Medical Ethics Essays (Examples)

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Medical Ethics
Ethics is a topic that is nearly as old as the human race. Ethics is sometimes referred to a branch of philosophy called moral philosophy. Ethics is often conceptualized as a code or a system meant to categorize or otherwise classify as well as recommend behavior that is right and behavior that is wrong. Ethical codes often describe what right and wrong is in general as well. The practice or application of ethical codes in medicine is additionally an old concept. Some of the oldest and greatest civilizations called for the practice of ethics in medicine. The paper will explore and demonstrate the necessity of ethics in medicine.

Upon completing the requirements for a medical degree, newly degreed physicians take the Hippocratic oath. The Hippocratic oath was originally composed in the 5th century BC. Hippocrates lived during the ancient Greek civilization and is considered in western cultures as the father….

Medical Ethics
How does the study of medical ethics impact decisions in social services & healthcare? In the peer-reviewed Journal of Sociology & Social elfare, Professor Paul Adams explains that social work ethics "…focuses on the behavior required or expected of members of a profession," and like ethical principles in the medical profession, there are "…rules, obligations, and dilemmas" to confront in social work (Adams, 2009, p. 83). By studying medical ethics -- standards that emphasize practitioner competence, client privacy, confidentiality, potential conflicts of interest, documentation and informed consent -- a social worker can get a strong grasp of the ethical considerations in the social services sector.

For example, in the "Patient's Bill of Rights," the healthcare patient has the right to informed consent, and so too do clients of social workers have the right to informed consent. The social worker's clients also have the right to privacy, confidentiality, practitioner competence and….


In 2004, Arizona's Proposition 200 wanted state and local governments to verify the identity and immigration status of all applicants for certain public benefits, and to require government employees to report violations (ood pp). Attitudes about the problem have hardened in recent years in some states, both out of concern about the economic impact, particularly in a time of slow job growth, and out of concern about the security threat posed since 9/11 (ood pp). The concern over illegal immigration has intensified as the federal government has shifted more of the cost and control of welfare benefits to the states, further burdening state budgets (ood pp). Some anti-immigrant groups say illegal immigrants siphon more than $1 billion a year in social services from the Arizona treasury, roughly $700 per family in the state (ood pp). Ira Mehlman of the Federation for Immigration Reform, says, "Arizona has a serious problem on….

Medical Ethics Case Study
Who Can Prescribe Medicine?

Does Jerry's medical training qualify him to issue this refill order? Why or why not?

Generally, LPNs and medical assistants are qualified to dispense medication prescribed by a physician ("Medical assistant, 2011). A medical assistant is a trained medical professional who works under the supervision of a board-certified physician ("Medical assistant, 2011). Typically, a medical assistant's work is administrative, but it may also include clinical duties ("Medical assistant, 2011). The administrative duties performed by a medical assistant might include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, greeting patients, and such. Clinical duties that may be performed by a medical assistant include taking vital signs, preparing patients for exams, drawing blood, and administering medication ("Medical assistant, 2011)..

In Jerry's case, the medical office includes a receptionist who normally takes telephone calls. This tends to indicate that the office administrative duties may be delegated to the receptionist. But this is….

This is (still, for the present time, at least), the law on medical procedures to terminate pregnancy, which are available (and eligible for federal funding assistance) to anyone whose personal religious beliefs allow them. Those whose religious beliefs prohibit abortion at any time after conception need never contemplate the procedure, but their religious position is not incorporated into U.S. law. Like abortion, Americans not opposed to stem cell research on religious principle should be permitted to explore its potential fully, without governmental restraint or governmental withholding of research funds available to medical researchers in general.
Before modern scientific methods allowed the more precise understanding of human gestation, both physicians and legal scholars relied on concepts like "quickening" to establish a stage of pregnancy where the fetus was considered to be a living person (Abrams & Bruckner, 1983). Modern medical techniques allow us to generate precise images of developing fetuses, and….

Certainly, there is a period much later in pregnancy where a fetus has developed enough human characteristics and senses to argue in good faith that the fetus is entitled to the same rights as a newborn infant. However, to make that argument on behalf of an undeveloped zygote requires specific logical justification. Instead, the main basis of the concern for the zygote is the religious belief about when human life "begins."
The problem with that belief as the basis for public policy is that it violates the fundamental constitutional principle of (1) separation of church and state and (2) equal protection. The belief that human life begins at conception is perfectly legitimate as a personal of religious belief; but it is not an appropriate factor in American law. Recognizing the religious beliefs or definitions in law is a violation of the constitutional rights of every person who does not share….


How do we balance technological advancements with what is best for humanity?

For all of the problems technology can create, it is important to remember all of the great things that technology has given to us as a species. I would not want to live in a world without antibiotics or vaccines -- and it is worth remembering, too, that many people worried that the population would get too large if there weren't diseases to keep the population contained! However, the opposite tends to be true -- the more technology improves the standard of living and quality of care, the fewer children people choose to have because they have greater resources to limit their family size and more optimism about the present. Today, screening for genetic diseased prenatally has empowered parents with the ability to choose what is right for their families. Even GMOs have produced disease-resistant crops that can help….

This was an individual specifically trained in lifesaving techniques for accident and emergency victims, and he should not leave an obviously injured person. His training prepared him for just this situation, and since he was the first person on the scene, he could literally make the difference between life and death. The accident victim with an obvious head injury could be suffering from shock, and the head injury symptoms might not show themselves immediately to the victim, or he might not understand what is happening, and what his symptoms indicate. The paramedic does, and should recognize the danger of leaving a head injury victim alone waiting for other help. There are those who might say that the paramedic had no duty to stop in the first place. This is true, since he was off-duty, and not compelled to respond to the situation. However, he did respond, and therefore, that….

Medical Ethics and Decision Making
Do Doctors Need More Guidelines?

New Revolution in Ethics

In 1988, what many called the 'third revolution' in medical care came about (Dunevitz, 1999). The first revolution was after the Second orld ar, and this caused an explosion in the number of hospitals and doctors, as well as the research that went into the field (Dunevitz, 1999). Medicare and Medicaid were created and the field of medicine was growing so rapidly that it was hard to follow it and understand everything that was happening to it (Dunevitz, 1999). In the 1970's, cost and how to contain it became more of an issue than the growth of medicine and not only employers but the government began to work against the costs that were getting out of control (Dunevitz, 1999).

This caused the creation of managed care, among other measures (Dunevitz, 1999). Even though the control of these costs was very….

Obviously, they wish for Ms. Alexander to live as comfortable as possible for the time she has left and are not concerned about gaining financially from her death.
For this situation, Dr. Culver offers some advice on how the physician should act in the case of Ms. Alexander. First, "a family may be deeply divided about the appropriate treatment for their loved one," which, in the case of Ms. Alexander, is between the family and the physician. Such disagreements "can be exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to resolve in a short time at the bedside of a... patient" (1990, p. 195). Thus, the physician in this case faces one of the most common predicaments associated with medical ethics, that is, whether to override the concerns and disagreements of family members and proceed with an operation that will, in the long run, provide relief to the patient and extend his/her life.

Another….


Human cloning also provokes tremendous opposition, mostly from people who do not understand what it means. Typically, it suggests images of quasi-human "clones" as second-class citizens or beings created for forcible slavery or scientific exploitation in the manner sometimes depicted by science fiction movies and literature. In truth, clones already live among us, because every identical twin is actually a clone of its twin (Sagan

1997).

In reality, cloning simply refers to the process of generating a viable fetus from one set of genes instead of two sets contributed by two parents. At the simplest level, this would allow infertile couples and single women to have children whose genes are exclusively theirs instead of having to combine their genes with those of complete strangers to become pregnant. The first successfully cloned mammal was a sheep named

Dolly" created in 1997, but responsible scientists and medical ethicists do not recommend human cloning until the….

Medical Ethics
Terrance Ackerman, in his article Why Doctors Should Intervene, presents some of the complicated affective influences that enter into the doctor -- patient relationship when a patient is facing a life threatening situation. Patient autonomy has been the watchword of the medical community. Serving as the Magna Charta by which doctors have operated in their associations with terminal patients, honoring patient autonomy has been the guidelines by which doctors set limits on their involvement in patients lives. However, Ackerman makes a significant argument regarding conditions under which patient autonomy and a policy of non-interference are not sufficiently broad enough to address the real needs of the patient. The effects of the illness, he says, can create distortions in the patient's ability to make autonomous decisions. In this case, according to Ackerman, the doctor should position himself to actively engage the patient, and influence a different course of action than….

The DNR order does not stand in other situations, such as non-life threatening accidents, etc. (such as a broken leg. The patient would be transported in this situation). There are many ethical decisions that will have to made by the emergency department in these situations, and they will literally have to play "God" in some decisions, which may be ethically and morally difficult for some personnel. Some people believe that DNR orders are not legal or moral, and the staff has no authority to act on them. However, the patient's wishes are at the heart of this ethical dilemma, and they should always be discussed and adhered to. It is the patient's life, after all, and not the medical department's life that is on the line. A DNR order is a highly person decision, and no person creates one of these orders lightly. They must understand the ramifications of….

Medical Ethics and Law
PAGES 12 WORDS 3095

Healthcare -- Doing as Much Good as Possible
Many healthcare professionals believe that medicine and ethics are integrated. I agree with this concept. To do good medicine, one must also do good ethics, and to do good ethics, one must also do very good medicine. The two simply cannot be removed from each other.

In today's society, the demands of medicine are so great, and the tendency is so real to allow medicine to become routine and to lose sight of the phenomenal value of humanity. Therefore, healthcare professionals must consider how they can sustain a commitment to patients that truly puts their interests above our own. A fundamental aspect of the ethical life in medicine is to somehow be adequately motivated to do what is good and right for patients, especially in a world where, in many cases, no one else will be. This paper will describe why healthcare professionals should….

Dr. Leon's reputation as a clinical trials clinical investigator and participant was therefore permanently disadvantaged.
Training and Presentation in Medical Conferences

Physicians such as Dr. Smathers participate in colloquia and congresses, and present teaching seminars about the use of medical devices and new pharmaceutical regimens. A concern of some is that this representation of the company can result in an endorsement of the company. A second concern is that the physician may allow his or her judgment to be compromised by their relationship with the company.

On the first concern, there is a pressing need for experienced physicians to teach others how to improve their practice. The rules (as above for clinical trials) are strict about what is presented, and how it is presented. The physician must present all sides, supported by clinical evidence, with a clear indication of side-effects and contraindications.

On the second concern, there may be an effect on the….

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6 Pages
Essay

Medicine

Medical Ethics Is a Topic That Is

Words: 1627
Length: 6 Pages
Type: Essay

Medical Ethics Ethics is a topic that is nearly as old as the human race. Ethics is sometimes referred to a branch of philosophy called moral philosophy. Ethics is often…

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2 Pages
Essay

Healthcare

Medical Ethics How Does the Study of

Words: 683
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Medical Ethics How does the study of medical ethics impact decisions in social services & healthcare? In the peer-reviewed Journal of Sociology & Social elfare, Professor Paul Adams explains that…

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9 Pages
Term Paper

Healthcare

Medical Ethics of Providing Healthcare

Words: 2973
Length: 9 Pages
Type: Term Paper

In 2004, Arizona's Proposition 200 wanted state and local governments to verify the identity and immigration status of all applicants for certain public benefits, and to require government employees…

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3 Pages
Case Study

Medicine

Medical Ethics Case Study Who Can Prescribe

Words: 1347
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Case Study

Medical Ethics Case Study Who Can Prescribe Medicine? Does Jerry's medical training qualify him to issue this refill order? Why or why not? Generally, LPNs and medical assistants are qualified to dispense…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Women's Issues - Abortion

Medical Ethics Stem Cell Technology

Words: 1191
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

This is (still, for the present time, at least), the law on medical procedures to terminate pregnancy, which are available (and eligible for federal funding assistance) to anyone…

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2 Pages
Essay

Medicine

Medical Ethics and Embryonic Stem

Words: 557
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Certainly, there is a period much later in pregnancy where a fetus has developed enough human characteristics and senses to argue in good faith that the fetus is…

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1 Pages
Term Paper

Healthcare

Medical Ethics What Is the

Words: 420
Length: 1 Pages
Type: Term Paper

How do we balance technological advancements with what is best for humanity? For all of the problems technology can create, it is important to remember all of the great things…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

Black Studies - Philosophy

Medical Ethics at an Accident

Words: 661
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

This was an individual specifically trained in lifesaving techniques for accident and emergency victims, and he should not leave an obviously injured person. His training prepared him for…

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26 Pages
Term Paper

Healthcare

Medical Ethics and Decision Making Do Doctors

Words: 8575
Length: 26 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Medical Ethics and Decision Making Do Doctors Need More Guidelines? New Revolution in Ethics In 1988, what many called the 'third revolution' in medical care came about (Dunevitz, 1999). The first revolution…

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3 Pages
Term Paper

Health - Nursing

Medical Ethics Case Study According

Words: 852
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Obviously, they wish for Ms. Alexander to live as comfortable as possible for the time she has left and are not concerned about gaining financially from her death. For…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

Genetics

Medical Ethics -- Stem Cells

Words: 610
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Human cloning also provokes tremendous opposition, mostly from people who do not understand what it means. Typically, it suggests images of quasi-human "clones" as second-class citizens or beings created…

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4 Pages
Article Review

Health - Nursing

Medical Ethics Terrance Ackerman in His Article

Words: 1267
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Article Review

Medical Ethics Terrance Ackerman, in his article Why Doctors Should Intervene, presents some of the complicated affective influences that enter into the doctor -- patient relationship when a patient is…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

Healthcare

Medical Ethics Do Not Resuscitate

Words: 657
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

The DNR order does not stand in other situations, such as non-life threatening accidents, etc. (such as a broken leg. The patient would be transported in this situation).…

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12 Pages
Term Paper

Healthcare

Medical Ethics and Law

Words: 3095
Length: 12 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Healthcare -- Doing as Much Good as Possible Many healthcare professionals believe that medicine and ethics are integrated. I agree with this concept. To do good medicine, one must also…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Medicine

Medical Ethics Concerns Results of

Words: 1031
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Dr. Leon's reputation as a clinical trials clinical investigator and participant was therefore permanently disadvantaged. Training and Presentation in Medical Conferences Physicians such as Dr. Smathers participate in colloquia and…

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