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Attributes That Most Contribute to
Words: 1683 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1719726
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A class can reach an entirely new level of learning and focus when a student has strong self-efficacy and can contribute useful, insightful knowledge that enriches the learning experience for others. Often in graduate-level programs where students have real-world experiences in the concepts and techniques being discussed, the sharing of personal experiences often makes concepts come alive for the class and makes them real. An example of this would be when a student in a graduate program to earn their MBA has an extensive experience with managing supply chains and a distribution center, and when the discussion in their classes focuses on logistics, they contribute many first-hand examples. There is an element of maturity in how students do this; they do not speak to dominate the class or belittle the instructor by showing how much more they know due to practical, hands-on expertise. They present their knowledge and experiences from…


Goldberg, L., Parham, D., Coufal, K., Maeda, M., Scudder, R., & Sechtem, P.. (2010). Peer Review: The Importance Of Education For Best Practice. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 7(2), 71-84.

Heisler, W.J.. (1988). Achieving Instructional Excellence: Advice from Some Management Educators. The Journal of Management Development, 7(2), 53.

Ingram, Patreese D.. (1997). Leadership behaviours of principals in inclusive educational settings. Journal of Educational Administration, 35(5), 411-427.

Najjar, M.. (2008). On Scaffolding Adaptive Teaching Prompts within Virtual Labs. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 6(2), 35-54.

Deductive Logic and Theory Building
Words: 1060 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 58114009
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Deductive and Inductive Theory Construction

There has been much controversy regarding feminism during recent decades and even though the contemporary society has reached a particularly advanced level when considering the idea of civilization, gender discrimination continues to occur in some areas. One's location is likely to be an important factor in making the respective individual more or less of a feminist. Geographic locations are thus essential in shaping a person's character and his or her determination to become a feminist. I believe that it is very likely for feminism to depend on factors such as geographic location, taking into account that many cultures are hesitant about accepting feminist ideas and some are even likely to use harsh criticism as a means to control or even to eradicate these respective ideas.

My theory is going to attempt to confirm the fact that geographic location can play an important role in making…

Autistic Disorder Dana Keith Beth
Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57571597
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The moral of the article's story is that teachers of autistic children with limited spoken languages may indeed need more training to get the most out of their students.

Still on the subject of therapy for autistic children, another article in the journal Autism (Vismara, et al. 2009) reports that professionally led training sessions with the parents of autistic children were helpful in getting the children to respond and communicate. The study was a 12-week research investigation, one hour per week; and what took place was the parents of eight "toddlers" (who had been diagnosed with autism) were brought together with their children and therapists. These parents were taught how to implement "naturalistic therapeutic techniques" based on the "Early Start Denver Model" (ESDM) (Vismara 93). The ESDM model focuses on "creating an affectively warm and rich environment to foster positive relationships between children and adults" (Vismara 99). The training with…

Works Cited

Chiang, Hus-Min. (2009). Naturalistic observations of elicited expressive communication

Of children with autism. Autism, 13(2), 165-178.

Donovan, Susan. Entrepreneur Thorkil Sonne on what you can learn from employees

With autism. Harvard Business Review, 86(9), 32-32.

Mammoth Cave
Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62402932
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testing, provided a sentence beginning outline. Your instructor outline evaluate progress current understanding topic.

The Mammoth Cave orld Heritage Site

Discovery and current status

Layers deposited in the area

Mammoth Caves as an ancient shallow sea

Special status

Conclusion and reasons for seeing the location

The Mammoth Cave orld Heritage Site is located in Edmonson County in Kentucky, the U.S. And is one of the most impressive cave systems in the world. The area has been experiencing a geological process for hundreds a millions of years and this process continues to this day. The cave is one of the most treasured national parks in the world and numerous institutions have gotten actively involved in preserving it. Through observing layers of rock that have been deposited in the area and when analyzing limestone in particular, one can get a much more complex understanding of the geological events that occurred there through…

Works cited:


CAVE NATIONAL PARK AREA. In UK Kentucky Geological Survey. Retrieved May 11, 2014. From 

"Mammoth Cave National Park." In UNESCO. Retrieved May 11, 2014. From

Teaching Characteristics and Difficulties of
Words: 1070 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 22541412
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Also, it is almost impossible to assess the classes' collective level of interest from email, papers, and responses, for a particular lesson. Interactive technology, even video conferencing, lacks the cohesive nature of one-on-one interaction in the real world as a class. Even though a video conference, a teacher cannot monitor students as closely, assign in-class team assignments, or have as much flexibility over tailoring his or her lesson plan to suit the immediate dynamics of the room.

Depending on the number of students in the class, the online format can also seem impersonal. Students may subconsciously hold this against the teacher and either feel excessively dependent on or resentful of the instructor, either bombarding the teacher with email on one hand, or turning in assignments late on the other. Peer interaction can provide some support, and ideally may even be more sustaining than in a real world, large lecture hall,…

Works Cited

Berge, Z.L. (1995). Facilitating computer conferencing: Recommendations from the field.

Educational Technology. 35(1) 22-30. Retrieved Oct 19, 2008 at

Faculty Development 101. (2008). Lesson 9: Introduction to the Instructing Lessons.

Retrieved Oct 19, 2008 at

Moore & Kearsley How Distance
Words: 1005 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 5857530
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An interesting point they bring up is the circumvention of cheating by having another person complete your coursework:

In the future we may be able to remotely identify individuals using devices that scan finger, voice, or eye-prints technology, which is already in use for security applications, but at present this seems a rather extreme measure. (Moore & Kearsley)

This also introduces the problem of plagiarism that has seeming run rampant in both online and traditional brick and mortar education. "Plagiarism is a particular worry for educators in the online environment because materials can be so easy located in captured electronically that the line between legitimate research and plagiarism is sometimes not easy for students to recognize." (Moore & Kearsley) However, anti-plagiarism efforts have increased tremendously over the past several years, both in distance learning as well as traditional education. Web sites like and others have greatly improved the search…

Technologies for Teaching at a
Words: 1075 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 83023891
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Web-based technologies are in fact the essence of distance learning because students from all over the world can attend courses they could not if the were confined to a geographic location.

Organizational and reference tools including digital calendars, dictionaries, translation devices, and journals allow both instructor and student to manage their time more efficiently. Digital calendars can be set with alarms that help students manage their time better: setting intermediate goals for completing large research projects or reading lengthy tomes. Also, digital calendars help distance learning students who have heavy course loads. The calendars allow students to input due dates and other deadlines. Students and instructors have at their fingertips a whole range of resources that would otherwise require large learning spaces and numerous reference materials like dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference guides including atlases. Students who are learning in languages that are not their native tongues can avail themselves…

Higher Education and Learning New Approach to Education
Words: 1702 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1557584
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Value of Assessments in the College Experience

The goal of college and university instructors is of course to provide the materials, the context, and ultimately the motivating and stimulating environment in which students may learn. But there is a deeper component that should be pivotal and present within the college milieu. That vital component is a process of assessment as to how well students are learning, which indicates how effective the instruction has been. Assessments are fundamental when it comes to accurately measuring the success (or lack of success) vis-a-vis the quality of teaching. Thesis: The overriding purpose of attending a college or university is not merely to engage in the process of receiving a degree -- but rather to learn and achieve a level of scholarship that prepares a student for the future; hence, without assessments the true value of that learning experience cannot be measured.

Classroom Assessment Techniques…

Works Cited

Nilson, L.B. (2010). Teaching at its Best. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Stivers, B., and Phillips. J. (2009). Assessment of Student Learning: A Fast-Track Experience.

Journal of Education for Business. 84(5), 258-262

Webber, K.L. (2012). The Use of Learner-Centered Assessments in U.S. Colleges and Universities. Research in Higher Education, 53(2), 201-228.

Moore & Kearsley Strategic Planning
Words: 934 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 37245983
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There is no formula to fall back on when trying to address the real needs and perceived needs of various elements in the organizational hierarchy: hence the challenge for the administrator.

The administrative budget is often the aspect of the online learning environment most tempting to "skimp" upon, given that administrative savings are supposed to be one of the benefits of the online environment, "Good management means extensive planning and this needs market research and other studies which are more difficult to justify to the faculty for the public than creating new courses, hiring more academics staff, or buying new technology." But scheduling constantly overlapping semesters of students and teachers, distributing dates for course registration and tuition payments; completion of the course assignments, examinations, and graduation procedures are required for the university to work as it should, and to maintain a high-quality reputation. Scrutinizing the quality of instruction in a…

Moore & Kearsley The Nature
Words: 875 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 66188569
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Among the research findings in this regard was the view that field independent student are often more successful in the distance learning environment. Other factors such as introversion and extroversion were discussed and introverted personality types were seen to be more successful in the distance teaching environment. It was also found that extracurricular concerns can have both positive and negative course completion outcomes. Support from family or employer was also found to be a very significant variable that had a positive effect.

Another relevant area of discussion was study skills. It was generally found that good study skills and habits were a central determining factor for the distance students. Furthermore, procrastination was found to be a very negative factor, especially if one takes into account the demands of the distance education.

The difference between the classrooms and the distance learning environment was also discussed, with many students stating that they…

Certificate in Education FE
Words: 4236 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56596685
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Certificate in Education

There are excessively large numbers of new, young drivers represented in the road casualty statistics, and it can be contended that better driver training would reduce these numbers. It is also imperative that to deliver better instruction, improvements are needed to the way in which car driving instructors are themselves trained and qualified.

Presently, in the UK, only Approved Driving Instructors (ADI) is permitted to charge for providing car-driving instruction (with the exception of partially qualified, would-be ADIs who hold a Trainee License). The Driving Standards Agency (DSA) continues a Register of ADIs. There were approximately 29,000 names on the Register in April 1999, with a further 10,000 or so people at various stages in the qualification process. In recent years, approximately 2,500 new ADIs qualify each year, with some 4,000 leaving the Register in each of the past two years. The great majority of these leave…

Educational Challenges Spelled Out in Specifics
Words: 3347 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37702565
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diversity of learning styles and needs represented in a typical 21st century classroom. As the United States continues to see an increase in multi-ethnic, multinational populations, the children of immigrants that bring diverse cultures and ethnicities to American shores are represented in the classroom. This presents a serious challenge for the educator, since the diversity of students reflect a wide range of competencies, skills and levels of intellectual comprehension. Within the context of that diversity the instructor must embrace a pivotal 21st century learning challenge -- meeting the learning needs of students who may fall behind without one-on-one instruction and the learning needs of more advanced students seeking to surge ahead while many students in the classroom may be struggling simply to stay up with the assignments.

In order for students to reach their optimum level of academic achievement, the system must change and the philosophy of instruction must change…


Ashford University (2014). Assessment in the 21st century. Retrieved November 30,

2014, from .

Framework for 21st Century Revision. Creativity and Innovation.

Leston-Banderia, C. (2013). Methods Teaching through a Discipline Research-Oriented

Constructivists Don't Blame the Tools
Words: 582 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 61450379
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Summary Analysis

Certainly, Moore correctly points out the importance of structure and dialogue. Many educators today accept that notion that when learners are allowed to discuss course content with a personal connection to their lives, the connection between information to knowledge is strengthened and critical thinking skills are sharpened. However, Moore undervalues the value of communication technology to the active learner, likening it to buying a set of new golf clubs in hopes that just one more change of equipment would reduce his handicap. For a variety of reasons, communication technology is just as important as structure and dialogue.

Moore seems to forget that the merging of technologies and knowledge management alongside the rise of 'collaborative projects' within educational circles is what has made the switch to community-centered learning a predetermined reality. As online communication rapidly links our personal and work life, a new community is emerging so new venues…


Moore, M.G. (2004). Constructivists: Don't blame the tools. American Journal of Distance Education, 18(2), pp. 67-71.

Scheduling Software for a University's
Words: 11316 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 8038768
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CELCAT, though, is just one of dozens of vendos competing in the class scheduling softwae industy as well as many open souces options that ae fee of chage, and the thousands of colleges and univesities that have undetaken the selection pocess have done so lagely without the benefit of a set of best pactices that can be used fo this pupose. As a esult, it is easonable to suggest that many of these educational institutions failed to ealize the full spectum of benefits that can accue to the effective use of class scheduling softwae applications based on an inappopiate selection o intenal factos that constained its implementation and use. Theefoe, it just makes good business sense to identify how these educational institutions can appoach the selection pocess and what factos need to be taken into account in identifying the most appopiate softwae choice.

Oveview of Study

This study used a…

references Window...

Reporting and Printing

1. Week - shows the timetable of the whole week (days x lessons) for the selected object type. For example, if Teacher is selected, all teachers' timetables are shown on one screen. The X axis will contain the teachers' names and the Y axis the days and the lessons.

2. Day - shows the timetable of one day for the selected object type. For example, if Group is selected, all groups' timetables are shown on one screen for the selected day. The X axis will contain the groups' names and the Y axis the lessons of the day (see graphic below).

3. Personal - shows a personal weekly timetable of the selected object. For example, if Room is selected, shows the timetable of the selected room for the whole week. The X axis contains the day names, and the Y axis the lessons.

Learner Differences in Distance Learning
Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 23520354
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auditoy leanes), motivation and pesonality such as extovesion vs. intovesion, although the aticles' authos suggests that tailoing mateial to expessed leane pefeences ae not always the best ways to achieve positive outcomes. Leanes ae not always clea as to thei tue leaning oientation and leane styles ae not 'fixed' but may vay accoding to the type of media used and the subject mateial. Using a vaiety of media may be a moe effective appoach fo educatos, and thinking in tems of 'appoaches' that can change, athe than fixed student leaning styles.

One fequent fustation expessed by online instuctos is the absence of immediate feedback fom thei students. Undestanding individual students can help the teache modify instuction, even without the immediate esponse povided by eye contact in the classoom. It is essential that moments exist within the online pocess when students can communicate that they do not undestand, while in the…

references alone but must keep a real-world and virtual ear upon the students to shift his or her learning strategy. Understanding overall learning process required of the subject material and the need to modify the learning approaches to meet the unique demands of the instruction in its particular venue and format is essential. Simply knowing a learning 'style' of a student is not enough, and a label can be misleading. As more students must learn independently, greater knowledge of how the learner functions and the use of different settings are required, and the article calls for more extensive into how to create a more effective learning environment that uses a diversity of approaches to convey content.

Web-Based Learning and Online Courses
Words: 321 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 46182341
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Hyperlinked tables of contents and indexes are tremendous time-savers as well as navigational aides. The non-linear presentation of digital texts appeals to learners adept at spatial relations, or those who appreciate metaphors. Hypertext allows learners to create and understand conceptual links between current course material and new or prior knowledge.

The multimedia presentation of digital text appeals to learners who rely on multiple senses including sight and hearing. Many students do not respond to purely verbal course material. The greatest strength of digital course materials may be its interactivity. Learners take an active role in their education when they can control the reading experience. Therefore, online texts replete with hyperlinks and multimedia content provide a wealth of opportunity for enhanced learning. The addition of instant messaging and related forms of digital communications make feedback and assessment methods more…

Exploring Important Issues That Impact the Planet and Its Peoples
Words: 3043 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96083603
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Global Environmental & Social Problems

The four unit course in Contemporary Global Environmental and Social Problems explores and critiques some of the most pressing global social / environmental issues and problems that are not limited to one nation or region. Thesis: The most serious environmental and social issues on the planet -- issues that threaten the health, safety and productivity of the human race -- should be given serious, critical thought and research by students, because they will inherit the ramifications and problems related to those pivotal issues.

hile the science will be reviewed, the focus is on how climate change impacts people and the lands and waters they depend on, and on the wildlife. The world is already being impacted by global climate change.

Unit Two delves into the problems associated with human rights, including the nations and political movements that abuse human rights and the leadership that informs…

Works Cited

Nilson, L.B. (2010). Teaching at is Best. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Public Broadcast Service. (2012). Is Genetically Modified Food Safe to Eat? Front Line.

KCET. Retrieved November 8, 2014, from .

Schuldt, J.P., Konrath, S.H., and Schwarz, N. (2011). "Global Warming" or "Climate

Hot Seat an Ethical Decision-Making
Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 72488009
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Moreover, the simulation also made available several branching and interdependent decision pathways. The simulations presented in the beginning pertinent background information and then subsequent screens presented at least three decision choices. Based on the selection, a new screen presented the client's response. The process ended when the students reached the end of a decision pathway. The simulation also took into account that many counseling situations do not have right or correct answers, and may be ambiguous. The realistic choices offered, were meant to encourage students to engage in critical thinking. Moreover, situations were also designed so that more than one ethical code would apply to each situation. But when students chose a decision pathway, the responses were true to life. After making the decision, the students had to confront with the typical consequences of their decisions. Ethical decisions required that students determined the relevant sections of the various ethical codes…


Frame, M.W., Flanagan, C.D, Frederick, J., Gold, R., Harris, S.(1997). You're in the hot seat; an ethical decision-making simulation for counseling students. Simulation and Gaming, March Vol. 28, No. No. 1, 107-115

Learning Styles in a College Environment
Words: 1149 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54790754
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Student Learning Styles

riting to Learn -- Real orld Issues

A university instructor that seeks to interest and motivate students through a lecture is sometimes on thin ice as far as keeping students' attention. Hence, it is incumbent on the alert contemporary instructor to present highly relevant material (in a way that engages students) while at the same time realizing there are vastly different learning styles.

Still, the job of the instructor is to present information that helps the student develop skills in critical thinking -- and helps the student learn to solve problems. There are many aspects to the vitally important environmental issue of climate change, and all aspects of this issue cry out for clarity. An instructor can create a worthy activity -- that informs while it stimulates -- from the various approaches to climate change. In this paper the emphasis on writing to learn assignments are relevant…

Works Cited

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical

Science Basis / The Fifth Assessment Report. Retrieved October 18, 2014, from .

Nilson, L.B. (2010). Teaching At Its Best. A Research-Based Resource for College

Instructors. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Color Conscious The Political Morality
Words: 1260 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 50053358
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Given the demographic composition of the school and the history of racial injustice, retaining illiams has social merit. It also helps to create a more proportionally representative faculty, so the students are less apt to perceive the faculty in an 'us vs. them' manner and are thus more likely to continue with their education in an enthusiastic and empowered fashion.

Gutmann states that qualifications alone do not give someone the 'right' to a job, a statement that she sees as implied in anti-affirmative action lawsuits and legislation. The historical injustices committed in America's past must not be forgotten. e have never lived in a color-blind America, and pretending that we do now after centuries of discrimination is itself a form of discrimination (Gutmann 148).

IV: a) Describe fully the CSUN EOP program, describing the various programs they provide to entering freshman students. And, the criteria that CSUN EOP employs to…

Works Cited

Appiah, K. A & Amy Gutmann. Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race. Princeton:

Princeton University Press, 1998.

EOP. CSUN. December 11, 2009.

Worst Composition Class Policies the
Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15250035
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For that matter, the editorial process in this class changed my perspective about when a piece of writing is ready for submission in the first place. I realized that previously, I considered an essay substantially complete as soon as I had satisfied the required length. The editorial process in this class taught me that this is actually just the starting point for the editing process. From now on, instead of doing only an automated spell check and a quick read immediately after finishing my first draft, I intend to complete my first drafts with enough time left over to wait at least 12-24 hours before re-reading my work with a critical eye.

The Grading System:

My only complaint about the grading system is that it did not include a letter grade component but only a numerical grade. On one hand, everybody is aware of the approximate letter grade that corresponds…

Grade Equate to Being Well-Educated Does Matriculation
Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10730589
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Does Matriculation Equate Being Well-Educated (NOTE: THIS CAN BE CHANGED) NOTE: MY BELIEF IS THAT A GOOD GADE O HIGH DEGEE DOES NOT NECESSAILY EQUATE BEING WELL-EDUCATED Draft approximately 1000-word (3-4-page) narrative essay response prompt: Use a personal narrative state views response assigned readings education.

This story begins at a time when Mark, Betty, Martin and I used to spend a lot of our free time together. We loved to engage in intellectual discussions where we debated for hours on certain topics that were the source of discussions for scholars. Mark began a discussion on education which took an interesting turn since it helped us see how grades relate to the education quality of individuals. One thing that we all accepted was that education plays a major role in providing individuals with the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities and other competencies that are needed for them…


Close, D. (2009). Fair Grades. Teaching Philosophy, 32(4), 361-398.

Crede, M., Roch, S.G., & Kieszczynka, U.M. (2010). Class Attendance in College: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Relationship of Class Attendance with Grades and Student Characteristics. Review of Educational Research 80(2), 272-295.

Kohn, A. (2002). The Dangerous Myth of Grade Inflation. Chronicle of Higher Education, 49(11), B7-B9.

Classroom Testing
Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26673960
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Tests in Classroom

Multiple choice tests are a favored method of testing due to its numerous advantages. First of all a faculty is familiar with developing them and it is easy to monitor cheating. These tests are easy to administer and are cost effective. The test facilitates rapid feedback due to the ease of scoring. The test also covers a broad part of the content. However the ability of a student can not only be measured using one mode of testing. Therefore, a student's ability to meet the course outcome has to be measured using different testing methods. Multiple choice tests are advantageous for some students as opposed to others who are not good at this mode of testing amend hence they will not be truereflection of the capabilities of a student. Every student has the right to a fair education and an equally mode of testing. There is need…


Martens, R. & Horst, H. (2009).The specification matrix, or 'test blueprint'. Retrieved August 3, 2014 from 

Barra, C. (2014). Assessment. Retrieved August 3, 2014 from;read=3428

Duquesne University. (2014).Good, Better, Best: Multiple Choice Exam Construction. Retrieved August 3, 2014 from

Colleges Must Upgrade Their Technology Training for Students
Words: 1441 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21497709
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Technology in Higher Education

hy use Technology in a College Classroom?

Author Linda B. Nilson does not posit that technology suits all student needs nor does she assert that technology is helpful to all types of students. But in a survey involving 882 college students (from Texas, North Carolina, and New York State), 99% had a cell phone, 90% owned a laptop computer, and 83% owned an MP3 player (Baker, et al., 2012). Given the overwhelming number of students in this survey (41.2% were female and 58.8% were male) who use technology regularly, it can be assumed that for the most part students would be comfortable with the use of technology in a college classroom (Baker, 2012).

Nilson does explain that technology enhances students' productivity and also allows them to work at the pace they are most comfortable with. Increasingly instructors show a willingness to provide students with computer-based tutorials,…

Works Cited

Baker, W.M., Lusk, E.J., and Neuhauser, K.L. (2012). On the Use of Cell Phones and Other

Electronic Devices in the Classroom: Evidence From a Survey of Faculty and Students. Journal of Education for Business, 87(5), 275-289.

Bertrand, W.E. (2010). Higher Education and Technology Transfer: The Effects of "Techno-

Sclerosis" on Development. Journal of International Affairs, 64(1), 101-114.

Peter Dirr How Can the
Words: 868 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 23455394
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According to Dirr, establishing standard policies is an issue that is still very much in the evolution stage, although much has been accomplished in this respect.

In this regard, Dirr notes that the Council of Regional Accreditation has developed new guidelines for distance education. These are by no means either established or fully accepted into the policies of all tertiary institutions. Indeed, they are still very much in the research stage. Furthermore, far from stabilizing the issue, Cook anticipates a new pedagogy as a result of the nature of distance education. Such a paradigm would entail a pedagogy that "shifts toward the learner and away from the teacher." Such a shift would also hold important implications for the future of research into the issue.

While clear policies are not currently in place, it therefore appears that both researchers and tertiary institutions themselves are aware of the importance of distance and…

Education - Distance Learning Distance
Words: 515 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 41774353
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In various trials in which learners were presented with different formats of video- only, auditory-only, combinations of both, and formats combining each with note-taking by students, researchers have determined that results are comparable, although more so for superior students than for average students. In that regard, average students learn better from repeated viewing in conjunction with audio-based information while superior students benefited equally regardless of the precise combination of those variables.

The author presents the results of research documenting the extent to which developers of computer-based video instruction may be overemphasizing the value of technical sophistication and suggests that the relative value of video-based lessons is substantially the same without the inclusion of all the bells and whistles available by virtue of the latest computer-based information formats. On the other hand, the author reports that vocational task-specific training effectiveness is somewhat more dependent on more sophisticated interactive information formats.


Boudon 2001 and Eskensberger 2001
Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 66240861
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Their anticipated and desired results for their education, personal or practical, may vary widely in unpredictable ways. The attitudes towards educational processes may differ due to the greater and more diverse social and life experiences that color perceptions of classroom life, even more so than the raw educational materials used in the classroom. The teacher must balance addressing individual needs through conferences, personal contacts, and allowing for more independent research, yet also strive even harder to create a coherent class dynamic and unity between individuals with different schedules and belief structures. This may require greater management on a technical level as well as greater personal finesse than might be expected by an educator with experience only teaching undergraduates.

Eskensberger (2001) on the subject of "Action Theory" provides some interesting supporting evidence to address the difficulties posed by a mixed classroom of old and young learners, or adult learners of diverse…

Tiffany Brownlee the Field of
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85866732
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However, in contrast to others, I do not agree with the assessment methods of the FCAT. The FCAT is the statewide educational assessment for the state of Florida and is intended to measure a student's prior and current knowledge of given subject matter.

The student is assessed in the areas of reading, writing, science and mathematics. It is stated that if a student attends school regularly, has in-school and home-based encouragement, eats a well-balanced diet, and completes given class and home learning assignments, he or she will have a better chance at passing this statewide test. Special emphasis must to be placed, in this case, on the importance of diet, because it is an aspect of a child's welfare that is often ignored in discussing education. It is paramount, for any child, to eat properly in order to allow one's brain and body to be attentive and alert during school.…

Business General Please List Sections According to
Words: 7827 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81408071
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Business (general)

Please list sections according to instructions

Exercise 1.1: eview of esearch Study and Consideration of Ethical Guidelines

Option 1: Stanford Prison Experiment

Go to:, the official site for the Stanford Prison Experiment.

What do you think the research questions were in this study? List 2 or 3 possible research questions (in question format) that may have been the focus of this experiment.

What happens when you put good people in an evil place? Does humanity win over evil, or does evil triumph? Does natural or innate evil exist, or is evil situational? Are certain people simply born "bad apples" or are they made evil by "bad barrels"?

What is "reality" in a prison setting? This study is one in which an illusion of imprisonment was created, but when do illusions become real? How quickly and easily will 'ordinary men' adjust to the roles as prisoners, guards and…


Asby, M.D. And S.A. Miles (2002). Leaders Talk Leadership: Top Executives Speak their Minds. Oxford.

"Frederick W. Smith: The Entrepreneur Who Created an Industry." (2003). IBS Center for Management Research. 

Holstein, W.J. (2007). "Fred Smith's Golden Rule for CEO's." BNet, November 19, 2007. 

Lussier, R.N. And C.F. Archua (2010). Leadership: Theory, Application and Skill Development. South-Western Cengage Learning.

Training Module for a Refugee
Words: 2272 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Company Manual Paper #: 38266505
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Education Standards Addressed

This training will prepare students to become Microsoft Office certified.

Teacher Guide

Student Guide


To learn Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Access) at a level proficient enough to become certified.

The instructor will start the students off on the first day with an introductory computer course to familiarize them with the hardware and software. This will be on the first day of training and students will be allowed practice time.

Students will learn to navigate the internet and perform basic searches. The will also be given a subject by the instructor and told to find information on the subject. This will help with research skills.


This training program prepares students to perform clerical duties in an office support position. Emphasis is on using word processing, spreadsheets, presentation software, and databases.

The classes will be instructor led as well as online training. The training will…


AmeriCorps. (n.d.). Retrieved October 20, 2010, from 

Business Volunteers Unlimited - (n.d.). Retrieved November 01, 2010, from 

Lutheran Refugee Services. (n.d.). Lutheran Family Services of Nebraska. Retrieved November 01, 2010, from 

Service Learning. (n.d.). International Rescue Committee | the International Rescue Committee goes to crisis zones to rescue and rebuild. We lead refugees from harm to home.

Education Knowledge Diversity and the
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In this regard, the instructor's individual characteristics should be secondary to the readiness of the instructor to recognize individual learning strengths and needs in the students.


Diversity is often taken as a term which refers particularly to difference in race, ethnicity, gender, religion or sexual orientation, to name just a few categories of cultural distinction. And indeed, it does refer to this within the context of education. However, there is yet another level to the discussion on diversity which concerns education in particularly, relating to the individual nature of learning styles. It is therefore necessary for the teacher to channel a recognition of learning styles and cultural diversity into a unified approach to the classroom. This tends to reinforce the position taken throughout this research, which is that the successful teacher will, therefore, tend to an educational strategy which diverts from strict academic prerogatives and instead approaches its subjects…

Works Cited:

Chang, J.; De Silva, a.D.; Dien, T.T.; Mccarty, T.C.; Nordlander, a & Perez, B. (2004). Sociocultural Contexts of Language and Literacy. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Haselhurst, G. (1997). Aristotle Metaphysics. Space and

Slavin, R.E. (2007). Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice. Prentice Hall.

Steup, M. (2005). Epistemology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Letter of Complaint to Whom
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89252600
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24, 2004 at 10:40 PM when he gave me an E. For the test. I had sent many e-mails to the instructor asking for my mid-term grade, but he said that it was still under review.

Throughout the term

Mr. Cameron read from an overhead projector that displayed small, blurry words and he often covered the words with his hand. Therefore, it was difficult to read the text and follow the lectures. To resolve the issue, I sent an email asking him to provide materials. However, he refused to provide the information and accused me of not listening to his lecture tape. I then had to forward his email to other students in the class to get him to reply.

A strongly feel that I did not get an appropriate level of interaction between students and faculty. This is a very vital part of the learning tool according to the…

Speech of a Public Institution's Faculty Member
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speech of a public institution's faculty member to be protected under the Pickering/Connickline of cases, what criteria must be satisfied? Do these criteria suitably balance the interests of faculty members and the institution in the higher education context?

There are really two key principles that must be satisfied. The first is that the court determines whether the speech in question hinges on a matter of public concern. If it does, the court takes further criteria into consideration such as:

Whether the statement impairs discipline in school or harmony amongst superiors or amongst cookers.

Whether the statement has a negative impact on close working relationships

Whether the speech interferes with the way the operator usually conducts his business,

Yes, these criteria take the interests of faculty members and school into consideration.

Specifically, what was the fatal flaw in the instructor's speech? Was it the profanity itself? Or was it the belittling…

Qualities of a Good Negotiator
Words: 966 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67976535
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Skilled Negotiator

For a long time, people have engaged in negotiations, and it is evident that a handful of social attributes and personal characteristics contribute to successful negotiations. For one to be an excellent negotiator, there are several skills that are worth developing if one hopes to improve his negotiation skills. These skills will help one to overcome conflicts, assess situations, and adapt to some unexpected developments (eardon, 2004). This report endeavors to explain the impact the course material on negotiation has had on me. The numerous ways it has helped me in the interaction with other people, improvement in relationships with friends, family, business occasions and with my instructor.

I have learned to use different traits, strategies, and tactics to negotiate various purchases, conflicts, and deals successfully. When my classmates argue and disagree, I am able to arbitrate and come up with an amicable solution. I am able to…


Galoozis, C. (2010). "8 Essential Characteristics of a Good Sales Negotiator" 

Lum, G. (2005). ." The Negotiator Field book- Simple Strategies to Help Your Negotiate everything." McGraw Hill Professional

Reardon, K.K (2004). "Becoming a Skilled Negotiator" Harvard Business School Press

Nurse Educators Today
Words: 1134 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72480811
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Educational Standards

There are a number of common criticisms of educational standards. The first is the concern that predetermined set standards for education creates a 'teach to the test' mentality vs. truly educating students to be creative problem solvers. Another concern is that of equity in education: namely students with different learning styles, learning challenges, or socio-economic obstacles are unfairly penalized by the format of standardized tests (What do critics of standards have to say, 2004, Educational Broadcasting Corporation).

But most educators would agree that there must be standards in some form -- in other words, that every unit taught must have an objective for student learning and that students must have goals throughout the educational process. The concern is having standards imposed upon a classroom in a manner that is not truly appropriate for the students' needs and is not conducive to process-based learning. Ultimately, learning is a process,…


Mentoring: A boon to nurses, the nursing profession and patients. (2013). RWJF. Retrieved

from:  -- and-patient.html

Importance of Technology in Assessments
Words: 1119 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45522050
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Leadership in 21st Century Support Systems

Conducting learning activities without assessing the success of those activities is like driving a vehicle without a clean windshield and a rear-view mirror. The instructor can still steer, put on the gas and brakes, but if the instructor cannot clearly see the road ahead and what is behind, this could be an exercise in futility, leaving learning by the roadside. Indeed, assessments have become a pivotal component to learning in the 21st century. Moreover, innovative technologies specifically designed to address student outcomes enhance the instructor's ability to present effective lessons. The following two units illustrate how technology can be integrated into the classroom to support 21st century learning and skills, and how innovative teaching strategies can stir interest in subjects for diverse student populations.

edesigned Lesson -- Effective Assessment

The 11th grade lesson in eligion class was originally related to learning about Hinduism, how…


Brengard, A. (2014). Creating a Culture for Deep Change: It's the Team that Counts.

Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 9(20).

Burnaford, G., and Brown, T. (2014). Teaching and learning in 21st century learning environments: A Reader. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Kirchner, N, Reilly, M., and Rohrbaugh, M. (2014). Games: The Heart of a Transformed

Eportfolio Criterion 2 Innovations in
Words: 1317 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69848958
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Technology enables students to learn process without divorcing it from the factual information and data inherent to traditional educational expectations.

Technology can be used in a variety of different contexts and with many different overall instructional paradigms in place, and as long as it is effectively integrated into existing teaching plans and styles -- or if new overall instructional methods are built with a technological focus -- a high degree of efficacy has been found from most technological applications (Hartley 2007). By rooting all learning in direct interaction with media and peers rather than relying on the largely passive instructional methods of traditional education, it inherently and almost automatically becomes more effective as true learning only occurs with interaction in the constructivist perspective (Hartley 2007). As students engage in repeated learning activities that require critical thinking skills in the locating and selection of information, they will also become better able…


Cain, J. (2008). Online Social Networking Issues Within Academia and Pharmacy Education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 72(1): 10-4.

Hartley, J. (2007). Teaching, learning and new technology: a review for teachers. British Journal of Educational Technology 38(1): 42-62.

Subrahmanyam, K., Reich, S., Waechter, N. & Espinoza, G. (2008). Online and offline social networks: Use of social networking sites by emerging adults. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 29(6): 420-33.

Woo, Y. & Reeves, T. (2007). Meaningful interaction in web-based learning: A social constructivist interpretation. The Internet and Higher Education 10(1): 15-25.

Technology-Driven Change Where Does it
Words: 621 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 33435327
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Certainly, differences have arisen between instruction in the traditional classroom and instruction in the online virtual classroom. but, does that really mean that the role of the facilitator in distance learning is really going to be degraded to a low-skill job? Most likely not. Those who believe this to be the case wrongly undervalue skills when it comes to the needs of distance education, most of which are the very same as face-to-face education. To be effective, both traditional and online instructors should motivate students, facilitate communication, and foster collaboration. In fact, the onus for communication and collaboration is even higher to overcome the isolating nature of distance learning. Perhaps Simmons and Moore had not realized more than eight years ago how much communication channels such as e-mail, phone, video, discussion forums, and online chats would become a part of distance learning technologies. Thus, their view of facilitators is…


Moore, M.G. (2000). Technology-driven change: Where does it leave the faculty? The American Journal of Distance Education, 14(1), 1-6

Training vs Company In-House Training
Words: 5399 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18877848
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(Osten, 2001)

In terms of strategic planning for technology it is important to comprehend that integration of technology is very complex and requires "investments to plan for the alignment of technology initiatives" with the company's mission. The starting point is gaining the involvement of stakeholders through having them assist with assessment of the current technology and strategy for which direction to take with new technology. This could mean that there is a need to hire someone to be a facilitator to assist with planning. Training considerations include budgeting time for training staff. It is important that training is "task-specific and has immediate on-the-job application." (Osten, 2001) Osten states the fact that training sessions in the form of 15 to 30 minute mini-lessons "are more valuable than hours of software training." (2001) Hardware technical support should be assumed and budgeting plans made for support of both network and PCs within the…


Mills, Susan (2003) Outsourcing Can Drive Profitability in Telecom's Tough Times. TMC Net. Nov 2003. Online available at 

Leifheit, Marcelo; Correa, Juarez Sagebin; and Fink, Daniel (2001) the Continuous Education Solution for a Country Wide Telecommunication Company

Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Techniques 2001 IEEE Computer Society.

Campbell, Susan J. (2008) AOTMP Releases Study Detailing CFO vs. CIO Approach to it and Telecom Management. Telecom Environment Management Feature Articles. 30 Jan 2008. TMCnet online available at

Letter of Appeal My Name
Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77923621
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Next I will respond to the accusation that I collaborated with other students on Question 3 in violation of the exam instructions which read, "Students may not work together." I assure the committee that collaboration with others for this exam was never a consideration for me for the following reasons.

One, I had no reason to consult with others because as a take-home exam, I had a wealth of information and ample time available to me to conduct research at the library or on the Internet. Moreover, I have proven myself to be a hard-working and successful student, one who would not need the assistance of others on a straightforward exam question.

Second, if I had needed or wanted to consult with others I would hesitate to use my fellow classmates as a reliable resource. Rather, I would much prefer the more valuable input from my place of employment: I…

Assessment and Special Education
Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 84617524
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Special Education

Assessment Options

There were a number of eminent points and observations regarding the methodology of assessment utilized within Maryellen Weimer's article, "Making exams more about learning," which initially appeared in The Teaching Professor in 2011. This article essentially functions as a case study in which an undergraduate instructor, Thomas Smith, employed a number of unusual methods to assist his students with the process of assessment. Among the measures that Smith adopted was grading the examinations students took individually with each student, as well as allowing them access to previous examinations on the same topic. While analyzing Smith's methodology, the author makes note of both positive and negative points that can aid additional instructors who want to incorporate some of Smith's techniques in the future. The overall effect is that readers and pedagogues are able to get a practical, compressive overview of alternate assessment methods that can easily be…


Osborn, J. (1998) "Assessing gifted children." Understanding Our Gifted Open Space Communications, Inc. 9-12. Retrieved from 

The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement. (no date). "Using classroom assessment to improve teaching." Retrieved from 

Reschley, D.J. (1996). "Identification and assessment of students with disabilities." The Future of Children. 6 (1): 40-52. Retrieved from 

Weimer, M. (2011). "Making exams more about learning." The Teaching Professor. 25 (2): 5. Retrieved from

Online Savvy
Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43933389
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Online Challenges

Online classes are presented with challenges that brick and mortar classes do not have to face. The challenge of not being able to see the professor to ask questions is limited to email, phone, and times the professor is available. There may not be immediate answers to questions because professors cannot be available 24/7, more especially where online classes are concerned. There are challenges concerning the learning of the online class environment to meet assignments and obtain instructions. Each class may be set up different ways. There are time management concerns because, with Asynchronous classes, for example, the week is set up from Sunday midnight to Sunday midnight. There are time differences between geographic locations that also play a part. Determination has to be made between the time differences.

The online environment can be especially challenging to someone who has never done online classes. Learning the different functions…

Technology in Instructional Delivery The Case of
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Technology in Instructional Delivery: The Case of Capella University

The use of technology, particularly Internet technology, in instructional delivery in educational institutions has revolutionized the way people access and utilize educational information. Online instructional delivery, either in mixed (combination of traditional and online modes of instruction) or purely online formats, have made learning more interactive, not only between the learner and the tool, but also between the teacher and learner and among learners themselves. This increasing demand for an online mode of instruction delivery in educational institutions is a reflection of the need to not only adopt the new technology, but also to 'manipulate' this technology to suit the users' learning needs (oschmann, 1996:8). The following description of the technology of instructional delivery at Capella University demonstrates this point.

In addition to its traditional format of instructional delivery, which is face-to-face classroom setting, Capella University has an online learning system…

Koschmann, T. (1996). In CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Merrill, G. And C. Galbraith. (2010). "Learning outcomes and instructional delivery method in professional and business related courses: An empirical study controlling for course and instructor differences." Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 2.

Reiser, R. And J. Dempsey. (Eds.). (2007). Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology. NJ: Pearson.

Masters in Nursing for Clinical Teaching the
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Masters in Nursing for Clinical Teaching

The objective of this study is to examine the importance of a Masters in Nursing for the Nurse in Clinical Teaching endeavors.

The work of Orton (2007) entitled "Nurses As Clinical Teachers" Variables Affecting Teaching Comfort and Self-Efficacy" reports a descriptive correlations study that examined whether there was a "common understanding of a good clinical teacher among nursing students and faculty." (p.ix) Stated as a secondary purpose was the validation of a tool for development of individual prescriptions for improvement of the clinical teaching of nursing instructors.

Common Assumptions

A third stated purpose was testing for common assumptions about good teaching:

(1) if experience in clinical teaching leads to a better praxis;

(2) if educational training (the most common intervention) leads to better teaching;

(3) if experience in teaching (other than nursing) leads to better clinical teaching;

(4) if the education degree status has…


Benner, P., Sutphen, M., Leonard, V., and Day, L. (2010). Educating nurses: A call for radical transformation. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Davis, D.C., Dearman, K. Schwab, C. & Kitchens, E. (1992). Competencies of novice nurse educators. Journal of Nursing Education, 31(4), 159-164.

Krisman-Scott, M.A., Kershbaumer, Sr. R., & Thompson, J.E. (1998). Faculty preparation: a new solution to an old problem. Journal of Nursing Education, 37(7), 318-320.

Leuner, JD and Ruland, JP (2010) Master's Programs Preparing Nurse Educators: What is the Current State of Affairs. Nurse Educator. Vol. 35 No. 6. Retrieved from:

Nursing Education Learning Styles
Words: 857 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94737000
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Student success a - endeavor. The student give 100% instructor provide students a 100%. The student responsibility prepared learn material assigned, turn assignments time, pay attention taught discussed, questions needed.

I agree that the process of education is a dialogue, not a monologue. Although an educator may have a plan about what he or she wishes to teach, the teacher must respond to student input. The students may not understand the material in the manner in which it is initially presented; they may be bored or ill-prepared; they may have probing and unexpected questions; or they may have different learning styles.

Using different approaches is particularly essential in healthcare education, given that new scientific knowledge builds upon old knowledge. emediation is successful because it ensures students have knowledge of the foundational concepts early on, before the student becomes completely left behind. Given the nursing shortage the nation is facing, finding…


Smith, A. (2010). Learning styles of registered nurses enrolled in an online nursing program.

Journal of Professional Nursing, 26(1):49-53. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2009.04.006.