Medical School Essays Examples

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Medical Admissions Fortunately or Not

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56470243

My predilection for working under stress prepares me psychologically for the unique and demanding profession. The college professor who advised that my disposition and talents lend themselves to a career in osteopathy told me that osteopaths need to be creative as well as analytical: to assess situations and make decisions that synthesize years of prior knowledge and experience. I believe I possess the qualities that would prepare me for a successful and rewarding career as an osteopathic physician.

As I seek entry into your esteemed medical school program with a focus in osteopathy, I can assure you of my capacity to meet challenges with poise and calm. My business experience has prepared me for the demands of medical school: owning a business while attending school full-time has not deterred nor tired me physically. I look forward to participating in your program; I assure you that I will represent your school with aplomb; and thank you for your consideration.… [Read More]

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Medical Nursing Medical L Nursing the United

Words: 1796 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6008465

Medical Nursing

Medical l Nursing

The United States has the largest number of professional nurses in the world totalled 3 millions approximately. Despite the available large number of professional nurses, there is still imbalance between the supply and demand for nurses in the United States. Demand for the professional nurses has outnumbered the supply. Typically, critical nursing shortage has become a serious issue in the United States, and the production capacity is lagging based on the estimated future needs. The concept of nursing shortage refers to the situation where the demand for nurses outnumbers the supply. The worsening nursing shortage in the United States has created the demand for more nurses to fill the gap. Many private and public sectors healthcare leaders have advocated for the serious solution to boost the supply of nurses. One of the solutions advocated is that the U.S. should facilitate the migration of foreign graduate nurses to address the nursing shortage. The suggested solution has generated a heated debate among the healthcare professionals and the policy makers. (Dudley.2009).

This paper contributes to the debate. The paper provides the case scenario to provide greater understanding on the effect of nursing shortage in the United States.

Case…… [Read More]

Aiken, L.H. (2007). U.S. Nurse Labor Market Dynamics Are Key to Global Nurse

Sufficiency. Health Service Research.42(3):1299-1320.
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Medical Skills Needed to Be

Words: 2203 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74711001

According to the work of Fulford (1994) in an Oxford Practice Skills Project Report "Three elements of practice (ethics, law and communication skills) are approached in an integrated teaching programme which aims to address everyday clinical practice. The role of a central value of patient-centered health care in guiding the teaching is described. Although the final aim of the teaching is to improve the actual practice, we have found three 'sub-aims' helpful in the development of the programme. These sub-aims are: increasing students' awareness of ethical issues; enhancing their analytical thinking skills, and teaching specific knowledge. (Hope, 1994)

In the work of Miles, et al. (1989) entitled "Medical Ethics Education: Coming of Age it is stated that "medical ethics education is instruction that endeavors to teach the examination of the role of values in the doctor's relationship with patients, colleagues and society. It is one form of a broad curricular effort to develop physician's values, social perspectives, and interpersonal skills for the practice of medicine. The authors define medical ethics education as more clinically centered than human values education and more inclusive of philosophical, social, and legal issues than is interpersonal skills training."

According to Calman & Downie (1987) in…… [Read More]

Fryer-Edwards, PhD (2005) Tough Talk: Helping Doctors Approach Difficult Conversations - Resources for Teaching- Domains for Small Group Teaching Prelude 3 Department of Medical History and Ethics University of Washington School of Medicine.

Siegler, Mark MD (2001) Lessons from 30 Years of Teaching Clinical Ethics AMA Journal 2001 October.
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Medical Billing and Coding Can Be Described

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74201388

Medical billing and coding can be described as the process of presenting and following up on claims to health insurance companies for the purpose of obtaining payment for services provided by the healthcare provider. Regardless of whether an insurance company is government-owned or privately owned company, the process for medical billing and coding is similar for many companies. For an individual to become a specialist in medical billing and coding, he/she is usually encouraged to become certified through taking an exam. While such individuals are not compelled by the law to do so, certification schools have been established as avenues for theoretical foundation for students entering this field.

What is Medical Billing and Coding?

Generally, the medical billing and coding process is an interaction between the insurance company that caters for the health expenses and the health care provider. Medical coding involves the allocation of either a numeric or alphanumeric code to a clinical procedure, diagnosis, or treatment. This process facilitates the easy, fast, and precise retrieval of information for review of the medical billing and the patient's health information or record. This process is important in the medical field because it can be used in collection of data to…… [Read More]

Becker, J.M. (2009). A guide to coding compliance. Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning.

"Career Guide -- Medical Coding." (2011, July). Medical Support Services Training. Retrieved February 25, 2012, from
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School Clinics Affects on Students

Words: 3382 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58532109

Utilization of the data and collection of the data should be one of the main aims of the policy makers. The data can be used by the policymakers in order to develop the policies and implement these in order to make sure that improvement can be ensured (Basch, 2011, p. 9).

3. One of the main roles that can be played by the policy makers includes reviewing the policies that have already been designed for the schools. How these previous policies have played roles in an improvement of academics of the children, their environments and their health are important parts of the review by the policymakers. It is important that funding is collected for the issues that affect health and academics of children.

4. The policymakers should make sure that the importance of school-based health clinics that can play roles in looking after the needs of the students.

Great levels of differences can be made by the schools in improving heath of the students. There is a great variety of educational supports that can be provided by the schools. Some of these services include healthcare programs, mental health services and breakfast programs. The importance of school-based programs lies in the…… [Read More]

Basch, C. (2011). Executive Summary: Healthier Students Are Better Learners. Journal of School Health 81, pp. 4-107.

Bruzzese, J., Sheares, B.J., Vincent, E.J., Du, Y., Sadeghi, H., Levison, M.J., Mellins, B.R., and Evans, D. (2011). Effects of a School-based Intervention for Urban Adolescents with Asthma: A Controlled Trial. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. April 15, 2011 183, pp. 998-1006.
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Medical Use of Marijuana Increasing Use of

Words: 814 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30556120

Medical Use of Marijuana

Increasing use of medical marijuana

Having looked at the various areas that medical marijuana has been brought into use and the various forms in which marijuana is administered, it is also important to take note of the various challenges that come with it. There have been various researches that have been conducted that covers the medical as well as the ethical side of the medicinal marijuana, and there have been a dilemma in the balance of the two sides on whether to institutionalize the drug or to stop it, and even on whether the medicinal use can be made to work without the proneness to abuse as is the case at the moment.

Medicinal marijuana has neither medical nor ethical standing within the contemporary society where drug abuse is one of the biggest worries of governments across the world and the alternative medicines that medical research can appropriately come up with.

There are various factors that point at devastating effects and after-effects of marijuana use be it for medical purposes or not. These reasons have left a trail of destructions some of which are non-redeemable. The calls for medical use of marijuana are not anything new…… [Read More]

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Medical Writing Boon and Bane'

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36094312

These examples highlight that technology is always a tool, a way of enhancing human judgment -- we must not mistake it as a replacement for good nursing practice.

After all, the use of a computer is no substitute for a medical education. Anyone who works in a hospital can see this -- the increased accessibility of information through the Internet also means that patients often come in, convinced that they are suffering from a serious illness, allergy, or condition, based more upon a diagnosis Googled on WebMD, rather than upon the fact that they saw a doctor! If a computer alone was required to diagnose, everyone would have a degree!

Don't get me wrong -- I use technology every day in my life, and thank my lucky stars, and my patient's lucky stars, that it is so ubiquitous. When health care providers wish to communicate, the use of cell phones is invaluable, such as when an emergency case is being sent from another hospital. But all of the technology in the world cannot compensate for having a reasonable patient load per nurse. A nurse needs to talk to the patient, to find out about the individual beyond his or her…… [Read More]

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Schools and Education Over the Last Several

Words: 4678 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36633796

Schools and Education

Over the last several years, the field of education has been facing tremendous challenges. This is because of shifts in how they address a host of issues and there are changing demographics of students. These are all signs of broader social implications which are having an effect on individual performance and their ability to adapt with a variety of situations. (Rury, 2013)

Evidence of this can be seen with observations from Rury (2013) who said, "We live in a time of considerable social and political turmoil, marked by economic uncertainty that has directly touched the lives of millions of Americans. Deep divisions and critical problems, as a range of issues are debated fervently, extending from economic policy, to poverty and inequality. If there is anything everyone seems to agree upon it the growing importance of education for the future. Without expanding our present knowledge and abilities, it is unlikely that our society will meet the challenges that lay ahead. Today we publically object to discrimination and celebrate the principles of equality. To one extent each consequence is a process of vast social change. This is not something that simply economic. Certain segments of society have benefited from…… [Read More]

Ballantine, Jeanne. 2012. Schools and Society. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Hendrix, L. (2013). Education and Society. (Educational Autobiography).
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School-Based Intervention Trials for the

Words: 14493 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7664904

, 1999). In many areas of the country this may be very accurate.

Another problem that comes into the picture where obesity in children is concerned is that many parents must work very long hours today to pay bills and have money for what their family needs (Mokdad, et al., 1999). Because of this, many children are latchkey kids and are not watched as closely by their parents as they used to be (Mokdad, et al., 1999). Children used to come home from school and go and play with others, but many now live in neighborhoods where this is unsafe or where there are no children their age so they remain inside watching TV or playing video games and snacking on whatever is available (Mokdad, et al., 1999).

If there is healthy food in the house this is often not a problem, but many households are full of potato chips, candy, soda, and other foods that are fine in moderation but are not good as a daily diet for young children (Mokdad, et al., 1999). It is clear that obesity is a serious problem in children and one that is not easily solved.

Research Questions

Based on the background and…… [Read More]

Anderson, J.G. (1987). Structural equation models in the social and behavioral sciences: Model building. Child Development, 58, 49-64.

Arlin, M. (1976). Causal priority of social desirability over self-concept: A cross-lagged correlation analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 267-272.
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School Improvement Project Proposal Improving

Words: 4564 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29005100

Causative Analysis

There are several causes to why the students did not pass the state standardized test in mathematics and in language arts. It is strongly believe that the students were not adequately prepared for the test because they had not been completing the required assignments and attending the online classes offered by their teachers. Their lack of School Improvement 7 participation in the class, has lead them to a failing test score because if they had not completed the assignments in their learning management system, then there was no way for them to be adequately prepared for the materials on the tests. The course materials that are found in the learning management system are closely related to the state bench marks and are closely aligned with the state requirements.

There are several reasons that students may not complete work in their online classes. These reasons include lack of motivation, lack of parental guidance, computer issues and problems that stop them from logging in, lack of ability, medical issues or problems, social problems, or a number of other reasons.

Relationship of the Problem to Literature

There are many reasons that students may not be passing the standardized tests. The main…… [Read More]

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School of Public Health Public Health Admissions

Words: 1046 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8491953

School of Public Health

Public Health Admissions Essay

The most logical next phase of my career would be the completion of a degree in Public Health Administration.

A currently hold a BS in Sociology and the diversity that this and my personal history have offered me will lend well to the challenges of a postgraduate degree program. I am goal driven and will succeed, regardless of the difficulty of the task. I have researched the program that is offered by your institution and I believe the curriculum and faculty afforded there will be exactly what I am looking for and exactly what my professional goals need to progress.

The impetuses for my professional goals are strongly rooted in my life history. I am an immigrant from Sierra Leone. The reality of meeting my education goals were at times in my life fortuitous accidents. As a child myself my parents and my eight siblings had no real understanding of the value of education. An American Peace Corps member working on a water project in my home village met my mother and myself by chance at a public market.

The buying of a few pieces of fruit sparked a conversation that changed…… [Read More]

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Medical Fraud and Abuse --

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92526914

The facts that you have provided indicate extremely troubling circumstances that could seriously jeopardize the welfare of your organization. It is well-settled law that entities contracting for the services of subsidiaries are legally responsible for legal and ethical improprieties committed by those subsidiaries irrespective of whether or not the contracting organization had any specific involvement in or knowledge of those actions. Accordingly, we would strongly advise that you take immediate action to rectify the situations described in the manner outlined in our recommendations below.


To avoid the potentially serious criminal, civil, and financial consequences arising under MWHC's respondeat superior responsibility to prevent fraud and abuse in connection with its association with subsidiaries, it is hereby recommended that MWHC immediately:

1. Instruct the subsidiary to cease and desist from offering its contracted home health agency employees compensation of any kind in connection with client durable medical equipment (DME) orders from the subsidiary.

2. Instruct the subsidiary to cease and desist from offering financial rebates to patients who use its equipment.

3. Instruct the subsidiary either to (1) expand its payment to hospital and home health agency personnel for assisting its patients in learning how to use all types and brands…… [Read More]

Reid, T. (2009). The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. New York: Penguin Group.

USDHHS. (2004). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services-Office of Inspector
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Medical and Medicine Oral Health

Words: 1399 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36555003


Limited information about oral hygiene and difficulty accessing preventive dental care are thought to add to the racial and income difference in the incidence of caries. Underprivileged and minority kids are more probable to have untreated dental decay, compared with more wealthy white children. In a recent examination of national survey data, the General Accounting Office found that underprivileged children had five times more untreated decay than did children from higher earnings families. Untreated decay can result in troubles with eating and drinking, talking, and education. Children who are underprivileged experience twelve times the number of limited activity days caused by dental troubles, compared with more wealthy children (Lewis, Grossman, Domoto and Deyo, 2000).

The baby teeth start to come through at varying ages throughout a child's first year of life. A child is vulnerable to tooth rot as almost immediately as their first teeth come in if they have an adequate bacterial supply present in their mouth and have lengthened contact with carbohydrates. Chalky ashen spots on the teeth are the primary mark of dental problems. Together insufficient oral care and unsuitable eating practices that expose teeth to natural or refined sugars for long-drawn-out episodes add to the…… [Read More]

Bright Futures in Practice: Oral Health Pocket Guide (2004). Retrieved October 27, 2010, from Web site:

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Medical Nursing Graduate Study Challenges

Words: 823 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83110191

Bieber & Worley (2006) note that when students pay closer attention to their surroundings, and when teachers engage students in a more collaborative manner, students are more likely to set daily schedules that conform with their abilities and adapt to any limitations they may experience while juggling multiple responsibilities.

Anderson (1996) suggests that many Universities need to work with student's to accommodate their unique needs, as long as students are willing to engage in collaborative relationships with their peers (Austin, 2002) and families. One way to teach graduate students how to balance their education, career and any psychological or emotional blocks they may have to success is by teaching students to adopt self-efficient tools, such as creating daily task lists that limit the amount of time they spend on activities to ensure they fulfill all of their obligations (Bandura, 1982). Universities also have an obligation to effectively screen students (Brink, 1999) to ensure that students are well-informed of how much work they will need to take on as a student, and what resources may be available to them to overcome any foreseeable obstacles they might face in the near future.


Graduate students who have family obligations, work obligations and…… [Read More]

Anderson, M.S. (1996). Collaboration, the doctoral experience, and the departmental environment. The Review of Higher Education, 19, 305-326.

Austin, a. (2002). Preparing the next generation of faculty: Graduate school as socialization to the academic career. Journal of Higher Education, 73, 95-122.
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Medical-Nursing Patterns of Knowing and

Words: 844 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1012213

It is the dimension of knowing that connects with human experiences that are common but expressed and experienced uniquely in each instance. It is ultimately the processes of envisioning and rehearsing nurture artistic expression (Chinn, Kramer, & Chinn, 2008).

Empiric knowledge in nursing consists of knowledge development along with highlighting the role of conceptualizing and structuring ideas into knowledge expressions such as theories and formal descriptions. Theories and formal descriptions become shared as empiric knowledge in a discipline and serve to enable scientific competence in practice (Chinn, Kramer, & Chinn, 2008).

It is thought that if knowledge within any one pattern is not critically examined and integrated within the whole of knowing, that uncritical acceptance, narrow interpretation, distortions, and partial utilization of knowledge will occur. When the patterns are used in isolation from one another, the potential for synthesis of the whole is also lost. The formal expressions of knowledge are developed by using methods of inquiry that are grounded both in discursive scholarly methods and in practice specifically designed for each pattern (Behm, Comrie, Crane, Johnson, Popkess, Verbais, Yancey, Carstens, Keene, Davis, and Durbin, n.d.).

Integrating scholarly knowledge and practice knowledge and making them one is what makes a…… [Read More]

Behm, Kathy, Comrie, Rhonda, Crane, Judy, Johnson, Charlotte, Popkess, Ann, Verbais, Chad,

Yancey, Val, Carstens, Belinda, Keene, Carol, Davis, Doris, and Durbin, Christine.(n.d.).
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Impact of the Medical Education Programs in the Interdisciplinary Staff Practice

Words: 1141 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55108031

Medical Education on Interdisciplinary Staff Practice

The research question I am addressing is the impact of continuing medical education on interdisciplinary staff practice. Researchers of the past decade produced systematic reviews of continuing medical education (CME) and other strategies intended to improve patient outcomes. The subjects of the reviews included such concepts as audit and feedback, chart-based reminders, clinical practice guidelines, and formal lectures. Defined as interventions to change interdisciplinary staff practice, the effects of those strategies were inconsistent across practitioners, settings, and behaviors. As a result, in the midst of contemporary discussions about quality improvement and the effects of continuing education, there is no singularly effective method for improving interdisciplinary staff performance.

Research Methods/Literature Searches

The literature to be studied will come under the rubric of medical education. Medical education journals such as JAMA, Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, and nursing journals such as the Journal of Clinical Nursing will be searched for the topics of the impact of medical education on interdisciplinary staff practice. Search engines employed Google and Yahoo; databases include PubMed, Google Scholar, JSTOR, Proquest and Project Muse. Parameters of searches include "impact of medical education on staff practice," "continuing medical education interdisciplinary…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Adams KM, Kohlmeier M, Powell M, Zeisel SH (2010) Nutrition in medicine: nutrition education for medical students and residents. Nutr Clin Pract. 25(5):471-80.

Haycock A, Burling D, Wylie P, Muckian J, Ilangovan R, Thomas-Gibson S. (2010) CT colonography training for radiographers -- a formal evaluation Clin Radiol. 65(12):997-1004.
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Montefiore Medical Center Mmc A Case Study

Words: 3296 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42792132

Montefiore Medical Center (MMC): A Case Study

This study reviews a Harvard Business School case on Montefoire Care Centers. The Balanced Scorecard is chosen for the strategic management initiative at Montefoire and the reasons and results of such a choice is reviewed in this case study.

The objective of this study is to answer the question of what were the underlying reasons for the development of a new strategy at Montefiore Medical centre (MMC)? Secondly this study will answer as to how could the strategic direction chosen by MMC be described and what factors likely influenced the chosen direction? This study will compare and contrast the old and the new organizational structures. With reference to the notions of synergy and responsiveness, this study will analyze the advantages and disadvantages or each of these and will explain what is meant by the term causal ambiguity. This work will take the Heart Center Value Map in Exhibit 4 under consideration and explain which relationships appear to be more or less problematic. Finally, in regards to the MMC case this study will compare and contrast the activity system view of the organization as recently proposed by Michael Porter, with the resource-based view (RBV)…… [Read More]

Ambrosini, V. And Billsberry (2008) Value Congruence and Its Impact on Causal Ambiguity. 2nd Global e-Conference on Fit. 19th-21st November 2008. Retrieved from: 

Michael E. Porter -- The Value Chain (2013) Clint Burdett Strategic Consulting. Retrieved from:
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Non-Medical Expertise the Post-High School

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17305129

Medical personnel served patients and visitors deftly; they were professional, attentive and knowledgeable and operated in a no-nonsense manner that I respected and hope to emulate as a practicing physician. The occasionally present language barrier posed few problems in the doctor-patient relationship while my friend recuperated in hospital.

Cultural differences in the medical experience can become issues for medical practitioners anywhere but especially in multicultural America. Doctors who treat patients from different backgrounds sometimes fail to accommodate for large extended families for visiting hours, for example, or doctors may resist accommodating for outmoded misogynistic cultural norms such as addressing the husband directly about the wife's medical decisions. Linguistic barriers can also impede a doctor's ability to properly treat a patient or offer the patient all the options available for treatment.

While in Asia I witnessed the diverse ways patients and relatives interact with doctors, reflecting social structures that emphasize hierarchy. In democratic America, patients are usually more willing to question doctors but Asian-American patients and patients from many other cultures too don't challenge a doctor's advice as readily as a European-American might. I also noticed how integral social support systems are to extended patient care; doctors simply assume that family…… [Read More]

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Teachers Schools and Society Different

Words: 2362 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5693853

These standards set forth clear expectations for school districts, schools, teachers, and students for the core subjects of reading, science and math. Each state's standards and testing are different, but all have the same goal of providing consistent, quality education, as defined by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Beginning in 2014, students must not only be determined to be 'proficient' in these three core subjects, but schools must make Adequate Yearly Progress overall and for specific demographic subgroups (Murnane & Pappay, 2010).

Although there are benefits to the NCLB, including the accountability measures that have been established that have set clearer expectations, there are also drawbacks to these standards as well. There has been an increasing concern regarding the inordinate amount of time that teachers must spend preparing students for the standardized tests. Although this prep may improve students scores on these tests, teachers have reported that there is often "no improvement in their underlying proficiency. (in fact,...) according to a national survey, 40% of all teachers 'reported that they had found ways to raise state test scores without really improving learning'" (Murnane & Pappay, 2010, p. 156). This "teaching to the test" is a significant concern.

Improving…… [Read More]

Bakic-Miric, N. (Jun 2010). "Multiple intelligences theory: A milestone innovation in English language teaching at the University of NIS Medical School." Acta Medica Medianae, 49(2). p. 15-19.

Financing America's public schools. (No date). Retrieved November 29, 2010, from
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High School Economic Knowledge and

Words: 2160 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73439378

, 1993).

On the other hand, though, and more importantly for the purposes of this analysis, some studies have shown that those students who completed a high school economics class still developed a more keen awareness of the conditions that contributed to economic outcomes and what role they may play in later life. According to Lopus and Maxwell (1994), "Students who took high school economics, irrespective of the curriculum, did not outperform students without high school economics on a pretest or a post test of college-level economics.... Although students who take high school economics may not have increased knowledge of college-level economic principles, they may have an increased awareness of current events, consumer issues or economic history. As well, the high school economics class may address the needs of the non-college bound student" (emphasis added) (p. 62). Clearly, then, while the jury may still be out on how high school economics is best taught, there are some definite academic and personal benefits to be gained through its study. Nevertheless, because resources are by definition scarce, it is important for educators and policymakers alike to recognize which approaches to the delivery of economics instruction at the high school level work -…… [Read More]

Becker, W., Greene, W., & Rosen, S. (1990). Research on high school economic education. Journal of Economic Education, 21 (3), 231-45.

Bellisimo, Y., Maxwell, N.L., & Mergendoller, J.R. (2000). Comparing problem-based learning and traditional instruction in high school economics. The Journal of Educational Research, 93(6), 374.
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Methodologies and Research Methods Used in School Advisory Systems

Words: 3490 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35729848

School Advisory Systems

Some studies describe the attributes of programs that are run after school and assist in boosting social and academic growth of the youth in high school. Since the number of afterschool programs is limited, the importance of adopting the practices discussed in this paper will be significant and consequential. Following these practices will also help boost investment in after-school programs for youths in high school (Holstead, Hightower King & Miller, 2015). The effectiveness of advisory programs have corresponded to scope and intensity in the past. The delivery of learning and the ensuing firm innovation differs from program to program. Various methods are used to examine the range of delivery of various advisory programs, which are both quantitative, and qualitative (Sawang, Parker and Hine, 2016). Irrespective of the chosen hypotheses, Research methods have to be effective. If they are not, there is a risk of failure to collect useful information, and consequently fail to review or evaluate current and future strategies effectively.

Literature Review

Miglin, Stephens, Hurd & Al-Bataineh (2015) suggested in their research that there was need to determine if the advisory program currently in used a Central Illinois Junior School is really helping the school's students…… [Read More]

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Lack of Creativity in the Medical Profession

Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24606197

intended public audience for this opinion piece includes stakeholders in the healthcare industry, including educators, researchers, nurses, physicians, and hospital administrators. One of the goals of this opinion piece is to persuade members of the healthcare industry to embrace a new paradigm in which creative thought is welcomed and encouraged, rather than shunned and mistrusted as it currently is. Consumers who are willing to pressure their physicians to improve quality of care are also a primary target demographic, as all Americans will at some point in their lives avail themselves of medical services. All Americans are likely to have had, at some point or another, a negative experience using medical services. Therefore, my goal is to persuade the audience of consumers to demand a higher standard of care.

The popular television show House helped draw attention to the need for, and resistance to, creativity in the medical practice. A lack of creativity in the medical field has been detracting from quality of patient care, as physicians have become "slavish ... to standardized treatments," and their decisions have become "increasingly determined by mechanical and algorithmic processes," (Jones 1). An assessment published in the Harvard Business Review accuses medicine of being "chaotic,…… [Read More]

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Medical Model and Learned Helplessness

Words: 1083 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78154146

Lobotomy is a popular medical procedure introduced in curing mentally ill individuals, which requires the removal of the prefrontal lobes of the cortex of the brain, the part of the brain wherein aggressive and violent behavior is triggered. However, in the movie, lobotomy is shown to have disastrous results: McMurphy's violent behavior is indeed abated, but as illustrated in the movie, the lobotomy had turned him into a 'vegetable' neither responding to his ward mates' call for attention nor displaying his usual rowdy, obnoxious, McMurphy self.

This instance in the movie is considered as patterned after the medical model of abnormal psychology, wherein "mental disorders are described as medical diseases with a biological origin" (450). Because this is the prevalent thinking in medical science during the time the movie (and novel) was made, Nurse Ratched decided, in order to "treat" McMurphy, to let him undergo lobotomy. Subsistence to the medical model as illustrated in the movie showed how, in the midst of new technologies and advances in medical science, it becomes evident that not of all these advances result to a better life for human society.

Similarly, the theory of learned helplessness is also demonstrated through McMurphy's ward mates, individuals…… [Read More]

Santorck, J. (2001). Psychology. NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
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School Couseling School Counseling Is

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14573853

The constant help I try to offer her represents an important emotional achievement. Despite the natural consequences such a diagnosis has on both the girl and me, I consider that her stay in a community that has offered her more than medical support is an essential element in her well being. From this perspective, I am convinced that school counseling can be a factor of real use for pupils and students alike. However, it cannot be done without a proper mental, emotional, and theoretical preparation. This is why I consider that the graduate program will help me in achieving all three states of readiness.

Aside from studies, experience is important in working with vulnerable children and young adults. However, my goal is to succeed in helping them find the answers to their questions or at least guiding them towards different reflection paths. Nonetheless, my experience as a case manager at Ionia County Community Mental Health where I work with children with mental disabilities has enabled me to see different sides of the human personality which gave me the experience to analyze and consider issues and problems with more empathy and understanding.

A strongly believe that the graduate program will broaden…… [Read More]

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School-Based Mental Health Program on

Words: 8166 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67429057

This is discussed at length by Fusick and Bordeau (2004) " counselors need to be aware of the disturbing inequities that exist in predominantly Afro-American urban school districts, where nearly 40% of Afro-American students attend school in the United States" (Fusick and Bordeau, 2004) This again places emphasis on the need for mental health programs in these areas of concern. This is also related to findings from a study by McDavis et al. (1995) Counseling African-Americans, which refers to research that stresses the "...widening achievement gap between Afro-American and Euro-American students." (McDavis, et al. 1995)

An important study Laura a. Nabors, Evaluation of Outcomes for Adolescents Receiving School-Based Mental Health Services (2002) refers to the particular issue and problems experience at inner-city schools. The author states that, "School mental health (SMH) programs are an important setting for providing mental health services to adolescents, especially urban youth who typically face in- creased exposure to risk factors." (Nabors, 2002, p.105) This study explores the fact that the youth in many urban areas are often deprived of adequate mental health care facilities, which can result in serious health risks.

The study y places emphasis on the fact that "School mental health (SMH) programs…… [Read More]

Adelman, H.S., & Taylor, L. (1999). Mental health in schools and system restructuring. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, pp. 37-163.

Anglin, T.M. (2003). Mental health in schools: Programs of the Federal Government. In M.D. Weist, S.W. Evans & N.A. Lever (Eds.), Handbook of school mental health: Advancing practice and research (pp. 89-105). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
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Medical Records

Words: 499 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63667855


Electronic Medical Records

Electronic Medical Record (EMR) keeping can definitely add efficiency into the modern healthcare system. However, this efficiency might be associated with some hidden costs. One example of such a cost will be due to the loss of privacy that is allowed by shared records. Not only will doctors be able to see your entire medical history, but other agencies that you might not want to share information with will have access as well. Therefore, there are both advantages and disadvantages associated with the move to a digital system.

"Imagine a world where everything important about a patient is known to the physician the first time that patient presents," says Andrew Rubin, vice president for NYU Medical Center Clinical Affairs and Affiliates in New York City (Mann, N.d.).

Doctors have full access to a patient's medical health history has the potential to reduce errors and improve patient care. In many cases patients themselves cannot remember their full medical histories. Often things that could help doctors with a diagnosis slip through the cracks. However, if the system is digital and information is properly coded and shared effectively, and then this could definitely improve the quality of care across…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Mann,, . D. (N.d.). Technology Plays Key Role in Health Care Reform. Retrieved from WebMD:
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Medical Assistant and Intravenous Therapy

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83037995

Intravenous Therapy or IV

Fluids are introduced intravenously into the body in order to replace supply and electrolytes (Pearson 2010). These are large amounts of fluid, electrolytes or nutrients administered to a patient who needs them and cannot take them orally. Medication is also administered intravenously by a physician or by a nurse. The physician informs the nurse on the type, amount, and the rate of the solution to be injected. The nurse is responsible for carrying out the physician's exact instruction to start the therapy and other responsibilities attached to the instruction. State laws specify which health care professionals can start an IV and administer it. Some States allow medical assistants with advanced training and physician supervision to start an IV. Medical assistants, however, should be aware of the risks as they are not trained to push IV medications. Although they become acquainted with IV therapy, it is not a competency (Pearson).

Medical Assistants

They are in charge of the upkeep of the office of the physician or another health practitioner (BLS 2009). In small practices, they perform multi-tasks, administrative and clinical. In large practices, they tend to specialize in a given field but under the supervision of department…… [Read More]

Keir, Lucile et al. Medical Assisting 5th edition, Thomson Delmar Learning: Thomson

Corporation, 2006. Retrieved on February 22, 2012 from

Pearson. Intravenous Therapy. Pearson Education: Prentice Hall, 2010. Retrieved on
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Medical Diagnosis vs Educational Diagnosis of Autism

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37766532


The differences between a medical diagnosis of Autism and an educational diagnosis of Autism often have implications for the individualized educational prospects of an autistic student in public schools. Often even when a child has a medical diagnosis of autism parents still go through the diagnostic process of the school to determine what, if any, educational adjustments can or should be made. Diagnosis is made more difficult by the fact Autistic symptoms vary widely in individuals and often tend to manifest themselves in many different combinations (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). Autistic impairment includes social, communicative, and behavioral development challenges. An autistic child may have trouble with nonverbal language, poor eye contact, and difficult making and retaining friends (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). In terms of communication, there may be delays in speaking difficulty using or imitating language and incorrect use of words (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). Repeated body movements and trouble adjusting changes in the environment are among the behavioral components of autistic symptoms (Lenne, 2001, P. 71). Added to the multidimensional nature of the disorder is that the symptoms can manifest themselves in so many combinations and often mimic other disorders which make autism very difficult to diagnose. This…… [Read More]

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Schools We Have Today Would

Words: 1319 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14701740

Student isolation and teacher autonomy have been perpetuated, where there is a basic lack of collaboration in the learning process.

Although student collaboration in the teaching process is not necessarily a novel idea, integrating teachers in this process is. In all learning and teaching models, the role of the teacher has always been one of superiority in terms of knowledge. Students are regarded as subordinate, deferring to the teacher for their learning process. In Carroll's model, teachers truly become collaborators with students, working together to gain new knowledge, making an enriching experience for everyone involved. Central to this model is the sense of community.

On major challenge here is that Carroll's proposed model is so radically different from all education models developed thus far, that it is likely to meet significant resistance in educational circles. At the heart of this resistance is not necessarily only the pride of leaders and policy makers, but also the status quo and comfort zones of teachers themselves. Years and decades of habit cannot be expected to yield to one good idea by one author, regardless of how viable it appears on published, peer-reviewed paper.

The reality is also, however, that change is necessary. An…… [Read More]

Caine, R.N. And Caine, G. Understanding why Education Must Change. New Horizons for Learning. Retrieved from:

Carroll, T.G. If we didn't have schools today, would we create the schools we have today?
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School Improvement Idea

Words: 2805 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6169883

Education being the act or process of imparting or acquiring knowledge, development of the art of reasoning and judgment to the environment, and widely the preparation of a person or others intellectually to live peacefully with each other. This process helps in the acquisition of particular knowledge or skills in a particular profession such as engineering, social sciences and doctors.

Education being an interactive affair calls for people's interaction. The society having banked so much on the skills from their members they then sort to improve this interaction. The society has thus resorted in researches that would see the betterment of the current educational system (Kerfoot, 2008).

School improvement then comes in to improve a school; there should be two forces that should be working in harmony. This force comes from the learners themselves and those who impart knowledge to them. Emphasis are then put on the type of curriculum that is in place and the how the teachers are recruited and their training system at large.( Hopkins, 1994)

For this to happen then the society has to put a lot of emphasis on school improvement ideas. These ideas include curriculum review, teacher recruitment and training systems among others. This…… [Read More]

Aurora, C.O (2001). Leadership for School Improvement (rev. ed.)

Bruce, C, James, Lance, F (2008) Handbook of Education Politics and Policy. Routledge Barber, B.(1992). An Aristocracy of Everyone; The Politics of Education and the Future of America. New York: Ballantine Books.
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School Nursing

Words: 762 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59386612


Attn: Senator

Re: Bill 672, Public and Nonpublic schools -- Student Diabetes Management Program


My name is ____ ____ and I am writing to ask that you vote in support of Bill 672, which would authorize the Student Diabetes Management Program in Maryland public and nonpublic schools. As a nurse, I have a lot of experience with diabetes patients, and pediatric patients. I have seen in my career a dramatic increase in recent years of pediatric diabetes patients, and this trend has reached alarming levels.

As you may be aware, childhood diabetes comes with a whole host of negative health outcomes. Type 1 diabetes, or juvenile insulin-dependent diabetes, in a genetic condition requiring constant care, which poses significant challenges to our educational system. Our educators are trained to educate, but must also play the role of safeguarding the health of our children, a role that is challenged by illnesses that demand constant attention. Type 2 diabetes in children is also rising and presents its own challenges. There is an opportunity to reduce the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in American children, through the educational programs that will be funded in part by the proposed Student Diabetes Management Program.…… [Read More]

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Medical Coding

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5515484

health information technology occupation and conduct a search of the Internet, consult professional

Thorough Job Details: Although there are not an abundance of qualifications that an individual must have to earn a position as a professional medical coder, there are several different avenues to pursue them. Candidates typically must have graduated high school or earned the equivalency of a high school diploma. Once they have completed this step, they can satisfy the general education requirements in a couple of different ways: either by earning an associate's degree or a postsecondary certification in health information technology or in a related field. Certificate programs typically last less than a year, whereas associate's degree programs are generally two years of full time study. The completion of these courses usually qualifies individuals to begin working within the field of medical records and health information technology as a medical coder. It is also permissible for candidates to have other sorts of degrees (such as Bachelor's or graduates degrees), as long as they are in a related field. In this case, it is extremely beneficial for candidates also to earn a postsecondary certificate in health information technology, to illustrate their commitment to working within this field.…… [Read More]

Bureau of Labor Statistics (2014). Medical records and health information technicians. Retrieved from 

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). Medical and health services manager. Retrieved from
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Paperwork for Medical Billing

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28869666

Medical and Billing Claims

I certainly do not agree with Tina's way of filling out an insurance claim. In fact, her method appears extremely suspect and potentially noxious to the company that both she and Tim are working for. The reason that I do not agree with Tina's way of filling out an insurance claim form is because she leaves far too much room for error. The fact that she would rather make an educated guess about the veracity of a claim based on unclear handwriting or terms she is ignorant about certainly does not bode well for her career -- or the degree of business that the company she is working for has. The billing and coding specialist position in the medical record field leaves little room for error.

There are a couple of rules or guidelines I would suggest Tina adhere to when attempting to fill out a claim. Since accuracy is absolutely vital for this task, it is necessary that she take the time to look up the particular term that she happens to not understand when she is doing her job. Doing so will not be time consuming at all, and can reap immense benefits as…… [Read More]

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Journal Published Years Related School Community Counseling

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61300101

journal, published years, related school community counseling. These worth 15 points . The guidelines Article Critique: a. At 2 pages, including title page, abstract references? b.

There is a growing concern regarding the health status of the younger generations nowadays. More and more children and infants are subject to disorders that in time affect the way in which they perform in their social environment which is usually at school or in pre-school. Unfortunately, there is not sufficient attention being given to such issues and usually only serious cases attract the action of public policies concerning for instance disruptive behaviors. Together with this gap of action in terms of dealing with such issues, there is an additional lack of specialized literature to draw the attention on these issues. The article written by Sue C. Bratton et al. "Head Start Early Mental Health Intervention: Effects of Child-Centered Play Therapy on Disruptive Behaviors" aims at pointing out the necessity of further action from the medical staff as well as a different approach to dealing with disruptive behaviors in children.

The article is based on a pilot study that "examined the effectiveness of child-centered play therapy (CCPT) with 54 low income preschool children (42%…… [Read More]

Overall, the article provides a very interesting and at the same time documented account of what can be done to ensure certain steps forward in the treatment of children with disruptive behavior.


Bratton, S. et al. (2013) "Head Start Early Mental Health Intervention: Effects of Child-Centered Play Therapy on Disruptive Behaviors" in International Journal of Play Therapy, Vol. 22, No. 1, 28 -- 42.
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Riverview Regional Medical Center Over the Last

Words: 1984 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57794404

Riverview Regional Medical Center

Over the last several years, Riverview Regional Medical Center (RRMC) has been going through a number of challenges. This is because there were transformations in how different services are: provided, perceptions about the facility's fiscal stability and reimbursements from government programs. The combination of these factors has created operational difficulties. This is from the intense competition they are facing from Gadsden Regional Medical Center (GRMC) and the University of Alabama.

Yet, they are known for having some of the best programs (in the state) to include: heart burn, cardiac and vascular treatment options. As a result, the facility has the potential to become one of the premiere hospitals in the area. However, the underlying challenges are impacting their ability to remain economically viable in the future. To fully understand what is occurring requires looking at: various stakeholder groups, the target markets of existing programs / gaps in the firm's current strategy, the services / products that could be developed with existing resources, the services that must be strengthened, how the firm can deal with its image problem and the best approach for improving the relationship with staff. Together, these different elements will highlight the underlying challenges…… [Read More]

Living Cities Partners to Promote National Collaboration. (2011). Kresge. Retrieved from:

Riverview Regional Medical Center. (2006).
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Riverview Regional Medical Center an Hma Facility

Words: 1292 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36272587

Riverview Regional Medical Center: An HMA Facility

The Six Stakeholders Groups

Stakeholders include varied groups with a stake in the organization. In this case, the clinic has employed about seven hundred professionals that incorporate the following stakeholders: housekeeping staff and nurses, medicinal lab experts, physicians, administrative staff, and the patient also because they are recognized as part of the RRMC stakeholder community (Gapenski, 2010).

The target markets of existing programs and identify gaps in RRMC's marketing strategy

The new-targeted projects that RRMC factored into its existing project included the Heart and Vascular Center. The launch of the Heartburn medicine center utilized the services of a nurse administrator comparable to the administration model utilized in the ED. The analytic method used includes PH supervision utilizing the Bravo capsules. The focus is always on patient satisfaction; the "Nurse First" system stressed the function of the clinic to patient care (Capezuti, 2008). During the pioneering process, a patient from the ED was nurse, not other workers from the registration unit. All these sets systems are geared towards enhancing the delivery of quality health care. An alternate set program used was the Emergency Department, which used a computerized code endorsed by the ER practitioner,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Capezuti, L. (2008). Evidence-based geriatric nursing protocols for best practice. New York: Springer Pub.

Gapenski, L.C. (2010). Cases in healthcare finance. Chicago: Health Administration Press.
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Pediatric Guideline School Health Guidelines to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity

Words: 2783 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96701337

Pediatric Guidelines - School Health Guidelines to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity

Pediatric Guidelines:

School Health Guidelines to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity

In schools, eating right and getting enough exercise are both very important. Sometimes, a school lunch and a physical education class are the only good meal and exercise time a child gets, depending on the life he or she has at home. Whether students know about eating healthy or simply want to learn, a school can create a supportive environment for that (Ogden, et al., 2002; Taras, 2005). The same is true for exercise, because many students do not live in areas where they can safely play outside, or they may find video games and other indoor pursuits more interesting (Lawton, 2009). With as much time as is spent on the internet and social media, some children rarely get outdoors at all, and that can seriously harm their health. If it is coupled with a poor diet, high in fat and calories, obesity can occur (CDC, 2010). It is being seen at younger and younger ages, and children and adolescents are struggling with their weight much more frequently than they did in the past (CDC,…… [Read More]

CDC. (2010). The Association Between School-Based Physical Activity, Including Physical Education, and Academic Performance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Daniels SR, Arnett D, Eckel R, et al. (2005). Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment. Circulation, 111(15): 1999 -- 2012.
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Sunrise Medical Market Growth in Wheelchairs Is

Words: 2922 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14459745

Sunrise Medical

Market growth in wheelchairs is favorable for a few reasons. The growth in the industry is concentrated in higher-priced segments, with 12-15% each. This means that the relevance of the standard wheelchair is declining, despite that segment remaining the highest volume wheelchair at around 208,000 units or 61.3% by volume and 31.4% of dollar sales. Projecting current growth rates out five years, the industry will looks as follows:

1998 Wheelchair Market

1998 unit share

1998 $ share






Standard wheelchairs are going to lose unit share and are going to decline significantly in dollar share as well. The other three categories are going to increase in importance, so it is important for firms to capture a share of these markets. Right now, the power market is not served by Sunrise, so the company is essentially competing for what will be 38-39% of the total market in five years.

These projections ignore the legal environment, in which the rules governing Medicare are set to change, allowing lightweight wheelchairs to cover lightweight wheelchairs at the lower end of the price range, or partial coverage for more expensive chairs. Both new users and existing users in need…… [Read More]

QuickMBA. (2010). Porter's five forces. QuickMBA. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from 

Blank, S. (2010). Here's why the first-mover advantage is extremely overrated. Business Insider. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from
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For School of Podiatric Medicine and Surgery Foot Doctor

Words: 469 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56505337

School of Podiatric Medicine & Surgery

Admission Essay: Gelareh Noenifard

Thank you for the opportunity to submit a learning portfolio for you to consider my application to enroll for the Podiatry B.Sc. degree. I trust that the information provided will convince you of my passion for the medical profession. I believe that knowledge is power and it is my desire to explore every learning opportunity to broaden my education toward attaining this qualification. It is my goal to offer my services free of charge - while I am studying - to podiatry practices to gain work experience. I have attended a podiatry taster day and found it to be a rewarding and challenging career. My interest was sparked when I received medical attention for an injured ankle. I regularly visit the podiatric office to gather information about the profession, learn by observing the treatment procedures, and ask questions about podiatric medicine. There are many different specialties within the profession that I would like to explore, including podopaediatrics, sports, diabetes and surgery.

After graduating from high school, I emigrated from Iran with my family and settled in Charlotte, NC in July 1997. The adjustment to a new country was challenging, including…… [Read More]

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Prevention of Obesity in School

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85693052

One of the fundamental methods of combating obesity, as learned through the aforementioned studies, is to present an awareness of the habits, behaviours, and symptoms of its presence as early as possible, within the context of a comprehensive program which provides prudent action for the alleviation of such symptoms. Schools need to take specific actions to educate students as to the pitfalls and poor nutrition and the benefits of salutary eating habits, and reinforce such measures with copious exercise and other active means of reducing incidence of obesity that is conducive to a lower body mass index. Additionally, a key supplement to the measures undertaken in the school environment is the support and awareness of such anti-corpulent behaviour undertaken by parents of school aged children, within the home environment. By providing effective eating habits at home and fortifying them with a degree of education of such advantageous dietary measures at school, children face the best chances of reducing their risk of obesity, and losing excess weight if they already are so.

It is interesting to note the active role which classroom facilities can play in the effect of school children's health, particularly in regards to their weight. It lends itself…… [Read More]

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Financial Management Criticisms of Medical

Words: 1240 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90608063

To demonize the concept of universal healthcare with the word 'rationing' "buys into the myth that we don't have rationing of medical services now. But we do. It takes many different forms. It is commonplace for health insurance companies and HMOs to deny patients beneficial treatment. They find a variety of excuses for doing so, and may not openly admit it, but we all know that it happens. Medicare rations drugs by requiring co-payments that many patients can't afford. Emergency rooms ration care by making people wait so long in line that some just give up and go away" (Singer 2011).

Question 3

The recent decimation of many retirement funds means that more and more members of the elderly are eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid. The elderly on fixed incomes often struggle to afford medications not currently covered within the provisions of Medicare because of the "doughnut hole" in prescription drug coverage in the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003. The most logical solution is one which is currently experiencing tremendous political resistance, however, namely to add new individuals to the insurance who are not chronically ill or elderly. One of the advantages of national healthcare,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Kane, Robert, Rosalie Kane, Neva Kaye, Robert Mollica, Trish Riley, Paul Saucier, Kimberly

Irvin Snow & Louise Starr. (1996). Managed care.
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Can a Minor Consent to Medical Treatment

Words: 2354 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14963179

Minor Consent to Medical Treatment

In order to understand the issue of minors and medical practice, it is necessary to understand the position of minors in general law, and why the minor has been accorded special status and is handicapped in so far as consent is concerned. The original dictum in this regard comes from the common laws of England, which were then adopted and modified in each of the dominions. Thus there are specific rulings regarding minors that stem, not from the medical practice but from other laws such as the contract laws. In all countries the minor is not a person entitled to enter into contracts on his own. Now what implications these can have for a medical necessity? Basically the medial personnel also enter into a contract with the patient where there is a quid pro-quo for the services rendered. Even free services have a contractual assumption.

Minors were prohibited from entering a contract because of the principle that minors are doli incapax or not mentally certain of their offers. The same still applies in contract laws but with some exceptions. The law is applicable universally for minors and insane persons. Both need guardians to execute a…… [Read More]

Dugas, Melvin John. (1998) "Comment: The Contractual Capacity Of Minors: A Survey Of

The Prior Law And The New Articles" Tulane Law Review, 62 Tul. L. Rev. 745.
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Electronic Medical Health Records Utilizing Electronic

Words: 5456 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39373512

However, because they make billing more efficient, the majority of large urban practice groups and hospitals have already made the switch to electronic records, according to Michael R. Costa, attorney and associate at Greenberg Traurig, LLP, in Boston, Mass. However, he adds, most of these organizations maintain warehouses where they store paper records that have been transcribed to electronic form. "There is resistance from some about going to a completely electronic format because there are still some questions about privacy," Costa says. "There is definitely still a place for paper-based medical records, but the focus from now on will be on making sure that information can be adequately secured" (Fiske).

Frederick Geilfuss, partner in the health law department of Foley & Lardner, in Milwaukee, Wis. says that while many larger providers have already begun the shift, he has not encountered any institutions that have made a complete transition -- an event that he believes is still in the distant future. "There are quite a few doctors out there who are not technologically minded and who prefer paper records," he explains. Changing from paper to electronic records requires organization, as well as technology, because a switch made on a going-forward basis…… [Read More]

Ball, Marion, Carla Smith and Richard Bakalar. "Personal Health Records: Empowering Consumers." Journal of Healthcare Information Management (2007): 76-83.

Brenner, Bill. "Secure Electronic Medical Records: Fact or Fiction?" 3 March 2009. The Standard. 10 April 2009 .
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Attending the Lecom School of

Words: 344 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85548305

In addition, pharmacists often work with people who are very ill, which can be emotionally difficult work, and a professional pharmacist must be able to offer support and advice to patients during these difficult times, without becoming overwhelmed by sickness and death.

III. While working at a retail pharmacy, I had a dispute with a pharmacist regarding the pharmacist's interpretation of the doctor's orders on the prescription. I believed that the pharmacist read the dosing information incorrectly and wanted to call the prescribing doctor to verify. The pharmacist disagreed with me and filled the patient's prescription. Because incorrect medication dosages can kill people, I did not drop the issue. I called the doctor's office, ascertained that the dosing information was incorrect, and had the office email the correct dosing information to the prescribing pharmacist. While the pharmacist could have been upset, I could not allow my personal concerns about office politics place a patient's health…… [Read More]

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True Are Claims That the Medical Profession

Words: 2593 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58457062

True Are Claims that the Medical Profession Exercises Undue Dominance Over Health Professionals and Patients?

The objective of this study is to answer the question of how true the claims are that the Medical Profession exercises undue dominance over health professionals and patients? Toward this end, this study will conduct a review of literature in this area of inquiry. ) According to the work of Willis, et al. (2008) the rationale that doctors use for the maintenance of autonomy and control over their working conditions is derived in part from "the importance our society attributes to the relationship between the doctor and their patient. This is referred to as the patient-practitioner relationships." (Willis, et al., 2008) Stated to be an important part of the role of the doctor is the "obligation to provide the best available evidence-based care for patients." (Willis, et al., 2008) This has been termed as 'personalized service'. (Alford, 1975: in Willis, et al., 2008) This means that the doctor does not favor one patient over another and maintains confidentially about the condition of the patient. These obligations provide doctors with a great deal of control over health care used in treating patients and without autonomy, this…… [Read More]

Bahnisch, M. (2012) Medical Dominance and the Continuing Robustness of Professional Cultures in Healthcare. CMEDRS/DME Research Rap. 7 Aug 2012. Retrieved from: 

Crinson (2008) Concepts of Health and Illness: Section 2: Sociological Conceptualization of Medical Knowledge and Power. Health Knowledge. Retrieved from: