks of Libraries of Medicine. Retrieved January 8, 2011 at http://nnlm.gov/outreach/consumer/evalsite.html
Matthews, J. (2010). Editorial. Depression. Holistic Health. Retrieved January 8, 2011 at http://www.holisticonline.com/Remedies/Depression/dep_editorial.htm
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). (2010). Depression. Holistic Health. Retrieved January 8, 2011 at http://www.holisticonline.com/Remedies/Depression/dep_antidepressant-SSRI.htm
It is of extreme importance in medicine to know accurately the anatomical changes that take place in a certain disease for diagnosis and treatment. The man who created this science was Morgagni who taught us to think anatomically in our approach of a disease. Morgagni studied at Bologna under Valsalva and Albertini, who are notable persons themselves in the history of medicine. Morgagni did this in the form of letters to an unknown friend who inquired about Morgagni's thoughts and observations in the diseases he had seen. These included affections of the pericardium, diseases of the valves, ulceration, rupture, dilation and hypertrophy of the aorta which were detailedly described clinically and anatomically. Of all his entires, the section on aneurysm of the aorta is one of the best he had written. A good example of his letter was about angina pectoris.
The aorta was considerably dilated at its curvature; and,…
1. Evolution of Medicine.Online. Available from Internet, http:://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/tech/medicine/theEvolutionofmodernmedicin/legalese.html, Accessed May 12, 2007.
History of Anatomy. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.wikipedia.com Accessed May 12, 3007
Mayeaux, E.J. Jr. 1989. A History of Western Medicine and Surgery. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.lsumc.edu.com, Accessed May 12, 2007
Medieval Medicine. Online. Available from Internet,
Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet thus correspond to the seven chakras located along the spinal column." (Fuller 242) Crystal therapy is therefore based on the control and manipulation of these energies so that there is the "correct" or appropriate and balanced amount of this energy in each of the chakras.
The most touted of New Age healing techniques has been the use of crystals. Enthusiasts claim that because rock crystal is almost entirely devoid of color, it is an almost perfect capacitor of divine white light. Explanations of exactly how crystals wield their healing powers vary from practitioner to practitioner. Some maintain that the unique properties of crystals make them excellent receptors of metaphysical energies.
rief history of crystal therapy
As has already been mentioned, the history of this form of therapy is to be found in many historical documents and in myths, stories and…
Albanese, Catherine L. "Chapter 6 the Magical Staff: Quantum Healing in the New Age." Perspectives on the New Age / . Ed. James R. Lewis and J. Gordon Melton. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992. 68-84. Questia. 11 Mar. 2007
" Prescription drugs invade the markets today only to mask the symptoms of disease instead of preventing disease from happening. In this back-end approach to fighting disease instead of preventing it from occurring in the first place, pharmaceutical companies have profited at the expense of society." (Karel M.)
There is therefore also the feelings and the growing suspicion that prescription drugs are controlled by large pharmaceutical corporations and these influence practitioners and the health care industry. Modern medical practitioners are also "... subject to persuasion from drug manufacturers and rely on them for their information, despite their obvious bias to use their drugs." (Karel M.) This is an area that has been severely critiqued in allotropic health care; namely the fact that modern medicine is dominated by large drug companies which to a large extent are more concerned with their profit margins than with the quality and the ultimate effectives…
Bawaskar H.S. Non- allopathic doctors form the backbone of rural health.
Retrieved March 8, 2007, at http://www.issuesinmedicalethics.org/044ed112.html
Death by Modern Medicine. Retrieved March 8, 2007, at http://www.ashtreepublishing.com/bookshop/carolyn-dean.php
Definition of Allopathic. Retrieved March 6, 2007, at http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=33612 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5010938986
Physically, massage or TT eases muscle tension and improves circulation. In turn, it improves digestion and breathing, enhances mental clarity, and encourages better sleep. TT is particularly useful to terminally ill patients in reducing or mitigating pain to the extent of making prescription painkillers unnecessary. Emotionally, TT or massage is a gentle and compassionate experience for the dying. It reduces the sense of isolation by providing him or her with physical connectedness. It can also re-establish dwindling or lost self-esteem and self-acceptance on account of disease. As a result, it contributes to increased quality of life and a much-needed release of emotions. Medicare as yet does not cover massage therapy for hospice settings but an increasing number of group have been lobbying for its inclusion.
Useful Alternatives to Pain and Discomfort Management
These alternatives have shown to be effective in easing spiritual, emotional and psychological pain that contribute to the…
Aghabati, N et al. (2010). The effect of therapeutic touch on pain and fatigue of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Evidence-based Complementary Alternative
Medicine: PubMed. Retrieved on June 16, 2011 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2887328
Catlin, A. (2009). Hospice massage: easing the pain of a life-limiting illness (Part 1).
vol 9 # 3, Massage Today: MPA Media Publications. Retrieved on June 19, 2011
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is founded. This organization is concerned with the social and economic aspects of health problems.
The National Quarantine Act is signed into law. This legislation is designed to prevent entry into the country of persons with communicable diseases.
1899 the National Hospital Superintendent's Association is created. It later becomes the American Hospital Association.
Patel & ushefsky, 1995, p. xvii)
The seeds of health care legislation and centralization began before 1875 but began to take hold as the most accepted manner in which to ensure safe and scientifically founded health care for many and to begin to ensure that diseases that commonly plagued a newly urbanized and highly stressful environment of mass immigration could be dealt with, in a more centralized and practical manner. Founded earlier in 1847, the American Medical Association began to have a concrete and centralized role in the health care decisions…
In a Pakistani family, a person who get married with kin, will be having a life long obligation with the relatives from the same caste. In this frame work, there is a bit of flexibility but as socio economic considerations are significant for particular marriage choices. In such cases, an individual who is involved in such situation, calls upon an idea of a shared blood concept even if there is no inherited relationship. This way, participants considers themselves as the nature of the relationship between the inherited kinship and the household. This however, it effect's the rule of fraternal solidarity, which is explained in various ways. It highlights the give and take concept forming a mutual bond between the households. This concept does involve the members of family or friends clearly reflecting both kinship relationships plus fraternal solidarity between kin and non-kin.
Anthropologists describe the exchanging of gift as…
Shaw, Alison. Kinship and Continuity: Pakistani Families in Britain. Published: 2000. Routledge. Retrieved on November 23, 2007. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=KVQ5Lxd8rNMC&dq=kinship+and+continuity&psp=1
Hello, Please 3 cultures compare paper. Please include Spanish, American, Indian Cultures Heritage Assessment access Heritage Assessment Tool.
A questionnaire design that is used to assess a person's culture, religion, and ethnic so as to understand the person in relation to illnesses, diseases and their general health is what is referred to as the Heritage Assessment Tool Cohn et al., 2010
( ADDIN EN.CITE )
As unique as ones fingerprint is, so is their heritage in some cultures. Everyone has their own unique heritage and this heritage is very different from the heritage of another culture, a person's heritage is what determines their religious, cultural and ethnic background. It is also what deals with the person's mental, physical and their spiritual beliefs and this will be used when maintaining the person's health, protecting and restoring their health. It is important to note that in the healthcare field knowledge…
Cohn, W.F., Ropka, M.E., Pelletier, S.L., Barrett, J.R., Kinzie, M.B., Harrison, M.B., . . . Knaus, W.A. (2010). Health Heritage, a Web-Based Tool for the Collection and Assessment of Family Health History: Initial User Experience and Analytic Validity. [Article]. Public Health Genomics, 13(7/8), 477-491. doi: 10.1159/000294415
Kasten, W.C. (1992). Bridging the Horizon: American Indian Beliefs and Whole Language Learning. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 23(2), 108-119.
Miller, J. (2000). Keeping With the Transcultural Nursing Society Mission. [Article]. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 11(3), 230.
Roland, F., Johnson, I., Bruce, E., & Khuon, K.-N. (2007). Living with Heritage: Site Monitoring and Heritage Values in Greater Angkor and the Angkor World Heritage Site, Cambodia. World Archaeology, 39(3), 385-405.
public health funding be directed towards complementary medicine?
An Argumentative Essay
Complementary medicine describes the use of therapies and herbal medicines which are not commonly practiced by doctors. The term itself refers to getting a medical treatment by doctor and simultaneously getting such therapies so both treatments work together to improve the patient's health. Many of the therapies or herbal medicines have been a part of our lives but most of us do not know that they are under the umbrella term of complementary medicine. Another term is attached to complementary medicine and that is alternative medicine. Alternative medicine is when we use only these herbal medicine or therapies as a treatment instead of conventional medicine, which is commonly practiced by medical. With the increase in preference of complementary medicine and the requests for it to be used more regularly by patients, it is gradually replacing the term…
Alameddine, M, Naja, F, Abdel-Salam, S, Maalouf, S & Matta, C. (2011, August 28). Stakeholders' perspectives on the regulation and integration of complementary and alternative medicine products in Lebanon: a qualitative study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011, 11(71). doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-71.
Clement, Y.N., Williams, A.F., Khan, K, Bernard, T, Bhola, S, Fortune, M, Medupe, O, Nagee, K & Seaforth, C.E. (2005, November 18). A gap between acceptance and knowledge of herbal remedies by physicians: The need for educational intervention. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2005, 5(20). doi:10.1186/1472-6882-5-20
Kwan, D, Boon, H.S, Hirschkorn, K, Welsh, S, Jurgens, T, Eccott, L, Heschuk, S, Griener, G.G. & Cohen-Kohler, J.C. (2008, July 14). Exploring consumer and pharmacist views on the professional role of the pharmacist with respect to natural health products: a study of focus groups. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008, 8(40). doi:10.1186/1472-6882-8-40
Rhodes, P.J., Small, N, Ismail, H and Wright, J.P. (2008, March 20). The use of biomedicine, complementary and alternative medicine, and ethnomedicine for the treatment of epilepsy among people of South Asian origin in the UK. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008, 8(7). doi:10.1186/1472-6882-8-7.
mith, CA & Crowther, CA (2009) Acupuncture for induction of labour, Cochrane Database of ystematic Reviews, 1, 1-26
The pregnant woman is induced when the pregnancy is becoming dangerous either for herself or for the unborn child. Generally done by drugs, mith and Crowther (2009) reviewed the effects of induction that has been impelled by acupuncture which has been historically used to help induce labor and to reduce labor pain. mith and Crowther (2009) conducted a review that included three trials involving 212 women. They concluded that clinical evidence of the effectiveness of acupuncture as applied to this situation is limited, although some qualitative small studies do suggest that women who receive acupuncture receive fewer methods of induction than do women who receive the standard care of induction.
This article is particularly significant given that we are living in a period when increasingly more people turn to holistic or alternative…
Ernst, E. (2002), A systematic review of systematic reviews of homeopathy, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 54 (6): 577 -- 82
Eysenck, HJ (1994) Systematic Reviews: Meta-analysis and its problems BMJ,309:789
Livestrong.com. How does massage therapy work?
Dr. Edward Bach and the Bach Flower emedy System: Background
Edward Bach devised and compounded a system of plant-based homeopathic-style tinctures for emotional and psychological healing. The Bach flower system was the first of its kind and remains the most thorough set of homeopathic remedies for mental and emotional distress. Falling within the umbrella of complementary medicine, Bach flower remedies can and often should be a part of the professional healer's arsenal of interventions. The 38 different remedies have been used in a number of different health care settings, from nursing and midwifery to psychiatric care (Mantle, 1997). "There is no scientific evidence that any Bach flower remedy produces a medicinal effect, and there is some evidence that the method does not work," ("Bach Flower emedies," 2013). esearch on the Bach flower remedies has been disappointing. One study tested the impact of Bach flower remedies on pre-test anxiety…
The Bach Centre (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.bachcentre.com/centre/remedies.htm
Bach, E. & Wheeler, E.J. (1997). The Bach Flower Remedies. Essex: The Bach Flower Centre.
Bach, E. (1936). The Twelve Healers and Other Remedies. London: C.W. Daniel.
"Bach Flower Remedies," (2013). Sahara Surgery Center. Retrieved online: http://saharasurgery.com/your-health/?/37428/
GNC Stores and Marketing
GNC Franchising, Inc., is one of the largest specialty retailer of vitamins, herbs, food supplements and other health management items in the United States. Since the inception of GNC, it has looked at several ways to marketing its products. Traditionally, GNC offered its proprietary products to consumers through franchised stores and company-owned stores, but recently it has also begun to sell its products via the Internet. And more recently as of 1999, GNC has entered into a strategic alliance with ite Aid Corporation, which will host full-line of GNC products across the country (Fisher and Mullin, 1990). The two companies also plan to develop a new line of pharmacy-endorsed vitamins and nutritional supplements, which will be available through all company-owned and franchised GNC locations and ite Aid Stores (Fisher and Mullin, 1990). General Nutrition Cos. (GNC) is also moving to do its business in natural foods,…
Fisher, Lane and Mullin, Cheryl L. Searching for Tomorrow's Franchisees. Franchising World, vol. 31 (2), March/April 1999, pp.19-21
Wilson, Marianne. GNC goes natural. Chain Store Age, vol. 74 (11), 1998, pp.84-86.
Wilson, Marianne. GNC Targets Health And Wellness With Alive. Chain Store Age, vol. 72, April 1996, pp. 35-36.
Nursing Process to Deliver
Application of the Nursing Process to Deliver Culturally Competent Care: Malay culture
Each society has devised its own methodology of dealing with diseases. As per the old Manuscript MSS1292 KitabTib (Book of Healing) (a 19th century Malay manuscript), people of Malay have successful and strong healing practices which work wonderfully well in case of integrative and complementary medicines (Baharuddin & Sidik, 2010). An analytical approach is required to study the contents of the Malay manuscript for understanding it deeply. As per the research, there are three kinds of methods in case of healing diseases (Baharuddin & Sidik, 2010). These are as follows:
Wafak (written symbols)
Quranic verses for healing purposes and offering respect to prophet (P.B.U.H)
It is quite evident that these traditional practices were ecological and holistic in origin, which is stressed upon even today (Baharuddin & Sidik, 2010).
The roots of…
Baharuddin, A., & Sidik, R. (2010). The Case of Malay Manuscript of the 19th Century. Traditional Healing In Malay Culture:, 1-7.
Farooqui, M. (2013).The Current Situation and Future Direction of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (T&CM) in Malaysian Health Care System. Alternative and Integrative Medicine, 1(1), 1.
Ghani, R., & Hamid, M. (2011).Traditional and Complementary Medicine Programme in Malaysia. Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 1-6.
Jamal, A. (2006). An overview of scientific and technological progress. Malay Traditional Medicine, 37-46.
The dilemma associated with this case study suggests that little is known or can be done with serious illness with any great confidence. At the heart of the issue is who is responsible for the sick child as it appears, but may not be true, that he cannot take care of himself and that his immune system needs to be guided by someone else.
The lack of a formal family and the unnatural formation of this family also contributes to the confusion of this ethical problem. The Christian Scientist mother of the child holds no biological claim to the child and is demanding a unique spiritual procedure to be used to the heal the child. Although this method is controversial and not based in traditional science, the laws allowing for this type of treatment are allowed in reasonable circumstance in many areas of the world.
Dean, M. (2010). Comparative evaluation of homeopathy and allopathy within the Parisian hospital system, 1849 -- 1851. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 103(1), 34-36.
Flamm, B.L. (2004). Faith healing confronts modern medicine. Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine, 8, 9-14.
Starfield, B. (2000, July 26). Is U.S. health really the best in the world? Journal of the American Medical Association, 284(4), 483-485
Hyland's Teething Tables
What evidence exists about the adverse events associated with Hyland's teething tablets?
According to investigations conducted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding the Hyland's teething tablets in 2010, it was established that the drug does contain belladonna. Belladonna is a substance known to cause serious harm when consumed in huge doses. The FDA recognized whenever such a product was being used there should be careful controls in place to ensure that the amount being used is properly measured and controlled. According to the FDA laboratory results, it was established that Hyland's teething tablets contained inconsistent amounts of belladonna (Food and Drug Administration, 2016). This shows that the amounts specified by the company on its website is not true and each dosage of the drug could have too much or too little. Therefore, it would not be wise to use the drugs until there is…
Modalities and Affinities for Rhus Tox, Pulsatilla, Nux Vomica, and Ledum.
This paper examines the modalities and the affinities of four alternative remedies; Rhus tox, Pulsatilla, Nux vomica, and Ledum. Modalities are circumstances under which general or particular symptoms will change become better or worse. Ameliorates are improvement and aggravates make the symptoms worse (Grieve, 1971). Affinities refer to the to the areas of the body that the remedies are aligned with.
Rhus tox, is used to treat a variety of conditions including arthritis, exam, measles, rheumatic fever, throats, sprains (Students notes, 2017). The modalities concern movement and temperature. Ameliorates for pulsatilla include motion, sweating which it may be argued can be aligned with motion, and being outdoors (Fluckiger and Hanbury, 2014). Aggravates are stated as the beginning of motion which refers to the point when a patient goes from the state of stillness to movement, likewise physical…
The U.S. Healthcare Systems
The U.S. healthcare system is fragmented by the fact that incentives do not align with the actual goal of healthcare (Enthoven, 2009). For instance, healthcare facilities are incentivized to “treat” patients rather than to help them lead healthier lives. As Goldhill (2009) points out, healthcare treatments are subsidized by taxpayer dollars—and there are powerful lobbies in the healthcare field that promote the use of pharmaceuticals or new health technology (like hip replacements, which could end up leaking cobalt into one’s body). Moreover, care providers are encouraged to perform tests on patients even though there is no real need for them and they may in fact lead to overdiagnosis and to a deterioration of the patient’s quality of life, as the patient becomes obsessed with every minor health problem (Lichtenfeld, 2011).
Fragmentation impacts patient care in a negative way because it leads to the patient being…
It is important to note, from the onset, that intrapreneurs are instrumental to the progress of any enterprise. This is more so the case given that they happen to be not only action-oriented, but also proactive and motivated. In essence, there exists no standard definition of intrapreneurship. This effectively mean that various definitions have been floated in the past in an attempt to define exactly whom an intrapreneur is. In the words of Gifford Pinchot III (as cited in Daykin, 2019), “intrapreneurs are employees who do for corporate innovation what an entrepreneur does for his or her start-up." This is the definition that has been embraced in this context. It therefore follows that in playing this role, I will be assessing the various intrapreneur opportunities that could be of benefit to Cigna. Following the identification of one specific opportunity, the impact of the said opportunity will evaluated with regard…
Cigna (2020). Company Profile. Cigna Corporation. Retrieved from https://www.cigna.com/about-us/company-profile/
Daykin, J. (2019). Intrapreneurship. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/jordandaykin/2019/01/08/intrapreneurship/?sh=7fe58bf24ea3
Prindle, L. (2018). Your Guide to Alternative Medicine and Health Insurance. Retrieved from https://quotewizard.com/health-insurance/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-health-insurance
PEW Research Center (2017). Americans’ health care behaviors and use of conventional and alternative medicine. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/science/2017/02/02/americans-health-care-behaviors-and-use-of-conventional-and-alternative-medicine/
Ruggie, M. (2004). Marginal to Mainstream: Alternative Medicine in America. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Vourman, I., Williams, C., & Cha, A. (2013). Cigna Strategic Report. Retrieved from http://economics-files.pomona.edu/jlikens/seniorseminars/Likens2013/reports/cigna.pdf
Assigned Reading II (20%)
Briefly explain the following concepts with an example each:
i. Fight-or-flight response
Fight-or-flight response refers to the dynamics that encompass the physiological arousal of the body to survive a threat. In preparation for a threat, there are two immediate actions that one can take: either attack or fight for defense from the threat or opt to run and flee away from the threat. For example, when a person encounters a barking dog while running, the fight-or-flight response runs away or faces the dog (Seaward, 2015).
ii. Holistic medicine
Holistic medicine alludes to an approach of healing that honors the assimilation, counterbalance, and synchronization of mind, body, spirit, and emotions for encouraging internal peace. It is an attitudinal method to healthcare instead of a certain set of techniques (Gordon, 1982). Examples of holistic medicine comprise homeopathy, acupuncture, and also massage therapy.
iii. Stress reaction
Awasthi, P. (2018). Stressful Experiences, Workplace Stress, and Type 2 Diabetes: Management of Diabetes. PURUSHARTHA-A journal of Management, Ethics, and Spirituality, 10(2), 82-89.
Carducci, B. J. (2009). The psychology of personality: Viewpoints, research, and applications. John Wiley & Sons.
Folkman, S. (2010). 22 Stress, Health, and Coping: Synthesis, Commentary, and Future Directions. The Oxford handbook of stress, health, and coping 453.
Gordon, J. S. (1982). Holistic medicine: advances and shortcomings. Western Journal of Medicine, 136(6), 546.
Harris, M. L., Oldmeadow, C., Hure, A., Luu, J., Loxton, D., & Attia, J. (2017). Stress increases the risk of type 2 diabetes onset in women: A 12-year longitudinal study using causal modeling. PloS one, 12(2), e0172126.
Hiriyappa, B. (2013). Stress Management: Leading To Success. Booktango.
Jordan, M., & Hinds, J. (2016). Ecotherapy: Theory, research, and practice. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Kurlansik, S. L., & Ibay, A. D. (2012). Seasonal affective disorder. American Family Physician, 86(11), 1037-1041.
These diseases may be aggravated or deteriorated because of indulgence in sexual life as well. In severe cases, indulgence in sexual life even may cause vital crises such as cerebral bleeding and myocardiac infarction. Accordingly, sexual life should be moderated during the daily health care and rehabilitation. In severe cases, sexual life should be stopped for the time being (Syphilis, n.d.).
There are several tests that can be used to for Syphilis. These include: Syphilis Serum Test, the venereal diseases research laboratory test (VDL test), unheated serum reagin test (US test), rapid plasma reagin card test (P test), and cardiophospholipid is used as an antigen to examine the anti-cardiophospholipid antibody in serum. This test is used for screening examination. In spirochete antigen test, such as fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption test (FTA-ABS test), Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test (TPHA), usually the diagnosis of syphilis can be confirmed by positive result in the spirochete…
Introduction to TCM. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2010, from Traditional Chinese Medicine
Page Web site: http://www.tcmpage.com/
Kent, Molly E. And Romanelli, Frank. (2008). Reexamining Syphilis: An Update on Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Management. Retrieved January 27, 2010,
from Medscape Web site: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/571812