POLITICAL OVERVIEW: The former Persia became present day Iran on April 1st 1979. Before that Persia was a Monarchy and its last ruler was Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi. He lost favor with the people and the religious clerics of the country. The clerics chose to exile Pahlavi and establish a theocracy. Theocracy refers to a government type where majority of decision making and political power is in the hands of a religious leader, in other words a country that adopts religious law as its legal system
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini a Conservative cleric took over the reins of the nation.
The government structure is complicated as its Parliament is a mixed bag of elected and unelected members. At the top of the hierarchy is the 'Supreme Leader.' military, judiciary and foreign policy fall under his command. An interesting aspect of Iranian government is the amount of accountability attached to federal position, as even the Supreme Leader is answerable to a legally lower ranked Assembly of Experts. And even more interesting is the fact that they can scrutinize as well as terminate him, if they find his performance below expected standards.
Next to him is the 'Guardian Council' and 'Assembly of Experts'. The Guardian Council comprises of the country's top Shi'a clerics and is the most influential government body. Part of this council is elected by the Supreme Leader and by the judiciary. The council is responsible for ensuring that only suitable candidates get nominated for president and parliamentary posts. It is the main legislative authority as no law can be passed without its approval. 'Assembly of Experts' is elected democratically...
The 'President' is, constitutionally, the head but his authority is superseded by that of the Guardian Council. Next comes the 290 men, Majlis or Parliament, another elected government body. It deals with budget, foreign relations and implementation of law. Other federal institutes include an advisory board, Expediency Council. It is meant to help resolve constitutional and legislative conflicts. The Cabinet, which comprises of 24 members and Judiciary which ensures that Islamic Law is implemented fairly
Though strange and religion based the set up is well balanced by counter dependencies, strict accountability and performance parameters. The way one department is made answerable to another for its actions is a brilliant way of ensuring that they perform to their fullest and remain honest and true to the country. At least on paper it is a much better form of government than its neighboring Pakistan and Afghanistan, where a select few parties have monopoly, or relative monopoly, over the administration of the country. In Pakistan, recently a Prime Minister was accused of Contempt of Court procedure and dismissed by the highest Judicial Court. However, even the newly elected prime Minister has also been declared unworthy of a public office. The country has only recently been introduced to the concept of political parties. Instead there are pressure groups which form coalitions before elections and afterwards go their separate ways. Two main coalitions are: United Front of Principalists and Broad and Popular Coalition of Principalists. It includes a number of groups as well as some new born political parties. Some major parties and groups are: Islamic Iran anticipation Front, Solidarity Party, Islamic labor Party, Mujahidin of the Islamic Revolution Organization plus Militants Cleric Society. The Islamic Iran participation front has had some success in gaining seats in the Majlis before 2004 but that year, a number of its…
Iran Societal Assessment Societal Assessment The RAND document shows that a powerful country is one that is able to take decisions that make it economically productive for many years to come. And to gain this productivity the country requires a combination of state and societal strength Hence this shows the significance of the societal aspect of any country's power in the world. SOCIETAL OVERVIEW: the Iranian population is one of the most rapidly increasing
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management
Iran Country Vulnerability Assessment Outlook Each country has extent of constraints during their development. Iran has suffered similar issues by virtue of being among the developing country. It has also been countries that require not only acquiring, but retaining its power to guard its resources. The country has also been surrounded by powerful governments of Iraq and Afghanistan which have been a threat to Iran. Iran's system of government is theocratic, meaning
Iran Country Assessment -- Economic Assessment Iran Country Economic Assessment Economic Assessment Like many other Islamic countries in the Middle East region, Iran's economy is heavily dependent upon its oil and natural gas resources. According to an estimate, oil and natural gas exports contribute more than 80% of the total export revenues for the country. Tehran; being the business hub for the country, has the highest population, employment opportunities, and industrial setups[footnoteRef:1]. The
There is a definite chance that both parties could resolve the prolonged conflict successfully if they find and act on ways to be in command of their shared lack of trust. On the other hand, if the conflict is seen in terms of a neoliberal point-of-view, Israel's military efficiency and powerfulness is a great threat for Israelis. To cut a long story short, the main goal on which all
Iran-Contra Affair Historical Background of the Iran-Contra Affair Events Surrounding the Decision. Nicaraguan context. In the 1970s, dissatisfaction with a manipulative and corrupt government was escalating. All socio-economic classes were impacted and by 1978 the situation deteriorated into a short-lived civil war. Through violent opposition, the Marxist Sandinista guerillas achieved power in 1979. By September of 1980, the Sandinistas had suspended elections and taken control of the media. Leftist rebels in El Salvador