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Madame Bovary Essays (Examples)

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Bovary Narrative Style and Objectification
Words: 579 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19815869
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While on another walk later in the book, "all the sensations of her first tenderness came back to her, and her poor aching heart opened out amorously" (Madame Bovary Part III Chapter 8). If a first person narrator had said, "all the sensations of my first tenderness cam back to me, and my poor heart…," there would appear to be some sense of self-control and self-reflection; the actions taken would be described by the person taking them, and commentary such as referring to a heart as "poor" would not be a label attached by someone else, but rather a reflection of one's own thinking. This is not the case here, however, but instead a narrator with more information than a true stake in any outcomes or actions describes characters and behaviors in a highly subjective manner that takes power away from the other characters. Because Emma Bovary is the focus…

Emma Bovary and the 19th Century Traditions
Words: 2207 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21690930
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Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert

Bovaryism came to mean a dream that is as self-serving to the reality it aims to replace and therefore the face of reality becomes diminished.

What does the term bovaryism mean when it is thought about? A few years after the publication of Gustave Flaubert's works known as Madame Bovary the term Bovaryism was adopted by the French language (Paper Guidelines). The 19th century novel's heroine defines herself through common cliches that the world looks at to this day. Bored housewife syndrome, romantic fantasy delusions, and adultery are just a few of those cliches (Paper Guidelines). Bovaryism came to mean a dream that is as self-serving to the reality it aims to replace and therefore the face of reality becomes diminished (Paper Guidelines).

The concept of ennui comes into play. Ennui in short simply means the idea of boredom which is seen constantly throughout the…



Flaubert, Gustave. Madame Bovary. 8th ed. Vol. 2. New York: WW Nortan, 2006. Print.


Paper Guidelines

Flaubert Gustave Flaubert Writes Madame
Words: 1678 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71384305
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Flaubert believed the emerging middle class in nineteenth century Europe to be unrefined, pompous know-it-alls, and fundamentally stupid. This may help to explain some of Leon's lack of intelligence despite his success -- he has emerged from the middle class. Charles, however, represents many of the problems that Flaubert saw with the middle class, and Emma, additionally, grows to despise everything that her husband stands for. hen Charles looks into Emma's eyes he does not see her inner soul or the love between them; instead, he sees a mirrored image of himself reflected in miniature. This reveals what Flaubert believes to be one of the oppressive features of the middle class: the woman is nothing more than an icon for the man's ego or economic achievements. Although Charles is dim-witted, lazy, and incompetent as a doctor, he loves Emma because she is the one outward representation as his success as…

Works Cited

Flaubert, Gustave. Madam Bovary. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1969.

Edna Pontellier and Emma Bovary
Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25239246
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Her various lovers' beauty seems consistent with her love of beautiful material things and her admiration of herself as a beautiful object. For Emma, having an affair is another celebration of material goods -- her lover is an object that marks her as worthy, just like having the best clothing and furniture that money can buy (or can be borrowed). Her love is not for Leon or Rodolphe anymore than her love of her clothing is for the piece of cloth -- she seeks out men for what they can do for her, so she can engage in an enactment of her fantasy of herself as a star of a romance. Flaubert underlines this fact by having Emma fall in love during various representations of provincial life that represent consumerism or superficiality, such as a local agricultural fair or watching an opera.

Edna, in contrast, seeks to find love below…

Madam Bovary and Looks at the Character
Words: 807 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8384336
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Madam Bovary and looks at the character of Rodolphe Boulanger, seducer and womaniser. Also looking briefly at a psychological perspective as to why he carries out his seductions.

Rodolphe Boulanger: Seducer of Emma Bovary

Literature has gone thought many phases, form harsh realism with it social messages and hidden meanings to softer romanticism where the world is see though different eyes and we may indulge in a little fantasy. It is in the latter genre that we may find some very interesting, yet remote characters. For example in 'Madame Bovary' by Gustave Flaubert we can see two strong characters.

Emma Bovary is the heroine of Madam Bovary, she is an alive character who is very conscious of her surrounding, but she has also been criticised as being 'synthetic' (Nadeau 307). The similarities between her and the person who created her have been noted on many occasion, and as such we…

Gemma Bovary Analysis and Discussion
Words: 337 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55166328
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Also, the use of the French language by the characters in a different type shows how the English regard French and France as exotic, in contrast of course, to Flaubert's own provincial French characters. The culture clash between French and English language and culture is a running theme in the novel.

The use of different fonts also allows for far more text on the page than is typical of most graphic novels. This befits the subject, given that it is a literary satire, and a satire of how art affects life. For example, in one dinner party, Gemma is distracted, ignoring what other characters are saying, and thinking about her lover in a similarly distracted state thinking about Gemma. This is shown by depicting thought balloon within thought balloon ad infinitum.

orks Cited

Simmonds, Posy. Gemma Bovery. Pantheon,…

Works Cited

Simmonds, Posy. Gemma Bovery. Pantheon, 2004.

Emma Bovary and Dorothea Casubon
Words: 1945 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60374554
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Madam Bovary & Middlemarch

Emma and Dorothea

Considering the degree of bitter social commentary involved in the two novels in question, it seems obvious that both authors used female protagonists because the issues of the respective societies addressed would be most clearly seen from the female prospective. At the time these works were written, they would have been rejected out of hand if male protagonists had behaved as these two women did.

Even in today's world, anybody acting like Emma, with her perceptions that happiness was something others owed her and were supposed to create for her, would be considered a really selfish self-centered flake. It is not pleasant to contemplate but it is true that even today these behaviors would be more accepted in women then in men and, therefore, in a female protagonist.

In the day of Emma Bovary and Dorothea Casaubon, "gentlewomen" were expected to be ornaments.…

Wilkie Collins Woman in White
Words: 1527 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43145513
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Madame Bovary and Woman in White

Generalizations and Comparisons of the Two Novels

When looking at these two works in the sense of comparison, one first must say that they are both delicately, brilliantly crafted, and they both have received at least their fair share of plaudits for the excellence they achieved in literature. They both, too, have been controversial.

Meantime, the central point of this review herein, is that Madame Bovary titillates with fascinating character developments involving sexual adventures, fantasy, with numerous trysts and - importantly - with an erotically woven narrative on fetishes. On the other hand, The Woman in White seems to titillate the reader with the prolific use of snooping, spying, to be frank, plain and unadulterated eavesdropping. Characters are often overhearing things that were not intended for them to overhear, and hence, the reader is thrust into the position of picking and choosing what to…


Collins, Wilkie (1996). The Woman in White. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gaylin, Ann. (2001). The madwoman outside the attic: eavesdropping and narrative agency in 'The Woman in White'. Texas Studies in Literature and Language. 43,

Griffin, Susan M. (2004). The Yellow Mask, The Black Robe, and The Woman in Wilkie Collins, anti-Catholic discourse, and the sensational novel." Narrative,

Regan, Stephen. (2001). The Nineteenth-Century Novel: A Critical Reader. London and New York: Routledge.

Casting and Directing Style of Three Directors
Words: 1735 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93414982
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casting and directing style of three directors for the film Madame Bovary. It has sources in MLA format.

Gusteve Flaubert's 1856 novel, Madame Bovary has been a masterpiece in literature during the 19th and 20th century. Flaubert's motive for writing the novel has been to address the pretentious middle class and how the society has created the central character and heroine Emma Bovary. Her sexual escapades and the dull country life with her doctor husband depict the kind of life people live without much aspiration for real happiness. The novel not only inspired theatrical performances but also films. From the beginning of the 20th century to the end of the century, Madame Bovary underwent several change and interpretation. Each romanticized the story line through intricate costume designs, background stage design and mostly the choice of the actress who would be Bovary [ey, 1992].


Madame Bovary is the story of…


Author not available, Madame Bovary., Magill's Survey of Cinema, 06-15-1995.

Esnault, Phillipe. "Le Jeu de la verite'." L'avant Scene Du Cinema, No. 52 (1965), p. 11.

Author not available, La Femme Infidele; The Unfaithful Wife., Magill's Survey of Cinema, 06-15-1995.

Corliss, Richard. CINEMA: Shades of Gray., Time, 01-15-1990, pp 52.

Fate Society & Determinism In
Words: 4417 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48955957
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hen Edith harton tells us that "it was the background that she [Lily] required," we understand that both Emma Bovary and Lily have a very important thing in common. They are first of all women in the nineteenth century society, fettered by social conventions to fulfill any kind of aspirations or ideals. A woman, as it is clearly stated in both novels, had no other means of being having a place in society than by acquiring respectability and money through a good marriage. To marry was the only vocation of a woman, as harton tells us.

Of course, there interferes a great difference between the two heroines here, because Madame Bovary, as her very title proves it, is already a married woman, while Lily in harton's book is in constant pursue of a redeeming marriage. But, essentially the frustration of the two heroines is the same, as Emma is as…

Works Cited

The American Experience: Andrew Carnegie- The Gilded Age. PBS Online. 1999. 1 Oct. 2006 .

Byatt, A.S. Scenes from Provincial Life. The Guardian. July, 27, 2002. Oct.2006 .

Cahir, Linda Costanzo Solitude and Society in the Works of Herman Melville and Edith Wharton. New York: Greenwood Press, 1999

Deppman, Jed. "History with style: the impassible writing of Flaubert - Gustave Flaubert." Style. 1996. Oct 2006

Jong Erica Fashion Victim Salon com
Words: 1295 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10594693
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Emma likes the type of pulp, romantic and sentimental fiction condemned by Nabokov, the 19th century version of Harlequin Romances. Emma is not an artist of prose like her creator, she is a consumer of written culture in a very literal as well as a metaphorical sense, just as she consumes all sorts of material goods in her futile quest for fulfillment, and dies by consuming poison at the end of the novel.

his is what makes Emma so fascinating as a character. She engages in the same project of interpretation and authorship as her reader, even if it is a failed project. "But what interests me most in Madame Bovary is the heroine's fondness for reading. She dies because she has attempted to make her life into a novel -- and it is the foolishness of that quest that Flaubert's clinical style mocks." (Jong, 1997) Emma essentially dies of…

The paradox of Flaubert's project of writing to satirize reading is clear, through Jong's interpretation of his most famous work. "A novelist mocking a heroine besotted by novels? Then this must be a writer mocking himself! And indeed, Flaubert memorably said that he had drawn Madame Bovary from life -- and after himself. 'I have dissected myself to the quick,' he wrote." (Jong, 1997) This acts as an important reminder that Flaubert did not merely carefully observe and record the mundane details of the world he saw around him, but also engaged in rigorous psychological self-scrutiny to produce a sense of realism within the pages of Bovary. Emma's interior life, however focused it may be centered on shallow objects and pursuits, is what makes her stand apart from the depicted heroines of pulp novels. Flaubert's prose is not merely descriptive and realistic. It also is psychologically full of nuance and more detailed than authors of sensationalist novels, whose heroines do not have a clear, discernable motivation for why they transgress sexual norms.

Although Jong's own fiction is often described as feminist, Jong points out that Emma's sense of discontent with her life is not merely connected to the fact that her feminine role as a housewife is frustrating. Emma does not seek a more useful life, Emma seeks "ecstasy and transcendence" that is in short supply in her rural French community. Jong's stress upon the spirituality of Emma's quest is an important reminder of the fact that Emma begins her education in a convent, and actually seems to show a superficial aptitude for the life of a nun. Emma later brings her fervor for gracious living to her life as a wife, then a mistress. Emma's inner life may seem to be centered around the pursuit of empty things, like beautiful home goods, dresses, and beautiful love affairs, but she is located squarely within a society that valorizes such objects and offers them as the only secular solution to ennui. "Emma's drama is the gap between illusion and reality, the distance between desire and its fulfillment." (Jong, 1997)

Jong says: "her search for ecstasy is ours," in short, Emma is a uniquely modern heroine, for we all seek transcendence, all of us who read, and life invariably falls short. This is the final paradox of Bovary -- a novel that critiques itself and a genre likely to be very dear to the heart of a reader is so successful, and still feels modern today. Although Jong's essay does not offer an extensive, deep interpretation of the entire novel, it acts as an important reminder of critical aspects of the work that may be overlooked, like the role of religion in the novel, and the importance of reading to Emma's interior life.

Independent Women Woolf's Lily Briscoe
Words: 898 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55690784
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Her affairs with Rodolphe and Leon bring her the type of intimacy she longs for even though they cause her much pain. Emma saw her affair with Rodolphe as vengeful because so much of her life felt like it was void of love. e are that she was "becoming a part of her own imaginings, finding the long dream of her youth come true as she surveyed herself in that amorous role she coveted" (Flaubert 175). She did not feel guilt; in fact, she "savored" (175) her relationship with Rodolphe and was without "remorse, disquiet or distress" (175). Emma is overwhelmed with emotions when it comes to Rodolphe and she did not know if she "regretted yielding to him, or whether she didn't rather to aspire to love him more . . . It was not an attachment but a continual excitement" (183). Here we see that she is not…

Works Cited

Flaubert, Gustave. Madame Bovary. Alan Russell, trans. New York: Penguin Classics. 1950.

Woolf, Virginia. To the Lighthouse. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers. 1955.

Danger With Serving the Self in Anna
Words: 2905 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72856408
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Danger ith Serving the Self in Anna Karenina and Madam Bovary

It is a classic human trait to make life more difficult than it needs to be. e live in a me-centered society and those with their focus turned inward usually generate enough drama in the world for the rest of the population. hile reality shows like American Idol and America's Got Talent increase the need for money and fame, the need for more has always been around. The old adage that the grass in greener on the other side of the fence is true because it is human to think something is missing and that something will make life better. Two authors that explore this concept are Leo Tolstoy and Gustave Flaubert. In the novel, Anna Karenina, we have a wealthy woman who senses something is wrong with her life and is bent on finding out what that something…

Works Cited

Flaubert. Gustave. Madame Bovary. New York: Brentanos. 1919. Print.

Melfi, Mary Ann. "Keeping secrets in Anna Karenina." Journal of Evolutionary Psychology.

25.1-2 .2004. Gale Literature Resource Center. Web. 12 July 2011.

Unfaithful and the Faithful A
Words: 1025 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54508776
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As Jason states,"Twas not for the woman's sake I wedded the king's daughter, my present wife" (Euripides 547). This shows that he has no real regard for his new wife. He also goes on to describe how they will benefit from the marriage. In part, Jason is telling the truth. He has married to further his position. His lie to Medea is that he pretends he has done it for their family, when his only real concern is himself. This shows that Jason is driven and unscrupulous, focused on getting what he wants and willing to manipulate and wrong others to achieve his own needs. This difference in what they want from life is part of the reason that Jason is an adulterer and Charles is not. Jason's drive for success is the reason he is not faithful to Medea. Jason's focus exclusively on his own personal success also means…

Works Cited

Euripides. Medea. New York: Dover Publications, 1993.

Flaubert, Gustav. Madame Bovary. New York: Penguin, 1982.

Social and Cultural Movements That
Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61175463
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The rise of the middle class and the Industrial Revolution brought forth a demand to render this emerging class in fiction, and not simply relegate it to the sidelines of prose narratives in the United States. Realism in the United States is often said to stretch from the Civil ar to the end of the 19th century. The interest in Realism was also spawned by the crisis of national confidence that occurred after that bloody battle. Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and later Henry James are all classified as Realistic writers who "wrote fiction devoted to accurate representation and an exploration of American lives in various contexts" (Campbell 2008). Also as the United States grew rapidly after the Civil ar, "the increasing rates of democracy and literacy, the rapid growth in industrialism and urbanization, an expanding population base due to immigration, and a relative rise in middle-class affluence provided a fertile…

Works Cited

Campbell, Donna M. "Realism in American Literature, 1860-1890." Literary Movements.

Last modified July 2008. February 16, 2010 at .

Literary realism. Art and Popular Culture. February 16, 2010.

Youth A Portrait of the Artist as
Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44689962
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Youth: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

In James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the main character Stephen says that great art carries the qualities of Wholeness, Harmony, and Radiance. Yet Stephen is making this statement as an adolescent, one who is not yet whole nor harmonious, but one who is still developing and adapting to himself and his world. As literary art, the problem this leads to is how an adult reader can create an adolescent character honestly, a character less developed then they are. The reader then has the same challenge, to read about this character and judge them on who they are, without directing their own biases on the character. The writer and the reader can both be guilty of viewing the adolescent character either condescendingly or sentimentally. As well as this, the writer and reader either creating or…