Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
intended to earn a Bachelor's degree in Biology with a Minor in Psychology. However, soon after I began, my mother was diagnosed with cancer and I was greatly distracted by this. My grades suffered as I attempted to deal with my coursework and my family issues. Towards the end, I felt I could no longer sustain my commitment to a degree in Biology, so I decided that in order to attain my goal of simply graduating with a 4-year degree I should switch to Liberal Studies, as I already had a wide array of credits under my belt that would count towards this goal. Switching my focus allowed me to relieve some of my university stress and devote more of my time to my mother's needs. It also exposed me to a lot of interesting classes that I otherwise might never have discovered. Below is a list of the courses…
Flax was a major industry because of the ease of production. The prosaic nature of the homespun ideal led it to be the symbol of the revolution. It also induced progress. enjamin Franklin referred to it as the "first Ages of the world." ut this was linked to European finery, historically made from the animal skins of the Indians, who did not have a cloth-making industry. In his 1787 Notes on the State of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson declared all forms of manufacturing, including household, as a mortal threat to American virtue. As the American president in 1806, he drew the attention of Cherokee chiefs on the civilizing effect of spinning and weaving their own cotton cloths. In 1812, Jefferson and John Adams agreed to a common homespun vision of commercial progress (Zakim).
The overall view is that capitalism threatens or hinders democracy (Muller 2007). Capitalism involves an inequality of reward,…
Anderson, Kim. Liberal Capitalism: the Will to Happiness. Policy: the Centre for Independent Studies, Summer 2007
Lowell National Historical Park. Early American Manufacturing. National Park Services:
US Department of the Interior, 2002. Retrieved on October 8, 2008 at http://www.nps.gov/archive/lowe/loweweb/Lowell_History/earlyam.htm
Muller, Jerry Z. The Democratic Threat to Capitalism. Daedalus: MIT Press Summer,
If one has been "trained" in the ways of poverty, left no opportunity to do other than react to his or her environment, what is needed is a beginning, not repetition. The humanities teach us to think reflectively, to begin, to deal with the new as it occurs to us, to dare. If the multi-generational poor are to make the leap out of poverty, it will require a new kind of thinking -- reflection. And that is a beginning. (O'connell, 2000)
It appears that all students, regardless of class or background, need the foundation of the humanities. There is a tendency with the increase of technology to put more of an emphasis on math and sciences than the arts and humanities. For students to be well rounded, there needs to be a balance of the two.
Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment…
Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment for bored college students. Harpers. 9:39-50
O'Connell, K. (2000) Social transformation through the humanities: an interview with Earl Shorris. Massachussetts Foundation for the humanities. Retrieved September 14, 2007 http://www.mfh.org/newsandevents/newsletter/MassHumanities/Spring2000/shorris.html
Shorris, E (1997). As a weapon in the hands of the restless poor." Harpers. 9:50-60
Citizenship as described in the section "Going Global" of An Introduction to Global Studies.
The first chapter in the book 'An Introduction to Global Studies' provides an overview of the concept of globalization in a number of ways. One, in particular, is the concept of citizenship. The historical concepts and models of citizenship are juxtaposed against the rising new concept of global citizenship. The authors dwell, define and compare the two basic model of citizenship -- republican and liberal. They also dwell with the concept of the fast developing notion of global citizen that tends to borrow elements and differ from the traditional notions of citizenship.
The transformations taking place in the society has made the idea of citizenship a topical issue. Globalization and its effects on migration and the political and the social change and the emphasis on issues related to collective identity based on aspects of nationalism, cultural…
Campbell, P., MacKinnon, A., & Stevens, C. (2010). An Introduction to Global Studies (p. 23). Wiley-Blackwell.
Sundberg, M. Training for model citizenship.
In addition, they were often enslaved by fellow blacks, capitalizing on the white man's desires, and so, another misconception about slavery is demolished, races did not band together; they worked against each other when enslaving their neighbors.
Slavery ended due to several instances, such as nations becoming larger and larger, taking over more territory, and thus reducing the areas available for slave capture. These areas tended to be small and weak, and when they were taken over, they were no longer acceptable for slave capture (Sowell 115). Serfdom, a popular agricultural solution in Europe, tended to supplant slavery, ending it there, as well. A true philosophy of ending enslavement began in Britain in the 18th century, before that, most civilizations did not view slavery as a problem at all. In fact, the people who first objected were extremely conservation religious members of society, but this is often overlooked or ignored.…
Sowell, Thomas. Black Rednecks and White Liberals. San Francisco, Encounter Books, 2005.
C.O.R.E. And Its Role in the Black Freedom Struggle
Nearly one hundred forty years ago, a tall, and not very good-looking, bearded man stepped out onto a great, open field. His tired eyes wandered over the bloody ground, over the earth covered with corpses, over the scene of one of the greatest battles in American History, and his words rang out true and clear -."..Our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."
Abraham Lincoln's famous address gave meaning and purpose to all those young lives so tragically cut short. It etched forever in the minds of posterity the real aim behind that great war. e were a nation of free people. Subjection and slavery were banished for all time from our shores. Or were they? The Civil ar freed the slaves. A piece of…
http://www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=22777836"Anderson, Terry H. The Movement and the Sixties. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. De Leon, David, ed. Leaders from the 1960s: A Biographical Sourcebook of American Activism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994. Eskew, Glenn T. But for Birmingham: The Local and National Movements in the Civil Rights Struggle / . Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. Jasper, James M. The Art of Moral Protest: Culture, Biography, and Creativity in Social Movements. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. King, Richard H. Civil Rights and the Idea of Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Levy, Peter B. The Civil Rights Movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998. Peake, Thomas R. Keeping the Dream Alive: A History of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference from King to the Nineteen-Eighties. New York: Peter Lang, 1987. Pinkney, Alphonso. Black Americans. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prenitice-Hall, 1975.
ealist, Liberal, Critical Theorist
ousseau: ealist, Liberal, Critical Theorist?
What is ousseau's real Philosophical identity?
There are several questions and ideas to be addressed and analyzed in this paper. One: Is Jean-Jacques ousseau a realist -- can it be said from the assigned essay, without equivocation that his views follow those of classic realism? (ealism: the doctrine that puts forth the idea that universals only exist outside one's mind; the insistence that all things in the empirical world should be explained in terms of the "real world" and not in terms of abstractions or perceptions.)
Based on this essay, is ousseau a liberal in the tradition sense -- not today's "liberal" in the popular juxtaposition of "liberal" and "conservative" -- and do his views follow that thread throughout his extensive narrative? (Liberalism: a moral philosophy that emphasizes religious toleration, personal freedom, governments being led by consent of the governed, economic…
Froese, Katrin. "Beyond Liberalism: the moral community of Rousseau's social
Contract." Canadian Journal of Political Science 34 (2001): 579-581.
Hall, Cheryl. "Reason, passion, and politics in Rousseau." Polity 34 (2001): 69-89.
Merriman-Webster. "Realism" and "Liberalism." 30 Nov. 2004. http://www.m-w.com
The procedure generates stress not only for the employees but also for the manager. It generates a toxic work atmosphere and bad feelings everywhere. One will be under a microscope as the remaining workers will cautiously watch everything one does. If dealt with badly one will have efficiency and confidence troubles for months to come (How to Layoff Employees without Sacrificing Compassion, n.d.).
To be effectual and diminish problems, one must systematize all the particulars ahead of time. One must have severance packages, layoff letters, explanations of benefits, and all other relevant documents organized and ready to go. A company should make corporate outplacement services accessible to the leaving workers. Outplacement services will alleviate the blow and offer sympathetic support to aid former workers. This will affect how the remaining workers as well as consumers outlook about the company (How to Layoff Employees without Sacrificing Compassion, n.d.).
Bauer, Talya and Erdogan, Berrin. (n.d.). You've Got Mail…and You're Fired! The Case of RadioShack. Retrieved from http://www.flatworldknowledge.com/pub/organizational-behavior-v1.1/198746#web-198746
How to Layoff Employees without Sacrificing Compassion. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.howtolayoffemployees.com/
Joyce, Amy. (2006). Fired Via E-Mail, And Other Tales of Poor Exits. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp -
Therefore, there arose a need for the embracing of economic theory and political strategy that made this sort of free commerce possible (Porter, 2002, p. 44). In fulfillment of this need, the pure view of liberalism that was explained earlier was highly effective as a remedy (Miller, 1998, p.64). Under a liberal international order, free trade, political expression and human rights could be realized, in stark contrast to the deprivations and limitations of the wars that so recently threatened to destroy the entire planet.
Perhaps due to the liberalization of the international order, or in spite of it, the U.S.S.R. tightened restrictions on its economy and citizenry in the years after World War II, adding to the superpower's isolation and economic woes; eventually, however, this policy of separation and isolation eventually sealed the U.S.S.R.'s fate, and led to the collapse of Communism in the early 1990's. ecause of this collapse,…
Beeson, M., & Bellamy, a.J. (2003). Globalisation, Security and International Order after 11 September. The Australian Journal of Politics and History, 49(3), 339+.
Conquest, R. (1999, February). Liberals & Totalitarianism. New Criterion, 17, 4.
Cumings, B. (2000, May 8). FREE-MARKET LIBERALISM IS NOW PROCLAIMED a UNIVERSAL MODEL for SUCCESS, but THIS BELIEF IS BASED on a PARTIAL and LIMITED WORLDVIEW: The American Ascendancy Imposing a New World Order. The Nation, 270, 13.
Foot, R., Gaddis, J., & Hurrell, a. (Eds.). (2003). Order and Justice in International Relations. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Furthermore, he gave a comparison of the northern blacks and southern blacks, demonstrating as to how the northern blacks were more educated, gained higher on tests, and had a higher graduation rate. The reason was because 'north' had 4x more schools than the south (Dutch, 2005).
He commented that racism in the north began when ghetto blacks moved to north, being that both whites and blacks were not much comfortable with the redneck culture within their own community. Also, it was due to the migration of the blacks from the South to North after the liberation of the slaves that racism became common in the north as well as there were many black slave holders, particularly in the southern regions of Louisiana (Dutch, 2005).
He further noted on the history of slavery, which according to him was the estern civilization itself that took a stand against slavery around the world,…
Martin, Dutch. A review on "Black Rednecks and White Liberals by Thomas Sowell"
September 2005. Intellectual Conservative.Com. www.intellectual.com
Amazon.com. "Black Rednecks and White Liberals by Thomas Sowell." www.amazon.com
Ethical Case Analysis
A productive organization is one that ensures customer satisfaction and protects the interests of its workers, thereby enhancing the welfare of the society and business.There is a growing belief that good ethics mean good business for an organization; however, ethical cultures emerge from strong leadership that is also ethical. The rewards to organizations supporting ethical cultures include increased efficiency in decision making in operational issues, employee commitment, product quality improvements, customer loyalty and improved financial performance. Typically, business firms use several different approaches to implement ethics initiatives. Two of the most popular ones are first, complying with the law of the land and this helps the organizations by effectively using internal controls to gain ethical conformity (oyce & Jensen 1971). Secondly, organizations may use ethics in public relations to enhance their reputation and gain attention from all stakeholders including media which has become a watchdog for the…
Alpaslan, C. (2009). Ethical Management of Crises: Shareholder Value
Maximisation or Stakeholder Loss Minimisation? The Journal of Corporate
Arjoon, S.: 2005 "Corporate Governance: An Ethical Perspective." Journal of Business Ethics. 61 (4), 343-352.
POLITICAL OVERVIEW: The former Persia became present day Iran on April 1st 1979 Before that Persia was a Monarchy and its last ruler was Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi He lost favor with the people and the religious clerics of the country The clerics chose to exile Pahlavi and establish a theocracy Theocracy refers to a government type where majority of decision making and political power is in the hands of a religious leader, in other words a country that adopts religious law as its legal system
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini a Conservative cleric took over the reins of the nation
The government structure is complicated as its Parliament is a mixed bag of elected and unelected members At the top of the hierarchy is the 'Supreme Leader' military, judiciary and foreign policy fall under his command An interesting aspect of Iranian government is the amount of accountability attached to federal…
. Protests against the government continue and the government keeps arresting activists, rebels and revolutionaries, in an effort to stamp the desire for reform out of the masses
. Ahmadi-Nejad and his people are the Neoconservationists and his era is known as the third revolution in Iran. While Khatami and his followers were intellectuals, he and his people are religious and idealistic. It seems that he knows better than Khatami, how to please the public (Ehteshami, A & Zweiri, M, 2007).
NATIONAL GOALS: The country has become synonymous
Thoreau (ethic Studies)
How Thoreau sees the government: His vision of justice
Thoreau's essay "Civil Disobedience" was written after the Transcendentalist author was imprisoned for refusing to pay his taxes in protest against the Mexican-American War. In his essay, Thoreau demanded that America become once again a truly free government, for the people and by the people. Thoreau believed in minimal government, given that all government leaders tend to set policy based upon their own interests, not true justice. The Founding Fathers had wanted the American government to have relatively little power, to avoid the new nation descending into European-style tyranny. But Thoreau believed that America's new, expansionist policy was an example of the fact that America had forgotten that the government that governs best, governs least (or not at all).
Government should merely exist to serve the people, not its own ends, argues Thoreau. Given this idea, slavery is…
The first person employed by the company was Chris Agarpao and the first president hired was Jeff Skoll, in 1996.
Ebay employs individuals with a large variety of skills, from technical to customer service. The number is increasing fast reaching 5 digits in 2005 and having a double digit growth.
Considering that it is desirable to work for such a successful company, the personnel inflows are likely to be high and the outflows low.
Source: eBAY Inc. Announcements 4th quarter and full year 2005 financial results
The numbers in the charts point to a sharp increase in the number of users. However, some other indicators should be taken under consideration, such as:
Gross merchandise volume - the year 2005 registered a record of 30% increase from $34.2 billion in 2004 to $44.3 billion.
Consolidated net revenues totaled to $4.55 billion, pointing to an increase of 39%…
Good researchers tend to pull methods out of a tool kit as they are needed" (2006, p. 54). Notwithstanding these criticisms and constraints, though, most social researchers seem to agree that classification by some type of research paradigm is a useful approach based on the need to determine which approach is best suited for a given research enterprise. In this regard, Corby concludes that, "The contested nature of research makes it impossible and unhelpful to ignore the different aims and purposes of various research projects and the methods and approaches being used to carry them out" (2006, p. 54). Therefore, the different aims and purposes of the positivist research paradigm, the constructivist research paradigm and the pragmatic research paradigm are discussed further below.
Positivist Research Paradigm
The positivist research paradigm is a quantitative-based approach that generally seeks to identify trends and patterns that can be used to formulate predictions concerning…
Ames, S.L., Gallaher, P.E., Sun, P. & Pearce, S. (2005). A Web-based program for coding open-ended response protocols. Behavior Research Methods, 37(3), 470-471.
Authors provide a description of a Web-based application that provides researchers with the ability to analyze participant-generated and open-ended data. Authors note that the application was developed in order to take advantage of online surveying based on its ease of use and flexibility. Authors note that this application may be of particular value to researchers who are employing large sample sizes that are frequently needed for projects in which frequency analyses are required. The application uses a grid-based set of criteria to establish codes for participant-generated and open-ended data collected from online surveys and can be applied for scoring results from stem completion,-word or picture associations, and comparable purposes in which such participant-generated responses require categorization and coding. Authors advise that they use this application for their professional online surveying purpose in experimental psychology to examine substance abuse patterns derived from participant-generated responses to various verbal and nonverbal associative memory problems, but that the application is also appropriate for other research areas as well. Authors also note that the application helps improve survey reliability by providing a systematic approach to coding participant-generated responses as well as evaluating the quality of coding and interjudge reliability by researchers with little or no specific training for the purposes. Authors conclude that the coding application is helpful for survey research that uses open-ended responses in virtually any research area of interest.
Austin, T.M., Richter, R.R. & Reinking, M.F. (2008). A primer on Web surveys. Journal of Allied Health, 37(3), 180-181.
Authors report that survey research has become a widely accepted research methodology that has been facilitated through the introduction of computer-based and online survey methods. Authors also emphasize that although electronic survey methods are useful in a wide range of settings for a variety of purposes, they are not appropriate in every situation. Online surveys involve various technologies that have not been available (or required) for paper-and-pencil surveys and require special considerations involving their design, pilot testing, and response rates. Authors present the results of their empirical observations and professional experience in using Web-based surveys to illustrate some of the advantages and disadvantages of the approach, including security and confidentiality issues (they make the point that electronic surveys are particularly vulnerable to compromise and that survey data must be protected as the research progresses) as well as the special considerations that must be taken into account as they apply to this surveying approach. Authors also discuss issues such as sampling error, a "how-to" guide to writing survey questions for online media, and how to order questions to ensure that respondents answer accurately and faithfully. All in all, this was a very timely guide for researchers for identifying when Web-based surveys are most appropriate and what factors should be taken into account in the design, posting and analysis of online surveys.
" (2002) This is still possible for children who gain their education through independent study programs in that they are still able to participate in extra-curricular activities and are not so exhausted while doing so when they are being educated through independent study programs instead of being forced to endure very long school days that drains them and bars them from physically being able to participate in extracurricular activities with other children.
It is not only children who have learning disabilities who benefit from Independent Study Programs as evidenced in the work of Simpson (2007) entitled: "Educational Options for Gifted Learners" who relates that inclusive in the wide range of options for the gifted student is 'Independent Learning' through a differentiated curriculum. The independent learning program for gifted students serves to foster independence and nurture self-regulation, self-reliance, resourcefulness while allowing students to formulate their own learning and as well serves…
Lennstrom, Henry Walter (1973) an Analysis of Independent Study Programs in the Junior Community Colleges. ERIC ED087516 Digest. Online available at http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/custom/portlets/recordDetails/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED087516&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED087516
Kassof, Annie (2004) Independent Study Program Offers Model for State. Berkeley Daily Planet. 17 Dec 2004. Online available at http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/article1.cfm?archiveDate=12-17-04&storyID=20315
Rafoth, Mary Ann (2007) Independent Study - Purposes and Goals of Independent Study, Independent Study and Extensiveness in Grades K-12. Education Encyclopedia - State University. Online available at http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2080/Independent-Study.html
Stroman, Bonne (2006) Independent Study - Texas Performance Standards Project. Online available at http://www.texaspsp.org/exit/deliveryISM.php?p=2
From this I would take advice from the history of the Swiss -- I would require all children were taught the use of weapons in adolescence, and that upper classes in school coincided with military training. After graduation, every citizen would be required to keep a weapon in the home, and asked to serve in their community guard, which would train a couple times a year. Defense plans would be built on a street-to-street basis, and every large metropolis would also have more advanced weaponry available to civil servants and block commanders in case of invasion. This training would both protect the future democracy of the country, and assure that any nation wishing to invade would face a true quagmire of house-to-house fighting in every city.
I would then focus on making the nation an economic asset to the larger world. I would first work to assure that the country…
Social dissent and unrest should not be the result of multiculturalism, the authors point out, but nonetheless those are the social realities, in many instances, of the new global picture. There is now, like it or not, a "blurring of cultural borderlines," the authors report; and as a result, the notion of culture within the word "multiculturalism" no longer refers to habits and customs of a people in anthropological terms. Rather, "culture" in the term "multiculturalism" alludes to race, creed, sexual orientation, gender, and lifestyles of various and divers groups within the greater culture.
A very poignant quote is offered in the conclusion of the editorial, a quote which cries out to be read to those reporting on, studying and/or dealing with today's dramatic cultural changes in estern societies; it is a statement by Aijza Ahmad, who reflects the perspective of "the less-well-to-do colonial states," according to the editorial. "It…
Fourny, Jean-Francois, & Ha, Marie-Paule. "Introduction: The history of an idea." Research in African Literatures 28.4 (1997): 1-8.
Frazier, Herb. "Basket making is historical link: Craft provide link between cultures." NABJ
Journal 13.5 (1995): 4-7.
Gikandi, Simon. "Chinua Achebe and the Invention of African Culture." Research in African
This is going to get done by means of using email, text messaging and the Internet to interact with my workers in a professional manner. egardless, I am shaping my staff to change and become better people. I will have to maintain an open mind to their various ideas, and see whether or not they are able to get implemented within the Hospice.
As I strive to become a better leader through using humility, freewill and delegation. I know that I can positively impact others through my hard work. They may want to one day become a Nurse Practioner themselves in any setting of their choosing. The decisions I make could become the deciding factor on whether or not they go further in the medical field. I want to set aside my pride, and become a better servant and transformational leader. This will mean that I strive to put others…
Collins, J. (2001). Good to great. New York, NY: HarperBusiness.(Chapters 2).
Collins, J. (2005). Good to great and the social sectors, A monograph to accompany Good to Great. Boulder, CO: Jim Collins.
Goleman, D. Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam
rise of China in terms of its economy and military capability and in relation to the United States of America's national interest. Thou many have viewed this to be a threat to the U.S., but it isn't so, particularly to its' national interest with respect to China.
Despite of the fact that currently the relationship that exists between the U.S. And China is not as good as compared to the one that exited with the Bush administration, both countries have to work jointly in matters where they both have common interest. The research recommends that the U.S. foreign policy towards China be one that's aimed at seeking cooperation between both countries which will at the end be able to secure U.S. national interest with respect to China (Walt, 1998, p 41).
U.S. national interest in China
eferring to reports published by the Commission on America's National Interests; the reports indicate…
Bergsten, F.C, Freeman C, Lardy, N., Mitchell, D, J (2008). China's Rise: Challenges and opportunities Washington, D.C.: Peterson Institute for international Economics, pp256
Hassedt, P.G. (2004).Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy NY:132 west,31st street. Chapter one
Lampton D.M.(2008). The Three Faces of Chinese Power: Might, Money and Minds Berkeley: University of California Press .pp 361
Ross. R. Feng, Z. (2008)China's Ascent: Power, Security and the future of international politics, NY:Cornell University Press. pp 336
Room for Debate: Russia and the Liberal Ideal
The Liberal Ideal of the est, which grew out of the Romantic/Enlightenment era where men like Voltaire and Rousseau espoused the qualities of naturalism, freedom, and equality, is now being challenged by Russian President Vladimir Putin. He in turn is raising questions and rebuttals from those who oppose his regime's initiatives. Three articles from The New York Times show different perspectives on this challenge -- specifically, its effects on the social, political and economic situation of those it is aimed at rebuffing. This paper will identify the perspectives, synthesize the arguments, and put forth the new argument, which is this: while estern (and Eastern) liberals may object to these anti-liberal policies, as leader of Russia Putin has the right to oppose and/or support whatever ideals he deems healthy for Russia.
Each article shows why Russia's new anti-liberal direction is problematic for both…
Bernstein, Jacob. "Anti-Gay Policies Chill Viewers' Interest." The New York Times. 31
Jan 2014. Web.
Gladstone, Rick. "Pussy Riot Members Take Tour to New York." The New York Times.
5 Feb 2014. Web.
Accountability in a Liberal Democracy: A Critical Appraisal
A liberal democracy is defined as a political philosophy by which people have inalienable rights to power and free elective process of their country. In other words, a liberal democracy is a political system characterized with a free election, and political decision made by an independent legislature, a multiple political system, and independent judiciary. In a liberal democratic system, people have the right to voice a decision making process of their country with application of a majority rule and vote a candidate they wish to run the political office. A liberal democracy is a democracy of the people and for the people.
Typically, liberal democracy gives the citizens the overall strategy to improve the political economy of their country through a better government. Under a liberal democratic rule, people have the right to vote and participate in the civil engagement to protect…
Borowiak, C.T. (2011). Accountability and Democracy. The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control. London. Oxford University Press.
Chen, W. & Hsu, J.C. (2014). Horizontal Accountability in a Polarised New Democracy: The Case of Post-Democratisation Taiwan. Australian Journal of Asian Law. 15(2): 1-19.
Cheung, C. & Leung, K.(2007). Enhancing life satisfaction by government accountability in China. Social Indicators Research. 82.3: 411-432.
Kellman, A. (2004). Democracy Assistance in Practice: The Designing of a Political Party Training Program in the Republic of Kenya', MA thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
The Liberal and Conservative parties are therefore in a battle to "out-do" each other, in terms of producing the most workable, viable and therefore, acceptable, policy towards these issues, at any given time during their time in office, or their election campaigns. This model of Aldrich's therefore explains political party change within Colombia rather well: a focus on issues of immediate security concern at any particular time in history define the political strategies of Colombian parties.
Aldrich ends his book by saying, "In America, democracy is unthinkable, save in terms of a two-party system, because no collection of ambitious politicians have been able to think of a way to achieve their goals in this democracy, save in terms of political parties" (Aldrich, 1995; 296).
Dix (1989) synthesizes all of these opinions on the party political system in Latin America, in his paper on cleavage structures and party systems in the…
Aldrich, J.H. (1995). Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Bushnell, D. (1993). Colombia: A Nation in Spite of Itself. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Dix, R.H. (1989). Cleavage structures and party systems in Latin America. Comparative Politics 22(1): 23-37.
Hume, D. (1742). Of Parties in General. Chapter 2, in Perspectives on Political Parties: Classic Readings, Scarrow, S. (ed.) (2002). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
The long-term income difference between those who obtain occupational degrees versus those who obtain more general or liberal arts degrees.
It is a general understanding that education provides individuals with a number of labor market benefits besides increased income. More educated persons tend to be autonomous, more mobile and flexible, enjoy higher job security, and experience higher levels of employment (Lee, 2014). However, income usually receives the highest attention, even though it may not capture all these advantages of employment. As much as all graduates experience these effects of education, this experience is never uniform. Huge differences do exist when it comes to the income and status of occupation of graduates. There have been many investigations trying to find out what brings these variations and one factor that has featured significantly is fields of study. There are different groupings of fields but generally an individual obtains either an occupational specific…
The scene between Jules, Vincent and Brett is one that clearly defines Hollywood's obsession with depicting the classic struggle between good vs. evil, but with a humorous twist that makes the scene appealing to a variety of audiences.
Violence is definitely evident in the words, deeds and actions of all the characters portrayed in the film. It is so available and accepted in fact, that an outsider looking in might presume that violence was the 'norm' rather than an extreme aspect of pop culture within the United States.
The filmmaker successfully depicts the paradoxical nature of violence in this movie, and attempts to incorporate the struggle of good vs. evil into the every day actions of many of the characters, in particular the lead character Jules. No where is this more evident than when Jules quotes "Ezekiel" noting that righteous men will always be beset on all sides by the…
Massing, Michael. "Movie Violence, Still Playing." Washington Post, Sunday July 4, 1999. p. B01, Retrieved March 8, 2005: http://www.lionlamb.org/movie_violence_still_playing.htm
Olinger, O.J. "Liberal Hollywood?" JDHauser.com, 2003. Retrieved March 8, 2005: http://www.jdhauser.com/Olinger/olinger_072203
Schneider, J. (2004). "New Hollywood Violence." Manchester: Manchester University
Press; as reviewed by Tom Gordon, 2003. Retrieved March 8, 2005: http://members.bellatlantic.net/~sschneid/NHV.htm
Schall's book is to generate appealing and engaging conversations with learned scholars regarding the content of a genuine and dependable liberal arts education. In general, it surveys notions and books fundamental and pivotal to the tradition of humanistic education that has vitally fashioned our nation as well as our civilization. What is more, it makes the argument for an order and incorporation of knowledge in order to have meaning reinstated to the disorganized method to study presently dictating higher education. As pointed out, several students have no issues with the educational system or with what they are being educated. Without a doubt, a great deal of them are not able to perceive or not any sort of issue that is existent with the current educational structure. However, there are others, who "either from their family, religious, or educational background or common-sense experience will begin to detect that all is not…
Jose Ortega y Gasset, once a "Liberal" legislator in the doomed Spanish Republic, wrote Revolt of the Masses 70 years too soon. This elitist book, although seriously flawed, makes numerous excellent points, demands to be read in these opening years of the 21st Century, and should be quoted, frequently, publicly, and with great fervor. Gasset felt that man has come to demand things without taking responsibility. However, at the same time, Nietzsche's book, Disadvantages and Advantages of History does not explicitly examine the nature of morality, the master/slave relationship, or related questions. Instead, it questions the relationship of historical knowledge to life in the present. By "present," Nietzsche does not mean some specific century or decade, but rather the present we perpetually find ourselves in as human beings. He also discusses the possibility of people living like animals because they do not knowledge of history. By comparing Gasset and Nietzsche,…
The need for respect, however, does not mean a need for trepidation. The fear of offending someone's dearest beliefs should not be so great that there is a timid educational environment, with little real discussion. The ability to foster true interfaith dialogue, rather than interfaith silence, is one of the challenges of all religious practitioners today. That is why I know I will benefit from the atmosphere at Harvard. Harvard's level of intellectualism and its demand that its divinity students question how feminism, sexual difference, and race must be addressed in the context of religious life today will teach me how to engage in true dialogue with others. Even if I do not always agree with everyone in the classroom, at least I will learn how such disagreement can inform my own views. To enter into a multi-faith classroom demands a willingness to change, even if one emerges with one's…
Each author subsisted to two (2) different kinds of perspectives, which make up the second and third critical elements of the comparative analysis component of this paper.
Berger analyzed humor based on social and political perspectives. Usage of these perspectives was most useful in discussing the two typologies of humor he thoroughly discussed in the book: satire and folly. Satire as a type of humor drew upon important concept that makes up its core: "militant irony" (158-9). Folly, meanwhile, was best characterized through the concepts "absurd" and "reality in a looking glass" (176).
Satire gives humor a political aspect to it, as illustrated in the term "military irony," which Berger defined as "a term derived from war, it is an attitude of attack that is part of a campaign against someone or something." Interestingly, the author qualified that satire need not have the 'brutality' that comes with military irony; however,…
Berger, P. (1997). Redeeming Laughter: the Comic Dimension of Human Experience. Walter de Gruyter.
Critchley, S. (2002). On Humour. Routledge.
Furthermore, the severity of the initial condition cannot be determined in relation to long-term affects.
VA clinics are the best source of information pertaining to older veterans and PTSD. It is not known where all veterans of previous wars are at the current time, but VA does have scattered statistics on older veterans. According to VA WWII veterans received a hero's welcome home, as opposed to Vietnam Veterans who were the targets of an angry public (National Center for PTSD, 2007b). The welcome that they received had a tremendous affect on the ability to cope and recover from the traumas associated with war. According to VA, the affects of PTSD on older veterans is often more subtle than in Vietnam Veterans or those from more recent conflicts. For instance, the older veteran may experience irrational fears, which can later be traced to trigger memories related to the war. Therefore, there…
Calhoun, P.S., Beckham, J.C., & Bosworth, H.B. (2002). Caregiver burden and psychological distress in partners of veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15, 205-212.
Henkel V, Mergl R, Kohnen R, Maier W, Moller HJ, Hegerl U. (2003). Identifying depression in primary care: a comparison of different methods in a prospective cohort study. BMJ 326:200-201.
Hoge, C., Castro, C., Messer, S., McGurk, D., Cotting, D., and Koffman, R. (2004). Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, Mental Health Problems and Barriers to Care. 351:13-22. Retrieved June 30, 2008 at http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/351/1/13
Kang HK, Natelson BH, Mahan CM, Lee KY, Murphy FM. (2003) Post-traumatic stress disorder and chronic fatigue syndrome-like illness among Gulf War veterans: a population-based survey of 30,000 veterans. Am J. Epidemiol 157:141-148.
.." And "The probability that my peers would undertake the same action is...." It is the difference in the responses given to these two questions, as captured on a seven point Likert scale, that is the measure of the social desirability response bias. (Tyson: 1992; Cohen et al.: 1995, 1996, 2001).
Many studies have been done on the role and correlation between moral development and ethical decision making as it applies to various professionals. A majority of these research studies have found that such things as gender, education, age and taking ethics courses in school have some affect on one's moral reasoning developments (Armstrong: 1993; Elm, Kennedy & Lawton: 2001; Jones & Hiltebeitel: 1995; Ponemon & Glazer: 1990; Shaub: 1994). However, many studies have also found exactly the opposite, in that no significant relationship exists. (Ma & Chan: 1987; Rogers & Smith: 2001; Thorne, Massey & Magnan: 2003).
Weber, J., & Glyptis, S.M. (2000). Measuring the impact of a business ethics course and community service experience on students' values and opinions. Teaching Business Ethics, 4, 341-358.
Weber, J., & Green, S. (1991). Principled Moral Reasoning: Is it a Viable Approach to Promote Ethical Integrity? Journal of Business Ethics, 10(5), 325-333.
Wynd, W.R., & Mager, J. (1989). The business and society course: Does it change student attitudes? Journal of Business Ethics, 8(6), 486-491.
It is like a double-edged sword, one must understand the pros and cons to every option. Yes with option one, it appears that by having the bank take over that this offers the best case scenario for everyone but Joe must weigh the possible repercussions and how they will affect business. In other words, this may be saving everyone's job and the company but at what cost to quality of the job and the company? This bank intervention may not be worth the hassle if the culture of the company changes for the negative. This can have a direct influence on productivity and morale. Joe needs to keep all the details in mind before deciding.
Question 4: hat pressures does Joe face regarding honesty and telling the truth about his situation?
In this situation, Joe faces many pressures as most business owners would when faced with such challenges. He has…
Leadership Ethics? I did not have the information about the chapter. Citation style below.
Last name, first name. Book title. City of Publisher: Publisher name, year of publication.
"Studies have shown that guns are needed for the safety of the people and there is a need to repeal Gun Control for all guns."
Semiautomatic weapons have been brought out by a student of suburban high school and fired resulting in fatal injuries to his classmates and teachers and several others. The consequence is that a pre-teen boy was sentenced for life under the charge of murdering a 6-year-old girl. One teenager breaks out a pistol and gun and another fired at the girl. The news became so widespread that the respective horrors have initiated to coalesce, making our sense of hope and security as individuals and as a society becomes irresistible. The school yard insults that once resulted in a confrontation to deal with have extended to the children literally proceeding for their guns. In the past it was a matter of grave concern for some…
Cottrol, Robert. J. (September, 1999) "Gun Control is Racist, Sexist & Classist" American Enterprise. Vol: 8; No; 1; pp: 14-16
Graves, Earl. G. (May, 2001) "Stop the Guns - Need for Gun Control Demonstrated by How Easily People Kill with Them" Black Enterprise. Vol: 11; No: 1; pp: 27-30
Kates, Don. B. (6 March, 1995) "Shot Down - Opposition to Gun Control" National Review. Vol: 7; No: 1; pp: 18-20
Lott, John; Lehrer, Eli. (December, 2004) "Gun control flops" American Enterprise. Vol: 12; No: 1; pp: 32-37
lessons module/Week explained important reasons Christians study secular literature. Choose lessons ag
I believe that there are a number of critical points of veracity elucidated within lesson three regarding the value of literature to Christians and to those who embrace Christianity. Actually, I have a number of strong convictions regarding literature in general; one of my mantras is that anything of true value in this world -- that which extends beyond the temporal -- is written down. One of the most eminent points of agreement that I found with this particular lesson revolves around the merit of the Bible. The Bible is certainly a work of literature and, when considered in its earliest form as part of the Dead Sea Scrolls, is one of the most enduring works of literature to be found.
There are a number of different arguments regarding the utilitarian aspect of this particular piece of literature.…
HARMONIZING PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL BALANCE: STUDY OF EMPLOYERS' FAMILY FRIENDLY POLICIES IN THE U.K.
This study seeks to show that there are several different family friendly policies being utilized by employers in the U.K. And that these have been necessary for some time. The three main policies are: part-time work, flex-time (flexible start and finish times) and teleworking. All three of these policies are important for working mums and others that would like to have time with their families or for other pursuits. However, not all employers are interested in offering these kinds of arrangements, and many prefer to stick with the traditional work schedule where individuals all come in at a certain time and all leave at a certain time. There is increasing evidence, though, that this does not work well for many people in the U.K. And this is the reason for studying this issue and determining what…
Clay, Joan M. 2001. Employer liability for telecommuting employees: Despite the many potential benefits of telecommuting, employees based in remote offices may cause unanticipated legal liability for employers. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly.
Joshi, Heather. 2002. Production, reproduction, and education: women, children, and work in a British perspective. Population and Development Review.
Tilly, Joan M. 1998. Part-time and temporary work: flexibility for whom? Dollars & Sense.
S. interests in that part of the world. Then, on January 17, 1991, the U.S. launched the first attack, with more than 4,000 bombing runs. After 100 hours, Bush called off the offensive, saying he wanted to minimize U.S. casualties.
Though Bush was criticized for this withdrawal being premature, the U.S. made a retreat from Kuwait after the successful offensive, and Bush's approval ratings reached new highs.
Bush announced in early 1992, that he would run again for President, and his reelection looked probable. However, higher taxes and uncontrolled economic problems brought his term to an end in 1992, and Bush lost to Bill Clinton. Bush was running as a conservative, but so were oss Perot and Pat Buchanan (who ran against him for the epublican nomination).
In order to defeat Pat Buchanan's bid for the epublican nomination, Bush declared even more conservative stances. Though he defeated Pat Buchanan, oss…
Farnsworth, S.J. And Lichter, S.R. (2004), New presidents and network news: covering the first year in office of Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34:3, 29 Jul 2004, 674.
Frye, T. (1999). Changes in Post-Communist Presidential Power: Political Economy Explanation. A paper prepared for Ohio State University. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://kellogg.nd.edu/events/pdfs/Frye.pdf
Kelley, C.S., and Marshall, B.W. (2006). The Last Mover Advantage: Presidential Powers and the Role of Signing Statements, Chicago, IL. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p139737_index.html.
Mann, J. (2002). The ghost of the oval office, New York Times, October 4, 2002.
After World War Two, Carson realized the extent to which the government was permitting the use of toxic chemicals and wrote a book to expose the practice. That book was called Silent Spring, and it "challenged the practices of agricultural scientists and the government, and called for a change in the way humankind viewed the natural world."[footnoteef:8] Jensen includes an excerpt from Silent Spring to show that Carson was up against one of the most lucrative industries in the world, and that although her work is unfinished, Carson made a huge impact on raising awareness and eventually her work got DDT banned. [8: "The Life and Legacy of achel Carson," Accessed May 3, 2013, http://www.rachelcarson.org/Biography.aspx#.UYOWMCshKII]
Malcolm X's autobiography was arguably not a project undertaken as a form of muckraker journalism. The author started writing when he was in prison, and he comes to learn the power of the written word…
Carson, Rachel. "Silent Spring." Excerpt in Stories that Changed America, edited by Carl Jensen, 117-123.
Daily Censored. "Carl Jensen." Accessed May 3, 2013, http://www.dailycensored.com/writers/carl-jensen/
The Daily Show. "The Daily Show With Jon Stewart," Accessed May 3, 2013, http://www.thedailyshow.com/
Jensen, Carl. Stories that Changed America. New York: Seven Stories, 2002.
Public Relations in Lebanon
his study described and analyzed the perceptions and practices of public relations in Lebanon. It focused specifically on media relations and was based on Grunig's (1984) theoretical framework of four models of public relations: press agentry, public information, two-way asymmetrical, and two-way symmetrical.
A review of the literature was conducted that revealed a debate about whether public relations can be practiced the same way all over the world (Gruban, 1995) or if certain localized practices should be considered for each nation (Sharpe, 1992).
he research design was a triangulated method. Data were collected using a written survey questionnaire and telephone interviews with Lebanese public relations practitioners. he results showed that all four of the Grunig models were practiced in Lebanon, with the two-way symmetrical model the most popular. Evidence collected from this research supported the hypothesis of this study that public relations can be globalized despite…
The Republic of Lebanon is located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, surrounded by Israel from the south, Syria from the east and the north, and the Mediterranean Sea from the west. Lebanon is one of the smallest sovereign countries in the world. The length of the whole country is 220 kilometers (135 miles) from South to North and varies between 20-55 miles from East to West. The area is 10,425 square kilometers (3,950 square miles) (Embassy of Lebanon, 2002). Lebanon is a democracy based on a parliamentary democratic political regime. Similar to Western democracies, the government consists of three branches: an executive, a legislative, and an independent judiciary.
The economy is a liberal capitalist one.
Lebanon's population of four million
Poverty and Inequality Among Children
Studies show that child poverty has been increasing at an alarming rate in the last decade. In 1994, 15.3 million children, or 21.8% of all Americans, were poor (Lichter 1997) and that, although children constituted only 26.7% of the population, 40.1% of all poor persons in the U.S. were children (U.S. ureau of Census 1996 as qtd in Lichter). These rising poverty rates are used by government agencies in determining the criteria for eligibility in social insurance programs and public assistance interventions developed by these government agencies. And, according to these criteria, the economic well-being of American children is on a downtrend, which indicates that tomorrow's adults will be less economically adjusted than adults today and that the future of today's children is materially and psycho-emotionally less promising (Lichter).
In his study, Lichter (1997) pointed to the rapid changes in the most fundamental institutions --…
1. Achs, Gregory and Megan Gallagher. Income Inequality Among America's Children. Urban Institute, 2000. http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=309307
2. Lichter, Daniel T. Poverty and Inequality Among Children. Annual Reviews, vol 23, 1997. http://links.jstor.org/sici=0360-0572%281997%2923%3C121%APAIAC%E2.0.C )%3B2-L
3. Smeeding, Timothy M, et al. U.S. Poor are Among World's Poorest, Luxembourg Income Study. New York Times, Aug 4, 1995. http://pangaea.org/street_children/nameri/poor.htm
4. Van Hook, Jennifer. Poverty Grows Among Children of Immigrants in U.S., Center for Family and Demographic Research. Migration Policy Institute, 2003. http://www.migrationinformation.com/USfocus/display.cfm?ID=188
Group project substitute…type answers in the spaces provide. Expand as needed. Email me with questions. Return not later than May 22. If it's late, the default grade will stand.
Consider the proper role of government in economic terms. When should government intervene in free markets?
When free markets are clearly broken. Generally, the government should stay out of free markets but they sometimes act in dysfunction or on a criminal level. For example, supply and demand might dictate that a gas shortage means that people can gouge and get the price they seek. However, the government should stop that (and they generally do)
Find and complete the Politopia survey. Follow the instructions to score your answers. Find your preferred location on the map of Politopia.
Step 2. Consider the four standards for government action in a free market economy from the government study guide.
The Jefferson standard: From…
This type of education has worked best within societies that contain large amounts of oppressive practices, where the oppressed need to learn some autonomy. More developed countries however tend to favor the more traditional types of education (Werner, 2000).
It is important to assess the specific needs of one's own educational environment. Some environments, as seen above, would benefit more from the behaviorist philosophy than from the humanist philosophy, and vice versa. It is therefore important to establish an initial focus, determine goals, and assess student needs. When there is for example a need for strongly skill-centered learning, such as a computer-skills course, this would benefit little from a behaviorist methodology. When the course is however more flexible and artistic, it might be better to focus on students' individual needs and concerns. In order to find what would work best in a specific classroom therefore, once should assess needs…
Bullen, Mark. (2004) "Andragogy and University Distance Education." University of British Columbia. http://www2.cstudies.ubc.ca/~bullen/bullen1.html
Kett, J.F. (1994) the Pursuit of Knowledge Under Difficulties. From self-improvement to adult education in America, 1750-1990, Stanford, Ca.: Stanford University Press.
Merriam, S.B. And Caffarella, R.S. (1991) Learning in Adulthood. A comprehensive guide, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Smith, M.K. (2002) 'Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and anadragogy', the encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/thinkers/et-knowl.htm.Last updated: January 30, 2005
Nietzsche and Affirmation of Self
Nietzsche stands out on the subject of life and self as he aggressively argues in favor of affirmation of self than denial of the same. He actively speaks against self-denial as was proposed by some other philosophers of the past including those who leaned towards Buddhist teachings. Instead Nietzsche consistently speaks in favor of life and rebukes the whole concept of being weak and timid in any sense of the word. He believes that the best people and the most fulfilled are those who take an active role in affirming themselves. The individuals who participating in their own growth, in their mental, physical and spiritual development are the ones who are best at affirming self and this is what Nietzsche proposes too. On one occasion he said, "...do not make things too easy for yourself" (Nietzsche 270) which is another way of saying that one…
Johnston, Ian. 1999"There's Nothing Nietzsche Couldn't Teach Ya About the Raising of the Wrist" A Lecture in Liberal Studies. Accessed online April 26th 2011 http://records.viu.ca/~johnstoi/introser/nietzs.htm
Nietzsche, Friedrich. "Thus Spoke Zarathustra," in The Portable Nietzsche, ed. Walter Kaufman.
Penguin Books Inc., 1976.
I said to my friend that it was not so much what happened on 9/11. What concerned me more was the world we would wake up in on Sept 12, 2001. Certainly, our country and the world will never be the same. This gave a different focus to my military career in the hopes of making sure that a 9/11 event would never happen again. With modern war, the home front is as important as overseas. We must be vigilant and studies in such an area as homeland security studies are vital. While this may not be my entire focus, it occupies a healthy portion.
In your fourth question, you ask what my experience is and/or aptitude for completing academic work at a distance. Frankly, I have many friends and family members that have received degrees online. Their main issue (especially with younger people) in dealing with the online academic…
Therefore, Hsun Tzu's viewpoints are more attuned to the current world, and Seneca's viewpoints would not be practical in the current world.
Applicability in today's world
The scholar whose assessments would be most applicable in the current world is Hsun Tzu. This is because individuals need to be educated in different fields and not just concentrate in their chosen career paths. The current job markets require employees to be well versed on different subjects and have different skills. Without formal education in different fields, an employee would find it very difficult to fit in at the workplace. Hsun Tzu also states that the people a person associates with will have an impact on their life. He says that mixing white sand with mud, the sand will turn black. What this means is that any virtuous student hanging around unsavory characters, will eventually lead the student to become degraded.
Over the past decade, increasing numbers of students of all ages and backgrounds have enrolled in distance learning college programs through the Internet. However, not all individuals find distributed learning best for their life style and the most effective learning approach. This type of education is most appropriate for students who feel comfortable interacting with technology, have specific reasons for studying from home rather than in a traditional college setting, and are self-motivated and personally directed. My skills and background fit these special distance learning criteria.
Using the Internet in this day and age is an essential way of life for many people -- especially those attending college. Imagine how students used to do their research papers before! lthough formal libraries still have considerable information of value, the Web makes learning much more time effective. During the week, I am on my computer day or night, either researching…
Also, I always like learning something new. That's one of the reasons why I look forward to taking an online course in Liberal Studies at the University of Illinois, Springfield in the fall of 2006. This degree will give me the opportunity to expand my knowledge, for both professional and personal purposes. For example, I have long wanted to know more about the history of other cultures such as ancient Rome, as well as have academic discussions with people who share my same interests. On the other hand, I do not want my whole academic career to revolve specifically around one subject area, such as history. Rather, I want to receive a well-rounded career about a range of topics such as politics, economics and the social and behavioral sciences. AB.A. In liberal arts at UI offers such experiences.
Internet courses have proven very convenient for my personal studying needs. I like being able to learn at my own time and pace. I understand that distance learning requires self-discipline and motivation. However, I have found through my past courses that not only do I have this ability to learn on my own, but truly appreciate it more than the traditional mode of study. There is something to be said about having the opportunity to chat with fellow students and discuss topics of interest with the instructors early in the morning, the middle of the night or on weekends. And, there is nothing better than getting into a pair of real relaxing pajamas and buckling down for a few hours of intense study in my home office with a nice hot cup of coffee!
I do agree that distance learning is not for every student. Given my interests, skills and desired mode of learning, distributed education is definitely the right avenue for me to pursue a college degree. I look forward to the spring when my studies begin.
Rank. "But, Nora darling, you're dancing as if your life depended on it!...This is sheer madness - stop, I tell you!...I'd never have believed it - you've forgotten everything I taught you" (Ibsen 204). Torvald must now take her in hand and re-teach the wild Italian dance, the tarantella.
The choice of this particular dance by Ibsen is a stroke of genius as it aptly illustrates the nature of the situation arising within Nora. The dance derives from an Italian belief that the only way to purge the poison of the tarantula was to dance wildly and dance the poison out of the body. "The tarantella is an expression of fear bordering to madness and a sensuous zest for life that also operates as a regenerative process" (Rekdal 168). ithin Nora in this dance, the audience sees the fear and madness, but the scene also foreshadows the zest for real…
Drake, David B. "Ibsen's a Doll House." Explicator. Fall 1994, Vol. 53, Issue 1, 32.
Ebscohost. Academic Search Premier. 16 March 2007. http://web110.epnet.com.
Gilman, Richard. The Making of Modern Drama. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1974.
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House and Other Plays. Trans. Peter Watts. New York:
Richard Dawkins' the Selfish Gene Jonathan Kozol's Savage Inequalities: Children America's Schools. Plus, read websites: http://www.ou./cls/online/lstd5013/dawkins.shtml http://salmonriver.
Richard Dawkins' "The Selfish Gene"
Jonathan Kozol's "Savage Inequalities: Children America's Schools"
There has recently been much controversy regarding genes, as technology has made it possible for people to make intriguing discoveries regarding the topic and a series of individuals have come up with interesting theories concerning genes. Individuals like Richard Dawkins have gone even further than most of their colleagues and produced revolutionary theories relating to how organisms work as machines having the task of transmitting genes to generations following them, with animal behaviors essentially being caused by genes.
Considering Dawkins' theory, one can gain a better understanding of Jonathan Kazol's book "Savage Inequalities: Children in American Schools," with memes being most likely responsible for the fact that particular groups experience a series of benefits in educational institutes across the U.S.
Dawkins, R. (2006)."The Selfish Gene." Oxford University Press.
Fischel W.A. "How Judges Are Making Public Schools Worse." Retrieved May 31, 2011, from the City Journal Website: http://www.city-journal.org/html/8_3_how_judges.html
Kozol, J. "Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools." Harper's Perennial.
Sherer, N. "The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins." Retrieved May 31, 2011, from the Salmon River Gazette Website: http://salmonriver.com/words/bookreviews97/selfish.html
And somewhere between the time you arrive
And the time you go
May lie a reason you were alive
But you'll never know.
A lone cloud drifted across the deep blue sky briefly casting its shadow on me as I sat reading a book on a wooden bench in the middle of campus. Countless people of all sorts and colors scurried by engrossed in their iphones, tablets and other technological pleasures oblivious to the beauty of the day. The flowers were vibrant in their spring dress and the scent of freshly cut grass wafted through the air.
As the hour turned a group of my friends arrived as if on schedule (after all it was Wednesday) and gathered around to kill their time.
"Whatch ya reading?" asked Bristol between smacks on her gum.
I said, "The Great Gatsby."
"I had a date with the Great Gatsby last…
Henrik Ibsen's a Doll's House
Henrik Ibsen's characters are not the people they appear to be. On the surface and at the beginning of the play audiences see typical people, pursuing typical lives with typical problems. Not until the play progresses, and in retrospect, do audiences realize that society negatively or positively stimulates the characters motives and actions. This paper looks at three such characters in Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House -- Torvald, the protagonist Nora and the antagonist Krogstad.
Though not the antagonist or the protagonist, Torvald plays a central role in A Doll's House. He is not the character that he appears to be. In the beginning of the play Emma Goldstein notes,
He is an admirable man, rigidly honest, of high moral ideals, and passionately devoted to his wife and children. In short, a good man and an enviable husband. Almost every mother would be proud…
Goldman, Emma. "The Scandinavian Drama: Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House." The Social Significance of the Modern Drama (Boston: Richard G. Badger, 1914; The Gorham Press, Boston. 21 October 2003. http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Goldman/Writings/Drama/doll.html .
Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)." 2000. Pegasus web site. 20 October 2003. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ibsen.htm.
Isben, Henrik. A Doll's House. 1 August 2003. Guttenberg Project. 21 October 2003. http://www.farid-hajji.net/books/en/Ibsen_Henrik/dh-index.html .
Johnston, Ian. "On Ibsen's A Doll's House." 2000. Text of a lecture delivered, in part, in Liberal Studies 310 at Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, Canada. 21 October 2003. http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/introser/ibsen.htm.
This is why people that had financial resources to move away from the agitated center often chose Harlem. At the same time however,
On the periphery of these upper class enclaves, however, impoverished Italian immigrants huddled in vile tenements located from 110th to 125th Streets, east of Third Avenue to the Harlem iver. To the north of Harlem's Italian community and to the west of Eighth Avenue, Irish toughs roamed an unfilled marshlands area referred to by locals as "Canary Island."
In this sense, it can be said that in the beginning, Harlem represented the escape place for many of the needy in search for a better life. From this amalgam, the Jews represented the largest group, the reason being the oppressive treatment they were continuously subject to throughout the world. Still, the phenomenon that led to the coming of a black majority of people in this area was essential…
African-American Odyssey. "World War I and Postwar Society." Library of Congress Web site: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart8b.html ,(accessed 16 September 2007)
Ames, William C.. The Negro struggle for equality in the twentieth century. New dimensions in American history. Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath and Company.. 1965, 90-1
Black Americans of Achievements. "Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.." Home to Harlem website. http://www.hometoharlem.com/harlem/hthcult.nsf/notables/a0d3b6db4d440df9852565cf001dbca8,(accessed 16 September 2007)
Capeci, Dominic. The Harlem Riot of 1943. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1977.
Generation Xer's: My Why or No Way discusses generation Xers. Particularly it discusses perceptions that are commonly held about Generation Xer's. The case suggests that Gen Xer's are more emotionally suited for career realities in today's world and more apt to save money than previous generations. This despite a perception from some that Gen Xer's are simply slackers. Attitudes commonly held by Gen Xer's discussed in the case study include the belief that status is less important than accomplishments that breaking the rules is sometimes acceptable and that networking is critical to success.
If you were asked to measure the attitude of Generation Xers' which type of scale would you use? Why?
If I were to measure the attitude of Generation Xers' I would use a scale that assessed attitude, beliefs, morals, savings habits, career choices and overall success. This would be hard to actually define, however something along the…
They were followed in 1936 by the Harlem River Houses, a more modest experiment in housing projects. And by 1964, nine giant public housing projects had been constructed in the neighborhood, housing over 41,000 people [see also Tritter; Pinckney and oock].
The roots of Harlem's various pre 1960's-era movements for African-American equality began growing years before the Harlem Renaissance itself, and were still alive long after the Harlem Renaissance ended. For example:
The NAACP became active in Harlem in 1910 and Marcus Garvey's Universal
Negro Improvement Organization in 1916. The NAACP chapter there soon grew to be the largest in the country. Activist a. Philip Randolph lived in Harlem and published the radical magazine the Messenger starting in 1917.
It was from Harlem that he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters. .E.B. DuBois lived and published in Harlem in the 1920s, as did
James eldon Johnson and Marcus Garvey.…
Baldwin, James. "Sonny's Blues." Online. Retrieved February 3, 2007, at http://www.spcollege.edu/Central/libonline/path/shortstory.pdf .
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)'. Wikipedia.
December 7, 2006. Retrieved December 7, 2006, from: http://en.
More than 98% of respondents had heard of the term "brain death," but only one-third (33.7%) believed that someone who was "brain dead" was legally dead. Using a utilitarian approach, organ donation does provide good for others; and, when managed appropriated, can provide a greater good for society at large. However, utilizing a population for organ harvesting, or changing the model so that organ donation is seen as a profit-center as opposed to a humanitarian endeavor, certainly muddies the waters a bit.
Barbas, M.P. Expanding Knowledge: From the Classroom to Hyperspace. Educational Media International. 43 (1): 65-73, 2006. etrieved from: tp://www.eric.ed.gov/EICWebPortal / search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&EICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ729235&EICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ729235.
Guo, G., et.al. The VNT 2-eteap in MAOA and Delinquient Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood Associations. European Journal of Human Genetics. 16 (5): 626-34. etrieved from: http://www.unc.edu/~gguo/papers/08%20MAOA %202%20aggression%20EJHG.pdf
Kurth, J. eligion and Globalization. The eview of Faith and International Affairs. 7(2): 15-21, 2009.
Barbas, M.P. Expanding Knowledge: From the Classroom to Hyperspace. Educational Media International. 43 (1): 65-73, 2006. Retrieved from: tp://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal / search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ729235&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ729235.
Guo, G., et.al. The VNTR 2-Reteap in MAOA and Delinquient Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood Associations. European Journal of Human Genetics. 16 (5): 626-34. Retrieved from: http://www.unc.edu/~gguo/papers/08%20MAOA %202R%20aggression%20EJHG.pdf
Kurth, J. Religion and Globalization. The Review of Faith and International Affairs. 7(2): 15-21, 2009.
Nilsen, D., Kowske, B., Anthony, K. Managing a Diverse, Global Environment is Critical. HR Magazine Review. 50 (8): 41-9. Retrieved from: http://www.shrm.org/Publications / hrmagazine/EditorialContent/Pages/0805tools.aspx
The Tampa Bay Times recently reported on the standoff between school administrators, who claim the offending passages have been taken out of context, and protestors who have cried foul over what they perceive to be ideological indoctrination, stating that "the concerns raise the specter of textbook wars in other states, especially Texas, where ideological camps have long locked horns over everything from the validity of evolution to how much the Founding Fathers were guided by Christianity" (Matus & Solochek, 2011).
The inclusion of biased statements within textbooks which are widely regarded by students as unimpeachable records of factual statement is startling to say the least. There are several serious ramifications that this disturbing trend may have on the nation's educational efficacy, with entire generations of students learning from wildly disparate perspectives depending on the vagaries of publishing arrangements, administrative agendas, and other corruptive forces. esearch on the construction of textbook…
Dhand, H. (1988). Bias in social studies textbooks: New research findings. History and Social Science Teacher, 24(1). Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtS earch_SearchValue_0=EJ383085&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ38308 5
Hickman, H., & Porfilio, B.J. (2012). New Politics of the Textbook: Critical Analysis in the Core Content Areas (Vol. 2). SensePublishers.
Matus, R., & Solochek, J. (2011, January 21). Patriots United claims bias toward Islam in school textbooks?. The Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved from http://www.tampabay.com/news/education/k12/patriots-united-claims-bias-toward-islam - in-school-textbooks/1146816
Stambaugh, J.E., & Trank, C.Q. (2010). Not so simple: Integrating new research into textbooks. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9(4), 663-681. Retrieved from http://www.immagic.com/eLibrary/ARCHIVES/GENERAL/AOM_US/A101201S.pdf
Representations of omen
The concept of slavery in America has engendered a great deal of scholarship. During the four decades following reconstruction, despite the hopes of the liberals in the North, the position of the Negro in America declined. After President Lincoln's assassination and the resulting malaise and economic awakening of war costs, much of the political and social control in the South was returned to the white supremacists. Blacks were left at the mercy of ex-slaveholders and former Confederates, as the United States government adopted a laissez-faire policy regarding the "Negro problem" in the South. The era of Jim Crow brought to the American Negro disfranchisement, social, educational and occupational discrimination, mass mob violence, murder, and lynching. Under a sort of peonage, black people were deprived of their civil and human rights and reduced to a status of quasi-slavery or "second-class" citizenship (Foner). Strict legal segregation of public facilities…
Douglass, F. The Anti-Slavery Movement. Rochester, NH: Lee, Man and Company, 1855. Print.
Douglass, F. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Boston, MA:
Harvard University Press, 2005. Print.
Elliott, M. Color Blind Justice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Print.
History of Crime and Punishment in Europe 17C-18C
This paper traces the history crime and punishment in Europe. It looks at the influences of that time the social and philosophical movements and how they affected the whole evolution of treatment of crime and the thought behind punishment. The paper details about the neoclassical period its forbearers and how they regarded the issue of crime and punishment and their assumptions regarding the problem.
Crime is as old as civilization itself and where you find groups of people, you will consistently find some shape of criminal activity. You will also find punishment. The criminal has always been seen as undermining the values and, even, the very fabric of the society she or he deceives. Accordingly, those found out or found culpable have often been dealt with unsympathetically. Again, the Jewish Mythology will spring to the Western mind with its mantra of an…
Andrews Richard Mowery. 1994. Law, Magistracy and Crime in Old Regime Paris, 1735-1789. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dictionary of the History of Ideas. 1973-4. 5 vols. Edited by Philip D. Wiener New York: Scribners
Gatrell, V.A.C., Bruce Lenman and Geoffrey Parker eds. 1980.Crime and the Law. The Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500. London: Europa.
Garland, David. 1985. Punishment and Welfare: In History of Penal Strategies. Aldershot: Gower. GOLDMANN Lucien. 1973. The Philosophy of the Enlightenment. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
(Jabal Omar Development Corporation 2010)
Since 2008, the real estate market in Kuwait has been continually declining. The reason why is because the economy was largely depending upon oil revenues. However, in 2010 the sector began witnessing an increase in prices. This is because of the Kuwaiti government was aggressively promoting the tourism industry. As developers are expecting a strong increase in foreign direct investment, due to the governments push to expand the sector. As a result, holiday and residential areas in Kuwait are continuing to boom. (Finkelstein)
In the housing industry, there are large numbers of shortages that are affecting prices. What has been happening is the residential sector has been facing restrictions over the last several years, surrounding building permits. As the government was slow to endorse them, which created a rush on new areas that were approved for development. At the same time, the government has…
Alexandria Real Estate, 2010.
Egypt Property, 2010, Select Property. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011].
Egypt Real Estate Attracts Interest From Foreign Investors, 2010, New Investors. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011]
Jabal Omar Development Corporation, 2010
Even after the Emancipation Proclamation, the Supreme Court held that separate but equal was a legitimate stance under American law, essentially codifying human beings into different racial categories like a caste system, until Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. In short, America was a nation founded upon a paradox. It idealized freedom and personal choice, yet it also was based upon a system that did not allow a substantial percentage of the population to exercise that freedom and enjoy in their liberties.
The Civil Rights movement was so radical, because it demanded that the promise of American freedom finally be truly realized and granted to Black Americans, which America was unwilling to do, until African-Americans demanded their rights through this eloquent and articulate protest movement. Sadly, the damage of hundreds of years of slavery had taken their psychological and economic toll upon some Black Americans. One of the saddest…
Major Problems in American History Since 1945. Third Edition.
New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
The author explains that is the case because it would lead to complete chaos (Ikenberry 2005). In addition a neo-imperial system of American rule is too expensive and burdened with inconsistencies, and based on an exaggerated accounting of American power (Ikenberry 2005). The asserts that Likewise, there are an array of incentives and impulses that will persuade the United States to try to organize unipolarity around multilateral rules and institutions. The United States may want to renegotiate rules and institutions in some global areas, but it ultimately will want to wield its power legitimately in a world of rules and institutions. It will also have incentives to build and strengthen regional and global institutions in preparation for a future 'after unipolarity'. The rising power of China, India, and other non-Western states presents a challenge to the old American-led order that will require new, expanded, and shared international governance arrangements (Ikenberry…
Assem, Arjan van den and Volten P. (2006) POLITICAL CULTURE and INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. Department of International Relations University of Groningen the Netherlands Paper prepared for the EpsNet plenary conference,
Ikenberry G. John. (2005) Power and liberal order: America's postwar world order in transition. International Relations of the Asia Pacific.
Volume 5, Number 2 Pp. 133-152
Litwak Robert S. 2002.The Imperial Republic after 9/11. Wilson Quarterly. Pgs. 76-82
Strauss on Moral Relativism
The Shifting Sand of Moral Relativism
Current political and social thought which is built on the foundation of moral relativism can no more chart a path for a nation to follow out of confusion into an enlightened and orderly society any more than a blind man can describe an elephant, or a child can pilot a 777 airliner. The tools, talents, skills, and abilities of moral relativism are completely inadequate for leading a nation. As can be seen by the steady social and societal decay which has been evident in our county since political and moral relativism have become the dominantly accepted social understanding since the early 1960's, the fruit of such a philosophy pits one group against another, one segment of the population against another without giving them any shared basis to build upon. 'My rights' replace a shared vision of 'our well-being;' and 'my…
Connor, Ken. Fighting for a Virtuous Nation. Immigrants for America. 2003. Accessed 19 March 2004. http://www.immigrantsforamerica.com/john_adams.html.
Guerra, Marc. The Ambivalence of Classic Natural Right: Leo Strauss on Philosophy, Morality, and Statesmanship. Perspectives on Political Science, Vol. 28, 1999
Petrie, John. John Petrie's collection of Benjamine Franklin Quotes. 2003 Accessed 19 March 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~jpetrie/
Strauss, Leo. Liberalism, ancient and modern. Cornell University Press. 1989.