Juvenile Justice Essays (Examples)

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In principle, the United States should follow international treaties only if it is a signatory to that specific treaty.
However, the Supreme Court of the United States cannot ignore international standards completely either. There are several reasons for this. The world is becoming more and more globalized. Large numbers of immigrants have flocked to the United States in the last several decades and likewise American military and the FBI increasingly carry out operations in the territories outside the jurisdiction of the United States. And sometimes persons who are citizens of other countries, either captured outside the U.S. Or within its territory, are tried in American courts. In these instances, it is not easy to ignore international laws and concerns.

The United States is also a signatory to numerous international treaties pertaining to the question of cruel and unusual punishment. If the United States is a signatory, then it is unconstitutional to….


Ideally, diversion should take place at the earliest stages of juvenile justice processing, to refer a youth to essential services and avert further involvement in the system. On the other hand, diversion mechanisms can be put into place at later stages of justice processing, to avoid further penetration into the system and expensive out-of-home placements. Efforts to keep youth out of the juvenile justice system who otherwise would be processed by the courts have existed since the creation of juvenile courts. "During the 1960's, increasing levels of delinquency and crime, coupled with criticisms of the juvenile justice system, led to the development of alternatives for responding to youth outside of the traditional justice system. As such, the 1970's reflected considerable growth in diversion programs, bolstered by significant federal investments in these initiatives. ising juvenile crime rates in the 1980's and early 1990's caused the political pendulum to swing in the….

Juvenile Justice
The Juvenile Criminal Justice System

Juvenile courts and detention separate from adult courts is a relatively new concept (ABA, 2010). Before the turn of the twentieth century, the cases for individuals of all ages were managed by the same criminal and civil courts, and the same sentences were handed out to all parties. Of course, this has changed to a great extent since 1899 in the United States, but there remain those crimes for which youthful offenders, below the age of 18 are tried as adults. This paper examines how the juvenile justice system has evolved over the last 200 years, what can lead to the transfer of a juvenile case to an adult court, and what effect transfer laws have on society.

History

The system that is now in place to house young people who were convicted of some crime separately from adults began with the opening of the House of….

Juvenile Justice System currently faces a number of challenges in dealing with delinquency. Many of those problems are underlying problems such as mental health issues, child abuse, child neglect, lack of funding, and the disconnection between professions dealing with children, all of which contribute to delinquency. The high incidence of child abuse and child neglect, in particularly, have been directly linked to delinquency and must be sufficiently addressed. In the future, the Juvenile Justice System must deal with all the current problems and its proper responses, including a multidisciplinary approach.
Challenges Faced By The Juvenile Justice System Today

Juvenile Justice System currently faces numerous problems. One judge who speaks about the most serious problems is Judge John Phillips of Harris County, Texas. Though he serves the juvenile justice system in one geographic area, he gives insights into the problems facing the entire juvenile justice system. Today's juvenile justice system must deal with….

This Act was more focused on preventing juvenile delinquency and separating the juveniles from the adults in the correction facilities. It was argued that the juveniles learnt even worse crimes and became more radical criminals if detained together with the adult offenders. This was more pronounced during the 'Progressive Era' with proponents like Morrison Swift suggesting that the juvenile delinquents only benefited to learn more criminal tactics from the seasoned adult criminals and hence replicate them in the society at the end of their period. The Juvenile Justice and elinquency Prevention Act of 1974 introduced the Office of Juvenile Justice and elinquency Prevention (OJJP), the Runaway Youth Program, and the National Institute for Juvenile Justice and elinquency Prevention (NIJJP).
ue to the never ending diversity of nature of crime, in the 1980s through to mid 1990s there was a rise in juvenile crimes with the peak being 1994 after which….

The rest were charged only with minor offenses. The harshness of punishment in such cases appears to be disproportional to the crime. Indeed, Macallair states that the system was originally implemented to target the "worst of the worst." This does not appear to be the case in reality.
A further problem specific to Florida entails the disproportionate representation of race in cases transferred to the adult court system. According to Macallair's report, African-American youths are 2.3 times more likely than their white counterparts to be transferred to the adult court system.

A consequence of the disproportionate manner of punishment and racial representation, is the prison system and its effect on juvenile offenders. According to several reports, including those of Macallair (2000), chiraldi, and Griffin, the danger that young people face in adult prisons is more extreme than that faced by normal adults. The vulnerability of a young person often makes him….


Essentially, the authors focus on keeping the separate juvenile court active within the context of American states. Therefore, Scott & Steinberg (2008) are not proposing the abolition of the juvenile court entirely, like what Feld (1998) is proposing. Scott & Steinberg (2008) believe rather that the adult system would be unable to provide any additional benefits beyond what is provided through the juvenile courts. Keeping up with a separate system to handle youths ensures a greater degree of flexibility within the system. Scott & Steinberg argue that most juvenile defenders will eventually mature out of their criminal behaviors, and so long-term punishment for crimes committed before adulthood becomes impractical. This, therefore, makes the approach not too far of a cry from how things are currently done today.

A considerable portion of the public does see the need for reform. The weight on their taxes is an increasing factor in finding a….

Criminals in the adult criminal justice system are often likely to be career criminals. Moreover, simply to survive in an adult institution, juveniles may have to adopt increasingly anti-social behavior. If the goal is to keep these children from reoffending, putting them in the same system as more experienced criminals, which does not have a deterrence effect on the adults in that system, simply seems like the wrong approach.
The fact that juveniles in the criminal justice system were more likely to reoffend than their matched controls in the juvenile justice system should change transfer policies (Bishop et al., 1996). Criminal justice officials need to understand that diversion can only be successful if the targeted individual is on a pathway to becoming a juvenile recidivist. Therefore, one must consider the individual. "Diversion programs must handle only youngsters who otherwise would enter, or penetrate further into, the justice system. We must….

Juvenile Justice
Juvenile delinquency is the misdemeanors or the breach of law that is committed by an American or a person living in America but still under the age of 18 years old. This is the common age limit that exists across most states except in Wyoming where the age is 19 years or younger (Whitehead & Lab, 1999). It is worth noting that by 2006, there were 92,854 juvenile delinquents living in the detention centers and a significant 70% were teenagers who were between 15 years and 17 years old, a smaller 15% were 18 years and another 15% being the age of 14 years (Lesley Barker, 2011).

In order to fully comprehend the nature of the current Juvenile Justice System, it is of paramount significance to peruse through the history of the juvenile system from the early years till now. Children above five years old were taken as either small….

There are also theories on protective factors such as social control theory, which suggests that, absent social control force coming from the individual's bonds to community members (family, peers, school), youth will commit delinquent behavior naturally. And social capital theory argues "that the community can be strengthened by investing more in social networks, communication, and an exchange of resources" (Noyori-Corbett & Moon, 2010, p. 254). A combination and an apposite use of these theories work best in explaining the causes of juvenile delinquency.
In developing strategies for preventing and correcting delinquent behavior among the youth, it is also important to know what strategies do not work and thus should be avoided. For example, zero tolerance policies implemented in schools and by the justice system remind a martial law, which is likely to be counterproductive in dealing with adolescents. Punishment -- that is, exacting penalty for crimes committed against others --….

Juvenile Justice System Ireland
The objective of this work is to examine the juvenile justice system in Ireland and then to compare it with the juvenile justice system of the United States. Additionally, the strengths and weaknesses of the juvenile justice system in Ireland will be examined as well as what improvements might could be made to the system, what the U.S. could learn from Ireland, and what aspects of each juvenile justice system are superior or inferior to each other.

The juvenile justice system is reported to be in a period of transition after the Children Act (1908) was replaced with the Children Act (2001) as the primary legislation that governs the juvenile justice system in the epublic of Ireland. (Seymour, n.d., paraphrased) The Children Act (2001) is reported to be representative of the first major legislative reform of the juvenile justice system in approximately one hundred years. There have been….

Juvenile Justice Process: A Case Study
The Juvenile Justice Process

In this text, I give a detailed description of the process a juvenile offender, Xander L., will follow from his time of arrest to eventual punishment or rehabilitation. In so doing, I will describe the key highlights of the said process including but not limited to intake and sentencing. Further, while taking into consideration the level of offense, I will also draft a letter to the judge with regard to the impending sentence. In seeking to define the above process based on the selected juvenile offender, I stand guided by the state laws and practices of the state of Florida.

It is important to note from the onset that the juvenile court procedure or process differs significantly from the adult system. Indeed, as Kupchik (2006) observes, those who established the juvenile justice system shaped it differently from the adult justice system because in….


hat treatment strategies appear to be promising in meeting the varied needs of youth with addictions, mental health issues or a history of abuse? Compare and contrast treatment programs developed for these groups of offenders. Identify the role of parents, schools, juvenile courts, and specific service providers in cross-disciplinary treatment of these multi-problem youth.

For many years, researchers, clinicians, and juvenile justice program administrators have known that there is a link between drug use and juvenile crime. In many communities around the country the majority of juveniles that get into trouble are drug users. Other research has indicated that juvenile drug use plays a major role in recurring, chronic, and violent delinquency behaviors. Juvenile drug use is also related to poor health, weakening family relationships, declining school performance, and other social and psychological problems (Vanderaal, McBride, Terry-McElrath, and VanBuren, 2001).

Developing treatment programs is a complex process because it involves covering the….

The state was not as the enemy but as a protector, as the ultimate guardian. There was a feeling that parents were either unwilling or unable to guide children towards good citizenship and thus intervention of public authorities was necessary (Mack, 1909).
Today the philosophy surrounding juvenile court is still a one of protector. Things are done with the best interest of the child in mind. The idea is to figure out what it is that the child needs in order for them to become productive citizens and try to provide them with that. Key questions and concerns

When looking at some of the questions and concerns that the authors have in regards to the formation of juvenile court one can see that the main concerns in the founding of the had to do with the drive to bring undesirable behavior under control (Platt, 1969) and to prevent children from reaching….

Juvenile Justice Culp/Comp
In general the definition of culpability refers to the concept of the individuals' ultimate responsibility for his or her actions, while competency refers to the individuals learned ability to behave appropriately, i.e. In a way that is acceptable to his or her society and within the law. Competency in a legal sense is also thought of as the individuals understanding through learning and maturity the difference between choices he or she makes, i.e. right or wrong, criminal or non-criminal. "Competency, & #8230; is the ability to understand basic court procedure, to understand the charge and the ability to assist your attorney in your defense." (Carol, 2009) Juvenile justice has since its inception almost unfailingly affirmed that children before a certain age are neither fully culpable for their actions nor fully competent to either make right or wrong choices or even defend themselves from accusation.

Challenges have been brought to….

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5 Pages
Term Paper

Criminal Justice

Juvenile Justice System Do You

Words: 2287
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Term Paper

In principle, the United States should follow international treaties only if it is a signatory to that specific treaty. However, the Supreme Court of the United States cannot ignore…

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5 Pages
Research Paper

Criminal Justice

Juvenile Justice the Need and

Words: 1467
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Ideally, diversion should take place at the earliest stages of juvenile justice processing, to refer a youth to essential services and avert further involvement in the system. On the…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Business - Law

Juvenile Justice the Juvenile Criminal Justice System

Words: 1292
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Juvenile Justice The Juvenile Criminal Justice System Juvenile courts and detention separate from adult courts is a relatively new concept (ABA, 2010). Before the turn of the twentieth century, the cases…

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3 Pages
Essay

Children

Juvenile Justice System Currently Faces a Number

Words: 1198
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Juvenile Justice System currently faces a number of challenges in dealing with delinquency. Many of those problems are underlying problems such as mental health issues, child abuse, child neglect,…

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4 Pages
Essay

Criminal Justice

Juvenile Justice in Order to

Words: 1160
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

This Act was more focused on preventing juvenile delinquency and separating the juveniles from the adults in the correction facilities. It was argued that the juveniles learnt even…

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3 Pages
Term Paper

Criminal Justice

Juvenile Justice Florida the Rate

Words: 1062
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Term Paper

The rest were charged only with minor offenses. The harshness of punishment in such cases appears to be disproportional to the crime. Indeed, Macallair states that the system…

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2 Pages
Essay

Criminal Justice

Juvenile Justice Scott & Steinberg

Words: 711
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Essentially, the authors focus on keeping the separate juvenile court active within the context of American states. Therefore, Scott & Steinberg (2008) are not proposing the abolition of the…

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2 Pages
Essay

Criminal Justice

Juvenile Justice There Are Both

Words: 803
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Criminals in the adult criminal justice system are often likely to be career criminals. Moreover, simply to survive in an adult institution, juveniles may have to adopt increasingly…

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4 Pages
Essay

Business - Law

Juvenile Justice Juvenile Delinquency Is the Misdemeanors

Words: 1322
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

Juvenile Justice Juvenile delinquency is the misdemeanors or the breach of law that is committed by an American or a person living in America but still under the age of…

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8 Pages
Term Paper

Children

Juvenile Justice How to Prevent

Words: 2805
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Term Paper

There are also theories on protective factors such as social control theory, which suggests that, absent social control force coming from the individual's bonds to community members (family,…

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5 Pages
Dissertation or Thesis complete

Children

Juvenile Justice System Ireland the Objective of

Words: 1351
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete

Juvenile Justice System Ireland The objective of this work is to examine the juvenile justice system in Ireland and then to compare it with the juvenile justice system of the…

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3 Pages
Case Study

Business - Law

Juvenile Justice Process A Case Study the

Words: 771
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Case Study

Juvenile Justice Process: A Case Study The Juvenile Justice Process In this text, I give a detailed description of the process a juvenile offender, Xander L., will follow from his time…

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2 Pages
Thesis

Psychology

Juvenile Justice Discuss the Case

Words: 837
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Thesis

hat treatment strategies appear to be promising in meeting the varied needs of youth with addictions, mental health issues or a history of abuse? Compare and contrast treatment programs…

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2 Pages
Essay

Children

Juvenile Justice in the Beginning

Words: 780
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

The state was not as the enemy but as a protector, as the ultimate guardian. There was a feeling that parents were either unwilling or unable to guide…

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2 Pages
Essay

Children

Juvenile Justice Culp Comp in General the Definition

Words: 652
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Juvenile Justice Culp/Comp In general the definition of culpability refers to the concept of the individuals' ultimate responsibility for his or her actions, while competency refers to the individuals learned…

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