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They suggest that the laws necessary to protect informational privacy from unauthorized collection and use simply must catch up to the realities presented by modern digital technology exactly the way the laws now prohibiting unwarranted wiretapping of telephones once lagged behind the obvious implications of failing to incorporate the needs posed by modern technology into appropriate legislation (Levin, 2012).
Competing Interests and Positions
On balance, there are legitimate justifications for imposing limits on the unrestricted collection and commercial use of information generated by ordinary individuals engaging in communications patterns that are now fast becoming as ubiquitous as the telephone. It is reasonable to suggest that when people use their cell phones or communicate via their Internet service provider (ISP) account, they have a reasonable expectation of privacy in digital data pertaining to that use, such as the identity of every call or email recipient. On the other hand, businesses such…
DeCew, J. "Privacy," the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition),
Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Accessed online: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/privacy/
Larsen, R. (2007). Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About
Security to Protect You, Your Family, and America. New York: Grand Central
According to the current laws, which are not really up to speed yet, an employer can monitor employee email if he or she has a legitimate business purpose for doing so. There is a belief that, because the employer has an email and computer system for employee use, the computer system (as well as the resulting email and browsing history) is the property of the employer. hile this makes sense, some states have enacted 'right to privacy' laws so that companies cannot make this claim against their employees and cannot monitor what they do on the Internet during company time. It then becomes difficult to balance the need to supervise and control employees with the need to make sure that those same employees' rights are not being violated by their employers. There is no clear legal rule as to what is acceptable and what is not in the field of…
Boustani, Eric Bakri. (2002). An Employer's Approach to Email Policies. http://www.iplawyers.com/CyberCounsel/an_employer.htm.
Loney, Matt. (2002). Covert Staff Surveillance 'Illegal'. ZDNet UK. http://News.zdnet.co.uk/story/0,t269-s2108075,00.html .
Monitoring Your Employees' Email, Voicemail, Telephone and Internet Use. (2002). Nolo. http://www.nolo.com/lawcenter/ency/article.cfm/objectID/751CFB9F-5A4B-48FB-A85BC08E2D9862E5/catID/30960BF5-6C25-44B9-992E83CC50D5B17A .
Purdy, LeAnn. Email in the Workplace. (2000). http://pigseye.kennesaw.edu/~1purdy/.
In this sense, internet privacy represents a challenge indeed.
Internet privacy is a relatively new term and the definitions are therefore rather scarce or general. For instance, it can be defined as "the ability of individuals to determine for themselves when, how, and to what extent information about them is communicated to others." (Givens, 1999) in this sense, privacy is a matter of personal choice and is therefore subject to prior agreement from the individual. However, considering the fact that the internet is a global network in which high technology plays the most important role and without which none of the benefits of communication would be possible, it is rather hard to control the degree to which one's privacy is violated.
One of the most important players in the debate over internet privacy is the federal government. The terrorist threat represented a powerful alarm signal for the defense system, with…
Givens, Beth. The Emperor's New Clothes: Privacy on the Internet in 1999. Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. 1999. 15 June 2007 http://www.privacyrights.org/ar/emperor.htm
Jones, Jennifer, and McCarthy, Jack. Government ponders Internet privacy issues. Infoworld. 2007. 15 June 2007 http://www.infoworld.com/articles/hn/xml/00/02/21/000221hnprivacy.html
Macura, Katarzyna J. "Communicating on the Internet." Radiological Society of North America. 2007. 15 June 2007 http://www.rsna.org/Technology/internet3-1.cfm
Public Records on the Internet: The Privacy Dilemma. Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. 2006.
The greatest challenge to the legal foundations of the Internet is the continual assault on individual privacy, brought about by continually loosening standards as to how personal data is used, stored and tracked online. Foremost among these threats is the relentless use of personal data from websites, social networks and other online forums where people are coaxed into giving up as much data as possible to support advertising strategy-based business models (Christiansen, 2011). This is the greatest possible threat to individual liberties as it strikes at the core of a person's dignity online and their ability to trust websites they actively engage with and rely on for their work or social lives (Dhillon, Moores, 2001). Facebook is among the most egregious of violators, with a history of being hypocritical in their approach to personal information privacy while building a business model worth many billions of dollars (Chai, Bagchi-Sen,…
Chai, S., Bagchi-Sen, S., Morrell, C., Rao, H.R., & Upadhyaya, S.J. (2009). Internet and online information privacy: An exploratory study of preteens and early teens. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 52(2), 167.
Christiansen, L. (2011). Personal privacy and internet marketing: An impossible conflict or a marriage made in heaven? Business Horizons, 54(6), 509.
Dhillon, G.S., & Moores, T.T. (2001). Internet privacy: Interpreting key issues. Information Resources Management Journal, 14(4), 33-37.
Dinev, T., & Hart, P. (2006). Internet privacy concerns and social awareness as determinants of intention to transact.International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 10(2), 7-29.
Internet Privacy for High School Students
The unrestrained stream of information is conceived necessary for democracies and market-based economies. The capability of the Internet to make available the vast quantity of information to practically everyone, irrespective of their locations thus entails large benefits. The Internet provides access to the greatest libraries of the world to the students even in the smallest towns and permit the medical specialists to analyze the patients situated about thousands of miles away. The attribute of interactivity of the Internet fosters communication and personal and political expression. The Internet also assists to make the economies progress as it enhances the ease, speed and cost effectiveness with regard to the collection, compilation and delivery around the world to the multiple extent. The electronic commerce will decline the business costs as companies are able to take the benefits of enhanced access to customers, products and suppliers worldwide along…
Baskin, Joy Surratt; Surratt, Jim. "Student Privacy Rights and Wrongs on the Web" School Administrator. Vol: 35; No: 2; pp: 102, 114-116
Beth Givens, (February 2000) "Privacy Expectations in a High Tech World" Computer and High Technology Law Journal. Retrieved from http://www.privacyrights.org/ar/expect.htm Accessed on 14 April, 2005
'Board Policy with Guidelines Date Subject: Student Technology Acceptable Use Policy" (17 July, 2001) North Sanpete School District Policy. Number V-30. Retrieved from http://www.nsanpete.k12.ut.us/~nshs/nslibrary/accuse.html Accessed on 14 April, 2005
Brooks-Young, Susan. (November-December, 2000) "Internet usage update" Today's Catholic Teacher. Vol: 17: No: 2; pp: 53-56
Even sex, she said, because everybody has a sexual nature. In other words, she accepted living her life as "an open book."
She saw the trend on Internet web sites such as Myspace as an extension of life in a small town. The difference today, however, is that a record is being kept for all time. The Einsteins and Ghandi's of tomorrow will be there, sharing their thoughts, feelings, revelations, and what it is like to them. it'll be great for scholars and people doing history. Of course, older people who were raised to keep certain things to themselves -- like how much money they earn, the details of their love lives, and their drug and alcohol habits -- will feel that sharing such information so openly is inappropriate. Privacy is a value, and it's hard to change values learned early in life. Plus, as Shirkey argued in the article,…
Internet privacy: Social media posts that lead to an employee being fired
The virtual world that is the internet resents myriad of challenges particularly when professionally dealing with the internet in a organizational setting. The issue of knowing what should be put out there and what should not has been contentious issue among many organizations and employees have found themselves at crossroads over what they post as individuals on their own behalf and how people interpret such posting over the internet and its effect on the image of the organization. Several employees have had to retract their postings and even some sacked from their organizations over the post they make.
The resources to be utilized herein are:
Weiss J,. (2014). A Stakeholder and Issues Management Approach by Joseph Weiss. Retrieved August 24,2018 from https://zodml.org/sites/default/files/%5BJoseph_W._Weiss%5D_Business_Ethics_A_Stakeholder_a_0.pdf
This is the full version of the book hosted on an academic website hence instrumental in…
A Review of hat the Internet Is Hiding From You
This paper reviews the book, The Filter Bubble: hat the Internet is Hiding from You, by Eli Pariser. The purpose of this paper is to analyze this book in an attempt to determine where the future of the internet is headed. The Filter Bubble begins with an overview of how Google began customizing its search results for intent users in 2009 and the results of that customization. The author hypothesizes that the future of the net is personalization. This is the undertone of the entire work. Follow up pieces by the Economist, including several supporting articles, suggest that personalization is indeed the future of the internet. These articles, while not cited by page number as they are online, do show that personalization is occurring. This however, is leading to decreased privacy over the web. This is a primary…
Alexander, Christopher, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein.. A Pattern Language: Towns, buildings, construction. New York: Oxford University Press. 1977.
Battelle, John. The Search: How Google and its rivals rewrote the rules of business and transformed our culture. New York: Portfolio, 2005.
"Black hates, grey hairs. A shake-up in the hacker underground and fresh attacks suggest change is coming up to computer security." Aug 6, 2011. The Economist. Retrieved: http://www.economist.com/node/21525372
"Breaching the great firewall. Home-grown micro blogs are succeeding where Twitter failed."
egulating Internet Privacy
Privacy regulation has remained pinnacle of issues that got birth with internet. Every innovation in technology is at the expense of privacy; it is no more there as most of technicians believe. A layman using internet does not find how and when his personal information is can be traced by someone else; privacy at workplace that was once enjoyed by the employees is no more at one's disposal, and the never ending cookies and internet bugs allow heightened levels of internet surveillance. General public, heedlessly, isn't aware of such issues and is jolted only when such issues are raised on media. Marc otenberg tells us about its importance, "Privacy will be to the information economy of the next century what consumer protection and environmental concerns have been to the industrial society of the 20th century" (Spinello, 2003).
What is the extent of privacy erosion? Where is it…
Lugaresi, N. (2010). Electronic privacy in the workplace: Transparency and responsibility. International review of law, computers & technology, 24(2).
OECD guidelines on the protection of privacy and transporter flows of personal data. (n.d.). Retrieved April 10, 2013, from http://www.oecd.org/internet/ieconomy/oecdguidelinesontheprotectionofprivacyandtransborderflowsofpersonaldata.htm
Schwartz, Paul M. (2000). Internet privacy and the state. Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 32, spring.
Spinally, R.A. (2003). Cyber Ethics: Morality and law in cyberspace. Canada, CA: Jones and Barlett Publishers.
Unfortunately, many consumers may not be aware of their photographic image being used in this fashion and even if they were, existing privacy laws fail to provide any substantive protections. For example, in response to these trends, the Harvard Law eview published an essay entitled, "In the Face of Danger: Facial ecognition and Privacy Law," with a majority of the article describing how "privacy law, in its current form, is of no help to those unwillingly tagged" (2007, para. 3). These issues have become even more salient because of the proliferation of social networking sites as discussed further below.
Privacy within social networking sites
Currently, there is a wide array of social media networks available, including social sharing sites such as YouTube and Flickr and social networks such as Linkedln and Facebook (Hensel & Deis, 2010). Others such as Spokeo and Twitter have become the virtual meeting places of choice…
Bamberger, K.A. & Mulligan, D.K. (2011). Privacy on the books and on the ground. Stanford Law Review, 63(2), 247-249.
Brodkin, J. (2009, December 8). PCWorld. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/
Buchholz, R.A. & Rosenthal, S.B. (2006). Internet privacy: Individual rights and the common good. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 67(1), 34-36.
Employee E-Mail and Internet Privacy Policies
The increased usage of the Internet and e-mail has changed the way companies do business. Nearly instantaneous communication can take place globally. Information on a countless number of topics can now be accessed from anywhere around the world. These technological developments have not only helped employees increase their efficiencies, but also has given them a new means of distraction from their duties. For this reason, many companies have developed e-mail and Internet policies.
At my job, our e-mail policy states that e-mails should not include illegal or libelous statements. E-mail is to be used for business purposes only and e-mail communications are the property of the company. For this reason, the company may access sent and received from work computers at any time, this includes deleted e-mails that are stored on the company's servers. The Internet policy is similar in that the Internet is…
Fact sheet 7: Workplace privacy and employee monitoring. (2010). Retrieved 6 Dec 2010, from http://www.privacyrights.org/fs/fs7-work.htm #4a.
Privacy rights of employees using workplace computers in California. (2010). Retrieved 6 Dec 2010, from http://www.privacyrights.org/ar/employees-rights.htm .
The same survey quoted by Ries noted that 92% of respondents do not trust online companies to keep personal information confidential and 82% believe that the government should regulate use of personal information by online companies. (FTC Study, 2-3)
If companies do not respond, not only will business stand in danger of being over-regulated by the government, but also consumers may not trust sites and withdraw their business. This was recognized, not by a liberal publication, but the stalwart defender of capitalism known as Business eek. To stem consumer privacy fears, the publication proposed a four-point plan to protect online consumer privacy through relatively non-invasive federal legislation. The plan has the added advantage of being similar to the data privacy requirements adopted by the European Union, another concern, given the increasingly international nature of internet commerce -- and it might be added the United States cannot afford to lag behind…
Business Week. (29 Mar 2000) "Online Privacy it's time for rules in Wonderland." Retrieved 5 Mar 2005 from www.businessweek.com.Online version, www.businessweek.com/2000/00_12/b3673001.htm
FTC. (2000) "Privacy Online." A Report to Congress. Retrieved 5 Mar 2005 from www.ftc.gov/privacy/index.html
Ries, David. (2001) "Protecting online consumer privacy: an overview." Pbi.org. Retrieved 5 Mar 2005 at http://www.pbi.org/Goodies/privacy/privacy_ries.htm
While this may seem absurd, on the other hand, careless employees, if not monitored, could actually expose private customer data in a dangerous fashion -- an employee who accesses his work account on his computer through a wireless network in a public place could be hacked, and cause grief to a customer as well as himself.
A utilitarian might state that the greatest good for the greatest number lies in stringent scrutiny of employees -- after all, the number of people potentially harmed by security breaches is far greater than the one or two employees who must self-monitor their email more carefully. Thus employers should have the right to exercise oversight of customer data and employee use of corporate information and technology, at home and at work. But a Kantian would respond that to set such a precedent is dangerous, and leaves open the possibility that someday all workers who…
Internet: Privacy for High School Students
An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today
In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of…
Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.
Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.
Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40(4), 401-20.
Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Internet Ethics and the consumer's private existence in an unstable regulatory environment -- untapped economic waters in a wild, wild west of identity theft and chronic consumption
hen it comes to Internet ethics, even in the absence of legal requirements, businesses must themselves self-regulate when it comes to consumer privacy. If they do not, it is likely that the government will step in to do so, as the government has done in the European Union. This will only hurt businesses economically, and do damage to the equal ethical obligation corporations owe to shareholders. Furthermore, good business sense is about trust between the consumer and the business, and this is not honored when businesses unfairly spy upon casual surfers of their websites, or use consumer data for their own profit as well as research and marketing purposes.
Americans, according to a recent poll cited by J. Hodges in the journal of…
Ewald, Helen. (April 1, 2003) "You're a Guaranteed Winner: Composing the You of Consumer Culture" Journal of Business Communication.
Hodges, J. (Feb 2001): No Faith in the System - consumer service shows Internet users concerned about privacy." Internal Auditor. Retrived 8 Jan 2005 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4153/is_1_58/ai_71268466
Kaess, Ken. (June 2004) "Emotion in Advertising." Journal of Advertising Research.
Lofton, Lynn. (October 2004) "Offices Enforce Acceptable Policies to Keep Up with Tech." Mississippi Business Journal.
Ethics is an essential part of the individual condition. As an important person who starts up a large business as well as deals on a daily basis with other corporation at all arena of expansion so basically business ethics is lively and glowing plus hotly chat about in boardrooms all over the world. Furthermore for the majority of administration and boards know their accountability goes well beyond periodical results. These corporations consist of one component of a much larger arena that has lost its cooperative acceptance for unprincipled actions. Moreover, if an individual is in scripting copy and keeping a client's electronic business or electronic commerce website think about the consumer confidentiality and legal issues which includes publishing and copywriting for a customer is an evidence of how they are out looked to the rest of the earth. pessimistic or offensive piece of writing published as regards a variety of…
Graham JH Smith, Partner Bird & Bird, et al. Internet Law and Regulation. Thomson Sweet & Maxwell, 2007.
David R. Johnson and David G. Post, et al. Law and Borders - the Rise of Law in Cyberspace. Standford Law Review, 1996.
CRS Report for Congress. Rev. Of Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation, by Macia S. Smith. The Libary of Congress July 10, 2003.
Hamlet, Clay, and Mike Strube. "Community Banks Go Online." ABA Banking Journal, 2003.
Internet Service Provider (ISP) Web Content Law and Ethics
The objective of this work is to answer whether Internet service providers have a responsibility to regulate the content that is available on the World Wide Web? This work will additionally answer as to whether the presence and ease of availability of pornography to the general public a tribute to free speech and a reflection of social maturity or an example of the potential damage that unregulated markets and the hegemony of technology have reaped upon society?
The Internet is such that allows consumers, businesses, and industry, alike to "do many new things in unique and efficient ways." (Tekxam, nd) There are however, reported to be areas of both legal and ethical concern with regards to the responsibilities of Internet Service providers. Some of those areas include protection of intellectual property, fraud prevention, protection of freedom of expression, protection of privacy,…
Black, Justice (1965) in: Study Guide: Legal and Ethical Aspects of the Internet (nd) Tekxam. Retrieved from: http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Ethics-and-Legal/TekXam_Legal_and_Ethical_Study_Guide.html
Cohen-Almagor, R. (2011) Freedom of Expression, Internet Responsibility, and Business Ethics: The Yahoo! Saga and Its Implications. Springer Science Business Media. B.V. 2011. Retrieved from: http://hull.academia.edu/RaphaelCohenalmagor/Papers/1074355/Freedom_of_Expression_Internet_Responsibility_and_Business_Ethics_The_Yahoo_Saga_and_Its_Aftermath
Study Guide: Legal and Ethical Aspects of the Internet (nd) Tekxam. Retrieved from: http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Ethics-and-Legal/TekXam_Legal_and_Ethical_Study_Guide.html
Turban E., et al. (2000) Electronic Commerce: A Managerial Perspective, Prentice Hall, 2000 in: Study Guide: Legal and Ethical Aspects of the Internet (nd) Tekxam. Retrieved from: http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Ethics-and-Legal/TekXam_Legal_and_Ethical_Study_Guide.html
Some programs are even able to track keystrokes and take snapshots of computer screens, allowing criminals even more information, such as credit card numbers and usernames (Bahl, 219).
While the obtaining of information through fraud is a problem related to Internet activity, there are other concerns with privacy that are still considered legal. For example, a company can obtain your personal information from transactions, and legally sell that information to the highest bidder (Sinrod, 17). While information traded between companies can increase competition, when the information is purchased by unscrupulous buyers, such transactions can threaten the security, privacy, and identity of consumers.
In addition, while restrictions exist on the government's collection of private and personal information from the Internet, loopholes exist that allow the government to obtain information without the knowledge of consumers. An example is the FBI's "Carnivore" system, developed to conduct surveillance of electronic communications by intercepting and…
Bahl, Shalini. "Consumers' Protection of Online Privacy and Identity." Journal of Consumer Affairs 38.2 (2004): 217-235.
Bielski, Lauren. "Security Breaches Hitting Home: Phishing, Information Leaks Keep Security Concerns at Red Alert." ABA Banking Journal 97.6 (2005): 7-18.
Brin, David. "Privacy Under Siege." The Transparent Society: Will Technology Force Us to Choose between Privacy and Freedom? Reading, MA: Perseus Books, 1998: 54-89.
Dunham, Griffin S. "Carnivore, the FBI's E-Mail Surveillance System: Devouring Criminals." Federal Communications Law Journal 54 (2002): 543-566.
Aer Lingus, 2012a ()
No security breach has even been recorded on the Aer Lingus website so the website can be thought to be tightly secure and that all the necessary steps have been taken to ensure that the personal information of their customers is kept safe.
Methods for ensuring greater security for customers
One of the ways which the company can ensure that they continue maintaining this record of security and providing greater security for customers is to make sure the company has a security work team. This will be a team that is involved in checking the security of the company's website and other online products as their daily activity.
The second method is to ensure they keep up-to-date with changes in the technological world. Technology changes pretty fast therefore the company needs to keep up with these changes especially in the online security field. This will ensure…
Aer Lingus. (2010). Annual Report 2010: Aer Lingus.
Aer Lingus. (2011). Company Profile Retrieved February 23rd, 2012, from http://www.aerlingus.com/aboutus/aerlingusmedia/companyprofile/
Aer Lingus. (2012b). Contact Us Retrieved February 23rd, 2012, from http://www.aerlingus.com/help/contactus/
Searching for information on Google is like trying to find a needle in a haystack. Is that true? Was the library of the 19th century more efficient? Explain.
Google makes searching easy by typing in search terms in the browser. When search terms are searched in the browser, it brings up a list of items from the search terms. This makes the searching in Google much easier to find what the user is looking for. The 19th century brought about revolution in the respect that the libraries introduced directories that were placed on the tables in the libraries to look for and find information more efficiently. Google has used the internet to search for information through data bases that come from all over the world. The libraries of the 19th century only had them on a table, which means that people still had to go to the library. Google…
A virtual counter-revolution. (2010, Sept 2). Retrieved from The Economist: http://www.economist.com/node/16941635
Boswell, W. (2005, June 17). Google vs. Libraries. Retrieved from About.com Web Search: http://websearch.com.about.com/b/2005/06/17/google-vs.-libraries.htm
Ozer, N. (2011, Mar 23). Judge Cites Privacy Concerns in Rejecting Google Books Settlement. Retrieved from ACLU: http://www.aclu.org/blog/technology-and-liberty/...privacy-concerns-rejecting-google-books-settlement
hereas adult obesity rates have always been present, they have never been so high. hat is more worrisome is that youth is becoming increasingly obese. The American Heart & Stroke Association conducted a study, for instance, in which it found the following data to be true:
"Among children ages 2 -- 19, about 1 in 3 are overweight and obese (BMI-for-age at or above the 85th percentile of the 2000 CDC growth charts.):
- 32.1% of all boys, and - 31.3% of all girls, and Among children ages 2 -- 19, about 1 in 6 are obese (BMI-for-age at or above e 95th percentile of the CDC growth charts.):
- 17.8% of all boys, and - 15.9% of all girls."
ith the aid of the internet, staying home has become much easier and just as mind stimulating as actual human interaction. The most prevalent example of such instances is the…
Clarke, Richard a., and Robert K. Knake. Cyber War: The next Threat to National Security and What to Do about it. New York: Ecco, 2010. Print.
"Deloitte Study Finds That Facebook Has an Overall Economic Impact of €2.6 Billion in the UK." Deloitte Study Finds That Facebook Has an Overall Economic Impact of €2.6 Billion in the UK. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. .
"Educational Benefits of Online Learning." Blackboard. 1998. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. .
"The Facebook Effect: How Congress Is Using Social Networks to Strengthen Ties to Constituents." Congressional Institute. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. < he Facebook Effect: How Congress is Using Social Networks to Strengthen Ties to Constituents>.
(Horticulture and the advantages of using the Internet Technology)
What are the disadvantages of conducting business, large or small, on the Internet? They may be many. However, the most important disadvantages are: it can actually create a feeling of isolation; the businessman may feel that he has become isolated. This means that he may get the feeling that the World Wide Web is faceless and emotionless, and thus the business too is isolated and inhuman, devoid of contact with the real world and other human beings. After all, humans are social creatures, and such isolation would most often lead to the development of a feeling of depression. Another disadvantage is that since the World Wide Web is such a large area to work in; it encompasses in some cases the entire globe, and there is such a large amount of information generated on the web, it becomes very difficult to…
Advantages of Internet Trading" Retrieved at http://icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk/business/hotprospects/tm_objectid=14090017&method=full&siteid=50061&headline=advantages-of-internet-trading-name_page.html . Accessed on 19 January, 2005
Beery, Tim. "The Different Types of Business Plans." Retrieved at http://www.bplans.com/dp/article.cfm/193Accessed on 19 January, 2005
Bucher, Has-Juergen. "Crisis Communication and the Internet, Risk and Trust in a Global Media." Retrieved at http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_4/bucher/ . Accessed on 19 January, 2005
Communicating." Retrieved at http://www.sandiego.gov/public-library/pctech/tech/general/commun/1.shtml . Accessed on 19 January, 2005
Boone, L.E., & Kurtz, D.L. (2011). Contemporary Marketing. Ohio: Cengage Learning.
Jin, D.Y. (2010). Global Media Convergence and Cultural Transformation: Emerging Social Patterns and Characteristics. Hershey: Igi Global.
Kim, T., Adeli, H., Fang, W.C., Villalba, J.G., Arnett, K.P., & Khan, M.K. (2011). Security Technology:…
Boone, L.E., & Kurtz, D.L. (2011). Contemporary Marketing. Ohio: Cengage Learning.
Jin, D.Y. (2010). Global Media Convergence and Cultural Transformation: Emerging Social Patterns and Characteristics. Hershey: Igi Global.
Kim, T., Adeli, H., Fang, W.C., Villalba, J.G., Arnett, K.P., & Khan, M.K. (2011). Security Technology: International Conference, SecTech 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Internet Advertising as a Career Choice
Using the Internet, entrepreneurs can run sophisticated businesses from anywhere. That is why places like oulder, Colorado, now have some of the densest concentrations of technology-related businesses in the country, most of them small independent firms. The desire for and availability of more lifestyle choices will continue to drive economic decentralization. Splintering consumer tastes are also moving the industry away from its centralized past. Cable, satellite broadcasting, and the Internet all feed Americans' appetites for customization. This trend has helped create three new broadcast networks and more specialized media, while the market share of mass network programming has declined sharply. Larger media companies now depend on small-scale producers to meet the new consumer demands. (1)
More successful Internet businesses have been spawned by Caltech graduate ill Gross than by any other person on the planet. Through idealab!, his Southern California-based incubator, he has launched…
Kotkin, Joel. The Rise and Fall of the Big, Bureaucratic Corporation, The American Enterprise, Jan 1, 2000.
Gross, Bill, Harvard Business Review, November/December 1998.
Haapaniemi, Peter. Chief Executive Guide: Beyond the Internet, Chief Executive, March 15, 1999.
Parker, Pamela. Slowly, Surely, Internet Advertising Climbs, Internetnews. Com, November 11, 2003. http://www.siu.edu/~aaf/career.html
Privacy Matters: Introduction to Sociology.
As Glenn Greenwald points out, the Internet has been turned into a tool of mass surveillance, notably with the NSA always lurking and spying on the Digital Era’s best means of communication. To some extent this type of spying and violation of privacy has become accepted as the norm because sociopolitical discourse in the modern era presupposes that there are two types of people in the world, as Greenwald puts it—those who are good (who do not plot against the state) and those who are bad (terrorists who do plot against the state). Those who are good have nothing to hide and therefore should not mind if the state snoops around and peeks into one’s personal messages and private life to make sure you are still one of the good guys. The problem with this is that it is a violation of trust and privacy…
Internet Luring and Pedophiles
hile criminals have been escaping justice on the basis of technicalities for decades, when it comes to sexual predators of children using the Internet, some judges are blazing new trails into the terrain of protecting the criminals and punishing the victims, and diminishing the results of police work as well. In Maryland, recently, a judge "overturned the conviction of a man arrested after he traveled to meet with a state trooper who had posed online as a teen-age girl. The judge said the trooper did not meet the criteria of a victim." (Drake 2001)
To say that sting operation resulted in a big zero is putting it mildly. The predator was not only free to lure victims again; he could be pretty certain he'd get away with it because it was unlikely, at least in Maryland, that the 'victim' would be an undercover cop.
Docherty, Alan. "Don't shoot the messenger." New Statesman 19 Aug. 2002: 15.
Drake, John. "Anti-pedophile unit prowls the Web. The Washington Times. May 29, 2001. Page Number: 4.
Fagan, Amy. "Lawmen ask help on online pedophiles: Schools, parents urged to join fight against Internet predators." The Washington Times 8 Nov. 1997: 3.
Hersh, Melanie L. "Is COPA a cop out? The Child Online Privacy Protection Act as proof that parents, not government should be protecting children's interests on the Internet." Fordham Urban Law Journal 28.6 (2001): 1831+.
Internet Use Policy
This memo provides justification for providing Internet access primarily as a business tool, but permitting incidental personal use at America West Finance. Extensive research uncovered significant issues related to Internet misuse that require immediate action. Further, the application of electronic surveillance was found to be an industry best practice that in necessary to protect a company's best interest. An evaluation of all Internet use options is included in this memorandum to facilitate a thorough understanding of the pros and cons for any given course of action and an implementation recommendation offers guidance for creating formal written policies that will help America West Finance achieve its objectives for Internet use.
Issues of Misuse
Internet use should not be viewed as a trivial matter. Research reveals serious issues related to lost worker productivity, the destruction and/or theft of corporate assets, and legal liability. Given these…
'E-Commerce Industry Trends." Available: http://www.plunkettresearch.com/technology/ecommerce_trends.htm#a (Accessed 3 Feb. 2005)
"Introduce and Internet and Email Policy." Business Link Available: http://www.businesslink.gov.uk/bdotg/action/detail?type=RESOURCES& itemId=1074403613 (Accessed 3 Feb. 2005).
Morese, Michael J. And Magyera, Charles P. "Internet Use Policies." Available: http://www.abanet.org/genpractice/lawyer/complete/may99morse.html (Accessed 3 Feb. 2005).
Naughton, Keith. "CyberSlacking." Newsweek. 29 Nov. 1999. Available: http://facstaff.bloomu.edu/jtomlins/new_page_24.htm (Accessed 3 Feb. 2005).
Both the Privacy Act and the FOIA is very relevant in the present issues that the country is addressing at present. The extra measures that the Bush government is implementing to prevent another terrorist attack resulted to non-disclosure of federal records to the public, and the ease of obtaining information about individuals, especially when the government considers the individual a possible link, suspect or threat to the government. These measures demonstrate a violation of the very functions of both laws, a most-debated upon issue nowadays, as America continues to be weary and fearful of possible future terrorist attacks.
Hall, D. (2006). Administrative Law: Bureaucracy in a Democracy. NJ: Prentice…
Hall, D. (2006). Administrative Law: Bureaucracy in a Democracy. NJ: Prentice Hall.
Through these applications, corrections officers can also help reduce internal violence by providing better command and control. These interfaces include criminal intelligence information, such as photographs, fingerprints and documents. These information can be transferred or shared with institutions. These functions, in combination with location identification devices facilitate the tracking down of the movements of high-risk inmates or at-risk personnel in any facility or area. For parole and probation functions, these internet applications perform client mapping and allow better and more efficient workload distribution according to user-determined criteria. Automated routing enables an officer to conduct residence checks and related activities and saves hours of preparation time every week. This, in turn, reduces lead time for route planning and monitors cost per visit (Geographical Institute Systems).
The safety and security of citizens and the community are another primary concern and responsibility of the government (Geographic Institute Systems 2006). In addressing this function,…
Dozono, Elisa. Crime Mapping Now Available on the Internet. Portland Police Bureau, 2001. http://www.ci.portland.org/MAYOR/press4/crimemap.htm
Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. Law Enforcement and the GIS Enterprise. GIS for Law Enforcement, 2007.
Geographic Information Systems. Crime Mapping: GIS Goes Mainstream. GIS Lounge, 2006.
Heffernan, Sloane. Law Enforcement Uses Internet to Solve Offline Crimes. Capitol Broadcasting Company, Inc., 2007. http://www.wral.com
Included among the demographic data to be collected are: age and sex of the student, the type of school (private or public), the nature of internet access most frequently used (home, public library, school, others), primary guardian and relationship to the guardian (parent, grandparent, sister, etc.).
A simple t-test will determine whether there is a significant difference in the frequency of posting scores between boys and girls or the 11-12 and 13-14 yr age groups. Frequency scores of Internet access location, relative availability of Internet access, and website types where personal information is posted will be compared using simple analysis of variance.
I can be varied depending on the youth population of the covered area
Berson, I. And Berson, M. (2005). Challenging online behaviors of youth: Findings from a comparative analysis of young people in the United States and New Zealand. Social Science Computer Review, 23(1), 29-38. Retrieved February…
Internet / Advantages and Disadvantages
Internet Advantages and Disadvantages when Marketing
Doing business through the Internet -- negative press.
Embrace the Internet or Fear it?
Perceived and Real Disadvantages
Credit Card Fraud
Lack of accountability in business partners / to purchasers
Remedies to this Must acknowledge still are potential problems
Example of Napster
Other examples of lack of creative control for art sold over net
Disseminating 'buzz' nationally and internationally
Access to wider and more desirable markets
Still difficulty of loss of tactile element
Loss of royalties -- Amazon example
Advantages of segmentation given by Internet
How to design web page to maximum advantage
How to use segmentation to one's advantage
A. Greater risk
B. Potential greater profitability
Internet Advantages and Disadvantages
The disadvantages of doing business on the Internet, from the point-of-view of consumers as well as sellers, have created…
Amazon.com. (2003). "Sell your purchases." Amazon.com. Accessed July 30, 2003.
Asplaned, Wayne. (August 2003) "Nine Ways to Boost Your Business Online." My Business. http://www.mybusiness.com.au/ . Accessed July 30, 2003.
Bronstein, Maynard. Healthcare Business Management. (July 1999)
http://www.certsite.com/art_hbmalert990618.php3 . Accessed July 30, 2003.
Most consumers will grant this, and those who genuinely object will retain control over access to their privacy.
11) the basic principles of the Starz Crash campaign can be applied to other advertisers. The campaign succeeded largely because it allowed Starz to gather much more information about its customers than other campaigns. This information was then converted into a stronger understanding of the target market, which allowed the company to improve its focus, and to online social capital with bloggers, who were provided with preferential access. This fueled even greater interest amount the early adopters and their followers.
These techniques can be applied to any new product launch, but especially those that are subject to a high social media presence. Search engine marketing can help to identify the early adopters, which can allow the firm to utilize a targeted social media strategy. The basic techniques are fundamental to any new…
Privacy in the Workplace
The importance of privacy has risen over the years and its handling has become extremely crucial lately. Defaulting organisations have been faced with serious legal actions and thus, companies have taken a higher interest in the conversations of their workforce. However, this effort of the employer aimed at monitoring the activities of workers isn't as smooth as it should be due to the right of the employee to personal privacy.
The right of the workers to workplace privacy has caused several court cases recently, mostly due to the digital revolution of business communication i.e. emails, memos etc. Technological developments have made it possible for all form of digital communication as well as Internet use in the workplace to be placed under surveillance. Although employees have their reservations about this, the employers are protected by the law. However, other actions of the workers like confidential discussions and…
Cox, S., Goette, T., & Young, D. (2005). Workplace Surveillance and Employee Privacy: Implementing an Effective Computer Use Policy. Communications of the IIMA.
Muhl, C., (2003). Workplace e-mail and Internet use; employees and employers beware. Monthly Labor Review. 2, 36-45.
Smith, D., & Burg, J. (2012). What Are the Limits of Employee Privacy? Retrieved from GP Solo: http://www.americanbar.org/publications/gp_solo/2012/november_december2012privacyandconfidentiality/what_are_limits_employee_privacy.html
Ethics and security concerns
Despite the fact that the internet is a tool that cannot be outdone by any other when it comes to publicity of any business, there are risks and security threats and breaches that come alongside especially the hotel and accommodation industry.
Various government regulations on the hospitality industry have a dramatic effect on the internet and its usability in the hotel industry. The governments achieve this by introducing new regulations and limitations every other waking day and also highly throttles the exploitation of the internet, some of which work to the good and yet others to the detriment of the industry.
Due to the rampant nature of internet hackers and people out to cause damage to the industry by spying on the hospitality industry players with an aim of causing harm to the clients, there are privacy and security issues that must be observed in order…
Christoph Muller, (2011). The impact of the internet and social media on the hotel industry. http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/170753/the-impact-of-the-internet-and-social-media-on-the-hotel-industry
Nick Nikolos (2011). Internet Marketing in Hospitality Industry. http://www.singaporehotelsandrates.com/hospitality-industry/internet-marketing-in-hospitality-industry.html
Travel City, (2011). Benefits And Disadvantages Of Online Travel Agencies. http://travelcityhotel.org/travel-agency/benefits-and-disadvantages-of-online-travel-agencies
In the United States and other part of the world where internet is rapidly developing, cyber threats have continued to be on the increase. Essentially, online shopping has become a modern way of doing business, and in the United States, millions of people purchase goods and services online. To make an online shopping, individuals will need to submit their credit cards or other private information to make a purchase. Some private organizations even ask for the social security number and bank information of consumers before allowing them to make purchase of good and services. In the face of continuous use of internet for variety of activities, private consumers are increasingly facing the internet privacy threats because their private information could be compromised while sending their private data online. In the face of threats to internet privacy, effective regulations to enhance internet privacy are very critical. Although, the government have made…
Falzone, a. (2013). Regulation and Technology Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy. Vol 36.
Lugaresi, N.(2010). Electronic privacy within the workplace: Transparency & Responsibility. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. 24 (2) 163-173.
Jacquelyn M. & Polito, R.(2012). Ethical Considerations within the Internet Use of the Electronic Protected Health Information. Neurodiagn J. 52:34-41.
Geolocation of the user based on the user's Internet protocol (IP) address. Location-based service companies that specialize in identity protection use this approach, and IP addresses, blocks of IP addresses and credit card billing addresses can all be used to develop a location profile.
2. Personal computer/web browser identification examines the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) browser header and other information from the user's computer or device, and compares them to what are expected. This approach compares the time expected from a user's originating geolocation with the actual timestamp that was applied to the information (Malphrus, 2009).
Taken together, these trends in geolocation technologies indicate that like it or not, consumers will increasingly be subjected to situations in which their precise geolocation is known and broadcast to others who may want to use this information for illegal or unethical purposes and these issues are discussed further below.
Legal Implications of Geolocation…
Achenbach, J. (2008, January). The radio age: RFID tags are tracking everything -- even you.
National Geographic, 209(1), 1.
A new Internet privacy law? (2011, March 19). New York Times, A22.
Black's law dictionary. (1999). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
This could be construed as a part of the atmosphere that exists in the work place. At which point, entity / individual can sue the employer for violating the law, by not properly monitoring their employees' email and internet activities. ("Workplace Privacy and Employee Monitoring" 2010)
However, a larger concern that employers have is any email sent to someone by an employee can become a problem for them in the future. Where, an employee may tell a customer something in an email, then delete it and deny they said anything. The problem for the employer is that email correspondence can be retrieved later on, after the person has deleted the email. This can be used as evidence that the company knowingly knew what was occurring, because of the email record. If there were any kind of laws broken, law enforcement has a right to view all email correspondence with a…
Work Place Privacy and Employee Monitoring. (2010). Retrieved March 7, 2010 from Privacy Rights website:
Saunders, K. (2003). Practical Internet Law for Business. Boston, MA: Artech House.
This will prevent visitation to illicit websites such as pornographic and gambling websites; prevent usage of ecommerce sites such as Amazon or Ebay; or to prevent the use of general recreational or social sites such as Facebook and Myspace. Other companies may elect, with all legal protection, to prevent any web navigation beyond those sites which are essential to conducting business.
hy do companies implement e-mail and Internet use policies?
Most companies determine to use such monitoring policies based on the calculated view that the loss of privacy will promote greater workplace efficiency by discouraging inappropriate use of company resources and time. Among the reasons supplied for using email and web-use monitoring, the text by iBrief (2001) offers the needs to preserve the company's professional reputation, the maintenance of employee productivity, preventing sexual harassment or cyberstalking, preventing defamation, preventing illegal company disclosure and preventing copyright infringement. (iBrief, 1)
iBrief. (2001) Monitoring Employee E-Mail: Efficient Workplaces Vs. Employee Privacy. Duke L. & Technology Review, 26.
Privacy Rights Clearinghouse (PRC). (2009). Fact Sheet 7: Workplace Privacy and Employee Monitoring. Privacy Rights.org. Online at http://www.privacyrights.org/fs/fs7-work.htm
protect the privacy of the individual via EU Directive for Protection of Personal Data
The internet revolutionized the human life as we know it. It established a culture of liberty aided by not just ingenuousness but also standardized protocols. This was achieved by transmitting the essential products for business-related growth, adopting a model of governance with no formal existence of regulations along with free availability of abundant software packages. This internet revolution can't be underestimated as it has its pros and cons, which also comes under discussion in this paper. With the surging popularity of internet, there happen to be a plethora of new dilemmas knocking at the door. There are tons of merits of Internet for that matter while its demerits have been ignored and hidden along the sidelines. These issues have materialized in the preceding decade and the demand is urgent to solidify a legislation which is tasked…
Andrew, S. (2011). The Federal Trade Commission and Privacy: Defining Enforcement and Encouraging the Adoption of Best Practices, 48 SAN DIEGO L. REV. 809, 854 -- 56.
Aquilina, K. (2010). Public security vs. privacy in technology law: A balancing act? Computer Law & Security Review. Volume 26, Issue 2, March 2010, Pages 130 -- 143
Asinari, M and Poullet, Y. (2004). Public security vs. data privacy -- Airline passengers' data: adoption of an adequacy decision by the European commission. How will the story end?' Computer Law & Security Report, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 370 -- 376.
Bambauer, D.E. (2013). Privacy vs. Security. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology. Vol. 103, No. 3.
Internet is arguably the greatest revolution in Human History. In considerably less than a century, information-gathering and communication have skyrocketed with no apparent end in sight. Google and ikipedia are merely two examples of Internet developments that were probably unimaginable even 20 years ago but are widely-used realities today.
Searching for information on Google IS and IS NOT like trying to find a needle in a haystack. as the library of the 19th century more efficient? Explain.
The answer to this question depends on several factors. At first blush, searching for information on Google is certainly like "trying to find a needle in a haystack" because "Some people have suggested that there are 155 million eb sites, 1 trillion eb pages, and 5 million terabytes of data out there" (Anonymous, Introduction to Computer Literacy | Chapter 6 | The search is on, 2012, p. 8). Since Google allows a person…
Anonymous. (2012). Introduction to Computer Literacy | Chapter 6 | The search is on. Retrieved March 17, 2012 from Content.ashford.edu Web site: https://content.ashford.edu/books/AUINF103.10.1/sections/6.0
Anonymous. (2012). Introduction to computer literacy | Chapter 7 | Web 2.0. Retrieved March 17, 2012 from Ashford. edu Web site: https://content.ashford.edu/books/AUINF103.10.1/sections/7.0
Cohen, N. (2011, June 6). Paul Revere, Sarah Palin and Wikipedia. Retrieved March 17, 2012 from New York Tiimes Web site: http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/06/06/paul-revere-sarah-palin-and-wikipedia/
Lynch, S.N., & Mulero, E. (2007, July 14). Dewery? At this library with a very different outlook, they don't. Retrieved March 17, 2012 from New York Times Web site: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/14/us/14dewey.html?_r=1
My website of choice in this case will be eBay (https://www.ebay.com/). In essence, eBay is “a ‘virtual marketplace’ allowing eMerchants, located anywhere in the world, who have registered with eBay to trade within this ‘virtual world’” (Bardopoulos, 2015, p. 51). Some of the site’s product categories include, but they are not limited to, health and beauty products, toys and videogames, sporting goods, computers and consumer electronics, clothing, cell phones, books, etc. The site also offers for sale motorcycle and automotive accessories and parts.
It presumes interacting elements in non-deterministic systems, which possess the capability and possibility to render decisions independently." (Bose & Windt) "Sensor networks and pervasive networking approaches are also of high interest to the mobile industry. Context aware applications using mobile devices with dynamically varying service platforms are currently under investigation by mobile operators." (Buckley, 2006) "Growing demand for radio usage implies either the spread of unlicensed bands in breadth and number, or the spread of new technology which: allows transparent overlap of multiple signals (direct spread spectrum): adapts and compensates for already occupied spectrum with cognitive radio and software defined radio." (Buckley, 2006)
The issues presented that intend to hinder the development of the IoT include linking a large number of decentralized servers. "Afilias believes that DNS provides a publicly available platform that can be leveraged for homing multiple, decentralized ONS services." (Cute, Young, 2008) it is generally easier…
Buckley, J. "FROM RFID to the INTERNET of THINGS" Pervasive networked systems. March 6 & 7, 2006, CCAB, Brussels
Cute B., Young M. "FINDING YOUR WAY in the INTERNET of TIHNGS" an Afilias Whitepaper September 2008 www.afilias.info
Chui M., Loffler M., Roberts R. "THE INTERNET of THINGS" the Mc Kinsey Quarterly 2010 Number 2.
Hribernik K., Warden T., Thoben K., Herzong O. "AN INTERNET of THINGS for TRANSPORT LOGISTICS -- an APPROACH to CONNECTING the INFORMATION and MATERIAL FLOWSS in AUTONOMOUS COOPERATING LOGISTICS PROCESSES" MITIP 2010 Aslborg University, Denmark
Privacy and Security in Housing
Men has learned different methods of building roads, buildings, houses, bridges and highways but the basics of architecture and the purpose is still same. The roads are for travelling and transportation while the houses are to provide shelter, security and privacy to the individuals and families. Houses save people from bad weather, vulnerabilities and privacy issues. While the basic need and purpose is same, there have been extra necessities that arrived with time as the lifestyle of the people changed (Building Basics: Architecture, 2013). The needs of security and decoration have increased over time thus the people want their residential buildings to be designed with much more care than they used to be in past. The design of houses comes into mind as collection of rooms, sitting areas, balconies, courtyards and garages. While the windows, doors, balconies and courtyards give a feeling of openness…
A-Frame Home Plans, (2010), Retrieved from:
Building Basics: Architecture, (2013), Retrieved from:
There are various expert views and statistics to support the positive influence of the Internet on education. A survey conducted by Pew Internet & American Life indicates that 86% of U.S. college students use the Internet. The study states that students perceive the Internet as essential to their academic lives. "While close on 80% of college students in the United States claim that the medium has had a positive impact on their college academic experience, about 73% use the Internet more than the library for research." (ibid) According to Draves, online learning is being increasingly recognized as a valid learning delivery system. "The number of part time students in higher education, to name just one educational system, now outnumbers full time students. The number of colleges offering online courses last year soared to over 1,000, and the number is growing. Online graduate programs and certificate programs have…
Ebo, Bosah, ed. Cyberghetto or Cybertopia?: Race, Class, and Gender on the Internet. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998.
Hurlbert, W. Business Blogs Are Catching on 2005. Accessed May 4, 2005
Jones, G. Ask the Expert. May 6, 2005. http://www2.cio.com/ask/expert/2000/questions/question1307.html?CATEGORY=5&NAME=Customer%20Relationship%20Management
Lutge-Smith, T. How the Internet will change society: new predictions. May 7, 2005. http://www.klixxx.com/archive/internetsociety.shtml
Privacy" Does Not Love an explores darkness lurking beneath dom
James Adcox's novel Love Does Not is many things; a dystopian fantasy, a biting satire, a tale about the perversity of love. Yet it is also a scathing social commentary about the state of privacy in the world today -- and in America in particular -- in the wake of the burgeoning ar on Terror. Beneath the undercurrent of sex, intrigue, and murder, lies a pervasive sense of espionage and an abandonment of the right of individuals to enjoy basic civil liberties such as privacy. hen interpreted with this perspective, the novel is one in which characters and scenes are carefully constructed to illustrate the gradual eroding of the very laws that were initially formed to guarantee autonomy and an egalitarian, republican state as envisioned by the Founding Fathers. There are a number of salient similarities between these characters and…
Adcox, James. Does Not Love. Chicago: Curbside Splendor Publishing. 2014. Print.
Jaeger, Paul T., McClure, Charles, R., Bertot, John Carlo, Snead, John T. The U.S.A. Patriot Act, The Foreign Intelligence Patriot Act, And Information Policy Research in Libraries: Issues, Impacts and Questions for Libraries and Researchers. The Library Quarterly. 74(2), 99-121.
Matz, Chris. Libraries and the U.S.A. PATRIOT Act: Values in Conflict. Journal of Library Administration. 47(3-4), 69-87. 2008. Print.
Passive job seekers are those who are already typically employed but willing to see what is out there if it does not involve calling out of work or missing work to search and apply.
Passive employees are sometimes the best employees as they have already demonstrated their talents in their current position and the fact that they do not want to short change their present employer by missing work to apply tells prospective employers something about their work ethic.
In addition to the speed in which applicants can search for work through the Internet there is the benefit of geographic ability. If one wants to relocate or is searching for the perfect position and is not too concerned about where it is the Internet allows that candidate to search worldwide and match his or her qualifications to the position. They are no longer limited by their ability to travel…
Birchard, B. (2002), "Hire Great People Fast," Fast Company, 3, 132-141.
Johnson, C., & Neath, I. (2004), "The World Wide Web: Exploring a New Advertising Environment." CyberPsychology & Behavior, 2, 195-212.
Levy, Paul (2000) the Quest for the Qualified Job Surfer: It's Time the Public Sector Catches the Wave.(employee recruitment using the Internet) Public Personnel Management
Martin, J. (2002), "Changing Jobs? Try the Net," Fortune,137, 205-208.
Confab, howeve, is an achitectue that is able to bypass these limitations and combine both appoaches. It is limited, though, and a tue pevasive envionment calls fo complex pefeences that can be easily manipulated by the end use.
Moeove, all these appoaches ae not completely sufficient in meeting the challenges mentioned in section 3.2. Fo instance, PETs and pivacy models do not explicitly contibute in a eduction of data collection, no is that thei intent o pupose. Although anonymous data collection is based on the assumption that if data is collected anonymously then it cannot be linked with any individual, and if data cannot be elated to an individual then it poses no theats in tems of pivacy. Thus, detailed pivacy policies and safeguads fo data ae not seen as citical in this model. By collecting anonymous data, one may ague that a tue minimum amount of pesonal data is…
references that can be easily manipulated by the end user.
Moreover, all these approaches are not completely sufficient in meeting the challenges mentioned in section 3.2. For instance, PETs and privacy models do not explicitly contribute in a reduction of data collection, nor is that their intent or purpose. Although anonymous data collection is based on the assumption that if data is collected anonymously then it cannot be linked with any individual, and if data cannot be related to an individual then it poses no threats in terms of privacy. Thus, detailed privacy policies and safeguards for data are not seen as critical in this model. By collecting anonymous data, one may argue that a true minimum amount of personal data is being collected. However, ensuring complete anonymity remains both technically and practically difficult.
For example, mix zones and changing pseudonyms are used to maintain anonymity but it is also possible to break the anonymity and track a user in a mix zone. Pervasive computing, then, needs other, more robust means to minimize the amount of data collection. Moreover, there are usability and efficiency issues that arise with any of these approaches. Testing, for example, is typically done in a controlled environment under limited conditions. The effectiveness of many of these solutions, then, has not been adequately tested under typical, real-world, conditions. In a true pervasive computing environment, users will move extensively between different computing environments and will interact with various devices (e.g. starting from small portable hand held device to large wall sized displays), and applications. It is difficult to predict how privacy solutions will perform in a true user-environment under more typical conditions.
Thus, it will be necessary to find and incorporate a unique privacy model that accentuates both social and legal norms, while ensuring the technical ability to protect privacy.
Newman, a. 2008, Protectors of Privacy: Regulating Personal Data in the Global Economy, Cornell University Press.
Ethical Dilemma Matrix
A business organization's Internet Service Provider (ISP) is providing preferential service (improved access, faster connection and download/upload speeds) to certain websites, apparently on the basis of business ties and co-ownership entanglements.
Autonomy, Justice, espect for Persons
-Users of the Internet have the duty to make and exercise their own choices, which is limited by preferential access.
-This duty also insists that users be able to face all risks and opportunities available in equal measure, and with fair access.
-Users have the right to be viewed as important ends in and of themselves, served by the ISP and not simply serving the ISP in terms of money.
the organization has a duty to ensure that its employees can perform their functions with minimal interference, and that stakeholders in the business are able to exercise autonomy in their…
FCC. (2005). August 5, 2005 Policy Statement. Accessed 21 October 2011.
Kapoor, G. (2007). Corporate Laws. New York: Taxmann Publications.
Privacy Protection Features Present
Social Security Number:
Customer Information Sharing:
Information Provided by Website
Comparison among Top E-commerce Websites
First Mover vs. Follower in E-Commerce
Disadvantage of First Mover
Throughout the major part of the last century, there has been a lot of development and advancement in the field of information and technology (Jing, 2009). Most of the business activities have shifted base from being orthodox setups towards the IT portals. This development has also given rise to certain issues which were not present with the business fraternity earlier. In the past two decades, there has…
C. Juan. (2006). The electronic commerce security architecture and the safety technology apply. Net Security Technologies and Application. 7(1), 56-58. C. O'Connor. (2013). Wal-Mart Vs. Amazon: World's Biggest E-Commerce Battle Could Boil Down To Vegetables. Available: http://www.forbes.com/sites/clareoconnor/2013/04/23/wal-mart-vs.-amazon-worlds-biggest-e-commerce-battle-could-boil-down-to-vegetables/ . Last accessed 31 December 2014.
C.O' Connor. (2013). Wal-Mart Vs. Amazon: World's Biggest E-Commerce Battle Could Boil Down To Vegetables. Available:
Integrity: Privacy Protection in e-Commerce Websites
Privacy Protection in e-Commerce Websites
Back in the 90s, websites were more or less digital brochures that did little more than serve their registered users with monthly electronic newsletters. Today, however, websites are powerful and complex information platforms that not only store and process data, but also allow for the sharing of information across a wide range of online platforms. We share personal data on these websites, and unfortunately, the same passes on to numerous other parties, compromising our own security as well as that of our families in the process. The situation is even worse in the case of e-commerce websites. Whilst they have made shopping a whole lot easier by bringing specialty retail within a few clicks, they have also sprawled up opportunities for thieves who now find it a whole lot easier to obtain personal information and credit card numbers from…
Ackerman, M.S. And Davis, D.T., 2003. Privacy and Security Issues in E-Commerce. In. D.C. Jones (Ed.), New Economy Handbook, San Diego: Academic Press. Chapter 5.
Amazon Inc., 2014. Amazon.com Privacy Notice. Amazon Inc. [online] Available at https://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=468496
Best Buy Inc., 2014. Best Buy Privacy Hub. Best Buy Inc. [online] Available at http://www.bestbuy.com/site/legal-privacy-policies/privacy-policy/pcmcat204400050062.c?id=pcmcat204400050062
Bennett, Jessica. "Should Facebook Ban Sexist Pages?"
Misogyny is alive and well online; the nternet provides just another forum in which bigots can express their views. n "Should Facebook Ban Sexist Pages," Jessica Bennett (http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/11/05/should-facebook-ban-sexist-pages-the-reality-of-misogyny-online.html) suggests that female bloggers can control the discourse by raising awareness about the presence of misogyny and working to correct the underlying social problems that spawn it in the first place. n many online forums, misogynists can hide behind the cloak of anonymity that the nternet provides. Even when identities are exposed, as on Facebook, sexism remains rampant. As Bennett puts it, "Facebook is just a newer version of the same old problem," (p. 2).
While Bennett fails to effectively address the central question she poses in the title of her blog post, other authors tackle the subject well. For instance, Brendan O'Neill of The Telegraph (http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/brendanoneill2/100115868/the-campaign-to-stamp-out-misogyny-online-echoes-victorian-efforts-to-protect-women-from-coarse-language/) accuses all those who would view censorship…
In the peer-reviewed online journal First Monday ( http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3086/2589 ), Eszter Hargittai notes that young users of Facebook are savvier about protecting their privacy than is commonly feared. However, Facebook has been under a lot of scrutiny lately, related to the site's privacy options and default settings. According to an article appearing in the online Wall Street Journal, ( http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204224604577030383745515166.html ) "Facebook Inc. is close to a settlement with the U.S. government over charges that it misled users about its use of their personal information, the latest sign of widening public concern over privacy in the digital age." Hargittai champions personal responsibility and empowerment: which is far more useful in preventing privacy breaches than government intervention.
With a new Facebook phone ( http://www.itworld.com/it-managementstrategy/227281/facebook-phone-buffy-privacy-slayer ), set to reach markets, consumers are understandably suspicious about the pervasiveness of the social networking tool. Just how far are we willing to allow social networking to monitor our interests, beliefs, and ways of life? Facebook presents an interesting conundrum: we get more out of our Facebook interactions and friendships if we share more about ourselves; yet the more we share, the more of our lives becomes free fodder for marketing companies.
Savvy users of Facebook, like the young men and women participating in Hargittai's study, know how to restrict who sees what on their Facebook profile. It is up to the individual to make the privacy setting changes that are most appropriate to the user. Instead of crying about how a company wants to make money, Facebook members should learn about the Web tools they use on a daily basis.
Internet Distribution System
An Internet Distribution System is a compilation of online reservation systems and travel portals which focus in internet marketing of travel and related services. There are currently more than 2000 internet reservation systems and travel websites on the Internet. These online systems have unique forces and features that can be utilized to drive probable travelers to a given destination and to a given hotel (Internet Distribution Systems (IDS), 2007).
It has been reported that the online booking in the hospitality industry including hotels and motels, airlines and travel packages is increasing at a very rapid speed recently, particularly at the lower rate end. Online hotel room bookings have gone up six times over from 1999 to 2002. It has been estimated that there will be a more rapid jump in the online hotel room bookings over the next few years (Yang, Flynn & Anderson, n.d.).
Internet Distribution Systems (IDS). (2007). Retrieved from http://www.internet-distribution-systems-specialist.com/?p=internet-distributions-systems
Xiang, Y., Zhou, W. & Chowdhury, M. (n.d.). GHIRS: Integration of Hotel Management
Systems by Web Services. Retreived from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.6.1448&rep=rep1&type=pd f
Yang, J., Flynn, J. & Anderson, K. (n.d.). E-Business Application in the Hospitality Industry:
There was an attempt of cybercrime on a MoD skynet military sate light by an undersized group of hackers, this brought about a security intrusion which officials could characterized as information warefare, this could be further elaborated as an enemy attacks in terms of military communication disruption. The authority was able to trace the group to as far as southern England. The group managed to gain access to the Mod skynet military sate light and succeeded in reprograming the system in charge of the control before they were discovered. The case was taken over by the joint team of Scotland Yard's Computer Crimes Unit as well as the U.S. Air Force.
It is without doubt that Satellites plays a major role in supporting the existing balance in the universal economy, society, as well as advanced militaries and this has made a number of nations to develop…
2011 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. (2011). Retrieved on April 25, 2014, from http://origin.www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/annual_reports/annual_report_full_11.pdf
GAO Critical Infrastructure Protection Commercial Satellite Security Should Be More Fully Addressed. (2002). Retrieved on April 25, 2014, from http://www.gao.gov/assets/240/235485.pdf .
Robertson, Ann E. (2011). Militarization of Space. New York: Facts on File. Retrieved on April 25, 2014 from http://epublications.bond.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1131&context=cm
Space Security Index 2012. (2012). Retrieved on April 25, 2014, from http://swfound.org/media/93632/SSI_FullReport_2012.pdf
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Today, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) operates the nation's largest healthcare system through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), including 152 medical centers (VAMCs), 800 community-based outpatient clinics and numerous state-based domiciliaries and nursing home care units (About VA, 2016). As the second-largest cabinet agency in the federal government, the VA's budget exceeds the State Department, USAID, and the whole of the intelligence community combined) with more than $60 billion budgeted for VHA healthcare (Carter, 2016). One of the VHA's largest medical centers that provides tertiary healthcare services to eligible veteran patients is the Oklahoma City VA Medical Center (OKC VAMC) in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Like several other VAMCs, the OKC VAMC has recently been implicated in a system-wide scandal concerning inordinately lengthy patient waiting times and misdiagnoses which may have contributed to the deaths of some veteran patients and jeopardized…
About the Oklahoma City VA Medical Center. (2016). Oklahoma City VA Medical Center. Retrieved from http://www.oklahoma.va.gov/about/ .
About VA. (2016). Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.va.gov / about_va/vahistory.asp.
Breen, K. J. & Plueckhahn, V. D. (2002). Ethics, law, and medical practice. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin.
Carter, P. (2016). How to fix the VA. Slate. Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/blogs / the_works/2016/03/25/slate_s_infinite_scroll_implementation_explained.html.
In order to accomplish this goal, friends and family members need to keep coming back and checking on the missing person profiles as well as personal messages. Law enforcement will also need to have a good reason to use PROJECT MISSING as opposed to another missing persons Web site.
The site will also encourage customers to spend more time with PROJECT MISSING because of the quality content. Content such as articles and self-help ideas will provide reading material. A wealth of resources that may help locate missing persons will also be provided. Finally, the site will enable communication between law enforcement and family members. The communications can be conducted anonymously, to protect the privacy of site members. Finally, membership will be free but will also come with numerous benefits such as coupons and discounts offered by our sponsors.
11. How will you encourage potential customers to return to your site?…
Privacy & Civil Liberties
needs to communicate goals to the American public that include protecting the nation against threats to national security, ensuring the safety of citizens, friends, allies, and nations with cooperative relationships (Clarke, 2013). Promote national security and foreign policy interests, including counterintelligence, counteracting, and international elements of organized crime. Protect the right to privacy. Protect democracy, civil liberties, and the rule of law, eliminating excessive surveillance and unjustified secrecy. Promote prosperity, security, and openness in a networked world adopting and sustaining policies that support technological innovation globally and establish and strengthen international norms of Internet freedom and security. Protect strategic alliances that preserve and strengthen strategic relationships, protect those relationships, and recognize the importance of 'cooperative relationships'.
The U.S. government must protect national security and personal privacy that includes Fourth Amendment rights. Risk management should involve the rights to privacy, freedom and liberties on the internet and…
Clarke, R.A. (2013). Liberty and Security in a Changing World. The President's Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies.
The problem is that there is no protection against this issue. This is due to the newsfeed in the profile of each user. The argument of the company is that the news feed will ensure the users get to see more content from others. however, this means that there is no certainty of the next item that the user will see on the news feed. This is a serious privacy issue to the user because they cannot view their news feed at free will because of fear on the content of the feed (Milenkovski, 2011, p1). This limits the convenience of this site to the users because of the indecency that arises out of the website.
In this instance, the company should introduce appropriate measures to curb against this issue on indecency. There should be software that detects some indecent language. This will then inhibit the viewing of such information…
Butler, E, McCann, E, & Thomas, J 2011, 'Privacy Setting Awareness on Facebook and Its
Effect on User-Posted Content', Human Communication, 14, 1, pp. 39-55,
Communication & Mass Media Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 29 April 2012.
Claypoole, T., & Payton, T. (2012). Protecting your Internet identity: are you naked online?
Anonymity in the Internet
Anonymity on the Internet
Limit anonymity for Internet critics- by Edward Wasserman (Journalism Ethics)
I agree with the standing decision of channeling providers of network services to strengthen the way they manage information that the users publish. This suggests that privatized Internet censorship should be done by companies providing network services. All service providers across the world must responsibly restrict access to a wide variety of illegal content described broadly and enacted in order to restrict hate speech. This should reflect the position of the official government: it must incorporate information, which the government considers very politically sensitive. This move was made to strengthen efforts of increased pressure suppressing private companies to limit the further use of search engines, social media, and key online other tools.
Additionally, companies must be able to provide the virtual private networks evading the great boundaries of identification policy on expansion…
Employee Privacy Torts
History of Employee Privacy
Changing Trends of Employee Privacy
Impact of Innovative Technology on Employee Privacy
ole of Social Media towards Employee Privacy
Impact of Changing Community/Society on Employee Privacy
Adaptation to the new Environment pertaining to Employee Privacy
Employee Monitoring and Surveillance
Laws and Employer Policies for Text Messaging and Social Media
Electronic Communication Privacy Act
Monitoring of Employee Conversations over Telephone & Email
ecommendations for creating Effective Policies
Future Implications of Employee Privacy
As years have passed and the human race has penetrated into the epoch of twenty first century, the technological advancements have conquered almost every facet of human life, especially the workplace. The widespread platform of the internet has become the integral part of a person's life, in the same manner as businesses are employing technological advancements to perform numerous activities like internet infrastructure, maintenance of computers and so on. It means that…
Baker, D., Buoni, N., Fee, M. & Vitale, C. (2011). Social Networking and Its Effects on Companies and Their Employees. Retrieved from: http://www.neumann.edu/academics/divisions/business/journal/Review2011/SocialNetworking.pdf
Bergh, N.V.D. (2000). Emerging Trends for Eaps in the 21st Century. Haworth Press, Incorporated.
Campbell, D. (2007). The Internet 2007: Laws and Regulatory Regimes. USA: Lulu.com.
Cate, F.H. (1997). Privacy in the Information Age. USA: Brookings Institution Press.
This information, stored on a computer and used to correlate with other data could be considered invaluable by many researchers, but the patients have a right to keep certain information private, and to suggest anything else would be an ethical violation of the patient's privacy.
Because computer ethics is such a volatile issue, an entire branch of study has grown up around computer ethics, which proponents who believe the computer age caused these ethical issues, and others who believe these issues would have surfaced anyway. One of the proponents of computer ethics, who actually was the first to teach the concept, Walter Maner, from Old Dominion University, is a proponent of the computer creating brand new ethical issues. An expert quotes Maner, "For all of these issues, there was an essential involvement of computing technology. Except for this technology, these issues would not have arisen, or would not have arisen…
Adams, H.R., Bocher, R.F., Gordon, C.A., & Barry-Kessler, E. 2005 Privacy in the 21st Century: Issues for Public, School, and Academic Libraries. Libraries Unlimited, Westbrook, CT.
Bynum, Terryl 2008 Computer and Information Ethics, Stanford University, URL=" http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-computer/ "
Fisher, C.B. 2006 Privacy and Ethics in Pediatric Environmental Health Research-Part I: Genetic and Prenatal Testing. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114(10), 1617+.
Rennie, John 2008 Who's Watching You: The Future of Privacy, Scientific American, URL=" http://www.sciam.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=28825D7D-D772-2192-12177C05B4B2AED7 "