Metaphor Essays (Examples)

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Romantic Images of the Sea in Poetry

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15718451

Metaphor of the Sea in Keats' and Longfellow's Poetry

One of the most potent metaphors in literature is that of the ocean. The ocean has a timeless, rhythmic quality that has inspired authors of all genres, nations, and eras. For the early 19th century omantic poet John Keats, observing the sea motivated him to reflect upon pagan mythology and the moon's inconstant temperament. In his poem simply titled "On the Sea," Keats writes that sometimes the sea "with its mighty swell / Gluts twice ten thousand Caverns, till the spell / Of Hecate leaves them their old shadowy sound." Keats notes how the sea can sometimes be harsh and threatening while other times be mild and even tender. Although it may fill some caverns up with its threatening presence, at other times "tis in such gentle temper found / that scarcely will the very smallest shell / Be moved for…… [Read More]

References

Keats, J. (1817). On the sea. Harvard University. Retrieved from:

https://www.eecs.harvard.edu/~keith/poems/Sea.html

Longfellow, H. (1920). The sound of the sea. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Retrieved from:

http://www.hwlongfellow.org/poems_poem.php?pid=163
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The Comic Flatland

Words: 442 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4275048



To operationalize the Rubik's cube as a unit of analysis for an idea let's break down the various components of the cube. The original cube has nine tiles per face, six faces (like a die), and six colors per side. There are exactly 43,252,003,274,489,856,000 permutations that the cube can take. To create the metaphor of the Rubik's cube as the root of an idea, we can imagine each permutation having its own total absolute meaning.

Each color could have a symbolic meaning assigned to it, thus any combination of colors would create a new meaning. If you remove the restriction of fixed colors, but leave each tile as its own 'container' of which meaning could be assigned by differing colors representing ideas, you would be left with a container (the Rubik's cube) containing faces (more containers) containing tiles (more containers) that aggregately come up with a meaning for an idea.…… [Read More]

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Prison Duncan Argues That the

Words: 1598 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37622076

Duncan's thesis on the attractions of prison is more psychologically grounded, however. People seek constraints and limits, just as they are imprisoned by societal standards and limits, or Foucault's notion of the Panopticon.

The criminal is also a kind of fantasy-child for society, according to Duncan. Like a child, a criminal dwells in a kind of in-between space, a place where anything is possible, and redemption is possible. The American gospel of self-reinvention, as seen in films like "The Shawshank Redemption," romanticizes prisons as places where people can radically rebuild their lives and characters. This explains why prisons like Alcatraz, rather than being hated or feared are actually viewed with affection. Convicts become romantic outlaws and pioneers in the imagination of the media, the crimes are forgotten when criminals are viewed through the rose colored glasses of history. The prisons that confirmed their deviancy are similarly romanticized as the place…… [Read More]

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William Shakespeare Uses Irony Imagery

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29658235



This suspicion becomes even more ironically clear as we read further. As we progress with the analysis of the protagonist's description of his love we find even more apparently negative comparisons. For example, he states that that in comparison to perfumes his "mistress reeks" and that music has a much more "pleasing sound" than her voice. He also states that she is no goddess in the lines,

I grant I never saw a goddess go;

My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground

However in the final couplet of the sonnet there is a dramatic change of tone and a radical change in our perception of the loved one. The final two lines read as follows.

And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare

As any she belied with false compare.

These two lines should be carefully considered as they ironically overturn the meaning and intention of…… [Read More]

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Tom Shulich Coltishhum a Comparative Study on

Words: 9196 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33144233

Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")

A comparative study on the theme of fascination with and repulsion from Otherness in Song of Kali by Dan Simmons and in the City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre

ABSACT

In this chapter, I examine similarities and differences between The City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre (1985) and Song of Kali by Dan Simmons (1985) with regard to the themes of the Western journalistic observer of the Oriental Other, and the fascination-repulsion that inspires the Occidental spatial imaginary of Calcutta. By comparing and contrasting these two popular novels, both describing white men's journey into the space of the Other, the chapter seeks to achieve a two-fold objective: (a) to provide insight into the authors with respect to alterity (otherness), and (b) to examine the discursive practices of these novels in terms of contrasting spatial metaphors of Calcutta as "The City of Dreadful Night" or "The City of…… [Read More]

References

Barbiani, E. (2005). Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis. Sociological Research Online, 10 (1). Retrieved from  http://www.socresonline.org.uk/10/1/barbiani.html 

Barbiani, E. (2002). Kali e Calcutta: immagini della dea, immagini della metropoli. Urbino: University of Urbino.

Cameron, J. (1987). An Indian summer. New York, NY: Penguin Travel Library.

Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo. New York, NY: Routledge & K. Paul.
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Queensryche Analysis Operation Mindcrime Queensryche

Words: 1409 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81296927

In this stanza, mainline and dragon are used as metaphors for his drug of preference, although these drugs can be seen as metaphors for the other addictive substances and behaviors that people can become dependent on regardless of if these substances are legal or illegal. The last two lines of this stanza insinuate that Nikki has come to an impasse and does not know what to next with his life, which is possibly why he turned to drugs. The last two lines state, "No regrets, you've got no goals/Nothing more to learn" (Queensryche). These concluding lines indicate that Nikki is waiting for some sort of direction, regardless of whether it is good or bad, simply to not be a slave to the drug.

The third stanza offers Nikki a solution for his dilemma and proposes that the doctor will give his life purpose, which ironically, is the price Nikki will…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Titus, Christa. "Queensryche Ink New Record Deal, Next Album Due June 11." Billboard Biz.

4 March 2013. Web. 18 March 2013.

Queensryche. "Operation: Mindcrime." Operation: Mindcrime. EMI America, 1988.

"Queensryche." Official Band Page. Web. 18 March 2013.
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Blue Terrance by Terrance Hayes and The

Words: 1435 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21296479

Blue Terrance" by Terrance Hayes and "The eary Blues" by Langston Hughes both use the blues as a metaphor for human existence. The 'blues' are a historically African-American form of musical expression that pairs sorrow with expressive music, and is considered one of the greatest contributions of African-Americans to musical culture. However, the authors' uses of the blues as a metaphor are different. Hayes uses the blues to express his own, personal pain of romantic rejection and his difficulties in life, although he clearly sees his attraction to the blues as a natural extension of his African-American identity. Hughes, in contrast, takes a more expansive view of the blues, and sees all African-Americans as united in the blues. hen he sees a solitary blues singer, he identifies with the man, and eventually by the end of his poem, his identity and the identity of the singer are united by the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Knapp, James F. "Langston Hughes." W.W. Norton & Co. 2005. [9 Nov 2011]

http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nap/Weary_Blues_Hughes.htm
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Elegies Ben Johnson's and Dylan

Words: 1139 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11287759



Dylan Thomas's 1951 poem, "Do not go gentle into that good night," like Johnson's poem, is an elegy to someone he loves -- his father -- but unlike Johnson's poem, at the time the poem was written before his father passed away, which allows him to express and explain his fears to the man he wrote the poem for. In "Do not go gentle into that good night," Thomas urges his father to fight to live, a stark contrast from Johnson's lament for death to escape the "world's and flesh's rage" (Johnson line 7). Thomas writes, "Old age should burn and rave at close of day," in supplication to his father in order to get him to fight against "the dying of the light," which can be taken as a metaphor for a person's transition through life into death (Thomas line 2-3). Thomas then proceeds to list different types of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Johnson, Ben. "On My Sonne." 1616. Web. 29 May 2013.

"Literary Devices." Center for Literary Arts. Web. 29 May 2013. PDF.

Thomas, Dylan. "Do not go gentle into that good night." 1951. Web. 29 May 2013.
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Sociological Cultural Opinions

Words: 1130 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17952825

Sociological Cultural Opinions

Jane Elliot's Blue Eyed/Brown Eyed Study

From viewing A Class Divided, reasonable personal impressions of Jane Elliot and her approach are that she was a courageous, pioneering educator who devised a lesson with an approach that was: timely, because it started immediately after Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination and in the late 60's, which were culturally tumultuous in America's history; profoundly effective, because you can see the stunning impact it had on the students and, frankly, because it made some people angry at Elliot, which is frequently a good sign of effectiveness; and forward-thinking, because understanding other races and cultures is a pillar of diversity, which is now acknowledged to be nationally and globally vital. Furthermore, eye color was and is an excellent metaphor for race because it cannot be helped (unless one wears those awful-looking contacts) and it has no bearing on human capabilities.

Both…… [Read More]

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Organization as Machine FedEx

Words: 1705 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6104219

Machine Metaphor in Organizations

The machine metaphor for an organization is one of two orthodox metaphors, the other being the organization as an organism (Morgan, 1980). The machine metaphor dates to the work of Fayol and Taylor, wherein the organization was understood as a series of parts, each with a specific, mechanistic role to play in the organization's success (Morgan, 1980). This metaphor not only included machines and fixed assets, but also viewed employees as tools in much the same way. They are to perform specific tasks as outlined by management, and would be measured in terms of their ability to perform these tasks accurately and quickly. The machine metaphor thus reduced labor to the role of a tool. Managers in this model seek to design their machine, by way of allocating resources to specific tasks at specific times, in order that the machine could optimize output. The machine metaphor…… [Read More]

References

Adamson, B., Dixon, M. & Toman, N. (2013). Dismantling the sales machine. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved July 25, 2015 from https://hbr.org/2013/11/dismantling-the-sales-machine

Baskin, K. (2000). Corporate DNA: Organizational learning, corporate co-evolution. Emergence. Vol. 2 (1) 34-49.

Koch, S. & Deetz S. (2009). Metaphor analysis of social reality in organizations. Journal of Applied Communications Research. Vol. 9 (1) 1-15.

Morgan, G. (1980). Paradigm metaphors and puzzle solving. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol. 25 (4) 605.
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Marketplace Communication in the Marketplace

Words: 1779 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99203502

As they will determine what road they will travel (the journey), while the stage is how they are achieving their objectives in life. The problem arises, when someone is not willing to use the stage to help benefit themselves. This can have an impact upon the lives of individual and their family, as their actions could have ripple effects. This is significant, because it is highlighting the ethical challenges of giving everyone the freedom to determine what they want to do with their lives. At the same time, there needs to be a way to prevent the negative actions that someone is taking, from having an effect on the general public. In this aspect, there more than likely will be a balance between: the journey that someone is taking, the stage and the laws that guide these actions. As they are helping to provide everyone with some kind of moral…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brereton, Natasha. "Concrete Figures on to Big to Fail." Wall Street Journal 19 October 2010. Web.

Forceville, Charles. "A Case Study." Multimodal Metaphor. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2009. 139. Print.

Lee, Don. "Recessions Over." LA Times 21 September 2010. Web.

Marquard, Steven. "Introduction." The Distortion Theory of Macroeconomic Forecasting. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1994. 3 -- 4. Print.
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Organizational Culture An Analysis Based on Morgan's

Words: 2584 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46542103

Organizational Culture:

An Analysis Based on Morgan's Cultural Metaphor

When one thinks about the word "culture," one tends to think about some far-away, exotic place where people in elaborate costumes perform mysterious rituals. While it is certainly true that people on the other side of the world from wherever one lives certainly have their own culture, it is vital to remember that all people have their lives deeply influenced by culture. We each live in a number of different cultures: The culture of our family, of our neighborhood, of the place where we work, sometimes of a religious and ethnic community. Culture is simply an agreement among the members of a group about how they will behave, what their values are, and how they will communicate with each other. Culture determines how we each interact with each other on a daily basis.

The paper examines the organizational culture of a…… [Read More]

References

Grisham, T. (2006). Metaphor, poetry, storytelling and cross-cultural leadership. Management Decision, 44(4), 486-503.

Harris, J. & Barnes, K.B. (2006). Leadership storytelling. Industrial and commercial training, 38(7), 350-353.

Jensen, D.F.N. (2006). Metaphors as a bridge to understanding educational and social contexts. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 5(1), Article 4, 1-17.

Leder, G. (2007). The power of metaphors: Use of clever analogies to simplify complex subjects and you might just get clients to take your perspective. On Wall Street 17 (5), 88.
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Nature in Troilus and Cressida Both Troilus

Words: 2026 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1250739

Nature in Troilus and Cressida

Both Troilus and Cressida and The inter's Tale deal with nature as an allegory for human nature. Many kinds of metaphors are used, from the classically romantic, to the dirty joke, to positive and negative portrayals of personalities. Many of the most powerful metaphors are in the initial portion of the play.

In Act I, Scene I, of Troilus and Cressida, Troilus compares being observed by his father and Hector to "as when the sun doth light a storm" (line 31). Presumably his inner turmoil over his love for Cressida is the storm, and his false good humor is the light in the storm. This implies that nature can be false, as well. Later in the same discussion, Troilus says his hopes are drowned, again using the depths of the ocean as an expression of his emotions (line 37). Later he compares Cressida to a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rubinstein, F. (1995). A Dictionary of Shakespeare's Sexual Puns and Their Significance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
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Memory Cognitive What Is the Nature of

Words: 1293 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81411271

Memory

Cognitive

What is the nature of memory and how does it relate to experience? Which metaphor for memory is the most appropriate or applicable? In the endeavor to answer these questions and more, the paper presents a metaphor that combines a few of the suggested metaphors into one. The paper provides an interpretation on the nature of memory from a practical perspective, relating contemporary and historical media representations of memory as support. The paper supports the dynamism and flexibility of memory as well as its power of humans in the past, present, and future.

Interpretations of Memory

Memory functions as all of the metaphors listed in the guidelines. There is no one way memory works. That is one of the great and convenient traits of memory is that humans can approach access to their memories from so many angles. At some point every person has had an experience of…… [Read More]

References:

Reyna, V. (1996) Meaning, Memory and the Interpretation of Metaphors. J. Mio & A. Katz (eds) Metaphor: Pragmatics and Applications. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Tulving, E. (2000) Concepts of Memory. Retrieved from  http://alicekim.ca/28.Concepts00.pdf . 2012 March 15.
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Shakespeare Sonnet 57 a Reading of William

Words: 892 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18900348

Shakespeare, Sonnet 57

A Reading of William Shakespeare's Sonnet 57

Shakespeare's Sonnet 57 begins with a striking metaphor: "being your slave." Shakespeare does not soften the image by using a simile to suggest he is "like a slave" -- he is already a slave because he is in love. Structurally any Shakespeare sonnet consists of three quatrains and a concluding couplet, in which the quatrains in some way speak to each other, ramifying or deepening the argument in some way. Here the striking opening metaphor of servitude is ramified and toyed with throughout the quatrains. But intriguingly the final couplet of the sonnet sidesteps all the imagery of slavery and servitude to redefine the terms of the lover's situation as described in the earlier body of the sonnet. I intend to show how the metaphor of slavery used in the first three words of the sonnet is unwritten by the…… [Read More]

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Chaucer and Dryden Dedicated Odes to Saint

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29525014

Chaucer and Dryden dedicated odes to Saint Cecilia, who was revered as the patron saint of music. As a poetic muse, Cecilia is credited with inventing the organ and using that instrument to praise God. Legend has it that through a devotional song Cecilia played on the organ, God spared Cecilia her virginity after she was married. A feast-day of Saint Cecilia was held on November 22 and John Dryden's "Ode to St. Cecilia's Day" celebrates that day and the majesty of music. Music is a heavenly treat that leads to celestial harmony; the mystery of music is clarified through Dryden's use of metaphor and personification. In different stanzas, Dryden lends various instruments individual qualities according to their particular sounds. These instruments become metaphors for human passions and for the wonders of nature. The trumpet, a common military instrument, "excites us to arms," (line 26). A morose-sounding flute Dryden describes…… [Read More]

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China Town Idea Analysis The

Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37700019

There is a romantic charm in the notion that outsiders only 'pass through' while residents are in a kind of stop time, insular and part of the background, not part of the larger cultural narrative. Thus the Chinatown idea is fundamentally that Asia is 'different' -- exotic, of another world, rather than part of 'America.' This has often subverted the ambitions of those residents who do wish to become more a part of American society, who may struggle acquiring English skills, for example. The existence of Chinatown reinforces the perception that Chinese segregation is self-imposed and that a complex array of social factors such as culture and discrimination have no impact upon mobility and advancement.

The persistence of Chinatown also questions the ethics of what it means to tour another culture -- an issue that also arises when an individual contemplates the ethics touring an Amish village, for example. These…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chinatown San Francisco. April 21, 2009.  http://www.sanfranciscochinatown.com/ 

Liu, Eric. "The Chinatown Idea." From Seeing and Writing. Bedford St. Martins, 2009.
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Critical Thinking & Writing Anyone

Words: 2454 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51743355

Thus, the idea of a strong, female leader is created through conceptual blending, and the ultimately oxymoronic pairing of unlike words. Something new is created, through the use of cultural, political, religious, and historical references, and of the pairing of these two specific nouns together.

3. Explain what Fauconnier and Turner mean when they assert on page 15, in effect, that, "Metaphor is not just something derived from 'core meaning'?" Are they right? (Please refer to The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Tuner)

Because unlike the literary device or trope of simile, the use of metaphor deploys the verb 'is,' as in, 'hope is a thing with feathers,' in the famous poem of Emily Dickinson of this title, one is tempted to assume that metaphor accesses some core meaning of a word or concept. But as this example shows, the…… [Read More]

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Night the Crystals Broke Write Where You

Words: 3364 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66231725

Night the Crystals Broke

Write where you got inspiration from?

The inspiration from this poem comes from my grandmother and her family, who lived through the pogroms and just before the Nazis took over Hungary. The title refers to the Kristallnacht, the event in which the Nazis burned synagogues and their religious items, and broke the windows. They also broke the windows of the local businesses. This poem also refers to the journey that was scary and arduous, over the Atlantic in the ship to Ellis Island. The statue at the end of the poem is the Statue of Liberty, which welcomed the "poor" and "hungry" masses, like my grandmother's people.

(2) Which author and poem did you refer to when writing this poem?

There is no one author or poem I referred to here. This is a completely original work. However, it is written in the form of a…… [Read More]

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Ras Gas Background The North

Words: 5016 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76215572

The spirit of competition also negatively impacted the manner in which employees communicated. The lack of specific definition as well as the highly isolationist company mentality ultimately resulted in a communication breakdown which prevented the effective running of the company.

Knowledge Sharing: Mentoring and cross-training have been declining leading to less knowledge sharing and familiarization opportunities for younger less experienced staff. Section members lack the opportunity to share knowledge and to share in lessons learned. This enforced specialization of employees will ultimately result in poorer results. Cross discipline work is essential in the successful integration and most efficient use of employed experts (Forrester, 1971). It could potentially take months longer to reach a favorable outcome if indeed the most efficient and effective outcome is ever reached at all.

Compartmentalizing of Data and Ideas: There are silos / compartments of information that was not readily communicated across departments (ichmond, 2001). As…… [Read More]

References

1. Ackoff, R.L. 1981 Creating the Corporate Future. New York: John Wiley, and Son.

2. Ackoff, R.L., & Emery, F. 1972 On Purposeful Systems. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.Beer, Stafford, Brain of the Firm. Harmondsworth: Penguin Press, 1967.

3. Boulding, K.E. 1956 The image, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

4. Churchman, C. 1971 Design of Inquiring Systems. New York: Basic Books.
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Ripening of Age the Short

Words: 7517 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87256169

This sentence, although it talks about bowels, is really describing the mother's love of the baby.

This story is written like a detective story. It is very difficult to determine which woman is telling the truth and to determine if King Solomon is actually a bad person or a good person. It does not give the names of the women. They are simple referred to as one woman and the other woman. It does say that they were "harlots," but it does not give any background information about who the women are or how they got involved in this argument. They were simply two women in the same place that had babies at the same time.

Also, it is not clear to the reader rather King Solomon is a bad person or a good person. He does propose to slay the baby and divide it into two half to settle…… [Read More]

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Passionate Shepherd to His Love

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65175375



The physical structure of the poem is also interesting with these two poems. Naturally, as Raleigh's nymph is turning Marlowe's shepherd's letter of its ear, the same structure is used for the second poem, along with the same metaphors. The imperfect rhyming is also consistent between the two poems. It is unclear what the purpose of the imperfect rhyming ("love" and "move") might be, unless pronunciations were different when these poems were written. If the pronunciations where not different, they could perhaps indicate that the shepherd is not the most literate, and is guided more by passion than by impeccable verse.

The response is effective in part because it contradicts the heavily romantic imagery that the shepherd is using -- madrigals, beds of roses, fragrant flowers. That these are directly argued against in the nymph's reply ("flowers do fade," for example) makes the point that no matter how glorious romance…… [Read More]

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Phillip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella

Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6250997

microtheme poem- Astrophil Stella Sidney link: http://pages.uoregon./rbear/Stella.html a microtheme analysis

Arguably, the most vital aspect of Sir Phillip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella is the initial sonnet that begets this lengthy work. There are several different facets of this particular poem within this longer work that make it highly important to the interpretation to the rest of it. Moreover, the author is able to employ a lengthy metaphor within this first poem that helps to account for the diffuse nature of the complete work. An analysis of this first poem reveals that it provides the source of inspiration for the lengthy love poem of Astrophel and Stella -- which is actually a series of poems and songs depicting this torrid love affair.

The reader can infer that this initial poem is the source of inspiration for all of the others in this body of work due to a sophisticated metaphor the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sidney, Philip. "Astrophel and Stella." http://pages.uoregon.edu. 1877. Web. http://pages.uoregon.edu/rbear/stella.html
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Sex Body and Identity

Words: 2243 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69112207

Sex, Body, and Identity: How the Language of Metaphor Functions in Various Physically-Challenged Individuals' Expression of Identity and Selfhood

In her memoir aist-High in the orld: A Life Among the Nondisabled [sic], author Nancy Mairs, who writes about how having Multiple Sclerosis (MS) had impacted her self-image, body image, and day to-day life, observes that:

In biblical times, physical and mental disorders were thought to signify possession by demons. . . People who were stooped or blind or subject to seizures were clearly not okay as they were but required fixing

Mairs's detailed, often painfully honest reflections on dealing with (in her case, progressive) physical disabilities, e.g., difficulties with walking, sitting, standing straight; brushing her teeth (capabilities most take for granted) shed light on the myriad physical, psychological, emotional, and other challenges that daily fill the lives of those with physical disabilities. Narratives written by individuals with physical disabilities ranging…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fries, Kenny. Body Remember: A Memoir. New York: Dutton,1997. Retrieved

July 26, 2005, from: .

Hockenberry, John. Moving Violations: War Zones, Wheelchairs and Declarations of Independence. New York: Hyperion, 1995. Retrieved July

26, 2005, from: .
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Individual Growth in This Particular

Words: 1538 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74824329

There were also notable evaluation pointers, with a constant feedback mechanism used in order to further improve the learning process and the teaching skills.

One should, however, note, among issues to be improved in the future, the inability to uniformly distribute teaching attention among different areas of study. The example with Jenna is eloquent in this sense. The excitement over an obviously gifted child in certain areas led to the neglect in other important educational areas, even in terms of writing, a preferred subject otherwise. It seems sensible to suggest, in this case, that the encouragement of certain obvious capacities should be doubled by a uniform for of teaching, covering all relevant areas. The teaching portfolio may be improved with relevant experiences at reactions when attempting to modify negative reactions towards certain areas of study.

ibliography

1. Centra, John A. (1993) Reflective Faculty Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-ass Publishers, Inc.

2.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Centra, John A. (1993) Reflective Faculty Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, Inc.

2. Seldin, Peter and Associates (1993) Successful Use of Teaching Portfolios. Belton, MA: Anker Publishing.

3. The Teaching Portfolio at Washington University. Last updated in December 2000. On the Internet at http://www.wsu.edu/provost/teaching.htm

The Teaching Portfolio at Washington University. Last updated in December 2000. On the Internet at http://www.wsu.edu/provost/teaching.htm
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Media Framing in Relation to

Words: 3388 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62570744

The argument being advanced is that since, the Muslim extremists were responsible for the 9/11 disaster, the construction of the Muslim religious center would inculcate the jihad teachings and dishonor to the memory of the 9/11 victims. The question one would ask is this, what about the strip clubs, bars and other activities that are zero blocks away from the hallowed ground, do they honor the victims of the attacks. Consequently, it can be argued that Politicians and anti-Muslim groups found an easier way to agitate the crowds by exploitation of their Islamophobic instincts with the aid of the media framing of the issue. In same the interview, what comes out clearly is that Pamela fights against what she perceives as Islamization of America as opposed to Americanization of Islam. he later describes the center, which she refers to as ground zero mosque as a war memorial against the Americans…… [Read More]

Stone, D.A. (2002). Policy paradox: The art of political decision making. New York: Norton.

Payser, a (May 13, 2010).Mosque madness at Ground Zero.

http://www.nypost.com/p/news/national/mosque_madness_at_ground_zero_OQ34EB0MWS0lXuAnQau5uL
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Dulce Siempre Sweetness Always Pablo

Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2133190

Sweetness refers to the universal and direct flavor of a poem, not to a mandatory tone. The narrator reminds the reader that verses should speak both "the bites and kisses of love," (line 15). The extended metaphor of sweetness also symbolizes the nourishing aspect of poetry, as the narrator longs for "eatable sonnets," (line 16).

In the fourth stanza, the narrator reminds the reader of the corruption of poetry. The fourth stanza therefore alludes to the first. "Vanity," notes the narrator, leads to "deep and useless" endeavors (lines 18; 20). In attempting vainglorious works of art, a poet forgets "the joyous / love-needs of our bodies," (lines 22, 23). The body's love-needs refers to all the visceral desires felt by the everyday person. Furthermore, the poet who relies on the "harsh machinery" mentioned in the first stanza is also "not feeding the world," (line 25). Here, the narrator reiterates the…… [Read More]

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Global Communications Decide on a

Words: 543 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44240174



Gannon's series of arguments highlight the major variations in how the Japanese and Koreans perceive time, the role of masculinity in their cultures, the need for self-discipline or not to be aligned with nature (as the Japanese do) and the vastly different approaches to individualism and uncertainty avoidance.

The Japanese see time, and for that matter, their existence, as needing to be disciplined and aligned with natural elements. There is perfection in discipline that allows individuals to align with nature first and secondly with their group and societal norms. According to Gannon starting in the 7th century, Japanese political values stressed the need for group conformity over individualism, and those values continue today throughout the many cultural interactions that this nation has with global trading partners. Korean cultural values stress group consensus and much less of a focus on masculinity index as part of Hofstede, G. And Bond, M. (1988)…… [Read More]

References

Franke, R., Hofstede, G., and Bond, M. (1991). Cultural roots of economic performance: a research note. Strategic Management Journal, 12, 165-173.

Hofstede, G. And Bond, M. (1988). The Confucius connection: From cultural roots to economic growth. Organizational Dynamics, 16(4), 4-21.
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Thomas Wyatt's They Flee From Me Is

Words: 1710 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50161711

Thomas Wyatt's "They Flee from Me" is an enigmatic poem, written in the sixteenth century. The central metaphor is that of wild birds, which have occasionally fed from the speaker's hands. Now, the birds have flown. Because the metaphor of wild birds to describe the human spirit is a common one, it is relatively easy to understand that the narrator recounts an unrequited love with a woman who has a flighty heart. The overall tone of the poem is bitter, an emotion that grows progressively strong throughout the 21-line poem. The speaker recollects the brief relationship with a mixed sense of longing, confusion, and loneliness. However, "They Flee From Me" is not about one relationship, but many. The speaker describes a string of sexual encounters, which is why the titular pronoun is "they," and not "it" or "she." Because the poem progresses from dreamy reflection through sentimental longing, onto bitter…… [Read More]

References

Stein, Arnold. "Wyatt's 'They Flee From Me.'" The Sewanee Review. Vol. 67. No. 1. (Winter, 1959), pp. 28-44.

Vendler, Helen. Poems, Poets, Poetry.

Wyatt, Thomas. "They Flee From Me." The Norton Anthology of Poetry. Retrieved online: http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nap/They_Flee_From_Me_Thomas.htm
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Upton Sinclair's the Jungle the

Words: 1762 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59715704

He can take a women and use her body for his own pleasure and make threats against her family to get even more from her. It makes me wonder how he can look at himself and not see the filthy creature he is.

Three: I must have done something awful to end up in a situation like this. Here we are, all out of jobs. There is no way to get food and there is no way to pay rent. I am so unhappy. hile I should be beaming because I am carrying a baby I can only think of the terrible burden it is going to be to take care of another human being in this situation. I look around and see Marija sick from blood poisoning. Teta isn't working and no one can find work because we are either too sick and Connor is scheming behind or backs…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sinclair. The Jungle. New York: Signet Classics. 1906. Print.
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Metaphysical Poetry Journal Exercise 3 1A

Words: 3452 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67044569

The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with the love of the Lord in their hearts, or building it for him, then what is the point?

Didactic poetry can be quite comforting as seen in Psalm 23 or it can be much too literal and seen as both confusing and condescending. Psalm 127 isn't very instructive spiritually speaking, unlike Psalm 23.

Updated Proverb: A broken toe can hurt, but a broken heart can kill.

Metaphors: Obscure or Illuminate? Didactic literature with its use of metaphors can sometimes obscure the…… [Read More]

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Thoreau Says Government Is at

Words: 2152 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76657783

What does this have to do with the rest of paragraph 27?

The individual and the institution of the state cannot flourish when their interests are in competition: one of the 'seeds' must die.

33. In this paragraph, Thoreau talks about how he sees his neighbors in a new light after his night in jail.

After suffering the loss of his liberty, he sees how little his neighbors are willing to risk of their own security to see justice done.

Paraphrase each of these observations:

a. "I saw to what extent the people among whom I lived could be trusted as good neighbors and friends;"

I saw that the people amongst whom I lived were good in name only -- they spoke about the value of justice, but would not lift a finger to do promote justice.

b. "that their friendship was for summer weather only;"

They did good deeds…… [Read More]

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2pac Keepin' it Real Irony

Words: 1108 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61485331

Again, he uses dialect that his fans can relate to instead of being concerned about 'proper English'. This is very effective at making the words identifiable to his audience. The more people can relate to what you are saying, the more likely they are to take it to heart and actually do what you are asking them to do: "It's time for us as a people to start makin' some changes." The most ironic thing about this song is the last few lines. I cannot help but wonder if 2 pac was having some kind of premonition when he wrote: "Cause I always got to worry 'bout the pay backs/some punk that I roughed up way back/comin' back after all these years/rat-tat-tat-tat-tat that's the way it is."

That may be the way it is, but to 2 pac, that did not mean things had to stay that way. "Keep Ya…… [Read More]

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Loss Read P 305 Leaving

Words: 7913 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75963209

" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.

Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…… [Read More]

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Papa's Waltz the Speaker Mentions the Booze

Words: 949 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59906723

Papa's Waltz," the speaker mentions the booze on his father's breath, strong enough to make a "small boy dizzy," (Line 2). Theodore Roetke then opts to use the word "death" in the third line, creating instantly a tone of despair. The titular waltzing refers to the child having to dance around his father's abuse. He is also "waltzed off to bed," (Line 15). The irony of using the term "waltz" throughout adds complexity to the poem's tone. Waltzing is an odd choice of metaphor, because waltzing is dancing: something that is inherently joyful or happy. The "beating time" is not actually beating time to music but beating a child (Line 15). By using the metaphor of waltzing to discuss domestic violence, the poet draws even greater attention to the serious nature of the subject.

Simile and metaphor allow Sharon Olds to discuss sexuality and emotional intimacy. The first simile that…… [Read More]

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Change Resistance at Sony

Words: 1064 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66668279

esistance to Change Within Sony Corporation

propose strategies that the current CEO Howard Stringer can Ilise to try to manage this resistance

Morgan identified eight organizational perspectives that can be used as frameworks for organizational resistance. In the case of Sony Corporation, the CEO Howard Stringer faced resistance when he tried to introduce the western way of management. The employees resisted the changes, and this brought about many other issues. Using Morgan's organizational metaphors, Howard Stringer could have managed to overcome this resistance. The machine view suggests that employees will operate as expected, work by following laid out procedures, and operate like clockwork. Using this metaphor, Howard could have initiated top-down commands that employees would have to follow (Muller et al., 2010). This metaphor works by reducing waste, increasing efficiency, and product standardization. At Sony Corporation, this metaphor might not work since most of the work is not repetitive, or…… [Read More]

References

MULLER, S.D., MATHIASSEN, L. & BALSHOJ, H.H. 2010. Software Process Improvement as organizational change: A metaphorical analysis of the literature. Journal of Systems and Software, 83, 2128-2146.

SUDDABY, R., HARDY, C. & HUY, Q.N. 2011. Introduction to special topic forum: Where are the new theories of organization? Academy of Management Review, 36, 236-246.

SUMI, A. & SCHUETZ, M. 2011. Is Sony Turning Around?, Pokfulam Road, Asia Case Research Centre, University of Hong Kong.
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Microtheme Gordonr's Poem - File Attached a

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84669703

microtheme Gordonr's poem - file attached a microtheme analysis paper focuses a specific poem a specific

Lorna Dee Cervantes' poem "To My Brother" addresses the ills of poverty. The poem's theme explores the effects and perceptions of poverty on the impoverished, which largely takes the form of the poem's speaker. The author utilizes a number of specific literary devices to emphasize the pervasiveness of this theme and of poverty's impact upon people; these devices include metaphor, diction, and onomatopoeia.

The theme of poverty and its debilitating effects upon the impoverished is demonstrated a number of ways in this poem of Cervantes. One of the most accessible of these is through her usage of metaphor. Poverty engenders the effect of dulling the lives and perceptions of people burdened by it. The author utilizes a metaphor about the weather to convey this fact. She writes, "Sun, scarcely a penny in that dreary…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cervantes, Lorna Dee. "To My Brother." Print.
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Impressions of War the Most

Words: 6472 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55535844

" There is a more calm feeling to his description. This is not to say that the author was portraying war as being a patriotic act, but the author was not as graphical in his describing what the soldiers were seeing and going through. The reader is more connected to the actions of the poem and not the fact that someone is dying. He ends his poem by referencing "hell" and the reader is left wondering whether the hell that he is referring to the war that is being left behind, or to dying itself.

3) Rites of Passage Activity

In speaking to my grandmother, I was able to find out what it was that she took when she first left her home. At the age of sixteen, she was married to my grandfather and was getting ready to start her knew life as a wife and very soon, as…… [Read More]

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Young Band Fun Had Recent

Words: 727 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67625348

he sunglasses attempts to replace not ony the singer's seat at his lover's side, but also his position in his life by asking about the scar. he fact that he is referred to as "some sunglasses" also alludes to the relative insecurity the singer suffers, not only as a result of the perceived coolness of the sunglasses, but also because of his own all too well-known shortcomings. He gave his lover the scar and he is "trying," and by implication not entirely succeeding, to take it back. In the same way she is "trying to forget" the scar. From both sides then, there are attempts to remedy what has gone awry in the relationship. However, starting with these shortcomings is deceptive, as the refrain and the repetition of metaphorical and symbolic meaning indicate the young singer's faith that what is left between them is stronger than sunglasses or scars. he…… [Read More]

The song "We Are Young" by Fun in conjunction with Janelle Monae uses metaphor, symbolism, and repetition to convey the message that, despite the challenges that threaten them, the singer and his partner remain each other's vitality, support, and home.

Source

Fun (With Janelle Monae). 2012. "We Are Young." Lyrics retrieved from:  http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/fun/weareyoung.html
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Bara Howes' Looking Up at Leaves the

Words: 983 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59819410

Bara Howes' "Looking Up at Leaves"

The awesome beauty and wonder of nature are the focal point of Barbara Howes' poem, "Looking Up at Leaves." Howes employs the literary techniques of imagery, metaphor, simile, and symbolism to express her appreciation for nature. This paper will examine how Howes illustrates her talent as a stylist.

The poem begins by including humankind as a part of nature that is surrounded by the company of trees. She tells us that we have no reason to feel alone when we are in the presence of trees. This statement personifies trees, giving them the human quality of keeping company. This theme remains dominant throughout the poem, which the poet extends to the leaves as well.

For example, the poet tells us the leaves have "depth" (2) and even though they beckon us, we also sense withdrawal from them as well. ith this image we can…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Howes, Barbara. "Looking Up at Leaves." Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Kennedy, X.J. And Gioia, Dana, eds. New York: Longman Publishers. 2001.
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Fern Hill by Dylan Thomas

Words: 1826 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9651997

Dylan Thomas

Understanding a poem is a matter of first and foremost understanding the poet. The individual poet's choice of words and emotions which grab the reader, make a connection, and then deliver an emotional message which leaves a lasting message can be achieved through a number of techniques. But the poet who achieves a lasting memory in the minds of hearts of his readers is a person who approached the pen and ink often from a radically different perspective or with an emotional charge to his life that others not only find fascinating, but envy. Such is the case of Dylan Thomas, a Welshman with a known history of avid drinking, little self-discipline, and a penchant for over-indulgence which lead him to an early grave.

As a young child, Thomas loved the written word. He began writing his first poems at 8 or 9, while his attention was fixed…… [Read More]

References

Mondragon, Brenda. Dylan Marlais Thomas. Neurotic Poets. 2004. Accessed 17 April 2004. Website:  http://www.neuroticpoets.com/thomas/ 

Thomas, Dylan. Fern hill. BigEye.com. 2002. Accessed 17 April, 2004. Website:  http://www.bigeye.com/dylan.htm
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Importance of a Good Business Model

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23005067

Patterns, Design, And Overall Business Strategy

Many organizations are complex and unyielding to casual analysis, but there are some methods available that can help discern the manner in which organizations are structure and operated. To gain some fresh insights into this area, this paper that presents the author's conclusions concerning the patterns, designs, and overall business strategy depicted by a business model canvas including a discussion about metaphoric and framing applications. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the paper's conclusion.

It is possible to view complex organizations according to a number of different perspectives and it is important to do so in order to subjectively discern the intricacies of its business model and operations. In this regard, Gareth Morgan reports that, "People who are open and flexible and suspend judgment are able to recognize several perspectives, which open up several rather than…… [Read More]

References

Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (1991). Leadership and management effectiveness: a multi-frame, multi-sector analysis. Human Resource Management, 30, 509-534.

Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (1992). Leading and managing: Effects of context, culture and gender. Education Administration Quarterly, 28, 314-329.

Morgan, G. (n.d.). Gareth Morgan's organizational metaphors: Perspectives on organizations.

Lecture notes.
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Web-Based Learning and Online Courses

Words: 321 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46182341

Hyperlinked tables of contents and indexes are tremendous time-savers as well as navigational aides. The non-linear presentation of digital texts appeals to learners adept at spatial relations, or those who appreciate metaphors. Hypertext allows learners to create and understand conceptual links between current course material and new or prior knowledge.

The multimedia presentation of digital text appeals to learners who rely on multiple senses including sight and hearing. Many students do not respond to purely verbal course material. The greatest strength of digital course materials may be its interactivity. Learners take an active role in their education when they can control the reading experience. Therefore, online texts replete with hyperlinks and multimedia content provide a wealth of opportunity for enhanced learning. The addition of instant messaging and related forms of digital communications make feedback and assessment methods more…… [Read More]

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Mixed Company by C Rucker

Words: 2204 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21454656

He wants to honor his dead wife, so he takes the dog along with him just as she did. This is perhaps the only gesture the father makes toward the dog. Throughout the poem, it appears as if the father is indifferent to the dog, if anything at all.

The paradox we encounter in the poem is if a dog can actually suffer from grief with the ultimate question resting on the notion of animals missing human beings. The most ironic aspect of this poem is how the dog appears to be suffering more than the father is. The poet does not go into the father's suffering at all, except to say that he refuses counseling. The meaning and primary idea behind the poem is that all creatures suffer loss whether or not they can express it in ways that humans might be able to understand. It took death for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rucker, C. "Mixed Company"
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Leda and the Swan Rhetorical

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29750502

"The broken wall, the burning roof and tower / and Agamemnon dead." Leda's body is broken through penetration, and Troy's wall also becomes broken. Zeus' desire burns, like the roofs and towers of Troy will burn. And men will die, including the great general Agamemnon. Time rushes forward in an instant.

Leda's pregnancy resulted in Helen, for whom the Trojan ar was waged. Yet the future war is also a kind of synecdoche for the violence done to Leda. The violence of war and the violence of sexuality are intertwined, and become metaphors for one another. The reader is suddenly aware that he or she has been reading an extended metaphor, both for how one sexual act can lead to violence, and also how violence is at the heart of all sexual activity. The poem reaches its climax with the sexual act, which foreshadows the horror to come.

Then, the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Yeats. W.B. "Leda and the Swan." Online Literature Library. 11 Nov 2007. http://www.online-literature.com/yeats/865
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Creative Thinking Are Important Tools That Can

Words: 2568 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35006034

creative thinking are important tools that can help a person in both their professional and their personal lives. As Pascal said, "We are but thinking reeds, but because we know, we are superior to the universe. Thought constitutes our greatness" (as cited in Kirby, Goodpaster & Levine, 1999, p. xix). This paper will discuss some of the facets of this important topic.

As there have been several definitions of the term "critical thinking" these definitions will be compared and contrasted. In addition, an evaluation of ways in which critical thinking relates to cognitive development, logic and emotionality will be given. The role of cognitive dissonance and how it plays in fostering critical thought will be analyzed, and the validity of arguments will be evaluated, as will fallacious logic and reasoning.

egarding creative thinking, the role that metaphors play in this process will be explained and the creative process will be…… [Read More]

References

Alvino, J. (Nov/Dec 1993). Future problem solving in the year 2000 -- Challenges and opportunities for business. Business Horizons, 36(6). Retrieved March 24, 2005, from InfoTrac OneFile database.

Aquilno, M.L. (Jul-Sept 1997). Cognitive development, clinical knowledge, and clinical experience related to diagnostic ability. Nursing Diagnosis, 8(3). Retrieved March 24, 2005, from InfoTrac OneFile database.

Albert, J.F. (1999). Leaderly learning: Understanding and improving the learning capacity. Retrieved March 24, 2005, from http://www.sba.oakland.edu/ispso/html/1999Symposium/Albert1999.htm.

Astleitner, H. (Jun 2002). Teaching critical thinking online. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 29(2). Retrieved March 24, 2005, from InfoTrac OneFile database.
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Italo Calvino's the Castle of Crossed Destinies

Words: 1794 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79671476

Italo Cavino

Historians differ on the origin of tarot cards. Most believe that Egypt was the first to use similar images and symbols. Tarot is also represented from the early Greek, oman, Norse and Indian cultures to the Italian and French medieval courts. The first clear reference to tarot is based on an Italian sermon from about 1500 A.D. (Pratesi). egardless of origination, it is agreed that many civilizations -- ancient to modern -- have commonly used the tarot to divine the future. It is not unusual, then, to see references of these cards in literature. Writers integrate it into their plot; poets use it as imagery. Italo Calvino's Castle of Crossed Destinies provides an excellent example of tarot not only used within the plot, but as a narrative metaphor. He weaves his narration around a group of medieval travelers staying at a castle who find themselves incapable of speaking.…… [Read More]

References Cited

Calvino, Italo. Six Memos for the Next Millennium. Boston: Harvard University Press,

1988.

Calvino, Italo. Castle of Crossed Destinies. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1967.

Markey, Constance. Italo Calvino. Gainesville, FLA: University of Florida Press, 1999.
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Violence History and Suppression of

Words: 1748 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5013805



Garcia Marquez explores the isolation, solitude, and melancholia experienced by the Macondo community, as a metaphor for a parallel isolation, solitude, and essential disconnectedness from the world as experienced by Colombia, and Latin America as a whole. Moreover, as in the life of that Latin American nation, non-reflective violence occurs again and again. Suppression of memory further isolates Macondo until eventually, Macondo creates a society (i.e., a reality) based (oxymoronically) on pure fantasy. Here, Garcia Marquez powerfully suggests how suppression of collective memory: of violence; invasion; challenges to collective identity; outside exploitation, and all else that serves to explain, for better worse, the history of a group, only deepens and increases inevitable disconnectedness within that place and its people.

orks Cited

Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Gregory Rabassa

Trans.). New York: Avon, 1971.

One Hundred Years of Solitude." Sparknotes. Retrieved May 11, 2005, at http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/solitude.htm.

Restorina, Maria…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Gregory Rabassa

Trans.). New York: Avon, 1971.

One Hundred Years of Solitude." Sparknotes. Retrieved May 11, 2005, at http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/solitude.htm.

Restorina, Maria R. "Gabriel Garcia Marquez and His Approach to History in One Hundred Years of Solitude." Retrieved May 11, 2005, from: www.loyno.edu/history/journal/1994-5/Estorino.htm