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Liberal Arts Essays (Examples)

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Liberal Eduation for the Poor
Words: 1701 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13872646
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If one has been "trained" in the ways of poverty, left no opportunity to do other than react to his or her environment, what is needed is a beginning, not repetition. The humanities teach us to think reflectively, to begin, to deal with the new as it occurs to us, to dare. If the multi-generational poor are to make the leap out of poverty, it will require a new kind of thinking -- reflection. And that is a beginning. (O'connell, 2000)

It appears that all students, regardless of class or background, need the foundation of the humanities. There is a tendency with the increase of technology to put more of an emphasis on math and sciences than the arts and humanities. For students to be well rounded, there needs to be a balance of the two.


Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment…


Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment for bored college students. Harpers. 9:39-50

O'Connell, K. (2000) Social transformation through the humanities: an interview with Earl Shorris. Massachussetts Foundation for the humanities. Retrieved September 14, 2007

Shorris, E (1997). As a weapon in the hands of the restless poor." Harpers. 9:50-60

Art the Late 19th Century
Words: 1181 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48450510
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In Spirit of the Dead Watching, Gaugin also depicts a Tahitian woman with open sexuality. The woman in Spirit of the Dead Watching lays prostrate on a bed, exposing her naked buttocks while gazing directly at the viewer. Her position is submissive, in spite of the alluring look in the woman's eyes. The spirit of the dead represents traditional Tahitian religious beliefs, which would have been in direct conflict with the Christianity imposed upon the island nation by the French.

Sexuality was also a favorite theme of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. The artist was well-known for his escapades in Montmartre, Paris's cabaret district. Toulouse-Lautrec's work depicts a seedy underbelly of Parisian life rather than idealizing the bourgeoisie. Like Gaugin's work, the paintings of Toulouse-Lautrec embody the social changes taking place in European society during the late nineteenth century.

In Stocking, Toulouse-Lautrec depicts two dancers, one of which is just getting dressed.…


Hill, a. (2001). Gauguin's erotic Tahiti idyll exposed as a sham. Guardian. October 7, 2001. Retrieved May 2, 2010 from 

Pioch, N. (2002). Gauguin, (Eugene-Henri-) Paul. WebMuseum. Retrieved May 2, 2010 from 

Roskill, M. (1997). Paul Gaugin. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, Release 9.01. Cited online and retrieved May 2, 2010 from

Society Support the Arts Why
Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98524518
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The production of art should be viewed as a necessity for everyone, the rich or poor, smart or dumb, disturbed or not (Sweet pp). The contemporary tendency to diminish the importance of what used to be referred to as a "liberal arts education," and the downsizing of art and music classes in our grade schools, certainly underscores society's miscomprehension of the "basic need to know ourselves and the best means to exercise that knowledge" (Sweet pp). Joseph Campbell speculated that art and its creation were the only religion left in society, and De Tocqueville's Democracy in America suggests that art embodies the individual's power to combat the tyranny of the majority (Sweet pp).

In June 2005, the International Society for Performing Arts' Board, which is supported by 210 delegates from 28 countries representing Europe, North America, South America, Asia, and Africa, voted to endorse a statement urging the world's government…

Works Cited

Government Support for Cultural Activities. Retrieved August 31, 2005 at 

ISPA Urges World's Leaders to Support the Arts. 2005 June 22.

International Society for the Performing Arts Foundation. Retrieved August 31, 2005 at 

Sweet, Robert Burdette. Creatures of the metaphor. (the importance of art and metaphor to society). The Humanist. 1995 November 01. Retrieved August 31, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.

Gothic Sculpture Art Represents the
Words: 1187 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 75016062
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There is an emphasis on harmony in this structure that shows a new way of thought, and this sense of harmony would be carried over into other works of art of the period and later periods, harmony now being seen as an important artistic virtue. The elaborateness of the decorations have become identified with the Gothic period. As can be seen from the column from Saint-Denis, this sort of elaborate decoration took many forms and most often built sculpture into the building itself. The column from Saint-Denis also shows the power and importance of aesthetic harmony in the figure of a king seeming to emerge from the column itself. This element was not just an aesthetic but a philosophical statement of the time. Suger was much preoccupied with speculations on the metaphysics of light, which governed many of his decisions about the architecture of the building. At the same time,…

Works Cited

Frankl, Paul. Gothic Architecture. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books, 1962.

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History (2008). November 20, 2008. .

Medieval European Sculpture for Buildings." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History (2008). November 20, 2008. .

Stoddard, Whitney S. Art and Architecture in Medieval France: Medieval Architecture, Sculpture, Stained Glass, Manuscripts, the Art of the Church Treasuries. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1972.

Language Arts
Words: 1287 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 84498426
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Language Arts

There is a trend among some colleges and universities recently to cut back or eliminate their humanities major and courses, which includes language arts as well as history and philosophy. This has created a controversy over the importance of these areas of learning. It is not that the decision to include language arts in education is new. Appreciation of such learning stems back to the earliest humans. Among the earliest pieces of prehistoric sculpture is from 30,0000-25,000 BCE. The woman, who had exaggerated female parts, is believed to be a fertility symbol perhaps carried by a male hunter/gatherer as a reminder of his mate back home. Many here have heard of or seen the paintings on the caves in France from 15,000 to 13,000 BCE. Early humans struggled to survive against natural forces, animals, and one another. One of the most essential ways of survival was to pass…


Atwell, Nancie. In the Middle: New Understandings About Reading,

Writing, and Learning. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers,

Inc., 1998.

Burke, Jim. The English Teacher's Companion: A Complete Guide to Classroom,

Income difference Occupational vs Liberal degrees
Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 93803932
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The long-term income difference between those who obtain occupational degrees versus those who obtain more general or liberal arts degrees.

It is a general understanding that education provides individuals with a number of labor market benefits besides increased income. More educated persons tend to be autonomous, more mobile and flexible, enjoy higher job security, and experience higher levels of employment (Lee, 2014). However, income usually receives the highest attention, even though it may not capture all these advantages of employment. As much as all graduates experience these effects of education, this experience is never uniform. Huge differences do exist when it comes to the income and status of occupation of graduates. There have been many investigations trying to find out what brings these variations and one factor that has featured significantly is fields of study. There are different groupings of fields but generally an individual obtains either an occupational specific…

A Students Guide to Liberal Learning by Schall
Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87402140
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Schall's book is to generate appealing and engaging conversations with learned scholars regarding the content of a genuine and dependable liberal arts education. In general, it surveys notions and books fundamental and pivotal to the tradition of humanistic education that has vitally fashioned our nation as well as our civilization. What is more, it makes the argument for an order and incorporation of knowledge in order to have meaning reinstated to the disorganized method to study presently dictating higher education. As pointed out, several students have no issues with the educational system or with what they are being educated. Without a doubt, a great deal of them are not able to perceive or not any sort of issue that is existent with the current educational structure. However, there are others, who "either from their family, religious, or educational background or common-sense experience will begin to detect that all is not…

Renaissance Art Philosophy
Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1596840
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The idea of humanism started in Italy in the 14th Century and thrived throughout the 15th Century. During this period, Italians placed a significant emphasis on education and increasing knowledge, particularly that of the classical ancient times. The Italians also promoted the exploration of human potential, desire to excel, and the devotion to civic responsibility and moral duty. The link between humanism and education and culture appealed to people of high status to an extent that the idea of humanism had its greatest influence on the elite and powerful individuals ("15th Century Italy," n.d.). Given its impact on the then philosophy, the ideas of humanism permeated art from the enaissance onwards.

The ideas of humanism permeated art from the enaissance onwards because of the greatest impact of humanism on the elite and powerful individuals who had the ability to commission art. Actually, the enaissance was a by-product of the…


"15th Century Italy: 1400-1500." (n.d.). Italian Art. Retrieved July 26, 2014, from

"Italian Renaissance (1330-1550)." (n.d.). Spark Notes. Retrieved July 26, 2014, from 

Winter, L. (2013, April). Body, Identity, and Narrative in Titian's Paintings. Retrieved from Wittenberg University website:!etd.send_file?accession=wuhonors1399284506&disposition=inline

Olmec Although Scientists Found Artifacts and Art
Words: 5404 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63467824
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Although scientists found artifacts and art objects of the Olmecs; until this century they did not know about the existence of the Olmecs. Most of the objects which were made by this community were associated with other civilizations, such as Mayan, Toltec or Chichimecan. The Olmec lived between 1600 B.C. And 1400 B.C. In South Mexico. The name of this tribe comes from an Aztec word "ollin" which means "land of rubber."

At first they ate fish and they later start to farm, and that made it possible for them to "develop the first major civilization in Mesoamerica." (The Olmec Civilization) Thanks to the steady food supplies the Olmec population grew and some came to have other occupations. "Some became potters or weavers. Others became priests or teachers." (Ibidem) Once the population grew, so did their farming villages which developed into cities. The present-day city of San Lorenzo was…


1. The Olmec Civilization, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Pleasant Valley School website: 

2. Villeacas, Daniel, Mother Culture of Mexico: The Olmecs, Denver Public Schools, 2005, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Denver Public Schools website: 

3. Olmec -- Masterworks of Ancient Mexico, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art website: 

4. Hansen, Valerie, Curtis Kenneth, Curtis, Kenneth R., Voyages in World History: To 1600, Volume 1, Cengage Learning, December 30, 2008

Art in the 1930s
Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76018325
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Huffington Post

Attn: Adrian Johnson

770 Broadway

Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor,

In response to the recent article, eview of Abstract Expressionism, about the failures of Abstract Expressionism, it is important to remember the how American art during the 1930s embodied democratic values. In the 1930s, America was experiencing a depression that is commonly known as the Great Depression. This period was characterized by significant economic difficulties and collapse that culminated in a war. While the country was renowned as a land of opportunity and hope during this period, the Great Depression changed people's perception regarding the United States since it became a nation of despair and depression. Given the underlying economic situation in this period, artwork and the field of art in general was seemingly irrelevant as many artists were experiencing tremendous economic challenges and remained unemployed (Hittner, n.d.).

However, the series of social liberal recovery programs initiated…


Fisher, K. (n.d.). Expressing the Age: How the Painting of Jackson Pollock Displayed the Political Culture of Abstract Expressionism. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from

Griffey, R. (2014, September). Thomas Hart Benton's America Today Mural. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from 

Hittner, A.D. (n.d.). Art of the Thirties. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from

Non-Western Influences on European Art
Words: 1360 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56389951
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Asia and Africa in estern European Art

Globalization is generally associated as a modern phenomenon, however, it is a global movement that began with the Greeks and did not accelerate until the renaissance era. The est, going back to Alexander the Great, has a long history of interactions with Asia and Africa. Ideas and goods were consistently traded. This trend of globalization accelerated with the age of exploration in the 16th century when Europeans came into further contact with Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Driven by the quest for gold and natural resources estern European traders navigated the world. This had a profound effect back home, as Europeans developed an interest in the exotic. The interest blossomed during the 18th and 19th century, during the height of estern power and colonialism. Curiosity into the foreign permeated all levels of society. Artists incorporated Asian and African artistic styles into their…

Works Cited

Soltes, Ori. "They All Came to Paris." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Apr. 2014. .

Soltes, Ori. "Asia and Africa in the Western Mind." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Apr. 2014. .

Pop Art Does Not Refer
Words: 368 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 84804114
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Therefore, Warhol offers a visual juxtaposition of capitalism and the arts.

ichard Hamilton used multimedia, collage, and three-dimensional objects in his work to capture the essence of popular culture. Hamilton's collage "Just What is it that Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing?" is a seminal piece of pop art, offering subtle critique of the American Dream, of typical gender roles, and of consumerism. obert auchenberg's work, like Hamilton's, uses multimedia to convey the infiltration of materialism into popular culture.

Jasper Johns' work appears more directly political, based on his liberal use of the American flag and similar iconography in painting. Johns' incorporation of American nationalism into the pop art equation adds a special nuance to the genre, revealing searing and satirical political undertones. Johns suggests that former symbols of national conscience have become misappropriated, downgraded to consumer emblems. The use of the flag and American map in his art…


"Le Pop Art." Centre Pompidou. Retrieved Aug 8, 2008 from 

Osterwold, T. Pop Art. Taschen, 2003.

Henri Matisse Art Is Life
Words: 861 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94918468
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He traveled to Africa, Spain, and Germany and even studied in Russia, where he was exposed to Islamic art. The Dance is one painting that captures a new direction and style of Matisse's painting. Here Matisse is focusing on a single act of humanity. The style is more compact in it use of color. The interplay of human activity is one of the most significant changes we see in Matisse's work. The colors in this piece seem to work more with each other as a whole than they do in the Open indow, Collioure. The shapes could also represent the Eastern influence that we see can be traced backed to the kind of style used in rugs or other decorative pieces. This paining looks as though it is complementing life itself. It is also worth noting that the Dance is completely focused on pleasure. In the Dance, we also see…

Work Cited

Flam, Jack. Matisse on Art. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1995.

Realist Liberal Critical Theorist
Words: 1627 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68801795
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ealist, Liberal, Critical Theorist

ousseau: ealist, Liberal, Critical Theorist?

What is ousseau's real Philosophical identity?

There are several questions and ideas to be addressed and analyzed in this paper. One: Is Jean-Jacques ousseau a realist -- can it be said from the assigned essay, without equivocation that his views follow those of classic realism? (ealism: the doctrine that puts forth the idea that universals only exist outside one's mind; the insistence that all things in the empirical world should be explained in terms of the "real world" and not in terms of abstractions or perceptions.)

Based on this essay, is ousseau a liberal in the tradition sense -- not today's "liberal" in the popular juxtaposition of "liberal" and "conservative" -- and do his views follow that thread throughout his extensive narrative? (Liberalism: a moral philosophy that emphasizes religious toleration, personal freedom, governments being led by consent of the governed, economic…


Froese, Katrin. "Beyond Liberalism: the moral community of Rousseau's social

Contract." Canadian Journal of Political Science 34 (2001): 579-581.

Hall, Cheryl. "Reason, passion, and politics in Rousseau." Polity 34 (2001): 69-89.

Merriman-Webster. "Realism" and "Liberalism." 30 Nov. 2004.

Renaissance Art Politics and Changing
Words: 337 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56366793
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Images of adolescent itself are no longer as carefree and fun as they were during the decade when Ferris Bueller was such a cultural icon. Today, the teens of television shows like the OC are cynical beyond their years, rather than careless about their future. Also, the image of the World Trade Towers has become a loaded cultural symbol for both liberals and conservatives. For liberals such as Michael Moore in Fahrenheit 9/11, the Towers symbolize the Republican establishment's stupidity (as President Bush does not even react to the bombing while it happens, but continues reading a children's book) while for conservatives, the bombing of the Towers represents the failure of diversity and tolerance, and the need to return to the supposed true, core American values of Christianity and insularity. The Towers that once symbolized the New York skyline for all New Yorkers now divide Americans on the right and…

Philosophy of Misleading the Art
Words: 1156 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 20058756
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Aristotle's elements of honor state:

"The elements of honour are: sacrifices, memorials both in verse and without metre, rewards, sanctuaries, precedence, tombs, statutes, public maintenance, barbarian practices, such as genuflection and standing back, and gifts, which are valued by all recipients. Indeed, a gift is a surrender of property and an indication of status, which is why it is sought by the mercenary and the ambitious, providing as it does what they both seek, as the mercenary are after possessions and the ambitious are after status (Aristotle, Lawson-Tancred, p. 89)."

The wars begun after September 11, 2001, have long ceased to be about bringing to justice the perpetrators of evil and destruction, and have become the mechanisms to obtaining possessions (material wealth) for politically aligned news media, and the elevation to status for the right and the left public officials who gain support and attention for saying the right things,…


Aristotle and Lawson-Trancred, H. (1991). The Art of Rhetoric,,

Penguin Classics.

Birenbaum, a. (1997). Managed Care: Made in America, Westport, CT., Praeger


Jenny Holzer Many Artists Seek to Have
Words: 1207 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70127308
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Jenny Holzer

Many artists seek to have a powerful influence on the public through the drama and communicative elements of their work. Neo-Conceptualist artist Jenny Holzer is certainly among those artists whose strong social and moral values motivate them to speak out on important social and political issues. Holzer's background shows that the artist found her artistic calling after her first two years in college. She was born in 1950 and first pursued her education at Duke University in liberal arts before realizing what she truly wanted to achieve was an education in fine arts and painting. She was awarded a B.F.A. (Bachelors of Fine Arts) at Ohio University in 1972 and an M.F.A. (Masters of Fine Arts) from the Rhode Island School of Design in 1977, according to The New York Times "Forums." This paper delves into Holzer's themes -- in particular, her truism themes -- her materials, the…

Works Cited

Art History. (2003). Jenny Holzer / The Art History Archive -- Biography & Art. Retrieved

September 2, 2012, from .

Bertens, Hans, and Natoli, Joseph. (2002). Postmodernism: The Key Figures. Hoboken, NJ:

John Wiley & Sons.

Horkheimer Adorno Benjamin Lowenthal Each of the Writers
Words: 877 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26223465
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Horkheimer/Adorno, Benjamin, Lowenthal

Each of the writers in this week's readings -- Horkheimer and Adorno in their essay "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception," Walter Benjamin in his essay "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," and Leo Lowenthal in his essay "Historical Perspectives of Popular Culture" -- are writing from a mid-twentieth-century perspective on what new media are doing to "culture" overall. To a certain degree we could summarize their perspectives by suggesting that Horkheimer and Adorno, as well as Benjamin, take an overall pessimistic stance, while Lowenthal takes a moderately more optimistic stance. But in all cases, the issues raised by these authors still seem to be with us more than half a century later.

Horkheimer and Adorno begin with their provocative title, "The Culture Industry." Their purpose is to demonstrate that cultural products have become subsumed in a capitalist -- which is to…

Structuring Your Message Benefits of Distance Learning
Words: 2268 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6318925
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Structuring Your Message

Benefits of distance learning from a student's perspective

The duration of e-learning should be justified from the duration of stay expected in the organization

a) the education may be directly related to the information required

b) the education must be specific for the situation that is to be faced

c) the education must set a standard of learning which is to be uniform for all the individuals going through the course

The education has to be provided in a manner that is easy for the students

The education should also be beneficial to the person providing the information so that it will continue.

The use of e-learning is for various purposes, but what is being discussed here is about e-learning that is provided for commercial purposes. This system has been found to be useful for employers and has the possibility to evolve into a major method for…


"Formulas for Quantifying the Value of a Training-Technology Investment" Retrieved from  Accessed 10 August, 2005

Herman, Roger. E. (November, 2000) "Liberal Arts: The Key to the Future" USA Today:

(Society for the Advancement of Education) Retrieved from  Accessed 10 August, 2005

'Humor in Practice - Presenting Powerful Presentations" (August, 2001) Retrieved from  Accessed 10 August, 2005

Education Community College as Training
Words: 564 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36935485
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Community colleges are well suited to provide many of these basic courses, both for students who will later leave for a larger college and those who attend community college for other reasons.

When it comes to who decides what courses should be offered at the community college, college administrators and teachers are better suited than students in the matter. Educators and administrators have a greater view of what students need to succeed in a job and at other schools. They are more likely to understand the trends within certain fields. Additionally, as advisors and educators, they have a responsibility to turn out graduates who are able to successfully find jobs based on their skills. While students may feel like they understand what they are doing and where they are going, many students simply do not have the perspective needed to guide their own educations.

While community colleges must offer courses…

Starting a Fashion Business Is Challenging
Words: 1275 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76383873
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Julia Fox -- a Personal Narrative

This is the story about my venture into a business start-up, about my travels and my education, and what I have learned along the way. I was born in Italy but I moved to the United States at the age of six, to live with my father, an American. Through the years Italy seems to always have called my name; I made many trips to Italy to visit my mother, my brother and the rest of my family.

Most of my friends don't realize that I speak and read in Italian fluently because of the fact that my mother constantly speaks to me in my native language. In fact, she has never spoken to me in English. I have learned through research that a bilingual person's brain "…has two active language systems which work simultaneously" which helps my "general reasoning" -- and may prevent…

Works Cited

Brainy Quotes. (2014). Mark Twain. Retrieved October 4, 2014, from .

Diamond, J. (2013). Benefits of Being Bilingual. Retrieved October 4, 2014, from .

Santiago, A. (2011). Why Is Education So Important for Success? Retrieved October 4, 2014, from .

School to Work Programs Initiatives
Words: 921 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89650038
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School-to-Work Programs

Every school board now offers school-to-work (STW) programs, which are designed to meet the needs of a large portion of today's students - those who are work-bound as soon as they graduate high school. Many of these programs allow students to enroll as apprentices and accumulate hours and experience towards a qualifying certificate in a specific profession while earning credits towards their high school graduation diploma, as well.

While advocates of such programs argue that they give additional relevance and meaning to the educational process as a whole and give students real opportunities to make connections between theory and actual practice, opponents believe that these types of programs are pervasive and prevent students from receiving a thorough and valuable education.

This paper supports the opposing viewpoint of school-to-work programs, arguing that education that concentrates on job training results in graduates who are less adaptable and less able to…


Brandeis University. (1992). Future options education: Careers and middle school youth. Waltham, MA: Brandeis University.

Cook, Mary. (June, 2001). Do School-to-work Programs Help or Hinder Education? Ingram's Education Edition.

Starr, Linda. (1998). STW Programs. Education World. Retrieved from the Internet at

The 21st Century Education Foundation, (2001). U.S. Department of Education. School to Work Initiative. Retrieved from the Internet at

Diversity Inclusion One of the Greatest Challenges
Words: 1325 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33197211
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Diversity Inclusion

One of the greatest challenges in education today is the fact that the basic demographic of the average student body has changed significantly over the last decades. This poses challenges not only in terms of cultural programs and inclusion, but also in terms of intellectual abilities and background. This is particularly the case in tertiary education. In most cases today, students come from many different backgrounds in terms of schooling and level of education. This poses challenges in terms of preparing students for the rigors of tertiary academic work. In addition to this and the great variety of cultural backgrounds represented on United States campuses today, there is also the challenge of preparing students for the world of work. Most workplaces today require some level of tertiary education. It is simply impossible to handle the rapid developments in terms of technology today without some sort of post-secondary qualification.…


ACPA and NASPA (2010, Jul. 24). Professional Competency Areas for Student Affairs Practitioners. Retrieved from: 

Prescott, B.T. (2012, Oct. 4). What Demographic Changes Mean for Colleges and Counselors. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from:

Teacher Training for Inclusiveness in
Words: 3343 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 40953583
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1 million today, Smith explains. About 79% of ESL students have Spanish as their native language, and hence, Smith insists, "there is an urgent need for as many teachers as possible to be skilled in and passionate about working with ESL students" (Smith, 2008, p. 5).

The mentor (an ESL specialist) needs to apply "professional knowledge to actual practice" when working with another teacher, Smith explains. There are two components to Smith's mentoring suggestions: a) the ESL specialist shares his or her "best of ideas"; and b) but by mentoring, the ESL specialist is "supporting the professional and personal growth of the teacher" (Smith, 6). Smith breaks down her mentoring program ideas into six conversations, or specific aspects, of how to relate to ESL students. This mentoring is for new teachers, who need to be submerged in diversity and inclusion quickly, and for existing teachers, that have perhaps avoided becoming…

Works Cited

Conroy, Paula Werner, Rude, Harvey, and Phillips, Jacqueline S. (2006). Rural Challenges to Educating English Language learners with Visual Impairments. Rural Special Education

Quarterly, 25(4), 16-24.

Duncan, Arne. (2011). Preparing Students with Disabilities for Success: Secretary Duncan's

Remarks to the American Association for People with Disabilities. U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from .

Self-criticism I Once Heard Cornel
Words: 1398 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 31791053
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hat you do in life, good, bad, otherwise, comes back to haunt you. And the suicide of Robert X is an embodiment of that lesson.

In reading about this book, in preparation for this essay, I came across a conversation the author had with John Lowe concerning the tight narrative quality of the book, and I think in commenting about it, Gaines underscores one of the book's major themes:

P: There's nothing wasted in that book. It's totally honest and almost foreordained from the beginning, from the first page.

Gaines: A great man falls, and what he's going to do when he gets up. He feels that even God had failed him. He could not even please God any more (Lowe 184).

This theme, or question rather, of how does one deal with failure is an important one, on the individual level as well as on the group level. How…

Works Cited

Gaines, Earnest J. In My Father's House. New York: Vintage, 1992. Print.

Lowe, John. Conversations With Earnest Gaines. Mississippi: University Press, 2008.


Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. New York: Penguin, 1996. Print.

How Women Achieved Educational Opportunities in the 19th Century
Words: 780 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 27383962
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omen in Higher Education -- 1785-1890

Higher educational opportunities for women in the U.S. were scarce in the late 18th century through the nineteenth century, and even into the 20th century as well. omen were expected to stay in the home, raise the children, cook and clean for the husband, not go out and get an advanced education. This paper reflects the few opportunities that were available to women and how those opportunities were seized upon by women eager to better themselves and pursue careers -- notwithstanding firm resistance by society and by colleges and universities run by men.

omen and Higher Education by 1860

In his book A History of American Higher Education, author John Thelin points out that by 1860, just before the Civil ar, there were "…at lease forty-five institutions" that were offering college and university degrees to women (Thelin, 2012). Those higher education institutions were referred…

Works Cited

Norgren, J. (2010). Ladies of Legend: The First Generation of American Women Attorneys

Journal of Supreme Court History, 35(1), 71-90.

Spillman, S. (2012). Institutional Limits: Christine Ladd-Franklin, Fellowships, and American Women's Academic Careers, 1880-1920. History of Education Quarterly,

52(2), 196-224.

Political Science Rousseau's Doctrine of
Words: 2859 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19227637
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- these actions are not punished by the law because, while immoral according to many, they do not cause injury to the rights of others.

Adam Smith further emphasizes the centrality of property rights. For Smith, the ownership and acquisition of private property is an essential right that contributes to and maintains individual well-being. Individuals who do not own property are individuals with no real say in their own affairs, and no voice in their government. Smith cites the case of the plebeians in the Roman Empire as an example of a class of people who were purposely kept from ownership of the land as a means of keeping power in the hands of the patricians.

He also makes reference to the slaves of his own day, and to residents of nations where a king may, at his own discretion, dispose of his subjects' property, as examples of conditions under…

Works Cited 

Kant, Immanuel. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals. Trans. Thomas K. Abbott. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1949.


Locke, John. A Letter concerning Toleration. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Liberal Arts Press, 1955.

Ocean Bird Scholar the Ocean
Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34508931
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Art is also powerful according to Vendler, capable of inspiriting interest and curiosity about other "aesthetic matters" including philosophy, history and other disciplines (Vendler 1). Vendler also states that the arts "are too profound and too far reaching to be left out of our children's patrimony" suggesting that the arts have a right in schools and should be considered as serious as other subjects including math or biology (Vendler, 2004; Field, 2004). Further, Vendler argues that the arts can teach individuals more about heritage than other subjects including philosophy and even history because the arts offer a picture of the way mankind was, has lived and may live in the future (Field, 2004).

Vendler suggests that people would be sleepwalkers as allace Stevens proposes in his poem "Somnambulisma" that wonder through life without conscious acknowledgment of their existence I they fail to participate in the arts and recognize the vital…

Works Cited

Craig, Bruce. "Poet Helen Vendler Delivers Jefferson Lecture." National Coalition for History, 10(20): 2004, May. 10 October 2005:

Field, Kelly. "Jefferson Lecture: Harvard Poet Says History Is Not Essential To Liberal

Education." (2004- May). Chronicle of Higher Education, 10, October 2005:

Gewertz, Ken. "The centrality of the arts." 2005. Harvard University Gazette, (17):1, 10

Arizona State University
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Arizona State University (ASU) is a leading metropolitan research international institution in the United States that is committed to excellence in teaching, research, and public service. Established in Tempe in 1885 by a legislative act, ASU was initially formed as a teachers college. The core of the Tempe campus was a 20-acre cow pasture donated by leading citizens who desired an institution to educate public school teachers and offer instruction to their children in agriculture and mechanical arts.

In 2002, Michael M. Crow became the University's sixteenth president. In his inaugural address, he outlined his vision for the transformation of the school into a prototype for a new American university. This future institution will be a comprehensive research university that continues its academic excellence as well as have a strong commitment to social, economic, cultural, and environmental issues to meet the needs of the growing Phoenix area. The city has…

Tonight We Are Meeting to
Words: 1724 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99614242
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So, given that assumption, consider not having any knowledge about the following: Imagine not being able to look at a painting and seeing more than just its colors -- not recognizing its symbolism or how it fits into history; not being able to understand the context of a poem, story or sonnet in relationship to history; not being able to evaluate different materials that you have read to recognize their degree of truth or impact on your personal life; not having the ability of choosing what non-math and science materials, if any, should be part of a students' curriculum; not being able to decipher and relate to political structures and how they interface with a society; not having the ability to interpret educational philosophical treatises by such individuals as Plato, John Dewey, and Noam Chomsky; not having the ability of seeing how religion fits into society. Lastly, consider not having…

Is a Bachelor's Degree Worthwhile
Words: 2227 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65129185
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Value of a BA Degree

The Value of BA Degrees

Would you say this statement is "True" or "False"? Too many people are going to college these days. Many experts in business say that the statement is true. People once thought that college degrees were the most important advantage that people could attain through their own efforts (uiz 2011). But the situation is changing. A look at employees and entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley underscores a more pessimistic and sobering view of college education (uiz 2011). People who work in technical jobs without the benefit of formal coursework in higher education can be free to follow their interests and creativity (uiz 2011). These new technology experts don't need to get locked into boring corporate jobs that pay well in order to pay off enormous student loan debt burdens (uiz 2011). The cost of higher education keeps rising and there are those…


Baum, Sandy and Kathleen Payea. "The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society." Trends in Higher Education Series, Revised Edition. 2005.

Edsall, Thomas. "The Reproduction of Privilege." The New York Times. 12 March 2012. < >

Hill, Kent, Dennis Hoffman, and Tom R. Rex. "The Value of Higher Education: Individual and Societal Benefits (With Special Consideration for the State of Arizona). Productivity and Prosperity Project (P3). October 2004. Tempe, Arizona: L. William Seidman Research Institute W.P. Carey School of Business Arizona State University? (2004).

Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment. Economic News Release, Bureau of Labor Statistics. United States Department of Labor. 2 November 2012.

Choicepoint Individual Case Study
Words: 1877 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 27371748
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Ethical Case Analysis

A productive organization is one that ensures customer satisfaction and protects the interests of its workers, thereby enhancing the welfare of the society and business.There is a growing belief that good ethics mean good business for an organization; however, ethical cultures emerge from strong leadership that is also ethical. The rewards to organizations supporting ethical cultures include increased efficiency in decision making in operational issues, employee commitment, product quality improvements, customer loyalty and improved financial performance. Typically, business firms use several different approaches to implement ethics initiatives. Two of the most popular ones are first, complying with the law of the land and this helps the organizations by effectively using internal controls to gain ethical conformity (oyce & Jensen 1971). Secondly, organizations may use ethics in public relations to enhance their reputation and gain attention from all stakeholders including media which has become a watchdog for the…


Alpaslan, C. (2009). Ethical Management of Crises: Shareholder Value

Maximisation or Stakeholder Loss Minimisation? The Journal of Corporate

Citizenship,(36), 41-50.

Arjoon, S.: 2005 "Corporate Governance: An Ethical Perspective." Journal of Business Ethics. 61 (4), 343-352.

Foundation of Peace
Words: 7104 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18200902
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Freedom is the Foundation of Peace. Without freedom, there is no peace. America, by nature, stands for freedom, and we must always remember, we benefit when it expands. So we must stand by those nations moving toward freedom. We must stand up to those nations who deny freedom and threaten our neighbors or our vital interests. We must assert emphatically that the future will belong to the free. Today's world is different from the one we faced just several years ago. We are no longer divided into armed camps, locked in a careful balance of terror. Yet, freedom still has enemies. Our present dangers are less concentrated and more varied. They come from rogue nations, from terrorism, from missiles that threaten our forces, our friends, our allies and our homeland.

Since the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick between the kingdoms of Spain and France in 1697, the island…


"Beginning of Diplomatic Relations." Department of Foreign Affairs and International Relations. (January 2004) Retrieved June 3, 2005 from /latinamerica/haitirelations-en.asp.

Graham, Andrew. "Canada bolsters support to Haiti." Media Relations Office

Canadian International Development Agency. (July 2004) Retrieved June 3, 2005 from

Carolingian Renaissance Was a Period
Words: 5168 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85688776
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One of the major problems faced by Charlemagne in his efforts to extend the level of education was the fact that there were very few educated persons available to teach others. Years of neglect had left the educational field with few individuals possessing the background necessary to teach others. hat little scholarship that still existed in Europe was concentrated in and around Rome and Charlemagne initiated an aggressive program to attract the leading Italian scholars to his court. By recruiting these scholars to his court, Charlemagne ensured that the full body of available knowledge would be made available to himself and his subjects. From this pool of scholars, Charlemagne built his program of learning and began slowly to establish his own body of Frankish scholars. From this group, the future European learning environment would be built (Einhard) and the future of the European educational system would be ensured.

The curriculum…

Works Cited

Barbero, Alessandro. Charlemagne: Father of the Continent. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Brown, A.R. "Feudalism." 15 June 2010. Encyclopedia Brittanica Online. 18 July 2011 .

Butzer, P.L. Science in Western and Eastern Civilization in Carolingian Times. Barcelona: Birkhauser Verlag, 1993.

Cantor, N.F. The Civilization of the Middle Ages: a completely revised and expanded edition of Medieval History, the life and death of a civilization. New York: Harper Collins, 1993.

Du Bois
Words: 1944 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92309466
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W.E.B. DuBois: Of the Wings of Atalanta

W.E.B. DuBois was an American Negro intellectual, writer, educator and social activist. He was born in 1868 and lived until 1963. Chapter Five in his collection of essays titled, The Souls of Black Folk, is an essay that uses the Atalanta story out of Greek mythology as a way of discussing what he perceived as a danger to liberal arts education in Southern universities, his concern that black people will be hampered by a loss of liberal arts education and his further concern for the materialistic attitude toward life in general that was taking over the New South.

In the myth of Atalanta, the young woman was a swift runner and she was not particularly interested in getting married. Of course, because all women were expected to get married, this caused a lot of trouble for her, so she set the condition that…

Application of a Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Words: 60754 Length: 230 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 60817292
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Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students

Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…

School Would Involve Knowing How
Words: 912 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 26351389
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I said to my friend that it was not so much what happened on 9/11. What concerned me more was the world we would wake up in on Sept 12, 2001. Certainly, our country and the world will never be the same. This gave a different focus to my military career in the hopes of making sure that a 9/11 event would never happen again. With modern war, the home front is as important as overseas. We must be vigilant and studies in such an area as homeland security studies are vital. While this may not be my entire focus, it occupies a healthy portion.

In your fourth question, you ask what my experience is and/or aptitude for completing academic work at a distance. Frankly, I have many friends and family members that have received degrees online. Their main issue (especially with younger people) in dealing with the online academic…

Public Policy Perspective
Words: 4862 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96259121
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intended for a quantitative public policy perspective analysis of strategic and financial changes in small, private as well as not for profit advanced schooling organizations and institutions in Jamaica. The primary intent behind this paper would be to assess the framework by which strategic and financial innovational changes in small, private, not for profit advanced schooling institutions in Jamaica operate. They concentrate on the conditions which will make financial investments much better than be adopted and even implemented in a variety of contexts. In this way hopefully to lay smooth the road for just about any future studies conducted in the region or on the main topic of financial investments with the associated implications. This could, hence inadvertently, provide all potential studies and researches an excellent service. It might provide them with a foundation base on which to consult in most regions of conflict and trouble that may arise due…


Allen, K.M. (1999). The response of small private colleges to financial distress in the nineties. Dissertations Abstracts International, 60 (04), 1034A.

Bauer, J.E. (1987). An analysis of the relationship between the use of adaptive and interpretative survival strategies and financial resilience in Lutheran colleges. Dissertations Abstracts International, 48 (09), 2250A.

Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998). Assessment and classroom learning. Assessment in Education: Principals. Policy & Practice, 5(1), 7 -- 74.

Bower, J.L. (1970). Managing the resource allocation process: A study of corporate planning and investment. Boston, MA:Harvard Business School Press.

Strategic and Financial Changes in Private Not-For profit
Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 42100512
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Strategic and Financial Changes in private, not-For=profit higher education institutions in Jamaica

Quantitative nalysis of Strategic and Financial Changes in private, not-for-profit higher education institutions in Jamaica

Summary of Chapter 1 and introduction to chapter 2:

Researchers are of the opinion that SIHE is in danger of being affected by external forces such as innovation, competition, and other disruptive forces (Christensen, nthony, & Roth, 2004; Kirp, 2004; Koblik & Graubard, 2000; McPherson & Schapiro, 1999; Roach, 2004; Townsley, 2002). They say that decreasing availability of the access to certain forms of higher education restricts and inhibits the options open to a growing segment of students at the undergraduate level (Hawkins, 1999; Hussar & Bailey, 2006; Townsley, 2002; NCES, 2005a). Based on empirical data and the process of resources allocation between SIHE strategies and implications, the study aimed to study the effects on higher education (Bower & Gilbert, 2005). The current…

According to Townsley (2002) a number of small Jamaican institutions were not sound financially and therefore were more vulnerable to financial hardships, inflation, decreasing number of students registering and increasing competition in the marketplace. Premising on an assessment of financial situation and plans of action for a number of small institutions, including the ones that did not fare well against competition, Townsley suggested plans of action revolving around a careful management of economics, encouraging educational programs that are flexible and in light with market demands, while at the same time, not changing the main purpose of the respective universities and colleges.

Adding to financial and competitive change indicators, a type of disruptive innovation threatening the conventional system of universities and colleges is the appearance of emerging entrants providing innovative educational populations to customers who are gradually but surely increasing, such as distance learning programs (Christensen, Anthony, & Roth, 2004; O'Donoghue, Singh, & Singh, 2002). The emerging Jamaican institutions comprise of institutions looking to make a profit and employ aggressive strategies to do so, who offer accredited graduate and post graduate programs via both on-ground and Internet facilities, the latter of which allows for flexibility and the option to choose courses that lead to much better curricula for the students (O'Donoghue, Singh, & Singh, 2002).

As attention is being shifted from conventional ways of learning to enrolling in distance educational programs, the traditional educational institutions are charged with the job of reconsidering their coping, operating and marketing plans of action so that their continuity and survivability can be assured. According to Roach (2004) some of the experts in the field of information technology distributed the later years of 1980s into the post and

Teaching History and Context of
Words: 1193 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35894447
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Scottish universities generally offered more mathematics and science programs than were offered by most English universities. The strong mathematics and science programs in Scotland attracted such American students as Benjamin ush. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. When he returned to North America in 1769, he helped form the earliest American medical education programs at the College of Philadelphia. After the United States won its independence from England in 1783, the states that made up the new country began to establish state colleges. The University of Georgia was founded in 1785, the University of North Carolina in 1789, the University of Tennessee in 1794, and the University of South Carolina in 180l (Colleges and Universities, 2009).

The University of Virginia was founded under the leadership of Thomas Jefferson in 1819. This marked the beginning of the modern style of state university organization, control, and curriculum. Jefferson's ideas was…


Colleges and Universities. (2009). Retrieved September 27, 2009, from Microsoft® Encarta®

Online Encyclopedia Web site:

Public Affairs. (2009). Retrieved September 27, 2009, from University of Oklahoma Web site:

Locke One of the Single
Words: 5073 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43486576
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This body then has the right and duty, especially if elected to represent to build the laws and enforce the judgment of those laws, as a reflection of the will of the consensus. Locke, having developed a keen sense of a rather radical sense of the rights of the individual and the responsibility of the civil government began his work with the development of what it is that constructs the "natural rights" of man. Locke, therefore begins his Second Treatise on the natural rights of man, as he puts it to illuminate the understanding of the right to rule.

Natural Rights Theory

Locke demonstrates in the beginning of his Second Treatise the idea that the government created by the people can only be so if the people accept that certain rights of nature are true to all men. The development of these rights is not necessary as they are natural…


Arneil, Barbara. John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.

Brown, Gillian. The Consent of the Governed: The Lockean Legacy in Early American Culture. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard Univ. Press. 2001.

Dunn, John. The Political Thought of John Locke: An Historical Account of the Argument of the 'Two Treatises of Government' London: Cambridge

Univ. Press, 2006.

Women at Work What Causes Lack of Respect in the Workplace
Words: 11362 Length: 34 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95015545
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gender roles in the workplace pre-exist much of what we think defines what work really is; not only do they pre-exist the modern working world of offices and factories, but they also seems older than more basic things, like writing and currency. From the world of the Tasaday tribe in the Philippines to that of such fields as genetic engineering and astrophysics, men and women are compelled to function within the workforce in different ways. In the United States, women dominate fields such as nursing, teaching, and clerical positions, while fields like engineering, programming and accounting are thought to be the domain of men. Some positions, such as those of flight attendants and nurses, are considered so intrinsically "female" that many men refuse to enter these fields for fear that others will question their sexual preference. Other more coveted positions, such as that of the CEO of a large company,…


Last chapter to include a section for reflection-comments on the research process and, explanation of what I have learned while doing research. Research project must have practical impact on an organization. Purely academic studies are not acceptable. Need to establish measurable objectives.

This action research project is the final component in my degree program.

Women at Work: What causes lack respect towards women in the workplace.

Learning Teams Website Assigned Facilitator E-Campus Website
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Learning Teams; Website Assigned Facilitator

E-Campus Website --

The ecampus website that governs the user portal for the University of Phoenix is an aggressive and modern website design. The Phoenix brand has integrated a marketing approach that incorporates Macromedia flash as a primary means to engage the user to identify the mobile web for use to integrate learning with mobility. The website is able to effectuate the transition from user activity to the classroom by using the Macromedia to visually accentuate the transition.

The use of web design to convey a message regarding the use, convenience, and service of the website is at the heart of proper design. "For organizations engaged in electronic business, the corporate website has emerged as the single most important interface through which transactions are carried out. This being so, appropriate design characteristics are required to make websites effective. Customers expect websites to be designed…


Fonseca, A., Macdonald, A., Dandy, E., & Valenti, P. (2011). The state of sustainability reporting at canadian universities. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 12(1), 22-22-40. doi:10.1108/14676371111098285

Kovacs, P., & Rowell, D. (2001). The merging of systems analysis and design principles with web site development: One university's experience. T.H.E.Journal, 28(6), 60-60-65. Retrieved from

Monideepa T., Jie, Z. 2006. "Analysis of Critical Website Characteristics: A Cross-Category

Nelson, J.L. (2011, Help from higher education. New Jersey Business, 57(4), 53-53. Retrieved from

Turmoil in Pursuing a Higher Education
Words: 1862 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44471963
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Considering your analysis of your audience, how do you plan on gaining their confidence and respect and touching their emotions, and what style choices will you make in order to do so?

My audience will consist of college students and professors. Therefore, the audience will be an academic one, concerned about issues related to academia and scholarship. I plan to gain the confidence and respect of the audience with the rhetorical foundations of pathos, ethos, and logos. First, I will offer background information about myself to establish personal credibility. I will relay anecdotal evidence from people that I know. This way, I will be creating ethos and bolstering my argument. Next, I will create an emotional connection with the audience by relating my topic to their personal lives. I will inspire and motivate my audience to make meaningful changes based on the information I will present. The information will…

Works Cited

Bruinsma, Marjon. Effectiveness of higher education: Factors that determine outcomes of university education. Universal 2003.

Roen, DH & Willey, R.J. The effects of audience awareness on drafting and revising. Research in the Teaching of English 22(1).

State of Nature General Will
Words: 2320 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92224182
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Nature.... General Will

The ideas to create just and liberal society go all the way back to ancient times. The first examples of civil society were proposed by Plato and Aristotle, who saw the ideal state to be a republic ruled by the wise men and aristocrats as "first among equal." They didn't go in depth to explain its structure, functions of government in details, etc. These were the first discourses about the state where the harmony and equality established by the laws of nature will be preserved and developed. But the history shows that Greek republic failed under the pressure of power-gaining ome and Greek democracy was forgotten for centuries, but some of its principles preserved and where later developed by the philosophers of Enlightenment.

Enlightenment or renaissance of political thought and birth of civil political teachings was represented by a new idea of state, where the power was…


1. Locke, John, The Second Treatise on Government, ed by Thomas P. Peardon, Indianapolis, In.; The Library of Liberal Arts, 1952

2. Lavine, T.Z From Socrates to Sartre Bantam; Reissue edition, 1985

3. Camus, Albert The Stranger Vintage; Reissue edition, 1989

4. Marx, Karl Communist Manifesto Signet Classics; Reprint edition, 1998

Business One Would Not Think That Dean
Words: 584 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5377380
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One would not think that dean of a business school could learn anything of major importance from the principal of an elementary school, but that is exactly what happened to oger Martin, Dean of the otman School of Management at the University of Toronto. Martin made a connection between the way the principal at his son's school approached her job and the "approach taken by the managing partner of a successful international law firm in town." (Wallace, 2010) The method involved the use of "critical thinking," or the ability to deal with ever-changing situations in ways that are creative and innovative. Martin realized that critical thinking was an important aspect of success in business and set to implementing elements of it in his graduate program.

Ever since the late 1950's the curriculum that dominated the nation's business schools "has involved separate disciplines like finance, marketing and strategy, with an…


Wallace, Lane. (2010, Jan. 9). "Multicultural Critical Thinking in B-School."

New York Times. Retrieved from /2010/01/10/business/10mba.html?pagewanted=


Colonial Education the Colonial Era's 1636-1784 Adaptation
Words: 578 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95346204
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Colonial Education

The Colonial Era's (1636-1784) adaptation of higher education as viewed through its instructional purpose and educational missions can help describe and contextualize the essence of its practices. The stark difference into today's world resembles little about what historians describe during this time. The purpose of this essay is to describe the educational missions of the Colonial Era institutions of higher learning and how they differ in today's world as a new evolutions of these schools are recreated.

Thelin (2011) explained that "their space was transformed dramatically to play a role in the American campaign for independence," when describing the synthesizing of politics, spirit and science into the higher educational institutions such as Harvard, Dartmouth etc.. It appeared that these organizations had a special purpose within the forming of the historic quest for freedom from oppressive monarchies and unfair tax systems, that sometimes reappear in today's world.

Colonial higher…


Crowley, B. (2013). The Seven Liberal Arts and Sciences. Staggs Application, 11 Sep 2013.

Peterson, R. (1983). Education in Colonial America. FEE, 1 Sep 1983. Retrieved from 

Thelin, J. (2011). A History of American Education. Johns Hopkins publications.

School Teacher and College Professors
Words: 878 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65330802
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Teaching at the university level and at the grade school level can be vastly different. Institutional differences account for the largest part of the disparities between these ostensibly similar careers, but methodological differences also exist. Teaching is considered the primary focus of the grade school teacher's career, whereas university professors are often academic scholars rather than educators and teaching for such people is far less important than academic research.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, one in four Americans are enrolled in educational institutions. Education is the largest industry in the country, accounting for nearly 12 million jobs. Most of these people teach at the grade school level. Teaching is considered a trade rather than a profession: teachers are usually unionized. Teaching positions constitute almost half of all educational services jobs and require at least a bachelor's degree. Most school districts give their employees incentives to pursue further education;…

Howard Gardner; Reflections on multiple intelligences: myths and messages. Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 77, 1995 help students delve more deeply into subjects introduced in elementary school. Middle and secondary school teachers specialize in a specific academic subject, such as English, mathematics, or history, or a vocational area, such as automobile mechanics, business education, or computer repair. Some supervise extracurricular activities after school and help students deal with academic problems and choose courses, colleges, and careers.

Special education teachers work with students - from toddlers to those in their early 20s - who have a variety of learning and physical disabilities. Most special education teachers are found at the elementary school level. Using the general education curriculum, special education teachers modify instruction to meet a student's special needs. They also help special education students develop emotionally, be comfortable in social situations, and be aware of socially acceptable behavior.

Postsecondary teachers, or faculty as they are usually called, generally are organized into departments or divisions, based on subject or field. They teach and advise college students and perform a significant part of our Nation's research. They also consult with government, business, nonprofit, and community organizations. They prepare lectures, exercises, and laboratory experiments; grade exams and papers; and advise and work with students individually. Postsecondary teachers keep abreast of developments in their field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues and businesses, and participating in professional conferences. They also do their own research to expand knowledge in their field, often publishing their findings in scholarly journals, books, and electronic media..

Curriculum Analysis Is Conducted on
Words: 767 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22960579
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Less emphasis, too, should be placed on material values (such as driving, consumer education, and business) and more on academic traditional values that last and promote value. It is these that can produce a multi-faceted individual and serve the individual in all manners of his existence.

Lastly too, the school might consider offering workshops such as on ethics or social skills in its curricula. This would help the student more effectively deal with post-graduate existence and the challenges of living in an increasingly complex, diversified world.

Summary of Findings

A Curriculum Analysis provides a resource for the school to help them make certain that their philosophy/mission is begin carried out in the curriculum and make recommendations on how they can improve the means in which they align the school philosophy and policies to the curriculum.

This curriculum analysis recognizes that the philosophical beliefs and policies of LTHS are somewhat misaligned.…


Lyons Township High School (LTHS). About LTHS. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: ( ).

Lyons Township High School (LTHS). Code of Conduct. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: ( ).

Education Has Evolved Substantially Over
Words: 2345 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51786892
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Feminists, like Christine Pizan, who stressed the importance of female education and some of her male feminist contemporaries would mainly remain on the fringes as the classical form of education was reaffirmed as the standard.

In the 1970s, much of the challenge to female education was answered as the tradition of educating all people was accepted early in the development of the U.S. educations system, though it was not an easy transition and according to most inequalities still existed even in the late modern era. In fact there was no official federal department of education until 1979, yet this did not stop the progress of education.

Stallings 677) the marked entrance of women into higher education is thought by most people to be the beginning of the end for male exclusive education but pre-secondary education was available for women from the early part of the foundation of education as a…

Works Cited

Brown-Grant, Rosalind. Christine de Pizan and the Moral Defence of Women: Reading beyond Gender. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Clark, Donald Lemen. John Milton at St. Paul's School: A Study of Ancient Rhetoric in English Renaissance Education. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.

Clinton, Catherine, and Christine Lunardini. The Columbia Guide to American Women in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.

Furniss, W. Todd, and Patricia Albjerg Graham, eds. Women in Higher Education. Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 1974.

Green The Science - Literature
Words: 6746 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50357583
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Aristotelian influence predominated together with the wisdom and learning of other ancient writers, while the former was often used as a framework for intellectual debates which readily expanded both philosophy and other areas of knowledge (Grant 127-131). The European university system was established alongside monasteries as centres for the propagation of knowledge. Scholars like Robert Grosseteste, Albertus Magnus, and Roger Bacon wrote about natural science to a growing audience. While Christianity did not recede as a dogmatic cultural system, it was not entirely determinative. Scholars could explore natural phenomena with an openness to past views, although often the learning acquired was purely rational rather than experimental, and was fused with a biblical worldview. In other words, the renaissance of the twelfth century played an integral part in transmitting scientific methodology within a predominantly religious environment that required thinkers to harmonise science with religion.

Other significant achievements took place in less…

Whyte and Berry Individual and Society Whyte
Words: 1701 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 43308252
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Whyte and erry Individual and Society

Whyte and erry both believe that the individual in society is being slowly killed, figuratively and literally, by cultural trends far greater than he. Whyte attempts to reveal this in the context of the modern white collar worker while erry attempts to reveal it through the dilemma of the modern consumer. ecause of their historical contexts, they focus on different reasons for these cultural problems.


oth Whyte and erry indict the trend towards professional specialization as the most proximate source of the modern individual's discontent. Whyte believes that the transfer of work duties from the individual to the group leave the individual with little challenge and little to work towards. (Whyte: 399)

The Subjugation of the Individual to the Group - Social Ethic

Whyte believes that the root of our cultural problems, specialization, arise from the social ethic. Whyte defines the social ethic…


Whyte, W.H. (1956) The Organization Man. New York: Simon and Schuster

Berry, W. (1977) The Unsettling of America: Culture and Agriculture. San Francisco: Sierra Club

Hesiod's Theogony Functions as the
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(vs. 225, 17.) Hesiod continues to struggle with the Eris in Works and Days and that of Theogony, confusing the second Strife and the good Eris. Walcot says that Hesiod falters most by comprising a description of order, first presenting the good Eris (vs. 12) and then the bad (vs. 14); the bad again (vs. 14-16), and then a return to the good Eris (vs. 17-26). Later the pattern repeats itself with dike and hybris, and then again with the myth of the ages of mankind.

The literary scheme made available by Wolcot presents itself repeatedly throughout the text, drawing the reader's attention not only to the story and rhythm, but its historical contexts so frequently addressed and the personal importance that specific part of the story played to Hesiod. Unlike a fictional endeavor, the stories Hesiod presents in Theogony are that of the gods who limned the dreams of…

Ibid, 22, 33, 34, 35.

Dornseiff, F. Philol, LXXXIX. (Leipzig, Berlin: Teubner, 1934.), 198.

Dunbabin, T.J. The Greeks and Their Eastern Neighbors. (London: University Press, 1957), 56.

The Changes Occuring in Academic Advising
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Higher education is the foundation for growth within our global economy. Students who properly utilized the system to its fullest extent, garner life altering skills and abilities. These skills, which are often transferable from industry to industry further, enhance the quality of life for society (Jacks, 1932). Academic advising is critical to this process, facilitating the development of talent for organizations. These organizations, in turn, create goods and services that provide a compelling value proposition for the consumer. Without the aid of higher education, and the subsequent benefits derived from participation, many of these individuals would not have made the significant contributions to society that they have. It is therefore logical to continue to preserve the higher education system so that the next generation of students can further enhance the quality of life for society. Education is now becoming paramount to individual economic success. The need for companies to hire…


1. Broadbridge, A (1996). "Academic advising -- traditional or developmental approaches?." British Journal of Guidance & Counseling 24 (1): 97-111

2. Butler, S., Marsh, H., & Sheppard, J. (1985). Seven-year longitudinal study of the early prediction of reading achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 349-361

3. Crookston, B.B. (2009). "A Developmental View of Academic Advising as Teaching." NACADA Journal 29 (1): 78-82.

4. Drake, J.K. (2011). "The role of academic advising in student retention and persistence.." About Campus 16 (3): 8-12

Cultural Literacy - Issues &
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Read Full Paper  ❯ goes on to say some critics see Hirsch's efforts to bring culture into the classroom are not so much "cultural literacy" but more like "cultural indoctrination." Not only is the Hirsch strategy and methodology seen as flawed, Andre and Velasquez continue, the "content" he prescribes is subject to criticism. For example, the question of "Whose form of knowledge, culture, vision, history and authority will prevail as the national culture?" should be asked, and Hirsch knows that is an issue. "Will they, like Hirsch, be white, middle-class males?" Andre wonders, and will they be elitist?

Hirsch meanwhile answers these accusations in his Core Knowledge Web site, saying that the contend must arise from "a broad consensus of diverse groups and interests." That consensus should include the parents, teachers, scientists, "professional curriculum organizations, and experts on America's multicultural traditions." The "central motivation behind" his core knowledge initiative is "to guarantee equal…


Booklist. "Reference Books Bulletin: The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy." (2003): 1702.

In the first edition of Hirsch's book, the author was criticized as being "elitist," but the Subsequent editions add "tools for assessing cultural literacy" that makes sense and Now it does "keep up with changes in American culture."

Chylinski, Manya S. "Hirsch, E.D. Jr., & others. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know." Library Journal, 127.18 (2002): 78-80. Chylinski writes that the book has been given "an exciting update" - "sorely needed"...for those "who like to have a great reference work..."

Giddings, Louise R. "Beyond E.D. Hirsch and Cultural Literacy: Thinking Skills for Cultural

Strayer University or Strayer Education
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It has been mentioned above that staff are chosen on the basis of the field expertise as well as educational excellence (Strayer University, 2010). Staff and faculty are dedicated not only to the teaching and learning process, but also to the students themselves. Input by these individuals concern the clients directly, and is provided in the form of direct service. All staff are available for consultation outside of classroom hours, to provide extra help to students who need this. In addition to such personal communication, education is also provided in a practicable way, so that students can use the education they receive immediately within their existing workplace or when entering a new profession.

Groups are identified both internally and externally. Within each campus, the University has functional groups in the form of various faculties, including Business and Management, Liberal Arts, and so on, to cater for each subject field offered.…


Silberman, Robert S. (2009). Letter to Shareholders. Strayer Education, Inc. Annual Report 2009. Retrieved from

Strayer Education, Inc. (2010). Financial Performance. Retrieved from 

Strayer Education, Inc. (2010, Apr. 29). Press Release reporting Record First Quarter 2010 Revenues and Earnings; and Record Spring Term 2010 Enrolments. Retrieved from 

Strayer University (2010). CTI College Search. Retrieved from

Laidler Keith James The World
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Surprisingly, many of the great discoveries in chemistry did not arise from a highly disciplined, approach -- Laidler describes Newton's early experiments as almost alchemical in nature, and highly influenced by his religious beliefs, and while some scientists like Linus Pauling were quite methodical, others such as Ronald Norrish were not (Laidler 7-9). The book is also a study of how chemistry and the sciences have been viewed over time. While science was greatly respected during the classical era, the early Church regarded it with great suspicion and for a long time classical learning and the humanities was held superior to the technical and scientific disciplines. Today, often the reverse is the case regarding the relationship between the sciences and liberal arts, but Laidler's book fuses the two -- it is a well-written account of the history of science that is accessible for the layperson as well as the expert…