Interior Design Essays (Examples)

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Romantic and Modern Design Styles Comparing the

Words: 1568 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95732441

Romantic and Modern Design Styles

Comparing the Ornate and the Natural: A Study of Two Theories of Design

History often dictates societal mentality more so than current climate, yet in times of peace, it seems that the beautiful and the artful flourish. This very concept is debatable, especially in interior design, where the fashions of the time very often have a much-felt impact upon design theories and the way in which they are carried out. Yet it is in history that one finds inspiration, or the contradiction thereof. For instance, during the mid to late 19th century, it was against history that romanticism was born. Yet in the early 20th century, immediately following this period of romanticism, it was out of a societal need for simplicity prior to the two Great ars that a more natural aesthetic was born, expressed so perfectly by the architect Frank Lloyd right. The following…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

1. Customer Notes -- Provided by Customer from Academic Notes and Books

2. Britannica Encyclopedia, (2012). Interior Design: The Romantic Movement and the Battle of the Styles. Retrieved from, 

3. Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation, (2012). Wright's Life and Work. Retrieved from, 

4. Pile, J. (1997). Color in Interior Design. McGraw-Hill: New York.
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Env Design the Field of Ergonomics Takes

Words: 440 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78698230

Env Design

The field of ergonomics takes into account the following:

Anthropometrics (body measurements)

Biomechanics and physiology

Environmental Ergonomics.

Cognitive ergonomics

Ergonomics design and evaluation

Ergonomics specific needs

Ergonomics law

Three Components of Ergonomics and Environmental / Interior Design

• Anthropometry: body size, strength, shape, and work capacity.

• Ergonomics: study of behavior and activities of people; adapting systems and workstations to the needs of users; different applications in various fields such as biomechanics, environmental, cognitive science

• Relation to Environmental / Interior Design: "Anthropometric data are used to design workspaces, safety equipment and personal protection tools considering the differences between the characteristics, abilities, and physical limits of any particular human body," (p 3)

Key Points of Ergonomic Design

Appropriate for the end user (age, gender)

Do not rely on "average man" theory, which rarely works

Keep in mind reach, clearance, and adjustability factors

Time and funding are considerations in…… [Read More]

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Domestic Interiors Is a Significant Part of

Words: 1092 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91407767

Domestic interiors is a significant part of our lives because we live and spend a good part of our time indoors. We may love the outdoors, but it also represents the freedom we get from staying indoors and the reality that a good part of our lives are confined within four walls. We sleep, eat and do other activities at home, work in buildings or factories, study in schools and colleges and entertain in restaurants, galleries and theaters. All this makes domestic interiors an important aspect of living.

Human beings are believed to have appeared on earth 1.7 million years ago and history shows that primitive shelters were used by our ancestors for comfort and protection. The earliest known dwellings have been caves or other homes made of materials that were readily available in the region like mud, stones, sticks, animal skins, tree barks and leaves. Since then, we have…… [Read More]


Pile, John. 2005. A History of Interior Design. London, UK: Laurence King Publishing Ltd.

American Federation of Arts. 1912. Magazine of Art, Volume 3. Washington DC: American Federation of Arts.

Victorian Station, 2006. Interior Design. [online]. Available at:  [Accessed 20 October 2011].

Kaufmann, Edgar; MMA. 1970. Introductions to Modern Design. Ayer Publishing.
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Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75077869

Human Factors and Interior Space Design

The objective of this work in writing is to summarize the article entitled "The Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design." This article begins by noting the importance of the human having tools that fit them well and that this was realized early in the development of the human species. Specifically, this article notes that Australopithecus Prometheus "selected pebble tools and made scoops from antelope bones in a clear display of selecting/creating objects to make tasks easier to accomplish." (p.3) Over the centuries there was improvement in the effectiveness of the tools as discovered by anthropologists and archaeologists including tools such as hammers, plows and axes. During the Industrial Revolution, more advanced machines were developed that assisted man with his work including such as the spinning Jenny and the rolling mills.

The methodology utilized in the study under review is reported to have…… [Read More]

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Conspicuous Consumption Design and Purpose

Words: 2507 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74917050

The notable exception to this layout of the various departments of the casino at The Venetian is again its Sports-ook, which is entirely rounded into a half-circle and therefore gives an air of having consumed far more resources than a rectangular shaped Sports-ook would. It is easy to craft a desk that is straight, to cut the wood in a way that makes it have strong borders and edges; for that reason most desks that you see are straight. To cut the wood so as to make it rounded is far more difficult, and someone looking at such a curved piece of wood would have to assume high expense involved in procuring and designing wood in such a fashion.

In the center of the floor of the Venetian (and not all casinos are like this) are the slot machines, conspicuous examples of mass expenditure, ringing and glittering and flashing lights.…… [Read More]


1. Thorstein Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class, taken from Michael Lewis (ed.), The Real Price of Everything (Sterling, 2007), 1048-1227.

2. Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, taken from Great Books of the Western World, Volume 40 (Britannica, 1952)

3. Jason Goetz, The Bubble Boys: How Mistaken Educational Ideals and Practices are Causing a Warped Social Fabric (CreateSpace, 2011)

4. Jared Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or to Succeed (The Penguin Press, 2005)
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Edr What Is Environmental Design Research Design

Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23184673


What is Environmental Design Research?

Design and art can accept scientific principles

Environmental Design Research (EDR) = the study of the mutual relationships between human beings and the physical environment at all scales, and applications of the knowledge thus gained to improving the quality of life through better informed environmental policy, planning, design, and education. (passive and active definition)

EDR is related to many other areas of the social sciences


building science or structural engineering

Design practice

Eg. An architect does research to apply to a single building project, but EDR applies research to things like job satisfaction and other measurable results that advance the whole field.


Basic Research (generation, discovery of knowledge)

Applied Research (answering specific questions related to specific social policy or context)

Research Applications (apply research to policy, plans, designs)

**Must communicate results to policy/professional applications

EDR = Environmental Psychology =…… [Read More]

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Architectural Design Specialists Ltd London

Words: 2069 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45207358

According to the Council of Mortgage Lenders, "In the sustainable communities plan the government has linked use of MMC with the drive to boost housing supply, thus further raising the salience of the issue for lenders and other stakeholders. The Housing Corporation has stated that 25% of all new grant-aided construction by housing associations should be by MMC" (MMC 2010, 3).

In sum, modern methods of construction allow developers to "create eco friendly homes, reducing the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere and homeowners' utility bills" (Lilley 2007). For instance, a recent report from Dixon (2006) notes that, "The innovative Quad at the Dunes development at Hadston, opposite Druridge Bay, offers buyers not only a two-bedroom home for just pounds 128,000, but also a look at one of the possible futures for new home building" (25). The innovative approach that allows for this cost efficiency is MMC. According to…… [Read More]


Architectural Design Process. 2010. Retrieved from  / design-process.

Dixon, J. 2006, October 21. "Quad Gives Taste of the Future." The Journal 25.

Lilley, B. 2007, December 2. "Energy Bills Deal at Eco-Friendly Grange." The Journal 25.

MMC. 2009. Council of Mortgage Lenders. Retrieved from  / issues/107.
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Layout and Design of My

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16171923

The formal living room would be in the front of the house with a stairway area separating it from the kitchen and family room.

I would decorate the main floor in a manner that is somewhat modern but I would stay away from anything trendy that could become outdated. In general, color and textural coordination is more important to me than adhering to any of the specific interior design styles per se. To the extent I chose to express any specific thematic decor, I would include a modern high-tech treatment featuring metallic treatments and accents throughout the home. The upstairs bedrooms would match the overall tone of the main floor. Because I like to walk around barefoot, I would carpet the entire home except for the kitchen floor. Strictly for practical considerations such as wear and tear or accidental spills, I might not carpet the family room but use a…… [Read More]

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Design a Comprehensive Security Plan

Words: 2661 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95850996

Security at workplaces is not only the responsibility of the management, but all the parties in the premises. Therefore, it is important that everyone is involved one way or another in maintenance of security. In a company the size of Walter Widget, with 240 personnel, it can be challenging to maintain high security standards.

With the increasing nationwide crime against workplaces and businesses, the stakes in workplace security are high. Walter Widget must be concerned about theft of any kind including trade secrets, computer information and other resources. The firm needs to take necessary steps to prevent other security risks such as arson, vandalism and workplace violence.

Workplace crime affects production. According to Bressler (2007) businesses are prone to a wide variety of crimes and need to take action in prevention of criminal activities that influence profitability. Workplace crime affects the employees, because it results insecurity at work. Safety at…… [Read More]


Bressler, M.S. (2007). The Impact of Crime on Business: A Model for Prevention, Detection & Remedy. Journal of Management and Marketing Research.

Burke, M.E., & Schramm, J. (2004 ). Getting to Know the Candidate Conducting Reference Checks. Alexandria: Research SHRM.

Deitch, D., Igor, K., & Ruiz, A. (1999). The Relationship Between Crime and Drugs: What We Have Learned in Recent Decades. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs .

Idaho National Engineering and Enviromental Laboratory. (2004). Personnel Security Guidelines. U.S. Department of Homeland security. Idaho Falls: Idaho national Engineering and Enviromental Laboratory.
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Building Design Construction Methods and Collapse General

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79658363

Building Design Construction Methods and Collapse

General building design and construction methods

Contemporary building regulations are effective in ensuring the safety of occupants throughout the life cycle of the structure. Government agencies have the responsibility of inspection to ensure safety and enforcing compliance to regulations and codes during constructions. Building design and construction methods evolve in response to emerging trends and demands in the industry. Advancements within the design and construction industries transform the demands and orientation of structures as per the consumer demand.

Building designs and construction methods have associated types of collapse. Designs and construction methods determine the gravity resistance system of buildings. Different building designs and construction methods have related hazards from the collapse of structures.

Fire resistive buildings

Fire resistive building designs integrate the application non-combustible materials in construction. This prevents the construction materials from adding to the fire load and smoke within and spread from…… [Read More]


Bukowski, R., Jensen, R. & Laurel, A. (2012). Addressing the Needs of People Using Elevators for Emergency Evacuation. Fire Technology, 48: 127 -- 136.

Ling, F. & Soh, L. (2005). Improving the design of tall buildings after 9/11. Structural Survey, 23 (4): 265-281.

Mohammad, H. (2009). On the challenges of evacuation and rescue operations in high-rise buildings. Structural Survey, 27 (2): 109-118.

Randall, M. (2005). OSHA to the Rescue: Roofing industry benefits from agency's efforts. Professional Safety, 50 (2): 38-40.
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History and Development of Sound Technologies and Sound Design in Film

Words: 11249 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80180588

sound technologies and sound design in Film

Sound in films

Experiments in Early Age


Crucial innovations

Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan

Sound Design

Unified sound in film production

Sound designers in Cinematography

Sound Recording Technologies

History of Sound Recording Technology

Film sound technology

Modern Digital Technology

History of sound in films


Sound Design

Sound Recording Technologies

The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…… [Read More]


Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.

Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.

Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.

Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
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Human Factors Design Construction

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61094907

Children spend a large part of their day here, and should therefore be optimally stimulated for their learning benefit. The problem with many current classrooms is the fact that desks and chairs tend to be uncomfortable to a great degree of distraction. Other distracting factors is the lack of general comfort level within a classroom. The classroom atmosphere should be pleasant and focus the attention on the teacher and the blackboard, where information is imparted. Air-conditioning in summer and heating in winter should therefore be primary considerations, along with providing children with comfortable seating arrangements. In movie theaters, clients are provided with the utmost comfort in padded seating, helping them to enjoy the experience. Children should be provided with the same courtesy, as learning is an infinitely more worthy activity than movie entertainment. Surely the long hours spend in school and classrooms justify a better seating arrangement than is currently…… [Read More]

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Ohio Capitol Building Discuss the Overall Design

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73835563

Ohio Capitol Building

Discuss the overall design of the building. Upon what earlier buildings or styles was the design of this structure based? hy is that significant?

According to those who helped to construct the building, the Ohio Capitol was intended to be a building that was designed simplistically, to reflect the refinement and simple nature of the people in the state (Gilkey 1902,-page 651). The Ohio Capitol Building's design is based upon Greek and Roman architecture. It has been considered a premier example of Greek revival architecture which became popular during the 19th century in the United States and Europe (Gilkey 1902,-page 652). The structure was designed before the United States Capitol building and thus does not have the round dome that most capitol buildings have, although that structure too was designed after Grecian and Roman architecture. Subsequent additions to the building, either because of the need for additional…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Gilkey, Elliott Howard et. al. (1901). The Ohio Hundred Year Book: a Hand-book of the Public

Men and Public. Taylor: Columbus, OH.

"The Ohio Statehouse." (2012).
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Sustainable Design Is Evidence-Based Design Until Relatively

Words: 845 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4758219

Sustainable Design is Evidence-Based Design

Until relatively recently in human history, most buildings would have qualified as "sustainable," in the sense that they did not use fossil fuels for electricity or heating; and buildings were made with local material.

Now, the concept of sustainable design is more difficult to implement because it is viewed as not being cost-effective.

Evidence shows, however, that sustainable design IS cost-effective when it is done right.

The following case studies prove that sustainable design is evidence-based design.

The Providence Cancer Center

Emphasis on maximizing daylight

Reduces solar gain

Improves patient health due to connection with nature and outdoors

To reduce solar gain

Design shallow rooms and maximum window space for best light penetration

Glazing with low u-values, high visible light transmission

Design building orientation facing the best views of nature

Successful Outcomes

*Energy savings up to 87% during the day because of reduced solar gain…… [Read More]

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Store Design Has Been at the Forefront

Words: 1278 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97218492

Store design has been at the forefront of marketing strategies for many years. Marketing professionals use store design to create an ambiance that creates an environment that compels people to purchase certain products or services. The purpose of this discussion is to explain how public space affects people. For the purposes of this discussion we will focus on the store design of Starbucks. Our investigation will discuss the moods, feelings and ideas that the atmosphere presents to the customers. e will also focus on how the set-up of the building affects the people in the store. Finally, we will discuss the type of people that may frequent a Starbucks coffee shop.

Let's begin our discussion by explaining some of the history behind the concept of store design.

Store Design

Some of the first experiments with store design occurred in grocery stores. According to a book entitled, The American Grocery Store:…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mayo, James M. 1993. The American Grocery Store: The Business Evolution of an Architectural Space. Greenwood Press: Westport, CT.

Starbucks: To Drink or Not to Drink." Summer 2002. Whole Earth. Page Number: 15.

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Sustainable Design of Sports Venues

Words: 1303 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71275396

Sustainability Process in the Design of Construction of Sports Venues

In the United States, the construction and operation of sports stadiums create certain numbers of environmental problems. The construction projects including the sports projects consume 60% of the U.S. raw materials yearly. Moreover, the physical facilities in the United States consume 14% of the country's potable water, responsible for 38% of CO2 emissions, 30% of waste output, and 72% of electricity consumption. In most cases, construction of sports projects fails to integrate sustainable protocols in their design strategies during and after the constructions leading to the environmental degradations. Many products used to construct the facilities exteriors and interiors after or during the construction affect the environment negatively. Over the years, the U.S. government introduces series of legislations such as the Clean Water Act (CWA) and Clean Air Act (CAA) mandating the sport events stakeholders to integrate sustainability into the design…… [Read More]

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High Design Manufactured Homes High-Design

Words: 334 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47548457

builders of AvisAmerica Custom Modular Homes in the New Hampshire and Vermont area


Major projects: Custom and cape-cod style developments in New England

Size: From 1500 to 5,000 square feet or larger, by request

Financial performance: Prices can be as low as wholesale cost, for custom-built designs

Name 3: Palm Harbor Homes


Major projects: National Industry Award for Excellence in Design concept called the 'Cambria,' a 2,600 square feet, four bedroom 2.5 baths high-end economical design

Focus: Middle-income residents looking for their first home, or seniors looking to reduce home costs

Size: Can be custom built, most homes within 2,500 square foot arena

Financial performance: middle to upper-middle income average customer in Florida

orks Cited

Jeffrey, Nancy Ann Nancy Keates. (2004). Upwardly mobile homes: Is this architecture? all

Street Journal Online. Retrieved March 9, 2009 at… [Read More]

Works Cited

Jeffrey, Nancy Ann Nancy Keates. (2004). Upwardly mobile homes: Is this architecture? Wall

Street Journal Online. Retrieved March 9, 2009 at
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Gardens Comparison of Landscape Design Topologies

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70387168

Similarly, the Blithewold Gardens, located in Bristol, RI, were specifically constructed to take advantage of the garden's proximity to water in the form of Narragansett Bay. ithin its 33 acres, Blithewold contains several garden types, including a rock garden, a rose garden, a display garden, a garden designed for celebrations and functions, and its water garden and rock garden located near the shore.

Thus, another similarity Blithewold shares with Shalimar is the fact that it is segmented based upon the intended functionality of the design of the garden. For example, "the more formal North Garden whose lush, deep borders are the background for weddings and other social functions" ("Blithewold Gardens," Blithewold Mansion, Gardens & Arboretum, 2009). The North Garden is designed to showcase the human beings that inhabit it. In contrast, the ater Garden is designed as a place of solitary reflection.

Like Shalimar, Blithewold was once designed as a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Blithewold Gardens." Blithewold Mansion, Gardens & Arboretum. 2009.

[November 8, 2011]. 

"Shalimar Gardens." Arch Net. [November 8, 2011].
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Firefighters Structural Analysis and Design

Words: 3088 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82621562

Obvious concerns, such as when a firefighter entering a high-rise building loses communications with his team because tall buildings are not conducive to radio wave transmission and therefore do not allow firefighters' radios to work properly has not been addressed during the recent trend of building higher and higher.

Even something as simple as an external fire on a high-rise cannot be defended with the conventional firefighting techniques used throughout history. Unless helicopters or airplanes are deployed, a simple fire on say the 75th floor could wreak havoc. These concerns regarding safety and building size were logged from fire service representatives long before September 11th. As early as 1995, retired Fire Chief of the FNY, Vincent unn wrote that the World Trade Centers were lacking proper evacuation avenues and that if the buildings ever encountered a serious fire, existing procedures would be useless and that people above a certain threshold…… [Read More]

Dragon Tower,

Harbin, China 2000 336 1,103 (Infoplease, 2004)

Global Business
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Collaborative Design for a Build-To-Order

Words: 7001 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49022602

" (Brown, 1996, p. 74)

That potential of globalization can be attributed directly to the current business processes working to its fullest capabilities. Some may think that these trends towards globalization are new to the twentieth or twenty-first centuries. In a sense that is true because of the fact that our current globalization phenomenon can be linked with the advent of our new technology, financial methods and distribution channels to any point on the globe. However, globalization is technically not a new process that was created in or by our current digital and information revolution. Actually, not even the industrial revolution can be credited with the idea of globalization because the concept originated even before Christopher Columbus or Marco Polo. (Employees, 2005)

World trade has linked disparate locations into highly complex and extensive systems of finance, communication, migration, and other interconnections for thousands of years. Some of these events have…… [Read More]


Brown, Seymore (1996). International Relations in a Changing Global System: Toward a Theory of the World Polity. New York: Westwood.

Employees. (n.d.). Globalization Trends. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at 

Ford to Spend $1bn a Year in China. Ed. Pravda Online. 12/8/03. Pravda. Retrieved on May 26, 2005, at 

Gonzalez, Adrian. (2002). "Inbound logistics drives strong demand for transportation systems Warehousing Management." Radnor: Sep.
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School of Engineering and Design

Words: 15360 Length: 56 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38518716

The last century has seen an increase in the level of international purchases which has been supported by the developments in transportation and technology. Goods can move faster than before with developments in logistics. The negotiation and forming contracts for purchase with companies and communicate with potential suppliers in distant countries is also easier than in the past with the internet and tools such as video conferencing and emails. This facilitates the use of international suppliers. However, other firms may choose local suppliers believing strategy will best suit their needs. Local suppliers may be able to provide where there is an increase in the transparency of the supply chain, less exposure to risks such as interruption and exchange rate risks and proximity may allow closer collaborative relationships to develop. Both procurement strategies are viable, to assess the advantages associated with each approach the procurement from international and local suppliers can…… [Read More]


'Automotive and Auto Parts Industry in Turkey.' (2012). Turkish Ministry of Economy. [online] available: .

"Automotive Industry Trends Affecting Component Suppliers.' (2005). International Labour Review, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 130-133.

Borrus, M., Ernst, D. & Haggard, S. (2001). International Production Networks in Asia: Rivalry or Riches. London: Routledge.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. (2004). Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.
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History and Development of Master Builder and Design Build Tradition of Western Civilization

Words: 6891 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11303212

Architecture through the Ages


Construction in ancient times is second only to agriculture-it reaches back as far as the Stone Age and possibly further (Jackson 4). Before the existence of master builders in design and construction the Code of Hammurabi (1795-1750 B.C.) referred to design and construction as a simple process (Beard, Loulakis and undrum (13). Hammurabi was the ruler of Babylon, the world's first metropolis and he codified his code of laws (Beard 13). This is the earliest example of a ruler introducing his laws publicly. The code regulated the organization of society including the extreme punishments for violating the law. The builder's work is addressed in the code, however faulty design and improper construction were viewed as one (13). Six specific laws address the builder. These laws are;

228. If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Albert the Great." The Masonic Trowel. Web. 26 Mar. 2010. .

"Architecture and the Medieval Builder." Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Mar. 2010. .

"Basilica of Santa Maria Novella." Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Web. .

Beard, Jeffrey, Michael Loulakis, and Edward Wundrum. Design-Build:planning through Development. McGraw-Hill, 2001. Print.
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Centralized Church Design Although Buildings

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87477101

The centralized church, "of circular or polygonal plan, with one large central space, usually with a dome overhead" became more popular in the Middle Ages. First came Romanesque and then Gothic churches, in the form of works such as Notre Dame and the Royal Abbey of Saint Denis ("Church," Encarta, 2009). The new church designs housed a congregation within their center halls and contained high, arching ceilings that seemed to reach upwards to God. They were "roofed with arching sheets of stone, the Romanesque with arches and vaults of semicircular form, the Gothic with pointed elements" ("Church," Encarta, 2009).

However, domes and Greek crosses continue to fascinate church architects: for example, Christopher ren, the designer of St. Paul's Cathedral created "a domed church of great openness designed in a restrained style that combines elements of Neoclassical, Gothic, and Baroque architecture," marrying older and daring conceptions from antiquity with Eastern-style domes…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Church (building)." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. May 23, 2009.

Lendering, Jona. "Constantinople (Istanbul): Church of SS. Sergius and Bacchus." 2008. 2008. May 23, 2009.
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Pevsner Book Visual Planning and

Words: 1883 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41587339

An Outline of European Architecture is a standard, general text in the history of Western buildings and is an outstanding example of Pevsner's ability to synthesize the general - the totality of the Western architectural experience - with the specific - an exploration of how specific techniques and materials combine to make each building a unique entity within several larger ordering systems. His work on Modern Design (also in Pioneers of Modern Design) shows his avowed interest for what were then the buildings of the contemporary vanguard. He has been criticized for his once-held view that the generation of ultra-modern architects who thrived during his study - Le Corbusier, the designers at the Bauhaus, etc. - were the logical "end point" to the evolution of short that "Modern" architecture was almost the last possible word in building design. The thesis remains fascinating.

Major, individual volumes aside, Pevsner's name will…… [Read More]


Nikolaus Pevsner, ed. Matthew Aitchison. Visual Planning and the Picturesque (Getty Research Institute, 2010)

AAA the Getty Museum Store. Visual Planning and the Picturesque. The J. Paul Getty Trust. Web. 25 March 2011.

Dr Ute Engel, 'The Formation of Pevsner's art history: Nikolaus Pevsner in Germany 1902-33', paper delivered at centenary conference 'Reassessing Nikolaus Pevsner', Birkbeck College, 12-13/7/2002 and subsequently published in ed. P. Draper, Reassessing Nikolaus Pevsner (Ashgate, 2004).

Sir Nikolaus Pevsner Biography - ( 1902 -- 83 ), Pioneers of Modern Design, an Outline of European Architecture, the Buildings of England
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University of Washington Will Give Me a

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93429243

University of Washington will give me a cherished opportunity to meet many of my academic and personal goals. I have always had a passion and interest for my intended major of interior design. In many ways, this stems from the fact that drawing and painting give me with a powerful and effective method to communicate with others. Though painting and the use of lines, I can communicate feelings that are often difficult to express in other ways. Even as a child, I was been blessed with the gift of artistic ability, and learned to reach others through this gift. I am excited to be able to attend an interior design program at the University of Washington, where I can continue to reach others through this gift. I look forward to learning more about art, and combine my abilities and gifts with new skills.

I have a passion about art. I…… [Read More]

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SAIC School of the Art Institute of

Words: 567 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91256136

SIC (School of the rt Institute of Chicago) personal statement

One of the most exciting aspects of studying the field of design and architecture is its collaborative aspect. No building is constructed alone; rather the structure that is produced is the result of the combined effort of designers, architects, sponsors, and ideally the community where the building is going to be located. This is why I am so eager to become part of the SIC -- (School of the rt Institute of Chicago) architecture program with a concentration in interior design. The spirit of the school is a community where I know I can feel at home in the next four years. Both inside and outside of the classroom, the people with whom I work with at SIC will shape my vision as a professional throughout the duration of my career, long after I have left the institution. The school…… [Read More]

As an international student who received an undergraduate degree in interior design in Saudi Arabia, I am eager to attend a school that is global in focus, yet also grounded in the independent spirit of the United States. I seek a fresh perspective on the world of architecture and I believe that I could be an invaluable asset in the classroom, sharing with my fellow students the worldview of someone who has grown up outside of the United States. The culture of the industry is different where I worked, as are the logistical challenges of climate and functionality. I seek to learn from my fellow classmates and teachers and see things from their perspective, as I hope they will learn from mine.

In Saudi Arabia, there is great wealth, which has supported the architectural industry. I have worked as an architectural assistant and have come to understand the degree to which financial backing is essential to realize the vision of every architect, as I have seen some potentially great projects flounder for want of backing. Learning how to make a project financially feasible yet still suit the vision of the original designer was one of the core challenges I witnessed in my work.

Attending SAIC would not be my first time living abroad. My desire to become an architect was first formulated when I was training at a workshop in architectural geometry in Vienna during the summer of 2011. My ultimate goal in getting a degree from SAIC would be to open up my own architectural firm with a global focus and an emphasis on cutting edge design. I still require more knowledge of the field to realize my dream, however. Given that my undergraduate degree was interior design, I seek out a sounder theoretical and practical base of academic knowledge in the field of architecture. I also desire to make contacts within this very difficult and rewarding industry. And finally, I seek a 'safe space' to try out experimental designs that I did not have the opportunity to propose when I was merely working as an assistant. Attending SAIC would give me the courage to dream and reach for the sky, as high as the tallest buildings I could imagine yet also provide my career and knowledge base with a sound framework and foundation. It would build my knowledge as an architect -- from the ground up.
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Njit Admission Applying for a Better Future

Words: 521 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50572400

NJIT Admission

Applying for a Better Future

The pieces that form the buildings in which we lead our daily lives are made from such inspiring creativity. Whether it is architecture or interior design, the most beautiful constructions, inside and outside, are those that we admire most. I have loved studying geometry since I was a little girl. Sharp corners, semi-circles, all of these figures fascinated me as pieces of a puzzle. I saw these pieces combining to form buildings, and designs inside of buildings that enhanced a certain construction's beauty. I have, thus, been fascinated by architecture and interior design for as long as I know, and as soon as I found that the New Jersey Institute of Technology has a wonderful Architecture and Interior Design Program, I knew that this was a destiny for me.

My family has always supported me in my decisions and my passion. This is…… [Read More]

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Contextualizing Fashion

Words: 1675 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75761968

Contextualizing Fashion: London

The objective of this study is to become familiar with London as a fashion capital and opportunities for fashion retailing in London including the wide range of commercial outlets from the high street store to the fashion concept store.

This study will examine the flagship stores in London as well as the smaller boutiques in order to express an understanding of how shopping is contextualized in London.

Flagship Stores

London shopping is replete with Flagship stores, which are "significant, high profile developments that play and influential and catalytic role in urban regeneration…" (rown, 2009, p.8) The regenerational flagship project may be "a marketing tool for an entire area of a city, a large advertising hoarding, promoting th4e place for others to invest or spin. The flagship experience may be a brand experience and this may be critical to the luxury flagship store to unify the ultimate allure…… [Read More]


DePloy Demi Couture (2012) Retrieved from:

Donna Ida (2012) Retrieved from:

Boundary 11 (2012) Urbanpath. Retrieved from:

Diverse (2012) Urbanpath. Retrieved from:
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Home Influence on Formal Landscape

Words: 1965 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24168197

Vignola began his career as an architect in ologna and supported himself by painting and making perspective templates for inlay craftsmen, later traveling to Rome to work and study. His talent and skill was utilized by the papacy, including Pope Julius III and the papal family of the Farnese. He worked with Michelangelo and was deeply influenced by his style.

It is believed that Cardinal Gianfrancesco Gambara commissioned Vignola to design the Villa Lante in 1566. The first casino was completed immediately, but the second one was not finished until after 1587 when the Cardinal passed away. The two casini differ mainly in the style of frescoes. The first casino uses a riotous highlight of color used to highlight the architecture, while the second casino was done in a more classical style of fresco and plaster sculpture combination.

The gardens of the Villa Lante incorporate water features in "a visual…… [Read More]


Coffin, D.R. 2003. Pirro Ligorio: The Renaissance Artist, Architect, and Antiquarian. Pennsylvania: Penn State Press.

Lees, Frederick. 1997. The Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte. Architectural Record. pp. 413-433.

Pater, Peter. 1976. Renaissance Rome. California: University of California Press.

Rogers, Elizabeth Barlow. 2001. Landscape Design: A Cultural and Architectural History. New York: Harry Abrams, Inc.
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Scandinavian Architecture the Evolution of Vernacular

Words: 1657 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67761252

Scandinavian Architecture: The Evolution of Vernacular

All types of art are normally influenced by both the social and the political factors within a geographical region. These social aspects are reflected in the designs of the time and most of the inspiration that the designers get is from history. In Scandinavia, it is easy to define the style as straightforward. The logic behind the simplicity of this was due to the limited resources which emphasized saving and proper utilization (Pile, 335). It is also democratic in the manner that its main intention was to please, the masses. Architects in Scandinavia share an inherent bond with nature and the natural landscape. hen studying the geographical locations of these nodes and, therefore, cross referencing their localities to similar cultural conditions a trend is found. It is the intention of this research to research just how the natural landscape is invited into the manmade…… [Read More]

Works cited

Bandle, Oskar, Kurt Braunmu-ller, Lennart Elmevik, and Gun Widmark. The Nordic Languages:

An International Handbook of the History of the North Germanic Languages. Berlin: de

Gruyter, 2005. Print.

Fallan, Kjetil. Design History: Understanding Theory and Method. Oxford: Berg Publishers,
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Career in Architecture Actually Began When I

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79537880

career in architecture actually began when I was a child, when with wonder-filled eyes I beheld the designs and finished plans both my parents produced. My father is an architect, the principal in his own company. My mother is a painter and the owner of an interior design firm. Both of my parents' passion for their work inspired me to pursue a career along the same path.

Throughout high school and college, I sought personal, academic, and professional means by which to manifest my dreams, such as taking any courses that were relevant to the field. Because of both school and my parents' presence in my life, professional resources were plentiful for me. I have plenty of visual images imprinted my mind as a result, too. Therefore, my eventual decision to pursue architecture in college naturally stemmed from my early experiences and passion for creativity, form, and function.

My first…… [Read More]

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Statement of Intent

Words: 305 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47970035

acceptance to the Master of Architecture Program at Arizona State University.

A graduated with honors from the Art Institute of Phoenix in 2004 with a BFA in Interior Design.

My passion for architecture and design dates back to my childhood. I have amassed through the years quite a collection of antique design books and magazines, picking them whenever I could at flea markets and second-hand book stores. It is fascinating to observe how good design never loses its charm and function, no matter the age of the building or decor. Moreover, the elements of good design are repeated from one era to another regardless of the overall character.

I have always been a hard worker and taken pride in my accomplishments. Moreover, I enjoy the process of achievement and success, such as transforming ideas and thoughts onto paper in the anticipation of someday seeing my creations come to life. The…… [Read More]

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Hotel Facilities Maintenance

Words: 1209 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4378295

Facilities Maintenance

Hotel Facilities Maintenance

As the proposal for Hotel Montreux enters the next phase, plans for maintenance must be delineated. Proper scheduled maintenance of the facilities systems, buildings, equipment and other features is essential to protect the capital investment and to ensure that Hotel Montreux achieves the international reputation targeted by investors and financiers. This report provides a plan of overall maintenance designed to maximize the investment by ensuring timely and appropriate maintenance and repairs. The sections that follow address the following specific management, care, and maintenance areas:

Maintenance systems

Equipment specifications

Purchasing criteria

Guest, employee, and corporate benefits

Cost accounts

Sustainability assurances

The recommendations and the overall facilities maintenance plan are based on comprehensive research relevant to the needs of the hotel, its customers, and its investors. Sources include online and print industry journals, hospitality periodicals, industry websites, and authoritative books.

Maintenance systems

Hotel Montreux is equipped with…… [Read More]

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Pratt in the Middle East Comprehensive and

Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86868107


In the Middle East, comprehensive and regional planning are not as developed as needed within the 21st century paradigm. Gloalism has rought change to the world, and this will require a new way of thinking aout precious resources and use of materials that will contriute oth to environmental sustainaility and the increasing cooperation etween regions. I have certainly realized that the moral action in the contemporary world is to pursue a career that allows the capacity to influence others in managing the impact that the environment has on all of us. To that end, I would like to present my application and credentials for a Master's in City and Regional Planning at the Pratt Institute. I am particularly interested in your programs ecause of the extensive research and reputation of the department, and the focus not only on a holistic framework, ut the aility to collaorate with colleagues and…… [Read More]

bibliography to include a number of works on sustainability and modern business design, most recently: Horibe's Creating the Innovation Culture, Farr's Sustainable Urbanism, and a book a colleague recommended that is proving interesting, but difficult, Zetter's Designing Sustainable Cities in the Developing World. I am living in the United States now, concentrating on the improvement of my English language skills. Besides my undergraduate degree in interior design, I have worked in groups of several sizes as both a contributing team member and manager, and I am doing my best to network with consulting and business colleagues to form intellectual partnerships that may help alter the regional mindset and allow for more of an innovation culture in the region.

Thank you in advance. I appreciate your consideration and look forward to attending the Pratt Institute.
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Human Response to Physical Structure Environmental Psychology

Words: 1448 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99517516

Human esponse to Physical Structure:

Environmental psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on explaining human behavior in relation to the physical environment. In this case, the physical environment basically incorporates plants, animals, and material objects that have a significant impact on behavior at various levels. However, this branch of psychology does not focus on the interactional procedures among people as emphasized on other branches of psychology. In analyzing human behavior, it adopts a systems approach that has become the main approach in modern science.

Impact of Physical Structure on Human Behavior:

According to various theories, the physical environment or structure affects human behavior at various levels with instant behavior acting as a function of settings with which it happens (Matthew, n.d.). The individual personality traits of people within a specified country are largely influenced by the nature and type of physical environment that these individuals are subject to…… [Read More]


Goode, J.P. (n.d.). 'The Human Response to the Physical Environment.' The Elementary School

Teacher, 4(5), pp. 271-282. Retrieved from

"Importance of Sustainable Architecture in 21st Century." (2010, June 21). Architecture Student

Chronicles. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from
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Housing Environments for Older Adults

Words: 1384 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83902807

Others, who are perhaps a little older and beginning to feel the effects of older age and the onset of related health conditions, prefer retirement communities. Here they can retain a relatively independent life for as long as possible, while still having access to health, transport, meals, and other assisting services they might need.

In terms of housing, a number of options have therefore begun to evolve for older people who prefer not to enter institutional care if they can avoid it. It is therefore important for agencies and professionals who work with older people to establish which the best fit would be for each individual client involved. Not all older people, for example, can afford assisted care, as this tends to be towards the more expensive end of the market.

Another important component of environmental fit is transport. Transport, to an older person, could mean various things. Most importantly,…… [Read More]


American Society for Interior Designers. (2012). Design for Aging. Retrieved from: 

NAIPC. (2012). Age in Place. Retrieved from:

Niles-Yokum, K. And Wagner, D.L. (2011). The Aging Networks: A Guide to Programs and Services. New York: Springer Publishing Co.

NOWCC. (2011). National Older Worker Career Center. Retrieved from:
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Louis Sullivan Form Follows Function

Words: 1931 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1054199


His belief, of course, was that the Unity was of primary importance -- which was a departure from Sullivan's sense that beauty and transcendent forms (reflections of the human spirit) were central to the idea of all forms. Wright's anti-verticality was no more in tune to Sullivan's sense of the soul than the reuer's "functional" brutalism. Sullivan alone had the sense to achieve some sort of aesthetic standard while achieving the function so desired by his contractors.


In conclusion, Sullivan announced at the end of the 19th century that "form ever follows function" -- but that did not imply that form had to be as mechanical as function. In fact, it meant for Sullivan quite the opposite. The Guaranty uilding is a perfect example of how he saw architecture as an art: its purpose was to provide the space necessary for offices and retailers but also to make…… [Read More]


Kaufman, Mervyn. Father of Skyscrapers: A Biography of Louis Sullivan. Boston:

Little, Brown, 1969.

Korom, Joseph. The American Skyscraper, 1850-1940: a celebration of height. Boston:

Branden Books, 2008.
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Senior Helpers Began Franchising in 2005 Senior

Words: 1340 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4614422

Senior Helpers began franchising in 2005. Senior Helpers is an in-home care service that is designed to give clients as much or as little help as they require so that they may enjoy living independently at home. Senior Helpers offers flexible and non-contractual services.

The Company provides the following services: assisting clients with everything from companionship to bathing to Alzheimer's and dementia care. Senior Helpers services include an in-home assessment to assist in the determination of the type and level of care needed. Our services are available anytime, including days, nights, weekends, and holidays for either long or short-term duration. Our future plans include developing a new Senior Helpers Facility at 7632 Hull Street Road, Chesterfield, Virginia 23832 by the end of 2012.

The greatest risks associated with our business today are competition and employee turnover. e feel we can overcome these risks because of our franchise support. Our biggest…… [Read More]

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spring 2017 fashion and lifestyle trends

Words: 722 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47875573

2017 right around the corner, it is time to see what designers have in store, and what new trends might be popping up on the horizon. One of the most notable emerging trends is the shift away from technology and complexity, as we find comfort, solace, and retreat in simplicity and the natural world. This theme is evident in both fashion and interior design. As Gudy (2016) points out, emerging design trends reveal "our instinctive need to express ourselves in a world that is, at times, lost in a rush of souls chaos."

A similar trend towards simplicity and taking time away from harried lives was evident in New York Fashion Week Spring 2017. Loose-fitting yet highly structured elements make an appearance. Even hooded bathrobes disguised as coats make an appearance, showing that consumers are demanding greater comfort and relaxation from their lifestyles. Similarly, the brashly off-the-shoulder look and billowy…… [Read More]

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Indian Art

Words: 867 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43859409

Indian Art

In what ways are the form and function of the Buddhist stupa and Hindu temple similar to or different from the Islamic mosque?

The Buddhist Stupa, the Hindu Temple, and the Islamic Mosque all have social, cultural, and religious functions. Their physical forms are more similar than they are different, in that each boasts tapered and often rounded edifices. However, Hindu temples are more likely to have angular features and involve the use of straight lines and parallel planes; both stupas and mosques prefer curvilinear elements and bulbous forms. Hindu temples and Muslim mosques will also have larger interior spaces devote to personal prayer.

In what ways may the Quwwat al-Islam Mosque in Delhi be considered an Islamic (ate) building and an Indic one in terms of its construction and its design?

The Quwwat al-Islam Mosque in Delhi is clearly Islamic because of the minaret, as well as…… [Read More]

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Socio Part of the Socio-Technical

Words: 1303 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99627920

At the same time, they are grouped into 50 teams, each with 12 members. All these teams are led by a team leader and the overall structure is supervised and coordinated by a call center manager.

oth the team leader and the call center manager seem to have a dual responsibility: first, they ensure that the instructions from the upper management and the directions of activity are clearly communicated to the employees at the call center, thus ensuring the coordination with the rest of the organization. Second, they supervise and control, ensuring that the respective instructions are properly respected by the employees at the call center.

Procedures make up for another important component of the social system at the call center. The procedures are part of every activity to which the call center relates. For example, the recruitment process is regulated by a set of procedures, making up the necessary…… [Read More]


1. Callaghan, G. (2001) Socio-Technical Systems And Call Centres: A Case Study Investigation. ESRC End of Award Report. R000222799. Open University. Retrieved October 11, 2010, from

2. Why a Socio-Technical System? On the Internet at . Retrieved on October 11, 2010
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Marketing a Market Leader in

Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78725613

The second thing I would want to know is the details of the additional spending. The spending must fit with our overall brand development strategy. It should support our current endeavors and not conflict with the brand image we are seeking. Moreover, the ads should target our existing target audience -- if not I would need to know that ahead of time. Additionally, the decision of whether to apply the money to customer attraction or retention is a strategic matter (Lewis & Otto, 2005), and therefore this $500K should be considered as a strategic move within the context of the overall marketing strategy.

The third thing I would want to know is what sort of profit we can expect for that additional $2 million in revenue. If the additional revenues do not generate a level of profit above $500K, then the campaign would lose money on a net basis. So…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

No author. (2009). Strategy of Challenger, Leader and Follower. Retrieved October 14, 2009 from 

Rao, Vithala. (2009). Handbook of Pricing Research in Marketing. Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK.

Lewis, Barbara & Otto, Dan. (2005). ROI isn't the only factor to consider. Marquant Analytics. Retrieved October 14, 2009 from 

Khermouch, Gerry & Green, Jeff. (2001). Buzz marketing: Suddenly this stealth strategy is hot -- but it's still fraught with risk. Commercial Alert. Retrieved October 14, 2009 from
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Environmental Psychology

Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29994840

Environmental Psychology

This is an interdisciplinary field which focuses on the relationship between humans and their surroundings. It defines the term environment broadly, including natural environments, social settings, built environments, learning environments, and informational environments. When solving problems in pertaining human-environment interactions, which might be global or local, you must have a model of human nature that predicts the environmental conditions under which humans will behave in a decent and creative manner. Such a model enables one to design, manage, protect and/or restore environments that foster reasonable behavior, predict ion likely outcomes which comes about when these conditions are not met, and identifies problem situations. This field develops a model of human nature by retaining a wider and inherently multidisciplinary view. It explores two different issues such as common property resource management, view finding in complex settings, the effect of environmental stress on human performance, the characteristics of restorative environments,…… [Read More]


Gifford, R. (2007). Environmental Psychology: Principles and Practice (4th ed.). Colville, WA: Optimal Books.

Proshansky, H.M. (1987). The field of environmental psychology: securing its future

Altman, I., Christensen, K. (Eds.). 'Environment and Behavior Studies: Emergence of Intellectual Traditions,' pp. 169 -- 185
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Luxury Fashion of Swarovski Toward

Words: 5498 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86429573

"The second step is to develop a touch-point chain and gauge those with the greatest impact. The third step is to turn findings into project priorities. The final step is to implement and monitor." (Atwal and Williams, 2009 P. 343).

Uche (2009) provides different argument by pointing out that internet experience create compelling, enjoyable, memorable, and positive experience for online shoppers. The author develops web experience model to demonstrate the strategy the virtual environment could provide experience for online customer. Typically, the 7C model was developed to create a high impact digital experiential customer experience. This includes customisation, content, customer care, community, communication, convenience and connectivity.

On the other hand, Snakers & Zajdman (2010) argue that there is a proliferation of fashion jewelry within the present marketing environment making consumer to face challenges in distinguishing between products. Thus, finding the best method to differentiate one product from the other has…… [Read More]


Abrams Research (2011).Social Media Guide for Luxury Brands. Digital & Social Media Agency.

Acuna, B.P. (2010). The Power of Social Media Image. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. 2 (1): 298-308.

Achouri, a. And Bouslama, N. (2010).The Effect of the Congruence between Brand Personality and Self-Image on Consumer's Satisfaction and Loyalty: A Conceptual Framework. IBIMA Business Review.

Atwal, G. (2009). Luxury brand marketing -- the experience is everything! Journal of Brand Management. 16: 338-346.
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How Can Starwood Expand Their Business Into Russian Market in Specific Kazan

Words: 7031 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61440816

Starwood hotel chain expand their business into Kazan market?

Kazan is one of the largest cities in the epublic of Tatarstan in ussia. With a populace of just one, 143, 546 recorded for the year 2010 in the earlier results of the national Census, it ranks as the eighth most populated city in ussia and was branded as the third capital of ussia in 2009. Subsequently, it has also been dubbed as the sports capital of the region. The importance of the city can be recognized from the recent level of importance it has been given by the ussian government as it continues to increase the economic strength, foreign investment and trade for the country.

As technology brings the planet closer together, more businesses have become multinational corporations (MNC) and have included in a method in their administrative policies to strengthen their market share and profits. The success to become…… [Read More]


Abesser, C. (2010). Open-loop ground source heat pumps and the groundwater systems: A literature review of current applications, regulations and problems. British Geological Survey.

Becker, B.E., & Huselid, M.A. (2006). Strategic human resources management: Where do we go from here? Journal of Management, 32(6), 898-925.

Bjorkman, I. And Schaap, A. (1994) 'Outsiders in the Middle Kingdom: Expatriate Managers in Saudi Arabian-Western Joint Ventures', European Management Journal, 12(2): 147 -- 53.

Black, J.S. (1990) 'The Relationship of Personal Characteristics with Adjustment of Japanese Expatriate Managers', Management International Review, 30: 119 -- 34.
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Voss Water

Words: 7740 Length: 29 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37112893


As will be shown below, the bottled water market is increasingly competitive and consumers have a dazzling array of choices available to them. It is clear that Voss has taken this into account when developing its sophisticated packaging, some samples of which are shown in Figure ____ below.

Figure ____. epresentative Sampling of Voss Packaging Techniques.


In fact, one new admirer of the Voss brand unashamedly proclaimed that even though she liked the water, it was the "wicked cool" Voss packaging that sold her: "Yesterday, I drank a few bottles of Voss Artesian Water from Norway. One was Still. One was Sparkling. Both were pretty good but its wicked cool glass bottle is the best thing about it. My friend Sharon said she paid $20 for a bottle of Voss at the tres upscale Michael Mina estaurant in San Francisco, which was more than she…… [Read More]


AquaMaestro: The Source for Fine Waters. (2007). Available: .

Aras, Bulent. (2004). "The Future of Liberal Islam," Futures, 36(9), 1034.

Beer, Cider and FABs in Turkey to 2010," 2007, Available:

Brown, F.E., S.J. Neary and M.S. Symes. The Urban Experience: A People Environment Perspective (London: E & FN Spon), 1994.
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Gendered Spaces in the Modern

Words: 1265 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33553251

Suggesting the significance of food as a social activity, kitchens in suburban homes sometimes have their own entrances. The kitchen entrances are convenient for carrying in groceries. Regardless of where the kitchen is located in relation to the front door, it is almost always a shared space in which guests and residents may linger and socialize. Built-in items like countertops and breakfast bars encourage guests and residents to set down their drinks while chatting or to eat food.

Any other side or back doors that offer entryways into the home are used for special occasions. Sometimes a side or back door becomes a default front door depending on the layout of the home. In cases in which the family has a housekeeper, the housekeeper is often told to enter through a side-door, denoting differences in class and social status.

A garage can become the main entrance because of the car-centered…… [Read More]

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Dupont Case Study First Dupont

Words: 1163 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32708735

Chapter 11: Question 1:

a. What is your favorite construction of carpet fibers?

This question is not well formulated as it needs to consider the option of "other" in addition to the high possibility that the consumer does not have a favorite construction at all.

What style of carpeting do you have in your office?

This question is well formulated, however has little to do with the residential application of designer carpet.

Do you intend to buy a new carpet soon?

This question needs to be more specific in the time frame of carpet purchase, soon is too vague to be useful.

d. Do you believe, as most Americans do, that U.S. citizens should buy American-made carpets?

This question leads the respondent with the phrase "as most Americans," which should be removed.

e. Will you buy designer carpets given that they cost slightly more than traditional carpets?

A choice of…… [Read More]

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Analyzing the Total Work of Art Charles Renee Mackintosh

Words: 3712 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79229004

Total ork of Art: Charles Renee Mackintosh

Born on June 7, 1868, in Glasgow, Mackintosh, worked as an apprentice under one of the local architects named John Hutchison, however, he changed to the more stable and established Honeyman and Keppie city practice in 1889. As a way of complementing his architectural apprenticeship, Mackintosh got enrolled into evening classes at the school of art in Glasgow, where he partook in a number of drawing programs. hile in the art school, Mackintosh in the company of Herbert MacNair, his friend and colleague, ran into the famous artist sisters, Frances and Margaret Macdonald. These four talented artists formed a group and specialized in furniture designs, illustration and metalwork, and developed several weird-looking images, which were very distinctive. Such images included abstracted female images and certain metamorphic lines that reminded one of Aubrey Beardsley. They got to be known as the spook school, a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society, Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Web. 10 March 2016. 

Current, Karen. Greene & Greene: Architects in the Residential Style, Fort Worth, Texas: Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1974. Print.

Finger, Anke and Danielle Follett (eds.) The Aesthetics of the Total Artwork: On Borders and Fragments, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. Print

Harris, Nathaniel. The Life and Works of Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Bath: Lomond Books, 2000. Print.
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History of Construction Technology of

Words: 9139 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54599726

Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at the Sinki, Meidum, Giza, Abu Ghurob, and Lisht pyramids respectively (Heizer).

A third ramp variation was the spiral ramp, found in use during the nineteenth dynasty and was, as its name suggests, comprised of a ramp covering all faces of the pyramids leading towards the top. Reversing ramps zigzag up one face of a pyramid at a time and would not be used in the construction of step pyramids, while lastly interior ramps that have been found within the pyramids of Sahura, Nyuserra, Neferifijata, Abusir, and Pepi II (Heizer, Shaw).

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek architecture exists mainly in surviving temples that survive in large numbers even today and is tied into Roman and Hellenistic periods which borrowed heavily from the Greeks.…… [Read More]


Ackerman, J.S. "Architectural Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (1954): 3-11.

Alchermes, Joseph. "Spolia in Roman Cities of the Late Empire: Legislative Rationales and Architectural Reuse." Dumbarton Oaks Paper (1994): 167-178.

Allen, Rob. "Variations of the Arch: Post -- and lintel, Corbelled Arch, Arch, Vault, Cross-Vault Module." 11 August 2009. Civilization Collection. 5 April 2010 .

Anderson, James. "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carree at Nimes." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (2001): 68-79.
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Project Management - Starting a

Words: 2430 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10425785

P basically means doing a good thing and speaking about it. In other words, no matter how great the new coffee shop will be, unless it is very well advertised, it will not be worth a dime. The new coffee shop will be advertised on: business cards, T-shirts, travel mugs, coasters, glassware, sport bottles, ceramic cups, and others. Also, the coffee shop could be advertised on radio for greater success.

Macro (Top Down) cost estimate

Starting a coffee shop is a business that requires significant amounts of money. In accordance with the coffee shop's size, the following macro costs are estimated:

For a coffee cart the start-up cost is $20,000-$25,000

For a coffee kiosk, the macro costs are usually between $50,000-$60,000

For a coffee drive-thru, the costs for opening such a location may be very different in accordance with the unit's size, reaching $30,000-$180,000

For a sit down coffee shop,…… [Read More]

Reference List

Project management (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 21, 2007 at .

Quick Plan Coffee Shop (2007). Quickplan. Retrieved June 22, 2007 at .

Make Money in Your Own Coffee Business (2005). Home Business Center, Inc. Retrieved June 22, 2007 at .

Starting a Coffee Shop Business (2006). PowerHomeBiz. Retrieved June 22, 2007 at