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McGraw Hill is an America company headquartered in New York City. Founded in 1999, the company posted revenues of $6.2 Billion in 2010 and has almost 21,000 employees. The company primarily serves the business, education and publishing industry through publication of books and magazines. In addition, McGraw Hill is the parent company of Standard and Poor's, Platts, and J.D. Power and Associates (www.McGraw-Hill.com).
For the publishing side, McGraw-Hill offers educational solutions via print and electronic means for K-postgraduate; their financial services and information and media group in both the U.S. And Canada focus on investment research; they also own 9 broadcasting television stations, but may be divesting those entities. Based on the market trends, McGraw has been focusing on electronic means of supplying media. ecently, in November 2012, the company sold its educational division to the Apollo Management Group for $2.5 billion and shift its focus to being a provider…
About Course Smart. (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.coursesmart.com/aboutus?aboutview=media#pressedmap
Global Publishing Industry. (2012). Report Linker. Retrieved from: http://www.reportlinker.com/ci02098/Publishing.html
Croty, J. (November 27, 2012). McGraw-Hill Sells Education Unit to Apollo. Forbes. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesmarshallcrotty/2012/11/28/mcgraw-hill-sells-education-unit-to-apollo-bellwether-for-education-publishing/
He is a nice man, but simply that, and it is doubtful that a woman such as Anna would be attracted to him if she met him or ran into him under other circumstances. William of course, would be attracted to her wherever they met, and that is ultimately another barrier in their relationship.
The fact that Williams worships Anna is obvious throughout the film, and this is another problem with the longevity of their relationship. His friend Max is right when he says, "Let's face facts. This was always a no-go situation. Anna's a goddess and you know what happens to mortals who get involved with the gods" (Notting Hill). Indeed, Anna is somewhat of a modern goddess, and it is hard to figure out why she would settle for a "mere mortal." This dooms their relationship for a number of reasons. First, William has her on a pedestal,…
Notting Hill. Dir. Roger Mitchell. Perf. Julia Roberts, Hugh Grant. Universal Pictures, 1999.
Roiphe, Anne. "Why Marriages Fail." The Short Prose Reader, 9th Edition. Ed. Gilbert H. Muller and Harvey S. Wiener. New York: McGraw Hill, 2000.
Another reason why corporations choose to hold cash balances in a centralized repository is that the variety of accounts can be better managed as a mutual fund more complex investment structure than would be the case if the subsidiary alone managed the funds. A greater quality of information is available for example in the leading financial centers globally that would otherwise not be the case in more remote regions, making it possible to make more informed and correct decisions (Mitsos, 1997). The accuracy, efficiency and speed of decision-making based on more efficient use of information has led to more advanced forms of cash management than would have been the case on a per-subsidiary level (Fresard, Salva, 2010). Lastly, by having a centralized depository of cash for all subsidiaries, firms can hold less accumulated total cash, freeing up financial resources for other investments (Fresard, Salva, 2010). Companies become more efficient at…
Elliott, Graham, & Bewley, Ronald. (1994). The transmission of monetary policy: The relationship between centralized depositories and Monetary policy. Economic Record, 70(208), 19.
Fresard, L., & Salva, C.. (2010). The value of excess cash and corporate governance: Evidence from U.S. cross-listings. Journal of Financial Economics, 98(2), 359.
Hill, C.W.L. (2011). International business: Competing in the global marketplace (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Nicholas Mitsos. (1997, November). Virtual Group Treasury. TMA Journal, 17(6), 24-30.
Marketing Channels and Methods -- the New Svelte Shape of McDonald's
Objectives & Mission Statement
Although McDonald's latest advertising slogan, as proclaimed on its 2005 website, is "I'm lovin' it," (McDonald's Official ebsite, 2005), shareholders in the fast food company have not be equally enamored of its current stock performance and plummeting sales. (The Rogue Investor, 2005) Thus, the objectives of the new McDonald's marketing campaign must be to undo some of the economic and public relations damage done to the company by the negative press generated by the success of Morgan Spurlock's film 'Supersize Me.' Over the course of the year, McDonald's wishes to gain a greater percentage of the revenue of the current fast food market than its most prominent burger-oriented competitors endy's and Burger King. McDonald's also wishes to gain some of the type of positive media as generated by the sandwich chain Subway. The Subway Diet…
Bauman, Valerie. (11 Aug 2005) "People try to lose weight at McDonalds." AP Wire. Accessed on AOL on 22 Aug 2005 at http://aolsvc.news.aol.com/news/article.adp?id=20050811163009990002
Burger King. (2005) Official Website. Retrieved 11 Sept 2005 at http://www.haveityourway.com/
Collins, Luke. (2002) "Chips are down for Burger Giants" MCD: McDonald's Corporation News and Articles. Retrieved 27 Aug 2005 at http://www.licenseenews.com/news/news134.html
Daft, R.L. (1997). Management. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.
This would considerably simplify matters for Lawrence Sports. Such financing methods are best suited for alimenting short-term objectives.
The reason behind implementing an electronic payments system relies on the fact that the company would count on receiving and making timely payments. This alternative is also designed for simplifying the cash flow.
Preparing and effective cash budget is another alternative solution that must be taken into consideration by the company's managers. The reason that sustains this alternative consists in the fact that companies prefer not to keep big amounts of cash available, but, at the same time, companies are also afraid of keeping amounts of money that are too small for whatever unexpected issues might emerge. Handling large inventories of cash is a strategy that his its advantages and its disadvantages (Brealy, Myers & Allen, 2005).
Another alternative solution mentioned above consists in implementing a factoring system. This financial tool is…
Brealy, Myers & Allen (2005). Principles of Corporate Finance: Working Capital Management. New York, McGraw - Hill. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
Bernstein & Maksy (1985). Again Now: How Do We Measure Cash Flow from Operations? Retrieved March 12, 2009.
Ross, Westerfield & Jaffee (2005). Corporate Finance. New York, McGraw - Hill. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
Issue and Opportunity Identification
This study offers financial and strategic analysis of Nike Inc. with a focus on creating strategic plans and translating those plans into long-term goals and actionable business initiatives. This paper serves to show the importance of using economic variables in identifying long-term financial goals. It further presents major techniques and tools that Nike's financial managers will utilize in predicting future stock market guidelines and the economy.
The importance of using Economic variables for Nike Inc. financial managers in identifying long-term financial goals
The management is directed to engage financial variables to identify long-term objectives. Some economic variables affecting the company must be considered. This will ensure that necessary actions are undertaken to minimize their impact on the business. The variables include employment trends, inflation, interest rates, and commercial lending. Many companies such as Nike Inc. work towards one goal: maximizing profits. The process of profit maximization is simple.…
Mahaffy, D. (2002). Predictive intelligence helps CFOs forecast demand. Financial Executive, 18(8), 48-50. Accessible via Trident online library
StockCharts.com (2010). Fundamental analysis. Retrieved from http://www.stockcharts.com/education/Overview/fundAnalysis1.html
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (2002). Six key economic variables (Power Points). Retrieved from http://www.stanford.edu/class/msande247s/econVariables.ppt
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (2007). Six key economic variables -- measuring the economy. Retrieved from http://econ.yorku.ca/paschakis/courses/2400/chapter2.pdf
At the same time, it will provide the various subcontractors with specifications on how they can create the different parts. Once this occurs, it means that the overall process has been shortened from design to product implementation.
Identify slack in the activities not on the project critical path.
The different slack activities that are not on the projects critical path include: circuit, battery, display, camera and user interface designs. The slack in this part of the structure is 1. At the same time, other areas that would fall into categories that are not on the critical path include: hardware research and prototype testing. The slack for these areas are: 9 and 6. When you put these different elements together, this highlights, how there could be a possible slack that will range from 1 to 9 days. This is important, because it is underscoring possible delays and challenges that could be…
I Phone 4 Technical Specifications. (2010). Apple. Retrieved from: http://www.apple.com/iPhone/specs.html
Excel. (2010). Operations and Supply Chain Management. Retrieved from: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073525227/student_view0/chapter_10/excel_templates.html
Product Management. (n.d.). McGraw Hill. Retrieved from: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/007340330x/416102/jacobs_ch02.pdf
Rao, L. (2010). Google. Tech Crunch. Retrieved from: http://techcrunch.com/2010/04/15/google-android-market-now-serving-38000-apps-nexus-one-is-a-profitable-business/
Steep analysis Conduct "Technology trends" "T" part a STEEP Analysis (bullet point - a comment supported APA / MLA In-Text citations valid- referenced sources, addresses pros & cons Technology trends.
Starbucks: Innovation and enterprise in the world of coffee
hy the company was chosen
Starbucks began as a largely free-standing empire of stores. The original concept of the corporation's coffeehouse model was to replicate the 'home away from home' feeing in the store's flagship Seattle location at every Starbucks. The franchises were initially conceptualized as urban gathering-places. "For each targeted region, Starbucks selected a large city to serve as a 'hub'; teams of professionals were located in hub cities to support the goal of opening 20 or more stores in the hub in the first two years. Once stores blanketed the hub, then additional stores were opened in smaller, surrounding 'spoke' areas in the region" ("Starbucks Case Study," McGraw Hill,…
Anderson, Rick. "Bellevue baristas antitrust suit against Starbucks heading to court."
Seattle Weekly. 28 Nov 2007. [6 Apr 2012]
Bishop, Todd. "The 'fourth place:' Starbucks as technology giant. Geek Wire. 2011.
Production possibility curves are representation of the amount of two different goods that can be obtained by shifting resources from the production of one, to the production of the other. In addition, the graph represents maximum specified production level of one commodity that results given the production level of the other (Samuelson, 1962). The curve is used to describe consumers' choice between two different goods.
The curves represent a wide range of economic factors; scarcity, opportunity costs, and choice. According to the curve, scarcity is the fundamental economic problems all societies face; opportunity cost being the cost of anything used in the production in terms of what has to be given; these costs could be financial, but they could include individuals' time and other intangibles. Besides, the possibility curve shows two products and the consumer has the choice to choose the best one between them.
An individual earning…
Camerer, C. (2003). Behavioral Game Theory: Experiments in Strategic Interaction. Russell Sage Foundation.
Government of Alberta. (2012, July 25). Oil and Gas. Retrieved October 19, 2012, from www.albertacanada.com: http://www.albertacanada.com/business/industries/oil-and-gas.aspx
Lemieux, P. (2001, March 19). The Diminishing Returns to Tobacco Legislation. The Laissez Faire City Times.
McGraw-Hill Higher Education. (2003 ). Tutorial. Retrieved October 19, 2012, from www.highered.mcgraw-hill.com: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0070901651/student_view0/chapter10/tutorial.html
teaching of statistics and problems encountered in such teaching.
eaching Statistics: An Annotated Bibliography
Albert, Jim. eaching Statistics Using Baseball. New York: he Mathematical Association of America. 2003.
Baseball is a very statistically oriented sport, more so than any other sport. his book applies statistical methods and techniques to the game of baseball. Since students often have difficulty learning statistics because they are presented with examples that they have no frame of reference for, this book is ideal in that it provides concrete examples that students can use in their real lives.
Anderson, C.W. And Loynes, R.M. he eaching of Practical Statistics (Wiley Series in Probability and Mathematical Statistics). New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1988.
his is once again a practical teaching guide to statistics and probability. It is not as clear as some books, and does not use real-world examples that are relatable to the average student. Rather,…
This book is meant to be used in introductory college statistics classes. It includes a basic review of statistical concepts that students in these classes will find useful in their studies. It also includes practical exercises to help students learn statistics, as well as study tips to help students excel in these classes. It is a great book for the beginning statistics student to really get a good grasp of what statistics really is.
War, Mark E. And Brewer, Charles L. Handbook for Teaching Statistics and Research Methods. New York: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. 1988.
This is another good teaching guide to statistics education. While not as easy to understand as some of the other teaching guides, this book is nonetheless a valuable resource tool for any teacher wanting to increase the knowledge and ability of his or her students in statistics. The book is full of valuable tips and tricks of the trade, though it is written on a more advanced level than some of the other books.
Like most complex systems, ecosystems tend to exemplify cyclic fluctuations around a state of estimated stability. Looking at the picture from a long-term perspective, however, ecosystems inexorably alter when the atmosphere changes or when a very different species appears because of migration or evolution -- or they are introduced deliberately by humans (utherford & Ahlgren 1991). What all this illustrates is not only mankind's dependence on the environment, but how mankind finds itself confronted with the fact that it may be living at the expense of future humans to come. Our innovations -- especially technological ones -- may hide the decrease in the earth's potential to maintain human activities, but, looking at the situation from a long-term perspective, the technological (or other) innovations will not be able to compensate for the major reduction in essential resources such as productive land, fisheries, forests, and biodiversity (Daily 1997).
On a global scale,…
Cunningham, William P. & Cunningham, Mary Ann. (2008). Principles of environmental science: inquiry and applications. (Custom 5th edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Daily, Gretchen C. (1997). Nature's services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems.
Daily, Gretchen C., Kibert, Charles J., & Wilson, Alex. (1999). Nature's services:
In addition, we might ask ourselves if the richer nations have or not a greater responsibility as far as the research and development in the area of sustainable energy are concerned. (Reid, environmentalleader.com)
elieving that there are such energy sources or consumption policies which would allow the planet's resources to be maintained for a longer period, while making sure that all the nations are provided with a comfortable living is rather naive. Under these circumstances, it has been argued that doing the moral thing means choosing the least terrible solution. The problem is that this implies a relativistic evaluation of the matter which impacts the manner in which the moral principles are conceived.
efore stepping into a debate regarding the character of the moral principles, we may state that we agree with the opinions which state that there is no such thing as objective moral principles."Ethics can be seen as…
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (Ross, W.D. Translator). Retrieved fromhttp://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/aristotle/Ethics.pdf September 30, 2010
Hartman Laura P. & Joe DesJardins. Business Ethics Decision Making for Personal integrity & Social Responsibility, Second Edition
A combination of techniques was used to evaluate, the most important being Bayes Theorem.
"In its simplest algebraic form, Bayes' theorem is concerned with determining the conditional probability of event A given that event B. has occurred." (Kazmier, Staton & Fulks, 2003; p. 43). In this case, the event A is the increase in sales through the e-commerce site while event B. is the implementing of the decision to create a site. The probability for the sales to increase, according to the marketing team data analysis, is 54.2% and the probability for the site to be created is 58.6%. So, the probability for event B. To not happen is 41.4% and the possibility for sales to improve without the e-commerce site is 45.8%.
The general form of Bayes theorem is:
B) = P (A and B)/P (B).
P (A1B1)= P (A1 and B1 ) / P…
Kazmier, Leonard. J; Staton, Michael.K; Fulks, Daniel.L.(2003). Business Statistics. Publication:London, McGraw-Hill.
Lind, Douglas, A; Mason, Robert. D; Gupta, Satya Dev. (2004). Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics. Publication: New York, McGraw-Hill.
Lind, Douglas. A;Marchal, William. G; Wathen, Samuel Adam. (2006). Basic Statistics for Business and Economics. Publication: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
This requires non-computer specialists to understand what the company's products do, to make its advertising clear and effective. In short, harnessing the diverse talents of many different types of people in service of the organization's mission requires a clear, concise organizational value statement that is inclusive in its embrace of the talents and unique perspectives of all of the workers laboring for the organization.
Having a clear vision for the organization also means that employees are aware of what is expected of them in terms of their work ethic, but also in terms of their ethical performance and standards. The recent accounting scandals have made government regulators hypersensitive to any potential impropriety in a variety of areas. It is crucial that the climate of the organization does not condone unethical behavior that could damage its name and reputation. It is not enough that ethics be affirmed in words, but ethical…
The Importance of Vision." Manning, G & Curtis, K. (2007). The Art of Leadership.
Second Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin, pages 59-71.
The Motive to Lead." Manning, G & Curtis, K. (2007). The Art of Leadership. Second Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin, pages 72-75.
Organizational Climate." Manning, G & Curtis, K. (2007). The Art of Leadership.
constructing responses titles I listing. In response make show reference entry. (01) Discuss
One of the most powerful movements that transformed European society during the early modern era was the dissemination of information and the propagation of reading material due to Johannes Gutenberg's invention of the printing press around 1450 A.D. The movement that would prove to have the most impact upon society as a whole, however, was the imperialist movement that many credit to have originated with Columbus' journeys to the Americas, the first of which was in 1492. The imperialist movement would allow the appetite for power and conquering to expand beyond Europe and eventually encapsulate the entire globe. This movement is directly responsible for today's globalization, and the previous (and perhaps current) colonization and tyranny of many non-European nations. Another major movement during this time period was the beginning of the Protestant eformation, which began around 1517…
Benjamin J. Kaplan (2007), Divided by Faith. Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge University Press.
Bentley, J., Ziegler, H., Streets, H. (2006). Traditions & Encounters: A Brief Global History. New York: McGraw Hill
Equiano, O. Life On Board. International Slavery Museum. Retrieved from http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/slavery/middle_passage/olaudah_equiano.aspx
The Applied History Research Group, 1998. The Ottoman Empire. Retrieved from http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/islam/empires/ottoman/
Introduction: The Role of Senior Manager in Eldercare
Eldercare organizations can exhibit various organizational structures depending on their role in the community, their size, mission and vision, and strategic objectives. Most eldercare institutions will, like other healthcare organizations, have hierarchical organizational structures with senior or executive leadership at their zenith. The purpose of this case assignment is to show that senior managers in healthcare organizations will encompass a wide range of specific skills and competencies, including those related to coordination, strategic planning, capital budgeting and cost accounting, marketing, advocacy, and interfacing with policymakers, community allies, and stakeholders.
The role of the senior manager is multifaceted and varied, and may shift on an almost daily or even hourly basis. At times, the senior manager will function as a visionary leader who devises strategies for planned organizational change. Other times, the senior manager embodies a transformational style of leadership to empower colleagues…
Managing People. Module 5 Managing developing teams Module 6 Managing Performance. Develop a -page scenario a work team familiar. Describe work team organisational context operates. Include appendix.
Managing and developing teams and managing for performance when creating a new corporate software training manual
The Bruce Tuckman model of team development
Managing and developing teams and managing for performance when creating a new corporate software training manual
In my past place of employment (which will be known as company X), the members of the IT staff and members of other departments were forced to collaborate on a joint effort to create a corporate manual to explain the company's new computer operating system to all employees. Proper safety Internet 'hygiene;' dealing with the operating system on a daily basis, and orienting workers to the various new applications were all to be described. In other words, effective communication was…
Bacal, R (1999). Performance management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Chapman, A. (2013). Bruce Tuckman. Business Balls. Retrieved:
Cleland, D.I. (1996). Strategic management of teams. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
(Hill, 2008, pg. 371)
Under what circumstances might a decision to let the yuan float freely destabilize the Chinese economy? What might the global implications of this be?
If the there is outside pressure from Western governments and Chinese trading partners. Where, they will begin to impose tariffs and duties in an effort to force the Chinese to change their policy. This would destabilize the Chinese economy, resulting in a collapse of their export markets. The global implications would be that this kind of action would result in China retaliating with tariffs and duties of their own, resulting in a worldwide depression. (Hill, 2008, pg. 371)
Do you think the U.S. government should push the Chinese to let the yuan float freely? Why?
Yes. The reason why, is because the inability of China to let the yuan float freely, is creating imbalances in the global economy. If this is allowed…
Hill, C. (2008). China's Managed Float. Global Business Today. (pg. 371). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
People and services are not easily moved among the various countries. Although securing work and permits in the United States for Mexican and Canadian immigrants, NAFTA has also caused considerable concern in terms of legislation.
This is particularly the case in Canadian lawmaking. Several disputes resulted from NAFTA trading activities in the country. Such disputes for example include gasoline additives and possible related health concerns and nerve damage (Weintraub, 2004). Canada was also engaged in a long dispute regarding a 27% duty on softwood imports to Canada. This lasted for years before it was finally resolved in 2006. Significantly however, the decision was not ratified by either Canada or the United States (Weintraub, 2004). According to the U.S. Court of International Trade, imposing the duty was contrary to the United States law.
Other problems include the fact that Canada has lost more than 10,000 companies to foreign takeovers since NAFTA…
CIA. (2010). CIA -- the World Factbook -- France. Retrieved February 16, 2010 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html
Dow Jones Sustainability Index. (n.d.). Retrieved January 10,2010 from http://www.sustainability-index.com/
Glass, a. (n.d.) World Economy Vertical vs. Horizontal FDI. Department of Economics,
Texas a&M University. Retrieved February, 22, 2010, from http://econweb.tamu.edu/aglass/VerticalVsHorizontalFDI.pdf
If we look at one of the absolutes, such as abortion in cultures in which choice is at least generally available about reproductive options abortion is at least relatively unstigmatized and access to it is legal and there are no significant economic barriers, a woman may still have religious or ethical or emotional reasons why she would perceive abortion negatively.
A woman, for example, who has suffered through a number of miscarriages of wanted pregnancies may find herself for various reasons unable or unwilling to carry a pregnancy to term. In such a case, having an abortion may be the right choice for that woman but may still be very painful.
In general, the ways in which sexuality and fertility shapes a woman's relationship with self -- as well as with family and the larger community -- is largely determined by the degree of choice that she has over having…
Hooks, B. (2000). Feminist theory: From margin to center (2nd ed.). Brooklyn, NY: South End Press.
Kesselman, a., McNair, L.D., & Schniedewind, N. (2008). Women images and realities: A multicultural anthology (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill
Otherwise, there is probably considerable flexibility with respect to the manner in which specific group collaboration scenarios can be used to promote cooperation.
In one configuration, the group can be required to devise a detailed methodological approach to solving a problem by surveying the respective members of the group and then establishing a problem-solving strategy based on specific elements contributed by all of the different social constructs of individual group members.
In other configurations, the group collaboration process can also be used to promote effective learning. pecifically, both learning groups and working groups can often increase the ability of individuals to learn by expanding the range of the intellectual tools and perspectives in their skill sets (Myers & pencer, 2004). Exposure and structured practical application of problem-solving strategies using approaches other than those upon which individuals usually rely can improve learning in both educational and vocational contexts (Myers & pencer,…
Aronson E., Wilson T., and Akert R. (2003). Social Psychology. New York: Longman.
Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2009). Psychology and Life. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Pinker S. (2002). The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. New York:
That is why I became Treasurer of the ives Club, out of gratefulness for this extended family. I know many people of my generation struggle to find 'who they are' but the structure of the military offers a potent and compelling answer to that question. To serve means always to be at home amongst people who understand exactly what you are going through: "Home is the place where, when you have to go there, they have to take you in" (Frost 118-119).
Being in the military does not mean, contrary to conventional wisdom, that one must obey an unthinking policy of 'my country right or wrong.' The men and women in the military must obey because soldiers cannot afford to question every order and live, however, this does not make them unthinking automatons -- far from it. In fact, soldiers think more about the great questions of life and death,…
Frost, R. (2009). The death of the hired man. In G. Perkins, & B. Perkins (Eds.), The
American Tradition in Literature (12 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 888-891). New York City:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Iyer, P. (2000). The empire. In The global soul: Jet lag, shopping malls, and the search for home. (pp. 234-265). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
In this view, the fact that underprivileged subcultures already promoted a different set of social values emphasizing "street smarts" and toughness instead of socially productive attributes and goals combined with the substitution of deviant role models for father figures is a significant source of criminal conduct, particularly in poor communities (Adler, Mueller & Laufer, 2008).
Other modern sociological perspectives began reconsidering crime and other forms of socially deviant behavior as primarily a function of individual psychology.
However, whereas earlier theories of individual responsibility focused on the role of rational choice, the modern approach viewed crime much more as a function of the cumulative psychological effects on the individual of the consequences of social labeling.
Furthermore, it has been suggested that much of the difference in crime rates in underprivileged communities also relates directly to the different types of characterizations and institutional responses to different types of crime in American society.…
John Adler, John Mueller, and John Laufer. Criminology (6th Edition). City, State:
McGraw-Hill, 2008. MLA
Adler J, Mueller J, and Laufer J. (2008). Criminology (6th Edition). City, State: McGraw-Hill. APA
" Of these respondents, over 50% of them stated that they lack a disaster recovery plan (Anthes, 1998). However, most of the problems stem from the lack of communication at the corporate level. (Hawkins, et al., 2000).
Business Continuity Plans (BCP) and other forms of strategic planning are no longer a luxury, but a must-have factor and an important element of any organisation's risk management system. Organisations are increasingly dependent upon it systems and infrastructure and eventually subjected to many risks, so business is inherently risky. How long can your organisation afford system downtime? How long does it take to recover a disaster; and, what does it cost? These kinds of questions are the ones that have to be addressed for BCPs. Also important, however, is using strategic planning to look toward the future and determine where a business wants to be at a specific point, so that plans to…
Bolman, LG & Deal, TE (1997). Reframing Organisations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership, 2nd ed, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
Bowden, P (1985). Organisation and Strategy, McGraw-Hill, Roseville.
Byrne, JA. (1996, August 26). Strategic Planning. BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/1996/35/b34901.htm .
Possibly the reason this particular principle comes across as counterintuitive in the first place is precisely that it so often not the case at all. Few sports teams are devoid of internal factions or "cliques" and of antagonistic relationships among certain individuals who do not necessarily like one another. This is also true of members of coaching staffs. In business, it is more likely rare than common that all members of a successful team necessarily like one another. Therefore, this conclusion of Wooden's may be among the least supportable and the most dependent on conjecture, personal experience, and contrary to many counterexamples in sports and in business.
2. Enthusiasm -- Wooden maintains that individuals in positions of leadership must be highly motivated and that they must also be positive types of people. This seems counterintuitive because so many successful leaders in sports and in business are actually negative people who…
Harari, O. (2003). The Leadership Secrets of Colin Powell. McGraw-Hill: New York.
Isaacson, W. (2011) Steve Jobs. Simon and Schuster: New York.
Kriegel, M. (2005). Namath: A Biography. Penguin: New York.
Maxwell, J. (2007). The 21 Irrefutable Rules of Leadership. Macon, GA: Maxwell
TASTES & COMMUNICATION
On a recent trip to India, Mr. Yang, a prominent Chinese executive, dined with his client Himanshu Jain. Mr. Yang commented that the food was spicy, which Mr. Jain interpreted as an opportunity to discuss Indian cuisine. After lengthy explanations, Mr. Yang commented again that the food was spicy. What happened? What barrier is likely getting in the way of clear communication and how could this barrier have been overcome?
This situation exemplifies a breakdown in crosscultural communication. There could have been several factors that contributed to their miscommunication. Language is likely a prominent factor in why they had a problem. Certainly, they must share some common language in order that they conduct business together, but because this cultural conundrum stems from a linguistic misfire, language barriers are a good place to start. There also seems to be some contextual confusion. Yang perceived his comment…
Rentz, L.F. (2008). Chapter 16 -- Techniques of Cross-Cultural Communication. Business Communication: Making Connections in a Digital World, 11th Edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies.
love biking but have, unfotunately, gone though seveal diffeent bikes in my life. Some of them have been stolen, othes have been lost, othes have just boken down and the cost of epaiing them has been too geat. Usually, I go fo the cheapest bikes that I can busy, staight out fom some supemaket package, but this time I am intending to spend my had-eaned money in a beatific model, something like Tek o Raleigh. I have been peusing consumeist's magazines fo months ahead of time and am finally eady to make my puchase. I am intending to use pobability concepts to help me.
This is what I will do:
I only have a limited amount of places to choose fom.
The fist place is a second-hand stoe. Thee is 'subjective' pobability' and thee is 'objective' pobability; likely, my judgment will be made fom a combination of both: the objective…
references or procrastinate with buying until the recession is over.
I can break down the above further in a longer version called Bayes Theorem.
To help me make the correct business decision (since all these different places are trying to persuade me to buy their bike), I can use a tabular approach. Here I detail the situation by comparing bikes from the 2nd hand store (A) to the bikes that I saw on Craig's List (B, as see fig.1.:
Fig. 1: Assessment of Bikes.
The Unrestricted Frontier
The Individual of Five Assets, Equally Weighted Portfolio, Efficient Frontier and CAL
Did you observe any differences between the restricted and unrestricted efficient frontier developed using your portfolio? Why?
Using my portfolio, I did observe differences between the restricted and unrestricted efficient frontier. For example, the restricted frontier has been pulled up on the chart and greatly affected by Australian bonds, as well as the accessibility of cash, to a point where the curve appears to be unequal. This means that the unrestricted efficient frontier, affected by bank accepted-bills, is not "pulling its equal weight," so to speak (Bodi 2011). This means that there is an imbalance in the economic performance of cash flow in New Zealand. Given the current economic situations, this is not necessarily a surprise, and more of an expectations. I would assume that as the economy begins to even out, so…
Bodi Z, Kane A & Marcus AJ 2011, Investments, 9th Edition, mcGraw-Hill (International Edition)
Taylor, Fred, 2010, Examining the Global Economy. New Jersey: Prentice Hall
Zyterc, Michelle, 2009. The Economy and its International Focus. New York: McGraw Hill
International Human Resources
Culture, Political, Economic and ocial Contexts of Nigeria Under the ubject of International Human Resource Management.
This paper is solely related to the International human resources practices, the uses of international human resources aspects as well as implementation within Nigeria. The paper has been explored several positive and negative aspects of Nigeria related to IHRM and whether it is feasible for global companies to operate and use the labor of Nigeria for making higher profits over there.
International HRM growth and significance
After attaining global scale, any company may be bound to utilize numerous resources and opportunities like global scale, scope, local differences adaptation and tap into best resources and locations associated with global presence in Nigeria and other countries. These are important opportunities in Nigeria because after exploiting such opportunities, the global image can be transformed into top global image (Hollinshead 2010, pp.233-262).
The opportunities can…
Schuler, R., Dowling, P., & De Cieri, H. 1993, 'An integrative framework of strategic international human resource management', deciding An IHRM Approach 449 International Journal of Human Resourc Management, Vol.1, pp.717 -- 764.
Taylor, S., Beechler, S., & Napier, N. 1996, 'Toward an integrative model of strategic international human resource management', Academy of Management Review,, vol21, pp. 959 -- 985.
Tomkins, R. Battered 1997, PepsiCo licks its wounds. The Financial Times, vol.26.
Sustain High Performance Public Organizations
Highly Interdependent Work
Why? Because We LUV You. Different types of work and the organization of types of work have been studied by those interested in business leadership and organization development for decades. When a categorically new business emerges on the scene, or when a mature business invents a strikingly effective new approach to business, the textbooks and Harvard Business Cases get dusted off and circulated anew. Such is the case with the study of Southwest Airlines, a company that turned the airlines business on its head -- or rather, on its hub and spokes orientation -- by developing a more efficient and economical way to approach the business of domestic airlines (Goudreau, 2007). Southwest isn't necessarily an innovative company, but it has worked to establish systems that work and then has diligently protected those systems. The company's determination to stick with what works against…
Braneatelli, J. (2008, July 8). Southwest Airlines' seven secrets for success. [Web]. Wired, Cars 2.0: Future Transport. Retrieved http://www.wired.com/cars/futuretransport / news/2008/07/portfolio_0708
Gittell, J.H. (2003). The Southwest Airlines Way: Use the Power of Relationships to Achieve High Performance. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Gittell, J.H. (2010). Relational Coordination: Guidelines for Theory, Measurement, and Analysis. The Heller School for Social Policy and Management. Waltham, MA: Brandeis University. Retrieved http://jodyhoffergittell.info/content/rc.html
Goudreau, K. (2007). Hub and spoke system: A good idea…again. Retrieved http://www.burnsmcd.com/portal/page/portal/Internet/Content_Admin/Publications%20Repository/Aviation%20SR%20Link%20Repository/Article-HubandSpokeSystemAGoodIdeaAgain.pdf
Technology in Training of Employees
In what ways has technology impacted the way(s) we train employees?
The changing nature of the workplace environment brings with it a vast field of challenges in the organization. The aspect of the change being rapid makes the situation require adverse and quick reaction from organizations to ensure they remain on course towards their objectives. Thus, rapid change in the workplace brings with it the necessity for skilled and knowledgeable workforce, encompassing employees who are adaptive, flexible and focused on the future of their careers and the organization (Wentland, 2007). Among the most, significant duties of the manager in the workplace are the development of the staff. The manager has the mandate to facilitate employee growth and development if the organization is to achieve maximum gains from its ventures and transactions.
The concept of learning management incorporates the management of employee training. Traditional approach to…
Jehanzeb, K., Rasheed, A., & Rasheed, M.F. (2013). Organizational commitment and turnover intentions: Impact of employee's training in private sector of saudi arabia. International Journal of Business and Management, 8(8), 79-90. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1362611096?accountid=458
Noe, R.A., & Winkler, C. (2009). Employee training and development: For Australia and New
Zealand. North Ryde, N.S.W: McGraw-Hill.
Noe, R.A. (2010). Employee training and development. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Partnership or Alliance
At a recent conference, Acxiom Corporation Company Leader Charles D. Morgan said that constantly changing technology and the growing global landscape means successful companies must select the right partners and alliances to help achieve a true customer-centric enterprise.
In today's global marketplace, partnerships are becoming a major strategic move for many businesses. This paper discusses the elements of an effective partnership or business alliance in an effort to lay out the best business practices for forming one.
The pace of innovation today is too fast for any one company (especially technology company) to be all things to all customers. Last year alone, for example, the U.S. patent office awarded more than 16,000 patents to the top ten global high-tech companies for their innovations. Even a brief look at the industry's history reveals a graveyard of once successful companies that failed to adapt fast enough to industry changes.…
Acxiom. (February 26, 2001). Successful Companies Must Forge Smart Alliances, Acxiom Leader Tells Connections 2001 Executive Symposium. Acxiom White Paper. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.acxiom.com/images/horiz_dots_full2.gif
Arian, N. (January 1, 2003). Successful Public-Private Partnership. World Economic Forum.
Armaghanian, H. (2001). Successful Alliances. Haig Barrett, Inc.
Bamford, J. (2002). Mastering Alliance Strategy: A Comprehensive Guide to Design, Management, and Organization. Jossey-Bass.
Cues for Depth Perception
The dimensions of visual perception include height, width, and depth. Depth perception describes the process of seeing distances between objects (Blake and Sekuler 2006). The image projected on the retina (and deconstructed for further processing in the brain) is two- components of the environment in order to recover the quality of depth. In general cues providing information for depth perception are generally classified as being either binocular cues or monocular cues (Blake & Sekuler, 2006; Eysenck & Keane, 2010; Sternberg & Sternberg, 2011).
Binocular cues include convergence, binocular disparity, and shadow stereopis. Binocular depth cues are based on the receipt of sensory information occurring in both eyes. These cues rely on the relative positioning of the eyes (Sternberg & Sternberg, 2011).
Convergence of the eyes is one process that can help cue the perception of depth. The human eyes are separated by about 6 cm and…
Blake, R. & Sekuler, R. (2006). Perception (5th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Eysenck, M.W. & Keane, M.T. (2010). Cognitive psychology: A student's handbook (6th ed.).
Gillam, B. & Borsting, E. (1988). The role of monocular regions in stereoscopic displays.
MAKETING STATEGY, PLANNING & Management POCESS: APPLE & HTC
Analysis of the Marketing Strategy, Planning and Management Process
Apple Inc. is a multinational company incorporated in America and headquartered in Cupertino. The firm designs, sells, and develops consumer electronics, online services, personal computers, and computer software. The company is widely known for its hardware products such as the iPod media player, iPhone Smartphone, Mac computers, and iPad tablet computer. The company offers online services such as iCloud, App Store, and iTunes Store. The consumer software of Apple includes iOS and OS X operating systems, Safari web browser, the iTunes, and the iWork and iLife productivity and creativity suites.
In contrast, HTC Corporation was previously known as High-Tech Computer Corporation based in Taiwan and manufactures tablets and Smartphones. The headquarters is in Taiwan at New Taipei City. The company started in 1997, had the initial original equipment and design manufacturer focused…
Chen, C., & Qiu, H. (2012). The Analysis of Marketing Activities in Taiwan High-tech companies. Xin zhu shi: Guo li qing hua da xue.
Clow, K.E., & Baack, D. (2004). Integrated Advertising, Promotion & Marketing Communications (2nd Ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Estelami H. (2009). Marketing Turnarounds: A Guide to Surviving Downturns and Rediscovering Growth. New York: Dog Ear Publishing.
Fabbi M. (2011). Feeding the Marketing Plan with Innovation and Responsibility. New York: GRIN Verlag.
These new goods and services will be marketed across national lines and cultural differences. Unlike before, Germany is now a stabilizing factor and sets the standard for the integration of the continent, unlike its radical past. It is the opinion of this author that the future can be considered bright (save with conservative optimism). With true irony, the solution to the German problem has been to unleash their accountants and not their soldiers. The accountants seem to be producing a truly revolutionary, if peaceful economic miracle that continues well into the 21st century. Entrepreneurship will thrive, intellectual property protection will foster the development of new goods and services and their unique multinational partnerships between companies that has been developed and will continue to be the hallmark of the EU. These new goods and services will be marketed across national lines and cultural differences.
Beesley, a June 29, 2010 "EU…
Beesley, a June 29, 2010 "EU can be agent of change - but only if its members pull together," Irish Times.com, Retrieved June 29, 2010,
Coy, P Feb. 10, 2010 "Greece risks debt trap of market's siren song," Bloomberg
Businessweek, Retrieved June 28, 2010, http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-02-10/greece-risks-debt-trap-of-market-s-siren-song-peter-coy.html .
Political and Economic Differences
Effects of the financial crisis on the developing world vs. The developed world
The 2008 financial crisis began in the American banking sector but its impact was soon felt around the world. Both the developed and the developing world were affected. However, not all nations were crippled by the drying-up of credit and consumer demand to an equal degree. Some nations were derailed in their attempts to progress economically and politically; other nations, particularly in the Far East, emerged relatively unscathed.
The populations affected in different areas of the world economy also varied from nation to nation. For example, in many regions of the developing world, women often have the status of 'second class citizens' for cultural and political reasons. But the crisis in the U.S. was often called a 'male' recession, because the hardest-hit sectors were traditionally male-dominated fields, in the form of the…
Bernanke, Ben. (2009). Asia and the global financial crisis. Federal Reserve.
Chia, Siow Yue. (2010). Singapore weathers the crisis and prepares for a better year. East Asia
Forum. Retrieved September 8, 2011 at http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2010/01/12/singapore-weathers-the-crisis-and-prepares-for-a-stronger-year/
Mercantilism is a bankrupt theory that has no place in the modern world. Discuss.
One of the most common economic theories that have been utilized throughout the history is mercantilism. This is when one nation will engage in trade practices that are designed to increase their total number of exports. The way that this is accomplished is through flooding their partners with cheap exports in order to realize some kind of trade surplus. While at the same time, it is making it difficult for other counties imports to match the prices of domestic firms in local markets. The combination of these different elements, mean that every nation will focus on looking out for their own self-interests over everything else (through: having effective trade policies). ("Mercantilism," 2011)
As a result, this theory has been proven to be ineffective. The reason why, is because the focus on each nation's self-interests will lead…
Mercantilism. (2011). Meriam Webster. Retrieved from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mercantilism
Hill, C. (2011). International Business: Competing in the Global Marketplace. New York: McGraw Hill.
Hubbard, G. (2010). Seeds of Destruction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Ft Press.
McGregor, W. (2011). Tensions Increase in South China Sea Dispute. FT. Retrieved from: http://www.ft.com/international/cms/s/0/1be26880-a8c0-11e0-b877-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1aj1ko0Sp
This approach is highly congruent with the guidance of marketing experts such as Wheaton (2004) who advises, "There are synergies between different lifestyle sports industries and their media. Corporations make equipment for several lifestyle sports, sometimes under different brand names. Clothing companies like Quiksilver sell to a range of lifestyle sport markets including skating, surfing, windsurfing, snowboarding and have been quick to exploit the potential of emergent and rapidly growing activities like kite-surfing" (2004, p. 10). Because the company also designs and manufactures the core sporting needs for these sporting enthusiasts, it is important to identify defining characteristics of this market. These sports are characterized by a number of features of interest to Quiksilver's and its competitors' marketers with respect to their various core product and accessory lines, including those set forth in Table 2 below.
Defining features of the surf and sports industries
'About Us.' (2012). Quiksilver, Inc. [online] available: www.quiksilver.com.
Chokkavelu, a. (2012, April 27). 'How Cheap Is Quiksilver's Stock by the Numbers?' the
Motley Fool. [online] available: http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2012/04/27/how-cheap-is-quiksilvers-stock-by-the-numbers.aspx .
Dowling, P.J. Liesch, P., Gray, S.J., & Hill, C.W.L. (2009). International Business: Asia-
As the company's Web site points out, "We recognize our continued success depends on our ability to attract, develop and retain a highly competent workforce and on the creative, effective and productive use of human resources. Therefore, Continental is committed to a work environment that provides equal employment opportunity" (Diversity and inclusion, 2010, para. 30). The company's stated diversity policy is as follows:
1. Continental affords equal opportunity for employment to all qualified individuals, regardless of age, citizenship, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, or veteran status.
2. Continental makes all personnel decisions, such as compensation, benefits, transfers, layoffs, returns from layoff, opportunities for company-sponsored training, education, and other programs without regard to age, citizenship, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, or veteran status.
3. As part of its continued commitment to equal employment opportunity, Continental…
Burke, R.J. & Cooper, C.L. (2005). Reinventing human resources management: Challenges and new directions. London: Routledge.
Authors provide an overview of the recent HR initiatives that have been shown to improve organizational performance and examine how practitioners need to reevaluate their approaches in order to satisfy future demands. Of particular interest was the guidance concerning the need to ensure that diversity management practices are in place and that these initiatives are not simply relabeled affirmative action programs but are rather specifically targeted at recruiting and retaining qualified minority candidates.
Career opportunities. (2010). Continental Airlines. Retrieved from http://www.continental.
As with many pharmaceutical products manufacturers, the extent of supply chain and quality performance has a direct effect on distribution, profitability and services performance as well (tevenson, 2012).
Beginning with supply chain management, J&J has an intensively level of supplier audits they expect each supplier to pass and also randomly be able to manage as they provide materials, components and subassemblies to the company (Wechsler, 2011). upplier audits form the interlinking process to Quality Management, another strategic operations management initiative in the comp[any as well. J&J also uses these supplier audits to ensure alignment to the Collaborative, Planning, Forecasting & Replenishment (CPFR) processes which are critical to their success in anticipating global demand for products by business unit (Weill, Ross, 2005). upply chain management is the unifying operations management strategy that keeping the entire value chain and quality levels of J&J aligned to corporate objectives and standards (Weill, Ross, 2005)…
Sources: (Connolly, 2007) (Hook, 2010) (SAP Practice on Life Sciences Supply Chains) (J&J Investor Relations, 2012)
J&J has a strong focus on operations management strategies, techniques and frameworks as the company is heavily reliant on them to continually meet federal and international compliance requirements for their products (Wechsler, 2011). The focus on supply chain integration to quality management is critical for any business' supply chain to execute the many processes and transactions necessary to grow a business (Stevenson, 2012). For J&J the highly regulated nature of the product quality levels for their products make the integration of these two areas essential for their continued profitability and growth.
Christine Connolly. (2007). Sensor trends in processing and packaging of foods and pharmaceuticals. Sensor Review, 27(2), 103.
Integrated Management Framework
The notion of Operations Management (OM) resembles that of a tree with various branches attached to it; although each of the branches represents a separate icon, their roots are linked. Here, the various branches stand for Logistics, Purchasing, Supply Chain Management (SCM), Management Information Systems (MIS), Accounting, Engineering and Marketing. All have a different persona but play a significant role in the implementation of Operations Management and therefore the executor is required to have adequate knowledge of these functions.
OM is not only about the different operations of a business, it affects every facet of the organization starting from the core business activities to the tiniest detail applicable. For that reason, the traditional approach to encourage the operational point-of-view regarding the OM enterprise is not appropriate. Also, other factors such as reporting lines, performance measures, budgets and reward structures accompanied by the cultural aspects continue to sway…
Andersen, B., Henriksen, B., Wenche, W. (2006). Holistic performance management: an integrated framework. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management 55. 1/2; 61-78.
Barratt, M. And A. Oliveira. 2001. Exploring the experiences of collaborative planning initiatives. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 31(4): 22 .
Beamon, B. And T. Ware. 1998. A process quality model for the analysis, improvement and control of supply chain systems. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics 704-715.
Bonner, J.M. 2005. The influence of formal controls on customer interactivity in new product development. Industrial Marketing Management 34(1):63-69.
In order to evaluate whether Fairview County Public Library's affirmative action plan is valid, identifying the basis for its implementation is necessary. Affirmative mainly serves to redress the injustices caused by a society's historical discrimination against people of color, women and other minority groups by leveling the uneven playing ground (Maltz, 2005). Through affirmative action, institutions and organizations attempt to foster diversity in a liberal and democratic society. This is exhibited by prestigious institutions of higher learning. Admission policies on affirmative action have been effective in aligning the balance of opportunity and power whilst ensuring that formerly excluded societal groups are currently included in the system (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2009).
Evidently, the affirmative action plan will be valid when it creates a level playing field for a minority group biased in the current system. It is important to clarify why three of thirty supervisors in the library branches…
Bennett-Alexander, D.D., & Hartman, L.P. (2009). Employment law for business (6th ed.). New
York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Maltz, L. (2005). Affirmative action. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press.
The proclivity to pass blame between organizational members also suggest an internal cultural shortcoming rooted in an unwillingness to take responsibility for planning failures. This is an unnecessary conflict which is derived from the onus on planning failure and the clear incapacity of the organization to rebound in its wake. This perspective and reality go hand in hand.
So may we observe this from an article regarding Toyota's ongoing struggles and its contingency efforts at damage control. Such a crisis can surely illuminate the behaviors that may be demanded in the face of unexpected planning failures. According to Takahashi (2010), "Toyota Motor Corp. said Friday it will temporarily halt production at its factories in France and the U.K. For a total of at least 12 days from late March, due to weaker demand for its vehicles in the region after a series of global safety recalls. The production suspension coincides…
BBC News. (2002). Enron Scandal at-a-glance. British Broadcasting Company.
Online at .
Emshwiller, J.R. & Bravin, J. (2010). Justices to Weigh Venue in Skilling Case. Wall Street Journal. Online at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703940704575089781881501578.html?KEYWORDS=enron
Pierce, J. & Robinson, R. (2009). Strategic Management, 11th Edition. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Press.
Miss Moore is trying to teach the children the value of a dollar. In today's society, that is a very tough lesson for our youth. Many teenagers think nothing of spending $175.00 on a pair of shoes. That is, until they have to actually pay for them themselves. Children need to learn from a young age: nothing is for free and one needs to work hard, go to school, and make a good living to survive in today's world. That is all Miss Moore is trying to teach these children.
The poem "Golden Retrievals" is written from the point-of-view of man's best friend, a dog. It is a dog's way of seeing the world. Golden retrievers are vey high maintenance dogs, that are very much people-pleasers. In this poem, the dog explains his day when he goes for a walk. He loves running and chasing balls, fetching sticks and sticking…
1. DiYanni, Robert (2007) Literature: Reading Fiction and Poetry. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Publishing
Kamien (161) notes that "theme and variations" was a basic musical idea widely used in the Classical period. In the second movement of Haydn's Symphony No. 94, the strings play the theme for the first time, softly and sweetly. Suddenly, the orchestra sounds a loud and dramatic chord -- the surprise. From there, the melody soars and dips as Haydn explores variations. He adds instruments to bring a fuller sound to the strings' playing of the theme and introduces a counterpoint melody. The music becomes bold and ominous-sounding with the change to a minor key. The "walking pace" begins to sound heavier, then Haydn returns to the lightness of the strings accompanied by the orchestra playing with much less volume. There is a dramatic pause and the movement ends as it began, with the simple staccato-like repeat of Haydn's basic theme.
The third movement, Minuet, Allegro Molto, is quick and…
Baker, D.T. Program notes. Haydn's Surprise Symphony. 24 November 2010. Edmonton,
Alberta, Canada: Essex Hall. Web. 7 March 2011.
Freed, Richard. Symphony no. 94 in G major, "Surprise." Kennedy Center. December 2004.
Web. March 7, 2011.
The existence, if any, performance difference between students in online and traditional learning environments has yet to be conclusively determined; though several studies have found no significant difference in performance, the existence of different motivational factors and learning styles as well as the increased engagement of students in online environments seems to suggest that a performance enhancement is available in online educational settings (Daymont & Blau 2008; Liu 2007; Wighting et al. 2008).
In this descriptive -- or observational -- study, five traditional students and five online students who are taking similar courses will be observed. The observations will focus on what is being learned and how it is being taught. By observing the ten students (5 traditional and 5 online), the goal will be to describe the different ways that the students get information about the course's topic (lecture, readings -- online or traditional books, through study…
Trochim, W., & Donnelly, J. (2008) The research methods knowledge base (3rd ed.).
Mason, OH: Cengage. ISBN: 9781592602919
Creswell, J.W. (2009) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN:
, 2005; Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009).
Human esources Implications of Equal Pay Concepts
While applicable employment legislation prohibits discrimination in compensation based strictly on gender, it does not necessarily require equal pay in circumstances where there are purely objective differences justifying those differences (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009). There are, in fact, numerous factors on the basis of which compensation differences may be permissible; for example, seniority, performance reviews, experience, the achievement of specific goals or objectives, and the objective overall quality of the work performed by respective employees may all be appropriate criteria for justifying unequal pay (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009).
In light of the applicable legislation and the nature of the appropriate criteria that justify differential compensation, promotion, and benefits, human resource professionals must establish very detailed position analyses and job descriptions (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, et al., 2009). This is the simplest and…
Goldfield, D., Abbot, C., Argersinger, J., and Argersinger, P. (2005). Twentieth-Century
America: A Social and Political History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-
Noe, R., Hollenbeck, J.R., Gerhart, B., and Wright, P. (2009). Human Resource
Qualified privilege has the same result as absolute privilege, but does not protect statements that can be proven to have been made with malicious intent (Pember, & Calvert, 2005).
The church would argue that they had a qualified privilege to communicate Steve's personal indiscretions due to the fact that they have the right to practice their religion. They will say that the disclosing of personal indiscretions is somehow a religious practice in their church and that everyone must disclose their indiscretions to them so that they can then make these public so that other people can help the person with their problems. They would argue that the statements were important facts to be known in the public interest in the carrying out of their religious practices.
d. Is there a legal difference in disclosing personal indiscretions to other elders, to members of the church, or to members of the public?…
Pember, D., & Calvert, C. (2005). Mass Media Law. New York: McGraw-Hill.
The exercise illustrating the need for additional objective principals could be followed by a moderated group discussion designed to identify principles and values that are important enough to social justice that they must be exempt from being subjected to the classic application of a purely democratic process. For example, the exercise could illustrate how easily group consensus through a democratic vote could result in the deprivation of the rights of minorities while preventing any legal recourse (Edwards, Wallenberg, & Lineberry, 2008). The exercise would conclude with group consideration of specific objective principles and social values such as those protected by the U.. Constitution.
Edwards G.C., Wallenberg M.P., and Lineberry R.B. (2008). Government in America:
People, Politics, and Policy. New York: Longman.
Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati, OH: West.
antrock J (200 ). Educational Psychology 4th edition. McGraw Hill
Edwards G.C., Wallenberg M.P., and Lineberry R.B. (2008). Government in America:
People, Politics, and Policy. New York: Longman.
Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati, OH: West.
Marketing also had to change its orientation, from creating appeals with broad general interest, to meeting specific needs and requirements at local levels. The change, that is, ultimately impacted all levels of the company and was met with varying levels of acceptance and enthusiasm. It was, in the characterization of Palmer, Dunford, and Akin (2008), very close to a "second-order" change, evidenced by a transformation of the organization at the very core of its' process and structural identity (p. 86).
Effects, Implications, and Lesson Learned. Because the change in sales force structure, process, and configuration did not ultimately require any downsizing -- in fact, in some cases, new sales reps were hired to cover new divisions created by the refocusing of responsibilities -- it did not place people in jeopardy of losing their jobs. However, it did significantly change the ways they did those jobs. For the first time, they…
McNamara, C., (2009). Organizational change and development. Free Management Library Retrieved from http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:PBqtrNPdMXsJ:managementhelp.org/org_chng/org_chng.htm+managing+organizational+change+stories&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us (January 8, 2010).
Palmer, I., Dunford, R., and Akin, G., (2008). Managing organizational change: a multiple perspectives approach (New York: McGraw-Hill).
When io de Janeiro recently won its bid to host the 2016 Olympic Games, they had one world famous representative on their Olympic committee that may have actually been more famous than our President Barak Obama. This individual may not be a household name in America, but he is most famous for scoring 2 goals in the 1958 World Cup championships when he was only 17 years old. This made him the youngest player to ever play in these renowned championships and over the course of his distinguished career; the majority of the football world would certainly consider him to be the best soccer player ever. Brazil actually has declared this individual as a national treasure in order to thwart other teams and countries from stealing him away and out of their country. His name is Edson Arantes Do Nascimento, but you may know him simply as --…
Adams, James A. (1971). "A Closed-Loop Theory of Motor Learning." Journal of Motor Behavior 3:111-150.
Keele, Steven W. (1968). "Movement Control in Skilled Motor Performance." Psychological Bulletin 70:387-403.
Leawoods, Heather. "Gustav Radbruch: An Extraordinary Legal Philosopher." Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from http://law.wustl.edu/journal/2/p489leawoods.pdf.
Magill, R, A. (2007) "Motor Learning Control: Concepts and Applications. McGraw Hill: Louisiana State University, USA.
305). A person's expected role is the formal role that is defined in a job description and the signals that other members of a work unit send as they teach newcomers how to perform their jobs. An individual's expected role, however, may differ from his or her perceived role. A perceived role is the set of activities that an individual believes he or she is expected to perform. The perceived role may or may not greatly overlap with the expected role that originates with other members of the organization.
Ultimately, everyone knows that groups frequently seem to differ from one another. The differences that are most obvious might include the way members interact with one another, how members feel about the group, and how the group performs. Therefore, examining these dynamics within each group can hopefully reduce the amount of conflict and non-productive time that groups experience by having learned…
Bloisi W, Cook CW & Hunsaker P. 2007 Management & organizational behaviour,
2nd European Edition, McGraw- Hill, Maidenhead,.
French, R, Rayner, C, Rees, G & Rumbles, S 2008 Organizational behaviour, Wiley, Chichester
Huczynski, AA. & Buchanan, DA. 2007. Organizational behaviour, 5th ed., Prentice Hall, Harlow.
2. Assuring the coexistence of the current and time-based logistics systems
eveals the benefits of both current and time-based logistics systems
Fosters innovation in a context of maintained traditional safety
Allows for a period of testing of the new logistics system
Allows for a relevant and direct assessment and comparison of the two logistics systems
The combined model would support the creation of a new strategic approach, a relationship with the supply chain and as such an increased competitive position (College, 2009)
Finally, the dual system would create a more mobile and flexible supply chain, which would better allow the entity to respond to the challenges of the modern day market and industry (Supply Chain Management eview)
Implies additional costs with the maintenance of both systems, including capital, technologies and human resource costs
The work conducted through the dual logistics system is complex and could even be perceived…
Andries, B., Gelders, L., 1995, Time-based manufacturing logistics, Logistics Information Management, Vol. 8, No. 6
Bowersox, D.J., Closs, D.J., Cooper, M.B., 2009, Supply Chain Logistics Management, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill / Irwin, New York
College, B., July 2009, Development and analysis of a supply chain strategy taxonomy, Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol. 45, No. 3
Hise, R.T., September-October 1995, the implications of time-based competition on international logistics strategies, Business Horizons
3) Hiroko taking Jack to her family's home -- Eliot realizes that he is the outsider, the one who is bumbling, even his long legs do not fit comfortably under the table. Hiroko is obviously fond of him, and in the simple ceremonies of dining, and the reactions of her grandparents, Eliot realizes that it is again his own "bumbling" that is causing the conflict, not Japanese culture. In addition, Eliot learns that "The Chief' is actually Hiroko's father, who is quite literate in English, but proves to Eliot that he is in Japan, it is up to him to learn some Japanese.
4) the team's reaction to his apology -- ealizing his set of faux-pas, Eliot admits his deficiencies to the team, and rather than his expectations of continued ostracizing, Eliot learns that there is a real camaraderie within the team, that they genuinely like him, and once he…
Adler, N. International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. Florence, KY:
Hofstede, G. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. New York:
McGraw Hill, 2005.
This also refers to the false impression that cramming is a successful learning technique. As this study notes; "…it is much better to create an interval between the times you study an item" ( Glenn, 2007, p. 2). Similarly, a study entitled Smart way to study (2009) also emphasizes that intervals between study session have been shown to improve retention and understanding of the material. This method also means that information is retained and can be utilized in a more interactive manner by the student.
3. Tips to improve study skills
Study preparations are an important part of developing useful and long-term study skills. As has been referred to, the organization and management of the correct study skills that are appropriate to each individual's predilections is an important aspect that should be borne in mind in the development of successful learning skills. This also includes significant aspects, such as choosing…
Fleming G. Would Group Study Improve Your Grades? College Professors Think So!
Retrieved July 16, 2009, from http://homeworktips.about.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/study.htm
Larson, S. (2005). Teaching for Transformation in Today's Challenging Youth.
Reclaiming Children and Youth, 14(1), 27+. Retrieved July 12, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009565771
These other Gap, Inc. stores have more of a core brand image, even if their clothing is more expensive.
Step 3 - Determine MC Objectives
Convey the uniqueness of the Old Navy brand. It is fun, gives the consumer value for his or her dollar, and has insight into youthful 'hip' trends.
Step 4 - Develop Strategies and Tactics
Old Navy is making use of Twitter and YouTube with its SuperModelquins campaign, which uses interactive as well as old media to sell its clothing with plastic, created dolls, all with unique lives and personalities the consumer can follow online (Anderson 2009). The approach is edgy, yet will not alienate mothers who shop at Old Navy for their children.
Step 5 - Set the Budget
The use of new media can act as a method of cost-containment, given that advertising through such sources will reach more of the target audience. More…
Anderson, Mae. (2009, February 29). Old Navy's new ad campaign heavy on 'quirky'
Money AOL. Retrieved July 4, 2009 at http://money.aol.com/news/articles/_a/bbdp/old-navys-new-ad-campaign-heavy-on/359240
Duncan, T. (2004). Principles of advertising & IMC. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Paul, which were written by a converted Sadducee who preached that gentiles did not need to follow Mosaic Law and convert to Judaism to follow Jesus. Although all of these gospels, epistles, and works such as the Book of Revelation were canonized because of their perceived accuracy and continuity, their different authors, historical contexts, and influences also have conspired to create a Christian Bible that is open to many alternative interpretations, and has spawned many different sects that define Christianity differently.
Defining Christianity remains difficult -- does it mean following Jesus, following the teachings of a particular book, or a particular church? Is following Jesus enough, or must a Christian believe Jesus died for the sins of all of humanity? Must a Christian believe that Jesus is the Son of God the Father, and is the holy, anointed one, the Messiah prophesized about in the Old Testament, or can a…
Molloy, Michael. Experiencing the World's Religions. Fourth Edition. New York: McGraw/Hill,
In the future, the politicians could support an agenda promoting the national manufacturers in an attempt to reduce imports and increase exports. The direct impact for the mechanic could be that he might have more work in the future.
Another example of how the book is useful is given by the need or desire to understand the features of the contemporaneous economic crisis. Despite the fact that the media present apocalyptic stories of today's financial challenges, a reading of Clayton and Giesbrecht's book would reveal that the economy has often been confronted with challenging times and that times of economic boom and recession are normal. Otherwise put, a Guide to Everyday Economic Statistics would help the reader understand the cyclic character of an economy and he would as such be less pessimistic. Listening only to the media coverage of one bankruptcy following another would definitely take a negative toll on…
Urbanization is changing the way people live and work in America. With higher population density, residents are creating economies of scale that allow greater access to goods from around the world at competitive prices. All the cities of the Eastern United States are linked via trade routes to the Old World and beyond, introducing items ranging from spices and food to luxury goods. The American trade industry is booming so much so that this nation's raw materials are in demand all over the world. New immigrants to American cities can participate in the exiting endeavors of world trade, working on docks loading and unloading cargo or helping ship raw materials from mines and factories to the ships that will take them overseas.
The American housing industry needs laborers to build and help move large tracts of lumber across many miles of land. Similarly, giant steel companies are hiring as many…
American Industrialization." Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/lec.indust.html
Industrialization, Immigration, Urbanization." Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://faculty.utep.edu/LinkClick.aspx?link=industry_immigration.ppt&tabid=20250&mid=66301
Transportation Revolution." Interactive Maps. Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073124923/student_view0/chapter17/interactive_maps.html
That's proving a business opportunity for Krispy Kreme, McDonald's and other American fast-food chains. For Krispy Kreme, Japan is part of its overseas expansion -- a crucial element of its revival plan announced earlier this year. The chain, based in inston-Salem, N.C., saw its stock collapse two years ago under the weight of overexpansion in the U.S., an accounting investigation and the low-carb diet craze...[Now a] Japanese man carries boxes of Krispy Kreme doughnuts back to his office...two Japanese girls devour doughnuts last week at a Krispy Kreme shop in Tokyo. Long lines form outside the shops, sometimes leading to waits of an hour" (Kageyama 2007). But because of more health-conscious consumers in other regions of America where the Southern, Americana image of the company has less cache and novelty, this strategy has not been successful. Also, the idea of a 'trans-fat free doughnut' has not quelled fears about health…
About us. (2008). Carvel Ice Cream Website. Retrieved September, 21 2008 at http://www.carvel.com/about_us/about_us.htm
About us. (2008). Dunkin' Doughnuts Official Website. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
Cateora, P.R., & Graham, J.L. (2005). International Marketing. 12th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.