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Martial Arts can be defined as a system organized into a code or it may be termed as the customs that revolve around practices that may give rise to conflict. This art is used by people for a number of reasons such as safety, championship, physical up gradation subliminal and divine development (Clements, 2006).
People hold completely different perspectives towards the idea of Martial arts. A large number of people consider it as a behaviour that depicts crudeness and inhumanity. Some might consider it as a source of recreation. A huge number of studies have shown that people who possess certain knowledge about martial arts have less degree of humiliation and wrath in them. Moreover these people have knowledge of how to defend themselves and their beloved from all the situations which might be a threat to human safety. Such activities are used for physical fitness. Also, these arts help…
Aviram, Boaz. (2009). Krav Maga - Use of The Human Body as a Weapon; Philosophy and Application of Hand to Hand Fighting Training System. U.S.: Lulu Enterprises.
Clements, John (2006). A Short Introduction to Historical European Martial Arts. Meibukan Magazine (Special Edition No. 1): 2 -- 4.
Delp, Christoph. (2005). Muay Thai Basics: Introductory Thai Boxing Techniques. Blue Snake Books.
Gracie, Renzo and Royler (2001). Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Theory and Technique. Invisible Cities Press Llc.
Three of the most significant Chinese martial arts traditions include Chuan Fa, Kung Fu, and ushu. Chuan Fa has also become part of the Japanese martial arts tradition, where it is known as Kenpo, also spelled Kempo. Chuan Fa translates as "fist law," and Kempo means "fist law" in Japanese. However, "the Chinese system from which Kenpo was derived underwent so many changes that, while most of the Kenpo techniques can be found scattered among the hundreds of Chinese fighting systems, there is no single system in China today that resembles Kenpo," (Tracy).
The origins of Chuan Fa are steeped in legend. Buddhist temples in China have recorded a history of how Chuan Fa first developed after an Indian Buddhist monk traveled to China around 520 BCE. An Indian Buddhist master Prajnatara instructed his student Bodhidharma to travel to China "re-teach the principles of Buddhism and share the…
Allen Academy. "Shaolin Ch'uan-Fa Kung Fu." Retrieved online: http://www.allenmaacademy.com/arts-kung-fu.html
"The History of Kung Fu." Retrieved online: http://www.talkkungfu.co.uk/guides/history_of_kung_fu.html
"Kempo History." Retrieved online: http://www.kempoacademy.com/hist_history.htm
Tracy, Will. The origin of Kenpo karate. 1997. Retrieved online: http://kenpokarate.com/origin_of_kenpo_karate.html
Mindful vs. traditional martial arts toward improved academic grades in children diagnosed with ADHD
While medication and psychotherapy are the current best practice in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), their benefits and aim are too peripheral and topical -- neither resolving the neurological origin of deficits.
Moreover, many are opposed to these treatments and there are few substantiated and readily accepted alternatives. The consequences of ADHD have a ripple effect -- as does the lack of more palatable, efficacious, and proactive interventions for children with the disorder. esearch has reported wide-ranging benefits for mindfulness and martial arts, independent of one another, yet research addressing the potential academic benefits of integrating these disciplines for ADHD children has not been found. Based on Siegel's neurological theory of mindfulness, the executive dysfunction model of ADHD, and research on mindfulness and traditional martial arts, it is proposed that a clinical application of mindfulness-based…
Amen, D.G., Hanks, C., & Prunella, J. (2008). Preliminary evidence differentiating ADHD
using brain SPECT imaging in older patients. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 40(2),
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
uddhism and Martial Arts
The principles of uddhism and its application in Martial Arts
East Asian religions are known for their focus on the 'inward self philosophy' -- that is, the belief that individuals can momentarily achieve a peaceful state of mind through meditation and actions that seek to create harmony between the human mind and matter. As one of the oldest religions in the Asian region, uddhism subsists to this philosophy, including in its religious principles concepts and traditions that allows the individual to achieve momentary peace.
One of the most popular forms of achieving the state of "nirvana" or the ultimate state of being and existence is through the discipline of martial arts. Martial arts originated primarily in East Asia, a form of fighting arts that does not use weapons, merely the individual's energy and capability to use his/her body strategically against his/her opponent. Martial arts are identified…
Friday, K. And F. Seki. (1997). Legacies of the sword: the Kashima-Shinryu and Samurai Martial culture. Hawaii: Hawaii UP.
Marguand, R. (2001). "Crouching Tiger and the Chinese way." Christian Science Monitor, Vol. 93, Issue 53.
Tufts University. "Eastern exercise meets Western needs." Tufts University Health & Nutrition Letter, Vol. 21, Issue 11.
Rise of Mixed Martial Arts
Mixed martial arts combat is a sport with an immense popularity that is still growing. This sport is also widely known as cage fighting, it is a full contact sport that allows fighters with different fighting styles and disciplines to compete. The popularity of this sport has increased from being an obscure and savage sideshow, to what it is now; a full blown mainstream and culturally iconic sport. There are various factors that contributed to the rapid and large growth of the sport. Since its early beginnings many companies and corporations have been established in the industry in order to meet the demands of fans all across the globe. Some of the more popular organizations within MMA include: Strike Force, UFC, Belator, Pride and EC. MMA's rise in popular culture amongst mainstream sports can be attributed to a variety of factors. Many enjoy seeing the…
Coakley, J. Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies. 9th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006. Print.
Funk, D., D. Mahony, and L. Ridinger. "Characterizing Consumer Motivation as Individual Difference Factors." Sports Marketing Quarterly 1.11 (2002): 33-44. Print.
Guttman, A. Spectator Sport. New York: Columbia UP, 1986. Print.
KIm, Seungmo, Damon Andrew, and Christoper Greenwell. "An Analasys of Spectator Motives and Media Comsumption Behavior in an Individual Combat Sport." International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship 10.2 (2009): 155-17. Print.
Queen Jiang and Deng Chanyu were both strong women in the story but their strength lied in different things. The Queen was more virtuous which gave her a lot of perseverance and Deng Chanyu was a skilled and strong fighter that allowed to remain active till the end.
Brief summary of the major events that the Queen went through.
Relation of her part in the story with her compassion and devotion to being virtuous.
Extensive overview of the personality of the Queen and her relations with her husband and how it affected both of them.
Brief summary of the events that Deng Chanyu went through.
There is discussion about the personality traits and characteristics of Deng Chanyu.
A correlation between the personality of Deng Chanyu and major events in her life is made.
Comparison and Contrast
A. The similarities present between the Queen and Deng Chanyu…
Chen, Ya-chen. Women In Chinese Martial Arts Films Of The New Millennium. 1st ed. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2012. Print.
Jin-cang, CHANG. 'Liaoming The King Of Xuan And Population Census In The West Zhou Dynasty'. Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition) 3 (2010): 016. Print.
Yejiaoshou.,. Chan Yu Juan Lun. 1st ed. Beijing: Beijing chu ban she, 1994. Print.
Capoeira brazillian dance martial art originally Angola. All sources MUST BE McFarlin Tulsa City/County Library. I updated a file guide line understand I .
In spite of the fact that many are familiar with it, Capoeira remains a mysterious concept in the contemporary society. The masses are likely to associate it with a dance or with a fighting style, but very little people are likely to pinpoint exactly what it entails or to describe how it developed. Its name leads people to think it is Brazilian and it actually seems it was developed in the second part of the twentieth century, this largely being owed to the fact that it became more popular around the world during this period.
One of the first reasons why people generally have a wrong understanding of capoeira is the fact that they attempt to associate it with a particular activity. Some call it a…
Aula, I. "INTRODUCTION TO THE MULTICULTURAL HISTORY OF BRAZIL." Cultural Anthropology, Department of Cultural Research in the University of Eastern Finland. Retrieved April 20, 2015, from https://brazilexperience2014.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/multicultural-history-of-brazil.pdf
Brough Luna, E. "CAPOEIRA," Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.ele-mental.org/dropbox/capoeira/old/Capoeira-History.pdf
Varela, S.G. "The Perception of Time in Afro-Brazilian Capoeira Angola." Omertaa 2008 Journal of applied anthropology
The dance style known as breakdancing has other names including "b-boying" and "breaking." The latter are the preferred terms used by those who are purists and originators of the form with breakdancing becoming the more popular term as popularized by the media (Schloss). This originated as part of the emerging hip-hop culture of the late 1970s and early 1980s. It became quickly popular, first in urban communities and then spread. In the current historical moment, breakdancing can be found in all social, ethnic, and gender groups and has been developed from a style of popular dance into an art form. hat began as a street dance to impress peers has transcended the culture and become a part of the dance world, giving as much respect and dignity as ballet or waltz. Breakdancing mastery requires a great deal of control, coordination, and practice. Those who attempt it without understanding the…
Bloom, Julie. "Street Moves in the TV Room." The New York Times. 2008. Print.
Chang, Jeff. Total Chaos: the Art and Aesthetics of Hip-Hop. New York City, NY: Basic Civitas,
Cook, Dave. "Crazy Legs Speaks." 18. Dec. 2012. Web.
Joan Saab book: For Millions American Art Culture Between War
Joan Saab's book, For the Millions: American Art and Culture Between the Wars, captures and elucidates a vital component of American history, and that in regards to its visual art in particular. This manuscript chronicles a crucial shifting in the regard, usage, and conception of art in the early part of the 20th century between World Wars I and II. This historical epoch was crucial to the fostering of contemporary America and its art for a number of factors. The country was celebrating its victory in the Great War before it knelt to the pressure of the Great Depression, which was only alleviated by one of the most devastating martial encounters in the history of the man, the Second World War. This tumultuous time played a highly important part in the creation and usage of visual art, which was able…
Saab, A.J. For the Millions: American Art and Culture Between the Wars. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Financial Contracting for New Venture:
Investments in a new venture usually involve financial contracts between the entrepreneur and external investors. These external investors include venture capitalists, angel financiers, banks, private financing companies, and credits unions among others. Notably, financial contracts can have positive and negative effects on the new venture. For instance, an angel financier can add a clause on the financial contract that will not permit the entrepreneur to borrow more funds without permission from the lender. While this is likely to occur when the lending institution has a mortgage or lean on the venture's property, the clause is usually added to lessen foreclosure risk. As an individual seeking to venture in a clothing business for the Mixed Martial Arts customers to provide shirts, hoodies/fleeces, and hats, it is important to choose the most appropriate type of financial contracting with the external investor. This process of selecting the most…
Anderson, C. (2013, January 25). 8 Things You Need to Know About Starting A Fashion
Business. The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/24/starting-a-fashion-business_n_2534518.html
de Bettignies, J. (2008, January). Financing the Entrepreneurial Venture. Management Science,
54(1), 151-166. Retrieved January 10, 2014, from http://web.business.queensu.ca/faculty/jdebettignies/docs/EntrepFinPrintedVersion.pdf
It was created in 1949.
It was first showcased in 1936 (Berlin).
Cannot find any record of this person…is this the most common spelling of the
It was standardized in 1958.
It was first created in 1958.
There are 5 sections.
This information is not readily available through any sources I've researched.
They were revised in 1990.
Unable to find this information.
It was Richard Nixon.
They were a Wushu (Martial Arts) Company
It was in 495 A.D.
Damo is the Chinese name of Bodhidharma, credited for bringing Ch'an to China.
It was released in 1982.
It was in 2005, in Beijing.
It was in 1974.
Anthony Chen is a silver medalist at the 4th World Traditional Wushu Championship.
Bai Yu-Feng, from his monk name Qiu Yue Chan Shi is a martial art expert who trained at the Shaolin Temple. He is the author of the…
2. Stonewalling, or what many people, referred to as "silent treatment" occurs when the bully or group simply ignores the victim completely. This can be extremely distressing to adolescents. This often occurs with group exclusion.
3. A common form of relational bullying is the spreading of rumors and gossip about the victim. This is a direct attempt to ruin the victim's relationships and exclude them from contact with their peers and even with adults.
4. Taunting occurs when the bully insults or verbally abuses the victim directly. Taunting often continues even when the victim physically breaks down.
5. Conditional friendships occur when the bully places demands on the victim in order for the victim to be allowed in the group were with peers.
The effects of relational bullying are often more psychologically damaging than the effects of more physical forms of bullying. In addition, relational and physical bullying are often…
Beck, a.T., Brown, G., & Steer, R.A. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory II manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Brown, B. (2004). Adolescent's relationships with peers. In Lerner, R. & Steinberg, L. (eds.),
Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: Wiley.
Burrows, L. (2011). Don't try to bully gershon ben keren. Jewish Advocate, 202, 2.
This aspect is greatly leveraged upon by Sport2Sport as different target populations share their experiences on company's Facebook page. There is also an aspect of quick customer response having the potential of going viral over the internet. This makes companies such as Sport2Sport to focus on customer satisfaction and prompt response. Although it may seem untraditional not to focus on traditional advertising and marketing mediums, the paradigm shift in approach to marketing and advertisement has led this agency to effectively spend their marketing budget on online campaigns and maintenance of web-presence.
IV- Organizational structure
Better Business Bureau (BBB) has reported that Sport2Sport is a limited liability company (LLC) with its current rating at A-. The highest possible rating that an agency can get with BBB is A+ (BBB Business eview, 2013). The length of time that the firm is in business is the only potentially negative factor reported by the…
Annual Report. (2013). Sport2Sport Limited Liability Company Annual Report. DEPARTMNET of the SECRETARY of STATE, North Carolina NC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/soskb.web.mvc/search/Filings/9433134 ]
BBB Business Review. (2013). Better Business Bureau: Business Review Sport2Sport LLC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.bbb.org/raleigh-durham/business-reviews/sports-and-recreation/sport2sport-in-cary-nc-90205195 ]
CNN Money. (2012). Best Places to Live. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/best-places/2012/snapshots/PL3710740.html
Facebook.com/CarySport2Sport. ( n.d). Sport2Sport. Retrieved from: [ https://www.facebook.com/CarySport2Sport ]
(Chu 58 -- 67) it is also important to note that the film has an emotional / cultural tie, to the director Ann Hui. As a child, she immigrated to Hong Kong. Where, she learned English, as a second language and went through some of the common struggles of immigrants. ("Ann Hui")
Clearly, the film the oat People would highlight a shift that is occurring in the cinema of Hong Kong throughout the 1980's. Where, a variety of different new genres would emerge. This is because audiences felt, that many marital arts films lacked substance. At which point, a shift would occur in the motion picture industry, as a variety of new genres would quickly emerge. The oat People would underscore this shift, by telling a unique story of Vietnamese peasants trying to escape the brutality of the communists (three years after the collapse of South Vietnam). Where, they are…
"Ann Hui." IMDB. 2010. Web. 30 Jun. 2010.< http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0401176/bio >
"Boat People." Answers.com. 2010. Web. 30 Jun. 2010.
"The Boat People." Avistaz. 2010. Web. 30 Jun. 2010
Browne, Nick. " Hong Kong New Wave." New Chinese Cinemas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Historical Themes in Chhau dances
The themes behind the Chhau dances have very strong political ties. "Formerly there were 26 (twenty six) Feudatory states in Orissa Province, Sareikala a former 'A' class legendary princely State was one of them, now a District named Sareikala-Kharswan of Jharkhand state is situated to the north of Orissa on the bank of river Kharkai and surrounded by the big hills and rivers have given as much more protection to the former state barely 45 KM from the Iron and Steel city of Jamshedpur." (Chhaudance, 2004)
Singhbhumi, known as the land of the Lion was unconquered and therefore as close to a free state for many centuries. This is most likely the true origin for the principles of the classical style of tribal folk dances. "The Chhau Dance has been nurtured under an atmosphere of independence, undisturbed by outside influences. It represented a…
Chhaudance. (n.d.). History of Chhau Dance. Retrieved on November 30, 2004, at http://www.chhau.com/homehistory.htm
Kamat. (n.d.). Masked Chhau Folk Dancer from West Bengal. Retrieved on November 30, 2004, at http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/dances/4595.htm
MEDIA (MIS) EPSENTATIONS OF CHINESE-AmericanS
Media (Mis) epresentations of Chinese-Americans
Media (Mis) epresentations of Chinese-Americans
In the west, representations of people who are outside of the standard or norm, (white, middle & upper class, male) are not represented with accuracy. Chinese-Americans are one such group that doese not often receive an accurate or dynamically real representation of the spectrum of the culture or the people within it. Media representations in the west of Chinese-Americans are limited to a few stereotypes, generally. Some of those stereotypes include that all Chinese people practice and have mastered martial arts, and that all Chinese have exceptional intelligence in mathematics, sciences, and technology. Another media stereotype of the Chinese is that they are all short of stature, particularly poking fun at short men. Chinese men are often stereotypically represented as geeks or nerds -- exceptionally "book smart," but lacking in coolness and social skills.…
Cheng, J., Hsieh, C., Talgo, S. (2012). Media Representations of Asians. University of Michigan, Web, Available from: http://sitemaker.umich.edu/psy457_tizzle/home . 2013 March 04.
Kwak, A. (2004). Asian-Americans in the Television Media: Creating Incentive for Change. Boston College Third World Journal, 24(2), 395 -- 420.
Wo, E. (2012). Beyond the Color Line: Asian-American Representations in the Media. Claremont Colleges Scripps Senior Thesis, Paper 114, Available from: http://scholarship.claremont.edu/scripps_theses/114 . 2013 March 06.
Business Model Canvas
Combative Fighting Systems
Martial arts school that teaches Jeet Kune Do concepts / Kali / Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Opened July 1995
Westminster Ave, Westminster, Ca. 90630 (714) [HIDDEN]
Martial art instruction for children through adults.
Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) training, coaching. Physical fitness
More info online Google Ken Gabrielson Brazillian Jiu-Jitsu.
"Dirty Dozen," Gracie Jiu-jitsu Black Belts. Combative Fighting Systems.
Fighters trained: John "Machine" Lober
Todd Medina El Tiburon
Provide mixed martial arts training and coaching, including: Jeet Kune Do concepts / Kali / Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Provide an avenue for children and adults to develop physical fitness
"Dirty Dozen," Gracie Jiu-jitsu Black Belts, and Combative Fighting Systems
Superbly trained staff: John "Machine" Lober, Todd Medina, El Tiburon (have I got this right
Facility in Westminster, California
Chamber of Commerce, Westminster
Mixed Martial Arts Association (MMAFA)
International Mixed Martial Arts…
Osterwalder, A. And Pigneur, Y. (2010). Business Model Generation: A Handbook for Visionaries, Game Changers, and Challengers. New York, NY: Wiley.
The Business Model Canvas Nonlinearthinking.typepad.com. Retrieved http://nonlinearthinking.typepad.com/nonlinear_thinking/2008/07/the-business-model-canvas.html
Alexander Osterwalder: The Business Model Canvas. [Video.] Retreived https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FumwkBMhLo
How to create your Lean Canvas. LeanStack. Retrieved http://leanstack.com/LeanCanvas.pdf
Jacking, male, stated, "We know the kick-ass ladies really exist, and they are increasing." Twisted Soul, like all interview subjects, mentioned the prevalence of females in the martial arts. All subjects did acknowledge that female action heroes are less common than male ones, but at the same time, both males and females could name at least one real-life active heroine.
The most avid viewer of Tarantino's Kill Bill was, in fact, a woman. Helena Yip, who studies martial arts, saw Kill Bill twice "for the sake of reviving it." She especially appreciated "the power, the female power...that strong female characters kick ass." Yip compared the Bride to Chyna, a real life professional wrestler who has not only won championships against other women but also against other men. "She became equal with the male wrestlers...as a female I feel so gratifying," (sic). TKDavid, a male reflected Helena's values. Regarding the character…
A recent market report notes,
In recent decades, famous Hollywood directors, such as Quentin Tarantino and Oliver Stone, have credited the influence of Hong Kong film styles on their works. John oo has relocated his career to Hollywood to become one of its biggest directors. In fact, not only has John oo's style influenced others, but his current films are Hollywood. ("Hong Kong movie skills grow in Hollywood" para. 2)
Precisely why Hong Kong films have had this influence is hard to say for certain beyond noting that filmmakers like Tsui Hark and John oo adapted American genres to the international market in a way that re-energized those genres and showed American filmmakers a new way to approach traditional material. Hong Kong filmmakers like John oo and Ang Lee have transferred to Hollywood to carry the transformation even further.
Clouse, Robert. Enter the Dragon. Concord Productions Inc., 1973.…
Clouse, Robert. Enter the Dragon. Concord Productions Inc., 1973.
Hong Kong Cinema." Tourism in Asia (2007).. December 2, 2007. http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/cinema.html.
Hong Kong Movie Skills Grow in Hollywood." International Market News (11 July 2002). December 1, 2007. http://www.piercelawgroupllp.com/hongkong_movie_skills.PDF.
Kei, Sek. "Achievement and Crisis: Hong Kong Cinema in the '802." Bright Lights Film Journal. December 3, 2007. http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/31/hk_achievement1.html .
Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
The film, documentaries and the last docudrama are exceptional production pieces by notable directors and producers. Crouching tiger-hidden dragon defies the usual mantra of strength only attributed to men. Jen effectively acts as person having higher morals. The martial arts performance was exceptional, an unusual feature in Hollywood. Islam, the empire of faith is another documentary made on the rise of Islamic empire and the life of Prophet Mohammad having a great impact on establishment of religion. 'Gandhi' also remains an unquestioned production classic that eloquently portrays Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the unquestioned leader of India. The film sheds light on Hinduism as a religion and its faith and dogmas. Lastly, Kundan is a docudrama based on life of Dalai Lama. 'Kundan' might not have justified the stature of Buddhism in history of mankind but the piece of production remains an earnest effort on part of Martin…
Bowker, J. & Bowker, D. (1997). World religions. Dorling Kindersley.
Chan, K. (2004). The Global Return of the Wu Xia Pian (Chinese Sword-Fighting Movie): Ang Lee's Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Cinema Journal, 43(4), 3-17.
Conze, E. (2004). Buddhism: Its essence and development. Windhorse Publications.
Driver, M.W. & Ray, S. (2004). The medieval hero on screen: representations from Beowulf to Buffy (Vol. 56). McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub.
The war is driven by the modern military which has abandoned its warrior ethic and now fights with guns -- a theme repeated in The Last Samurai. Again Funakoshi represents this position. He tells the Japanese military captain, "Who I challenge to Kung Fu and what I do is no business of the military. . . . I am not a politician." The distinction between colonial imperialism and true warrior ethic is pronounced. The military captain is disappointed in Akutagawa's failure to destroy the rival sect, and kills him, although he has the true spirit of the Samurai about honest fights and honor. The military leader can only say, "To best serve the Japanese emperor, you'd better forget what is right or wrong." This highlights the contrast between new imperialist might, technology, and economic power and the old warrior system.
The symbolic struggle between national identities is epitomized in the…
After a long search and review of different systems, the committee decided to send their men to train at the Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy in Torrance, California (National Guard, 2012; lanton, 2008; Curtez, 2012). In time, it found the razilian Jiu-Jitsu taught in this Academy as meeting almost every aspect requirement of a military combatives program long sought by them. It was easy to learn, competitive and proven effective in hand-to-hand encounters. It detailed the techniques to be taught and in the proper order. It would first teach the basics of razilian Jiu-Jitsu ground fighting. Then it would proceed to throws and takedowns of judo and wrestling. This would be followed by the strikes of oxing and Muay Thai. All these initial steps could combine with a training phase on marksmanship and weapons towards a totally integrated system of close quarters combat. The committee saw that one could pass smoothly between…
Blanton, J.F. (2008). Hand-to-hand combatives in the U.S. Army. U.S. Army Command
and General Staff College. Retrieved on July 12, 2012 from http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA511484
Curtez, R. (2012). The history of the modern army combatives program. Army Combatives: Army Combatives Program. Retrieved on July 12, 2012 from http://www.armycombatives.org/the-history-of-the-modern-army-combatives-program
National Guard (2011). The history of modern army combatives. National Guard
Indeed, the trajectory of the narrative involves exacting revenge on those who prevented her marriage from taking place.
Although the Bride's marital aspirations might suggest that she holds a conservative sensibility, this is far from the case and she is ultimately more aggressive than Jen. While Jen also exhibits physical prowess, her sacrificial gesture at the film's conclusion signifies how she maintains a strong reverence for the Confucian moral code, assimilating her within the wuxia genre. Physically, the Bride resembles a dominatrix; she is taller than many of the characters and fights in a relentlessly savage manner (even going so far as to bite her adversary in one scene.) in contrast, Jen is more diminutive and her face and eyes are softer and less predatory. Where the Bride looks much more imposing than an average person, Jen has an average size that is not dissimilar from the other characters. Indeed,…
Sometimes in our internet age it seems that we don't ever need to leave our own homes to experience the world. Google can let us drive in a virtual way down nearly any street in the world. We can chat at any hour of the day with residents from any continent about any subject. We can even craft online selves that allow us to become more interesting, more educated, and more urbane than are our actual personas.
So why -- given the complexities, unavoidable drudgeries and occasional miseries and sometimes even outright dangers of travel -- should we ever venture any significant distance from our homes? Because there is still -- and surely there will never be -- anything comparable to travel to teach us about the varieties of the world. Without meaning to disparage the wonders of either online information acquisition or reading about other places and…
The Evolution of the Chinese Film Industry
Contemporary Chinese Film Poster (Chinese Films)
For literally thousands of years, the Culture of China has inspired people and been a source of awe and excitement for people all over the world. The Chinese culture is rather unique and elegant with elements that are not commonly found in other cultures. Part of the cultures attraction is undoubtedly because it is one of the oldest cultures in the world and had has thousands and thousands of years to evolve into what it is today. It has drawn so much interest that it is integrating with other cultures. Although much of the ancient traditions have been somewhat overcome by various estern influences and modernization, traces of various aspects of the previous cultures still manage to stand the test of time and can still be seen today.
Many changes have occurred in the Chinese…
Chinese Films. "Chinese Films Meet Difficulties to Advance in Global Arena." 1 March 2012. Chinese Films. Web. 5 June 2012.
Cultural China. "Classic Movie and Stars." N.d. Cultural China. Web. 6 May 2012.
Kushner, B. "Is that really funny? -- humor and identity in Japan and China." 17 April 2009. Japan Society. Web. 5 June 2012.
Moses, L. "Chinese Embassy host film festival." N.d. Embassy of the Peoples Republic of China. Web. 6 June 2012.
Gaining focus course: Summary
This course made me much more self-critical about the way I use my time and plan my life. Making a career transition mid-life can be very intimidating. This course affirmed that by having a plan and a sense of focus I can accomplish my goals. Like most adults, I have a certain routine in my life to which I am accustomed. This course showed me how to build new routines in a positive ways, so I can incorporate them into my tasks as a financial planner. I also found that helping someone while learning time management techniques to benefit myself to be very inspiring. Even though she was very young, my mentee Tamara was able to learn the same skills to focus her goals and objectives and translate them into achieving her own goals at school and work. We were both able…
Leonard, G. (1992) Mastery: The keys to success and long-term fulfillment. Plume.
What style is the preferred style of the generals and bodygaurds of Beijing?
What are the three treasures?
Jing, Qi and Shen
What are the 5 excellences?
calligraphy, poetry, painting, traditional medicine, and martial arts
What are the 5 elements?
Wood, fire, earth, metal, water
What are the 3 gates?
Faith, wisdom, and compassion.
What are the 8 powers of wushu?
Heaven/Sky, Lake/Marsh, Fire, Lightning, Wind, Water, Mountain, Earth
What are the 12 animals of Xing Yi?
Dragon, tiger, monkey, horse, alligator, chicken, falcon, swallow, snake, t'ai (roc), eagle, bear
What does the name Bagua mean?
What styles are referred to as the wind, thunder, and clouds? In order
What the 5 zones of attacks?
What is the mathematical formula for power?
Power = work/time
Name 5 Northern styles?
Baguazhang, Bajiquan, Ch-quan, Chuojiao, Taijiquan
Name 5 Southern styles?
Choy Gar, Mok Gar, Choy Li…
Financial Projections for Touch My Knuckles
Touch My Knuckles, a firm selling mixed martial arts appeal, including shirts, fleeces, hats and sweatshirts will provide a great potential for investment. The aim of this paper is to look at the financial statements for the first three years of operating, including start-up costs, cash flow, income statement and balance sheet. Following the financial analysis consideration will be given to the way in which the may be raised an issue of capital structure.
The following financial statements indicate potential of the business. The financing being requested in $248,560, this can been calculated with reference to the start up costs, less the available capital, with an allowance of the operating loss that will be made in the first month.
The start up costs are relativity modest due to the use of outsource suppliers who will send the goods directly to the…
Mandinga EM Manhattan
Very few people have heard about the Brazilian martial art form known as capoeira. In the film Mandinga EM Manhattan, documentary filmmaker Lazaro Faria explores how capoeira started and spread throughout the world. hen people hear the term "martial art" they probably think of Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan performing karate or kung fu. Although those both have a certain beauty in the ways that the body moves, there is something extremely beautiful about capoeira. Unlike other martial arts which are more about physical defense, capoeira is a combination of physical defense and dance. There are complicated moves that show a person's speed, agility, and physical power. Capoeira dancers are as graceful and nimble as ballerinas but with an earthiness which locates it in its South American origins and integration of heritages from all slave groups.
hat is really interesting about capoeira which elevates it from other…
Mandinga Em Manhattan. Dir. Lazaro Faria. 2013. DVD.
in "Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a circus acrobat father -- Edith learns to fend for herself from the very beginning. As a natural consequence of her surroundings, she makes the acquaintance of several ne'er do wells. She rises above the lifestyles of the girls she grows up with who prostitute themselves for a living in the hope that they will eventually meet a benefactor with whom they can settle. Edith has a talent for singing and she indulges this interest by singing loudly in the streets.…
Beauvoir, Simone de, and Parshley, H.M. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.pp. lv, 786
Eisenstein, Zillah R. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. The Northeastern Series in Feminist Theory. Northeastern University Press ed. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.pp. xi, 260
Engels, Fredrick. "The Development of Utopian Socialism." Trans. Lafargue, Paul. Marx/Engels Selected Works. Revue Socialiste. Ed. Basgen, Brian. Vol. 3. New York: Progress Publishers, 1880. 95-151.
Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State. 1894. Retrieved April 10, 2003 from. http://csf.colorado.edu/psn/marx/Archive/1884-Family/
action-packed sequel to the Expendables (2010), The Expendables 2 expands on Stallone's action-packed script and introduces even more action stars of the 80s and 90s. The Expendables 2 brings back Stallone, Jason Statham, Dolph Lundgren, Jet Li, Terry Crews, and andy Couture, with expanded roles played by Bruce Willis and Arnold Schwarzenegger. In addition to this impressive cast, The Expendables 2 also features performances by Chuck Norris and Jean-Claude Van Damme. Through The Expendables 2's mise-en-scene, the audience is exposed to a non-stop, action-packed, adrenaline fueled adventure.
While Stallone directed the first film, Stallone passed the directorial torch to Simon West for the sequel. As a director, West was charged with guiding "the actors in performance, [determining] the staging of the action, [supervising] all aspects of shooting, and [working] with the producer, writer, and designer before production and with the film and sound editors after production to ensure consistency and…
"You've Been Back Enough." (2012). The Expendables 2. Directed by Simon West. United States: Lionsgate. Accessed 17 September 2012, from http://movieclips.com/pPZwy-the-expendables-2-movie-youve-been-back-enough/
aesthetic terms from the days in which the musical accompaniment of a film consisted primarily of a pianist or organist sitting in the theater and taking cues on what to play by watching the silenced action on the screen. And yet, in other and probably more important ways, we have come no real distance at all, for music now (as it did since the very first movie) helps to determine the overall emotional impact of a film. This paper examines the film scores from two recent productions, "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon" and "Iron Monkey."
Overall, the musical score for a film helps knit together all of the different technical elements of a film as well as all of the different thematic elements:
Picture and track, to a certain degree, have a composition of their own but when combined they form a new entity. Thus the track becomes not only a…
Flinn, Caryl. Strains of Utopia: Gender, Nostalgia, and Hollywood Film Music. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992. http://staging.gomemphis.com/mca/movie_reviews/article/0,1426,MCA_569_845469,00.html
Grandmaster and Gong Er: Wong Kar Wai's Ip Man and the Women of Kung Fu
Wong Kar Wai's Grandmaster begins with a stylish kung fu action sequence set in the rain. Ip Man battles a dozen or so no-names before doing a one-on-one show with another combatant who appears to be at equal skill and strength. Ip Man handily defeats him and walks away unscathed. Thanks to fight choreography by Chinese director and martial arts choreographer Yuen Woo-ping (The Matrix, Kill Bill, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon), the sequence would seem to set up a different sort of movie than what follows, which is a mostly soulful, introspective look at period in the life of Ip Man. Wong Kar Wai gravitates towards dramatic license in many places -- especially with the fictional character of Gong Er, who repeatedly enters and re-enters Ip Man's life in the film (even though no such…
Review of Related Literature
This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter.
In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have een proposed to account for the effect of hypnosis. State theories assume that the hypnotic trance is qualitatively different from all other human experiences. From this perspective, trance capacity is supposedly a fairly stale trait that exhiits sustantial individual differences. Nonstate theories, often referred to as social learning, social psychological or cognitive-ehavioral theories of hypnosis propose that hypnotic phenomena are related to social and psychological characteristics such as hope, motivation, expectancy, elief in the therapist, desire to please the therapist, a positive initial…
bibliography. (2010). http://science.jrank.org / pages/7857/Meditation-Eastern.html.
Many religious traditions have practices that could possibly be labeled meditation. In Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, these practices are usually associated with prayer, contemplation, or recitation of sacred texts. In the religious traditions of the Native Americans, Australian aboriginals, Siberian peoples, and many others, what could be identified as meditation techniques are incorporated within the larger rubric of shamanism. It is, however, in the religions of Asia that meditation has been most developed as a religious method.
Meditation has played an important role in the ancient yogic traditions of Hinduism and also in more recent Hindu-based new religious movements such as Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's Transcendental Meditation program. But it is most especially in the monastic or "elite" forms of the various traditions of Buddhism (Theravada, Tibetan/Vajrayana, and Ch'an/Zen) that meditation techniques have taken center stage and have been developed to the highest degree of sophistication and complexity.
Short-Term Effects of Meditation vs. Relaxation on Cognitive Functioning. Contributors: Gillian King - author, Jeffrey Coney - author. Journal Title: Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. Volume: 38. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 200+.
Authors cite the lack of relevant studies concerning the effect, if any, of meditation on short-term improvements in cognitive performance. The results of this study clearly showed that meditation, per se, does not produce a short-term improvement in cognitive performance compared to other relaxation techniques.
Jet Li-Psychological Personality Analysis
The Image of Jet Li: Development of a Wu-Shu Master
For many years, Asian actors have not been given enough opportunities to break into the entertainment industry in the United States, popularly called the Hollywood. Only few Asian actors have made it big in Hollywood, of which the famed martial arts master ruce Lee is considered as the first Asian who brought fame in the Asian entertainment industry through his martial arts movies. Jackie Chan, similarly, shares ruce Lee's glory but in a different genre, where Chan uses martial arts not as a form of physical violence, but a form of art movement. Also, Chan's movies are mostly humorous, illustrating Chan's penchant for a feel-good movie for his audience.
Another name that has emerged as another potential Asian martial arts actor is Jet Li, a wu-shu expert who hailed from eijing, China. Jet Li is popularly…
Maier, H. (1969). Three Theories of Child Development. New York: University of Washington.
Santrock, J. (2001). Psychology. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
Having unleashed Demon, the Song is now welcomed into the gang and begins sporting the traditional "black suit" of the gang members. Here, again, it is important to remark on the deviation from stereotype to contemporary national image that wardrobe and props bring to the film. There are no robes of silk, no long, silky geisha looking women waiting on men in the community baths. Rather, Landlady, one of the protagonists in the film, barely makes a move without a burning cigarette hanging out of her mouth. She is in white satin lingerie throughout most of the film. hile Landlord is often seen in his silk robe, and is often being beat by Landlady. Landlord and Landlady and even Demon serve to reinforce the positive image of Asian family in that Landlady and Landlord are not elderly, but late 40s, and Demon is definitely 50 ish.
Together, good or bad,…
Chanan, Michael. "The Changing Geography of Third Cinema." Screen 38.4 (1997): 372-388. Questia. 23 May 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=98737571 .
A lugo, Marvin. "4 Authorship, Globalization, and the New Identity of Latin American Cinema." Rethinking Third Cinema. Ed. Anthony R. Guneratne and Wimal Dissanayake. London: Routledge, 2003. 103-125. Questia. 23 May 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=104539205 .
Campus Violence on K-12 Setting
To Whom it May Concern,
I am planning to research the effects of offering a martial arts program regiment within the school on school violence among elementary, middle, and high school students. Search of ERIC databases has generated little prior research on this topic. Many studies have shown that martial arts have many beneficial effects on the emotional and physical well-being of those who participate in martial arts classes and studies. Other studies have linked school violence to a number of sources, including low self-esteem of those who experience violent outbursts, the stress caused by the school environment, the physical inactivity levels of a student sitting in class daily, and the often abusive and humiliating nature of the physical education programs that are traditionally offered in school, among many other factors. Additionally, many bullies chose to pick on those who have little or no self-defense…
Honor Code of Chinese Warriors
The objective of this study is to discuss the honor code of warrior-heroes in Chinese history and to answer to what the honor code consists of and the origin of the honor code. As well, this study will examine how this honor code influenced the intentions, words, and actions of the warriors and how the honor code manifests itself in novels, how and when the codes apply and what competing visions existed in human conduct.
Wuxia is a term in Mandarin that means literally "martial arts chivalry" and is representative of a unique Chinese type of story that is dated back as far as the Tang Dynasty (681-907). Wuxia is defined by stories "that combine wushu (martial arts) tradition with deeds of heroic chivalry perfomed by men and women." (Pollard, 2011, p.1) Wuxia stories are rooted in "early youxia (?
) and cike (?
The Warrior Code (nd) China History Forum. Retrieved from: http://www.chinahistoryforum.com/index.php?/topic/31149-warrior-spirit-in-china-chinese-warrior-codes/
Hsia, C.T.C.T. Hsia on Chinese Literature. Columbia University Press, 2004 (ISBN 0231129904), pg. 149
Bordahl, Vibeke. Four Masters Of Chinese Storytelling: Full-length Repertoires Of Yangzhou Storytelling On Video. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies; Bilingual edition, 2004 (ISBN 8-7911-1464-0), pg. 166
Guth, Christine. Longfellow's Tattoos: Tourism, Collecting, and Japan. University of Washington Press (2004), p147
The importance of ritual objects to the Shaolin is shown in how they react to the supernatural appearance of an incense burner. hen the survivors of the massacre woke up the next day, they saw on the surface of the water a white incense burner made of greenstone, which had two ears and three feet and weighed 52 "catties, thirteen ounces"; on the bottom of the incense burner, the four words Fan-Qing fu-Ming had been inscribed. The brothers immediately secured the incense burner and placed it in the third field in front of the temple gate (Baoqi & Murray 206). In this regard, the Shaolin monks of the day embraced the popular belief that Heaven could manifest its support of claimants to the Chinese throne or of founders of religious cults through the bestowal of precious objects, such as these incense burners, swords, or books. "The incense burner, as it…
Anderson, Mary M.
Hidden Power: The Palace Eunuchs of Imperial China. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1990.
Baoqi, Qin and Dian H. Murray. The Origins of the Tiandihui: The Chinese Triads in Legend and History. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, 1994.
Campany, Robert Ford. (October-December 2001). The Eminent Monk (Book review). Journal of the American Oriental Society, 121(4):656.
Campus Violence for K-12 Setting
What measurable outcome do you choose to explain?
I wish to explain the effect that having martial arts-based classes offered as a regular regiment for students would have on the total number of violent incidents, as well as what the severity of this violence is, occurring on campus among students.
How would you measure the outcome?
School nurses, administrators, and teachers would all be asked to keep record of any witnessed or reported violent acts committed on campus at the school where the program would be implemented. The study would ideally take place over the course of an extended period of time so that the gradual changes and variations in data would be evident. The total number of violent incidents occurring each day, each week, each month, and each semester would be calculated, as well as how often medical attention was necessary for the involved…
Jelon Vierira, a master of this dance martial art and founder of DanceBrazil in the U.S., says, "Capoeira is a game. it's a fight like a dance, a dance like a fight. it's not about winning or losing, but who plays smarter." The body becomes a weapon when learning capoeira. The games are played, not fought. One can use it to kill, but that is not the reason for learning it. A capoeirista is a gentle warrior (Samuels 66). It teaches the player to look for the unexpected and to realize that behind a smile one may find a threat. With this understanding comes power, control and a type of beauty.
Today, often dressed in white pants and T-shirts, the capoeira players bounce lightly from left to right in a box step and move their arms in front of their faces. Then they face off against partners with high kicks…
Balderston, Daniel, Gonzalez, Mike, and Lopez, Anna. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean Cultures. London: Routledge, 2000: 266.
Delgado, Celeste Fraser and Munoz, Jose Esteban. Everynight Life: Culture and Dance in Latin/o America. Contributors: Durham, NC.: Duke University Press, 1997: v.
Rauschart, Lisa. Capoeira: The Beautiful Game Martial Art Traces Its Root to Africa.
The Washington Times. October 30, 1996:8.
House music also influenced the development of b-boying, or breakdancing, which took house dance moves and made them more aggressive. Close physical posture and movement without physical contact in b-boying can be seen in capoeira. Like capoeira, house dance styles varied by region. For instance, in Chicago and Detroit, jacking was a major element of house dance. Jacking was a dance move that focused on torso movements and created a rippling effect, and the dance known as "The Farmer" also originated in this type of house music (Mirani). Jacking was influenced by the heavier sounds of techno and acid music. On the East Coast, house music was highly influenced by hip-hop music. Dance moves that originated on the East Coast include "Loose Legs," the "Train," skating, and Jamaican skanking (Mirani). On the est Coast, house music was more commercial and dance moves were influenced by b-boys.
In addition to the…
Brown, James. "Shared Characteristics of Music & Dance: Capoeira and Dance Music." Prezi.
20 April 2013. Web. 26 April 2013.
"Capoeira Instruments." Capoeira World. Web. 26 April 2013.
"History of Capoeira." 1999. Web. 26 April 2013, from http://www.capoeira.htmlplanet.com/
In Zhu's study (2005), because of the priority to the tenet of righteousness, the Chinese viewers questioned the validity of various fighting scenes. For instance, one commented that the ferocity of the fight between Jen and Shu Lien, using a variety of weapons against the stolen sword seems hardly justified by the nature of their quarrel or the substance of their friendship based on sworn sisterhood." In other words, the director seems to have added a ferocious fight that is not justified by the relationship itself or the plot development.
The literature thus far analyzed as a whole shows that the main concern about the movie "Crouching Tiger" especially by the Chinese viewers and critics is that it does not portray China's culture and values, but rather the intercultural viewpoint of the director, Lee. This can impact viewers who interpret this as true Chinese culture. In Kenneth Chan's essay, he…
Chan, K. (2004) The global return of the Wu Xia Pian (Chinese Sword-Fighting Movie): Ang Lee's "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon." Cinema Journal, 43(4),
Katz, H.M. (2002). Escaping gravity. Movie magic and dreams of flying. Psychoanal. Study Child 57, 294-304.
Klein, C. (2004). Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: A diasporic reading. Cinema Journal 43(4), 18-42
Leung, W. (2001) Crouching sensibility, hidden sense. Film Criticism 26 (1), 42-55
Religious Taoism is the third objective of all Taoist followers although it entails a deep commitment into the priesthood. Priests in ancient China were more than just religious leaders -- they were the doctors, lawyers and intellects of the times as well as the individuals who could deal with evil spirits and the occult. Some things that have come from this function are ideas like Feng Shui where the church helped communities become in sync with nature or the absolute.
Confucianism can be considered to be nothing more than a type of humanism. In other words, it is a philosophy that focuses on just that, human beings. By dictating human achievements, interests and social conduct rather than with abstract ideas like god or heaven, Confucius made life simple.
Confucianism entails that man is the center of the universe but he must also share the universe with his fellow man…
Movie: The Karate Kid (2010)
Targeted Age Group: PG rated, 10+ (The Karate Kid-Family Movie Review, 2015)
'The Karate Kid' is appropriately PG-rated; there is, however, some content that adults might wish to know of, especially because this drama has a few themes aimed at older viewers. The beginning of the movie shows a climbing scene of a child's height chart. Typical milestones, like beginning kindergarten and losing the first tooth are included; however, the last 2 entries are daddy's death and the child's 9th birthday. While at this juncture, the background music is jolly and light, the death of his dad when Dre was just 8 years of age has a mildly shocking impact, and may upset younger children (Andlor, 2013).
Analyze the chosen media content for its appropriateness for the cognitive development level of this target audience. In doing so, make sure to explain what characterizes the cognitive…
ACCM. (2015, 05-27). Retrieved from Childrenandmedia.org.au: http://childrenandmedia.org.au/movie-reviews/movies/frozen
Andlor, M. (2013, March 14). The Karate Kid (2010). Retrieved from Isthismoviesuitable.com: http://isthismoviesuitable.com/2013/03/14/the-karate-kid-2010/
Council, A. (2010, 05-27). Karate Kid 2010. Retrieved from http://raisingchildren.net.au/movies/karate_kid_2010_movie.html?context=485
Council, A. (2015, 05-27). Frozen movie. Retrieved from Rasingchildren.net.au: http://raisingchildren.net.au/movies/frozen_movie.html?context=485
They might take one look at a Latina woman and think "maid" not "systems manager." By the same token, a human resources manager might take one look at me and think "systems manager" because I'm Asian and I must be good with technology. Even if I were applying for a job as the in-house counselor or graphic artist, the stereotyping would affect my ability to be seen as a worthwhile candidate for the position. Stereotypes have affected the ways most Asians have been viewed and treated in American society. Just as Latina women have been viewed as "hopeless" or "vulgar" Asian men have often been viewed as "bad drivers." In both cases the stereotypes create prejudices and discrimination.
Some stereotypes are inevitable. Some even ring true and because of this, the media can easily create the "one dimensional" caricatures that are "easy to promote" to distort the image consumers have…
Exercise promotes higher self-esteem in individuals of all ages and/or physical capabilities as long as the individual enjoys the particular exercise program or feels there are definite and measurable benefit to participating in the program.
Professional athletes are some of the most self assured individuals in our society. There have been many studies that have shown that these individuals are highly paid yet the majority of them would continue to work at their sport for free. One of the main reasons for these phenomena is that these specialists really enjoy what they do and they feel they get an obvious reward for doing what they do. They literally get paid for exercising.
Exercise provides many benefits. These athletes receive a unique benefit that many laymen simply are unaware that it comes with the turf so to speak. Professional athletes get the benefit of added self-esteem. "Speculation regarding the interactions…
Boyd, Michael and Yin, Zenong. "Cognitive-Affective And Behavioral Correlates Of Self-Schemata In Sport" Journal of Sport Behavior (1999).
Douthitt, Vicki L. "Psychological Determinants Of Adolescent Exercise Adherence" Adolescence 22 Sept. 1994.
Gavin, Jim, and Avi Mark Spitzer. "The psychology of exercise: studying recent trends in exercise psychology research gives clues on how to promote participation." IDEA Health & Fitness Source 01 Nov. 2002.
Guthrie, Sharon R. "Defending the Self-Martial Arts and Women's Self-Esteem [Part 1 of 3]" Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal (1997).
Capoeira was developed surreptitiously, with two men pretending that they are taking part in a dance, when in fact they are practicing kicks and blows. There is also a whole style of Capoeira music which goes along with the martial arts culture. In areas of Brazil where gangs are rampant, youth learn this dance and the drumming music that goes along with it is a positive alternative to fighting each other and is a peaceful way to ward off anger and aggression in youth (MacSwan 19).
The discipline fuses flexibility, agility, strength, balance, self-confidence, self-defense, coordination and rhythm; creating a workout like no other. To hide despair and intention of rebellion from their masters, the dancers combined playful and graceful dance and acrobatic movements with moves of attacks and defense using only the legs. hile training they would avoid unnecessary harm by having very little contact with each other. They…
Brazilian Music Guide. Styles. 2007. http://www.slipcue.com/music/brazil/aa_styles/aa_styles.html.
Consulate General of Brazil. About Brazil. http://www.brazilsf.org/culture_capoeira_eng.htm.
Lima-Moore, D. Swing Brazil UK - Rio Samba.2007. http://www.swingbrazil.co.uk/.
MacSwan, Angus. In violent Rio slum, music group offers alternative. Brocktown News. 23 Dec 2005. http://www.capoeira.com/news.php?item.17.
(Ng, 1994, p. 93)
The philosophy of Confucius was based essentially on that of human relationships expanded to the sphere of the state, and even beyond into the cosmos. ight conduct and proper action among individuals and groups would result in an ordered universe, one that operated according to the proper laws. By cultivating these believes and following these rules one could hope to produce a society that was perfectly ordered and self-perpetuating. The Confucian ideal of leadership has endured today among many, not only in China, but in many parts of East Asia, and has even attracted followers in the West, for it addresses the issue of responsibility as a metaphor for virtue and harmony.
Far less idealistic were the ideas of the enaissance thinker, Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli lived in Italy at a time when its various princes were contending for power. The region was riven by war and…
Bassnett, S. (1988). Elizabeth I: A Feminist Perspective. Oxford: Berg Publishers.
Hanh, T.N. (2000). Three Zen Buddhist Ethics. In Striking a Balance: A Primer in Traditional Asian Values (pp. 98-140). New York: Seven Bridges Press.
At the age of 19, the Marquis de Lafayette left a life of privilege and prestige in France and sailed to America to fight for the American Revolution. His family motto guided his sense of adventure and reflects an attitude that pervades Lafayette College today: "Cur Non?" ("Why not?). Based on this motto, discuss a "Why not?" moment in your personal, academic, or social life.
Although my life to date has been characterized by a number of such poignant moments, perhaps the most compelling "why not" moment in my life was the decision to actively participate in the martial arts in general and taekwondo in particular when I was younger. Despite my young age and although the sport is dominated by male competitors, I firmly believed I was just as physically and mentally capable as anyone else in the sport and this sense of self-assurance produced a number of…
Taiping ebellion vs. Boxer ebellion
The last two centuries are considered as the golden age of millenarianism in the sense that they brought about a change in the existing system, by means of overthrow of the system which existed. And the new system which evolved was considered as better than the old system which existed and was brought about by overthrowing the powerful. The reason is simple. As the sociologists and historians of the millenarianism say, one does not become sensitive to such ideas simply being oppressed or miserable. But instead, these ideas develop from those of whose expected and traditional lives have been destroyed and disrupted, uprooted and rendered rootless, even if they were having an unpromising and unpleasant life earlier.
As a result of the industrial revolution, many such people came to North America and Europe, but the nations which Europe was trying to bring under its control…
Boardman, E. Christian Influence upon the ideology of the Taiping Rebellion, 1851-1864. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, (1952). pp. 52-81
Chesneaux, Jean; Marianne, Bastid; and Bergere, Marie Claire. "China: From the Opium Wars to the 1911 Revolution" Pantheon Books, (1976) pp. 44-51
Ch'en, Jerome 'The nature and characteristics of the Boxer movement: a morphological study', Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies vol. 23, (1960) p.20-26
Ch'en, Jerome 'The Origin of the Boxers', in Jerome Ch'en and Nicholas Tarling (eds.), Studies in the Social History of China and South East Asia Cambridge, (1970) pp.45-57
Cross-Cultural Differences and Communication
Cultural identity is a significant force that shapes the interaction between people from different cultures. The contemporary globalization has made intercultural interactions inevitable in the contemporary society. People draw conclusions about other people's culture depending on a wide range of observations about the individual's way of live, values and behavior. For instance, understanding what people from specific cultural values helps in drawing about that culture in that specific aspect of value or behavior (Byram, 2015). For example, I have drawn the conclusion that martial art is a significant cultural practice in the Chinese culture. This conclusion is informed by the several Chinese films that I have watched that have largely been characterized by Martial Arts. This predominance of martial arts in these films informed the conclusion I have drawn from the Chinese culture.
UNIT 4 DISCUSSION
I am visiting a new country within a different culture…
Fitness Industry in Hong Kong
Hong Kong is a densely populated, coastal city in Asia, where both Eastern and Western cultures meet. In this city-state of 7 million persons, the potential for the fitness industry (fitness clubs) to find consumer demand is evident in the government's recent emphasis on health and fitness as well as the entertainment industry's usage of body image to convey an impulse among consumers to mimic what they see. At the same time, Hong Kong has a distinctly Asian desire for fitness workouts that are more dance-oriented than in the West. Choreography is a big draw for Hong Kong fitness club users and the more complex the choreography, the more likely the draw. Still, fitness clubs also appeal to older consumers who want to belong to a club and who seek to achieve some activity in their lives, as there is limited open space in Hong…
In a mirror of the earlier scene where the police officer kicked the dead triad, the elevator doors attempt to close on his body, symbolizing the complete destruction of Chan's identity and humanity, as nothing is left but a piece of meat slumped on the floor. This scene effectively concludes the point made earlier by Wong's death, namely, that action films, and subsequently, the action film audience, simultaneously seek to find meaning in death while remaining dependent on the lack of meaning inherent in the deaths of most characters in action films. Infernal Affairs confronts the audience with this contradiction by melding these two disparate tendencies into the single scene of Chan's death.
Violence and death are integral Infernal Affairs' storytelling, and the film's use of violence continues a trend that began with the Hong Kong action films of the 1980s. However, rather than aestheticize violence along the lines of…
Covey, W.B. (2011). Puzzle films: Complex storytelling in contemporary cinema. Style, 45(3),
Khoo, O. (2009). East asian screen industries. Asian Studies Review, 33(4), 559-560.
Lau, a & a. Mak. (Director) (2002). Infernal affairs [DVD].
Advantages of a Niche Product Market and the elevance of Price
The advantages of niche markets are several. First, they increase sales of products (such as ordinary clothing) for which the consumer may not have any need but the specific orientation of the product (such as MMA sports) generates a desire for the logo rather than the need for the product itself. Second, niche markets (such as that exploited by the PPM mouth guard) provides an opportunity to charge much more for products that may not be substantially different or better for their essential purpose (i.e. protecting teeth during sports) than much cheaper generic alternatives. Third, niche marketing such as imitating the features of expensive watches in cheap watches generates a market attributable to vanity and the desire to mimic the appearance of wealth and privilege. In some cases, niche markets (such as that for MMA clothing and high-end watches)…
JCPenney. (2009). Armitron Men's All-Sport Watch. Retrieved November
09, 2009, from:
Makkar. (2009). The PPM Sports Performance Mouth guard. Retrieved November
Up to this point in the story, the reader is slightly suspicious that Murray could have killed someone with his bare hands, regardless of how drunk he may have been. However, the third person limited narrator introduces a flashback, revealing why Murray is so loyal to Shorty -- Shorty befriended Murray when Murray was a fat, slow boy on their baseball team. Gradually, Murray lost weight, became more athletic, and the fun Kung Fu moves the boys used to practice while watching Bruce Lee films on TV became deadly serious as Murray became increasingly accomplished in a variety of martial arts.
This suggests that Murray's hands may indeed be "registered deadly weapons." The better Murray got at fighting, the more fights he got in with his friends. The fight the three of them may have not been the college boy's fault, but part of the tendency of Murray and his…
Gwyn, Aaron. "The Gray." Esquire. August 29, 2009.
In order to become a deity, an individual must attain the status of immortality. The only way for these individuals to attain such status is to master the Five Precepts of Buddhism and reach Enlightenment. Once this is accomplished then the individual can become a deity. However, each God and Goddess only emerges as a real worshipped entity once they have become enshrined through lore and mythology. The Monkey King is perhaps the best known deity in China because the mythology that surrounds him is one of China's oldest and most popular narrative traditions. This story entitled "The Journey to the West" is the real foundation for Monkey King's status as a God within Chinese culture.
The concept of heaven and hell are also confusing when viewed from a western perspective. In Chinese culture, the perception of heaven is that of a supreme power that reigns over lesser Gods and…
The way Covey presents meditation makes an otherwise daunting practice seem approachable and doable. The author frames meditation as being another form of exercise, balance, and self-renewal, not as something reserved for mystics and yogis. After reading the chapter, it is easy to see how and why meditation can be incorporated into a regular regime of self-improvement. Not being so familiar with practicing meditation, I realized that the act involves little more than self-discipline, which is in itself a valuable habit to cultivate.
The next essential component of sharpening the saw is to develop healthy interpersonal relationships. I found this portion of Covey's chapter to be the most inspiring of all of them because how difficult interpersonal relationships can be. To sharpen the saw in the social arena, we need to reexamine some of Covey's other principles, mainly being proactive in our conversations and interactions. For example, instead of arguing…
superhero is no easy feat or task. In order to be a successful superhero, one must possess a universal set of knowledge, skills, and abilities. Based upon Christopher Nolan's interpretation of Batman, it can be argued that Bruce Wayne/Batman possesses the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities to be a superhero.
In order to be successful as a superhero one must know the difference between right and wrong. This ability to discriminate between right and wrong allows a superhero to establish his or her mission. Initially, Bruce Wayne was unable to distinguish between right and wrong and was, in fact, contributed to the evil that he came to revile. In Batman Begins (2005), Wayne is shown to gain first-hand knowledge of the criminal underworld through observation and participation. Through this knowledge, Wayne is able to develop a mission that was supported by his knowledge and experiences. Additionally, knowledge about the limitations…
According to Griffin, the Odyssey is a didactic poem that delights precisely in its own lesson about human fate and its own rhetoric. Thus, as Griffin emphasizes, the Odyssey teaches its reader that the end of human life and of all the disasters, misfortune and happiness that accompanies it is to provide a theme for a beautiful song like that of Ulysses: "From the narration of suffering we are to draw serenity: the gods devise disasters, Odysseus is told, that there may be song among men (8.579), and to listen to that sad song gives delight. Listen and learn, Penelope was told: the gods bring unhappiness on many others besides you (1.353-5). In the end Odysseus and Penelope have learned that hard lesson. Life is full of unhappiness, but that is what is transmuted into song. They achieve harmony with that process and learn, as we are to learn, the…
Griffin, Jasper. Homer: The Odyssey. Cambridge University Press, 1987, pp 47-98
Halkin, Hillel. "Sailing to Ithaca." Commentary 120.4 (Nov 2005): 69(8).
Homer. The Odyssey. New York: Oxford Classics, 1973
Jones, Peter V. "Introduction," in the Odyssey, by Homer, translated by EV Rieu, Penguin Classics, 1991