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Metaphors, Similes, Analogies
For most of us, a day without metaphors, similes and analogies is like a day without sunshine. For some of us, certain events or observations leave us at a loss for good descriptive words, and it is in those moments that a well-worn metaphor, simile or analogy is put to use. Specifically, a metaphor is a figure of speech in which an object or idea is used in place of the actual object or idea suggesting an analogy or likeness between the two. A simile compares two objects or ideas often using the word, like. Although some examples can appear to be trite, others can be used as powerful descriptive tools that speak to the unconscious mind by the use of symbols.
In some situations, a metaphor can relay a thought or information while using the fewest word possible. An example of this can be noted in…
And yes, an occupational therapist may teach a patient how to hold a glass of milk and savor that nourishment, as I have savored what I have learned, which is simple yet essential.
Important tasks are often taken for granted, like simple, nourishing milk. These simple physical, psychological, and social components of a healthy life are so vital to all human beings, regardless of their personal limitations and challenges. The most potent metaphor I can conceive of to explain the different facets of human life that occupational therapy may touch is the simple act of reaching for a glass of milk. A healthy adult might take this act for granted.
For an elderly person suffering from arthritis, being able to pour milk in a glass without pain is a triumph. For a person in a wheelchair recovering from a severe illness, having a home set up so the milk is…
The danger that surrounds Huck and his friends in the book is also exciting, and lends much to the story in many places. It is Huck's first foray into the real world, and through the metaphor of the river, he and his friends get to share some very eye-opening experiences
As the boys travel south, the river becomes more and more dangerous and hostile. Huck and Jim have to endure the duke and dauphin as they try to invade the raft as well as other small skirmishes and escapades. In a thick fog, the two are unable to find the mouth of the Ohio River as it splits from the Mississippi, further dooming them to a southward drift. As they drift they become further enveloped in territory where slavery is common and the human condition is more apparent yet less jovial. There is also a metaphorical drift that Twain exerts…
Twain, Mark. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York, New York: Penguin Classics. 2002.
metaphors in communication allows us to "tap into a richer vein of language and thought." (Kirby et al., 1999, p. 82) They allow us to better describe our world to those around us, than mere description alone, promoting more effective communication. By blending aspects of other ideas and images with the thoughts we are trying to convey, metaphors allow us to bring our ideas to life, and help others have a clearer understanding of the ideas we are trying to convey. In the example below, metaphors not only liven up a description of a somewhat mundane task, but can also add an element of emotion to the description, allowing the reader to feel as if they actually experienced the occurrence.
As the sun scowled down, the parched city below cried out in thirst. Crowds of dust had overtaken the usually lushly lined streets, rioting as impatient cars drove over them…
Kirby, G.R., Goodpaster, J.R., & Levine, M. (1999). Critical Thinking. Boston: Pearson
metaphor has been considered a figure of speech generally used in literary creations in order to make the reader see some of the writer's ideas and visions. However, we could extrapolate this concept to a much higher level and be convinced that the metaphor is also a way of life and a way by which we form associations between our actions and other events in life.
One such example would be the way an argument is almost always described and populated by expressions taken from war and battle. It is only natural that this should be so. One of the most fundamental aspects of our society is the constant fight for supremacy, whether political or economical supremacy, between countries or simple individuals. An argument is also about winning, by nature. As such, expressions such as "using a certain strategy" in an argument or "demolishing arguments" appear to come as natural…
3) Are we likely to believe that metaphorical conceptualization will lead to an unreal, idealistic conception of the world?
There should be no such risk in this sense. Indeed, conceptual metaphors do not necessarily have the same characteristics as the literary metaphors. In this case, they are simply means by which we are able to describe actions and perceptions by using concepts we are more familiar with.
Lakoff, George; Johnson, Mark. Metaphors We Live By. 2003. Page 6.
metaphor use by using life compared to sports as its basis. The writer explains why life is more like boxing than it is running track to explore the many metaphoric opportunities the two sports provide regarding human life.
LIFE IS MORE LIKE BOXING THAN RUNNING TRACK
Using metaphoric examples is something that has been done in literature for many years. Metaphoric examples allow the writer to explain situations in terms that may be more easily grasped by the reader. In addition it paints a clear picture of what the writer is trying to say by comparing and contrasting it in various lights using metaphors as the foundation. In describing life it is easy to find many metaphors that could be applied so that the reader will understand the underlying points. Using sports as a metaphoric tool is a technique that authors often used to paint a picture for the reader.…
How does language empower or limit the expression of our thoughts?
Thus, one of the empowering aspects of language is that it can enable others to understand our deepest feelings and thoughts, because words and phrases have multiple potential meanings in different contexts. Language can enable us to make logical and emotional analogies and create connections between apparently dissimilar things and ideas we would never see otherwise, if we did not share a common language -- a common language not just of vocabulary, but of the cultural connotations of different words.
But language also can limit our understanding of certain concepts. Take, for instance, the word love. The Greeks had many different words for love, to communicate the different nuances of this concept, such as fraternal love, erotic love, and the love of a pursuit or passion. But we only have one word, and sometimes this causes confusion expressing our…
Several tacit taboos with religious explanations included the fact that women were not allowed to eat with men at the same table and that they were not allowed to eat certain types of food, reserved for the gods only. reaking these taboos affects the relationships that develop between the natives and the Europeans, but also produces cleavages between men and women in the native society. The European lack of such taboos has a definite impact on the structure of Hawaiian society.
At this point, trade enters the picture as a new variable that needs to be factored in when analyzing both the structure of the Hawaiian society and the relationship with the Europeans. All relationships, both intra and extra the Hawaiian society are revised. The native Hawaiians were better able to identify and structure the different types of Europeans they were coming into contact with and this was based both…
1. Gottesman, Alex J. 2008. Harpalos' Arrival in Athens as a 'Structure of the Conjuncture'. Bryn Mawr College.
2. Sahlins, Marshall. 1981. Historical Metaphors and Mythical Realities: Structure in the Early History of the Sandwich Islands Kingdom. University of Michigan Press
Gottesman, Alex J. 2008. Harpalos' Arrival in Athens as a 'Structure of the Conjuncture'. Bryn Mawr College.
Sahlins, Marshall. 1981. Historical Metaphors and Mythical Realities: Structure in the Early History of the Sandwich Islands Kingdom. University of Michigan Press
Sing America Metaphors
The Use of Metaphor in I, Too, Sing America
In the poem I, Too, Sing America written by Langston Hughes, the author takes the reader on a journey through the experience of the discriminated African-Americans in the Jim Crow south of 1924. The poem is told in first person and shows the injustice of racism (Jones 176). The overall goal of the work is to illustrate that America is a rich tapestry of different people -- all equally valid. The "I, Too" of the title and repeated throughout the poem alludes to the feeling of exclusion that results for those who are alienated by a societies laws, policies and norms (Hughes 545). The poem is very effective because of its genuine emotions.
At the heart of the work is the personal experience of the African-American who, in that day, had to contend with the denial of many…
Davidas, L. (2001). 'I, Too, Sing America': Jazz and Blues Techniques and Effects in Some of Langston Hughes's Selected Poems. Dialectical Anthropology, 26(3/4), 267-272.
Jones, T. (2002). I, Too, Sing America (Book). School Library Journal, 48(5), 176.
Kaesshaefer, M. (2010). Celebrate Black History Month. Instructor, 119(4), 24.
Being American, learning English, and atomic power are all intertwined in her impressionable mind.
The impact of American education is not positive upon Yolanda's development, although she does learn English. Along with learning English, she learns to be afraid. Every time there is an air raid Yolanda contemplates her own death, her "hair falling out" from radiation, or the bones in her arms growing soft, or her whole body evaporating into mist, like the snow that will accompany an attack.
hen Yolanda first sees snow, it is not a happy, wondrous sight. She is terrified that the United States is being attacked. She does not know that snow can be frozen rain, or something to play in, because her teachers have been so intent upon preparing her for an atomic attack. She misunderstands not just the word "snow" but also what snow can mean in different contexts. Learning English and…
Alvarez, Julia. "Snow." From How the Garcia Girls Lost their Accents. New York:
Plath then mentions the Luftwaffe or German Air Force and her father's "neat moustache" and "Aryan eye, bright blue" (lines 42-44) which symbolizes the well-groomed appearance of German officers with their blue Aryan eyes. She then calls her father a "Panzer man" (line 45), a metaphor for a German-made armored tank used in battle. Plath also sees her father as worshipping the swastika rather than God (line 46) and then calls him "A man in black with a Meinkampf look" (line 65), a symbol of Adolph Hitler and his autobiography "Mein Kampf." Plath also mentions "the rack and the screw" (line 66) which symbolizes the torture inflicted by the Nazis upon the Jews and the enemies of the Third Reich. Finally, Plath calls her father a vampire who lies in his grave -- "There's a stake in your fat black heart" (line 76) with the villagers dancing on his grave.…
Hunt, Douglas, ed. The Riverside Anthology of Literature. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin
Company, 1988: 1172-1174.
Johnson, Allan. The Life of Sylvia Plath. New York: Macmillan, 1956.
Luddington, Michael. The Poetry of Sylvia Plath. New York: Random House, 2003.
Infants that are securely attached, then, expect their figures of attachment to be readily available and are quickly and easily comforted if upset. Conversely, those infants that are not securely attached do not share this level of expectation. Among adults, secure attachments provide a base for caregiving and compassion (Mikulincer & Shaver, 2005).
What then causes individuals to describe his or her reality in terms of noncommensurate physical qualities like cleanliness, verticality, weight or temperature? Landau et al. (2010) have provided a convincing argument that these kinds of sociocognitive metaphors are reflective of general basic processes that allow individuals to make the world make sense. However, when looking from the contextual framework of grounded cognition, the psychological importance of sociocognitive metaphors exceeds mental representation and even language. There are some sociocognitive metaphors that seem to provide greater universality that finds its foundation in bodily constraints and schemas that are…
Ainsworth, M., Blehar, M., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum.
Barsalou, L. (1999). Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 577-609.
Cohen, D., Leung, A., & IJzerman, H. (2009). Culture, psyche, and body make each other up. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1298-1299.
Fiske, S., & Taylor, S. (1991). Social cognition. New York, NY: Random House.
Metaphors for the Kingdom
The Bible itself contains many metaphors of how the Kingdom of God will look, or of the characteristics of God in His Kingdom. The paper "And Finally…the Kingdom of God is Like…" gives several contemporary examples of what people have seen of the Kingdom and the characters who inhabit it. Such as the Holy Spirit being a guiding star. This paper takes a look at one of the example metaphors from the essay by Tame and also provides a personal metaphor of the kingdom.
Metaphors are meant to be a common picture that can be related something that people want to understand better. Tame (2005) talks about a college as a metaphor of the kingdom of God, or at least entry into the Kingdom of God. In the United States, anyone can go to college, and anyone can enter the Kingdom of Heaven, but…
Tame, K. (2005). And finally…The Kingdom of God is like this…. Expository Times, 116(7).
Metaphor is a poetic imagination and rhetorical fanfare tool used by individuals showing off their linguistic prowess. Though the use of metaphors governs individuals' thoughts, everyday functioning, down to the most mundane details, people do not value the importance of metaphors always ignoring their significance in the society and linguistic communication. To give some idea of what it could mean for a concept to be metaphorical and for such a concept to structure an everyday activity, this document looks at the concept Time and the conceptual metaphor Time is Money. This conceptual metaphor has a deeper meaning but is always ignored by everybody; I am a living example of the misconception of this metaphor.
Time is Money is one of the more obvious conceptual metaphors in English because it is also a phrase used often. It seems to be endemic in the capitalist world, where you are actually…
This is a type of assimilation that often allows some minority groups to maintain a connection to their previous culture. The white majority does become influenced in many ways, even though it may deny it.
However, this process is very painful for many minority groups that feel helpless in the terms by which they must be assimilated into the majority culture. Thus, Rodriguez is saying that the more correct metaphor is not a melting pot where cultures can blend together seamlessly, but one where there is more of a forced separation that forces the ethnic minority to loose their previous cultural identity. During the process of assimilation, many within the minority culture feel that they either have to assimilate or feel the consequences, which can often include isolation and oppression when they cling to their cultural heritage too much. Thus, there is room for assimilation, but only for those who…
Rodriguez, Richard. Hunger of Memory. Random House. 2004.
Yang, Gene Luen. American Born Chinese. Macmillian. 2006.
ead the article by Van Engen and discuss why he concludes that metaphors "give dimension to language."
As with any literary device, metaphor is used to illustrate a complex idea and to increase the clarity of communication (Van Engen, 2008). Through the use of metaphor, the relative value of different factors is revealed; this function can be used to support decision-making and leadership (Van Engen, 2008). Through metaphor, leaders can convey their ideas with ore lucidity and creativity -- which, from the perspective of those receiving the ideas (followers, say, or other leaders), lends greater validity to the ideas (Van Engen, 2008). Leaders who use metaphor may be better equipped to connect people to an organization's stories, memories, and vision (Van Engen, 2008). Metaphor imagery can color and advance the elements of an organization's culture (Van Engen, 2008).
Discuss one the metaphors from Morgan's writings that…
Morgan, G. (2006). Images of organization (updated ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Van Engen, R.B. (2008). Metaphor: A multifaceted literary device used by Morgan and Weick to describe organizations. Emerging Leadership Journeys, 1(1), 39-51. Retrieved http://www.regent.edu/acad/global/publications/elj/issue1/ELJ_V1Is1_VanEngen.pdf
Weick, K.E. (1995). Sensemaking in organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Retrieved http://www.utwente.nl/cw/theorieenoverzicht/Theory%20clusters/Organizational%20Communication/enactment_theory.doc/
The two poems "After Apple Picking," and "Birches," are among Frost's best works in terms of poetic imagination and meaning. These works are somewhat discomfiting, for they make use of simple and every-day experiences to address the idea of one's final end, and in so doing not only allow the calm of everyday affairs to infiltrate the reader's thoughts of death, but also allow the gloom of death to pervades their consideration of these mundane events. Both of these poems talk about death using a central metaphor to try to make the unimaginable imaginable; the first speaks of the act of death as descending to sleep after a long day in an orchard, while the second considers the possibility of near-death or reincarnation as comparable to the childhood art of swinging birches.
In "After Apple Picking," Frost's narrator professes to be descending from a hard day picking apples. However,…
"The nail that sticks up gets hammered down." This building metaphor illustrates the importance of harmony in Japanese society. She writes: "Due to the group-oriented nature of Japanese society, they often behave in a collective way. In contrast, Americans respect and value independent behavior, which also means that Americans celebrate and accept non-conformity. The different values that American and Japanese cultures give to conformity vs. non-conformity create special problems for Japanese residents in the U.S." (Choi, 2007).
hile in the U.S. we might be told "not to make waves," this metaphor carries more of a connotation of intentionally stirring up trouble, while the Japanese metaphor stresses the beauty of homogeny and harmony, and the uselessness and potential danger of the odd, protruding nail on a board, versus just going by one's own judgment as a rule of thumb. For an American national in Japan, the American, by reflecting upon this…
Choi, Diane. (2007). "The nail that sticks up...The difficulty of adjusting to American culture for Japanese business executives." Cyberwrite: English 103. Retrieved 8 Aug 2007 at http://www.snorko.org/cyberwrite/eng103/students/dianec.html
Cut to the Chase." (2007). The Phrase Finder. Retrieved Aug 8, 2007 at http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/107300.html
Dumitru, Maria. (1998). "World Tour in 100 Proverbs and Sayings." Retrieved Aug 8, 2007 at http://www.geocities.com/petrud98/ptreasure/tour.html
Rule of Thumb." (2007). The Phrase Finder. Retrieved Aug 8, 2007 at http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/307000.html
He painted first as he was told to paint by his teachers, then by the military government, and he paints a world that no longer exists. Ono paints flowers, teahouses, and beautiful Japanese geishas, even though the world is crumbling around him. He is afraid of modern life, and estern industry. He betrayed his favorite pupil to the authorities as a traitor during the war because he felt it was the correct thing to do as a loyal Japanese person. Now his art will have no legacy. No one will live on in the future to make silk illustration part of Japan's future, just as his children are either dead or unable to have more children because no one will marry them.
Illustration is supposed to tell a story about humanity, perhaps more than any other form of drawing. It is supposed to make a writer's words and characters come…
Ishiguro, Kazuo. An Artist of the Floating World. New York: Vintage, 1989.
Boyce, M. 1995 Collective centring and collective sense making in the stories and storytelling of one organization. Organizational Studies 16(1), 107-137.
Identify the business problems of each of the cases
This case takes place in the context of a non-profit organization. The vehicle that Boyle uses to address organizational change is storytelling. The author / change agent uses shared storytelling, a practice she terms collective centering [centring -- SIC], and collective sense-making to help stakeholders understand the need for change and to contribute to the articulation of the organizational change plan. A substantive problem is that of dissonance between the president of the organization and the organizational members, despite the appearance of all the members being rooted in a unitary reality of their organization and within the industry landscape.
Rank-order the critical issues stated in the cases
The process Boyle uses with the stakeholders is to have each…
Particularly given that the contemporary society and capitalism in general is based on the concept that only the strongest survive, it is safe to assume that Darwin's theory is not false, as it perfectly illustrates the way a community (regardless of the species, the time period, or the individuals involved) functions. The recent years have proved how in order to be successful; one has to exploit all of his or her qualities to the fullest. In desperate times, people resort to committing desperate acts, in hope that this will save them from failure. When coming across conditions that require all of their energy, people are likely to feel less compassion about those around them, with the purpose of ensuring their personal safety.
Evolution is virtually based on Darwin's theory of natural selection, as throughout the ages those who were more capable to achieve success in the surrounding environment managed to…
The business model that Zimmerman himself lays out towards the end of the company profile (quoted from his remarks in the company's 2006 annual report) is another example of the purposeful lack of differentiation that makes personhood such an apt metaphor for Men's Wearhouse. Despite the phenomenal growth of the company, the only way this growth has been achieved is through, in Zimmerman's words, "acquisition targets that complement our current footprint, such as After Hours, or extend our services to an underserved segment, such as K&G" (Datamonitor 2007). This shows the careful and controlled way in which the operations of the Men's Wearhouse company are organized, with the senior management of the company -- and George Zimmerman in particular -- acting as a brain that controls all of the other parts of the human body that is, in this metaphor, the Men's Wearhouse company (McCrimmon 2009).
Perhaps the most essential…
Datamonitor. (2007). "Men's Wearhouse Inc. Company Profile."
McCrimmon, M. "Organizational metaphors." Accessed 8 July 2009. http://www.leadersdirect.com/metaphor.html
Instead, her burden of a child destroys her, because her marriage was not entered into in good faith. By yoking herself to another, like her husband did to a rickshaw, despite the fact that her husband did not desire such a bond, his wife sowed the seeds of her own destruction, and was killed by the scope of her own social ambitions.
One of the final social ironies of the rickshaw and the character of Tzu and his wife is that book thinks quite highly of themselves, despite their absence of such traditional Confucian markers of status as family, or a truly heaven-arranged marriage, where they wife subsumes herself to her husband's will, as the husband subsumes himself to the will of heaven, his ancestors, and his social betters. Tzu's epitaph, is that he is one who is "handsome, ambitious, dreamer of fine dreams, selfish, individualistic, sturdy, great Hsiang Tzu...[N]…
She, Lao. Rickshaw. Trans. Jean M. James. Honolulu: U. Of Hawaii, 1979.
Similarly Whitman informs us:
Stop this day and night with me and you shall possess the origin of all poems,
You shall possess the good of the earth and sun…there are millions of suns left,
You shall no longer take things at second or third hand…nor look through the eyes of the dead…nor feed on the specters in books,
You shall not look through my eyes either, nor take things from me. (Leaves, 663)
America as a democratic state and freedom of individuals was the greatest dream of Whiteman that is evident from the poems in Leave of the Grass
OI believe there is nothing real but America and Freedom!
O to sternly reject all except Democracy! (oy, 106)
He wanted to see America free of all the evils of democracy such as corruption.
The symbol of leaves and grass itself depict the idea of independence and democracy.…
Anscombe, Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret, Intention Oxford: Blackwell, 1957. 70-76
Bernstein, Steven, Richard Ned Lebow, Janice Gross, and Steven Weber, God Gave Physics the Easy Problems: Adapting Social Science to an Unpredictable World, European Journal of International Relations, 6(1): 43 -- 76.
Carr, Edward H., Twenty Years Crisis: 1919-1939 New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1946.
Christman, John. Introduction In The Inner Citadel: Essays on Individual Autonomy, edited by John Christman. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
role metaphors play helping people understand concept artificial intelligence? Do agree brain a -called meat machine? hat metaphors applicable function human brain
There is presently much controversy regarding the concept of intelligence and the way that it influences individuals. In order to assist the masses in getting a better understanding of intelligence, the human brain, and the relationship between them, society has come up with a series of metaphors. Present-day technology has made it possible for individuals to interact with tools that work similarly to the human brain, thus making people think that the brain actually works as a very advanced computer that has a certain amount of storage space, a particular processing speed, and that is overall more or less capable of performing certain tasks.
Metaphors are sometimes used as a means to address the masses, considering that they are more likely to gain a better comprehension of some…
Gossin, Pamela, "Encyclopedia of literature and science," Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.
Krader, Lawrence & Levitt, Cyril, "Noetics: The Science of Thinking and Knowing," Peter Lang, 2010.
There is a fantasy-like quality to the beginning of Marlow's journey. What creates it? What is the importance of work to man? What does Marlow mean by a surface reality?
Marlowe is on a familiar 'type' of folkloric narrative: the archetypal quest narrative, where the holy innocent must go into the heart of darkness, the labyrinth, and bring back something pure to the civilized world. However, when Marlowe enters the world of the Congo, he discovers that Kurtz is just as corrupt as the supposed savages with whom Kurtz dwells. To Marlowe, the Congo is like a foreign, fantasyland because it is so different from the ordinary, constrained world of England. He portrays a place that is governed by primitive mythology, which Kurtz has used to make himself into a god who can do what he pleases. This mythological texture and the fact that even members of Kurtz's own crew…
Everything is a cycle or a circle if one looks at the sky as a metaphor for life, unlike "time is money" which implies that time is something that can be lost or spent like money.
Have you ever experienced culture shock? hy do you think this happens? hat does it tell us about the influence of culture on human beings?
Culture shock occurs because being in a new culture challenges so many assumptions of what it means to live, and to live in the correct fashion. Going away to university is frightening, no matter how far or how near one is from home, but this is even more striking when one leaves one's homeland, as I have, to come to America from Korea. For example, American student's attitudes towards their parents were very different. hile in Korea, even adults will pay careful attention to their parents and respect…
Farrer, Claire R. (1996). Thunder Rides a Black Horse: Mescalero Apaches and the Mythic Present. Waveland Press.
Church is a spiritual organization that is ideally viewed through a Biblical lens. Among the most important metaphors for the Church is that of the "Body of Christ," an image signifying the way God permeates all aspects of the Church organization including all members and clergy as well as all tools, sacraments, and structures. As with any other "body," the Church can be viewed as a living organism. Each of its component parts often works independently but always in tandem with the whole, for the fulfillment of common goals such as the deliverance of human beings unto God.
As McVay (2006) points out, the New Testament offers an abundance of "minor images" or lenses of the Church that aid in understanding the organization's mission and role on earth (p. 286). These minor images include that of the "fish net," with Christ as the fisherman. In fact, in Matthew 4:19, substantiated…
McVay, J.K. (2006). Biblical metaphors for the church and Adventist ecclesiology. Andrews University Seminary Studies 44(2): 285-315.
Morgan, G. (2006). Images of organizations (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA
Stone (2009) has accused the bog insurance companies of United States. He says that these companies are unable to offer standard insurance programs rather they somehow prevent the standard practices for their profit goals' achievement. He says that calling of the private insurance program totally is not possible hence indirect efforts like single-payer are being used. He says that while universal health insurance is the goal, there are many obstacles in the way. The roles assigned to the middle men complicate the job. The aptient cannot have required and relevant medical tests without getting approval from the middle man. This does not only decrease the efficiency of process by taking more time but also it increases the cost by giving middle man his share.
The author gave convincing yet inadequate evidence on how the single payer can be the money saver. Since the single payer is not availing services from…
Stone, D., (2009), "Single Payer - Good Metaphor, Bad Politics," Journal of Health Politics,
Policy and Law, 34(4). 531-542
What is Single Payer? (2013), Retrieved from: http://www.pnhp.org/facts/what-is-single-payer
Thus, the notion of ruler ship in marriage is actually an orchestrated ideological shift in the hands of Chaucer the writer, as notions of marriage and change from the point-of-view of the miller, the Wife of Bath, to the Franklin.
Even in the more singular voice of Marlowe, the poet acts an intrusive rather an impartial narrator of the tale of "Hero and Leander," as he utilizes a number of narrative devices to achieve a distancing from his characters and their actions: "I could tell ye / How smooth his [Leander's] breast was, and how white his belly, / and whose immortal fingers did imprint/That heavenly path with many a curious dint, / That runs along his back, but my rude pen / Can hardly blazon forth the loves of men, / Much less of powerful gods: let it suffice / That my slack muse sings of Leander's eyes,/Those orient…
Beowulf and I is an Other
Metaphor in Beowulf and I is an Other
James Geary states that "metaphor grounds even the most abstract ideas in the physiological facts of our bodies" (96). This is nowhere more true than in the medieval epic Beowulf, which uses fantastic physiological feats of strength and body to illustrate the abstract principles of virtue and nobility in the epic's hero. This paper will provide a metaphorical comparison between Beowulf and Geary's I is an Other and show how physiology is used to bring metaphor (and the underlying abstract principles) to life.
The hero of Beowulf is described as being superhuman in terms of bodily strength. Beowulf has powerful lungs and is able to hold his breath for impossible lengths of time while underwater. He can swim great distances and hold his own in hand to hand combat with the ferocious monster Grendel, who eats…
Beowulf. (trans. Leslie Hall). NY: DC Heath and Co., 2005. Print.
Geary, James. I is an Other. NY: Harper, 2011. Print.
She is a special girl who can play music, even though she isn't supposed to, and who wants to be different from other people. She runs away because she cannot play her music, and develops her independence and sense of herself while she lives in the cave and takes care of the fire-lizard babies. She has many adventures, and learns there are other societies that are more liberal than her own. Finally, her own Harper finds her and discovers she wrote two of the songs he sings, and he allows her to take her place at Harper Hall to try to become a leader of her people.
Theme - the theme of the novel is the roles of men and women, and that Menolly cannot do the same things men can do. "Yanus would certainly have looked askance at any able-bodied lad who spent too much time tuning" (80). No…
Moreover, the arena for that very transformation could, because of the inherent nature of technological advancement, achieve something that is beyond the sum of its parts. Cyberspace in Neuromancer becomes more than an expression of human consciousness, it eventually becomes consciousness.
Adams, Paul C. "Cyberspace and Virtual Places." Geographical Review, 87 (1997): 155-171.
ell, David, an Introduction to Cybercultures, NY; Routledge, 2001.
ell, David and arbara M. Kennedy, the Cybercultures Reader, NY: Routledge, 2000.
enedikt, Michael, "Cyberspace, First Steps," the Cybercultures Reader. Eds. David ell, arbara M. Kennedy. NY: Routledge, 2000.
Punday, Daniel. "The narrative construction of cyberspace: Reading Neuromancer, reading cyberspace debates." College English 63 (2000): 194-213.
Lemley Mark a. "Place and Cyberspace." California Law Review, 91 (2003): 521-542.
Marshall, David P, New Media Cultures, Oxford University Press, NY, 2004.
Niu, G.. "Techno-Orientalism, Nanotechnology, Posthumans, and Post-Posthumans in Neal Stephenson's and Linda Nagata's Science Fiction." MELUS 33 (2008):…
Adams, Paul C. "Cyberspace and Virtual Places." Geographical Review, 87 (1997): 155-171.
Bell, David, an Introduction to Cybercultures, NY; Routledge, 2001.
Bell, David and Barbara M. Kennedy, the Cybercultures Reader, NY: Routledge, 2000.
Benedikt, Michael, "Cyberspace, First Steps," the Cybercultures Reader. Eds. David Bell, Barbara M. Kennedy. NY: Routledge, 2000.
Billy Collins' poem is a lyric poem because mainly it expresses highly personal emotions and feelings. Many lyric poems involve musical themes or tones, and in fact in Shakespeare's era the word "lyric" meant that the poem was accompanied by a musical instrument (a lyre). But while Collins' poem doesn't give off a musical idea or theme (unless the sound of a fork scratching across a granite table is music), it does use metaphor and achieves a dramatic impact.
The metaphor has two people, presumably married and in a love partnership who have divorced. (It is known that although un-married couples who have been together for a long time and break up are also involved essentially in a "divorce" of their partnership.) The metaphor of "two spoons" shows two people locked together, snuggling would be a good word, in a warm bed. "Tined" means prongs on a fork -- or…
Good Country People: Metaphor and Irony
Joy Hulga is the main character of Flannery O'Connor's "Good Country People." She represents the proud, young educated student who has renounced any faith in Christ. As her mother Mrs. Hopewell puts it to Manley Pointer, the Bible salesman, "My daughter is an atheist and won't let me keep the Bible in the parlor" (O'Connor 278). Manley turns out to be both Joy's double and foil -- atheistic like herself, but also seeking to seduce her for her false leg (he is a collector of oddities), even as she seeks to seduce him to show that she does not believe in sin. The great irony is that proud Hulga falls for Manley -- only to be rejected. For O'Connor, a Roman Catholic, sin is the absence of good -- and the absence of any good whatsoever at the end of the story is what…
The spider's patient web spinning during the winter shows how it is necessary for Dillard to become dependant on the natural world, rather than upon humans alone or upon chemicals and tools that tamper with nature in a human fashion. To survive the winter physically and psychologically, she must trust her instinctual place in the larger animal firmament. As she observes the spiders that keep her own home insect-free, their work becomes a metaphor for Dillard. They lead her to her spiritual musings about the perfect symmetries that exist in nature. "Because the light just happened to be such that I couldn't see the web at all. I had read that spiders lay their major straight lines with fluid that isn't sticky, and then lays a non-sticky spiral. Then they walk along" the thread, weaving until the major lines are complete, then moving on to the minor lines of their…
Works Cited (Dillard, Annie. A Pilgrim at Tinker's Creek. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 1998)
“Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ,” (Ephesians 5:21). This outstanding sentence clarifies one of Paul’s main objectives in outlining the household codes of Ephesians. Christ is the head of the Church, to which all Christians belong. However, Paul quickly shifts focus to the patriarchal marriage union to model Christian social norms: “Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything,” (Ephesians 5:24). Paul therefore uses the household code partly as an opportunity to provide a “theological justification and motivation for the subordination of wives, children and slaves to the head of the household,” (MacDonald, n.d., p. 341). Yet somewhat mysteriously, Paul switches back again and states, “This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church,” (5:32). Modern readers should not take Paul’s message about marriage customs and gender roles seriously, but should pay close attention to…
Teaching Similes and Metaphors
Grade: This lesson is designed for 7th Grade Language Arts
Students should be able to interpret similes and metaphors. Students should be able to create and write their own examples.
Materials: Selected written examples from various sources. Books, poetry, media etc..
Discussion Questions: What are the purposes of similes and metaphors? Why is description necessary in communication ? What are the artistic implications of these literary tools ? How can they be used in everyday life for advantage ?
Display literary examples of similes and metaphors.
Have students identify each type.
Have students exchange the two types.
Practice in groups.
Have each student create their own.
Not graded activity, practice only.
Lesson Plan Reflection
The lesson plan that was planned and discussed in dealing with similes and metaphors was a successful effort where much learning took place. Examples of each kind of…
Janus" has its quirks, its metaphors, and its symbolism. This paper will thus aim to answer two questions in regards to Ann Beattie's short story. The first question will relate to the significance of the title, and the second will describe the marriage of Andrea and her husband.
In order to put the questions into context it is important to provide some background on the work. In the short story, Beattie examines the connection between Andrea, a successful real-estate agent, and a simple bowl. Andrea utilizes this glazed bowl when she shows houses, thinking it provides both simplicity and elegance. According to Andrea, the bowl is "both subtle and noticeable - a paradox of a bowl."[footnoteRef:1] The bowl is very special to Andrea, and later the reader finds out that this is because Andrea received it from a former lover, which prompts the question of whether she is dissatisfied with…
Now, with regards to the title, a simple search reveals the fact that Janus is the name of a Roman god. More specifically, Janus is the god of "gates and doors, of beginnings and endings," according to one blogger. He is represented as "a head with two faces looking in opposite directions." [footnoteRef:2] When one looks at the story this way, one can see that perhaps the title has some significance in Andrea's life. In a way, this could be interpreted as the fact that the woman is being pulled in two directions. One is the direction of her own life, her safe life, with her husband, and the other direction is that she is being pulled into the past, by the bowl and its association with a former lover. [2: "Janus" by Ann Beattie." This to Say about That. Web. 23 Oct. 2011. .]
In that which concerns Andrea's marriage this is not exactly a bed of roses either and is described when she looks at the bowl and calls it "still and safe, unilluminated."[footnoteRef:3] It seems that the story does, as aforementioned, reflect Andrea's condition and her inability to connect with her current life, demonstrating some sort of disappointment that the author feels her generation also feels. [3: Edwards, Thomas R. "A Glazed Bowl of One's Own." New York Times. 12 Oct. 1986. Web. 23 Oct. 2011. .]
According to a critic, "Ms. Beattie's people suffer emotional and moral disconnection in a world that has yet been rather generous to them in material ways. They live comfortably enough in New York, the suburbs, the country; they work at business, finance, editing, modeling, writing, the law; they have been to college and sometimes graduate school, and now, as they approach 40, they miss what they remember as the innocence and intimacy of student community."[footnoteRef:4] It is, thus, probably that the story examines this feeling of loss of a time gone by, and this most certainly coincides with the duality of the title as well. [4: Edwards, Thomas R. "A Glazed Bowl of One's Own." New York Times. 12 Oct. 1986. Web. 23 Oct. 2011. .]
Metaphor of the Sea in Keats' and Longfellow's Poetry
One of the most potent metaphors in literature is that of the ocean. The ocean has a timeless, rhythmic quality that has inspired authors of all genres, nations, and eras. For the early 19th century omantic poet John Keats, observing the sea motivated him to reflect upon pagan mythology and the moon's inconstant temperament. In his poem simply titled "On the Sea," Keats writes that sometimes the sea "with its mighty swell / Gluts twice ten thousand Caverns, till the spell / Of Hecate leaves them their old shadowy sound." Keats notes how the sea can sometimes be harsh and threatening while other times be mild and even tender. Although it may fill some caverns up with its threatening presence, at other times "tis in such gentle temper found / that scarcely will the very smallest shell / Be moved for…
Keats, J. (1817). On the sea. Harvard University. Retrieved from:
Longfellow, H. (1920). The sound of the sea. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Retrieved from:
To operationalize the Rubik's cube as a unit of analysis for an idea let's break down the various components of the cube. The original cube has nine tiles per face, six faces (like a die), and six colors per side. There are exactly 43,252,003,274,489,856,000 permutations that the cube can take. To create the metaphor of the Rubik's cube as the root of an idea, we can imagine each permutation having its own total absolute meaning.
Each color could have a symbolic meaning assigned to it, thus any combination of colors would create a new meaning. If you remove the restriction of fixed colors, but leave each tile as its own 'container' of which meaning could be assigned by differing colors representing ideas, you would be left with a container (the Rubik's cube) containing faces (more containers) containing tiles (more containers) that aggregately come up with a meaning for an idea.…
This suspicion becomes even more ironically clear as we read further. As we progress with the analysis of the protagonist's description of his love we find even more apparently negative comparisons. For example, he states that that in comparison to perfumes his "mistress reeks" and that music has a much more "pleasing sound" than her voice. He also states that she is no goddess in the lines,
I grant I never saw a goddess go;
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground
However in the final couplet of the sonnet there is a dramatic change of tone and a radical change in our perception of the loved one. The final two lines read as follows.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
These two lines should be carefully considered as they ironically overturn the meaning and intention of…
Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")
A comparative study on the theme of fascination with and repulsion from Otherness in Song of Kali by Dan Simmons and in the City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre
In this chapter, I examine similarities and differences between The City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre (1985) and Song of Kali by Dan Simmons (1985) with regard to the themes of the Western journalistic observer of the Oriental Other, and the fascination-repulsion that inspires the Occidental spatial imaginary of Calcutta. By comparing and contrasting these two popular novels, both describing white men's journey into the space of the Other, the chapter seeks to achieve a two-fold objective: (a) to provide insight into the authors with respect to alterity (otherness), and (b) to examine the discursive practices of these novels in terms of contrasting spatial metaphors of Calcutta as "The City of Dreadful Night" or "The City of…
Barbiani, E. (2005). Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis. Sociological Research Online, 10 (1). Retrieved from http://www.socresonline.org.uk/10/1/barbiani.html
Barbiani, E. (2002). Kali e Calcutta: immagini della dea, immagini della metropoli. Urbino: University of Urbino.
Cameron, J. (1987). An Indian summer. New York, NY: Penguin Travel Library.
Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo. New York, NY: Routledge & K. Paul.
In this stanza, mainline and dragon are used as metaphors for his drug of preference, although these drugs can be seen as metaphors for the other addictive substances and behaviors that people can become dependent on regardless of if these substances are legal or illegal. The last two lines of this stanza insinuate that Nikki has come to an impasse and does not know what to next with his life, which is possibly why he turned to drugs. The last two lines state, "No regrets, you've got no goals/Nothing more to learn" (Queensryche). These concluding lines indicate that Nikki is waiting for some sort of direction, regardless of whether it is good or bad, simply to not be a slave to the drug.
The third stanza offers Nikki a solution for his dilemma and proposes that the doctor will give his life purpose, which ironically, is the price Nikki will…
Titus, Christa. "Queensryche Ink New Record Deal, Next Album Due June 11." Billboard Biz.
4 March 2013. Web. 18 March 2013.
Queensryche. "Operation: Mindcrime." Operation: Mindcrime. EMI America, 1988.
"Queensryche." Official Band Page. Web. 18 March 2013.
Blue Terrance" by Terrance Hayes and "The eary Blues" by Langston Hughes both use the blues as a metaphor for human existence. The 'blues' are a historically African-American form of musical expression that pairs sorrow with expressive music, and is considered one of the greatest contributions of African-Americans to musical culture. However, the authors' uses of the blues as a metaphor are different. Hayes uses the blues to express his own, personal pain of romantic rejection and his difficulties in life, although he clearly sees his attraction to the blues as a natural extension of his African-American identity. Hughes, in contrast, takes a more expansive view of the blues, and sees all African-Americans as united in the blues. hen he sees a solitary blues singer, he identifies with the man, and eventually by the end of his poem, his identity and the identity of the singer are united by the…
Knapp, James F. "Langston Hughes." W.W. Norton & Co. 2005. [9 Nov 2011]
Dylan Thomas's 1951 poem, "Do not go gentle into that good night," like Johnson's poem, is an elegy to someone he loves -- his father -- but unlike Johnson's poem, at the time the poem was written before his father passed away, which allows him to express and explain his fears to the man he wrote the poem for. In "Do not go gentle into that good night," Thomas urges his father to fight to live, a stark contrast from Johnson's lament for death to escape the "world's and flesh's rage" (Johnson line 7). Thomas writes, "Old age should burn and rave at close of day," in supplication to his father in order to get him to fight against "the dying of the light," which can be taken as a metaphor for a person's transition through life into death (Thomas line 2-3). Thomas then proceeds to list different types of…
Johnson, Ben. "On My Sonne." 1616. Web. 29 May 2013.
"Literary Devices." Center for Literary Arts. Web. 29 May 2013. PDF.
Thomas, Dylan. "Do not go gentle into that good night." 1951. Web. 29 May 2013.
Sociological Cultural Opinions
Jane Elliot's Blue Eyed/Brown Eyed Study
From viewing A Class Divided, reasonable personal impressions of Jane Elliot and her approach are that she was a courageous, pioneering educator who devised a lesson with an approach that was: timely, because it started immediately after Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination and in the late 60's, which were culturally tumultuous in America's history; profoundly effective, because you can see the stunning impact it had on the students and, frankly, because it made some people angry at Elliot, which is frequently a good sign of effectiveness; and forward-thinking, because understanding other races and cultures is a pillar of diversity, which is now acknowledged to be nationally and globally vital. Furthermore, eye color was and is an excellent metaphor for race because it cannot be helped (unless one wears those awful-looking contacts) and it has no bearing on human capabilities.
Machine Metaphor in Organizations
The machine metaphor for an organization is one of two orthodox metaphors, the other being the organization as an organism (Morgan, 1980). The machine metaphor dates to the work of Fayol and Taylor, wherein the organization was understood as a series of parts, each with a specific, mechanistic role to play in the organization's success (Morgan, 1980). This metaphor not only included machines and fixed assets, but also viewed employees as tools in much the same way. They are to perform specific tasks as outlined by management, and would be measured in terms of their ability to perform these tasks accurately and quickly. The machine metaphor thus reduced labor to the role of a tool. Managers in this model seek to design their machine, by way of allocating resources to specific tasks at specific times, in order that the machine could optimize output. The machine metaphor…
Adamson, B., Dixon, M. & Toman, N. (2013). Dismantling the sales machine. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved July 25, 2015 from https://hbr.org/2013/11/dismantling-the-sales-machine
Baskin, K. (2000). Corporate DNA: Organizational learning, corporate co-evolution. Emergence. Vol. 2 (1) 34-49.
Koch, S. & Deetz S. (2009). Metaphor analysis of social reality in organizations. Journal of Applied Communications Research. Vol. 9 (1) 1-15.
Morgan, G. (1980). Paradigm metaphors and puzzle solving. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol. 25 (4) 605.
As they will determine what road they will travel (the journey), while the stage is how they are achieving their objectives in life. The problem arises, when someone is not willing to use the stage to help benefit themselves. This can have an impact upon the lives of individual and their family, as their actions could have ripple effects. This is significant, because it is highlighting the ethical challenges of giving everyone the freedom to determine what they want to do with their lives. At the same time, there needs to be a way to prevent the negative actions that someone is taking, from having an effect on the general public. In this aspect, there more than likely will be a balance between: the journey that someone is taking, the stage and the laws that guide these actions. As they are helping to provide everyone with some kind of moral…
Brereton, Natasha. "Concrete Figures on to Big to Fail." Wall Street Journal 19 October 2010. Web.
Forceville, Charles. "A Case Study." Multimodal Metaphor. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2009. 139. Print.
Lee, Don. "Recessions Over." LA Times 21 September 2010. Web.
Marquard, Steven. "Introduction." The Distortion Theory of Macroeconomic Forecasting. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1994. 3 -- 4. Print.
An Analysis Based on Morgan's Cultural Metaphor
When one thinks about the word "culture," one tends to think about some far-away, exotic place where people in elaborate costumes perform mysterious rituals. While it is certainly true that people on the other side of the world from wherever one lives certainly have their own culture, it is vital to remember that all people have their lives deeply influenced by culture. We each live in a number of different cultures: The culture of our family, of our neighborhood, of the place where we work, sometimes of a religious and ethnic community. Culture is simply an agreement among the members of a group about how they will behave, what their values are, and how they will communicate with each other. Culture determines how we each interact with each other on a daily basis.
The paper examines the organizational culture of a…
Grisham, T. (2006). Metaphor, poetry, storytelling and cross-cultural leadership. Management Decision, 44(4), 486-503.
Harris, J. & Barnes, K.B. (2006). Leadership storytelling. Industrial and commercial training, 38(7), 350-353.
Jensen, D.F.N. (2006). Metaphors as a bridge to understanding educational and social contexts. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 5(1), Article 4, 1-17.
Leder, G. (2007). The power of metaphors: Use of clever analogies to simplify complex subjects and you might just get clients to take your perspective. On Wall Street 17 (5), 88.
Nature in Troilus and Cressida
Both Troilus and Cressida and The inter's Tale deal with nature as an allegory for human nature. Many kinds of metaphors are used, from the classically romantic, to the dirty joke, to positive and negative portrayals of personalities. Many of the most powerful metaphors are in the initial portion of the play.
In Act I, Scene I, of Troilus and Cressida, Troilus compares being observed by his father and Hector to "as when the sun doth light a storm" (line 31). Presumably his inner turmoil over his love for Cressida is the storm, and his false good humor is the light in the storm. This implies that nature can be false, as well. Later in the same discussion, Troilus says his hopes are drowned, again using the depths of the ocean as an expression of his emotions (line 37). Later he compares Cressida to a…
Rubinstein, F. (1995). A Dictionary of Shakespeare's Sexual Puns and Their Significance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
What is the nature of memory and how does it relate to experience? Which metaphor for memory is the most appropriate or applicable? In the endeavor to answer these questions and more, the paper presents a metaphor that combines a few of the suggested metaphors into one. The paper provides an interpretation on the nature of memory from a practical perspective, relating contemporary and historical media representations of memory as support. The paper supports the dynamism and flexibility of memory as well as its power of humans in the past, present, and future.
Interpretations of Memory
Memory functions as all of the metaphors listed in the guidelines. There is no one way memory works. That is one of the great and convenient traits of memory is that humans can approach access to their memories from so many angles. At some point every person has had an experience of…
Reyna, V. (1996) Meaning, Memory and the Interpretation of Metaphors. J. Mio & A. Katz (eds) Metaphor: Pragmatics and Applications. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Tulving, E. (2000) Concepts of Memory. Retrieved from http://alicekim.ca/28.Concepts00.pdf . 2012 March 15.
Shakespeare, Sonnet 57
A Reading of William Shakespeare's Sonnet 57
Shakespeare's Sonnet 57 begins with a striking metaphor: "being your slave." Shakespeare does not soften the image by using a simile to suggest he is "like a slave" -- he is already a slave because he is in love. Structurally any Shakespeare sonnet consists of three quatrains and a concluding couplet, in which the quatrains in some way speak to each other, ramifying or deepening the argument in some way. Here the striking opening metaphor of servitude is ramified and toyed with throughout the quatrains. But intriguingly the final couplet of the sonnet sidesteps all the imagery of slavery and servitude to redefine the terms of the lover's situation as described in the earlier body of the sonnet. I intend to show how the metaphor of slavery used in the first three words of the sonnet is unwritten by the…
Chaucer and Dryden dedicated odes to Saint Cecilia, who was revered as the patron saint of music. As a poetic muse, Cecilia is credited with inventing the organ and using that instrument to praise God. Legend has it that through a devotional song Cecilia played on the organ, God spared Cecilia her virginity after she was married. A feast-day of Saint Cecilia was held on November 22 and John Dryden's "Ode to St. Cecilia's Day" celebrates that day and the majesty of music. Music is a heavenly treat that leads to celestial harmony; the mystery of music is clarified through Dryden's use of metaphor and personification. In different stanzas, Dryden lends various instruments individual qualities according to their particular sounds. These instruments become metaphors for human passions and for the wonders of nature. The trumpet, a common military instrument, "excites us to arms," (line 26). A morose-sounding flute Dryden describes…
There is a romantic charm in the notion that outsiders only 'pass through' while residents are in a kind of stop time, insular and part of the background, not part of the larger cultural narrative. Thus the Chinatown idea is fundamentally that Asia is 'different' -- exotic, of another world, rather than part of 'America.' This has often subverted the ambitions of those residents who do wish to become more a part of American society, who may struggle acquiring English skills, for example. The existence of Chinatown reinforces the perception that Chinese segregation is self-imposed and that a complex array of social factors such as culture and discrimination have no impact upon mobility and advancement.
The persistence of Chinatown also questions the ethics of what it means to tour another culture -- an issue that also arises when an individual contemplates the ethics touring an Amish village, for example. These…
Chinatown San Francisco. April 21, 2009. http://www.sanfranciscochinatown.com/
Liu, Eric. "The Chinatown Idea." From Seeing and Writing. Bedford St. Martins, 2009.
Thus, the idea of a strong, female leader is created through conceptual blending, and the ultimately oxymoronic pairing of unlike words. Something new is created, through the use of cultural, political, religious, and historical references, and of the pairing of these two specific nouns together.
3. Explain what Fauconnier and Turner mean when they assert on page 15, in effect, that, "Metaphor is not just something derived from 'core meaning'?" Are they right? (Please refer to The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Tuner)
Because unlike the literary device or trope of simile, the use of metaphor deploys the verb 'is,' as in, 'hope is a thing with feathers,' in the famous poem of Emily Dickinson of this title, one is tempted to assume that metaphor accesses some core meaning of a word or concept. But as this example shows, the…
Night the Crystals Broke
Write where you got inspiration from?
The inspiration from this poem comes from my grandmother and her family, who lived through the pogroms and just before the Nazis took over Hungary. The title refers to the Kristallnacht, the event in which the Nazis burned synagogues and their religious items, and broke the windows. They also broke the windows of the local businesses. This poem also refers to the journey that was scary and arduous, over the Atlantic in the ship to Ellis Island. The statue at the end of the poem is the Statue of Liberty, which welcomed the "poor" and "hungry" masses, like my grandmother's people.
(2) Which author and poem did you refer to when writing this poem?
There is no one author or poem I referred to here. This is a completely original work. However, it is written in the form of a…
The spirit of competition also negatively impacted the manner in which employees communicated. The lack of specific definition as well as the highly isolationist company mentality ultimately resulted in a communication breakdown which prevented the effective running of the company.
Knowledge Sharing: Mentoring and cross-training have been declining leading to less knowledge sharing and familiarization opportunities for younger less experienced staff. Section members lack the opportunity to share knowledge and to share in lessons learned. This enforced specialization of employees will ultimately result in poorer results. Cross discipline work is essential in the successful integration and most efficient use of employed experts (Forrester, 1971). It could potentially take months longer to reach a favorable outcome if indeed the most efficient and effective outcome is ever reached at all.
Compartmentalizing of Data and Ideas: There are silos / compartments of information that was not readily communicated across departments (ichmond, 2001). As…
1. Ackoff, R.L. 1981 Creating the Corporate Future. New York: John Wiley, and Son.
2. Ackoff, R.L., & Emery, F. 1972 On Purposeful Systems. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.Beer, Stafford, Brain of the Firm. Harmondsworth: Penguin Press, 1967.
3. Boulding, K.E. 1956 The image, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
4. Churchman, C. 1971 Design of Inquiring Systems. New York: Basic Books.
This sentence, although it talks about bowels, is really describing the mother's love of the baby.
This story is written like a detective story. It is very difficult to determine which woman is telling the truth and to determine if King Solomon is actually a bad person or a good person. It does not give the names of the women. They are simple referred to as one woman and the other woman. It does say that they were "harlots," but it does not give any background information about who the women are or how they got involved in this argument. They were simply two women in the same place that had babies at the same time.
Also, it is not clear to the reader rather King Solomon is a bad person or a good person. He does propose to slay the baby and divide it into two half to settle…
The physical structure of the poem is also interesting with these two poems. Naturally, as Raleigh's nymph is turning Marlowe's shepherd's letter of its ear, the same structure is used for the second poem, along with the same metaphors. The imperfect rhyming is also consistent between the two poems. It is unclear what the purpose of the imperfect rhyming ("love" and "move") might be, unless pronunciations were different when these poems were written. If the pronunciations where not different, they could perhaps indicate that the shepherd is not the most literate, and is guided more by passion than by impeccable verse.
The response is effective in part because it contradicts the heavily romantic imagery that the shepherd is using -- madrigals, beds of roses, fragrant flowers. That these are directly argued against in the nymph's reply ("flowers do fade," for example) makes the point that no matter how glorious romance…