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Business Ethics - Masters Business Administration Essay - Drawing relevant literature, critically evaluate a position debates firms responsibility maximising shareholder returns. Discuss implications chosen position a manager concerned impact company environment.
Throughout the past recent decades, the means in which the economic agents conduct their business operations have suffered some notable changes, in the meaning that less apparent emphasis comes to be placed on profits, and more on generating socio-economic benefits. The companies as such seek to create pleasant and stimulating working environments for their staff members, to create high quality and innovative products and services for their customers and to support the development of the communities in which they operate.
In other words, while the ultimate purpose of the firms remains that of registering profits, they seek to attain this objective by maintaining positive relationships with their various stakeholder categories, and also creating benefits for the employees,…
Cramer, J. Bergmans, F. (2003) Learning about corporate social responsibility: the Dutch experience. IOS Press. ISBN 4274906132
Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J. Ferrell, L. (2010). Business ethics: ethical decision making and cases. Cengage Learning. ISBN 1439042233
Garrett, J. (2012). Benefits of corporate social responsibility. Facilities Management Advisors LLC. http://facilitiesmanagementadvisors.com/2012/03/10/benefits-of-corporate-social-responsibility / accessed on January 30, 2013
Ocampo, J.A., Stiglitz, J.E. (2008) Capital market liberalization and development. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199230587
Penn is handled through the Wharton School, which also administers the graduate MBA program. Students take an intensive course load of business fundamentals, as well as credits devoted to traditional liberal arts degrees. That course load is indicative of the standard four- ear degree which is standard for other academic disciplines. That said the emphasis for the undergraduate business major is clearl designed to provide students with an education that is valuable to emploers from da one.
"Driven b the recession and one of the largest incoming freshman classes in the nation's histor, the business major is experiencing a surge in popularit among students" (Damast. a. September 24, 2009). Yet, the increased popularit of the business administration major underscores the long-term trend of the business degree.
Business has alwas been a popular major among undergraduates. In academic
ear 2006-07, the largest number of bachelor's degrees conferred was in business (21%),…
year 2006-07, the largest number of bachelor's degrees conferred was in business (21%), followed by social sciences and history (11%), education (7%), and health sciences (7%), according to the most recent figures available from the Education Dept.'s National Center for Education Statistics. (Damast. a. September 24, 2009).
The business administration student upon graduation can expect an extremely competitive salary. "According to a July report from the National Association of Colleges and Employers, the average starting salary for 2009 college graduates with bachelor's degrees in business increased less than 1%, to $47,239" (Damast. a. September 24, 2009). As the recession's lingering effects recede and economic growth returns, the job market for business school graduates should be one of the faster growing hiring segments. "The undergraduate business degree is now clearly on the path to respectability" (Bloomberg-Businessweek. May 8, 2006).
In discussing the business administration major it would be remiss not to mention the
In addition to saving time and money, analytical skills are also vital in interpersonal relationships, which has become an important part of Business Administration. The analyst is no longer required to only address issues of economics and science; instead, the interpersonal component of management has become an inextricable part of leadership.
When interpersonal problems among employees for example need to be solved, analytical skills can be applied to help find a quick and amiable solution.
In more concrete terms, my current major is Economics. I believe that my knowledge of this direction will compliment the Management Science direction in a mutually beneficial way. In other words, when completing my studies in Management Science, I believe that my combination of talent, skills and knowledge will equip me to enter the business and management world at the highest levels, with a holistic approach to profitability and…
Bachelor's of Business Administration with a special concentration in legal studies opens up a plethora of career opportunities with possible advancement into the field of law. According to the Glossary of Bachelor's Degree Programs on the Education Portal, "A BBA in Legal Studies prepares a student to work in various law sectors" including "public welfare, insurance, social services, human resources, real estate, taxes, banking, human rights, finance, business, and many others." The reasons for pursuing this degree are extensive. A high level of job security, relatively high starting and peak earnings salary, and tremendous amount of job flexibility and variety rank among the top reasons for pursuing a Bachelor's of Business Administration with a special concentration in legal studies. Because the degree can become a precursor to law school and a career as a lawyer, future career options are not only lucrative but also personally rewarding.
A lawyer has the…
Boyer, Allison. "Top 10 Reasons to Become a Lawyer." eHow. Retrieved online: http://www.ehow.com/list_6511480_top-10-reasons-become-lawyer.html
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition, Lawyers, on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos053.htm (visited April 09, 2011).
"Business Law." Retrieved online: http://www.hg.org/corp.html
Drexel University. "Bachelor of Science in Business Administration - Legal Studies." Retrieved online: http://www.hotcoursesusa.com/us/bachelor-of-science-in-business-administration-legal-studies-at-drexel-university-570388-usa.html
Masters in information technology may sound like one field that is not directly connected with Business administration but my decision to pursue this degree comes from the knowledge that these two fields are indeed intricately connected. We cannot ignore the fact that information technology is the most rapidly expanding field and one whose importance cannot be overlooked. Any business that hopes to survive today must understand the role of IT in the business world today or they can easily perish.
My undergraduate degree in Business administration has prepared me for the management side of business, Masters in information technology would help me expand my knowledge and make it more multi-dimensional which is critical for success in business world today. It is no longer ideal to stay focused on only one area of business operations, and therefore I would like to pursue a degree in a field that's closely connected with…
Narrative to Accompany the Award of Legion of Merit
MSG TAMIKA L. WYNN
Master Sergeant Tamika L. Wynn is a shining example in the military. Born on 25 June 1975 in Columbus, her military career began 18 November 1993 when Master Sergeant Tamika L. Wynn entered the army and underwent Basic Training at Fort Jackson, SC. For her it seemed like the right choice, an easy choice. She wanted to serve the country that she loves. So she began her journey that day and later attended Advance Individual Training at Fort Lee, VA becoming a 92A Material Storage and Handling Specialist. Just two years later, in 1995, she graduated from the Warrior Leader Course. Her path continued on an upward trajectory and in 199 she took on the Advanced Leaders Course, graduating from it and the Senior Leader Course in 2005 in Fort Lee, VA.
She was not just driven…
Changes in U.S. Business Ethics Practices
Changes in U.S. Business Ethics Practices Since Sep 11, 2001
The incident of 9/11 made the world pass though many sad and undesirable changes. One of such changes is declining rate of ethical considerations in U.S. based commercial organization. The subject is important to explore as it is likely to affect the image of U.S. business organizations. Furthermore, it is also expected that U.S. literature upon management and business administration may fail to appeal the world as the practices are not aligned with it.
The paper explains the changes in lieu of unfortunate incident of 9/11 in USA and casts light upon the implication of ethical consideration presently enforced in U.S. based organizations.
Changes in U.S. Business Ethics Practices Since Sep 11, 2001
The incident of 9/11 was an unfortunate event for many nations of the worlds including Americans. The incident changed…
Angle, C. (2008). Defining Ethics Good & Evil. New York: Philosophy Publishing.
Bacher, C. (2007). Corporate Social Responsibility. Germany: GRIN Verlag.
Bergen, P. (2011). The Longest War America and Al-Qaeda since 9/11. New York: Free Press.
Carroll, A. And Buchholtz, A. (2011). Business & Society. USA: Cengage Learning.
Master's Public Administration
My interest in nonprofit administration is has sprung from my extensive experience in the field, and my conviction that fund management can be one of the most important aspects of successfully managing a nonprofit organization. In the past ten years, I have played an important role in assuring the fiscal health of a number of important nonprofit organizations. Attending graduate school in Master in Public Affairs, with a specialization in Nonprofit Administration, would greatly enhance my work experience and allow me to develop a new level of professionalism and competence in the field of nonprofit fund management.
One of the most important challenges in nonprofit administrations is fund management. A nonprofit organization is in an important and unique position of trust, as it often manages large amounts of money that are earmarked for specific charities. As such, all financial dealings within a nonprofit organization must be dealt…
This means that you must continually monitor and communicate about possible changes, pertaining to the overall scope of the threat. Once this occurs, is when an entity will have an effective security procedure that will adapt to the various changes that are taking place.
This is significant, because this information can be used to corroborate the overall nature of security threats that could be faced by the SME. Where, this information is useful in helping to identify and address possible operational considerations that must be taken into account. As a result, this will help to provide not only a glimpse of possible security challenges that will be faced, but it will also help to establish an effective IT security protocol.
When you compare this with the previous source, this information can be used to highlight specific security threats that the company we are examining could face. Where, it discusses the…
E Commerce Growth. (2010). Strategic E-Commerce Solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.sescommerce.com/ecommerce-growth.asp
Internet Usage Statistics. (2010). Internet World Stats. Retrieved from: http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm
PEW Wireless Internet Usage Rising. (2010). Wireless Week. Retrieved from: http://www.wirelessweek.com/News/2010/07/PEW-Wireless-Internet-Use-Rising-Mobile-Content/
Reflective Writing. (2010). UNSW. Retrieved from http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/reflective.pdf
Another factor that must be taken into consideration is represented by the business etiquette in China. Business etiquette in this country is significantly different than that of Western countries, but it is similar to other Asian countries. The analysis of business etiquette is based on the cultural dimensions that characterize the Chinese population. Same as in the case of other Asian cultures, China has a high long-term orientation, which means that the country's population has a strong attitude on persevering. Also, there is a high level of power and wealth inequality within the society. The Chinese culture is a collectivist one, and businessmen should refer to this fact in their meetings with Chinese partners (International Business Center, 2008).
The differences between the business etiquette in China and those in other countries refer to aspects like the appearance and clothing style, the behavior at meeting, offering and receiving gifts, and communications.…
1. Import Export Flow Chart (2008). HKTDC. Retrieved August 10, 2011 from http://www.hktdc.com/info/mi/a/bgcn/en/1X002LZA/1/Guide-to-Doing-Business-in-China/2-1-Import-Export-Flow-Chart.htm .
2. China (2008). International Business Center. Retrieved August 10, 2011 from http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/china.htm .
Business Environment in Taiwan
Taiwan is an island situated approximately 180 kilometers (Eastern Asia) away from southeastern coast of mainland China. Having a geographical area of 35,883 Km2, Taiwan is officially part of the Peoples epublic of China (PC) although there is much tension between Taiwan and China regarding statehood of Taiwan. The U.S. however does not acknowledge Taiwan as a separate state. Taiwan has a population of 23 million (consisting three main ethnic groups i.e. Taiwanese, Mainland Chinese, and indigenous people) and Taipei is the capital city of Taiwan. Of late, relations between Taipei and Beijing have been cordial. Taiwan follows a civil law system and has a multiparty democracy as governance system (Department of Investment Services, 2013). Being a thriving economy based on hi-tech industrial base and trade relations with most of the developed world, the country is deemed an important destination by multinational corporations (MNCs) for the…
Chow, G., & Lin, A.L. (2002). Accounting for economic growth in Taiwan and Mainland China: a comparative analysis. Journal of Comparative Economics,30(3), 507-530.
Council for Economic Planning and Development & MOTC. (2013). Taiwan lowers Threshold for establishment of international airlines. CEPD. Retrieved from: http://www.cepd.gov.tw/encontent/m1.aspx?sNo=0019595
Council for Economic Planning and Development. (2013). Removal of items from negative list increase choices for foreign investors. CEPD. Retrieved from: http://www.cepd.gov.tw/encontent/m1.aspx?sNo=0019594
Department of Investment Services. (2013). Invest in Taiwan: Stable Politics, Emphasis on Democracy, Laws, and Freedom. Ministry of Economic Affairs Taiwan. Retrieved from: http://investtaiwan.org/matter/show_eng.jsp?ID=412
It is not known what the most prudent decisions she can make about her responsibilities to herself and others are. The reason is that "she" is not defined. This is a personal pronoun indicating a female, yet no female has been introduced in the narrative. So it is unknown to which person the pronoun "she" refers. Is it the organization's principle?
Well, again, this is a question that refers back to the first question. The first question cannot be answered because the protagonist of that question is never identified. We need to know that before we can understand what the responsibilities she might have are, which in turn would allow us to answer about the implications of those responsibilities.
Chapter 6. An exploratory study is one on a topic that is ill-defined whereas a formal study should have a clearly-defined topic. Experimental designs are ones that test a…
No author. (2014). Basics of survey and question design. HowTo.gov. Retrieved March 24, 2014 from http://www.howto.gov/customer-experience/collecting-feedback/basics-of-survey-and-question-design
here are many different things that I have done in my career that relate to business acumen. One of these came fairly recently, in July of 2004, when I was asked to plan and execute a dedication ceremony that involved the opening of a Veterans Conference Room in Washington, DC. he auditorium at the VA Headquarters was renovated for this purpose. I was given three months to pull this together and create a program and ceremony that was worthy of this event. In addition to planning this ceremony, the day-to-day activities of myself and my staff had to go on, and there were other notable events that were going on at the same time, such as awards ceremonies, the observance of Veteran's Day, and VA holiday activities. hese were all coordinated and planned during the same time that I was working to create the ceremony for the conference…
The goal for the ceremony was to be able to accommodate 300 guests. Invitations through various forms were sent out to 2000 total guests who were all stakeholders of the event and the guest of honor. Five areas of the guest of honor's life were also focused on by the video team, including his work in the business community, his military service, his White House service, his work with the Montgomery GI Bill, and the impact that he had on making the VA a cabinet level agency.
In order to foster good relations with the guest of honor, I personally flew to Jackson, Mississippi and met with him and his associates. The project was discussed at that time and the goals and possible needs were also addressed so that everyone involved with the project was prepared for what was going to happen and was ready for any issues that might come up. The meeting was very successful, and also fostered a relationship with Mississippi State University (MSU) which allowed them to provide me with some virtually priceless documents that were displayed by the department at the ceremony and which will also remain in display cases in the conference room forever.
I held team meetings three times per week, conducted visits to the site, and had walk-throughs with my team, as well as the Chief of Staff and others that were involved in the ceremony. The event was planned and executed successfully, and their were over 350 guests that attended the ceremony. This was a significant event for the guest of honor, for myself, and for all that were involved in the planning and the ceremony itself. The guest of honor was extremely pleased with the event, and favorable comments are still being received by my staff and myself. Because I was able to raise the bar and gain strong support for this event, the impact of these efforts ensured that the VA and a grateful nation paid respect for the seemingly tireless efforts of a soldier, citizen, patriot, congressman, and public servant.
Removing losses from the company's books made the main corporation look more attractive. Enron appeared to be operating at a profit; a key factor in the valuation of any company's stock. By virtue of this "success," Enron was able to raise even more money for more investments.
The architects of all this "growth" profited accordingly. Ken Lay and his associates held large amounts of exceedingly valuable and overvalued stock. hen Enron's cheating was finally exposed, it became painfully apparent to what extent Ken Lay, Jeff Skilling, and other Enron executives had been making vast sums of money on the backs of gullible workforce, and a gullible public:
The "Enron Nine" (if we may call them that) are J.P. Morgan Chase, Citigroup, Credit Suisse First Boston, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, Barclays, Deutsche Bank and Lehman Brothers. These financial institutions collaborated with the now-bankrupt energy company…
http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=5001896979' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
It is important to determine governing rules and regulations in other countries (I, 2000). By doing this basic research it is evident that one must have citizenship in hina to have the below mentioned rights and privileges. (T, 2000) stated the following articles as parts of the laws governing hina: Article 10. Land in the cities is owned by the state. Land in the rural and suburban areas is owned by collectives except for those portions which belong to the state in accordance with the law; house sites and private plots of cropland and hilly land are also owned by collectives. The state may in the public interest take over land for its use in accordance with the law. No organization or individual may appropriate, buy, sell or lease land, or unlawfully transfer land in other ways. All organizations and individuals who use land must make rational use of the…
China Today (2000). Chinal General Information. China Today,. Retrieved 09/19/05, from www.chinatoday.com
China organization (2000). China's official Gateway to News and Info. Retrieved 09/19/05, from www.china.org.cn
Steps to establishing
Like all other aspects of business today, security systems often prove to be highly complex and hard (even for the participants) to identify.
The culture of an organization is like the culture of a family, a community, or a nation: Because it surrounds the people in it they often have a great deal of difficulty in recognizing to what extent policies and procedures arise from the constraints of culture and what therefore can be relatively easily changed. Matz (2010) summarizes the ways in which organizational culture both supports an organization and can blind the individuals in it to ways in which their actions may no longer be as effective as they once were:
… the essence of organisational cultures consists of a set of 'unspoken rules' that exist without conscious knowledge of the members of the organisation. Over time the invisibility of the attributes at the deepest level…
Dalton, D.R. (2003). Rethinking Corporate Security in the Post 9/11 Era, New York: Butterworth-Heinemann
Deal, T.E. & Kennedy, a.A. (1982). Corporate Cultures: The Rites, and Rituals of Corporate Life, London: Penguin.
Gartenberg, M. (2005). How to develop an enterprise security policy. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/98896/How_to_develop_an_enterprise_security_policy .
Johnston, L. & Shearing, C. (2003). Governing Security: Explorations in Policing and Justice. London: Routledge.
A favorite target for conspiracists today as well as in the past, a group of European intellectuals created the Order of the Illuminati in May 1776, in Bavaria, Germany, under the leadership of Adam Weishaupt (Atkins, 2002). In this regard, Stewart (2002) reports that, "The 'great' conspiracy organized in the last half of the eighteenth century through the efforts of a number of secret societies that were striving for a 'new order' of civilization to be governed by a small group of 'all-powerful rulers.' The most important of these societies, and the one to which all subsequent conspiracies could be traced, is the Illuminati founded in Bavaria on May 1, 1776 by Adam Weishaupt" (p. 424). According to Atkins, it was Weishaupt's fundamental and overriding goal to form a secret organization of elite members of Europe's leading citizens who could then strive to achieve the Enlightenment version of revolutionary social…
American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication manual of the American Psychological
Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Anderson, J. (1981, 1723). The charges of a Free-Mason extracted from the ancient records of lodges beyond the sea, and of those in England, Scotland, and Ireland, for the use of the lodges in London: To be read at the making of new brethren, or when the master shall order it. Reprinted in The Radical Enlightenment: Pantheists, Freemasons, and Republicans, by M.C. Jacob, 279-285. London and Boston: Allen & Unwin in Harland-
Jacobs at p. 237.
The ole legal nurse consultant may provide service in a number of roles, including but not limited to:
Trainer and in-service presenter
Quality improvement, risk management, claims management
Liability insurance marketer and clinical resource" (Chizek, 2003)
As standards of care constantly change, medical and nursing staff must keep informed of current standard to develop and/or modify policies and procedures, which must be maintained and secured indefinitely. In the event the facility is sued, these will be used to establish the current standard during the time of the questionable occurrence. Policies and procedures also provide the legal nurse consultant with the foundation for facility documentation to be judged for compliance. (Chizek, 2003)
The minimum length of time the modified policies and procedures should be kept is the time frame of the statute of limitations in the individual jurisdiction. In most jurisdictions,…
http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=5001243047' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Dream: I become a business consultant in a company that specializes in developing marketing strategies for cosmetics products.
• My Life Role: College student
• My Long-Term Goals in This Role:
I earn an associate of arts (A.A.) degree by June 2012.
I earn a bachelor of arts (B.A.) degree by June 2014.
I participate in a two-month business internship in an advertising company in the summer of 2014.
I earn a master of business administration (MBA) degree by June 2016.
I publish a scholarly business journal article by the time I earn my master's degree.
• My Short-Term Goals in This Role: (this semester)
I achieve an A in my English 1, Counseling, Introduction to Business, and Business Law classes by May 12.
I complete a research paper about the importance of marketing strategies for my introductory business class by April 14.
I discuss the findings of my paper…
This method is a descendant of a Rand Corporation study methodology changed from war planning and now applied to changing university curricula. t will produce changing and dynamic profiles as the needs arise for a study.
t is a research technique with flexibility that has been used in a program at the University of Calgary to explore new concepts of the information systems body of knowledge in business. The Delphi method is a process to collect and distill the anonymous judgments of experts while using a set of data collection/analysis techniques that are interspersed with feedback. The method is suited as a research tool when there is incomplete data about a problem or phenomenon. This method works well when the goal is to improve the understanding of problems solutions, or to make forecasts. t is advantageous from a quantitative standpoint. t is very useful for helping to develop profiles of…
In Academy of Management, 8,633 incumbent managers from 52 managerial occupations were polled and the results showed that behavioral competencies are the very competencies that are least represented in the required MBA curricula. The findings further indicate that the institutional factors such as the media rankings and the mission orientation have almost no effect on the realignment of curricula with critical competencies. The advantage of this study is that shows how far most business schools have to go to reform their programs. Again, the downside are conservative faculty who drag their feet (Rubin & E.C., 2009, 208).
Waller, A.D. (2008). Perceptions of emotional intelligence preparation and industry expectations for utah state university mba graduates. (pp. 1-148). Salt Lake City Utah: Utah State University.
Finally, graduate business students themselves seem to feel they are being short changed, according to a dissertation by Arthur D. Waller of the Utah State University. According to the students in this study, a great skill lacking in graduate business school curricula, are training in the area of teamwork and leadership development. These students felt that the most important elements of a company are its people and that the technocratic nature of present programs overlook this. Unfortunately, this approach does ask companies what they want (Waller, 2008, iii-iv).
How Should a Christian Business Proceed?
As in any major decision, especially involving finances, Christians should only proceed after following these steps:
Prayer -- Seek God's guidance though daily prayer;
Studying His Word -- John 1:3 "…and the Word was God." Allow God to speak to you through His Word.
Seeking wise counsel -- Prov. 12:15 "…but a wise man is he who listens to counsel."
Asking a simple question -- "Do I see God's Hand in action?" Is God opening doors, such as bringing His people into your life as potential partners or by overcoming potential obstacles?
One would be naive to think that just because a business partner is Christian means they will therefore avoid all potential trouble. Plenty of Christian partnerships experience challenges, thus involving activities not pleasing to God, such as embezzlement, laziness, sexual indiscretions, sharp disagreements, lawsuits, divorce, etc... Soured relationships and sin is not…
Bagley, C.E. And Savage D. (2009). Managers and the legal environment: Strategies for the 21st Century (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Biblica. (2011). Various scriptures. Retrieved from http://www.biblegateway.com
Naughton, M., & Cornwall, J.R. (2009). Culture as the basis of the good entrepreneur. Journal of Religion & Business Ethics, 1(1), 1-13.
The market analysis is provided in Table 2.
Table 2: Market Analysis
The company will also use different market strategy to achieve its business goals. Ivy Discover will run a very attractive advertising banner on different websites, which are constantly being visited by target customers, and the business will use several different form of promotion to attract potential customers. The promotion strategy will include discounted package deal. The sale process will include several criteria such as product presentation, relationship building, customer requirements, or needs. The company will build technical products that…
Chaffey, D. (2002) E-business and e-commerce management. Financial Times/Prentice Hall. Harlow, UK.
Cote, L. Vezina, M.and Sabourin, V.(2005). The Strategic Management Process in E-Business. Ivey Business Journal.
Kooten, M. (2009).Software Industry Defies Economic Crisis. Top 100 Research Foundation.
Chantrill, C. (2012). U.S. Real GDP Chart. Government Spending.USA.
Global usiness Cultural Analysis: Singapore
The objective of this study is to answer the questions how the major elements and dimension of culture including religion, ethics, values, attitudes, manners, customs, social structures, and organizations integrated in Singapore by local conducting business. As well, this work will answer how these elements and dimensions compare with United States culture and business. Finally, this work will examine the implications for United States businesses that wish to conduct business in Singapore.
The work of Abeysinghe and Choy (2009) reports that the economy in Singapore has been undergone a transformation that has turned it into "…an Asian powerhouse…" due to the "far-sighted economic policies. The economy of Singapore is proof of the outcome of a market-driven economy taking place during fast development of high per capita income, and an environment free of corruption in which the workforce is both motivated and educated. The financial infrastructure…
Abeysinghe, T. And Choy, Meng Choy (2009) The Singapore Economy: An Econometric Perspective. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Abeysinghe, Tilak. 1996. Electronics and Growth Cycles in Singapore. National University of Singapore, Department of Economics and Statistics, Econometrics Studies Unit, Mid-Year Review of the Singapore Economy.
Asian Wall Street Journal. 1994. "Singapore Unveils Plans for Performing Arts Center," July 22 -- 23: 1.
Bachtiar, I. 2002. The conservation story. In Skyline, Commemorative Edition 2002. Singapore: Urban Redevelopment Authority.
As the course closes, the time has come for self-reflection and course evaluation. The following reflection contains self-examination as a student within the course as well as reflections upon how the course contriutes to the student's education and career. The paper descries which modules were the most useful, difficult, and easy for the student. The paper descries an appreciation for the topic of Organizational Studies and realizes the practicality for students in many fields to e exposed to this suject.
Reflections upon the Course Conclusion
This course has helped me come upon several important realizations regarding scholarship, research, teaching & learning, and oviously, realizations regarding organizational studies. I realize that Organizational Studies is not a suject that should e limited to usiness related degree programs. Organizational Studies is a topic to which students across a large spectrum of disciplines should e exposed. There is an increase of attention, research,…
bibliography, and research, knowledge of variables becomes increasingly critical. Therefore, I appreciated the challenge of distinguishing and generating variables in the modules. I learned about the influence of variables upon research questions and hypotheses, too. Variables are terms and things that are thrown around the academic realm, but not many researchers have a deep and practical understanding of variables and their function(s) in research at all stages. The work spent with variables, research questions, and hypotheses, though arduous, gave me confidence to complete doctoral research projects.
The most enjoyable module for me was the one where students engaged with heuristics. I am a creative person and believe that there is room for creativity in all academic disciplines. Therefore, heuristics, for me, was very enjoyable. I found that heuristics exercised my creativity muscles satisfactorily and it also gave me awareness in research. Heuristics will help me keep my research from stagnating and will help me stay innovative and open-minded in approaching my research. Heuristics helps keep research stay fresh and helps researchers locate and fill gaps in existing research.
Overall, I found the course to be practical and I am a person with an appreciation for utility. The course really made me work and I realize the benefits more so as the course concludes and I am sure I will see further benefits as my education and career progress.
New Marketing Plan
Overview of Company
Dawn is a startup company that plans on making the most of the prospect that is the entrance into retirement age of the Baby Boomer generation. The company perceives this as a business opportunity to offer services to this population. In particular, the company will serve as a housing community that offers the product package or services to active seniors who have attained 55 years of age and above. This will encompass assisted living that could be partial or full-time, depending on the needs of the client. Dawn intends to not only offer these services, but also other amenities that will make life comfortable for the adult patients. The company plans on setting up its premises in Boston. The following is a marketing plan that is purposed on creating a profitable business model for the company.
Market esearch Strategies
The company will make use…
Ferrell, O. C., Hartline, M. (2014). Marketing Strategy. Ohio: South Western Cengage Learning.
Pride, W., Ferrell, O. C. (2010). Marketing. Ohio: South Western Cengage Learning.
Hanssens, D. M., Pauwels, K. H., Srinivasan, S., Vanhuele, M., & Yildirim, G. (2014). Consumer attitude metrics for guiding marketing mix decisions. Marketing Science, 33(4), 534-550.
Henry, A. (2011). Understanding Strategic Management. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sub: comment on John's claim as a whistle blower against PharmaCAE and the ethical and legal implications of the case
As a member of Dewey, Chetum, and Howe you asked me to find out suitable ethical and legal implications that John's case could bring for the firm and for John himself. Detailed in the report are the issues regarding:
The Ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety in relation to PharmaCAE
Business ethics can be defined as the art, system, method and the discipline that is applied to along with ethical principles to solve complex business issues and dilemmas. It defines the actions that are taken that tries to reach a balance between the organization achieving its business and economic obligations and social obligations (Moon, 2001).
One of the ethics that is applicable in this case is related to the advertisement…
Accessdata.fda.gov,. (2015). CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Retrieved 6 June 2015, from http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=201.56
Accessdata.fda.gov,. (2015). CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Retrieved 6 June 2015, from
FIFA wanted to increase compliance with its regulations and pursue investigations where players insult each other under FIFA Disciplinary Code Article 54. How would you advise FIFA to accomplish this?
A story occurred in July 2006, where Zinedine Zidaine, a hugely popular French football player butted his competitor during the World Cup match in Berlin. Zidaine won and was acclaimed as a hero in his country but, within two days of the World Cup final, FIFA announced that disciplinary proceedings against Zidaine had begun and that his action could not go unnoticed. FIFA's president announced that Zidaine may have to return the Golden Ball award. The roots of the problem, however, were not so clear: Zidaine's opponent, the Italian Materazzi had taunted Zidaine on his roots and family and had insulted him (Babson). The FIFA Disciplinary Code Article 54 prohibits players from insulting one another. Insults often lead into violence…
Babson: Zidaine's last red card. (pdf)
.FIFA.com. Social Responsibitly
FIFA Disciplianry Code. 2011. http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/administration/50/02/75/discoinhalte.pdf
This a asters Business Administration (BA) Paper Operations anagement There a paper required, due parts. Each part a maximum 4 pages long , counting text exhibits, excluding bibliography references.
Offset and digital printing often faces quality issues related to several factors. The differences and similarities that exist between offset and digital print in the quality assurance process though the two methods share common demerits. Offset printing, which is applicable to a wide range of materials, produces more frequent quality issues than digital print, which has been referred to by White (1975) as sharper and suffering from less technical constraints such as resolution. However, for digital print, resolution also serves as an issue because where a lower-resolution design is used, the print quality suffers as well. oreover, digital printers suffer from lack of digital printing standards which means providers who use digital print have few tools and…
Materazzi, A.R., & Meade, C.B. (1977). GPO's Quality Assurance Through Attributes Program.: TAGA Proceedings.
Norberg, O., Westin, P., & Lindberg, S. (2001). A Comparison of Print Quality between Digital and Traditional Technologies. Paper presented at the International Conference on Digital Production Printing and Industrial Applications.
White, I.C. (1975). The Print Quality Index - A Management Tool (pp. 259-269): TAGA Proceedings.
isks and Benefits of Enterprises
Creating a culture of innovation
Innovation in emerging Countries
Government's involvement in innovation
2008 Hot Trends
Value of Video
isks and Benefits of Enterprises
Categorize some of the risks and benefits for each:
small medium enterprises
One of the prime advantages of small and medium enterprises is that it caters to small markets and thus is able to improvise and know exactly the requirements and demands of the customers. His gives them expertise and makes most of them specialists.
Another advantage of a small and medium enterprise is that being small, such firms are able to adjust quickly to changes in the market place. There is very little red tapism and hierarchies are not present this enhances the decision making process. This form of enterprises also allows for job flexibilities for employees as they do not have roles that are cast-in-stone (Kuratko &…
Handel, M. (2003). The sociology of organizations. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Horibe, F. (2001). Creating the innovation culture. Toronto: J. Wiley & Sons.
Kuratko, D. (2013). Introduction to entrepreneurship. [Australia]: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Kuratko, D., & Hodgetts, R. (2004). Entrepreneurship. Mason, Ohio: Thomson/South-Western.
Fountain Inc. is a company that will be set in the non-alcoholic beverage industry. In particular, the company will focus on producing energy drinks to the market. Fountain Inc. intends to provide the consumer market with an ostentatious product combined with outstanding value, manufacturing and retailing a drink that not only increases and boosts the consumers' energy, but also congruently provides an enjoyable and satisfying taste. In recent periods, statistics indicate a steady increase in the consumption levels of energy drinks, not only in the United States, but globally as well. The main headquarters of Fountain Inc. will be situated in the state of Ohio.
Mission and Vision
The mission of the company is to manufacture non-alcoholic beverages that have a transcendent taste that will oppose all other beverages in the marketplace and one that offers an energizing feel to the customers enduring for a lengthy…
Abrams, R. (2001). Five F's of motivating customers. Enquirer. Retrieved 16 January, 2016 from: http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2001/07/08/fin_five_fs_of.html
Abrams, R. M. (2003). The Successful Business Plan: Secrets & Strategies. Canada: The Planning Shop.
Caffeine Informer. (2015). Top 14 Energy Drink Dangers. Retrieved 16 January, 2016 from: http://www.caffeineinformer.com/top-10-energy-drink-dangers
Dickson, P. R., Ginter, J. L. (1987). Market Segmentation, Product Differentiation and Marketing Strategy. Journal of Marketing, 51(2), 1-10.
obot Cleaning Machine
Business Plan for a Cleaning obot
Here at Top Not Cleaning Solutions we have a specific position of techniques, beliefs, and regulations for controlling a certain order when we make business decisions such as the idea that developing a new cleaning robot that the committee would like to propose which is the new plan to build, test, and market the new Bot2000. The purpose behind the new Bot2000 is to offer a more competitive machine that has all of the features of our current in home Bots500, and we believe by adding what the Bot1000 does for industries can attract different types of consumers. The buyers who need these cleaning solutions for their homes and businesses will be one of the target consumers as well as people, especially mothers who would like to do a more detailed cleaning of their homes, as well as people who own…
.LogisticsBureau. (2007). Welcome to logistics Bureau supply chain & logistics management consultants. Retrieved from http://www.logisticsbureau.com/
MarketingTeacher.com. (2011). Marketing mix: what is the marketing mix? Retrieved from http://www.marketingteacher.com/lessonstore/lesson-marketing-mix.html
Business Plan for Tailoring Workshop Company: A Tailor Shop on Wheels
This business plan is for the Tailoring Workshop Company (hereinafter alternatively "the company"), a mobile tailor shop for men clothes that will have a Web site and a mobile app available through the Apple Store. The company will focus on tailoring men's suits only. Customers will be able to contact their personal tailor through the company's Web site or via the mobile app, but there will be no physical brick-and-mortar facilities or retail outlet. Customers will be able to create a free online account that enables them to explore all fabric choices and design collections so they can select the combinations that most appeal to them. The mobile app and Web site will facilitate changes so that customers can instantaneously visualize the results of their choices. In addition to using the company's available designs, customers will also be able…
Craik, J. (1993). The face of fashion: Cultural studies in fashion. London: Routledge.
Dahl, D. (2011). How to write an operational plan for your business. Inc. Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/guides/201107/how-to-write-an-operational-plan-for-your-small-business.html .
Davis, J. (2009, October 12). Clothier of generations, Svoboda will close Arlington Heights
men's store bows to age, fashion trends. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL), 1.
As with many pharmaceutical products manufacturers, the extent of supply chain and quality performance has a direct effect on distribution, profitability and services performance as well (tevenson, 2012).
Beginning with supply chain management, J&J has an intensively level of supplier audits they expect each supplier to pass and also randomly be able to manage as they provide materials, components and subassemblies to the company (Wechsler, 2011). upplier audits form the interlinking process to Quality Management, another strategic operations management initiative in the comp[any as well. J&J also uses these supplier audits to ensure alignment to the Collaborative, Planning, Forecasting & Replenishment (CPFR) processes which are critical to their success in anticipating global demand for products by business unit (Weill, Ross, 2005). upply chain management is the unifying operations management strategy that keeping the entire value chain and quality levels of J&J aligned to corporate objectives and standards (Weill, Ross, 2005)…
Sources: (Connolly, 2007) (Hook, 2010) (SAP Practice on Life Sciences Supply Chains) (J&J Investor Relations, 2012)
J&J has a strong focus on operations management strategies, techniques and frameworks as the company is heavily reliant on them to continually meet federal and international compliance requirements for their products (Wechsler, 2011). The focus on supply chain integration to quality management is critical for any business' supply chain to execute the many processes and transactions necessary to grow a business (Stevenson, 2012). For J&J the highly regulated nature of the product quality levels for their products make the integration of these two areas essential for their continued profitability and growth.
Christine Connolly. (2007). Sensor trends in processing and packaging of foods and pharmaceuticals. Sensor Review, 27(2), 103.
Small Business Strategy
Small Business Marketing Strategy
A television commercials business
The small business will be termed as a television commercials business. The business involves marketing of products and services that include television gadgets, programs, hardware, software, and services related with television services. The small business will start operations as a small entrepreneur that accommodates and sells small and support gadgets that are related to television services in town. The objective of the business is to be a global force in provision and sell of television brands in the years to come. The business thrives in the motive of becoming one of suppliers and repairers of television materials in the region. The business has been established on the notion that there are many services and materials that can be provided to people with opportunities being utilized. As part of the objectives of business, services offered will have to meet the…
Cronin-Gilmore, J. (2010). Small business marketing strategy: Exploring marketing strategies for small businesses in the United States. Saarbru-cken: VDM Verlag Dr.
Debelak, D. (2000). Streetwise marketing plan: Winning strategies for every small business.
Holbrook, Mass: Adams Media.
Effect of External and Internal Environment
Organizations have both an internal and external environment. To begin with, the forces or circumstances within the borderline of the organization are the components of the internal environment. Notably, the internal environment comprises for the most part of the owners, employees, board of directors, stakeholders, and the corporate culture. On the other hand, factors that are extrinsic to the organization are the components of the external environment. It is imperative to note that these are elements that the organization bears no control of as they impact the entire the industry and therefore the organization cannot influence how such aspects will shape up (Nieuwenhuizen, Badenhorst-Weiss, and Rossouw, 2008). On the other hand, factors within the internal environment are those that the organization can control and have an effect on how they will turn out to be. The external environment is categorized into the general…
Of course, the FEMA application process itself was also problematic. The SBA created secure Internet-based application templates for aid to expedite the loan request process. Stress testing and plans for maximum user capacity levels was instituted within the system (SBA, 2006, GMO).
User applications were thus better 'triaged' based upon likelihood of approval, and where the loan should be directed. isk modeling was introduced, to help cope with future emergencies. The prediction of damage from a variety of types of disasters, in target locations would allow for anticipation of increased levels of demand (SBA, 2006, GMO). Unfortunately, improvement of the system was undertaken only after the backlog had been created. Unmet demand can create more demand, as businesses without critical resources can fall into more debt and see more damage being done to their businesses, as a result of the aftereffects of the disaster.
While the SBA blamed its faulty…
SBA: Actions needed to provide more timely data assistance. (2006). GMO. Retrieved August
8, 2010 at http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06860.pdf
US Small Business Association awards contract to SRA. (2006, April 3). SRA. Retrieved August
8, 2010 at http://www.sra.com/news/press-releases/phoenix.zhtml?print=1&ID=837791&c=131092&highlight=&p=irol-newsArticle
There are advantages of telecommuting for both employees and employers. Advantages for teleworkers include: better administration of time and augmented flexibility of working schedule, productivity development due to the fact that they are not bothered by colleagues or by superiors, better focus on tasks to be done, reduction or even elimination of transportation costs, reduction of time required for going to the office and reduction of stress (Hortensia, n.d.).
Advantages for organizations include:
decrease of operating costs involved by the necessity of utilizing working spaces like rent, maintenance and insurance decrease of utilities expenses like gas, electricity and water decrease of the expenditure of consumable materials decrease of salary operating costs, as the teleworkers are paid for their task and not for their time spent at work possibility to have experts located in any part of the world and possibility to hire low cost but capable labor force, for example…
Hortensia, G. (n.d.). Virtual workplace and telecommuting: Challenges that redefine the concept of work and workplace. Retrieved from http://steconomice.uoradea.ro/anale/volume/2008/v4-management-marketing/047.pdf
Landers, C. (2008). The Advantages of Virtual Teams. Retrieved from http://www.cheaprevolution.com/the_cheap_revolution/2008/07/the-advantages.html
Telework Overview. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.gsa.gov/portal/content/104528
Thompson, J.A. (2000). Leading Virtual Teams. Retrieved from http://www.qualitydigest.com/sept00/html/teams.html
What is Public Administration?
Marc Holzer -- in the good company of thousands of colleagues in public administration and business -- embraced the box. The box serves to as a frame to our thinking, acts as scaffolding to our decision-making, and serves our innate tendency as human beings to create meaningful patterns from our experience. And how better to improve on the box, than to further divide it into four boxes -- each of which represents the tensions we experience regarding whatever we have put into the box. The box is familiar as it serves many disciplines. Economists may love the box more than any other group, save management consultants. That said, quadrants are a useful heuristic, and I utilize that attribute here in my version as applied to public administration and the management of non-profits.
The four quadrants I describe are, on the vertical axis,…
Buckingham, M. And Coffman, C. (1999). First, Break All the Rules. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Follett, M.P. (1996). The giving of orders. In Shafritz, J.M. & Ott, J.S. (Eds.). Classics of organization theory (pp.156-162). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Gulick, Luther. 1937. Notes on the Theory of Organization. In Papers on the Science of Administration, edited by Luther Gulick and Lydal Urwick. New York. Institute of Public
Administration, Columbia University.
E-Commerce on Business Strategy
The purpose of this literary review is to determine the effects and impacts of e-commerce on business strategies and internal processes with particular emphasis on the travel industry.
Our review will include material from several different sources including the Sloan Management eview, Travel Weekly and white papers from Ernest & Young.
We will begin by defining E-commerce and the impact of it in the new economy. Subsequently we will discuss the impacts and effects of e-commerce on business strategies. Finally our discussion will focus on the Travel industry and the impact of e-commerce on Tour operators.
E-commerce is defined as the use of telecommunications, in particular the Internet, to purchase and sell goods and services. (The Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001) The term e-commerce also refers to using electronic means to improve the way a company does business and to create value, or competitive advantages, for the…
Business/Technology Editors. "Research Finds 4 E-Commerce Strategies - Only 3 Successful." June 12, 2001 PETERBOROUGH, N.H. -- (Business WIRE) -- June 12, 2001
CMC E-commerce Suite, (2002). Available at http://www.cmcltd.com/visic/ecom.htm . Accessed 27, September 2002
E-Commerce 101, (1999). [Online] Available at http://businessmajors.about.com/library/weekly/aa062899.htm?terms=e-commerce
E-commerce With Talisman" [Online].(1999). Available at http://www.datam.co.uk/e_commerce.htm. Accessed 3, October 2002
Accepting Client Assignments
Outstanding client service begins with a full understanding of the client organization, its business needs and the position to be filled. An AESC member should:
Accept only those assignments that a member is qualified to undertake on the basis of the member's knowledge of the client's needs and the member's ability to perform the specific assignment.
Disclose promptly conflicts of interest known to the AESC member and accept assignments only if all affected parties have expressly agreed to waive any conflict.
Develop an understanding with the client that, among other things, makes clear the organizational entity that is defined as the client organization, the fees and expenses to be charged, and any ongoing assurances or guarantees relating to fulfillment of the assignment.
Agree with the client concerning any "off-limits" restrictions or other related policies that govern when and how the member may recruit from the defined client…
Atkins, B. (2006) "Corporate Social Responsibility: Is it irresponsibility?," the Corporate Governance Advisor, pp.28-29.
Baker M.J. (2003) Business and Management research: How to complete your research project successfully. Argyll, Westburn Publishers.
Beach, Elaine 1999: The business of consulting - the basics and beyond. San Francisco, USA:
Google pps for Business
Edward F. Palm, Ph.D.
The recipient of the justification report is the Department of Transportation Federal Railroad dministration (FR) located in Washington, DC. This is a really small agency that currently utilizes Microsoft products throughout its enterprise. The purpose of this report is to justify implementing Google pps for Businesses within FR specifically due to increased cost savings and seamless and real-time collaboration. This report will highlight key components of why and how the aforementioned benefits can be successfully realized.
s the Federal Government continues to see an increasing influx in budget cuts, cost savings continues to become a top priority. Google's web-based messaging and collaboration apps require no hardware or software and need minimal administration, creating tremendous time and cost savings for businesses.
In addition to cost savings benefits, Google pps provides seamless and real time collaboration through the use of cloud services. This suite…
Also at this level, it is important to note the limitations of Google Apps, namely the lack of control over the system, the limitations of the storage capacity or the latency, which is still present, regardless of the improvements made to Google Apps and their integration among devices (Crowder, 2011).
The current section is dedicated to assessing the costs and benefits of implementing Google Apps in the detriment of the Windows
Human Resources -- Technology and in-House Pay Administration
The selection of a provider for in-house wage/salary and benefits administration is difficult but necessary for modern business. After comparing Oracle and ADP, one can rightfully conclude that both providers are quite capable of providing effective software solutions for our company. However, ADP appears more user-friendly for a midsize business trying to efficiently perform these tasks in-house with its administrative staff.
Keeping wage/salary and benefits administration in-house
In order to adequately compare software for wage/salary and benefits administration, it is necessary to define the business of my company, the potential user requirements, information requirements, and technology requirements (Kugel, 2010). The modern business software world is rife with providers. After review of available software, ADP (ADP, Inc., 2014) and Oracle (Oracle, 2014) were compared.
Upon review, ADP was chosen over Oracle. Since the subject company has 200 employees, it is deemed definitely "midsized"…
ADP, Inc. (2014). Payroll services and beyond for midsized business. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from www.adp.com Web site: http://www.adp.com/solutions/midsized-business.aspx
Kugel, R. (2010, Winter). Sharpening compensation management's dull edge. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/821301578
Mattel, G. (2000, July). New technology to support incentive compensation management. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/194699759
Oracle. (2014). Products and Services | Hardware, Software, Services. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from www.oracle.com: http://www.oracle.com/us/products/index.html
Future in Business and Fashion: My Personal Statement
When you know that you want something, you've just got to go for it. At least, that's what my parents always said to me. When you're young, you think that things like this are cliche. Sure, you're supposed to say that, you're my parents. Right? Parents are supposed to be there to uphold your dreams and lift you up so high that you don't realize how far you're supposed to fall...until you do. That's the attitude of a young person toward their parents and all of their wisdom.
Fortunately, I am now an adult and I'm able to see the light, so to speak. I know that my parents were not just spouting off at the mouth and what they said to me for so long was true: if you want something for yourself, sitting back and waiting for it to happen…
tension between businesses interests in maximizing profits and the public's interest in receiving complete, truthful, and non-misleading information about products that they purchase.
The dangers against greenwashing are that consumers will have no confidence in the products or services they are buying. This means that they will not purchase specific items. As they feel they are being deceived and cheated through false labeling / misrepresentation. At the same time, there is the possibility that a firm could face penalties from government regulators who feel that they are engaging in false advertising. This will have a negative impact on the image of the organization and their ability to address the needs of customers in the future. ("Six Sins of Greenwashing," 2007)
For an executive; it is advisable to not practice these kinds of policies. The reason why is because it will hurt the brand image of the products they are selling…
Clean Air Act Summary. (2013). EPA. Retrieved from: http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-clean-air-act
Environmental Protections Rules and Regulations. (2012). Federal Register, 77 (32), 9304 -- 9513.
EPA To Set Modest Pace. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from: http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/6424ac1caa800aab85257359003f5337/d2f038e9daed78de8525780200568bec!OpenDocument
New Source Litigation. (2013). Southern Company. Retrieved from: http://www.southerncompany.com/about-us/suppliers/fuel-services/environmental.cshtml
Using contemporary illustrative examples from academic literature and reputable business publications, discuss the concept of "Social Business" and the resultant opportunity and challenges that are currently being faced by the retail industry globally.
Concept of Social Business
Concept of Social Business with etailers
Social Media and etailing
Best Practices in Administering Social Media
There is a growing body of research that confirms that companies of all sizes and types can realize a wide array of benefits from the use of social media networks. While the types and applications of social media experience constant change, social media content such as blogs and microblogs have become some of the more popular social media tools that have emerged in recent years. Although there a number of benefits and advantages that can be achieved through the use of social media resources, there is a concomitant danger that inappropriate or misguided content can backfire…
'About MySpace,' 2013, MySpace. [online] available: https://myspace.com/ .
'About YouTube,' 2013, YouTube. [online] available: http://www.youtube.com/yt/about/ .
Anderson, DJ 2011, Winter, 'The Foray into Social Media: A Clinician, and Skeptic,
Sold,' Frontiers of Health Services Management, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 23-29.
speak French (this fulfill the requirement of a foreign language) and find that it matches all my interests perfectly in that I have an interest in Practice Management; an Interest in an Administrative Fellowship; and an Interest in academic medicine. I am a pmp candidate. I also have seven years of IT experience with an emphasis on Business Analysis and will shortly be graduating with a Masters in Health Care Administration informatics.
I am attracted to the offer of the Fellowship in that it promises to provide me with the education and practical experience necessary to successfully establish a career in international healthcare management and administration. I have the technical know-how and extensive informatics experience; now I need the practical general experience. The Fellowship offers to give me this through real-time, hands-on operational experiences in top international healthcare institutions -- and this is fantastic since it will bring me into…
An understanding of the facts,
2. An understanding of the codes, roles and values at play,
3. A consideration of all alternatives,
4. A consideration of how you would feel if the plan/action was implemented,
5. A projection of consequences, and
6. A consideration of how you would justify your actions to the public.
arnard also develop a construct called, "moral basis for the solution of moral conflicts." In applying this construct to the police officer's situation, arnard suggests opening up to the co-workers/subordinates to tell them the rationale behind the decision and writing a letter to management perhaps discussing how your role is really an expanded version with duties to the subordinates along with duties and allegiance toward management.
Another potential conflict is within one's self and one's inner values. There might be conflicts between private goals and public goals or between objective and subjective responsibility. Tussman notes that…
Barnard also develop a construct called, "moral basis for the solution of moral conflicts." In applying this construct to the police officer's situation, Barnard suggests opening up to the co-workers/subordinates to tell them the rationale behind the decision and writing a letter to management perhaps discussing how your role is really an expanded version with duties to the subordinates along with duties and allegiance toward management.
Another potential conflict is within one's self and one's inner values. There might be conflicts between private goals and public goals or between objective and subjective responsibility. Tussman notes that in our society, individualism is a prominent value and the public administrator will inevitably struggle to not act in his/her own self-interest and the administrator will also struggle just to not appear as though he/she is acting upon individualist notions. In the modern era, this tendency to not be able to clearly support the public interest over the private interest has increased.
The law provides the moral minimum by which a conflict of interest arises. Indeed, there are other situations which are not strictly delineated by law wherein a conflict of interest may arise. Just because an act is legal, it does not mean it is necessarily ethical. There will also be times when we will challenge a law because it conflicts with our morals or ethics such as the Civil Rights movement of the 1950's and 1960's. Bribery, influence peddling, and information peddling are three kinds of conflicts of interest to avoid in the public domain.
As President ush argued, the intervention set forth a mission to "to bring freedom to the Middle East, a freedom that wasn't "America's gift to the world," but "God's gift to mankind." (Smoltczyk and Zand, 2010)
The dilemma appears from the fact that morality seats on rules, and these were not respected. If one would take as fair and moral for states to invade others that do not preserve international human rights, for example, the international system would transform itself into an anarchy. There is no higher authority that can identity those that are meant to exercise power over others as all is a matter of perception and information. If no such higher power exists, the international system has to adapt and create new types of morals. An ethics of nation building and re-building might be a solution, as episodes like the Iraq invasion might happen again. As Noah Feldman…
Berman, E. et. al. 2010. Human Resource. Management in Public Service, Sage Publications
Smoltczyk, a and Zand, B. 2010. "A 'Dumb War' Taking Stock of the Iraq Invasion," Spiegel Online International retrieved on 5th December 2010 from http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,725090,00.html
Feldman, N. 2004 "What We Owe Iraq: War and the Ethics of Nation Building," the New York Times, retrieved on 5th December 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/14/books/chapters/1114-1st-feldman.html?_r=1
Creating Organizational Value through the Integration of Information Technology: A Management Perspective
Change Management and the Construction of a eceptive Organization
Transformational and Participative Leadership
A Decentralized Organizational Culture
Effective Utilization of esources
Performance Monitoring Systems
isk Management and Support Strategies
When considering the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of business today, firms must stay at the cutting edge of their respective fields in order to sustain profitability in the long-term. With the current exponential growth of technology and the computerization of business and learning, consumers and investors have become much more connected to the businesses they patronize (Kurzweil, 2001). Accordingly, companies are faced with the continuous task of finding new ways to understand and subsequently accommodate the needs of those customers and shareholders, while simultaneously securing lucrative business models and job environments. In doing so, businesses must be able to efficiently integrate and utilize various sources of…
Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal, 7 (3), 266-275.
Anthony, S. (2010, May). Three Critical Innovation Lessons from Apple. Retrieved July 26, 2011, from http://hbr.org/anthony/2010/05/three_critical_innovation_less.html
Antonelli, C. (2000). Collective Knowledge Communication and Innovation: The Evidence of Technological Districts. Regional Studies, 34 (6), 535-547.
Ashkenas, R., Ulrich, D., Jick, T., & Bossidy, L. (2002). The Boundaryless Organization: Breaking the Chains of Organization Structure. United States: John Wiley and Sons.
Six Steps in the Budgeting Process. Bottom-up vs. Top-down Budget Plans, 2010).
The budget rules that are prepared by top management are passed down through successive levels within the company. Managers at each level may make additions and offer greater detail for their subordinates. The managers at each level prepare the plans for items under their control. The budgeting process will caution management of possible problems that may occur. By knowing the problems, solutions may be formulated. For example, at the valleys in cash flow, a shortage of cash may occur. Knowing this ahead of time allows management to arrange for a short-term loan for the financing need rather than face an unexpected financing crisis. In a similar element, planning allows for a smooth manufacturing program to result in both lower production costs and lower inventory levels. It steers clear of a crisis circumstances requiring overtime or high transportation charges…
Fuller, Julia. (2010). How to Make a Budget for an Organization. Retrieved August 7, 2010,
from eHow Web site: http://www.ehow.com/how_4464789_make-budget-organization.html
How to Prepare A Sound Budget Process. Six Steps in the Budgeting Process. Bottom-up versus
Top-down Budget Plans. (2010). Retrieved August 7, 2010, from Online Success Center
Whistle-blowing can have many adverse effects on the person doing the whistle-blowing and there are definitely feelings of loneliness that can arise when a whistle-blower decides to make some noise. Cooper gives some prime examples of whistle-blowing cases in chapter six, but he insists that there are still many who have "gone away quietly" (202), which may appear to be the safest option for the individual, yet that means that the public will never know the truth about what was going on -- and so, the individual really does have a moral responsibility to the public so that unethical behavior isn't allowed at any level as it will eventually seep into the very core of the organization and back into society.
Whistle-blowing, no matter what way it is looked at is "risky," according to Cooper (203). People who blow the whistle not only face scrutiny and alienation, but they may…
Even a casual observer of American politics over the last several years would recognize the theater to which Bolman and Deal refer as it applies to organizational processes. IN Congress, for example, elected representatives devote tremendous effort to the theatrical aspects of portraying themselves as open-minded, desirous of compromise with political opponents, consistency with their prior statements and campaign promises, and (especially) commitment to principles of good faith in general. Unfortunately, it seems that the theater of political processes have come to completely dominate the political processes through which elected representatives are supposed to represent the wishes of their constituents. In particular, the influence of professional lobbyists has thoroughly undermined the political processes articulated in the U.S. Constitution and political representatives, all while elected officials maintain the theater of the formal political process. They routinely rely on obfuscating language to hide the fact that their actions on Capital Hill…
Using the Cultural Dimensions Model to analyze the differences in cultures, the sources of potential disconnect can be seen in the wide variation in PDI (Power Distance Index), Individuality (IDV), Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI) and long-term orientation (LTO). This graphic is derived using the interactive charting feature on Geert Hofstede's website, which is available to anyone online.
On cultural level alone there are major disconnects between the U.S. And omanian teams. The greatest difference is on the IDV dimension, which shows how the U.S. culture values initiative and individuality much more than their omanian counterparts. This explains the major disconnect in how time and sense of urgency is responsible for the majority of change management initiatives failing (Kirca, Hult, 2009). The article concludes with a model the author defines in Appendix a, yet this does not go far enough to explain and overcome the major differences in cultural mindsets…
Charles R. Franz. (2004). Building a Business Program in Romania: Creating and Sustaining Change. International Journal of Public Administration, 27(11,12), 931-961.
Geert Hofstede, & Robert R. McCrae. (2004). Personality and Culture Revisited: Linking Traits and Dimensions of Culture. Cross - Cultural Research, 38(1), 52-88.
Hatum, a., Pettigrew, a., & Michelini, J.. (2010). Building Organizational Capabilities to Adapt Under Turmoil. Journal of Change Management, 10(3), 257.
Ahmet H. Kirca, & G. Tomas M. Hult. (2009). Intra-organizational factors and market orientation: effects of national culture. International Marketing Review, 26(6), 633-650.
O'Briens sandwich bars business model basically failed as a result of subletting franchisee properties.
O'Briens founder was Brody Sweeney.
He got the idea for O'Briens from a Subway restaurant in New York.
He started O'Briens in 1988 in Dublin.
The business lost money for the first six years of its existence.
A boost in the economy of Ireland brought success.
Employed people came in daily for sandwiches and coffee.
At its peak, the company was selling 140,000 sandwiches daily.
It was the biggest coffee seller in the Republic.
In 2007, franchise stores had a combined turnover of €140m per year.
The holding company had profits of €1.2m.
Sweeney became a poster boy for Ireland's new breed of entrepreneur.
He took the brand overseas.
In July 2007, O'Briens Irish Sandwich Bars Ltd. employed 20 people directly and 800 indirectly via franchises in Ireland.
The brand had 220 worldwide outlets in 13…
Business by Alexander Hill
Alexander Hill's book Just Business is highly important for both people interested in business and those interested in Christianity. ithin this manuscript, Hill attempts what some may think of as unthinkable -- to apply Christian ethics to the business world to develop a framework for enacting religious principles within the modern commerce. To the author's credit, he develops a solid structure for doing so, and devotes a good portion of this work to deconstructing various case studies and applying his ethical approach to them. As such, the reader is privileged to not only theory but also to examples in which Hill's theory is elucidated. Hill makes quite a convincing case; whether or not it is pragmatic in contemporary business practices, however, is largely up to the reader to discern.
One of the most effective aspects of Just Business is the author's structuring of the work. The…
Hill, Alexander. Just Business. Westmont: IVP Academic. 2008. Print.
Patterns, Design, And Overall Business Strategy
Many organizations are complex and unyielding to casual analysis, but there are some methods available that can help discern the manner in which organizations are structure and operated. To gain some fresh insights into this area, this paper that presents the author's conclusions concerning the patterns, designs, and overall business strategy depicted by a business model canvas including a discussion about metaphoric and framing applications. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the paper's conclusion.
It is possible to view complex organizations according to a number of different perspectives and it is important to do so in order to subjectively discern the intricacies of its business model and operations. In this regard, Gareth Morgan reports that, "People who are open and flexible and suspend judgment are able to recognize several perspectives, which open up several rather than…
Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (1991). Leadership and management effectiveness: a multi-frame, multi-sector analysis. Human Resource Management, 30, 509-534.
Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (1992). Leading and managing: Effects of context, culture and gender. Education Administration Quarterly, 28, 314-329.
Morgan, G. (n.d.). Gareth Morgan's organizational metaphors: Perspectives on organizations.
Under such high-pressure conditions, anticipated merger synergies are difficult to achieve in the short-term. And reconfiguring the entire it infrastructure to effectively and efficiently support new business strategies does not get any easier (alter 134).
The misalignment of business strategy and it strategy has been recognized as a major hindrance to the successful exploitation of competitive advantage in the financial services sector. (atkins, 1992). Pressure on management to focus on both sides of the cost-income equation has become a priority item on the agenda for most CEOs and CIOs. Some observers have argued that business strategy has both an external view that determines the firm's position in the market and an internal view that determines how processes, people, and structures will perform. In this conceptualization, it strategy should have the same external and internal components, although it has traditionally focused only on the internal it infrastructure -- the processes, the…
The Organizational Transformation Process: The Micropolitics of Dissonance Reduction and the Alignment of Logics of Action. Contributors: Samuel B. Bacharach - author, Peter Bamberger - author, William J. Sonnenstuhl - author. Journal Title: Administrative Science Quarterly. Volume: 41. Issue: 3. Publication Year: 1996. Page Number: 477
The Role and Relevance of Management Cultures in the Organizational Transformation Process. Contributors: Karin Breu - author. Journal Title: International Studies of Management & Organization. Volume: 31. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 28
Henderson, J., and Venkatraman, N. 1992. "Strategic Alignment: A Model for Organizational Transformation Through Information Technology. " in T. Kochon and M. Unseem (Eds.), Transformation Organisations. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mergers and Acquisitions in Banking and Finance: What Works, What Fails, and Why. Contributors: Ingo Walter - author. Publisher: Oxford University Press. Place of Publication: New York. Publication Year: 2004
The subject matter of systems administration includes computer systems and the ways people use them in an organization. This entails knowledge of operating systems and applications, as well as hardware and software troubleshooting, but also knowledge of the purposes for which people in the organization use the computers.
The most important skill for a system administrator is problem solving. The systems administrator is on call when a computer system goes down or malfunctions, and must be able to quickly and correctly diagnose what is wrong and how best to fix it. In some organizations, computer security administration is a separate role responsible for overall security and the upkeep of firewalls and intrusion detection systems, but all systems administrators are generally responsible for the security of the systems in their keep. (Encyclopedia.com, 2011)
What is a computer network? According to McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, "a network is two…
Armstrong, L. (1995), Let's Call the Whole Thing Off
Dignan, Ars Technica, Jan 28, 2001, post 305, http://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic
Encyclopedia.com - Information Technology- accessed 2011/1/14
Hegel, G.W.F., the Phenomenology of Mind, (1807), translated by J.B. Baillie, New York, Harper & Row, 1967
Philosophy of Public Administration
Policy Making Process
Policymaking is the act of making laws or setting principles for a business or a government. The process includes the essentials of agenda setting, decision making, implementation of the policy and evaluation of the set standards to understand its impact upon the citizens and the society as a whole. The policy formulated needs to be effectively communicated at all organizational levels to ensure positive execution. The stated elements of policy making would be discussed individually in the paper.
Policy makers start the process by setting up an agenda to gain public and elite support. The agenda should be such so that it could narrow a set of feasible subjects to the set that essentially becomes the center of attention. The problem highlighted in an agenda should be convincible and captivating for the government officials and people external to the government and diligently associated…
Bamberger, M. (2009, June). Making Smart Policy: Using Impact Evaluation for Policy Making. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTISPMA/Resources/383704-1146752240884/Doing_ie_series_14.pdf
Cockrel, J. (1997). Public Policy Making in America. Retrieved from http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/ip/ip19/ip19.pdf :
Experimental esearch Methods in Business
Experimental esearch Methods
The author provides a survey of the literature illustrating applied experimental research methods in cross-sections of business and organization types. The advantages and disadvantages of the experimental research methods are discussed for each of the examples provided which run the gamut from depression-era agricultural economics to research conducted for the National Science Institute. While the article focuses on business research methods, the range of examples from multiple disciplines serves to demonstrate the adaptability of various methods to distinct contexts, the importance of thoughtfully developed research questions, and perceptions in the field regarding scientific rigor. The article is intended to guide students in their exploration of the breadth and depth of experimental research methods and to convey a sense of the challenges of applied scientific inquiry.
The study of business topics has not always been inherently scientific. Certainly the work of Max…
Campbell, A. (2004). A quick guide to research methods, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 25(3), 163-165.
Cooper, D.R. And Schindler, P.S. (2011). Business research methods. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Demarco, T., Hruschka, P., Lister, T., Robertson, S., Robertson, J., and McMenamin, S. (2008). Adrenaline junkies and template zombies: Understanding patterns of project behavior. New York, NY: Dorset House Publishing Co., Inc.
Elliott F.F. (1929, October). Experimental method in economic research, Journal of Farm Economics, 11 (4) 594-596. [Oxford University Press on behalf of the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association]. Retrieved http://www.jstor.org/stable/1229899