Law Enforcement Essays (Examples)

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Police code of'silence

Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87029284

Truth about police code of silence revealed
The terms ‘Blue Code’, ‘Blue Wall’ or ‘Code of Silence’ refer to the law enforcement departmental rule of refraining from reporting on the misdemeanors, mistakes and offenses of fellow police officers in the event they are interrogated, in official investigations, about any act of misconduct that involves a coworker. This Blue Wall is symbolic of the loyalty between law enforcement officials in any given police force. For maintaining this loyalty, even scrupulous officials might be coerced into turning a blind eye to law enforcement brutality cases that may cause further harm to innocent civilians by ensuring they don’t get their due justice. Furthermore, law enforcement culture defends and promotes this code, along with police brutality. All cities and states have police departments in place for maintaining public peace and enforcing city and state laws. Within democratic republics, law enforcement officials are required to…… [Read More]

References
Grisham, C. J. (2016). What is \\\\"The Blue Wall of Silence\\\\"? Retrieved September 18, 2018, from https://priceofbusiness.com/what-is-the-blue-wall-of-silence/
Trautman, N. (2000). Police code of silence facts revealed. In Annual Conference of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, available at http://www. aele. org/loscode2000. html.
Workman-Stark, A. L. (2017). Inclusive policing from the inside out. Springer.
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Evolving Police Service and Community Involvement

Words: 1493 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51219960

The future of law enforcement
Introduction
The contemporary world has seen evolution of virtually every sector of the society, from communication to trade, from food production to medical care procedures and from foreign wars to the inland security. This same revolution needs to be fully implemented in the law enforcement which looks forward to being effective in the highly globalised society. There is need therefore to critically evaluate and analyze areas in which pertinent factors like technology, leadership/organizational culture, community policing and police training can be improved and modernized in order to make them palatable to the current society, with the current law adherence challenges.
Problem statement
The USA law enforcement officers face challenges in handling and effectively resolving the contemporary crimes and the ever changing faces of criminal tendencies. The main problem that perpetuates this status quo is the stagnation in the approach to combating crimes, despite the fact…… [Read More]

References
Chassan A., (2008). Collective Efficacy: The Key to Community Change? Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  https://shelterforce.org/2008/05/15/collective_efficacy_the_key_to_community_change/ 
Crank J.P., (2003). Institutional theory of police: a review of the state of the art. Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  http://www.observatoriodeseguranca.org/files/p186.pdf 
Griffith D., (2015). 25 Ways to Make Police Training More Effective. Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  http://www.policemag.com/channel/careers-training/articles/2015/04/25-ways-to-make-police-training-more-effective.aspx 
Fortenbery, J. (2016). Law enforcement organizations: Possibilities and challenges for the future. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  https://leb.fbi.gov/articles/featured-articles/law-enforcement-organizations-possibilities-and-challenges-for-the-future 
Lucik S.D., (2014). Community Policing and Community Security: Theory and Practice in Timor-Leste. Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  http://www.lse.ac.uk/internationalDevelopment/research/JSRP/downloads/JSRP16.Djurdjevic.pdf 
Reynolds B., (2014). How to change culture in your police department. Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  https://www.policeone.com/chiefs-sheriffs/articles/6969415-How-to-change-culture-in-your-police-department/ 
Suro R., (1999). FBI Lagging Behind on Cyber Crime. Retrieved October 05, 2015 from  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/daily/oct99/cyber7.htm 
US Department of Justice (2017). Community Policing Defined.  https://ric-zai-inc.com/Publications/cops-p157-pub.pdf
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Arizona Revised Statutes involving Arrests

Words: 3099 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48788836

Arizona Revised Statutes
A.R.S. 13-3881, Arrest:
A. An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person to be arrested, or by his submission to the custody of the person making the arrest.
Arrests may be done in the following ways: (1) through the arrester putting his/ her hands on or touching the arrestee; (2) through any action suggesting the arrester’s intent to detain the arrestee and subjecting the latter to the former’s actual will and control; or (3) through the arrestee’s consent. All arrests involve restraint, which needs to be under pretended or actual legal authority. But it is not necessary for formal words suggesting arrest or for a booking at a police station for the act to be considered an arrest. An objective test helps ascertain whether or not an arrest has occurred in a given case, resting on whether reasonable individuals under such a circumstance would…… [Read More]

References
Marroquin, B. (n.d.). Laws Regarding Citizen\\\\'s Arrest in Arizona. . Retrieved from http://legalbeagle.com/8592494-laws-regarding-citizens-arrest-arizona.html
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Disclosing Officer Untruthfulness to the Defense

Words: 2135 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97875511

Introduction
An effective police officer must be truthful. Increasingly, there is frustration informed by lack of integrity and support for the actions of discipline that are taken by the senior officers against those who breach the rules. Integrity and ethics must be at the center of an internal investigation. In case an officer is not truthful regarding their actions, positive reinforcement should be employed. Still, it must be made clear from the onset that untruthfulness is sufficient ground for termination of duty. If a law enforcement officer behaves or acts untruthfully, it damages the effectiveness of their work of policing. This paper seeks to point out the correct action to be taken against an officer who acts untruthfully in the case provided.
Legal cases
After 1963’s decision by the Supreme Court on the Brady case, prosecutors are obliged to make evidence available to the defense, even evidence that would favor…… [Read More]

References
Abel, J. (2015). Brady\\\\'s blind spot: impeachment evidence in police personnel files and the battle splitting the prosecution team. Stan. L. Rev., 67, 743.
Ekman, P., O\\\\'Sullivan, M., & Frank, M. G. (1999). A few can catch a liar. Psychological science, 10(3), 263-266.
Lie. (n.d.) In Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lie on 13 December 2018
Noble, J. (2003). Police Officer Truthfulness and the Brady Decision. The Police Chief, Vol. 70, no. 10.
Policy Regarding the Disclosure to Prosecutors of Potential Impeachment Information Concerning Law Enforcement Agency Witnesses (“Giglio Policy”), Office of the Attorney General (12/9/1996).
Reimund, M.E., (2013). Are Brady Lists (aka Liar’s Lists) the Scarlet Letter for Law Enforcement Officers? A Need for Expansion and Uniformity. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 3: No. 17; 1-6.
Legal cases
Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83 (1963).
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What Triggers Unethical Conduct

Words: 242 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34181944

What Contributes to Unethical Conduct?
In the past, public inquiries have been established with an intention of investigating and unearthing unethical conduct amongst law enforcement officers. In the end, individual officers end up being put on trial and the reputation of the profession as a whole suffers immensely. The readings and the unit discussion have been a very important learning opportunity with regard to what exactly triggers unethical behavior in an organizational setting, and most specifically in police departments.
I was particularly intrigued by the fact that unethical conduct is in most instances triggered by strong emotions that have been left unchecked. This is more so the case given that the very nature of police work could invite feelings of victimization, isolation, as well as exploitation. For instance, when a law enforcement officer views himself as a victim of the system, he or she feels entitled to better treatment and…… [Read More]

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Interrogation and Interview by Police

Words: 2653 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34081901

Despite the fact that there has been visible progress in the classification and documentation of different interrogation techniques, there is very little information about the manner in which police officers are trained and equipped with interrogation techniques and how often they apply various techniques (Cleary, H. M. D., & Warner, 2016). Little is also known about how the police officers employ the techniques with juveniles and with adults. This research examines the modern interviewing and interrogation principles and purposes for police officers. The report will examine both informal and formal interrogation techniques as well as other techniques used by the police for interrogation in the modern day and age.
The interrogation and interviewing techniques used by the police communicate some psychological intensity spectrum where various information gathering skills were employed. The tactics may involve high pressure tactics used less frequently and the frequently used tactics. Officers with Reid training are…… [Read More]

References
Buckley, J. P. (2013). The Reid Technique of interviewing and interrogation. In Investigative Interviewing: Rights, Research and Regulation (pp. 190–206). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781843926337
Cleary, H. M. D., & Warner, T. C. (2016). Police Training in Interviewing and Interrogation Methods: A Comparison of Techniques Used with Adult and Juvenile Suspects. Law and Human Behavior, 40(3), 270–284. https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000175
Gordon, N. J., & Fleisher, W. L. (2011). Effective Interviewing and Interrogation Techniques. Effective Interviewing and Interrogation Techniques. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/C2009-0-62838-5
Gudjonsson, G. H., & Pearse, J. (2011). Suspect interviews and false confessions. Current Directions in Psychological Science. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721410396824
McConnell, B. (2017). Criminal Interview and Interrogation in Serious Crime Investigations.
Meissner, C. A., Redlich, A. D., Bhatt, S., & Brandon, S. E. (2012). Interview and interrogation methods and their effects on true and false confessions. Campbell Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.4073/csr.2012.13
Orlando, J. (n.d.). Interrogation Techniques, OLR Research Report. Retrieved 31 December, 2018 from https://www.cga.ct.gov/2014/rpt/2014-R-0071.htm
Reid J.E. & Associates (n.d.). The Reid Technique. Retrieved 31 December, 2018 from http://www.reid.com/educational_info/critictechnique.html
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Intelligence and Geo Strategic Developments

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32116566

Security threats have become more sophisticated and common in contemporary society because of globalization and rapid technological advancements. As criminals continue to develop sophisticated means for carrying out their activities, local and international law enforcement agencies are constantly seeking for measures to prevent and thwart criminal activities. One of the measures that play a critical role in achieving this is intelligence. National security intelligence agencies and law enforcement agencies has enhanced their collaboration to help deal with domestic and international security threats. Even though intelligence plays a critical role in modern security, its place in a free society continues to be a controversial issue that evokes a series of passions and responses. This paper examines the role of intelligence in the modern world as a critical component of geostrategic developments.
What is Intelligence?
Intelligence is a term that is used to refer to the collection and evaluation of internal and…… [Read More]

References
Carter, D.L 2009. Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies, U.S. Department of Justice, viewed 18 January 2019,
Carter, D.L 2015. Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysis and Crime Analysis: Understanding their Differences and Cooperative Value, Michigan State University, viewed 18 January 2019,
Coyne, J.W. & Bell, P 2011. Strategic Intelligence in Law Enforcement: a Review, Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, vol. 6, no. 1, pp.23-39.
Derencivonic, D. & Getos, A 2007. Cooperation of Law Enforcement and Intelligence Agencies in Prevention and Suppression of Terrorism, CAIRN, viewed 18 January 2019,
Federation of American Scientists n.d. Law Enforcement Intelligence Classifications, Products, and Dissemination, Federation of American Scientists, viewed 18 January 2019,
Friedman, D 2010. TECH Cops: How Technological Advances are Changing Police Work, Greenwich Time, viewed 18 January 2019,
Lemieux, F 2018. Intelligence and state surveillance in modern societies: An international perspective. Emerald Publishing Limited: Bradford, United Kingdom.
McCahill, M 2002. Rounding Up the Usual Suspects? Developments in Contemporary Law Enforcement Intelligence, Crime Prevention and Community Safety, vol. 4, no. 3, pp.73-74.
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Multiculturalism Education Effect on the Police Force

Words: 464 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78806217

Effect of Multiculturalism Education on the Police Force
Cultural issues affect law enforcement more than most government workers. Every day, the police come into contact with several people from practically every culture in the areas they police. This reality creates a need for policemen and women to understand the dynamics of multiculturalism. Indeed, the success of community policing depends significantly on how law enforcement relates to people of different cultures (Hendricks and Byers, 2000). An interesting dynamic when it comes to community policing is that the power law enforcement has can make them an oppressor or a friend of the community based solely on the optics of their operations. This makes multicultural education quite important to the police (Hennessy, n.d).
When designing a multicultural curriculum for a police department, it should be specifically tailored to the community being impacted and the police department in question. Carl Jung (1974) theorized on…… [Read More]

References
Hendricks, J. E., & Byers, B. (2000). Multicultural perspectives in criminal justice and cultural awareness training for police in the United States criminology (2nd ed.). Springfield, Illinois: Charles Thomas publisher, ltd.
Hennessy, S.M. (1998). Thinking cop- feeling cop: A study in police personalities (3rd ed.). Gainesville, Florida, Center for the Application of Psychological Type.
Hennessy, S. M. (n.d). Cultural awareness training for police in the United States: A look at effective methodologies. Retrieved from http://www.minneapolismn.gov/www/groups/public/@civilrights/documents/webcontent/wcms1p-149102.pdf
Jung, C.G. (1974). Psychological types. (R.F.C. Hull Translation.) Zurich. Rascher Verlag. (Original work published in 1921).
Wilkins, D.F. (1996). Are we using the wrong teaching method in our criminal justice classes? Journal of criminal justice education, 7(1).
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Tulsa Oklahoma Sheriff's Office Failures

Words: 1126 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82855382

Ethics, Values, and Self-Awareness: What Was Lacking in Tulsa

The deplorable shooting of an unarmed man named Eric Courtney Harris was precipitated by unethical and ineffective leadership practices and policies used in the Tulsa County Sheriff's Office. One of the key issues in this case is that the Tulsa County Sheriff's Office relies on public elections of their sheriffs, inviting potential corruption and preventing law enforcement from being independent from politics. Another issue in this case reflects poorly on almost every other police department in the nation: ineffective training. Finally, the Tulsa case reveals the problems with entrenched organizational cultures that condone violent responses to conflicts rather than inculcating nonviolent conflict resolution strategies. All of the problems in the Tulsa case can be traced to leadership failures, ethical violations, a lack of self-awareness, and a lack of strong values.

Former Tulsa deputy Robert Bates was an insurance salesman who was…… [Read More]

References

Huberts, L., Kaptein, M. & Lasthuizen, K. (2007). A study of the impact of three leadership styles on integrity violations committed by police officers. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 30(4): 587-607.
Jones, C. (2016). External review of Tulsa County Sheriff’s Office cites ‘system-wide failure of leadership. Tulsa World. Retrieved online:  http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/crimewatch/external-review-of-tulsa-county-sheriff-s-office-cites-system/article_dab8b68c-09d3-50d1-86b3-cc94b41cdd0e.html 
O’Connor, B. (2015). Tulsa sheriff to resign over shooting by deputy who bought his way into police. Gawker. Retrieved online:  http://gawker.com/tulsa-sheriff-to-resign-over-shooting-by-deputy-who-bou-1733946773 
“Report: Tulsa County to Pay Ex-Deputy $138k to Settle Suit,” (2017). U.S. News and World Report. June 24, 2017. Retrieved online: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/oklahoma/articles/2017-06-24/county-tallies-550k-in-costs-related-to-2015-shooting
Spears, L.C. (2010). Character and servant leadership. The Journal of Virtues and Leadership 1(1): 25-30.