Journalism Essays (Examples)

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Pulitzer Joseph Pulitzer and His

Words: 3734 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75282459

His dedication and intelligence allowed him to eventually become not simply passable in his English speaking skills, but a lawyer, a U.S. Congressman, one of the best journalists of his era (and, according to some biographers, of any era), and an incredibly eloquent (if somewhat bombastic) speaker and letter writer -- not to mention one of the wealthiest men in the world, especially in the field of newspaper publishing (Brian; Seitz).

In 1878, not even fifteen years since his arrival in the country, Joseph Pulitzer bought his first newspaper company -- the St. Louis Dispatch. The paper was in disarray, but fate intervened in the form of the Evening Post and its owner, John Alvarez Dillon. The two papers were combined and began issuing a joint newspaper that very same day, with Pulitzer immediately taking over the editorial page, which he was quick to put to use then and after…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boylan, James. Pulitzer's School: Columbia University's School of Journalism, 1903-2003. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Campbell, W. Joseph (a). The Year that Defined American Journalism. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Campbell, W. Joseph (b). Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.

Douglas, George. The Golden Age of the Newspaper. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999.
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Media Worlds

Words: 1187 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56242667

Parallels in Journalism Studies

Culture

Chapter 11 by Coleman et al. is primarily concerned with the importance and methods of agenda setting in mass media, communication, and journalism studies. Agenda setting is a set that should come very early on in the production process of media for critical reasons. Without an agenda, the media lacks direction. Without an agenda, it is nearly impossible to judge or evaluate the success of a piece of media. Agenda setting is like knowing one's audience: if a media producer or journalist does not know his/her audience and lacks a concise & clear agenda, then there really is no point in producing such a piece of media. It would be a waste of time and resources. According to this chapter, agenda setting did not begin in mass media specifically nor journalism. Methods and research into agenda setting in the United States began with several presidential…… [Read More]

References:

Coleman, R., McCombs, M. & Shaw, D & Weaver, D. (2009). Agenda Setting. In K. Wahl-Jorgensen & T. Hanitzsch (Eds.), The Handbook of Journalism. (pp. 147-160). New York, NY: Routledge. (chapter 11)

Cottle, S. (2009). Journalism and Globalization. In K. Wahl-Jorgensen & T. Hanitzsch (Eds.), The Handbook of Journalism. (pp. 341-356). New York, NY: Routledge. (chapter 24)

Entman, R.M., Matthes, J. & P. Pellicano, L. (2009). Nature, Sources, and Effects of News Framing. In K. Wahl-Jorgensen & T. Hanitzsch (Eds.), The Handbook of Journalism. (pp. 175-190). New York, NY: Routledge. (chapter 13)

McNair, B. (2009). Journalism and Democracy. In K. Wahl-Jorgensen & T. Hanitzsch (Eds.), The Handbook of Journalism. 237 -- 249. New York, NY: Routledge. (chapter 17)
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Communication Systems Put Wheels on Projects Facilitation

Words: 1956 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86726025

Communication Systems Put Wheels on Projects

Facilitation participation. Development Support Communication (DSC) is a system that facilitates the sharing of information about development agenda and associated actions (Adesida, 2001). The purpose of development support communication is the effective linking of the stakeholders in a development process (Adesida, 2001). The range of stakeholders who benefit from a development support communication system is broad, including the planners, the implementers, the donor community, and the beneficiaries of the development (Adesida, 2001). Good communication is critical to effective development planning and implementation (Adesida, 2001). By adhering to development communication system, planners and implementers can greatly enhance the quality of their communication, providing explicit and interpretable data (Adesida, 2001). The objective is provide clarity about the goals and objectives, to articulate the development roles, including the opportunities afforded beneficiaries to help shape the eventual development outcomes (Adesida, 2001). Beyond its impact on the quality and…… [Read More]

References

Adesida, O. (2001). Health Futures, WHO Africa region, Harare. Retrieved  http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/y4338e/y4338e07.htm 

Communication Planning for Development: An Operational Framework. Paris, France: UNESCO.

Hancock, A. (1981). Retrieved http://cpj.org/2012/02/attacks-on-the-press-in-2011-in-africa-a-return-of.php

Hancock, A. (1992). Communication Planning Revisited, A. Hancock. Paris, France: UNESCO.
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Ed Gold Scholarship as Might Be Expected

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97634059

Ed Gold Scholarship

As might be expected of the eldest child of two Nigerian immigrants, I possess an abiding entrepreneurial spirit and drive to succeed. I joined the New York Investment Banking Consulting team at FactSet Research Systems in September 2001 and was quickly promoted to Senior Consultant and Account Executive. I simultaneously enrolled in an evening statistics classes at NYU and joined Weichert Realtors as a real estate agent. These varied commitments forced me to learn how to multitask and set priorities. I fell in love with real estate and enrolled in the graduate program at Cornell.

The real estate program brought opportunities to travel to and study emerging real estate markets in Nigeria and China. During this time, I earned the title of second runner-up in the Miss Nigeria in America Beauty Pageant. I used my platform to raise awareness about Nigerian issues in America. In 2008, I…… [Read More]

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Language of News Reporting in

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72791834

Instead, however, the headline does follow the sequence of events as they happened to present a more chronological overview of the event while still maintaining a good inverted pyramid structure. For example, take the head line of the news story in Appendix A: 'Iranian election uproar tests U.S.', this headline without giving specifics of the actual election result implies that the results were not great overall because of the impact that it has on the relations between U.S. And Iran. Hence, whoever reads this headline and know even the slightest bit about the background of the U.S.-Iran relations will interpret the possible results without actually reading about them.

Similarly, when analyzing the headline in Appendix B, 'Regime Change Brewing in Iran?' another format of headline comes to mine. The headlines can also be used to exhibit the actual strategic breakdown of the news story in a single sentence. This simply…… [Read More]

Paragraphing is also a very important aspect in the language use of any news troy as it not only breaks down the news story into separate parts but also allows the journalist to use transitional words like meanwhile or furthermore that allows the story to have a flow and simultaneously allows the journalist to represent different emotions and importance of facts through difference in language use form one paragraph to the next (Ghadessy, 1988).

Conclusion

In the paper we have discussed how in the modern era the text of and the
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Ethics Blogs the Information Age

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38357084

This is a good thing, according to writers such as Jay Rosen.

One important factor that Rosen points out is that online journalism in the form of blogging, which is open to all citizens and all professionals, is also free from the ethical obligations of traditional journalism. This means that the traditional press was often subject to manipulation by powerful interest parties, which by definition made reporting inaccurate. Hence citizens were beginning to substantially lose their trust in the press. According to Rosen, this trust is to be reestablished by citizen journalism, not least because it is a much more interactive phenomenon than the traditional press. Online journalists can build their reputation by means of networking with their colleagues and their readership. As such, the value as well as validity of blogging is established by its readership. Most importantly, this also influences the way in which traditional journalism will operate…… [Read More]

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Night and Good Luck 2005

Words: 1366 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28849209

However, in the way that it brings Murrow to life and pays tribute to something he did that has likely been forgotten, the film makes a case for redefining what constitutes a good political film. Because the events depicted so clearly mirror events in our own political world and life, yet are done so in a way that grippingly recreates a lost era of the 1950s, a viewer gains the sense of being 'transported' in a way that is the essence of cinema.

The film's theme raises a potentially provoking challenge to our own media obsession -- yes, it is easy to condemn McCarthy now, with the wisdom of hindsight, now that McCarthy has become a synonym for baseless slander and the Soviet Union is defunct. However, after 9/11, another threat to the nation, the Department of Homeland Security engaged in a number of questionable tactics, including surveying the library…… [Read More]

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Manipulation of Media Coverage During War on Iraq

Words: 3487 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70599967

Manipulation of Media Coverage During War on Iraq

The role of the media is critical in nearly every walk of life now because of its expanse especially in the last decade. The media has grown into such a powerful tool of communication and influence that it has now become an integral part of the wars that are being fought e.g. The War on Terror or the U.S. intervention in Iraq. The reason behind the media being such an integral part of the international wars is because the world is now a global village where to preserve the right image and intentions in fighting or winning a war it is important to win the opinions and the support of the global community. Even though most media outlets aim to present both sides of the story, many journalists agree that the pattern has always been the formation of an opinion that is…… [Read More]

References

Aday, S., Livingston, S., & Hebert, M. Embedding the truth: A cross-cultural analysis of objectivity and television coverage of the Iraq War. Harvard International Journal of Press / Politics, 10(1), 3-22. 2005.

Bennett, W.L. The news about foreign policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1994.

Center for Media and Public Affairs. The media go to war: TV news coverage of the war in Iraq. Media Monitor, 2003, July-August, 17(2), 1-8.

Chief of the General Staff, General Sir Mike Jackson, Ministry of Defence Press Conference, London, 28 March 2003.
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Lens Into the Worlds of Interesting People

Words: 1132 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37219717

lens into the worlds of interesting people, movements, cultures, and practices. Three films, two of which are documentary, show how the presidents of the United States behaved and were involved in scandal. Although the films were effective in highlighting the lapses in judgment these former American presidents have, it did little to help the audience viewing the film understand why it was done and how it impacts the country. ith the exception of the atergate scandal, a lot of the information shown in these films was meant to drive entertainment values more than anything else. Sadly that is what the news is slowly becoming, something that is meant to grab ratings.

Unlike the news, documentaries have the ability to truly develop character and persona in their subjects of interest. There is a scene in the film, "Journey's with George" that discusses George Bush Jr.'s dietary habits. One of which is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

All the president's men. Dir. Alan Pakula. Perf. Robert Redford. Warner Bros., 1976. Film.

Downie, Leonard, and Robert G. Kaiser. The news about the news: American journalism in peril. New York: A.A. Knopf, 2002. Print.

Journeys with George. Dir. Alexandra Pelosi. Perf. George W. Bush. HBO Video, 2002. Film.

The War Room. Dir. Chris Hegedus. Perf. George Stephanopoulos. Chris Hegedus, D.A. Pennebaker, 1993. Film.
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Media the Two Media News

Words: 1502 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7032494

Arguably, the raw data at ikiLeaks is far more powerful than anything that can be found in traditional media or satire news. The audience here must also acquire the tools necessary to properly digest the information, as an audience accustomed to uncritical digestion of mainstream media will be challenged by the raw information presented devoid of spin and context.

orks Cited:

Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.

Ludlow, P. (2010). ikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/ikileaks.pdf

McCue, D. (2009). hen news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354

Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.

Reilly, I. (2011). Satirical fake news and the politics of the fifth estate. University of Guelph. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:NR71829… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.

Ludlow, P. (2010). WikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/Wikileaks.pdf

McCue, D. (2009). When news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354

Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.
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Mexican Female Is Media

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85157980

Women in Mexican Media

It is all too easy to dismiss the importance of the press because so much of it is unimportant. There are endless videos of car chases on local news programs. Skinheads throwing chairs at the hosts of what are putatively news programs. Endless stories of alien kidnapping in the tabloids. And all-too-frequent blurrings between advertising policy and editorial content.

But the news is, of course, more than this. Or at least it can be. No democratic nation can be run without a free press because no society can be run without giving more power to some people than to others. Without a free press to ensure that those with substantial amounts of power are not being corrupted by it is to have watchdogs alert to what they are doing. This is the role that the press serves, as a proxy for the people.

Most citizens have…… [Read More]

References

Gans, H. (1979). Deciding what's news. New York: Vintage.

Govines, Valeria. (2003). Interview.  http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0218/p01s03-woam.html 

http://www.womensenews.org/article.cfm/dyn/aid/943/context/archive

Shaw, David. (2003). Interview.
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Editor's Memo Recently it Has

Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16057558

The presence of the web, which allows time-sensitive information to be blogged as it occurs, plus the dire nature of the threat tipped the scales in favor of not releasing the information. It was seen as akin to not releasing certain details about a victim, to enable the police to conduct a more effective investigation of what potential suspects did or did not know.

However, it must be remembered that the primary interest of the newspaper is to tell the truth, not to further a particular social objective, as defined by a government agency, whatever the agency's goals. In the case of the hostage-taking, individual officer's lives were at stake. However, it would not be ethical to refuse to release information about the treatment of inmates at the prison that lead to the riots, even if this information was inflammatory. The benefits of exposing such abuses are so great, when…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"FAQ about comments." The New York Times. December 13, 2009.

 http://www.nytimes.com/ ref/membercenter/faq/comments.html

"What do you think of The New York Times' decision to withhold information regarding reporter

David Rohde's kidnapping?" Women on the Web. June 28, 2009. December 13, 2009.
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Letter of Transmittal Newspapers Are

Words: 1609 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94700989



4.0.1 Observing that they have to keep up with the evolution of news, many newspaper companies have focused on maintaining their name in the news industry through redistributing their operations with paper and printing toward digital settings and platforms.

4.0.2 The commercial aspect of newspapers is especially important when considering their ability to stay strong in the news industry. However, as people discovered the increased effectiveness of buying things through the internet, newspapers experienced a significant decline in sales. Mediums such as Ebay or Craiglist have made it possible for sellers and buyers to interact more effectively and to be able to get a better understanding of what they were selling/buying. The graph below provides information regarding the evolution of newspapers ads in comparison with the evolution of Craiglist revenue. Although newspapers continue to dominate the industry, their severe decline in sales in the recent years emphasizes the fact that…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Carlson, Nicholas and Angelova Kamelia, "Newspaper Billions Become Craigslist Millions," Retrieved October 11, 2011, from the Business Insider Website: http://articles.businessinsider.com/2009-06-12/tech/29979663_1_rocket-ship-inbox-revenues

Martin Shannon E. And Copeland, David A. eds., The Function of Newspapers in Society: A Global Perspective (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003).

Martin, Shannon E. And Hansen, Kathleen A. Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998).

"Preserving news in the digital environment: mapping the newspaper industry in transition," Retrieved October 11, 2011, from the Center for Research Libraries Website: http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/pages/LCreport_final.pdf
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Status of a Newspaper The

Words: 2627 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15608122

This is also reflected in the view that there is a lot of difference between a high school senior and a college freshman. egarding the world of student journalism, the U.S. Court of Appeals has also agreed with this view. This is reflected in the campus newspaper theft which was not taking place till the beginning of the 1990s. This is now a regular source of trouble for college student media. (Trends in College Media)

At the same time, this has not reflected in the quality of college newspaper, and some of them are of excellent quality. Let us look at some college newspapers for this purpose. One of them, namely the Boston College Chronicle has worked on the recently concluded papal conclave and also tried to inform the audience about what the world can hope from the new Pope. Certainly this information when they appear in a college magazine…… [Read More]

References

Censorship of College Student Newspapers. Administrative Censorship of the College Press. Retrieved at http://www.collegefreedom.org/report5.htm. Accessed on 28 April, 2005

CSU, Northridge Newspaper Silenced. 11 May, 1989. Retrieved at http://www.totse.com/en/conspiracy/institutional_analysis/papcensr.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005

Davisson, John. GSEU Strikers Return to the Classroom. 25 April, 2005. Retrieved from www.columbiaspectator.com/- 32k Accessed on 28 April, 2005

Glaser, Dale; Collins, King. Review of Eagle and the Controversy of 1996-1997. Retrieved from www.greenmac.com/eagle/Updates/Up2.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
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Media News

Words: 2247 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67881431

Multisource Comparison:

British vs. American newspapers and journalistic styles

The popular stereotype that 'the British' are more erudite, well-spoken and intelligent than Americans persists, as can be seen in the tendency to bestow a British accent upon any characters who are intended to be perceived as cold, aloof, and intellectual in American sitcoms. In the world of newspapers, however, such stereotypes evaporate. The British possess some of the most widely-read newspapers in the world. However, it is often American papers like New York Times that are considered the superior newspapers of record, even more so than the London Times in the eyes of most British journalists. Despite the homogenization of the news due to the permeation of online media culture, British and American newspapers continue to have distinctly different characters. In Great Britain, newspapers are expected to be far more partisan and far less scrupulously fact-checked than their American counterparts.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"American vs. British newspapers." Rhetorica. 19 Nov 2002. [8 Jul 2012]

 http://rhetorica.net/archives/469.html 

"British vs. American Journalism." Britain and America. 1 Jun 2007. [8 Jul 2012]

 http://britainandamerica.typepad.com/britain_and_america/2007/06/british_versus_.html
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Media Ethics

Words: 4981 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58882093

Media in America as the Fourth Estate: From Watergate to the Present

During the 1970's, the role of the media changed from simply reporting the news to revealing serious political scandals (Waisbord, 2001). The media's role during Watergate was viewed as the mirror that reflected the most that journalism could offer to democracy: holding powers accountable for their actions. This became a trend in the American media and journalism had high credibility in the years that followed, and a great increase in journalism school enrollment followed.

However, during the 1980's and 1990's, this trend withered away. Investigative journalism is no longer rampant the firmament of American news. While the tone of the press was self-congratulatory in the post-Watergate years, the state of American journalism is currently viewed in a less positive light.

For the elite, the shift in journalism is welcomed. For example, according to John Dean, an American journalist,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altbach, Philip. (1995). International book publishing, and Encyclopedia. Fitzroy Dearborn.

Bagdikian, Ben. (1993). The Media Monopoly. Beacon Press.

Barton, C. Franklin, Jay B. (1994). The First Amendment and the Fourth Estate: the Law of Mass Media,6th ed. Foundation Press.

Coronel, Sheila. (July 31, 2000). Investigative Reporting: The Role of the Media in Uncovering Corruption. Southeast Asian Press Alliance.
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Embedded The Relationship Between Form

Words: 6480 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 601775

), [he knows] that media companies are responsive to pressure when it is sustained, sophisticated and well executed," he fails to offer any concrete examples of this kind of pressure or how it might actually be applied (Schechter, 2003, p. 242). He does propose "a Media and Democracy Act, an omnibus bill that could be a way of showing how all of these issues are connected," but he does not provide any details of what might actually be included in this all-encompassing piece of hypothetical legislation (p. 242). Rather, he simply asserts that this potential legislation (that, if it actually included regulations to effectively combat the problems with American journalism would almost certainly never have passed at the time of his writing and would still be extremely unlikely now) could magically "create one easy to market and explain package of proposals that can forge a coalition with many stakeholders and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cognitive compression effect. In (2000). M. Danesi (Ed.), Encyclopedic dictionary of semiotics, media, and communications. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Frontani, M.R. (2004). Embedded: Weapons of mass deception-how the media failed to cover the war on iraq. Journalism History, 30(2), 111.

Gaither, T.K. (2007). Advertising's war on terrorism: The story of the U.S. state department's shared values initiative. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 84(4), 843-844.

Goodman, A., & Goodman, D. (2006). Static: Government liars, media cheerleaders, and the people who fight back. New York: Hyperion.
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Mass Comm Final One Theme That Is

Words: 1998 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56439736

Mass Comm Final

One theme that is a constant throughout the study of contemporary mass communication is the function that mass communication holds in the democratic political process. Although the present-day concepts of "media" or "mass communication" would have been unknown at the time of the Bill of Rights, it is nonetheless clear that the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of the press essentially enshrines in law the notion that an informed and intellectually engaged electorate is crucial for the health of the American political system. And certainly the drafters of the U.S. Constitution were familiar with the notion that clear reasoned argumentation that could reach a broad majority of citizens was necessary for the political system they envisioned: there would not be a U.S. Constitution if there had not been Thomas Paine's "Common Sense," a widely-reproduced pamphlet laying out the basic argument for American independence. However, in different ways,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baym, "The Daily Show and Political Journalism"

McChesney, "Policing the Unthinkable," "Response to Compaine"

Compaine, "Myths of Encroaching Global Media Ownership," "Response to McChesney"

Koch, "Cyber Citizen or Cyborg Citizen"
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Technology Such as the Internet Has a

Words: 1908 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84212275

technology such as the internet has a negative impact on the news industry and how it is going down. This paper goes on to consider the how modern technology has effected the news industry and in what way and what is being said about this decline on the news by journalists, news companies by examining extant literature on journalists and how they are working with new technology, blogging, twitter and such kinds of technology. The advantages and disadvantages of using such technologies are also explored. The paper also explores how the news industry makes money from technology as well as how the technology might make them bankrupt. Their opinions are sort in this paper. Statistics on the decline of the news industry are also presented as well as the possible long-term effects of technology adoption on the news industry are also explored.

Context

This paper is written within the context…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berte, Katrien, DeBens, Elsa, "Newspapers go for advertising: challenges and opportunities in a changing media environment," Journalism Studies, Vol. 9 No.5, pp.692-704.2008

Bird, S.Elizabeth "The future of journalism in the digital environment," Journalism, Vol. 10 No.3, pp.293-5.June 2009

Currah, Andrew "What's happening to our news. An investigation into the likely impact of the digital revolution on the economics of news publishing in the UK," RISJ/Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust Report, Reuters Institute of Journalism, University of Oxford, Oxford, 1 Jan 2009

Deuze, Mark and Bruns, Axel and Neuberger, Christoph "Preparing for an age of participatory news," Journalism Practice, Vol. 1 No.3, pp.322-38. 19 Sep 2007
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Media Obsession With Violence &

Words: 2292 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55109089

17). He is disgusted that news executives that direct what should be covered are less interested in "what's happening in Afghanistan" but more interested in "Michael Jackson and Laci Peterson" (Fenton, p. 20).

hat are the excuses TV executives, editors and producers give for focusing on scandal, sexual trysts, and embarrassing situations for celebrities? Fenton claims that those "gatekeepers of the news" will tell anyone listening that "the average [viewer] simply cannot absorb that much hard news, especially about events abroad" (p. 20). The CBS veteran insists that the media power brokers believe that "Americans are too broadly under-informed to digest nuggets of information that seem to contradict what they know of the world" (p. 20). That would seem to be a very condescending, elitist attitude on the part of the TV industry in particular.

Fenton (p. 22) asserts that because of the very real threats of terrorism on the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dorfman, Lori, Woodruff, Katie, Chavez, Vivian, and Wallack, Lawrence. "Youth and Violence

On Local Television News in California." American Journal of Public Health 87.8 (1997):

1311-1316.

Downie, Leonard, and Schudson, Michael. "The Reconstruction of American Journalism."
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Johnson T J and Kaye B K

Words: 820 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72069118



Mitchelstein, E. nd Boczkowski, P.J. (2009). Between tradition and change: review of recent research on online news production. Journalism, Vol. 10. Retrieved from: http://irtvu.com/files/rticle/attach-bulletin-24-105.pdf

The article considers four aspects of change in basic journalistic practices to explain the current phenomenon of newsgathering practices across the Internet. These include modifications in editorial workflow, alterations in news-gathering practices, acceleration of temporal patterns of content production, and the convergence of print, broadcast, and online operations. This has dramatically changed the face of journalism and created the phenomenon of the "user as content producer." The finding is that this is a growing and dynamic phenomenon. The fluid nature of the new media should be subject to further study to come to an ultimate conclusion regarding its true contribution to the media.

Johnson, T.J., Kaye, B.K., Bichard, S.L. nd Wong, W.J. (2007). Every Blog has its day" Politically0interested Internet Users' perceptions of blog credibility. Retrieved…… [Read More]

And interesting dimension enters the blog using public when politics becomes the central phenomenon of interest. In addition to the increase prevalence of the online phenomenon, the authors find that those with political interests tend to be more trusting of other like-minded individuals who make use of the online platform to espouse their views. An online survey is used to determine the level of perceived credibility for blogs in the political arena. One possible reason for this perception of credibility is the single-minded stature of political blog use; where one view is generally favored over another.

Deuze, M. (2005, Dec). Participation, Remediation, Bricolage: Considering Principal Components of a Digital Culture. Indiana University. Retrieved from:  https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2022/3200/Deuze%20Digital%20Culture%202006.pdf.txt?sequence=3 

In the essay, the author considers components of digital culture as expressed in online journalism, weblogging, and Independent Media Centers. The analysis is based upon two key assumptions: that all aspects of daily life in industrialized societies are influenced by computerizations; and that contemporary social changes are highly influenced by globalization, post-nationalism, and individualization. As such, it is found that the evolution of the digital media is highly influenced by a new value system among a culture that has increasingly become defined by its use of and presence in the online media.
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How Does Mass Media Affect American Values

Words: 1607 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23317422

Media in America [...] How does mass media affect American values? American media is pervasive in nearly every aspect of society today. Newspapers, magazines, online Web sources, television, radio, and film all create a sense of commonality, and often a sense of how to behave, think, and react to social and societal situations.

Today, Americans rely on a variety of media for most of their news, information, and values, whether they know it or not. While this may seem like a recent occurrence, experts and researchers have been seeing this trend in media influence for decades. Two experts note, "Over a half century ago, Lippmann (1922) also noted this role of the news media in defining our world, not just the world of politics during and between elections, but almost all of our world beyond immediate personal and family concerns" (Bryant and Zillmann, 1994, p. 2). Thus, the media has…… [Read More]

References

Arant, M.D., & Meyer, P. (1998). Public journalism and traditional journalism: A shift in values? Journal of mass media ethics, 13(4), 205-218.

Brown, A. (1996). Economics, public service broadcasting, and social values. Journal of media economics, 9(1), 3-15.

Coleman, A.W. (2000). "Calvin and Hobbes": A critique of society's values. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 15(1), 17-42.

Gomez, D.S. (2001, April). Sex, peers, media -- and family values: The NEA health information network's 'can we talk?' program helps thousands of parents talk with their kids, in English or Spanish. NEA today, 19, 29.
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Interview on a Specific Career

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60553231

Career Profile: Investigative Reporter

hether it was reading my younger sister's diary or spying on my crazy neighbors whom I was convinced were axe murders, I have always had a natural calling for being a sleuth. In addition to my voyeuristic ways, I am also interested in current events and politics. As a result of these interests, I am interested in a career as an investigative reporter.

I interviewed Jilda Unruh, an Emmy winning investigative reporter at PLG Channel 10 in Miami, FL, for some inside information on her line of work. As for preparation for the field, she said, " A solid, diverse education is more important than any particular major. Investigative reporting covers such a broad spectrum of topics that one must be comfortable in a variety for subjects." Ms. Unruh did not major in journalism, but said the writing and fact-finding skills taught in most undergraduate programs…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Career Profile: Journalism." The Princeton Review Online.



"The International Consortium of Investigative Reporters." The Center for Public Integrity Project.

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Muckrakers Successes and Failures

Words: 842 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74602143

Muckrakers

As a profession, muckraking has gained a bad reputation ever since President Teddy Roosevelt compared certain journalists to the obsessive lad in the Pilgrim's Progress. In this 1906 speech, Roosevelt likened many journalists of his day to the man who stood in ooze, holding his garden tool and with his eyes fixed downward (Kiee 2001).

However, the "muckraking" techniques of these journalists have shined the light on many issues and practices that need to be addressed.

These exposes regarding corruption and unjust practices have led to public outcry and have spurred social change. After all, the reverse view would paint muckraking as a profession as a research and revelatory-based process that challenges the status quo. One person's muckraker is then another person's crusading journalist.

This paper looks at historic and modern examples of how muckraking has spurred important social changes in American history. The later part of the paper…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ehrenreich, Barbara.

2001. Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Goldberg, Jonah. 2001. "The Decline of Muckraking." The American Enterprise. June.

Jensen, Carl. 2003. Stories That Changed America: Muckrakers of the 20th Century. New York: Seven Stories Press.
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Pseudo Event

Words: 3485 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6309269

Pseudo-Event

In the scientific literature it is difficult to find a useful concept for the news craze. In Media Matters (1994) John Fiske uses the word 'media event'. These kinds of events have their own reality and their own patterns. "The term media event is an indication that in a postmodern world we can no longer rely on a stable relationship or clear distinction between a 'real' event and its mediated representation. A media event, then, is not mere a representation of what happened, but it has its own reality, which gathers up into itself the reality of the event that may or may not have preceded it." The media construct a 'hyperreality', in which a struggle is going on about the interpretation and meanings of what is going on in the world.

This kind 'hyperreality' applies to all forms of communication. According to an article in "

Wired Magazine,"…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Daniel J. Boorstin, The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America, Harper Colophon Books (1964 edition).

2. Rothenberg, R. (1998).

Bye-Bye The Net's precision accountability will kill not only traditional advertising, but its parasite, Big Media. Sniff. Wired Magazine. Jan. 1998. Pp. 72-76.

3. John Fiske. Media Matters. 1994
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BLS Profile the Author of This Report

Words: 795 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6174965

BLS Profile

The author of this report has been asked to write a brief essay about a career chosen from the journalism field. The questions that will be answered include why the career interests the author of this report, what training the job requires, what skills are necessary to do the job, what benefits exist within the career, what drawbacks exist within the career, where will a person have to live to have such a job, what kind of dangers (if any) exist for the job, what kind of salary exists for the career and what the job outlook is for the career. While the industry is starting to taper off, opportunities exist for people with the right talent and motivation, and perhaps looks.

Questions Answered

The career position selected for this report was selected because it is the most visible and preeminent position within the journalism field. It is…… [Read More]

References

BLS.gov. (2015). Reporters, Correspondents, and Broadcast News Analysts:

Occupational Outlook Handbook:: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. BLS.gov.

Retrieved 13 May 2015, from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/media-and-communication/reporters-correspondents-and-broadcast-news-analysts.htm
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New Opportunities for Denver Newscasters

Words: 1141 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94743166



News stations have strict rules regarding the ethics of monetary compensation for stories (i.e. It isn't allowed), however, and this is likely an effort to bolster local sales by highlighting certain local businesses. This also provides a way for Denver news organizations to remain connected -- and appear connected -- to the community. internet advertising has found a fairly steady pattern, and the television stations that have news websites have employed the same types of banners, though often in more muted tones, that are found on most commercial websites.

What is the projected growth of the news broadcasting industry in the next 3-4 years in Denver?

Unfortunately, growth foes not seem very likely in the area of television news broadcasting in the Denver area for some time. Even assuming that the economic troubles end within the next year, the broadcast industry in the Denver area is largely saturated. Though there…… [Read More]

References

"Denver Colorado Local News Media." Accessed 30 June 2009.  http://www.mondotimes.com/1/world/us/6/402 

"Denver Population Growth Statistics." Accessed 30 June 2009. http://www.clrsearch.com/RSS/Demographics/CO/Denver/Population_And_Growth

Rocky Mountain Media Watch. Accessed 30 June 2009. www.bigmedia.org
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People Internet Mobile Media Change Ways News

Words: 1666 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33445304

people internet mobile media change ways news created received? How change power relationship traditional news organisations 'audiences'?hat benefits drawbacks developments?

Internet's Effect on the News Industry

The internet is responsible for having revolutionized virtually all domains, given that more and more individuals come to break away from conventionality and embrace the internet. The media and news devices in particular have been severely affected as a result of the fact that the internet has experienced progress in the recent years. It is very important for someone who wants to succeed in the contemporary society to be acquainted with the internet, as most of today's affairs occur on the internet. People in the present are inclined to surf the internet when they want to check out the latest news, as it provides them with the opportunity to select the exact news that they are interested in, without having them watch a whole…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Allan, Stuart, Online News: Journalism and the Internet (Maidenhead, England: Open University Press, 2006)

Lee, Angela M. "News Consumption Revisited," Retrieved May 21, 2011, from the University of Texas Website: http://online.journalism.utexas.edu/2010/papers/LeeCarpini10.pdf

MacDonald, Randall M. The Internet and the School Library Media Specialist: Transforming Traditional Services (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997)

Mitchell, Bill, "The Internet Changes the Way News Is Gathered," Retrieved May 21, 2011, from the Poynter Website: http://www.poynter.org/uncategorized/9538/the-internet-changes-the-way-news-is-gathered/
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Janet Cooke

Words: 1071 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28613278

Media and honesty in the media [...] Janet Cooke, the prize-winning journalist who made up a story about an inner-city young boy who was a heroin addict. Cooke's story shows the pressure many journalists face and why readers should not always believe everything they read in newspapers and magazines.

Janet Cooke was born in 1958, and little is known about her true background or education. She claimed to have graduated from Vassar College and attended the Sorbonne in Paris, but these were both fabrications, her only degree came from the University of Toledo in Ohio. In 1980, she joined the staff of The Washington Post as a reporter for the "Weeklies" section. In September of 1980, the Post published one of her stories, "Jimmy's World." It would prove to be a monumental mistake. Cooke resigned from the Post in 1981, and married a lawyer. They lived briefly in Paris, but…… [Read More]

References

Dutka, Elaine. "Fall of Janet Cooke Whets Hollywood's Appetite." NewStandard.com. 5 June 1996. 11 Dec. 2004.

< http://204.27.188.70/daily/06-96/06-05-96/c04li109.htm

Editors. "Janet Cooke." Wikipedia.org. 2 Dec. 2004. 11 Dec. 2004.

< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Cooke
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Activity or Accomplishment That Is

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90954236

My broadcasting career began early, when I anchored for our high school's Hawk News Network (HNN). It was then that I realized for certain what I wanted to do for the rest of my life: to be of service to all people and leave a legacy through effective communication and journalism.

A plan to pursue broadcast journalism by taking rigorous courses that directly pertain in my field of interest. I also intend to stretch my boundaries and step outside of my comfort zone by taking challenging coursework in unrelated areas, areas that might expose and therefore strengthen my weaknesses. Another way I intend to pursue my academic interests is through clubs, organizations, and other extracurricular activities that relate to broadcast journalism. Just as I became actively involved in student-run television stations in high school and college, I will also involve myself deeply with such resources at USC (CHRISTINE: YOU MIGHT…… [Read More]

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Stalemate to Crisis the Imperial Republic

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15584335

Stalemate to Crisis" and "he Imperial Republic."

Questions From "From Stalemate to Crisis" and "he Imperial Republic"

Brinkley, Alan. (2004) he Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American people. Volume II. 4th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

What were the great social issues creating deep divisions in American life in the 1880s and 1890s? Discuss unionization of workers and the discontent felt by the farmers?

Political corruption, America's increasingly marked shift from an agrarian to an industrialist society, and the tariff questions surrounding the sale of American goods abroad, were all the important issues that served to tear the American nation apart during the latter half of the nineteenth century. he rise of agrarian discontent was manifested in the vocal Granger Movement, the formulation Farmers' Alliances, and the Populist movement that swept the American Midwest. Although agrarian discontent declined, after 1898, the origins, purposes, and effectiveness of the Interstate Commerce…… [Read More]

The taking of territories by the United States was hardly justified according to standards of either moral or formal international law, then or now. But the annexation "fever" of the late 1800s clearly benefited politicians wishing to create a greater sense of cohesive unity in an increasingly divided America, an America characterized by warring political and geographic interests and greater levels of economic stratification.

As you look at how the media dealt with the Spanish American War reflect on how the media today deals with both domestic and foreign affairs stories. What is their agenda in 2005 when reporting? Have they handled Afghanistan and Iraq in a similar fashion to the way the press reported the sinking of the battleship Maine? Is the media trustworthy in 2005? Please be more specific on this question.

The media's agenda in 2005, as during the Spanish-American War, is always to generate interest in the news and to sell consumption of papers, cable subscriptions, and advertising. However, the public has more media outlets it can use, and is more 'savvy' as to media bias and misrepresentation. Also, the media itself is more self-critical, after realizing that politicians are able to misrepresent the events of today for personal ends. The media seemed to show a sense of 'betrayal' of the truth and trust in the relationship between press and professional politicians, in the way that the threat of weapons of mass destruction was used to justify war in Iraq, as the ways that the White House vacillated on its knowledge of the terrorist threat level before 2001. This sense was not evident in the glorious trumpeting of U.S. justice during the sinking of the Maine. Still, domestic news coverage often has the same sensationalistic tone, specifically in crime reporting, as was common to ages past.
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Journalists Their Terminology and Terrorism in the

Words: 4658 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93239435

Journalists, Their Terminology and Terrorism

In the age of terrorism and in the age of the Internet, journalists are coming under more and more intensive scrutiny and are increasingly urged to act more sensitively to the power they have and the power which they can wield when it comes to reporting current events -- particularly those related to terrorism. As some scholars have illuminated, journalists are indeed arbitrators of rhetoric, and ones which have limited success: "Evidence of arbitration is seen in comparisons between how media personnel describe terrorist events and their perpetrators and how government officials make similar descriptions. Journalists serve as creators of rhetoric whenever they report terrorist events. The rhetorical tradition employed determines the nature of that rhetoric. The role of formats, the presentation conventions that are used to package information and determine the significance and the information that news packages carry, are also important" (Picard 1989).…… [Read More]

References

Ahramonline. (2013, August 14). Egypt police attack Muslim Brotherhood sit-ins in Cairo. Retrieved from ahramonline.com: http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/78982/Egypt/Politics-/UPDATED-Egypt-police-attack-Muslim-Brotherhood-sit.aspx

Ahramonline. (2013, August 14). Egypt police attack Muslim Brotherhood sit-ins in Cairo. Retrieved from Ahramonline: http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/78982/Egypt/Politics-/UPDATED-Egypt-police-attack-Muslim-Brotherhood-sit.aspx

Alarabiya. (2013, August 14). Video: Egypt says 278 killed in nationwide violence. Retrieved from alaribya.com: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2013/08/14/Egypt-police-begin-operation-to-disperse-Cairo-pro-Mursi-camps-.html

Aljazeera. (2013, August 14). Dozens dead as Egypt cracks down on sit-ins. Retrieved from Aljazeera.com:  http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2013/08/201381452017193693.html
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Media Reaction the Process of

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42366281



Glasser's, Awad's, and Kim's study analyzes how four newspapers have written from different points-of-view relating to the same event. Two of the newspapers have written professionally, without attempting to influence the readers in any way. In contrast, the other two newspapers have written so that the public would get a wrong idea of the incident. Just as in the present case, it is normal for media services from within a local community to write differently than bigger, more specialized, media services. The journalists from the two newspapers which have distorted reality and have written the articles from their own points-of-view belong to the community involved in the incident discussed. The respective journalists have turned an ordinary conflict (between the officials and their community over the building of a mall) into a cry for help from a community presumably discriminated for years.

It is of no relevance whether or not the…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Glasser, T.L. & Awad I. & Kim J.W. (2009). The Claims of Multiculturalism and Journalism's Promise of Diversity. Journal of Communication, 59: 57-58.
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Women in Media A Barbara

Words: 3223 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36543893

Soon thereafter, she started working with CNN channel in handling their Washington bureau. For the forthcoming seven years, Couric was engaged with CNN bureaus across the nation as a producer and also as an on-air reporter. She returned to Washington in 1987 taking up job as a reporter at an NBC affiliate station. She rose from her ranks to hold the number two position as a reporter at the Pentagon for the Washington bureau of the NBC news. ("Katie Couric Biography," n. d.)

For the next three years she was in charge of covering the U.S. invasion of the Panama as also Persian Gulf War in her Pentagon position as also as a new post at the NBC's morning newspaper, Today. In the early part of 1991, she discharged her role as a co-anchor of Today. Her immense popularity with the viewers was because of her pleasant and charming demeanor…… [Read More]

References

Banting, Erninn. (2007) "Katie Couric"

Weigl Publishers Inc.

Clarke, Kristin. (2002) "First Among Equals: Barbara Walters on Leadership" Executive

Update, Retrieved 21 March, 2009 at http://www.asaecenter.org/PublicationsResources/articledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=13267
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Anna Quindlen Born in 1952

Words: 1156 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43507479

This column probably reflects her own accession in the world of journalism and her own struggles as a female coping with a male dominated environment.

The same cutting-edge, analytic journalism style can also be seen in the column entitled "Killing the Consumer." The case that Anna Quindlen makes here is against the cigarettes producers, who are now targeting younger smokers in order to increase their revenues. Further more, they are now customizing their brands to fit particular categories of individuals, like young women, for example.

Quindlen's stance is again targeting females as the representative individuals for her articles. While on one hand, she is hitting quite hard against smoking and the cigarettes producers in general, she is particularly edgy against new brands designed to attract women as new smokers and against the way cigarettes manufacturers run ads with different magazines to promote their new products.

Quindlen's style is easily recognizable…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Quindlen, Anna. Not Semi-Soldiers. Newsweek. November 12, 2007. On the Internet at http://www.newsweek.com/id/67917.Last retrieved on November 13, 2007

2. Quindlen, Anna. Killing the Consumer. Newsweek. October 01, 2007. On the Internet at http://www.newsweek.com/id/41699.Last retrieved on November 13, 2007 http://www.annaquindlen.com/.Last retrieved on November 13, 2007
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Outfoxed Directed by Robert Greenwald

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42474987



Currently, Rupert Murdoch's empire includes nine satellite networks, 100 cable channels, 175 newspapers, etc. It reaches some 4.7 billion people, more than half of the world's population. Despite claims to the effect that the network was to "restore objectivity," this has clearly not been the case. However, when one considers Fox against the rest of the media world, there is little that could be called 'objective.' Even reality shows and talk shows bias their assertions and views according to a certain favored viewpoints, whether these are socially popular at any given time or not. Indeed, this is the core principle of the media -- to influence the public view according to the viewpoint it favors.

What this boils down to is that the "Outfoxed" piece could apply to any media network or effort in the world. No piece of media is ever unbiased or objective. However, what the film does…… [Read More]