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After a series of uprisings, the people of Malaysia, non-Malays, Malays, the Chinese and others, all agreed to develop a country that was multicultural, especially in modern times when globalization is a topic of high-priority among many people's of the world (Brunnel, 2004). Brunnel (2004) is one of many researchers that notes that growing interest in nations that are ethically diverse has caused many of the leaders in Malaysia to highlight their diverse culture in recent years inclusive of non-Malays and Chinese and Islamic peoples, rather than hide it (Wong 2001, Kheng, 2002)
Hock (2000) and other historians (Kheng, 2001; Yun, 2001) noted that during the early years or colonial times most cultures were allowed to do as they please, and all ethnic groups had "equal access" to the land and the public spaces of Malaysia to do as they pleased; however, during the post-colonial period, more and more ethnic…… [Read More]
Having an understanding of one's personal culture is the foundation of building an understanding of another culture. It is a person's culture that affects their personal values. These values then affect their attitude toward everything. This attitude then affects the individual's behaviors, which further supports the culture. This cyclical relationship has an individual's culture and actions inextricably intertwined. To further understand my personal culture, I locate my Malaysian culture on various dimensions and describe its characteristics. Included are identification of the culture's key values, accompanied by meaningful behavioral examples. The cultural dimensions are discussed, which seem to be most taken for granted, as well as those which seem to be most contested and/or disputed. Lastly, I identify the United States as the country that appears to be most different from my own culture and discuss how I might frame the contrasting culture, in a way that would improve the…… [Read More]
Where in the World is Malaysia?
Does anyone really know where Malaysia is, or is it just a semi-fictional location for tropical diseases to originate in Hollywood plots? Actually, many students study Malaysia and understand the importance of this country. Some pop-culture figures, unlike those in non-educational fiction, do in fact teach Americans that Malaysia is a real country in Asia. In the books, games, and television shows based on "Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego?" knowledge of political and geographical situations is encouraged, and on more than one occasion Carmen Sandiego has in fact been in Malaysia, without contracting a fictional tropical disease. The relationship between America and the United States, interesting Malaysian facts, and the demographics and culture of the country are three important topics about Malaysia.
The relationship between Malaysia and the United States is currently a little bit stressed. Malaysia currently has a different…… [Read More]
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is two-fold as follows:
1. To identify the optimum approach and metrics for measuring the efficiency of Malaysian banks;
2. To analyze archival financial performance data using the optimum approach for measuring the efficiency of Malaysian banks to determine historic efficiency levels in an effort to identify opportunities for improvement in the future.
Importance of the Study
The importance of the study directly relates to the need to identify effective ways to measure the efficiency of Malaysian banks. The evaluation of bank efficiency, though, introduces a number of constraints that are related to the nature and function of financial intermediaries, particularly in view of the fact that banks provide products and services that are dissimilar to those found elsewhere. As a result, one of the most important issues involving the investigation the efficiency of the banking sector concerning the…… [Read More]
In the State of Kelantan, the ideal of having the governing but this is inadequate. The PAS-led
Firstly, the realities that are related to external factors, from outside the Party, and secondly to internal factors, from within the Party and the PAS-led government themselves. In the former, one witnessed the role of This was especially evident through its Federal Development
Department that was established in the State, in interrupting the endeavors undertaken by the PAS-led government. In the latter, PAS is suffering from at least five realities, that is, leadership identity crisis, lack of practical experience and expertise, the existence of unmotivated civil servants, absence of either a blueprint or a proper operational guideline and its refusal to welcome help from other sympathized Islamic movements. Consequently, Beside these shortcomings, the Kelantanese
have certainly proven to be at least an attempt to determine their own lifestyles according to their character which…… [Read More]
Jextra Neighborhood Stores in Malaysia:
Jextra stores in Malaysia is a large Asia retailer based in Hong Kong and owned by SIM Lim Holdings, which is a large publicly traded industrial group. In addition to operating supermarkets, convenience stores, and hypermarkets, Jextra stores also operated stores in various countries like Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, China, Thailand, Hong Kong, and Viet Nam. Following its entry to the Malaysia market in 2005, Jextra mainly operated using the name Neighborhood Markets, which has been characterized by rapid achievement of breakeven. The company's operations in Malaysia are headed by Tom Chong, the country manager from Hong Kong. At a time when Jextra was doing well in its Malaysian operations and actively seeking to expand, the management team identified a possible site in Klang for a new Neighborhood Market. However, the country manager was faced with two major dilemmas with the first one involving the offer…… [Read More]
Batek of Malaysia
Among the shrinking number of unassimilated aboriginal tribes still managing to shield their core identity from modernity's onslaught, the Batek De' Negritos of Malaysia exhibit a uniquely egalitarian societal structure which has garnered increasing attention from social scientists. Living deep in the rain forests of Kelantan, Malaysia, the Batek people rely solely on traditional methods of subsistence, including foraging, hunting, and gathering, to survive the pressures applied by the harsh surrounding environs. As is the case with many cultures that practice subsistence living techniques, the very foundations of the Batek way of life, from religious belief to marital union, are inherently influenced by the methods the tribe has used to procure food and shelter since time immemorial. Because "their primary source of support & #8230; the hunting and gathering economy" is based on nuclear family units "living in the forest & #8230; collecting rattan, hunting and gathering…… [Read More]
Monetary and Fiscal Policies in Malaysia
Malaysia is a small, trade-dependent economy with a high amount of foreign presence in both the real and financial sectors; globalization and capital flows have therefore had a considerable impact on the operation of monetary policy in the nation. Over the last decade, Malaysia has had quite a diverse experience in its monetary policy operations, with the alterations in the monetary framework being made mostly in response to global developments (Cheong, n.d.).
During the 1970s, the Malaysian government played a key function in the economy. The government ventured beyond its customary functions and took on a more direct and active role in the nation's overall social and economic development process. This era saw the government's direct contribution in the private sector through the founding of large commercial enterprises. Government contribution in the economy expanded further in 1980-82 as it pursued an expansionary countercyclical fiscal…… [Read More]
Freedom of Association in Malaysia
When one talks about the foundation of a powerful civil society, freedom of association is very important for the foundation along with the rule of law, freedom of religion, freedom of expression and free and competitive elections. Freedom of association is also an important part of the pluralistic democracy (Tekle, 2010). The previous communist countries of the Central and Eastern Europe which had been, in the past, ruled by the a system which was so inflexible that it literally considered any sort of activities that were not according to the state control as a threat, this system treated such independent organizations that worked in order to expand the horizons of liberty in a very brutal and harsh manner (Puddington, 2008).
However, it is noteworthy that today even in all these countries of Central and Eastern Europe the freedom of association is very popular and this…… [Read More]
Food Prices Malaysia
Malaysians enjoy one of the world's best cuisines, rich with influences from Tamil, Malay and a number of different Chinese cuisines. For the most part, traditional foods match high quality with low prices -- the nation's breakfast staple, nasi lemak, retails for 1RM ($0.30) a bundle even in central Kuala Lumpur. From a 3RM char kway teow at Penang's famous hawker stalls to a whole fried chicken for RM5 at the Kampung Baru night market, lunches and dinners can be had for little more than that. But digging deeper, one finds that food prices have been steadily increasing in Malaysia in recent years. This paper will investigate the impacts that higher food prices will have in Malaysia. The country relies primarily on local produce for much of its food needs, and despite the nation's rapidly advancing economy, many Malaysian remain trapped in low-income jobs, reliant on cheap…… [Read More]
Batek of Malaysia
In Malaysia, the Batek are an indigenous people related to the Aborigines of Australia and the Negritos of the Philippines and other countries. They live in an old-growth tropical rain forest in the interior of the state of Kelantan, on the Lebir iver. Unlike the Malays or Chinese, they have "dark skin, curly hair and broad, flat noses." In 1975-76 their population stood at about 300 "of which 200 were nomadic foragers and traders of forest produce," and this has increased to about 500 today (Endicott 1997, p. 110). In recent decades, logging has been destroying most of the old-growth forest so thee Batek today are mostly confined to about 1,900 square kilometers of national forest land. They have maintained their traditional culture for centuries in the face of dangers from slave traders and lowland elites who wished to exploit them. Batek culture recognizes no private property…… [Read More]
Malaysia's udget, 2011
At the time of its independence in 1957, Malaysia's economy was based on primary exports of agricultural commodities and raw materials such as rice, rubber, palm oil and tin. In a series of five-year plans over the past fifty years, the country has been attempting to climb the value chain, becoming a major exporter of electronics. Malaysia has gradually moved away from its traditional Cold War alliance with ritain and the United States and became a nonaligned nation in the 1970s and 1980s, particularly under the Look East policy of Mohammad Mahathir. In the last thirty years, it has made greater efforts to improve its political and economic ties with China and other neighbors in the region, with less emphasis on the relationship with ritain, the U.S. And Australia (Malaysia 2010, p. 24). Private consumption represents 60% of domestic demand and fixed investment 25% (Malaysia…… [Read More]
enhart, Amanda, Kristen Purcell, Aaron Smith, & Kathryn Zickuhr. (2010). Social media and young adults. Pew Research Center. Retrieved May 1, 2011 at http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Social-Media-and-Young-Adults.aspx
This Pew report chronicles several notable trends in the use of social media by age. Blogging amongst teens has decreased, and Facebook use is up, suggesting a shift in social media use from blogging to Facebook. Facebook lacks a blogging application. Blogging by over thirty-year-olds increased slightly, from 7% of adults blogging in 2006 to 11% in 2009. Teen rates during the same period dropped from 15% to 14%. Teens have been extremely slow adopters of Twitter, with only 8% using the micro-blogging application, while adults have embraced it. Overall, nearly three quarters of teens and young adults use social network sites, with Facebook being the preferred application.
The report likely has a varied audience -- marketers wish to know what social networks to…… [Read More]
Penang, Malaysia is becoming increasingly recognized for its tourism potential. In 2008, Penang's capital city George Town was added to the UNESCO Cultural World Heritage list. Anthony Bourdain has covered Penang in his television series No eservations. Backpackers have known about Penang and George Town for years, as it is a gateway to Thailand. Penang now has a facelift and a cultural revival that makes it one of the most appealing destinations in Southeast Asia.
Penang is an island, but it is not necessarily a beach destination. Tourists coming to Penang visit for culture in all its expressions including food, history, and the arts. However, large portions of the island are densely forested and offer potential for hiking. There are some beaches, albeit small ones, and local fishing village character along much of Penang's coast. Writing for the "36 Hours" column in The New York Times, Eckhardt (2012) mentions…… [Read More]
Mbuti tribe will Analyze and evaluate the impact that the primary mode of subsistence of the Mbuti tribe culture and thus will describe the following aspects of their culture as well. This paper will delve into things such as their beliefs system and their values; their kinship with each other and their neighbors as well.
The tribe which will be discussed in this paper lives in a small rain forest in Africa, known as the Mbuti tribe. This tribe is mostly horticulturalists, thus meaning that they must forage for food to feed their whole village. Their traditions have not been altered ever since their origin, with the exception of a few small customs changes til the early 60's after the demands for fiscal association caused the tribe to contend and remain on the same level as other tribes were doing at this point.
To begin usually primarily, ethnography writings are…… [Read More]
Ethnic Conflict in Southeast Asia: What eginnings?
Despite the insistence of some academics, usually ones with limited historical background, that ethnic conflicts are only a result of white, Western influences in all pockets of the world, there appear to be in all places and at all times ethnic conflicts of varying intensity, with the West in the rearguard of such conflicts and not in the vanguard. The case seems especially apparent in Southeast Asia, where the modern world took form under a series of peasant uprisings -- usually, yes, directed against their colonial overlords, Westerners -- which despite being of "many different kinds" were "all…agrarian" and "took place in rural areas among persons engaged in agricultural occupations of a traditional kind."
These uprisings, which were closer to general discontent regarding misplaced and paternalistic welfare policies than to violent revolt, were the result of the visible economic inequities that were apparent…… [Read More]
Under it, conversion to Islam was irreversible and only Malay and Islamic cultures were recognized and in disregard of the fact that about half of the total population in the peninsula was non-Malay and non-Muslim.
Although the privileges and favors given to the Malays were to help bring them to the same economic productivity level as the Chinese, the government policy of discrimination did not appear likely even if the Malays managed to achieve that purpose. The system was seen as staying where it was, that is, in favor of the Malay, the bumiputera, and Islam. The experience of privilege and favor reached the unconscious level of the Malay mentality, whereby they began to believe that the treatment was a birthright, not a condition or encouragement to productivity. They were quite smug in the awareness that this subsidy or privileged position was directly linked to or caused by their "inherent"…… [Read More]
merger outcomes in Malaysian banking sectors include input and output variables. The inputs used in the study of the financial sector include operating and interest expenses. The operating expenses are expenses incurred in the management of a bank's daily operations including personal costs, establishment costs, marketing expenses, and general as well as administrative expenses. Banks' establishment costs are expenses pooled towards payment of premises rents, maintenance as well as repair of expenses as well as depreciation costs. Banks personnel costs are expenses incurred in the regular activities and daily banking duties that include employees' wages and salaries. The operating expenses usually reflect a bank's efficiency in daily management of resources. The variance of the cost of personnel directly affect the operating expenses, which is an indicator of banks efficiency or inefficiency in management and control of operating costs (Bank Negara Malaysia ).
In addition, interest expense variables are the cost…… [Read More]
Proton Berhad is the largest Malaysian automaker. Based in Shah Alam, a suburb of Kuala Lumpur, Proton is the older of Malaysia's two automakers and has earned a substantial market share in its home country. At this point, Proton must seek international markets if it is to grow further, since the Malaysian market is becoming mature and Proton now faces intense competition. The company is looking to the Indian market for its main brands, the Savvy, the Saga and the Persona. This paper will examine the Indian market in general, the unique nature of the Indian car market, and will suggest a market entry strategy for Proton that fits with the needs of both the company and the Indian market.
The Indian Market
India is a fashionable place in which to invest right now, a function of several factors, most of important of which is the large and rapidly growing…… [Read More]
[3: Malaysia-Language, culture, Cusoms, and Etiquette. n.d. Retrieved from http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/malaysia.html. 29 Mar 2013]
In efforts to save face, Malaysians rely on non-verbal communication. For example, hinting at a point is used instead of making direct statements. The use of "I will try" is used instead of directly stating, "No." Another non-verbal cue is silence. This is especially important because silence indicates that appropriate thought and consideration is given in answers given to questions. When hasty answers are given, it is considered thoughtless and rude. When mistakes are made, laughter is used to conceal the uneasiness in communications.
In the event that an operation is moved to Malaysia, employee training is recommended. Employees should be taught about saving face, the importance of silence in communicating, and what it means when a Malaysia answers "I will try" instead of just saying "no." It is also imperative that employees understand the exchanges of…… [Read More]
Cross-cultural conflict management
According to the research of Geert Hofstede, Malaysia scores a 26 on individualism, which means that it is a collectivist country, characterized by “long-term commitment to the member group”, where loyalty is one of the most important aspects of the culture (Hofstede Insights, 2018). Because collectivist cultures place a value on long-term relationships, and loyalty to the group, these elements help define when conflict exists, and how it is resolved.
Indeed, the idea of conflict itself is subject to cultural values – the American view of conflict tends to reflect when two people disagree on something, and that disagreement seems to be intractable. Yet, in many of Asia’s collectivist cultures, the approaches to conflict are quite different. Part of the difference is that in the US, interpersonal conflict can be resolved by the two parties simply walking away from the transaction or conflict. In Asia, time frames…… [Read More]
Travel and Tourism
Tourism in Malaysia: A Comprehensive Overview
Malaysia like the United States of America is often referred to as a "melting pot" of people from many different countries, including Chinese an many other Asian cultures as well as other ethnicities, living together happily. While Malaysia is often cited for its multiculturalism, there are many also reasons this country is often known as a utopian paradise for tourism and travel. There are dozens of reasons to travel and tour Malaysian, including the people who are warm and lovely, eager to welcome and delight the millions of people that come exploring each year. Malaysia encompasses 13 states which are also home to 3 federally held territories. These are separated by the South China Sea, where 11 states lay and the territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya rest in Peninsular Malaysia and the one remaining federal territory Labuan in East Malaysia…… [Read More]
Comparative Law and Business
A company has decided to expand its operations to another nation. The company is involved in information technology (IT) and is headquartered in Malaysia. The desire is to grow assets by beginning operations in Thailand. The fact that these are two separate countries makes the transition difficult, but it complicated by the fact that the two nations have different sets of laws which govern aspects of the transfer, and of the continuing operation of a Malaysian company in Thailand. Of primary concern is the contract law which exists in Thailand, and how those statutes direct a foreign company within Thai borders. It is the wish of the Malaysian company to maintain control in Malaysia not only for the company, but also for the settling of disputes. Since there are two different sets of laws that may govern a dispute, it is imperative that any potential…… [Read More]
The proposed study will be guided by the following research questions:
1. Can a set of best practices be identified from the existing body of literature concerning implementing and administering a special curriculum for young indigenous non-native speakers of English? If so, how can these best practices best be applied to Malaysia's young indigenous non-native speakers of English?
2. What cross-cultural factors need to be taken into account in developing such a special curriculum?
3. What are some of the common obstacles, challenges and constraints that have been experienced in other countries in general and in Malaysia in particular in implementing English as a second language curricular offerings?
The Design -- Methods and Procedures
Data Collection. The proposed study will draw on both secondary and primary sources to achieve the above-stated purposes and answer the above-stated research questions, an approach that is highly congruent with the…… [Read More]
Corneal Donation within Hospitals and Medical Communities: Issues Surrounding Post Mortem Donations of Tissue
The purpose of this study is to identify barriers to corneal donation within hospitals and medical communities. A large body of research has focused on issues surrounding the post mortem donations of tissue. This research will take a different approach, examining what barriers exist within hospital and medical communities in an attempt to determine how these barriers may be overcome.
The number of potential corneal donors far surpasses the number of people available for traditional organ donations and in some states consent of the medical examiner alone is enough to allow use of corneal donations (family consent not required) (Lewin, 2000).
Traditionally the most significant barrier to organ donation and transplantation has been acquisition of organs and tissues (Murray et. al, 2002). The need for cornea tissue is rising. The average wait time for…… [Read More]
Organizational behavior -- globalization and diversity
Diversity is becoming more present within the contemporaneous business climates and it is necessary that economic agents devise and implement the most adequate strategies in responding to the challenges of diversity. Diversity in itself is not only a constant presence, but also a generator of impacts and organizational change. A relevant example in this sense is offered by the fact that diversity forces changes at the level of the leadership styles. Furthermore however, diversity also impacts organizational bottom line and productivity.
In light of the new evolutions at the level of the business climate, numerous changes occur in the previous paradigms. Specifically, one can easily observe shifts in organizational paradigms and to exemplify these, the cases of several Malaysian firms are introduced. Finally, the concept of organizational culture is detailed and emphasis is placed on the strategic strengthening of organizational culture.
Table…… [Read More]
Neo-Liberalistic Legal Concepts on Nations ith Distinct Legal Tradition (Common, Civil, Socialist)
This review of the related literature focuses on broad definitions of the law as historically legislated and then as practiced in three countries: Malaysia, Indonesia and China. Common law, civil law and socialist law will be defined separately and then as they each apply to the country which has used that system as its focus for legal practice. The effect that neo-liberalism had after the Asian financial crisis on these three nations will be then be examined. Finally, this review will determine if there has been a change post-crisis in merger and acquisition or public finance law.
It is necessary to begin by defining terms that will occur throughout this review. The three systems of law to be initially discussed in the review are common law, civil law and socialist law. Of course, many dispute the fact…… [Read More]
" (Lee, 2009)
Core labor standards are stated by Lee (2009) to be "more or less the basic labor rights: that is, the International Labor Organization (ILO) core labor standards that have been confirmed by the UN Global Compact and adopted or discussed by the GRI and ISO 26000." (Lee, 2009) Those standards include the following: (1) a guarantee of the three labor rights (organizing, collective bargaining, and collective action) based on freedom of association, (2) a ban on forced labor, (3) a ban on child labor, and (4) no discrimination in labor. (Lee, 2009) Stated as important secondary standards are those as follows: (1) responsibility for employment; (2) industrial safety and health; and (3) training and education. (Lee, 2009) Lee states that western multinational companies "...are capable of investment, innovation, and reporting for SR, because they have been exposed to the CSR movement for some time. Thus companies in…… [Read More]
globalization increased and standards of living around the world went up and with the expansion of industrialization in many less developed countries around the world, the demands of the automotive industry around the world increased significantly. This resulted in a worldwide boom in the international automotive sector with many individual countries entering the global automotive market as potential producers. As a result, the international competition in the automotive sector grew more aggressive over a period of time.
The sharp increase in international competition in the automotive industry during the recent years and the fact that automotives are not a 'Fast Moving Consumer Good' made, the countries involve in automotive production realized the growing need to stay competitive. The need to maintain an absolute competitive advantage and constant innovation, research and development was inevitable. Moreover, the international automotive industry was dominated by a handful of big players of the likes of…… [Read More]
My Kiosk Corporation (MKC) is a well-known company in the Malaysian kiosk business. It was one of the first to operate and manage a chain of kiosks selling hand phones and accessories in the nation's shopping malls. The company is currently planning to open another kiosk, this time a new shopping mall in downtown Kuala Lumpur. Cityalk is a shopping center located near two of the city's major malls KLCC Suria and Pavilion, against which it competes. It is important for MKC to have a presence in Cityalk as the shopping center is expected to be another destination shopping area.
As finance manager, my role is to analyze the financial aspects of the new kiosk that is planned for Cityalk. The figures needed will include key managerial accounting metrics such as breakeven ratio, setup costs, cost-volume-profit analysis and return on investment. Each of these will be calculated on…… [Read More]
agree with the belief that the Asian financial crisis was rooted in governmental interference. I also agree with the fact that the export-led model is no longer sustainable because international markets are saturated. The mandating and structuring of regional markets by the nations in East Asia, particularly Japan, China, Malaysia, and Singapore, have proven to be devastating to their relative economies.
In order to understand the Asian financial crisis, it is important to explore its origins. Throughout the 1980s, the Asian countries, particularly Japan, experienced major financial growth. Industries, especially those involving high technology, were thriving in East Asia (Sato, Ryuzo, and Takashi Negishi). In the mid 1990s, signs began to emerge that the economy was much less stable than people had originally thought (Sato, Ryuzo, and Takashi Negishi).
Firstly, capital account surpluses were greatly exceeding the deficits of many of the East Asian countries, including Japan, Malaysia, and Singapore.…… [Read More]
This analysis also includes a synopsis of a series of five INTEEG studies specifically created, implemented and used for monitoring the development of cross-cultural networks across the Finnish-Swedish border to assess how intercultural integration is leading to broader integration across EU border regions. There is also an analysis of how cross-border regionalization assists in the development of border infrastructures and the development of modified systems, institutions and structures.
Kasim, Azilah. (2007). Corporate Environmentalism in the Hotel Sector: Evidence of Drivers and Barriers in Penang, Malaysia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 15(6), 680-699.
Prokkola, Eeva-Kaisa. (2008). esources and barriers in tourism development: cross-border cooperation, regionalization and…… [Read More]
Safi Rania Diamond Cell Youth Booster is a new skincare product for women aged 40 years and above who are seeking to prevent and lessen signs of aging. The paper provides a strategic marketing mix analysis that is geared towards successful marketing and advertising the product. This marketing mix analysis is to be presented to the Board of Directors of Graffiti Group, Inc., which has just purchased an operating facility in Malaysia that manufactures the product. The analysis is geared towards influencing the decision of the board in an attempt to have them approve investment and marketing of this product in Canada. Upon approval, the company will market this product to target market of women aged 40 years and above, especially those who want to prevent and lessen signs of aging, under the brand name PureBeauty Diamond Cell Youth Booster. The analysis includes an overview of the product,…… [Read More]
For instance the World Trade Organization reports having "allowed First World countries to raise trade barriers protecting their companies, even as we have served as their forum for insisting that Third World countries lower their trade barriers more and more." (WTO,
The truth is that if richer nations were to open their markets to the LDC countries for increase opportunities of export, generated would be approximately $700 billion in additional trade for developing countries. (UNCTAD Trade and Development Report, 1999; in WTO,
The World Trade Organization relates that no known causal link exists between foreign investment and the reduction of poverty as approximately eighty percent of foreign direct investment in "in the form of mergers and acquisitions, little in the form of productive investment that creates jobs and exports."
WORLD ECONOMY in the LAST TWO DECADES
The work entitled: "The North American Integration Regime and Its Implications for the World…… [Read More]
A fourth foundational element is the strength of the Starbucks brand itself and is ubiquity globally. As a result of rapid and well-defined strategies for opening up retail stores, Starbucks is now considered one of the most preeminent and strongest brands globally.
Starbucks has generated the strength of their brand through combining high-quality coffee and tea beverages with the third-place concept to generate customer loyalty and world-of-mouth among customers and their friends. It is common to hear students mention they will have a team meeting at the local Starbucks, for studying or completing projects.
In summary the Starbucks model is strengthened by the company's coffee expertise, impressive new product development record, and the development of Starbucks locations as "third places" where friends can meet and enjoy coffee and pastries. Underscoring all these points is the strength of the Starbucks brand.
What were the key issues and the decision by Starbucks…… [Read More]
Social dynamics, meanwhile, look into the prevalent perception of JI's society and the international viewpoint on radical Islamism. Lastly, the political dynamics centers on the viewpoints supporting and opposing JI activities, specifically its linkage with Al-Qaeda.
Explicated earlier is the ultimate goal of JI in establishing itself as an Islamic militant group: to create an Islam-centered social order, starting specifically in Indonesia. Jones' (2005) analysis of the history of JI as a terrorist organization delved deeply into the events surrounding its early establishment in Indonesia, and its later development as one of the Muslim groups who subsisted to jihad to promote this main objective.
Jihad is an important concept in the lives of JI members, for this became the manner in which it succeeded in increasing its membership and strengthening its network of Muslim militant groups, both locally and internationally. Among the initial contacts that JI had in…… [Read More]
Islam in the Age of Globalization
The three major religions in the 21st century are all Abrahamic in historical basis. These religions, Judaism, Islam and Christianity remain at the edge of political, social, and cultural issues, particularly now in that globalism has become so predominant. These religions are noted as Abrahamic because each uses the basic teachings of the Prophet Abraham in their general world view. All three faiths are monotheistic and together account for over half the world's population, or combined in excess of 4 billion people. Within these three religions, despite much public disagreement, there are many areas of commonality (The Top 10 Organized eligions in the World, 1998). From a non-religious perspective, however, globalism has brought about some change in the perception of these religions based not necessarily on religion, but on marketing and consumerism.
One of the consequences of globalism in the world is the availability…… [Read More]
Internal Supply Chain Management
ABOUT HAVEY NOMAN
Harvey Norman is a large scale retail chain owned and operated by Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. It is one of the most successful retailers in the Australian region. It promotes and sells all kinds of consumer products of world's top quality brands. The major product lines include personal computers, cameras, gaming, mobile phones, audio and video players, home appliances, furniture & bedding, gifts, home decoration and interior designing, fitness machines, leisure, etc. Headquartered in New South Wales, New Zealand, Harvey Norman operates with more than 230 stores in Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Malaysia, Croatia, Singapore, Slovenia, and Northern Ireland. It was established in 1982 by Gerry Harvey and Ian Norman. The holding company, Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. has also franchised a number of retail chains in Australia; including Space Furniture, Joyce Mayne, Ariston Appliances, Domayne, etc.
Harvey Norman has a wide…… [Read More]
An analysis of IT policy transformation
The aim of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of information security policy in the context of an organization, OSI Systems, Inc. With presence in Africa, Australia, Canada, England, Malaysia and the United States, OSI Systems, Inc. is a worldwide company based in California that develops and markets security and inspection systems such as airport security X-ray machines and metal detectors, medical monitoring anesthesia systems, and optoelectronic devices. The company is also represented by three subsidiary divisions in offices and plants dedicated to the brands, apiscan Systems, OSI Optoelectronics and SpaceLabs Healthcare.
In 2010, OSI, Inc. had sales of $595 million with net income of over $25 million. As of June 2010, the company was comprised of 2,460 personnel globally. The parent company provides oversight and fiscal control to the different divisions, and is connected through its virtual network world-wide intranet system;…… [Read More]
Business in Malaysia
The author of this report is asked to answer to a theoretical scenario whereby the training and other initial materials for a new product line are lost in transit but yet the big-wigs want the sales and other outcomes of this new product line to be over the top regardless. The author of this report is asked to answer to the ethical, strategic, operational and financial issues relative to this situation, is asked to offer the options that present themselves vis-a-vis fixing this whole situation with the associated consequences with each choice enumerated. The best choice and worst case scenario overall are to be chosen and explained. While some delay will be needed due to the lost shipment, there is no reason why recovery is not possible over the long-term.
Ethical, Strategic, Operational & Financial Issues
The ethical implications of the above is that management has to…… [Read More]
The bottom line that out of the many sources of information available on Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia there is a percentage that deserves the most trust and focus, and there is much that can be discarded and not used. In making this judgment the trustworthiness of the information needs to be assessed using the series of sources provided in this analysis (Cho, Jang, 2008). Appendix A, a mind map for planning extended travel provides an overview of the issues related to planning and traveling.
Location of esources
The CIA Factbook (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html) provided an excellent overview of the current cultural, economic, religious, demographic and political landscape of Malaysia in general and Kuala Lumpur specifically. In addition, the CIA Factbook provided insights into how the country is currently experiencing a recession and the political forces at work there that could potentially lead to protests or violence. Malaysia's political risk is well defined in…… [Read More]
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…… [Read More]
The procedure to attain a Malaysian visa is quite hassle free unlike many countries. Many countries around the world enjoy visa exemption under Malaysian law and the visa fee for most countries is minimal (Noorbakhsh).
Malaysian government is doing all it can to promote the Malaysian tourism. Moreover, the fact that holiday packages in Malaysia are much cheaper as compared to other holiday destinations have resulted in attracting more tourists, who otherwise travel to European destinations, which are now very expensive. The fact that Malaysia is also emerging as an international trade hub has also increased the number of corporate tourists visiting the country.
Over the years Malaysia has been successful in gaining advantages from cheaper sources of energy. Presently, Malaysia's energy sources are cheaper that what is prevalent in most parts of the world. Currently, United States of America is one country that has cheaper energy resources. The low…… [Read More]
Nursing Process to Deliver
Application of the Nursing Process to Deliver Culturally Competent Care: Malay culture
Each society has devised its own methodology of dealing with diseases. As per the old Manuscript MSS1292 KitabTib (Book of Healing) (a 19th century Malay manuscript), people of Malay have successful and strong healing practices which work wonderfully well in case of integrative and complementary medicines (Baharuddin & Sidik, 2010). An analytical approach is required to study the contents of the Malay manuscript for understanding it deeply. As per the research, there are three kinds of methods in case of healing diseases (Baharuddin & Sidik, 2010). These are as follows:
Wafak (written symbols)
Quranic verses for healing purposes and offering respect to prophet (P.B.U.H)
It is quite evident that these traditional practices were ecological and holistic in origin, which is stressed upon even today (Baharuddin & Sidik, 2010).
The roots of…… [Read More]
If Nigerian local content law is not complied with equires licensee to submit a detailed programme for recruitment and training of Nigerians
(Nigerian Local Content Policy)
2.3. History of the LCL
The Local Content Law was signed into law in April 2010 by acting President Goodluck Jonathan. In brief, the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry Local Content Development Bill 2010 places "…obligations on upstream oil companies in the areas of finance, community and local workforce" (Examining Nigeria's Local Content Act). The process that led to this Bill began in 2007. The initiator of the Bill, Senator Lee Maeba, provides some interesting insight into the originating impetus that led to the final acceptance of the Act. He states,
I saw that there is no law guiding the activities of Nigerian companies in the oil and gas industry and because of that, there has been a capital drift...and that is the reason…… [Read More]
Most of the literature deals with healthcare issues experienced in the United States or Europe. hat small amount of literature there is available on healthcare in Malaysia seldom has anything to do with the clinic(s) in specific. This study could help, in some small measure, to alleviate that problem.
Chowdhury, N., (1999) the Power of Towers, Fortune, Vol. 139, No. 7, pp. 110-112
Kurokawa, I., Takami, M., Cheriex, H., (1999) Futuristic flight plan - the Kuala Lumpur International Airport was designed for the new millennium, Lighting Design + Application, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 42-45
Manson, L.A., Baptist, a.J., (2002) Assessing the cost-effectiveness of provider-based status, Healthcare Financial Management, Vol. 56, No. 8, pp. 52-59
Romano, M., (2006) Physicians in pain, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 36, No. 4, p. 40
Shameen, a., (2004) Malaysia: Coining it in Kuala Lumpure - Start-up ECM Libra has capitalized on strong markets, hard…… [Read More]
Cordeos is now providing IT services such as quality IT consulting, design, procurement and support for systems in 8 countries throughout Asia. With this,
Cordoes is having a strong customer based in this market.
Sim IT Sdn. Bhd. is an IT company which helped small and medium to large company establish their IT infrastructure and business system. Sim IT Sdn. Bhd.
commence since year 2007. The products and services provided by Sim IT Sdn
Bhd included business management system implementation, networking and server management, open source consultation and implementation, website and multimedia design and IT professional training.
KISL Technology is a MSC Malaysia status software services organization with significant strengths and a solid track record in Malaysia. KISL offers a unique range of Software Development, Transition and Outsourcing Services that help both end-user as well as IT organizations meet a variety of challenges.
6 Marketing Strategies, Sales Plans & Projections…… [Read More]
Islamic Maketing Stategy
As the population of Muslims is inceasing ove time, thee is also an inceased demand of the intoduction of Islamic pinciples in diffeent sectos. One of these sectos that have seen a geat deal of Islamization lately is the maketing secto. Muslims now want a maketing system that is in accodance with the laws of Shaiah. One of the most pojected examples of this is the intoduction of Islamic banking to povide altenate poducts and sevices to the Muslim customes. Many eseaches and studies have been caied out to see what the esponse of the Islamic maketing stategies has been ove the yeas. In this pape, we shall fist look at in detail what is actually meant by the Islamic maketing stategy and how the Islamic laws petaining to business diffe fom the conventional laws. We shall then look at how these stategies have been adopted by…… [Read More]
GESP factors basis social business opportunities country Malaysia. I attached paper requirements. Thanks.
Social Business esearch
Malaysia is located in Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam. It has a tropical climate with annual monsoons. The country's natural resources are tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas and bauxite.
The most important environmental issues Malaysia is facing are represented by air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions, water pollution from raw sewage, deforestation, smoke from Indonesian forest fires.
The economic and financial crisis has affected Malaysia as much as it has affected other countries in the world. The crisis' effects were more severe on the poor (The World Bank, 2000). This situation can be observed by analyzing education participation rates, unemployment, and infant mortality.…… [Read More]
Asian Economic Crisis
In the summer of 1997, an economic and currency crisis rocked the Asian markets. One by one, southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Korea and Japan saw their economies crash in the wake of heavy foreign investment. An economic boom had made the region an attractive investment opportunity for much of the 1990s. y 1997, however, domestic production and development had stalled, and foreign investors grew nervous. A divestment run on the Thai baht triggered the crash. Large corporations, extremely dependent upon the confidence of foreign investors failed to meet debt obligations and began to fail throughout southeast Asia. Currencies throughout the region faltered and nosedived from their mid-1990s positions of stability. The causes of the Asian economic crisis are varied. Lax oversight of corporations had ramifications in economic downturns that were not a concern in the mid-90s boom. Macroeconomic policies of the southeast Asian countries…… [Read More]
(2009). Retrieved April from http://www.geert-hofstede.com/hofstede_malaysia.shtml
CA World Factbook: Malaysia. (2011). Retrieved April 3, 2011 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html
Malaysian ndustrial Development Authority. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.mida.gov.my/en_v2/
Transparency nternational. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.transparency.org/publications/gcr
Ranasinghe, D. & Sing, L. (2007). n new business climate, Malaysian ringgit to shine. Reuters. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/01/16/us-malaysia-ringgit-idUSSP21937420070116
. (2009). Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://knol.google.com/k/accounting-kl-management-services/malaysia-s-political-investment/zldh5amdpvqb/30#
Embassy of Malaysia, Washington. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.kln.gov.my/web/usa_washington/home
United Nations. (2002). Johannesburg Summit: Country Profile Malaysia. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/wssd/malaysia.pdf
MF. (2011). Malaysia and the MF. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.imf.org/external/country/mys/index.htm
Barlow, C. & Loh, F. (2003). Malaysian Economics and politics in the new century.
Wheatland Rentals. (2010). Photo of Kuala Lumpur skyline. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.wheatlandrentals.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/Petronas-Towers.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.wheatlandrentals.com/tallest-building-in-world-opens-in-dubai-45&usg=__m7gzrYdH0n4ZOh1_Nh5CE_HhSEs=&h=350&w=464&sz=35&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=xhgOsx4x8Gsn8M:&tbnh=137&tbnw=184&ei=_tSYTZmbOZSA4Qbl-_CSDA&Prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpetronas%2Btowers%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Doff%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-U.S.:official%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D623%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=131&vpy=280&dur=1554&hovh=195&hovw=259&tx=122&ty=106&oei=_tSYTZmbOZSA4Qbl-_CSDA&Page=1&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0… [Read More]
ASEAN-EU Regional Integration
Coordination between ASEAN and EU started in 1980 after the formulation of a cooperation agreement. The EU has twenty five member countries and engages in several multilateral trade cooperation and relations. The EU is influential because of its extensive economic cooperation with other regional organizations through trade agreements. It is also a central player in the world trade organization.
ASEAN is exemplary for demonstrating consistent excellence in improving and fostering peace, political stability and economic development among its member countries. Other strategies including regional integration have a central contribution towards the achievement of its ASEAN's vision 2020 (Das 139). ASEAN-EU Regional Integration, therefore, is of vast importance in enhancing development in Eastern Asia and Europe through trade.
Comparison between EU and ASEAN
The institutional orientation of the two, ASEAN and the EU, vary on grounds of their formation. Intergovernmental cooperation is the basis of the agreement among…… [Read More]
The Malayan tiger is a tiger subspecies that is smaller in size and is found in Malaysia as well as some areas in Thailand. It is one of the many tiger species but it is endangered. It can be found in central and southern areas of the Malaysia peninsula as well as to the south of Thailand. Its habitat is the forests that are less dense which have higher food supply.
Because of the loss of habitat occasioned by deforestation, the existence of Malayan tiger is endangered. Recent estimates place their population at between 600-800 individuals, thereby making it one of the tiger species that have a large population (Malayan Tiger n.p).
ild tigers in all their species are facing extinction threats. For hundreds of years they have been important in Asia's nature and culture (Global recovery program p.10). They are at the top of the…… [Read More]
The study will be delving into: What ASEAN constitutes and what remains beyond its scope? The aim of this study will be handing out a wide-ranging presentation of the present stance of ASEAN and its accomplishments till date, along with its challenges. The paper is intended as a suggestion for a master-plan that can be employed as a future pathway where ASEAN political-security support must be going towards in the forthcoming years.
To start with let us have a brief introduction of the organization. The creators of the Association of South East Asian Nations - ASEAN, visualized it as ultimately assembling all the nations of the region and managing them to lend a hand in assuring the peace, permanence and growth of the area. While the area was in a state of turmoil, a lot of nations were under pressure for the existence of the nation or autonomy. First…… [Read More]
1.3. Summary of argument, Hypothesis
The role of leadership styles and their applicability to the success or failure of mergers, acquisitions and alliances is the focus of this research. Any leadership study, to be relevant, must also focus on the needs of those served by the organizations studies. That is why in the proposed Change Management Equilibrium Model have customer-driven processes at their center or core. The focus of the research to either validate or refute the model is based on consistency and collaboration as two factors that also serve to create greater levels of integration between the two or more healthcare providers merging or changing their organizational structures to better serve the market. This market orientation is what many public-ally-owned and operated healthcare providers struggle with, as often the source of funding becomes their "customer" or whom they serve (Brinkmann, O'Brien, 2010). Studies by AM esearch for example show…… [Read More]
eligion and Politics
All religions aim to provide a code of life for mankind. Apart from other tenets, this code establishes laws that govern all areas of man's life. Thus the laws established by the religion Islam are termed as Shariah. The term Shariah means all of the Islamic Laws and is derived from four basic sources. These sources are The Holy Quran, Sunnah, Ij'ma (consensus) of the Companions (Sahabah) and Qiyas or analogical deduction. These laws are not just limited to areas such as marriage or divorce; rather, the Islamic laws cover every action performed by an individual or a society. The term Shariah is also synonymous with Fiqh. However the term Fiqh means knowledge of all the Islamic Laws (Shariah). It can also be taken to mean the Knowledge of the sources from where the Islamic Laws (Shariah) have been extracted.
Shariah or Islamic Laws are divine ways…… [Read More]
As it applies specifically to the ISO 9001:2008 which replaced the ISO9002: 1994, the ISO 9001 concerns itself with quality management. In fact it is a quality management system that establishes various requirements ("ISO 9001:2008"). In order to gain certification the organization must:
1. Demonstrate its capacity to consistently offer product that meets customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements ("ISO 9001:2008").
2. Plan to improve customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system ("ISO 9001:2008"). This plan will include procedures that enforce continual improvement of the system and the pledge of conformity to customer and proper statutory and regulatory requirements ("ISO 9001:2008").
It is also the case that all the provisions established by the ISO 9001:2008 are universal and intended to be pertinent to all organizations, despite their nature, size or product manufactured ("ISO 9001:2008"). Additionally
"Where any requirement(s) of ISO 9001:2008 cannot be applied due to…… [Read More]
During the investigative process, this researcher documents the formulation and thinking of the citizenship education programme in a typical Singapore secondary school.
Singapore, a contemporary strategic island known as one of the world's busiest economic powerhouse seaports, also currently constitutes a major global banking, petroleum, and ship building center. During the past few decades, Singapore, considered a "melting pot of cultures" moved to the top of considerations for international travelers. "A bridge and causeway connect Singapore to the Malaysia mainland…." (Singapore, 2008) Due to problems evolving from the aggressive current patterns of the Strait of Singapore, however, vital, on-going land reclamation projects routinely occur.
Regional fishermen and pirates originally claimed Singapore, at one time part of the Sumatran Empire of Srivijaya. During the 16th century, European control of the Malaysian area began. In 1819, Britain founded Singapore as a British trading colony, and consequently built one of Britain's most vital…… [Read More]
Religion plays the center part in Jemaah Islamiyah and the extremist religious interpretation is one of the methods of manipulation of the members. In fact, religious teaching is the first step in the recruiting process of almost all Muslim terrorist organizations. As it is the case of Jemaah Islamiyah, religious teachings organized for general audience represent the first stage of the recruitment process as it draws people that are easily manipulated by the extremist interpretation of religious beliefs and that soon become dedicated to jihad. The second stage of the recruitment process is identifying the ones that seem particularly interested in finding out more about the views presented by the teacher. oth of the founders of Jemaah were school teachers.
After identifying in religious education classes the ones that seemed more interested in learning more, the students are introduced to the organization and if they seem eager to be part…… [Read More]
Competitive strategy is the bedrock on which companies base business decisions to reach their targets and achieve profitability. Formulating and implementing strategies in international business is much more complicated and difficult task than doing so in home or familiar markets. Competitive strategy deals with the development of abilities by a firm to keep ahead of competitors in the fields in which it operates. Firms develop competitive edge in global markets by possessing certain assets, abilities or characteristics. The primary elements of competitive advantage are the critical offer, the significant operating factors and the firm's strategic resources. (ennett and lythe, 2002) Corporate strategies and international marketing strategies are linked closely and have a bearing on business performance. (rown, 1994)
While some companies focus on a single source of competitive advantage, it is common for many firms to opt for a combination of options to be flexible and attain the…… [Read More]