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Truman Capote's nonfiction novel "In Cold Blood," he follows intently the murder investigation of the Clutter family. Four members of the family were killed in their home in Holcomb, Kansas in November of 1959. The two convicted murderers were put to death in 1965. "In Cold Blood" came out the following year. Truman Capote claims that all information contained in the book is true, but he did take some creative liberties with the material - especially when he did not describe the murder scene until after the killers were caught and had confessed. The following is a detailed account of the scene of the murders of Herbert Clutter, his wife Bonnie, their daughter Nancy and their son Kenyon.
Nancy Clutter is the first body to be discovered. Her room is upstairs, which is where she was killed. The walls and her bedroom furniture are splattered with blood. She lay on…
Capote, like the investigators to the case of the Clutters in examining the crime scene, felt that there were certain aspects that "speak" to the character of the murderers. It is of interest that none of the women was sexually molested, that Mr. Clutter was laid upon a mattress, to presumably make him more comfortable. In addition, that Kenyon's head was propped upward with pillows. In examining these facts of the case, was Capote fascinated with what kind of killer (s) could take the time to make their victims comfortable, and yet also shoot them mercilessly in the head and tie them up? Setting out to find answers to these questions, Capote invariably began extensive interviews with the killers, which reached into the depths of their background and lives. The fascination with how human beings can commit horrendous crimes was most likely sparked by In Cold Blood, and modern…
Capote, Truman. In Cold Blood: A True Account of a Multiple Murder and its True Consequences. New York, NY: Random House, 1965. 3-343. Print.
Flaherty, Mary Pat, and Scott Higham. "John Lee Malvo: Smuggled Into This Country, A Transient Life in Shelters." Washington Post Oct. 2002, Print.
Wikipedia Contributors. "Lee Boyd Malvo." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 2011. Web. .
He has to object to it to keep from confronting it in himself. The Oklahoman is not so cynical, however, for he immediately grasps hold of Parr's contradiction and cries out, "Yeah, and how about hanging the bastard? That's pretty goddam cold-blooded too" (Capote 306). The Oklahoman objects to the murder, which he views as a product of that coldness which he hears in Parr's words. The Oklahoman may represent a kind of outsider, not yet tainted by the American thirst for blood and sentimentality. To save the killer, he is willing to grant mercy, if only it will help put an end to the coldness.
At this point another man, the Reverend Post, interjects his thoughts. He seems to understand something of mercy, but at the same time he despairs of ever seeing it: "ell,' he said, passing around a snapshot reproduction of Perry Smith's portrait of Jesus, 'any…
Capote, Truman. In Cold Blood. NY: Vintage, 1994.
But Perry, there was, in Dick's opinion, something wrong with little Perry (p. 108).
Clue: Dick feels Perry is mentally unbalance, but fails to see his own behavior as anything but "normal," when it is far from it
Precognition that Perry is tainted
They shared a doom against which virtual was no defense (p. 185).
Clue: Perry's sister Barbara sees Perry also as damaged goods.
Rivalry and one-upmanship going out of hand.
[Dick] was holding the knife. I asked him for it, and he gave it to me, and I said, 'All right, Dick. Here goes.' But I didn't mean it. I meant to call his bluff, make him argue me out of it, make him admit he was a phony and a coward. See, it was something between me and Dick. I knelt down beside Mr. Clutter, and the pain of kneeling -- I thought of that goddam dollar.…
There is also ample evidence in the book that Smith is indeed severely unbalanced, if not an outright paranoid schizophrenic. During the trial, he notes of Herb Clutter, the patriarch of the family that Smith slaughtered on the same night he first met them, and whom he vaguely attempted to reassure as he tried to rob the man's house, "I wasn't kidding him. I didn't want to harm the man. I thought he was a very nice gentleman. Soft-spoken. I thought so right up to the moment I cut his throat" (Capote 244). This kind of statement shows the general mental and psychological state that Smith maintained during the crime and the trial, yet the judge would not let such evidence be presented and effectively asks for the death penalty in his final instructions to the jury, following the close of the defense's case. This case took only a day…
Using Bobby Rupp's testimony to interrupt the story of the killers creates an abrupt and deeply personal shift of focus. His description of Nancy, his on-again/off-again girlfriend, shows how much the Clutter's were cared for and respected in the community: "Nancy was wearing socks and soft slippers, blue jeans, I think a green sweater" -- Rupp's memory of details helps the reader to clearly picture this victim (51). The abruptness of the shift in focus also mirrors the abrupt change in circumstances -- for the community, the murderers, and most obviously the Clutters themselves -- that the murders created with shocking suddenness.
Capote creates a concrete and palpable tone in the section beginning "The cider-tart odor.." On page 206 of in Cold Blood by using words that evoke the sense of death and decay now that the murders have been committed. His language choices juxtapose images of life and…
Warm-blooded vs. Cold-looded Animals
Most animals can be classified as either warm-blooded or cold-blooded. For example, all mammals and birds are warm-blooded, while all reptiles, amphibians, insects and fish are cold-blooded. As the owner of a leopard gecko, which is cold blooded, and a dog, which is warm-blooded, I chose this topic for my essay because I wanted to understand exactly what it means to be warm-blooded or cold-blooded, and how these creatures differ.
asically, the temperature of an animal's blood is directly related to its body temperature. Warm-blooded creatures keep the inside of their bodies at a consistent temperature by generating their own body heat when they are in a cold environment, and cooling their body heat down when they are in a hot place. In order to create heat, warm-blooded animals transform all consumed food into energy. In comparison to cold-blooded animals, warm-blooded animals must eat a lot…
Daniels, Patricia. Warm-Blooded Animals. Raintree/Steck-Vaughn, 1983
Daniels, Patricia. Cold Blooded Animals. Raintree/Steck Vaughn, 1986.
The Encyclopedia of Animals: Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians. Dimensions, 2002.
The desperation evident in the tone of the book makes it clear that this preservation is a last ditch effort, and would be unnecessary if taking a life was truly disallowed.
Towards the end of the book, when Capote is both narrating Smith's writing of his account of his own life and presenting large chunks of this narrative in what purports to be Smith's own hand, Capote comments that "Smith's pencil sped almost indecipherably as he hurried," signaling the extreme desperation on the part of this author, as well (Capote 339). The taking of a life is something that cannot be condoned, but the psychological anguish Smith goes through is worse than the deaths he inflicted in his crimes. It is certainly arguable that Smith deserves such anguish and worse, but society deserves better than to be responsible for inflicting such torture. When life is held in enough esteem to…
There is presently much controversy regarding the issue of dinosaurs, as the fact that experts have access to a limited amount of resources concerning this matter makes it difficult for them to express certainties concerning this particular animal reign. Even with the fact that there are presently no living dinosaurs to be dissected, scientists have come up with a series of theories based on how dinosaurs behaved. In spite of their physiology, most dinosaurs put across behavior characteristic to mammals and birds. One of the oldest debates in the history of dinosaur studies is related to the blood temperatures of these creatures, as some experts insist that they were cold-blooded while others maintain that they were warm-blooded. The presence of dinosaur fossils at high altitudes makes it possible for one to consider that dinosaurs were warm-blooded, taking into account that cold-blooded creatures typically evolve in warm areas.
Misiroglu, Gina, "The Handy Answer Book for Kids (and Parents)," (Visible Ink Press, 2009)
Norell, Mark; Gaffney, Eugene S.; and Dingus, Lowell, "Discovering dinosaurs: evolution, extinction, and the lessons of prehistory," (University of California Press, 2000)
Norman, David, "Dinosaurs: a very short introduction," (Oxford University Press, 2005).
The picture to the left depicts the various elements that are responsible for thermoregulation in human skin. The illustrations shows the various layers of skin along with the veins, arteries and capillaries of the circulatory system that assist in insuring that the thermoregulatory system works properly. The sweat glands are responsible for selectively removing materials from the blood the sweat glands then concentrates or alters these toxins, and secretes them for elimination from the body. The perspiration or sweat is then removed through the sweat pore. This has a twofold purpose: to remove toxins and thermoregulation (in this case cooling the body).
Thermoregulation involving perspiration is brought about by both internal and environmental heat and exercise. As it relates to the latter, there have been many studies related to exercise and thermoregulation. According to Marino (2004)
"thermoregulatory effector responses of humans and concluded that temperature regulation during exercise is dissimilar…
Caterina MJ, Schumacher MA, Tominaga M, Rosen TA, Levine JD, Julius D. The capsaicin receptor: a heat-activated ion channel in the pain pathway. Nature. 1997;389:816-824.
Dugan SA, Powell LH, Kravitz HM, Everson Rose SA, Karavolos K, Luborsky J (2006)
Musculoskeletal pain and menopausal tatus. Clin J. Pain 22: 325 -- 331
Deecher, D.C.K. Dorries (2007)Understanding the pathophysiology of vasomotor symptoms
diseases in the world are suffered by all children. Babies and adults alike have to endure them at some or other point of their life. Furthermore, those whose immune systems are poor or weak have a greater tendency to contract diseases such as the common cold, infant diaper rash, earaches, stomach aches and diarrhea (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015)
The common cold shows the following symptoms: a sore throat, runny nose, headache, and watery eyes. Up till now, no precise medication exists to 'cure' the common cold. Normally, this viral illness wanes by itself after a period of 5-6 days. However, in the event that symptoms continue for an unusually long time, the patient must stay alert, as severe cases of common cold may result in pneumonia, sinusitis, ear infection, asthma attack, and bronchitis (Justadd, 2015). A study indicates that several individuals suffer each winter from sinusitis, impacting…
ADAM. (2015). Earache. Medical Encyclopedia. Medline Plus. U.S. Medical Library. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003046.htm
Alan, M., Lake, M.D.(1999). Chronic Abdominal Pain in Childhood: Diagnosis and Management. American Academy of Family Physicians. Retrieved from http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1823.html&ei=KmJxS8Wk&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=992&ts=1439382771&sig=APONPFkf1k48Ut_Q5SluR0akIscNP1e-gg
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015). Overview of Infectious Diseases. USA. Retrieved from https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/infections/Pages/Overview-of-Infectious-Diseases.aspx
Benaroch, R. (2015).Your Baby's Diaper Rash. WebMD, LLC.
Vitamin C for Common Cold
What is Vitamin C?
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble ingredient that is essential for the health of human beings. It is essential for normal growth and development and it has consumed regularly. Since Vitamin C dissolves in water, the excess amounts leave the human body through urine and this means the body needs a constant supply of this vitamin everyday. The body cannot store vitamin C in any form.
One of the primary role of vitamin C is to repair the body cells and tissues and to prevent free radicals and toxins from getting accumulated in the body. It repairs wounds and makes them heal faster. The free radicals are known to play a role in cancer and heart diseases and good amount of vitamin C everyday helps to prevent any damage.
Sources of vitamin C
Most fruits and vegetables…
Frances Sienkiewicz Sizer, Leonard A. Piche, Eleanor Noss Whitney. Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies. Kentucky: Cengage Learning. 2011.
Weber, Olaf; Eccles, Ronald. Common Cold. New York: Springer. 2007.
Symbols of Hot and Cold
Symbolism: Hot and Cold
The feelings of hot and cold are ones that we often consider simple. We either are hot, or we either are cold and the state of being definitely impacts is capabilities for behavior in for action. Yet, literature often takes every day concept and in powers them with an additional sense of meaning that signifies deeper concepts and emotions. This is exactly what several short stories do, including "1/3, 1/3, 1/3" by ichard Brautigan, "The Amish Farmer" by Vance Bourjaily, "The Ledge" by Lawrence Sargent Hall, and finally "Weekend" by Ann Beattie. Each of the short stories creates an additional layer of meaning behind the connotations of hot and cold; often the heat represents a sense of livelihood and vivaciousness, while the image of cold represent misery and death.
The contemporary short story is often extremely realistic in its structure and…
Beattie, Ann. The New Yorker Stories. Simon and Schuster. 2011.
Bloom, Harold. The Anatomy of Influence: Literature as a Way of Life. Yale University Press, 2011.
Brautigan, Richard. Revenge of the Lawn. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1995.
Gerke, Jeff. Plot vs. Character: A Balanced Approach to Writing Great Fiction. Writer's Digest Books. 2010.
Cold War and Film
Generally speaking, the Cold War has been depicted as an era of spy games and paranoia in popular films from the 1960s to the present day, but the reality of the era was much more complex. The Cold War was a period of military and political tension from 1947 to 1991, or from the end of WW2 to the collapse of the Soviet Union, in which the "politics of war" masked the business and social agendas of multinationals and ideologues. The era was marked by myriad issues: East-West mistrust, proxy wars, espionage, the threat of nuclear war, domestic and foreign propaganda, the rise of the military-industrial complex and multinational corporations, assassinations, detente, de-colonization, new nationalism, neo-colonialism, the vying for control of resources, alliances (NATO, Warsaw Pact), and an inculcation of the "deep state." [footnoteRef:1] It can be divided into five basic periods: 1947-53, 1953-62, 1962-79, 1979-85,…
Dominik, Andrew, dir. Killing Them Softly. NY: Weinstein Company, 2012. Film.
Eliot, T.S. "Burnt Norton." The Four Quartets. Web. 10 May 2015.
Frankenheimer, John, dir. Seven Days in May DVD Commentary. LA: Warner Home
Global news provides Americans with a ringside seat to political prisoner issues across the world. Americans hear about people who are taken as prisoners, charged with a crime, but the general consensus remains that they are actually prisoners because they angered the government of either their homeland or the government of the nation they lived in. Americans sit tight and secure in the belief that those type of things could never happen in this country, until they hear about the case of Leonard Peltier. Leonard Pielter has languished in prison for three decades for murder. Anyone who hears about this case choose a camp. One side believes he belongs in prison and deserves the sentence he received. Others believe that he is being used as a pawn in a political show of defiance. This paper will provide a case study that will determine whether or not Peltier is…
Canadian Extradition Proceedings (1976) accessed 3-30-04
Extradition hearing: May 1976
____ (1993). Indian Activist's Lawyer Recounts Trial,
She notified police and the parking ticket (because Berkowitz had parked too close to a fire hydrant) was traced to Berkowitz. But the police were just thinking that Berkowitz might be a witness; however, when the Yonkers police searched that Galaxie belonging to Berkowitz, they found a rifle and a .44 caliber Bulldog pistol -- along with detailed maps of the crime scenes that Berkowitz had created with his lust for killing women.
"hat took you so long?" Berkowitz is reported to have asked as the officers arrested him. In time during questioning, Berkowitz either played like he was mentally unbalanced -- which he of course was -- or was just rambling because he claimed that the dog he had killed was possessed by some kind of demon, and that the dog was demanding that Berkowitz go and do the killing. Other claims by Berkowitz included that he was a…
Breslin, Jimmy. (1993). 25th Anniversary. New York Magazine, 26(16), 153-154.
Brogaard, Berit. (2012). The Making of a Serial Killer / the Superhuman Mind. Psychology Today. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from http://www.psychologytoday.com .
Caputi, Jane. (1987). The Age of Sex Crime. Madison, WI: Popular Press.
Crossman, Ashley. (2013). Labeling Theory. About.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from http://sociology.about.com .
These people demonstrated that a trial regarding a possible capital sentence is lengthy and is probable to reflect negatively on the suspect, considering that he or she experiences intense feelings as he or she stands and waits for the jury to decide whether he or she is going to live another day or not. Taking into account the nature of the crimes attributed to a person who is susceptible to be sentenced to death, it is irrelevant whether or not he or she spends a significant amount of time in courts.
Another legal issue that emerges when discussing in regard to capital punishment is related to the influence of constitutional rights in the case of a person who is convicted for serious crimes. "hat we have here is a head-on collision between the operating needs of the capital punishment system and the sentiments and the norms of Anglo-American criminal justice"…
Adam Bedau, Hugo, and Cassell, Paul G., "Debating the Death Penalty: Should America Have Capital Punishment? The Experts on Both Sides Make Their Case," (Oxford University Press, 2005)
Mandery, Evan J. "Capital Punishment in America: A Balanced Examination," (Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011)
Marzili, Alan, "Capital Punishment," (Infobase Publishing, 2008)
McCafferty, James, "Capital Punishment," (Aldine Transaction, 2009)
He questions whether he should try to clear the court of corruption or just give up and end his life now. It is this emotional doubt that drives Hamlet to act deranged at times, but he overcomes it, and almost manages to answer the difficult questions posed in his life. In Act V, when calm returns, Hamlet repents his behavior (V, ii, 75-78) (Lidz, 164).
In Lidz's book Freud is quoted as saying "that if anyone holds and expresses to others an opinion of himself such as this [Hamlet's "Use every man after his desert, and who shall escape whipping?"], he is ill, whether he is speaking the truth whether he is being more or less unfair to himself." Though Hamlet has proved his intellectual stability, he is quite obviously emotionally "ill."
This emotional illness and uncertainty is why Hamlet procrastinates in the killing of Claudius. On his way to…
Babcock, Weston. A Tragedy of Errors. Purdue Research Foundation 1961.
Charlton, Lewis. The Genesis of Hamlet. Kenniket Press, Port Washington, NY 1907.
Elliot, T.S. "Hamlet and His Problems." Sacred Woods. 1920.
Leavenworth, Russel E. Interpreting Hamlet: Materials for analysis Chandler Publishing CO, San Francisco 1960.
I had to go into town on Saturdays to the dentist and I joined the Sunshine Club that was organized by the Mobile Press Register." He goes on to tell about entering a work of writing on the children's page publication, which he had called "Old Mr. usybody." The first installment of his writing appeared in a Sunday edition under his real name, which was Truman Streckfus Persons. The second installment never was published after the townspeople figured out he in actuality ' was serving up local scandal as fiction'. (Compote in Interview)
Capote and Writing Technique
When asked the question of "Are there devices one can use in improving one's technique? Capote answered by stating, "Work is the only device I know of. Writing has laws of perspective, of light and shade, just as painting does, or music. If you are born knowing them, fine. If not, learn them.…
Epstein, Joseph (2004) a Lad of the World, "Truman Capote and the Cost of Charms" Vol. 101 Issue 12 (Dec 12-2004) Online available at www.weeklystandard.com.
Truman Capote (nd) Speaking of Stories From the Page to the Stage [available Online at www. Speakingofstories.org]
Truman Compote, the Art of Fiction (nd) the Paris Review No. 17
Capote, Truman. A Christmas Memory. New York: Random House Inc., 1956.
8. How does Capote develop and reveal his attitude in the description of the prison on pages 309 and 310? First, Capote sets the idea of the Leavenworth Prison as more of an economic (therefore tactical) boon to the local economy. His prose tells the reader that the Penitentiary for men is almost medieval in nature (turreted black and white palace), but built in the Civil War (therefore outdated and brutal). He uses terms like "stony village," "twelve gray acres of cement streets," and "the Hole," to paint the institution as both archaic and inhumane. Death ow, however, "is reached by climbing a circular iron staircase," almost an ascent into heaven, but the "coffin-shaped edifice" again emphasizes Capote's disdain and cruelty of the prison -- never allowing an inkling of the idea that people who are placed in institutions like this are not being rewarded -- on the contrary.
Capote, T. In Cold Blood. Vintage, 1994.
9. Clarke G. Capote: A Biography. Da Capo Press, 2005.
The ultimate proof of the film's tendency to utilize hyperbole to portray the author as someone whose morality was questionable due to his own pursuit of success, wealth and fame lies in the quantity of interactions that Capote had with the two prisoners. There is certainly evidence in Clarke's biography that implies there was a fondness and physical attraction between the author and Smith. However, the sheer number of visits that the movie portrays is certainly erroneous. In actuality, the writer's "extended prison sojourns in the film are…fictionalized. In five years, Capote…visited his subjects no more than half a dozen times, though he did correspond with [them] weekly... He…was less interested in dealing with the defendants as people (Gibbons)."
As such, it becomes fairly obvious that the film Capote exaggerated a number of different facets of his personality and behavior in order to render the author as a consummate perfectionist…
Blake, Leslie. "True, Man." www.offoffoff.com. 2005. Web. http://www.offoffoff.com/film/2005/capote.php
Dujsik, Mark. "Capote." Mark Reviews Movies. 2005. Web. http://mark-reviews-movies.tripod.com/reviews/C/capote.htm
Gibbons, Phil. "Capote' vs. Capote." Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. 2006. Web. http://fair.org/extra-online-articles/icapote-vs.-i-capote/
Leopold, Todd. "Bennett Miller: Fame of 'Capote', Love of 'Cruise'." www.cnn.com. 2006. Web. http://www.cnn.com/2006/SHOWBIZ/Movies/03/29/bennett.miller/index.html?_s=PM:SHOWBIZ
Capital Punishment: A Capital Offense in Today's Easily Misguided orld
The debate surrounding the usage of capital punishment in the modern era has raged for generations. hile there have always been arguments for the positive aspects of capital punishment, today's world is less optimistic about the death penalty -- and with good reason. The death penalty affects more than just the convicted, it affects all of society. In order to show why capital punishment should be avoided, it is helpful to draw lessons from history, literature, and psychology.
The historical case for capital punishment has long been made. Capital punishment has existed in every major society in one form or another throughout the centuries. As Michael Kronenwetter states, in every society "all punishment is based on the same simple proposition: There must be a penalty for wrongdoing" (1). Kronenwetter is correct in asserting as much: all major societies have had…
Arriens, Jan, ed. Welcome to Hell: Letters and Writings from Death Row. UK: UPNE,
Bacon, Francis. "Of Goodness and Goodness of Nature." Essays of Francis Bacon (The
Harvard Classics), 1909. Web.
Michael Kronenwetter asserts that in every time and place, "all punishment is based on the same simple proposition: There must be a penalty for wrongdoing" (1). Yet, in Truman Capote's In Cold Blood as well as in the film Capote, the author/protagonist explores the concept of mercy, associated with the Christian concept of divine mercy and forgiveness, as he investigates the murder of a Midwest family and tries to get inside the minds of the accused killers. In his depiction of the unfolding of events throughout the trial, Capote interacts with several interested parties, from police to prosecutors to journalists and religious, showing how the murder and the trial is affecting everyone. However, his is one more voice in a sea of voices, and as Harper Lee points out, it was never Capote's intention to sway the courts towards mercy for the accused but rather to gather…
Capote, Truman. In Cold Blood. NY: Vintage, 1994. Print.
Kronenwetter, Michael. Capital Punishment: A Reference Handbook. CA: ABC-CLIO,
Miller, Bennett, dir. Capote. LA: Sony Pictures, 2005. Film.
Capote was always clearly a film meant to appeal to a more educated and selective audience, and finding that audience is not as easy as for the major releases. Traditional methods of promotion and marketing are still widely used, but television has become the centerpiece of every campaign, with the advertising blitz in the week or so before a film opens being the determining factor in the success or failure of the effort. Much marketing effort today goes into developing ancillary markets and product tie-ins of various sorts, all to help recoup expenses and, if a film is very successful, to cash in to an even greater degree. Capote also advertised on television, but not with the sort of budget that would be available for a major studio release. Marketing a film like Capote on television would have been very difficult a few years ago when the primary outlet used…
Ancaster Film Fest Surveys (Winter/Spring 2006). http://www.ancasterfilmfest.ca/Survey3.html .
Box Office Mojo (2006). November 14, 2006. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=capote.htm .
Capote." The Hollywood Reporter (12 Sept 2005). November 13, 2006. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/search/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1001096151 .
Capote,' Hoffman, Witherspoon cop top critic nods" The New Zealand Herald (9 Jan 2006),. November 13, 2006. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/event/story.cfm?c_id=1500860&ObjectID=10362949 .
Osmoregulation is the process, by which the body adjusts to a change in an environment of different water volume and amount of solutes in a cells and body fluid of organisms including vertebrates. Vertebrates are animals, which have a backbone, and can be warm either blooded or cold blooded. The body of such organisms adjusts in order to maintain the body balance both inside and outside their bodies in mild and harsh environments ranging from seawater, fresh water, and terrestrial habitats to very hostile environments. Endocrine glands found in such organisms play a major role in constant and persistent regulation of body balance, which secretes hormones directly into the blood whenever the body witnesses any environmental change (Bentley 45).
Endocrine glands present in vertebrates play a major role in controlling the level of water and salt in vertebrate's bodies. Hormones produced in vertebrates play a major role…
Bentley, P., 2002. Comparative Vertabrate Endocrinology. chicago: Cambridge university press.
Bentley, P., 2002. Endocrines and Osmoregulation. chicago: springer publishers.
Crvendish, M., 2006. Growing up with Science.. london: marshall carvendish publishers.
Kaiser, G., 2007. The Inner Bird.. New York: UBC press.
Capital punishment: Is it a deterrent to Cop Killings?
Capital punishment is the imposition of death penalty on persons condemned of a crime. (Americana, 596) Killing condemned criminals has been one of the most extensively practiced types of criminal punishment in the United States. Capital punishment has been enforced as a punishment for brutal offenses from the initial stages of documented history. The first evidence of death penalty in the United States dates back to the colonial period in 1608 in Jamestown. Possibly there do is no existence of any public policy matter connected to management of crime which has been explored and evaluated so long as the death penalty; in much diverse means than the death penalty; or in higher degree than the death penalty.
Expressed in an easy manner, the predicament is this: no crime control concern known by us more about than the death penalty and also…
Against Capital Punishment: A Summary of Arguments Presented at a Meeting of the Men's International Theosophical League of Humanity: March 31, 1914" (April/May 1998) Sunrise magazine, Theosophical University Press
Andrews, Chris. "Death penalty gets new push" (February 19, 2004)
Retrieved at http://www.lsj.com/news/local/020419_deathpenalty_1a-4adtxt.html . Accessed on 19 May, 2004
Bedau, Hugo Adam. (1988) "Recidivism, Parole, and Deterrence," in Bedau, (ed) "Death Penalty in America" Chicago University Press. p.308
Although appearing to act in cold blood, Medea is obviously driven by the irrational forces of her subconscious when he murders her children. On the one hand her act is a reaction towards the threat that a hostile society poses against her identity. On the other hand, he murder is a revenge against her husband's infidelity. The fact that Jason tries to lessen his own deed and make it seem but a reasonable thing that any woman 'with sense' should merely accept, points at the fact that he shamelessly pursues his own goals without considering the damage he does to the others: "Jason: Did you really think it right to kill them because of a marriage? Medea: Do you imagine that loss of love is a trivial grief for a woman? Jason: For a woman of sense, yes. But you find everything a disaster."(Euripides 1994, p. 396) Thus, it can…
Euripides. Cylcops. Alcestis. Medea (trans. By David Kovacs). New York: Loeb Classical Library, 1994.
Second Heart: Junior's Greedy Personality
First clues pointing toward the belief that Junior is predisposed to break the law
The writer's focus on putting across elements essential in displaying Junior's character
Underlying motives leading to Junior's concern regarding the kills that he is about to commit
Junior's state of restlessness is influential in having both his father and Gabe subject to his demands
Junior's cruelty is the result of the events that he comes across
"His silver watch smeared in blood"
Michael Winter's short story "Second Heart" deals with concepts regarding unfaithfulness within the family and animal poaching performed for ethical reasons. The writer is apparently focused on discussing traditional matters that can be accessible to a wider range of individuals. The story presents readers with conditions in Newfoundland during a period when poaching is considered to be an extremely immoral activity. Through reading the story, people are…
Winter, Michael, "One Last Good Look," House of Anansi Press Ltd. Toronto, Ontario, 2001.
This report analyzes regionalism in several contexts as they pertain to the movie Snow Falling on Cedars. The movie is pervasively filled with considerations relating to regionalism, outsiders vs. insiders, how insiders and outsiders mesh and the very dicey results that can ensue, how all of this plays off of national and international situations and conflicts and so forth. This movie establishes that many unique and different things can influence who interacts with who, how and why and the things that impact all of this are not just limited to race and nationality.
Movie Setting & Synopsis
The year and country this film is set in has a ton to do with why people feel the way they do and why there is such a bred animosity towards Kabuo, to the point that his guilt is almost assumed and someone very important in the movie actually withholds information that…
"Old Regionalism, New Regionalism, And Envision Utah: Making Regionalism Work." Harvard
Law Review 118.7 (2005): 2291-2313. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Nov. 2012.
Goodfellow, Samuel. "Fascism And Regionalism In Interwar Alsace." National Identities 12.2
(2010): 133-145. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Nov. 2012.
hakespeare's rhetoric has always astounded his contemporary audiences through his almost supernatural ability to perceive and present the universality of human nature on stage, regardless of the time his characters lived in.
The three different types of techniques used in rendering the play to the public are different, but related art forms: literature, theater and film. They reflect their author's or directors' vision of the story originally presented by hakespeare on stage at the Globe, in London, at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
Kings of cotland, England, and later Great Britain, had always been challenged in keeping their place on the throne and hakespeare himself lived through times that were still full of intrigue and plotting against the sovereign. Mary tuart, accused of plotting against the queen of England, Elisabeth I, had been executed in 1587, still a vivid memory for many who attended the shows put on…
Steven M. Buhler considers the way Shakespearean plays have been adapted for the American stage in the second half of the twentieth century as a result of finding the correspondents for the politics of the Renaissance England in the U.S. politics. "What attracted the writers what not only the topical pertinence of the subject matter, although their plays do react to recent assassinations, but the writers were also drawn to the play's and Shakespeare's more general resonances in American political culture" (Buhler, edited by Moschovakis, 2008, p. 258). Shakespearean royal characters that plotted and killed against former sovereigns in order for them to become their usurpers were always punished in the end and Macbeth is no exception. In the American politics, the reality is much more nuanced and the punishment comes as a revenge on stage, a wishful thinking, a thirst for justice, rather than a reflection of the contemporary reality.
The staging of Macbeth, even in the modern time of the nineteenth century, was no stranger to violence outside the stage. "Rival performances of Macbeth in nineteenth -- century New York city would lead to the bloodshed and death in the context of establishing a national separate identity.[…] At least thrity-one people died and over one hundred were injured in the Astor Place riot on the night of May 10, 1849 (Shattuck, 1: 82-85)" (Buhler, edited by Moschovakis, 2008, p. 259).
Psychological explanation for people's inclination to witness violence in a context that is completely separate than their reality, on stage or on screen, lead to several interpretations for the respective character types and their need to see such manifestations of graphic image. The value of a drama resides in the development of its characters and the tension that gradually increases towards the end when it becomes almost impossible to bear. The public in the twentieth and twenty-first century needs the final scene where Macbeth' head is cut off in order to be able to regain its breath before coming back to reality. The bombardment of information in the twenty-first century made scenes of real horror available at the click of a button, but this is clearly not the explanation for the necessity to see violence at the end of the film or the play. It is not the actual image that the public needs because it lacks imagination or cannot conceive such an act, but it the punctuation of a long expected act of justice in a world that seemed governed by forces impossible to control and determine.
Accusing both of possessing communist sympathies and of allowing themselves to become tools of leftist propaganda, a staunch Reagan ally, Ambassador Rivas from El Salvador, argues that "'serious efforts' were being made to stem armed forces abuses and that this was the 'type of story that leads us to believe there is a plan' to discredit the ongoing electoral process in El Salvador, and to discredit the armed forces 'or to take credit away from the certification President Reagan must make to Congress." (Danner, 188)
The claims here are unwittingly revealing in retrospect, tying the degree to which the massacre at El Mozote had discrediting the American cause in El Salvador with the concern now experienced by the Reagan Administration at gaining the necessary Congressional support to continue its war. The result would be a massive cover-up on the part of the Reagan Administration, which would never officially acknowledge the…
Arnesen, E. (1986). El Salvador: Reminders of War. Monthly Review, Vol. 38.
Danner, M. (1994). The Massacre at El Mozote. Vintage.
Golden, R. (2000). Oscar Romero: Bishop of the Poor. Salt of the Earth. Online at
Harper, L. (2003). Colombia's Civil War: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Online Newshour. Online at http://www.cocaine.org/colombia/farc.html
Beyond doubt, the world was in an anarchical state in the 1920s and 1930s, particularly as the Great Depression devastated the global economy and aggressive, fascist regimes took power in Germany and Japan. International organizations hardly existed at the time, and in economic policy most countries adopted strategies of nationalism, autarky and protectionism, while the 'revisionist' states like Germany, Japan and Italy made it perfectly clear that they intended to solve their economic problems through creating new empires and spheres on influence at the expense of older empires like Britain and France. Hitler made no secret of the fact that the chief goal of his Lebensraum policy would be conquest of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, which would become a source of raw materials, foodstuffs and slave labor for the Germans. He was also determined to exterminate the 'Jewish-Bolshevik worldview', as he always described Communism, and the…
D'Agostino, A. 2011. The Russian Revolution, 1917-1945. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Fleischhauer, L. 1990. Der Pakt: Hitler, Stalin und die Initiative der deutschen Diplomatie. Frankfurt.
Hildebrand, K. 1980. Deutscher Aussenpolitik, 1933-1945: Kalkuel oder Dogma?, Fourth Edition. Stuttgart.
Hillgruber, A. 1982. Der Zweite Weltkrieg, 1939-45: Kriegszide und Strategie der Grossen Maechte. Stuttgart.
As the narration will then unfold, he had not given up the features of humanity, as a human being himself. His submarine is wondering the seas of the world because it has also higher reasons than those of a personal revenge against crimes humans might have committed against the captain. Verne creates in captain Nemo a combination of a deeply suffering human being, a brilliant scientist, a restless adventurer and a cold blooded pirate. His scientific researches are not destined to destroy the world in a careless act of a fanatic, but they are full of respect for the living world. His adventures are not reckless and do not lack the element of awareness of an adult. His engagement in fights against other ships occurs only when he is being attacked by them, but he does not undertake any acts of pointless cruelty.
Verne, ules; Aylward, W.. Twenty Thousand Leagues…
Judging first by his physical appearance, the narrator, professor Aronnax describes captain Nemo as presenting: "self-confidence, -- because his head was well set on his shoulders, and his black eyes looked around with cold assurance; calmness, -- for his skin, rather pale, showed his coolness of blood; energy, -- evinced by the rapid contraction of his lofty brows; and courage, -- because his deep breathing denoted great power of lungs" (Verne, 67). Ending his conclusions based on physical traits, the professor end with the remark that "this man was certainly the most admirable specimen I had ever met" (idem).
The captain presents himself as someone who completely broke out from any laws of the human race. As the narration will then unfold, he had not given up the features of humanity, as a human being himself. His submarine is wondering the seas of the world because it has also higher reasons than those of a personal revenge against crimes humans might have committed against the captain. Verne creates in captain Nemo a combination of a deeply suffering human being, a brilliant scientist, a restless adventurer and a cold blooded pirate. His scientific researches are not destined to destroy the world in a careless act of a fanatic, but they are full of respect for the living world. His adventures are not reckless and do not lack the element of awareness of an adult. His engagement in fights against other ships occurs only when he is being attacked by them, but he does not undertake any acts of pointless cruelty.
Verne, Jules; Aylward, W.J. Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953
Aunt Alexandra does not say "please" or "thank you," just a simple command forcing Cal into subservience. Cal has symbolized strength and authority throughout Scout's childhood, by acting as a mother figure in the Finch household. Scout has never seen Cal in such a low and submissive position
Equality is not approved, segregation is traditional, and hate is accepted. Maycomb citizens believe that Tom Robinson is not, and should not be a part of their lives or of their community Atticus, on the other hand, find faults with the towns' traditional views. Thinking logically and wisely, he knows he does not want his children to grow up with similar views. Atticus attacks old southern tradition by using the law. He lives by a traditional code in which justice is highly valued. He strongly believes that "in our courts all men are created equal"(p.205). Atticus knows that if there is one…
Draper, James P, ed "Lee, Harper." World Literature Criticism: 1500 to present. vol. 4. Detroit: Gale Research Inc., 1992.
Sullivan Richard. "Engrossing First Novel of Rare Excellence." Chicago Sunday Tribune 17 July, 1960.
Johnson, Claudia Durst. Understanding to Kill a Mockingbird. Wesport:the Greenwood Publishing, Inc., 1994.
Ward, Leo. Commonweal, 9 December, 1960.
Curious Case of Filming Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: 1920 versus 2008
obert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde has evolved into one of the most acclaimed pieces of modern literature. One aspect of this phenomenon is a continual spark of interest with the novel is motion pictures. Various directors through the years have interpreted the book through their own eyes and the following is a depiction of that. One might question Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde's overwhelming success. Theme restaurants, Broadway shows and movies all have indicated a public interest in the classic. This essay will examine how various cinematic microelements contributed to vastly different artistic productions of approximately the same plot a century apart.
The first movie that I decided to use for this examination is the 1920 restored version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, directed by John S. obertson. I thought that obertson's attempt to…
Auback, T. 2002. Jekyll & Hyde in Pop Culture. Grin Verlag: Munich, Germany.
Germana, M. 2011. Becoming Hyde: Excess, Pleasure and Cloning. Gothic Studies. 13(2): 98-115(18).
Rose, B.A. 1996. Jekyll and Hyde Adapted: Dramatizations of Cultural Anxiety (Contributions in Drama and Theatre Studies). Praeger: New York, NY.
Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments must take a stand, and combine forces to combat the immigration problem that continue to plague this country into the next generation.
Importance of the Study
The die has been cast, there is no turning the clock back now and the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang have established themselves in the United States and far beyond. The origins of the current situation with MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang date back to the late 1980s and early 1990s…
Armstrong, W. (2009, February 16). 'Sanctuary cities' protect murderous illegal aliens. Human Events, 64(37), 8.
Bansal, M. (2006) Chertoff: Street Gangs a Threat to National. Retrieved November 12,
2006 from http://www.CNSNews.com .
Barber, B. (1996). Jihad vs. McWorld: How Globalism and Tribalism are Reshaping the World. New York: Ballantine Book.
Dominik's Killing Them Softly
Andrew Dominik's 2012 American film Killing Them Softly is a screen-adaptation of George Higgins' 1974 crime novel Cogan's Trade. Dominik's screenplay sets the action in modern America during the 2008 election campaign, which serves as a backdrop to the action of the film and allows both director/screenwriter Dominik and his cast of characters to ironically and wittily juxtapose their own agendas, ends and pursuits with those of the political world. Indeed, the film's subtext or undertone is really as pronounced as the main drama, paralleling the narrative in the final race to the showdown: the execution of the robbers of the card game and the election of a new ring leader (aka President of the United States). This paper will show how Dominik uses the underground world of organized crime to parallel and criticize the state of American politics and economics.
Storytelling, Editing, Style and Directing…
Bradshaw, P. (2012). Killing Them Softly -- review. Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk /film/2012/sep/20/killing-them-softly-review' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Even before the civil trial where it was determined that he did, in fact, kill two people, there was substantial evidence to any objective observer that Simpson obviously was responsible for the gruesome crime scene at his ex-wife's house. He fled the state the next morning, left traces of his own blood at the murder scene, and even managed to drip his ex-wife's blood into the interior of his vehicle. Meanwhile, as he led California police on a nationally-televised slow-speed highway chase, thousands of supporters came out with signs and banners supporting him. Because he once ran fast holding a ball.
During the time that Simpson was on trial for murder, the public also learned that he had an extensive history of physically abusing his ex-wife for years prior to their divorce and even saw Polaroid pictures of her bloody and swollen face that she had preserved in her safety…
The German suffering after the first world war and the humiliation of Germany with other nations gave the Nazis the opportunity to feed hatred of the Jews and at the same time promise that if the People gave in to the Nazi ideology, they would be in the land that would hold them a superior way of life. That the followers of Hitler followed the Ideals as true and that they also created in their own minds the need to eliminate groups of people who disagree like the communists and the Jews was the fundamental cause of the holocaust. Why did it come about? It was argued that while the political climate of the times did not show much promise, Hitler was able to deliver what he promised even if it was based on evil. This gave him ground support. One of the chief supporters of Hitler, and Aman who…
Abzug, Robert H. 1985. Inside the Vicious Heart: Americans and the Liberation of Nazi
Concentration Camps. Oxford University Press: New York.
Aroneanu, Eugene; Whissen, Thomas. 1996. Inside the Concentration Camps:
Eyewitness Accounts of Life in Hitler's Death Camps. Praeger: Westport, CT.
Give the overall general reaction for cellular respiration. State what eukaryotic cell organelle is involved.
Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In general, sugar is burned off, or oxidized, into CO2 and H2O. The overall formula is C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ~38 ATP (heat). Mitochondria are the eukaryotic cell organelle involved in this process. It is considered the power center of the cell.
Define homoeothermic and endothermic.
Simply stated, homoeothermic refers to a warm-blooded animal. Homoeothermic animals are capable of regulating their own body temperatures internally and independent of their surroundings. Endotherms are similar in that they are also capable of maintaining a sufficient internal core body temperature, regardless of external conditions. Most (not all) homoeothermic animals are also endotherms and use metabolic heat production to keep warm.
What effect did lowering the…
"Molecular Biology." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. Academic Search Premier. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
But there cannot be any doubt that in harnessing that energy to extraordinary projects and horrible crimes, Hitler placed his stamp on that war and on the twentieth century. (einberg)
He captures it succinctly in that we cannot think of war, rulers, and mass murder without attaching those thoughts to Adolf Hitler. A smart man with a deadly mission means trouble and Hitler shows us why. He was able to catch waves of people at a time when they needed something to believe in and convince them that he was their answer. He was, in one word, evil. He used people's fear against them; he killed indiscriminately; he believed that he was right. These are just a few traits that make Hitler stand out as one of the most evil and detestable individuals to walk the earth.
Adolf Hitler." Encyclopedia of orld Biography. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed…
Adolf Hitler." Encyclopedia of World Biography. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 28, 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/HistRC/
Bessel, Richard and Kershaw, Ian. "Hitler and the Germans: Life in the Third Reich." EBSCO History Resource Database. Site Accessed March 28, 2008. http://search.epnet.com
Evans, Richard J. "Hitler's Dictatorship." EBSCO History Resource Database. Site Accessed March 28, 2008.
Little ock, Arkansas, is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains, on the south bank of the Arkansas iver. Lake Maumelle is northwest of Little ock and provides the city's drinking water. The city lies in a humid, subtropical climate zone. Winters are mild, with temperatures in the coldest months, December and January, hovering around fifty degrees Fahrenheit. Summers are hot and humid, with July and August temperatures averaging well above ninety. Little ock averages over one hundred inches of rain per year and typically gets around four inches of snow.
Ecology and Environment
The residential area in which I live is within city limits. The neighborhood is predominantly single family homes on small lots. Most people maintain typical home landscapes comprised of shrubs, annual and perennial flowers and small vegetable gardens. The wildlife is not very diverse. The trees in the neighborhood attract song birds and squirrels, as…
Little Rock, Arkansas. (n.d.) from Wikipedia. Retrieved February 6, 2011 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Rock,_Arkansas .
Spade walking down to examine a murder makes use of shadows as well as high black-white contrast in order to convey drama and suspense. This is commonly referred to as the film noir lighting technique because it conveys a sense of mystery and danger. The lighting highlights the most extreme contours of the character's faces, but none of the moderating details such as texture or color. This makes the facial expressions look much more dramatic than they would under normal lighting.
The costumes are also very typical of the film noir genre. Spade is wearing a black wool overcoat and a fedora and his counterpart from the police station is wearing the same outfit. This is a style of dress associated with detectives, who sometimes had to conceal their identity and not stand out. The overcoat conceals much of the person's figure and could conceal weapons or other objects.
There is no appeals process after death.
The death penalty is also an ineffective crime-fighting tool. There is no correlation between instituting the death penalty and a lower crime rate. The Death Penalty Information web site: (http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/)supports this, noting as well that in many states, non-capital crimes are punishable by death, such as "capital sexual battery" in Florida. (the Death Penalty, 2005, (http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=144&scid=10)Logically, the notion of the death penalty as deterrence seems irrational, given that even crime depicted in "The Life of David Gale" would not be deterred by the death penalty. The film revolves around the tale of David Gale, a college professor in Texas, who is accused of murder and rape of a fellow activist. The film takes place while Gale is on death row, recounting his final testimony for a curious reporter. Even if Gale were guilty, which he is not, the crime is not one which…
Death Penalty Information. Official Website, 2005. http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org .[30 May 2005]
Hanks, Gardner C. Against the Death Penalty. New York: Mennolink Books, 2002.
The life of David Gale." 2003. Starring Kevin Spacey and Kate Winslet.
Cars and driving are emblems of American culture, and have defined American lifestyle and identity. American cities are built around the car, and so is the urban and suburban sprawl. It is no small coincidence, therefore, that both Flannery O'Connor and Dagoberto Gilb use a car as a central symbol in their short stories. In O'Connor's "A Good Man is Hard to Find," a road trip turns deadly when the family runs into a group of escaped convicts on their way to Florida. Florida makes a brief appearance in Gilb's short story, "Love in L.A.," too, as protagonist Jake mistakes Mariana's heritage for being Cuban since her license plates are from Florida. Like "A Good Man is Hard to Find," "Love in L.A." centers around cars and driving as the central motifs, but in Gilb's story, the ending is not gruesome. Although "Love in L.A." And "A Good Man is…
Gilb, Dagoberto. "Love in L.A."
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." Retrieved online: http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html
Generally, product manufacturers and marketers do everything possible to maintain their products in the most positive light possible, avoiding negative associations at all costs. In many respects, and as a general rule, that is an approach that is highly likely to be beneficial to sales revenue. However, there are several dramatic examples that seem to illustrate that publicity and notoriety can be tremendously beneficial even when that publicity and notoriety arises in connection with obviously negative connotations.
In 1994, O.J. Simpson, a retired NFL all-star and Hollywood actor murdered his ex-wife, Nicole Brown-Simpson and, onald Goldman, a friend of hers in cold blood. Although he was acquitted in a controversial criminal trial in 1995, his guilt was fairly obvious from the start and in 1997, Simpson was found liable to the parents of onald Goldman for the wrongful death of their son. During the trial, the prosecution introduced…
Tyre, P. "Thanks to O.J., Bruno Maglis are really big shoes." CNN Interactive, 23 Jan
1997. Retrieved September 19, 2011 from:
Now he is to be punished fo his good deed: "...the said Quinbus Flestin, in open beach of the said law, unde colou of extinguishing the fie kindled in the apatment of his Majesty's most dea impeial consot, did maliciously, taitoously, and devilishly, by dischage of his uine, put out the said fie..." Aticle II stated "That, the said Quinbus Flestin having bought the impeial fleet of Blefuscu into the oyal pot and being aftewads commanded by his Impeial Majesty to seize all the othe ships...and educe that empie to a povince, to be govened by a vice-oy fom hence; and to destoy and put to death not only all the Big-Endian exiles, but likewise all the people of that empie, who would not immediately fosake the Big-Endian heesy: he... like a false taito against his most auspicious seene, Impeial Majesty, did petition to be excused...: In Aticle III he…
references to women throughout and nearly always they are negative. He refers to the misery of marriage, to women's vanity, selfishness, and greed. He mentions their idle, incessant chatter. The only woman in the book he likes is Glumdalclitch who is really a young girl about nine or ten years old. Swift makes fun of women but not at great length. This is understandable since it is a man's world he's criticizing.
In the fourth part of the book, Swift makes his most devastating criticisms of human beings. They are cast as lower animals in a place where horses are noble, moral, and rational. The uncivilized humans are called "Yahoos," an expression that endures today. Yahoos today are generally country people without city manners who speak in vernacular and wear overalls. The Yahoos in Gulliver's Travels are gross, violent, and stupid. By looking them, Swift points out that human beings are the only animals capable of deception. Other animals have no vices and are incapable of crime. Only human beings desire power and riches. Only human beings go to war with each other -- and over whether flesh be bread, or bread be flesh; whether the juice of a certain berry be blood or wine: whether whistling be a vice or a virtue; whether it be better to kiss a post, or throw it into the fire; what is the best color for a coat, whether black, white, red, or grey; and whether it should be long or short, narrow or wide, dirty or clean; with many mores" (p. 214).
Of war, he states a number of foolish causes, "Sometimes one prince quarrelleth with another for fear the other should quarrel with him (reminds one of George Bush and Saddam Hussein). Sometimes our neighbors want the things which we have, or have the things which we want, and we both fight until they take ours, or give us theirs" (p. 214). This leads to two pages of irony on war and the uncivilized use of weapons: "a soldier is held the most honourable of all others; because a soldier is a Yahoo hired to kill in cold blood as many of his own species, who have never offended him, as possibly he can" (p. 215).
Swift is especially hard on lawyers, judges, laws of precedence, and the trial system, which deals only with irrelevant facts. Legal language and jargon perverts and postpones justice.
He states his low opinion of lawyers succinctly: "...that in all points out of their own trade they were usually the most ignorant and stupid generation among us, the most despicable in common conversation, avowed enemies to all knowledge and learning..." On the use of money, he points out "That the rich man enjoyed the fruit of the poor man's labor...that the bulk of our people was forced to live miserably, by labouring every day for small wages, to make a few live plentifully."
He was born a normal, healthy boy and he grew as little boys do, with G.I. Joe dolls and plastic guns.
He seemed so normal through and through.
When he chose books over monkey bars they thought him a little bit queer.
He didn't pay sports like the others;
instead he read all of Shakespeare.
Then they told him men did not write poems, but they loved working with numbers.
So he buried his inclinations and struggled with physics blunders.
The boy became a biologist, successful and smart they all thought.
But in his heart he hated his life and the terrible lies he bought.
Jennie's Side of The Yellow Wallpaper
I feel so sorry for John's wife. Sometimes I just do not know what to think of their situation. On one hand, I understand that she is suffering from something dreadful and John is only trying to help…
" Both of these statements are quite arguably true, yet both also smack of the immature self-assuredness that belies the innocence of the speaker, and it is this aspect of the girl -- her very pretensions to adulthood that, in effect, render her a more honest adult than most real adults -- that the narrator of the story seems to find the most interesting and appealing. As the girl is only beginning to glimpse the lack of innocence that accompanies growing up, and appears to be enjoying it, the narrator is able to travel the reverse course and rediscover an innocence thought lost.
This rediscovery happens in a far more direct way at the end of the story, when the narration has switched primarily to a third person, until Sergeant X -- who is obviously embittered, somewhat shattered, and generally disconnected from his life -- receives a letter form Esme.…
Eger, Christopher. "The Military Service of J.D. Salinger." Accessed April 2010. http://ww2history.suite101.com/article.cfm/the-military-service-of-jd-salinger
Salinger, J.D. "A Perfect Day for Bananafish." In Nine Stories. New York: Little, Brown, & Co., 1991.
Salinger, J.D. "For Esme -- With Love and Squalor." In Nine Stories. New York: Little, Brown, & Co., 1991.
Salinger, J.D. Franny and Zooey. New York: Back Bay Books, 2001.
People can be affected by religion in different ways and The Misfit becomes the perfect character to uncover the grandmother's gullibility. She, in turn, is the perfect person to expose his evil nature. This contrast allows O'Connor uses to reveal the delicate nature of man. Somehow, in the midst of everything, the two people bond, leaving the grandmother with a false sense of hope. She believes, because she knows best, that she has transformed his life. She truly believes she can change him. Parini writes that at the moment he shots her, she realizes "they are connected, and through a horrible act of violence she has received a moment of understanding, if not grace" (Parini 231). The showdown becomes one between The Misfit's powerful convictions and the grandmother's shallow beliefs. O'Connor proves with these individuals the importance of being passionate about the right thing. Being passionate about Jesus is good,…
Denham Robert D. "The World of Guilt and Sorrow: Flannery O'Connor's 'Everything That
Rises Must Converge." The Flannery O'Connor Bulletin 4. 1975. Gale Resource Library.
01 May 2010. Web.
Malin, Irving. "O'Connor and the Grotesque." Flannery O'Connor. Broomall: Chelsea House
The theory involving Christine being determined to put an end to Rhoda's life can be related to her ration intervening, influencing her to take action before Rhoda continued her killings.
Rhoda pays special attention to the way that her mother sees her, and, even though she knows that her mother has the power to denounce her, she does not attempt to murder Christine. The next in Rhoda's list of killings would have been Monica Breedlove, taking into consideration the fact that the women had been closely connected to her, and that it had been possible for her to endanger Rhoda with the information that she knew.
The ending of the movie is most probably intended to present the audience with what it wants to see, someone finally punishing Rhoda, not through putting her into a mental asylum (as should have been the case), but by physically hurting her.
Kennedy, would be gunned down in Dallas only a few years later. Yet he insightfully points out that the president, in every historical era, has to deal with the lunatic fringes as well as the most well structured verbal and political offensive. ossiter writes, "The American Presidency is not universally admired. Most of us may think of it as a choice instrument of constitutional government, but there are loud dissenters in this country, especially in deep right field, and sharp dissenters abroad, especially in those happy lands where the parliamentary system is counted a success. If the opinions of the former are generally too mixed up with politics to demand serious attentions, the opinion of the latter deserve a hearing and rebuttal."
The assassination of John Kennedy and the right wing fervor over the current president's actions and policy tie well together using the framework that ossiter employs to examine…
Rossiter's work is very comprehensive and thorough, and his wit and wisdom relative to the greatest office in the land is quite insightful and refreshing. Though this book was written many decades ago, the author's understanding of the subject matter is so precise and thorough that the book is still very relevant today, some fifty years later. The dichotomies between many of the book's topics and the linking of the seemingly most unrelated issues and presidential personalities.
Rossiter, Clinton. The American Presidency. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, 1987. pp. 2-3.
Rossiter, Clinton. The American Presidency. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, 1987. pp. 36.
The state, and in this case the judicial system cannot be responsible for deciding on this right. From this point-of-view, "the death penalty is the premeditated and cold-blooded killing of a human being by the state. The state can exercise no greater power over a person than that of deliberately depriving him or her of life" (Amnesty International, 2007).
Given the two elements mentioned above, it is important to underline that the maintenance of the death penalty even for cases where crimes against other people have been committed is not justified. This is particularly because the state, in its essence, is not without flaws. At the same time, taking into account the legal system in the U.S., based on the ruling of the 12 jurors, the life of the accused lies solely in the hands of those jurors. It is well-known that for every case and trial, the jurors are…
Amnesty International. The Death Penalty V. Human Rights Why Abolish the Death Penalty? 2007. Retrieved from http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ACT51/002/2007/en/3c7c3501-d36a-11dd-a329-2f46302a8cc6/act510022007en.pdf
Babineck, Mark. "Former death row inmate Kerry Max Cook freed after 20 years." Tex news online. 1997. Retrieved from http://www.texnews.com/texas97/cook111297.html
The entrance of this Christ-figure in her life will certainly lead to a revelation of sorts, shocking her perhaps even out of her disbelief.
It is always clear that there are lessons in Flannery O'Connor's short stories. It is not always clear what those lessons are intended to be. Both "A Good Man is Hard to Find" and "Good Country People" demonstrate a belief that God works in surprising and frightening ways, and that people don't really understand each other. The complexity and richness of the debates that stems form these assertions are some of the reasons behind O'Connor's continued popularity and the ongoing scholarship concerned with her body of fiction.
Allen, Charlotte. "Grace and the Grotesque." The ilson Quarterly Vol. 29, No. 1 (inter, 2005), pp. 114-116.
Curley, Edwin. "A Good Man Is Hard to Find." Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, Vol. 65,…
Allen, Charlotte. "Grace and the Grotesque." The Wilson Quarterly Vol. 29, No. 1 (Winter, 2005), pp. 114-116.
Curley, Edwin. "A Good Man Is Hard to Find." Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, Vol. 65, No. 3 (Nov. 1991), pp. 29-45.
Mayer, David. "Flannery O'Connor and the Peacock." Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. 35, No. 2 (1976), pp. 1-16
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." Accessed 7 October 2010. http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html
However, if people were to fight in order to put across their principles they would have almost certainly had more to win out of the exploit. Instead, they ended up with no job and longing for the miserable derisory salaries they earned from working for Disney. It is obvious that developing countries need to be assisted in ways meant to help people understand their rights and the value of their work. There are a series of individuals guilty for the situation in Bangladesh, starting from the simple worker, to the harsh employer, and eventually to large companies like Disney and Walmart.
Perhaps it is less detrimental for the people of Bangladesh that corporations decide to abandon factories there, as this may serve as a wake up call, teaching them that their lives are not reduced to slaves working 15-hour shifts for salaries that barely get them through the day and…
A series of writers and film directors shown interest in adapting parts (some even adapted the whole plot) of "And Then There Were None" into their works.
Suspense, along with the ten little ndians theme was very successful elements in crime fiction. These were decisive in the success experienced by the individuals who inspired from Agatha Christie.
The film industry has come up with a large number of motion pictures based on Christie's masterpiece and the book has even been adapted to suit the events present in a video game. Similar to other adaptations of the book, the game does not provide a plot that is identical to the one wrote by Christie. Even with that, it puts forward a challenging chain of events which make the individual feel as if he or she were part of the action in the book.
Golding's boys are not much different from the…
Irene Kahn Atkins, "Agatha Christie and the Detective Film: a Timetable for Success," Literature/Film Quarterly 3.3 (1975)
"Cracking Agatha Christie Case for Amateur Sleuths; Computer Games," Coventry Evening Telegraph (England) 8 Feb. 2008: 64.
"And Then There Were None." Retrieved June 19, 2910, from the Macmillan Web site: http://media.us.macmillan.com/teachersguides/9780312979478TG.pdf
However, things have advanced. ith better technology, we can monitor the brain's activity while in REM. Certainly, one thing is certain: with out sleep there is no life. ithout sleep, body temperature, eating, infection prevention, and basic brain functioning suffer.
In terms of survival, where do dreams fit in? Researchers argue that the continuation of a complex brain process such as REM sleep indicates serves an important function for the survival of mammalian and avian species. Certainly, it was a very valuable step along the evolutionary ladder and led to survival. As the brain grew more complex, it needed downtime to process new information. Like any computer, especially a complex one, the human brain requires maintenance. Besides simple "down time," it also requires reprogramming every 24 hours. Just like our network computers take necessary updates and downloads, the brain needs a reprogramming session every 24 hours to recharge itself and…
Animals have complex dreams, mit researcher proves. (2001, January 21). Retrieved
Aserinsky, E; Kleitman, N. (September 1953). "Regularly occurring periods of eye motility and concomitant phenomena, during sleep." Science 118 (3062): 273 -- 274.
Gokce, Gokalp. (1999). Sleep and dreams. Retrieved from http://www.csun.edu/~vcpsy00h/students/dreams.htm
Manion himself finds it ironic that if he had caught Quill in the act and killed the rapist, he would have been exculpated from any guilt. The time lag between finding out about the crime and killing Quill seems like a mere technicality to the Lieutenant and morally justifies Manion's actions in his mind, even though he knows he murdered Quill according to the law.
According to the events presented as by Biegler, despite the fact that the Lieutenant was able to search for and find Quill, have enough presence of mind to arm himself, and then turn himself over to the authorities, he had obviously 'blacked out' during the commission of the crime, and had no recollection of the action. Biegler states to the jury that the Lieutenant "while he felt considerable loathing and contempt for the proprietor he had at no point has any intention of killing or…
Phelps, Shirelle. "Insanity Defense." Encyclopedia of Everyday Law. Gale Cengage, 2003.
eNotes.com. 2006. 23 May, 2010
http://www.enotes.com/everyday-law-encyclopedia / insanity-defense
Traver, Robert. Anatomy of a Murder. New York: St. Martin's, 2005.
Waters Troubled: The Life of Ida B. Wells by Linda O. McMurry. Specifically it will contain a critical review of the book. Ida B. Wells was a black activist who came of age after the Civil War in the American South. She was influential, perhaps one of the most influential black women in American history. The author wanted to portray her history so people would have a greater understanding of what she did and who she was, and she did that admirably. She included great detail as to how Wells accomplished her goals and brought attention to many occurrences in the South, but she also focused on many items of Wells life that really had nothing to do with her many accomplishments.
The ultimate goal of Ida Wells' activist work was to bring attention to the practice of lynching of blacks in the South. Wells was orphaned at the age…
Esquivel, Laura. Like Water for Chocolate. New York: Doubleday. 1992.
Yoshimoto, Banana. Kitchen. New York: Grove Press, 1988.
The Israel government was not able to find the perpetrators, and the PIJ profited greatly from the event. On the Friday following the killing, "…hundreds of worshippers at Jerusalem's al-Aqsa mosque demonstrated their support for Islamic Jihad" for killing an innocent Israeli (Milton-Edwards, p. 140). The demonstrators (who were worshipping prior to being engaged in support for a cold-blooded killing) were chanting, "Allahu Akbar" -- and according to a local newspaper police in Jerusalem said the "tone of the demonstrators was more religious than political" (Milton-Edwards, p. 140).
Given that vocal support by citizens, and its more visible presence in Palestine, the Islamic Jihad carried out a far more bold and brazen attack, mentioned earlier in this paper, tossing live hand grenades into a military ceremony at Jerusalem's estern all. "Activists were willing to take significant risks," Milton-Edwards wrote (p. 140). Moreover, by killing the father of one recruit and…
Cordesman, Anthony H., and Moravitz, Jennifer. (2005). The Israeli-Palestinian War:
Escalating to Nowhere. Abingdon, Oxford: United Kingdom.
Cragin, Kim, and Daly, Sara a. (2004). The Dynamic Terrorist Threat: An Assessment of Group
Motivations and Capabilities in a Changing World, Issue 1782. Santa Monica: Rand