1000+ documents containing “mental disorder”.
They show that mood swings in depressed children alternate with days of a pervasive down mood. These moods involve sadness, loneliness, unhappiness, hypersensitivity, overreactivity, and negative attitudes. All of this is combined with irritability caused by sadness, self-deprecation ("I am worthless, stupid, and ugly"), feelings of being persecuted by others, an aggressive orientation toward authority, argumentativeness, and suicidal thoughts. Present as well is the trend of self-isolation or withdrawal from friends and a loss of social interest. Depressed children predict that activities at school will be boring, and thus tend to watch peers rather than participate (Friedberg & McClure, 2002). This decreased involvement in pleasure perpetuates their isolation. hen related to school performance, this means lowered desire to complete schoolwork, turning in incomplete work, trouble concentrating, resistance to participation, and changed peer-groups.
hile there are biological explanations for childhood depression that emphasize genetic factors and neurochemical determinants, this paper wants….
Achenbach, T.M., & Rescorla, L.A. (2006). Multicultural understanding of child and adolescent psychopathology: Implications for mental health assessment. New York: Guilford.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Ed., Text Rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
Birmaher, B., Brent, B., & Benson, R.S. (1998). Summary of the practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with Depressive Disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1234-1238.
Birmaher, B., Ryan, N.D., Williamson, D.E., Brent, D.A., Kaufman, J., Dahl, R.E., Perel, J., & Nelson, B. (1996). Childhood and adolescent depression: A review of the past 10 years. Part I. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1427-1439.
Suicide- Mental Disorder
Beginning with a historical analysis of suicide, the psychopathology of suicide is analyzed. Empirical findings are also presented to address probable causes of suicide. This paper addresses the psychopathology of suicide starting with its historical backdrop. It additionally contemplates the probable reasons leading to this pathology founded on latest empirical results. Control of suicidal behaviors and ideation are addressed, along with prevention and treatment strategies. Finally, the religious and cultural purviews with respect to suicide are considered based upon current research in the field.
Globally, suicide is one of the major causes of death. As many as 36,000 commit suicide in the United States annually and estimates suggest that 1 million individuals commit suicide in the rest of the world. While the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) does not classify suicide as a mental disorder (DSM-IV-T), practitioners recognize the correlation between psychological dysfunction and suicide,….
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Barnes, DH (2010). The truth about suicide. Retrieved from https://www.overdrive.com/media/322303/the-truth-about-suicide
Comer, R.J. (2013). Abnormal Psychology. New York, NY: Worth Publishers
Colucci, E. (2006). The cultural facet of suicidal behaviour: Its importance and neglect. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 5(3). Retrieved from
mental disorder disease known as "Schizophrenia', further exploration of the disease will be made based on the observation of the movie "I never promised you a rose garden" Comparison of Schizophrenia in the movies to Schizophrenia in real life will be made in the paper. "I Never Promised You A ose Garden" is the movie chosen to discuss these questions, which are as under:
How the character is portrayed to schizophrenia in real life?
Whether the actions in the movie are correct with reality or if Schizophrenia is different than the movie?
DESCIPTION OF THE DISEASE 'SCHIZOPHENIA':
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behavior, thinking, and emotion. The term schizophrenia comes from the Greek words ? (schizo, split or divide) and (frenos, mind) and is best translated "shattered mind." Psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin was first to make the distinction between what he called dementia praecox and….
Juvenile Delinquent and Mental Disorders
Maltreated youth and delinquent behaviors
Maltreatment, Family and Childhood
Peers and Adolescence
Aging into Early Adulthood
Crime risk and out-of-home care youth
Juvenile Delinquent and Mental Disorders
The transition of youth from adolescence to adulthood is usually a difficult and painful period. This is an even more difficult time for the youth who are removed from the home of biological parents to be placed into out-of-home care. For them, they not only had the experience of maltreatment, hurt or neglected, but also are facing the uncertainties associated with being removed from the original family. Under this situation, their behavior development may be troublesome, as they may desire returning to the original home or conflict with foster parents and siblings. As a result, such children may join a delinquency group for support. If the experience of out-of-home care affects youth behavior negatively and can promote delinquency, then out-of-home care is at least….
Beaver, K.M. (2009). An Introduction to the Brain. In K.M. Beaver, Biosocial Criminology: A Primer (pp. 135-139). Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.
Borum, R. (2000). Assessing Violence Risk among Youth. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56, pp. 1263-1288.
Broidy, L.M., Tremblay, R.E., Brame, B., Fergusson, D., Horwood, J.L., Laird, R., et al. (2003). Developmental Trajectories of Childhood Disruptive Behaviors and Adolescent Delinquency: A Six-Site, Cross-National Study. Developmental Psychology, 39, pp. 222-245.
Courtney, M.E., Piliavin, I., Grogan-Kaylor, A., & Nesmith, A. (2001, November / December). Foster Youth Transitions to Adulthood: A Longitudinal View of Youth Leaving Care. Child Welfare, 80(6), pp. 685-717.
Changing the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder is crucial for psychiatry. The importance of such manual, assists psychiatrist classify mental disorder and in diagnosis of such disorders. The manual provides a standard classification and common language in the diagnosis of mental disorders. The manual provides a classification of mental disorders and provides results when used by researchers, as well as clinicians. The manual also assist in bringing the gap between psychiatrist and drug regulation agencies, insurance, pharmaceutical companies, legal entities, and policy makers. This manual assists all practicing psychiatrist practice within their area of authority, interacting with all other stakeholders in the mental disorder management field (American Psychiatric Association, 2000).
The diagnostic manual for mental disorders, on the other hand, collects statistical data from various hospitals. The manual also has had information from the United States Army. In relation to mental….
American Psychiatric Association (Ed.). (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR®. American Psychiatric Pub.
Tandon, R., & Carpenter, W.T. (2012). DSM-5 status of psychotic disorders: 1 year prepublication. Schizophrenia bulletin, 38(3), 369-370.
First, M.B. (2005). Clinical utility: a prerequisite for the adoption of a dimensional approach in DSM. Journal of abnormal psychology, 114(4), 560.
Frances, A.J., & Widiger, T. (2012). Psychiatric diagnosis: lessons from the DSM-IV past and cautions for the DSM-5 future. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8, 109-130.
Living with Mental Disorders
People who have mental disorders always have a hard time in the community since they are not easily accepted. In most cases, people always consider them violent because they have a difficult social life. After exploring BringChange2Mind.org, I have learned that mental disorders such as bipolar, schizophrenia, and PSTD cause stress and depression to individuals or even attracts discrimination and unfair treatment by the society. Sadly, it attracts other social issues such as poverty, homelessness, or struggle to find jobs due to their condition. Moreover, they find it hard to communicate with others because they lack moral support. Therefore, the circumstances make their life unbearable, which predisposes them to drug abuse and other risky behaviors.
BringChange2Mind.org shows that there have been many cases of people with mental disorders trying to commit suicide because they are unhappy with their lives. It confirms that their social lives become destabilized (Boyd,….
Therapies for Mental Disorder
Mental disorders represent a wide range of clinical conditions ranging from simple attention deficit, mood irregularities, stress and anxiety conditions to more complex psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, autism, delirium, dementia etc. that considerably affect the cognitive ability. While some of these problems are organic in nature, indicating an underlying structural deformity of the brain or other biological basis, others are categorized as functional disorders that are not attributed to any physiological anomalies. Though there is no clear agreement on classification of the different mental disorders, depending on the severity of the conditions these disorders are basically classified as either neurotic or the Psychotic (severe) disorders. The treatment methods for these conditions are also varied including psychological therapies (cognitive therapy, behavioral modification therapy), insight therapy, biomedical treatment and even psychosurgical interventions. Let us have a brief overview of some of these different treatment approaches.
Types of Psychotherapies
1) Philip G. Zimbardo, Ann L. Weber & Robert L. Johnson, " Psychology: Core Concepts," Fourth Edition
2) Treatment Advocacy Center, "Do Antipsychotic Drugs Change Brain Structure?," Accessed on 21st November 2004, http://www.psychlaws.org/BriefingPapers/BP1.htm
3) Raymond Lloyd Richmond, PhD, " Systematic Desensitization,"
Accessed on 21st November 2004,
This is because as patients admit that they have a mental disorder and their behavioral malfunction is associated with a serious condition, it gives rise to intense feelings of depression and complete frustration. Patients may lose hope and thus may decide to end their lives. Thus risk of suicide increase as awareness of disorder increases in patients.
It has also been found that while suicide risk may increase as patients become aware of their condition; the awareness still plays a significant role in treating the patients. Most schizophrenia patients are likely to respond more positively to medical intervention if they understand their condition. There is a general willingness to cooperate and to feel better even though risk of suicide remains high.
Cannabis Use and Schizophrenia
It is believed that cannabis use is connected with onset of schizophrenia or worsening of its symptoms. A condition known as cannabic psychosis has been discovered in….
Linzsen DH, Dingemans PM, Lenior ME. Cannabis abuse and the course of recentonset schizophrenic disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1994;51:273-279.
Horan WP, Blanchard JJ, Clark LA. Affective Traits in Schizophrenia and Schizotypy. Schizophrenia Bulletin 2008 34(5):856-874;
Siever LJ, M.D., Davis KL, M.D. The Pathophysiology of Schizophrenia Disorders: Perspectives From the Spectrum. Am J. Psychiatry 161:398-413, March 2004
Kring AM and Moran EK. Emotional Response Deficits in Schizophrenia: Insights From Affective Science. Schizophrenia Bulletin 2008 34(5):819-834;
Faith and reasoned thought can give an anxious person some much-needed perspective. For instance one therapist suggests that patients who are experiencing anxiety actually "allow themselves to feel the storm [of anxiety within] whip up, then let it pass, concentrating on not doing anything," rather than retreating to the hectic, hurrying busyness that is often the instinctive treatment for anxious feelings. (Carey, 2004) "This Zen-like self-observation, called mindfulness, is an exercise not in avoidance but in feeling and enduring emotional pain. It dramatizes one principle of the therapy: that what patients do can be independent of how they feel. Emotion does not have to rule behavior." Or to put it more bluntly, as the psychiatrist told one of his patients, "you can feel [anxious] like a mental patient, but that doesn't mean you have to act like one." Accept the feeling, don't feel anxious about feeling anxious, about feeling….
Mental Illness from a Counselor's Perspective
Alcohol Dependency in Women
Symptoms of Alcohol Dependency
Alcohol dependency or alcoholism is suspected when persons appear to be preoccupied by the consumption of alcoholic beverages (Johnson, 2003). The three prototypical markers of alcohol dependency are a loss of control over the consumption of alcohol, preoccupation with alcohol consumption, and the use of alcohol despite adverse affects on the person's quality of life. For example, Elaine Gustafson was disturbed by her inability to have just a few drinks. According to her, when she went out with friends they would have two to three drinks and she would invariably consume over a dozen drinks until she was drunk.
Effects of Illness
The social consequences of alcoholism differ between men and women, with men typically incurring less condemnation (Johnson, 2003). A drunk male is generally seen as out having a good time, but a drunk female is often characterized as….
Alexander Street Press. (2008). Teen anxiety disorder [video]. (Available from Aquarius Health Care Media, Millis, MA).
APA (American Psychiatric Association). (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.
Armstrong, P. (2014). Recognition and treatment of social anxiety disorder. Nursing Times, 110(1-3), 27.
Johnson, B. (2003). Women with alcohol dependency: More common than you think [video]. (Available from Aquarius Health Care Media, Millis, MA).
The downside of these customs is more obvious in a modern world. ural Irish villages typically had only about a dozen households, so marriage between second cousins was common (Schepper-Hughes, 2001). Prior to the 1950s, most marriages were arranged, so the experience of romantic love and attachment was uncommon. Under the weight of both social and religious sanctions against homosexuality, gay men and women could find themselves facing a life of marriage and conformity that forced them to reject their true nature. Bachelor farmers facing a long winter sometimes spent their time working menial jobs in England, while courting and marrying an Irish woman of the same class. When these women returned with their husbands, they face a lifetime of social isolation.
Schepper-Hughes (2001) painted a grim portrait of an Clochan and it's hard to argue with most of her conclusions; however, she seems to miss the historical significance of the….
Bipolar Disorder in Children
The CBCL Bipolar Profile and Attention, Mood, and Behavior Dysregulation
Database: Academic Search Premiere
I knew I wanted to review a paper on bipolar disorder in children. I chose the database "Academic Search Premiere." I clicked "advanced search" so I could use more than one term. For my keywords, I chose "bipolar disorder" in one box and "children" in the other. I also checked the boxes that limited my results to full text articles and articles from scholarly journals. When the list of articles appeared, I was able to choose one that sounded interesting and that was published in the last five years.
Bipolar disorder is difficult to diagnose in children, especially before the onset of puberty. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder share features with bipolar disorder. These include impaired attention, talkativeness, high levels of motor activity, impulsivity, irritability, and hostility and aggression. esearch….
Peer 1 Chieyka This is a well-researched article on anorexia nervosa. You describe the disorder, look at the neurotransmitter systems involved in the disorder, and describe the care treatment used in intervention. One interesting finding is the neurotransmitter system does not process the information of feeling full, primarily because of a lack of nutrition. This is interesting as the parts of the brain impacted are the frontal lobe that connect with the basal ganglia (APA, 2013; Wilson, 2013). Cognitive behavioral therapy can be used to treat this issue, which is also interesting because this is basically a method of care that involves identifying negative triggers and then working on responses to those triggers that can help one achieve a particular goal. But what can be done if the patient is not interested in the therapy? Pharmacological intervention can be implemented, but I might suggest a supportive therapy—something like animal-assisted therapy or….
Discussion Board Topic: Neuroanatomy and PsychiatryIn this post, my classmate opted to focus on neuroanatomy and psychiatry. As has been highlighted in the write-up, mental illnesses have largely increased in the United States and the demand for treatment interventions that have fewer side effects has led to development of neuropsychopathology approaches. This is more so the case given that mental illnesses are associated with the brains functioning and physical structure. According to Quach et al. (2016) the brain is a complex network of systems which supports memory, learning, action, thought, and emotion. Therefore, neural network disorders are associated with mental disorders. Psychiatric diseases have different phenotypes which are difficult to define (Najera et al., 2017). Therefore, as highlighted by my colleague, systems biology happens to be one of the most effective approach used in neuropsychopathology for the clinical treatment of mental illnesses.A systems approach comes in handy in the diagnosis….
Najera, N. A. G., Resendis-Antonio, O. & Nicolini, H. (2017). “Gestaltomics”: Systems Biology Schemes for the Study of Neuropsychiatric Diseases. Front Physiol, 8, 286-291.
Quach, T. T., Lerch, J. K., Honnorat, J., Khanna, R. & Duchemin, A. M. (2016). Neuronal Networks in Mental Diseases and Neuropathic Pain: Beyond Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Collapsin Response Mediator Proteins. World J Psychiatry, 6(1), 18-30.
Usually, diagnosis is symptom driven, then combined with testing, forms an opinion, sometimes verified by lab tests, of a specific diagnosis. For instance, someone may have symptoms of nausea, pain, depression, anxiety, and their skin has a yellowish hue. The physician runs blood tests and finds that the liver is malfunctioning and there is likely a diagnosis of hepatitis. In this case, there are both physical and mental symptoms, but it is the physical nature that is diagnosed first. For mental diagnosis, symptoms are also important, but are based more on the functioning of the individual in social systems, or by observing the patient's behavior (How are Mental Illnesses Diagnosed? 2012). Thus, both use symptoms as a guide, but mental diagnosis is more empirical and uses observation, while physical diagnosis uses quantitative measurements.
Etiology- Etiology is the study of basic causation. We now know that there are a number of….
American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines. (2006). PsychiatryOnline. Retrieved from: http://psychiatryonline.org/guidelines.aspx
How are Mental Illnesses Diagnosed? (2012). WebMD. Retrieved from: http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/mental-health-making-diagnosis
Curtis, a.J. et.al. (2000), Introduction to Health Psychology, New York: Routledge.
Dombeck, M. (2003). Blurring the Boundary Between Mental and Physical. Seven Counties Services, Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.sevencounties.org / poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=1855&cn=74
They show that mood swings in depressed children alternate with days of a pervasive down mood. These moods involve sadness, loneliness, unhappiness, hypersensitivity, overreactivity, and negative attitudes. All…Read Full Paper ❯
Mental Disorder Suicide- Mental Disorder Beginning with a historical analysis of suicide, the psychopathology of suicide is analyzed. Empirical findings are also presented to address probable causes of suicide. This paper…Read Full Paper ❯
mental disorder disease known as "Schizophrenia', further exploration of the disease will be made based on the observation of the movie "I never promised you a rose garden"…Read Full Paper ❯
Juvenile Delinquent and Mental Disorders Analyze Empirical Maltreated youth and delinquent behaviors Maltreatment, Family and Childhood Peers and Adolescence Aging into Early Adulthood Crime risk and out-of-home care youth Juvenile Delinquent and Mental Disorders The transition of…Read Full Paper ❯
Changing the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder is crucial for psychiatry. The importance of such manual, assists psychiatrist classify…Read Full Paper ❯
Psychology - Abnormal
Living with Mental Disorders People who have mental disorders always have a hard time in the community since they are not easily accepted. In most cases, people always consider them…Read Full Paper ❯
Therapies for Mental Disorder Mental disorders represent a wide range of clinical conditions ranging from simple attention deficit, mood irregularities, stress and anxiety conditions to more complex psychotic disorders like…Read Full Paper ❯
This is because as patients admit that they have a mental disorder and their behavioral malfunction is associated with a serious condition, it gives rise to intense feelings…Read Full Paper ❯
Faith and reasoned thought can give an anxious person some much-needed perspective. For instance one therapist suggests that patients who are experiencing anxiety actually "allow themselves to feel…Read Full Paper ❯
Mental Illness from a Counselor's Perspective Alcohol Dependency in Women Symptoms of Alcohol Dependency Alcohol dependency or alcoholism is suspected when persons appear to be preoccupied by the consumption of alcoholic…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
The downside of these customs is more obvious in a modern world. ural Irish villages typically had only about a dozen households, so marriage between second cousins was common…Read Full Paper ❯
Bipolar Disorder in Children The CBCL Bipolar Profile and Attention, Mood, and Behavior Dysregulation Database: Academic Search Premiere I knew I wanted to review a paper on bipolar disorder in children. I…Read Full Paper ❯
Peer 1 Chieyka This is a well-researched article on anorexia nervosa. You describe the disorder, look at the neurotransmitter systems involved in the disorder, and describe the care treatment used…Read Full Paper ❯
Discussion Board Topic: Neuroanatomy and PsychiatryIn this post, my classmate opted to focus on neuroanatomy and psychiatry. As has been highlighted in the write-up, mental illnesses have largely increased…Read Full Paper ❯
Usually, diagnosis is symptom driven, then combined with testing, forms an opinion, sometimes verified by lab tests, of a specific diagnosis. For instance, someone may have symptoms of…Read Full Paper ❯