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We have over 989 essays for "Medieval"

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Japanese Tea Gardens

Words: 530 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44881168

Medieval Herb Gardens

In ancient medieval times, the omans created landscape gardens, as well as formal gardens. While the tradition of landscape gardens did not survive the fall of ome or the breakdown of the Western Empire, the tradition of formal gardens did survive in medieval monasteries, which were abbeys ruled by abbesses or abbotts.

However, while the omans' formal gardens focused on agriculture, the herb gardens in the monasteries concentrated on practical gardening. Still, the formal structure stayed the same.

Historians have not determined exactly what the early monastic gardens looked like. The earliest information about the appearance of monastic gardens comes from the plan of the monastery of Saint Gall, which was written in Switzerland in the 9th Century.

Saint Gall's plan revealed that these medieval herb gardens consisted of rectangular beds separated by narrow paths. This style of garden was dominant in Western Europe up until the…… [Read More]

References

Brookes, J. (1987). Gardens of paradise. New York: New Amsterdam Books.

MacDougall, Elisabeth. (1986). Medieval Gardens. New York: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service.
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Tragic Nursing Is Preventable

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24428682

Medieval Japan Lesson Plan

The student population for the lesson presentation I observed for what is known as the Ninja Lesson plan was principally high school students. The subject matter discussed in the lessons -- which revolved around ninjas and others who engaged in violence -- was too mature for elementary school students, yet appropriate for even some of the lower grades in high school. The students were from Pan American International High School. They were from a combination of different grades. There were freshman and sophomores, but also some of the lower scoring seniors and juniors at this high school were involved in the lesson as well. As such, it is not inconceivable that some of the more gifted middle school students could have been in this lesson.

The topic of this lesson was Japanese history, particularly as it pertained to ninjas, shoguns, and those sort of warriors. This…… [Read More]

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19th Century British Literature

Words: 3946 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21258085

medieval romance has inspired literature for generations. The magic of the Arthurian romance can be traced to Celtic origins, which adds to it appeal when we look at it through the prism of post-medieval literature. The revival of the medieval romance can be viewed as an opposition against modern and intellectual movement that became vogue in modern Europe. These romances often emphasized the human emotions rather than the human intellect and a return to more classical traditions. Poets and writers in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did not want to feel the oppression from the constraints of their time. Instead, they looked beyond the intellectual to a more mystical and emotional realm. They wanted to achieve another level in their writing -- one that allowed them to stretch their imaginations and their knowledge. The medieval aspects that we find in literature from this era accentuates a different type of thinking…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carlyle, Thomas. "Past and Present." The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. II

New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1986. pp. 157-70.

Carl Woodring, "The Eve of St. Agnes: Overview." Reference Guide to English Literature.

2nd ed. 1991. Gale Resource Database. Site Accessed April 20, 2005.
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Nominalism Abelard and Ockham Philosophical

Words: 1325 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55856465

Concepts in the mind such as 'society' can thus have an impact on the real, sensory world but they do not have an independent, tangible or ideal existence. The one exception to Abelard's nominalism is the category of "human beings, whose forms are their immaterial (and immortal) souls. Strictly speaking, since human souls are capable of existence in separation form the body, they are not forms after all, though they act as substantial forms as long as they are joined to the body" (King 2004). Through this idea, Abelard strove to reconcile Christianity with nominalism and to elevate the human being.

The other great medieval nominalist of note is illiam Ockham. Ockham also subscribed to the Aristotelian ontology of realist empiricism, believing that universal essences "are nothing more than concepts in the mind" and no innate ideas exist apart from the mind (Kaye 2007). "The defense of nominalism undertaken by…… [Read More]

Works Cited

De Wulf, M. "Nominalism." The Catholic Encyclopedia. May 11, 2010.

 http://mb-soft.com/believe/txn/nominali.htm 

Ess, D. "Notes on nominalism, realism, conceptualism." History of Modern Nominalism.

May 11, 2010.
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Renaissance Of All the Artistic

Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 12912331

Matthew from the Gospel Book made for Archbishop Ebb of Reims, circa 816 to 835 C.E. This illumination which measures about 10 by 8 inches portrays a rather frail-looking saint with his hair almost standing on end and his garment twisted around on his body and deeply wrinkled, perhaps from sitting much too long at his table while transcribing passages for a new edition of the Holy Bible. There is almost no background or landscape in this illumination but what there is of it appears very unnatural and sketchy. Also, the proportions of the saint's body appears to be somewhat unnatural, not to mention his face which appears to be almost a caricature or a cartoon of a real human face.

Also, the expression on the saint's face makes him look as if he is not enjoying the task at hand, being the writing down via dictation from the tiny…… [Read More]

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El Cid

Words: 1578 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78681106

El Cid and Medieval History

Medieval Spain was a constant battlefield where Christians and Moors fought constantly. The Moors had invaded Spain in the early stages of the 7th century and remained in control of the area well into what are now known as the Middle Ages. The Moors had begun their campaign in Europe intent upon conquering the entire continent but had been stopped at the Pyrenees by Charles the Hammer. Nevertheless, the Moors remained in Spain for over 700 years and their influence on Spanish culture remains evident to this very day. These influences include the Spanish language and its architecture.

In the course of over 700 years many legends and tails arise both fictional and real. When these legends and tails begin, at least when they are based upon living characters, they tend to accurately reflect the conditions and events as they occurred. As time progresses, however,…… [Read More]

References

Fletcher, Richard, The Quest for El Cid, Oxford, Oxford University Press (1991)

Heaney, Seamus (translator), Beowulf: A Verse Translation, New York, W.W. Norton & Company, new edition (2002)

Sayers, Dorothy L.(translator), The Song of Roland, New York, Penguin Classics (1957)

Simpson, Lesley B (translator)., The Poem of the Cid, 2nd Ed., Berkeley, University of California Press (2007)
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Cultural Epoch Theory The Shift

Words: 1276 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44463486

At the same time, it considerably increased the number of books that would reach the masses, allowing them to see outside the teachings of the Church or of the religious preachers. Moreover, the printing machine offered the possibility for those opposing the rule of the Catholic Church to spread their beliefs and convictions. Thus, Gutenberg's invention was the main tool for what would later be called the Reformation, the religious movement which is often associated with the Renaissance and which influenced the artistic movement in the same manner as the Renaissance affected the emergence of the reformist churches.

The hallmarks of the previous era were rather obvious and contrasted to the ones the Renaissance promoted. They manifested themselves at all the levels of the society. Thus, during the middle Ages, the Church represented the highest institution of the state which had as its subjects all political and land owners (Berstein…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berstein, Serge, and Milza. Pierre. Histoire de l'Europe. Paris: Hatier, 1994

Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998

Culture-Epoch Theory: The fact of Ceaseless Change. N.d. 20 May 2008 http://iws.ccccd.edu/mbailey/culture_epoch_theory.htm

Hispanic Society. Paintings from the Middle Ages. 2006. 20 May 2008  http://www.hispanicsociety.org/hispanic/paintings_medieval.htm