Mahatma Essays (Examples)

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Influence of No Child Left Behind on Black Male Graduate Rate

Words: 4430 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9486254

Vinoba Vhabe

Vinoba Bhave

Throughout his life, Mahatma Gandhi gave emphasis to the notion that his twin principles of truth and nonviolence must be put in practice in every aspect of life as they have the strength to solve a number of human problems. His teachings were being practiced by his faithful disciples after achieving the political independence. The most prominent person in this regard is the leader and the spiritual heir of Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave (Bary, Hay, Weiler & Yarrow, 1958).

Vinoba Bhave is, thus, one of those great devout reformers of modern India whose selfless services have inspired the hearts of innumerable countrymen. At a very early age, Vinoba was determined to undertake a lifetime celibacy & selfless service to the needy. He was in search of a life in which he could synthesize both spirituality and practicality. When he discovered Gandhi, both of them worked for the regeneration and self-sufficiency of Indian nation (Mehta). Gandhi was so moved with the dedication of Vinoba that he praised Vinoba in these words, "At a tender age, Vinoba has acquired a degree of spirituality & ascetism that took me years of patient labour" (as qtd. In Mehta).

Vinoba Bhave (real…… [Read More]


Bary, T.D., Hay, S.N., Weiler, R., & Yarrow, A. (1958). Sources of Indian Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved April 17, 2012, from Questia database:

Bhave, Vinoba. (2009). In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from Questia database:

Mehta, S. (n.d.). Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement-50 Years: A Review. Retrieved April 19, 2012 from 

Muzumdar, H.T. (1952). Mahatma Gandhi Peaceful Revolutionary. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Retrieved April 20, 2012, from Questia database:
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Machiavelli's The Prince it Is

Words: 2065 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52982027

This belief came in response to the realities of the time that saw corruption and lust for riches as the main interests in the political life. Both Gandhi and Machiavelli saw self restrain as an important quality, even though the reasons deferred.

In today's political life, there is more and more evidence of the applicability of the concepts advocated by Machiavelli centuries ago. The constant use of the notion Machiavellian is relevant in this sense. It comes to define the belief that the final outcome is the most important one in the overall process of history. In the end, according to Richelieu, who was inspired by the ideas of the Italian politician, history would eventually judge a leader not for the means he used, but for the aims, he had set beforehand. (Kissinger, 1995) the so-called raison d'etat governed international relations for centuries after the Westphalia Peace in 1648 and was the practical result of the notions presented by Machiavelli.

Today, a leader must primarily think at the safety of his state, as Machiavelli rightfully considered. A common case is represented by the U.S. No matter the color of the political leadership, the general strategy advocated by both democrats and…… [Read More]


Calvocoressi, Peter. World politics since 1945. New York: Longman, 1987.

Chew, Robin. Mahatma Gandhi: Indian Spiritual/Political, Leader, and Humanitarian. 1995. 25 April 2007. 

Gauss, Christian. Introduction. "The Prince," Niccolo Machiavelli. 1952. Oxford University Press, Chicago.

Huntington, Samuel. The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.
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Indian History the Indian National

Words: 3378 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30426316

It was also discovered that the Moderates did not have sufficient representation in Congress. The Moderates were aware of Tilak's loyalty to the Congress but did not appreciate it. They even thoroughly resisted his entry and that of his friends to it. Tilak then cooperated with Annie Besant in forming two home rule leagues, one in Maharashtra and the other in Madras. Their Lucknow Congress in 1916 healed the division. Both sides wanted to restore the old and honorable conditions. After agreeing on some membership conditions, the Moderates accepted the extremists. The Lucknow Congress honored and recognized Tilak as a the sole political hero of the time. The Moderates could have offered Tilak the presidency of the Congress but Tilak was known to have a pledge of self-denial. He withdrew his name from the 1907 Nagpur Congress and suggested that it be replaced by the name of Lala Laipat Rai. From 1916 to 1917, Tilak was the most prominent figure in the annual Congress and the special session in Bombay. In the evening of his departure for England, he was elected president of the Congress but would be unable to enforce the office for lack of time for the Chirol…… [Read More]


British Broadcasting Corporation. Mohandas Gandhi. Historic Figures. BBC.Co.Uk, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2007 at

Edidin, Peter. 1947: the End of the Raj. New York Times Upfront: the Scholastic, Inc., January 30, 2006

Indian National Congress. The Congress and the Freedom Movement. AICC, 2004. Retrieved May 10, 2007 at

Leathem, Rebecca. Mahatma Gandhi. Business Asia: First Charlton Communications Pty, Ltd., February 15, 1999
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Warms the Heart More Than

Words: 536 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81092023

This special treat was their way of expressing how important my visits were to them. We then discussed current events, reminisced about their lives during the Korean War, and talked about their children and grandchildren. For that summer, I became their personal bridge to the mainland. Even more important, they no longer felt ostracized. At the same time, the experience changed my life even more than theirs. I found that my volunteer efforts could further the change I want to see in the world -- an end to discrimination and injustice. [making other people's lives better in some way]

Because of my experience on Sorok Island, I now regularly visit residents at a Los Angeles nursing home. Many of these men and women have the same need as [names]. They want to talk with someone, because their children are too busy to visit or they are alone. These people also have very special stories to relate about their past. The time we spend together makes me feel appreciated. It also encourages me to visit my own grandparents more often.

Admittedly, I started volunteering since it was the right thing to do, not because I was personally motivated. Yet, it greatly…… [Read More]

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English Literature Martin Luther King

Words: 1686 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94070402

It is also more likely to create a constructive rather than a destructive outcome, it is a process of conflict resolution that may aim to arrive at the truth of a given situation rather than simple victory for one side and it is the only technique of struggle that is consistent with the teachings of the major religions (Weber and Burrowes, n.d.).

Nonviolent action is a method by which people who reject passivity and submission, and who see struggle as necessary, can have their conflict without violence. Nonviolent acts are not seen as an attempt to steer clear of or ignore conflict. They are one reaction to the problem of how to act effectively in politics, particularly how to wield powers effectively. It consists of acts of protest and persuasion, noncooperation and nonviolent intervention designed to undermine the sources of power of the opponent in order to bring about change (Weber and Burrowes, n.d.).

Martin Luther King Jr. knew that there was too much violence in the world and worked very hard to settle the race issues in this country in a non-violent way. He used his mind and his tremendous gift of language to break down the barriers that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burstein, Stanley M. And Shek, Richard. 2005. "World History Ancient Civilizations." Texas:

Holt, Rinhart and Winston

Jones, Chris. 2008. "Analysis of Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail."

Web. 27 April 2010.
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Philosophy of Descartes and Its

Words: 4086 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74645269

5. Kant's "Copernican Revolution" in philosophy is in his genius use of the positive aspects of Rationalism (Descartes and so on) and Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley and Hume). How can you argue this out with the help of the "Critique of Pure Reason"?

The human experience of negotiating the universe as it seems to be presented to us is one governed by a great many assumptions. Our education of this process, and in particular our capacity to become adept or even talented in various faculties thereto, is created by experience. In experience, we gain the evolving abilities to relate to objects which we can perceive in our world. However, in order to accomplish this, there are any number of beliefs which must be possessed in us that will create a framework wherein such relating can occur. These beliefs -- and the practical, ideological and physiological experiences which are dependent upon them -- are somehow instinctually incorporated into human thought as knowledge. Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is concerned both with the process by which we have assumed such 'knowledge' and with the implications that such assumptions have on our approach to the mortal realm. In his discourse, he approaches space…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Berkeley, G. (1994). Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. Arete Press, Claremont, CA.

Hume, D. (1738). A Treatise on the Human Nature. Escuela de Filosofia Universidad ARCIS.

Kidd, S.D. (1988). The Intersubjective Heart. Sorbonne.

Kline, A. (2009). Kierkegaard, Abraham, and the Nature of Faith. Soren Kierkegaard Biography. Online at
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Nelson Mandela as an Attorney

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31118572

By this time, Mandela had earned his law degree and opened a practice in Johannesburg by 1952 with partner Oliver Tambo. The practice focused on apartheid-related cases, such as those that dealt with land-use laws that blatantly discriminated against indigenous Africans. Interestingly, the authorities forced Mandela and Tambo's practice out of the city based on the very laws they were trying to change. Being forced to move their practice highlighted the need for rapid and thorough changes to the law.

After a few years in practice, Mandela also worked on cases involving labor laws, university segregation, Bantustan segregation, and Pass laws, which restricted the free movement of black Africans. His work unearthed layer upon layer of unjust civil laws that systematically oppressed the native population of the region. For example, Bantustan laws referred to the setting aside of parcels of land expressly for the use of black Africans, but the system only served the best interests of the white-controlled government. Police brutality was also common on Bantustan lands ("Biography of Nelson Mandela"). In 1960, the authorities banned the African National Congress, signaling an impending crisis.

Having used civil disobedience and his legal practice to challenge the prevailing authorities, Mandela's work…… [Read More]


Biography of Nelson Mandela." Retrieved Mar 2, 2008 at

Nelson Mandela." Nobel Retrieved Mar 2, 2008 at
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Institutionalized Mass Murder the Roots

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67405088

Two, countries or world leaders might act with selfish motives. For instance, genocide might be ignored if that country is a valuable trading partner or a member of a strategic alliance.

Non-Violent Civil Disobedience

Discussion 1: Mahatma Ghandi, Martin Luther King, Jr. And Nelson Mandela all organized massive movements based on non-violent solutions to major social crises. In each of these cases, non-violent solutions resulted in positive social change. Ghandi secured India's independence from British colonial rule; King bolstered the Civil Rights movement and helped break down institutionalized racism in the United States; and Nelson Mandela fought against apartheid even from within his prison cell. Each of these cases demonstrates the effectiveness of non-violence as a means to secure social change. Moreover, in each of these cases the non-violent movement brought the cause into the public arena. Ghandi, King, and Mandela garnered tremendous support for their causes by refraining from the use of force.

Discussion 2: Terrorism is the opposite means to achieve what is sometimes a similar end: social change. Some terrorism is motivated by more selfish aims but in many cases such as in Gaza, terrorism is used to achieve civil liberties. The most apparent difference between terrorism…… [Read More]

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Patel Mentors Helped Mold Eboo Patel by

Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80271587


Mentors helped mold Eboo Patel by giving shape to Patel's dreams and shedding light on the paths that the author might take to reach his goals. Working with mentors also gave Patel insight into diversity, and revealed worldviews previously hidden from everyday sight. Patel honors his mentors for their varied contributions to his intellectual and spiritual development. In Acts of Faith, Patel spends a great deal of time discussing his mentors because he also wants to show his readers that their success depends on the cultivation of deep and meaningful relationships with other people. Mentors are guides, teachers, and confidents. They can serve in the role of coach, by inspiring and cheerleading. Mentors can also offer constructive criticism when those in their tutelage need it the most.

Although Patel honors a plethora of people that inspired and motivated him to create the Interfaith Youth Core, he focuses on a select few who made a special impact on his character development. One of those mentors is Brother Wayne. "Brother Wayne Teasdale had two great hopes for me: that I would start an interfaith youth movement and that I would take mushrooms with him. He got one," (Patel 59). Perhaps more…… [Read More]


Patel, Eboo. Acts of Faith. Boston: Beacon, 2007.
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Change Is a Planned Process Change Everyone

Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52948426

Change Is a Planned Process

Change, everyone believes, is the only certain element in this highly chaotic and uncertain world. However I believe that change is a highly systemic process, which doesn't take place as abruptly as it appears to. This might seem like a strange statement to some but when we delve deeper into the subject of change, we realize that like everything that is pre-destined and pre-determined, change is also a highly well planned phenomenon. Mahatma Gandhi once said that for change to occur, we must become that change. This is exactly what I mean by change being a planned process.

It is true that change appears to be as unplanned as it comes, our realities change within nanoseconds and our world might never be the same after a small incident that lasted about four minutes. But still I believe that for change to enter our lives it must be first envisioned or there must exist certain conditions conducive for its occurrence. This can be proved with the help of several examples including such major disasters as September 11 attacks etc. But it is even more important to focus on the significance of change being a planned process…… [Read More]

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Gandhi's Perception of His Religion

Words: 3295 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11056324

In 1934, they created the Government of India Act, "which allowed large areas to govern themselves with a degree of local independence" (Leathem 8). During the war, the government reduced many freedoms, and Gandhi and his followers continued to protest British intervention. During the war, Gandhi was jailed several times, and once, his wife protested so she would be jailed alongside her husband. Gandhi's health began to deteriorate as he conducted more fasts. In 1944, his wife died, and by 1947, Britain was on the verge of leaving India, but they insisted on creating the Muslim territories of Pakistan before they left India to govern herself. Gandhi and his followers had won, but the British created a rift that has never healed.

Gandhi was known as "Mahatma" later in life. The word is Hindu and means "of great soul" or "revered one" (Leathem 8). Gandhi died at the age of seventy-eight in January 1948. A Hindu assassin who opposed Gandhi's tactics and beliefs killed him. An historian remembering the event notes, "Gandhi's violent death stands in stark contrast to his own non-violent protests, especially in the form of civil disobedience. However, that he was killed in this way highlights the…… [Read More]

Bibliography on Mahatma Gandhi. Vol. 1. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Shepard, Mark. Gandhi Today: The Story of Mahatma Gandhi's Successors. Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1987.

Talib, S. Gurbachan Singh. "Muslim League Attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947." Voice of India. 2004. 8 Dec. 2004.
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Nonviolence and the Implications of Stand Your Ground Law

Words: 1986 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94823991

Peaceful Approaches to Human Interaction

Throughout history, conflicts over scarce resources or fundamental differences in political or religious ideologies have exacted an enormous toll on humanity, with the 20th century being perhaps the most violent in human history. It is therefore not surprising that during the 20th century, a number of advocates of nonviolence emerged to promote alternative approaches to resolving human conflicts, including Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Given the turbulent times, though, it is also not surprising that there have been some advocates of violent approaches to resolving conflicts, including proponents of so-called "stand your ground" laws. Using reading from Gandhi and King, this paper examines the peaceful approaches to human interaction and the challenges to this model exemplified by "stand your ground" laws. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion.

The Peaceful Model

Both Martin Luther King Jr. And Mahatma Gandhi, working in different times and places, effected enormous social change in their societies on behalf of marginalized demographic groups through the use of nonviolence (Hefner 264). The peace model developed by Gandhi occurred over the course of his main work in India during…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fair, Madison "Dare Defend: Standing for Stand Your Ground." Law and Psychology Review

38: 153-159, Annual 2014. Print.

Gandhi, Mahatma. Selected Political Writings. Hacket, 1996.

Hefner, Philip. "Spiritual Transformation and Nonviolent Action: Interpreting Mahatma
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Macro Sociological Issue Being Addressed

Words: 2937 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51088516

They are words that last forever, and when we face challenges where racial inequities and inhumane horrors cause to pause in stunned silence, often times these words of inspiration come to us and move us take action for social justice. Harrell explains Mandela's gift in this regard saying:

"Mandela exhibited the characteristics that made jeremiad in South Africa social protest feasible: he combined lament and call to consciousness in sustaining South Africa's democratic mission. His ultimate success depended upon his rational appeal to those who saw his course of action would be the most sensible choice (7 of 15)."

Indeed, with words so carefully crafted as to emphasize the essences of democracy, Mandela ensured the support of those in South Africa who had long been deprived democracy. He also appealed to those who understood that the only way to bring about a world peace, was to pursue democratic principles, ensuring him an audience that would be supportive and would forever remember him when they think in terms eradicating oppression.

Nelson Mandela's Influence on Apartheid Survey

This is a simple random survey of ten questions designed to gain information on perceptions about Nelson Mandela's influence on apartheid in South Africa. How…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Harrell, Willie J. (2009). "We Shall Crush Apartheid: Nelson Mandela, Steve Biko, and the Rhetoric of the South African Anti-apartheid Jeremiad. Ethnicity and Race in a Changing World: A Review Journal, Vol 1 Issue 1, January 2009, found online at, retrieved March 20, 2010.

Downing, David (2003). Apartheid in South Africa,
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Hindu Influences in America Although

Words: 1304 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87284840

Another element shared in common by Shinto and Taoism is religious purity. The concept of purity is taken to a greater extreme in Shinto, in which physical illness is perceived as spiritual impurity. A Taoist is concerned with both physical and spiritual health, but practices Tai Chi and similar methods of calming and balancing body and mind.

Shinto is an indigenous Japanese religion, whereas Taoism originates in China. Although the two religions have different geographic origins and different means of worship, they share some elements in common. Both include reverence for ancestors or ancestral spirits, and both are concerned with physical and spiritual purity.

Written Assignment Unit Three

2. Discuss the process that led to the formation of the Talmud. Explain the basic contents of the Talmud and their relation to the Torah.

The Torah refers to the Hebrew Bible as a sacred text. The Talmud evolved as a living body of knowledge related to but extending from the Torah. Whereas the Torah is a sacred text, the Talmud is an ongoing discussion, debate, and interpretation of the essence of Judaism.

The Talmud was formed in response to historical changes in Judaism. Scholars and rabbis began to write down their…… [Read More]

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Civil Disobedience Is the Active

Words: 2434 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24634651

John Locke's social theory not only permits disobedience but also a revolution if the State violates its side of the contract. Martin Luther King, Jr. says that civil disobedience derives from the natural law tradition in that an unjust law is not a law but a perversion of it. He, therefore, sees consenting to obey laws as not extending or including unjust laws.

At present, a new and different form of civil disobedience has developed with the invention of computer technology (Wray 1996). The Critical Art Ensemble's Electronic civil disobedience enables one to travel back to the historic periods of civil disobedience in the U.S. And how it developed through the years. The full potential of electronic civil disobedience has not been explored as a tool in effecting political change. The common opinion or view is that electronic civil disobedience will be go in the same direction. With more and more hackers getting politicized and protesters becoming computerized, the number of cyber-activities to engage in electronic civil disobedience will increase. Traditional acts of trespassing and blockage will be committed but, this time, electronically or digitally. The primary site will be cyberspace. In this millennium, the number of virtual sit-ins, wherein…… [Read More]


Maravillosa, S. (2002). On the Importance of Civil Disobedience. Doing Freedom Magazine.

Suber, P. (1999). Civil Disobedience. Philosophy of Law: an Encyclopedia: Garland Publications, Company. II 110-113.

Thoreau, HD (2001). Civil Disobedience. Berkeley Digital Library Sunsite.

Wikipedia. (2005). Civil Disobedience. Media Wiki.
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Crime Versus Sin

Words: 2183 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31020683

Crime vs. Sin

A criminal justice agency, specifically the police department relies very heavily on its organization to fulfill its duties to society, which is to protect from crime and to serve justice (Kenney & McNamara, 1999). The justice which is to be served depends on the severity of the offense or crime. Crime is quite a complex subject which can be divided into two different categories: natural crime and legal crime. Only legal crime can be processed/punished by the Criminal Justice System. These are acts which are the direct violation of the law which varies from state to state and country to country (Finnis, 2007). This is known as Mala prohibita, or something which is known as a legal crime which is punishable by the law (Vila & Morris, 1999). Natural crime is something which is not written; it is determined by the society you live in and most of the time it depends on your culture, environment, belief systems and morals -- it is something which is understood as unacceptable in society. Mala in se is what a person "should" know to do and not to do; this is something which is innate in a person (Davis, 2006).…… [Read More]


Bronsteen, J., Buccafusco, C., & Masur, J.. (2010). Retribution and the Experience of Punishment. California Law Review, 98(5), 1463. Retrieved February 7, 2011, from Criminal Justice Periodicals.

Conlon, B., Harris, S., Nagel, J., Hillman, M., & Hanson, R. (2008). Education: Don't Leave Prison Without It. Corrections Today, 70 (1); 48-49, 51-52.

Davis, M.S. (2006). Crimes Mala in Se: An Equity-Based Definition: Criminal Justice Policy Review, 17 (3) 270-289. Sage Publications, 2006.

Finnis, J. (2007). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Natural Law Theories. Retrieved February 4, 2010, form web site:
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Gandhi as the Figure of a Leader

Words: 3083 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35900002

Gandhi as the figure of a leader. In this sense, particular emphasis will be attributed not to certain political events in Gandhi's life but rather to conceptual ideas that shaped his purposes. The practice of non-violence for which he has become famous will be assessed as well as certain social positions and economic perceptions.

Key terms: non-violence, unity, sacrifice, truth, economy.

Gandhi was the idealist. He was neither the first nor the last to advocate for a changing of humankind and society but he was unique such as all great leaders are and, for that matter, the wholeness of us mere mortals. He was an idealist because he believed that the world can change. He was idealist in that he believed in changes for the better. His ideal was for all people to work together to achieve by means of peace mutual understanding. By all this and more, Gandhi was the idealist leader. However, the world is anything but ideal. There is not a single country on Earth that would disarm itself voluntarily. On the contrary, wars of the twentieth century have demonstrated the states' competitiveness for arming. There is no capitalist society that would seek the well being of…… [Read More]

Reference List

Brown, J.M., & Parel, A.J. (Eds.). (2011). The Cambridge companion to Gandhi. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, S-o Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo, Mexico City: Cambridge University Press.

Charles, K.J. (n.y.). Five myths about Gandhian economics. Transnational Perspectives. Retrieved from 

Cohen, E. (2002). Gandhi's concept of nonviolence in international relations. Glendon Journal of International Studies, 2. Retrieved from

Cohen, W.I. (2009). Profiles in humanity: The battle for peace, freedom, equality, and human rights. Plymouth: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
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Affects of Spirituality on the Mental and Physical Health of the Elderly

Words: 2312 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59966908


The Effects of Spirituality:

The Mental and Physical Aspects of Spirituality for the Elderly

The relationship of spirituality to aging is not a new idea. Society, as a whole, has been thinking about spirituality and its effects on aging since the first recording of religious history. The relationship is examined by scientists, medical doctors, spiritual healers, and individuals alike. The effects of spirituality on the elderly population have been shown to be positive, long lasting, and generally beneficial to all who are preparing for their final days.

The first step to examining the effects of spirituality and the elderly is to determine what spirituality really means. By definition, spirituality is "sensitivity or attachment to religious values" or "concerned with religious values." So the concept is obviously related to religion, of a sort. Religion is defined as "relating to or manifesting faithful devotion to an acknowledged ultimate reality or deity." With those three definitions in mind, spirituality encompasses the ideas that an ultimate being exists (whether that is God, the self, or the earth), or that the soul exists, and that the person's beliefs are altered and affected by their values and faith in that deity.

With that definition, we…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aiken, Charles. "Religion," The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII. Nashville, TN: Nelson Reference, 1908.

Archdiocese of Boston, "The Catholic Vision of Life and Death," Cardinal Law's Pilot Column, 5 March, 1999,

Bliss, J.R., McSherry, E. & Fassett, J. NIH Conference on Spirituality and Health Care Outcomes, 1995.

Boyle, Philip. "Integrating Spirituality into Healthcare for Aging: An Unalloyed Good?," Long-Term Care Ethics, 7 Dec, 1998, 4, 12-15.
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Applying Servant Leadership Within a

Words: 30193 Length: 100 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1967978

Initially, I had to point out when people were saying things that would indicate a connection between group members. However, once those connections were established, the group members moved rather rapidly towards directly relating with one another.

Another result of the group meetings is that the group members initially appeared very focused on the past. Small groups tend to do postmortems of old failures, archaeologizing (digging in the past for explanations of present behavior), and pathologizing (focusing more on problems than potentials). It was important for group members to discuss the past, but, what was interesting was that the other members of the group did a good job of reminding each other that the past is in the past. However, while finding it easy to state that the past was in the past, it was oftentimes difficult for group members to take the next step and begin discussion of the present and future.

The development of confrontation skills over the life of the group was another very interesting area. Initially, most group members were absolutely unwilling to confront one another. Even when someone was engaging in behavior that seemed clearly self-destructive to most members of the group, few people were…… [Read More]


Aarvik, Egil. 1984. Presentation speech of 1984 Nobel Prize for Peace. Stockholm: The Nobel Foundation. Online. Available from Internet,, accessed 11 March 2010.

Adair, John. 1984. The skills of leadership. New York: Nichols Pub. Co.

Anderson, Ray. 2007. Ten theses on Dietrich Bonhoeffer: theologian, Christina, martyr. Sydney: Blogspot. Online. Available from Internet,, accessed 13 March 2010.

Berne, Eric. 1904. Games people play. New York: Grove Press.
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Martin Luther King Junior of

Words: 3230 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62233938

King evokes many of the philosophical premises that justified Gandhi in his actions, and explicitly mentions another famous social agitator -- Socrates -- in the hopes of solidifying the logical foundations of the notion of social protest.

When it comes to commitment and communication, the two can easily be displayed in the case of King through his famous letter from the Birmingham jail, where King demonstrated both his ability to communicate his message, and to undergo deplorable treatment -- through commitment -- in the name of his cause. Essentially, King believes that taking direct action is necessary, despite the possibility of conflict, to bring individuals and society as a whole to a crisis point, at which they are forced to face the truths that they have kept hidden from themselves -- either consciously or subconsciously. He writes, "Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue," (King). King mentions that this social tension -- which can often turn violent -- is analogous to the abstract, mental tension that Socrates hoped to evoke in people's minds once they began to critically…… [Read More]


Blank, Warren. (1995). The 9 Natural Laws of Leadership. New York: American

Management Association.

Browning, Christopher R. (1991). Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. New York: Harper Collins.

Colaiaco, James. Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement. Brooklyn: Carlson
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Business Ethics Magazine Recently Awarded the Chroma

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54076976

Business Ethics magazine recently awarded the Chroma Technology Corporation, a Vermont-based manufacturer of high-tech optical lens products, the "Living Economy Award" as part of the 16th Annual Business Ethics Awards. The Living Economy Award is offered to the company that best exemplifies "the living economy with practices of employee ownership, fair wages, and environmental stewardship," (Business Ethics). One of the key reasons why Chroma earned the accolade was due to its unique official salary structure: no employee earns less than $37,500 and none more than $75,000; therefore, no upper-level management official makes more than twice as much as anyone on the shop floor. Chroma's unique salary structure in part reflects my vision of corporate business ethics and the values I would like to embody as a professional. There are other reasons why I admire Chroma's policies. They employ an egalitarian meeting format modeled after the Quakers; they ensure environmental sustainability and energy-efficiency in their plant; and the company is entirely owned by employees, who are not at risk of losing their jobs. Chroma therefore provides an optimal corporate role model for the development of a sound approach to business and financial ethics. My value system reflects the ideals that are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Corporate Social Responsibility Report." Business Ethics.

Non-Violence." BBC Online.
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African-American History What Was the

Words: 1909 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7538952

Nevertheless, when a specific law was disgustingly unfair, that unfair law itself placed a threat on the society's reverence for law in general. In case the unfair law was not possible to be changed by way of regular legal channels, intentional breaching of that particular law may be defensible. Since the person committing civil disobedience had utmost regard for the value of law, he would breach the unfair law in gay abandon, and he would eagerly acknowledge the outcomes for infringing it. He will get involved in breaching the law and admit its punishment as a vehicle of drawing the interest of the community to the dissipation of that particular law. (the Civil Rights Movement: The Immigrant Heritage of America) King also stressed how significant it was that the civil rights campaign did not percolate to the stage of racists and hate mongers they struggled against. The ideology of King of strength of character and softhearted nature was not just highly effectual; however, it gave the civil rights movement an exciting moral authority and elegance. (Heroes of the Civil Rights Movement)… [Read More]


Austin, Curtis J. On Violence and Nonviolence: The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi. Retrieved at Accessed on 20 May, 2005

Coombs, Norman. The Civil Rights Movement. The Immigrant Heritage of America. Twayne Press. 1972. Retrieved at Accessed on 20 May, 2005

Heroes of the Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved at . Accessed on 20 May, 2005

Kennedy, Randall. Martin Luther King's Constitution: a Legal History of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Yale Law Journal; April, 1989. No: 98; pp: 999-1067. Retrieved at Accessed on 20 May, 2005
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Family That Had the Means

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22340997

My inspiration for defining a productive life has always been greatly influenced by Mother Teresa and Mahatma Gandhi and I came to the realization that I could contribute more to the betterment of my society and to the welfare of a larger number of people by directing my energies toward a career in administrative health care than I could ever possibly achieve by practicing clinical medicine. As clinicians, even the most successful of us can only affect a relatively small number of individuals in our careers. However, as health care administrators and public advocates and educators, we can actually help transform our societies from communities where only a relatively small number of people have access to modern health care services into communities in which adequate health care services and access to basic preventative medicine become widespread and more evenly distributed throughout the human community.

Therefore, I hope to pursue a course of study that leads to an MBA that I can apply to the business aspects of a career in health care administration. My goal is to study business at ____ University and to develop a thorough understanding of the economic and other business concepts and principles of modern health…… [Read More]

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European Imperialism Up Until 1858 the British

Words: 2292 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99643970

European Imperialism

Up until 1858, the British East India Company had a monopoly on trade with Asia and also governed most of the Indian subcontinent, although it was replaced by direct British rule after the Rebellion of 1757-58. Initially, the Company was not interested in 'modernizing' or reforming India, but only in expanding its power and profits. It would either buy off of eliminate all of its competitors and interlopers, as it did by hanging Captain Kidd in 1701 on charges of piracy. It sold opium to China to help finance its activities, and Chinese attempts in restrict this trade in the Opium Wars of 1839-42 and 1856-60 resulted in the British takeover of Hong Kong. In the Boston Tea Party of 1774, the East India Company's monopoly on trade with Asia sparked the American Revolution, led in part by merchants who preferred free trade policies along the lines of those recommended by Adam Smith and other liberal reformers. Opposition to the Company's rule did not yet take the form of modern nationalist or radical movements, but traditional rulers and local feudal elites who resented its encroachments. Mahatma Gandhi created the mass populist movement that finally drove the British out…… [Read More]


Gandhi, M (1949). Story of My Experiments with Truth. London: Phoenix Press.

Gorringe, T. (2003). "Gandhi and the Christian Community" in H.G. Coward (ed). Indian Critiques of Gandhi. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, pp. 131-52.

Miller, R.E. (2003). "Indian Muslim Critiques of Gandhi" in Coward, pp. 193-216.

Wolpert, S (2009). Shameful Flight: The Last Years of the British Empire in India. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Political or Social Problem Racism Has Been

Words: 1821 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4413228

Political or Social Problem

Racism has been a major social problem in American history going back to the colonial period of the 17th and 18th Centuries, and by no means only in the former slave states of the South. In fact, the condition of blacks in the United States has always been a central social, political and economic problem that resulted in the nation's most destructive war in 1861-65 and in its most important civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. As the moral and spiritual leader of the latter, Martin Luther King's place in American history is well-known: this was the central preoccupation of his life from 1955-68, and he died as a martyr to this cause. Karl Marx was merely a foreign observer of the U.S. Civil War, but he understood the issues of slavery and racism very well and was an enthusiastic abolitionist and supporter of the Northern cause. From his ideological viewpoint, the capitalist civilization of the North was more modern and progressive than the feudal system of the South, and he wrote numerous articles calling for the emancipation of the blacks and opposing racism against them. Although Marx accepted the necessity of war and…… [Read More]


Gilman, S.L. "Karl Marx and the Secret Language of the Jews" in Jessop, Bob (Ed) Karl Marx's Social and Political Thought. Routledge, 1999: 22-41.

King, Martin Luther. "Address to the Thirty-fourth Annual Convention of the National Bar Association, August 20, 1959" in Carson, Clayborne (Ed) The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr., Volume V, Threshold of a New Decade, January 1959-December 1960. University of California Press, 2005.

Marx, Karl. "Comments on the North American Events," Die Presse, October 12, 1862 and "The Election Results in the Northern States," Die Presse, November 23, 1862 in Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels, Writings on the U.S. Civil War.
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Communication and Leadership

Words: 2764 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39078535

Communication and Leadership

What makes a great leader? How is a great leader made? There is no single answer to that question because there are as many different kinds of great leaders as there are problems in society that need to be overcome. While certainly it is true that many important and effective leaders share a number of the same qualities, it is also imperative to remember that each leader has different challenges that face him or her because of the particular historical circumstances that call that person to be a leader.

This research proposal maps out a plan to study the ways in which African-Americans become leaders in the United States today, looking at the struggles that they have to overcome in terms of the general level of background racism that still exists in this nation. But this is certainly not a research project designed to cast pity on African-American leaders because of the struggles that they have to face but rather to try to come to an understanding of how the particular challenges faced by African-Americans today produce certain kinds of leaders with specific strengths.

As a part of understanding how it is that certain African-Americans find themselves…… [Read More]

We now turn away from recent history to contemporary American society to look at the ways in which some contemporary African-Americans are becoming leaders in their communities, despite the racism that they face from the surrounding world.

Encyclopedia Britannica
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Gandhi Is One of the Most Celebrated

Words: 1944 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88534735

Gandhi is one of the most celebrated and respected figures in recent history, noted for his strong religious beliefs and spirituality, his accomplishments in social theory, as well as his achievement in gaining India's independence from Britain during the Twentieth Century. In addition, Gandhi strived for peace and nonviolent means to end conflict, and many movements of the past century, including the Civil Rights Movement and the antiapartheid campaign of South Africa, were inspired by Gandhi (Prabhu 2). As a result of his efforts, the world has been forever changed by his acts of kindness in an attempt to achieve peace.

Matatma Gandhi was born into a respected Hindu family on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India (Frost 33). His parents Karamehand and Putlibai were convinced that their son was a gifted child and would become a heroic figure within the course of his lifetime (Frost 33). Although he was small and timid, he was confident and determined, but it would take some time for Gandhi to come out of his shell in order to develop into the leader he later became. As a result of Indian tradition, Gandhi married at age thirteen, and he considered sex to be a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Frost, B. "Mahatma Gandhi: The Quiet Man Who Broke the British Empire."

Biography Magazine April 2001: 32-37.

Prabhu, J. "Gandhi: Visionary for a Globalized World." ReVision 24.1 (2001): 2-8.

Steger, M. "Mahatma Gandhi on Indian Self-rule: A Nonviolent Nationalism?" Strategies
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Violent vs Non-Violent Revolution Violent Revolutions and

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52639744

Violent vs. Non-Violent Revolution

Violent revolutions and non-violent revolutions began to unfold with great regularity after the 1400's, 1500's and 1600's when much to most of the world became colonized by the Dutch, the French, the British and the Spanish. Both the United States and modern-day India became free from the same ruling country, that being Great Britain. However, the differences are quite stark when one gets beyond that similarity. Even though violent revolutions are often required or at least quicker, the independence of India in the 1940's proved that non-violent revolution can be equally effective, albeit tumultuous in its own right.


Great Britain at one time controlled most of the world, it seemed, along with Spain, France and a few other countries. Indeed, the land now owned by the United States was, at one time or another, controlled by the British, the French, the Spaniards and their descendants and variants. India also passed from country to country over its existence. The dutch controlled the area for more than two centruies and then switched to the Danes for half a century or so. France had a claim of its own for the better part of two centuries. However, the…… [Read More]

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Gandhi's Legacy for Indian Politics After Independence

Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53761125

Gandhi's personal popularity among the Indian peasantry from 1915-22?

Mahatma Gandhi rose to popularity in the Indian political space especially among the peasantry population. Various factors related to his early and late political life played some role in catapulting his popularity among the Indian peasantry. During that period, the peasants suffered massively from the ruling political regime. The Indian population was subjected to unfair treatment by the British colonial government. During this period, the peasants had one goal of eliminating the famous Tinkhathia system. The system represented the obligatory involvement the peasants where they would surrender part of their farm holdings and proceeds to the Britons without any proper form of proper compensation. Besides, they also sought to initiate an uprising that would end the exploitation by the British planters in the form of tax payments. Not only was their suffering limited to the exploitation by the British colonial government but also the peasant's quality of life was poor. The need to improve their situations was inevitable (Gandhi 662).

In 1916, a farmer from Champaran who was unable to handle the oppressions approached Gandhi. Gandhi promised Shukla to visit Champaran and provide a solution after he had seen the situation…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gandhi, M.K. An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Translated by Mahadev Desai. The Floating Press, 2009. Print
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Law Enforcement Priorities and Public Sector Leadership

Words: 5421 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96700535

Undocumented Immigrants in Gainesville

The city of Gainesville has a population of about 54,000 and of these, approximately 3,200 are illegal aliens. The law enforcement community in this city is charged with protecting these undocumented aliens on the one hand and enforcing illegal immigrant laws on the other. To the extent that undocumented residents are afraid that the police will enforce the latter may be the extent to which they are discouraged from seeking help from the law enforcement community when they need it, exacerbating existing crime levels. Conversely, the extent to which law enforcement authorities fail to enforce illegal immigration laws may be the extent to which they are viewed as being malfeasant in the prosecution of their official duties. To determine the optimal course of action for law enforcement authorities faced with these conflicting priorities, this paper reviews the relevant literature including a discussion of so-called "sanctuary cities" and "sanctuary counties." Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these conflicting responsibilities and the optimal course of action law enforcements authorities should take to ensure they are fulfilling their official responsibilities to the best of the ability and in the best interests of the community.

Review…… [Read More]


Armajani, B. (2007, August). What transformational leaders do. Government Finance Review, 23(4), 79-83.

Bahn, S. (2013, April 1). Transformational leaders? The pivotal role that supervisors play in safety culture. International Journal of Training Research, 11(1), 17-21.

Bambale, A. & Jaafaru, S. F. (2012, May 1). Servant leadership as employee-organization approach for performance of employee citizenship behaviors in the Nigeria's electric power sector. Journal of Marketing and Management, 3(1), 1-5.

Berger, T. A (2014, Fall). Servant Leadership 2.0: A call for strong theory. Sociological Viewpoints, 30(1), 146-150.
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The Globalization Phenomenon

Words: 1170 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34009438

The phenomenon of globalization is a very controversial one, as some people are against it despite the fact that they are aware that the process is unavoidable. From the early ages people have felt the need to socialize and civilizations have been absorbed into one another. The process of globalization has both advantages and disadvantages, but, people are dedicated to making it happen regardless to the consequences that their actions have.
The human race started building civilization several millennia ago, and, from there on, humans have become addicted to it. It is in the human nature to constantly seek for advancement and to interact with others. One of the main disadvantages that civilization poses, however, is that is provides better grounds for evil to develop. Crimes are taken to a whole new level in the modern world. Another disadvantage that globalization brings is the fact that vices are also advancing and people are enslaving themselves through the deviant acts that they perform.
Of course, one can observe the benefits that globalization has brought when looking at the technological and medical advancements that have been done. Education is a primary benefit brought by globalization. Thousands of years of interacting between numerous…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Hopkins, A.G. "Globalization in World History" .
[1] Hopkins, A.G. "Globalization in World History" .
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Succeeding in Work Whenever People

Words: 2601 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20919378

Business coach Jonathan Farrington reports that the standards that follow team work should underpin how a person operates. The purpose of a team is to get work done satisfactorily by involving everyone and gaining through their individual strengths. Involving people with a variety of interests on broad issues is motivational and very effective. Myriad views can enhance methods, standards, processes and overall effectiveness and productivity. Other people's differences need to be respected, regardless how unusual they appear, and any personal biases eliminated. It is never healthy to underestimate people or make quick judgments about them. Humans are very complex beings; just because a person says or does one thing, he/she should not be immediately categorized.

When becoming involved with a team, it is necessary to spend time to understand its goals, the ultimate task that is to be performed and each person's responsibilities to accomplish the goals. At first, it is helpful to remain quiet and get the lay of the land. Once feeling more comfortable about how the team functions and the different roles, it is important to contribute ideas and provide helpful feedback on other people's suggestions. Volunteering for sub-tasks, even though they may not be exactly to…… [Read More]

References Cited:

Ansary, T.(2009). Degrees & Training: What is a Leader? Retrieved March 20, 2010, from

Bruce, C.E. (nd) Making the Transition from Campus to Workplace. Black Collegean Retrieved March 20, 2010 from

Burke, R.J., Oberklaid, F., & Burgess, Z. (2005) Organizational values, job experiences and satisfactions among female and male psychologists. Community, Work & Family, 8(1): 53-68

Career Media (1999), Graduate Careers in Information Technology, Westlake: Watcham Penrose Associates.
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Transformational vs Charismatic Leadership Leading

Words: 2008 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35625689

Dangers linger in any relationship where one party holds power and the other party gives it. Any student of leadership, must recognize that tripwire, and assiduously avoid it through correctly recognizing the dangers that abuse of power can bring.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bass, B., Atwater, L., & Avolio, B. (2008). The Transformational and Transactional Leadership of Men and Women. Applied Psychology, 5-34.

Beverly Alimo-MetcalfAlban-Metcalfe, J., Bradley, M., Mariathasan, J., & Samele, C. (2008). The impact of engaging leadership on performance, attitudes to work and well-being at work: A longitudinal study. Journal of Health Organisation and Management, 586-598.

Beyer, J. (1999). Taming and promoting charisma to change organizations. The Leadership Quarterly, 307-330.

Bolman, L., & Deal, T. (1991). Reframing Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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Leadership Is Said to Be

Words: 4556 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91314584


Transactional leaders use the extrinsic motivators, to get goals met within an organization, as stated by Suliman (2009). This type of leadership used internal reward or punishment mechanisms to get employees to follow their directive. Transactional leaders usually leave the current organizational structure and goals intact, since the characteristic of these leaders is not effective in situations that require change. Suliman, (2009) also argue that some leaders are very passive and only get involved if the necessary actions are contrary to the overall goal or achievement of the organization.

Visionary leaders are usually characterized as individuals who do not compromise their personal integrity for the overall goal of any organization or process. These leaders do not portray ordinary character traits, since they are usually concerned with direction or organizing action based on new possibilities or a progressive agenda as argued by McIntosh and Tolson (2009). These are usually interested in the creation of processes or procedures that are considered pivotal and usually affect the lives of individuals. Examples that immediately come to mind are like Martin Luther King Jr. Or Mahatma Gandhi, when this type of leader is mentioned.

Also supported by the analysis of Nielsen, Yarker, Randall, and…… [Read More]

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Adult Learning it Is Often

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10373239

In this context then, it is more important for the manager to possess a wide array of purposeful and relational skills. These will help him / her envision the organization and as such set the basis of a strategic effort through which the firm would come to attain its objectives. Also, at the specific level of relational skills, these help the manager interact with all stakeholder categories within and outside the company. For instance, the manager has to interact with the employees, to mitigate conflicts, to ensure the staff members are motivated and performing at the maximum levels. Then, the manager has to ensure that the customers are listened to and their needs are served. Also, the manager has to ensure that the demands of the general public are listened and integrated. An organization will not be able to attain its objectives unless it has the support of the employees, the satisfaction of the customers and the acceptance of the public. In this order of ideas, the purposeful and relational skills trump the technical ones.

The conclusion which has been reached indicates that the managerial act, similar to the every day life, is an ongoing process in which the most…… [Read More]


McPhail, T.L., 2006, Global communication: theories, stakeholders, and trends, 2nd edition, Wiley-Blackwell

Vaill, P.B., 1996, Learning as a way of being: strategies for survival in a world of permanent white water, Jossey-Bass
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John Brown's Raid in Harper'

Words: 1361 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46547232

Many of the historians will suggest that the John Brown's raid over Harper Lee and his quick execution leaded to the inevitable civil war.

Why would the South turn almost permanently to secession after 1859?

Despite of all the support John Brown gains from the Northern abolitionist writers, his actions were violent, terroristic and heinous. Even Abraham Lincoln who was trying to assuage Southern and Northern parts to solve out the issue of abolishing slavery in a peaceful manner mentioned John Brown as a misguide fanatic (Reynolds 2005, John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights).

One can compare the violent and brutal raid by John Brown on Harper Lee with the September Eleven attack on Twin Towers in 2001. A terrorist attack, irrespective of the motives behind it cannot be tolerated, it should not be tolerated. The rift between Southern and Northern block increased after the Harper Lee raid and eighteen months after the execution of John Brown, Americans went to war against each other with soldiers marching into battle singing "John Brown's Body." Around or more 600,000 people were killed during the civil war and then only the sin of…… [Read More]


Encyclopedia. 2010. Victor Hugo's letter to London News, 1859.

Horwitz, Tony. 2009. The 9/11 of 1859. New York Times, December 1, p. A4.

Maryland State Archives. 2000. In Readiness to Do Every Duty Assigned. Maryland State Government.
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Leadership by James Macgregor Burns

Words: 1374 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79102060

Where the Burns (1978) book sets itself apart is through its evaluation of the practice and theory of leadership skills. In the book, Burns (1978) states that he defined leadership as "leaders inducing followers to act for certain goals that represent the values and the motivations -- the wants and needs, the aspirations and expectations -- of both leaders and followers" (p. 19).

Another important reason that Burns (1978) remains so popular today is that he addresses leadership styles throughout the book by using examples that can be easily related to. Moses, Napoleon, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. are all discussed. How they led, why, and in what capacity can shed significant light on specific types of leadership skills and the styles with which they best fit. Also included in Burns' (1978) book are Adolf Hitler and Machiavelli, and they are all used to show how leaders who wish to be successful must make a very vital distinction between needs and wants. A leader who wants something cannot always get it, but those who do not have any goals or things that they want often do not strive to do better or to instill the idea of excelling…… [Read More]


Benson, F. (1994). One right way doesn't work with leadership either. Journal for Quality and Participation. 17(4): 86-89.

Burns, J.M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics.
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Obedience to Authority Asserts That

Words: 935 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89623392

' However, ill-tempered is a somewhat subjective judgment, given that the protestors of the civil rights era were likely to be judged as similarly 'ill tempered' by those who opposed African-American legal parity with whites. King's claim of lovingly breaking the law did not mean that he joyously accepted his punishment of jail time for exercising his rights in the segregated south: King may have embraced his punishment because of his hopes for change, not out of some sort of self-abnegating humility. The civil rights movement was about self-assertion of one's rights. The love in his heart came from his hope for the possibility of change. This did not mean, just like contemporary groups, that he was not outraged by his jailing and the violent actions of the police against civil rights demonstrators.

But James J. Lopach and Jean A. Luckowski seem to have another agenda: their distaste for the causes of Earth First and Act Up! are evident. It is easy to defend the disruption of the civil rights movement when it has been consigned to history. Moreover, there is the issue of comparing applies to oranges: invalidating an entire movement like Deep Ecology because it is not as…… [Read More]