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, 2005, unning quickbook in nonprofits, CPA911 Publishing
Stolovitch, H.D., Pershing, J.A., Keeps, E.J., 2006, Handbook of human performance technology: principles, practices and potential, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons
Ivens, K., 2005, Running quickbook in nonprofits, CPA911 Publishing
Stolovitch, H.D., Pershing, J.A., Keeps, E.J., 2006, Handbook of human performance technology: principles, practices and potential, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons
Public Program Quality Evaluation
Overview of the Program and the Program ationale
In 2011, approximately 23% of all children in the United States were children of immigrants. Many of these children have come from countries where the educational systems have not prepared them with competitive skills that will support a good standard of living. Various policies to address this issue have been proposed. Of the feasible options, the policy most likely to achieve popular approval is the provision of preschool education to all low-immigrant children. In part, the basis for this support is the historical national approval of programs such as Head Start. ecently, the nation has seen an upswing in state-funded pre-K programs that focus on preparing low-income 4-year-old children for kindergarten and elementary school. Head Start programs continue in a parallel manner, and necessarily so, as only a handful of states offer pubic school-based pre-K programs to all…
Haskins, R. & Tienda, M. (2011). The future of immigrant children. The Future of Children. Princeton University and the Brookings Institution.
Lawrence L. Martin, L.L. & Kettner, P.M. (1996). Measuring the performance of human service programs. Sage Publications.
Neuman, W.L. (2012). Basics of social research: qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.).
Puma, M. Bell, S., Cook, R., & Heid, C. (2010, January). Head Start Impact Study Final Report, Executive Summary. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. Washington, DC.
low income housing for Habitat for Humanity came from a Christian community named Koinonia Farm. The Farm was located near Americus, Georgia, founded in 1942, and the leader of the small Christian society was a bible scholar, Clarence Jordan. Those living at the Farm were of all backgrounds and races of people that needed affordable housing. The concept to work together through 'partnership housing' or voluntarily assisting in the construction of decent housing for people in need of good homes was planted. The Millard and Linda Fuller became acquainted with Jordan after leaving a very successful business and an "affluent lifestyle" in Montgomery, Alabama (NLIHC, 2004). Millard and Linda Fuller worked to establish Habitat for Humanity along with Jordan in 1976.
What type of subjects does it work with?
The main subject area is community housing for the poor or low income family. Therefore the subject is humanities and the…
Retsinas, N.P., Belsky, E.S. Boehm, T.P. And Schlottmann, A.M. (2002). Housing and Wealth Accumulation: Intergenerational Impacts. Low-Income Homeownership:
Examining the Unexamined Goal, Brookings Institution Press: Washington DC.
Harker, L. (2006). Chance of a Lifetime: The Impacts of Bad Housing on Children's
Summarized Goals 1-5: Fundamental improvements in platform cybersecurity; website UI and UX; easier access to accurate and comprehensive information by phone or through digital portals; increased emphasis on beneficiary-centric information; communication and services; and improved customer service on all channels.
What SS Invests
What SS Does
Who SS Reaches
Accurate data and relevant information
Timely delivery of information (currently constrained by the evolution of technology platforms and website build-out)
Safeguards against fraud
Provides timely, accurate information to the beneficiaries and others
Protects the database from cybercrime and digital data breaches
Provide benefits according to the legal parameters and calculations to those who qualify
To establish access to data and information via several secure channels (mail, physical offices, phone, and online)
Beneficiaries who are of full retirement age (FRA)
Beneficiaries who are retiring early
Veterans who are beneficiaries
Widows and widowers…
alternative models to strategic planning? What are the pros and cons of these models? How successful have they been when organizations use them? 400 Words
Strategic planning processes have not always been perfect for organizations. In my papers for instance, I noted plans that I have for Dendro. They sound perfect and I have no changes to make to nay of them. However, alternative models to strategic planning are just s helpful. Strategic planning when done appropriately can be fine, but other times, alternatives may be needed and these include others such as engaging the board, getting everyone on the same page, getting buy-in from stakeholders, and so forth. Some of the alternatives are the following:
Focus on the questions that need answers
The organization (or Dendro in this case) can begin sessions with four or five questions that we want un ambivalent answers to and want to focus our…
All About Strategic Planning http://managementhelp.org/strategicplanning/index.htm#anchor97152
Blue avocado. Alternatives to Strategic Planning http://www.blueavocado.org/content/alternatives-strategic-planning
Order maintenance policing (OMP), community-oriented policing (COP) and reactive policing are three different models of policing that are used within law enforcement agencies in the U.S. This paper will compare these three models of policing. It will also discuss which models would benefit the most from effective crime analysis.
OMP is a model of policing that stems from the theory of “broken windows” defined by Wilson and Kelling (1982). The broken windows theory states that if a community allows itself to be physically neglected, it will attract crime. Graffiti, litter, abandoned buildings and broken windows are all signs that a community is negligent and therefore will not put forward much effort to oppose a criminal element in its midst. First, the crime will be small—acts of vandalism and theft; then it will escalate to drug dealing and violence. In order to prevent communities from falling to this type of environment,…
It is not a simple task to understand "Dominant Logic." Dominant logic is pertinent to how an organization works to earn profit.
The article "Evolving to a new dominant logic of marketing" (Vargo & Lusch, 2004) explains how the employees develop their thinking ability and try to adjust to the latest dominant logic of their organization. This indicates that now-a-days organizations are adopting diversified and divergent outlook to the marketing function of their company.
Operand resources and Operant resources
The understanding of the difference between the operant and operand resources is very important in order to completely understand the concept of Dominant Logic.
The factors of production are a clear example of the Operand resources. Operand resources are the resources on which operation is conducted with the intention to produce a desired result. Operand resources are invisible and intangible. They are dynamic and infinite. Skills and…
Cravens, D.W., Meunier-Fitz Hugh, K. & Piercy, N.F., 2011. The Oxford Handbook of Strategic Sales and Sales Management. Oxford: Oxford Handbooks Online.
Etgar, M., 2007. A descriptive model of the consumer co-production process. journal of the Academy of Marketing Science.
Lusch, R.F. & Stephen, V.L., 2006. Service-dominant logic: continuing the evolution. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science.
Lusch, R.F. & Stephen, V.L., 2006. Service-dominant logic: continuing the evolution. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science.
global tax treaties, UN model and OECD model with the view of analyzing their consideration towards rights to capital and tax income. By throwing light on differences and similarities among the models, the fundamental logic of each of them is explained. The article explains the prospecting policies of consideration when tax treaties are to be signed. It is because there is strong need to enforce a flexible but more aggressive strategy. The Section 1 of the article discusses rights about tax earnings through immovable property. The Section 2 is about business profits. The Section 3 throws light upon income from investment channels like royalties, interests and dividends. The Section 4 describes the capital gains. The conclusion of the article is given in Section 5.
ight to tax income from immovable property
Because of well-known significant relationship between the country of source of the income and the source of income itself,…
Bin Yang, A Comparative Study on the Rules and Administration of the International Taxation System (China Tax Publishing House, 2003).
Bin Yang, International Taxation (Fudan University Press, 2004).
Commentaries on Paragraph 3, Article 7 of the OECD model.
Jin Zhi Liu (translator), Commentaries of UN model Tax Convention between Developed and Developing Countries (China Financial & Economic Publishing House, 1996) 56.
The FCF-based valuation model is based on the following formula:
EBIT (1-Tax Rate) + Depreciation & Amortization - Change in Net orking Capital - Capital Expenditure
is the free cash flow each year, C0 is the original cash outlay, and r is the discount rate. The free cash flows in this type of calculation are only those cash flows that are incremental to the investment decision. Thus, they do not include such non-cash items as depreciation or amortization expense, and they do not include either sunk costs or non-incremental flows like overhead allocations. The r is the discount rate, and the firm can select its discount rate from a number of different options. The most common, and arguably logical, is the firm's weighted average cost of capital. This reflects the firm's cost of equity, its cost of debt and its capital structure, with allowances for preferred shares…
Berkman H., Bradbury, M. & Ferguson, J. (2002). The accuracy of price-earnings and discounted cash flow methods of IPO equity valuation. Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting. Vol. 11 (2) 71-83.
Del Vecchio, J. (2000). Dividend discount model. Motley Fool. Retrieved April 27, 2012 from http://www.fool.com/research/2000/features000406.htm
Demirakos, E., Strong, N. & Walker, M. (2004). What valuation models do analysts use? Accounting Horizons. Vol. 18 (4) 221-240.
Francis, J., Olsson, P. & Oswald, D. (2000). Comparing the accuracy and the explainability of dividend, free cash flow and abnormal earnings equity value estimates. Journal of Accounting Research. Vol. 38 (1) 45-70.
Other scholars have been more critical of ELM. The Morris, Woo, and Singh study, along with the Cook, Moore, and Steel study, focuses on the major shortcomings of ELM. Unlike Schroeder and Areni, these scholars evaluate ELM as an actual model for psychological studies, as opposed to just a conceptual framework. The Morris, Woo, and Singh study found that the model had an excessively narrow focus on the cognitive aspects of audience elaboration, neglecting the emotional aspects. The Cook, Moore, and Steel study found that ELM did not offer an actual causal explanation of persuasive communication and offered Positioning Theory for a causal explanation.
When Cook, Moore, and Steel use the term "causal explanation," they are getting at the predictive value of ELM, which is a very important element of a model's usefulness. One problem with the predictive value of the ELM is the model's argument variable. To test ELM,…
Petty, R.E., & Cacioppo, J.T. (1986). The Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion. Advances in Experimental Psychology, Vol. 9).
Schroeder, L. (2005). Cultivation and the Elaboration Likelihood Model: A Test of the Learning and Construction and Availability Heuristic Models. Communication Studies, 56(3), p. 227 -- 242
Areni, C. (2003). The Effects of Structural and Grammatical Variables on Persuasion: An Elaboration Likelihood Model. Perspective Psychology & Marketing, 20(4): p. 349-375
Morris, Woo, and Singh. (2005). Elaboration Likelihood Model: A Missing Intrinsic Emotional Implication. Journal of Targeting, Measurement and Analysis for Marketing, 14(1), p. 79 -- 98
First the process of co-creation will be defined, followed several examples of successful co-creations of the customer experience.
5. Customer experience is the brand and co-creation is the process
A firm that migrates to a service-dominant logic will move from selling a commodity to co-creating the customer's experiences. If you utilize the brand definition in the introduction portion of this paper -- a brand is the summation of a customer's interactions with a firm and their products and services - one must come to the conclusion that building a customer experience equates to building a brand (Prahalad, 2004). The job of a marketer becomes one creating positive encounters; encounters which influence the customer's ability, willingness and opportunities to co-create with firm. (Payne, 2009).
The process of co-creation is evolving. In 2004,Prahalad and Ramaswamy, describe the building blocks of interactions. To co-create, a firm needed to facilitate dialogues, create access to…
Andreu, L., Sanchez, I. & Mele, C., (2010). Value co-creation among retailers and consumers: new insights into the furniture market. Journal of retailing and consumer services. Retrieved on April 18, 2010 from: http://www.sciencedirect.com .
NOTE: Your may want to download this article and complete this citing.
Arvidsson, A (2005). Brands: A critical perspective. Journal of Consumer Culture. Volu 5 (2) pp 235 -- 258.
Babitch, S., Chen, J & Whitney, P. (2005). Design for the Emerging Markets: Interview with Marriott International. Institute of Design, Illinois Institute of Technology. Retrieved April 18, 2010 from: www.id.iit.edu.
Production of Value using SDL:
Service-dominant logic is a mindset or model that has emerged as the world continue to be increasingly interconnected and turbulent. This logic emphasizes on the relations of the producer and consumer as well as other partners in the supply and value network in their co-production of value through collaborative procedures. The logic is driven by an intrinsic purpose of carrying out an activity with other parties making it to be customer-centered and responsive. Actually, service-dominant logic considers service as the application of knowledge through actions, procedures, and performances for the advantage of the entity itself or another entity. Therefore, the concept leverages the strengths of the company to meet the needs of customers and accomplish both organizational and societal objectives (Lusch & Vargo, n.d.). Consequently, is generates competitive advantage and long-term customer loyalty through aligning the firm's capabilities with the needs of customers.
Abela, A.V. & Murphy, P.E. (2007), "Marketing with Integrity: Ethics and the Service-dominant
Logic for Marketing," Journal of the Academy of Marketing Service, vol. 36, pp. 39-53,
Calin, G (2009), Strategies for Increasing Marketing Flexibility: An Application of the Service
Dominant Logic, University of Oradea, viewed 10 August 2012,
By suggesting that the Chinese methods of parenting are better -- or that at least Chinese mothers produce more skillful and successful children -- Chua is touching upon the popular American concern. Just consider that there are a billion like Chua back in China! Chua again appeals to similar rhetoric when she tries to defend her argument. Trying to convince her readers that rote repetition is a good method of learning, she says that it is actually a "fun" learning technique. Here again Chua knows her readers. It is known that the idea of a practice involving "fun" is very important and popular in America. But here, Chua explains that the Chinese method of forcing children to learn more and rigorously through rote repetition may seem harsh and dull for Western parents, but when it is done properly, it is not only a road to success but also a fun…
aChua, a. (2011) Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 5, 2011, from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704111504576059713528698754.html
bChua, a. (2011) the Tiger Mother Responds to Readers. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 5, 2011, from http://blogs.wsj.com/ideas-market/2011/01/13/the-tiger-mother-responds-to-readers/
"Chinese Man Drops After 3-Day Gaming Binge," (2007) Associated Press. Retrieved February 5, 2011, from http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,297059,00.html#ixzz1D9EhR7sO
Dejesus, I. (2011) 'Battle Humn of the Tiger Mother' Book Says Chinese Mothers, Offspring are Superior. The Patriot News. Retrieved on February 5, 2011, from http://www.pennlive.com/midstate/index.ssf/2011/01/battle_hymn_of_the_tiger_mothe.html
Vin Logic Simulation
Lessons Learned and Insights Gained from the VinLogic Simulation Model
The intent of this analysis is to provide an overview of lessons learned in the areas of operations management, specifically in the areas of transportation and delivery as a result of viewing and studying the VinLogic Simulation Model. The VinLogic Model is predicated on the concepts of the supply chain optimization and modeling, a patented series of technologies created by Simulation Dynamics (Vinlogic, 2011).
Lessons Learned in Transportation and Delivery
At its most fundamental level, the VinLogic Simulation Model is highly effective in illustrating, both from a graphical and workforce perspective, how constraint-based modeling and optimization techniques can increase logistics, transportation and delivery performance. The examples show are easily interpreted across national and global logistics and supply chains, illustrates how delays, production schedules and supply chain contingencies all act as constraints on the broader optimization model. By…
Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.
Gattorna, John L. (1992). Logistics networks: Achieving quantum improvements in cost/service equations. Asia Pacific International Journal of Business Logistics, 5(3), 31.
Vinlogic (2011). Simulation dynamics VinLogic demonstrations . Retrieved from http://www.simulationdynamics.com/apps_transportation.asp
) I will etun to the stengths and limitations of gowth accounting as a tool to use to assess the economic development of these nations below.
Gowth accounting is an economic method designed to measue the elative and absolute contibutions of diffeent factos to economic gowth and development. Developed by Robet Solow in 1957, this methodological appoach disaggegates o decomposes the diffeent elements of economic gowth. The most impotant assumption of this method is that the goss output of an economy can be analyzed into inceases in the ange of factos (pimaily inceases in labo and in capital) and which cannot be accounted fo by discenible changes in the utilization of these factos.
Anothe way of explaining Solow's model is this: The unexplained pat of gowth in an economy's GDP is best undestood as a simple incease in poductivity, with poductivity being defined in common-sense tems as achieving…
For example, when I examine the data that Sarel (1996) finds inconclusive (he writes that the labor and capital accumulation vs. total factor productivity debate remains inconclusive") I find to be entirely conclusive -- in the direction of an exogenous model that is based on an assessment of factor accumulation rather than a reliance on a significant element of technological innovation as prompted by government incentive and intervention. But Sarel is impelled to ask what might have been the effect of governmental intervention and to investigate how these may have interacted with initial conditions that obtained. Taking into account only those factors that lie outside of governmental influence simply does not make sense to him (or other non-neoclassical economists), even when the picture is in fact complete. Sarel (1996) concludes:
The study does not offer clear and conclusive results nor does it make clear policy recommendations. Its main judgment is that, from a positive point-of-view, a promising avenue for the explanation of growth performance is the examination of initial conditions. Nevertheless, from a normative point-of-view, it is far from clear what specific policies governments should pursue, beyond the standard set of policies aimed at getting the basics right.
I find it fascinating that Sarel should be impelled to try to divine -- like someone seeking water with a forked stick -- the (beneficial) effects of governmental influence in the Four Tigers as necessary to understand how these nations might have accomplished the level of growth that they have.
In other words, Sarel sees the hand of the national governments even when there is no good factual evidence for this. This does not mean that his scholarship should be considered in any way to be dishonest. Rather, I am simply using his work (which raises important questions) as a demonstration of the ways in which initial assumptions and beliefs about the nature of markets (and about human nature) affect how we read economic indices.
A High Impact Negotiations Model: An Answer to the Limitations of the Fisher, Ury Model of Principled Negotiations
This study aims to discover the ways in which blocked negotiations can be overcome by testing the Fisher, Ury model of principled negotiation against one of the researcher's own devising, crafted after studying thousands of negotiation trainees from over 100 multinational corporations on 5 continents. It attempts to discern universal applications of tools, skills, and verbal and non-verbal communication techniques that may assist the negotiator in closing deals with what have been "traditionally" perceived as "difficult people." This study concludes that there are no such "difficult people," but rather only unprepared negotiators. The study takes a phenomenological approach to negotiations, with the researcher immersing himself in the world of negotiation training from 2012-14, for several major multinational corporations, intuiting the failings of the negotiators with whom he comes in contact,…
Allred, K., Mallozzi, J., Matsui, F., Raia, C. (1997). The influence of anger and compassion on negotiation performance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 70(3): 175-187.
Andonova, E., Taylor, H. (2012). Nodding in dis/agreement: a tale of two cultures.
Cognitive Process, 13(Suppl 1): S79-S82.
Aristotle. (1889). The Nicomachean ethics of Aristotle. (Trans R.W. Browne).
Personal Model of Ethical Leadership
Leadership has been defined as the "procedure of social influence where a person is able to enlist the aid and support of others in the achievement of a common task" (Jam, 2012). Leadership is something that remains as one of the most appropriate features of the organizational context. A leader is an individual who influences a group of people in the direction of a specific result. It is not really dependent on title or official authority. Leaders are normally recognized by their volume for caring for others, clear communication, and a commitment to persevere. Some experts believe that good leaders are made not born and others say the opposite. Some leaders have the belief that when people have the willpower and desire, then they can become an effective leader. Some managers even mention that a good leader develops through a never ending procedure of self-study,…
Jam, J.I. (2012). IMPACT OF CORPORATE ETHICAL VAULUES ON ETHICAL LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. International Journal of Business and Social Science,, 23(9), 23-56.
Kacmar, K.M. (2013). Ethical leadership and subordinate outcomes: The mediating role of organizational politics and the moderating role of political skill. Journal of Business Ethics,, 23(11), 33-44.
Mayer, D.M. (2012). Examining the link between ethical leadership and employee misconduct: The mediating role of ethical climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 12(6), 7-16.
Miao, Q.N. (2013). The relationship between ethical leadership and unethical pro-organizational behavior: Linear or curvilinear effects? Journal of Business Ethics, 22(5), 67-70.
al., 2004, 393-4).
Practitioner-Scholar -- Is both a template of action and a training program that focuses on clinical practice. In this model, the professional is a scholar -- a consummate consumer of learning, research and the understanding of data, while at the same time, one who applies knowledge and techniques to solve problems. It is about focus; in this model, the focus is on application of scholarship -- perhaps teaching and learning, staying abreast of one's field, but primarily focusing on the action oriented nature of the field (Wright & Cummings, 2001).
oles in Academia- by the very nature of contemporary learning, as well as the absolute vast amounts of data available on a daily basis, professional schools must first focus on the scholarly role, and then move into the practitioner. The Master's degree is primarily about taking the basic knowledge from the undergraduate degree and expanding that knowledge;…
REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED
DiStefano, a. et.al.(2004). Encyclopedia of Distributed Learning. Thousand Oaks:
Heppner, P., et.al. (2008). Research Design in Counseling. Thompson Brooks.
Mullen, C. (2005). Fire and Ice -- Igniting and Channeling Passion in New
consumer behavior models: decision making model, Maslow's hierarchy, Freudian Theory, Non- Freudian theory, Trait theory, learning process.
eflect individually on how your understanding and interpretation of the consumer decision-making process might influence your thinking when applying marketing principles in future business roles.
According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, all human beings are driven to fulfill certain needs and desires, but some needs are perceived as having priority over other needs. Until basic needs such as food and shelter are met, the individual cannot think about higher-level needs like social approval and self-actualization (Simmons et al. 1997). When consumers are making choices about what to buy and what not to buy, Maslow's hierarchy often seems to be operating in a clear and logical fashion. During a recession, most consumers cut back on luxury items designed to impress others, like restaurant meals and name-brand clothing. Consumers who are struggling with their budget…
Oxoby, Robert J. (2004, October). Cognitive dissonance, status and growth of the underclass
The Economic Journal, 114: 727 -- 749. Retrieved March 24, 2011 at http://people.ucalgary.ca/~oxoby/Oxoby%20EJ.pdf
Simons, Janet A., Donald B. Irwin and Beverly A. Drinnien. (1987). Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Psychology: The search for understanding. West Publishing Company, New York, 1987. Excerpt retrieved March 24, 2011 at http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm
As such, she fails to address the central problem of feminism in the Pontellier perspective, namely the impossibility of female individuality and independence in a patriarchal world. It is only in isolation that Edna can find any happiness, and she must make this isolation more and more complete in order to maintain her happiness, as the patriarchy has a means of encroaching on all populated areas, and Wollstonecraft's feminism does not offer an alternative to this need to escape humanity.
A final snort of disgust might be distinctly heard from Edna Pontellier upon her reading of this line of Wollstonecraft's, afterwards she might likely have flung the text aside (or into the fireplace, depending on the season): "Pleasure is the business of woman's life, according to the present modification of society" (ch. 4, par. 10). What Wollstonecraft means is that women are thought to be so fragile, so emotional, and…
Chopin, Kate. The Awakening. 1899. University of Virginia E-Text Center. Accessed 28 May 2012. http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/ChoAwak.html
Hammer, Colleen. To Be Equal or Not to Be Equal: The Struggle for Women's Rights as Argued by Mary Wollstonecraft and Christina Rossetti. UCC [working paper].
Heilmann, Ann. The Awakening and New Woman cition.
Horner, Avril. Kate Chopin, choice and modernism.
Darwinism and the Standard Social Science Model
If the Standard Social Science Model is mistaken, then we are less altruistic than would otherwise be the case'.
Put another way, the same statement could read, "If culture is not the underlying cause of human behavior, then human beings are more selfish than they would be if culture were the underlying cause of human behavior." An evaluation of this statement rests not only on an assessment of the truth of each part, but also on the relationship between the two parts of the claim. Is having A (a false presumption put forth by the SSSM) the condition for having B (self-centered human beings)? Let us investigate the premise as well as the argument.
The Standard Social Science Model claims that "only genetically determined human behavior is 'natural' or biological" (Zimmer, 1.) This means that when an infant pulls away from fire, or…
Young, J. Valid Argument Forms. As retrieved June 11, 2004 from http://www.uncfsu.edu/jyoung/chapter_4_notes.htm
Dawkins, Richard. Interview as retrieved June 11, 2004 at http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/transcript/dawk-body.html
Social Science Model as retrieved June 11, 2004 at http://www.facub.stjohns.edu/~beasleyt/socialsciencemodel.pdf
Zimmer, J.Raymond. Evolutionary Psychology Challenges the Current Social Sciences. As retrieved June 11, 2004 at http://www.asa3.org/ASA/topics/Evolution-PSCF9-98Zimmer.html
Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…
The Group Behavior Model is a framework for conceptualizing how various aspects of the external and internal environments of a work group influence the group's performance of its task(s) and the group members' level of satisfaction with the experience of group work. External conditions include an organization's authority structure, rules and regulations, corporate culture, resources, setting, and market competition. Internal factors include the individual skills, talents, and experiences each member brings to the work group; the nature of the group's structure; and the dynamics of the group's work processes. The model helps one understand how the interplay of these four components -- external conditions, group member resources, group structure, and group processes -- determine how the group performs its task and how much satisfaction the members of the group derive from the experience of doing performing the task and the outcome of their efforts (Henderson, n. d.).
Nakata, C., & Im, S. (2010). Spurring Cross-Functional Integration for Higher New Product
Performance: A Group Effectiveness Perspective. Journal of Product Innovation
Management, 27(4), 554-571.
The ability of companies to attain a high level of knowedlge sharing, in effect becoming knowledge generation networks, is well-known in the areas of auto manufacturing, specifically at Toyota (Dyer, Nobeoka, 2000). Simulations such as these show the potential to predict if and when a company will attain this level of process and knowledge sharing performance.
Assessing the Pros and Cons of Simulations as Learning Platforms
The primary strength of constraint-based models is their ability to interpret many potentially conflicting constraints and still arrive at an optimal solution for logistics and transportation management initiatives and programs. This simulation also illustrates how the trade-offs inherent in the constraints have a major impact on the overall profitability of a company over time. Another aspect of this simulation showed how a bottleneck at any one point can cost tens of thousands or even millions in lost sales and inventory carrying costs. Finally, the…
Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.
Gattorna, John L. (1992). Logistics networks: Achieving quantum improvements in cost/service equations. Asia Pacific International Journal of Business Logistics, 5(3), 31.
Vinlogic (2012). Simulation dynamics VinLogic demonstrations . Retrieved from http://www.simulationdynamics.com/apps_transportation.asp
Newell's Simplified Car-Following Model
Drivers tend to display oscillatory paths that are characterized with cycles of regular acceleration or deceleration because of traffic oscillations. The term traffic oscillations are used to describe the stop-and-go driving situations that are common in overcrowded traffic. Generally, conventional wisdom postulates that traffic oscillations are brought by instabilities in longitudinal car interactions. As a result of increased traffic oscillations, especially in congested traffic, numerous car-following models have been developed and proposed in the recent past. These models have been developed to duplicate oscillations through assumption of probabilistic headways during accelerations. In addition, car following models are the most significant reflections of traffic flow dynamics based on single vehicles. An example of the recently proposed or developed car-following model is the Simplified Car-Following Model by Newell.
The Model's Assumptions
Newell's car-following model is arguably the simplest model that was recently developed as part of the microscopic…
Ahn, S., Cassidy, M. J. & Laval, J. (2004). Verification of a Simplified Car-Following Theory.
Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 38(5), 431-440.
Chen, D., Laval, J., Zheng, Z. & Ahn, S. (2012). A Behavioral Car-Following Model that
Captures Traffic Oscillations. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 46(6), 744-761.
Toulmin's Model of Argument Analysis
Connection of Wilsonian and Hamiltonian Traditions
Hamiltonians is the first U.S. secretary of Treasury who believes that the central purpose of American foreign policy is to promote foreign trade as well as securing a stable national market economy. On the other hand, Wilsonians doctrine states that the promotion of international law involves using the World Court and United Nations for the promotion of permanent international peace. Kettl, (2015) points out that the Wilsonian and Hamiltonian traditions frame the classical approach of American public administration, which practitioners develop towards the end of the 20th century. Kettl, (2015) connects the Wilsonian and Hamiltonian traditions by combining the strong administration with classical approach. Hamiltonian tradition focuses on executive leadership principles using the top-down authority to enhance control and efficiency. However, Wilsonian tradition argues that managers can apply their functions within the scope of American constitutions to enhance efficiency.…
Kettl, D.F. (2015). The Transformation of Governance: Public Administration for the Twenty-First Century. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lowi. T.J. (1993). Legitimizing Public Administration: A Disturbed Dissent. Public Administration Review. 53(5):261-264.
Denhardt, J.V. And Denhardt, R.B. (2011). The New Public Service: Serving, Not Steering. Armonk, (3rd edition). NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Quinn, R.E., Faerman, S.R., Thompson, M.P. et al. (2011). Becoming a Master Manager: A Competing values Framework. (5th edition Hoboken) NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
The concept of the business cycle is that the rate of growth in an economy will shift over time, but in a more or less repeatable pattern. The structure of the pattern is, roughly, that economies will grow quickly, then a turning point will occur and the economy will turn into recession. After a trough, the business cycle will begin anew with a fresh period of growth.
For most Western economies, characterized by rising populations, intensive resource exploitation and continuous technological improvements, are on a long-run growth trend in their GDP. The business cycle should be identifiable outside of that trend. The degree of influence between business cycles and the trend is subject to debate. For example, in the United States the recession of 2008-2009 is believed by some to have permanently set the country's growth trajectory below where the previous trendline was -- so the business cycle will have…
Homeland Security, NIMS, and ICS
Through initiatives designed to continually improve the procedures integral to the operations of state-level Homeland Security, the agency may review the fit between the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Incident Command System (ICS) models and the desired outcomes of its own operations. These reviews can result in closer alignment across the three organizations, an objective with the potential to substantively increase overall cross-agency operational effectiveness. The key operational and procedural areas discussed in this review include common communication and information management systems, the management of resources, and multi-agency coordination. In the 10 years since NIMS was established, the country has experienced several natural disasters that have provided opportunity for refining the components of NIMS and ICS. This discussion provides insight into the benefits to be derived by state-level Homeland Security agencies from the NIMS and ICS models.
Nested Design and edundancy
A first point…
____. (2004). NIMS -- and -- the -- Incident -- Command -- System, Federal Emergency Management Agency. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/txt/nims/nims_ics_position_paper.txt
Moynihan, D. (2009). The network governance of crisis response: case studies of Incident Command Systems. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 19, 895-915. Retrieved from http://www.lafollette.wisc.edu/images/publications/facstaff/moynihan/JPART194.pdf
National Incident Management System (2008, December). pp. 51. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nims/NIMS_core.pdf
The Incident Command System (ICS) (Chapter 7). (2004). Center for Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance.
.....jobs that I had that were not motivating, but one in particular was an office job that involved mind-numbing work. It checked a lot of boxes for jobs that you don't want to do and I could not get out of there quickly enough. The office was a large, open space, a true cubicle farm, but without partitions, more open. So it was noisy. The lighting was terrible fluorescent. Everybody there was a lifer. I have never heard so much complaining about Mondays, and talk about Hump Day, and that sort of negativity. Nobody really wanted to be there but nobody seemed all that motivated to leave, either. For a young person looking to build something, it was just awful.
Barrick, Mount and Li (2013) wrote a paper discussing the role of personality, job characteristics and experienced meaningfulness. They argue that "personality traits initiate purposeful goal strivings" and essentially make…
The author of this report has been asked to offer a brief report. The main focus of the report will be a logic model that is presented in the appendix of this report and will be discussed throughout the narrative of the same. Prior to that, however, there will be a section dedicated to the organization and operation that will employ the use of this logic model in terms of its direction, actions and priorities. The general focus of the organization will be covered as well as the location and the general manner in which the organization operations and functions. Subsequent to that, there will be a focus on how the logic model is going to be applied to this situation. Further, there will be a discussion of the situation, priorities and inputs for the same. While the task at hand may seem daunting, the work of the…
Bosco, S. M., & Bianco, C. A. (2005). Influence of Maternal Work Patterns and Socioeconomic
Status on Gen Y Lifestyle Choice. Journal of Career Development, 32(2), 165-182.
Clark, J. (1995). The impact of the prison environment on mothers. Prison Journal, 75(3), 306.
O'Malley, S., & Devaney, C. (2016). Maintaining the mother -- child relationship within the Irish
Organizational Learning Techniques
New Skills and Software for HR Managers
Because the market for -- and development of -- HR technology is expanding rapidly, it is clear that companies have access to new and very effective software that can help HR directors manage their varied duties. Indeed it is a changing world for HR managers and directors. In Forbes, contributor Josh Bersin explains that "... we are seeing one of the most innovative times ever in the HR technology market" (Bersin, 2014). It used to be that HR software kept track of payroll, stored employee data, managed performance reviews, helped train administration and attendance issues, Bersin recalls. But today HR software systems are used by employees and the recruitment systems operate on mobile phones; a person can apply for a job without a resume, and do an interview over the smartphone video camera (Bersin, 3).
And for the HR director,…
Dubois, D., Rothwell, W. (2004). Competency-Based or a Traditional Approach to Training? A New Look at ISD Models and an Answer to the Question, What's the Best Approach? Questia. Retrieved April 9, 2016, from https://www.questia.com .
Kolodner, J.L. (1991). Improving Human Decision Making through Case-Based Decision
Aiding. AI Magazine, 12(2), 52-67.
Malathi.N (2006). Competency Models. Slideshare. Retrieved April 9, 2016, from http://www.slideshare.net .
Alan Greenspan's testimony starts with a comparison between the state of the U.S. economy in July 2004, time of his present testimony, and the state of the economy in February 2004, the time of his previous testimony in front of the U.S. Congress.
In February 2004, the main problem of the U.S. economy, as identified by Greenspan, was the fact that the company's increase in income and net profits were related to a better use of human resources rather than on an increase in employment. In other words, despite the fact that the economy was on the rise, it failed to produce new jobs. This was a direct consequence, in Greenspan's opinion, of the risks associated with increased employments, more notably "corporate accounting and governance scandals," a "decline in stock prices" and the overall "geopolitical tensions"
As compared to the unemployment situation in February 2004, the period up to July…
1. Testimony of Chairman Alan Greenspan Federal Reserve Board's semiannual Monetary Policy Report to the Congress. July 2004. On the Internet at http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/hh/2004/july/testimony.htm
2. CBO's Current Economic Projections. January 2005. On the Internet at http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=1824& ; sequence=0#table3
3. Yen Heads for Fourth Straight Week of Declines on Economic Growth Concern. Bloomberg. On the Internet at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/markets/currencies.html
4. International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook. Chapter 2 -- The Global Implications of the U.S. Fiscal Deficit and of China's Growth. Page 64. On the Internet at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2004/01/pdf/chapter2.pdf
A business plan is critical to the effectiveness of strategic planning in the program. The business plan is essentially a more comprehensive vision of the strategic plan . Where the strategic plan focuses strictly on objectives, and finding ways to achieve those objectives, the business plan discusses a wider range of factors. In particular more detail goes into things like analysis of internal resources. Understanding what the financial implications of strategy are is part of the business plan. The business plan also explains what resources might be available to the company and how those resources can be deployed to achieve the strategic objectives. Thus the business plan elaborates on the strategic plan, tying together more comprehensive factors such as finances, marketing, resources and leadership (Ballowe, 2010). Implementation is a major part of the business plan, and in that respect the business plan is more comprehensive in nature than…
Ballowe, T. (2010) What is the difference between a business plan and a strategic plan. On Strategy. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from http://mystrategicplan.com/resources/what-is-the-difference-between-a-business-plan-and-a-strategic-plan/
McNamara, C. (2014) Overview of non-profit program planning. Kent University. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from http://literacy.kent.edu/Oasis/grants/overviewprogplan.html
Textbook., Chapter 4.
Wilder Research. (2009). Program theory and logic models. Wilder Research. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from http://www.evaluatod.org/resources/evaluation-guides/LogicModel_8-09.pdf
Outcomes to be Assessed:
The primary objective is to see that subjects of the program cease smoking and remain abstinent from tobacco use. This will be the primary outcome to be assessed therefore. Individuals in both the experiment and control groups would be consulted at the six-month juncture and the one year point in order to determine how many among them have remained abstinent from tobacco use in that duration and up to that point.
Other outcomes to be assessed would be long-term health factors relating to the use of tobacco. According to statistics compiled and sponsored by the T.J. Samson Community Hospital in Glasgow, Kentucky and most recently updated in the spring of 2006, habitual smokers of cigarettes are "fourteen times as likely to die of lung cancer" and twice as susceptible to fatality by heart disease. (T.J.S.C.H, 1) This means, according to the Community Hospital, that…
American Heart Association (AHA). (2009). Smoking Cessation. Americanheart.org.
Bickman, L. & Rog, D.J. (2009). Randomized Controlled Trials for Evaluation and Planning. The Sage Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods.
Euromonitor International (EI). (2009). Tobacco in Costa Rica. Euromonitor.com
Fiore, M.C.; Novotny, T.E.; Pierce, J.P.; Giovino, G.A.; Hatziandreu, E.J.; Newcomb, P.A.; Surawicz, T.S. & Davis, R.M. (1990). Methods Used to Quit Smoking in the United States. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 263(20), 2760-2765.
Mitigating Lawless African Acts
Problem Definition and Intervention Description
Boko Haram is a militant Islamist organization that it terrorizing large portions of Nigeria, since at least 2011 (Uhrmacher and Sheridan, 2106). Their methods are fairly typical of terrorists. These include suicide bombings, kidnappings, and attacks on everyday civilians. The crux of their methodology is that they are targeting civilians since they do not have the means to battle the largely Christian government via conventional warfare. Therefore, they have resorted to terrorist attacks to cause residents to flee and to attempt to gain territory in such a manner.
The principle means of intervening in this activity is to aid the Christian government of Nigeria with forces that are opposed to terrorism. This aid will include those marshaled and containing troops from the United States, Western Europe, and the United Nations in general. It is critical to supply the Nigerian government with…
Public Program vluation: Quality Performance Measurement
Caiden, G and Caiden, NJ (nd) Measuring Performance in Public Sector Programs. Public Administration and Public Policy. Vol. II. Retrieved from: http://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c14/1-34-05-06.pdf
Caiden and Caiden (nd) report that the link between reforms and public measurement and evaluation were not merely chance since as the reforms developed devolution was emphasized or the moving of functions and services to the government levels that were lower, along with an emphasis on privatization, decentralization of management, transparency and satisfaction of customers. It is reported that all of these were dependent on accountability maintenance and credibility.
Poister, T. (2001) Measuring Performance in Public and Non-Profit Organizations. Jossey-Bass. Retrieved from: http://glennschool.osu.edu/faculty/brown/home/810/Class%20Materials/Poister%20Performance%20Chapters%201,%202,%203.pdf
Poister (2001) writes that performance measures are "objective, quantitative indicators" of a range of performance in public programs or for public agencies. (p.3) This work reviews the early development and background of performance measurement and ensues on…
Ewoh (2011) examines the applications and types of performance measurement as well as the limitations of performance management. A comparative analysis is conducted in this study.
10. Lawrence L. Martin and Peter M. Kettner, (1996). Measuring the Performance of Human Service Programs. Sage Publications.
The work of Martin and Kettner (1996) examine performance measures in the public service organization and the specific outputs of performance measurement along with logic models. Quality performance measures and outcome performance measures are also reviewed including numeric counts and standardized measures of performance.
Crowd-Sourcing Service User Funding for Participation in Educational Conferences
eporting on the Joint World Social Work conference held in Melbourne, Australia, Peter Beresford wrote, "There are fears that policymakers have lost interest in ensuring the users of care services have their voices heard" (2014). Social workers established the involvement of service users and carers as a key priority in social service, pioneering efforts to forward user involvement on an international level (Beresford, 2014). As a profession, social work has led service user and carer engagement in education, policy, practice, and research (Beresford, 2014). The long-term impact goal of these efforts has been to equalize relationships between service providers and service users as a means to tapping into their experiential knowledge for the purposes of fostering authentic co-production and improving service provision (Beresford, 2014).
That interest in these goals seems to waning or neglected was manifested by the attendance at the…
Anderson, A. (2005). The community builder's approach to theory of change: A practical guide to theory and development. New York: The Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change.
Beresford, P. (2014). Could Melbourne social work conference have done more for service users? The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/social-care-network/2014/jul/11/melbourne-social-work-conference-service-users
Beresford, P. And Carr, S. (2012). Social care, service users, and user involvement. British Journal of Social Work, 43(4), 820-821. DOI: 10.1093/bjsw/bct093. Retrieved from http://bjsw.oxfordjournals.org/content/43/4/820.full
P Beresford (2002). User involvement in research and evaluation: liberation or regulation? Social Policy and Society, 1 (02), 95-105.
Gerl (2010) points out in his advocacy of metaphysics as a way of approaching the philosophy of special education that this helps to construct a legal perspective which is evolving in a way that is consistent with the evolution of ethical perspectives of human dignity, individual rights and the treatment of those with disabilities. hile this strikes as relevant, Gerl even concedes that one may not be suited for the metaphysical philosophy of special education law "if a lack of ambiguity appeals to you." Indeed, in a sense, traditional civil rights case law in combination with the ideals delivered by an axiology discourse should serve to effectively address the need for the evolution in ethical perspective. And quite simply stated, the philosophical underpinnings of Logic are problemetized in the educational context by the sheer force and divergence of opposing political, ideological and economic priorities. Therefore, the idea of constructing logical…
Gerl, J. (2010). The Metaphysics of Special Education Law. Special Education Today.
Gordon, M. (1994). Toward a Complete Axiology of Classroom Practice. Boston University.
Kozleski, E. (2005). Logic Model for Whole School Educational Reform. National Institute for Urban School Improvement.
Silverman, J.C. (2007). Epistemological Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Inclusion in Preservice Teachers. Teacher Education and Special Education, 30(1), 42-51.
Irish Corporate Governance
"Irish Development NGOs," notes a 2008 associational guidebook from the Corporate Governance Association of Ireland (CGAI), "exist to create a better world. They operate on a global scale with diverse missions, but are united by a shared commitment to social justice and the eradication of poverty" (CGAI, Irish Development NGOs).
But as noble as these intentions are, they are coming up short in their missions because they do not have in place the kinds of effective and efficient types of governance expectations needed to ensure that they are being profitable in their own success. Many NGOs, just like many for-profit businesses, are struggling with extraordinary financial challenges. And they are finding out that just as they need to learn to be more effective in their operations, they have few guidelines in place for improving the services they provide and for professional conduct in general (CGAI, Irish Development…
CGAI. Irish Development NGOs: Code of Corporate Governance. The Corporate Governance Association of Ireland. In partnership with Dochas, The Irish Association of Non-Governmental Development Organizations. http://www.ecgi.org/codes/documents/irish_ngo_2008.pdf.
CGAI. Professional Code of Conduct. The Corporate Governance Association of Ireland. http://www.cgai.ie/pdf/code_of_conduct.pdf .
Freedman, R.E. And L. Stewart. Developing Ethical Leadership. Business Roundtable. Institute for Corporate Ethics. 2006. Downloadable at http://www.corporate-ethics.org/pdf/ethical_leadership.pdf.
GIIN. The Global Impact Investment Network. 2011. Viewable at http://www.theGIIN.org .
The more that your questions are descriptive or explanatory the more that the case study method will be relevant;
How should I select the case to be studied?": According to Yin: "you need sufficient access to the potential data, whether involving people to be interviewed documents or records to be reviewed, or observations to be made in the 'field'. Given such access to more than a single candidate, you should choose the one(s) that best illuminate(s) your research questions. Absent such access, you should consider changing your research questions, hopefully leading to new candidates to which you do have access."
I am studying a school. What is my case: Is it the teachers? The reading program? The whole school?: Yin states: "The specific definition of your case again depends upon your research question(s). The least desirable question is to want to know "everything that happened." Your literature review should help…
Audet, Michael (2005) Teacher Professional Growth Plans: A Case Study of the Chilliwack School District. 21 April 2005. Online available at http://ir.lib.sfu.ca/retrieve/2221/etd1914.pdf
Creswell, J.W. (1998) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Lenz, Pamela A. (2005) Perceived Influence on School Effectiveness: Chapters I-III. January 2005. Online available at http://www.education.duq.edu/pdf/Talking_Paper-Lenz.pdf
Yin R.K. 1994: Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Second Edition, Sage Publications London
Public Health Preparedness
The concept of 'public health preparedness' (PHP) has been garnering recognition worldwide, given the global-scale threats which are constantly encountered by professional healthcare organizations, including bioterrorism, Ebola, the West Nile Virus, and influenza. Preparedness approaches have brought about improvements in the overall healthcare system, by enabling swifter responses to diverse kinds of hazards across the globe. A majority of PHP measures adopted in America are government-judged; this gives rise to concerns pertaining to militarization. Still, preparedness programs in other country-level settings don't essentially indicate comparable implications. The global significance of health sector preparedness has served to increase governmental need of resolving the concern by means of financing, advances, and maintenance approaches which aid speedy response to every kind of crisis. However, akin to all other ideas, the PHP concept is also accompanied by certain major challenges, like the threat of public health militarization. Yet the associated advantages…
Eisenstein, R., Finnegan, J. R., & Curran, J. W. (2014). Contributions of Academia to Public Health Preparedness Research. Public Health Reports, 129(Suppl 4), 5 -- 7.
Khan, Y., Fazli, G., Henry, B., de Villa, E., Tsamis, C., Grant, M., & Schwartz, B. (2015). The Evidence Base of Primary Research in Public Health Emergency Preparedness: A Scoping Review and Stakeholder Consultation. BMC Public Health, 15, 432. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1750-1
Moore, S., Mawji, A., Shiell, A., & Noseworthy, T. (2007). Public Health Preparedness: A Systems-Level Approach. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61(4), 282 -- 286. http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2004.030783
Nelson, C., Lurie, N., Wasserman, J., & Zakowski, S. (2007). Conceptualizing and Defining Public Health Emergency Preparedness. American Journal of Public Health, 97(Suppl 1), S9 -- S11. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2007.114496
Strategic Goals & Objectives
During its existence over three quarters of a century, the SSA has survived, evolved and changed. However, the technological and fiscal challenges of today and the near future require that the Social Security Administration bend and shape itself even more. Those challenges include some budget situations that are fairly bleak, a large amount of fraud and abuse of the program and the technological changes required as mentioned in the introduction for this strategic report. While the basic model of Social Security is criticized, that model itself does not need to be changed. ather, it just needs some adjustments that will be controversial and unpopular to many people.
As mentioned in the introduction, there are three main challenges to Social Security and its future. However, there are those and several others that need to be taken seriously. Those challenges, in total, are as follows:
The SSA needs…
Davis, Sara. 'Ageism In America'. msnbc.com. N.p., 2004. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
Seitz, Dan. 'Microsoft Has Decided To Finally Get Rid Of Internet Explorer'. UPROXX. N.p., 2015. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
Storm, Darlene. 'List Of Hacked Government Agencies Grows: State Department, White House, NOAA & USPS'. Computerworld. N.p., 2015. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
The variability in problems faced by the King Edward Hospital NHS Trust during the period in question, instigated a multi-level response in knowledge sharing and inclusion on practice. Kotter's theory relies upon such a method, where strategies are an exercise multi-tiered obligation.
As Kotter points out, the transformation model may not be suitable for organizations that are in pursuit of prompt change, and the series of responsibilities which result from consortium relationships may apply to one or all organizations within the scope of his definition of institutional cultures: 1) Developing Social Construct; 2) Oriented Social Construct; 3) and Pluralistic Social Construct types. Evidence-based practice in healthcare is compatible with Kotter's proposition. Process methodology including the '8-Steps' process in three (3) phases -- 1) Creating Climate for Change, 2) Engaging and Enabling the Organisation, and 3) Implementing and Sustaining the Change -- is illustrated in Figure 1.
Abidi, S.S., 2001. Knowledge management in healthcare: towards 'knowledge-driven' decision-support services. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 63 (1-2), pp. 5-18.
Abidi, .S.S. et al., 2009. Knowledge sharing for pediatric pain management via a Web 2.0 framework. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 150, pp. 287-91.
Abidi, S.S. et al., 2004. Knowledge management in pediatric pain: mapping online expert discussions to medical literature. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 107 (Pt 1), pp. 3-7.
Austin, M.J., 2008. Knowledge management: implications for human service organizations. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 5 (1-2), pp. 361-89.
Sexual Assault Treatment Center
Describe the social problem for the community
Sexual assault is a criminal sexual act, either physical or otherwise, committed by a perpetrator against a victim (usually a child) using physical, intimidation/force, or emotional manipulation. Sexual assault subjects the victim to the perpetrator's demands through use of coercion, force, manipulation or explicit/implicit threats. Sexual assault is considered criminal because the act is committed against a victim without seeking his or her consent. Sexual assaults are also considered wrong and criminal regardless of the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim or the religion, culture, sex, sexual orientation or age of the victim. In case the victim is a child, sexual assault is termed as sexual abuse. In sexual abuse an adult uses his or her position of power to satisfy their desires. As mentioned earlier, sexual assault can be with or without physical contact and it may…
Alexander, P. (1992). Application of attachment theory to the study of sexual abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(2), 185-95.
Amnesty International. (2005). Amnesty International Report. London: Times.
Appalachian State University. (2016). Sexual Assault Facts. Retrieved Febuary 6, 2016, from Appalachian State University: http://sexualassault.appstate.edu/sexual-assault-rape/sexual-assault-facts
Berliner, L., & Saunders, B. (n.d.). Treating fear and anxiety in sexually abused children. Research grantees report to NCCAN. Seattle, WA: Sexual Assault Center, Harborview Medical Center.
Mitigating isks from Dementia
Providing adequate care for an individual suffering from dementia presents many difficulties for nurses. Patients with dementia often have debilitating conditions such as Alzheimer's or similar neurologic diseases which are progressive, thereby making it challenging for them to remember, think lucidly, communicate effectively or complete activities of daily living. Furthermore, dementia can cause rapid variations in mood or even modify personality and behavior. With the tremendous number of elderly in society more and more nurses are required to care for patients with progressive dementias. It is imperative that a diagnosis be reached early in the course of the cognitive impairment and that the patient is closely monitored for coexisting morbidities. Nurses have a central role in assessment and management of individuals with progressive dementia. This essay provides some evidence-based practical strategies for managing the behavioral problems and communication difficulties often encountered in this population.…
Aud, M.A., Oliver, D., Bostick, J. And Schwarz, B. 2011. Effectiveness of Social Model Care Units for Dementia. International Nursing Research Congress 2005.
Care, N.D. 2010. Teaching and Learning. Pulse. Winter Edition.
Fletcher, S. And Zimmerman, S. 2010. Trainee and trainer reactions to a scripted dementia care training program in residential care/assisted living settings and nursing homes. Alzheimer's Care. 11(1): 61-70.
Goodman, C. 2011. The organizational culture of nursing staff providing long-term dementia care is related to quality of care. Evidence-Based Nursing. 47:1274-1282.
Statistics in Social Work
The steps of evidence-based practice include formulating an answerable question. How does knowing about statistics improve our ability to be an evidence-based practitioner at this step?
How understanding statistical principles can enable you to better understand if a question is answerable or not.
Are 'baselines' in descriptive function, or predictive function available for assessment.
In application of statistics to social phenomena, the frequency, duration and intensity of the subject tested will contribute to analysis where more than nominal (i.e. numbered) distributions are involved. Merely 'counting' a population is not a significant activity in statistical renderings as independent variables require dependent variables in order to acquire statistical meaning. Evidence-based practice references studies that 'replicate' existing tests, toward reinterpretation of former statistical outcomes in a new study of parallel significance, with variables of the same classification. Patterns in longitudinal tests over time offer insights into stasis or transformations…
EJAF or the Elton John AIDS Foundation has a mission statement centered on eradicating AIDS from the Americas and the Caribbean. They raise funds for evidence-based policies and programs and speak out openly about the harsh reality of those suffering with AIDS and HIV. Becoming the world's biggest HIV grant-makers, it holds to main offices in London and New York. EJAF has raised over $349 million for the prevention and treatment of AIDS/HIV ever since it was founded in 1992. With an estimated $7 million invested in the Americas spread across 120 organizations each year, half of this effort is focused on the Caribbean and the Southern U.S.
The agency in addition to its fundraising efforts, offers a unique perspective on issues, tackling the most difficult problems those with HIV / AIDS face. The organization focuses on sustainability and innovation, communicating regularly to allies and their grantees about any…
The researcher was an independent analyst therefore, seemingly, detached from the study.
Crucial observations include the fact that the researcher mentions the interviews and outcomes of the interviews, yet it would be valuable to know how the interviews were conducted. Various confounding elements can creep into the interviews not least the person of the interviewer (that he should, in this case, be matched to the culture of the students, or, at least, understand their culture) and speak in a manner related to their age, level of understanding, and cultural perspectives (as related to the students) so that interviewees relate to him and respond honestly, rather than be intimidated by possible interviewer characteristics.
Specific interview questions may also be slanted in an ambiguous, totally, or partially, non-comprehensible manner. Furthermore, interviewees may respond according to presumed expectations, whilst interfering elements such as peer or, perceived organizational, pressure (to respond in a certain…
Information technology in supply chain management
The supply chain capabilities within a resource-based framework
The supply chain capabilities
Exchange of information
Integration of activities
Supply chain responsiveness
In this paper, we evaluate the role played by information technology in the improvement of supply chain operations. The main aim is to evaluate how information technology can be used in the achievement of a competitive advantage in regard to the supply chain operations. This is conducted in light of factors such as exchange of information, coordination, and integration of interfirm activities as well as supply chain responsiveness.
Supply chain management (SCM) a term which refers to the management of a network of businesses that are highly interconnected but are involved in the intricate process of providing products and services that are required by the end users (customers) (Harland,1996) has been heavily influenced by the advents of the internet. The…
Akkermans, HA, Bogerd, P., Yucesan, E., and Wassenhove, LNV (1999). The impact of ERP on supply chain management: Exploratory findings from a European Delphi study
Aaker, D.A. (1989). "Managing assets and skills: The key to sustainable competitive advantage." California Manage-ment Review 31 (Winter): 91-106.
Bharadwaj, A.S. (2000). A resource-based perspective on information technology capability and firm performance: An empirical investigation. MIS Quarterly, 24(1), 169 -- 196
Barney, J., Wright, M., & Ketchen Jr., D.J. (2001). The resource-based view of the firm: Ten years after 1991. Journal of Management, 27(6), 625 -- 641.
Health Management (Discussion questions)
A health plan is gradually devised in four main stages. The first step is to assess the current situation, and what needs to be changed in terms of a given health setting. Secondly, a set of solutions is designed to bridge the cap between what is, and what is desirable. Thirdly, the measures that were agreed upon are implemented in the targeted environment. Lastly, a process of evaluation determines how effectively the health measures made the transition from what was to what was demanded to be changed.
During the initial phase, it is the general identification of health in a population sector that morphs. The redefining of health justifies enacting a new health plan; in other words, the new plan has to accommodate the effects of this redefinition of society's health goals. After the goals are set, the devised measures ought to take into consideration existing…
National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools (2011). Public health planning toolkit. Hamilton, ON: McMaster University. Retrieved from http://www.nccmt.ca/registry/view/eng/105.html
The Health Planner's Toolkit (2006). Ontario, Canada: Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.on.ca/transformation/providers/information/resources/health_planner/module_1.pdf
Toulmin Model and Sherlock Holmes
The Toulmin Model of argumentation asserts that a good argument consists of six parts which intend to develop a practical argument. The first element is the "claim," or the conclusion that the argument must establish. The next part is the "data," or the facts and evidence collected and used to confirm the argument. In order to support the data, general, hypothetical, or logical statements are used, these are called "warrants." A good argument should limit itself to what can be proven and so it requires "qualifiers" which restrict the argument to a point where it can be supported by facts. In order to support the warrants made during the argument, sometimes "backing statements" are used to add credence to the statements made during the argument. These backing statements may not directly support the claim, but should always support the supporting warrants. Finally, since there are…
Business Model Canvas
Organizational growth is a dream for all organizations. The growth is achievable with the adoption of different strategies such as investing heavily in the development of a product to create better offerings, to develop deep consumer insights to win their loyalty, and/or concentrating in strategy formulation by acquiring new markets. Underlying these strategies is the need for adoption of the business model that will guide the organization in realizing its objectives. One of the models that a business can adopt to foster successes in its ventures is the Business Model Canvas. The model provides the organization with insights on the needs of the consumers (Trimi & Berbegal-Mirabent, 2012). Therefore, this essay discusses various aspects of the model, including its genesis, unique features, and benefits and limitations of using the model in the business.
Generation of the Business Model Canvas
The Business Model Canvas is a key strategic…
Barquet, A.P.B., Cunha, V.P., Oliveira, M.G., & Rozenfeld, H. (2011). Business Model Elements for Product-Service System. In J. Hesselbach & C. Herrmann (Eds.),
Functional Thinking for Value Creation (pp. 332 -- 337). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-19689-8_58
Leschke, J. (2013). Business model mapping: A new tool to encourage entrepreneurial activity and accelerate the new venture creation. Journal of marketing Development and Competitiveness, 7(1), 18-26.
Michelini, L., & Fiorentino, D. (2011). New business models for creating shared value. Social Responsibility Journal, 8(4), 561-577.
It emphasizes the intended meaning of the communicator and brings the listener away from listening to the message to focusing on the communicator him or herself. Communication is, therefore, committed to being with the other rather than being with the message and communication and communicator become separable one from the other. This provides a different perspective on participation where one person's message joins with that of another and the person's meaning with that of another is seen as offered rather than seen as objectively given and static. By personalizing communication in this way -- as dialogical rather than monological - organizations in general and individuals in particular can benefit from a more empathic approach to the other as individual rather than as object and less conflict as well as more respect will be inserted in an already selfish and chaotic as well s conflict-ridden world. Bakhtin's recommendations for sharedness of…
Jabri, Adrain, and Boje (2008) may be incorrect in defining the monological model as symptomatic of modern times in general. It may be more particular of a specific age and country. Nonetheless, their observations and elaboration on Bakhtarin's model as well as their recommendations for it's replacing the monological perspective are current and astute.
Jabri, M., Adrain, a., & Boje, D (2008). Reconsidering the role of conversations in change communication, Journal of Org. Change, 21, 667-685.
Children Learn Better in All Boys' or All Girls' Schools? Examining Potential Benefits of Single-Sex Education
Students are inundated with a wide number of distractions while in school. This often takes away from the success of their learning experience, and can result in lost opportunities, both academically and professionally. This has been the source of a great debate based on the concept of single-sex education in modern practice. This current research uses the Lock Model to explore the issue further. After reviewing the discourse, several conclusions can be made in regards to potential benefits of single-sex education combined with other factors like small class sizes and high teacher engagement.
The underlying research explores various factors in modern student experiences. It examines empirical studies, legal reviews, and previous contributions to the discourse. The underlying research question is: Do children learn better in a single-sex educational environment?
Hubbard, Lea & Datnow, Amanda. (2005). Do single-sex schools improve the education of low-income and minority students? An investigation of California's pubic single-gender academies. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 36(2), 115-131.
Robinson, Pamela & Smithers, Alan. (1997). Should the Sexes be Separated for Secondary Education? University of Buckingham. Web. http://wordpress.buckingham.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/ssreport.pdf
Sherwin, Galen. (2005). Single-sex schools and the antisegregation principle. NYU Review of Law & Social Change, 30(35), 35-88.
Simson, Gary J. (2005). Separate but equal and single-sex schools. Cornell Law Faculty Publications. Paper 17. http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/lsrp_papers/17
(Eljamal; Stark; Arnold; Sharp, 1999)
To conclude, it be said that if we will not be able to master imparting the capability to think in a developed form, our profession, as well as perhaps our world, would be influenced and taken over by someone who would be able to outsmart us to find it out. We would in that case not only remain thinking as to what happened but would also not have the skills required to provide answers to our own question.
Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). etrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.
Carroll-Johnson, .M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).
etrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.
Cheung, C., udowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student…
Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.
Carroll-Johnson, R.M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).
Retrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.
Cheung, C., Rudowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student Journal, 36(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database February 14, 2007.
Examples of this would be the pervasive use of database queries to support the integration of geographic and demographic data in market research and analysis applications (Adnan, Longley, Singleton, Brunsdon, 2010). The reliance on external systems is increasing as users are requiring more intensive analysis and data management functionality at the presentation layer of the model as well. External systems are fueling a higher level of expectations therefore as to what these applications will be able to provide in the future as well
(Adnan, Longley, Singleton, Brunsdon, 2010). While there are many different types of databases in use globally, the most prevalent are relational in design and have the ability to create logical data structures that span across multiple physical locations. This is invaluable in creating e-commerce websites that require data from many different sources to deliver a strong user experience and guide the completion of transactions.
Adnan, M., Longley, P., Singleton, a., & Brunsdon, C. (2010). Towards Real-Time Geodemographics: Clustering Algorithm Performance for Large Multidimensional Spatial Databases. Transactions in GIS, 14(3), 283-297.
Bahador Ghahramani. (2004). Analysis, design, and development model: a case study of an internet-based system for insert and parameter selection. Information Systems Journal, 14(2), 169-193.
Torsten Grabs, Klemens Bohm, & Hans-Jorg Schek. (2004). PowerDB-IR - Scalable Information Retrieval and Storage with a Cluster of Databases. Knowledge and Information Systems, 6(4), 465-505.
Nagel's Model of Inter-Theoretic Reduction
Nagel's Model of Inter-Theoretical Reduction
Reductionism has to do with the classification of knowledge, particularly the classification of scientific knowledge. Many philosophers, such as Nagel, believe that the all current scientific knowledge can be broken down into discrete theories. Accordingly, progress in science is measured by the development of new theories.
These theories are used to explore and control the phenomena in their domains and to systematise, organise and summarise our knowledge about them. In fact, mastering any field of science requires an understanding of its fundamental theories.
Examples of scientific theories are the quantum theory in physics, the evolutionary theory in biology, and the general equilibrium theory in economics.
Definition of a Theory
The first issue which all must face is defining a theory and its constituents. The second issue, often resolved in the definition of the theory, is the relation of a theory…
Nagel, E. (1961). The structure of science: Problems in the logic of scientific explanation. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
Nagel, E. (?). Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations, p. 905-921.
Ladyman, J., Ross, D., Spurrett, D., & Collier, J. (2007). 2. "Scientific Realism, Constructive Empiricism, and Structuralism."
Sklar, L. (1967). Types of inter-theoretic reduction. British Journal for the Philosophy
forming judgments, and the development of sound, persuasive arguments. Inquiry helps eliminate first impressions, preconceived notions and biases through a process of investigation of issues. The investigation itself could be either an inquiry into facts or an inquiry into opinions. Given the widespread availability of information, a key aspect to conducting inquiry is the ability to be realistic about how final the answers are likely to be. One good way to determine this is to evaluate when the evidence is sufficient to permit the making of a judgment with certainty or if the evidence gathered is enough to demonstrate that one view of the issue being investigated has the force of probability. Points that need to be borne in mind while forming judgments include the need to distinguish between: typical and atypical personal experiences; the person and the idea; what is said and how it is said; why…
To elaborate, he used his 'transistor' to build logic circuits that program each cell's behavior. For instance, he was able to tell a cell to change color in the presence of both a specified two enzymes. Remarked Kleem (online): "Endy envisions plant-based environmental monitors, programmed tissues and even medical devices that "make Fantastic Voyage come true," (Kleem, 04.02.13).
In the first (grainy) image below, Endy's DNA "buffer gates" flash different colors according to their situation. In the image below that, we have a string of DNA -- we see the code of the a's, C's, T's and G's -- that has been programmed by synthetic biologist Eric Winfree of the California Institute of Technology --.
(Excerpted from Keim, B Computers Made Out of DNA, lime and Other trange tuff
Timothy Lu, a researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is taking this idea further by building cellular computers…
Brumfiel, G (March 29, 2013) Tiny DNA Switches Aim to Revolutionize 'Cellular' Computing. NPR. http://www.npr.org/2013/03/29/175604770/tiny-dna-switches-aim-to-revolutionize-cellular-computing
Lovgren, Stefan (2003-02-24). Computer Made from DNA and Enzymes. National Geographic. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/02/0224_030224_DNAcomputer.html
Heaven D (02 April 2013) DNA transistors pave way for living computers Newscientishttp://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23337-dna-transistors-pave-way-for-living-computers.html
Strain D (June 2, 2011 ) Flexible DNA computer finds square roots Science News http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/330621/description/Flexible_DNA_computer_finds_square_roots_
diverse population nurses must attend to, the concept of 'transcultural' nursing is important to understand. Instead of viewing health as a universal concept, transcultural nursing attempts to understand the conceptual building blocks of the nursing profession as cultural products that are socially-constructed. It strives to understand the similarities and differences between different health attitudes and practices (Leininger 1991). First developed by Madeline Leininger, transcultural nursing is founded upon the idea that the "health care providers need to be flexible in the design of programs, policies, and services to meet the needs and concerns of the culturally diverse population, groups that are likely to be encountered" (Transcultural nursing, 2012, Current Nursing).
Nurses must be culturally astute and adapt their practices to patient's cultural needs as well as to physical needs. This concept has been somewhat controversial within the nursing profession given that Western medicine's emphasis on preserving life and optimizing treatment…
Adult obesity facts. (2013).CDC. Retrieved: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
Dorothea Orem's self-care deficit theory. (2012). Nursing Theories. Retrieved:
Milligan, F. (2008) Child obesity 2: recommended strategies and interventions. Nursing Times;