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The question is raised as to which values to select over others. The combination of references to substitution also serves to make the point that making choices and choosing one thing over another is unavoidable.
This unavoidable nature relates to the fact that substitution is part of society. We also see where substitution is of benefit to a person. Elbow is one example, he owes his job to substitution, as he says "as they are chosen, they are glad to choose me for them." (II.i) This leads to one of the themes of the play, corruption, a theme that touches on substitution.
In fact there are many themes of the play that relate to substitution. Some of the themes are a choice between two things, where one must be substituted by the other. Action vs. words is one example. This theme is especially important as it also relates to the…
Brown, Donohue, Axnick, Blount, Ewen, Jones. Syphilis and Other Venereal Diseases. Harvard University Press. Cambridge Massachusetts, 1970.
Rosebury, Theodor. Microbes and Morals. The Viking Press. New York, 1971.
Shakespeare's Measure For Measure
illiam Shakespeare's play, Measure for Measure is considered a problem play because it operates on several levels. Shakespeare explores complex matters of ethics in this play through complicated situations and characters. The complexities of the human psyche are explored in this play, with a focus on the emotions of love, shame, and honor. Shakespeare brings these sensitive issues to the surface with the characters and curious behavior of Isabella, Angelo, and the Duke. This paper will examine how the play is problematic when considering its generic conventions.
Isabella becomes a pivotal character in the play because as we become concerned with what she should do, we realize the problems her choice means to her. Part of the difficulty associated with Measure for Measure is that the answer to this question is not clear. hat we discover about Isabella is something peculiar about her chastity. In short,…
Shakespeare, William. Measure for Measure. The Illustrated Stratford Shakespeare. London: Chancellor Press. 1982.
intervene on behalf of her brother Claudio, Isabella is fully entrenched in the convent and the sets of norms and values it represents. She finds its rules and regulations comforting, and even finds herself "wishing for a more strict restraint," rather than for additional freedom (Act I, scene iv, line 352). It is as if the Mothers in the convent are substitutes for Isabella's mother, whose absence in the play signals the sort of distance that might prompt the daughter's transference of maternal power to the surrogate. The fact that Claudio is Isabella's brother is therefore meaningful on several levels. One, Isabella perceives Claudio's transgression as a sin as well as a legal transgression. Her rigid moral beliefs constrain her view of her brother and end up mirroring both her True Self and False Self in the process. Second, Claudio's sexual transgression allows the emergence of Isabella's Oedipal/Electral desires. As…
Shakespeare, W. (1623). Measure for Measure [Play]. Online version available: http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/play_view.php?WorkID=measure&Scope=entire&pleasewait=1&msg=pl
Winnicott, D.W. (1960). Ego distortion in terms of true and false self.
Winnicott, D.W. (1992). Psycho-Analytic Explorations. Harvard University Press.
Looking at the variability of each group is important because it gives the decision-maker an indication of how wide is the spread of scores of each worker in the group. That is, through measures of variability, the decision-maker is informed of just how varied the manual dexterity scores of the workers are, since it would be most efficient for him/her to have workers who at least have the same levels/scores on manual dexterity. The measure variance is a good indicator of the spread of manual dexterity scores among workers: Group B, evidently, has a much higher variance score compared to Group a. This means that Group B. has workers that have very high manual dexterity, but also has workers with very low manual dexterity.
In the interest of consistency of quality of work produced and efficiency, it would be wise for the decision-maker to choose Group a over B, primarily…
You Get What You Measure
The phrase "you get what you pay for" is pretty easy to understand, but "you get what you measure" is a little more difficult -- measuring doesn't actually procure or "get" anything other than a measurement, and of course you get the measurement that you take -- that's self-evident, right? In the business world, though, people often seem to think that they can get whatever results they want simply by suiting the measurement to suit their own purposes, even if this doesn't really measure what they imagine it to. Measurements of the security of an investment, for example, are useless if they don't actually measure the likelihood of the investment failing or growing. Measures of market size are irrelevant if the market measured isn't specific to the product or service being marketed, price comparisons are invalid if substantial product differences exist, etc. The willingness…
Maintain Starbucks "Ethos"
It is difficult to directly measure consumer sentiment. However, dissatisfied customers provided needed feedback as to problems in the overall objective.
Take drastic action to address consumers' issues in a timely manner. This may include free samples or refunds but should be as comprehensive as possible to address a wide range of complaints
Ethical Treatment of Internal Employees
Starbucks can gauge its treatment of its employees from industry standards and other similar measures.
Starbucks should be one of the best companies to work for in their industry at all times and must make sure there compensation packages meet or exceed employee expectations.
Maintain and promote a high level of corporate social responsibility.
Starbucks must not only source its raw materials (mostly coffee) in a sustainable manner, but it should also be proactive in finding new solutions to responsible coffee development in…
measure situations of reality (Piquero, 2002). A dependent variable and an independent variable are studied for patterns of relation, covariance, and cause and effect. For example, the relationship between impulsivity, the independent variable, and criminal behavior, the dependent variable, or the effects of a mandatory arrest policy, the independent variable, on future patterns of domestic violence, the dependent variable, are both examples of quantitative research. For causality, three criteria are needed. In association, the variables must be related to each other. The independent variable must precede the dependent variable in time order. And the issue of no spuriousness, which occurs if there is no third variable observed.
Surveys are mostly used for observation within the social sciences, such as behaviors or the general public has feeling about certain issues. Experimental and quasi-experimental research is best to study the cause and effect situations. True experiments must have three features: two comparison…
Miller, J. (n.d.). The Status of Qualitative Research in Criminology. Retrieved from Harvard University: http://www.wjh.harvard.edu/nsfqual/Miller%20Paper.pdf
Piquero, A.R. (2002). Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: Methods. Retrieved from Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3403000080.html
Quantitative methods in criminology. (n.d.). Retrieved from Reference.com: http://www.reference.com/browse/Quantitative_methods_in_criminology
Rot, A. (2008, Oct 24). IT Risk Assessment: Quantitative and Qualitative Approach. Retrieved from World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science: http://iaeng.org/publication/WCECS2008/WCECS2008_pp1073-1078.pdf
Measure Value Vice Versa." - Joseph Stiglitz. Having started module question:" What purpose business? "You finish assignment links question individual level. IMPOTANT*** PLEASE ONLY USE THE EADINGS / TEXT / MATEIAL FOM THE ATTACHED FILE COUSE EADINGS AND TEXT.
The Importance of Values on Decision Making
The following pages focus on providing an analysis of the application of ethical in several types of activity. The Introduction presents the points-of-view used in this paper. The following section focuses on using several models in answering the questions addressed by the Christensen article. The Ethical Decision Making Guide section is intended to discuss the ethical guide that I find useful in my situation. The Ethical Guide Application section provides some examples of different situations where this ethical guide was successfully applied. The Key Concepts section discusses some of the concepts that I became aware of during this course. The Conclusions section presents some…
1. Consequentialism (2011). Stanford University. Retrieved August 24, 2011 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/consequentialism/ .
2. Christensen, C. (2010). How Will You Measure your Life? Harvard Business Review. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
3. Trevino, L. et al. (2004). Managing to Be Ethical: Debunking Five Business Ethics Myths. Academy of Management. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
4. Porter, M. & Kramer, M. (2011). Creating Shared Value. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
Even students who return to graduate school to improve their qualifications after failing to find work might qualify as discouraged workers. This recession, which has affected the young and white-collar sectors more than recessions of the recent past, has created a larger proportion of individuals adopting such strategies. These workers using socially acceptable means to deal with unemployment but are still incurring debt while they are not making enough to support themselves, or are incurring more debt due to student loans that they will have to pay back eventually. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that if all discouraged workers were counted, the unemployment rate would have been nearly 11% in August 2009 (Luo 2009). Depression, depending on the inadequate income of a spouse, and focusing on raising children or school than dealing with piles of rejection letters are all cited as reasons that workers simply give up (Luo 2009).…
Luo, Michael. (2009, September 7). Out of work and too down to search on. The New York
Times. Retrieved January 20, 2010 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/07/us/07worker.html
Schenk, Robert. (2008, July). Weaknesses of the unemployment rate. Cyber economics.
Retrieved January 20, 2010 at http://ingrimayne.com/econ/Measuring/Unemployment2.html
measures wanted assess? Missing research - research? Avoid critical questions elements made argument clear? Elements research extremely poignant offered validity claims? Claims broad research size? Claims understated? Limitations research? leap erroneous conclusions opinion - addressed concerns claims? researchers biased-based study, funders, connections, specialities? research questions research bring merit research investigation? reasons claims made?
DeJong, Gerben, Ching-Hui Hsieh, Koen Putman, andall J. Smout, Susan D. Horn, & Wenqiang Tian. (2010). Physical therapy activities in stroke, knee arthroplasty, and traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Their variation, similarities, and association with functional outcomes. Physical Therapy, 91(12) 1826-1837.
Physical therapy is prescribed for a variety of conditions, spanning from knee surgery to traumatic brain injury. However, although the patient populations subjected to PT may vary, there is a certain uniformity of treatment prescription and goals of outcome. According to DeJong (et al., 2010) "certain rehabilitation principles" are thought to "generalize across populations. For example, we…
DeJong, Gerben, Ching-Hui Hsieh, Koen Putman, Randall J. Smout, Susan D. Horn, & Wenqiang Tian. (2010). Physical therapy activities in stroke, knee arthroplasty, and traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Their variation, similarities, and association with functional outcomes. Physical Therapy, 91(12) 1826-1837.
What are the attributes of a successful online instructor?
As in the case of the criteria for success in online instructors, the personal and professional attributes of good teachers are also substantially consistent as between the online and traditional teaching environments. Specifically, the most successful teachers tend to be those who are the most passionate about their profession, the achievements of their students, and of their subject matter. Successful teachers make the necessary effort to ensure that their course work is interesting to students. This can be more challenging online, simply because teachers do not have the benefit of as much data, such as in the form of real-time student responses that they can observe. Similarly, the ability and willingness to make themselves as accessible as possible to students is crucial to success as any kind of teacher.
Successful online teachers must be able to motivate and encourage their students…
Secondary Social Studies
Civic Goals for the Social Studies
Teachers are pivotal towards impacting knowledge to students thus, the effectiveness of a teacher yields to higher performance amongst students (ussell, Waters, & Turner, 2013). The effectiveness of a teacher that yields quality performance among students is not necessarily possession of a teaching certificate. ather, the assignment of a teacher to teach within their subject field is ideal to achieve the desirable outcome in informing students sufficiently.
Certification and ideal assignment of a teacher to their subject field will ensure that teachers competently deliver the related knowledge to students without much dependence on textbooks. Different states have different measures to evaluate a teacher's effectiveness in the delivery of knowledge and their competencies in the subject matter. It is however noted that the methods used in teachers competence and knowledge testing in the majority of the states are inadequate (ussell et al.,…
Russell, W., Waters, S., & Turner, T. (2013). Essentials of Middle and Secondary Social Studies. United Kingdom: Routledge, Chapman & Hall Ltd.
Measure of associations
1. Rate ratio comparing current smokers with nonsmokers
Rate ration = rate of current smokers/rate of nonsmokers
(Rate of current smokers = rate of smokers per 1000 persons-years = 1.3)
(Rate of nonsmokers = rate of nonsmokers per 1000 persons-years = 0.07)
Rate ration = 1.3/0.07
2. Rate ratio comparing ex-smokers who quit at least 20 years ago with nonsmokers
Rate ration = rate of ex-smokers quitting at 20 years/rate of nonsmokers
(Rate of ex-smokers quitting at 20 years = rate per 1000 persons-years = 0.19)
(Rate of nonsmokers = rate per 1000 persons-years = 0.07)
Rate ration = 0.19/0.07
3. What are the public health implications of these findings?
Based on the calculation above, it is evident that the rate of lung cancer incidences among smokers is way too high, 18 times, as compared to nonsmokers. This leads to the conclusion…
Campus Security Measures
The impact of mass shooting at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) on April 16, 2007 continues to be felt across the United States and internationally due to a massacre that killed 27 students and five faculty members. Following the weeks after the shooting, the university conducted several extensive reviews and analysis to better understand the attack and provide strategies to prevent future attacks in the university. In response to the tragedy at the Virginia Tech and other shooting tragedies across the colleges and universities in the United States, IACLEA (the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators) develops comprehensive recommendations that the colleges and universities should follow in enhancing safety and securities. (Thrower, Healy, Margolis, et al. 2008). Apart from the comprehensive safety procedures against shooting, the university authorities also have the obligations to protect the life and properties against event such as fire,…
Guardly (2012). Assessment of Emergency Response Times on Campus when using Guardly Safe Campus ™ versus Existing
Methods of Reporting, Monitoring and Responding to Incidents. Industry Higher Education.
Randazzo, M.R. & Plummer, E. (2009). Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus. A Virginia Tech Demonstration Project. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Thrower, R.H. Healy, S.J. Margolis, G.J. et al.(2008). Overview of the Virginia Tech Tragedy
Soviet Active Measures and U.S. Covert Action programs
The focus of this essay is to explore, compare and contrast the U.S. Covert Action programs with the Soviet Active Measures of the same time period. The United States uses the Covert Action program and Soviet Union uses Active Measure to influence the political, economic, and social conditions of foreign countries. While there are similarities in their operations, there are still some fundamental differences.
Explore, Compare and Contrast the U.S. Covert Action with the Soviet Active Measures
Covert action program is the activities of the United States Government used to influence economic, military and political conditions of foreign countries or government. The U.S. uses the covert action to achieve their desired foreign policy goals without necessarily acknowledging their intention publicly. Typically, U.S. uses broad spectrum of covert actions that include:
Propaganda: CIA covertly disseminates specific information to achieve foreign policy goals. However,…
Bearden, M.(2003). The Main Enemy: The Inside Story of the CIA's Final Showdown with the KGB. New York: Random House.
Daugherty, W.J. (2004). Approval and Review of Covert Action Programs since Reagan. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, 17: 62 -- 80.
Johnson, L.K. & James W. (2008). Intelligence and National Security. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lowenthal, M. (2003). Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy, 2nd Edition. CQ Press: Washington DC.
These low scores represent persons whose handling skills for fragile material are weak and are a potential risk to the company. In group B, the handling skills of the group members are very similar.
Group B. also had the lower standard deviation 12.43 as compared to 22.71. The standard deviation is a measure of the difference in skill between the group, the larger the standard deviation, then the greater the quantum of difference between the scores. Since you must employ the entire group, it is an imperative that the chosen group has the smallest differences in their skill level. If the differences in skill level are too great, what may occur is that you have persons who are highly skilled doing a great job, but persons of poor skill doing a terrible job undermine this.
These measures provide an adequate tool for a statistical assessment of the two groups of…
metrics to measure the effectiveness of IS and IT values within an organization. The paper provides the differences between Effectiveness IT metrics and Efficiency IT metrics. The financial indicators and technical indicators are used to measure the IT values within IT department. The paper also draws the examples of conceptual model and IS success model in assessing the IS value in the IT department. The traditional financial ratio such as eturn on Equity (OE), and economic value which include level of productivity, increase in profitability and improvement in data accuracy have also been used to measure IT value.
In a contemporary business environment, Information Technology (IT) has become a powerful tool that business employs to achieve competitive advantages. IT improves time-to-market, enhance product quality, and decision support system. While firms incur substantial costs on IT to enhance business performances, measurement of IT investment is essential to examine the extent the…
Bardhan, I. Krishnan, V. & Lin, S. (2004). A Model to Measure the Business Value of Information Technology: The Case of Project and Information Work. INFORMS and DSI conferences, and seminar.
Chung, S.H. & Rainer, R.K. & Lewis, B.R. (2006).The Impact of Information Technology Infrastructure Flexibility on Strategic Alignment and Applications Implementation. College of Business Eastern Michigan University.
DeLone, W.H. & McLean, E.R. (2003). The DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success: A Ten-Year Update. Journal of Management Information Systems. 19(4): 9 -- 30.
Malec, B.T. (2009).Measuring the Economic Value of IT Investments:
The third measure of central tendency is the mode. Despite it being the last option of consideration by many analysts, it is a mostly utilized measure. The mode represents the most frequent observation in a data set. For example, if total scores of a football tournament in every match were tabulated as 2, 4, 6, 5, 2, 4, and 2, then the mode of these observations is 2 scores because this observation occurs thrice in the distribution.
The median contributes to the fourth measure of central tendency and it represents the value in the distribution that lies in the middle of the observations of interest. To obtain the median, arranging the observations in ascending order establishes the observation that lies in the middle of the arranged data. For example, in the above given observations of football scores, they can arranged in ascending order as 2, 2, 2, 4, 4,…
Distributions. (2003, May 11). Wading through the data swamp: Distributions. Pathway courses.
Retrieved from http://pathwayscourses.samhsa.gov/eval201/eval201_supps_pg16.htm#Anchor-Normal-49575
Donnelly, R.A. (2004). The complete idiot's guide to statistics. Indianapolis, in: Alpha books.
Salkind, N.J. (2009). Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics, (2nd ed.). London, UK:
The relevance of financial ratios cannot be overstated when it comes to the measurement of an entity's performance. It should, however, be noted that not all performance measures can be expressed as a ratio. This text concerns itself with various other performance measures: operating leverage, eturn on Investment (OI), EVA, and gross profit margin.
According to Shim and Siegel (2008, p. 198) "operating leverage, a measure of operating risk, arises from the company's use of fixed operating costs." As the authors further point out, a simple indication of the said financial measure would be the "change in sales on earnings before interest and taxes" (Shim and Siegel, 2008, p. 198). It is important to note that a high degree of operating leverage is seen as an indicator that small changes in sales result in significant changes in not only EBIT, but also return on…
Brigham, E.B. & Ehrhardt, M. (2013). Financial Management: Theory and Practice (14th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Kalpan Financial Limited. (2012). Performance Management. Retrieved from http://kfknowledgebank.kaplan.co.uk/KFKB/Wiki%20Pages/Financial%20Performance%20Indicators%20%28FPIs%29.aspx#Maximising_x0020_shareholder_x0020_wealth_0_1_0_1_1_0_0_0_0_0_0_0_0_0_0_0
Shim, J.K. & Siegel, J.G. (2008). Financial Management (3rd ed.). Hauppauge, New York: Barron's Education Series.
E-Commerce Security Measures
The Internet has positively created new life in business commerce, through website development. It has also opened up a new way for criminals to steal secret data of businesses and information regarding clients' banks details and contacts. This has made customers to becoming rapidly more aware of the websites they visit and where they input their personal information to avoid fraud cases (Corr S. Pondent, 2009).
However, e-commerce security measures deal with issues such as protecting the integrity of the business network and its internal systems. Besides, it ensures that the customer's information is shielded from everybody else, and must not be open to alteration or tampering, whilst going through the process of authentication and receipt. This ensures that there are secure business transaction between the customer and the business (andy C. Marchany, 2002).
E-commerce business has put in place several different security measures to protect customers…
1. Corr S. Pondent, (2009). Security Techniques Used to Protect an E-Commerce System
2. Randy C. Marchany (2002) E-Commerce Security Issues
Proceedings of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
3. Avi Rushinek, Sara Rushinek (2002). E-commerce security measures are they worth it
In this text, I concern myself with performance measurement. In addition to a performance measure of my choice, some of the other performance measures I will discuss include EVA, OI, and operating leverage. In so doing, I will not only compute the said performance measures but also reflect on their advantages and disadvantages. My companies of choice for this discussion are Apple Inc. And Google Inc.
Performance Measures: Computations
Degree of Operating Leverage
% Change in EBIT/
%Change in Sales
eturn on Investment
Operating Profit / Total Assets
Economic Value Added
NOPAT -- (WACC * Investment)
Gross Profit Margin
Sales -- COGS / Sales
Degree of Operating Leverage (DOL)
Operating leverage in the words of Stickney and Weil (2007) "refers to the tendency of net income to rise at a faster rate than sales in the presence of fixed costs" (p. 792). In that regard…
Albrecht, W.S., Stice, E.K., Stice, F.D. & Swain, M.R. (2010). Accounting: Concepts and Applications (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Maher, M.W., Stickney, C.P. & Weil, R.L. (2007). Managerial Accounting: An Introduction to Concepts, Methods and Uses (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Leaning.
Stickney, C.P. & Weil, R.L. (2007). Financial Accounting: An Introduction to Concepts, Methods and Uses (12th ed). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Instrument Measures Nurse Practice
In a hospital or any medical care setting, nurses make up the majority of the environment, and are the backbone of facilitating patient care between physicians. However, between meeting the demands of the patients and following through doctors' orders, the roles nurses play are a high-stressed one, which influences on his or her overall well-being. The purpose of this paper is to display the findings from a study led by Pisanti (2008) regarding the relationship between nurses and their abilities to cope with environmental demands with the use of the Occupational Coping Self-Efficacy for Nurses (OCSE-N) Scale.
In order to gain a better understanding about the investigation, it is significant to comprehend about the foundation on which the study was based on, which is the Lazarus cognitive-medication theory of stress and Bandura's social cognitive theory. The former is about certain cognitive appraisals regarding one's work provokes…
According to Darula and Kittler:
In the 3rd century BC Alexandria became the centre of civilisation, and it was able to collect the knowledge of Sumer, Babylon, Egypt and Greece, mingled with Persian inventions. This first 'global' Mediterranean culture produced the standard calendar adopted by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, following the system used in Egypt since 238 BC, introduced by Ptolemy III Euergetes on the suggestion of his son's teacher Erasthenes. This so-called Julian calendar is still in use, although the Christian dating has been in existence only since 532 AD. (142).
The basis for angles likewise being measured in degree, minutes and seconds was a new Sumerian-invented lightweight wheel that was supported by three sticks and roped together at its axis to divide a circle into 60 degree; this innovation resulted in sexagesimal measurements of angles within a full 360 degree circle (Darula & Kittler 142).
Barnett, Jo Ellen. Time's Pendulum: The Quest to Capture Time -- from Sundials to Atomic
Clocks. New York: Plenum Trade, 1998.
Darula, Stan and Richard Kittler. (2004). "Analemma, the Ancient Sketch of Fictitious Sunpath
Geometry-Sun Time and History of Mathematics." Architectural Science Review
Ironically however these are the most critical aspects of any service encounter as they are the most memorable moments of any customer purchasing a service. While they defy quantification, these "soft" factors are those that make customers loyal, companies profitable, and reflect positively on a culture of putting customers first in any organization. The bottom line is that for any service business to be effectively managed, both the "hard" metrics need to be monitored yet the "soft" measures of performance are where the greatest potential for differentiation from competitors is, in addition to the opportunity to create legendary service, thereby earning customers for life.
Terziovski, M (2006). Quality management practices and their relationship with customer satisfaction and productivity improvement. Management Research News, 29(7), 414-424. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from AI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1105565451).
Vandermerwe, S (1994). Quality in services: The "softer" side is "harder" (and smarter). Long-Range…
Terziovski, M (2006). Quality management practices and their relationship with customer satisfaction and productivity improvement. Management Research News, 29(7), 414-424. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1105565451).
Vandermerwe, S (1994). Quality in services: The "softer" side is "harder" (and smarter). Long-Range Planning, 27(2), 45. Retrieved March 19, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 881043).
It supports innovativeness and flexibility, but at the same time attempts to ensure profitability in the long run." (Bhimani 2003:250)
The idea of the bottom line must also be changed to incorporate non-financial measures as well, otherwise this cultural change would be futile. Thus the concept of a 'Triple Bottom Line' has been created with three areas of responsibility: corporate, social and environmental, otherwise known as the three P's: People, Planet and Profit. This has been alternately termed corporate responsibility or sustainability reporting and "many of those companies vie for industry, national, and international honors, such as the Dow Jones Sustainability Index, awarded to the world's most sustainable firms by industry sector." (Colbert and Kurucz, 2007, p. 21)
List of eferences
Bhimani, Alnoor, ed. 2003. Management Accounting in the Digital Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Colbert, B.A., & Kurucz, E.C. 2007. 'Three Conceptions of Triple Bottom Line Business Sustainability and…
Bhimani, Alnoor, ed. 2003. Management Accounting in the Digital Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Colbert, B.A., & Kurucz, E.C. 2007. 'Three Conceptions of Triple Bottom Line Business Sustainability and the Role for HRM.' Human Resource Planning, 30.1: 21-33.
Dubin, Robert. 1958. The World of Work: Industrial Society and Human Relations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
VIX is a measure of the market's expectations for 30-day volatility, usually of a broad index like the S&P 500. The VIX is calculated using the prices of a variety of options on the index. The implied volatility of these options is used, and the VIX is sometimes referred to as a fear gauge and a measure of overall market risk (Investopedia, 2012).
There are two versions of the VIX. The first is for the S&P 500 and the second is for the S&P 100. The former is considered to be more representative of the broad market than the latter (Bail, no date). Options are priced, of course, with a mix of risk premium and time value. For market index options, that risk is assumed to simply be market risk. Therefore, options on that will contain a time value and a market risk premium. It is the latter that is…
Bail, M. (no date). Measuring stock market volatility. The Daily Reckoning. Retrieved March 12, 2012 from http://dailyreckoning.com/measuring-stock-market-volatility/
Investopedia. (2012). Definition of VIX. Investopedia. Retrieved March 12, 2012 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/v/vix.asp
Construction for Apple
Increase earnings per share / revenues.
Improve dominance inside the marketplace.
Enhance market value.
Sell more units in contrast with competitors.
25% annual growth.
Increase market share to 30%.
Increase profit margins and decrease operating costs.
Promote different products as higher quality
Enhance customer satisfaction.
each out to a larger demographic of cliental.
Offer more products that are in demand.
Have better quality merchandise with great customer support.
Sell 60 million units per quarter.
Improve customer satisfaction with products.
Increase marketing efforts.
Have enhanced quality control, testing and responsiveness.
Listen to new ideas from employees and managers.
Establish reviews that will monitor for changes in attitudes and ideas.
Focus on streaming videos and next generation technology.
Effective management structure
Improve shareholder value.
Make the company more…
Global I Phone Sales. (2012). Statista. Retrieved from: http://www.statista.com/statistics/12743/worldwide-apple-iPhone-sales-since-3rd-quarter-2007/
Sebastian, A. (2012). Apple's Market Value. Extreme Research. Retrieved from: http://www.extremetech.com/computing/137707-apples-market-value-drops-60-billion-following-iPhone-5-scuff-quality-control-issues
Thompson, N. (2012). Does Apple have Bruise. New Yorker. Retrieved from: http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/comment/2012/10/apple-after-steve-jobs.html
The 22-item clinical instrument that resulted -- the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool - Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) -- was field-tested on a sample of 107 criminal defendants in a jail and in a forensic hospital in Virginia and found to possess psychometric integrity. The MacCAT-CA is now available for clinical use (Various, 2005).
Research on the adjudicative competence of juvenile offenders, conducted by the MacArthur Program on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice, is in progress
These studies, which are not nearly as comprehensive yet as the criminal adult measurements, have shown a capability to make somewhat accurate assessments of juvenile offenders. However, it has been determined that there are additional tools today to supplement the MacArthur Assessment. Those tools plus individual psychiatric counseling and interviews enhance accuracy. The MacArthur Assessment is also being tested on Alzheimer's patients. ut determining capable vs. incapable subjects remains an issue.
Akinkunmi, A.A. (2002). The MacArthur assessment tool -- fitness to plead: A preliminary evaluation of a research instrument... Retrieved May 24, 2009, from The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law: http://www.jaapl.org/cgi/reprint/30/4/476.pdf
Melton, G.B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N.G., Slobogin, C., & Lyons, P.M. (2007). Psychological evaluations for the courts; A handbook for mental health professionals and lawyers. New York: Guilford Press.
Pinals, D., Tillbrook, C.E., & Mumley, D.L. (2006). Practical application of the MacArthur assessment tool. Retrieved May 24, 2009, from The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law: http://www.jaapl.org/cgi/reprint/34/2/179
Steinberg, L. (2003). Juveniles on trial: MacArthur study call competency into question. Retrieved May 24, 2009, from American Bar Association - from Criminal Justice Magazine: http://www.abanet.org/crimjust/juvjus/cjmag/18-3ls.html
culture rely Hofstede's measures lead students confuse similarity cultural closeness. It important understand simply cultural values close, country relations optimal. Two greatest Asia economies, Japan China, case.
China vs. Japan
Historically speaking, China and Japan have been enemies. The 'ape of Nanking' during World War II is still remembered by many Chinese as if it happened yesterday. Despite close economic ties between the two nations, China still fought Japan being included in the UN Security Council because of Japan's war crimes against China (Lehmann 2006). In terms of foreign policy, Japan is understandably frightened by a strong North Korea, which China has failed to condemn when it has pursued aggressive foreign policy and violated human rights (Global impact of a China-Japan-South Korea free trade agreement, 2012, China Briefing).
There is also a certain amount of resource jealousy: China is a large nation with an expanding population; Japan is a small…
French, Howard & Norimitusu Onishi. (2005). Economic ties binding Japan to rival China.
The New York Times. Retrieved:
Global impact of a China-Japan-South Korea free trade agreement. (2012). China Briefing.
Strategic easons why countries
Protectionist Theories and Measures
Exchange ate Manipulation
International patent systems
Protectionism is a concept through which governments and states exercise control over the trading patterns of the country and use measures that in turn are expected to help the domestic industry develop.
The main argument that we shall be following for this essay is that Free trade can only be "free" when nations and states are at the same level. Forcing economies to open up can only cause chaos and ruin for those economies. Therefore some measures of protectionism are valid and should be allowed to countries without there being any penalizing measures.
The notion behind this theory, since earlier day's lies in the fact, that government officials have long been of the opinion, as explained by the following paragraph (Lighthizer, 2008):
Bartlett, B. 1998, July. The Truth about Trade in History. Retrieved November 22, 2011, from CATO Institute Web Site: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=10983
Gwartney, J.D., Stroup, R.L., Sobel, R.S., & MacPherson, D. 2008 . Economics: Private and Public Choice. Mason: Cengage Learning.
Kaempfer, W., Tower, E., & Willett, T. 2002. Trade Protectionism. Encyclopedia of Public Choice .
Lipsey, R.G., & Chrystal, K.A. 2007. Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
.....trategic goal for the organization that reflects its "main thing."
The primary focus of Protect Me (PM) -- it's "main thing"-- is to provide a safe haven for women who have experienced domestic abuse. After 27 years of serving women in the community, PM needs to boost its brand and profile in order to attract more funding and more reliable long-term sources of funding. Moreover, Protect Me serves an already underprivileged community. If PM positions itself as a community hub, the organization might be able to reach its strategic goals more effectively. In other words, domestic violence cannot necessarily be separated from other issues like homelessness and drug abuse but outreach services cannot continue to be diverted away from the primary population. Women seeking PM's services might themselves be addicts, and might be homeless after leaving their abusive partner. Therefore, the major strategic goal for Protect Me should be to…
Link Between Performance Measures and Reimbursement
Quality performance measures are critical and used for various purposes in the healthcare field including regulation, surveillance, and clinical care improvement (Adirim et al., 2017). The existing quality performance measures in the healthcare sector are classified into three categories i.e. outcome, structure, and process. However, quality performance measures seek to address the areas of quality across the continuum of care. Over the past few years, quality performance measures are increasingly linked to reimbursement given the emergence of the concept of pay for performance. In this regard, performance is linked to reimbursement in terms of enhancing patient satisfaction, best practices, and metric-driven outcomes. Payment for healthcare services is rapidly evolving to reward value through evaluating and paying for quality and spending performance (Ryan & Rodgers, 2018).
There are some challenges and benefits of the relationship between quality performance measures and reimbursement. Some of the benefits…
Adirim et al. (2017, January). A New Era in Quality Measurement: The Development and Application of Quality Measures. Pediatrics, 139(1). Retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/139/1/e20163442
Ryan, A.M. & Rodgers, P.E. (2018, March 1). Linking Quality and Spending to Measure Value for People with Serious Illness. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 21(2), S-74-S-80. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5756459/
Anti Terrorism Measures
Effective Anti-Terrorism Measures
Effective Anti-Terrorist Tactics
The threat of terrorism involves many variables. The nature and degree of risk posed by a potential attack depends on a number of factors, including the goals of the attackers and their means of inciting terror. There are numerous terrorist organizations with agendas ranging from various political ideologies to animal rights, environmental, and reproductive issues. With so many diverse groups and causes in play, the number and variety of potential targets present an enormous challenge. It is beyond the scope of this thesis to address likely goals and targets of specific terrorist groups. It is important to understand, however, that the risk posed to any company or environment is related to the nature of the particular threat posed by particular terrorist groups (Bauman, 1995). In addition, while local police play a major role in gathering information about likely terrorist attacks, it…
Bauman, Z. (1995) Life in Fragments. Oxford: Blackwell.
Buruma, I. And A. Margalit (2004 Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies. New York: The Penguin Press.
Cohen, N. (2003) A Kind, Really Nice Boy. The Observer, in Guardian Unlimited (May 4): 1-4.
David, M. (2004) Clash of Civilizations. The New York Times (May 13): A-25.
In face of such measures, citizens start more and more to lose faith not only in the Government but also in its policy implicantors: ministries, police, health system, etc. Paul Wilkinson in "Terrorism vs. Democracy: The Liberal State Response" touches on sensitive issues for the UK society like over-reaction to terrorism, using too much military and less intelligence to prevent terrorism and especially the unpopular measures of surveillance, human rights abuses or control over citizens personal life -- all in the name of preventing terrorist attacks. (Wilkinson, 2006)
As pointed out before, terrorism in the UK has been treated, from the point-of-view of privacy, with over-reaction and with low proportionality, both in preventing and reacting to terrorist attacks. In the 2011 Review of Counter-Terrorism and Security Powers, the Secretary for the Home Department states that "in some areas our counter-terrorism and security powers are neither proportionate nor necessary" (HM Government,…
BBC News UK. Lord Macdonald: UK 'over-reacted after 9/11 attacks'. January 2011, viewed on 31st January 2011,
House of Lords. Surveillance: Citizens and the State, 2009 viewed on 31st January http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200809/ldselect/ldconst/18/18.pdf
HM Government, Review of Counter-Terrorism and security powers, viewed on 31st January 2011
If a hospital has a poor record of infections and patient falls, those patients who have a choice will avoid the hospital. So, as the hospitals begin recording and tracking the information, those that do not choose to improve lose patients (HQA 2011). Contrary wise, those hospitals that remain on the cutting edge of improving the quality of care for patients are hospitals that will be sought after by patients who have an option.
Another possible reason for the desire to improve conditions is for the sake of attracting better physicians. Many physicians are selective as to the hospitals they serve with. For instance, most Catholic physicians tend to only seek admission to Catholic hospitals.
It is possible that hospitals may seek reimbursement as a means of dealing with quality issues with patients. Currently, when a hospital makes a mistake the patient is still expected to pay the full amount…
Hospital Quality Alliance (2011). Quality Measures. Extracted February 4, 2012. http://www.hospitalqualityalliance.org/hospitalqualityalliance/qualitymeasures/qualitymeasures.html
Washington State Hospital Association (2011). Quality Indicators Search Page. Extracted February 4, 2012. http://www.wahospitalquality.org/index.php
Probability & Measures of Central endency
Solve the following problems showing your work:
In a poll, respondents were asked whether they had ever been in a car accident. 157 respondents indicated that they had been in a car accident and 117 respondents said that they had not been in a car accident. If one of these respondents is randomly selected, what is the probability of getting someone who has been in a car accident?
he data set represents the income levels of the members of a country club. Find the probability that a randomly selected member earns at least $88,000
total, 14 of them at or above $88,000 means the probability is:
In a certain class of students, there are 15 boys from Wilmette, 5 girls from Kenilworth, 9 girls from Wilmette, 6 boys from Glencoe, 2 boys from Kenilworth and 8 girls from Glencoe. If the teacher calls upon…
Tutorial on Measures of Dispersion, Retrieved February 12, 2011, from http://www.childrens-mercy.org/stats/definitions/stdev.htm
Overview of Measures of Dispersion, Retrieved November 12, 2008, from http://www.unc.edu/~knhighto/econ70/lec2/lec2.htm
Standard Deviation in the Stock Market, Retrieved August 27, 2008, from http://www.trade10.com/standard_deviati.htm
categorize each of the performance measures in Table 2 as belonging to one of the four perspectives (to start you off, we've put the three financial goals in the table already).
Internal Business Processes
Improving the customer's experience
Number of new products per client
New loans created
New product development
(Albright, 2001) ("What is the Balance Scorecard," 2012)
Then, following the procedure described in Figure 1 of the article (p. 58), you are to connect these objectives and measures into two or more causal chains, indicating how the achievement of one objective leads to the potential achievement of another such that ultimately one or more of the financial performance objectives are achieved.
Improving the customer experience will lead to an increase in the total number of new accounts. This will help with cross marketing…
Albright, T. (2001). Tri-Cities Community Bank: A Balanced Scorecard Case. Strategic Finance, 83(4), 54-60.
Slater, R. (2003). Jack Welch. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
STANDARD-ASED COSTING AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES FOR TODAY'S MANUFACTURING ENVIRONMENT
This paper outlines the various defect of the standard-based costing method and how they do not effectively measure manufacturing environment of today. It has 8 sources in Turabian style.
Cost control is needed by businesses to plan the actual cost it might incur on the production of certain commodities. The budget is an overall costing system but sub-division is needed if and when the company requires detailed cost structure of the department. This is necessary for achieving the overall goals of the organization.
In production organizations, such as manufacturing companies, the basic concern of the management is to have smooth operations with the least cost possible. There the existence of cost is measured by the tangible output each component of the department produces. Income is compared to the cost incurred. A system that is set for measuring the performance level of…
Davies, Ieuan, 03-01-1997. Are we going in the right direction? (production management techniques). Vol. 75, Management Accounting (British), pp 52(1). Lucas, Mike, Standard costing and its role in today's manufacturing environment.. Vol. 75, Management Accounting (British), 04-01-1997, pp 32(3).
Bear, Robert; Mills, Roger; Schmid, Felix, 12-01-1994. Product costing in advanced technology environments. (cost accounting in manufacturing environments). Vol. 72, Management Accounting (British), pp 20(3).
Lucas, Mike, 04-01-1997. Standard costing and its role in today's manufacturing environment.. Vol. 75, Management Accounting (British), pp 32(3).
Dugdale, David; Jones, Colwyn, 05-01-1996. Accounting for throughput.(part 2, practice). Vol. 74, Management Accounting (British), pp 38(5).
Michael Bishop is that most passengers do not prefer to fly backwards; they are actually more frightened of flying backwards than of flying forwards, even though it has been explained to them that it is infinitely safer to fly backwards rather than the opposite. (UK Kegworth, ten years on)
It was in the year 1991 that the Transport Committee produced a eport on the Aircraft Cabin Safety, in which it was stated that cabin improvements would still not save about 64% of the fatalities that are caused by air crashes, and in about 22% of the accidents, such improvements would not make any difference at all, and that it was only in about 14% of such fatalities that the survival rates would be improved by the implementation of improvements and safety measures. The eport also analyzed the recommendations for rearward facing seats, and stated that it was because of this…
Aircraft Cabin Safety. The United Kingdom Parliament. Retrieved at http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm199899/cmselect/cmenvtra/275/27510.htm. Accessed on 12 January, 2005
Kegworth Air Disaster. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 3 Aug 2004 Retrieved at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kegworth_Air_DisasterAccessed on 12 January, 2005
UK Kegworth, ten years on. BBC News. January 8, 1999. Retrieved at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/250959.stm . Accessed on 12 January, 2005
eliability and Validity
eliability refers to the capacity of an instrument to capture the most accurate and "truest" score of an individual. A reliable test enables us to distinguish one individual from another with confidence that errors will primarily be generated by individual differences, and to a lesser extent, to the imperfections of the instrument. Indicators that a test is reliable include test-retest reliability that is accounted for by the internal consistency in the components of the test. The test-retest criteria is generally considered a manifestation of the consistency of measurement for individual performance over time, such that the score a person gets on a test today will be the same -- or nearly the same -- as the score the person gets on a test, say, in three, six, or twelve months. There are a number of substantive issues with the test-retest criteria, including chance covariation, memory, and…
Huck, S.W. (2012). Reading statistics and research (6th ed.).Columbus, OH: Allyn & Bacon.
Newton, P.E. & Shaw, S.D. (2013) Standards for talking and thinking about validity. Psychological Methods, 18(3), 301-319. Doi: 10.1037/a0032969
Sireci, S.G. (2007). On validity theory and test validation. Educational Researcher, 36(8), 477-481. (ProQuest Document ID: 1403803131)
Schwenk, G. (2009). Evaluating social influence relations: An item-response-modeling approach. Metodoloski zvezki, 6(1), 27-50.
Security Failures and Preventive Measures
Summary of the Case
The Sequential Label and Supply company is a manufacturer and supplier of labels as well as distributor of other stationary items used along with labels. This company is shown to be growing fast and is becoming highly dependent on IT systems to maintain their high end inventory as well as the functioning of their department.
The case started with the inception of a troubled employee who called up the helpdesk agent to resolve the issue he is facing. Likewise, other employees start calling in to launch similar complaints. Later, the technical support help desk employee, while checking her daily emails, accidentally opened an untrusted source file sent from a known work colleague. This led to a number of immediate problems in her network computer which led to her being not able to access the information over the network and the call…
Baker, W. (2007). Is information security under control?: Investigating quality in information security management, Security & Privacy, retrieved October 14, 2011 from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=4085592
Chapin, D. (2005). How can security be measured, information systems control journal, retrieved October 14, 2011 from http://naijaskill.com/cisa2006/articles/v2-05p43-47.pdf
McAdams, A. (2004). Security and risk management: a fundamental business issue: all organizations must focus on the management issues of security, including organizational structures, & #8230;, Information Management Journal, retrieved October 14, 2011 from http://www.freepatentsonline.com/article/Information-Management-Journal/119570070.html
tests are regularly used nowadays to measure intelligence Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon invented in 1905 what has come to be acknowledged as the first scale. This initial test was aimed at ?identifying children who were mildly or perhaps more seriously retarded? (Mackintosh, 2011, p. 5) by evaluating their performance and delegating specific task sets so as any average child pertaining to a given age group could solve approximately 50% of the test. Thus, based on the number of tasks that a child could solve, the scale ?would classify children's levels of mental functioning. (Urbina, 2011, p. 23). For example, if a six years old was able to solve 50% of the test that had been delegated to this particular age group, his mental age was set at six years old. f he was able to solve above the average expectation, then he would have been attributed a superior mental…
It is acknowledged unanimously that tests would be ?designed so that the mean score is 100 points, and the standard deviation is 15 points. (Shalizi, 2009, para. 2) Older versions of Binet's scale are subject to a standard deviation of 16 (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2013, p. 301). Thus, it is considered that individuals falling under the average value display or are subject to intellectual deficit while those above are intellectually superior. The mean score which is subject to intelligence testing is known as the deviation IQ and was introduced in the 1960 revised version of the Stanford-Binet Scale as ?simply a standard score? ((Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2013, p. 294) ?ascertained by evaluating the standard deviation of mental age for a representative sample at each age level. (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2013, p. 294)
III. Verbal vs. Performance Properties of the Modern Binet and Wechsler Scales
We stated earlier that there are various tests which measure intelligence and we have already spoken of Binet's contributions in this respect. However, there is another name which is often related to significant and effective scales of intelligence testing. David Wechsler proposed his first scale in 1939 for adults and ten years later, for children. It has even been argued that Wechsler developed subtests prior to the Binet-Simon scale (Boake, 2002, p. 383). Wechsler's first scale was designed in 1939 for adults and revised for publishing in 1955, being subject to subsequent revisions (Crawford
ecently, Harvard professors ceased giving final exams as part of their overall assessment of student performance (Strauss, 2010). In a radical transformation of official college policy, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences voted to eliminate exams and require professors who wish to administer them to file an application form. The reverse used to be true: exams were the norm and professors wishing to opt-out would have to ask for permission.
What has caused this startling turn of events? Evidence, for one. In Test Problems: Seven easons Why Standardized Tests Are Not Working, Sadker & Zittleman (n.d.) outline empirical evidence supporting a shift away from examinations as the primary measure of student success. Examinations do measure a certain type of achievement, but they should not be used as the only method of gauging student progress and performance. One of the core reasons cited by Sadker & Zittleman (n.d.) include student…
"How Should We Measure Student Learning? The Many Forms of Assessment," (n.d.). Edutopia. Retrieved online: http://www.edutopia.org/comprehensive-assessment-introduction
Sadker, D. & Zittleman, K. (n.d.). Test Problems: Seven Reasons Why Standardized Tests Are Not Working " Excerpt from: Teachers, Schools, and Society: A Brief Introduction to Education p. 370-376."
Strauss, V. (2010). Harvard profs dropping final exams. The Washington Post. July 17, 2010. Retrieved online: http://voices.washingtonpost.com/answer-sheet/learning/harvard-profs-giving-up-final.html
In order to measure a given construct, the numerical data provided by the study's survey period is sorted to determine a baseline level. By determining the mean, median and mode from the various respondents, this baseline can be used to operationalize a particular construct. The Mean is defined as the mathematical average derived from a set of numerical figures, or the sum of every number in a given set divided by the number of figures comprising that sum. The concept of mean can be visualized as the "balance point" of any given distribution of numerical figures, and envisioning mean in this fashion is premised in basic physics, because if a basic data distribution were to appear fulcrum, the mean would be the point where perfect balance is achieved. Experienced statisticians incorporate mean within their analysis for several fundamental purposes, and "of all the measures of central tendency, the…
Irwin, M. (2013). Quantitative Research Designs for Nursing Practice. Research for Advanced
Practice Nurses: From Evidence to Practice, 129.
Keele, R. (2010). Nursing research and evidence-based practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett
security measures. The primary focus while analysing security measures will be on the overall effectiveness and hindrances in their implementation in the aspect of transportation and logistics management (TLM).
Security Measures in Place / Are They Effective?
In order to ensure safety in sensitive areas, to observe traffic or to keep a check on criminal activities, CCTV, video cameras and high-tech surveillance systems are very useful devices. They also play an important role when it comes to the delivery of cargo. In order to prevent cargo theft during the loading / unloading, transporting and storing process, these activities should be carried out under surveillance of video cameras. The primary advantage of using surveillance in these circumstances is that they can significantly reduce premise liability because of access control systems and thus only authorized individuals can access certain areas. (Transportation and Logistics Security Protection 1. n.d.).
For each employee as well…
BANOMYONG, R. (2005). The impact of port and trade security initiatives on maritime supply-chain management. Maritime Policy & Management,32(1), 3-13. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from http://cip.management.dal.ca/publications/Impact of port and trade security initiatives on maritime supply-chain management.pdf
Leading Home Security Companies in Security Systems (n.d.). -- Protection 1. Transportation and Logistics Security -- Protection 1. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from http://www.protection1.com/business/logistics-security/
(n.d.). Lean Logistics & Supply Chain Management System (n.d.). -- LeanCor. What's the Problem with Continuous Improvement? - LeanCor Supply Chain Group -- LeanCor Supply Chain Group. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from http://leancor.com/continuous-improvement/
Events that led to implementation of various regulatory measures
The implementation of the 1984 Sentencing Reform Act called for the establishment of Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations (FSGO). The United States Sentencing Commission decided to come up with these guidelines targeted at individuals and firms. The key aim was crime prevention and decreasing disparities in sentencing. (Mercer, 2003). At first, in the year 1991, the idea of organizational punishment mitigation was introduced, for cooperation and effective adherence to the program.
The 2002 federal regulation, SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), put extensive financial and auditing related regulations in place for publicly-traded organizations. The chief goal was regulation of corporate practices like financial reporting at such corporations.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), instituted as part of the 2010 Consumer Protection Act and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform, is responsible for the oversight of federal financial regulations expressly protecting consumers (i.e., individuals who store the money they own…
Further, the view that citizens cannot objectively assess service delivery (and, conversely, that public officials can) has been a limiting factor to the institutionalization of citizen surveys. Watson et al. point out, however, that a disparity between the subjective views of citizens and the 'objective' assessments of service quality provides city leaders with the opportunities to both communicate more effectively and take steps to reduce the disparity.
Citizen surveys have a number of distinct advantages: they identify problems, evaluate services, influence budget priorities, identify citizen preferences, and "send a message to residents that the city government is concerned about their opinions" (234).
In an effort to promote citizen surveys and explore if citizen surveys are actually effective and worth a city government's time, Watson et al. look at the citizen survey creation and tradition in Auburn, Alabama. The first survey conducted, administered in 1985, convinced public officials that surveys served…
Rosener, Judy B. (1978). Citizen Participation: Can We Measure Its Effectiveness? Public
Administration Review, 38(5) 457-463.
Rosener, Judy B. (1982). Making Bureaucrats Responsive: A Study of the Impact of Citizen
Participation and Staff Recommendations on Regulatory Decision Making. Public Administration Review, 42(4) 339-345.
It helped lead to more accurate readings of inanimate objects like rocks, too, which helped scientists narrow down the age of the Earth and how it has evolved through time.
Macdougall uses many differing sources for his book, as his "notes and further reading" section indicates. He uses books, journal articles, essays, and scientific data, and offers some of that data up in Appendixes in the back of the book. It is quite clear he is an expert in his subject. What is more important, however, is that he has the ability to make what could have been a very dry and dull subject very readable. He opens the book with the story of Oetzi, the Alpine Iceman, a fascinating look into the very heart of the book's thesis, and he grabs the reader's attention right away with this interesting story of a man who is probably at least 4,000…
Macdougall, Doug. Nature's Clocks: How Scientists Measure the Age of Almost Everything. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008.
You just received a brand new computer for your home environment. It comes with the latest Operating System. You also have an Internet Service Provider where you can easily use the existing network to connect to the Internet and to perform some online banking. Describe the steps you plan to go through to ensure this system remains as secure as possible. Be sure to discuss the details of firewall settings you plan to implement within your operating system, browser privacy settings, and recommended software (e.g., Anti-virus and others) you will install. Also, describe your password strength policy you plan to adopt, and what you envision to do to ensure your online banking site is encrypted and using the proper certificates. Discussion of operating system patches and application updates should also be included. As you discuss these steps, be sure to justify your decisions bringing in possible issues if…
Increasing Your Facebook Privacy and Security By Dave Taylor onSeptember 16, 2011
Safe Computing provided by the Office of Information Technology University of California, Irvine Last Updated: January 28, 2011
Cultural Distance: How Is it Measured, And How it Impact on Global Marketing Operations
The persistence of cultural distances is relevant for the global multinational marketing operations exposed to multiple cultures in their everyday activities. This indicates that marketing across border introduces complexities because it forces global marketers to tailor their approaches and practices to each cultural context they carry out their business activities. As a result, this paper will discuss concepts applicable to different aspects of cross-border operations. The primary focus of the paper is on multinational business corporations (Baumann, 2007).
This study shows how Hofstede's model is still the most relevant piece of reference for a successive cross-cultural analysis despite it being a widely criticized. The paper compares and contrasts Hofstede's famous concepts with Turner and Schwartz, Trompenaars and Hampden's valued inventory. It will attempt to provide empirical evidence of how cultural diversity influences the global markets by…
Baumann, A. (2007). Influences of culture on the style of business behavior between Western and Arab managers. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
Baumu-ller, M. (2007). Managing cultural diversity: An empirical examination of cultural networks and organizational structures as governance mechanisms in multinational corporations. Bern: Lang.
Cavusgil, T. & Ghauri, P.N. (2009). New challenges to international marketing. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Curry, J.E. (2009). A short course in international marketing: Approaching and penetrating the global marketplace. Petaluma, CA: World Trade Press.
An additional theory that could be used to analyze a true leader is adaptability. Another writer notes, "Adaptive leaders learn to live with unpredictability. They spend less time fretting about the inability to establish a routine or control the future and focus more on exploiting opportunities" (Whiffen, 2007). Every organization experiences change, growth, and development. A good leader must be able to adapt to those changes, grow with them, and motivate their team to adapt, as well. The same writer continues, "Once a leader perceives changes in the operating environment, he should identify the 'critical elements of the new situation'" (Whiffen, 2007). This is essential for any organization, no matter the size. Nothing stays static, and new situations are always developing, so leaders must adapt to them, grow, and be open to change.
An example of a successful leader who headed a successful company is Herb Kelleher, the founder of…
Jerabek, S., & Day, D. (2009, November). Traits of leadership. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. 78, 20+.
Whiffen, H.H. (2007). Becoming an adaptive leader. Military Review, 87(6), 108+.
Overall, when performance was already relatively high for a data set (and this tended to be relatively consistent across classification methods), the transformation methods did not show tremendous variance, though in certain cases of difficult data sets particular transformation methods did have significant impacts on the performance of specific classification methods. Performance was increased by the PPFSCADA transformation method to the greatest degree, and the MLP classification method was similarly the highest performer across a greater number of data sets than other classification methods, though not to as significant degree as PPFSCADA outperformed other transformation methods, on average. Given these results, it is necessary to question the benefits of conducting additional transformation processing on data sets that show high performance without any transformation performed; depending on the resource and time intensity of the additional transformation, the benefit achieved by such a transformation might not be worthwhile and in many…
preventative measures that could have been implemented to keep your selected juvenile from turning to delinquent behaviors. Cite your additional journal article. Then explain one social factor that might interfere with treatment for this juvenile.
Preventative measures that could have been implemented to keep your selected juvenile from turning to delinquent behaviors: Duane
The story of Duane is every parent's nightmare. Duane is a ten-year-old boy who received treatment for being a juvenile sex offender. Even after treatment, Duane was convicted of molesting a five-year-old girl. Duane was removed from his mother's custody as a result and charged with a class B felony. fter his arrest, Duane was confined to a cell, without any education or additional support. Duane's IQ of 60 made his case even more complex: his social worker admitted that this was the most difficult case she had ever faced.
lthough it is difficult to gain a…
As a victim in a high-risk situation, Duane clearly needed more counseling and support to help him deal with the crimes that had been perpetuated upon him. This highlights how social inequities can affect a child's trajectory in life. A young boy from a socioeconomically advantaged home would likely not have been in the vulnerable position of Duane, given that there would have been more resources to provide him with supervision. Had he still suffered abuse, a wealthier family would be able to provide assistance through private means of the best quality (such as a private child psychologist). They would also have been able to have afforded academic support and specialized attention for their child.
Sexual abuse can happen to any child, and all children, regardless of income status, can experience developmental delays. However, families with additional financial resources can 'cushion' the blows of these difficulties much more easily. This is neither just nor fair but seems inevitable. According to Nelson (2007), the problem of treating juvenile offenders equitably is compounded by the fact that juvenile sex offenders often have certain unique characteristics, versus general offenders. They are more likely to have learning disabilities or conduct disorders, for example, and are more likely to continue to offend even after they are no longer members of the juvenile population (Nelson 2007). A chaotic family and exposure to sexuality at an early age is also characteristic of offenders, as was the case with Duane.
Sexual abuse is usually a 'chronic' disorder, versus other types of delinquent behavior such as status offenses (truancy,
Find the radian measure of the central angle of a circle of radius r = 4 inches that intercepts an arc length s = 20 inches.
The formula for an arc length is a = r?, where'd is the arc length, ? is the central angle in radians, and r is the radius. That said, s = 20, r = 4, and ? is unknown.
= 5 radians
The central angle is 5 radians.
In which quadrant will the angle 100 degrees lie in the standard position?
The angle of 100 degrees will lie in Quadrant II.
In which quadrant will the angle -305 degrees lie in the standard position?
The angle of -305 degrees will lie in Quadrant I.
Find the length of the arc on a circle of radius r = 5 yards intercepted by a central angle 0 = 70 degrees.
The formula for an…
Introduction to Security Measures
The history of security is fairly lengthy. Security has always accompanied organized civilizations for nearly as long as they have been extant. Initially, security was begotten from the need to protect important personages who, not infrequently, were in the private sector. Therefore, the history of security can be traced to the private security guards who were appointed to protect the Pharaohs and the rulers in Egypt. It is worth noting that these security personnel worked for those in the public sector, yet were themselves comprised of individuals from the private sector. In general, this trend would continue to this very day, in which there are currently private security companies engaged in services in which they are combating forces of ISIS for the public sector.
Perhaps the most notable security advancements to initialize within Westernization are found in the history of ancient Rome. The Vigiles Urbani was…
By any measure, life in the 21st century is characterized by excesses of all sorts. Indeed, as a result of increasingly sedentary lifestyles, obesity has reached epidemic levels in many industrialized nations. Moreover, billions of others in emerging nations such as China, Brazil and India are joining the middle class and beginning to enjoy these excesses as well and all signs indicate that these trends will continue well into the foreseeable future. In this environment, determining the importance of the concept of "magis" has assumed new importance and relevance for those of faith. From the Latin meaning "more," the concept of magis conceptualizes the goal of excelling in ways that serve to glorify God and this conceptualization is especially apparent in the Jesuit faith. In this regard, Migliazzo (2002) reports that, "In sum, the ideal of Jesuit education is the well-rounded person who is intellectually competent, open to growth,…
Kirby, E.L., Mcbride, M.C., Shuler, S., Birkholt, M.J., Danielson, M.A. & Pawlowksi, D.R.
(2006). The Jesuit difference (?): Narratives of negotiating spiritual values and secular practices. Communication Studies, 57(1), 87-89.
Migliazzo, A.C. (2002). Teaching as an act of faith: Theory and practice in church-related higher education. New York: Fordham University Press.
No one can compensate the parents who lost their children to after-effects of an atomic explosion.
This war and several others that followed opened doors for more military conflicts and greater destruction of the so-called enemy. Who is our enemy? If people of the other countries are our enemies, why are we ever taught not to discriminate? For surely when the war begins, we have to give up all that we were previously taught and stand united to destroy the weaker enemy completely. The world as it stands today may have underpinnings of a Third World War at any point of time in the future. So, it is fairly correct to state that all wars are wrong. Why some countries or nations feel proud of the wars they fought and do not believe all wars are wrong are basically shortsighted, selfish and narrow minded. They probably see the world as…
1) [Sullivan-Wiley K. & Eisentein J. How are the effects of World War I similar to the effects of World War II. Retrieved February 16, 2005 from: http://www.pomperaug.com/bass/a_block/kirajess/kirajess.html]
The authors of the article determined that by directing children into a specific line of questioning regraind a certain action "gives the child material that might appear in subsequent play or narrative" (Gilstrap and Cici, 2001).
The true relationship between both of these issues is that ultimately, Hewitt also engaged in leading children through the use of imagery, by asking them to draw how they would feel if something sexual did happen to them. Finally, the last problem identified with using clinical techniques in a forensic setting is related to relying on aspects of behavior as being congruous with abuse. Without properly attributing for the base rate of sexual abuse in the world or the population in which the children are, the propensity for gaining false positives is very real -- and problematic.
Thus, there are many different important concepts a forensic psychologist could take away form this particular article.…
Gilstrap, L.L., Ceci, S.J. (2001). "Difficulties inherent in integrating clinical wisdom with empirical research in forensic interview." PsycCRITIQUES. 46 (2). Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/detail?vid=6&sid=e8439b61-401f-4d44-b03d-9552b26c9259%40sessionmgr115&hid=107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=pvh&an=cnt-46-2-159
Litwack, T.R. (2001). "Actuarial vs. clinical assessments of dangerousness." Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7(2), 409-443. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/ehost/detail?sid=87617533-0386-4c21-a27f-bfc6df2dbdb5%40sessionmgr104&vid=1&hid=122&bdata=JnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#db=pdh&an=2001-17852-005
Terrorism has been a hot topic in the news for over a decade. It has impact people on an international level with countries like France, England, and the United States experiencing attacks. Currently Isis, a terrorist organization, has generated chaos in the Middle East. Government have been destabilized and peace and security jeopardized. Atrocious acts of violence have occurred from child beheadings to rapes and torture. Terrorism threatens the social and economic development of any place it affects.
Furthermore, terrorism directly affects human rights. People lose freedoms and face subjugation from regimes of terrorist organizations. All of which have negatively diminish ones enjoyment of life as well as their human rights. International, national, and regional political leaders make promises and claims that counterterrorism measures will not encroach on human rights. Former President George Bush for example, preached on preserving human rights amidst counter terrorism efforts. However, living up to these…