Measure For Measure Essays (Examples)

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WTO Countervailing Measures Countervailing Measures

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8058085

," 2006, TO ebsite).

Countries also may take their own actions if they believe they are being threatened without resorting to dispute resolution by the TO, for example, they may launch they own investigation and ultimately charge a countervailing duty on subsidized imports that are found to be hurting domestic producers. The TO also has different classes of subsidies. There are entirely prohibited subsidies such as regulations that require nations to meet certain export targets, or demand the use of domestic goods instead of imported goods vs. actionable subsidies where "the complaining country has to show that the subsidy has an adverse effect on its interests" which can be difficult to prove ("Anti-dumping, subsidies, safeguards: contingencies, etc.," 2006, TO ebsite).

Although temporary safeguard actions are only permitted if the injury to the domestic industry caused by a surge in imports was serious, until recently many nations used bilateral negotiations to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures: SCM Agreement" (2006).

WTO Website. Retrieved 6 Mar 2007 at

Anti-dumping, subsidies, safeguards: contingencies, etc." 2006). WTO Website. Retrieved 6 Mar 2007 at

Understanding the WTO: Agreements." (2006). WTO Website. Retrieved 6 Mar 2007 at
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Measures -- Central Tendency &

Words: 445 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56996014

Looking at the variability of each group is important because it gives the decision-maker an indication of how wide is the spread of scores of each worker in the group. That is, through measures of variability, the decision-maker is informed of just how varied the manual dexterity scores of the workers are, since it would be most efficient for him/her to have workers who at least have the same levels/scores on manual dexterity. The measure variance is a good indicator of the spread of manual dexterity scores among workers: Group B, evidently, has a much higher variance score compared to Group a. This means that Group B. has workers that have very high manual dexterity, but also has workers with very low manual dexterity.

In the interest of consistency of quality of work produced and efficiency, it would be wise for the decision-maker to choose Group a over B, primarily…… [Read More]

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Measure You Get What You Measure the

Words: 572 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48012657


You Get What You Measure

The phrase "you get what you pay for" is pretty easy to understand, but "you get what you measure" is a little more difficult -- measuring doesn't actually procure or "get" anything other than a measurement, and of course you get the measurement that you take -- that's self-evident, right? In the business world, though, people often seem to think that they can get whatever results they want simply by suiting the measurement to suit their own purposes, even if this doesn't really measure what they imagine it to. Measurements of the security of an investment, for example, are useless if they don't actually measure the likelihood of the investment failing or growing. Measures of market size are irrelevant if the market measured isn't specific to the product or service being marketed, price comparisons are invalid if substantial product differences exist, etc. The willingness…… [Read More]

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Measure Target Action Maintain Starbucks Ethos it

Words: 300 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97910195




Maintain Starbucks "Ethos"

It is difficult to directly measure consumer sentiment. However, dissatisfied customers provided needed feedback as to problems in the overall objective.

Consumers, Vendors

Take drastic action to address consumers' issues in a timely manner. This may include free samples or refunds but should be as comprehensive as possible to address a wide range of complaints

Ethical Treatment of Internal Employees

Starbucks can gauge its treatment of its employees from industry standards and other similar measures.


Starbucks should be one of the best companies to work for in their industry at all times and must make sure there compensation packages meet or exceed employee expectations.

Maintain and promote a high level of corporate social responsibility.

Starbucks must not only source its raw materials (mostly coffee) in a sustainable manner, but it should also be proactive in finding new solutions to responsible coffee development in…… [Read More]

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Repeated Measures ANOVA and Dependent Samples T Test Week 3 Assignment

Words: 1390 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81376176

epeated Measures ANOVA and Dependent Samples t-Test: Week 3 Assignment

Week 3 Assignment: epeated Measures ANOVA and Dependent Samples t-test

My research questions in week one sought to assess the impact of community youth sporting programs on adolescents' well-being, discipline and academic performance. None of the questions used then lends itself effectively to the repeated measures ANOVA or the dependent samples t-test; however, we could adjust Q4 to make it qualify for the same. Originally, Q4 read, "Are there any significant differences between the levels of discipline of students who engage in youth sporting activities and those that do not?"

To make it appropriate for the repeated measures ANOVA, we modified it as follows:

"Is there a difference in students' discipline levels before, after a three-month, and after a six-month period of engagement in community sporting activities?"

In this case, we would be interested in finding out how students' discipline…… [Read More]


Lane, D. M. (n.d.). Online Statistics Education: A Multimedia Course of Study. Rice University. Retrieved October 8, 2015 from

Sukal, M. (2013). Research Methods: Applying Statistics in Research. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education Inc.
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Measure Situations of Reality Piquero 2002 A

Words: 1161 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9790846

measure situations of reality (Piquero, 2002). A dependent variable and an independent variable are studied for patterns of relation, covariance, and cause and effect. For example, the relationship between impulsivity, the independent variable, and criminal behavior, the dependent variable, or the effects of a mandatory arrest policy, the independent variable, on future patterns of domestic violence, the dependent variable, are both examples of quantitative research. For causality, three criteria are needed. In association, the variables must be related to each other. The independent variable must precede the dependent variable in time order. And the issue of no spuriousness, which occurs if there is no third variable observed.

Surveys are mostly used for observation within the social sciences, such as behaviors or the general public has feeling about certain issues. Experimental and quasi-experimental research is best to study the cause and effect situations. True experiments must have three features: two comparison…… [Read More]


Miller, J. (n.d.). The Status of Qualitative Research in Criminology. Retrieved from Harvard University:

Piquero, A.R. (2002). Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: Methods. Retrieved from Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice: 

Quantitative methods in criminology. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Rot, A. (2008, Oct 24). IT Risk Assessment: Quantitative and Qualitative Approach. Retrieved from World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science:
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Measure Value Vice Versa - Joseph Stiglitz

Words: 3870 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3051675

Measure Value Vice Versa." - Joseph Stiglitz. Having started module question:" What purpose business? "You finish assignment links question individual level. IMPOTANT*** PLEASE ONLY USE THE EADINGS / TEXT / MATEIAL FOM THE ATTACHED FILE COUSE EADINGS AND TEXT.

The Importance of Values on Decision Making

The following pages focus on providing an analysis of the application of ethical in several types of activity. The Introduction presents the points-of-view used in this paper. The following section focuses on using several models in answering the questions addressed by the Christensen article. The Ethical Decision Making Guide section is intended to discuss the ethical guide that I find useful in my situation. The Ethical Guide Application section provides some examples of different situations where this ethical guide was successfully applied. The Key Concepts section discusses some of the concepts that I became aware of during this course. The Conclusions section presents some…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Consequentialism (2011). Stanford University. Retrieved August 24, 2011 from .

2. Christensen, C. (2010). How Will You Measure your Life? Harvard Business Review. Retrieved August 28, 2012.

3. Trevino, L. et al. (2004). Managing to Be Ethical: Debunking Five Business Ethics Myths. Academy of Management. Retrieved August 28, 2012.

4. Porter, M. & Kramer, M. (2011). Creating Shared Value. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
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Measured Levels and Changes in

Words: 389 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76052759

Even students who return to graduate school to improve their qualifications after failing to find work might qualify as discouraged workers. This recession, which has affected the young and white-collar sectors more than recessions of the recent past, has created a larger proportion of individuals adopting such strategies. These workers using socially acceptable means to deal with unemployment but are still incurring debt while they are not making enough to support themselves, or are incurring more debt due to student loans that they will have to pay back eventually. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that if all discouraged workers were counted, the unemployment rate would have been nearly 11% in August 2009 (Luo 2009). Depression, depending on the inadequate income of a spouse, and focusing on raising children or school than dealing with piles of rejection letters are all cited as reasons that workers simply give up (Luo 2009).…… [Read More]


Luo, Michael. (2009, September 7). Out of work and too down to search on. The New York

Times. Retrieved January 20, 2010 at

Schenk, Robert. (2008, July). Weaknesses of the unemployment rate. Cyber economics.

Retrieved January 20, 2010 at
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Measures Wanted Assess Missing Research - Research

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82282728

measures wanted assess? Missing research - research? Avoid critical questions elements made argument clear? Elements research extremely poignant offered validity claims? Claims broad research size? Claims understated? Limitations research? leap erroneous conclusions opinion - addressed concerns claims? researchers biased-based study, funders, connections, specialities? research questions research bring merit research investigation? reasons claims made?

DeJong, Gerben, Ching-Hui Hsieh, Koen Putman, andall J. Smout, Susan D. Horn, & Wenqiang Tian. (2010). Physical therapy activities in stroke, knee arthroplasty, and traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Their variation, similarities, and association with functional outcomes. Physical Therapy, 91(12) 1826-1837.

Physical therapy is prescribed for a variety of conditions, spanning from knee surgery to traumatic brain injury. However, although the patient populations subjected to PT may vary, there is a certain uniformity of treatment prescription and goals of outcome. According to DeJong (et al., 2010) "certain rehabilitation principles" are thought to "generalize across populations. For example, we…… [Read More]


DeJong, Gerben, Ching-Hui Hsieh, Koen Putman, Randall J. Smout, Susan D. Horn, & Wenqiang Tian. (2010). Physical therapy activities in stroke, knee arthroplasty, and traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Their variation, similarities, and association with functional outcomes. Physical Therapy, 91(12) 1826-1837.
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Measures of Productivity and Ways of Improving a Work Center's Productivity

Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3548799

Productivity is the relationship between and enterprise's output and its inputs. High productivity implies that resources (inputs) are being efficiently utilized to produce output. For a logistics company dealing in the storage and movement of materials, productivity can be measured on the basis of:

Volume of Materials -- the volume of materials being shipped or stored at any one time should tally with the costs (resources) incurred for such shipment and storage. Costs such as warehouse rent and insurance would be constant regardless of the amount of material stored, in which case productivity would be higher if the volume of material efficiently utilizes the available space.

Volume of Rework -- repeated work would translate to higher input costs at relatively constant output levels. Furthermore, the time used up in rework could otherwise have been put to more productive value-adding activities. This implies that the higher the volume of rework, the…… [Read More]

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Measure Faculty Success in an

Words: 563 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55859970

What are the attributes of a successful online instructor?

As in the case of the criteria for success in online instructors, the personal and professional attributes of good teachers are also substantially consistent as between the online and traditional teaching environments. Specifically, the most successful teachers tend to be those who are the most passionate about their profession, the achievements of their students, and of their subject matter. Successful teachers make the necessary effort to ensure that their course work is interesting to students. This can be more challenging online, simply because teachers do not have the benefit of as much data, such as in the form of real-time student responses that they can observe. Similarly, the ability and willingness to make themselves as accessible as possible to students is crucial to success as any kind of teacher.

Successful online teachers must be able to motivate and encourage their students…… [Read More]

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Measures to Handle Disasters in an Organization

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75096324

Disaster esponse and Business Continuity Plan

The disaster response of the U.S. military consists of well-coordinated processes that ensure effective response and minimization of loss of lives and property among the affected populations. As stated by the safety administrator, the response comprises of different stages with unique activities conducted to minimize losses and damage to property of the affected populations. As a responsive strategy, the U.S. Military Hospitals assess the nature and severity of the disaster facing the American society. The assessment assists the response team with comprehensive information related to the scope and impacts of the disaster. The information obtained from the assessment facilitates the adoption of sound decisions applicable to managing the impacts of the disaster. In addition, the assessment provides the team with adequate information required for creating awareness in the society alongside the development of the plan for resources required to facilitate the minimization of the…… [Read More]


Keyes, D.C., & Jonathan L.Burstein. (2005). Medical response to terrorism: Preparedness and clinical practice. Philadelphia [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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Measure for Delivery of Effective Social Studies Lessons

Words: 511 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61553327

Secondary Social Studies

Civic Goals for the Social Studies

Teachers are pivotal towards impacting knowledge to students thus, the effectiveness of a teacher yields to higher performance amongst students (ussell, Waters, & Turner, 2013). The effectiveness of a teacher that yields quality performance among students is not necessarily possession of a teaching certificate. ather, the assignment of a teacher to teach within their subject field is ideal to achieve the desirable outcome in informing students sufficiently.

Certification and ideal assignment of a teacher to their subject field will ensure that teachers competently deliver the related knowledge to students without much dependence on textbooks. Different states have different measures to evaluate a teacher's effectiveness in the delivery of knowledge and their competencies in the subject matter. It is however noted that the methods used in teachers competence and knowledge testing in the majority of the states are inadequate (ussell et al.,…… [Read More]


Russell, W., Waters, S., & Turner, T. (2013). Essentials of Middle and Secondary Social Studies. United Kingdom: Routledge, Chapman & Hall Ltd.
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Exxon's Oil Tanker Valdez Ran

Words: 2180 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29644320

The workforce should be clear about the implementation of technologies for protecting natural resources, through formulating strategies.

atification of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) 1984 Protocols

Domestic legislation on compensation and liability is needed to implement two IMO protocols related to compensation and liability. The United States should ratify the 1984 Protocols to the 1969 Civil Liability and the 1971 Fund Conventions. Expeditious ratification is essential to ensure international agreement on responsibilities associated with oil spills around the world' (A eport to the President: Executive Summary).

Introduction of Safeguards

It is imperative to establish such environmental safeguards so as to minimize the possibility of oil spillage, by improving transportation, production, storing facilities. 'The infrequency of major oil spills in recent years contributed to the complacency that exacerbated the effect of the Exxon Valdez spill' (CNN: Exxon found guilty).

Legislation on liability and compensation is needed

The Exxon Valdez incident has…… [Read More]


Michael Baffrey, Contracting Officer's, Technical Representative U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service Environmental Studies Section., Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, Cleanup, and Litigation: A Collection of Social-Impacts Information and Analysis.

Science and Transportation United States. Congress Senate Committee on Commerce, United States Congress, Exxon Oil Spill: Hearing Before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

Phillip Margulies., The EXXON Valdez Oil Spill.

Peter G. Wells., EXXON Valdez Oil Spill: fate and effects in Alaskan waters.
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Campus Security Measures the Impact of Mass

Words: 3311 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37477264

Campus Security Measures

The impact of mass shooting at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) on April 16, 2007 continues to be felt across the United States and internationally due to a massacre that killed 27 students and five faculty members. Following the weeks after the shooting, the university conducted several extensive reviews and analysis to better understand the attack and provide strategies to prevent future attacks in the university. In response to the tragedy at the Virginia Tech and other shooting tragedies across the colleges and universities in the United States, IACLEA (the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators) develops comprehensive recommendations that the colleges and universities should follow in enhancing safety and securities. (Thrower, Healy, Margolis, et al. 2008). Apart from the comprehensive safety procedures against shooting, the university authorities also have the obligations to protect the life and properties against event such as fire,…… [Read More]


Guardly (2012). Assessment of Emergency Response Times on Campus when using Guardly Safe Campus ™ versus Existing

Methods of Reporting, Monitoring and Responding to Incidents. Industry Higher Education.

Randazzo, M.R. & Plummer, E. (2009). Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus. A Virginia Tech Demonstration Project. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Thrower, R.H. Healy, S.J. Margolis, G.J. et al.(2008). Overview of the Virginia Tech Tragedy
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Soviet Active Measures and U S Covert Action

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67620588

Soviet Active Measures and U.S. Covert Action programs

The focus of this essay is to explore, compare and contrast the U.S. Covert Action programs with the Soviet Active Measures of the same time period. The United States uses the Covert Action program and Soviet Union uses Active Measure to influence the political, economic, and social conditions of foreign countries. While there are similarities in their operations, there are still some fundamental differences.

Explore, Compare and Contrast the U.S. Covert Action with the Soviet Active Measures

Covert action program is the activities of the United States Government used to influence economic, military and political conditions of foreign countries or government. The U.S. uses the covert action to achieve their desired foreign policy goals without necessarily acknowledging their intention publicly. Typically, U.S. uses broad spectrum of covert actions that include:

Propaganda: CIA covertly disseminates specific information to achieve foreign policy goals. However,…… [Read More]


Bearden, M.(2003). The Main Enemy: The Inside Story of the CIA's Final Showdown with the KGB. New York: Random House.

Daugherty, W.J. (2004). Approval and Review of Covert Action Programs since Reagan. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, 17: 62 -- 80.

Johnson, L.K. & James W. (2008). Intelligence and National Security. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lowenthal, M. (2003). Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy, 2nd Edition. CQ Press: Washington DC.
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Organizational Performance Can Be Measured in Terms

Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39382178

Organizational performance can be measured in terms of financial, output metrics, or market share performance. An organization is considered to achieve high performance if it is able to demonstrate growth in its all aspects of organizational performance metrics. The three key criteria to measure organizational performances in all industries are as follows:

Financial performance (profits, return on assets)

Product and market performances (sales, market share)

Shareholder returns (total shareholder return, economic value added)

An organization is generally able to claim a healthy financial performance if its annual net profits continuously increase or if the company reaches its own internal financial targets. Product and market performances are measured when organizations can claim a significant share of the total volume of sales in the market. It is generally thought that with the production of high quality goods or services, organizations will be able to achieve their desired market performances (Richard 2009). For…… [Read More]

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Median and the Measure of

Words: 375 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18304162

These low scores represent persons whose handling skills for fragile material are weak and are a potential risk to the company. In group B, the handling skills of the group members are very similar.

Group B. also had the lower standard deviation 12.43 as compared to 22.71. The standard deviation is a measure of the difference in skill between the group, the larger the standard deviation, then the greater the quantum of difference between the scores. Since you must employ the entire group, it is an imperative that the chosen group has the smallest differences in their skill level. If the differences in skill level are too great, what may occur is that you have persons who are highly skilled doing a great job, but persons of poor skill doing a terrible job undermine this.

These measures provide an adequate tool for a statistical assessment of the two groups of…… [Read More]

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Teaching Measures of Central Tendency

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27359200


The third measure of central tendency is the mode. Despite it being the last option of consideration by many analysts, it is a mostly utilized measure. The mode represents the most frequent observation in a data set. For example, if total scores of a football tournament in every match were tabulated as 2, 4, 6, 5, 2, 4, and 2, then the mode of these observations is 2 scores because this observation occurs thrice in the distribution.

The median contributes to the fourth measure of central tendency and it represents the value in the distribution that lies in the middle of the observations of interest. To obtain the median, arranging the observations in ascending order establishes the observation that lies in the middle of the arranged data. For example, in the above given observations of football scores, they can arranged in ascending order as 2, 2, 2, 4, 4,…… [Read More]


Distributions. (2003, May 11). Wading through the data swamp: Distributions. Pathway courses.

Retrieved from

Donnelly, R.A. (2004). The complete idiot's guide to statistics. Indianapolis, in: Alpha books.

Salkind, N.J. (2009). Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics, (2nd ed.). London, UK:
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Metrics to Measure the Effectiveness of Is

Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67764043

metrics to measure the effectiveness of IS and IT values within an organization. The paper provides the differences between Effectiveness IT metrics and Efficiency IT metrics. The financial indicators and technical indicators are used to measure the IT values within IT department. The paper also draws the examples of conceptual model and IS success model in assessing the IS value in the IT department. The traditional financial ratio such as eturn on Equity (OE), and economic value which include level of productivity, increase in profitability and improvement in data accuracy have also been used to measure IT value.

In a contemporary business environment, Information Technology (IT) has become a powerful tool that business employs to achieve competitive advantages. IT improves time-to-market, enhance product quality, and decision support system. While firms incur substantial costs on IT to enhance business performances, measurement of IT investment is essential to examine the extent the…… [Read More]


Bardhan, I. Krishnan, V. & Lin, S. (2004). A Model to Measure the Business Value of Information Technology: The Case of Project and Information Work. INFORMS and DSI conferences, and seminar.

Chung, S.H. & Rainer, R.K. & Lewis, B.R. (2006).The Impact of Information Technology Infrastructure Flexibility on Strategic Alignment and Applications Implementation. College of Business Eastern Michigan University.

DeLone, W.H. & McLean, E.R. (2003). The DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success: A Ten-Year Update. Journal of Management Information Systems. 19(4): 9 -- 30.

Malec, B.T. (2009).Measuring the Economic Value of IT Investments:
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Macroeconomic Policy Measures Introduced by the UK

Words: 1813 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94870104

macroeconomic policy measures introduced by the UK authorities in response to the global credit crisis and associated UK recession

Macro-economic policy measures

This essay is based on two scenarios of financial crisis that occurred consecutively in the United Kingdom and other parts of the World. The recent economic recession started in 2007 up to 2010 while the credit crunch was experienced in 2002 up to 2004. In both of the financial crisis what were witnessed were reduced employment levels, collapse of major sectors of the economy mostly the financial sector, high prices of goods and services brought about by high inflation rates, low economic productivity and a deficit in the balance of payment coupled with a general decline in the country's gross domestic product.

According to Dale, Proudman and Westaway (2010) the causes of the recent economic depression and the earlier credit crunch are more or less similar to one…… [Read More]


Buiter W. 2010, the Limits to Fiscal Stimulus, Oxford Review of Economic Policy pp 48-70.

Chung H., Davig T. And Leeper E. M 2007, Monetary and Fiscal Policy Switching. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking pp 809-42

Dale S., Proudman J., and Westaway P. 2010, The Inflation-targeting Regime in the United Kingdom: A View from Thread needle Street. Oxford Review of Economic Policy pp 3-14

Dooley M., and Garber P. 2009, Global Imbalances and the Crisis: A Solution in Search of a Problem. Vox EU. P 45-67
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Financial Management Performance Measures

Words: 940 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95452333

Transfer Pricing-SLP

The relevance of financial ratios cannot be overstated when it comes to the measurement of an entity's performance. It should, however, be noted that not all performance measures can be expressed as a ratio. This text concerns itself with various other performance measures: operating leverage, eturn on Investment (OI), EVA, and gross profit margin.

Transfer Pricing-SLP

Operating Leverage

According to Shim and Siegel (2008, p. 198) "operating leverage, a measure of operating risk, arises from the company's use of fixed operating costs." As the authors further point out, a simple indication of the said financial measure would be the "change in sales on earnings before interest and taxes" (Shim and Siegel, 2008, p. 198). It is important to note that a high degree of operating leverage is seen as an indicator that small changes in sales result in significant changes in not only EBIT, but also return on…… [Read More]


Brigham, E.B. & Ehrhardt, M. (2013). Financial Management: Theory and Practice (14th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Kalpan Financial Limited. (2012). Performance Management. Retrieved from

Shim, J.K. & Siegel, J.G. (2008). Financial Management (3rd ed.). Hauppauge, New York: Barron's Education Series.
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E-Commerce Security Measures the Internet Has Positively

Words: 908 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98133338

E-Commerce Security Measures

The Internet has positively created new life in business commerce, through website development. It has also opened up a new way for criminals to steal secret data of businesses and information regarding clients' banks details and contacts. This has made customers to becoming rapidly more aware of the websites they visit and where they input their personal information to avoid fraud cases (Corr S. Pondent, 2009).

However, e-commerce security measures deal with issues such as protecting the integrity of the business network and its internal systems. Besides, it ensures that the customer's information is shielded from everybody else, and must not be open to alteration or tampering, whilst going through the process of authentication and receipt. This ensures that there are secure business transaction between the customer and the business (andy C. Marchany, 2002).

E-commerce business has put in place several different security measures to protect customers…… [Read More]


1. Corr S. Pondent, (2009). Security Techniques Used to Protect an E-Commerce System

2. Randy C. Marchany (2002) E-Commerce Security Issues

Proceedings of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences

3. Avi Rushinek, Sara Rushinek (2002). E-commerce security measures are they worth it
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Performance Measures in This Text I Concern

Words: 620 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8364652

Performance Measures

In this text, I concern myself with performance measurement. In addition to a performance measure of my choice, some of the other performance measures I will discuss include EVA, OI, and operating leverage. In so doing, I will not only compute the said performance measures but also reflect on their advantages and disadvantages. My companies of choice for this discussion are Apple Inc. And Google Inc.

Performance Measures: Computations




Degree of Operating Leverage

% Change in EBIT/

%Change in Sales

eturn on Investment

Operating Profit / Total Assets

Economic Value Added

NOPAT -- (WACC * Investment)

Gross Profit Margin

Sales -- COGS / Sales

Degree of Operating Leverage (DOL)

Operating leverage in the words of Stickney and Weil (2007) "refers to the tendency of net income to rise at a faster rate than sales in the presence of fixed costs" (p. 792). In that regard…… [Read More]


Albrecht, W.S., Stice, E.K., Stice, F.D. & Swain, M.R. (2010). Accounting: Concepts and Applications (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Maher, M.W., Stickney, C.P. & Weil, R.L. (2007). Managerial Accounting: An Introduction to Concepts, Methods and Uses (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Leaning.

Stickney, C.P. & Weil, R.L. (2007). Financial Accounting: An Introduction to Concepts, Methods and Uses (12th ed). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
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Instrument Measures Nurse Practice in a Hospital

Words: 1541 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27640663

Instrument Measures Nurse Practice

In a hospital or any medical care setting, nurses make up the majority of the environment, and are the backbone of facilitating patient care between physicians. However, between meeting the demands of the patients and following through doctors' orders, the roles nurses play are a high-stressed one, which influences on his or her overall well-being. The purpose of this paper is to display the findings from a study led by Pisanti (2008) regarding the relationship between nurses and their abilities to cope with environmental demands with the use of the Occupational Coping Self-Efficacy for Nurses (OCSE-N) Scale.

In order to gain a better understanding about the investigation, it is significant to comprehend about the foundation on which the study was based on, which is the Lazarus cognitive-medication theory of stress and Bandura's social cognitive theory. The former is about certain cognitive appraisals regarding one's work provokes…… [Read More]

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Financial Measures and Management Practices New Business

Words: 1390 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74252809

Financial Measures and Management Practices

New business leaders, aspiring entrepreneurs and even experienced professionals are all confronted with a bewildering array of financial measures that are commonly used to reflect how well companies are performing. Moreover, there are a number of management tools that are available that can be used to evaluate these financial measures provided that the practitioner understands what they mean and how they can be used. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature concerning various financial measures and management practices, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

How do stock prices and dividends reflect the value of the firm?

Although they are not infallible of course, stock prices provide a general reflection of the fundamental value of a firm that includes the present discounted value of future firm earnings (Carlstrom,…… [Read More]


Carlstrom, C.T., Fuerst, T.S. & Ioannidou, V.P. (2002). Stock prices and output growth: an examination of the credit channel. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. Economic Commentary, 1.

Hoskin, K. W & Macve, R.H. (2000). Knowing more as knowing less? Alternative histories of cost and management accounting in the U.S. And the U.K. The Accounting Historians

Journal, 27(1), 91-93.

Keong, C.K. (1997, February). Management & accounting -- an essential perspective.
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Marketing Comparing Two Measures of

Words: 337 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75581275

Ironically however these are the most critical aspects of any service encounter as they are the most memorable moments of any customer purchasing a service. While they defy quantification, these "soft" factors are those that make customers loyal, companies profitable, and reflect positively on a culture of putting customers first in any organization. The bottom line is that for any service business to be effectively managed, both the "hard" metrics need to be monitored yet the "soft" measures of performance are where the greatest potential for differentiation from competitors is, in addition to the opportunity to create legendary service, thereby earning customers for life.


Terziovski, M (2006). Quality management practices and their relationship with customer satisfaction and productivity improvement. Management Research News, 29(7), 414-424. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from AI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1105565451).

Vandermerwe, S (1994). Quality in services: The "softer" side is "harder" (and smarter). Long-Range…… [Read More]


Terziovski, M (2006). Quality management practices and their relationship with customer satisfaction and productivity improvement. Management Research News, 29(7), 414-424. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1105565451).

Vandermerwe, S (1994). Quality in services: The "softer" side is "harder" (and smarter). Long-Range Planning, 27(2), 45. Retrieved March 19, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 881043).
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Angles Are Measured in Degrees

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34235186

According to Darula and Kittler:

In the 3rd century BC Alexandria became the centre of civilisation, and it was able to collect the knowledge of Sumer, Babylon, Egypt and Greece, mingled with Persian inventions. This first 'global' Mediterranean culture produced the standard calendar adopted by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, following the system used in Egypt since 238 BC, introduced by Ptolemy III Euergetes on the suggestion of his son's teacher Erasthenes. This so-called Julian calendar is still in use, although the Christian dating has been in existence only since 532 AD. (142).

The basis for angles likewise being measured in degree, minutes and seconds was a new Sumerian-invented lightweight wheel that was supported by three sticks and roped together at its axis to divide a circle into 60 degree; this innovation resulted in sexagesimal measurements of angles within a full 360 degree circle (Darula & Kittler 142).

For example,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barnett, Jo Ellen. Time's Pendulum: The Quest to Capture Time -- from Sundials to Atomic

Clocks. New York: Plenum Trade, 1998.

Darula, Stan and Richard Kittler. (2004). "Analemma, the Ancient Sketch of Fictitious Sunpath

Geometry-Sun Time and History of Mathematics." Architectural Science Review
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Non-Financial Measures While One Would

Words: 387 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17424806

It supports innovativeness and flexibility, but at the same time attempts to ensure profitability in the long run." (Bhimani 2003:250)

The idea of the bottom line must also be changed to incorporate non-financial measures as well, otherwise this cultural change would be futile. Thus the concept of a 'Triple Bottom Line' has been created with three areas of responsibility: corporate, social and environmental, otherwise known as the three P's: People, Planet and Profit. This has been alternately termed corporate responsibility or sustainability reporting and "many of those companies vie for industry, national, and international honors, such as the Dow Jones Sustainability Index, awarded to the world's most sustainable firms by industry sector." (Colbert and Kurucz, 2007, p. 21)

List of eferences

Bhimani, Alnoor, ed. 2003. Management Accounting in the Digital Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Colbert, B.A., & Kurucz, E.C. 2007. 'Three Conceptions of Triple Bottom Line Business Sustainability and…… [Read More]


Bhimani, Alnoor, ed. 2003. Management Accounting in the Digital Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Colbert, B.A., & Kurucz, E.C. 2007. 'Three Conceptions of Triple Bottom Line Business Sustainability and the Role for HRM.' Human Resource Planning, 30.1: 21-33.

Dubin, Robert. 1958. The World of Work: Industrial Society and Human Relations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
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Vix Is a Measure of the Market's

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52454179

VIX is a measure of the market's expectations for 30-day volatility, usually of a broad index like the S&P 500. The VIX is calculated using the prices of a variety of options on the index. The implied volatility of these options is used, and the VIX is sometimes referred to as a fear gauge and a measure of overall market risk (Investopedia, 2012).

There are two versions of the VIX. The first is for the S&P 500 and the second is for the S&P 100. The former is considered to be more representative of the broad market than the latter (Bail, no date). Options are priced, of course, with a mix of risk premium and time value. For market index options, that risk is assumed to simply be market risk. Therefore, options on that will contain a time value and a market risk premium. It is the latter that is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Bail, M. (no date). Measuring stock market volatility. The Daily Reckoning. Retrieved March 12, 2012 from 

Investopedia. (2012). Definition of VIX. Investopedia. Retrieved March 12, 2012 from
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Supply of Money Explain Measures Money Supply

Words: 500 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55804289

Supply of Money

explain measures money supply explain definitions important.


Money is defined as a medium facilitating the exchange of goods and services between trading partners Mishkin & Frederic S., 1998.

Throughout history, exchange of goods and services has taken different forms with the earliest form being barter system. Following the inadequacies of the barter system - lack of coincidence of want and convenience in trading -- generally acceptable commodities were adopted for use in trading Froyen & ichard T., 1998()

Money supply

Money supply is used to refer to total stock of assets generally accepted as the exchange medium in an economy at a particular time Froyen & ichard T., 1998.

According to Mishkin F (1999)

, economist carry on the debate what items should be included in money supply. Definition of money supply is pegged on the various considerations, the issue being examined and country or economic…… [Read More]


Froyen, & Richard T. (1998). Macroeconomics: Theories and Policies. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.

IMF. (1997). Manual on Monetary and Financial Statistics. U.S.: IMF.

Mishkin, & Frederic S. (1998). The Economics of Money, Banking and Financial Markets. 5th ed.: . Reading, PA: Addison-Wesley.

Mishkin F. (1999). Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 3rd edition.: Harper Collins Publishers.
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Construction for Apple Measure Target Action Financial

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24666829

Construction for Apple






Increased profitability

Greater dominance

Increase earnings per share / revenues.

Improve dominance inside the marketplace.

Enhance market value.

Sell more units in contrast with competitors.

25% annual growth.

Increase market share to 30%.

Increase profit margins and decrease operating costs.

Promote different products as higher quality

More customers

Greater satisfaction

Enhance customer satisfaction.

each out to a larger demographic of cliental.

Offer more products that are in demand.

Have better quality merchandise with great customer support.

Sell 60 million units per quarter.

Improve customer satisfaction with products.

Increase marketing efforts.

Have enhanced quality control, testing and responsiveness.


educe bureaucracy

Increased oversight.

educe bureaucracy.

Listen to new ideas from employees and managers.

Establish reviews that will monitor for changes in attitudes and ideas.

Focus on streaming videos and next generation technology.


Effective management structure

Improve shareholder value.

Make the company more…… [Read More]


Global I Phone Sales. (2012). Statista. Retrieved from:

Sebastian, A. (2012). Apple's Market Value. Extreme Research. Retrieved from:

Thompson, N. (2012). Does Apple have Bruise. New Yorker. Retrieved from:
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Mac Arthur Measures of Competence

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26718214

The 22-item clinical instrument that resulted -- the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool - Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) -- was field-tested on a sample of 107 criminal defendants in a jail and in a forensic hospital in Virginia and found to possess psychometric integrity. The MacCAT-CA is now available for clinical use (Various, 2005).

Current Usage

Research on the adjudicative competence of juvenile offenders, conducted by the MacArthur Program on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice, is in progress

These studies, which are not nearly as comprehensive yet as the criminal adult measurements, have shown a capability to make somewhat accurate assessments of juvenile offenders. However, it has been determined that there are additional tools today to supplement the MacArthur Assessment. Those tools plus individual psychiatric counseling and interviews enhance accuracy. The MacArthur Assessment is also being tested on Alzheimer's patients. ut determining capable vs. incapable subjects remains an issue.


Akinkunmi, A.A.…… [Read More]


Akinkunmi, A.A. (2002). The MacArthur assessment tool -- fitness to plead: A preliminary evaluation of a research instrument... Retrieved May 24, 2009, from The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law:

Melton, G.B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N.G., Slobogin, C., & Lyons, P.M. (2007). Psychological evaluations for the courts; A handbook for mental health professionals and lawyers. New York: Guilford Press.

Pinals, D., Tillbrook, C.E., & Mumley, D.L. (2006). Practical application of the MacArthur assessment tool. Retrieved May 24, 2009, from The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law:

Steinberg, L. (2003). Juveniles on trial: MacArthur study call competency into question. Retrieved May 24, 2009, from American Bar Association - from Criminal Justice Magazine:
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Culture Rely Hofstede's Measures Lead Students Confuse

Words: 795 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41157988

culture rely Hofstede's measures lead students confuse similarity cultural closeness. It important understand simply cultural values close, country relations optimal. Two greatest Asia economies, Japan China, case.

China vs. Japan

Historically speaking, China and Japan have been enemies. The 'ape of Nanking' during World War II is still remembered by many Chinese as if it happened yesterday. Despite close economic ties between the two nations, China still fought Japan being included in the UN Security Council because of Japan's war crimes against China (Lehmann 2006). In terms of foreign policy, Japan is understandably frightened by a strong North Korea, which China has failed to condemn when it has pursued aggressive foreign policy and violated human rights (Global impact of a China-Japan-South Korea free trade agreement, 2012, China Briefing).

There is also a certain amount of resource jealousy: China is a large nation with an expanding population; Japan is a small…… [Read More]


French, Howard & Norimitusu Onishi. (2005). Economic ties binding Japan to rival China.

The New York Times. Retrieved:

Global impact of a China-Japan-South Korea free trade agreement. (2012). China Briefing.
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Strategic Reasons Why Countries Undertake Protectionist Measures

Words: 2676 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81201891

Protectionist Strategies

Strategic easons why countries

Protectionist Theories and Measures


Import Quotas

Administrative barriers

Anti-dumping laws

Direct subsidies


Exchange ate Manipulation

International patent systems

Protectionism is a concept through which governments and states exercise control over the trading patterns of the country and use measures that in turn are expected to help the domestic industry develop.

The main argument that we shall be following for this essay is that Free trade can only be "free" when nations and states are at the same level. Forcing economies to open up can only cause chaos and ruin for those economies. Therefore some measures of protectionism are valid and should be allowed to countries without there being any penalizing measures.

The notion behind this theory, since earlier day's lies in the fact, that government officials have long been of the opinion, as explained by the following paragraph (Lighthizer, 2008):

"For almost…… [Read More]


Bartlett, B. 1998, July. The Truth about Trade in History. Retrieved November 22, 2011, from CATO Institute Web Site:

Gwartney, J.D., Stroup, R.L., Sobel, R.S., & MacPherson, D. 2008 . Economics: Private and Public Choice. Mason: Cengage Learning.

Kaempfer, W., Tower, E., & Willett, T. 2002. Trade Protectionism. Encyclopedia of Public Choice .

Lipsey, R.G., & Chrystal, K.A. 2007. Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Anti Terrorism Measures Effective Anti-Terrorism Measures Effective

Words: 3766 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95262982

Anti Terrorism Measures

Effective Anti-Terrorism Measures

Effective Anti-Terrorist Tactics

The threat of terrorism involves many variables. The nature and degree of risk posed by a potential attack depends on a number of factors, including the goals of the attackers and their means of inciting terror. There are numerous terrorist organizations with agendas ranging from various political ideologies to animal rights, environmental, and reproductive issues. With so many diverse groups and causes in play, the number and variety of potential targets present an enormous challenge. It is beyond the scope of this thesis to address likely goals and targets of specific terrorist groups. It is important to understand, however, that the risk posed to any company or environment is related to the nature of the particular threat posed by particular terrorist groups (Bauman, 1995). In addition, while local police play a major role in gathering information about likely terrorist attacks, it…… [Read More]


Bauman, Z. (1995) Life in Fragments. Oxford: Blackwell.

Buruma, I. And A. Margalit (2004 Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies. New York: The Penguin Press.

Cohen, N. (2003) A Kind, Really Nice Boy. The Observer, in Guardian Unlimited (May 4): 1-4.

David, M. (2004) Clash of Civilizations. The New York Times (May 13): A-25.
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Probability & Measures of Central Tendency Solve

Words: 726 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73342215

Probability & Measures of Central endency

Solve the following problems showing your work:

In a poll, respondents were asked whether they had ever been in a car accident. 157 respondents indicated that they had been in a car accident and 117 respondents said that they had not been in a car accident. If one of these respondents is randomly selected, what is the probability of getting someone who has been in a car accident?

he data set represents the income levels of the members of a country club. Find the probability that a randomly selected member earns at least $88,000

total, 14 of them at or above $88,000 means the probability is:

In a certain class of students, there are 15 boys from Wilmette, 5 girls from Kenilworth, 9 girls from Wilmette, 6 boys from Glencoe, 2 boys from Kenilworth and 8 girls from Glencoe. If the teacher calls upon…… [Read More]

Tutorial on Measures of Dispersion, Retrieved February 12, 2011, from

Overview of Measures of Dispersion, Retrieved November 12, 2008, from

Standard Deviation in the Stock Market, Retrieved August 27, 2008, from
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Categorize Each of the Performance Measures in

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64341928

categorize each of the performance measures in Table 2 as belonging to one of the four perspectives (to start you off, we've put the three financial goals in the table already).


Internal Business Processes

Customer Service


Improving the customer's experience

Number of new products per client

Employee training

New accounts

New loans created

Cross Marketing

New product development

Loan balances

Deposit balances

Non-interest income

(Albright, 2001) ("What is the Balance Scorecard," 2012)

Then, following the procedure described in Figure 1 of the article (p. 58), you are to connect these objectives and measures into two or more causal chains, indicating how the achievement of one objective leads to the potential achievement of another such that ultimately one or more of the financial performance objectives are achieved.

Improving the customer experience will lead to an increase in the total number of new accounts. This will help with cross marketing…… [Read More]


Albright, T. (2001). Tri-Cities Community Bank: A Balanced Scorecard Case. Strategic Finance, 83(4), 54-60.

Slater, R. (2003). Jack Welch. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
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Global Warming Anti-Terrorism Measures in

Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48222737

In face of such measures, citizens start more and more to lose faith not only in the Government but also in its policy implicantors: ministries, police, health system, etc. Paul Wilkinson in "Terrorism vs. Democracy: The Liberal State Response" touches on sensitive issues for the UK society like over-reaction to terrorism, using too much military and less intelligence to prevent terrorism and especially the unpopular measures of surveillance, human rights abuses or control over citizens personal life -- all in the name of preventing terrorist attacks. (Wilkinson, 2006)

As pointed out before, terrorism in the UK has been treated, from the point-of-view of privacy, with over-reaction and with low proportionality, both in preventing and reacting to terrorist attacks. In the 2011 Review of Counter-Terrorism and Security Powers, the Secretary for the Home Department states that "in some areas our counter-terrorism and security powers are neither proportionate nor necessary" (HM Government,…… [Read More]


BBC News UK. Lord Macdonald: UK 'over-reacted after 9/11 attacks'. January 2011, viewed on 31st January 2011,

House of Lords. Surveillance: Citizens and the State, 2009 viewed on 31st January 

HM Government, Review of Counter-Terrorism and security powers, viewed on 31st January 2011
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Healthcare Quality Hospital Quality Measures

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83909995

If a hospital has a poor record of infections and patient falls, those patients who have a choice will avoid the hospital. So, as the hospitals begin recording and tracking the information, those that do not choose to improve lose patients (HQA 2011). Contrary wise, those hospitals that remain on the cutting edge of improving the quality of care for patients are hospitals that will be sought after by patients who have an option.

Another possible reason for the desire to improve conditions is for the sake of attracting better physicians. Many physicians are selective as to the hospitals they serve with. For instance, most Catholic physicians tend to only seek admission to Catholic hospitals.

It is possible that hospitals may seek reimbursement as a means of dealing with quality issues with patients. Currently, when a hospital makes a mistake the patient is still expected to pay the full amount…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hospital Quality Alliance (2011). Quality Measures. Extracted February 4, 2012.

Washington State Hospital Association (2011). Quality Indicators Search Page. Extracted February 4, 2012.
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Air Safety Measures-Q1 the Air

Words: 834 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9235999

Michael Bishop is that most passengers do not prefer to fly backwards; they are actually more frightened of flying backwards than of flying forwards, even though it has been explained to them that it is infinitely safer to fly backwards rather than the opposite. (UK Kegworth, ten years on)

It was in the year 1991 that the Transport Committee produced a eport on the Aircraft Cabin Safety, in which it was stated that cabin improvements would still not save about 64% of the fatalities that are caused by air crashes, and in about 22% of the accidents, such improvements would not make any difference at all, and that it was only in about 14% of such fatalities that the survival rates would be improved by the implementation of improvements and safety measures. The eport also analyzed the recommendations for rearward facing seats, and stated that it was because of this…… [Read More]


Aircraft Cabin Safety. The United Kingdom Parliament. Retrieved at Accessed on 12 January, 2005

Kegworth Air Disaster. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 3 Aug 2004 Retrieved at on 12 January, 2005

UK Kegworth, ten years on. BBC News. January 8, 1999. Retrieved at Accessed on 12 January, 2005
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Standard-Based Costing and Performance Measures for Today's Manufacturing Environment

Words: 2044 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16436011


This paper outlines the various defect of the standard-based costing method and how they do not effectively measure manufacturing environment of today. It has 8 sources in Turabian style.

Cost control is needed by businesses to plan the actual cost it might incur on the production of certain commodities. The budget is an overall costing system but sub-division is needed if and when the company requires detailed cost structure of the department. This is necessary for achieving the overall goals of the organization.

In production organizations, such as manufacturing companies, the basic concern of the management is to have smooth operations with the least cost possible. There the existence of cost is measured by the tangible output each component of the department produces. Income is compared to the cost incurred. A system that is set for measuring the performance level of…… [Read More]


Davies, Ieuan, 03-01-1997. Are we going in the right direction? (production management techniques). Vol. 75, Management Accounting (British), pp 52(1). Lucas, Mike, Standard costing and its role in today's manufacturing environment.. Vol. 75, Management Accounting (British), 04-01-1997, pp 32(3).

Bear, Robert; Mills, Roger; Schmid, Felix, 12-01-1994. Product costing in advanced technology environments. (cost accounting in manufacturing environments). Vol. 72, Management Accounting (British), pp 20(3).

Lucas, Mike, 04-01-1997. Standard costing and its role in today's manufacturing environment.. Vol. 75, Management Accounting (British), pp 32(3).

Dugdale, David; Jones, Colwyn, 05-01-1996. Accounting for throughput.(part 2, practice). Vol. 74, Management Accounting (British), pp 38(5).
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Instrumentation to Measure Social Persuasion

Words: 780 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22051532

eliability and Validity


eliability refers to the capacity of an instrument to capture the most accurate and "truest" score of an individual. A reliable test enables us to distinguish one individual from another with confidence that errors will primarily be generated by individual differences, and to a lesser extent, to the imperfections of the instrument. Indicators that a test is reliable include test-retest reliability that is accounted for by the internal consistency in the components of the test. The test-retest criteria is generally considered a manifestation of the consistency of measurement for individual performance over time, such that the score a person gets on a test today will be the same -- or nearly the same -- as the score the person gets on a test, say, in three, six, or twelve months. There are a number of substantive issues with the test-retest criteria, including chance covariation, memory, and…… [Read More]


Huck, S.W. (2012). Reading statistics and research (6th ed.).Columbus, OH: Allyn & Bacon.

Newton, P.E. & Shaw, S.D. (2013) Standards for talking and thinking about validity. Psychological Methods, 18(3), 301-319. Doi: 10.1037/a0032969

Sireci, S.G. (2007). On validity theory and test validation. Educational Researcher, 36(8), 477-481. (ProQuest Document ID: 1403803131)

Schwenk, G. (2009). Evaluating social influence relations: An item-response-modeling approach. Metodoloski zvezki, 6(1), 27-50.
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Security Failures and Preventive Measures Summary of

Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9666872

Security Failures and Preventive Measures

Summary of the Case

The Sequential Label and Supply company is a manufacturer and supplier of labels as well as distributor of other stationary items used along with labels. This company is shown to be growing fast and is becoming highly dependent on IT systems to maintain their high end inventory as well as the functioning of their department.

The case started with the inception of a troubled employee who called up the helpdesk agent to resolve the issue he is facing. Likewise, other employees start calling in to launch similar complaints. Later, the technical support help desk employee, while checking her daily emails, accidentally opened an untrusted source file sent from a known work colleague. This led to a number of immediate problems in her network computer which led to her being not able to access the information over the network and the call…… [Read More]


Baker, W. (2007). Is information security under control?: Investigating quality in information security management, Security & Privacy, retrieved October 14, 2011 from

Chapin, D. (2005). How can security be measured, information systems control journal, retrieved October 14, 2011 from

McAdams, A. (2004). Security and risk management: a fundamental business issue: all organizations must focus on the management issues of security, including organizational structures, & #8230;, Information Management Journal, retrieved October 14, 2011 from
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Tests Are Regularly Used Nowadays to Measure

Words: 1106 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11217555

tests are regularly used nowadays to measure intelligence Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon invented in 1905 what has come to be acknowledged as the first scale. This initial test was aimed at ?identifying children who were mildly or perhaps more seriously retarded? (Mackintosh, 2011, p. 5) by evaluating their performance and delegating specific task sets so as any average child pertaining to a given age group could solve approximately 50% of the test. Thus, based on the number of tasks that a child could solve, the scale ?would classify children's levels of mental functioning. (Urbina, 2011, p. 23). For example, if a six years old was able to solve 50% of the test that had been delegated to this particular age group, his mental age was set at six years old. f he was able to solve above the average expectation, then he would have been attributed a superior mental…… [Read More]

It is acknowledged unanimously that tests would be ?designed so that the mean score is 100 points, and the standard deviation is 15 points. (Shalizi, 2009, para. 2) Older versions of Binet's scale are subject to a standard deviation of 16 (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2013, p. 301). Thus, it is considered that individuals falling under the average value display or are subject to intellectual deficit while those above are intellectually superior. The mean score which is subject to intelligence testing is known as the deviation IQ and was introduced in the 1960 revised version of the Stanford-Binet Scale as ?simply a standard score? ((Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2013, p. 294) ?ascertained by evaluating the standard deviation of mental age for a representative sample at each age level. (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2013, p. 294)

III. Verbal vs. Performance Properties of the Modern Binet and Wechsler Scales

We stated earlier that there are various tests which measure intelligence and we have already spoken of Binet's contributions in this respect. However, there is another name which is often related to significant and effective scales of intelligence testing. David Wechsler proposed his first scale in 1939 for adults and ten years later, for children. It has even been argued that Wechsler developed subtests prior to the Binet-Simon scale (Boake, 2002, p. 383). Wechsler's first scale was designed in 1939 for adults and revised for publishing in 1955, being subject to subsequent revisions (Crawford
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Exams Are Not the Best Way to Measure Students Abilities

Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88154825


ecently, Harvard professors ceased giving final exams as part of their overall assessment of student performance (Strauss, 2010). In a radical transformation of official college policy, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences voted to eliminate exams and require professors who wish to administer them to file an application form. The reverse used to be true: exams were the norm and professors wishing to opt-out would have to ask for permission.

What has caused this startling turn of events? Evidence, for one. In Test Problems: Seven easons Why Standardized Tests Are Not Working, Sadker & Zittleman (n.d.) outline empirical evidence supporting a shift away from examinations as the primary measure of student success. Examinations do measure a certain type of achievement, but they should not be used as the only method of gauging student progress and performance. One of the core reasons cited by Sadker & Zittleman (n.d.) include student…… [Read More]


"How Should We Measure Student Learning? The Many Forms of Assessment," (n.d.). Edutopia. Retrieved online: 

Sadker, D. & Zittleman, K. (n.d.). Test Problems: Seven Reasons Why Standardized Tests Are Not Working " Excerpt from: Teachers, Schools, and Society: A Brief Introduction to Education p. 370-376."

Strauss, V. (2010). Harvard profs dropping final exams. The Washington Post. July 17, 2010. Retrieved online:
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Statistical Research in Order to Measure a

Words: 606 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24618845

Statistical esearch

In order to measure a given construct, the numerical data provided by the study's survey period is sorted to determine a baseline level. By determining the mean, median and mode from the various respondents, this baseline can be used to operationalize a particular construct. The Mean is defined as the mathematical average derived from a set of numerical figures, or the sum of every number in a given set divided by the number of figures comprising that sum. The concept of mean can be visualized as the "balance point" of any given distribution of numerical figures, and envisioning mean in this fashion is premised in basic physics, because if a basic data distribution were to appear fulcrum, the mean would be the point where perfect balance is achieved. Experienced statisticians incorporate mean within their analysis for several fundamental purposes, and "of all the measures of central tendency, the…… [Read More]


Irwin, M. (2013). Quantitative Research Designs for Nursing Practice. Research for Advanced

Practice Nurses: From Evidence to Practice, 129.

Keele, R. (2010). Nursing research and evidence-based practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett

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Analyzing Tlm Security Measures

Words: 704 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23629510

security measures. The primary focus while analysing security measures will be on the overall effectiveness and hindrances in their implementation in the aspect of transportation and logistics management (TLM).

Security Measures in Place / Are They Effective?

In order to ensure safety in sensitive areas, to observe traffic or to keep a check on criminal activities, CCTV, video cameras and high-tech surveillance systems are very useful devices. They also play an important role when it comes to the delivery of cargo. In order to prevent cargo theft during the loading / unloading, transporting and storing process, these activities should be carried out under surveillance of video cameras. The primary advantage of using surveillance in these circumstances is that they can significantly reduce premise liability because of access control systems and thus only authorized individuals can access certain areas. (Transportation and Logistics Security Protection 1. n.d.).

For each employee as well…… [Read More]


BANOMYONG, R. (2005). The impact of port and trade security initiatives on maritime supply-chain management. Maritime Policy & Management,32(1), 3-13. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from of port and trade security initiatives on maritime supply-chain management.pdf

Leading Home Security Companies in Security Systems (n.d.). -- Protection 1. Transportation and Logistics Security -- Protection 1. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from

(n.d.). Lean Logistics & Supply Chain Management System (n.d.). -- LeanCor. What's the Problem with Continuous Improvement? - LeanCor Supply Chain Group -- LeanCor Supply Chain Group. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from
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Citizen Participation Can We Measure

Words: 3250 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56309194

Further, the view that citizens cannot objectively assess service delivery (and, conversely, that public officials can) has been a limiting factor to the institutionalization of citizen surveys. Watson et al. point out, however, that a disparity between the subjective views of citizens and the 'objective' assessments of service quality provides city leaders with the opportunities to both communicate more effectively and take steps to reduce the disparity.

Citizen surveys have a number of distinct advantages: they identify problems, evaluate services, influence budget priorities, identify citizen preferences, and "send a message to residents that the city government is concerned about their opinions" (234).

In an effort to promote citizen surveys and explore if citizen surveys are actually effective and worth a city government's time, Watson et al. look at the citizen survey creation and tradition in Auburn, Alabama. The first survey conducted, administered in 1985, convinced public officials that surveys served…… [Read More]


Rosener, Judy B. (1978). Citizen Participation: Can We Measure Its Effectiveness? Public

Administration Review, 38(5) 457-463.

Rosener, Judy B. (1982). Making Bureaucrats Responsive: A Study of the Impact of Citizen

Participation and Staff Recommendations on Regulatory Decision Making. Public Administration Review, 42(4) 339-345.
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Nature's Clocks How Scientists Measure

Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95652679

It helped lead to more accurate readings of inanimate objects like rocks, too, which helped scientists narrow down the age of the Earth and how it has evolved through time.

Macdougall uses many differing sources for his book, as his "notes and further reading" section indicates. He uses books, journal articles, essays, and scientific data, and offers some of that data up in Appendixes in the back of the book. It is quite clear he is an expert in his subject. What is more important, however, is that he has the ability to make what could have been a very dry and dull subject very readable. He opens the book with the story of Oetzi, the Alpine Iceman, a fascinating look into the very heart of the book's thesis, and he grabs the reader's attention right away with this interesting story of a man who is probably at least 4,000…… [Read More]


Macdougall, Doug. Nature's Clocks: How Scientists Measure the Age of Almost Everything. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008.
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Security Measures Course Name Course Number &

Words: 2151 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68880415

Security measures

You just received a brand new computer for your home environment. It comes with the latest Operating System. You also have an Internet Service Provider where you can easily use the existing network to connect to the Internet and to perform some online banking. Describe the steps you plan to go through to ensure this system remains as secure as possible. Be sure to discuss the details of firewall settings you plan to implement within your operating system, browser privacy settings, and recommended software (e.g., Anti-virus and others) you will install. Also, describe your password strength policy you plan to adopt, and what you envision to do to ensure your online banking site is encrypted and using the proper certificates. Discussion of operating system patches and application updates should also be included. As you discuss these steps, be sure to justify your decisions bringing in possible issues if…… [Read More]


Increasing Your Facebook Privacy and Security By Dave Taylor onSeptember 16, 2011

Safe Computing provided by the Office of Information Technology University of California, Irvine Last Updated: January 28, 2011
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Cultural Distance How Is it Measured and How Does it Impact on Global Marketing Operations

Words: 3242 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70230823

Cultural Distance: How Is it Measured, And How it Impact on Global Marketing Operations

The persistence of cultural distances is relevant for the global multinational marketing operations exposed to multiple cultures in their everyday activities. This indicates that marketing across border introduces complexities because it forces global marketers to tailor their approaches and practices to each cultural context they carry out their business activities. As a result, this paper will discuss concepts applicable to different aspects of cross-border operations. The primary focus of the paper is on multinational business corporations (Baumann, 2007).

This study shows how Hofstede's model is still the most relevant piece of reference for a successive cross-cultural analysis despite it being a widely criticized. The paper compares and contrasts Hofstede's famous concepts with Turner and Schwartz, Trompenaars and Hampden's valued inventory. It will attempt to provide empirical evidence of how cultural diversity influences the global markets by…… [Read More]


Baumann, A. (2007). Influences of culture on the style of business behavior between Western and Arab managers. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.

Baumu-ller, M. (2007). Managing cultural diversity: An empirical examination of cultural networks and organizational structures as governance mechanisms in multinational corporations. Bern: Lang.

Cavusgil, T. & Ghauri, P.N. (2009). New challenges to international marketing. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Curry, J.E. (2009). A short course in international marketing: Approaching and penetrating the global marketplace. Petaluma, CA: World Trade Press.
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Leadership Success Common Measures and

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4331802

An additional theory that could be used to analyze a true leader is adaptability. Another writer notes, "Adaptive leaders learn to live with unpredictability. They spend less time fretting about the inability to establish a routine or control the future and focus more on exploiting opportunities" (Whiffen, 2007). Every organization experiences change, growth, and development. A good leader must be able to adapt to those changes, grow with them, and motivate their team to adapt, as well. The same writer continues, "Once a leader perceives changes in the operating environment, he should identify the 'critical elements of the new situation'" (Whiffen, 2007). This is essential for any organization, no matter the size. Nothing stays static, and new situations are always developing, so leaders must adapt to them, grow, and be open to change.

An example of a successful leader who headed a successful company is Herb Kelleher, the founder of…… [Read More]


Jerabek, S., & Day, D. (2009, November). Traits of leadership. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. 78, 20+.

Whiffen, H.H. (2007). Becoming an adaptive leader. Military Review, 87(6), 108+.
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Financial Performance Measures in Order

Words: 495 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39042269

7% in 2003 to 8.3% in 2004, and has climbed to the number of 9.2% in the latest fiscal year. Thus, the company has achieved better operating profit compared to Northrop Grumman company.

t is not possible to examine financial and operating position of the company by one or two ratios as the profitability and revenues are not always reflective of the true company ability to exploit and utilize assets available to the company. Asset utilization is the ratio reflecting the management skills of the company to generate revenues compared to the value of assets the company has, or the ratio of total sales to the value of total assets. Lockheed Martin company has achieved the following asset utilization ratios: 1.21 in 2003, 1.39 in 2004 and 1.34 in 2005. Thus, the company exploits assets efficiently, but the asset utilization coefficient has decreased slightly in the last years. Northrop Grumman…… [Read More]

It is not possible to examine financial and operating position of the company by one or two ratios as the profitability and revenues are not always reflective of the true company ability to exploit and utilize assets available to the company. Asset utilization is the ratio reflecting the management skills of the company to generate revenues compared to the value of assets the company has, or the ratio of total sales to the value of total assets. Lockheed Martin company has achieved the following asset utilization ratios: 1.21 in 2003, 1.39 in 2004 and 1.34 in 2005. Thus, the company exploits assets efficiently, but the asset utilization coefficient has decreased slightly in the last years. Northrop Grumman company has achieved 1.06 asset utilization ratio in the year of 2004 and 1.087 in the year of 2005. Thus, the Lockheed Martin company is more capable of generating more revenues for each dollar of assets the company possesses, though the total revenues of the companies are not significantly different. The company has also been decreasing in the recent past its' total debt to equity ratio and thus funded growth without extensive borrowing.

Based on the two ratios, operating profitability and asset utilization, Lockheed Martin company is more well managed, is better dealing with the total company costs and thus achieves better operating profitability, and at the same time is able to generate almost the same amount of revenues as Northrop Grumman but with higher asset utilization ratio.

Ratio Analysis and Statement of Cash Flows Paper
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Calculated F-Measures All of the

Words: 460 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12757993


Overall, when performance was already relatively high for a data set (and this tended to be relatively consistent across classification methods), the transformation methods did not show tremendous variance, though in certain cases of difficult data sets particular transformation methods did have significant impacts on the performance of specific classification methods. Performance was increased by the PPFSCADA transformation method to the greatest degree, and the MLP classification method was similarly the highest performer across a greater number of data sets than other classification methods, though not to as significant degree as PPFSCADA outperformed other transformation methods, on average. Given these results, it is necessary to question the benefits of conducting additional transformation processing on data sets that show high performance without any transformation performed; depending on the resource and time intensity of the additional transformation, the benefit achieved by such a transformation might not be worthwhile and in many…… [Read More]

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Preventative Measures That Could Have Been Implemented

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13888391

preventative measures that could have been implemented to keep your selected juvenile from turning to delinquent behaviors. Cite your additional journal article. Then explain one social factor that might interfere with treatment for this juvenile.

Preventative measures that could have been implemented to keep your selected juvenile from turning to delinquent behaviors: Duane

The story of Duane is every parent's nightmare. Duane is a ten-year-old boy who received treatment for being a juvenile sex offender. Even after treatment, Duane was convicted of molesting a five-year-old girl. Duane was removed from his mother's custody as a result and charged with a class B felony. fter his arrest, Duane was confined to a cell, without any education or additional support. Duane's IQ of 60 made his case even more complex: his social worker admitted that this was the most difficult case she had ever faced.

lthough it is difficult to gain a…… [Read More]

As a victim in a high-risk situation, Duane clearly needed more counseling and support to help him deal with the crimes that had been perpetuated upon him. This highlights how social inequities can affect a child's trajectory in life. A young boy from a socioeconomically advantaged home would likely not have been in the vulnerable position of Duane, given that there would have been more resources to provide him with supervision. Had he still suffered abuse, a wealthier family would be able to provide assistance through private means of the best quality (such as a private child psychologist). They would also have been able to have afforded academic support and specialized attention for their child.

Sexual abuse can happen to any child, and all children, regardless of income status, can experience developmental delays. However, families with additional financial resources can 'cushion' the blows of these difficulties much more easily. This is neither just nor fair but seems inevitable. According to Nelson (2007), the problem of treating juvenile offenders equitably is compounded by the fact that juvenile sex offenders often have certain unique characteristics, versus general offenders. They are more likely to have learning disabilities or conduct disorders, for example, and are more likely to continue to offend even after they are no longer members of the juvenile population (Nelson 2007). A chaotic family and exposure to sexuality at an early age is also characteristic of offenders, as was the case with Duane.

Sexual abuse is usually a 'chronic' disorder, versus other types of delinquent behavior such as status offenses (truancy,
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Algebra Trig Find the Radian Measure of

Words: 342 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92153160

Algebra, Trig

Find the radian measure of the central angle of a circle of radius r = 4 inches that intercepts an arc length s = 20 inches.

The formula for an arc length is a = r?, where'd is the arc length, ? is the central angle in radians, and r is the radius. That said, s = 20, r = 4, and ? is unknown.

= 5 radians

The central angle is 5 radians.

In which quadrant will the angle 100 degrees lie in the standard position?

The angle of 100 degrees will lie in Quadrant II.

In which quadrant will the angle -305 degrees lie in the standard position?

The angle of -305 degrees will lie in Quadrant I.

Find the length of the arc on a circle of radius r = 5 yards intercepted by a central angle 0 = 70 degrees.

The formula for an…… [Read More]

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Magis By Any Measure Life in the

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72240671


By any measure, life in the 21st century is characterized by excesses of all sorts. Indeed, as a result of increasingly sedentary lifestyles, obesity has reached epidemic levels in many industrialized nations. Moreover, billions of others in emerging nations such as China, Brazil and India are joining the middle class and beginning to enjoy these excesses as well and all signs indicate that these trends will continue well into the foreseeable future. In this environment, determining the importance of the concept of "magis" has assumed new importance and relevance for those of faith. From the Latin meaning "more," the concept of magis conceptualizes the goal of excelling in ways that serve to glorify God and this conceptualization is especially apparent in the Jesuit faith. In this regard, Migliazzo (2002) reports that, "In sum, the ideal of Jesuit education is the well-rounded person who is intellectually competent, open to growth,…… [Read More]


Kirby, E.L., Mcbride, M.C., Shuler, S., Birkholt, M.J., Danielson, M.A. & Pawlowksi, D.R.

(2006). The Jesuit difference (?): Narratives of negotiating spiritual values and secular practices. Communication Studies, 57(1), 87-89.

Migliazzo, A.C. (2002). Teaching as an act of faith: Theory and practice in church-related higher education. New York: Fordham University Press.
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Good Bad Y When Measured by

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95924827

No one can compensate the parents who lost their children to after-effects of an atomic explosion.

This war and several others that followed opened doors for more military conflicts and greater destruction of the so-called enemy. Who is our enemy? If people of the other countries are our enemies, why are we ever taught not to discriminate? For surely when the war begins, we have to give up all that we were previously taught and stand united to destroy the weaker enemy completely. The world as it stands today may have underpinnings of a Third World War at any point of time in the future. So, it is fairly correct to state that all wars are wrong. Why some countries or nations feel proud of the wars they fought and do not believe all wars are wrong are basically shortsighted, selfish and narrow minded. They probably see the world as…… [Read More]


1) [Sullivan-Wiley K. & Eisentein J. How are the effects of World War I similar to the effects of World War II. Retrieved February 16, 2005 from:]
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Clinical Measures in Forensic Settings

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2942889

The authors of the article determined that by directing children into a specific line of questioning regraind a certain action "gives the child material that might appear in subsequent play or narrative" (Gilstrap and Cici, 2001).

The true relationship between both of these issues is that ultimately, Hewitt also engaged in leading children through the use of imagery, by asking them to draw how they would feel if something sexual did happen to them. Finally, the last problem identified with using clinical techniques in a forensic setting is related to relying on aspects of behavior as being congruous with abuse. Without properly attributing for the base rate of sexual abuse in the world or the population in which the children are, the propensity for gaining false positives is very real -- and problematic.

Thus, there are many different important concepts a forensic psychologist could take away form this particular article.…… [Read More]


Gilstrap, L.L., Ceci, S.J. (2001). "Difficulties inherent in integrating clinical wisdom with empirical research in forensic interview." PsycCRITIQUES. 46 (2). Retrieved from

Litwack, T.R. (2001). "Actuarial vs. clinical assessments of dangerousness." Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7(2), 409-443. Retrieved from
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Human Rights Issues With Pre Emptive Counter Terrorist Measures

Words: 4366 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11307775

Terrorism has been a hot topic in the news for over a decade. It has impact people on an international level with countries like France, England, and the United States experiencing attacks. Currently Isis, a terrorist organization, has generated chaos in the Middle East. Government have been destabilized and peace and security jeopardized. Atrocious acts of violence have occurred from child beheadings to rapes and torture. Terrorism threatens the social and economic development of any place it affects.

Furthermore, terrorism directly affects human rights. People lose freedoms and face subjugation from regimes of terrorist organizations. All of which have negatively diminish ones enjoyment of life as well as their human rights. International, national, and regional political leaders make promises and claims that counterterrorism measures will not encroach on human rights. Former President George Bush for example, preached on preserving human rights amidst counter terrorism efforts. However, living up to these…… [Read More]


Ahmed, S. (2015). The 'emotionalization of the "war on terror": Counter-terrorism, fear, risk, insecurity and helplessness. Criminology And Criminal Justice,15(5), 545-560.

Enders, W., Sandler, T., & Gaibulloev, K. (2011). Domestic versus transnational terrorism: Data, decomposition, and dynamics. Journal of Peace Research, 48(3), 319-337. doi:10.1177/0022343311398926

Feinberg, M. (2015). International counterterrorism -- national security and human rights: conflicts of norms or checks and balances?. The International Journal Of Human Rights, 19(4), 388. Retrieved from

Fenwick, H. (2015). Counter-terror strategies, human rights and the roles of technology. International Review Of Law, Computers & Technology, 25(3), 107. Retrieved from
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Public Policy Formulation Measures

Words: 830 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32701336

To be considered a concerned public agent, policy formulators are constantly scouting for possible conflict in the social setting. This is their key objective; to show course in the formulation of policy and pushing a social agenda. The public policy makers are often seen coming up with public advocacy program to sensitize the people one the existence of the conflict. Once the matter is seen as a social concern, they take it upon themselves to formulate a policy sufficient only to tackle the highlighted conflict. The culmination of the advocacy project leads to half-baked policy tackling a social concern based on previous policy.

Policy makers are seen to directly formulate policies based on previous experiences, as opposed to considerations for the real issues. The result of the policy formulated stretch from disjointed incremental measure that hardly tackle current issue. This is clearly "muddling through" and evading tackling of pertinent matters…… [Read More]

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Preventing VRE All Measures to

Words: 1874 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84626562

For its versatility in eluding new antibiotics, it can be life-threatening. One of these "superbugs" is VRE, which is transmissible by direct hand contact or through surfaces and equipment by anyone, including the health care worker (Capriotti, 2007). VRE has recently spread to the community and the health care sector.

New antibiotics continue to be synthesized to cope with the rapid mutation of the VRE bacteria, but the organisms continue to overtake the drugs (Akins & Haase, 2005). A study conducted on a series of VRE outbreaks in Germany revealed that an estimate of 1 million Euros could be saved with adequate prevention and control of the infection. The use of newer antibiotics is not as cost-effective as prevention. These antibiotics have to be administered with precision and require complementary hygienic precautions on the part of the health care worker. The rising incidence of and serious threats posed by the…… [Read More]


Akins, R.L. And Haase, K.K. (2005). Gram-positive resistance: pathogens, implications and treatment options. Pharmacotherapy: Pharmacotherapy Publications. Retrieved on September 15, 2009 from

Capriotti, T. (2007). Resistant "Superbugs" create need for novel antibiotics.

Dermatology Nursing: Medscape. Retrieved on September 15, 2009 from

Department of Health (2006). Fact sheet. New York State Department. Retrieved on September 15, 2009 from
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Economic Indicators Are Used to Measure the

Words: 1305 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43863270

Economic indicators are used to measure the financial health of the economy. There are many methods and tools for measuring the economy and every economist has his favorite method. The health of the economy is measured by tracking certain indicators. Different economists use these indicators in various combinations. Some economists place more or less weight on different ones in making their predictions about which direction the economy will go. It is important to note the differences in measurement when assessing the opinions of popular economists of today.

This paper will be primarily concerned with the indicators, which would indicate whether we are currently in an inflationary economy or a deflationary economy. A recession occurs when real GDP declines for two successive quarters. However, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) officially defines a recession as a "significant decline in activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months."…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Canto, Victor A. Crisis Revisited. 2002. Accessed April

Clifford, Stephanie. How to keep tabs on the United States economic health.

Cheat Sheet: A Civilian's Guide to the Economy. 2002 Business 2.0 Media Inc. August 2001 Issue.,1640,16701|5,FF.html. Accessed Hester, William. Focus on Fed Funds. October 1999. Accessed April 22,

Morrison, Joanne UPDATE 1-U.S. fourth-quarter GDP growth revised higher. Reuters News
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Achievement and Intelligence Tests Achievement Tests Measure

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76254680

Achievement and Intelligence Tests

Achievement tests measure more specific areas compared to general intelligence tests. They are meant to focus on measuring skill levels within certain specific talent ranges. Often known as standardized tests, achievement tests break down traditional intelligence assessment into very definitive categories. Typically, schools use achievement tests for state standards reporting, and the commonly taken SAT and ACT are standardized tests that represent achievement evaluation, rather than general intelligence testing. These tests are helpful when educators or researchers want to focus in a certain academic category, or to measure the general skill levels of large groups of students against state and national averages. Still, there are some major issues with achievement tests, primarily the fact that they often do not allow for the incorporation of higher level critical thinking skills or problem solving abilities.

On the other hand, intelligence tests have a much broader subject matter when…… [Read More]


Aiken, L.R. & Groth-Marnat, G. (2006). Psychological testing and assessment,(12th ed.).Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. ISBN: 0205457428.

Burkam, David T. & Lee, Valerie E. (2002). Inequality at the starting gate: Social background differences in achievement as children begin school. Economic Policy Institute. Web. 

Fair Test. (2012). What's wrong with standardized tests. National Center for Fair and Open Testing. Web.
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Gender and Perceived and Objective Measures of Success

Words: 809 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23991286

individual's gender is an important factor that influences their career, success, and even their subjective evaluation of their career (e.g., Orser & Leck, 2010; Schneidhofer, Schiffinger, & Mayrhofer, 2010). A number of different models have been proposed to explain how a person's gender influences one's vocational aspirations, career choice, and perceived success (see Schoon & Eccles, 2014). These influences affect both objective and subjective measures of career success/attainment.

For example, Orser and Leck (2010) examined how gender moderates objective career factors as well as subjective career factors. Data was collected from a large sample of male and female managers, executives, and CEOs (N = 521). Two objective dependent measures of success were collected: 1) total compensation (annual salary, bonuses, and other financial remuneration) and 2) ascendancy (defined by the number of reporting levels below the participant). One subjective dependent measure was also collected (personal opinion regarding how successful the participant…… [Read More]


Herrbach, O., & Mignonac, K. (2012). Perceived gender discrimination and women's subjective career success: The moderating role of career anchors. Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, 67(1), 25-50.

Orser, B., & Leck, J. (2010). Gender influences on career success outcomes.Gender in Management: An International Journal, 25(5), 386-407.

Schneidhofer, T. M., Schiffinger, M., & Mayrhofer, W. (2010). Mind the (gender) gap. Gender, gender role types, and their effects on objective career success over time. Management Revue, 437-457.

Schneidhofer, T. M., Schiffinger, M., & Mayrhofer, W. (2011). Still a man's world? The influence of gender and gender role type on income in two business school graduate cohorts over time. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 31(1), 65-82.
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Environmental Safety Measures in a Chemical Facility

Words: 991 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21839691

Chain of Events

Improper storage of hazardous chemicals can cause possible fire and explosion through lightning, accidents, injuries produced by inhalation and ingestion, among other fatalities. The implementation of control measures during the early design stage and operation facilitates the elimination of the undesirable occurrences (Tompkins, White, Bozer, & Tanchoco, 2010). The continual human intervention comes in handy in promoting built-in protection within the storage mechanisms. The choice of chemical storage methods depends on a comprehensive comprehension of the risks and hazards engulfed within the procedures of storing chemicals. A risk management system plays a crucial role in facilitating the assessment of all factors that include hazard-related activities that involve chemicals. As a result, considerable judgment comes about after making considerations in associated risks. Consequently, the factors facilitate the choice in implementing the appropriate controls. Development of an Environmental Management System (EMS) encompasses efficient utilization of time and resources. As…… [Read More]


CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety) [2011].Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Tinsley, S. & Pillai, I. (2012).Environmental Management Systems: Understanding Organizational Drivers and Barriers. New York: Taylor & Francis

Tompkins, J., White, J., Bozer, Y., & Tanchoco, J. (2010). Facilities Planning. New York: John Wiley & Sons
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Multiple Measures to Evaluate Positive

Words: 857 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10572087

The behaviors observed directly were measured using a variety of scores and positive and negative adult interactions, child affect ratings, and a quality of life survey were gauged as well. The outcome revealed a significant difference in Mindy's behavior as a result of incorporating things that pleased Mindy and things that Mindy related to into the school environment along with an increase in positive praise.

In my opinion, the outcome of this study is not surprising. As a student, I always succeeded in the classes where the teacher provided positive feedback and where I felt like I could somehow relate to the material. Accordingly, a big part of me wondered what was so special about this particular case study. Do we really need a case study and a fancy title like PBS in order to know what common sense and our own personal educational experiences have already confirmed? Additionally, I…… [Read More]


Clarke, S., Worcester, J., Dunlap, G., Murray, M., & Bradley-Klug, K. (2002). Using Multiple Measures to Evaluate Positive Behavior Support: A Case Example. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(3), 131+. Retrieved April 20, 2010, from Questia database:
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Total Assessment Tool Package to Measure

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64758492

g., students, instruction, program, or system), and the complexity of the units being evaluated (Billings & Halstead, 2012).


Develop a timeline and action plan.

A timeline and action plan for the re-accreditation visit is presented in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Timeline and action plan for re-accreditation visit


TIME (MONTHS) (2012-2014)

3rd Qtr 2012

4th Qtr 2012

1st Qtr 2013

2nd Qtr 2013

3rd Qtr 2013

4th Qtr 2013

1st Qtr 2014

2nd Qtr 2014

3rd Qtr 2014


Evaluation of past accreditation results





Identification of problem areas based on past accreditation visits




Creation of QA committees to evaluate current status




emedial steps for any deficient practice areas





Mock re-accreditation inspection



Evaluation of mock inspection results for further opportunities for improvement




What are the evaluation obstacles facing your nursing…… [Read More]


Billings, D.M. & J.A. Halstead. (2012). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (4th ed.). St.

Louis: Saunders.

Iwasiw, C., Goldenberg, D., & Andrusyszyn, M. (2009). Curriculum development in nursing

education (2nd ed.). Boston: Jones & Bartlett.
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Behavior Therapy Strategies and Reactivity Measures

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96282999

feelings/Reactions ehavior Therapy

Every behavior in behavior therapy makes sense and they are to be believed to result from punishment and reinforcement patterns from the surroundings. The treatment itself does not focus on the base of the problem but on the changing the present factors of that particular behavior including tantrums, biased thinking and feared situations. ehavior therapy has full support of research as there are a lot of studies that support its effectiveness in the issues including addiction, schizophrenia, eating disorder, depression etc.(Wedding & Corsini, 2013).

Several studies demonstrate the different types of problems and people's reactions including depression, anxiety disorder, substance abuse etc. ehavior therapy uses different strategies that not only understands the core of the problem but also helps the individual to overcome it on their own strengths. Different behavior strategies have been found effective in the issue of anxiety disorder. A person under this problem experiences…… [Read More]


Wedding, D., & Corsini, R. (2013). Current Psychotherapies. Boston: Cengage Learning.
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Motivation Is Regarded as a Measure of

Words: 728 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24827940

Motivation is regarded as a measure of internal drive to achieve a goal. It is an essential human instinct, because without motivation people would lack the ability to progress. The amount of internal drive an individual has is influenced by a variety of factors such as personal gain, individual need, attitude and consequence of actions, to name a few. While capturing and classifying all of the different types of motivation can be a daunting task, a few academic scholars have drawn connections between an individual's environment and personal attributes as influences on the types of motivation the individual has.

As explained in an article about motivation and study habits, N.J. Entwistle, Jennifer Thompson and J.D. Wilson explain that the major classifications of motivation are intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is centered on the task at hand and is most often a measure of personal ability, the conquering of a fear,…… [Read More]