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The Endangered Manatee
The manatee, or sea cow, has been on the endangered species list for a long time. There has been some talk of changing their actual status to 'threatened' but whatever researchers and scientists choose to call them, the manatees are still in danger. There are many things that can cause problems for manatees because the large and slow-moving animals are not really expecting many of the dangers that they find and they are often injured or killed by the propellers on boats. They do not know enough to get out of the way, and in many cases the danger is already on them before they realize that there is something to be afraid of. It is important to understand what makes the manatee endangered and have a better understanding of what can be done to protect these creatures from humans and other predators.
New standards were…
Gerstein, E.R. 2002. "Manatees, bioacoustics and boats." American Scientist 90(2): 154-163.
Jimenez Perez, I. 2002. "Heavy poaching in prime habitat: the conservation status of the West Indian manatee in Nicaragua." Oryx 36(3).
"Manatee" 2004. Journey North. .
Verdon, M. 2002. "Can boaters and manatees coexist?" Boating World, Mar. 2002: 89-94.
Brevard County granted a permit to Florida Power and Light to heat their waters artificially, which is one possible interim solution (FPL Given Permission To Install Heaters For Manatees 2009).
The environmental ethical conflict is clear. On the one hand, power plants in Florida must become more environmentally sustainable, cleaner, and greener. The power plants that serve Florida's population must transition from outmoded technologies like coal and nuclear power to wind and solar power. On the other hand, power plants in Florida have been incidentally saving the manatees. The warm water surrounding the power plants has become the winter haven for manatees who might otherwise have died in waters too cold for their bodies to tolerate. Sudden changes to or closures of power plants would threaten manatee populations.
Saving the manatees and producing clean energy need not be conflicting interests. As power plants become more energy efficient, engineers and scientists…
Bailey, R. (2003). Hot water: Of power plants and manatees. Reason. Retrieved May 10, 2009 from http://www.reason.com/news/show/28699.html
Bayan-Gagelonia, R. (2000). The Florida manatee. Retrieved May 10, 2009 from http://www.ecofloridamag.com/archived/manatees.htm
"FPL Given Permission To Install Heaters For Manatees." (2009). Central Florida News 13. Mar 24, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009 from http://www.cfnews13.com/News/Local/2009/3/24/commissioners_consider_manatee_warming_plan.html
Lelis, L. (2007). Manatees rely on power plants: If facilities close, sea cows could be out in the cold. Sunday Gazette-Mail. Mar 4, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2009 from http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1P2-14769505.html
Manatee Community College
Prospective college students have a wide variety of options when choosing a college. Not only are there hundreds of 4-year universities and colleges, but students must also consider whether to take the community college route toward accomplishing their educational goals. If community college is a student's best choice, than Manatee Community College (MCC) is a good option to consider. MCC is among the top 100 producers of associate's degrees in the country, and students attend classes at two full-service campuses in radenton and Venice, the Center for Innovation and Technology at Lakewood Ranch, many business and public sector sites throughout the community, and from their homes through distance learning opportunities. MCC offers quality programs, excellent facilities and top-level faculty, all designed to help students achieve their educational and career goals. ecause of its history and student-body diversity, its academic resources and excellent graduation rates, Manatee Community College…
Manatee Community College. College website. Accessed November 9, 2004. http://www.mccfla.edu.
Further efforts to secure warm water wintering sites need to be initiated as well as ongoing maintenance of critical spring flows in the Upper t. John's River and other reliable sites in northwest, southeast, and southwest Florida. And finally, it is essential that conservation efforts focus on ensuring that there is enough seagrass and other aquatic vegetation available to support a recovered population.
Overall, it appears that the greatest threat to the manatee is the human. Whether through pollution or water-craft, our actions have caused the most damage to this peaceful species. In some ways, this is encouraging because we actually have the power to become aware, change our habits, and turn this situation around. "Perhaps the most important gesture not just for the manatee but for us all -- would be to recognize that our culture has put us out of balance with nature. This is what the amazing…
Summary and Evaluation. (2007). 1-86. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
Z., Mickey. "Save the Manatees or Let Them Go Extinct? It's Our Choice." planet green, A
Discovery Company Website. 29 Jul. 2009. Web. 31 Mar. 2010.
Advances in molecular biochemistry have pushed the limits of the analytic measurements of brevetoxins and their metabolites in "certain substrates to nanogram levels, making it possible to isolate pure brevetoxins for use in the laboratory (Mini pp). During the 1996 prolonged red tide, the manatees' exposure to brevetoxins included chronic inhalation of the red tide toxin aerosol and ingestion of contaminated seawater over several weeks (Mini pp). Researchers, using a newly developed immunohistochemical stain, have found that brevetoxins accumulated in the respiratory tract, liver, kidneys, and brains of the manatees, thus concluding that the manatee deaths resulted from brevetoxin exposure (Mini pp).
Despite the ecological havoc that red tides cause, there are a few potential beneficial effects of K. brevis blooms that have been suggested (Environmental pp). For example, there have been reports of increased numbers of bottom-dwelling invertebrates following a red tide, and increased nutrients and food from dead…
Environmental Impacts. National Estuarine Research Reserve
Mini Monograph: Overview of Aerosolized Florida Red Tide Toxins: Exposures and Effects. http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2005/7501/7501.html
Red Tide. Florida Institute of Phosphate Research
In Indonesia, this shoreline litter covers about 90% of the upper shore.
How plastic debris affect marine life
There are two major ways in which detrimental effects to marine life occur. One is when these marine animals become snarled up in the marine debris and the other way is when they ingest the plastic wastes. Some of the materials which can cause the snarl up are pieces of fish lines or nets and rings which are used to bind six-pack beverages. These materials can cause the marine animals to drown or suffocate thus killing them. Death can also be an effect of the materials strangling the animals or starvation when the animal is trapped and unable to reach any food. These materials can also cause severe injuries to the animals. Entanglement is especially important to sea lions and seals. These animals are known to have a curious nature like that…
Allsopp, Michelle, et al. Plastic Debris in the World's Oceans. Amsterdam: Greenpeace International, 2006. Print.
Arthur, Courtney. Plastic Marine Debris: An in-Depth Look2010. Print.
Dong-Oh, Cho. "The Incentive Program for Fishermen to Collect Marine Debris in Korea." Marine Pollution Bulletin 58.3 (2009): 415-17. Print.
Jose G.B, Derraik. "The Pollution of the Marine Environment by Plastic Debris: A Review." Marine Pollution Bulletin 44.9 (2002): 842-52. Print.
brevis blooms are not a new phenomenon, and fish kills that result from red tides caused by K. brevis in the Gulf of Mexico have been described in the scientific literature since 1960 or so and have been reported anecdotally for more than two centuries (Naar et al. 2002). In this regard, Backer and her associates (2005) emphasize that, "The human health effects from consuming shellfish with high concentrations of brevetoxins in their tissues have been well documented. However, there is very little information describing human health effects from environmental exposures. It is ironic that we know the least about the aspects of the Florida red tide problem that poses the greatest public health hazard in terms of number of people affected" (645). Today, K. brevis blooms are monitored closely in order to mitigate the foregoing health hazards that are related to the consumption of shellfish and shellfish harvesting is…
Aguirre, A. Alonso, Richard S. Ostfeld, Gary M. Tabor, Carol House and Mary C. Pearl.
Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice. New York: Oxford University
Backer, Lorraine C., Barbara Kirkpatrick, Lora E. Fleming, Yung Sung Cheng, Richard Pierce,
Nevertheless, it is a conceptual change from government-sponsored conservation efforts of the past, which might have focused specifically in the same region on the manatee population, and thus played a pure game of numbers. To regard the Florida manatee instead as part of a larger ecosystem that must be monitored in numerous different ways requires a change in approach which is not always easy for a government agency to implement.
2. The chief conservation implication of introduced invasive species is that the invasive species is often very difficult to eradicate without serious disruption to the host ecosystem. An excellent example of an invasive species is presented by the zebra mussel, a small freshwater species of shellfish originally native to the freshwater lakes of southern ussia. The introduction of zebra mussels into the freshwater habitats of North America has allowed them to spread at astonishingly fast rates: the zebra mussel reproduces…
Barnes, C. et al. (2006). "The Ecosystem Goal Team of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: Exploring an Ecosystem Approach to Management." National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved online at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/sars/improvement/pdfs/eam_lit_review.pdf
CBC News. "Manitoba to Blast Zebra Mussels in Unique Experiment." May 11, 2014. Retrieved online at: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/manitoba-to-blast-zebra-mussels-in-unique-experiment-1.2639258
Dredging the Port of Miami
Dredging refers to the activity needed to be conducted for removal of unwanted deposits present in water pathways. However, even though this activity facilitates marine traffic regularity, it isn't without its drawbacks[footnoteef:2]. Dredging poses a great threat to the aquatic environment, and should be carried out very carefully, facilitated only using the assistance of the appropriate dredges and dredgers. As a port for international cargo, the Port of Miami is a significant section of the Miami economy. A project, to expand the port area by means of dredging, has been planned for. This is intended to provide ingress and egress for the new larger PanaMax ships that will be coming through the improved Panama Canal, and thus is expected to draw more business in cargo shipping to the locality[footnoteef:3]. The proposed expansion zone is, however, also the site of a key ecosystem. Thus, arguments and…
(apaport 1942: 149)
It is important here to have some framework with which to discuss parapraxes
Aitchison, as a psycholinguist blends both the disciplines of psychology and linguistics to give a more balanced view overall. She proposes first two broad definitions for type of parapraxis. (1998: 244) the first is when a wrong item or word is unintentionally chosen, these are generally referred to as slips of the tongue and an example would be, "Did you remember to buy some toothache?" eplacing the word toothpaste, which was intended, with toothache, which was unintended. She also refers to these more properly as slips of the brain. Secondly there is a classification of errors that are due to the faulty assemblages of the language within the statement. The word choice is usually correct but the grammatical assemblage of the statement is not. Here is an example she uses of this:, "Someone's been…
Aitchison, Jean. 1998. The Articulate Mammal: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. London: Routledge.
Bear, Gordon. 1992. 'A Freudian Slip?.' Teaching of Psychology 19:174-175.
Coles, Robert (2000) Darwin, freud, and adam phillips. Raritan 19 (4), p1
De Chumaceiro, Cora L. D'az. 1997. 'Serendipity and Its Analogues in Runco's Problem Finding, Problem Solving, and Creativity.' Creativity Research Journal 10:87-89.
The Everglades subtropical wetlands in Florida are recognized for their unique features and for the fact that they are one of the most beautiful places in North America. The territory is also impressive for the fact that it is one of the largest wetlands in the world. ater and fire are two of the two main elements shaping the land, given that floods and draughts constantly affect it. In spite of the qualities that Florida Everglades has, the land is severely harmed by outside factors and it is essential for society to acknowledge the fact that urgent action needs to be taken in order for it to be brought back to its initial status.
The Everglades are full of sawgrass that moves as a result of the fact that water goes through the marshes. This is the reason for which the region came to be known as "The River…
Levin, Ted, "Listening to Wildlife in the Everglades," National Wildlife June-July 1998
Ridgley, Heidi, "Second Chance for a Dying Estuary - the Monumental Task of Restoring the Everglades Begins 100 Miles to the North," National Wildlife Aug.-Sept. 2002
Stoneman Douglas, Marjory, The Everglades: River of Grass (New York: Rinehart, 1947)
"Everglades: Overview," Retrieved May 20, 2011, from the Florida Everglades Website: http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/everglades/FEeverglades1.html
From the point-of-view of the variation and flexibility of the species such cultivated woody crops rank as no more than cornfields. While the tree farms are conveniently be stretched on the private lands, national forests those are considered priceless reservoirs of most of the biological diversity of the nation cannot expand so easily. The commercial logging is considered as the greatest danger for survival of the national forest system. The timber sales are growingly concealed beneath the post fire recovery and fire prevention missions, forest health initiatives and restoration programs. (Endangered Forests: Endangered Freedoms)
Declining wetlands and reservoir construction are having spectacular influences on a global scale. (the Importance of Wetlands and the Impacts of eservoir Development) the data of USF & WS reveals that the United States added 2.3 million acres in ponds and inland mudflats during the period of mid 1950s and mid1970s. The country added…
Acid Rain -- a Contemporary World Problem. Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/narilily/acidrain.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Acid Rain: Do you need to start wearing a rain hat? Retrieved at http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html . Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Barney, Gerald O. The Whole World in Our Hands. SF Chronicle. 31 December, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/in-Our-Hands.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Bryant, Peter J. Biodiversity and Conservation: A Hypertext Book. Retrieved at http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/lec05/b65lec05.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Environmental Themes in Grapes of rath
This essay reviews environmental themes from the following five books: Dust Bowl by Donald orster, The Grapes of rath by John Steinbeck, Everglades: River of Grass by Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Killing Mr. atson by Peter Matthiessen, and River of Lakes by Bill Belleville. This paper discusses the role that culture has played in environmental issues during the past century. Five sources used. MLA format.
Humans from the very beginning of their existence have had an impact, for better or worse, on the environment. Man has for the most part tried to control the environment to suit his needs or tastes of the era. Over-grazing, over hunting, ignoring the importance crop rotations, dam building, and toxic dumping, are but a few of the ways man tries to control. Few societies have ever considered any of the above when it comes to the environment.…
Belleville, Bill. River of Lakes. University of Georgia
Douglas, Marjory Stoneman. The Everglades River of Grass.
Pineapple Press. 50th Anniversary Edition. 1997.
Tortilla Curtain - by T.Coraghessan Boyle
The much-talked-about "American Dream" - that elusive dream of being able to own a house, raising educated and successful kids, earning middle class money, and most of all being accepted as a functioning part of the great diverse U.S. economic and social structure - is but an "American Myth" to many immigrants arriving in this country. It's certainly a myth for many thousands of Mexicans coming to the U.S. And attempting to carve out a better life for themselves. The Boyle novel offers readers a close-up, graphically realistic view of the hardships that confront those immigrants - juxtaposed with the "good life" of an affluent family living behind stylish walls.
This review of The Tortilla Curtain will compare and contrast the main characters in the novel - Delaney Mossbacker (and his wife Kyra) and Candido incon (and his wife America) - in order to…
Boyle, Coraghessan T. The Tortilla Curtain. New York: Viking, 1995.
Brzezinski, Steve. "The Tortilla Curtain." The Antioch Review. 54 (1996): 113-114.
Hicks, Heather J. "On Whiteness in T. Coraghessan Boyle's The Tortilla Curtain."
CRITIQUE: Studies in Contemporary Fiction. 45 (2003): 43-65.
(?Recognized as the official photographer for a promotional website, www.oldsanjuanpr.com.
CERTICATION & TRAININGS
Certified Professional Final Cut Pro-End-User Level 1, the Edit Center, New York, NY
Pursuing Certification Motion and DVD Studio Pro 4 HD End-User, the Edit Center, New York, NY
Screenwriting 101: Introduction to Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net
Screenwriting 102: Advanced Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net
SILVER HILL HOSPITAL
New Canaan, CT
Residential Counselor/Psychiatric Technician
Responsible for ensuring efficient, quality functioning for adolescent unit in 28-day Transitional Living Program. Assign, assist and supervise residents in weekly duties. Supervise and participate in-house staff meetings. Manage and operate equipment safely and correctly. Cover house operations in the absence of the Senior Residential counselor. Carry out admission and discharge process for residents, while ensuring transitional living experience fosters growth and independence in residents.
( Promoted to Residential Counselor after 5 months of employment as…
Measurements were obtained both in the presence of and the absence of whale watching boats. It was observed that a period of intense boating activity caused the killer whales to adjust their call duration levels to compensate for the background noise. This clearly indicates that anthropogenic noise levels directly interfere with the routine life of the killer whales, which are dependent on vocal communication for successful hunting and survival. [Andrew et.al. 2004]
It is well-known that anthropogenic sounds can even have fatal consequences as evidenced by the recent mass strandings of beaked whales that coincided with the mid frequency sonar exercises by the navy. A recent research by (Holt et.al, 2009) focused on the effects of anthropogenic sounds on the vocal behavior of killer whales. The resident killer whales of the waters of the Puget Sound, Seattle, were the subjects of this study. The southern resident killer whales in three…
Whale Songs, 'Killer Whale', Accessed 15th March 2009, available at http://www.whalesongs.org/cetacean/killer_whale/home.html
SeaWorld, ' Killer Whales: Communication and Echo Location," Accessed 15th March 2009, available at http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/killer-whale/communication.htm
Wilfredo Santiago Benitez, 'Echolocation and strategy used by Southern resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) during foraging', 2005, Accessed 15th March 2009, available at http://beamreach.org/051/papers/wilfredo.pdf
Volcker B. Deecke, John KB Ford & Peter JB Slater, 'The Vocal Behavior of Mammal eating killer Whales: Communicating with Costly Calls ' Animal Behavior, 2005, 69, 395-405, http://www.behaecol.amu.edu.pl/files/the_vocal_behav_of_mammal-eating_killer_whales.pdf