Lung Cancer Essays (Examples)

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Lung cancer was a less known condition till after the WWI when a sudden increase in number of cases affected by tumors of the lower respiratory tract was noticed. Prior to the WWI, the tobacco industry has increased its production manifold which was directly related with the increase in number of patients with lung cancer. Even though the tobacco industry denied having anything to do with this increase, it was conclusively established in 1950s that there existed a strong link between cigarette smoking and development of tumors in lower respiratory tract. Even though initially most of the cases were found in males, since 1987 things have changed dramatically and now women account for 40% of lung cancer cases found in the U.S.
Statistics show that in 1878, lung tumors were found in hardly 1% of cases emerging at the Institute of Pathology of the University of Dresden in Germany. After 30….

Apical growth may lead to shoulder pain radiating in an ulnar distribution. "The superior vena cava can become obstructed and involvement of the heart and pericardium can occur. Lymphatic obstruction and spread can lead to dyspnea, hypoxia, and pleural effusions. Distant metastatic disease can affect most organs. Neurologic symptoms may suggest brain metastases or spinal cord compression, and pain could indicate bone metastases" (Mazzone 2004).
Treatment

Surgery is the usual recourse for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer Radiotherapy has been used with curative intent in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer, either in patients who cannot tolerate surgery or in those who elect not to undergo surgery. Chemoradiotherapy to shrink the tumor followed by surgery, or surgery followed by radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy may be used in more aggressive cases (Mazzone 2004).

Nursing interventions

Palliative care, through analgesics for pain, antiemetics for nausea, and antidepressants are common. "Radiotherapy can be used to palliate bone pain….

Cancer nurses with sufficient knowledge of the biological basis of these therapies would be better equipped to deal with the practical clinical implications and provide better symptoms management. The technical understanding of the nurses is also crucial in educating and in enabling the patients to take care of themselves. Further, it also goes without saying that nurses, as the primary caregivers are responsible for the emotional well being of the patients. Improving the quality of life is one of the most important features of cancer care and the cancer nurse plays a large role in this by providing proactive and treatment centric nursing interventions for symptoms palliation.
ibliography

CDC, "Lung Cancer: Statistics," Accessed!4th Dec 2007, available at http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/lung/statistics/

Caldas, C. (1998) "Science, medicine and the future - Molecular assessment of cancer': ritish Medical Journal: No.316 pp. 1360-1363,

Available online at, http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1113070

3) Nobuaki Ishii and N. de Tribolet, "Are p53 mutations and p53 over….

Lung Cancer as Compared to
PAGES 3 WORDS 1374

Provide a rationale and support for your recommendations.
Radon:

A story of radon-related lung cancer in Minnesota was publicized to thousands of viewers via media followed by the Minnesota-legislature passing a law that required radon-resistant construction in all new homes. imilar legislation was passed in Illinois.

Pennsylvania can adopt a similar stance preceding the legislation with widespread publicity in order to educate the public about the matter. teps should also be taken regarding considering implementing this radon construction in all homes across the state. More constructive may be the idea of devising an instrument that can detect radon in homes or identify homes that may be more susceptible to radon. It may be the building materials of the home itself or their easy access to radon or penetrability factor. Lowering costs so that all people can afford this and devising cost-effective methods may be a profitable idea for scientists, law-makers and relevant….

Lung Cancer isk Factors
Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world, accounting for 12.7% of all new cancers cases annually (McErlean and Ginsberg, 2011, p. 173). Lung cancer is also the most lethal, killing more people each year (18.2%) that any other type of cancer (Molina, Yang, Cassivi, Schild, and Adjei, 2008, p. 584; Brennan, Hainaut, and Boffetta, 2011, p. 399). There are very large geographical differences (30 to 60-fold) in the prevalence of lung cancer, with developing countries representing a full 55% of all new cases each year (McErlean and Ginsberg, 2011, p. 173). The geographical difference in incidence highlights the dominance of environmental risk factors in lung cancer etiology.

Types of Lung Cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type, representing 85% of all lung cancers (Molina, Yang, Cassivi, Schild, and Adjei, 2008, p. 584). The three types of NSCLC are squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma,….

diseases i.e. lung cancer, childhood leukemia, obesity and Alzheimer's disease. In each explanation, I have included a definition of the disease, risk factors, treatments, prognosis, and prevention. Later, I have provided short literature reviews of four articles.
Lung Cancer

Lungs are those organs in the body that help the human beings to breathe i.e. inhale and exhale oxygen. Their primary function is to provide oxygen to every cell in the body. As far as cancer cells are concerned, they are abnormal and deformed cells with the basic property of rapid growth and multiplication as compared to healthy cells. Thus, lung cancer begins in the lung tissues when lung cells start to become deformed. It is the Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer for all human beings as it is due to lung cancer that more people die each year as compared to other cancers that occur in breast, colon, and prostate.….

Small Cell Lung Cancer An
PAGES 4 WORDS 1747

The risk factors of the treatment are discussed as well as their possible benefits, along with the needs of specific population groups during treatment, such as the elderly.
Treatment choices. (2013). The American Cancer Society. Retrieved:

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-smallcell/detailedguide/small-cell-lung-cancer-treating-by-stage

Despite the fact that SCLC has been well-known for many years as a threat to the lives of Americans, treatment remains relatively limited. In contrast to the more common form of the illness (NCLC) surgery is often impossible to remove the widespread small cells of the cancer in SCLC. Chemotherapy and radiation in some form is the usual suggested treatment.

hat is small cell lung cancer? (2013). The American Cancer Society. Retrieved:

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-smallcell/detailedguide/small-cell-lung-cancer-what-is-small-cell-lung-cancer

This article provides an overview of SCLC and contrasts it with NCLC. It discusses the effects upon the body and the progression of the illness. It details the rate of incidence of SCLC and explains why SCLC is often more difficult to diagnose and treat….

" (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005)
CONCEPTS in DIFFUSION of INNOVATIONS

Concept Definition

Innovation an idea, object, or practice that is thought to be new by an individual Organization, or community

Communication Channels the means of transmitting the new idea from one person

To another

Social system a group of individuals who together adopt the innovation

Time How long it take to adopt the innovation

SOUCE: U.S. DEPATMENT of HEALTH and HUMAN SEVICES (2005)

It is related that "diffusion of innovations that prevent disease and promote health requires a multilevel change process that usually takes place in diverse settings, through different strategies." At the individual level, involved is a change in lifestyle. At the organizational level "it may entail starting programs, changing regulations, or altering personnel roles." (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005)

III. LINKING FAMEWOK to POBLEM/INTEVENTION

THE INTEVENTION

The intervention in this study will be the formulation and implementation of a screening tool for lung….

...It can spot moderate to severe dysplasia (irregular tissue), "some of which may turn out to be malignant and you'll have a case of lung cancer," he explains. Patients with dysplasia can then be closely monitored, and if cancer appears, it can be treated in its earliest stages. The second diagnostic tool is an imaging agent called Nofetumomab (verluma). Approved by FDA in 1996, it can determine the extent of disease in patients already diagnosed with small cell lung cancer through a biopsy but who have not yet been treated. Nofetumomab is a fragment of a monoclonal (synthetic) antibody that, when tagged with a radioisotope, can detect a protein found on the surface of most small cell lung cancers. The antibody collects in tumor sites and other areas of the body where protein is detected and, using special cameras, doctors can see the areas as "hotspots." (Brown, 1999, p. 7)
These….

" (2003)
It is reported in the work of Morrow (2009) that prior to palliative sedation being considered the team of people caring for the patient or the palliative care team "…will look at many possible options to help relieve suffering, such as aggressive symptom management (using any and all medications and treatments that may help) and mental support to help with emotional concerns. The goal is to make the patient as comfortable as possible. When this effort isn't enough, palliative sedation may be an option. " (Morrow, 2009, p.1) in some cases the symptoms are difficult if not impossible to treat and fail to respond to any treatment despite extremely high doses of pain medications. Also causing severe distress is such as "frequent and severe nausea and vomiting, uncontrollable tremors or seizures, and severe breathlessness are just a few examples of distressing conditions. In these cases, sedation may be the….

Smoking and Lung Cancer
Cohort, cross sectional, and case-control studies are together known as observational studies. These studies are frequently the only feasible manner of analyzing certain problems (Mann, 2003). In this particular case, the observational studies shall concentrate on smoking together with lung cancer.

COHOT STUDY

This is the most appropriate manner of establishing the condition's prevalence and natural history.

Conducting Study

A group of individuals that do not have the desired outcome shall be selected. Several variables, which may be significant to the condition's development shall then be measured by the researcher. The individuals in the selected sample are monitored over a length of time to observe if they develop the desired outcome (lung cancer). For the two cohorts utilized, one group shall have actually been exposed to or been smoking while the other has not, thus serving as an external control (Mann, 2003; Chen et al., 2010).

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages

1. Given that….

Health Case Study: Lung MassSummary of PathophysiologyPathophysiology of Lung Mass: The first possible diagnosis from the given case is lung mass, as the chest X-ray suggested. Lung mass is most commonly referred to as lung cancer; however, lung mass is an abnormal growth of spots greater than 3cm (Eldridge, 2021). Further tests determine the type of lung cancer as 4 to 5% of the lung masses end up in cancer. Two chief histological groups of cancer are the most prevalent types: small lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-SCLC (NSCLC) (Inamura, 2017). The molecular and cellular disturbance in the lung structure with masses in the organs DNA.Pathophysiology of Emphysema: Another possibility after reading the given case is that the 52-year old is the occurrence of emphysema. It causes disturbance in the local tissues of the lungs, and the mechanism changes in the alveolar walls, resulting in their rupture (Cantor & Turino, 2019).….

Immunotherapists can provide sensitive and accurate cancer diagnostic tools for the successful treatment of the disease and to stop it well in its tracks (cancerresearch.org, 2009). The outward advantages of immunotherapy are as follows: certain drugs have fewer side effects and offer patients a higher quality of life, bolstered anti-cancer effectiveness and rates of survival, benefits are often reaped quickly for the patient (cisncancer.org). The disadvantages are as follows: some varieties of this treatment have serious side effects, are very expensive and occasionally offer just a short-term efficacy (cisncancer.org)
5. An overexpression of proto-oncogenes can cause cancer as mutated forms of these genes can promote unrestrained cell proliferation: "oncogenes actively promote proliferation (analogous to the gas pedal of the cell cycle). Mutations that convert proto-oncogenes to oncogenes typically increase the activity" (Hyland). An underexpression of tumor suppressor genes can also put an individual in a precarious situation. Tumor suppressor genes slam….

Care of Cancer:
In the past few years, cancer has developed to become one of the major leading causes of deaths across the globe. The disease can be described as the uncontrolled growth or development of abnormal cells in the body even as cancerous cells are also known as malignant cells. Since cells are the building blocks of humans and other living things, cancer develops out of the normal cells within the body. Generally, the normal cells multiply when needed by the body and die when the body does not need them. When the growth of the cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly, cancer appears to occur. Nonetheless, cancer also appears to happen when cells in the body forget how to die.

Causes of Cancer:

There are various kinds of cancer because the disease can develop in nearly every tissue or organ like skin, bones,….

Medical Advances in Cancer Treatment Research
This paper discusses the medical advances in cancer treatment research. The writer explores several treatment options and compares them to treatment options of the past. There were two sources used to complete this paper.

There was a time when a diagnosis of cancer meant a death sentence. The word still strikes a chord of fear among the millions each year who are told they have it, but in recent years there have been many advances in medical science that allow many who would have died from the disease to live long and full lives. There are more cancer survivors now than ever before and treatment options continue to be made available.

In the past there were only two options for the treatment of cancer. One could have surgery and one could be given a course of radiation treatments. The surgery was for the purpose of removing the….

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3 Pages
Essay

Disease

Lung Cancer Was a Less Known Condition

Words: 865
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Lung cancer was a less known condition till after the WWI when a sudden increase in number of cases affected by tumors of the lower respiratory tract was noticed.…

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1 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Lung Cancer Pathophysiology the Pathophysiology

Words: 426
Length: 1 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Apical growth may lead to shoulder pain radiating in an ulnar distribution. "The superior vena cava can become obstructed and involvement of the heart and pericardium can occur.…

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6 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Lung Cancer Research in Gene

Words: 1903
Length: 6 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Cancer nurses with sufficient knowledge of the biological basis of these therapies would be better equipped to deal with the practical clinical implications and provide better symptoms management.…

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3 Pages
Research Paper

Disease

Lung Cancer as Compared to

Words: 1374
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Provide a rationale and support for your recommendations. Radon: A story of radon-related lung cancer in Minnesota was publicized to thousands of viewers via media followed by the Minnesota-legislature passing…

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2 Pages
Research Paper

Disease

Risk Factors for Lung Cancer

Words: 804
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Lung Cancer isk Factors Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world, accounting for 12.7% of all new cancers cases annually (McErlean and Ginsberg, 2011, p. 173).…

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10 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Diseases I E Lung Cancer Childhood Leukemia Obesity

Words: 3195
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Term Paper

diseases i.e. lung cancer, childhood leukemia, obesity and Alzheimer's disease. In each explanation, I have included a definition of the disease, risk factors, treatments, prognosis, and prevention. Later,…

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4 Pages
Research Paper

Disease

Small Cell Lung Cancer An

Words: 1747
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Research Paper

The risk factors of the treatment are discussed as well as their possible benefits, along with the needs of specific population groups during treatment, such as the elderly. Treatment…

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5 Pages
Term Paper

Psychology

Incidence of Lung Cancer in

Words: 1333
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Term Paper

" (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005) CONCEPTS in DIFFUSION of INNOVATIONS Concept Definition Innovation an idea, object, or practice that is thought to be new by an individual Organization,…

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8 Pages
Thesis

Disease

Stage 4 Lung Cancer Current

Words: 2575
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Thesis

...It can spot moderate to severe dysplasia (irregular tissue), "some of which may turn out to be malignant and you'll have a case of lung cancer," he explains. Patients…

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8 Pages
Case Study

Disease

Patient With Terminal Lung Cancer

Words: 2087
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Case Study

" (2003) It is reported in the work of Morrow (2009) that prior to palliative sedation being considered the team of people caring for the patient or the palliative care…

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2 Pages
Essay

Health - Nursing

Analyzing Observational Study Design Smoking and Lung Cancer

Words: 762
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Smoking and Lung Cancer Cohort, cross sectional, and case-control studies are together known as observational studies. These studies are frequently the only feasible manner of analyzing certain problems (Mann,…

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2 Pages
Case Study

Health

Lung Mass Summary of Pathophysiology

Words: 739
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Case Study

Health Case Study: Lung MassSummary of PathophysiologyPathophysiology of Lung Mass: The first possible diagnosis from the given case is lung mass, as the chest X-ray suggested. Lung mass is…

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4 Pages
Essay

Disease

Cellular Proliferation Cancer One-60-Year-Old Might

Words: 1326
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

Immunotherapists can provide sensitive and accurate cancer diagnostic tools for the successful treatment of the disease and to stop it well in its tracks (cancerresearch.org, 2009). The outward advantages…

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6 Pages
Essay

Disease

Care of Cancer In the Past Few

Words: 1961
Length: 6 Pages
Type: Essay

Care of Cancer: In the past few years, cancer has developed to become one of the major leading causes of deaths across the globe. The disease can be described…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Medical Advances in Cancer

Words: 553
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Medical Advances in Cancer Treatment Research This paper discusses the medical advances in cancer treatment research. The writer explores several treatment options and compares them to treatment options of the…

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