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Indonesia and International Trade
Indonesia is an archipelago i.e. A group of islands that stretches along the equator between the Southeast Asian mainland and Papua New Guinea. The country controls important shipping lanes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The strategic sea-lane location of the Indonesian archipelago has been an important facilitator of inter-island and international trade.
There are several aspects of international trade in Indonesia this include; the trade organizations Indonesia is part of. Indonesia has made efforts to promote its trade and international trade relations through membership of APEC, ASEAN, WTO and G-20 all this are international trade organizations that facilitate international trade between Indonesia and other countries in the world (Stanley St. Labs, 2010).
Another aspect is the commodity composition of international trade. The exports in Indonesia are mainly low technology goods and natural resource-based products. Indonesia has a number of industrial sectors that enable…
Advameg, Inc. (2012). Indonesia - International trade. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Indonesia-INTERNATIONAL-TRADE.html
Stanley St. Labs, (2010). Indonesia Trade, Exports and Imports. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/indonesia/export-import.html
The World Bank Group, (2011). Trade Development in Indonesia. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/EASTASIAPACIFICEXT/0,,contentMDK:23190534~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:226301,00.html
GlobalTrade.net - International Trade Resources, Import Export Services (2012). International Trade in Indonesia. Retrieved from October 24, 2012 from http://www.globaltrade.net/m/c/Indonesia.html
As the text by Cessanos (2005) notes, this would be among the longest-standing and most determinant internal conflicts confounding the stability and political unity of Indonesia as a whole. Cessanos reports that even at the outset of its independence under new President Sukarno, any unified vision of how to balance political modernization with deference to its Islamic cultures was met with splintering, factionalism and conflict. Accordingly, the source indicates that "Dutch-educated nationalists and Islamic parties agreed to create a unified, estern-style parliamentary state. But across the archipelago differenced in thinking produced more than 30 parties, of which the four largest were variously based on the principles of Islam, nationalism, or communism. Separatist movements and uprisings divided the new Indonesia republic. Darul Islam (Islamic Domain) a militant group in est Java, believed in an Islamic state and fought the government from 1948 to 1962." (Cessanos, p. 44)
Such conflicts would stand…
AP. (May 2001). Indonesia: A Nation in Transition. Jakarta Post.
Online at http://www.thejakartapost.com/resources/indonesian_history
Cassanos, L.C. (2005). The Growth and Influence of Islam in the Nations of Asia and Central Asia. Mason Crest Publishers.
Embassy of Indonesia. (2002). Indonesian History. Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Canada.
He knew he would not attain the $5 million and therefore seemed happy to take any offer. Rather, he could have leveraged the relationship to get a better figure.
ith respect to home office, Jared should have been more direct with them. He did not inform them in a timely manner about the situation. He only came to them after it appeared he was going to be unsuccessful. This spurred Malcolm to feel that his direct involvement was the only way to resolve the situation. As a result, the situation was made worse. Malcolm may have had formal authority, but he was not a part of the relationship with Madjid and therefore his involvement set a negative tone for the negotiations.
Not only should Jared have spoken with home office earlier, but he should not have spoken to Malcolm.
Jared's boss did not have adequate knowledge of Indonesian culture or…
No author. (2009). Unequal Foreign Negotiation. Negotiations.com. Retrieved March 1, 2009 at http://www.negotiations.com/case/unequal-negotiation/
Taylor, Stephen. (2008). Indonesia. Cyborlink.com. Retrieved March 1, 2009 at http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/indonesia.htm
No author. (2009). Indonesia: Culture. Michigan State University. Retrieved March 1, 2009 at http://globaledge.msu.edu/countryInsights/culture.asp?countryID=20&CategoryID=6,1
In the past century, tsunamis have killed more than 50,000 people. Scientists have set the Pacific Tsunami Warning System in Hawaii in U.S. to save lives. The system of earthquake detectors and tide gauges can sense quakes that may create a tsunami. We cannot conquer the tsunami, but we can know when it's approaching and run away from the sea monster's vehemence. (Killer wave! Tsunami)
Tsunami in Indonesia:
n earthquake measuring 9.0 magnitudes attacked the western end of Indonesia's Sumatra Island at 6:58 .M. local time on 26th December 2004, pulling down buildings and sending a wall of water higher than the top of coconut and palms into the towns and villages in the province of ceh. The epicenter was positioned 200 miles west of Medan, Sumatra and 155 miles southeast of the provincial capital of Banda ceh. This earthquake gave out a chain of tsunamis Sunday that smashed into…
An earthquake measuring 9.0 magnitudes attacked the western end of Indonesia's Sumatra Island at 6:58 A.M. local time on 26th December 2004, pulling down buildings and sending a wall of water higher than the top of coconut and palms into the towns and villages in the province of Aceh. The epicenter was positioned 200 miles west of Medan, Sumatra and 155 miles southeast of the provincial capital of Banda Aceh. This earthquake gave out a chain of tsunamis Sunday that smashed into coastal towns, fishing villages and tourist resorts from Sri Lanka to India, Thailand and Malaysia, killing more than 13,000 people in at least nine countries and had thousands misplaced. As per the U.S. Geological Survey, this 9.0 magnitude quake was the intense in 40 years, and the fourth most powerful since 1900. Since its measurements in 1899, this was the fourth-largest earthquake as per NEIC, tying with a 1952 quake in Kamchatka, Russia. (Earthquake, Tsunami Kills Thousands in South Asia on 26th December 2004)
Since 1900, this was the fourth largest earthquake and is the largest since the 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska earthquake. Altogether, more than 283,100 people were killed, 14,100 are still recorded as misplaced, and 1,126,900 were relocated by the earthquake and succeeding tsunami in 10 countries in South Asia and East Africa. Terrible damage and fatalities were created in northern Sumatra, Indonesia and in the Nicobar Islands, India, by this earthquake. It was sensed at Banda Aceh, at Meulaboh and at Medan, Sumatra; at Port Blair, Andaman Islands, and India; in parts of Bangladesh, mainland India, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The tsunami created more fatalities than any other in recorded history and was recorded almost worldwide on tide gauges in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Not less than 108,100 people were killed and 127,700 are misplaced and supposed to be killed by the earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia. Subsidence and avalanche were felt in Sumatra. (Magnitude 9.0 - Sumatra -- Andaman Islands Earthquake of the West Coast of Northern Sumatra. 2004 December 26-00:58:53 UTC)
There was no fore warning. The sun began to climb into a cloudless sky and the people of Banda Aceh
Lastly, sharia law violates human rights and creates a nation divided between Muslims and non-Muslims. Such a division undermines the traditional values that Indonesia has with respect to unity across multiple islands, races and religions. If these values are eroded, the nation could be eroded as well in the wake of economic collapse, social unrest, and potential succession from the republic. Therefore, sharia law should not be imposed in Indonesia.
Casciani, D. (2008). Sharia law explained. BBC. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7234870.stm
CIA orld Fact Book: Indonesia. (2009). Retrieved December 9, 2009 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html
Bev, J. (2008). Pandora's box: Sharia law in Indonesia. Asia Sentinel. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://www.asiasentinel.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1068&Itemid=254
Bell, T. (2008) Indonesia backs sharia law, poll shows. The Guardian. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/indonesia/2187933/Indonesia-backs-sharia-law-poll-shows.html
Raslan, K. (2009). Tale of two malays. Jakarta Globe. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://thejakartaglobe.com/columns/karim-raslan-tale-of-two-malays/345097
Asia Today International (2008).…
Casciani, D. (2008). Sharia law explained. BBC. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7234870.stm
CIA World Fact Book: Indonesia. (2009). Retrieved December 9, 2009 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html
Bev, J. (2008). Pandora's box: Sharia law in Indonesia. Asia Sentinel. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://www.asiasentinel.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1068&Itemid=254
Bell, T. (2008) Indonesia backs sharia law, poll shows. The Guardian. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/indonesia/2187933/Indonesia-backs-sharia-law-poll-shows.html
The United States Military has a social obligation to protect its interests in the region from terrorist activities, such as the ones used to fund Indonesian defenses. Through expanding its role in Indonesia, the United States can provide an alternative way for the country to defend itself from internal and external threats.
Despite Indonesia's desire to be fully self sufficient, the country lacks the tools and man power to fully provide for its solders. The country is unable to produce the amount of weapons and materials needed for its guerilla style tactics in defense against its communist neighbors. The military also has expressed that when the country is invaded, it expects everyday citizens to engage in guerilla style warfare as part of its defense. This lack of materials and certified manpower proves a dangerous aspect to the United States opposition to Communist regimes in the area. Relying on ill-equip civilians…
GlobalSecurity.org. "Military: ABRI Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia."
Found on November 3, 2007 at http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/indonesia/abri.htm
Kingsbury, Damien. Power Politics and the Indonesian Military. 2003.
The modern nations of Southeast Asia are in many cases artificial post-colonial constructions. This is most certainly true in the case of Indonesia, and although less so in the Philippines, the occupation and rule over the archipelagos led to the imposition of unity from the outside. External sources of authority including both European and Japanese occupations, had ill-prepared either Indonesia or the Philippines for anything remotely resembling democracy. Both nations, exposed to estern political philosophy and social ideals, did attempt to install and maintain democratic institutions but they have not become entrenched enough to ensure political, economic, and social empowerment of the mainly poor and uneducated rural populations in both of these Southeast Asian nations. hile it may be dangerous to overgeneralize about the related and practically concurrent rise of authoritarian rule in the Philippines and Indonesia, even a cursory analysis shows that from the vestiges of colonialism rose…
Anderson, Benedict, Java in a Time of Revolution: Occupation and Resistance, 1944-46 (Ithaca, NY, 1972), pp. 125-66
Huynh Kim Khanh, "The Vietnamese August Revolution," Journal of Asian Studies 30:4 (1970), pp. 761-82.
Steinberg, David J., ed., In Search of Southeast Asia (Honolulu, 1987), pp. 356-73
Background and Importance
This dissertation proposal will focus on the telecommunications industry in Indonesia which is in the process of developing quickly. The internal and external environments for this industry currently represent and interesting mix of different market forces. This scenario has led to companies implementing strategies that are inconsistent in some respects. For example, Telkom, Indonesia's largest telecommunications company, has implemented a marketing strategy known as paradoxical because of its inconsistencies regarding its marketing position composed of the 4P (product, price, promotion, & place). This strategy is interesting not only for stakeholders of the company, but also for anyone who is interested in non-conventional marketing strategies.
Aim and Objectives
This analysis will attempt to delve deeper into what constitutes a paradox marketing strategy and apply this model within the telecommunications industry in Indonesia. Since this industry is developing rapidly, it has been difficult for companies to develop…
Armstrong, B. (2014). Retail Strategy and Execution. Retrieved from Telkom: http://www.telkom.co.za/ir/apps_static/ir/pdf/presentations/investor_day/Brian_Armstrong_COO_Investor_Day_2014.pdf
Bisara, D. (2013, April 19). Telkom's Arief Yahya Expands on His 'Paradox Marketing' Strategy. Retrieved from Jakarta Globe: http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/corporate-news/telkoms-arief-yahya-expands-on-his-paradox-marketing-strategy/
Globe Asia. (2013, May 1). Bigger, better Telkom. Retrieved from Jakarta Globe: http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/archive/bigger-better-telkom/
Tekom Indonesia. (N.d.). 2014 Anuual Report. Retrieved from Telkom Indonesia: http://www.telkom.co.id/assets/uploads/2013/05/AR-TELKOM-2014-ENG1.pdf
Fashion Brand and Market Analysis
The first observation that needs to be made about Urban Outfitters is how well the design of the stores links to the concept and the target market for the company. Indeed, the target market is represented by youth up to 25 or 30 years old, from the cities (hence the name Urban Outfitters, also part of the brand and the excellent customer targeting). The characteristics of this category of potential customers are their informality, their preference for clothes that are out of the usual trend. They are maybe the "hipsters" of the 21st century. As a consequence, they are likely to shop in stores that have a design and an architecture that is just as informal.
This is the case with Urban Outfitters stores. The best way to describe these would be industrial design. There is not much attention to details such as closing the…
Krakatoa is a volcanic island in Indonesia between Java and Sumatra. On August 26th and 27th, 1883, the volcanic mountain Krakatoa erupted killing more than 37,000 people. Thousands more were injured in the eruption and the tidal waves that followed. As far away as 3,000 miles away people were able to hear the explosion. An incredible 2/3 of the island of Krakatoa was destroyed in the blast. The eruption of Krakatoa was one of the most devastating natural disasters in world history and volcanologists have given heavy amounts of research to the island's timeline before, after, and following the eruption of 1883.
Before the eruption of 1883, Krakatoa had been recorded as having erupted in the past. Since before recorded history, the volcanoes on this island have erupted, causing minor destruction. Larger eruptions were reported since 416 AD, then again in 535 and 1680. hat little documentation there is about…
Sweat, John. "Krakatoa Version 1.0." The Anthropogene. 112. May 2003. Print.
Winchester, Simon. Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded. Bath, England: Chivers, 2003.
I cannot change the past and must accept what has happened in the past, and learn how to change others from my experience, rather than to mirror the hate I saw in my own life. Turning negative energy into something positive and productive is the challenge for everyone who lived through that time.
Indonesia today still struggles with the sad legacy of the riots. But I am not bitter -- it is easy to use suffering as an excuse for bitterness. Instead, I must affirm my power as a human being to rise above violence, riots, murder and rape, although I will never forget that dreadful piece of history for the rest of my life.
My perspective has come full circle since those events. I no longer see burning buildings and screaming neighbors in my memory. Instead, I see the spirit of the phoenix embodied in my country and the…
No longer were all of my neighbors truly my neighbors. I felt like I had to look over my shoulder constantly. It was not only the extreme violence that had affected my outlook but also the rapidity with which the situation devolved to that violence.
In hindsight, the events instilled fear that before then I never thought possible to have. The riots showed me the ugly side of humanity. I learned that people can truly hate one another, for no apparent reason. That knowledge terrified me at the time and colored my attitudes for years afterward.
I have in recent years come to accept what happened that spring. I cannot accept the hatred, but my perspective has shifted from returning that hate to understanding what I can do to prevent such instances. I have given much thought to the role that we all play in our world. This is from…
My perspective was altered forever by the riots. Prior to the riots, I essentially carried a naive view, full of hope. What the riots did was squash that hope, and replace it with fear, shock and revulsion. No longer were all of my neighbors truly my neighbors. I felt like I had to look over my shoulder constantly. It was not only the extreme violence that had affected my outlook but also the rapidity with which the situation devolved to that violence.
In hindsight, the events instilled fear that before then I never thought possible to have. The riots showed me the ugly side of humanity. I learned that people can truly hate one another, for no apparent reason. That knowledge terrified me at the time and colored my attitudes for years afterward.
I have in recent years come to accept what happened that spring. I cannot accept the hatred, but my perspective has shifted from returning that hate to understanding what I can do to prevent such instances. I have given much thought to the role that we all play in our world. This is from the realization that as horrific as those events were, the only way we as people can move past that violence is to truly take those individual steps forward. In a roundabout way, I feel that the Indonesian riots of 1998 taught me a lot of humanity. They taught me about the hatred we can feel, and how we can turn that negative energy into something positive and productive. Indonesia today still struggles with the scars of that era. Yet, after years of feeling those scars, I do not. I merely feel that we as members of the human race have the power to rise above violence, rioting, murder and rape. The shift in my perspective has come full circle in the wake of those events. I no longer see burning buildings and screaming neighbors. I see the opportunity to build a better world where nobody has to endure that torment ever again.
Because transportation infrastructure and services are important components of the urban system, they need to be sustainable and contribute to economic growth rather than harm the people that rely on them for their livelihoods. According to Asri and Hidayat (2005), "The expansion of social and economic activities has resulted in rising pollution and environmental degradation following the economic crisis in Jakarta Metropolitan area where environmental regulations were largely disregarded" (p. 1792). Taken together, these issues represent a growing public health threat that requires informed solutions, and these issues are discussed further below at they relate to the aims and objectives of the study.
Aims and Objectives
This research has an aim and several objectives. The aim of this research is to find out how the pollution levels occurred in several main roads in Jakarta and explore some strategies to reduce carbon pollution levels by using some schemes and scenarios. These…
Asri, D. U & Hidayat, B 2005. Current transportation issues in Jakarta and its impact on environment. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 5, 1792
Barth Boriboonsomsin. 2009. Real-World CO2 Impacts of Traffic Congestion. (ONLINE)
Available at: http://www.uctc.net/papers/846.pdf (Accessed 18 May 2012)
On November 8, 2001, the U.S. Senate passed several new conditions before direct 'military-to-military relations can be restored with Indonesia including the punishment of the individuals who murdered three humanitarian aid workers in West Timor, establishing a civilian audit of armed forces expenditures, and granting humanitarian workers access to Aceh, West Timor, West Papua, and the Moluccas."
Following are two very recent bills and rulings by the U.S. Congress concerning the Indonesian presence, changes, and sanctions.
In the House resolution, number 666, urton (R-IN), Wexler (D-FL), and lumenauer (D-OR) congratulate the Indonesian people and government for a successful election process, supported Indonesia in political and economic transformations, expresses gratitude to Indonesian leadership for arresting 109 terrorists, supports the emerging legal framework, commends Indonesia for "discovering new ways of working with regional law enforcement and intelligence communities in a sincere effort to root out domestic radicalism, and urged Indonesia to conduct…
(2001). U.S. And Indonesia Pledge Cooperation, Joint Statement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Indonesia.
(2001, October 1). U.S. To Send Team to Indonesia To Discuss Combating Terrorism. Xinhua News Agency.
(2001, November 27). U.S. Admiral Urges Indonesian Military To Account for East Timor Mayhem. Agence France-Presse.
Baker, P. (1997, April 22). U.S. To Impose Sanctions on Burma for Repression. Washington Post.
International Marketing Communication Perspective
There are challenges that face organizations, which engage in global marketing. This form of cross border marketing involves diversity cultural backgrounds. It is pertinent to note that each country has distinctive needs relating to producing goods for them. International marketing requires a comprehensive understanding of the needs of each target market. This study provides a comprehensive review of the differences and similarities that exist between the marketing needs of UAE and Indonesia (Govers, 2009).
The aim of marketing communication is to convey the accurate information to the targeted group of people. In Indonesia and UAE, the populations are largely Muslim. The right choices to be made as a marketer have to be made to ensure any message delivered to the people is helpful to the brand being marketed. These require a communication strategy when addressing the target market. A communication strategy will help in…
Amant, K., & Kelsey, S. 2012. Computer-Mediated Communication across Cultures:
International Interactions in Online Environments. Hershey, PA: Information Science
Cohen, W.A. 2006, The Marketing Plan (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons.
The Balinese seem to be coping with the tourist invasion as well as they have coped with others, that is they are taking what they want, but they are not allowing themselves to be any the less Balinese. This appears to have been the story throughout Bali's history, outside cultures came, perhaps as conquerors, perhaps only as visitors and traders, but Balinese society and culture have remained distinctive, accepting outward forms, but molding them to its own different purposes." (Pickard, 1996)
These insights are showing how the changes in tourism are having an effect on Bali by developing the industry. However, for most local residents, they are maintaining their basic cultural traditions. This is despite the fact that there are added pressures to continually adopt these practices (in spite of the transformations). (Pickard, 1996)
However, many local officials feel that an influx of tourism is having an adverse impact on…
Bali Weather and Climate. (2011). Indonesia Point. Retrieved from: http://www.indonesiapoint.com/tourist-attractions/bali/bali-weather.html
Botetar, R. (2012). The Beauty of Bali is under Pressure. ABC News. Retrieved from: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-01-05/over-development-of-bali-feature/3760496
Fiegenbaum, E. (2012). The Impact of Tourism in Bali. E How. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/list_7195825_impact-tourism-bali.html
Hitchcock, M. (2009). Tourism in Southeast Asia. Copenhagen: NAIS.
Social dynamics, meanwhile, look into the prevalent perception of JI's society and the international viewpoint on radical Islamism. Lastly, the political dynamics centers on the viewpoints supporting and opposing JI activities, specifically its linkage with Al-Qaeda.
Explicated earlier is the ultimate goal of JI in establishing itself as an Islamic militant group: to create an Islam-centered social order, starting specifically in Indonesia. Jones' (2005) analysis of the history of JI as a terrorist organization delved deeply into the events surrounding its early establishment in Indonesia, and its later development as one of the Muslim groups who subsisted to jihad to promote this main objective.
Jihad is an important concept in the lives of JI members, for this became the manner in which it succeeded in increasing its membership and strengthening its network of Muslim militant groups, both locally and internationally. Among the initial contacts that JI had in…
9/11." (2006). Foreign Policy, Issue 156.
Chehab, Z. (2006). "Al-Qaeda: Still a step ahead." New Statesman, Vol. 135, Issue 4799.
Jones, S. (2005). "The changing nature of Jemaah Islamiyah." Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 59, Issue 2.
Kaplan, D. (2003). "The shadow over the summit." U.S. News & World Report, Vol. 135, Issue 13.
Communication Islamic Countries
Freedom in all its forms is a highly contested topic across all areas of politics, not only in countries where freedom has been traditionally repressed, but even in the most democratic of states, such as the United States and the UK. When freedom extends to the press, the contestability of the topic gains an extra dimension. Some critics, for example, advocate freedom of the press only to such an extent as its ability to promote a peaceful existence and harmony among citizens and their government. Others, however, would see the press gaining complete freedom, regardless of its consequences for personal and collective peace. In Muslim countries such as Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates, freedom extended to the press and the media is yet further muddied by the importance of religious and state rule in these countries. In both environments, Islam remains the main ruling force in…
Article 19. (2005, Dec.). Freedom of Expression aand the Media in Indonesia. Alliance of Independent Journalists. Retrieved from: http://www.article19.org/data/files/pdfs/publications/indonesia-baseline-study.pdf
BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates Profile: Media. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14704229
BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates: Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14703998
El-Baltaji, D. (2009, Fall). Emirates Press Law. Arab Media & Society, Iss. 9. Retrieved from: http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=727
Neo-Liberalistic Legal Concepts on Nations ith Distinct Legal Tradition (Common, Civil, Socialist)
This review of the related literature focuses on broad definitions of the law as historically legislated and then as practiced in three countries: Malaysia, Indonesia and China. Common law, civil law and socialist law will be defined separately and then as they each apply to the country which has used that system as its focus for legal practice. The effect that neo-liberalism had after the Asian financial crisis on these three nations will be then be examined. Finally, this review will determine if there has been a change post-crisis in merger and acquisition or public finance law.
It is necessary to begin by defining terms that will occur throughout this review. The three systems of law to be initially discussed in the review are common law, civil law and socialist law. Of course, many dispute the fact…
Agami, Abdel M. "The Role that Foreign Acquisitions of Foreign Companies Played in the Recovery of the Asian Financial Crisis." Multinational Business Review 10, no. 1 (2002): 11-17.
Batra, Madan M. "The Dark Side of International Business." Competition Forum 5, no. 1 (2007): 306-313.
Berman, Alan. "The Anwar Saga: Sexuality and Politics in Contemporary Malaysia." Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review 4, no. 3 (2008): 188-193.
Chan, Anita, and Jonathan Unger. "A Chinese State Enterprise Under the Reforms: What Model of Capitalism?" The China Journal 62 (2009): 1-15.
" 1). The story also portrays the roles of women as incredibly passive. When Ghatotkacha dies, his mother is left vulnerable and is "rendered helpless at the unexpected death of the main pillar of her security," (Bandyopadyay "A Study in Folk 'Mahabharata:' How Balarama Became Abhimanu's Father-in-Law." 1). This was then adopted by Islamic tradition to show the nature of the woman's role within typical life.
The two versions of the Indonesian and Indian portrayals of Ghatotkacha's story have their similarities and differences. According to research, the Mahabharata entered into Indonesia through Java around the first century CE. As it traveled deeper into Indonesia, there were slight variations which were created out of adapting the tale to traditional Indonesian culture. The two are incredibly similar, "the Indonesian version of Mahabharata has great resemblance with the Indian folk-versions," (Bandyopadyay "A Study in Folk 'Mahabharata:' How Balarama Became Abhimanu's Father-in-Law." 1). Yet…
Bandyopadyay, Indrajit. "A Study in Folk 'Mahabharata:' How Balarama Became Abhimanu's Father-in-Law." Epic India. 17(28). 2008. Retrieved 14 Nov 2009 at http://www.epicindia.com/magazine/Culture/a-study-in-folk-mahabharata-how-balarama-became-abhimanyus-father-in-law
Bandyopadyay, Indrajit. "Variations in Indonesian Mahabharata." Boloji. 2009. Retrieved 14 Nov 2009 at http://www.boloji.com/hinduism/145.htm
Chaturvedi Badrinath, The Mahabharata: An Inquiry in the Human Condition, New Delhi, Orient Longman. 2006.
Chidambaram, Vijay. "Ke Sera." Word Press. 2007. Retrieved 15 Nov 2009 at http://thevc.wordpress.com/2007/12/01/ke-sera-sera/
Discuss this product in terms of its repositioned target market demographics using U.S. Census Data.
In regards to U.S. Census Data, the target market demographic show promise. The repositioned product will focus on high level and medium income level people. These individuals tend to be high lifestyle and business professionals. The product is full of applications and latest operating system that is helpful for professionals and other business persons to accomplish their tasks on the phones. This demographic is experiences positive change. For instance, consumer confidence for the past three months has risen in this segment. Discretionary income for individuals making $100,000 or more has risen 12% over the past decade. This positive trend allows consumers to spend more on IM's products and services. The smartphone industry overall is growing at an annual rate of 9% per year with adoption rates increasing at a corresponding amount.
Determine the types…
1) Robert J. Gordon (1988), Macroeconomics: Theory and Policy, 2nd ed., Chapter 22.4, 'Modern theories of inflation'. McGraw-Hill.
2) Susan Mallik (2010). Hossein Bidgoil. ed. The Handbook of Technology Management: Supply Chain Management, Marketing and Advertising, and Global Management, vol 2 (1 ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley @ Sons, Inc.. p. 100- 104. ISBN 978-0-470-24948-2.
3) John T. Phelan, Jr. P.E. "Guest Column: Knowing When a WMS or WCS Is Right for Your Company." Supply & Demand Chain Executive. Enom, Inc. http://www.sdcexec.com/web/online/FulfillmentLogistics-Trends/Guest-Column -- Knowing-When-a-WMS-or-WCS-Is-Right-for-Your-Company/15$10,982
SPSS was used to analyze the data collected from the participants. A Pearson correlation coefficient evaluated the relationship between the ordinal variables (such as gender and tendency to give zakat maal or zakat fitah) and evaluated whether significance in the relationship existed. Chi-square was employed to evaluate whether ordinal and categorical relationships are significant or not and if so the level of their significance.
Lessy's (2010) discovered that most participants (54) gave their zakat fitrah to mosques, whilst 490 gave it directly to the poor, and only 20 gave their zakat fitrah to foundations. On the other hand, the reverse was evidenced with zakat maal where 45 participants gave directly to the poor, followed by only 25 who gave to mosques. 10 participants, on the other hand gave to orphanages and educational institutions, whilst a mere 8 individuals gave to relief organizations.
As to why they give the way they…
Al-Qur'an al-Karim. (2008). The Qur'an: A new translation. In T. Khalidi (Trans.). New York: Penguin Classics.
Benthall, J. (1999). Financial worship: The Quranic injunction to alms-giving. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 5(1), 27-42.
Caster, J.J. (2008). A new direction in women's philanthropy. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 37, 353-361.
Dean, H., & Khan, Z. (1997). Muslim perspectives on welfare. Journal of Social Policy, 26(2), 193-209.
The process was also significant for me because it showed that it was possible to spread wealth from a highly centralized location (the corporation) to a more widespread and evenly distributed location (my financially struggling high school).
Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?
I believe that my greatest quality is perseverance. History is often told to us as the chronicle of great people doing great things, and while these stories are important, the majority of us experience life through smaller moments. It is the small choices and the small decisions that add up over time to create our life as a patchwork of these choices. Our choices and decisions define who we become, and ultimately it is the sum of all…
Though he knew he faced incredible odds, Atticus Finch defended his client, because it was the right thing to do. In America, he had the right and the ability to do what he believed was morally and ethically right in a situation. Watching that movie was the first time I wondered what it would be like to live in America.
Of course, not every Hollywood movie is so inspiring about the American dream, but I found the same message in apparently diverse movies. I remember watching the movie Jerry Maguire, which starts out as a man with everything rejecting what appears to be the American Dream. However, the story really is of someone coming into his own and allowing his conscience, not societal mores, not externally imposed limitations, guide him in his life and career. I watched movies like Radio and I am Sam, with their messages that even severe…
UTSA Personal Statement
It is with great pleasure that I prepare this personal statement as part of my application to the University of Texas at San Antonio. As a recognized leader in business educational programs, UTSA represents what I like best about the possibilities of international business management: the chance to use quality and practical business applications in the growing world of global business opportunities.
I had the chance as a young person to live in two different cultures, Indonesia and Australia. Being in those countries gave me the chance to appreciate and understand more about how different people of the world see their situations. While I was very young when I lived in these locations, my family values and other travels have given me the chance to learn more about and respect the kinds of differences I feel influenced by. As such, I want to make sure that my…
ritish Airways Flight 9
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers report entitled "Volcanic Ash: To Fly or Not to Fly? reports that the prediction of "ash movement and dispersal has become more sophisticated over the years. In the UK, the Met Office uses Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modeling Environment (NAME), computer model, developed after the Chernobyl accident in 1986." (2010, p.3) This model is reported to have tracked various atmospheric dispersion events and to have as its purpose the prediction of "how far and how concentrated, emitted particles will be dispersed, using a number of factors, such as wind, rainfall and particle size…" (Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 2010, p.3) On June 24, 1982 ritish Airways 747-200, Flight 9 near Jakarta Indonesia ran into trouble when the crew accidentally flew into a volcanic ash cloud from Mount Galunggung in west Java, Indonesia. The ash caused severe damage to all four engines and the aircraft…
Guidance for Flight Crews and Controllers (nd) Retrieved from: www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Volcanic_Ash
Marks, Paul (2010) Engine Stripdowns Establish Safe Volcanic Ash Levels. 10 Apr 2010. Retrieved from: www.newscientist.com/article/dn18802-enginestripdowns-establish-safe-volcanic-ash-levels.html
Moody, Eric (1986) Down to a Sunless Sea: Anatomy of An Incident. The Log, April 1986. Retrieved from: http://www.ericmoody.com/Page1.pdf
Volcanic Ash: To Fly or Not to Fly? Institution of Mechanical Engineers -- The Background Science of Engineering. October 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.imeche.org/Libraries/IMechE_Report_Library/IMechE_Volcanic_Ash_Report.sflb.ashx
other intangible assets such as patents and management strength. Finally, those future earnings are discounted to arrive at a net present value. Interbrand discounts against current interest rates and also against the brand's overall risk profile to factor in brand strength. Considerations include market leadership, stability, and global reach -- or the ability to cross both geographic and cultural borders. The final result values the brand as a financial asset. BusinessWeek and Interbrand believe this figure comes closest to representing a brand's true economic worth. (Business Week, Aug, 2007 (http://www.businessweek.com/pdfs/2007/0732_globalbrands.pdf)
Among the top 100 brands the U.S. has the largest representation with a full 52 brands on the list. This is comparable to no other nation. The U.S. also boast the highest rankings in high tech brands, producing electronic support systems, like software and PCs and/or support functions for them, as well as food and beverage provider brands, while Japan…
BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2008, retrieved 8, 15, 2008:
Business Week, Aug, 2007, retrieved 8, 15, 2008:
Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations
After 62 years under the colonial rule of Great ritain, urma was briefly treated to a democracy for 14 years in 1948 until a series of military juntas decimated it and hurled the country into a perfect or nearly perfect dictatorial regime. Ethnic groups struggled to restore that democracy in a passive and peaceful mass action, only to end in bloodshed and tactical repression. In 1990, the opposition candidate won by a large margin but the military regime refused to budge and, instead, imprisoned the winning candidate and her supporters. This series of events called international attention and led to a series of economic and political sanctions and pressures from the United Nations, the European Union, the United States and Japan. The repressive urma government also has problems with Thailand over boundaries and with India over illegal activist entries.
The international community believes that more economic…
Asian Human Rights Commission. Burma: Torture, Military Dictatorship, Political Accountability (2003). http://www.ahrchk.net/cra/mainfile.php/2003/463
Blaine Harder. "Burma's Insiduously Perfect Dictatorship: Opposition is Surgically Eliminated," New York Times (2000). http://www.mindfully.org/Burma-Opposition-Eliminated.htm
Central Intelligence Agency Burma. (the World Fact Book, 2004). http://cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos.bm.html
Council of Foreign Relations. Getting Nowhere? Paths Toward the Restoration of Democracy in Burma (2001). http://cfr.org/publicatio.php?id=6541
" I am not saying that Indonesians cannot be rude, but this was not exactly the introduction to American culture that I had been hoping for. Of course, I grabbed my bag and hurried to catch up with the line (which hadn't moved very far, by the way), but as I continued to stand in line with the gruff-voiced American right behind me, I began to grow both embarrassed and angry, with the latter emotion winning.
As my anger grew, however, I came to a sudden epiphany -- the diversity of people surrounding me, all with their own ways of doing things, yet all straining impatiently to get through those airport barriers and into the United States. I decided that though the American might have handled himself a little better, I could hardly blame him for behaving the way he did. We all had the same goal, and we all…
I think that proper networking and research on who is making quality products, and finding a vendor with a good track record of customer satisfaction would be crucial in getting a positive consumer reaction.
Networking is invaluable when you do not miss opportunities that are available just from people talking about your product. Some of the smaller stores are involved in fairs and events where products can be introduced to the public without the burden of larger brand name competition.
Additionally, my variety of personal strengths will help me succeed when I launch my new business. I am not intimidated by the possibility that my business might fail. I know that I will work very hard to make my business successful, and if the business is not successful, I will know that I would have done everything possible to make the business succeed.
I am not afraid or intimidated…
The Body Shop. (2004) Where we come from. Retrieved October 2, 2004, from: http://bodyshopinternational.com/web/tbsgl/about_where.jsp
Bath & Body Works, Inc. (nd). Retrieved October 2, 2004, from: http://www.hoovers.com/bath-&-body-works/--ID__104462 -- /free-co- factsheet.xhtml
Biesada, a. (2004) Hoovers Online. The Body Shop International PLC.
Born in Hong Kong, I have attended school in Canada and the United States. I have travelled through China, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, and India and, most recently, Australia. My work experience has been grounded in political and economic research and practice. My most recent research project for Arjan Interfax involved researching Australia-Chinese relations and how to approach human rights concerns while still maintaining a profitable relationship with China. I have also researched Indian foreign policy and its impact upon the current market environment. Contextualizing market research and logistics analysis in light of the Pacific Rim's unique cultural environment is essential when doing business with the region.
I have also worked for the international logistic consultant SCF Containers International Pty Ltd. (Australia), liaising with international freight forwarders to relocate containers in Australia as well as with factories in China. Through my work, I have become experienced in the intersection of political…
Measurements Health Care equired esources Media Course Media: Organizational Systems Leadership
The metrics used in the balanced scorecard and dashboard are both qualitative and quantitative, and can result in improvement in health care services (Frith et al., 2010, p. 10). As such, they play a significant influence in the nursing practice for different organizations, because they provide an objective means of measuring various aspects of health care services. Specifically, the balanced scorecard and dashboards stratifies health care into four primary components: training for health care workers, resources for facilities, provision of service and community satisfaction (Chan et al., 2010, p. 709). These metrics are principally used to inform health care practitioners about specific areas of improvement, or those in which they are providing excellent service and resources. In several instances, the metrics for the individual areas of analyses were developed by evaluating and comparing national standards (Chan et al., 2010,…
Chan, G.J., Parco, K.B., Sihombing, M.E., Tredwell, S.P., & O'Rourke, E.J. (2010). Improving health services to displaced persons in Aceh, Indonesia: A balanced scorecard. Bulletin Of The World Health Organization, 88(9), 709 -- 712.
Frith, K.H., Anderson, F., & Sewell, J.P. (2010). Assessing and selecting data for a nursing services dashboard. Journal of Nursing Administration, 40(1), 10 -- 16. doi:10.1097/NNA.0b013e3181c47d45
Grossmeier, J., Terry, P.E., Cipriotti, A., & Burtaine, J.E. (2010). Best practices in evaluating worksite health promotion programs. American Journal of Health Promotion, 24(3), TAHP 1 -- 9.
Schalm, C. (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard as a strategic management tool in a long-term care organization. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 13(Supp.1), 8-14.
As employees have expertise in manufacturing products, they should be paid for that expertise. Low labor figures for manufacturing can question the quality of the products the company is selling to consumers. Not to mention that if Nike has recalls of products, consumers may view this as bad management practices that produce low quality products for high prices.
here marketing takes a big portion of expense dollars, manufacturing labor expense should be balanced with the marketing expense. Unbalancing in these areas can bring questions of integrity and quality of products. It could also place a bad taste with investors in determining the ethics of the company's management team. Nike should spend less on marketing and more on manufacturing labor costs to show a higher quality of products manufactured. Nike should also evaluate the marketing expenses and ensure that waste is eliminated in the process. These changes in the business processes…
Boggan, Steve. Nike Admits to Mistakes Over Child Labor. 20 Oct 2001. Article. 13 June 2013.
Brown, Carolyn M. How to Successfully Rebrand Your Business. 2013. Article. 13 June 2013.
Goldberg, Eleanor. On World Day Against child Labor 2013, Activists fight to Keep Kids in School and Out of Factories (What You Can Do). 12 June 2013. Article. 13 June 2013.
McKenna, Luke. Child Labor Is Making Disturbing Resurgence Around the World. 6 Jan 2012. Article. 13 June 2013.
Military Needs to Step Down
General Creighton Abrams said, "There must be within our Army, a sense of purpose. There must be a willingness to march a little farther, to carry a heavier load, to step out into the dark and the unknown for the safety and well-being of others (United States)." U.S. military troops are indeed marching farther and farther, expanding into different nations at this very moment: Afghanistan, Egypt, Indonesia, Columbia, Japan, and 58 other countries. However, this isn't what Abrams had in mind. In total, there are 255,065 U.S. military personnel deployed worldwide (Sivitz). But who assigned the U.S. military the task of serving as an international police force? For years, U.S. political and military strategists have conceived a fraudulent justification for increased military deployment that they call "The Global War on Terrorism." Did someone call them for immediate help? Did someone give them the right to…
Paradox Marketing Implementation for Business ustainability in Indonesian Telecommunication Company
The study provides the analysis of paradox marketing strategy implementation for business sustainability for Indonesian telecommunication company using the Telkom as a center of investigation. The research objectives have been achieved and research questions answered using both the primary and secondary research. The secondary data are collected using a comprehensive literature review from various scholarly research articles. Moreover, comprehensive literature review is carried out by collecting data from various research articles from EBCOhost database, cience Direct, Emerald Publication, university libraries, and online academic libraries. The quantitative research is used as a method of data collection using the survey strategy. Comparative analysis carried out between qualitative and quantitative research reveals that quantitative research is more appropriate to complete the thesis because it saves time and is cost effective.
The data collected through primary and secondary research have been used to achieve…
Sources: Guidelines for Authors. AJN, American Journal of Nursing. 109(4): 76 -- 77.
Summary of the Results
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…
Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5
Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)
Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received
Gray highlight means writer found this source
New Expatriate Orientation Program Design
Mission and Vision of the New Expatriate Program
Key Objectives of the Program
Number of Participants
ecommended Participants for the Program
Expatriate Orientation Program Content
Learning Methodology of the Program
Program Fee Structure
It is the part of human nature to progress and grow in every facet of life from the time they complete their education and enter into the world of commerce. The key driving aspect for an individual is to provide their families with all the comfort and lavish lifestyle so that they can enjoy the life to the fullest. In this search of growth and prosperity, one of the widespread actions that have been observed is relocation. People relocate and move to other places from their country of origin so that they can give a financially better and secure future to their families (Marquardt, 2013).
However, the fact…
Adekola, A. & Sergi, B. S. (2007). Global Business Management: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. Great Britain: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Adekola, A. & Sergi, B. S. (2012). Global Business Management: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. Great Britain: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Amit, V. (2011). Going First Class?: New Approaches to Privileged Travel and Movement. USA: Berghahn Books.
Corlett, D. (2008). Stormy Weather: The Challenge of Climate Change and Displacement. Australia: UNSW Press.
Threats to security are seen to come not only from external military aggression but also from a myriad of internal challenges -- separatist movements, social unrest, or the collapse of the political system." -- Anwar 2003,
With the international attention given to "military aggression," especially external military aggression, in recent years, it is easy to allow one's idea of was security means to become clouded with Hobbesian and Machiavellian notions of armed conflict, with "war on terror" images of military and intelligence operations hunting down terrorists, and with the debate on nuclear proliferation in developing (or underdeveloped) nations like Iran and North Korea. What these definitions of security lack, however, is a full understanding of the term; military operations and protection from terrorist attacks are most certainly important factors in a nation's security, however, they are far from being the total measure of peace and stability in a society.
Stockholm Initiative on Global Security and Governance, 1991. Common Responsibility in the 1990s. Stockholm: Prime Minister's Office.
Timothy, K., 2004. "Human Security Discourse at the United Nations," in Peace Review, 16(1), pp. 19-24.
United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report, 1994. http://hrd.undp.org/reports/global/1994/en/.
The study will be delving into: What ASEAN constitutes and what remains beyond its scope? The aim of this study will be handing out a wide-ranging presentation of the present stance of ASEAN and its accomplishments till date, along with its challenges. The paper is intended as a suggestion for a master-plan that can be employed as a future pathway where ASEAN political-security support must be going towards in the forthcoming years.
To start with let us have a brief introduction of the organization. The creators of the Association of South East Asian Nations - ASEAN, visualized it as ultimately assembling all the nations of the region and managing them to lend a hand in assuring the peace, permanence and growth of the area. While the area was in a state of turmoil, a lot of nations were under pressure for the existence of the nation or autonomy. First…
ADBI (2002) "Did East Asian Developing Countries lose Export Competitiveness in the pre- Crisis 1990's?" ADBI Research Paper 34; Tokyo.
Altbach, Eric. (1999) "Growing Pains: ASEAN at 30" Japan Economic Institute Report. No. 23; June 19
Author Unkown. (1999) "Weathering the Storm: Hong Kong and the Asian Financial Crisis" Conference sponsored by the Far Eastern Economic Review. Hong Kong. 11 June.
Baietti Aldo. (2001) "Private Infrastructure in East Asia: Lessons Learned in the Aftermath of the Crisis." Washington, D.C. World Bank.
Religion plays the center part in Jemaah Islamiyah and the extremist religious interpretation is one of the methods of manipulation of the members. In fact, religious teaching is the first step in the recruiting process of almost all Muslim terrorist organizations. As it is the case of Jemaah Islamiyah, religious teachings organized for general audience represent the first stage of the recruitment process as it draws people that are easily manipulated by the extremist interpretation of religious beliefs and that soon become dedicated to jihad. The second stage of the recruitment process is identifying the ones that seem particularly interested in finding out more about the views presented by the teacher. oth of the founders of Jemaah were school teachers.
After identifying in religious education classes the ones that seemed more interested in learning more, the students are introduced to the organization and if they seem eager to be part…
Jemaah Islamiyah, available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jemaah_Islamiyah ;
Jemaah Islamiyah, available at http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/ji.htm ;
Jemaah Islamiyah, available at http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=3613;
Jemaah Islamiyah, available at http://www.rotten.com/library/history/terrorist-organizations/jemaah-islamiah/;
It was then important to see the degree at which technology and training played a role in combating each fire.
1.2.4.ationale of the Study
What is that can be gained from this study? The reasoning behind such a study is born out of a need to provide better training for fire fighters so that fire management systems will improve and reduce the amount of loss due to the fire. By studying such a topic, one can gain the knowledge of how to better train fire fighters and how to make his or her job safer in the process. This in turn, results in reduced losses due to the fire. This also results in higher service ratings for the fire department and an increase in morale for the community.
1.3.Definition of Terms
The Underlying Causes of Fire.
It has already become a general knowledge that the majority of forest and…
Allan, C. (2003). A Ponderosa Natural Area Reveals its Secrets. USGS. Retrieved July 11, 2005 from the World Web Wide: http://biology.usgs.gov/s+t/SNT/noframe/sw153.htm4/10/03 .
Anderson, H.E. (1983). Predicting Wind-Driven Wild Land Fire Size and Shape. Research Paper INT-305. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, pp. 1-26.
Beer, T. (1990). The Australian National Bushfire Model Project. Mathematical and Computer Modeling, 13, 12, 49-56.
Calabri, G. (1982). Recent evolution and prospects for the Mediterranean region, Forest Fire prevention and control. Proceedings of an International seminar.
Asian Financial Crisis of 1997
The economies of the so-called "Asian Tigers" were looked at with envy by the rest of the world in the early 1990s. These Southeast Asian countries -- South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Thailand had shown impressive (in most cases double-digit) growth rates for the preceding decade and more; thus becoming "darlings" of liberal capitalism and globalization in the post-cold war era. Other developing countries were looking to follow their example, and indeed Indonesia and Philippines were straining at the leash to join the "tiger" club. Investors, bankers, and fund managers from all over the world were queuing up to be part of the Asian "economic miracle" -- and perhaps make a quick buck or two in the process. What's more -- the "trickle down effect" was actually pulling the poverty line in the region steadily downwards giving rise to a growing and…
The Asian Financial Crisis: Causes, Contagion and Consequences." (1999). Edited by Pierre-Richard Agenor etal. Global Economic Institutions. Cambridge University Press: UK
Das, Dilip K. (December, 2000). "Asian Crisis: Distilling Critical Lessons." UNCTAD Discussion Papers
Chronology of the Asian Currency Crisis and its Global Contagion" Based on Information from Several News Sources. Retrieved on September 24, 2002 at
Asian Economic Crisis
In the summer of 1997, an economic and currency crisis rocked the Asian markets. One by one, southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Korea and Japan saw their economies crash in the wake of heavy foreign investment. An economic boom had made the region an attractive investment opportunity for much of the 1990s. y 1997, however, domestic production and development had stalled, and foreign investors grew nervous. A divestment run on the Thai baht triggered the crash. Large corporations, extremely dependent upon the confidence of foreign investors failed to meet debt obligations and began to fail throughout southeast Asia. Currencies throughout the region faltered and nosedived from their mid-1990s positions of stability. The causes of the Asian economic crisis are varied. Lax oversight of corporations had ramifications in economic downturns that were not a concern in the mid-90s boom. Macroeconomic policies of the southeast Asian countries…
Chronology of the Asian Currency Crisis.(n.d.). Retrieved July 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/globalmacro/AsiaChronology1.html
Corsetti, G., Peneti, P., & Roubini, N. (1998). What caused the Asian currency and Financial crisis? Part I: A macroeconomic overview. Downloaded June 26, 2004 from Stern School of Business, NYU, Web site: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/globalmacro/asiacri1.pdf
Khor, M. (2000). The economic crisis in East Asia: Causes, effects, lessons. Downloaded June 28, 2004 from World Bank. Web site: http://www.worldbank.org/poverty / wdrpoverty/malaysia/khor.pdf
Lee, Y-S. (1998). A political economy analysis of the Korean economic crisis. Journai of Asian Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, 627-636.
Mohammed Suharto and Macbeth
illiam Shakespeare wrote Macbeth to be one of his most important epic plays, reaching into the darkest aspects of mankind and offering no redemption to his hero in the end. At first a loyal general, Macbeth sees power as something that is in his grasp, and with the right amount of pressure, he seizes this power by killing King Duncan. (Shakespeare, 1611) In the end, Macbeth was punished for the evil that he committed, and did not remain King for long. The power unbalance that Macbeth sets forth can be compared to Mohammed Suharto's take over of Indonesia in 1965. Suharto, like Macbeth, was power hungry, and believed that he knew what was the best way to govern, and would do anything possible to prove it.
In several ways, the life of Mohammed Suharto can be directly placed over the story of Macbeth. The same tragic…
Berger, M. (Jan 28, 2008). Suharto Dead at 86. The New York Times. Retrieved from, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/28/world/asia/28suharto.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 .
No Author. (2008). Time. A look back at Suharto's Indonesia. Retrieved from, http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1702682,00.html .
Shakespeare, W. (2011). Sparknotes. Macbeth. Retrieved from, http://nfs.sparknotes.com/macbeth/.
Hundreds of Chinese people had been murdered and Chinese women had been raped and insulted in the streets in front of crowds of Indonesians. Some of the Chinese that escaped the massacre had taken refuge in the nearest countries.
The Indonesians have adopted an anti-Chinese nature in the recent decades and most Chinese are denied several human rights. On of the reasons for why Indonesians might hate Chinese people would be their wealth. In reality, the number of poor Chinese-Indonesians is far greater than that of the wealthy Chinese-Indonesians with most of them owning small businesses or having low-skilled jobs.
As a method of making Chinese leave the country, Indonesians have adopted a series of laws restricting Chinese people from following their customs and traditions in public display. Furthermore, names of Chinese origin had been forbidden, Chinese people being forced to choose Indonesian names.
According to Hoon Chang Yau, after…
Harsono, Andreas. "Indonesian Chinese Fear Economic Discrimination." 2004. 5 Dec. 2008. http://andreasharsono.blogspot.com/2004/11/indonesian-chinese-fears-economic.html
Chinese Identity in Post-Suharto Indonesia: CY Hoon's New Book." Knowledge SMU. 4 Nov. 2008. 5 Dec. 2008. http://knowledge.smu.edu.sg/article.cfm?articleid=1173
The Chinese dilemma." BBC News. 1 Jun. 1999.
Busang iver of Gold
Bre-X is a notorious case of fraud in the mining industry, which makes this case all the more interesting. Set in the mid-90s, years before the fraud was uncovered, the case (also written before the fraud was uncovered) focuses on the strategic options that the CEO of Bre-X, David Walsh, has in dealing with a crisis at the company. Bre-X claimed that they had a property in Borneo that contained the world's largest gold deposit. In 1995, the reserves were believed to be around 10 million ounces, and the amount only increased from there. The ability of the company to exploit this claim was constrained by two key factors. The first is that the company lacked the capital to exploit a deposit this big. According to Walsh, the principals at Bre-X were convinced that they would be taken over by a major producer in order to…
Waldie, P. (2006) Collected woes. Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 5, 2015 from http://www.globeadvisor.com/servlet/ArticleNews/story/gam/20061124/RO12COLLECTED
If Nigerian local content law is not complied with equires licensee to submit a detailed programme for recruitment and training of Nigerians
(Nigerian Local Content Policy)
2.3. History of the LCL
The Local Content Law was signed into law in April 2010 by acting President Goodluck Jonathan. In brief, the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry Local Content Development Bill 2010 places "…obligations on upstream oil companies in the areas of finance, community and local workforce" (Examining Nigeria's Local Content Act). The process that led to this Bill began in 2007. The initiator of the Bill, Senator Lee Maeba, provides some interesting insight into the originating impetus that led to the final acceptance of the Act. He states,
I saw that there is no law guiding the activities of Nigerian companies in the oil and gas industry and because of that, there has been a capital drift...and that is the reason…
Adefulu a. Nigeria: National Treatment & Nigeria's New Local Content Legislation.
Retrieved from http://www.mondaq.com/article.asp?articleid=102400
Adefulu O. ( 2010) Does the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry Content Development Act
Conflict with the Country's International Treaty Obligations? Retrieved from http://odujinrinadefulu.com/documents/Does%20Nigeria%27s%20local%20content%20legislation%20breach%20its%20international%20obligations.pdf
ASEAN-EU Regional Integration
Coordination between ASEAN and EU started in 1980 after the formulation of a cooperation agreement. The EU has twenty five member countries and engages in several multilateral trade cooperation and relations. The EU is influential because of its extensive economic cooperation with other regional organizations through trade agreements. It is also a central player in the world trade organization.
ASEAN is exemplary for demonstrating consistent excellence in improving and fostering peace, political stability and economic development among its member countries. Other strategies including regional integration have a central contribution towards the achievement of its ASEAN's vision 2020 (Das 139). ASEAN-EU Regional Integration, therefore, is of vast importance in enhancing development in Eastern Asia and Europe through trade.
Comparison between EU and ASEAN
The institutional orientation of the two, ASEAN and the EU, vary on grounds of their formation. Intergovernmental cooperation is the basis of the agreement among…
Cheritel, Meriem. ASEAN: AFTA and other Free Trade Agreements - Development and Impact on the International Automotive Industry. Munich, Germany: GRIN Verlag, 2006. Print.
Christoph, Marcinkowski., Chevallier-Govers, Constance and Harun, Ruhanas. Malaysia and the European Union: Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century. New Jersey, NJ: LIT Verlag Munster, 2011. Print.
Das, Sanchita. Achieving the ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Challenges for Member Countries & Business. Panjang, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2012. Print.
Doidge, Matthew. The European Union and Interregionalism: Patterns of Engagement. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011. Print.
Yet this same nation justified slavery for more than a century after the rest of the world denounced it as cruel and barbaric. Your description of the Suharto regime is rich enough to allow readers a glimpse into that which they need to know about how much farther we as human beings need to go until true equality and true peace are made manifest. Unfortunately our pace of progress is woefully slow, but you are part of the solution.
It is time to rid the world of the dual scourge that is patriarchy and the exploitation of the poor. Both patriarchy and the exploitation of the poor have the same root cause: abuse of power. In Saman, you show how abuse of power can itself be subverted.
One of the reasons you need to keep writing novels is that you are already making an impact. A good sign is the…
Bodden, Michael H. "Seno Gumira Ajidarma and Fictional Resistance to an Authoritarian State in 1990s Indonesia." Indonesia 68. Oct 1999.
Caslin, Sinead. "Feminism and post-colonialism." The Imperial Archive. Retrieved: http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofEnglish/imperial/key-concepts/feminism-and-postcolonialism.htm
Itoh, Makoto. "The Japanese Economy Reconsidered." Palgrave, 2000.
Marching, Soe Tjen. "Descriptions of Female Sexuality in Ayu Utami's Saman." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. Feb 1, 2007.
The American business model and the American capitalist ideal has infiltrated every aspect of Indonesian society, transforming the way people live and work. Not all of the changes taking place are negative. Before American culture influenced that of Indonesia, local elite controlled a vast amount of wealth and power and created what can correctly be called a caste system like the one in India or more accurately, feudalism. Without any possibility for a middle class to emerge, many individuals remained impoverished and beholden to the landowning class. The influence of American culture has allowed a middle class to emerge. Large corporations hire local managers and community liaisons.
The Dynamics of Capitalism
Ultimately capitalism caused the Great Depression, even though capitalism also enabled social mobility on a scale never before practiced in human history. Rampant speculation was the main culprit: buying on credit and borrowing prematurely. Moreover, unchecked capitalism…
Many Chinese workers, including children, are forced to work in poor conditions (Ka Wai, 2004). Many workers are working in the town ship and village factories. According to a government report in 1984, the majority of township and village enterprises in China have at least one major problem that causes occupational disease. Many factory workers are working in dangerous conditions, in which poisonous chemicals, dust, and noise are predominant. As a result, many workers suffer from a variety of preventable health conditions.
Companies like Nike and eebok often subcontract factories in poor countries because they do not have to deal with production. By distancing themselves through subcontracting, benefiting from low production costs without having to take responsibility, they make huge profits.
In Indonesia, United States sportswear company Nike is often at the center of labor concerns (CNN, 2001). Workers at nine Indonesian factories under contract by Nike say they have…
2001). Hazardous forms of Child Labor in Nepal. GEFONT Paper presented in Preparatory Meeting on Developing Asian Network on Hazardous Child Labour
Manila 26-28, 2001. (Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.gefont.org/views/2001/child_labour.htm .(March 13, 2003). Informal sector marred by poor working condition. Mercantile Communications. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.nepalnews.com.np/contents/englishdaily/trn/2003/mar/mar13/local1.htm.
CNN.com. (February 22, 2001). Abuse rife at Nike's Indonesia plants. Retrieved from the Internet at http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/asiapcf/southeast/02/22/indonesia.slaveshop/ .
Ellis, Becky. (2000). Globalisation, Sweatshops and Indonesian Women Workers. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.angelfire.com/pr/red/feminism/globalisation_ss_indo_women.htm .
Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) has re-emerged among the list of most critical terrorist organizations fighting the federal government of the epublic of the Philippines (GP), America, and it is allies within Southeast Asia. Established in 1991 by Abdurrajak Janjalani, a veteran in the Afghan Mujiheddin as well as associate of Osama bin Laden, the gang rapidly rose to popularity as being a deadly terrorist group dedicated to the institution of a separate Islamic county. Together with cash from Saudi charitable organizations managed by bin Laden's relative, Mohammad Jamal Khalifa, the ASG progressed rapidly. The gang targeted its terrorist, killing, as well as kidnapping initiatives on sectarian targets. But, following a plot directed by amzi Yousef along with Khalid Sheikh Mohammed to explode Eleven U.S. airliners as well as assassinate the Pope, Khalifa's and also the ASG's functions had been exposed (Laude, 2004).
Khalifa had been struggling to go back to…
Fellman, Z. (2011). Abu Sayyaf Group. Centre for Strategic and International Studies. Aqam Futures Project Case Study Series.
Abuza, Z. (2005). Balik-Terrorism: The Return of The Abu Sayyaf. http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi
Rodell, Paul. "The Philippines and the Challenge of International Terrorism," in Terrorism and Violence in Southeast Asia: Transnational Challenges to States and Regional Stability. Ed. By Paul J. Smith, ed. New Delhi: Pentagon Press, 2005.
Gomez, J. (2005). Terror Suspect Details Training, Plots, AP.
S. resident George W. Bush. Thus, when the blast in Bali, at the
southern point of Indonesia, directed the fury of 9/11 at a popular
attraction to Australian holiday-makers, Australia became a nation
motivated in foreign policy by the apparent threat of global terrorism.
This would be demonstrated by its unwavering willingness to follow the
United States even into its poorly-informed and ill-advised invasion of
Iraq, providing combat troops and civilian military aid. During the lead-
up to this war, in fact, John Howard would perhaps have been noted as only
second to Britain's rime Minister Tony Blair in the ranking of Iraq War
cheerleaders, appearing frequently in the media in order to endorse the
alleged provocations made by the U.S. and later proved false. Howard
echoed well the terms which Bush used to prompt war, remarking in a
February 2002 appearance that the Australian government was firm in
Proportionate Response to the Terrorist Threat? Studies in Conflict &
Terrorism, 28(4), 321 - 339.
Wesley, Michael & Allan Gyngell. (2007). Making Australian Foreign
Policy. Cambridge University Press.
'Although these groups had different interests and goals, their mobilization and protests converged on the strategy of the opposition to the inhumane ruling of the military government' (Arifah, 2005), and this common understanding enthralled them with the spirit and motivation to demand political justice for themselves through implementation of democratic principles. It was observed that the government adopted discriminatory attitude and practiced violence against 'the protector generated righteous indignation and humanitarian concerns among progressive local population' (Charles, 2002), this further ignited their cause for the democratic reforms in the country. During 1980s a blood massacre took place at Kwangju which transformed the spirit and the practices launched for the implementation of the democratic reforms, the massacre 'radicalized and cross-fertilized the labor, student, church, and women's movements against military rule' (Charles, 2002). After the massacre the local population approved the radical Minjung ideology which demanded a rapid transition to the democratic…
Jeong Lim Nam. Gender Politics in the Korean Transition to Democracy. Korean Studies. University of Hawaii Press. 2000
Arifah Rahmawati, Najib Azca. Police Reform from Below: Examples from Indonesia's Transition to Democracy. Center for Security and Peace Studies, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia. 2005
Dr. Salahuddin Aminuzzaman. A Regional Overview Report on National Integrity Systems in South Asia. Department of Development Studies University of Dhaka Bangladesh. 2004
David Martin Jones. Democratization, Civil Society and the Pacific Asian Nouveaux Riches. Polity Press. 1997
British Empire in the 1950's
In the aftermath of the Second World War the British Empire was began to disintegrate with a number of colonies engaging in conflicts aimed at driving the British out and gaining their independence. In response to these uprisings, the British used a variety of strategies with a varying amount of success. The outcome of these "small wars" in colonies such as Kenya, Aden, Cyprus, and Borneo depended upon how the British operated in that particular area and their individual response to the uprisings. In short, each conflict was unique, contained unique circumstances, and therefore required a unique response on the part of the British.
The British operated their colony in Kenya as a place to resettle British citizens in the lush farmland formerly owned by the native Kenyans. As a result, when the native Kikuyu tribe revolted, the British used the revolt as a means…
Carver, Michael. 1981. War Since 1945. New York: Putnam.
Goktepe, Cihat. 2003. British Foreign Policy Towards Turkey, 1959-1965. London:
Frank Cass Publishers.
Walker, Jonathon. 2011. "Red Wolves and British Lions: The Conflict in Aden." In
1) Cemex is an acquisition specialist. They perform best with FDI when they have control over the company and can make the changes they need to improve it. Cemex derives value from buying companies and improving them. This is the internalization theory. Cemex feels that the benefits from taking control are worth the expense. They do not wish to risk technology transfer; they wish to have strict control over manufacturing and marketing, and they believe that with an undifferentiated product their competitive advantage is in their managerial expertise, something they do not wish to transfer to any foreign company.
2) To the host economy, Cemex brings a more efficient cement firm. They improve the construction business and its capacity. This in turn lowers the cost of construction and helps create jobs. Potential drawbacks to Cemex's investment in an economy are that they teach competitors how to better perform. These competitors…
Imagine studying about Starbucks. They are known for their coffee that they import from other parts of the world. Since they are a multinational enterprise, they have stores all over the world, which brings in for them a number of customers who come and enjoy their products on a regular basis. This organization started back in the 1970s and has grown immensely since then. The business has high ethical standards and codes of conduct for the employees to adhere to when working for them. By examining Starbucks further, one is able to grasp how they function internally and externally.
Starbucks mission is to "inspire and nurture the human spirit-one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time" (Starbucks, 2011a). Their vision is to have the best coffee available for consumers by having it done through the highest quality possible, while maintaining ethics within the company (Starbucks, 2011a). However,…
Manize, N. (2011). Starbucks SWOT analysis and strategy-tactics . Retrieved June 13, 2011, from Real SWOT analysis: http://realswotanalysis.blogspot.com/2011/02/starbucks-SWOT-analysis-and-strategy.html.
Starbucks. (2011a). Starbucks company profile. Retrieved June 13, 2011, from Starbucks: http://assets.starbucks.com/assets/aboutuscompanyprofileq12011final13111.pdf .
Starbucks. (2011b). Our Starbucks mission statement. Retrieved June 13, 2011, from Starbucks: http://www.starbucks.com/about-us/company-information/mission-statement .
Starbucks. (2011c). Standards of business conduct. Retrieved June 13, 2011, from Starbucks: http://assets.starbucks.com/assets/sobc-english-2010.pdf .
First of all, the U.S. should "actively deter nations from "aspiring to a larger regional or global role." Second of all, preemptive force should be used to prevent countries from developing weapons of mass destruction and, third of all, the United States should "act alone if necessary." Clearly, all of these correlated ideas have been implementing in Iraq. Further more, all of ideas would be laid out in the founding statement of principles for the Project of the New American Century.
Evaluating what exactly the neoconservatives that have are now in the highest positions of the U.S. administration is a difficult and dangers job. Consternating the need for an objective evaluation, it is best to present all points-of-view. The least radical of these seems to be the one referring to its goal to promote the United States towards global leadership.
On the other hand, less moderate approaches see the Project…
1. Shank, Duane. September 2003. The project for a New American Empire. On the Internet at http://www.sojo.net/index.cfm?action=magazine.article&issue=soj0309&article=030911
2. Paul Wolfowitz - Highlights and Quotes. On the Internet at http://rightweb.irc-online.org/ind/wolfowitz/wolfowitz.php
3. Project for the New American Century. On the Internet at http://rightweb.irc-online.org/org/pnac.php
4. Harnden, Toby. March 2003. America's Dream for a New Middle East. News Telegraph. On the Internet at http://www.expat.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/03/18/wiplan18.xml
229). The John Howard government cemented the lesson as a "significant shift in our dealings with the South Pacific," (quoted in McDougall and Sherman, p. 178) and as a result Australia now effectively reserves the right to step in to maintain (or restore) the rule of law throughout the region.
If anything, Australia's relationship to Papua New Guinea is stronger than its interest in the Solomon Islands (Wainwright 2003, p. 26), given its colonial history there. Somewhat more recently, Australia provided tacit material support for Papua's invasion of the breakaway Bougainville faction (McMillan 1997, p. 8) before the Sandline mercenary scandal and ensuing general strike made policy makers rethink their role in the affair and, by extension, the nightmare prospect of a true state failure in the region:
In today's globalized world, the failure of [a] modern nation state would not simply mean that its people would revert to the…
Anthony, MC, 2005, Regional security in Southeast Asia: beyond the ASEAN way, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies: Singapore.
Checchi, F, Elder, G, Schafer, M, Drouhin, E, & Legros, D, Jul 5, 2003, "Consequences of armed conflict for an ethnic Karen population, "The Lancet, vol. 362, pp. 74-5.
Cheesman, N, 2002, "Seeing 'Karen' in the union of Myanmar," Asian Ethnicity, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 199-220.
Dixon, G, Gene, M, & Walter, N, 2008, Joint review of the enhanced cooperation program (ECP), Governments of Australia & Papua New Guinea: Canberra & Port Moresby, viewed 30 March, 2010, http://www.ausaid.gov.au/publications/pdf/ecp_final_report2008.pdf.
Some of these factors enhance the ability to detect geothermal activity in an area, while others impede it. he presence of these factors must be taken into consideration as they relate to the specific area being surveyed. A complete study of these factors and their potential affects on the ability to use remote sensing techniques will have to be explored in order to understand how they affect the use of satellite for remote sensing in Malawi.
he use of thermal infrared (IR) data from ASER spaceborne instrumentation was used successfully to detect surface temperature anomalies in the Coso geothermal field in eastern California (Eneva, Coolbaugh, & Bjornstad et al., 2007, pp. 335). One of the key difficulties that was found in the use of IR data from ASER is that thermal inertia from different types of vegetative matter can make true geothermal anomalies difficult to identify using spaceborne data alone…
Taylor, M. 2007. The State of Geothermal Technology. Part I: Subsurface Technology. Geothermal Energy Association. November 2007, pp. 1-80. Available from: http://www.geo-energy.org/reports/Geothermal%20Technology%20Part%20I%20-%20Subsurface%20Technology%20%28Nov%202007%29.pdf
Urai, M., Muraoka, H. & Nasution, a. 2002. Satellite remote sensing data and their interpretations for geothermal applications: A case study on the Ngada District, central Flores, Indonesia. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan. 53(2/3), pp. 99-108.
Vaughn, R., Calvin, W, & Taranik, J. 2003. SEBASS hyperpsectral thermal infrared data surface emissivity measurement and mineral mapping. Remote Sensing of Environment. 83, pp. 48-63.