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Learning Psychology Refers to the

Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 89248303

A child can learn that pressing a button on remote changes a channel on a television set. The experiment used two set of participants where one set learnt from a machine while the others learnt from a human participant. It was evident that the use of a ghost machine yielded better results compared to the use of a participant (Nairne, 2011).

Methodology

The method used to learn how observational learning influences children will be the use of questionnaires. Short questionnaires will be sent to twenty baby care centers to evaluate the observational learning skills possessed by the caregivers. The questionnaires will be filled by the participants using three main methods. Centers that are a long distance from researcher's location will be provided with the questionnaires through emails. Centers where the care giver is busy will be called when convenient and the questionnaire filled through a telephone conversation. Centers that are…… [Read More]

References

Mishra, B.K. (2008). Psychology; the study of human behavior. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Nairne, J.S. (2011). Psychology. Australia: Thompson/Wadsworth.
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Learning and Teaching Principles of

Words: 505 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44750523

(American Lirary Association, 2006)

II. Skills that Students will Possess upon Graduation from High School

The work entitled: "Information Literacy Curriculum" states that upon graduation from high school the student will posses the following skills:

(1) Information literacy -- aility to identify, locate, access, retrieve, evaluate and use information from a variety of formats;

(2) Information management -- aility to use electronic lirary catalogs, microformats, periodical dataases, CD-ROM interfaces, school area network programs, INTERNET, and print materials;

(3) Research Strategies -- aility to use print and electronic lirary sources effectively;

(4) Classification and Grouping of Information -- aility to use word processing, manipulation of dataase files to download, copy, and print information, and note-taking skills;

(5) Organization of Information - aility to correctly cite sources and create note cards and iliography; and (6) Effective Use of Media Equipment -- aility to operate OPAC, LAN, Microfilm / Microfiche, VCR and Videotapes,…… [Read More]

bibliography; and (6) Effective Use of Media Equipment -- ability to operate OPAC, LAN, Microfilm / Microfiche, VCR and Videotapes, Audio Cassette Player and tapes, CD-ROM station, Copy Machine and Printer to retrieve, copy, or print materials.

References

Information Literacy Curriculum (nd) Clarkstown Central School District West Nyack, NY. Online available at:  http://www.ccsd.edu/bardonia/CCSDLibraryCurriculum/hrdcpy/Final%20Draft1.pdf 

Information Power: Building Partnerships for Learning - Learning and Teaching Principles of School Library Media Programs (2006) American Association of Libraries. Online available at:  http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/aaslproftools/informationpower/iplearningteaching.cfm
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Learning From Leapfrog Creating Educational

Words: 1501 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 99164816

Also, by creating school-centered products for older children, it can lessen the criticism that it is imposing technology upon the young, impressionable minds of preschoolers.

Available action alternatives

LeapFrog could continue to stress its core model, or 'razor and blades' approach. However, given that other educational and toy companies are capitalizing upon the LeapFrog platform model, LeapFrog cannot afford to ignore the fact that this market will eventually shrink, even if LeapFrog remains the industry standard. However, the Obama Administration is expanding the focus of the nation on standards-based education. Thus, shifting LeapFrog's focus to its K-high school Leap Start initiative, ESL programming, and other devices that make teaching standards-based education easier for teachers in crowded and cash-strapped classrooms would seem to be the ideal way to ensure that LeapFrog has a comprehensive market approach that covered all potential 'bases' for the company, regardless of the market environment. Furthermore, even…… [Read More]

References

Bennett, Haynie, McKelvie, Tarallo, Torrens, Wiklund. (2009). Strategic and entrepreneurial management. McGraw-Hill Primis Custom Publishing.

SWOT or TOWS analysis. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at http://www.mba-tutorials.com/strategy/96-SWOT-or-tows-analysis-tows-matrix.html
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Machine Translation and the Future Computers Are

Words: 7864 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 19197387

Machine Translation, And the Future

Computers are being used in many areas to speed and automate tasks that are tedious or strenuous on human beings. Computers aid us in making our daily lives better in many ways. Computers are being used for a variety of tasks. As the world moves toward a global economy, communication has become a major issue of the agendas of almost any industrialized nation. Machine translation is the growing wave of the future; these machines can translate passages into another language almost instantaneously.

There are some that fear the professional translators will become obsolete in the near future. However, an exploration of the current state of the art and future trends indicated that these fears are unfounded and that the field of Professional translation will enjoy man years of stability and prosperity, reaping the benefits of an expanding global economy.

Introduction

Rationale

Thesis

Literature Review

Machine…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Austermuhl, F. (2002) The Dysfunctional Family - Remarks on Communication (or a Lack Thereof) within the Translation Community. Presentation. International Feder.Cen.Tr.I. Conference. October 12, 2002. sala Michelangelo,. http://217.223.150.10/abstracts.htm Accessed February, 2003.

Brace, C., Vasconcellos, M. And Miller, L. (1995). MT Users and Usage: Europe and Americas. Paper presented at the Fifth Machine Translation Summit in Luxembourg. July 1995.

Champollion, Y.(2001). Machine translation (MT), and the future of the translation industry. Translation Journal. January 2001 5 (1).

Demos, K. And Fraunfelder, M.(2003) Machine Translation's Past and Future. 2003 Wired.com. Issue 8.05, May, 2000.
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Supervised V Unsupervised Learning in

Words: 767 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 47425225

For instance, the observations are always assumed to be at the tail end of the causal chains (Petrie, 1996). In actual practice, the paradigms for supervised learning often leave the important probabilities for numerous inputs undefined. If input variables are available, the model works well, but if not, it is difficult to make sense or to infer anything about the outputs (Stork, 2001).

In the lay world, we can think of supervised learning as a computer program that allows an individual to learn a language, say Spanish. The pronunciation of the letters is the output. Each time the right letter is produced; feedback either strengthens or weakens it for a wrong letter. This has about an eighty percent chance of producing correct words. For individuals, feedback is akin to taking a walk and getting poison ivy; exposure to the plants teaches one where to walk, to wear appropriate clothing, and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED

Bruner, J., et.al. (1967). A Study of Thinking. New York: Science Editions Press.

Burke, P. (2010). "A Simulation Case Study From an Instructional Design

Framework." Science Direct. March 19, 2010. Cited in:

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B82X4-4YN05CG-6&_user=10&_coverDate=04%2F30%2F2010&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=759d9102ebe8a27ff567d0db6c90379b
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Machine Translation and the Future

Words: 919 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Seminar Paper Paper #: 92094686

Machine Translation and Horizons of the Future

Almost everyone is familiar with the nifty Google feature which allows for instantaneous translation of foreign words. This automated or 'machine' translation is a convenient way to read websites in different languages. No longer does the reader need to know someone who speaks the foreign language or to hire a translator. The translation is provided quickly and easily, via 'machine.' However, for many professional translators, there is a fear that this mechanized process will render their profession obsolete. The article "The perspective of machine translation and horizons of the future" argues that such fears are unfounded. There a useful function that can be performed by machine translation that will enhance current translation capabilities for businesses, individuals, and other organizations, even if it is not a perfect replacement for human intelligence.

The article begins by noting the vital need for translation today, given the…… [Read More]

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Learning Organization the Skokie Library

Words: 3245 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 93474499



Most significantly, too, the library runs a free service and a book mobile to reach those who are unable for various reasons (such as being handicapped, ill, or elderly) to use the library. The book mobile has its own selection of books, toys, and a teacher who is available to instruct those who desire instruction and those who need help with their homework.

The library's vision statement is that it seeks to help people pursue lifelong leaning and discovery, as well as enjoyment of popular culture and the arts. It also seeks to help residents become well informed, to engage each other in dialogue and respectful discourse, and to actively participate in the life of the community. All of this makes it an organization that disseminates learning in the fullest sense of the word.

In a practical way -- and as per its mission statement -- it does this by…… [Read More]

References

Brown, J.S. & Duguid, P. (1991). Organizational learning and communities-of-practice: Towards a unified view of working, learning and innovation. Organization Science. 2(1): 40-57.

Cohen, W.M. & Levinthal, D.A. (2000). Absorptive Capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. In R. Cross and S. Israelit (eds) Strategic learning in the knowledge economy. (pp. 39-68) Boston: Butterworth Heinemann.

Comley, L., Arandez, L., Holden, S & Kuriata, E. (2000). Are TAFE organisations learning organisations? Do they 'walk the talk'? The Centre for Curriculum Innovation and Development. Melbourne: Victoria University

Cross, R. And Israelit, S. (2000) Strategic learning in the knowledge economy. Boston: Heinemann.
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Learning Educational Psychology Multiple Choice

Words: 3789 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64594759



A behavior resulting from injury or disease behavior resulting from experience behavior resulting from disease or drugs biologically determined behavior

Evidence that learning has occurred is seen in published research studies changes in thinking changes in behavior emotional stability

Change in performance is preceded by bad reviews scientific research the behavior of others change in disposition

If-then statements may also be referred to as principles generalization hypothesis laws

Statements which summarize relationships are restricted to the physical sciences known as hypothesis known as generalization never used in the social sciences

Rules which govern the gathering of information are known as rigid and dogmatic scientific method being flexible

APA rules for research studies

Informed consent is given by the researcher judicial review the American Psychological Association the research subject

Laws are to beliefs as truth is to untruth accuracy is to inaccuracy convictions are to facts are to convictions

Trace conditioning…… [Read More]

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Learning Hands-On Science Learning Has

Words: 2217 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86074387

The natural environment provides students with a calm and quiet place to unwind from the noises of the classroom. It nurtures and supports animal-life all year round. This is critical for areas where commercial and residential development is reducing most natural areas. Wildlife especially needs help during the cold and snowy months. Students can also see how it benefits the environment. It also helps connect students to the world of nature. Increasingly, because children are spending more and more times indoors, they are losing touch with nature.

Humans, because they spent their first 14,000 years in nature, have a special bond with the outdoor world. When they are taken away from this environment, through cities, lack of parks, no outdoor play, there can be psychological affects. When taking time to enjoy nature, children will feel better about themselves and the world at large.

We are also going to put a…… [Read More]

References

Besecker, I. (June 11, 2000). Greensoboro News and Record. Insanity of Testing Mania.

Bredderman, T. (1985). Laboratory programs for elementary school science: A meta- analysis of effects on learning. Science Education, 69(4), 577-591.

Carpenter, R. (1963). A Reading Method and an Activity Method in Elementary Science Instruction. Science Education, April.

Hake, R. (1992). Socratic Pedagogy in the Introductory Physics Laboratory. The Physics Teacher 30(9), 546-552
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Promoting ESL in Work-Based Learning

Words: 8696 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24782649

Learning that is imparted through an educational institution or training company within the workplace setting in known as Work-based learning (WL). WL is administered by an external teacher in professional capacity and supervised by an employee of the company where WL is imparted. An exhaustive literature review indicates that it was only after Moser report's shocking revelations, regarding lack of literacy, language, and numeracy skills in one out every five adults in ritain that U.K took expedited policy actions to introduce WL. WL is relevant for all adult and young learners and more pertinent for instruction of English as a second language (ESL). Since medium of interaction and business transactions in U.K is English, instruction of ESL is essential for empowering vast percentage of population that does not have requisite skills to compete in labor market due to lack of language skills. Increased use of computers and multimedia in teaching…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anderson, RC & Freebody, P 1981. 'Vocabulary knowledge'. In J.T. Guthrie (Ed.),

Beck, IL, McKeown, MG & Kucan, L 2002. 'Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction'. New York: Guilford.

Becker, HJ 2000. 'Pedagogical motivations for student computer use that lead to student engagement'. Educational Technology, Vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 5-17. Viewed on 6 Mar 2013, [http://www.crito.uci.edu/tlc/findings/spec_rpt_pedagogical/ped_mot_pdf.pdf]

Brown, HD 2001. 'Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy'. (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
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Organization as Machine FedEx

Words: 1705 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6104219

Machine Metaphor in Organizations

The machine metaphor for an organization is one of two orthodox metaphors, the other being the organization as an organism (Morgan, 1980). The machine metaphor dates to the work of Fayol and Taylor, wherein the organization was understood as a series of parts, each with a specific, mechanistic role to play in the organization's success (Morgan, 1980). This metaphor not only included machines and fixed assets, but also viewed employees as tools in much the same way. They are to perform specific tasks as outlined by management, and would be measured in terms of their ability to perform these tasks accurately and quickly. The machine metaphor thus reduced labor to the role of a tool. Managers in this model seek to design their machine, by way of allocating resources to specific tasks at specific times, in order that the machine could optimize output. The machine metaphor…… [Read More]

References

Adamson, B., Dixon, M. & Toman, N. (2013). Dismantling the sales machine. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved July 25, 2015 from  https://hbr.org/2013/11/dismantling-the-sales-machine 

Baskin, K. (2000). Corporate DNA: Organizational learning, corporate co-evolution. Emergence. Vol. 2 (1) 34-49.

Koch, S. & Deetz S. (2009). Metaphor analysis of social reality in organizations. Journal of Applied Communications Research. Vol. 9 (1) 1-15.

Morgan, G. (1980). Paradigm metaphors and puzzle solving. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol. 25 (4) 605.
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Managing a Multimedia Learning Environment

Words: 3283 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59280858

learning and teaching has drastically changed all over the world, in general, and in America, in particular. This is because of the sudden increase of information technology. Of late, both the teachers and learners, all over the world, have come to the realization that the old technologies cannot compete with the latest technological developments when it comes down to the practice of teaching and the process of learning. Therefore, the old technologies are being quickly replaced by the new multimedia technologies. It is important to note here that multimedia and its ever-increasing technological products have become very popular tools of both teaching and learning. This is because it allows the learners to pace their training in line with their capacity to learn; it allows the learners to gain control over the process of learning; and it allows the learning process to be individualized. The transformation of the methodology and approach…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Sorel Reisman. Multimedia Computing: Preparing for the 21st Century. Harrisburg:IDEA Group Publishing. 1994.

Shousan Wang. Multimedia and Some of Its Technical Issues. International Journal of Instructional Media. Volume: 27. Issue: 3. 2000.

Patricia Deubel. An Investigation of Behaviorist and Cognitive Approaches to Instructional Multimedia Design. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. Volume: 12. Issue: 1. 2003.
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Party Machines and Immigration

Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44279848

Party Machines and Immigrants

For more than a century, party machines dominated the political process in many parts of the United States where William "Boss" Tweed and his Tammany Hall henchmen and their ilk controlled the outcomes of elections in many major American cities by manipulating the immigrant vote. Although these political figures were eventually displaced by other politicians, they left a legacy of corruption, back-scratching and double-dealings that persists to this day. To determine the impact of these events on modern American politics, this paper provides a discussion concerning some of the main actors involved in party machines and immigration in the United States during the 20th century, including Frank Hague, William "Boss" Tweed, Abraham euf, George Cox, ichard Daley and Vito Lopez. A summary of the research and important findings concerning party machines and their implications for immigrants are provided in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Frank Hague…… [Read More]

References

Hamilton, C. (2012, September 4). County party chair remains powerful, if poorly understood, position. WNYC News Blog. Retrieved from  http://www.wnyc.org/blogs/wnyc-news -blog/2012/sep/04/powerful-poorly-understood-county-party-chair-seat-have/.

Howe, F.C. (1915). The modern city and its problems. Chicago: C. Scribner's Sons.

Judd, D.E. & Swanstrom, T.R. (2012). City politics. Pearson.

Luthins, R.H. & Nevins, A. (1954). American demagogues: Twentieth century. Boston: Beacon
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Independent Learning & Teaching Toward

Words: 797 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32191692

Though they can cooperatively work well with other people, they would rather spend time for learning by themselves.

Distant teacher. If traditional education teachers act as directors of learning - telling learners what, when, and how is it to be learned - distant teachers act as resource to the learners. As in traditional education where learners respond to the teachers, in Independent Learning and Teaching it is the teachers who respond to the learners. Teaching is seen as helping and the teacher as helper. They do not instruct students what to do; rather, they guide the learners in making independent decisions by opening their minds to various possibilities. Distinction between help and control are highlighted in the learner-teacher relationship. Their relationship shows that help vs. control trade-off is not necessary; a learner may receive help from the teacher without losing control or responsibility over the conduct of his or her…… [Read More]

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Diffentiation in Learning it Does Seem to

Words: 1086 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83532184

Diffentiation in Learning

It does seem to be elementary in the eleventh year of the 21st century that differentiating curriculum and instruction for different students needs to be justified by neurological research. However, this is the case. For reasons outside the boundaries of this short essay, the politicos of the time still feel that "one size fits all" in the classroom and we must bring out the neurological data to challenge the status quo. Indeed, one might laughingly rank it up with trying to teach evolutionary theory to a class of creationists. One just does not know where they went wrong when they are so very much in the right.

The authors of Differentiation and the Brain: How Neurosciene Supports the Learner-Friendly Classroom makes just this point that for these diverse learners, increased effort is required to differentiate the instructional approaches, to personalize our support for our students and increase…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brower, M.C., & Price, B.H. (2001). Neuropsychiatry of frontal lobe dysfunction in violent and criminal behaviour: a critical review. Journal of Neurological and Neurosurgical Psychiatry, 71,

720 -- 726.

Soussa, D.A., & Tomlinson, C.A. (2010). Differentiation and the brain: how neuroscience supports the learner-friendly classroom. Burlington, NH: Solution Tree.

Subban, P. (2006). Differentiated instruction: a research basis. International Education Journal, 7(7),
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Scope of Technology Learning Environment

Words: 364 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31438105

Technology Learning Environ

New technology has become an integral part of the learning environment, and not just an adjunct to it. This article demonstrates the limitations of using technology in the educational profession. First, technology depends on human input and guidance in order to be properly and relevantly developed. Second, technology must be fully integrated with the learning environment; it can't and shouldn't float on top of it. Rather, technology needs to be as mundane as books in order to be an effective media. Third, technology is not limited to the use of computers and their peripherals. Rather, technology gives rise to a multitude of varied media formats that can be used to stimulated enthusiastic learning and critical thinking.

The development of new technologies for the educational sector should ascribe to the ultimate philosophical goals of learning. Educational professionals and engineers should collaborate on the end-user needs, and the technologies…… [Read More]

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Political Machines

Words: 1064 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88294879

Political Machines: Politics as a Tammany Vocation

hen Max eber made a speech on politics as a vocation he defined the political machine as a creation of the modern, pluralistic democratic state. A political machine, unlike a purely charismatic individual leader, was a functional bureaucracy attempted, however imperfectly to serve the popular interest through the use of an institutional framework. A quick-voiced opponent of political corruption might protest the use of the political machine as a contemporary model for American democracy, as it has often been associated with corruption, specifically pork barrel politics in America's urban past. Yet, before the creation of political machines, the national apparatus of the state used physical force to ensure compliance with its actions, rather than bestowing any kind of favors to ensure popular compliance.

For example in eber's Europe, the result of this use of aristocratic force was a form of political tyranny over…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Judd. Dennis & Todd Swanstrom, City Politics: Private Power and Public Policy. New York: Pearson Longman, 2002.

Judd. Dennis & Todd Swanstrom, The Politics of Urban America: A Reader. New York: Pearson Longman, 2002.

Riordan, William L. Plunkitt of Tammany Hall / Edited with an Introduction by Terrence J. McDonald. New York: Bedsford St. Martins. Originally Published in 1905.

Weber, Max. "Politics as a Vocation." From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Translated and edited by H.H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills. Pp. 77-128, New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.
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Happiness and the Experience Machine Harvard Philosopher

Words: 1634 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55841813

Happiness" and "The Experience Machine"

Harvard philosopher Rober Nozick made an interesting observation about happiness. Suppose one was to reflect on two different lives that contain the same amount of happiness. One life begins at a low point, and continues to get better with each passing moment. On the other hand, the second life begins on a high note, and continues to move downward towards an unhappy ending. The eternal question is, of course, which one would be preferable? Like the majority of people, I would choose the life that begins at a low point and slopes upward. Nozick believed that this says something fundamental about the human relationship with happiness. Humans, by nature, are seeking something more than the total happiness in their lives. Nozick refers to this as the "narrative direction" of happiness, and finds that we as humans seek structure in our positive experiences. Rather than hope…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"The Happiness Curve & The Experience Machine." Wet Paint. Web. 11 Dec. 2010.

.

Kazez, Jean. "More Happiness Please." Philosophy Now. 2007. Web. 11 Dec. 2010.

.
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Hans Rosling's Washing Machine Video Rosling Presents

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46384853

Hans Rosling's ashing Machine Video

Rosling presents a video that is part humor, part social studies, and part practical application for the viewers. His ultimate and salient point seems to be how technology has helped to change the social status of women, but in fact he is making a moral and sociological argument as well; and he arrives at his point with an audience's laughter in the background.

The ashing Machine Revolution

By bringing a grandmother into the video Rosling is providing a perspective for his audience. After all, her whole life grandmother has been washing clothes by hand, after first heating water over a wood-burning stove. The primitive clothes-washing strategy grandma is familiar with juxtaposes dramatically with the white machine that does all that for the mother or grandmother. hen grandmother asks to be the one to push the "start" button on the machine, she is literally and figuratively…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rosling, Hans. Hans Rosling and the magic washing machine. Gapminder.
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Michael Kammen's a Machine That

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 71240872

Americans have even been moved to call the document divinely inspired, in another irony, as Constitution gives the right to every American to worship as he or she chooses, free of state influences.

Kammen convincingly shows that how Americans feel about the Constitution is often very different from what lies within the document. In doing so, he encourages the reader to take a more critical view of his or her own conception of the Constitution and to question assumptions that we have somehow always known what the Founders envisioned. e are neglectful of our duties as citizens, says Kammen, if we do not read the Constitution in light of its cultural history and grow more reflexive and self-critical as a nation about the way we view it. The Constitution is malleable in our elected and unelected officials' hands and minds, and in our own collective mind as a culture.

orks…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rosen, Jeffrey. PBS. "The first hundred years." The Supreme Court. 2007. December 30, 2009.

 http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/antebellum/print/history.html 

"Text of John Roberts' opening statement before the Senate Judiciary Committee." USA Today.

September 12, 2005. December 30, 2009.
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Project Leader Personal Learning Contract Learning Within

Words: 4101 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68936965

Project Leader

Personal Learning Contract

Learning within organizations is vital to success. It is the lifeblood that grows and sustains human capital (Bassi & McMurrer, 2004; Noe, 2008; Senge, 1990) through human resource development (HD) and the management of technology which, according to Thamhain (2001), is the key to competitiveness and wealth creation.

In this essay the researcher attempts to explore the challenges he will be facing as a leader and the competencies he will need to handle these challenges. The essay is divided into two parts. Part-I reflects the challenges, difficulties, scope and required competencies to be leader in the organization and how the writer will develop himself to fulfill the requirements of the role. While in Part-II the author has stated how to keep balance among personal and professional life.

Part-I

Contract Title: What I want to work on. The leadership contribution and capability I want to build.…… [Read More]

References

Argyris, C. (1992). On organizational learning. Boston, MA: Blackwell.

Axson, D. (2007). Best practices in planning and performance measurement: From data to decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Bassi, L., & McMurrer, D. (2004). What to do when people are your most important asset. Golden, CO: McBassi & Company.

Besner, C., & Hobbs, B. (2008). Project management practice, generic or contextual: A reality check. Project Management Journal, 39(1), 16-33.
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Influence of Technology on Teaching and Learning Styles

Words: 2412 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49970916

archetypal scene of the educational process is for most of us a child and a teaching sitting next to each other, their heads bowed together intently over a book. It is an island, in this high-tech world in which we live, of the low-tech: A world that depends upon communication and human interactions rather than machines and gadgets. Education seems to be one of those realms in which it is still possible to believe in and practice the humanistic arts.

But this idealized picture of the teaching process is, like so many idealized pictures, not exactly accurate - as well as being a little out of date. Education has, in fact, always made use of technology in our human attempt to pass onto each new generation what the generation before it holds to be important. Slate boards and books were high-tech in their own time - and most children now…… [Read More]

References

Baker, C. (2001). Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism, 3rd ed. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters.

Blevins, D. (2002). Personal communication.

California State Code, Education Code, Section 305-306.

Florida Department of Education, http://www.firn.edu/doe
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Static Learning in the 21st

Words: 12488 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64826198

Millions of dollars are spent on test-prep manuals, books, computer programs and worksheets (Gluckman, 2002). Static/captive learning can help teachers around the nation prepare their students for standardized testing.

Significance of the Study to Leadership

A principal is the leader of the campus. The challenge for the principal is to know his or her district's mandated curriculum and make sure teachers are able to deliver it (Shipman & Murphy, 2001). As the key decision-maker for the use of time and space, principals must be aware of how the use of time and space affects instruction. Principals need to know how best to use assessment data based on relevant content standards with teachers, school communities. Improved student learning is always the focus of assessment.

ecause of high stakes testing, teachers are always assessing to monitor student progress and plan the scope and sequence of instruction. Principals can work to structure school…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anglin, Gary J., Vaez, Hossein, and Cunningham, Kathryn L. (nd) Visual Representations and Learning: The Role of Static and Animated Graphics. Visualization and Learning. Online available at:  http://www.aect.org/edtech/33.pdf 

Arnold, T.C., & Dwyer, F.M. (1975). Realism in visualized instruction. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 40, 369 -- 370.

de Melo, H.T. (1981). Visual self-paced instruction and visual testing in biological science at the secondary level (Doctoral dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, 1980). Dissertation Abstracts International, 41, 4954A.

Dwyer, F.M. (1969). The effect of varying the amount of realistic detail in visual illustrations designed to complement programmed instruction. Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 6, 147 -- 153.
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Tall Buddies Peer-Assisted Learning Initiative

Words: 6521 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34945821

Methods for evaluating and monitoring the effectiveness of peer-assisted learning programs are discussed as well, followed by a summary of the literature review.

Background and Overview.

The growing body of scholarly evidence concerning peer tutoring has been consistent in emphasizing the powerful effects that children can exert on the academic and interpersonal development of their classmates and/or other students (Ehly & Topping, 1998). For example, Bloom (1984) reported early on that one-on-one tutoring by a fully skilled peer was more effective than both conventional (i.e., teachers' lecturing) and mastery learning (i.e., student- regulated) methods of teaching. Across several replications of academic content and student age levels, Bloom (1984) reported that peer tutoring programs produced effect sizes on the order of 2 standard deviations above the mean of the control group (i.e., students receiving conventional lecture-based instruction), compared with 1.3 standard deviations for mastery learning (effect sizes larger than.25 of 1…… [Read More]

References

Adelgais, a., King, a., & Staffieri, a. (1998). Mutual peer tutoring: Effects of structuring tutorial interaction to scaffold peer learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 134.

Afflerbach, P., Baumann, J.F., Duffy-Hester, a.M., Hoffman, J.V., McCarthey, S.J. & Ro, J.M. (2000). Balancing principles for teaching elementary reading. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Arreaga-Mayer, C., Gavin, K.M., Greenwood, C.R., Terry, B.T., & Utley, C.A. (2001). Classwide peer tutoring learning management system. Remedial and Special Education, 22(1), 34.

Bloom, B.S. (1984). The 2 sigma problem: The search for methods of group instruction as effective as one-to-one tutoring. Educational Researcher, 13, 4-16.
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Instructional Technology Enhances Learning Mission

Words: 3747 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83195107



The four pillars that must be included in a technology plan are: Infrastructure, software, hardware and the professional development (Cradler, 2013).

There are two basic categories that the software instruction and curriculum can be divided into:

Teaching and Learning Software Tools: the use of technology to improve the quality of education for the students as well as the teachers. Subscription-based electronic learning resources have enabled the teachers as well as the students to access more reliable and vast sources of information like they were never before able to do (Cradler, 2013).

Productivity Software Tools: the basic technology tools that have increased the usage of technology to the extent that it has changed the landscape of how work was done in the past and how it is being done today. Student information systems and the electronic gradin systems are an example of such tools (Cradler, 2013).

Productivity Tools

The most important…… [Read More]

References

Cradler, J. (n.d.). WestEd. Retrieved February, 2013, from Implementing Technology in Education: Recent Findings from Research and Evaluation Studies:  http://www.wested.org/techpolicy/recapproach.html 

Dexter, S. (2002). ETIPs -- Educational technology integration and implementation principles. In P. (Rogers, Designing instruction for technology-enhanced learning (pp. 56-70). Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.

International Society for Technology in Education. (2002). NETS for Teachers. Retrieved November 2007, from National Education Technology Standards Project:  http://cnets.iste.org/ 

Massachusetts Department of Education. (2007). Technology Self-Assessment Tool (TSAT). Retrieved February, 2013, from the Office of Instructional Technology:  http://www.doe.mass.edu/odl/
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Constructivism Is an Important Learning

Words: 1992 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59271883

(rier, 1992)

Constructivism in all forms faces many obstacles and hurdles in getting fair application in the classroom of schools today for many reasons. One reason is that when constructivism is applied properly and fully to a classroom environment, the teacher may find him or herself in the "backseat" while the students steer the direction of the learning process. It removes much of the inherent hierarchal power of the teacher vs. The student in the classroom. Students are allowed a very high degree of autonomy. There is a strong tendency in our society to subordinate children and to keep children submissive to the dominant adult figures in their lives, and within the school it is completely unheard of to treat students as equals to the teachers. This is due to the belief of both teachers and parents that children are not equal to adults. The rationalist myth of "cold reason"…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brier, S. (1992): "Information and consciousness: A critique of the mechanistic concept of information," in Vol.1, no. 2/3 pp. 71-94 of "Cybernetics & Human Knowing." Aalborg, Denmark.

Dougiamas, M. (1998) "A Journey into Constructivism." Accessed Jan 21, 2004 at  http://dougiamas.com/writing/constructivism.html 

Glasersfeld, E.V., (1992) "Aspects of Radical Constructivism and its Educational Recommendations." Scientific Reasoning research Institute. Presented at ICMe-7, Working Group #4, Quebec. Accessed Jan 21, 2004 at  http://www.umass.edu/srri/vonGlasersfeld/onlinePapers/html/195.html 

Glasersfeld, E.V. (1992) "Why I Consider Myself a Cybernetician" CYBERNETICS & HUMAN KNOWING. A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics & Cyber-Semiotics, Vol. 1 no. 1. Accessed Jan 21, 2004 from: www.flec.kvl.dk/sbr/Cyber/cybernetics/vol1/v1-1evg.htm
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Structuring Your Message Benefits of Distance Learning

Words: 2268 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6318925

Structuring Your Message

Benefits of distance learning from a student's perspective

The duration of e-learning should be justified from the duration of stay expected in the organization

a) the education may be directly related to the information required

b) the education must be specific for the situation that is to be faced

c) the education must set a standard of learning which is to be uniform for all the individuals going through the course

The education has to be provided in a manner that is easy for the students

The education should also be beneficial to the person providing the information so that it will continue.

The use of e-learning is for various purposes, but what is being discussed here is about e-learning that is provided for commercial purposes. This system has been found to be useful for employers and has the possibility to evolve into a major method for…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

"Formulas for Quantifying the Value of a Training-Technology Investment" Retrieved from  http://www.workforce.com/archive/article/22/13/78.php  Accessed 10 August, 2005

Herman, Roger. E. (November, 2000) "Liberal Arts: The Key to the Future" USA Today:

(Society for the Advancement of Education) Retrieved from  http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2666_129/ai_67328802  Accessed 10 August, 2005

'Humor in Practice - Presenting Powerful Presentations" (August, 2001) Retrieved from  http://www.funsulting.com/h_august_2001_newsletter.html  Accessed 10 August, 2005
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Introduction to Research Learning

Words: 1273 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67576833

knowledge is so vast that no one really knows everything. One often discovers that what they know about something is not accurate or utterly wrong (Taflinger, 2011).

Research is normally conducted for two main reasons, i.e., to learn the facts around a phenomenon or to collect evidence. When one conducts research to learn about something, it is for their personal gain. The learning process is a continuous one in life. One cannot stop learning. Whatever new information you encounter constitutes some form of learning. It may be the data about your favourite rugby player or the relativity theory. Research, on its part, is a systematic form of learning. It is organized. Research entails a special focus on something to add to your knowledge base. One may peruse through the Scientific American for the latest research news on quantum mechanics or check the sports page for the results of last night's…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Badley, K. & Scott, J. (2011). Fruitful Research: A Biblical Perspective on the Affective Dimension of Research. Faculty Publications - School of Education. Paper 94.

Beech, G. (2016). Researching the Teaching Context: Faithful Practice. ICCTE Journal.

Driscoll, D. L. (2011). Introduction to Primary Research: Observations, Surveys, and Interviews. Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing, 154.

Research Methodology. (n.d.). Stopvaw.
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Nuclear Fusion Learning From Failure

Words: 1242 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 97186566

6).

Another lesson learned by the fusion research has been its impact on the development of future nuclear weapons vs. existing test ban treaties. It would be possible with successful nuclear fusion results to test weapons without an actual above or below ground explosion due to the nature of the science. The question is raised whether that would be a violation of the nuclear test ban treaties. Also, the potential power of these weapons is mind-boggling -- perhaps 100x existing nuclear weapons. They make the atomic and hydrogen bombs look like firecrackers in comparison.

The mere thought of pure fusion weapons has given pause for thought, and the development of even minor successes in this field cause lessons to be learned about the future control and management of fusion devices.

Present

Most importantly, the fifty years of research into nuclear fusion have brought the world to the point of learning…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brooks, M. (2009). 13 things that don't make sense: The most baffling scientific mysteries of our time. New York: Random House.

Buhl, G. (2005, November 8). Nuclear fusion. Retrieved November 12, 2009, from georgebuhl.com:  http://www.georgebuhl.com/Assets/PDFs/Fusion.pdf 

Doyle, J. (2009, April 1). Scientists take another stab at nuclear fusion. Retrieved November 11, 2009, from San Francisco Chronicle:  http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/03/31/MN7M16QB7I.DTL 

Kahney, L. (1999, December 12). A century of spectacular failure. Retrieved November 12, 2009, from wired.com:  http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/1999/12/32916
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Interview Learning to Listen Is Very Important

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27934719

Interview

Learning to listen is very important especially when one is conducting an interview. Listening helps a lot especially when it comes to understanding one another. When I carried out an interview of an African-American woman it really changed my perception on opportunities that are available for women. This is a reflection on what I learned about the perceptions people have when it comes to occupational preferences at a very early age.

I got the opportunity of interviewing a black American woman and really wanted to find out some of the challenges that she faces when it comes to getting opportunities as a result of her membership of her cultural group. She clearly stated that it was quite difficult for her to secure employment due to the stereotype that there are opportunities that are meant specifically for men while others are meant for women. Feminine occupations are underrepresented among the…… [Read More]

Janie V.W (n.d:90). Raising resisters: The Role of Truth Telling in the Psychological Development of African-American Girls. Pp.90

Smith Pegues, D.(2013). How to counter the 'angry black woman' stereotype. Retrieved October 17, 2013 from thegrio.com/2013/07/14/are-you-countering-or-confirming-the-stereotype-of-the-angry-black-woman-heres-how-to-break-free/

Wilkerson, A.(2012).Eight stereotypes about black women that need to die in 2012.Retrieved October 17,2013 from  http://www.urbancusp.com/newspost/eight-stereotypes-about-black-women-that-need-to-die-in-2012/
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Avington College Virtual Learning Center

Words: 1271 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 96462428

The teaching staffs are also to be linked to the system via a wireless network. However in order to facilitate efficient learning, the system is to be linked via a Virtual Private Network (VPN) through an internet link. This therefore demands that there exists an internet connection infrastructure which comprises of the necessary routers, switches, cables and an Internet Service Provider with a very high uptime. What results can be illustrated as follows:

Fig 2: A typical remote access session to the virtual network (Source: Kneale & Box, 2003).

The Virtual learning Environment is running on a minimal of 50 computers (40 desktops and 10 laptops). The remote display software allows for the interaction of both the student and the teaching staff with the system. This interaction can be from anywhere so long as there is an internet connection. The system is designed with an open architecture in order to…… [Read More]

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Flight Deck and Human-Machine Interface

Words: 3048 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 47590366

Flight Deck Human-Machine Interface - "What to Expect in the Future"

This paper will analyze the issues associated with the flight deck human-machine interface. The data for this research will be collected through a number of secondary sources. Quantitative analysis of the collected data will be performed on the basis of frequency and types of accidents and the causes of accidents that occurred after the introduction of this technology. Qualitative analysis of the collected data will be performed on the basis of previous researches that were conducted on the issue under consideration. On the basis of the results obtained from this analysis, various recommendations will be proposed so that this technology can be further enhanced and the issues associated with it can be eliminated. The paper will also analyze aviation safety legislation and propose the changes that should be made in the legislation to make this technology safer and more…… [Read More]

References

Boy, G., & Carlo Cacciabue, P. (1997). Optimization of automation in the civil flight deck, pp. 1-19. European Workshop to Develop Human Factors Guidelines for Flight Deck Certification.

Chialastri, A. (2012). Automation in Aviation, pp. 79-100. Croatia: InTech Europe. Retrieved from  http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/37990.pdf 

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. (2014). College of Aeronautics: Undergraduate Capstone Policy Guide. Retrieved January 1, 2014 from https://erau.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/institution/Worldwide_Online/ASCI_490_C/Aeronautics_UG_Capstone_Policy_Guide.pdf.

Funk, K., Niemczyk, M., Suroteguh, C., & Owen, G. (1999). Flight deck automation issues. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 9(2), 109 -- 123.
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PC and Machine's World Computer

Words: 1836 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37512006

(but they are these days more and more used around the globe)

The common characteristic of all input devices is that they encode or convert information of various types into data that can enter a further processing phase performed by the computer system. Output devices decode the data into information that can be easily understood by people, which are ultimately the users of a computer. This way, the computer system may be viewed as no more than a data processing system.

As far as electromechanical engineering technology is concerned, it enables engineers to design automated systems. Students need to learn to use computers, math, and advanced science in order to design such systems. Learning how to install and test robotics equipment is also important, and is performed by using computers.

Even apparently simple devices, such as candy machines, involve various technologies. For instance, the little rollers (a mechanical device) pull…… [Read More]

Reference:

1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1997 Edition - Articles on Computers and Computer Technology

2. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer

3. www.aspire.cs.uah.edu/textbook/introcomp6.html

4. www.iseek.org/sv/22030.jsp%3Fid%3D241200
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How New Machines and New Ideas of Culture Influenced Marcel Duchamp and the Dada Movement

Words: 2541 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90726258

Marcel Duchamp took a urinal, called it "Fountain," put it in an art show and then defended his action on the grounds that as he was an artist and he said the urinal was art, then it was.

This is just the sort of thing that has given modern art a bad name. But why should it have? Why should that urinal not be art?

Understanding the answer to that question - whether one believes that that urinal was art or not - allows one to understand both the Dadaist movement and much of what has happened in the four generations of modern art since.

In an interview conducted for this paper, Karen Finley, a conceptual artist who was one of the infamous NEA Four, talked about the importance of that urinal.

On the one hand, me, personally, I don't like the piece because it's got all the hallmarks of…… [Read More]

References

Finley, K. (2002). Personal interview.  http://www.dadaboom.com/dada.html  http://www.finesite.webart.ru/shocking/dada-2.htm  http://www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/dada-def.html 

Nash, E. (1998). Frank Lloyd Wright: Force of nature. London: Todtri Productions.

Wright, F.L. And Meehan, P. (ed.). (1992). Truth against the world: Frank Lloyd Wright speaks for an organic architecture. New York: Preservation Press.

Finley, personal interview, 2002
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Teacher Attitudes and Perceptions About Curriculum Innovation in Learning and Technology

Words: 22121 Length: 76 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4872492

Self-Efficacy: A Definition

Social Cognitive Theory

Triangulation Data analysis

Teacher Self-Efficacy

Problems for the researcher

Data Analysis and Related Literature review.

aseline Group

Gender Deviation

Age Deviation

Comparison of data with other literature in the field.

Everyday Integration

Efficacy, Self-esteem, Confidence and Experience

arriers to use

Integration paradigm.

Co-oping and Project design.

Organizational Climate

Teacher Integration Education.

Meta-evaluation of data and related literature.

Data Analysis and Comparison

Recommendation for Further Research

Data Review Report

Teacher efficacy in the classroom is facilitated by a number of different factors for different professions. However, in the case of the teaching classroom, and adapting to new technology, andura's belief that the environment and the person's attitude toward / interactions with the environment are reciprocally affective.

andura (1993) identified 4 specific ways that self-efficacy is formed:

Through cognitive experiences

Through motivational experiences

Their affective interactions with environment

Through selectional experiences and choices.

Cognitive Experiences

andura…… [Read More]

Bibliography of the literature dealing with teacher training in the uses of the computer in education. (ERIC No. ED 260-696)

Bushman, B. And Baumeister, R. (1998, July) Threatened Egotism, Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Direct and Misplaced Aggression: Does Self-Love or Self-Hate Lead to Violence? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Campus Computing Project. (1999). The continuing challenge of instructional integration and user support. Encino, CA: Retrieved November 21, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.campuscomputing.net/

Christensen, R. (2002, 22 June) Effects of technology integration education on the attitudes of teachers and students.Journal of Research on Technology in Education.

Clifford, M., Kim, A. McDonald, B. (1988 Fall) "Responses to Failure as Influenced by Task Attribution, Outcome Attribution, and Failure Tolerance." The Journal of Experimental Education. Volume 57, Number 1. Pages 19-35.
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Application of Feedback in Motor Learning

Words: 2367 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42123682

Exercise

Philosophy

When io de Janeiro recently won its bid to host the 2016 Olympic Games, they had one world famous representative on their Olympic committee that may have actually been more famous than our President Barak Obama. This individual may not be a household name in America, but he is most famous for scoring 2 goals in the 1958 World Cup championships when he was only 17 years old. This made him the youngest player to ever play in these renowned championships and over the course of his distinguished career; the majority of the football world would certainly consider him to be the best soccer player ever. Brazil actually has declared this individual as a national treasure in order to thwart other teams and countries from stealing him away and out of their country. His name is Edson Arantes Do Nascimento, but you may know him simply as --…… [Read More]

References

Adams, James A. (1971). "A Closed-Loop Theory of Motor Learning." Journal of Motor Behavior 3:111-150.

Keele, Steven W. (1968). "Movement Control in Skilled Motor Performance." Psychological Bulletin 70:387-403.

Leawoods, Heather. "Gustav Radbruch: An Extraordinary Legal Philosopher." Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from http://law.wustl.edu/journal/2/p489leawoods.pdf.

Magill, R, A. (2007) "Motor Learning Control: Concepts and Applications. McGraw Hill: Louisiana State University, USA.
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Respondent Learning Theory and the

Words: 2048 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77575647



An article in the Journal of Sex Research brings attention to operant conditioning by juxtaposing - comparing and contrasting - it with the social learning theory that Julian P. Rotter developed. Social learning in fact embraces aspects of operant conditioning (which is also known as "radical behaviorism"), and Rotter assumed that "behavior is goal directed and emphasized expectations of reward and perceived values of rewards." Those rewards are the basis for a person to model his or her behavior after the behavior of others. "Rewards for desired behavior are presumed to reinforce that behavior," (Hogben, et al., 1998) Rotter asserted, and that part of his model matches up pretty closely with operant conditioning.

OPERANT THEORY IS the MOST PRACTICAL, APPLICABLE in EXPLAINING DEVIANT BEHAVIOR: In this scholarly article, the authors are alluding to behaviors related to sexual dynamics, in this case spousal abuse. For example, the reward that a deviant…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hogben, Matthew; & Dyme, Donn. (1998). Using Social Learning Theory to Explain

Individual Differences in Human Sexuality. The Journal of Sex Research 35(1), 58-72.

Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; & Hayes, Linda J. (1998). The Operant-Respondent Distinction

Revisited: Toward an Understanding of Stimulus Equivalence. Psychological Record, 48(2),
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Forefather Machines of Computing

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60450173

stands on its own as being one of the most dominant and important computers constructed and manufactured throughout the history of computing. This says a lot considering the modern age of the Internet and computing did not really start until the 1990's and the IBM 360 was brought about roughly thirty years before that. This report shall offer a brief summary and review of the IBM 360, what is meant to the business and wider world at the time and what it still means to this very day.

One that fact clearly stands out when it comes to IBM and the 360 is that they literally bet the future of their company when they developed and created the computer. This was despite the fact that IBM dominated the computing world at the time. Indeed, of all of the computers out there at the time, IBM was the manufacturer of about…… [Read More]

References

Computer History. (2015). IBM System/360 - CHM Revolution. Computerhistory.org. Retrieved 22 June 2015, from  http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/mainframe-computers/7/161 

IBM. (2015). IBM100 - System 360. Www-03.ibm.com. Retrieved 22 June 2015, from  http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/system360/words/ 

Mayer, J. (2015). In today's computer science courses, why are we still learning IBM 360 architecture?. Quora. Retrieved 22 June 2015, from  http://www.quora.com/In-todays-computer-science-courses-why-are-we-still-learning-IBM-360-architecture 

Popkin, H. (2014). NBC News. Retrieved 22 June 2015, from  http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/gadgets/5-reasons-love-mad-mens-new-star-ibm-360-n101716
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Fundraiser to Benefit Children With Learning Disabilities

Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69869863

fundraiser to benefit children with learning disabilities. The money raised from the event will be earmarked for needed equipment by the various local organizations that sponsor and maintain programs designed to assist these individuals. The site will need to accommodate between 130 -- 200 patrons in a comfortable manner and will also need to be large enough to allow for dancing and entertainment. The proposed date of the event is May, 2012 and the time will be from approximately 6 pm to midnight.

Location

It was originally thought that this type of event would best be hosted by an outdoor facility, and in the long run that assumption might hold true. However, in the process of finding a facility, a large downtown hotel has expressed interest in hosting, and being a sponsor of the event. The hotel's contribution would be a number of conference rooms (to be decided) that could…… [Read More]

References

Rushmore, S. (2011) Lodging Hospitality, accessed at  http://lhonline.com/services/insurance/rushmore_risk_management_0211/ , on January 27, 2012
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Children in the U S Has a Learning

Words: 1849 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16894619

children in the U.S. has a learning disability and nearly 3 million have ADHD. Most of them are between the ages of 5 and 21, males whose mothers have less than 12 years of education, of poor health and socio-economically disadvantaged. One in every 25 or 30 school children in one classroom will have a learning disability. Learning disabilities also persist for a lifetime. At present, these affected children and adults can only be helped to make the best use of their skills and themselves through stimulants and psychotherapy as well as the combined support of their families, school, community and public services.

Learning disabilities in children and adults have yet to be thoroughly understood and adequately contained.

A learning disability generally refers to one of specific kinds of learning problems, such as the difficulty in learning and using certain skills (NICHCY 2002). These trouble areas are often reading, writing,…… [Read More]

References

1. Blair, Clancy. (2002). Proportion of Learning Difficulty Placements Associated with Low Socio-economic Status: Evidence for a Gradient? Journal of Special Education, Pro-Ed.  http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOHDF/is_1_36/ai_85916838 

2. Farmer, Jeanette. (2004). Retrain the Brain Your Family Health Site. http://www.retainthebrain.com/?OVRAW=learning%20disabilities&OVKEY=learning%20disability&OVMT

3. Kidsource Online. (2003). General Information About Learning Disabilities. Kidsource Online, Inc. http://www.kidsource.com/NICHCY/learning_disabilities.html

4. National Institute of Mental Health. (2003). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Firstgov.com  http://www.nimh.nih.gov/healthinformation/adhdmenu.cfm
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Extant Literature Has Been Dedicated

Words: 3092 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 48082818

, 2001)

The use of support vector machine learning is widely supported to be used to notice micro calcification clusters in the digital mammograms. It is indeed a learning tool that originated from modern statistical theory of learning. (Vapnik, 1998). In the recent past years, SVM learning has got a large range of real life applications. This includes handwritten digit detection (Scholkopf et al., 1997), recognition of object, (Pontil&Verri, 1998), identification of speaker (Wan&Campbell, 2000) and detection of face in images,(Osuna et al.,1997) . Categorization of text is done by SVM. (Joachims,1999). SVM learning formulation has its basis on structural risk minimization principle. It does not minimize an object function on the basis of training examples but on the contrary, SVM tries to minimize leap on generalization error. This is usually the error that is done by the learning machine on the test data that is not used while undertaking…… [Read More]

References

Abraham, a., Nath, B., and Mahanti, P.K. (2001). Hybrid intelligent systems for stock market analysis. Computational Science, pages 337 -- 345.

Aliferis, C., Tsamardinos, I., and Statnikov, a. (2003). Hiton, a novel markov blanket algorithm for optimal variable selection.

Berger a., a Brief Maximum Entropy Tutorial

Chickering, D.M. (2002). Learning equivalence classes of bayesian-network structures. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 3:507 -- 554.
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School-Based Prevention of Problem Behaviors

Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46532360

Family and School Project

Why do interventions involving enriched preschool education combined with home visits appear so effective?

Achieving the desired academic excellence is always a challenging process for most educational scholars. A combination of factors such as the varied learning needs of the students and lack of access to adequate learning resource often makes the realization of the desired learning objectives a difficult process. However, evidence shows that providing the learners with interventions that involve enriched preschool education in conjunction with home visits improve their learning outcomes significantly. The improved performance in this case occurs due to the influence of various factors. According to Galbraith (1990), learners have different methods of learning. Some of the learners learn best when in class while the other learns best when presented with practical situations alongside the incorporation of field trips such as home visits. As such, combining enriched preschool environment and home…… [Read More]

References

Alessi, S.M., & Trollip, S.R. (2001). Multimedia for learning: methods and development (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Anderson, P., & Baumberg, B. (2010). Cost benefit analyses of alcohol policy - a primer: final report prepared for the project standardizing Measurement of Alcohol-Related Troubles - SMART. Warsaw: Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology.

Barry, N. (2009). Benefit-cost analyses of onboard safety systems. Washington, DC: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.

Cristianini, N., & Taylor, J. (2000). An introduction to support vector machines: and other kernel-based learning methods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Training and Delivery Methods

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86426576

Chrysler

The video produced by Chrysler introduced a number of effective techniques that were being used by Chrysler to assist employees in transferring their learning and knowledge from the classroom to the production plant. Initially, the learners are introduced through the concept of transfer of learning in the classroom to the idea that they were going to learn a new approach to problem solving; this was then accomplished through the use of problem solving techniques concerning a number of different problem scenarios.

One recent study determined that "the core idea of transfer is that experience gained in learning to perform one task can help improve learning performance in a related, but different, task" (Taylor, Stone, 2009, p. 1633). In this specific case, Chrysler was making the effort to ensure that problem solving techniques were used in more than just the classroom arena. It was Chrysler's desire to ensure that the…… [Read More]

References

Ginns, P.; Kitay, J.; Prosser, M.; (2010) Transfer of academic staff learning in a research-intensive university, Teaching in Higher Education, Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 235 -- 246

Taylor, M.E. & Stone, P.; (2009) Transfer learning for reinforcement learning domains: A survey, Journal of Machine Learning Research, Vol. 10, Issue 7, pp. 1633-1685
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Management and Decision Sciences From

Words: 25680 Length: 90 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 55501983

76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…… [Read More]

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students and disabilities

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 64303270

deficits of students with mathematics disabilities?

Mathematical skills are definitely just as crucial as literacy and reading skills when it comes to succeeding at school and beyond. Of late, researchers and policymakers have focused considerably on reading; the latter's attention was manifest in the 2001 No Child Left ehind (NCL) Act. While reading deficiencies are commonly believed to be one among the main characteristics of learning-disabled pupils, mathematical disabilities pose an issue just as serious as reading in case of several learning-disabled pupils and might, in fact, be just as common as reading deficits.

Although cognitive skills (including intelligence quotient), educational experience, drive, etc. might challenge mathematical ability development, a major probable barrier is DD or Developmental Dyscalculia, a numeracy-specific developmental learning problem impacting roughly three to six percent of persons' school-level mathematical skill acquisition (Price, 2013). DD-related studies have revealed a broad array of mathematical skill-related behavioral deficiencies. ut…… [Read More]

Bibliography

MCUE. (2008). Culturally Responsive Classroom Management Strategies. New York: New York University.

Morin, A. (2014, March 10). Understanding Dyscalculia. Retrieved from Understood.org:  https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/dyscalculia/understanding-dyscalculia 

NASET. (2014). Characteristics of Children with Learning Disabilities. National Association of Special Education Teachers.

O'Connell, T., Freed, G., & Rothberg, M. (2010). Using Apple Technology to Support Learning for Students with Sensory and Learning Disabilities. WGBH Educational, 9.
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Robotic effect on'society today jobs and future advancements

Words: 1795 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58431345

obotic, Effect on Society Today, Jobs, and Future Advancements

Advances in technology in recent times have lifted computers, softwares and robots to a level that almost pairs them with humans; in terms of what they can do. These developments have made the machines effective to the extent that they even beat humans in several respects. They can process tons of data in a short while and carry out commands without the biases that are common with human judgment. Unlike humans, the machines do not need breaks. They do not experience concentration lapses like humans do. These technological advances will provide numerous benefits to humanity. New services, goods, jobs, markets and greater productivity are only some of the benefits that accrue from the technological gains (Wong, 2015). Although these machines have introduced significant changes in human life, including employment, there is little information that analyses their impact on the latter. This…… [Read More]

References

Dashevsky, E. (2016). ARE HUMANS EVEN NECESSARY? (Cover story). PC Magazine, 84-97.

Schubach, M. (2017). Eden 2.0. Hospitality Upgrade, 32-36.

ValueWalk: AI, robotics, and the future of jobs (2014). Chatham: Newstex. Retrieved from  https://search.proquest.com/docview/1642354878 ?

West D. M. & Karsten J. (2015). How robots, artificial intelligence, and machine learning will affect employment and public policy. Retrieved 9 April 2017 from  https://www.brookings.edu/blog/techtank/2015/10/26/how-robots-artificial-intelligence-and-machine-learning-will-affect-employment-and-public-policy/
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Extracting Information Sentiment From Blogs

Words: 5886 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 44933379



4. Transparency, authenticity, and focus are good. Bland is bad. Many people are looking for someone who is in authority to share their ideas, experiences, or suggestions (Bielski, 2007, p. 9).

Moreover, just as content analysis of other written and symbolic forms has provided new insights that might have otherwise gone unnoticed, the analysis of blog content may reveal some unexpected findings concerning hot topics and significant social trends that are shaping the users of this information. For example, a data infrastructure engineering team intern working at Facebook recently generated an eerily accurate global map based on Facebook friendship links. According to the developer, "I was interested in seeing how geography and political borders affected where people lived relative to their friends. I wanted a visualization that would show which cities had a lot of friendships between them" (Butler, 2010, para. 3). While Butler had some vague ideas about the…… [Read More]

References

Bichard, S.L. (2006). Building blogs: a multi-dimensional analysis of the distribution of frames on the 2004 presidential candidate Web sites. Journalism and Mass Communication

Quarterly, 83, 329-333.

Bielski, L. (2007). Got blogs? Not exactly a banking staple, a few pioneers have embraced this 'new media.' ABA Banking Journal, 99(5), 7-9.

Brynko, B. (2007, June). Northern Light's MI Analyst: New visions in marketing research.
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Sentiment There Are as Many Sentiment Analysis

Words: 4564 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 32285381

Sentiment

There are as many sentiment analysis techniques as there are reasons for conducting sentiment analysis. Analysis techniques are employed to discern sentence, phrase, word and text meanings, and predictive, machine-related, emotional and psychological aspects are measured by sentiment analysis as well. This literature review will attempt to navigate the various avenues presented by such diverse usage of sentiment analysis and provide information that categorizes and differentiates between the various techniques employed.

The review will focus on a number of different analytical techniques, including sentiment analysis, predictive analysis, text, phrase, sentence and word analytics, and why and how the different arenas approach the use of their specific style of analysis.

Sentiment analysis has been described as using a lexicon "with information about which words and phrases are positive and which are negative" (Wilson, Wiebe, Hoffman, 2009, p. 400) and as an analytical tool that "focuses on identifying positive and negative…… [Read More]

References

Ahmad, K. & Almas, Y.; (2005) Visualizing sentiments in financial texts? Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information, Visualization, Vol. 1, pp. 363 -- 368

Alpern, P. (2010) Forecasting the future with predictive analytics, Industry Week, Vol. 259, Issue 7, pp. 47-48

Chaovalit, P. & Zhou, L.; (2005) Movie review mining: A comparison between supervised and unsupervised classification approaches, Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences, Big Island, HI, USA

Chemla, E.; Mintz, T.H.; Bernal, S.; Christophe, A.; (2009) Categorizing words using frequent frames: What cross-linguistic analysis reveal about distributional acquisition strategies, Developmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 3, pp. 396-406
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Mind and the Body the

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 36024919

n addition, he makes several considerations about the machines which have the capacity to learn. He suggests that technological improvements and a learning process associated with rewards and punishments can contribute to having machines learn. Under these circumstances, he states, we would be only a step away from having machines with the capacity of autonomous thinking.

John Searle is also interested in the argument. Unlike Turing, he concludes that regardless of the programme which a machine or computer can be given, the obatined result will never come close to the complex entity that is the human mind. Artificial intelligence can exist and it can reach relevant levels of performance, according to the instructions that a human would give it. However, the thinker underlines, there is no possibility for artificial intelligence to come up with thinking acts on its own. Elements such as consciousness, intentionality, subjectivity belong solely to the human…… [Read More]

In his writing dated 1950 called "Computing machinery and intelligence," Turing attempts to demonstrate that there is a possibility for machines such as digital computers with a great capacity of storeage to be able to think autonomously. In order to do that, he suggests the imitation game as an instrument and he tries to demolish the most famous nine arguments which suggest that it is impossible for machines to think autonomously. In addition, he makes several considerations about the machines which have the capacity to learn. He suggests that technological improvements and a learning process associated with rewards and punishments can contribute to having machines learn. Under these circumstances, he states, we would be only a step away from having machines with the capacity of autonomous thinking.

John Searle is also interested in the argument. Unlike Turing, he concludes that regardless of the programme which a machine or computer can be given, the obatined result will never come close to the complex entity that is the human mind. Artificial intelligence can exist and it can reach relevant levels of performance, according to the instructions that a human would give it. However, the thinker underlines, there is no possibility for artificial intelligence to come up with thinking acts on its own. Elements such as consciousness, intentionality, subjectivity belong solely to the human intellect and they play a determinant role in "creating" the mind and making the mind influence the body. Mental causation nevertheless remains an open issue.

Wilhelm Wundt brings into discussion ideas such as the one of causation or of matter (and the causal activity of matter), the one of the mind (as a supplementary psychological concept) or of mind-substance. The actuality of mind is considered to be one of the most important factors when dealing with the psychological processes. The principle of psycho-physical parallelism is suggested as solution to the problems born from Descartes' dualism. This principle acts as a supportive argument for a conclusion according to which we must recognize the existence of independent physical causality relations. The relation between the body and the mind can be therefore understood not only from a physiological perspective, but from a psychological one as well.
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Reporting and Accounting Finance

Words: 1576 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88886530

Financial Accounting egulatory Compliance

The roles of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of a public company are invaluable in establishing an ethical environment that generates quality accounting and reliable financial reporting for shareholders and investors. In fact, their involvement in this important issue largely pertains to corporate structure and corporate governance. Understanding that structure requires cognizance of the fact that when a company is publicly traded, it is technically owned by the shareholders. Shareholders, of course, are the many different people who own public stock in a corporation. In that respect, everyone who works for the corporation actually works for the shareholders. The next level up in corporate governance is the employees who work for the corporation, and who are responsible for the daily operation of it. These are the people who are actually responsible for implementing the measures ordained by their superiors -- the Chief Executive…… [Read More]

References

Hanna, J. (2014). The costs and benefits of Sarbanes-Oxley. www.forbes.com Retrieved from  http://www.forbes.com/sites/hbsworkingknowledge/2014/03/10/the-costs-and-benefits-of-sarbanes-oxley/#483d803d2776 

Harper, J. (2016). "More than just data": The impact of Bayesian machine learning on predictive modeling.  https://analyticsweek.com  Retrieved from
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Analyzing Emerging and Disruptive Technologies for the Military

Words: 3556 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13464373

Disruptive Technologies for the Military

Disruptive technologies are innovations that aid in creating new markets, eventually going on to disturb or even dismantle the current value networks and market, and to displace an older technology. Clayton M. Christensen, a professor at Harvard Business School, coined this term, now used frequently in technology and business literature for describing innovations that bring about improvements to any service or product, in ways not expected by the market (Lucas, 2012). The Professor first made use of the term in his best-seller "The Innovator's Dilemma" (published in the year 1997), wherein he classified new technologies into two groups: disruptive and sustaining. The former category refers to novel, inadequately refined technology, typically associated with performance issues, known only to some group(s), and normally lacking any proven practical use. Meanwhile, the latter category includes familiar technologies undergoing successive improvements. Disruption may be viewed from another perspective, if…… [Read More]

References

Brimley, S., FitzGerald, B., Sayler, S. & Singer, P.W. (SEPTEMBER 2013). Game Changers: Disruptive Technology and U.S. Defense Strategy, Center for American New Security

Christiansen, C. (1997). The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.

FitzGerald, B., Sayler, K., Lynn III, W.J. & Stavridis, J. (JUNE 2014). Creative Disruption Technology, Strategy and the Future of the Global Defense Industry, Center for American New Security.

Fonseca, M. (03/02/2014). Guide to 12 Disruptive Technologies. IntelligentHQ.com digital, retrieved from  http://www.intelligenthq.com/technology/12-disruptive-technologies  / on 20 February 2016
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artificial intelligence and futurism transhumanism

Words: 1986 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72467429

.....humans interact with technology in increasingly sophisticated and meaningful ways, the ethical and philosophical questions posed by artificial intelligence start to become more pressing than ever before. The science fiction genre has promoted as ambivalent a relationship between humans and technology as scientists and futurists have. Both the potential benefits and drawbacks of artificial intelligence have been explored, asking human beings involved in the development of AI technology to consider the ramifications of their work. For example, Nick Bostrom has indicated the need for developers of artificially intelligent systems to work with cognitive scientists to mitigate risk by programming AI from the beginning to act only in the best interests of humans (Shead 1). However, the assumption that AI will somehow eventually need or want to compete with human beings with the potential to overcome or conquer human beings is just that: an assumption. It is a flawed assumption because…… [Read More]

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Adjusting Health Care Now

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39680093

Federal Forensic Data Analytics

There are definite advantages to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Digital Forensic Data Analytics program. Many of those advantages are well aligned with the integration of this program into the Strategic IT Plan for this organization. Essentially, the aforementioned program can increase the efficiency of the bureau's information technology initiatives, while simultaneously lowering costs and reducing the sort of infrastructure required to sustain this program. Additionally, this program can help this bureau maximize its current resources without needing to make substantial investments in other ones.

The analytics capabilities of the Digital Forensic Data Analytics program of the FBI far surpass those that it previously had for forensic analytics. One of the most immediate impacts of this program towards costs relates to the predictive capabilities of this program. By utilizing various components of cognitive computing including machine learning and other sophisticated algorithms such as deep learning and…… [Read More]

References

Cheng, W. (2016). What's a CFO's biggest fear, and how can machine learning help? www.analyticsweek.com Retrieved from  https://analyticsweek.com /content/whats-a-cfos-biggest-fear-and-how-can-machine-learning-help/

Harper, J. (2016). Creating "Data Culture" with self-service analytics. www.analyticsweek.com Retrieved from
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Analyzing Data for Forensics

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64343871

Federal Forensic Data Analytics

There are definite advantages to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Digital Forensic Data Analytics program. Many of those advantages are well aligned with the integration of this program into the Strategic IT Plan for this organization. Essentially, the aforementioned program can increase the efficiency of the bureau's information technology initiatives, while simultaneously lowering costs and reducing the sort of infrastructure required to sustain this program. Additionally, this program can help this bureau maximize its current resources without needing to make substantial investments in other ones.

The analytics capabilities of the Digital Forensic Data Analytics program of the FBI far surpass those that it previously had for forensic analytics. One of the most immediate impacts of this program towards costs relates to the predictive capabilities of this program. By utilizing various components of cognitive computing including machine learning and other sophisticated algorithms such as deep learning and…… [Read More]

References

Cheng, W. (2016). What's a CFO's biggest fear, and how can machine learning help? www.analyticsweek.com Retrieved from  https://analyticsweek.com /content/whats-a-cfos-biggest-fear-and-how-can-machine-learning-help/

Harper, J. (2016). Creating "Data Culture" with self-service analytics. www.analyticsweek.com Retrieved from
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Analyzing Marketing Plan KnuEdge Knuverse

Words: 924 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 36918181

Marketing Plan Knuedge/Knuverse

The mission of Knuedge is to lead vital and necessary changes, and deliver next-generation technologies that will transform the manner in which humans interact with machines, varying from strong voice recognition and substantiation to machine learning (Knuege Website, 2016).

Product/Service Offering

KnuEdge has created an endearing range of cutting-edge businesses that, it designed, to bring neural technologies to enterprise products for the enterprise and consumer market. One of these businesses is Knuverse. In particular, Knuverse has resolved and unraveled two significant issues that are in existence in voice-interface technologies up until the present, these being noise and security. This will transform the interaction between technology and humans. In turn, different industries such as tech, banking, hospitality and entertainment industries, amidst others, have the capacity to innovate new products and services at an incredible rate (Knuedge, 2016).

The product/service offerings of Knuverse include Background, DNA, Active and Audiopin.…… [Read More]

References

BioID Website. (2016). About. Retrieved from:  https://www.bioid.com/ 

KnuEdge Website. (2016). About Us. Retrieved 13 August 2016 from: https://www.knuedge.com/about-us/

KnuEdge. (2016). Companies. Retrieved 13 August 2016 from: https://www.knuedge.com/companies/

KnuVerse. (2016). Products. Retrieved 13 August 2016 from:  https://www.knuverse.com/products/Kotler , P., Keller, K. L., Brandy, M., Goodman, M. & Hansen, T. (2009). Marketing Management, 1st edition, New York: Pearson Education.
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Experimental Research Methods in Business Experimental Research

Words: 4846 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 87946505

Experimental esearch Methods in Business

Experimental esearch Methods

The author provides a survey of the literature illustrating applied experimental research methods in cross-sections of business and organization types. The advantages and disadvantages of the experimental research methods are discussed for each of the examples provided which run the gamut from depression-era agricultural economics to research conducted for the National Science Institute. While the article focuses on business research methods, the range of examples from multiple disciplines serves to demonstrate the adaptability of various methods to distinct contexts, the importance of thoughtfully developed research questions, and perceptions in the field regarding scientific rigor. The article is intended to guide students in their exploration of the breadth and depth of experimental research methods and to convey a sense of the challenges of applied scientific inquiry.

Introduction

The study of business topics has not always been inherently scientific. Certainly the work of Max…… [Read More]

References

Campbell, A. (2004). A quick guide to research methods, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 25(3), 163-165.

Cooper, D.R. And Schindler, P.S. (2011). Business research methods. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

Demarco, T., Hruschka, P., Lister, T., Robertson, S., Robertson, J., and McMenamin, S. (2008). Adrenaline junkies and template zombies: Understanding patterns of project behavior. New York, NY: Dorset House Publishing Co., Inc.

Elliott F.F. (1929, October). Experimental method in economic research, Journal of Farm Economics, 11 (4) 594-596. [Oxford University Press on behalf of the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association]. Retrieved http://www.jstor.org/stable/1229899
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Spam Filtering Solution Available and

Words: 10063 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61359581

However, cursory studies that have been conducted are either biased because they seem to present a biased review of certain products or are insufficient because of their limitations and shallowness. Those studies that have been considered to be useful are mentioned below.

Robert D. oerner, Joanne ourquard, Pam Greenberg (2000) comprehensively elaborates the legal aspect of spam. He provides an in-depth review of the present laws in actions and the future of legislation against spam. He concludes his study by revealing, "Most of the laws target spammers who misrepresent, falsify or forge the point of origin or the routing information of messages. Several states also prohibit the sale or distribution of software that is primarily designed for this type of falsification (Robert D. oerner, Joanne ourquard, Pam Greenberg, 2000)." Also, "Most states have specified that the laws apply only to spam that is sent to or generated from locations within…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Andy Dornan. Lesson 188: Bayesian Spam Filtering. Network Magazine; 3/1/2004.

Celia Wren. Spam Wars: Battling the Relentless Web Tide. Commonweal, Vol. 130, February 14, 2003

Eric Krapf. Do Not Spam. Business Communications Review, Vol. 33, October 2003

Fred S. Knight. Spam-Help Is on the Way. Business Communications Review, Vol. 34, May 2004