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oth the United States government and individual state governments as well are concerned about the high rate of illegal immigration into our country. There are several reasons for this. Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the country recognizes great need to know exactly who is in the United States. In addition, many worry that illegal immigrants take jobs that would otherwise go to people who are legally in the country. School districts struggle to educate the children of adult illegal immigrants. Some at the federal, state and local levels of governments believe that illegal immigrants put a strain on welfare programs and feel such services should go to people who are here legally. The problem is multi-faceted, and different government entities have differing concerns, making agreement about what should be done difficult.
SCOPE OF THE PROLEM
However, most people are law-abiding residents of the United States…
Badger, T.A. 2005. "Feds Question Suspected Illegal Immigrants." Associated Press, Jan. 25.
Capital Hill Press (CHP). 2005. "New Measure Would Bring Common Sense to the Law and Address Glaring Weaknesses in America's Homeland Security." Capitol Hill Press Releases, Jan. 26.
Dobbs, Lou. 2005. "No more border games." U.S. News & World Report, Jan. 31.
Johnson, Kevin. 2005. "On the trail of 400,000 fugitives." USA Today, Jan. 6.
..Because of tightening restrictions at the border, the role of the coyote has gotten much more complicated, and for immigrants, the process has become fraught with danger. Numerous immigrants die trying to cross the desert each year, and while some are found, providing closure for their families, others are simply never heard from again. Immigrants have also died while trapped in trucks and shipping containers, and some have drowned while trying to swim the Rio Grande, while others have been shot by border patrol or vigilante groups. (Smith).
hile it may be an undeniable that illegal immigrants are creating a major drain on U.S. resources, it seems equally undeniable that someone should not die trying to pursue the American dream.
Building a border wall is also prohibitively expensive. The cost for the border wall is estimated at $3 million per mile, which is $568.18 per foot. (Meyers). Not only is…
Del Bosque, Melissa. "Holes in the Wall." The Texas Observer. 2008. The Texas Observer. 2
Nov. 2008 http://www.texasobserver.org/article.php?aid=2688 .
Meyers, Jim. "Border Wall to Cost at Least $3 Million Per Mile." FreeRepublic.com. 2006.
FreeRepublic, LLC. 2 Nov. 2008 http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1635795/posts .
According to NewsMax.com, "Almost no issue divides Republicans as deeply" as President Bush's new proposal to offer so-called "guest worker status" to otherwise illegal immigrants. The guest worker status proposal stands as one of the only proposed legislative compromises regarding the illegal immigration issue, which has become one of the most contentious issues being debated in the United States. On the one hand, earnings in nations like Mexico are one-tenth of what they are in the United States, and throngs of willing workers head northward to seek more gainful employment and a supposedly improved quality of life. Furthermore, the low wages offered to illegal immigrants boost some businesses and allow profit margins to increase substantially over what they would be if companies had to pay union wages to their workers. Some people claim that illegal immigrant workers are performing the jobs that most Americans simply won't do, because…
'Bush Faces GOP Fight Over Guest Workers." NewsMax.com. 27 Dec. 2004. Online at < http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2004/12/27/92735.shtml >.
'Calif. Senate hopefuls back guest workers." The Washington Times. 10 Aug 2004. Online at < http://washingtontimes.com/upi-breaking/20040810-102353-6628r.htm >.
'The Cost of Illegal Immigration." KPHO Pheonix. 2005. Online at < http://www.kpho.com/Global/story.asp?S=2537000& nav=DIH7Ssy8>.
"Executive Summary." United States Department of Homeland Security. 31 Jan 2003. Online at < http://uscis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/2000ExecSumm.pdf >.
8% of U.S. households were headed by an immigrant and received 6.7% of all cash benefits; by 1990, 8.4% of households were headed by an immigrant and received 13.1% of all cash benefits (Borjas, 1995, pp. 44-46).
Immigrants in different categories (both legal and illegal) have been eligible to receive certain welfare benefits. Legal immigrants are eligible after three to five years of residence, though asylum applicants and refugees are eligible immediately. One problem is that immigrants both legal and illegal displace native workers -- for every 100 unskilled immigrants who are working, 25 or more unskilled American-born workers are displaced from jobs. The costs of public assistance for the 2.1 million displaced American workers stands at $11.9 billion. Based on the 1990 census, the poverty rate for immigrants is 42.8% higher than for native-born Americans, and on average immigrant households receive 44.2% more public assistance dollars than native households.…
Ackerman, E. (1998, December 7). An immigrant roundup. U.S. News & World Report, 30.
Americanization' in Report of the Commission on Immigration Reform (1997, October 7). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved December 25, 2006 at http://www.carnegieendowment.org/events/index.cfm?fa=eventDetail&id=93 .
Ashabranner, B. (1996). Our beckoning borders. New York: Cobblehill Books.
Auditor General of California (1992). A fiscal impact analysis of undocumented immigrants residing in San Diego County. Report C-126, August. Sacramento: Office of the Auditor General, California.
These immigrants, who the new rich think makes a place fresh, are usually poor chick artists, fashion designers, musicians, even street vendors. Consider New York City, where the ambience produced by the lesser-income people of SoHo established a temptation to those hips, modern, high-income types who created Silicon Alley, even though they could as well have functioned from California's Silicon Valley or Scotland's Silicon Glen. So what may perhaps look like a merely compassionate policy of taking in impoverished immigrants might not, anyhow, be lacking economic benefits to the receiving nation. In fact, even an informal policy of benevolent disregard toward poor, illegal immigrants - and such a policy has a definite request to those who think that immigration policy should be based on caring considerations - has clear economic benefits. For instance in America, there is no question that devoid of the six million illegal immigrants expected to be…
Cure for illegal immigration. Retrieved at http://www.nationalinvestor.com/8-00-mexico%20commentary.htm . Accessed on 22 February, 2005
Americans Favor Current Levels of Immigration. Immigration Policy Reports: American Immigration Law Foundation. Retrieved at http://www.ailf.org/ipc/policy_reports_2000_pr0012.htm. Accessed on 22 February, 2005
Immigration Debates. Retrieved at http://flatrock.org.nz/topics/immigration/feinsteins_rule.htm . Accessed on 22 February, 2005
Immigration Policies Should Be More Flexible and Encourage the Integration of Immigrants. Retrieved at http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR854.1/MR854.1.chap9.pdf . Accessed on 22 February, 2005
At the same time, the number of school-age children who spoke a language other than English at home more than doubled between 1979 and 2005. In addition, differences between states in amount spent on instruction per student by unified public school districts have increased since 1997-98. The U.S. education system also shows signs of continued growth for years to come. In elementary and secondary education, enrollments have followed population shifts and are projected to increase each year through 2016 to an all-time high of 53 million" (Schneider, 2007). Other features that reveal Americans' growing interest for better education (and consequently the need for illegals to perform the unskilled and low paid jobs) could be organized under the following:
the number of college students who spend more than 10 hours on their weekly homework has increased from 7% in 1980 to 37% in 2002 dropout rates among college students have also…
Gurucharri, T., a Brief Summary of U.S. Immigration History, Catholic Conference of Kentucky, Retrieved at http://www.ccky.org/Pastoral%20Resources/Immigration%20Series/9%20-%20A%20short%20history%20of%20immigration.pdfon May 13, 2008
Orrenius, P.M., November / December 2003, U.S. Immigration and Economic Growth: Putting Policy on Hold, Southwest Economy
Preston, M., June 2006, Economy Factors into Immigration Debate: Are Illegal Immigrants a Burden or a Blessing?, Issues and Trends
Schneider, M., 2007, Contexts of Elementary and Secondary Education, the Condition of Education 2007, National Center for Education Statistics
One potential resolution is a dual action step of tightening border control combined with reforming the process of becoming a citizen to allow easier access for immigrants to enter into the nation legally, rather than illegally. Tightening control of the nation's borders is crucial in the development of a more lenient immigrant processing solution. With "the major source of illegal immigration from illegal border crossings, and most of these immigrants are from Mexico," (Meese & Spaulding, 2006), the United States must curb this blatant illegal method of entering into the United States. With this risk minimized, it allows government officials to craft more available immigration procedures which would allow more immigrants to enter into the country legally. Leaving our borders wide open presents a dangerous threat to all citizens around the nation, "Secure borders, especially in a time of terrorist threat, are crucial to American national security," (Meese & Spaulding,…
Camarota, Steven a. (2006). Amnesty under Hagel-Martinez: an estimate of how many will legalize if S. 2611 becomes law. Center for Immigration Studies. 19 June 2008. http://www.cis.org/articles/2006/back606.html
FAIR. (2003). Illegal Immigration is a crime. Federation for American Immigration
Reform. 18 June 2008. http://www.americanpatrol.com/REFERENCE/isacrime.html
Kennedy, John F. (1964). A nation of immigrants. Row Publishers.
Illegal Immigration in Southern Europe
According to information from the UNHC, illegal immigrants have been described as persons who enter into a foreign country without the proper documentation or through illegal means. There are various factors that can prompt individuals to take such a drastic step and according to Barkan, (2003) these factors could comprise of wars and asylum, whereby an individual is escaping the war in his or her homeland or due to political motives that could have repercussions such as oppression, bullying and abuse. Other factors include poverty and overpopulation at homeland of the illegal immigrant.
The main objective of this essay is to find out the relation between illegal immigrants and informal sector of Greece, Spain and Italy with a special focus on what factors make the informal sector of these three Southern European countries attractive to illegal immigrants. Two tables will be presented with data showing…
Barkan, Elliott R. 2003, "Return of the Nativists? California Public Opinion and Immigration in the 1980s and 1990s" Social Science History, pp 229-283.
Borjas, G.J. 1994 "The economics of immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, pp. 1667 -- 717
De La Torre, Miguel A., 2009, "Trails of Terror: Testimonies on the Current Immigration Debate," Orbis Books, pp 34-56
Venturini, A. 2004, Post-War Migration in Southern Europe. An Economic Approach Cambridge University Press pp 112-123.
Those very same God-fearing Christian Americans are now under attack by illegal immigrants from countries like Mexico and also El Salvador, Philippines, China, and India.
Illegal immigrants are a threat to American society, American economy, and the American way of life. Just as Europeans destroyed Native American culture upon arrival, illegal immigrants are destroying American culture. People from countries from around the world whose cultures are different from ours are entering American borders, eating American food, and taking American jobs. Illegal immigrants are poor and they take away American jobs. Illegal immigrants do not respect American laws because they enter illegally. When they are sent to jail, though, cities like San Francisco give them amnesty. Therefore, illegal immigrants are tearing apart the very fabric of this great nation.
"Does illegal immigration relate to higher crime incidence?" (2008). etrieved online: http://immigration.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000782
Federation for American Immigration eform (n.d.). Illegal immigration. etrieved…
"Does illegal immigration relate to higher crime incidence?" (2008). Retrieved online: http://immigration.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000782
Federation for American Immigration Reform (n.d.). Illegal immigration. Retrieved online: http://www.fairus.org/site/PageNavigator/issues/illegal_immigration.html
Gardner, M. (2011). Cutting services to illegal immigrants isn't easy. Sign On San Diego. Retrieved online: http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2011/apr/19/cutting-services-to-illegal-immigrants-isnt-easy/
Illegal Immigration Statistics. 26 April 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.illegalimmigrationstatistics.org/
In 2010 the Department of Homeland Security undertook immigration enforcement actions involving "the arrest, detention, return, and removal from the United States of foreign nationals who are inadmissible to or removable from the United States…" ("Immigration Enforcement Actions 2010") The United States government spends billions each year patrolling and guarding the U.S. border, interdicting drug and human smugglers, investigating domestic employers, conducting raids for illegal immigrants. hile the federal government has been battling illegal immigration for years, individual state governments have recently begun to implement their own actions toward curbing the flow of illegal immigration. Arizona recently passed a controversial which required local law enforcement officers to verify the immigration status of anyone they suspected of being illegal. (Arizona Senate Bill 1070)
A recent article, which first appeared in "The Daily Caller," but since has been republished by the CATO Institute is "The Realities Behind the Immigration Debate," by Jeffrey…
"Arizona Senate Bill 1070." State of Arizona Senate. Web. 5 Sept. 2011.
Hanson, Gordon. "The Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration." Council on Foreign
Relations. April 2007. Web. 5 Sept. 2011.
A Bane or a Necessary Evil?
America is a melting pot. e hear that phrased pronounced almost everyday in some context or another. And, to a large degree, it is true: Even the beacon of our freedom, the Statue of Liberty, welcomes all arrivals to our shores, be they ever so poor, tired or huddled in masses.
However, a topic that creeps up among our greatest immigration stories is the problem of illegal immigration. Always a problem in our border states, especially Texas and California, illegal immigration has taken on a whole new bent following September 11's terrorist attacks and the realization that most of the people involved in the attacks were here illegally. Some came into the country illegally, and others overstayed their immigration status.
Here are some statistics: The Immigration and Naturalization Services -- a department suddenly at the forefront of homeland security issues and the…
Kobach, Kris. State and Local Authority to Enforce Immigration Law. CIS: 2004.
Camarota, Steven. The High Cost of Cheap Labor. CIS: 2004.
Krikorian, Mark. Flawed Assumptions Underlying Guestworker Programs. CIS: 2004.
However, that connotation, for some people ceases to function when the discussion turns to those individuals who are crossing the boarder illegally.
The question then becomes, "should bad behavior be rewarded?" Those who cross the boarder illegally are referred to as "criminals," individuals who show utter disregard and contempt for the very fabric of law within American society. But do these individuals necessarily seek to break the law merely to take advantage of the welfare programs? Or is there a greater, more systemic problem? Borrowing from the main tenets of conflict resolution, the "structural assumptions" matrix dictates that larger more systemic problems are the root causes of individuals seeking to avoid conflict. Therefore, it can be asserted that these individuals are seeking to avoid conflict, improve the quality of life for their family and provide opportunities for their children they would normally not have access to within their home country.…
Beck, Roy. "U.S. Immigration in Focus." U.S. Foreign Policy 2.31 (2010): 29-35. Print.
Bluhm, William, and Robert Heineman. Ethics and Public Policy: Methods and Cases. Princeton: Prentice Hall, 2006. Print.
"FAIR: Immigration and Welfare." FAIR: Federation for American Immigration Reform. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. .
16). Since that time, however, the U.S. society has taken a much more liberal viewpoint, with many of its citizens decrying an invasion of privacy when being questioned by law enforcement officials. This outcry is being heeded by law enforcement officials and immigrants throughout society.
Many officials are now reluctant to apprehend individuals based solely upon their looks or something as flimsy as 'reasonable suspicion'. Discovering that those they apprehend are productive, responsible citizens with jobs and families is a deterrent for apprehending similar individuals in the future.
ecent literature shows that another reason for reluctance on the part of law enforcement officials to vigorously pursue those individuals who may be in the United States illegally is the effect it will have on those citizens that are here legally but live in the same geographical areas that house the illegal immigrants. Many experts believe that vigorous enforcement will mean a…
Carrell, S.E.; Hoekstra, M.L.; (2008) Externalities in the classroom: How children exposed to domestic violence affect everyone's kids, National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper No. 14246
Cattaneo, L.B.; Bell, M.E.; Goodman, L.A.; Dutton, M.A.; (2007) Intimate partner violence victims' accuracy in assessing their risk of re-abuse, Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 22, pp. 429 -- 440
Gabrielson, R.; Giblin, P. (2008) Reasonable doubt Part I: MCSO evolves into an immigration agency, East Valley Tribune, July 10, 2008 edition, accessed April 21, 2009 at http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/story/120461
Gardels, N., (2007) America no longer owns globalization, New Perspectives Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 2 -- 5
Some who, for one reason or another, haven't asked for it, suddenly become illegal aliens on their eighteenth birthday, making them eligible for expulsion by police forces.
Immigrants from nations that do not have an automatic visa agreements, or who would not otherwise qualify for a visa, often cross the borders illegally. In some areas like the U.S.-Mexico border, the Strait of Gibraltar, Fuerteventura and the Strait of Otranto. ecause these methods must be extralegal, they are often dangerous.
Most countries have laws requiring workers to have proper documentation, often intended to prevent the employment of illegal immigrants. However the penalties against employers are not always enforced consistently and fairly, which means that employers can easily use illegal labor. Agriculture, construction, domestic service, restaurants, resorts, and prostitution are the leading legal and illegal jobs that illegal workers are most likely to fill. For example, it is estimated that 80% of…
1. The illegal immigration from The Economics of Illegal Immigration by Chisa To Yoshida,
Alan Woodland (Hardcover - Oct 21, 2005)
2. Information about the immigration process and its effects from the Internet at http://www.cis.org/articles/2004/fiscalexec.html
3. Facts about the illegal immigrants from the Internet at http://www.vdare.com/rubenstein/illegals.htm
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution relates to the birth provision and citizenship by the process of naturalization. This law states that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are its citizens and they have a right to all the privileges that come with it. It also explicitly states that no state can take this right away from its citizens.
President Obama's plan to offer amnesty to the millions of illegal immigrants is contrary to this law and it has to be amended in the Congress. This is unlikely to happen after the mid-term vote and so the chances of Obama's plan to be successful is less. So, its important that the Federal lawmakers decide on an alternate course of action to tackle this problem quickly and efficiently.
There are two possible solutions to this problem. The first one is to completely seal the…
No Author. "Immigration: More Questions than Answers." American School Board Journal. 193 (August 2006): 11-12
New York Times. "Arizona Immigration Law (SB 1070)." Last modified: July 29, 2010. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/i/immigration-and-emigration/arizona-immigration-law-sb-1070/index.html?scp=10&sq=illegal%20immigration&st=cse
NumbersUSA. "Rasmussen Poll says 70% of Arizona Residents Support Immigration Enforcement Bill." April 22, 2010. http://www.numbersusa.com/content/news/april-22-2010/rasmussen-poll-says-70-arizona-residents-support-immigration-enforcement-bill.htm
Frugal Cafe Blog Zone. "Tough Arizona Illegal Immigration Law Igniting Controversy." April 24, 2010. http://www.frugal-cafe.com/public_html/frugal-blog/frugal-cafe-blogzone/2010/04/24/tough-arizona-illegal-immigration-law-igniting-controversy-liberals-smear-campaign-begins-70-of-az-residents-support-it-video/
Due to steady increases in high school completion rates, native-born U.S. workers with low schooling levels are increasingly hard to find. Yet these workers are an important part of the U.S. economy -- they build homes, prepare food, clean offices, harvest crops, and take unfilled factory jobs." (Hanson, 2007)
Another important area of debate is healthcare. Why illegal immigrants should be given access to healthcare? The rationale is simple. Better healthcare means improved health which translates into fewer communicable diseases. More than 5 million illegal immigrants are uninsured but the close quarters in which they live are breeding grounds for communicable diseases. But since they lack healthcare, many of them would never visit a doctor hence aggravating the problem. (Stahl, p. 286)
"The lack of insurance contributes to poor health, because uninsured people are more likely to delay seeking care. They are more likely to receive less or no cancer…
Gordon H. Hanson, The Bernard and Irene Schwartz Series on American Competitiveness -- the Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration
CSR NO. 26, APRIL 2007
Passel, Jeffrey S. "Estimates of the Size and Characteristics of the Undocumented Population." Pew Hispanic Center, 2006.
Michael J. Stahl. Encyclopedia of Health Care Management SAGE Publications; 1 edition (October 21, 2003)
S. bring large amounts of profit to the government by absolving it of paying the big wages it would pay to the citizens that are being replaced by the illegal immigrants. The illegal employee is connected to the employer and to the government, with all three parties benefiting from the action."...the employee provides acceptable ID that appears authentic, the employer asks no questions, and the U.S. government looks the other way." (hite)
Apparently, there is no immediate solution to the immigration problem, with no possible mean of preventing it from existing. The easiest answer to the dilemma would be to leave things as they are without taking any measure for bettering it. However, at today's pace, the immigrants would overflow the U.S. And they would lower the wages even further, bringing the common American citizen in the same condition as the foreign illegal worker or even worse by destroying the…
Chiswick, R.B. (2006). The Worker Next Door.
Mahony, R. (2006). Called by God to help.
Hanson, D.V. (2006). Our Brave New World of Immigration.
White, D. Illegal Immigration Explained - Profits & Poverty, Social Security & Starvation. Why the Federal Government Can't End Illegal Immigration.
Costs to Education
So lastly, let us try to take a look at how illegal immigration effects education. In many ways this question is the great unknown. Schools, districts and states are aware that the costs of educating immigrants has risen over the years, especially since the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1982 that public schools must educate all students, no matter their immigration status. Schools know that costs have risen by anecdotal and statistical means as educating English as second language learners has become an increasing drain on schools, in part because of awareness of need and in part due to demands to educate all students to a greater degree. They also know that many of their students, especially in certain regions of the country are immigrants, but they are not allowed by federal edict to ask about the immigration status of students upon entry or at any other…
Colorado Alliance for Immigration Reform. "Poor Education and School Overcrowding - Consequences of Mass Immigration." (ND) Web. 1 Dec. 2010.
Davidson, Adam. "Q&a: Illegal Immigrants and the U.S. Economy" NPR 30, Mar. 2006: Web. 1 Dec. 2010. < http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5312900 >
Hoberock, Barbara. "Citizen status bill will not be heard: The measure would have required schools to determine students' immigration standing." Tulsa World (OK) 31 Mar. 2010: Newspaper Source. EBSCO. Web. 2 Dec. 2010. < http://0-search.ebscohost.com.library.pcc.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nfh&an=2W63236653425&site=ehost-live >
Hansen, Gordon H. "The Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration" Council on Foreign Relations Press, 2007. Web. 28 Nov. 2010.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, lift my lamp beside the golden door!
In fact, these same words have welcomed countless immigrants to the shores of the United States in years past, but they are ringing increasingly hollow today. The "golden door" has been shut and the homeless are being "tost" back into the tempest. Indeed, as est (2003) emphasizes, "Unless the nation decides to return to a controlled legal immigration and again values and asserts assimilation, an ethnic and racial 'apartheid' is likely in many areas not just in California. Racial and ethnic separatism is a potent virus. If we fail to recognize now how powerful it is, your children and their children are likely to learn about that to their distress" (emphasis added) (56).
Like violent crime and child pornography, no politicians today wants to appear "soft" on highly sensitive issues such as illegal immigration. The…
Bushnell, David. (2006). Emigration. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 24 May 2006 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-60830 .
Edwards, James R. (2002, June 27). Grading the Hill on Illegal Immigration. The Washington Times A21.
Embracing Illegals." (2005, July 18). Business Week Online. 23 May 2006 http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_29/b3943001_mz001.htm .
Gresham, Thomas. (2004, April 13). "Illegal Immigration Will Pose Threat to American Prosperity." Insight on the News 4.
Illegal Immigration Cost
Cost to the California Criminal Justice System of Illegal Immigration
The illegal immigration debate in the United States has taken center stage recently because the President and Congress have decided that is finally time to deal with the situation. Although there have been many stated solutions, it seems that no one can reach a conclusion that is satisfactory to all. In the past year the President has signed an executive order that allowed young illegals of a certain age who were brought to the United States as children, meaning that they had no illegal intent as they were just being moved their by their guardians, were eligible for an amnesty program which would set them on the road to citizenship. This sounded reasonable to a majority of the American public since it is difficult to punish a child for what its parents do, but it does nothing…
Blair, N.A. (2011). Illegal immigration overstays its welcome: How the criminalization of unlawful presence in America would help relieve inadequacies in federal immigration law. Ave Maria Law Review, 10(1), 203-234.
Blondell, J. (2008). Adverse impacts of massive and illegal immigration in the United States. The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 33(3), 328-50.
Chowdhurry, M., & Pedace, R. (2007). Ethnic enclaves and labor markets: An analysis of immigrant outcomes in California. Contemporary Economic Policy, 25(2), 238- 253.
Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR). (2012). California: Immigration impact. Retrieved from http://www.fairus.org/states/california
Added Info for Pros and Cons About the Situation
Immigration will always cause some issues in the host country. One of the major problems, at least in today's America, it the continued scarcity of some types of jobs. People who are fine with the influx of immigrants, whether legal or illegal, when economic times are good will bemoan the problem when jobs are scarce. The reason that the people from Mexico come the United States, for the most part, is that they have more economic opportunity in the United States than they did in Mexico. The issue now is that there are not as many jobs as there have been in the past, so the jobs that citizens did not want before are now in demand by the general populace of legal residents. Although this is not necessarily true (the amount of people willing to work in fields and other…
American Immigrant Lawyers Association (AILA). (1999). The number of green cards. Retrieved from http://www.myvisa.com/Visasage/PRnumber.htm
Chapman, S. (2010). Immigration and crime: There is nothing to fear from illegal immigrants. Retrieved from http://reason.com/archives/2010/02/22/immigration - and-crime
Elder, G.L. (2008). ICE sees record numbers of criminals deported in 2007. Retrieved from http://www.totalcriminaldefense.com/news/articles/headlines/criminals - deported/
Genesco Migrant Center. (2011). Migrant farm workers in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.migrant.net/pdf/farmworkerfacts.pdf
But this supposedly preliminary investigation often merely encouraged workers not to pay taxes and 'pay into' Social Security (a common critique of illegal workers is that they pay no social security or taxes) or for employers to fire the workers to avoid further scrutiny. "Many Latino workers, immigrant workers, and workers involved in union activities have been fired....As a result, the no match letters have been incredibly disruptive to immigrant communities and to employers who are faced with losing valued workers" (aslin 2003, p. 8). Other measures, like making it more difficult to obtain a driver's license, advocates for illegal workers argue, do not deter immigration, but merely make it harder for workers to find decent work and easier for employers to take advantage of them.
The downturn in the U.S. economy may have provided an unintentional solution -- many workers have been leaving in recent months because of a…
Arizona's Illegal Immigration Laws Put to the Test. (2008). McNeil-Lehrer News Hour transcript. PBS. Retrieved January 1, 2008 at http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/law/jan-june08/crackdown_06-11.html
Overby, Michelle. (2008, September 5). Should illegal immigrants receive amnesty? No
The News.org. Retrieved January 1, 2008 at http://media.www.thenews.org/media/storage/paper651/news/2008/09/05/Opinion/Should.Illegal.Immigrants.Receive.Amnesty.No-3416243.shtml
Many peoples' lives, destinies, and hopes for the future, and not only American ones, depend and will depend in the future on this taking place sooner rather than later, and now more than ever before in America's history.
Illegal Immigration." ikipedia. 4 May 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration.html>.
Espenshade, Thomas J. "Unauthorized Immigration to the United States" Annual
Review of Sociology. 21 (1995). 195-200.
Flores, illiam V. "New Citizens, New Rights: Undocumented Immigrants and Latino Cultural Citizenship" Latin American Perspectives. 2003. 30(2). 87-
http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=b2579269c3c901ad0ae85bd42dd2920d" Love Unites Them, La Migra Separates Them." El observador, 30 Nov. 2006. http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id= b2579269c3c901ad0ae85bd42dd2920d.html>.
Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John inthrop. New York: Longman 2nd Edition, November 20, 1998.
Snyder, Tanya. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion/oped/bal-op.elsalvador11jan11,0,460257.story?coll=bal-oped-headlinesTo Slow Immigration from El Salvador, Understand its Causes."
Baltimore Sun, 11 Jan. 2007. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion oped/bal-op.elsalvador11jan11,0,460257.story?coll=bal-oped-headlines.
Young Migrants Risk All to Reach U.S." ashington Post. 28 Aug 2006.
Illegal Immigration." Wikipedia. 4 May 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration.html >.
Espenshade, Thomas J. "Unauthorized Immigration to the United States" Annual
Review of Sociology. 21 (1995). 195-200.
Flores, William V. "New Citizens, New Rights: Undocumented Immigrants and Latino Cultural Citizenship" Latin American Perspectives. 2003. 30(2). 87-
Expecting the American voters to decide what is the best way to handle the situation under such circumstances is obviously unreasonable. Advocates on both side of the issue predict dramatic change if the illegal immigration situation would suddenly change. Opponents claim that curtailing illegal immigration would result in a rise in wages for other America workers. Proponents claim that the loss of illegal immigrants would stall the United States economy. Unfortunately, the answer is far more complex and involves more than just examining the issue from a dollar and cents viewpoint. The issue must be examined through the eyes of public policy. It must be studied by deciding what is fair and what is best for everyone concerned. Hopefully this approach will be adopted soon and a reasonable solution will be found.
Anderson, . (2006). The Immigration Debate: Its Impact on Workers, Wages and Employers. Knowledge @ Wharton, 4.…
Anderson, B. (2006). The Immigration Debate: Its Impact on Workers, Wages and Employers. Knowledge @ Wharton, 4.
Briggs, Jr. Vernon M., (1990). Employer sanctions and the question of discrimination: The GAO study in perspective. The International Migration Review, 803-815.
Camarota, S.A. (1998). Does Immigration Harm the Poor? The Public Interest .
Card, D. (2007). How Immigration Affects U.S. Cities. Unraveling the Urban Enigma: City Prospects, City Policies (pp. 1-42). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
This illegal immigration essay example provides an examination of all the different parts of a paper of this type that you will need to know when writing your own. Specifically, it looks at possible topics to cover related to illegal immigration, a variety of essay titles that could help to catch the reader’s interest, a sample outline of how to structure the essay, an introduction for a paper on illegal immigration, an essay hook to keep the reader invested in the paper, a possible thesis statement, and the different elements of the subject that should be addressed: 1) a definition of illegal immigration, 2) the pros and cons of illegal immigration, 3) arguments for illegal immigration, 4) arguments against illegal immigration, and 5) illegal immigration statistics. Finally, this article provides a conclusion and a list of possible resources you could use for more information.
Build the Wall…
For example a study in 1982-83 had found that illegal aliens were contributing more to the economy than the state was spending on them. (Cited in LeMay, ed. 1989, 10)
There is much confusion in connection with the economic impact. Some studies feel that illegal aliens contribute very little considering the fact that they are usually employed in low paying jobs.
Economists have consistently argued back and forth as to whether or not illegal immigrants are actually driving down wages and making working conditions even worse. Some economist saw it from a different angle. They felt that some employers need to fill the low wage niche as they need to make some profit too and this niche can only be filled by illegal aliens who are willing to work at very low wages. If it had not been for those immigrants, some small firms would go out of business. This…
Muller and Espanshade 1985, 11-12; LeMay 1987, 73-102; and Stanley Lieberson, a Piece of the Pie (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1980).
LeMay Michael. 1985. The Struggle for Influence. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America.
Nation of Immigrants
America is sometimes referred to as a "nation of immigrants" because of our largely open-door policy toward accepting foreigners who pursuing their vision of the American Dream. Recently, there has been a clamor by some politicians and citizens toward creating predominantly closed-door policy on immigration, arguing that immigrants threaten American life by creating unemployment, taking jobs from American workers, using much-needed social security services, and encroaching on the American way of life. hile these statements seem valid for many, they are almost overwhelmingly false, and more than likely confused with the subject of illegal immigration. Immigrants actually enhance American life by creating, not taking jobs, bolster social service funds through tax payment, and bringing valuable technical knowledge and skills to our country.
Illegal immigration is defined as the trespassing across the national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the…
Farrell, Chris. "Imigration Can Fuel U.S. Innovation -- and Job Growth." Bloomberg Businessweek. July 19, 2010. 30 July 2011
Masters, B. "The Pros and Cons of Illegal Immigrants." National Public Radio. March 29, 2006. 30 July 2011.
Messerli, Joe. "Should America Maintain/Increase the Level of Legal Immigration?" BalancedPolitics.org. May, 18 2011. 30 July 2011.
"Pros And Cons Of Illegal Immigration." Iloveindia.com. (NDI). 30 July 2011.
Immigration in America: The Benefits and Costs of a Polarizing Problem
As Suarez-Orozco, Rhodes and Milburn (2009) point out, immigrants need “supportive relationships” in order to succeed in the foreign country that they move to (p. 151). However, when that foreign country is determined to address immigration issues—not only illegal immigration but also legal immigration—it can become a difficult problem for both sides of the political aisle. For a nation like the United States, that is especially true. After all, America was founded by immigrants. The early Spanish and French missionaries came in the 16th century seeking converts to Christianity. The Puritans and English followed. The Germans and Italians and Irish and Polish all came to America in the wake of Industrialization. Over time, America was host to so many different populations and groups of people that it was referred to as the melting pot in 1909 (Higgins). However,…
The Existential Fallacy Behind Arizona's Immigration Policy
Few issues currently featured in American public debate are clouded by as much emotional bias, invective and distortion as that of immigration reform. Particularly as this concerns America's shared border with Mexico, immigration is a discussion which carries significant political ramification, clear racial overtones and distinctions in ideology where American openness is concerned. As a result, many political figures have been moved to comment or drive policy on the issue-based less on the support of fact than on the employment of inflammatory rhetoric. And quite frequently, this rhetoric is presented with little concern for the logical fallacies which may underlie is basic formative claims. Rarely has this been evidenced with more vitriol or determination than in the state of Arizona over the last several years. In the context of our discussion, Arizona Governor Jan Brewer is particularly noted for her steady…
Biggers, J. (2011). How Arizona wrote the GOP's immigration platform. Salon.com.
hile some eventually returned to their homelands, the vast majority settled throughout the United States, forming ethnic communities in urban areas, and homesteading farmlands in the west and mid-west rural areas. They fled their homelands due to economic depressions, and/or religious and political persecutions for the opportunity to establish a better life in the New orld, and in the process endured many hardships and often discrimination. Today, more than 43 million Americans claim German ancestry, and another 34 million claim Irish roots.
Cohn, Raymond L. "Immigration to the United States." Illinois State University.
Retrieved November 13, 2006 at http:/ / the.net/encyclopedia/article/cohn.immigration.us
Hansen, Lawrence Douglas Taylor. "The Chinese Six Companies of San Francisco and the smuggling of Chinese immigrants across the U.S.-Mexico border, 1882-1930." Journal of the Southwest. March 22, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Hardwick, Susan . "Galveston: Ellis Island of Texas." Journal of…
Cohn, Raymond L. "Immigration to the United States." Illinois State University.
Retrieved November 13, 2006 at http:/ / the.net/encyclopedia/article/cohn.immigration.us
Hansen, Lawrence Douglas Taylor. "The Chinese Six Companies of San Francisco and the smuggling of Chinese immigrants across the U.S.-Mexico border, 1882-1930." Journal of the Southwest. March 22, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Hardwick, Susan W. "Galveston: Ellis Island of Texas." Journal of Cultural Geography.
Scores of illegal Latin Americans work in the hospitality industry, construction, meatpacking, agriculture, and landscaping sectors. In fact, in some of the states it is said that almost half of the construction workers are from Latin America. There are arguments that if all these illegal immigrants were removed these jobs would improve the unemployment situation for the American citizens. It is also generally argued that the pay scale for low skilled jobs would also increase. Also, most of the illegal aliens utilize healthcare, education and other services without paying taxes causing significant drain for the government.
The above points are clearly valid but there are both positive and negative effects of illegal immigration. Economists feel that totally eliminating illegal workers would only marginally improve the pay scale for high school dropouts and would not have any significant impact for workers with higher qualifications. Furthermore, illegal immigration contributes positively as Americans…
1) Michael Barone, 'Living with Illegals', U.S. News and World Report, April 3rd 2006.
To put a price tag on the problem for reader, Indiana University economist Eric Rasmusen claims in figures from a 2005 GAO report on foreigners that were incarcerated in Federal and state prisons calculated that illegal immigrants commit 21% of crime in America. This cost America more than $84 billion (Kingsbury).
Illegal immigration from Mexico is a major funnel for terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda. This is stated in the groups own words. In a 2009 video, an al Qaeda recruiter threatened to smuggle a biological weapon into the United States. He claimed that the organization would do this via tunnels under the Mexico border. The video aired on Al Jazeera and was later posted to several web sites. These show Kuwaiti dissident Abdullah al-Nafisi telling supporters in Bahrain that terrorists in al Qaeda were observing the U.S. border with Mexico to figure out how to send terrorists…
"Al Qaeda eyes bio attack from Mexico." Washington Times 3 June 2009: Web.
24 Oct 2010. .
"Al-Qaida Operative Nabbed Near Mexican Border." News Max.com. News Max.com,
20 Nov. 2005. Web. 24 Oct 2010. .
There is no question, however, that immigration issues will remain in the forefront of our national policy debates.
Deportation Factors and Crimes Involving Moral Turpitude
Research indicates that since the late 1980s, Congress had been tightening the substantive provisions of the immigration laws, to make it far less likely that a convicted criminal alien can find a way to be relieved of expulsion. For many years the basic statutory pattern was that a crime involving moral turpitude rendered a person deportable, if it was committed less than five years after the person's entry and resulted in a sentence of one year or more confinement. A later-committed crime or one that drew a lighter sentence did not result in deportation. If the person committed two such crimes that were not part of a single criminal scheme, they could render the person deportable no matter when they were committed. A drug offense…
Calavita, Kitty. Immigration, law and marginalization in a global economy: Notes from Spain. Law and Society Review (1998).
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/chinex.html (26 Apr. 2005).
Immigration Act of 1907. http://www.multied.com/documents/immigrationact.html (26 Apr. 2005).
Levinson, Peter. The facade of Quasi-Judicial Independence in Immigration Appellate Adjudications. http://www.rightsworkinggroup.org/files/peter_article.pdf.(26 Apr. 2005).
These measures included laws, which denied services to undocumented residents, alerted police to assume ICE functions, penalized for employers who hired the aliens, and made English the official language. In Arizona, ordinary citizens were encouraged to report businesses, which hired suspicious foreign-looking persons. Hispanics were the major targets of this xenophobia because they were believed to be the major law violators. Statistics showed that there were approximately 12 million undocumented immigrants, most of them Latinos or Hispanics, in the U.S. The national bias against them showed up in studies, which considered only them in determining how much they were costing the country in services. ut did they really drain the economy? A spokesman for the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission did not think so. A 2004 study on "foreign-born" citizens of Virginia alone concluded that Asians outnumbered Hispanics. The Commission found that these "foreign-born" citizens were not a huge…
Galuszka, P. (2008). Hispanics bearing the brunt of xenophobia. Diverse Issues in Higher
Education: Cox, Matthews & Associates. Retrieved on March 24, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mWMX/is_1_25/ai_n2491956?tag=content;col1
ICE (2008). About ICE. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved on March 24, 2009 from http://www.ice.gov/about/index.htm
Marcucci, M.R. (2007). Marchers call for immigration reform. Oakland Tribune: ANG
Pastor categorizes the last century (ending in the 1980s) as falling into several categories, with regard to immigration policy, which he also notes is open for debate, as it is usually done in public debates in Congress and between the executive branch and congress.
While policy during this period may be categorized in many ways, a Latin American perspective suggests four useful divisions...: Defining Limits, 1875-1921; the Classical Special elationship, 1921-1964; From Special elationship to Global Policy, 1965-1978; and the Special Case -- Illegal Migration.
1984, p. 37)
The shift associated with immigration from, European sources to Latin America, and namely Mexico is well documented and determinant of many social issues, including those designated with the legal immigration sphere as well as those designated illegal, by virtue of the manner in which immigration is done. This was also a shift, in that there had been significant movements during and following…
Borjas, G.J. (2001). Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market. 69.
Briggs, V.M. (1995). Mass Immigration, Free Trade and the Forgotten American Worker. Challenge, 38(3), 37.
Briggs, V.M. (1996). Immigration Policy and the U.S. Economy: An Institutional Perspective. Journal of Economic Issues, 30(2), 371.
DeSipio, L., & De la Garza, R.O. (1998). Making Americans, Remaking America: Immigration and Immigrant Policy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
In the most extensive study till date including nearly 3,000 people, Prof Vega has revealed that acculturation to U.S. customs has a damaging impact in the U.S. He found double the rate of mental disturbance in U.S. compared to the latest happenings of immigration or Mexicans who stayed in their country. Prof Vega along with his team of associates found that U.S. born Mexican-American, the lifetime threat of being detected with any mental disorder was analogous to that for non-Hispanic whites which is 48.1% that roughly one in two people. However, in case of new immigrants and Mexican citizen, the rate dropped down to 24.9%. Besides, they found out that the rate of psychological effect went up progressively after immigration in such a measure that Mexicans who had stayed in the country for more than 13 years had roughly identical rate as who were born in U.S. (as Mexican Immigrants…
Causes and Consequences of California's Latin American Origin Immigration" Retrieved at http://clnet.ucla.edu/challenge/ccorigin.htm. Accessed on 4 May, 2005
Chac n, Oscar; Rodr'guez, Aide; Shannon, Amy. (June, 2004) "Latino Immigrant Leaders Push for Immigration Reform: Background on Immigrant-Led, Community-Based Organization." Citizen Action in the Americas, No. 10; Americas Program, Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC) Retrieved at http://www.americaspolicy.org/citizen-action/series/10enlaces_body.html
Huntington, Samuel P. "The Special Case of Mexican Immigration" the America Enterprise online. Retrieved at http://www.taemag.com/issues/articleid.12114/article_detail.asp. Accessed on 4 May, 2005
Marti, Dinerstein. (September, 2004) "Social Security 'Totalization' - Examining a Lopsided Agreement with Mexico" Retrieved at http://www.cis.org/articles/2004/back904.html . Accessed on 4 May, 2005
Ethics and Social esponsibility:
Immigration and Amnesty in the United States
The question of immigration, especially in this country, is ever-present. From our past, and well into our future, the United States will be a nation of immigrants. However, as political candidates raise a number of questions relating to immigrants south of the border, one must wonder about how immigration has grown into such a hotly debated issue, and how it is separating this country. Though it is true that the United States needs immigration reform, one must also look at the traditions of the country, and how they can protect the less fortunate, especially in the area of immigration. The reason this must happen is because most come here with notions of a better place, where they can live safely and freely, and prosper as individuals. This nation ought to offer that to all individuals, for that is…
Amnesty International. "USA must fight anti-immigration sentiments in nine states" (2010). Amnesty International. < http://www.amnestyusa.org/news/press-releases/usa-must-fight-anti-immigrant-sentiment-in-nine-states >.
Baier, K. (1990). "Egoism" in A companion to ethics, Ed., Peter Singer. Blackwell: Oxford.
Cox, A., & Posner, A. (2007). The second-order structure of immigration law. 809,
e can see that minority status has far less to do with population size, and instead seems very much to be inclined by race, ethnicity and political power instead. This label of minority status is in many ways used as a tag by which certain groups are detained from political unity or effectiveness.
To a large degree, this is a condition which relates to the nature of the Hispanic demographic, which in spite of its cultural diversity, is typically perceived by the larger American public as a single unified entity. This is both untrue and reflects the ethnocentric qualities of the white American political body that have tended to relegate the Hispanic population to representation that is not proportional to its true presence here. Indeed, "although Mexican-Americans continue to be the largest group within the Latino population, increasing immigration from other Latin American means they are perhaps the most culturally…
Agencia EFE. (2009). Hispanics ask Obama for More Key Government Posts. Hispanic Business. Ret. Feb. 13, 2010 at http://www.hispanicbusiness.com/politics/2009/4/30/hispanics_ask_obama_for_more_key.htm
Auerbach, a.J. & Oreopoulos, P. (1999). Analyzing the Fiscal Impact of U.S. Immigration. The American Economic Review, 89(2).
Bernstein, R. (2008). U.S. Hispanic population surpasses 45 million now 15% of total. U.S. Census Bureau News.
Borjas, G. (1995). The Economic Benefits from Immigration. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2).
The population concerns, and the amount of finance drained towards the social welfare of the immigrants pose threat to the U.S. economy. It is therefore important for the government to focus more towards the employment of the local population, and the immigration to the applicants should be granted on the basis of available job opportunities. The government has so far failed to deliver the economic grievances of the local population, therefore the amount sanctioned for the social welfare of the immigrants can be diverted towards the well-being of the local population the allocation of the funds towards security along the borders is justified because in many of the cases the immigrants have been associated with practices that are responsible for unethical and terrorist activities.
Gordon Howard Hanson. Why Does Immigration Divide America? Public Finance and Political Opposition to Open Borders Peterson Institute. 2005. pp. 51
Gary Scott Smith.…
Gordon Howard Hanson. Why Does Immigration Divide America? Public Finance and Political Opposition to Open Borders Peterson Institute. 2005. pp. 51
Gary Scott Smith. Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush. Oxford University Press U.S.. 2006. pp. 425
Reed Ueda. A Companion to American Immigration. Blackwell Publishing. 2005. pp. 142
U.S Department of Homeland Security. Office of Management and Budget. 2006
The author of this report is asked to watch, summarize and assess the implications and points made by the documentary titled The Other Side of Immigration by Roy Germano. In addition to that, the author is asked to offer opinions and analysis of whether or how reform in the United States should be structured, how the a guest worker program should be structured, what is slowing down immigration reform in ashington and whether there is a negative impact caused by illegal immigration in the United States. Lastly, the author will point to the portrayal of the immigrants in the movie and whether there is a bias involved with the documentary.
Review of Film
In watching the film, the basic premise and summary of the film is that the illegal or even legal immigrants from Mexico and the struggle they face as well as the reasons why the keep trying…
Foley, Elise. "Buck McKeon: Terrorists May 'Mingle In' With Latinos To Cross Border." Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/09/buck-mckeon-border_n_3733082.html (accessed October 8, 2013).
Murray, Shailagh, and Lori Montgomery. "House passes health-care reform bill without Republican votes." The Washington Post: National, World & D.C. Area News and Headlines - The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/03/21/AR2010032100943.html (accessed October 8, 2013).
NPR. "A Reagan Legacy: Amnesty For Illegal Immigrants: NPR." NPR: National Public Radio: News & Analysis, World, U.S., Music & Arts: NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=128303672 (accessed October 8, 2013).
NPR. "A Reagan Legacy: Amnesty For Illegal Immigrants: NPR." NPR: National Public Radio: News & Analysis, World, U.S., Music & Arts: NPR.
Immigration and its Policies:
One of the major recent controversial topics that have attracted huge debates in the United States is illegal immigration into America. The heated debate in the Congress involved two main political parties i.e. epublicans and Democrats prompting various immigrant supporters to hold peaceful demonstrations in the entire nation. The controversy was exacerbated by the calls for a comprehensive immigration reform approach by the president. The main reason behind the controversy in this topic is the significance of increased immigration for the spiritual and economic health of the United States. With the large number of immigrants in the United States, there is need for comprehensive reforms of the current immigration policies.
The immigration topic has become a subject of huge debate because 1 out of every 9 U.S. residents is an immigrant. In areas where the number of immigrants is growing or high, this debate has attracted…
Gabaccia, D.R. (2006, November). Today's Immigration Policy Debates: Do We Need a Little
History? Retrieved November 23, 2011, from http://www.migrationinformation.org/usfocus/display.cfm?ID=488
Modarres, A. & Kitson, J. (2006, June). Toward an Immigration Policy Debate. Retrieved November 23, 2011, from http://www.patbrowninstitute.org/documents/publications/PolicyBrief-3.pdf
"The Immigration Debate: It's Impact on Workers, Wages and Employers." (2006, May 17).
Many of these jobs are therefore filled with illegal immigrants, who are more than willing to work for the low wage of the current minimum wage because it is still better than what they would be paid in their home country.
Now, if the reason for the need for minimum wage workers is because these jobs do not pay enough, it would be reasonable to argue that by increasing the pay of these positions there will be more of an incentive for legal citizens and/or residents to take the jobs. Although most people are not willing to work for the current minimum wage, many will be willing to work for the $7.25 proposed rate. This will fill the vacancy of minimum wage jobs that have been hired out to illegal immigrants. If these jobs are filled by legal workers, then there will be less work opportunities for illegal immigrants. If…
Even then, most of them will be back in the U.S. within a few days or weeks, so this is not solving the problem of immigration. The reason people come here is for opportunity, and so, a better investment than walls and border guards, would be improving the opportunities in Mexico and Central America, so they have more choices and more opportunities to live a better life in their own country.
For example, many U.S. companies have located factories in Mexico, especially along the border with the United States, but these factories pay low wages and many could be seen as little more than sweatshops. If major U.S. companies invested more money in Mexican outlets that paid decent wages, they would offer jobs to more Mexican citizens, keeping them in their country instead of entering ours illegally. Even more important, however, are the social services and government services that are…
In this Immigration essay, we will offer some sample titles, topics, an outline, and structure that you can use to improve your writing. The start of any good essay is an interesting topic statement followed by a succinct and descriptive thesis statement. The Thesis statement acts as the direction from which a reader takes when examining the body and conclusion. Body paragraphs should include a background on the topic and sub topics addressing each part of the thesis statement. The conclusion is a brief recap of what was covered.
Immigration in the United States
Past and Present Immigration Patterns in the United States
Lost and Found: Immigration in the United States
Selected Title: The Birth of a Nation: Immigration
History of Immigration
Immigration Patterns in the United States
Effects of Immigration
After the end of WWII, the British were faced with a severe labor shortage. There were simply not enough workers to tend to the work needed in England. The war had wrought considerable destruction and the solution, it seemed at the time, was to import labor. Immigrants from the Caribbean countries, such as Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados were invited to the UK between the years of 1948 and 1971 to help fill the labor shortage. They arrived at the ship the MV Empire Windrush, which is where the name “Windrush Generation” comes from.[footnoteRef:2] As a result of the 1971 Immigration Act, people living in the UK were given the right to stay. However, in recent years, immigration laws have become more restrictive, and it is now estimated that nearly 50,000 long-term residents in the UK are at risk of being deported—many of them elderly. This…
Immigration to U.S.
Immigration into the United States is a topic that many Americans, from politicians to the ordinary man-on-the-street, have strong ideas about. Illegal immigration is a strongly controversial subject, but even legal immigration can cause debate. America views itself as a country of immigrants, and many Americans support the idea that the United States is the land of freedom and opportunity for the oppressed masses from around the world. Immigration is especially controversial during a tough economy like the United States has been experiencing since 2008. Many Americans feel that their jobs and income are threatened by immigrants who may arrive in the United States willing to labor in poor working conditions for low wages. Yet, immigrants, even illegal immigrants, don't come to the United States simply to "steal" jobs from Americans. The reasons that immigrants want to live in the United States are more complex than many…
Center for Immigration Studies. (November, 2007.) "Immigrants in the United States, 2007." Retrieved on April 30, 2011 from http://www.cis.org/articles/2007/back1007.html
Hatch, Patricia. "What Motivates Immigration to America?" League of Women Voters. . Retrieved on April 30, 2011 from http://www.lwv.org/Content/ContentGroups/Projects/ImmigrationStudy/BackgroundPapers1/ImmigrationStudy_Motivations_Hatch.pdf
McKay, Ramah. (May 2003.) "Family Reunifications." Migration Information Source. . Retrieved on April 30, 2011 from http://www.migrationinformation.org/feature/display.cfm?ID=122
Skinner, Curtis. (March 2011.) "SNAP Take-up Among Immigrant Families with Children." National Center for Children in Poverty. . Retrieved on April 30, 2011 from http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_1002.pdf
Immigration contributes to U.S. Economy
How immigration contributes to U.S. economy
30, August, 2010
The Effect of Immigrants on U.S. Employment and Productivity
The article by Peri narrates the effects of immigration over the total population of the country. He says that the statistical analysis proved that the economy expanded and became more productive after the immigration and the investment also went up. He narrates another opinion that the foreign born U.S. citizens are decreasing the job opportunities for the U.S. born citizens yet there is a consent that output actually increased. He discussed that there is no significant evidence that the jobs grew or dropped for U.S. born workers because of the immigrants. Thus, this means that U.S. workers did not lose jobs because of the immigrants rather new jobs were created for the immigrants that were great for the overall economy.
Peri stated that…
Aguilar, L.A. "The Important Role of Immigrants in Our Economy," (2013), Retrieved from:
Borjas, G.J. "Native Internal Migration and the Labor Market Impact of Immigration."
Journal of Human Resources 41(2), pp. 221 -- 258. (2006)
Immigration to America
An Introduction and Claim
Over the years, the issue of immigration in America United States has raised complex demographic issues. Elements of population increase and cultural change on the native societies in the United States are evident characteristics of immigration. The social, political, and economic components of immigration cause controversies on issues of employment, settlement patterns, ethnicity, and economic benefits for non-immigrants. The government works on developing social mobility, reducing crime, and controlling voting behavior. This paper intends to outline the negative issues surrounding immigration in the U.S. The United States has fewer immigrants on per capita consideration comparable to half the OECD countries. Policies had developed before 1965 focused on establishing a working formula for limiting naturalization and immigration opportunities for persons without native claim.
The exceptional economic status of America makes it a haven for immigrants (David & Okazaki 887). However, globalization is fast…
David, Richards, and Okazaki Stephens. Activation and automaticity of colonial mentality. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40.4(2010), 850 -- 887. Print
Mossakowski, Kilchenmann. Are immigrants healthier? The case of depression among Filipino Americans. Social Psychology Quarterly, 70.3(2007), 290 -- 304. Print
Picot, George. Hou, Farou., & Coulombe, Silva. Poverty dynamics among recent immigrants to Canada. The International Migration Review, 42.2(2008), 393 -- 424. Print
Stickels, Jackie. The Victim Satisfaction Model of the Criminal Justice System, Criminology and Criminal Justice Research and Education, 2.1 (2008), 1-19. Print
Immigration issues have been hot in the media ever since the Obama administration proposed to change the immigration rules in the U.S. earlier this year. The current rule states that illegal immigrants need first to leave the country before they can request a waiver on the 3-10-year ban on coming back to the U.S. legally. The ban is placed based on how long the immigrants have lived illegally in the country. With the proposed rule, the children and spouses of legal U.S. citizens can request the government to make a decision on the waiver without them having to first leave the country. After the waiver has been given, they can then head back to their countries to apply for their visas. Associated Press, 2012()
The director of U.S. citizenship and immigration services, Alejandro Mayorkas, stated that this new rule would cut down the amount of time an illegal immigrant would…
Associated Press. (2012). Obama Administration Proposes Immigration Rule Change for Family of Citizens Retrieved February 5th, 2012, from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2012/01/06/obama-administration-plans-immigration-rule-change-for-family-citizens/
Fox News Latino. (2012). Romney Grabs Florida Latino Vote, Immigration Not Major Issue Retrieved February 5th, 2012, from http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2012/01/31/romney-grabs-florida-latino-vote-immigration-not-major-issue/
Madison, L. (2012). Romney on immigration: I'm for "self-deportation" Retrieved February 5th, 2012, from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-57364444-503544/romney-on-immigration-im-for-self-deportation/
Immigration: Mexico and Impact on Women
Like many of the issues discussed in this course it is difficult to see a clear path to equal rights for female immigrants. This issue is particularly troubling because of the fact that there are layers of complex individual issues involved. A woman, whether in the country legally or illegally, may have challenges and struggles with regard to being treated fairly when compared to men as well as naturalized citizens. This inequality is compounded by the complex issue of immigration; those who are here illegally are highly marginalized and are not able to receive the protection that a citizen would. On top of all of those difficulties are the issues that affect illegal immigrants crossing the border from Mexico into the U.S.A. These people risk rape, murder, death by heat stroke, dehydration, and hyperthermia which have all been increasing in recent years.
Some of the myths surrounding immigration are based on misinformation, others on simple ignorance, still others on incorrect interpretations from the media. Based on the text and popular sources, it seems that there are four major myths -- despite the fact that the United States is, in fact, a nation of immigrants:
Immigrants steal jobs from American citizens -- Immigrants count for 12% of the population, but 15% of the workforce; a result of the aging American population. What people really mean is that illegal immigrants are stealing American jobs. This is not true, since immigrants tend to be concentrated in low-skilled or agricultural jobs that most Americans do not want.
Immigration is mostly illegal and at an all-time high -- The high-point of American immigration came in the late 19th century. In the 21st century, about 2/3 of all immigrants are here legally as naturalized citizens or…
Illegal and often even legal immigrants are all too often looked upon in the these days as parasites with dark skin, too many children and no desire to learn English, as people who will come and take away jobs from "real" Americans. Such stereotypes about immigrants have been responsible for anti-immigration passed recently, such as the passage in California of Proposition 187, which was based on the assumption that illegal immigrants are an overall drawn on the economy, not only taking away jobs from U.S. citizens gut drawing from the public coffers more in social services than they return in the form of taxes paid. However, this has been found not to be the case (Scheer, 2000, p. B5). However, even if immigrants did cost the country a substantial amount in terms of social services, which they do not, they would still make immeasurable contributions to our culture, giving a…
Alien Nation is organized onto fifteen chapters, divided into three parts:
Part I: Truth: (2) the View from the Tenth Circle; (3) the Pincers; (4) How Did it Happen? (5) Why Did it Happen? (6) So What?
Part II: Consequences: (7) Immigration Has Consequences: Economics; (8) Immigration Has (More) Consequences: Economics II; (9) Immigration Has Consequences: Cultural, Social, Environmental...; (10) Immigration Has Consequences: Political Power; (11) Immigration Has Consequences: A Less Perfect Union; (12) Immigration Has Consequences: The War against the Nation-State; (13) Doing the ight Thing? The Morality of Immigration;
Part III: Shipwreck and Salvage: (14) What, Then, Is to Be Done? (15) Conclusion: The Bowels of Christ?
Brimelow commences his book by seeking the genesis of the immigration problem and finds that it is linked to the massacres conducted by totalitarian regimes. To better explain, the author of Alien Nation… believes that the rulers of the…
Brimelow, P., 1995, Alien Nation: Common Sense about America's Immigration Disaster, Random House
Lind, M., 1995, the Next American Nation: The New Nationalism and the Fourth American Revolution, Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group
Reilly, J.J., the Next American Nation: The New Nationalism and the Forth American Republic, http://www.johnreilly.info/tna.htm last accessed on September 1, 2009
1995, Alien Nation: Common Sense about America's Immigration Disaster, National Vanguard Magazine, Edition of November-December, No. 115
Even European immigrants experienced discrimination in the 19th century. As Vellos (1997) points out, "American society did not accept the Irish Catholics and Germans, and movements to limit immigration began to form." The Chinese Exclusion Act established anti-Asian sentiments and was not repealed until as late as 1943. For the first time in American history, immigration was "seen as a threat to the United States economy, and Congress began expanding the list of 'undesirable classes' hoping to upgrade the quality of immigrants and to limit overall entry," (Vellos 1997).
In spite of having to live in squalid inner city tenement buildings, new waves of immigrants relished the idea of the American Dream. The American Dream provides the ideological and psychological incentive for new immigrants to a pursue a path of upward social mobility. Upward social mobility was most likely unavailable in the home country, whereas the United States has been…
"A Historical Look at U.S. Immigration Policy." (1995). Retrieved online: http://web.missouri.edu/~brente/immigr.htm
Center for Immigration Studies (n.d.). Immigration history. Retrieved online: http://www.cis.org/ImmigrationHistory
Colorado Alliance for Immigration Reform (2010). U.S. Population and Immigration Data, Projections and Graphs. Retrieved online: http://www.cairco.org/data/data_us.html
Diner, H. (2008). Immigration and U.S. History. America.gov. Retrieved online: http://www.america.gov/st/peopleplace-english/2008/February/20080307112004ebyessedo0.1716272.html
Advocacy groups, whether private or government-sponsored, ease transition from home to America but being uprooted poses severe psychological and sociological problems that are not easy to fix.
The United States remains one of the only nations to openly welcome immigrants as a national policy; Canada is another. For centuries the United States has relied on immigrant labor to fuel industry and add nuance to the nation's cultural fabric. The United States is no longer viewed as a melting pot because of the increased pride among immigrants in their native cultures and languages. Balancing assimilation with preservation of culture is still the most difficult task for immigrants, many of whom hope for a more stable life in the new world while still retaining the values and lifestyles of their ancestors.
Refugees continue to hold a unique social, economic and political status in the United States. As Tumulty notes, the Hmong assimilated…
Branigin, William. "Immigrants Shunning Idea of Assimilation." The Myth of the Melting Pot. Washington Post. May 25, 1998. Retrieved Jun 14, 2008 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/meltingpot/melt0525a.htm
Clemetson, Lynette. "Bosnians in America: A Two-Sided Saga." The New York Times. April 29, 2007. Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/29/us/29youth.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&adxnnlx=1213585920-/U4w96yxQS4h7/bEHNl%20Ug
Federation for American Immigration Reform. "How Mass Immigration Impedes Assimilation." Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=iic_immigrationissuecenters641a
The Great Immigration Panic." The New York Times. June 3, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/03/opinion/03tue1.html
hen economic conditions plummet, as they did in 2008, anti-immigrant sentiment may increase even more. Blaming immigrants is a popular pastime but it doesn't change the facts.
As America braces for a bruising round of political debate on the immigration issue, having a sense of which facts are accurate and which are myths will help both citizens and policy-makers. elfare reform and immigration reform policies can change the process for obtaining public benefits and obtaining legal status, respectively. But these differences will impact the economic sector only in minor ways. The bottom line is clear. Immigrants benefit the American economy in many ways, both obvious and subtle, both long-term and immediate, both as workers and as consumers. Those who favor a strong economic engine in the U.S. would do well to welcome our neighbors from around the world.
American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Immigrants Rights: Immigrants and…
American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Immigrants Rights: Immigrants and the Economy.
Available at: http://www.aclu.org/immigrants-rights/immigrants-and-economy
Anrig, Greg and Tova Wang. 2004. Immigration, Jobs, and the American Economy. The Century Foundation. Available at:
The illegal immigration issue is one of the most divisive in the nation. Generally, those who oppose relaxed immigration rules express concerns that it contributes to the vulnerability of the nation to terrorists and drug merchants and that large numbers of immigrants absorb disproportionate amounts of public resources without paying taxes on undocumented employment. They also argue that large numbers of immigrant workers compete with Americans for unskilled labor positions thereby keeping salaries low, and that they cause harm to their native countries by contributing their labor and talents to the United tates instead of to their nations of origin.
On examination, the argument against increased immigration flexibility does not support its conclusion. In the most general sense, restricting immigration violates the fundamental principle engraved on the tatue of Liberty, according to which the U.. has always prided herself as a bastion of safety, security, and opportunity for…
Davidson, A. (2006). "Is illegal immigration an economic burden to America?"
(March 30). ACLU-ProCon.org. Retrieved from:
Grillo, J. (2010). "The Immigration Dilemma." Retrieved from:
Identifying Optimal Immigration Policies
In 1870, the United States had a population of about 39 million people with virtually no immigration laws in place (U.S. historic population, 2017). In fact, it was not until several individual states began passing various types of immigration laws after the Civil War that the federal government enacted any limitations on immigration to the United States at all (Early American immigration policies, 2017). Although the situation in America is far different today, these early immigration policies were based on the same exclusionary issues that they are today. For instance, the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and Alien Contract Labor laws of 1885 and 1887 were intended to prevent workers from specified countries from entering the country (Early American immigration policies, 2017). In other words, over the past century and a half or so, foreigners have increasingly been regarded as some type of political, economic or…
Legal Immigration Is Good for the United States
With the United States opening its boarders to thousands of legal immigrants each year, immigration has become one of the most hotly debated issues in the country. However, what has largely fueled this debate has to do with the impact of both illegal and legal immigrants on the United States' economy, crime rates as well as education and environment. While some continue to advocate for the reduction of immigration within the U.S., others are of the opinion that legal immigration impacts positively on the U.S. In terms of diversity and economic gains amongst other unique benefits. It is important to note that when legal immigration is viewed from a critical perspective, the United States does benefit greatly from the same. This text will clearly and concisely highlight some of these benefits.
Immigration in the United States: An Overview
Considered a complex demographic…
Arnold, K.R. (2011). Anti-Immigration in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia. California: ABC-CLIO.
Estrom, P. (2007, June 7). Immigration: Google makes Its Case. Retrieved February 12th, 2012, from Business Week website: http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/jun2007/db20070606_792054.htm
Geigenberger, J. (2008). The lasting Value of Legal Immigration for the United States of America. Norderstedt Germany: GRIN Verlag.
Griswold, D. (2009, July 21). As Immigrants Move in, Americans Move Up. Retrieved February 14th, 2012, from CATO Institute website: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=10650
GEOPOLITICS OF ILLEGAL MIGATION IN THE U.S.
Slowing or stopping the flow of immigrants across the U.S. Mexico border has remained a hot political issue for several decades. The events of 9/11 only added fuel to the fire and politicians have repeatedly promised to plug the leaky border. Although the budget and manpower of the Border Patrol has been tripled since 9/11, leaders in congress felt more needed to be done. In 2006 the Secure Fence Act was passed into law, which authorized funding to build 700 miles of fencing along the most troublesome stretches of the Mexico/U.S. border (Ellis, 2011). By the end of 2008 only 120 miles had been completed. In 2006 the Secure Border Initiative awarded a billion dollar contract to Boeing to build a virtual fence along the border and by the end of last year only 53 miles had been completed. The past…
Coleman, Matthew. (2008). Between public policy and foreign policy: U.S. immigration law reform and the undocumented migrant. Urban Geography, 29, 4-28.
Ellis, Ashton. (2011, Jan. 21). Border fence update: Governing elites use promises to ease resistance for illegal immigrants' amnesty. Texas Insider. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011 from http://www.texasinsider.org/?p=41295
Jackson, Melinda S. (2011). Priming the sleeping giant: The dynamics of Latino political identity and vote choice. Political Psychology, 32, 691-716.
PEW Hispanic Center. (2011). The Mexican-American Boom: Births overtake immigration. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011 from http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/144.pdf