218+ documents containing “jihad”.
The McWorld model is a threat to democracy because of the dominance of the economic system, wherein the large and dominant economic societies dictate social order and structure in terms of the capitalist objectives. As Barber countered in the article, "[a]ll national economices are now vulnerable to the inroads of larger, transnational markets..." This increased dependency of society on markets and economic societies result to greater dependence also on changes in the technology and policies regarding capitalist endeavors and free trade.
The McWorld model showed that the capitalist economic system, with its competitive nature, tended to threaten democracy because of its self-governing nature. As popularly contrasted against socialism, the McWorld model trivializes the role of government and society in the inner workings or operations of this kind of society.
The Jihad model, meanwhile, affects societies socio-politically as the McWorld model, but in a different manner. While the McWorld model called for….
This is the mixed outcome of real and genuine political
disenfranchisment and the persuasive quality of propaganda on both sides
since the inception of the ar on Terror. This allows respective
governments to act on instincts of politic, power or personal vendetta all
in the name of Islamic jihad, often deeply bastardizing that which was
originally meant by struggling in the way of Allah. The public
presentation of information seeks to capitalize on images of western
brutality while simultaneously pushing home the need to act for Allah.
Beneath, however, leaders who have successfully indoctrinated their people
thusly, are free to vie for all of their wills and desires with the
staunchest buttresses of human tenacity. A growing interest in the
correlation between Islam and hatred for America is evidence that two
concepts have been inextricably linked by a heavily integrated, and by now
ingrained, canon of ideas.
Still, in no small way, this is directly concordant with the
historical impetus of the jihad, which….
Crone, P. (2004). Medieval Islamic Political Thought. Edinburgh:
Sachedina, A.A. (1990). The Development of Jihad in Islamic Revelation
Who would say that "drinking the blood of the slain" is what God's people do.
The people of Midian together with Moab began to interact with the people of Israel. "Israel was staying in *****tim when the people began to behave immorally with the Moabite girls. [the girls] invited the people to their religious sacrifices, and the people ate, and worshipped the [Moabite] gods. "Numbers 25:1-2
For these transgressions, the Midianites were attacked by Moses and his followers (Num 31:1-54). When Moses learns that some Midianites have been spared (Num 31:15), he orders all males and non-virgin females killed, and all the virgin females to be taken captive (Num 31:17, 18). The virgins were divided among the priests and the people. (Num 31:32-35)
Leviticus 14:2-32 describes the regulations of ceremonial cleansing of a person who had had an infectious disease of skin. The priest is to take some of the blood of….
Ali, a.Y. (1983). The Holy Qur'a-n text, translation and commentary. Brentwood, Md: Amana Corp.
Azizi, F. (2006). Jihad [in the light of Holy Qura'n]. Mumbai: Islamic Awareness Society.
Esposito, J.L. (2002). Unholy war terror in the name of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.
Naik, Z. (2005). Terrorism and jihad an Islamic perspective.
First, the admonition to repent is given to the reader in the second person, demonstrating that the Koran is speaking directly to the believers -- it is not addressed to those who would not be reading it in the first place. In essence, this passage contains no commands for the non-believers, which would be fruitless anyway. Those who interpret this passage to mean they must convert non-believers by forcing them to repent through any mean -- even violence -- are making an argument similar to those Christians who hold up the Bible as "proof" of God's existence. It is circular logic; the argument depends upon its result to remain "true."
There is a more direct and less philosophically rigorous way to disprove the idea that this passage advocates violence on the part of Muslims against any non-believers. The second sentence tells the followers of Islam to "give glad tidings of….
Of course, it is somewhat disingenuous to suggest that such a simplistic interpretation of this passage -- either the one detailed immediately above or prior to that and attributed to jihadists. As with any text, multiple interpretations and shades of meaning are always possible. These passages, like the word jihd, have been interpreted in many different ways over the millennia or so of Islam's existence, and few of these interpretations are as black-and-white as those here.
In 1939, before the close of the Second World War and the drawing of boundaries that did much to shape our modern era and created many of the issues between the Islamic and Western worlds today, one Muslim scholar delivered an address in which he claimed that a Holy War was solely a Western interpretation of the term jihad, and that the violence that is historically attributed to the Islamic faith is a complete imagining of Western scholars without any real basis: "what do we know of war and slaughter. We are pacifist preachers like the mendicants and religious divines" (Jihad in Islam, 2). This is a somewhat disingenuous statement for the cleric to make; it ignores the Moorish invasion of Spain, which though arguably provoked did not necessitate the level of response that it achieved. Still, his words assert that even in the middle of strife against the Muslim people, many clerics and scholars still do not advocate violence as an acceptable response. The concept of jihad is interpreted by this scholar as a means to assert the Muslim religion in the face of opposition, and even to convert others who do not believe, but not to do so through violence or any other form of physical coercion (Jihad in Islam, 8). This is the basic concept of jihad and Islam (according to this singular interpretation), and violence would be completely antithetical to bringing others into the fold.
It is clear that the concept of jihad is still a controversial one today. Yet an examination of the Koran, by laypersons and Muslims scholars/clerics alike, reveals that the idea of violence is antithetical to basic Muslim precepts. Jihad should be viewed as an internal struggle, and perhaps a struggle to assert religion in a world that doesn't agree. But this struggle should never turn violent, as it destroys the precepts of the religion it puports to protect.
This leads to the identification of the two primary cultural/social institutions that show a traditional and an extreme resistance to the development of homosexual rights in Muslim societies: the state and the family. Hegel identified a close relationship between these two institutions, as the family establishes both the internal and external (i.e. social and sexual) roles of its members in a way that creates the basic social structure of the state -- but influence works both ways. It is not merely that the family creates the state, then, but that the state also influences the formation and form of the family. In other words, "the family is a universal institution which performs certain specific functions essential to society's survival" (Shifting the Center p. 7). The Islamic religion and Muslim society are in danger from homosexuality, according to many state governments and the religious hierarchy, so the family is invoked as….
Furthermore, the Koran (2:194) requires that principles of "discrimination" and "proportionality" be observed in responding to acts of violent warfare, prohibiting responding in a worse or more harsh or destructive manner that is disproportionate to the type of violence, warfare, or harm inflicted upon Muslim.
In general, the Koran restricts the use of violent warfare to the responses to very egregious and prolonged direct persecution against Muslim and otherwise, (2:251) as a response to evil of such profound magnitude (Smith 1997) as to threaten to corrupt the entire earth. Contrary to popularized Western beliefs among many about Islam, the Koran does not promote the use of warfare to convert believers in false faiths to acceptance of Allah. In fact, the Koran very specifically provides (2:256) that religious faith is not a matter of "compulsion," that separate societies are destined to remain different in their beliefs (11:118), and that it is….
Ajami, Fouad. (1999) the Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey. New York: Vintage Friedman, Thomas, L. (1995) From Beirut to Jerusalem. New York: Anchor
Lewis, Bernard. (2004) From Babel to Dragomans: Interpreting the Middle East. New York: Oxford University Press.
Scheuer, Michael. (2004) Imperial Hubris: Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror. Washington, DC: Brassey's Smith, Wilfred, C. (1997) Islam in Modern History. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Warraq, Ibn. (1998) the Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book. Amherst: Prometheus
God is better than your god
Extremism has lead to numerous catastrophes throughout history and religion has sometimes served as a motive for extremists to act. hether one is Christian, Muslim, or whether he or she is affiliated with any other religious ideology, the respective person is likely to have a distorted understanding of society as long as he or she is bombarded with malicious information meant to turn them against a series of presumed enemies. Many are inclined to look at religious extremism as a whole, but the truth is that it would be wrong to do so. This topic is much more complex and one would have to concentrate on learning more about the background in each religion and the reason why particular individuals slowly but surely come to believe that it would be essential for them to perform extreme acts in order to prove their religiousness.
Abate, Mark T., "The Crusades, 1095-1291," (Gale, 2004)
Jones, Robert, "The Crusades: A Brief History (1095-1291)," Retrieved September 28, 2013, from the Sunday School Courses Website: http://www.sundayschoolcourses.com/crusades/crusades.pdf
Laiou, Angeliki E., and Mottahedeh, Roy P., "The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World," (Dumbarton Oaks, 01.01.2001)
Setton, Kenneth M., Hazard, Harry W., and Zacour, Norman P., (Univ of Wisconsin Press, 01.06.1990)
Islamic Jihad and Homeland Security
The United States of America is recognized as the world's only superpower. There is no other country, which can match its military might. The United States of America's history changed forever after the events of September 11, 2001. Two aircraft crashed into the world trade center in New York 3000 Americans were killed in the 9-11 attacks. No one expected an event of such a huge scale to take place in the United States of America.
This event stunned the entire world. America declared a war on terrorism and declared several measures to safeguard the country from further terrorist attacks. The FI had warned the president and his national security advisor about potential attacks. However the president and his NSA didn't take any action. A homeland security department was created to safeguard the American public from further attacks. All these attacks have been blamed on Islamic militants….
September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States did not happen in a vacuum and were not isolated events. On the contrary, those terrorist attacks were one of a string of similar events, signifying the growing jihad movement around the world. Although most media attention since September 11 has focused on major international groups based outside of the United States, the reports of investigative journalists have shown that Muslim extremism has been brewing for decades even in the United States. As early as 1974, Brian Jenkins was writing about international terrorism as a clear and present danger. Decades later, Jenkins continued to investigate the causes and repercussions of the September 11 terrorist attacks. In "Would-be Warriors," Jenkins (2010) documents dozens (46 to be exact) of only the publically reported cases of "domestic radicalization and recruitment" to jihad movements in America (iii). These recruitments are often voluntary, as individuals feel….
Emerson, S. (2002). American Jihad. New York: The Free Press.
Jenkins, B.M. (1974). International terrorism: A new kind of warfare. Retrieved online: http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/papers/2008/P5261.pdf
Jenkins, B.M. (2010). Would-be warriors. Rand. Retrieved online: http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/occasional_papers/2010/RAND_OP292.pdf
edesigned World eligion Lesson Plan -- Understanding Islam
21st Century Skills & Standards
The study of world religions is an enormous, seemingly unmanageable undertaking for some students. Indeed at some point the learner certainly needs to understand the various approaches to the dogma practiced by the world's religions -- ignorance of global faiths and religious beliefs is unacceptable for today's well-educated student -- but taking an initial small bite out of this enormous religion-themed project (and chewing it thoroughly for proper digestion) is the aim of this modification. The ISTE-S changes in this plan transition the learner from the role of technology to number 4, "a" -- critical thinking and problem solving.
ather than a broad examination into all faiths, this revised plan focuses only on Islam from an objective Western perspective. Due to the never-ending violence that student learners may witness on television and in electronic media -- including the horrific beheadings….
Common Core Standards. (2010). Key Shifts in English Language Arts. Retrieved November 24, 2014, from http://www.corestandards.org .
Elshtain, J.B. (2011). The World As We Know It. Political Theology, 12(5), 691-695.
International Society for Technology in Education (2014). ISTE Standards. Retrieved November 24, 2014, from http://www.iste.org/standards .
Jensen, E. (2005). Teaching with the Brain in Mind. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Retrieved November 24, 2014, from the Gale Virtual
jihad with reference to the practices and believes of the Muslims regarding the word "jihad." Further the paper will develop ethical/moral arguments regarding the stoppage of violence by both Ireland and Syria. Although one can name many countries with reference to jihad and practices of Muslims against the violence attacks, but this paper will limit the discussion to the violent attacks of Syria and Ireland.
It is an Arabic word the root of which is Jahada, which means to strive for a better way of life. Jihad is not a war to force the faith on others, as many people think of it. It should never be interpreted as a way of compulsion of the belief on others, since there is an explicit verse in the Qur'an that says: "There is no compulsion in religion" Al-Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (2:256)." http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/reference/glossary/term.JIHAD.html
The definition of Jihad states that it is a struggle, a way,….
As retrieved from JIHAD - THE HOLY WAR http://www.alislam.org/books/study-of-islam/jihad.html . On5 April, 2004
As retrieved from The Spiritual Significance of Jihad http://www.al-islam.org/al-serat/jihad-nasr.htm . On5 April, 2004
As retrieved from Jihad in Islam (Submission)
http://www.submission.org/muhammed/jihad.html . On 5 April, 2004
Establishing better relations with Jordan and Saudi Arabia, where the core leaders of the terrorist organizations were reared, as well as attempting to target the nations where the terrorist threats to the est are based, is another vital 'leg' of the current anti-terrorist aspect of the larger 'war' on terror. Even establishing pro-peace and tolerance websites for Muslims, rather than allowing young Muslims to be attracted to militant websites that promote terror could be a positive strategy that the governments of the est could embark upon with community leaders.
Other anti-terrorism tactics consist of conducting litigation against terrorist actors, or supporters of terrorism, such as the current formal trial of Saddam Hussein, conducted according to the protocols of international law. Providing adequate protection for civilians working, living, or traveling in terrorist prone areas, such as Iraq, and ensuring that public places and areas that would be attractive to terrorists are….
Armond, Paul. "Rock, Paper, Scissors: Counter-terrorism, Anti-Terrorism, and Terrorism." 1997. Accessed 25 Aug 2005. http://nwcitizen.com/publicgood/reports/rockpaperscissors / 'Iraqi Insurgency." Global Security.org. 2004. Website last updated 2005 and accessed 25 Aug 2005 at http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/iraq_insurgency.htm
'Jamaat al-Tawhid wa'l-Jihad / Unity and Jihad Group Tanzim Qa'idat Al-Jihad in Bilad al-Rafidayn (Organization of Jihad's Base in the Country of the Two Rivers)." Global Security.org. 2004. Website last updated 2005 and accessed 25 Aug 2005 at http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/zarqawi.htm
Mendenhall, Preston. "Alleged British Bombings Masterminds U.S. ties." Newsweek. 20 July 2005. Website last updated 2005 and accessed 25 Aug 2005 at http://msnbc.msn.com/id/8647113/
"Text from Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi Letter." Global Security.org. 2003. Website last updated 2005 and accessed 25 Aug 2005 at http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/iraq/2004/02/040212-al-zarqawi.htm
Abdal-Hakim Murad, in his "Bin Laden's Violence is a Heresy Against Islam," generally makes the point that violence against civilians and innocents is not in accordance with Islamic scholarship or tradition. According to Murad, it was a 19th century Iranian reformer called "the Bab" who "ignored the accumulated discussion of the centuries and wrote a Koranic commentary based on his own direct understanding of scripture." (Murad) Over time, Murad asserts that this led to many Muslim groups ignoring Islamic tradition and making their own pronouncements on what the Koran means. One of these groups were the ahhabi Muslims of Saudi Arabia, who traditionally have been considered "heretics" by mainstream Islamic scholars, but with the influx of oil money in the 1960's, began to export this extreme view of Islam around the world. Because of their seeming ability to decide the meaning of the Koran, Muslims who follow this type….
"Al Qaeda in its Own Words." (2008). ed. By Kepel, Gilles and Jean-Pierre Milelli. Cambridge Mass: Harvard UP. Print.
Murad, Abdal-Hakim. "Bin Laden's Violence is a Heresy Against Islam." Islam For Today. Retrieved from www.islamfortoday.com
Qutb, Sayyid. Milestones. Indianapolis: American Trust, 1990. Print.
The Israel government was not able to find the perpetrators, and the PIJ profited greatly from the event. On the Friday following the killing, "…hundreds of worshippers at Jerusalem's al-Aqsa mosque demonstrated their support for Islamic Jihad" for killing an innocent Israeli (Milton-Edwards, p. 140). The demonstrators (who were worshipping prior to being engaged in support for a cold-blooded killing) were chanting, "Allahu Akbar" -- and according to a local newspaper police in Jerusalem said the "tone of the demonstrators was more religious than political" (Milton-Edwards, p. 140).
Given that vocal support by citizens, and its more visible presence in Palestine, the Islamic Jihad carried out a far more bold and brazen attack, mentioned earlier in this paper, tossing live hand grenades into a military ceremony at Jerusalem's estern all. "Activists were willing to take significant risks," Milton-Edwards wrote (p. 140). Moreover, by killing the father of one recruit and….
Cordesman, Anthony H., and Moravitz, Jennifer. (2005). The Israeli-Palestinian War:
Escalating to Nowhere. Abingdon, Oxford: United Kingdom.
Cragin, Kim, and Daly, Sara a. (2004). The Dynamic Terrorist Threat: An Assessment of Group
Motivations and Capabilities in a Changing World, Issue 1782. Santa Monica: Rand
It was generally a peaceful method of setting personal and social example of moral and caring behavior so others will join Islam because of its clear advantage for human desire for better, honest and non-violent life. But during history especially in the early days of Islam, Jihad by sword was an acceptable method, although never the only option. By its definition Jihad is therefore, global.
Yes there is a global Jihad that wishes to establish Islam every where in the world through acts of terrorism and religion imposition. The war is best understood as a global insurgency, initiated by a diffuse grouping of Islamist movements that seek to remake Islam role in the world order. They use terrorism as their primary but not as their sole tactic. Therefore they offer the best approach to defeating global jihad but in a single country.
David J. Kilcullen theory is devoted to counterinsurgency (COIN).….
Edward W. Said, The Class of Ignorance, Vintage, New York, 2000.
Hardcover, Globalization, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical 'Development' Reader:; 1 edition. Amazon, 2004
Huntington, Samuel and Schuster, The Clash of Civilizations and The Remarking of World Order, Touchstone, New York, 1996
Kilcullen, David, The Accidental Guerilla: Fighting small wars in the midst of a big one, 2009
The McWorld model is a threat to democracy because of the dominance of the economic system, wherein the large and dominant economic societies dictate social order and structure…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
This is the mixed outcome of real and genuine political disenfranchisment and the persuasive quality of propaganda on both sides since the inception of the ar on Terror. This allows…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
Who would say that "drinking the blood of the slain" is what God's people do. The people of Midian together with Moab began to interact with the people of…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
First, the admonition to repent is given to the reader in the second person, demonstrating that the Koran is speaking directly to the believers -- it is not…Read Full Paper ❯
Women's Issues - Sexuality
This leads to the identification of the two primary cultural/social institutions that show a traditional and an extreme resistance to the development of homosexual rights in Muslim societies: the…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
Furthermore, the Koran (2:194) requires that principles of "discrimination" and "proportionality" be observed in responding to acts of violent warfare, prohibiting responding in a worse or more harsh…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
God is better than your god Extremism has lead to numerous catastrophes throughout history and religion has sometimes served as a motive for extremists to act. hether one is…Read Full Paper ❯
Islamic Jihad and Homeland Security The United States of America is recognized as the world's only superpower. There is no other country, which can match its military might. The United…Read Full Paper ❯
September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States did not happen in a vacuum and were not isolated events. On the contrary, those terrorist attacks were one of…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
edesigned World eligion Lesson Plan -- Understanding Islam 21st Century Skills & Standards The study of world religions is an enormous, seemingly unmanageable undertaking for some students. Indeed at some point…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
jihad with reference to the practices and believes of the Muslims regarding the word "jihad." Further the paper will develop ethical/moral arguments regarding the stoppage of violence by…Read Full Paper ❯
Establishing better relations with Jordan and Saudi Arabia, where the core leaders of the terrorist organizations were reared, as well as attempting to target the nations where the…Read Full Paper ❯
Abdal-Hakim Murad, in his "Bin Laden's Violence is a Heresy Against Islam," generally makes the point that violence against civilians and innocents is not in accordance with Islamic…Read Full Paper ❯
The Israel government was not able to find the perpetrators, and the PIJ profited greatly from the event. On the Friday following the killing, "…hundreds of worshippers at…Read Full Paper ❯
It was generally a peaceful method of setting personal and social example of moral and caring behavior so others will join Islam because of its clear advantage for…Read Full Paper ❯