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Inspirational Ceremonial Speech
Dear Graduates, Today, as your professors, friends, and family members stand before you, we are looking at the future: a future that is filled with hope. You, sitting in your chairs, dressed in blue caps and gowns, are a sea of hope. Each one of you as an individual as well as all of you together as a class, offer the world around you hope. Aristotle, one of the world's greatest philosophers, said that "hope is a waking dream." Hope is not a useless virtue reserved for the dreamer picking daisies in a field. No, hope is a sign of life and great wisdom. It was Ralph Waldo Emerson who noticed that "we judge man's wisdom by his hope." It is wise to put our hopes in things that are proven and substantial. We place our hope in you because you have demonstrated your character through the…
learned the importance of personal integrity, such as deciding for yourself what is genuinely right and honorable and knowing when to ignore the biases and opinions of others, especially when those opinions conflict with doing what one knows is right. Dr. Feynman was a man of extremely varied interests who frequented a particular burlesque club while at Cal Tech, often using the dancers there as inspiration for his amateur artistic drawings. When the club was prosecuted for lewdness by the city, none of its hundreds of regular patrons would agree to testify in court on behalf of the establishment because of their embarrassment, except for one: Dr. Feynman. ronically, he was also the patron with the greatest potential personal risk to his professional reputation but he believed that the establishment had done nothing wrong so he agreed to testify on its behalf.
During the Rogers Commission investigation of the Challenger…
In reading about Dr. Feynman, I discovered that in addition to his numerous accomplishments in his field of physics, he also authored numerous books that had nothing to do with physics. They were tremendously influential in my life. In particular, I read Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman, The Pleasure of Finding Things Out, and What Do You Care What They Think?, the latter titled as a reference to a lesson that the author learned from his first wife who died prematurely in 1945 from tuberculosis. While at Los Alamos, he regularly drove back and forth to Albuquerque to spend as much time as possible with her before her death.
Dr. Feynman's writing taught me several important lessons that have become important themes in my life. I learned the importance of personal integrity, such as deciding for yourself what is genuinely right and honorable and knowing when to ignore the biases and opinions of others, especially when those opinions conflict with doing what one knows is right. Dr. Feynman was a man of extremely varied interests who frequented a particular burlesque club while at Cal Tech, often using the dancers there as inspiration for his amateur artistic drawings. When the club was prosecuted for lewdness by the city, none of its hundreds of regular patrons would agree to testify in court on behalf of the establishment because of their embarrassment, except for one: Dr. Feynman. Ironically, he was also the patron with the greatest potential personal risk to his professional reputation but he believed that the establishment had done nothing wrong so he agreed to testify on its behalf.
During the Rogers Commission investigation of the Challenger disaster, it was Dr. Feynman who practically single-handedly identified the sources of the problems that lead to the explosion of the Space Shuttle. He recognized that NASA administrators and executives at Morton Thiokol had been irresponsible in emphasizing cost savings and public relations over mission safety and he forced the commission to consider issues of negligence that several members of that commission were strongly opposed to acknowledging out of concern for the political consequences. In his characteristic way of illustrating complex concepts simply, he asked for the microphone during a televised press conference, held up a small piece of o-ring rubber up in front of a national media audience, and showed how soft and flexible it was. Then, he plunged it into his pitcher of ice water, removed it, and demonstrated how easily it broke in half when flexed. It was that demonstration that proved that NASA and Morton Thiokol caused the Challenger loss by insisting on a launch in weather that their data suggested was outside the known safety margins for a launch. But for his persistence, courage, and his impromptu demonstration, the nation might never have known what cause the loss of the Space Shuttle Challenger.
Schultz is the inspirational leader for Starbucks, and as such is a critical element in creating the company's attitudes, beliefs, behaviors and motivations. It was Schultz who created the company in the first place, and this gives him a tremendous amount of credibility with anybody who works there. There is no person who has contributed more to the success of the company, and this is something that is recognized within the company and externally as well, so in part working for Starbucks implies that one buys into Schultz's vision for the company.
That vision includes making Starbucks a great place to work, with a positive attitude. Schultz wanted Starbucks to have great people working on the front lines in order to create a superior customer experience, as he feels that this will drive the repeat business that is so critical to the company's success. Moreover, the superior service from the…
2011 Starbucks Annual Report. Retrieved June 19, 2012 from http://investor.starbucks.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=99518&p=irol-reportsannual
Business Week. (2012). Executive profile: Howard Schultz. Business Week. Retrieved June 19, 2012 from http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=194300&ticker=SBUX:U.S .
Meyers, W. (2005). Conscience in a cup of coffee. U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved June 19, 2012 from http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/051031/31schultz.htm
Fictional Case Study
Detailed change plan
The case study provides an example for assessment of an organization's culture, leadership style, and operations. The recommendations of assessment are implemented through a change management plan. The change management plan presented below is based on the theoretic framework of transformational leadership theory. The model provides a reliable source for inspirational role of leadership and managing the organization through reliable techniques (Cameron, & Green, 2012).
The present state of an organization is relevant for understanding the culture and its performance. It also reveals the operating environment and employee's perception. The situation analysis in an organization can be performed through various methods. esearch techniques are applied to understand the situation in most cases. Interviews, focus groups, and survey are also widely adopted techniques. The enterprise in our case has deployed an internal survey to understand the organizational culture, current…
Anderson, L.A., & Anderson, D. (2010). The change leader's roadmap: How to navigate your organization's transformation. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (Eds.). (2013). Transformational and Charismatic Leadership:: the Road Ahead. USA: Emerald Group Publishing.
Bestelmeyer, B., Brown, J., Densambuu, B., Havstad, K., Herrick, J., & Peinetti, H.R. (2013, April). State-and-transition models as guides for adaptive management: What are the needs?.In Meeting Proceedings (pp. 27-33).
Cameron, E., & Green, M. (2012). Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change.USA: Kogan Page.
Bob Hayes -- Sports Hero
One of my all-time inspirational heroes is Bob Hayes, known as the only athlete to win a gold medal in the Olympics and also a Super Bowl ring. Hayes as a young man with a great deal of athletic talent grew up in a segregated community in Jacksonville, Florida, but he went on to dazzle the world with his accomplishments. This paper details that rise to fame.
Bob Hayes struggled from childhood on to become what he knew he could become, and his career should serve as a positive role model for any young man caught in a socioeconomically underserved neighborhood with odds against him because of the color of his skin and because of racial stereotyping.
Bob Hayes' Life and Times
Hayes was born to Mary (Green) Hayes and George Sanders on the 20th day of December, 1942 in a ghetto on the east…
Gale Biography in Context. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from Biography in Context,
Web. (2013): pp. 1-2.
Pro-Football Hall of Fame. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from http://www.profootballhof.com
Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from Biography in Context (2013): pp. 1-3.
Harvey Milk: An Inspiring Story
A Man, a Leader, an Inspiration
Few men and women are remembered by history. In order to attain this highest of honors, an individual must be truly special, truly unique. Among those illustrious figures we now remember as persons who shaped this country are presidents, writers, and social activists, among many others belonging to many other categories. Yet the subject of this essay is a person belonging to the latter category enumerated above. This man, a gay rights activist by the name of Harvey Milk, is truly a unique individual who fought for a subject that would become ever-central to American discourse long before our society itself realized it. This individual was not only a fantastic person because he was ahead of his time-Milk was the first openly gay politician elected to office-but because of his ability to galvanize support for those…
"This is not my victory -- it's yours. If a gay man can win, it proves that there is hope for all minorities who are willing to fight."[footnoteRef:3] [3: PBS Staff. (2012). The Castro Resource Guide: Harvey Milk. PBS.org. Retrieved January 28, from .]
Milk's incredible ability to relate to other people, and never forget those who supported him are fantastic qualities that must be admired and that undoubtedly are to be revered, especially in the nursing field.
As seen from the discussion above, the commendable qualities of Harvey Milk were what has made him a great and inspirational individual. His fantastic personality and his ability to galvanize people despite many obstacles make him a true inspiration, and not just for individuals in the politics field. As this paper has discussed, Milk's character, especially his empathetic qualities, transcend boundaries and most certainly apply to the nursing field.
For any organization, the way they communicate to the audience will determine their influence on a host of issues. In the case of Amnesty International, the human rights group is dealing with a conflict of interest by having a former Guantanamo detainee (Moazzam Begg) working with them. This is troubling, because the radical Islamist views that Begg will frequently discuss are in direct conflict with the ideals of the group (i.e. human rights and equality). ("Amnesty International") To fully understand how this is taking place requires looking at the organization's web site. This will be accomplished by studying: their audience, the purpose, the context and visual cues of the typography. Together, these different elements will support the thesis statement of how the viewer is impacted by what they see and read.
The audience that the Amnesty International is trying to reach out to is individuals who…
"Amnesty International." Washington Examiner, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
"Amnesty International." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
"How You Can Help." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
"Maldives must investigate sexual harassment of detained women protesters." Amnesty International, 2012. Web. 28 Mar. 2012
It's been my experience that combining multiple forms of persuasion are the most effective. All of these forms of persuasion work best when they are presented in a positive context and quickly answering the "what's in it for me?" question for those being influenced. A large part of any successful influence effort is making the entire discussion positive, centered on those one is trying to influence. An example of deciding to go and visit relatives in Los Angeles is a case in point.
The majority of my family doesn't particularly like air travel with a few afraid of flying. Given the distance to Los Angeles, this made influencing them all the more challenging. Conversely, there are many attractions and things to do in Los Angeles and Orange County, and my entire family loves Disneyland. With a family friend attending UCLA and my aunt and uncle having moved there because…
Lionel is very comfortable speaking in public, unlike Bertie. He is disdainful of protocols and tradition, unlike Lionel. However, both men have assumed roles in their lives contrary to the expectations they were born with -- Bertie was not born to be king, yet he is given this status. Lionel assumes the manner and attitude of a man of a much higher class status because of his ability as a former (albeit, mediocre) actor and his desire to market himself as a speech therapist. Bertie calls Lionel a kind of 'pretender' because of Lionel's lack of formal qualifications, but gradually Bertie comes to evaluate Lionel's expertise based upon Lionel's demonstrated ability. Lionel similarly comes to respect Bertie despite his initial reservations about Bertie's class differences.
Q5. What you learned from this movie.
There is no such thing as a hopeless cause. Bertie was told he was hopeless as a speaker,…
Just this past April I was promoted to Head of the Standard and Criteria Development Office for the Department of Health and Medical Services (DOHMS) in xxx (location?
). In this capacity, I am expected to ably handle a variety of responsibilities including: Overseeing all aspects of standards development activities and quality activities in the Licensing and Specifications Department with all the private healthcare facilities in the area; leading and supporting the development of standards and criteria related to the healthcare practice; contributing to the development and on going review of DOHMS standards strategy and offering advice about current clinical practices, quality, safety, and service development; and keeping abreast of standard requirements and evidence and effectively communicating these to a variety of concerned individuals.
The reason for this promotion to the Head of the Standard and Criteria Development Office was because of my previous success as the Head of the…
Description of Industry
Gap, Inc. is one of the most leading American forte apparel retailers who foundation is centered in San Francisco, California. It trades things like the casual apparels, decorations, and other products that are personal for men, women and children. The merchandises of Gap, Inc. comprise of khakis, T-shirts, boxers, denim, casual wear, and others. The trade is done in the New York Stock Exchange which goes up under the symbol GPS. The brands that signified reasonable stylishness and just about everyone-from well-known celebrities to usual American families had a pair of Gap clothing somewhere in their closet. Many people had to have the latest pair of khakis or a cardigan from Gap. Gap, Inc. maintains an unusually large number of various brands, specifically Gap, Forth & Towne, Piperlime, Old Navy, banana republic, and others. All of these various businesses are purchased by a business in different…
Loham, Annette. "Gap Inc. 2010 Is the Turnaround Strategy Working." Long Beach: California State University, 2010.
Financial managers and CEO's play important roles in ensuring that organizations meet their specific goals. The skill levels for both positions are high and require a great deal of patience and experience. The purpose of this discussion is to determine whether being a financial manager is the best preparation for later becoming a CEO.
ole of the Financial Manager
According to the Bureau of Labor, financial managers must have a bachelor's degree in a field such as business administration, accounting, economics or finance. Although, as the business world becomes more competitive, organizations are requiring financial managers to have Master's degrees and a great deal of experience before they can become financial managers. The Bureau also explains that financial managers are vital to the success of any organization and their jobs involve supervising the preparation of financial reports, direct investment activities, and implement cash management strategies. As computers are increasingly used…
Campbell, M.W., Kowalski, R.B. Healthcare Financial Management Association Apr 2000
Financial Managers. 2004. Bureau of Labor and Statistics. http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos010.htm
Models of leadership and management
Comparison and contrast of leadership models
Application of leadership model: Case of Mark Zuckerberg
Table 1- Leadership Table
Leadership in public and private sector businesses is important for the growth of these businesses. Of late, many researchers have thoroughly investigated the role leadership in promoting businesses. Researchers have also tried to explore the common characteristics of global business leaders that have led their businesses to successful heights. Different models of effective leadership in corporations have also been drafted. One major aspect of leaders being explored in their ability to inspire people surrounding them and use this inspiration to achieve results that could be achieved without having complete trust of followers. While followers might be hard to make for a leader, and yet harder to retain, few researchers have put forth consolidated models of inspirational leaders that effectively make and retain followers.…
Brio, M.M. (2013). Think like Zuck: How Leadership diversity Sparks Innovation. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghanbiro/2013/01/27/think-like-zuck-how-leadership-diversity-sparks-innovation/ ]
Forbes. (2013). The World's Billionaires: Mark Zuckerberg. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ http://www.forbes.com/profile/mark-zuckerberg/ ]
Drucker, P.F. (2004). What makes an effective executive? Harvard Business Review, 58-63.
Goffee, R., & Jones, G. (2001). Why Should Anyone Be Led by You? IEEE Engineering Management Review, 29(1), 94-100.
For any project, the first step is to inspire people to want to work on the project. There are few more powerful motivators than inspiration. Inspiration breeds creativity, innovation, hard work, determination and other attributes that comprise the more functional elements of leadership. There are a number of different leadership styles, but the most important for getting a grand new project off the ground and building a committed team is inspirational leadership. Inspiration is the process by which the performance in people can be inspired, rather than coerced or motivated (Seidman, 2009). It is believed that inspirational leadership is the most powerful means of getting people into action.
Beyond leadership style, the plan need to be detailed, including areas of concern that may require back-up plans. Planning is essential -- the role of inspiration is to ensure that the people working on the plan give their best effort, and…
ChangingMinds.org. (2011). Servant leadership. ChangingMinds.org. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/servant_leadership.htm
Cherry, K. (2011). Transformational leadership. About.com. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm
Greenleaf, R. (1970). What is servant leadership? Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://www.greenleaf.org/whatissl/index.html
Seidman, D. (2009). The importance of inspirational leadership. Fast Company. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://www.fastcompany.com/blog/dov-seidman/how-why-how-we-do-anything-means-everything/importance-inspirational-leadership
The leadership style at McDonald's relies on the three legs of the stool. For the most part, the innovation and vision part of the leadership process is with McDonald's head office, while the more autocratic style comes through the suppliers and the owner/operators, whose job it is to undertake the actions that will allow the company to implement strategy. The company has its own leadership school that helps to ensure all senior managers -- and many lower-level managers as well -- are trained in the leadership functions. Thus, there is a high level of congruence between the leadership training that different McDonald's leaders receive. This allows for the managers to work together better, but it also facilitates management at McDonald's all adhering to the same culture, and the same values.
McDonald's is a pioneer in control. The company believes strongly in measurement as a means of helping to…
Burrows, P., Grover, R., & Green, H. (2006). Steve Job's Magic Kingdom. New York. Business Week, February 6, 2006, Issue 3970,-page 62, retrieved on November 10, 2010 at: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_06/b3970001.htm
David, Leonard. (2010). Commentary: The Last Pitchamn. Business Week online, June 10, 2010, retrieved November 10, 2010, at: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/10_25/b4183004440240.htm
Koehn, Nancy F.. Fortune, 11/23/2009, Vol. 160 Issue 10, p110-114. Retrieved on June 1, 2012, at: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=1&hid=107&sid=538e793e-0fab-49ae-8e00-a24024452940%40sessionmgr113&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=bth&an=45693823
Wilson, J. (2010). Wanted: inspirational leaders. Business Week. Retrieved June 1, 2012 from http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/mar2010/ca2010039_438836.htm
Furthermore, there are a number of similarities and overlaps between such leadership theories that do not prevent their being characterized as transformational in nature. For example, "Most leaders behave in both transactional and transformational ways in different intensities and amounts; this is not an entirely either-or differentiation" (Miner, 2002 p. 743).
One of the more interesting issues to emerge from the research is the need for transformational leaders to teach what they know to others. Certainly, it would be reasonable to assume that most leaders got where they are by virtue of some innate skill or ability within an organization, and while it would likely be easier - and faster -- for them to simply do some things themselves, teaching others how to become effective leaders in their own right is a fundamental responsibility and effective leaders and serves to differentiate a truly transformational leader from others leadership styles: "True…
Apple. (2007). Yahoo! Business. [Online]. Available: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=AAPL
Avolio, B.J., & Bass, B.M. (2002). Developing potential across a full range of leadership: Cases on transactional and transformational leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Transformational leadership: Industrial, military, and educational impact. (1998). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
ethical leadership course; it compares and contrasts the pseudo transformational leaders from authentic transformational leaders. Authentic transformational has four constituent; influence idealized, inspirational motivation, individualized considerations and intellectual stimulation which are contrasted in the imitation in their pseudotransformational leadership dissembling derived from ethical values existing in their leaders' program, vision and articulation which can be rejected or embraced by the followers.
Manipulative, deceptive and more relevant behaviors which are devious are being attributed by critics to leaders who are transformational, pseudo transformational or authentic. According to Bailey (1988) and Martin and Sims (1956) they take their stand that in order to succeed the entire leaders must be manipulative. However it is the leaders of pseudo transformational who are manipulative and deceptive. Authentic transformational leaders sometimes are manipulative for what they criticize to be the common good, while manipulative is a practice of regular pseudo transformation leaders and infrequent practice of…
Bass, B.M. (1989) The two faces of charisma. LEADERS, 12(4), 44-45.
Howell, J.M. & Avolio, B.J. ( 1992) The ethics of charismatic leadership: Submission or liberation? Academy of Management
Executive, 6(2), 43-54.
Martin, N.H. & Sims, J.H. (1956) Thinking ahead: Power tactics. Harvard Business Review, 36(6), 25-36, 140
Leadership Training and Its elationship to Communication Skills, Self-Esteem, and Problem Solving Skills among Youth
Transformational leadership remains a critical phenomenon as described through behavioral components such as inspirational motivation, idealized influence, individualized consideration, and intellectual stimulation. Idealized influence is the first element and is reflected based on the conceptualization by transformational leaders who behave in a manner that allows them appear as role models among their followers. Such individuals are respected, trusted, and admired (Olive, Gottfried, Guerin, Gottfried & eichard, 2011). Followers relate with the leaders with the aim of emulating them.
Children's attachment style is normally attributed to parental factors or parenting style. Attachment styles are well formed at early ages even though they are predictive of outcomes for future leadership. Early life shows that bonds developed by infants with caregivers vary between from an insecure to secure attachment styles. The relationship identifies diverse infant attachment styles which…
Day, D.V. (2011) Integrative perspectives on longitudinal investigations of leader development: From childhood through adulthood. The Leadership Quarterly 22-561 -- 571.
Gottfried, A.E., Gottfried, A.W., Reichard, R.J., Guerin, D.W., Oliver, P.H., & Riggio, R.E. (2011). Motivational roots of leadership: A longitudinal study from childhood through adulthood. The Leadership Quarterly, 22(3), 510 -- 519.
Mortensen, J., Lichty, L., Foster-Fishman, P., & Warsinske, K. (2014). Leadership through a Youth Lens: Understanding Youth Conceptualizations of Leadership. Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 4, 447 -- 462
Murphy, S.E., & Johnson, S.K. (2011) The benefits of a long-lens approach to leader development: Understanding the seeds of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly 22. 459 -- 470.
The ability to help a person or a patient is often a complex affair that involves care on a much deeper level than simply treating symptoms. "Overcoming" is a concept that was chosen by the authors; this concept is multifaceted and includes many different aspects, but can be thought as roughly being able to overcome a personal challenge to meet a desired outcome (Brush, Kirk, Gultekin, & Baiardi, 2011). The concept of overcoming is interesting to me and I feel that I have had overcome many things in my life; although these challenges were on a different scale than the case studies provided. However, understanding what it takes to "overcome" could be a valuable concept to many people.
The significance of the concept in the profession can be largely thought of in terms of expanding the lexicon to include terms that might be more relevant…
Brush, B., Kirk, K., Gultekin, L., & Baiardi, J. (2011). Overcoming: A Concept Analysisnuf_227 160..168. Nursing Forum, 160-168.
Freire, P., Soares, A., Nakayama, M., & Spanhol, F. (2010). Succession Process in a Family Business: Knowledge Management Overcoming Resistence to Organizational Changes. Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, 713-736.
Levatino, A., & Pecoud, A. (2012). Overcoming the Ethical Dilemmas of Skilled Migration? An Analysis of International Narratives on the "Brain Drain." The American Behavioral Scientist, 1258-1267.
Walker, I., & Avant, K. (2005). Strategies for Theory Construction in Nursing. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.
The long-range impact of educational leadership is to empower others in the school community to nurture their talents and abilities and make them leaders in their own capacities. To realize this, the leader needs to adopt the transformational leadership framework, which requires them to be an intellectual stimulator, inspirational motivator, mentor, and coach. The process of leadership incorporates several leadership strategies including direction-setting, developing people, mentoring and coaching, and developing leadership programs. There is a need for continuous learning to enhancing the leader’s handling of people from diverse cultures, religion, and nationalities. The intermediate aim of the leader is to help followers realize their maximum potential.
Educational Leadership Philosophy
Strong educational leadership is a crucial determinant of effective student learning. On the basis of strong leadership, a struggling school can transform and a great one empowered to thrive even more. According to a report by the Wallace Foundation, educational…
Cambridge Assessment International Education (2017). Educational Leadership. Cambridge Assessment International Education. Retrieved from https://www.cambridgeinternational.org/Images/271192-educational-leadership.pdf
Leithwood, K., Louis, K., Anderson, L., & Wahlstrom, K. (2004). Review of Research: How Leadership Influences Student Learning. The Wallace Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.wallacefoundation.org/knowledge-center/Documents/How-Leadership-Influences-Student-Learning.pdf
Martin, B., Cashel, C., Wagstaff, M., & Breunig, M. (2006). Outdoor Leadership: Theory and Practice. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Spears, U. (2012). Coaching Leadership Families: Using the Leadership Family Model to Coach, Mentor, and Multiply Health Families. New York, NY: Xlibris Corporation.
Google and their rule of 20% which states one day a week, or 20% of any developers' time can be invested in projects they find innately interesting is now responsible for over 50% of their products and a very low turnover of Gen Yers in their workforce (Christensen, Anthony, Berstell, Nitterhouse, 2007). Clearly the University of Chicago graduate wants to go to Google as a result, and this scenario plays out in high tech companies globally all the time, as managers fail to realize the unmet needs of Gen Yers in their companies.
Gen Xers on the other hand are less likely to move from a job purely based on an imbalance of the Herzberg motivation-hygiene model (2003). In effect these unmet needs Gen Yers have only exacerbate the generation gap between themselves and their managers. Ironically managers who have Gen Yers in their work teams reporting to them often…
Alch, M.L. (2000, February). Get ready for the net generation. Training & Development, 54(2), 32-34.
Allen, P. (2004, September). Welcoming Y. Benefits Canada, 28(9), 51-53.
Arsenault, P.M. (2004). Validating generational differences: A legitimate diversity and leadership issue. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(2), 124- 141.
Karen Auby (2008, August). A BOOMER'S GUIDE to COMMUNICATING WITH GEN X and GEN Y. Business Week,(4097), 63-64.
Life is a rollercoaster which offers both ups and downs, and one must learn how to handle both. In this sense, the lines "If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster / and treat those two impostors just the same" (Kipling: lines 11-12) support the idea that one must be ready for both success and failure. Triumph and Disaster are two nouns that are written in capital letters in order to have deeper meaning and to resonate with the audience; the two words become the names of the "impostors" that everyone is faced with at some point. Here, "impostors" is a metaphor for the deceitful appearances that certain events can have. Consequently, it is safe to assume Kipling's intention here is to blur the line between failure and success in the sense that Triumph and Disaster are presented as two impostors which often switch places, or simply change their appearance,…
Although reflecting Victorian values - more precisely, fatherly advice during the Victorian era
If" is as relevant today as ever because the core of morality is not altered by the passing of time; what Kipling wrote as the expression of his personal philosophy can be extended and still applied today.
Kipling, Rudyard. "If http://www.swarthmore.edu/~apreset1/docs/if.html
Use of Transformational Leadership Traits in Emergency Service Oversight
In the context of emergency service oversight, each of the four components of transformational leadership are critical in that each much be orchestrated with the other to ensure accurate, responsive and thorough support. The emergency service oversight areas of training and development, leadership and measuring results, all must resonate with these core values if employees and associates are to see value in their contributions. In emergency oversight, employees must see value in their contribution and take a very high level of task ownership in their jobs. They must be led to have an extremely high level of accountability and pride in performance. Only by combining the aspects of transformational leadership can the foundation be created to provide these employees with the opportunity to attain their own personal goals while delivering exceptional service to others. As the emergency service aspects of performance…
Millissa F.Y. Cheung, & Chi-Sum Wong. (2011). Transformational leadership, leader support, and employee creativity. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(7), 656-672.
Brian T. Gregory, K. Nathan Moates, & Sean T. Gregory. (2011). An exploration of perspective taking as an antecedent of transformational leadership behavior. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(8), 807-816.
Northouse, E.G. (2009). Leadership, theory and practice. Sage Publications, Inc. pp. 171 -- 201.
Jens Rowold. (2011). Relationship between leadership behaviors and performance. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(6), 628-647.
History has shown time and again that effective leadership can make the difference between success and failure in almost any type of setting. Indeed, truly effective leadership in the workplace can produce valuable outcomes that far outweigh the meager resources that were used to achieve them. While the importance of effective communication methods is a consistent theme in the organizational leadership literature, other factors have also been identified as contributing to successful team outcomes, including mutual respect, accountability and commitment. Although there are no "one-size-fits-all" approaches to effective team leadership, it is possible to identify what techniques, strategies and tactics have been shown to work under different circumstances to develop a set of best practices that can generally inform team leaders in their efforts to lead their teams in achieving organizational goals. To this end, this paper reviews the literature concerning the relevant theories, principles, roles, strategies, tactics and the…
Betts, S.C. & Santoro, M.D. (2007). Integrating leadership Theories and team research: a conceptual framework based on level of analysis and type of control. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communication and Conflict, 11(1), 1-3.
Clutterback, D. (2001, April). Linking Communication to Business Success: A Challenge for Communicators, International Association of Business Communicators. Retrieved from http://www.allbusiness.com/sector-54-professional-scientific/784539-1.html
Feiner, M. (2005). The Fiener Points of Leadership. Retrieved from http://www.feinerpoints.com/index2.php .
Hackman, J. (2002) Leading Teams. Boston, MA. Harvard Business School Press. Retrieved from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/archive/2996.html
Leadership is the ability of influencing individuals or groups for attainment of particular goals. It is the ability of managing interpersonal behaviour by motivating others. There are a number of approaches to leadership, but these can broadly be categorized as Behaviouristic theory, Traits theory, Charismatic theories of leadership and transformational leadership. For the purpose of this assignment, we have chosen transformational leadership approach.
The process of transforming and changing individuals is termed as transformational leadership. In simple terms, transformational leadership can be defined as the ability to make people improve, change and led. Transformational leadership involves assessment of subordinates' needs, motives and giving them due value. Thus, it can be said that a leader having characteristics of transformational leader has the ability to increase the performance of company by giving due value to the employees/subordinates. (Hesselbein and Cohen 1999)
Transformational leadership has four factors which are commonly named…
Hesselbein, Frances, and Paul M. Cohen. (1999). Leader to Leader. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Northouse, Peter G. (2001). Leadership Theory and Practice, second edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
This is not to say there are not challenges associated with rebuilding a community. Medoff & Sklar point to a number of challenges confirmed by other supporters of community based initiatives. Among the more common challenges faced by communities include allotting the time needed to plan, implement and evaluate a program, determining methods for including low income citizens in a beneficial way, dealing with conflicts that inherently exist among professionals involved in planning and addressing economics and politics associated with initiatives (Messinger 535). As Medoff & Sklar point out however, there is hope even in the worst case scenario. While the community rebuilding process may be a long one, in the end most initiatives will pay off for citizens and the public at large.
Streets of Hope is truly an inspirational work that lends support for community based initiatives in inner city communities. Medoff & Sklar offer urban inner…
Ewalt, Paul. L. The revitalization of impoverished communities. Social Work, 47(5):
Medoff, Peter and Sklar, Holly. Streets of Hope: The Fall and Rise of an Urban
Neighborhood. Boston: South End Press, 1994.
Leaders Can Effectively Manage Change in an Organization
It has often been said that a manager is what one does and a leader is who one is. The differences between management and leadership transcend difference sin perception of how an organization and emanate from how a management professional chooses to gain support and cooperation in the attainment of objectives. Managers often are given the task of maintaining the status quo and minimizing variation in performance over time. Leaders are by definition the visionaries of an organization that set a compelling long-term goal or objective and then orchestrate an enterprise to their achievement. Implicit in this definition of a leader is also the ability to discern strategies issues, opportunities and risks, and also clearly communicate an organizations' strategy to the departmental or work unit level. Most of all, a leader can infuse any organization with a strong sense of purpose, energy…
Antonakis, J., & House, R.J. (2002). The full-range leadership theory: The way forward. In B.J. Avolio & F.J. Yammarino (Eds.) Transformational and Charismatic Leadership, Volume 2, p. 3 -- 33. Boston: JAI Press.
Bromley, Howard R, M.D., M.B.A. & Kirschner-Bromley, V. 2007, "Are You a Transformational Leader?," Physician Executive, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 54-7.
Burke, C.S., Sims, D.E., Lazzara, E.H. & Salas, E. 2007, "Trust in leadership: A multi-level review and integration," Leadership Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 606.
Butler, C.J. 2005, The relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership behavior in construction industry leaders, University of Colorado at Boulder.
Organizational Motivation and Leadership in the Workplace
A globally well-known chain of the burger and rapid food dining establishments called McDonald's Company (NYSE: MCD) serves around 58 million consumers on a day-to-day basis. McDonald's Company likewise runs some well-known little chains of dining establishments like Pret A Manger, which was closed in 2008. This company was among the investors in Chipotle Mexican Grill up until the year 2006. Boston Market was led by MacDonald's up until the year 2007 (Kukreja, 2011).
Certain personnel management aspects are likewise added in this report. The significant ones are variety, training, advancement, discovering, and retention. No question these aspects are actually essential in the modern-day business world of 21st century however a fascinating analysis is that McDonald's has actually not connected these elements with sustainability (Kukreja, 2011).
There are differing ideas about sustainability technique within McDonald's. When seen from the viewpoint of…
Bartol, K., Martin, D., Tein, M., Matthews, G. (2001). Management: A Pacific Rim Focus," 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, Australia.
CPDL. (2004). Organisation & Management" Manual; 2004, University of Mauritius.
CPDL. (2005). Organisational Behaviour" Manual; 2005, University of Mauritius.
Kukreja, P. (2011). Employee Retention of McDonald's. Taken from: http://www.managementparadise.com/forums/human-resources-management-h-r/219372-employee-retention-mcdonald-s.html
Creating Organizational Value through the Integration of Information Technology: A Management Perspective
Change Management and the Construction of a eceptive Organization
Transformational and Participative Leadership
A Decentralized Organizational Culture
Effective Utilization of esources
Performance Monitoring Systems
isk Management and Support Strategies
When considering the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of business today, firms must stay at the cutting edge of their respective fields in order to sustain profitability in the long-term. With the current exponential growth of technology and the computerization of business and learning, consumers and investors have become much more connected to the businesses they patronize (Kurzweil, 2001). Accordingly, companies are faced with the continuous task of finding new ways to understand and subsequently accommodate the needs of those customers and shareholders, while simultaneously securing lucrative business models and job environments. In doing so, businesses must be able to efficiently integrate and utilize various sources of…
Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal, 7 (3), 266-275.
Anthony, S. (2010, May). Three Critical Innovation Lessons from Apple. Retrieved July 26, 2011, from http://hbr.org/anthony/2010/05/three_critical_innovation_less.html
Antonelli, C. (2000). Collective Knowledge Communication and Innovation: The Evidence of Technological Districts. Regional Studies, 34 (6), 535-547.
Ashkenas, R., Ulrich, D., Jick, T., & Bossidy, L. (2002). The Boundaryless Organization: Breaking the Chains of Organization Structure. United States: John Wiley and Sons.
eebok and Nike are athletic apparel companies with differing promotional strategies and marketing. They sell similar products, particularly sneakers and are known globally as companies that promote athletic lifestyles through their sporting goods. The footwear industry, for which Nike and eebok have their niche is a tough industry to not only market in, but also sustain profits. Both companies although different in their approach, have managed to create a brand that appeals to a wide and broad market. esearching their promotional strategies and company profiles, the differences and similarities become visible lending to possible analysis of both of the companies' strong and weak points.
eebok's promotional campaigns are different from Nike's. A good example of this is eebok's 2002 promotional campaign using a well-known Irish footballer as the central focus. The company timed its advertisements with the footballer before the beginning of the World Cup of that same year. His…
Chu, S., & Huang, S. (2010). College-Educated Youths' Attitudes toward Global Brands: Implications for Global Marketing Strategies. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 22(2), 129-145. Doi: 10.1080/08961530903476188
Joshi, A., & Hanssens, D. (2010). The Direct and Indirect Effects of Advertising Spending on Firm Value. Journal of Marketing, 74(1), 20-33. doi:10.1509/jmkg.74.1.20
Knight, G., & Greenberg, J. (2002). Promotionalism and Subpolitics: Nike and Its Labor Critics. Management Communication Quarterly, 15(4), 541-570. Retrieved from http://mcq.sagepub.com/content/15/4/541.short
Rajiv, S., Dutta, S., & Dhar, S.K. (2002). Asymmetric Store Positioning and Promotional Advertising Strategies: Theory and Evidence. Marketing Science, 21(1), 74-96.
Transformational and Transactional Leadership
The global market place that is today's business environment is highly competitive, and organizational survival is increasingly perceived as being dependent upon the efficiency and effectiveness of its leadership. Changes such as the online markets and workforce, alteration of ethical and legal issues, demographic and social trends (global 'graying' of the populace), technological advances and increased globalization mean that leaders of businesses must re-evaluate and alter their styles as necessary to bring about and maintain success. Competitive advantage is the predominant goal of most business strategies - how to sustain it once achieved, and how to achieve it in the first place. Thus, understanding the effect(s) of leadership, its role in an organization, and how leadership style impacts an organization is fundamentally important. As stated by Ekuma (2014) the manner in which a company is directed affects its internal and external ethics as well as the…
Braun, S., Peus, C., Weisweiler, S., & Frey, D. (2013). Transformational leadership, job satisfaction, and team performance: A multilevel mediation model of trust. The Leadership Quarterly, 270-283.
Derr, C. (2012). Ethics & Leadership. Journal of Leadership, 9(6).
Du, S., Swaen, V., Lindgreen, A., & Sen, S. (2013). The Roles of Leadership Styles in Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 155-169.
Ekuma, K. (2014). Transformational Leadership: Implications for Organizational Competitive Advantage. Macrothink Institute, 4(1), 276-281.
History of Modern Leadership Studies Since 1900
The evolution of modern leadership studies begins with the Great Man Theory, which originated in the 19th century and carried over into the 20th century. It came about as people looked at the world’s greatest leaders who stood out from the run of the mill individuals of their time and made a significant difference upon the course of human history. Individuals like George Washington, or Abraham Lincoln or Napoleon Bonaparte—they were seen as Great Men who were born with something special that made them into great leaders. The idea was promoted by Thomas Carlyle (1888) and other writers, such as Herbert Spencer (1896), who added his own twist on the theory by arguing that Great Men were as much products of their own day and age as anything else. Great Man Theory got the ball rolling in leadership studies, and out…
Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. The leadership quarterly, 16(3), 315-338. Badshah, S. (2012). Historical study of leadership theories. Journal of Strategic Human Resource Management, 1(1), 49.
Carlyle, T. (1888). On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History, NY: Fredrick A. Stokes & Brother.
Chaleff, I. (2015). Intelligent disobedience. ILA Member Connector.
DeRue, D. S. (2011). Adaptive leadership theory: Leading and following as a complex adaptive process. Research in organizational behavior, 31, 125-150.
Ghasabeh, M. S., Soosay, C., & Reaiche, C. (2015). The emerging role of transformational leadership. The Journal of Developing Areas, 49(6), 459-467.
Gibson, J. W., & Blackwell, C. W. (1999). Flying high with Herb Kelleher: a profile in charismatic leadership. Journal of leadership studies, 6(3-4), 120-137.
Katz, R. L. (1955). Skills of an effective administrator. Harvard Business Review, 33 (1), 33-42.
Lewin, K., Lippitt, R. & White, R.K. (1939). Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created social climates. Journal of Social Psychology 10: 271–301.
Contingency leadership theories are based on the view that the situation dictates the ideal leadership style -- and how much of that style can be learned or not is variable.
There are elements of leadership, however, that cannot be taught. In particular, the inspirational aspect of leadership is very difficult to teach. Leaders can reach their subjects in a number of different ways, using a wide range of triggers. While to a certain extent these ways can be identified through scientific study -- psychology and sociology in particular -- there is an element of relating to other people than is entirely inherent. Some leaders are simply born with better charisma and interpersonal skills than others. The former in particular is nearly impossible to teach -- those with charisma that makes others want to follow seldom can identify what it is they do that makes them so charismatic -- they simply…
"An older, more experienced teacher questions whether 15- to 17-year-old kids are really ready yet to handle Keating's brand of freedom. 'Gee, I never pegged you for a cynic,' says Keating. 'I'm not,' says the other teacher. 'I'm a realist.'… Although there's a carefully placed scene in which Keating tries to make the distinction between unfettered self-expression and self-destructive behavior, the principles behind the re-formation of the Dead Poets Society eventually lead to catastrophe. It becomes clear that at least some of the boys really aren't emotionally equipped to incorporate into their own lives the kind of freedom and nonconformism that Keating is selling" (Emerson 2010). The extremity of Neil's reaction shows the vulnerability of his unformed adolescent emotions and his inability to deal with his resistance to his father in a rational fashion.
However, for all of his faults, by the end of the film, Keating's students have clearly…
Dead Poet's Society. (1989). Directed by Peter Weir.
Emerson, Jim. (2010). Dead Poets Society. Retrieved February 13, 2010 at Screening room. http://cinepad.com/reviews/deadpoets.htm
Straker, David. (2010). Charismatic leadership. Changing Minds. Retrieved February 13, 2010 at http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/charismatic_leadership.htm
This, he says, is a big challenge considering the fact that all team members along with the top management come from different cultural backgrounds.
Polley and ibbens (1998) in their pioneering research assert that team wellness has got to be tackled in order to create high performance teams. The challenges that need to be over come have been thoroughly researched. The most commonly found problems are: lack of commitment and consideration from top management; probability of sharing enhanced productivity; creation and sustenance of trust (Polley and ibbens, 1998); and skills to deal with conflicts; both within tasks and amongst people (Amason et al., 1995).
Polley and ibbens (1998) assert that emergence of these problems can be either (1) persistent; and/or (2) immediate and/or intense. Extending the team wellness concept, Beech and Crane (1999) outlined a five dimensional strategy to overcome the problems most event managers might face when creating high…
Adair, J.E. And Thomas, N. (2004). The Concise Adair on Teambuilding and Motivation. Thorogood. London.
Amason, A.C., Thompson, K.R., Hochwarter, W.A. And Harrison, A.W. (1995). Conflict: an important dimension in successful management teams. Organizational Dynamics, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 20-35.
Argyris, C. (1976). Increasing leadership effectiveness. New York: Wiley.
Avolio, B.J., & Bass, B.M. (1995). Individual consideration viewed at multiple levels of analysis: A multi-level framework for examining the diffusion of transformational leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 6 (2), 199±218.
Again, he uses dialect that his fans can relate to instead of being concerned about 'proper English'. This is very effective at making the words identifiable to his audience. The more people can relate to what you are saying, the more likely they are to take it to heart and actually do what you are asking them to do: "It's time for us as a people to start makin' some changes." The most ironic thing about this song is the last few lines. I cannot help but wonder if 2 pac was having some kind of premonition when he wrote: "Cause I always got to worry 'bout the pay backs/some punk that I roughed up way back/comin' back after all these years/rat-tat-tat-tat-tat that's the way it is."
That may be the way it is, but to 2 pac, that did not mean things had to stay that way. "Keep Ya…
The ubiquity of online media has prompted the magazine to reduce its rate of print publications to 10 from 12 publications a year, and cut its print subscriptions in favor of digital advertising. This will also allow for greater segmentation, as it can more easily create "digital single topic editions, mobile applications, e-reader products and videos" of specific interest to segments of its core consumer base, and hopefully draw more advertisers who wish to target their publications online (Bell 2009). It can also feature general articles and condensed stories to suit the desire of readers still seeking the Reader's Digest compressed form that tells them 'everything they need to know.' Through the online website, searchers can select what stories interest them the most.
Industry environment (Porter's Five Forces)
Reader's Digest is currently in a medium with very low barriers to entry -- virtually anyone can start a blog about…
Bell, Lauren. (2009). Reader's Digest pulls back print, focuses on digital. DM. (Direct
Marketing). Retrieved October 11, 2009 at http://www.dmnews.com/Readers-Digest-pulls-back-print-focuses-on-digital/article/138808/
Historical Perspectives of the Reader's Digest. (2008). Focusing on Words. Retrieved October
11, 2009 at http://www.wordfocus.com/word-RD-intro.html
This is another circumstance, however, that is likely to limit the use of this text in management courses, which is truly a disservice to American industry and consumers. It is ironic that in living up to the principles of clarity and directness that it espouses, this tome will probably be read most by simple admirers of Powell and self-help fanatics, rather than put to extensive practical use in the real world.
Where the book might be lacking in a sense of academic rigor and obfuscation, it is hugely successful in its primary attempt to bring a sense of accountability and nobility back to leadership in this country. The United States has been somewhat short on inspirational and honest leaders in the past decade, and though this book is now seven years old it remains a testament to the type of mentality that apparently still exists even when it has faded…
y providing 'Role clarity' formalization eliminates the confusion pertaining to 'who does what' in an organization. Formalization also results in 'specialization of tasks'. Formalization is a process by which organizations try to standardize employee behavior. Larger organizations are generally more formalized due to greater manageability.
The downside of formalizing is well-known. If an organization wants to implement formalization it would be met with resistance. Managing employee resistance will be a big problem for managers who attempt to standardize work procedures. Employees in a formalized organization strictly perform the duties allotted to them and not more which causes a serious effect on the productivity. The lack of initiative by workers and the consequent loss of productivity and increased operating costs imply a loss of competitive advantage. Also, the one sided bureaucracy witnessed in a formal organization may in some instances lead to opportunistic behaviors by leaders resulting in misuse of power.…
1) Anita Hall, (March 2007), 'Influence: The Essence of Leadership', Retrieved Aug 17th 2009, from, http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/g1695/build/g1695.pdf
2) California State University, 'Influence Tactics', Retrieved Aug 17th 2009, from, [HIDDEN]
tactics are most likely to change followers' attitude?
3) Kotterman, James, (July 2006), 'Leadership vs. Management: What's the Difference?', Journal for Quality and Participation,
The four lanchard leadership styles include:
3) coaching; and 4) delegating. (Clawson, 1989)
2) House's Path Goal Theory of Leadership - the motivational function of the leader consists of increasing personal payoffs to subordinates for work-goal attainment and making the path to these payoffs easier to travel by clarifying it, reducing roadblocks and pitfalls, and increasing the opportunities for personal satisfaction en route. (Clawson,1989)
V. CHARISMATIC THEORY
Charismatic leadership is measured by: (1) Followers' trust in the correctness of the leader's belief; (2) similarity of followers' beliefs to the leader's beliefs; (3) unquestioning acceptance of the leader by followers; (4) followers' affection for the leader; (5) followers' willing obedience to the leader; (6) emotional involvement of followers in the mission of the organization; (7) heightened performance goals of followers; and (8) belief of followers that they are able to contribute to the success of the group's…
Liu, W., Lepak, D.P., Takeuchi, R., and Sims, H.P (2003) Matching Leadership Styles with Employment modes: Strategic Human Resource Management Perspective. Human Resource Management Review. 13 (2003).
Clawson, J.G. (1989) Leadership Theories. University of Virginia Darden School Foundation. Charlottesville, VA. Online SSRN Research.
Stodgills Handbook of Leadership (1981) revised Bernard M. Bass New York: The Free Press 1981.
Mintzberg, Henry (1973) Mintzberg's Ten Managerial Roles -the Nature of Managerial Work 1973.
The fact that Lysistrata's "came to power" by virtue of her own leadership abilities which were recognized and celebrated by their peers rather than having them thrust upon her from above is pointed out by Ober (1989), who reports, "The Athenians' demonstrated concern with native intelligence, their distrust of elite education, and their respect for the authority of the elders are parodied by Aristophanes, who mimics rhetorical topoi in the speech of Lysistrata, the female demagogue:
Listen to my words
I am a woman, but I'm smart enough
Indeed, my mind's not bad at all.
Having listened to my father's discourses
And those of the older men, I'm not ill educated. (Lysistrata 1123-27 quoted in Ober at 182)
Indeed, Lysistrata's leadership qualities were clearly demonstrated in her ability to organize the women of Athens to show the warring men of the city just who in fact had "the power" suggests…
Abusch, T. (2001). "The development and meaning of the epic of Gilgamesh: An interpretive essay." The Journal of the American Oriental Society, 121(4): 614.
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Brodie, Thomas L. Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, & Theological Commentary. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
DeLashmutt, Gary. (2007). "Genesis 1:1-2:4 -- the Beginning of Our World." Xenos Christian Fellowship. [Online]. Available: http://www.xenos.org/teachings/ot/genesis/ .
Charisma relies on the 'magical gift' that followers perceive in the leader while the truly transformational leader inspires, encourages, motivates, counsels, and takes the entirety of the individual into consideration providing a chance for independence, creativity, and growth both in the personal and professional life of the follower.
arbuto, J.E. (1997). Taking the charisma out of transformational leadership [Electronic version]. Journal of Social ehavior & Personality, 12, 689-697.
ass, ernard M., (1997) "Does the Transactional-Transformational Leadership Paradigm Transcend Organizational and National oundaries?," American Psychologist, 1997/February/52/2, 133
oyett, Joseph H. (2006) Transformational Leadership: The Highly Effective Leader/Follower Relationship. The Science of Leadership. Online available at http://www.jboyett.com/files/2 -- transformati.pdf
urns, James MacGregor (1978) Leadership, New York: Harper & Row, 1978.
Charisma (nd) the Free Dictionary Online available at http://www.thefreedictionary.com/charisma
Dawdy, Gwynne N. (2003) Studying the Various Concepts Associated with Transformational Leadership. Peak Strategies 2003. Online available at http://peakstrategies.net/transformational%20leadership.pdf
Deluga, R.J. (1990).…
Barbuto, J.E. (1997). Taking the charisma out of transformational leadership [Electronic version]. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 12, 689-697.
Bass, Bernard M., (1997) "Does the Transactional-Transformational Leadership Paradigm Transcend Organizational and National Boundaries?," American Psychologist, 1997/February/52/2, 133
Boyett, Joseph H. (2006) Transformational Leadership: The Highly Effective Leader/Follower Relationship. The Science of Leadership. Online available at http://www.jboyett.com/files/2 -- transformati.pdf
Burns, James MacGregor (1978) Leadership, New York: Harper & Row, 1978.
In basic terms, an individual's creative intelligence can be brought out using four primary styles. These styles include inspiration, innovation, imagination and intuition. In this text, I discuss the four styles of creative intelligence. In so doing, I bring out their key similarities and differences and look at how they impact on organizational decision making. Further, I highlight how mindsets and mental modes are influenced by the five forces while giving examples of how the decision making process might be limited by mental models and mindsets. Lastly, I discuss the most frequently used mindsets and mental modes which would ideally guide and influence the decisions I make at the workplace.
According to Weiten (2010), "creative intelligence involves the ability to generate new ideas and to be inventive in dealing with novel problems." When it comes to intuition, owe (2004) is of the opinion that the same mainly…
Rowe, A. (2004). Creative Intelligence: Discovering the Innovative Potential in Ourselves and Others. Pearson/Prentice Hall
Weiten, W. (2010). Psychology: Themes and variations. Cengage Learning
Wind, Y., & Crook, C. (2005). The power of impossible thinking: Transform the business of your life and the life of your business. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
These are the two most powerful factors that anchor the Force Field Model analysis of the enterprise software industry. With the driving and restraining forces in continual interaction and at times conflict, productivity shifts drastically across the continuums of industries based on the impact of driving and restraining forces (Paquin, Koplyay, 2007).
Cincom is being affected by the disruptive driving forces of CAPEX and OPEX most severely as competitors are quick to create a competitive advantage for themselves by seizing these areas and exploiting them in the market. CAPEX and OPEX are driving such a high rate of disruptive innovation and transformation change that it is in turn disrupting cultures of companies and reordering stakeholder dynamics as well (Koslowski, Struker, 2011). The political and technological forces are also driven by these economic ones, with the restraining forces of the Force Field Model applied to enterprise software being led by CIOs…
Armenakis, a.A. & Harris, S.G. 2002, "Crafting a change message to create transformational readiness," Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 169-183.
Boga, I. & Ensari, N. 2009, "The Role of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change on Perceived Organizational Success," the Psychologist Manager Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 235.
Bordum, a. 2010, "The strategic balance in a change management perspective," Society and Business Review, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 245-258.
Brown, a.D. 1994, "Transformational leadership in tackling change," Journal of General Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1-1.
Her story is unusual first because she was such a rebel in her conservative family, and second because her life in China shows how difficult it is to be a woman, even today to an extent, in many foreign countries. She simply was not given the same opportunities as men, and even other Chinese women were. If she had stayed in the States, it would not have been easy, because Chinese-American journalists were not common, either, and then the war broke out, and Asians, especially Japanese, faced heavy persecution in America. However, it is hard to believe that her life would have been as difficult, or as short as it was because of her marriage, and it still seems odd that she threw away her education and her strong desire to succeed for a man.
Flora Belle's story is unique because she was so rebellious at a time when most…
Yung, Judy. "The Life and Times of Flora Belle Jan."
Spirit of Work
It is difficult being, at worst, a pessimist and, at best, a realist. One not only feels guilty about complaining and seeing the glass half full, but also disappointed and angry about the way things exist. These are the personal feelings evoked when reading "The Spirit of Work" by Lance Secretan in Imagine - What America Could be in the 21st Century by Marianne Willamson. As a point in clarification, it is not what Secretan says about daily life that is troublesome. Unfortunately, he paints the situation very clearly as it exists with most people today. There are a great deal of very psychologically unhappy and emotionally frustrated people in Western society. ather, it is difficult to accept Secretan's belief that there are and will be individuals who step up to the plate as spiritual leaders in businesses throughout the country to resolve this situation. Surely there…
'40% of workers intend to change jobs." Manchester Online. Retrieved 30 November
"Managers Not Trained to Effectively Manage Workers in New Economy." Business Wire. November 30, 2004. Retrieved 30 November 2004.
Passionate Teacher: A Practical Guide by obert Fried describes how one might go about the process of passionate teaching. Included in this informative guide is an explanation of passionate teaching, the context in which passionate teaching can occur, a description of the obstacles educators face, creating passion in students and an analysis of curriculum.
The author, obert Fried, suggests that despite multiple barriers to passionate teaching all teachers can adopt practices that engage passion among themselves, other educators and learners. Passion according to the author, is not something that an educator must be born with, but rather is something that all educators can learn and pass on to their students and family members. These ideas are explored below.
There are several points that Fried attempts to make throughout The Passionate Teacher. Fried most concerns himself with inspiring teachers and getting out the message that all teachers can learn to become…
Diamond, J. (2005). "The Passionate Teacher -- A Review." Redbridge RE Network, 15
October 2005: http://www.redbridgerenet.co.uk/reviews/passionateteacher.html
Fried, R.L. (2001). "The Passionate Teacher: A Practical Guide." Boston: Beacon Press.
It was likely no accident that Vancouver was chosen as the site of the Globe '90 Conference. The enunciation of such bold guiding principles should of necessity take place in the heart of a region well-known for its environmental treasures. British Columbia's offerings accord with statements of previous tourism conferences in other places. The 1989 conference at The Hague could have had Vancouver Area Tourism in mind when it proclaimed that an, "unspoilt natural, cultural and human environment [was] a fundamental condition for the development of tourism." (Laws, Faulkner & Moscardo, 1998, p. 206)
In British Columbia, eco-tourism is seen as away of bringing together competing interests, not only human and natural, but also human vs. human. f interest to many visitors to the Vancouver Area are the many Aboriginal communities to be found amid the natural landscape. Tourists, who are attracted by the idea of visiting Native villages,…
Over the past decade, a determined assortment of community activists and design professionals has persuaded the City of Vancouver to act on its oft-stated commitment to urban sustainability. The issue that provided the immediate catalyst was Southeast False Creek -- a blighted patch of former industrial land that represented one of the last major redevelopment opportunities in the city core. Initially, there were fears that Southeast False Creek was destined for the usual big developer, upscale condo approach to urban renewal. But pressure by activists led to the city hiring Sebastian Moffat and his colleagues in the Sheltair Group, a small Vancouver consulting company, to report on how to go about planning a truly sustainable community. (Alexander, 2000, p. 10)
The redevelopment of Southeast False Creek reveals the typical approach of salvaging the best of the past, and bringing that past into intimate and tangible contact with a forward-looking urban scheme. Tourists visiting such an area can feel that they are taking in some of the Region's history while still having access to the latest in modern amenities, and while still being in the heart of Vancouver. The location of Southeast False Creek takes advantage, as well, of Vancouver's beautiful natural situation:
Southeast False Creek has a lot going for it as a potential redevelopment site: it is quite large for an inner-city site (creating opportunities for a healthy mix of land uses and innovative community design) and
Transformation leadership is 'authentic' leadership which "builds genuine trust between leaders and followers." Furthermore transformational leadership "concentrates on terminal values such as integrity and fairness. They see the responsibility for their organization's development and impact on society." (Ibid)
Homig and MacGregor in the work entitled:" Transformational Leadership" state that the following ten 'tenets' are inclusive in the transformational leader's style of leading:
1. Leaders have high moral and ethical values.
2. Leaders express genuine interest in followers.
3. Leaders have an inspirational vision.
4. Genuine trust exists between leaders and led.
5. Followers share leader's values and vision.
6. Leaders and followers perform beyond self-interest.
7. Participatory decision-making is the rule.
8. Innovative thinking and action is expected.
9. Motivation is to do the right thing.
10. Leaders mentor. (nd)
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
While all of these theories were valid at some time or in relation to some…
Creating Futures (nd) Online available at http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:k13BWFbu_wIJ:u wfoundation.org/newsletter/June2005/43565Camp NewsletterFI NAL.pdf+Jeffrey+H.+Brotman,+Leadership&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=9
Costco Wholesale Investor Relations (2006) Online http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=83830&p=irol-govBio&ID=13292
Employee Motivation, the Organizational Environment and Productivity (2006) Section 2: Basic Approaches Used to Improve Productivity. Accel Team Online available at http://www.accel-team.com/human_relations/hrels_03_mcgregor.html
Costco -5th Largest Retailer in U.S. And 11th Largest in the World (2006) http://www.customer-service.com/newsletter/126E.aspx
The first of the four styles of creative intelligence is intuition. Intuition focuses on results and relies greatly on the past experience of the individual or organization in order to guide future decisions that are made. Educators always give consideration to the importance of the past since it is a common belief that mistakes can be avoided simply by taking into consideration the history of the action. From the perspective of the business, every business organization needs to take into account the different patterns that arise and to exercise caution at all times. Through strategic planning, the organization will be able to prepare for all scenarios by forecasting any possible outcomes owe, 2004.
Some of the largest mistakes that are made are as a result of dependence on past results, but so are the biggest successes.
For those individuals who possess the ability to use their own…
Clarke, N. (2006). Developing emotional intelligence through workplace learning: findings from a case study in healthcare. Human Resource Development International, 9(4), 447-465.
Rowe, A. (2004). Creative Intelligence: Discovering the Innovative Potential in Ourselves and Others. Boston: Pearson Education
Wind, Y., Crook, C., & Gunther, R. (2005). The Power of Impossible Thinking. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Wharton School Publishing.
Defining an Ethical Leader
Jeffrey Immelt, General Electric
The nature of leadership is multifaceted and often requires the continual mastery of new skills, insights, intelligence and perspectives to stay effective over the long-term. Such is the nature of ethical leadership, which requires a steadfast focus on a core set of ethical principles and values that guide a leader's judgment, ensuring consistency over the long-term. These are also the fundamental aspects of any leader's long-term credibility as well, and their ability to transform their enterprises over the long-term as well (John, 2005). Ethical leaders often resonate with credibility and the willingness to also change quickly in response to the needs of their organizations, employees, stakeholders and customers.
The purpose of this analysis is to define what an ethical leader is, how managers can progress to being more ethical in their leadership style, and how Jeff Immelt, CEO of general Electric,…
Crainer, S. (2009). From Edison to Immelt: The GE Way. Business Strategy Review, 20(3), 18-22.
Gonzalez, T.F., & Guillen, M. (2002). Leadership ethical dimension: A requirement in TQM implementation. The TQM Magazine, 14(3), 150-164.
Heinze, E. (2010). The meta-ethics of law: Book one of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. International Journal of Law in Context, 6(1), 23-44.
Immelt, J. (2010). Renewing American Leadership. Vital Speeches of the Day, 76(2), 53.
This is simply a strategic and crafty way of ensuring that none of the solider back down from the task at home, since there's a very strong and very implied message at stake. This message is that if any of the soldiers back down, they'll have God to answer to, for what they refused to engage in was in fact a holy mission. The young king is simply being crafty and strategic. It would be a mistake to interpret these actions as a sign that he's more religious and devout than other kings. However, some scholars do make this mistake a repeatedly. "In addition to being Godlike, like Moses or Joshua or Saul, the King claims God's authorization and backing for what he does. The Archbishops assert that 'God and his angels guard your sacred throne.' As opposed to the French who only use God's name to swear, Henry continually…
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As noted above, one of the most prominent leadership theories that has been applied to the nursing profession is transformational leadership. Properly applied and managed, transformation leadership can also be used to facilitate creativity in the workplace. For instance, according to Vesterinen, Isola and Paasivaara (2009, p. 504), transformational leadership can create changes and, by definition, is capable of transformed individuals and the organization in which they work. By providing the leadership needed to motivate employees to bigger and better aspirations, transformational leaders can therefore encourage the creative spark among their followers in ways that might not otherwise be possible (Vesterinen et al. 2009). Indeed, Vesterinen et al. (2009, p. 504) specifically state that, "A transformational leader motivates inspirationally, stimulates intellectually and considers employees individually." Taken together, these positive outcomes are valuable in any organizational setting, but they can be particularly important in health care settings.
Why understanding organisational culture…
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of Needlestick Injuries,' Contemporary Nurse: a Journal for the Australian Nursing
Profession, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 194-201.
Hutin, Y, Hauri, A, Chiarello, L, Catlin, M, Stilwell, B, Ghebrehiwet, T & Garner, J 2003, July,
Leadership Analysis of OSIM
High growth technology companies are fertile organizations for the conflicts of leadership styles. The incessant need for accelerating new product development and staying in step with customer needs on the one hand and the pressure to reduce costs often lead high tech firms to adopt transactional leadership mindsets (Eppard, 2004). This gets amplified in Asian cultures where time is a very limited resource and large-scale organizations including OSIM International have a myriad of conflicting priorities (Beugr, Acar, Braun, 2006). Defining a management style that is agile enough to respond to these many challenges while at the same time concentrating on attaining cost targets is essential for survival in highly competitive industries (Pieterse, van Knippenberg, Schippers, Stam, 2010). on Sim, CEO of OSIM, must balance these many requirements while engraining a high level of accountability and ownership throughout the global operations of OSIM International. Balancing transactional and…
Beugr, C.D., Acar, W., & Braun, W. (2006). Transformational leadership in organizations: An environment-induced model.International Journal of Manpower, 27(1), 52-62.
Deluga, R.J. (1988). Relationship of transformational and transactional leadership with employee influencing strategies.Group & Organization Studies, 13(4), 456.
Eppard, R.G. (2004). Transformational and transactional leadership styles as they predict constructive culture and defensive culture. (Order No. 3144365, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 129-129.
Guay, R.P. (2013). The relationship between leader fit and transformational leadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology,28(1), 55-73.
Huckleberry Finn is the closest we have to a national hero. We trust the story of a boy with no home and who is restless as the river -- The genius of America is that it permits children to leave home; it permits us to be different from our parents. But the sadness, the loneliness, of America is clear too.
What is odriguez telling us about a central feature of the American Character, and about tensions within our core values? What reasons, what causes, might contribute to this national tendency? Which authors and/or other course materials support your ideas?
There is a tension within the American character. On the one hand, we pride ourselves so our individuality. On the other, we seek to conform, fit in, be a part of the 'melting pot'; but we are forever lonely.
Individualism has been an intrinsic part of the American myth. It is…
Ole Rolvaag, Giants in the Earth, Harper & Bros., 2002
Anzia Yezierska, Bread Givers New York: Persea Books, 1979
Lawrence Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness
Gene Yang, American Born Chinese
alt Disney including: a history leader- page applying leadership traits-: inspiration, goal setting, praise recognition, training/coaching, problem solving, planning,
alt Disney: Leadership style
alt Disney was a creative man who built an empire around his vision. Love or hate his product, he created a distinct, family-focused 'Disney style' of entertainment. Before alt Disney, cartoons were regarded as largely derivative forms of entertainment, as a warm-up to the feature film. Disney placed cartoons front and center of the American entertainment experience during a time when movies were one of the central ways in which Americans came together to enjoy a commonly-enjoyed fantasy. He later parlayed this success into television, and even into theme parks which brought the cartoon experience to life. Disney was able to create his cutting-edge vision through near obsessive control of his product and tunnel-vision focus upon his goals. He was a transformative leader, inspiring his subordinates with…
Cherry, Kendra. "Transactional leadership." About.com. 2012. [30 Nov 2012]
Krasniewicz, Louise. Walt Disney: A Biography. Greenwood, 2010
Straker, David. "Transformational leadership." Changing Minds. 2012.
Collaboration Work With John Cage
John Cage was a revolutionary artist that transcended his time and his generation. He was a man that refused to limit himself or his work in any way. eing a musician myself, I was certainly very appreciative of his radical and uncompromising musical style and his unique willingness to take great chances in his work. However, after further research I have realized that I had only come to regard a small sliver of Mr. Cage's true mastery. While my musical penchants drew me specifically to his melodic concoctions, I was unaware of his other talents in the genres of poetry, painting, printmaking, philosophy and composition. Through extensive examination of his remarkable and groundbreaking works in these artistic arenas, I began to realize Mr. Cage's genuine and complete genius. The vast scope of his artistic capacity did make it a bit difficult to decide on which…
Cage, John. "An Autobiographical Statement." Southwest Review 17.1 (1991).
John Cage: From Zero. Dirs. Andrew Culver and Frank Scheffer. Perf. John Cage. 2004.
John Cage: One11 with 103. Dir. John Cage. Perf. John Cage. 2006.
Kozinn, Allan. "John Cage." The New York Times 28 July 2009.
globalization that diversified cultures and backgrounds have converged and are working together in collaboration. Considering the scenario of today's world, the rapidly changing demographics have played a critical role in the emergence of new styles of leadership. The definition of competitiveness and the qualities associated with a leader have also changed in the current times. And among all the qualities the two most prominent qualities that every leader must possess is related to the consideration of equity of gender, and equity of diversified cultures.
Different cultures suggest different roles for males and females based on their unique value system. The mindsets, couture, and eating habits of almost all the cultures are traditionally unique. Countries belonging to a particular geographical area behave in a certain way, so do the organizations and leaders belonging to those areas. Their attitude and approach is derived from their cultural values. Some countries have common cultures…
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Leadership and Change Management
Consider a change that has been recently introduced in your organization. Using relevant change and leadership theories, critically analyze the benefits and problems that introduction of this change has brought. TO WHAT EXTENT HAS LEADERSHIP CONTRIUTED TO THE RESULTS OF THIS PROCESS?
RasgGas is a joint venture gas company between Qatar Petroleum, the State of Qatar's national oil and gas company (majority stakeholder), and ExxonMobil, an American Integrated Oil and Gas company. The company is about fifteen years old and has been involved in all aspect of exploration, development, production, liquefaction and marketing of gas from the North Field. RasGas is a major contributor to the State of Qatar's worldwide leadership in the production and marketing of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) export. The company has utilized technologies to drill high capacity gas well and build the largest and most efficient liquefaction trains in the world. These…
Brisson-Banks, C.V. 2010. "Managing Change and Transitions: A Comparison of Different Models and the Commonalities." Library Management, Vol. 31, No. 4/5, pp.241-52.
Brown, A.D. 1994. "Implementing MRPII: Leadership Rites and Cognitive Change." Logistics Informational Management, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 6-11.
Drew, S. And C. Coulson-Thomas 1996. "Transformation through Teamwork: The Path to the New Organization?" Managerial Decision, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 7-17.
Eisenbach, R. et al. 1999. "Transformational Leadership in the Context of Organizational Change." Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 80-88.
Transformational Women's Leadership
The website for Changing Minds.org describes transformational leadership in the standard way, as charismatic leaders with vision and imagination who inspire followers to achieve radical change in an organization or society. Transformational leaders are passionate and exciting and they care about their followers. They make people believe that their ideals can be achieved through their own commitment, enthusiasm and drive. In the process, their followers are also transformed and empowered to do things that they would never have believed possible. This website also points out some of the dangers of transformational leadership in that when such leaders are wrong they can lead "the charge right over the cliff and into a bottomless chasm." They may also "wear out" their followers with constant demands for high energy and commitment, especially if those at the lower levels really do not desire change (Transformational Leadership 2002-11)
Legacee.com has a very…
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