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Invention of Gun Powder and the Impact it Had on the Chinese Society and Warfare
The invention of gunpowder was driven by the quest for unending life. Gunpowder, however, ended up being more or less a death potion, responsible for the development of the deadliest war weapon, after the atomic bomb. An invention dating back to the Song and Tang Dynasties, between the 9th and 11th centuries, gunpowder came to be considered one of China's "Four Great Ancient Inventions,' alongside the compass, printing, and papermaking. Due to its explosive nature, gunpowder was first used for fireworks, and later, as an explosive in war. Prior to gunpowder invention, the Chinese military used fire as their main war weapon. Fire, however, had limited coverage, and Chinese strategists sought to develop a weapon with wider coverage.
Gunpowder was employed in warfare in the 15th century. It evolved from the ancient cannon to the…
Black, Jeremy. War: a Short History. Maiden Lane, NY: Continuum, 2009.
Chase, Kenneth. Firearms: a Global History to 1700. West Street, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Gunpowder and Firearms. Washington University. http://depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/miltech/firearms.htm
Panciera, Walter. "Venetian Gunpowder in the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century: Production, Storage, Use." In Gunpowder, Explosives and the State, edited by Brenda Buchanan, 93-120. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2006.
com). Although basic trackball mice are still commercially available, they have been largely overshadowed by newer versions of the computer mouse based on optical and laser technologies. All computer mice allow the user to control the position of a cursor on the screen (or alternatively, a player position in a game) as the trackball, optical or laser sensors detect user movements and translate those into digital input. The mouse devices installed on the latest versions of laptop computers work differently from trackball and optical mice that are external to the computer but the underlying input principles are the same for laptop track pads and click buttons as they are for external mice. External mice may be wireless as well as wired, allowing users increased ergonomic flexibility.
Like most computer-related inventions, the mouse has had a positive effect on social change. Making computers more accessible to a greater number of people,…
Computer Mouse." CNN.com Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2004/explorers/interactive/profiles/computer.mouse/content.html
Jimmythejock "History of the Computer Mouse." Blog retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://hubpages.com/hub/History_of_the_Computer_Mouse
Oldmouse.com. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://www.oldmouse.com/
Pang, a. Soojung-Kim. The making of the mouse. American Heritage: Invention and Technology. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2002/3/2002_3_48.shtml
Energy is the basis of industrial civilization and modern society. There is little doubt that without energy, modern life would cease to exist. Over the last two hundred years, human beings have relied heavily on fossil fuels for their energy needs. Fossil fuels, however, are non-renewable and in limited supply and if we continue to use the earth's fossil fuel resources at the present rate, we would soon run out of the earth's fuel reserves. Moreover, burning of fossil fuels contributes to air pollution, acid rain, and global warming that could ultimately make life unsustainable on our planet. ith several promising alternate energy sources such as 'geothermal,' 'nuclear,' 'wind' and 'solar' power having proved either too expensive, too dangerous or impractical, the need for a new invention that provides an alternate fuel was never more urgent as it is today. The invention that I have in mind is the…
Lindemann, Peter DSc. "Where in the World is all the Free Energy?" Extracted from Nexus Magazine, Volume 8, Number 4. (2001) September 23, 2003 http://www.nexusmagazine.com/freeenergy.html
Patch, Kimberly. "Sunlight turns Water to Fuel." Technology Research News. January 9, 2002 September 23, 2003 http://www.trnmag.com/Stories/2002/010902/Sunlight_turns_water_to_fuel_010902.html
Since nuclear energy is derived from uranium -- a finite resource -- it is a non-renewable resource
Kimberly Patch (2002). "Sunlight turns water to fuel" Technology Research News
y then, the principles of division of labor and interchangeable parts had been successfully demonstrated by the American inventors Eli Whitney (1765-1825) and Samuel Colt (1814-1862). (Assembly Line - History)
The assembly line was first used on a large scale by the meat-packing industries of Chicago and Cincinnati during the 1870s. These slaughterhouses used monorail trolleys to move suspended carcasses past a line of stationary workers, each of whom did one specific task. Contrary to most factories' lines in which products are gradually put together step-by-step, this first assembly line was in fact more of a "disassembly" line, since each worker butchered a piece of a diminishing animal. The apparent breakthroughs in efficiency and productivity that were achieved by these meat packers were not immediately realized by any other industry until Ford designed his assembly line in 1913. Ford openly admitted using the meat-packing lines as a model. His success…
Banham, Russ. The Ford Century: Ford Motor Company and the Innovations that Shaped the World. New York: Artisan, 2002.
Bellis, Mary. "The History of the Automobile." 2008. About.com. 28 November 2008 http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aacarsassemblya.htm .
History.com. "This Day in History." 13 October 1913. History.com. 28 November 2008 http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=7043 . http://science.jrank.org/pages/558/Assembly-Line-History.html Assembly Line - History>
Nof, Shimon Y., Wilbert Wilhelm and Hans-Jurgen Warnecke. Industrial Assembly. New York:
invention changed lives entrepreneurs . People vision determination helped shape world. My Canadian envention snowmobile. I present information interesting creative rest class. Things answer: hen invention snowbile created? ho invented ? here invented? hat impact invention society? How long invention ' '? Have improvements made invention? hat future invention? The emphasis presention entrepreneur enhanced consumer satifaction entrepreneur agent change.
Joseph-Armand Bombardier's snowmobile
As technology came to influence virtually every domain at the start of the twentieth century, people came across the difficulty of traveling through the countryside during winter. In spite of the fact that a series of devices were invented at the start of the century, none of them seemed capable of completing this task. As a result, people designed an all-terrain vehicle meant to transport individuals and freight over lands where other vehicles remained stuck. Some people felt that it was essential for them to get actively engaged…
Capps, Randall and Clermont, Paul Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Quebec: How the Province Became a World-Class Player (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004)
Dana, Leo-Paul "Entrepreneurship in a Remote Sub-Arctic Community," Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice 20.1 (1995)
Golomb, Claire ed., The Development of Artistically Gifted Children: Selected Case Studies (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995)
Mergen, Bernard "Leisure Vehicles, Pleasure Boats, and Aircraft," Handbook of American Popular Culture, ed. M. Thomas Inge, 2nd ed., vol. 2 (New York: Greenwood Press, 1989)
Invention by Design, by Henry Petroski, published in Cambridge, MA by the Harvard University Press in 1996. Specifically, it will discuss what in the book is relevant to the Mechanical Engineering program, the author's main points, and whether these points are valid or invalid. Henry Petroski's book takes engineering to a level that just about anyone can understand, and makes it interesting even to the layperson. This book is not only an excellent introduction to the many facets of engineering; it is also a fascinating look into engineering by example, from the simple paper clip to the complicated oeing 777 aircraft. It is a fascinating look into what makes good engineering, and what engineers actually do, and should be required reading for any engineering student.
INVENTION Y DESIGN
On first glance, "Invention by Design" seems to be simply a book about engineering. However, the author has several differing thoughts and…
Petroski, Henry. Invention by Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,1996.
Invention and Summarize the Significance of the Underlying Technology Innovation
The device titled the Thornton Adjustable Positioner or TAP is an oral/dental device worn in the patient's mouth during sleep to move the lower jaw slightly forward to create an open airway for proper breathing while sleeping. The device or some like them have been previously tried on minor sleep disturbances such as snoring, yet, their efficacy has been unknown for more serious problems such as mild to severe sleep apnea. Sleep apnea, a disorder that creates oxygen deprivation during sleep and can moderately to severely affect the health of the individual first by depriving the individual of restful sleep and in more severe cases by creating oxygen deprivation that can lead to other chronic diseases or even acute death from asphyxia.
Up to this point the most commonly prescribed device for sleep apnea is a device that forces oxygen…
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (2009, February 4). Small Device Helps Sleep Apnea Sufferers In A Big Way. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090203140147.htm
Invention of the Swept Wing
This is a paper about the swept wing. There are five references used for this paper.
There have been a number of innovations in the field of aviation over the years. It is interesting to examine the swept wing and determine why it was developed, and if the wing performs the function it was designed for.
The Swept Wing
The theory behind "sweeping an aircraft's wing is to delay the drag rise caused by the formation of shock waves (www.aviation-history.com/theory/swept-wing.htm)." A planform is "the shape and layout of an airplane's wing. A swept-wing is a wing planform, used on high-speed aircraft that spend a considerable portion of their flight time the transonic, the range of velocities just below and above the speed of sound. The swept-wing is a wing that is bent back as some angle, instead of sticking straight out from the fuselage…
should follow this format:
The paper must explain "what" the feature is, "why" it is put to use on an airplane, and "how" it does or does not accomplish the intended task.
The explanation must include the theory behind the feature and any other such material as necessary to describe it in a manner so that it can be read by a person with no aviation background and be understood.
One of the main differences between the two texts is that language has changed to reflect shifts in gender norms. Notably, the newer version omits the word "obey" for the woman's marriage vows. Likewise the phrase "Who geveth this woman to be maried unto this man?" is also removed in the current version.
In spite of key differences related to tone and gender, many features have changed little in the Book of Common Prayer marriage ceremony. The exchange of rings is a similar feature. Also, the purpose of marriage is outlined to mention procreation in both texts. Heterosexual language prevails.
Thus, the general structure of the two documents are remarkably similar and shows that the Anglican Church has attempted to remain true to the original document. For example, a pithy introduction is soon followed by the exchange of vows and the "declaration of consent." The main differences between the two…
When Serbia refused, Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia, forcing the mobilization of ussia to prevent the destruction of Serbia.
German forces mobilized in support of Austro-Hungary by prior agreement, and declared war on ussia in response to her mobilization of forces.
To avoid a war on two fronts, Germany attacked France because of the fear that France would attack Germany once Germany and ussia went to war against each other.
Britain entered the war against Germany because Germany invaded Belgium to bypass the most fortified approaches into France. By 1917, German attacks on neutral shipping bound for England provoked the U.S. To enter the war as well. Some of the first action of the wider war was the occupation of German colonies in Asia and Africa. By the end of the war, England was poised to rule much of the Middle East until after World War II, which control was…
Howard, M. (2000) the Invention of Peace: Reflections on War and International Order. London: Yale University Press.
Barbara Hamby's poem Invention has a fairly unique format. It is written in story mode that almost represents a stream of consciousness of the writer. Two lines are paired together before a break. However, the breaks do not correspond with punctuation and sentences are free to spill over into the next section. This creates an interesting and somewhat fragmented design for the poem's structure.
The begging of the poem eludes to the authors fascinations with the development of civilization and the technologies that have helped to move it along. She believes that if it were up to her then people would still be chasing boars and clubbing them to death. She doesn't believe that she could have come up with the technology herself to make these progressions. However, there is one exception; she believes she could handle the development of poetry and theatre.
Yet, inventions such as…
Traditions that are presented as age old and showcase a link between the distant past and present tend to have their origins in present times and are rather modern public, social, cultural and political manifestations. Most have their origins not more than three to four centuries ago. 'Invented traditions' is hence the name coined to aptly, if loosely, represent the devised or imposed (if forced) traditions seen today. These new traditions may have been instituted formally in recent times (and can be ascertained to a specific date or year) but were established very rapidly, and came to be recognized as traditions. The tradition of the royal broadcast of Christmas is an example, which illustrates the point. The broadcast started in Britain in 1932.
Invented traditions are those practices that are impressed upon the peoples of a nation or society or even a part of the society through repetition, making it…
Hobsbawm, E., & Ranger, E. (2012). The Invention of Tradition. Canto Classics. Retrieved from http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/history/regional-and-world-history-general-interest/invention-tradition-2
This software is used to perform common tasks like storage, data back up and data transfers.
Small and medium businesses have embraced this technology because it involves no start up costs (like servers, hard disks, technicians etc.) therefore making it cost effective. Basically payment is based on the storage space taken by the user, again, this makes it user friendly. It may also be referred to as hosted storage.
The flying Organizations
Smart companies are looking at the various aspects of the cloud and pushing some application into the cloud and some into the traditional data center environment. The most significant value of cloud computing is not just the cost benefit but agility for the whole business. This is done by creating an opportunity for firms to upload anything concerning their IT infrastructure to an outside provider. With cloud you only contract for the services you need and at the…
Allen, B (2009).Cloud Computing Will Reshape IT Forever
Beaman, K. (2010). "Continued Growth of SaaS for HCM."
Fast Food -- Health Food
The United States has become royalty of the fast food industry and there have even been books and documentaries concerning the culture. Families today are on the move constantly, whether going to work, school, sports events, meetings, or social events. Driving through the "drive-through" has become a common routine and for many, a daily ritual. Society has become a "drive-through" society for everything from banking to prescriptions to dry-cleaning. People do not like to get out of their cars unless it is absolutely necessary. And driving up to a window to pick up food has become as much a way of life as the remote control for electronics.
In the year 2000, people in the United States spent approximately $110 billion on fast food (Fast pp). Fast food is undoubtedly a multi-billion dollar industry that is only going to continue to grow as lifestyles…
Fast Food. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fast_food
While many might feel inclined to believe that the first part of the book is primarily meant to discuss Auster's father, it is likely that the writer actually wanted the book as a whole to serve as an autobiographical account. This is basically an abstract book and it is difficult to provide a strict definition concerning the writer's intentions when writing it. However, it is nonetheless intriguing to embark on a journey of analysis and to express opinions concerning his exact feelings.
Although the second part of the book focuses primarily on the author, it is difficult to ignore the fact that he puts across feelings related to solitude, as he apparently feels that it would be difficult and almost impossible for him to be the person he wants to be. It practically appears that the first part of the book is meant to set the grounds for readers to…
Auster, Paul, "The Invention of Solitude," (Sun, 1982)
This downhill track was so designed as to give the Flyer enough airspeed to fly. Two attempts were made to launch the Flyer and one led to a minor crash. Third time lucky they say and Orville Wright took the Flyer on a 12 second sustained flight on December 17, 2003, the first ever successful, powered, piloted flight in the history of man. The year 1904 saw the first flight that lasted for more than five minutes on November ninth and this time Flyer II was flown by Wilbur Wright. Thus the efforts of the Wright brothers to build an aircraft that would succeed in flying culminated in success. (the History of the Airplane: Part 3: The Wright Brothers - First Flight)
The development of the aircraft took two different angles one towards transportation and the other towards the development of a powerful air power to destroy strategic points of…
History of the Airplane" Retrieved at http://www.first-to-fly.com/History/History%20of%20Airplane/history.htm . Accessed on 12/14/2004
Military Aviation" Retrieved at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761579466/Military_Aviation.html. Accessed on 12/14/2004
NASA's X-43A Scramjet Breaks Speed Record" Retrieved at http://www.nasa.gov/missions/research/x43-main.html . Accessed on 12/14/2004
The History of the Airplane: Part 3: The Wright Brothers - First Flight" Retrieved at http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bl_wright_brothers.htm . Accessed on 12/14/2004
New products and services are being developed almost continually based on technological changes, consumer choice and demand, and available materials and other new inventions. For instance, computer technology and miniaturization might make it possible for a product to have additional innovation enough to constitute a new niche or an extension. According to most research, however, it is more important to spend time and money selling inventions as opposed to protecting the rights. Patent Pending, for instance, is usually less than a few hundred dollars and provides some level of protection while the item is coming to market (Tozzi, 2007).
In the product management side, there are numerous types of innovation that occur when it comes to managing new or ancillary products. The two most popular types, however, are incremental and radical innovation. In essence, incremental innovation tends to exploit, improve, or otherwise change some existing technology. This innovation…
Arons, M. (March 17, 2010). Five Key Drivers of Global Marketing Effectiveness.
Forbes.com. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/2010/03/17/branding-gillette-glaxosmithkline-cmo-network-marc-de-swaan-arons.html
Coe, N., Wrigley, N. (1990). The Globalization of Retailing. London: Edward Elgar
Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War" by Drew Gilpin Faust. Specifically, it will explain how the instabilities of the Civil War South forced southern white women to alter their behavior. What was the key issue they faced as white men were forced to go to the front? In what way did altered gender roles lead to altered clothing styles? What does clothing tell us about civil society? Southern women faced many difficulties during the Civil War. They had to take on new roles that did not fit their upbringing, and they had to make significant changes to the way they lived and worked. It was a difficult and demanding time for southern women, and some of them discovered themselves, while others discovered they were closer to their black slaves than they ever would have believed.
The South, being at a distinct disadvantage for…
Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
The second part of the book, "The ook of Memory," presents a more relaxed narrator -- one that refers to himself using the third person and that is meant to emphasize the complex nature of the concept of memoir. While the first part of the book appeared to put across direct thoughts and to present readers with clear ideas, the second part is actually more difficult to understand upon first reading, as the writer detaches himself from the world from the very first moment when he uses third person to describe his actions and thinking. Many people are actually likely to consider this section of the book as being very confusing and this is largely owed to the fact that Auster introduces experimental ideas and describes himself as a solitary individual who prefers to turn to connecting with his inner thought when he has certain problems.
Even with the confusion…
Auster, Paul, "The Invention of Solitude," (Faber & Faber, 25.11.2010)
After generating a huge number of random solutions to a given problem, the invention machine determines how effective each solution is, then discards most solutions that are not successful and begins making random alterations to others, and combining aspects of the most effective solutions to create a new generation of solutions. This process continues until an optimal solution is reached (meaning all other solutions modeled by the computer perform less efficiently or successful): "Over and over, bits of computer code are, essentially, procreating," mirroring "Darwinian evolution, the process of natural selection" (Keats, 1). The computer does not tackle problems in exactly the same way as humans in every situation, though trial and error are parts of many scientific discoveries and engineering projects. But though its method is limited to only one basic system, it performs this much faster than any human brain.
hen both Koza and Keats refer to the…
Keats, Jonathon. "John Koza Has Built an Invention Machine." Popular Science, April. Retrieved online 9 April 2009. http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2006-04/john-koza-has-built-invention-machine
Not of the Same Feather: Cultural Appropriation in The Invention of Wings
As problematic as it may be for a white Southern author to presume understanding of the psyche of a slave, Sue Monk Kidd embeds enough nuances in The Invention of Wings to make the fictionalized account of the Grimke sisters compelling and enlightening. Alternating between the voices of Hetty (Handful) and Sarah is the literary device Kidd relies on to demonstrate different perspectives and points of view, while also showing what Hetty and Sarah have in common too. In fact, Kidd shows how Sarah and Hetty develop the courage to rebel against social norms and even the law in order to make the world a better place. Symbolism also helps tie together the disparate worlds in which Hetty and Sarah live. Thick with symbolism related to the theme of flying and the freedom flight implies, The Invention of…
Literary Analysis: Sue Monk Kidd’s The Invention of Wings
Sue Monk Kidd uses symbol and theme in The Invention of Wings to tell the story of Sarah Grimke, her sister Nina and Sarah’s slave Handful, whom Sarah vows to help to freedom over the course of her life. The novel is based on the historical character of Sarah Grimke, an abolitionist and activist. To tell the story, Kidd uses the black triangles that Handful’s mother stitches into her quilts to symbolize flight and freedom; likewise, the feathers that Handful and her mother collect to stuff the quilt symbolize the spiritual wings with which one can fly to freedom. Kidd also applies the theme of power in both positive and negative terms: Sarah’s trauma at witnessing the brutality of slavery causes her to develop a stutter, which gives her a degree of powerlessness in terms of speaking her mind; likewise, her…
As its title indicates, “The Invention of Peanut Butter” by British author of speculative fiction Matt Haig is intended to be read as a fable, or myth of origins. Despite the fact that peanut butter may seem to be a very prosaic, modern food, the reader is immediately transported into a world which is a kind of primitive utopia. Villagers merely survive on pineapple and peanuts. Everyone lives in a state of collective harmony. To further give a primitive and mythic tone to the utopia of the first few paragraphs, Haig elects not to name the inhabitants of the village. This communicates their sense of solidarity to one another as well. The fact that people do not make food at all gives a kind of communal quality to the environment that is enviable and idyllic, even though the reader presumably is glad that he or she has greater variety in…
Since the invention of the printed press, people have relied on newspapers and magazines to give them information they need. In the present moment, there are so many ways that people can get that information that the business of magazines and newspaper subscription has become very competitive. Because of this, the magazine industry has modified itself to make sure that it appeals to their target audience. In the case of Hispanic readers, magazine writers and editors try to convince them to purchase their magazine by making appeals to their heritage. In the year 2006, a market research company named Syvonate conducted a survey at the joint request of the Magazine Publishers of America and the Hispanic Magazine Coalition. The researchers surveyed more than 900 Hispanic consumers. They asked the people in the survey what kinds of advertisement most appeal to them and has the most effect on them.…
4. "Making condoms work for HIV prevention," UNAIDS/04.2E (English original, June 2004), ISBN 92 9 1745 8
5. "The Philippines - Unprotected: Sex, Condoms, and the Human Right to Health," (Human Rights Watch, 2004)
1. Burhans, Dirk, E., "Crunch!: A History of the Great American Potato Chip," (Terrace Books, 08.10.2008)
2. Kops, Deborah, and Thompson Collin, W., "Were Potato Chips Really Invented by an Angry Chef?: And Other Questions About Food," (Lerner Publications, 01.01.2011)
. "Snack Chip Deep Fat Frying," Retrieved November 27, 2012, from the United States Environmental Protection Agency Website: http://www.epa.gov/ttnchie1/ap42/ch09/final/c9s1-.pdf
4. "Potato Chip," Retrieved November 27, 2012, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Website: http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/crum.html
1. Antensteiner, Martin, "Super Glue: The Superman of the Adhesive World," Retrieved November 27, 2012, from the PennState Website: http://www.ems.psu.edu/sites/default/files/u5/students/Martin%20Antensteiner%20Paper_Third.pdf
2. Brubaker, Carrie, "The Chemistry of Superglue," Retrieved November 27, 2012, from the UCLA Website: http://voh.chem.ucla.edu/vohtar/spring00/0H/pdf/Brubaker.pdf
3. Pendergrast, Mark, "For God, Country, and Coca Cola: The Definitive History of the Great American Soft Drink and the Company That Makes it," (Basic Books, 16.03.2000)
4. Schildt, a. And Siegfried, Detlef, "Between Marx and Coca-Cola: Youth Cultures in Changing European Societies, 1960-1980," (Berghahn Books, 01.12.2006)
5. Wagenknecht, Edward, "American Profile: 1900-1909," (Univ of Massachusetts Press, 1982)
Legal, Social, and Economic Environments of New Product Development
There are three basic forms in which of businesses can be organized: sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations. There are also many different versions of each form. For example, there are many different kinds of corporations. However, based on the scenario represented for the individual who has an idea for a product a sole proprietorship would most likely represent the ideal form for the individual to get started with and if the product does turn out to be a success then they could always reorganize the business later on. Although the individual has an idea for a product that he believes will be a success he does not have a lot of capital to launch a major product development campaign. Furthermore, although the economy is recovering, the external environment is still plagued with high levels of competition and…
BizFilings. (N.d.). Benefits of Create an LLC. Retrieved from BizFilings: http://www.bizfilings.com/learn/creating-llc.aspx
IRS. (2012, December 31). Limited Liability Company (LLC). Retrieved from IRS: http://www.irs.gov/Businesses/Small-Businesses-&-Self-Employed/Limited-Liability-Company -(LLC)
The Wall Street Journal. (N.d.). How to Form an LLC. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal: http://guides.wsj.com/small-business/starting-a-business/how-to-start-an-llc/
Over the past several thousand years, the Chinese have contributed some of the world's most significant technological tools and inventions. Most of these inventions have had a tremendous impact on human history and it is hard to imagine life without any of them. Among the most influential of Chinese inventions include gunpowder/explosives; paper; moveable type; the magnetic compass; tea; noodles; matches; and silk. Of these eight inventions, the four most important include paper, gunpowder, tea, and noodles. Of those four, the Chinese invention I could least likely live without would be noodles.
It is difficult to imagine how human beings could have spread information without paper. Even if the Chinese had not invented moveable type well before the Gutenberg printing press was designed in Europe, the invention of paper is one of the most important contributions to the spread of knowledge, learning, ideas, and information. As the Franklin Institute…
Asia Society (2013). Chinese inventions. Retrieved online: http://asiasociety.org/education/resources-schools/elementary-lesson-plans/chinese-inventions
Columbia University, East Asian Curriculum Project (n.d.). Timeline of Chinese inventions. Retrieved online: http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/song/readings/inventions_timeline.htm
The Franklin Institute (n.d.). Chinese inventions. Retrieved online: http://fi.edu/tfi/info/current/inventions.html
Roach, J. (2005). 4000-year-old noodles found in China. National Geographic News. Retrieved online: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/10/1012_051012_chinese_noodles.html
He was an amazing man with an amazing mind, and as current projects show, many of his designs are just as viable today as they were in the 15th century when he conceived them.
Annabell, Maxine. "Catapults and Crossbows." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/catapaults.html
Flying Machines." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/ornithopters.html
Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." LeonardoBridgeProject.org. 2008. 15 April 2008. http://www.leonardobridgeproject.org/Sands-Leonardo-Bridge-Project.htm
Gani, Martin. "Leonardo Lives on," World and I Nov. 2002: 272.
Kemp, Martin and Wallace, Marina. "The Ideal City." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=519
Armoured Car." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=511.
Martin Kemp and Marina Wallace. "The Ideal City." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=519
Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." LeonardoBridgeProject.org. 2008. 15 April 2008. http://www.leonardobridgeproject.org/Sands-Leonardo-Bridge-Project.htm.
Martin Kemp and Marina Wallace. "Armoured Car." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=511.
Maxine Annabell. "Catapults and Crossbows." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008.…
Annabell, Maxine. "Catapults and Crossbows." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/catapaults.html
Flying Machines." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/ornithopters.html
Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." LeonardoBridgeProject.org. 2008. 15 April 2008. http://www.leonardobridgeproject.org/Sands-Leonardo-Bridge-Project.htm
Gani, Martin. "Leonardo Lives on," World and I Nov. 2002: 272.
railroad industrialized America, a Track That Unified a Nation
How the railroad industrialized America
In the nineteenth century, the railroad system of the United States of America came to life. The systems' sole purpose was to transport people and goods across the country. Railroad system in the country began on the East and moved westwards. The move to the west resulted in development of towns, which further made the system branch to meet other regions in the state. These resulted in a web like rail system over the country. These had an impact on the life, culture and the way of life for the people of America. The railroad system in America in the nineteenth century interconnected various societies. The railroad systems at that time decreased work time since people were able to travel easier. People were able to travel great distances with the invention of the railroad system.
William Thomas, 2011 . "Railroads and the Making of Modern America." Railroads.unl.edu.
John F. Stover, 1997. "American railroads.," Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press
Albro Martin., 1992. "Railroads triumphant: the growth, rejection, and rebirth of a vital American force." New York: Oxford University Press.
H. Roger Grant and Charles W. Bohi., 1978. "The Country Railroad Station in America."
What was the war's bloodiest day? Was it Gettysburg? No. It occurred in September, 1862, at Antietam Creek in Maryland, when 22,700 soldiers died. "[General] Lee "hoped to win decisively...but the Union army prevailed."
Meantime, the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1 through July 3, 1863, was the bloodiest battle of the war. It was the "most famous and most important Civil War Battle... [General Lee] believed his own [rebel] army was invincible..." Potter asserts. But in fact the Confederates suffered an estimated 28,000 casualties (out of 75,000 men in battle) and the Union lost 23,000 out of 88,000 - albeit, the Union won the battle. Doing the math one comes up with around 51,000 deaths on that blood-drenched, corpse-cluttered battlefield.
On July 1 and July 2, 1863, the Confederate army had gotten the best of the fighting, but Friday, July 3, 1863, would be another day, and would end quite…
Internet on Life
hy the Internet is the Most Useful Invention of our Generation
The Internet is the most useful invention of our generation. The accumulated effects of the Internet include significant contributions in the areas of education, the creation of jobs and furthering of professions, and an exponential increase in the amount and variety of entertainment for leisure time. It is the intent of this paper to evaluate the pros and cons or advantages and disadvantages of the Internet in the areas of education, professional and leisure activities.
Advantages of the Internet in Education
There are a myriad of contributions the Internet has made to education, in addition to the many innovations occurring today in the context of individualized instruction. The development of e-learning management systems for example, which can unify an entire semesters' worth of work together into a sequential, well-defined series of steps, has shown significant potential…
Bassamboo, Achal, Sunil Kumar, and Ramandeep S. Randhawa. "Dynamics of New Product Introduction in Closed Rental Systems." Operations research 57.6 (2009): 1347,1359,1532-1534.
Bernoff, Josh, and Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-so-Social Web." MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42.
Dyer, Jeffrey H., and Kentaro Nobeoka. "Creating and Managing a High-Performance Knowledge-Sharing Network: The Toyota Case." Strategic Management Journal 21.3 (2000): 345-67.
Henry, Paul. "E-Learning Technology, Content and Services." Education & Training 43.4 (2001): 249-55.
Industrialization in America
The process of industrialization can be categorized as the first step towards a social and economic transformation which affected the whole world in ways beyond comprehension. In a nutshell, the world we live in today was nowhere near what it is today before industrialization changed the face of the world. America too greatly adapted to this change and saw itself changing and advancing in the face of the new inventions and advancements. However, with the benefits of the phenomenon came some drawbacks which could not be ignored. The next sections focus on two ways in which industrialization proved to be a blessing for the Americans as well as two ways that it created problems (Alonso, 1994).
One industry that saw phenomenal changes after industrialization came about was the American agricultural industry. The farming techniques became greatly advanced and mechanization made things much easier and reduced the…
Alonso, I.T. (1994). Trade, Industrialization and Integration in the 20th-Century Central America. Praeger Publications.
Amsden, A.H. (2000). The Rise of the Rest: Challenges to the West from Late-Industrialization Economies. Oxford University Press.
Walker, R. (2004). The roots of American Industrialization. The Geographical Review .
Moreover, the production of nylon depends on the petroleum industry and heavy manufacturing: sources of pollution. Therefore, nylon did not necessarily make the world a better place.
The invention of nylon proved to be a mixed blessing. Used in parachutes and tent materials during World War Two, nylon did open up a wealth of possibilities for modernization and technological innovation (Agogino 2007). Few commercial sectors today do not rely at least in part on nylon. Musicians string their guitars with nylon strings; sailors rely on nylon sails; and dentists give their patients toothbrushes with nylon bristles. Yet the clothing industry was perhaps the one most affected by the introduction of nylon to the market. At the 1939 World's Fair in New York City DuPont introduced the first commercial product using nylon: stockings. The stockings were marketed mainly to women, and became so popular that they were soon referred to not…
Short History of Manufactured Fibers." Fibersource.com. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://www.fibersource.com/f-tutor/history.htm
Agogino, a. (2007). Engineering Education "Today in History" Blog: Nylon first manufactured. NSDL Pathways News. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://expertvoices.nsdl.org/pathwaysnews/2007/12/15/engineering-education-today-in-history-blog-nylon-first-manufactured/
Bellis, M. (nd). A history of pantyhose? About.com. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blpantyhose.htm
Hegde, R.R., Dahiya, a. & Kamath, M.G. (2004). Nylon fibers. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://www.engr.utk.edu/mse/pages/Textiles/Nylon%20fibers.htm
"Sonnet 130" by Shakespeare and "Sonnet 23" by Louis Labe both talk about love, as so many sonnets do. Their respective techniques however, differentiate them from each other. Shakespeare uses a rhyme scheme that became known as Shakespearean rhyme scheme or English rhyme. He writes about love in a sarcastic manner though. He is mocking the traditional love poems and the usual expressive manner in which women are often compared to. It is ironic in a way because Shakespeare himself also uses the very techniques in his previous writing when he is writing from a man's point-of-view and describing a woman. But in this sonnet he uses the technique of mocking this exaggerated comparison. Usually women are compared to having skin as white as snow, however, in reality, Shakespeare points out, women don't really fit this description, "If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun."
The next step to conduct research and develop a plan (NASA, 2008). Next, one must build a working model. The model must then be tested. After the model is developed and tested, one is ready to proceed with marketing and production of the invention (NASA, 2008). The only difference between inventors of today and inventors of yesterday is that the process has been formally divided into definite stages.
The process of invention requires that the inventor, financier, and adopter of the invention break away from traditional thinking and norms (Greenhalgh, obert, & Macfarlane, et al., 2005). All parties must be willing to break tradition in order to adopt the new invention. The invention process has changed since the days of early inventors. Now the product and the end consumer's preferences are taken into consideration in the invention and design process. For instance, the invention will be specifically designed to target…
AltE (2008). How to Size Wiring and Cabling for Your System. AltE University. AltEnergy Store. Retrieved September 19, 2008 at http://howto.altenergystore.com/How-to-Size-Wiring-and-Cabling-for-Your-System/a62/
AZoM (2008). Gutta Percha - a Natural Form of Rubber. AZoMaterials. Retrieved September 19, 2008 from ttp:/ / www.azom.com/details.asp?ArticleID=1456.
Clarke, R. (2001). A Primer in Diffusion of Innovations Theory. Australian National University. Retrieved September from: a meta-narrative approach to systematic review. Soc Sci Med. 61 (2): 417-430. http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/SOS/InnDiff.html
Elliott, H. (1950, (2007 online)). A Successful Paper Merchant. The Paper Maker. 19 (1). Retrieved September 19, 2008 at http://www.atlantic-cable.com/Field/papermerchant.htm
Utility Patents and Employee Contracts
Since the before the beginning of the industrial revolution, the United States Patent and Trademark Office has been recording and protecting the ideas and gadgets of inventors. But, what exactly is a patent and what laws govern the patent process? ho can file for a patent and what is the process for applying? hat benefit are received if a patent is in place? Does a patent cost money and who enforces the fact that a patent is in place? These and many more questions will be addressed throughout this research presentation.
It is the end of your first week of work at the new factory and while on the line you design a brilliant new piece of machinery that just could be the next great gizmo in this industry. You realize that if it works and if its marketed properly, well hey, you…
Grubb, Philip W. Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biotechnology: Fundamentals of Global Law, Practice, and Strategy. Oxford: Oxford U, 1999.
Harbert, Tammi. "Do Not Go Idly Into That Employment Agreement; Watch What You Sign; Your Inventions Won't Necessarily Belong To You. (Engineers' Employment Agreements)." EDN (1990).
Holzmann, Richard T. Infringement of the United States Patent Right: A Guide for Executives and Attorneys. Westport CT: Quorum Books, 1995.
Patent Law: An Overview. Ed. Legal Information Institute. 21 Nov. 2003 http://www.law.cornell.edu/topics/patent.html .
Thus, if someone has an idea but has not yet worked out all the details, a non-provisional patent is appropriate. If the individual already has the design in certainty, a non-provisional patent guarantees the trademark rights right away.
5. The next step is to make a model or other type of drawing or presentation that thoroughly explains and outlines the details and functions of the product being patented. It is important to be very detailed, as these drawings will serve as the basis of what is protected. Moreover, it is important to understand the consumer base, present the model with them before solidifying with a patent. This will give the individual a chance to revise as necessary.
6. Next is the actual filling out of the patent application. In this step, one needs to carefully follow all instructions on the patent application as to ensure reliability. In this application, the…
Clayton, B. (2012). How to get a patent. Legal Matters. Web. http://www.wikihow.com/Get-a-Patentv
United States Patent and Trademark Office. (2013). How to get a patent. Patents. Web. http://www.uspto.gov /web/patents/howtopat.htm
It became apparent that Edison's invention (electric lamp) led to the creation of another invention (electric generator), illustrating the rapid progress of technological development because of Edison's goal to make maximum use of electricity to make people's domestic lives easier and more improved.
It was also known that Edison dabbled in inventions that helped bring about the motion picture. His previous endeavors on telephone and telegraph innovations allowed him to extend his expertise to developing the motion picture, via the lack Maria laboratory. Using his technical knowledge about lighting and lighting systems, Edison developed the "Kinetoscope" in 1892, which entertained people by letting them view captured continuous images of people 'recorded' conducting their daily activities (the Edison Papers, 2005). This viewing device had once again added to the scientist's numerous contributions in the field of technology and development. With the invention of the Kinetoscope, people were not only entertained, but…
The Edison Papers." Rutgers University web site. Accessed last March 7, 2005. Available at http://edison.rutgers.edu/pictures.htm .
Edison's Miracle of Light." (2000). PBS Online/WGBH web site. Accessed last March 7, 2005. Available at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/edison/timeline/index.html .
Inventor profile: Thomas a. Edison." (2002). National Inventors Hall of Fame web site. Accessed last March 7, 2005. Available at http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/50.html .
The first product that will be discussed are the nano-Spiders, created by a group of scientists from Columbia University. These are microscopic robots that are made out of human DNA. The reason they are made out of DNA is that their main purpose is to travel around the human body and be able to identify potential health problems, whenever they exist.
The robot moves along the DNA track because it has been pre-programmed by the scientists to reach a certain goal. This could only have been done by using advanced information technology. ecause of this technology, the robot, which is in the form of a spider with four legs, can go along a certain path that has been programmed by the scientists, to reach the final destination. The legs are made of "enzymatic DNA"
, while the body is formed of a certain protein.
The current prototype is…
1. Daily Mail Reporters. May 2010. Meet the nano-spiders: the DNA robots that could one day be walking through your body. The Daily Mail. On the Internet at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1278133/Meet-nano-spiders-The-DNA-robots-day-walking-body.html . Last retrieved on September 26, 2013
2. Japanese latest invention: the dental training robot that can "feel pain." Mail Online. On the Internet at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-498530/Japans-latest-invention-The-dental-training-robot-feel-pain.html . Last retrieved on September 27, 2013
3. Realistic female robot created to feel pain. The Inquisitir. On the Internet at http://www.inquisitr.com/122256/realistic-female-robot-created-to-feel-pain/ . Last retrieved on September 27, 2013
Daily Mail Reporters. May 2010. Meet the nano-spiders: the DNA robots that could one day be walking through your body. The Daily Mail. On the Internet at
McCoy received a United States patent for this device on June 23, 1872. (AfricaWithin.com)
McCoy's lubricating cup proved adaptable to other types of steam engines, which were used in factories and at sea. Versions of this cup became standard components on many types of heavy machinery, entering service on railways of the West, on Great Lakes steamships, and even on transatlantic liners. (AfricaWithin.com)
McCoy began inventing other mechanisms. In 1892, McCoy invented devices to lubricate railroad locomotives. In the 1920s, McCoy applied his lubricating system to airbrakes used on locomotives and other vehicles using air brakes. Almost all of McCoy's patents related to automatic lubrication, with the exception of a patent for an ironing table and a lawn sprinkler.
As bigger, heavier and more powerful locomotives were built, rather than use oil alone as a lubricant, designers preferred to mix the oil with powdered graphite, a form of carbon.…
AfricaWithin.com. "Elijah McCoy." 2001. Africa Within. 27 January 2009 http://www.africawithin.com/bios/elijah_mccoy.htm .
Lemelson MIT Program - Inventor of the Week. May 1996. 27 January 2009 http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/mccoy.html .
McElrath, Jessica. "Elijah McCoy." n.d. About.com - African-American History. 27 January 2009 http://afroamhistory.about.com/od/elijahmccoy/p/bio_mccoy_e.htm.
Northern California Council of Black Professional Engineers. Elijah McCoy. 09 October 2007.
New technologies often have widespread and disruptive effects on society at large, and the humanities in particular, because new technologies force people to expand the realm of possibility beyond what was previously imaginable. Like the printing press before it, the phonograph fundamentally altered the way humans considered sound, music, speech, and recording by making reproducible and tactile something which was previously singular and ephemeral. In order to understand the truly disruptive effects of the phonograph on the humanities, one must examine not only the context of the phonograph's invention, but also the cultural developments which grew out of its invention as well as the subsequent technologies only made possible by the phonograph. Thus, one must necessarily begin an examination of the phonograph with its inventor, Thomas Edison, because by examining Edison's own predictions regarding the future of his invention and comparing them to the actual progress of the phonograph…
Edison, T.A. (1878). The phonograph and its future. The North American Review, 260, 527-536.
Gitelman, L. (2004). How users define new media: a history of the amusement phonograph. In D. Thorburn (Ed.), Rethinking Media Change: The Aesthetics of Transition (pp. 61-75).
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jean-Baptiste Michel*, Yuan Kui Shen, Aviva Presser Aiden, Adrian Veres, Matthew K. Gray,
Monopolies and Trusts:
Appropriate Areas for Government Intervention?
Capitalism is the economic system that has dominated the United States virtually since the day of its independence. A social and economic system based on the recognition of individual rights; capitalism demands that owners' rights to control, enjoy, and dispose of their own property must be respected. In a capitalist system, the purpose of government is to protect individual economic rights, and to make sure that no one individual, or group may employ physical or coercive force upon any other group or individual. The success of capitalism is well evident. The surpluses that this system produces have enabled individuals to experiment; to create new products, and market new ideas. These private surpluses are traded in a free market in direct competition with other buyers and sellers. Such competition is best represented by the efforts of two or more parties acting independently to…
Today, more than forty years later, the special effects for a film are still in an evolutionary stage, and the Star ars one was the first films to use the 3 dimensional Computer Generated Images technique in a feature film. Today, visual and special effects are even more popular than they were a few years back, and when Luxo, which was the first computer generated film to be nominated for an Oscar, was created, with the subject of the film being a desk lamp, which would talk and walk, it was indeed a landmark for the film world in the development of technique.
The 'Toy Story' was produced in 1995, and this film used both computer generated images as well as hand drwan ones throughout the movie. In 'Lord of the Rings', the character of Gollum was a computer generated one, and when this image was used in conjunction with…
Art in Cinema. Accessed 2 October, 2005; available at http://tiki.mk.psu.edu/~art002/index.php/Art_in_Cinema#Important_Inventions_in_Film
Early Color Motion Pictures, a film technology history. Accessed 3 October, 2005; available at http://www.widescreenmuseum.com/oldcolor/oldcolor.htm
Dirks, Tim. Film History before 1920. Accessed 2 October, 2005; available at http://www.filmsite.org/pre20sintro.html
Film History. Accessed 2 October, 2005; available at http://www.radnetcafe.com/filmhistory.html
The Mechanical Clock has been invented in Europe in the 13th century, and, despite of the fact that it had been obvious that it would bring benefits to the world, it received little to no recognition from outside of Europe.
Printing has been invented by the Chinese in the ninth century and later perfected by the Europeans, as the Chinese did not seem interested in the act. The Europeans became fond of printing and millions of books had been printed in just a short amount of time. The Islam did not seem to be interested in having the Koran printed, nor did it seem interested in having printing present in their territory. The Asian world also appeared to be reluctant from accepting printing for the important technological advancement that it had been. The Chinese apparently treated every European invention with lack of enthusiasm because of the fact that they did…
For example, the popular sitcoms Good Times and Sanford and Son showed working class neighborhoods and the problems of violence, crime, and social oppression, and yet how humor always finds its way into these character's lives.
The 1970s also brought about a new late night live comedy show, called Saturday Night Live. This show had its first run from 1975 to 1980, and made political humor the centerpiece of Saturday night television. The original cast consisted of Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, George Coe, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, Michael O'Donoghue and Gilda Radner, a diverse mix of young comedians from around New York City. Saturday Night Live is famous for its portrayals of U.S. Presidents, from Gerald Ford to Barack Obama, and has helped to shape Americans impressions of how these presidents have reacted to events in the world. (Boskin, 46) Saturday Night Live created a demanding…
Boskin, J. (1997). Rebellious laughter: People's humor in american culture. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Dudden, a. (1989). American humor. (p. 184). New York: Oxford University Press.
Song dynasty refers to period in the history of China spread over the span of 300+ years. This period lasts from 960 to 1279 (Kuiper). In the history of China, the Song Dynasty enjoys special portion of eminence. The uncountable inventions made this era to be named as China's Age of Invention (Benn). The paper tends to explore it from various angels and aspects. The objective of paper is to give the reader a fair idea about the achievements and shortcomings of the Song Dynasty and compare it with other dynasties to see the possible causes of rank at which the Song Dynasty is placed.
Before going into the details of the Dynasty, it is important to mention that the period between 10th to 13th centuries was the period when human race was developing and exploring the earth resources for betterment of lifestyle. It was the time, when civilizations were…
Benn, Charles. China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print
Deng, Yinke. Ancient Chinese Inventions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print.
Hansin, Valerie, Curtis, Kenneth and Curtis, Kenneth. Voyages in World History -- Vol 1. New York: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print
Kuiper, Kathleen. The Culture of China. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2010. Print.
The universe viewed through a telescope looked different, and this difference in itself played into the Protestant argument that received truths may be fallible. In fact, the notion of truth outside empirical evidence became unsteady:
For most thinkers in the decades following Galileo's observations with the telescope, the concern was not so much for the need of a new system of physics as it was for a new system of the world. Gone forever was the concept that the earth has a fixed spot in the center of the universe, for it was now conceived to be in motion…gone also was the comforting thought that the earth is unique (Cohen 79)
However, while the telescope was transforming ideas about the shape of the cosmos and the relationship between science and faith, the microscope essentially remained a toy through much of the early modern era. If anything, the revelation of the…
Cohen, I. Bernard. The Birth of a New Physics. Rev. ed. New York: Norton, 1991. Print.
Fermi, Laura, and Gilberto Bernarndini. Galileo and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1961. Print.
Hooke, Robert. Micrographia. Charleston, SC: BiblioBazaar, 2008. Print.
Konnert, Mark. Early Modern Europe: The Age of Religious Warfare, 1559-1715. North York, on: Higher Education University of Toronto Press, 2006. Print.
The man and his son are so demonstrably complex in this story, even if their survival motives are simple and clear. Particularly, even as they endure a world of cannibalism and tribalism, the two struggle mightily to maintain a sense of moral turpitude, even to the point of impracticality.
This is perhaps the most tangibly real element of McCarthy's text, which focuses significant attention to the scorched landscape and its implications. In the passage where McCarthy introduces us to this landscape, he describes the man in a state of observation, telling that "when it was light enough to use the binoculars he glassed the valley below. Everything paling away into thte murk. The soft ask blowing in loose swirls over the blacktop. He studied what he could see. The segments of road down there among the dead trees. Looking for anything of color. Any movement. Any trace of standing smoke."…
Auster, P. (1988). The Invention of Solitude: A Memoir. Penguin.
McCarthy, C. (2006). The Road. Knopf.
Women of the South During the Civil War
Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. (New York: Vintage Books, 1997).
Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War is a book about women in the South during the Civil War. The broader issue of this book is how women can empower themselves even in the face of hardship and - although the word is strong - the oppressions that society puts on them.
The preface to Faust's book contains a quote which Faust attributes to her mother:
I am sure that the origins of this book lie somewhere in that youthful experience, and in the continued confrontations with my mother, until the very eve of her death, when I was 19, about the requirements of what she usually called femininity. It's a man's world, sweetie, and the sooner you…
At the same time, it considerably increased the number of books that would reach the masses, allowing them to see outside the teachings of the Church or of the religious preachers. Moreover, the printing machine offered the possibility for those opposing the rule of the Catholic Church to spread their beliefs and convictions. Thus, Gutenberg's invention was the main tool for what would later be called the Reformation, the religious movement which is often associated with the Renaissance and which influenced the artistic movement in the same manner as the Renaissance affected the emergence of the reformist churches.
The hallmarks of the previous era were rather obvious and contrasted to the ones the Renaissance promoted. They manifested themselves at all the levels of the society. Thus, during the middle Ages, the Church represented the highest institution of the state which had as its subjects all political and land owners (Berstein…
Berstein, Serge, and Milza. Pierre. Histoire de l'Europe. Paris: Hatier, 1994
Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998
Culture-Epoch Theory: The fact of Ceaseless Change. N.d. 20 May 2008 http://iws.ccccd.edu/mbailey/culture_epoch_theory.htm
Hispanic Society. Paintings from the Middle Ages. 2006. 20 May 2008 http://www.hispanicsociety.org/hispanic/paintings_medieval.htm
By this time, had a quite a bit of confidence because I had already written a successful speech. In addition, I was very excited about the speaking opportunity and spent many long hours preparing for the presentation. I noticed that my writing was improving but I still remember having doubts about my speaking and writing abilities.
As I began college I was worried that I would need to write. I remember thinking to myself; how could I avoid writing? I knew that if I got a job I would be required to write letters and reports. I remember beginning to prepare for a college exam and that same fear of writing came over me again. I remember thinking, how would I pass my English composition test if I could not write? Searching the Internet I found a preparatory course for the English composition test. As I started the course my…
Ian Teford. My assumptions of his motivations.
Telford's motivation seems to be money, although he also seems to be a person who cannot be content with one project, is restless and ambitious, and constantly rushing onto something new. e is also current with the times and is aware of opportunity when he sees. Recognizing that the Internet posed great opportunity and that he could use it, Telford saw where he could connect one thing with another (the epoxy business, operated by Dow Chemicals, with a dot.com presence) and proceeded to do so. Telford, too, was a pragmatic person. e focused on the bottom line: money, and realized that customers more than anything else wanted something that was cheap. In this way, Telford proves himself to be a practical person who focused on what customer's wanted, evaluated the need within the opportunities of the times and combined both to move ahead…
Highbeam research. Japanese economic success: timing, culture, and organisational capability.(Special Issue on The Origins of Japanese Industrial Power: Strategy, Institutions and the Development of Organisational Capability)
Stanley works company history http://www.stanleyblackanddecker.com /
1770 and 1850, the economy of England became industry based as opposed to agriculture based as it used to be before (Toynbee, 1884). This was due to technological inventions that were ongoing in many spheres that were finally integrated. This led to the development of factories that really never existed before. The development of industries was owed to better transport system that created larger markets. It took the society some time to adjust to the new economic system different from the agrarian economy they were conversant with. This paper seeks to highlight why industrial revolution started in Britain. There were quite a number of factors that led to British Industrial evolution.
One of the major factors that caused industrial revolution in Britain was the expansion of trade save for the mercantile economic policies that had early been instituted. Because of decline of feudalism, farmers were no longer bound to the…
Kreis, S. (2011). Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England. Retrieved March 29, 2013 from http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture17a.html
Mack, P.E. (2005). The British Industrial Revolution. Retrieved 29, 2013 from http://www.clemson.edu/caah/history/FacultyPages/PamMack/lec122/britir.htm
Toynbee, A. (1884). Lectures on the Industrial Revolution in England. Retrieved 29, 2013 from http://socserv2.socsci.mcmaster.ca/~econ/ugcm/3ll3/toynbee/indrev
With the advent of information technology, the ways different aspects of life work and operate have changed a great deal. The advancement in telecommunication sector have revolutionized and redefined the communication systems at all aspects around the world. The process of bringing the world closer that started with the invention of Morse codes has now entered an era of its own where distances of miles are bridged to a few seconds. This is the world of internet protocol. The invention of the internet and then its integration with the telecommunication system has redefined the meaning of communication and revolutionized the way it is done all together.
Blue Wire Communication Solutions Inc. is a company that deals in providing to comprehensive communication solutions, products and services to its customers. The customer base of the company includes both B2B and B2C customers. The company will be providing a diverse range of…
Bielski, L. (2005). IP Call Centers: Coming Online Slowly but Surely Especially for Small to Midsize Firms, Options Begin to Emerge for Banks. ABA Banking Journal, 97(2), 70+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008964700
Godwin-Jones, R. (2005). Skype and Podcasting: Disruptive Technologies for Language Learning. Language, Learning & Technology, 9(3), 9+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5011372410
Hazlett, T.W. (2006). Rivalrous Telecommunications Networks with and without Mandatory Sharing. Federal Communications Law Journal, 58(3), 477+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5016726073
Lookabaugh, T., Ryan, P.S., & Sicker, D.C. (2006). A Model for Emergency Service of VoIP through Certification and Labeling. Federal Communications Law Journal, 58(1), 115+. Retrieved March 4, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013911010
Invention and Evolution of Porcelain in China
Although the precise origins of porcelain have been lost in the mists of time, most modern researchers believe that it was invented in China. Not surprisingly, then, many Chinese today boast that their ancestors were drinking tea from porcelain cups when their European counterparts were still wearing animal skins and living in caves, and it turns out that this pride is accurate and justifiable. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a discussion concerning the technical and artistic history of porcelain drawing on four examples that span four different time periods in Chinese history. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about the invention and evolution of porcelain in China are provided in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Porcelain differs in fundamental ways from ordinary pottery known as earthenware that is formed from clay and then…
Bartlett, S. (2011, Annual). Robert Finlay, the pilgrim art: Cultures of porcelain in world history. Southeast Review of Asian Studies, 33, 229-232.
Chinese art. (2016). Development of Visual Arts in China. Retrieved from http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/east-asian-art/chinese.htm#tangpottery .
Porcelain. (1988, October). UNESCO Courier, 22-24.
Fitzgerald, C. P. & Seligman, C. G. (1938). China: A short cultural history. New York: D. Appleton-Century.
The different "isms" such as sexism, heterosexism, and racism are creating very real schisms -- in our minds, and between people. The chasms of communication that are created by hatred and misunderstanding are socially constructed. They can be socially deconstructed too. Such rifts occur between groups of people and between whole cultures. In some pockets of the United States, social conservatism threatens to erase the social progress made since the Civil ights movements of the 1960s. There are still people in the United States that believe that homosexuality is unnatural, even immoral. The idea that heterosexual marriage is in some way superior to homosexual marriage is rooted in outmoded religious doctrine and not in positive social progress. Within these "isms" are the chasms of misunderstanding that create social strife and inequality. Income disparity, for example, is closely linked with race as well as gender. Women still get paid less than…
Brennan, D. Selling sex for visas.
Collins, P.C. "Prisons for Our Bodies; Closets for Our Minds." In Black Sexual Politics. New York: Routledge.
Katz, J.N. The Invention of Heterosexuality. University of Chicago.
Lareau, a. Unequal Childhoods: Class, race, and family life. University of California Press.
4. Social and Political Life
There is a general paucity of information about the actual societal and political structure of the Olmec. While there is not much evidence to build a comprehensive picture of the daily and social life of these people, there is enough available data from certain archeological sites to provide some reasonable speculations.
One of the assumptions that is derived from the excavation of sites at San Lorenzo and then at La Venta is that the society was very centralized. This in turn has led to the view that the society was highly structured, with a hierarchical basis of order and class stratification. This also implies the existence of a ruling elite and a system of power and control, which was possibly based on religious beliefs. This view of the structure of the society is summarized as follows: "Olmec society was & #8230;highly centralized, with a…
Griffin Gillett G., the Olmec World: Ritual and Rulership,
http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/olmec / (accessed 8 November, 2010).
Jones, David M. Mythology of the Aztecs and Maya, New York: Lorenz, 2007.
Lemonick M.D., Mystery of the Olmec,( Time Magazine, July 1, 1996, Volume 148, No.
" This is registered as IC 029. U.S. 046. G & S, under Goods & Services. The mark is the specific words, rendered in stylized form. The first use of this mark was in 2002. The application was filed on February 1, 2002. The mark was registered on March 23, 2004. The owner of the mark is Mars, Inc.
The next trademark is 78977583, "Flavia Fusion." This is registered as IC 011. U.S. 013-021 023-031-034. G & S, under Goods & Services. The mark is the name, in standard characters. The first use of this trademark was in 2005. The application was filed on March 17, 2005 and was registered on November 28, 2006. The owner of the mark is Mars, Inc.
The next trademark is 77246316, "Flavia Creation." This is registered as IC 011. U.S. 013-021 023-031-034., under Goods & Services. The mark is the name, in standard characters.…
Athavaley, Anjali. (2007). Gourmet Coffee Becomes the Latest Office Perk. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 14, 2008 at http://www.myflavia.com/Myflavia/en-U.S./discover/pressroom/Wall+Street+Journal.htm
Mars, Inc. (2008). Drinks. Mars, Inc. Retrieved November 14, 2008 at http://www.mars.com/global/Global+Brands/Drinks/Drinks.htm
US Patent and Trademark Office website. Retrieved November 14, 2008 at http://www.uspto.gov
Otherwise, during long stretches of straight roads, power steering is not necessary.
Still used on almost all late twentieth-century commercial automobiles, power steering systems have not changed substantially in their basic principles since they were first developed as hydraulic systems in the middle of the twentieth century. ecently power steering systems have improved dramatically. Nice (nd) notes that power steering does consume fuel and so automobile engineers have been striving to make the hydraulic systems more efficient. Electronic controls would "eliminate the mechanical connection between the steering wheel and the steering," (Nice nd). Essentially, an electronic power steering system would feel more like a computer gaming wheel than a traditional car wheel (Nice nd). General Motor's Hy-Wire system is an emerging example of electronic "drive by wire" power steering systems (Nice nd).
Power steering has not changed society for better or for worse. Some positive effects of power steering include…
Bellis, M. (nd). Automobile history. About.com. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://inventors.about.com/od/cstartinventions/a/Car_History.htm
Car Talk." (2005). Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://cars.cartalk.com/content/advice/powersteering.html
Electronic Power Steering." Indiacar.com. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://www.indiacar.com/infobank/epc.htm
Nice, K. (nd). How car steering works. How Stuff Works. Retrieved Sept 24, 2008 at http://auto.howstuffworks.com/steering4.htm
The importance of creativity and innovation in the workplace is well documented, but the debate over nature vs. nurture continues with some authorities maintaining that people are born with attributes such as creativity and innovation while others argue that such attributes can be inculcated over time (Furnham & Heaven 1999). To determine the facts in these matters, this case study examines the relevant literature to gain some fresh insights concerning how creativity and innovation can be most effectively stimulated, support and sustained within a given organization. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the case study's conclusion.
Companies of all types and sizes are currently attempting to gain a competitive edge through creativity and innovation. Creativity in the workplace is defined by Garrison, Harvey and Napier (2008) as being "the production of ideas, products, or procedures that are (a) novel or original; (b) appropriate for…
'Coast Guard Innovation Program.' (2008) Commandant Instructions 5224.13, CG-09. Washington D.C., U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Garrison, G. Harvey, M. & Napier, N. (2008) 'Global Decision-making: the Role of Managerial
Curiosity in Assessing Potentially Disruptive Information Technologies.' Multinational
Business Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 21-23.