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Not much of the older architecture exists in the United States, as we are a country that is more likely to tear down what is old to make way for the new. There are old churches, pyramids, and villages that have not been touched for many years. This says to me that Mexicans value their history enough to make attempts to preserve it and bring it into the modern era. This is a culture that has a clear cultural trajectory that is reflected in the relics and architecture of the cities and towns.
Additionally, in the area of Oaxaca, the people are known for throwing themselves whole heartedly into celebrating holidays, national holidays, religious events, and more. The Mexico Tourism Board calls Oaxaca the land of the "never ending festival." (2013) Learning this made me very surprised and happy to know that there is a part of the country that…
Lonely Planet. (2013). Mexico. Lonely Planet, Web, Available from: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/mexico . 2013 July 07.
Mexico Tourism Board. (2013). Visit Mexico. Visit Mexico, Web, Available from: http://www.visitmexico.com/ . 2013 July 07.
Mexico in 1908 From a Business Consultant's Perspective
What was it like to take a business trip to Mexico City in 1908? Culturally, and politically, it would certainly be eye-opening for an American filing reports from Mexico during that time period, since the U.S. democracy was very solid, the Industrial Age was well into its launch and workers were beginning to make decent money. A variety of sports, recreational activities, making money and raising families were the big topics for discussion with neighbors over the back fences of America.
Meantime, what a business consultant would see, in terms of the social and popular climate in Mexico City, was quite different. As for the general social climate, which of course has an effect on business, the Mexican people were deeply steeped in the Spanish-inspired bullfighting rituals. Mexicans were also in love with the American game of baseball, horseracing was a growing…
Beezley, William H. Judas at the Jockey Club and other Episodes of Porfirian Mexico.
Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1987.
Mexican Chronology. "Mexico, 1904-1914: The Twilight of the Diaz Regime."
Indeed, it could be said at the time that the Catholic Church held many of the same monopolies in Mexico that had so empowered it in Europe. Indeed, it had at this juncture achieved a long-standing track record as the largest provider of loans, it was responsible for the administration of Mexico's hospital system and it maintained all civil records in much the same way as a town hall might now. Essentially, the association between popular resistance and religion would allow for the Church to assume a dominant post in early Mexican governance. Through this post, it would undermine its promises to political enlightenment and became a force echoing of long-standing Spanish monarchy, also divinely instituted.
This would set off a sharp state of political division between liberal and conservative ideologists, the former of these strenuously objecting to the seamless relationship between clergy and governance. The result would be a…
At the same time, in the U.S. culture, the etiquette is almost always sacrificed in view of time saving: it is better and more efficient to get down to business straightaway rather than spend a lot of time in introductory manner and related etiquette.
Following through on this, the dress code also becomes very important in Mexico and usually is a reflection of the individual and of his place in society. This is obviously different from the U.S. And other western countries, where the outward appearance usually tends to be subordinated to the performances or actions of the individual. This is also probably because the title or status of an individual in the Mexican society is very important and the dress code usually helps in proving that you belong to a certain social class.
Because of such a flexible approach to time, Mexicans also make aesthetics an important part of…
Oter religions tat are practiced include evangelical religions (including Pentecostals, neopentecostals, and Pentecostal Roots) make up 1.71% of te population; oter Protestant evangelical groups, 2.79%; members of Jeova's Witness make up 1.25%, "istorical Protestants" suc as Presbyterians, Baptists, Metodists, Del Nazerenos, Mennonites, and oters, comprise .71%; Sevent-day Adventists, 0.58%; Curc of Jesus Crist of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), .25%, Jews, .05%, and oter religions, .31% (wit 3.52% of respondents indicating "no religion," and .86% not specifying). (International Religious Freedom Report).
Of course, it is ard to tink about Mexico witout calling to mind te distinct culinary flavors tat te country as to offer. Te cuisine of Mexico is an extremely varied one, wit specialties ranging from "Cabrito," or traditional roast baby goat, in te nort, to te world famous Mole sauce wic comes from te province of Oaxaca in te sout (All About Mexico). Oter staples in Mexican cuisine include te…
"Mexico." International Religious Freedom Report, 2006. United States Department
of State. 28 March 2011. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2006/71467.htm .
..has failed to reduce, and in some cases has even exacerbated, the social ills plaguing children in Latin America, concluded a UNICEF-sponsored seminar which called for the urgent formulation of alternative models of development. The economic model predominant in the region and the process of globalization accompanying it today accentuates the poor distribution of income, poverty, and unequal access to social services and food security. Latin America is the region with the greatest disparity in terms of distribution of wealth." (Rodriguez, 1998, p.1)
It is reported by the Inter-American Institute of the Child that nearly 200 million children reside in Mexico and of these, nearly 15 million have no where to live but in the street and six million are stated to be malnourished with seventy percent of the 15 million street children stated to be girls who are victims of violence. There is a rise in violence among families…
Mexico (2009) Latin American Area Studies. University of Minnesota. Online available at:
Nesvig, MA (2007) Religious culture in modern Mexico. Rowman & Littlefield, 2007
Rodriguez, Reys (1998) Globalization Exacerbates Children's Social Ills. IPS 6 July 1998. Online available at: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/40/170.html
An estimated 275 "metric tons" of cocaine (a metric ton is 90% of a full ton, which is 2,240 pounds) arrive in Mexico each year, ready for transport into the U.S. -- and of those 275 metric tons the authorities average seizing about 36 metric tons. Doing the math quickly that indicates that about 239 metric tons of cocaine arrive in the U.S. annually, according to the GAO figures.
As for heroin and marijuana, the GAO's data shows that about 19 metric tons of heroin are produced in Mexico annually (only 1 metric ton is seized by the U.S. each year); and about 9,400 metric tons of marijuana are grown annually in Mexico, of which 2,900 metric tons are confiscated each year by U.S. law enforcement personnel (GAO). hen it comes to methamphetamine, the GAO says no accurate estimate as to the amounts manufactured in Mexico, but seizures at the…
Archibold, Randal C. "In Heartland Death, Traces of Heroin's Spread." The New York
Times. May 31, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Braun, Michael A. "DEA Congressional Testimony." 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2009,
Mexico U.S. Drug Trade Border
The challenges of an extremely volatile economy are significant in any culture or population but one of the starkest situations today is the extreme variation between the economies of Mexico and the United States, which shares a 3,000-mile long border. The variations of the economies are so extreme and poverty is such a challenge in Mexico that hundreds of thousands and possibly millions of people cross over from Mexico to the U.S., both legitimately and illegally to attempt to obtain income that is not available in Mexico, via legitimate employment. One of the most significant problems with this disparity is the fact the population of Mexico can and often does fall prey to one of the only ways to earn significant income, drug smuggling. The U.S. has an almost boundless demand for narcotics and Mexico's poverty and limited and strained infrastructure has an almost boundless…
"Beefing Up The Anti-Drug War." Global Agenda 7.(2007): 4. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.
"Border Battles: The Future Of Border Security Technology Along The U.S. - Mexican Border." Military Technology 34.11 (2010): 53-62. Academic Search Premier. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.
"The Cartel Problem." Economist 400.8748 (2011): 13. Academic Search Premier. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.
Cook, Dave "Officials tout record roundup of 'criminal aliens,' Obama immigration policy." Christian Science Monitor 02 Apr. 2012: N.PAG. Academic Search Premier. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.
Civil service needs to be reformed and civil servants better trained. Corruption in government and law enforcement agencies needs to be curtailed.
The future is not all bleak for Mexico. Leading economic indicators indicate that the economy is robust. Retail sales are increasing and inflation seems under control. The Peso is strong against the U.S. dollar. Recent free-market reforms have increased business confidence and foreign investment continues to pour in, particularly in the southern part of the country. The infrastructure has continued to improve with major efforts underway to repave the nation's roads. Overall, the outlook for Mexico appears positive, but much depends upon its willingness and resolve to tackle the difficult problems it faces.
usiness Week Online. 20 May 2005. http://www.businessweek.com/1998/51/b3609018.htm.
Prestowitz, Clyde. "As Accusations Fly, Poor Nations Suffer." The Washington Post. 8 June 2003. p. 2.
Delgado, Celeste Fraser and Tristram Korten. "NAFTA: Saint or Sinner? The…
Business Week Online. 20 May 2005. http://www.businessweek.com/1998/51/b3609018.htm .
Prestowitz, Clyde. "As Accusations Fly, Poor Nations Suffer." The Washington Post. 8 June 2003. p. B2.
Delgado, Celeste Fraser and Tristram Korten. "NAFTA: Saint or Sinner? The North America trade pact remains a battleground." Miami New Times. 13 November 2003. http://www.miaminewtimes.com/issues/2003-11-13/feature6.html .
Jette, Julie. "NAFTA at Ten: Did it Work?." Harvard Business School. 12 April 2004. http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item.jhtml?id=4056&t=outsourcing .
Macroeconomic Prospects for Investment
Mexico represents an ideal target for production expansion for many reasons. The country has both low unemployment and low inflation which provides a foundation of stability in the workforce. Furthermore, the free trade agreements such as NAFTA with the North American countries allows firms to import and export goods and services with relative ease compared to other countries without such agreements. However, at the same time there are also many challenges to be found in the Mexican business environment. For example, there is a lot of corruption in many companies and among many public officials. There are also many social issues that arise from high rates of inequality in the country as well a project labor shortage to meet future demand for labor. This analysis will provide a brief overview of the business opportunities that can be currently found in Mexico.
Jordan, J. (2000). How to Keep Growing "New Economies." Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, 1-4.
Rivlin, A. (2000, September 11). The Challenges of Affluence. (T. N. Economists, Interviewer)
The agricultural issue also speaks directly to the issue of immigration, both legal and illegal, that has also been a major and complex problem between Mexico and the United States since the two countries first became neighbors. In Making Globalization Work, Joseph Stiglitz agrees with the assessment of farm subsidies that Brown provides, noting its effect on individuals in developing countries, as well: "Farmers and developing countries saw their jobs being threatened by the highly subsidized corn and other crops from the United States" (Stiglitz, 2006). As jobs decrease in developing countries, the population turns to the nearest available source of employment and income, and in Mexico this has traditionally been the United States. Immigration controls, both in increased patrol and enforcement of borders and suggested legal restrictions on the number of immigrant laborers allowed into the country each season or year, have a been a major hot-button issue off…
If you were a eace Corps worker advising the government, what would your advice be?
Increase educational initiatives to the rural poor; increase investments in technology and infrastructure, and target national companies, rather than focusing on importing wealth. Birth control and educating women could decrease population growth, as the short-term benefits of increased population will not outweigh later social costs.
What are the prospects of an American company seeking to establish operations under that economic system?
American companies were regarded in a hostile fashion, given the past history between the two nations.
Mexico in the 1970's
What type of economic system is it? How does it operate?
Socialist-capitalist. Having relied heavily on oil for foreign-exchange earnings in the late 1970s, manufacturing quickly became the main source of export earnings.
How does the economic system relate to the political structure?
The RI remained in power.
How does it relate to the…
Politically, PRI was still dominant and there was still a great deal of hostility to U.S. economic dominance. Socially, however, there was a reversal during this period as women's attitudes about birth control began changing as women became more formally educated and entered the professional workforce. They began ignoring the government and the Roman Catholic hierarchy's advice and many women in the 1960s and early 1970s were buying contraceptives on the black market. As a result, the government's new offer of family planning services began satisfying a repressed demand, and Mexican families began changing dramatically. (Dillon, 1999)
What is the prognosis for the future?
In 1970, for every 100 Mexican workers there were 100 dependents, mostly children and a few retired people. The prognosis was uncertain, as much of the labor force was either elderly
Come with us and get the opportunity to have things work in accordance with your desires for once in your life. Stop encouraging them to take advantage of our weakness and accept the fact that you too can go against your oppressors! Stop agreeing to the belief regarding how your government controls you! You are responsible for your fate and for the fate of those close to you!
The fact that we have to fight our government does not mean that our main purpose is related to aggression. Its pressure makes it impossible for us to function normally, as the authorities are unwilling to allow us to exist as a body. It is very probable that they consider us a threat for the well-being of those in power of the country. They attempt to have people understand that we are actually the ones who want to harm you with the…
Finally, authorities in New York on the motion of a supposedly neutral society of pacifists had ordered the arrest of some pieces of machinery that the Mexican government moved to Mexico for the manufacture of munitions, which was not conceived that could be used but few months after bringing it to our country. (Pierce, p84-88) This act of the Yankee government, which tended to prevent the manufacture of munitions in the distant future, was another clear indication that their true purposes toward Mexico were not of peace, for while daily exported millions of dollars in weapons and ammunition for European war without the U.S. peace societies were moved by the spectacle of that war, the authorities of New York their willingness to endorse humanitarian purposes such societies when it was exported to Mexico for the manufacture of machine guns and park. (Beede, p117-28)
Mexico had the indisputable right,…
Boot, Max. The savage wars of peace: small wars and the rise of American power. Basic Books: 2003, p80-89.
Beede, Benjamin R. The War of 1898, and U.S. interventions, 1898-1934: an encyclopaedia. Taylor & Francis: 1994, p117-28.
Pierce, Frank C. A brief history of the lower Rio Grande valley. George Banta publishing company: 1917, p84-88.
Katz, Friedrich. The life and times of Pancho Villa. Stanford University Press: 1998, p23-29.
Mexico: eligion and Civilization From Ancient Times to Present
Mexico is a nation that is affluent in history, culture and tradition. Being the third biggest nation in Latin America, Mexico has more Spanish speakers compared to any other country in the globe. egardless of the social and political transformations that have taken place in the course of the centuries, proof of past cultures and events are perceptible everywhere in Mexico. For instance, a great deal of the nation's countryside expanses are still populated by indigenous individuals whose way of living is considerably akin to those of their lineages.[footnoteef:1]eligious beliefs have significantly influenced Mexico not only in the past, but also in the contemporary. The civilizations that Mexico experienced largely from the ancient period to the present have largely influenced religion in the nation and also the culture of the nation. The culture of the nation mirrors the intricate history as…
Mark, Joshua, J. Maya Civilization. Ancient History. Retrieved 27 June 2016 from: http://www.ancient.eu/Maya_Civilization/
Carmack, Robert M., Janine L. Gasco, and Gary H. Gossen, eds. The legacy of Mesoamerica: history and culture of a Native American civilization. Routledge, 2016.
Koch, Peter O. The Aztecs, the Conquistadors, and the Making of Mexican Culture. McFarland, 2005.
Brandes, Stanley. "The Day of the Dead, Halloween, and the quest for Mexican national identity." Journal of American Folklore (1998): 359-380.
Mexican Political System
Mexico has a unique and fascinating political life and a thriving democracy amid constant fears of powerful drug cartels and corrupt politics. It is a country with a rugged history, a rich culture, and an independent spirit separating it from other Central American and North American countries. Its relations with the United States, its biggest neighbor, have been difficult to say the least, ranging from war to friendship, depending on the time and the issue. The domestic political issues within Mexico have shaped the country more than any other aspect of Mexico's past since independence from Spain. Yet, the country has much to share with the world, and is still a productive trading partner around the world despite a struggling economy and a dangerous environment. Politically, Mexico has been in trouble for a century, but at least national politics has been cleaned up in the last twenty…
"Background Note: Mexico." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State. Web. 01 Mar. 2012. .
Hall, Mimi. USA Today. Gannett. Web. 01 Mar. 2012. .
Luhnow, David. "Presumption of Guilt." Wall Street Journal. 17 Oct. 2009. Web. .
"Mexican Ruling Party Picks Woman as Presidential Candidate." Fox News. FOX News Network, 06 Feb. 2012. Web. 01 Mar. 2012. .
211). Children who are adopted into these scenarios are far less likely to be involved in crime, and have a more well-rounded conception of gender identity.
The only reason why gay couples adopting children has become such a controversy is because of religion. ithout the conservative, xenophobic values of the Christian fundamentalists, there would likely be little resistance to the idea of gays adopting children. hat we are seeing in Mexico City is a reflection of the greater belief structure and systems of the Christian world being tested. Humans are evolving beyond the religious confines of society and culture and are now beginning to act in ways that are as yet unfamiliar to traditionalists. The only way through this current fight is to keep fighting, so that hopefully one day all people can be treated equally under U.S. And Mexican law, as guaranteed by both countries' legal structure. The power…
Lauer, Robert and Lauer, Jeanette. (2004). Social Problems and the Quality of Life. McGraw-Hill: New York, NY.
There have been protests all over the country, and there have been calls to boycott Arizona businesses and travel to Arizona. This article covers the Mexican government's response to the issue, in a sense telling residents not to travel to Arizona, or to make sure they have all their travel documents in order if they do.
I would probably react the same way as the Mexican government in response to this issue. Many people in Arizona are scared, as well they should be, and they are afraid the police will continually stop them because of their appearance. I think if I were a policy maker, I would attempt to find if the law was valid and constitutional, and I would protest it, as so many people are doing. I would fight for repeal of the law, and look for a better solution that would not blatantly target Hispanics. I understand…
Johnson, Kevin. "Mexico Issues Travel Alert over New Arizona Immigration Law." USA Today. 2010. 4 May 2010.
Sustaining Supply Chain Management
Acme MexicoCity Case Study
Acme Home Improvements, Inc. was founded in 1982 in aleigh, North Carolina, and has 125 stores, about 100,000 square feet each, along the U.S. East Coast from Florida to Maine. The stores major competitors include big box home improvement retailers such as Ace, Home Depot, Lowe's, and TruValue, all of which are already in Mexico. The company has decided that it is in their strategic best interest, for a variety of reasons, to establish itself in the Mexican market. The market entry mode will be through a joint-venture with local leadership present who can hopefully help the company converse the local environment and business culture. Though the company is a relatively late entrant in its relative to the other firms who have already establish Mexico.
There are five major product groups within each Acme store: plumbing and electrical supplies, building materials, hardware…
Amazon.com Inc. (2015, June 30). Hola, Mexico! Amazon Announces Expansion in Mexico, Launches Retail and Marketplace Offering, Providing Customers in Mexico the Largest Selection in the Country, Low Prices, a Secure Platform and Convenient Delivery. Retrieved from Business Wire: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20150630005773/en/Hola-Mexico!-Amazon-Announces-Expansion-Mexico-Launches
Cagliano, A., Marco, A., & Rafele, C. (2013). The Impact of Near Sourcing on Global Dynamic Supply Chains: A Case Study. Dynamics in Logistics, 489-498.
Martinez, D. (2013, March 26). Mexico Is a Top Destination for Doing Business and Shelter Company Programs Are Proving To Be a Worthwhile Approach Says Call Center Services. Retrieved from PR Web: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/3/prweb10559428.htm
Trefis Team. (2015, March 23). Wal-Mart Gets Cautious With Mexican Expansion Amid Weak Market Conditions. Retrieved from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com /sites/greatspeculations/2015/03/23/wal-mart-gets-cautious-with-mexican-expansion-amid-weak-market-conditions/#7819719f41b5
border control fiasco between the United States and Mexico is a direct extension of past policies and propaganda. Beginning with the Mexican-American War and the American victory at the Alamo, the relationship between the two countries has been strained. What used to be Mexican territory became the province of the United States, which used its worldview of manifest destiny to invite unfettered plundering and land settlements in what is now the West and Southwest. Crucial issues to consider when investigating the history of the U.S.-Mexican border include racism and white nativism, which contributed to the view of all non-white migrants as being undesirable members of the American populace. As Hernandez (2010) points out, the labor market and the dictates of emerging agro-business interests were also critical elements in the ways U.S. Border Control practices and policies evolved. Like Native Americans and African-Americans, Mexicans and Asians were targets of violence and…
Hernandez, K.L. (2010). Migra! A History of the U.S. Border Patrol. University of California Press.
Question #1 asks: hy would multinationals be interested in setting up operations in Mexico? Give two reasons.
The first reason that MNCs are interested in setting up operations in Mexico is that they want access to the Mexican labor supply. The Mexican workforce consists of highly trained segments that represent a significant monetary savings when compared to comparably skilled employees in industrialized nations. There are many other sources of labor in the world that offer a similar labor advantage such as China and India. However another advantage to the Mexican labor force is that production in this labor market will also provide companies open access and tariff savings in the U.S. And Canadian markets which are major international marketplaces.
Question #2 asks: ould cultural differences be a major stumbling block for U.S. MNCs doing business in Mexico? For European firms? For Japanese firms? Explain your answer.u
One obstacle for…
Lupina-Wenger, A., Schneider, S., & Dick, V. (2011). Different experiences of socio-cultural integration: a European merger in Mexico. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 24(1), 64-89.
Economic and Political Situation in Mexico
In recent years, the economic and political situation in Mexico has fallen under international scrutiny, and as a result, critics have analyzed the country's policies toward exchange rates, foreign trade, domestic monetary systems and foreign policy. Mexico currently operates under a free market economy that contains a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture, increasingly dominated by the private sector. Recent administrations have expanded competition in seaports, railroads, telecommunications, electricity generation, and airports (CIA, 2005). Trade with the United States and Canada has increased in the past decade, however, Mexico has many transnational problems that other countries do not face, such as those involving enormous population growth, outmoded infrastructure, prolonged drought, and the illicit cultivation and distribution of narcotics. All of these issues have been greatly affected by the past and current economic and political situation in Mexico. This paper will take…
CIA. (2005). The World Factbook: Mexico. Retrieved November 7, 2005, from http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/mx.html.
Leiken, R. (2001). With a Friend like Fox. Foreign Affairs, September/October.
Lustig, N. (1995). The Mexican Peso Crisis: the Foreseeable and the Surprise.
Senior Fellow Bookings Institution, June.
Tuna-Dolphin case between Mexico and U.S. started in 1990s when Mexican fishing fleets were blamed for causing more dolphin killings than the U.S. fishing fleets. The United States imposed a trade embargo on the tuna imported from Mexico which had a negative impact on the economy of the latter. Mexico filed its complaint through the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which is based in Geneva. The GATT Panel ruled against the U.S. law of blocking out imports just because it was dissatisfied with the production techniques of its supplier. U.S. law stated that it had to block out imports of countries that bought from those countries which used dolphin-unsafe fishing methods. In response to that, the EU filed a complaint against the U.S. A second GATT Panel was formed which again ruled against the United States on the grounds that a country could not impose trade embargoes on…
Country Note on National Fisheries Management Systems -- Mexico. Pdf file.
"Disputes Roundup: U.S. Proposes Tuna Solution in Mexico Spat; European Commission Outlines New Plans for Trade Defence Measures." Bridges Weekly Trade News Digest. Bridges Weekly, 18th April 2013. Web. November 28, 2013.
Bradsher, Keith. "Company News; U.S. Ban on Mexico Tuna Is Overruled." The New York Times. The New York Times, August 23, 1991. Web. November 28, 2013.
Destler, I.M. Making Foreign Economic Policy. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1980. Web.
Latin America is as such seeking to decrease its interregional dependence and develop more relationships with the better developed economies of the globe. It nevertheless remains sensitive to the international economic crisis and the debt crisis in the Euro-zone (Inter-American Development Bank, 2011).
As it has been previously mentioned, the Latin American countries are characterized by specific traits, which make it difficult to conduct integrated analyses. The same can be said about Mexico, where different traits are also observed. Based on these traits, Tecnologico de Menterrey has developed four specific models for regional development. The models, created based on strong theoretical background and adapted to the Mexican realities, refer to the following:
Model 1: Technology Parks for the high value employment to employ high numbers of non-research and non-scientific staffs, but specialized staffs for high-value activities
Model 2: Technology Parks for the attraction and development of business. These entities will…
(2011). Latin American registers strong export growth in 2011. Inter-American Development Bank. http://www.iadb.org/en/news/news-releases/2011-12-19/latin-american-export-growth-reaches-26-in-2011,9787.html accessed on October 1, 2012
(2011). Models of technology parks. Tecnologico de Monterrey. http://www.itesm.edu/wps/wcm/connect/ITESM/Tecnologico+de+Monterrey/English/Entrepreneurship/Technology+Parks+Network/Models+of+Technology+Parks / accessed on October 1, 2012
(2012). The world factbook -- Mexico. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov /library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
American tourism in Mexico provides a window into understanding U.S.-Mexico relations. By promoting tourism as a path to economic development, Mexico shows that it is still dependent on the U.S. This is the same U.S. that fought a war with Mexico, took land from Mexico (the southwest region of America), and still continues to treat Mexico with condescension (threats of building a wall, calling all immigrants rapists and murders, and knocking down the culture of Mexicans). Yet, Mexicans should think that relying on Americans for tourism is a good thing? Instead of relying on the tourism industry for economic development, Mexico should be developing its industries. After all, the development of industry is what helped America create a strong economy. As Berger and Wood note: “tourism as a modern social practice first gained popularity with the advent of the railroad and steamship” (Berger & Wood, 2010, p. 2). Without…
Atahuallpa was the ruler when the conquistadors arrived. The Spanish were under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro. There were a total of 168 Europeans in this group, and they challenged an empire of 6 million people. The Indians were puzzled by the importance Europeans placed on gold, but avarice was only one of the compulsions pressing the Spanish onward. The Inca empire was still relatively new in the early sixteenth century, and at the time of the arrival of the Europeans, it was undergoing a severe internal crisis, a civil war between two rival heirs for the chieftainship. This dissension facilitated the Spanish conquest. Pizarro negotiated with two factions at once and played them against one another. He captured Atahuallpa and ransomed him. The Spanish collected Atahuallpa's treasure, but they then refused to free him as promised. Instead, they tried him, charged him with usurpation, idolatry, polygamy, and other crimes,…
Coe, Michael D. And Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1994.
Coe, Michael D. The Maya. London: Thames and Hudson, 4th ed., 1987.
Davies, Nigel. Human Sacrifice. New York: William Morrow, 1981.
Hemming, John. The Conquest of the Incas. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1970.
Santa Anna Dictatorship
In his self-described revisionist biography Santa Anna of Mexico (2007), Will Fowler has courageously taken up the defense of the Mexico caudillo, fully aware that he is all but universally reviled in the historiography of the United States and Mexico. From the beginning, he made his intention clear to vindicate the reputation of a dictator whose "vilification has been so thorough and effective that the process of deconstructing the numerous lies that have been told and retold" is almost impossible.[footnoteRef:1] Timothy J. Henderson asserted that he had a great talent for exploiting and manipulating political divisions but none for governing a country. In U.S. history and popular culture, he has always been portrayed as a corrupt megalomaniac, the 'Napoleon of the West', responsible for the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad. As John Chasteen and James Wood put it, even his autobiography was an "extraordinary work of…
"The Alamo" in William Dirk Raat (ed). Mexico from Independence to Revolution, 1810-1910. University of Nebraska Press, 1982, pp. 84-90.
Borneman, Walter R. Polk: The Man Who Transformed the Presidency and America. NY: Random House, 2009.
Eisenhower, John S.D. So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846-1848. NY: Random House, 2000.
Fehrenbach Timothy R. Fire and Blood. De Capo Press, 1995.
60). Why did the Spaniards bring so many slaves into Mexico? Because many of the native Indians had suffered and died from many diseases brought over by the Spaniards (the Indians did not have resistance to those new diseases), there was a need for cheap labor, and the Black slaves served that purpose.
The slaves were sold in many areas of Mexico, but the author explains that the four main areas where slaves were shipped included: Mexico City (more than half of the slaves that arrived in Mexico were brought to Mexico City); Tlaxcala-Puebla; Michoacan; and Zacatecas (p. 60). The Spanish Crown realized that the Catholic Church's missionaries found slavery to be repugnant, and so the Crown seemed to go along with the Church. However, in what could only be termed deception and skullduggery, the Crown needed the money that slavery brought to the royal family, so the Crown subcontracted…
During the next stage, called La Suerte de Banderillas, three banderilleros attempt to stick a pair of darts into the attacking bull's back in order to further weaken it.
During the final stage, the matador enters the ring and leads the bull around the ring with a small red cape, all the while dodging and taunting the bull to show the spectators his power and courage. After this display of showmanship, the matador attempts to bring the bull to a strategic spot in the arena where he will deliver the "estocada," the killing sword thrust, into the bull's neck, and if properly done, the sword severs the aorta and the bull dies instantly. At this point the bullfight ends and trophies are awarded to the matador, depending on his bravery and skill.
Today, bullfighting is on the decline in Mexico. Leonardo Paez, one of La Jornada's bullfight critics, says, "You…
Lenchek, Shep. The Conquest of Fear - Latino Style. 2000
http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/bull.html accessed 12-07-2004
Haley, Allen. Beezley, William H., Judas at the Jockey Club and Other Episodes of Porfirian Mexico. University of Nebraska Press. 1987; Pp. http://www.proudcherokee.com/Judas.htm accessed 12-07-2004
Resendes, Raymond. Exhibition of a struggle between man and beast
evolutionary history of Mexico [...] revolutionary period/era in Mexican social development and describe the atmosphere of the period. The Mexican evolution was a period of great upheaval in the society and government of Mexico. It was an attempt to equalize class and social status and bring modernization to the country. However, ultimately the evolution failed, because Mexico remained as divided as ever after the evolution -- partly because the evolutionaries themselves could not work together and agree on just what reforms they wanted and needed. Most Mexicans still see the Mexican evolution as an almost "holy" occurrence in the country. That is why they usually capitalize the word when referring to the evolution. It did bring some reforms to the country, but not nearly enough.
The Mexican evolution began in 1910 with the initial idea of overthrowing President/dictator Porfirio Diaz. The poor people of Mexico resented the upper classes and…
Macewan, A. (1991, November). Banishing the Mexican revolution. Monthly review, 43, 16+.
Miller, Robert Ryal. Mexico: A history. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.
Werner, M.S. (Ed.). (1997). Encyclopedia of Mexico: History, society & culture (Vol. 2). Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.
P's Macondo low-Out: Gulf Mexico
The objective of this study is to describe the background setting, water depth. Type of rig, depth of reservoir and unusual characteristics of the P Operation in the Gulf of Mexico.
On April 22, it is reported that an explosion "ripped the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in Macondo Exploration Well/Canyon 252 lock 41 miles off the Louisiana coast. A fire raged for about 36 hours before a second blast sank the rig. The well's blowout preventer failed to activate, resulting in the largest oil leak in history." (Gulf, Oil, and Gas, 2011) The Macondo Exploration Well/Canyon 252 lock is located in the U.S. sector of the Gulf of Mexico, approximately 41 miles off the coast of Louisiana. The depth is approximately 5,000 feet and the well drilling depth is 18,000 feet (5,500 m) below the sea level. Reports state that the plans were that the…
Calkins, Laurel B (2012) BP Seeks Recovery of All Gulf Spill Costs From Halliburton. Bloomberg. 3 Jan 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-01-02/bp-seeks-recovery-of-at-least-20-billion-spill-damages-from-halliburton.html
Final Report on the Investigation of the Macondo Well Blowout (2011) Deepwater Horizon Group Study 1 Mar 2011. Retrieved from: http://ccrm.berkeley.edu/pdfs_papers/bea_pdfs/DHSGFinalReport-March2011-tag.pdf
Griggs, John Wyeth (2011) BP GULF OF MEXICO OIL SPILL. Energy Law Journal Vol. 32. Issue 37. Retrieved from: http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2011/ph240/mina1/docs/14_57_bp_gulf_of_mexico.pdf
Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico -- Special Report (2011) Gulf, Oil, and Gas. Retrieved from: http://www.gulfoilandgas.com/webpro1/projects/3dreport.asp?id=102868
Business in Mexico
Our company is considering outsourcing and selling products abroad, and I would like you to represent us. In specific, our country of choice is Mexico. In order to be successful there, whoever, and make an effective launch as well as hit the right people and best sell our products (never mind interest the locals to our company), it is important that we become acquainted with the Mexican social and business customs of the country as well as their etiquette in related manners.
This, therefore, is a summary of the research that I have done that should give us some rough knowledge of how to be in the various business and outside-business situations.
I was astonished to discover that sharp differences sometimes exist between American culture and Mexican culture and that this intrudes into business relationships and ways of conducting business that can quite possibly spell the differnce…
Rivera's work is divided into three panels. The right-hand mural was inspired by pre-Hispanic Mexico, and depicts the story of the Aztec god, Quetzalcoatl. It is interesting to note here that by putting the god's story into images, Rivers attempts to forge a Mexican national identity centered on its pre-Hispanic heroes. The middle panel is the largest in the Palace and depicts the horrors of the Conquest and the Mexican battle for Independence. The left-hand panel illustrates the artist's contemporary realities seen through the communist eyes of Rivera who depicts a sort of Marxist utopia. The significance of the building erected by the Spanish between 1521 and 1530 is very interesting. On the one hand, the Palace represents the conquering Spanish culture, but on the other hand, the Palacio Nacional is a very Mexican building, a mixture of Spanish and Aztec civilizations.
DeLange Audrey; DeLange George. "Travel and…
DeLange Audrey; DeLange George. "Travel and Tour Photos and Pictures, National Palace. http://www.delange.org/PresPalace/PresPalace.htm.
National Palace." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 07 Oct. 2008 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/405172/National-Palace .
Mexico City's National Palace. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/multimedia/5454 .
Mexico's Trade Strategy
Mexico has pursued a three-dimensional trade strategy perhaps more diligently than even the United States according to Schott (Studer & Wise, 2007). Mexico has been an active participant in multilateral talks since its GATT accession in 1986 and was the host country for the special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey and for the hemispheric trade talks in Puebla. Mexico is perhaps most famous as the instigator of NAFTA as well as many other FTAs with countries around the world including key industrial markets such as the European Union (EU, The European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and Japan. In addition, Mexico entered in FTAs with olivia, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, The G3 (Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela), Honduras, Israel and Nicaragua during the period January 1995 to June 2001 (Schott in Studer & Wise, 2007). It is important to emphasize that Mexico has many more FTAs…
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1988. Basel Convention. Retrieved from: http://www.basel.int/
Bown, C.P. (2009). U.S. -- China Trade Conflicts and the Future of the WTO. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 33 (1), winter/spring 2009, pp. 27-48.
Bown, C.P & McCulloch (2005). U.S. Trade Policy Toward China: Discrimination and its Implications.
China and Mercosur: Perpectives for Bilateral Trade (2007). China Programme 11 (7). International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development. Retrieved from: http://ictsd.org/i/news/bridges/3164/
Nevertheless, the heavy reliance on such debt led in some cases to severe difficulties, as illustrated by the Mexican tequila crisis of late 1994 and the Brazilian crisis of 2001. In Mexico the problem happened when investors became increasingly reluctant to roll over their short-term peso-denominated cetes and instead shifted their funds to short-term dollar-indexed tesobonos. This shift to dollar-indexed liabilities supplied a temporary respite for the government but the short-term nature of outstanding securities also meant that the transformation in the structure of debt towards tesobonos was extremely quick. The rapid withdrawal of foreign investment from the domestic market at the end of 1994 and the resulting sharp drop in the Mexican peso resulted in an explosive growth in the peso value of dollar-indexed government liabilities, thereby adding a fiscal dimension to the external crisis (Jeanneau and Tovar, n.d.).
The local government bond market has expanded rapidly in Mexico…
Dalla, Ismail and Hesse, Heiko. (2009). Rapidly growing local-currency bond markets offer a viable alternative funding source for emerging-market issuers. Retrieved April 9, 2010,
from Vox Web site: http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/4081
Jeanneau, Serge and Tovar, Camilo E. (n.d.). Financial stability implications of local currency bond markets: an overview of the risks. Retrieved April 9, 2010, from Web site:
Mexico" by Boye Lafayette De Mente. Specifically, it will discuss five words from the text and reflect on their meaning both literally and culturally. This is an interesting book that is much more than a dictionary. It tells the reader about Spanish words, but also what they mean in the Spanish culture, and why they are important.
The first word is "charros," which is the Mexican word for what Americans would call the "cowboy." Even before the Spanish arrived in Mexico, there were horses in Mexico and men who knew how to use them. The Spanish outlawed Mexicans from owning horses, but the Spanish could, and became expert horsemen who could perform numerous tricks and feats on horseback. These men became known as "charros," and they were brave, manly, and had manners. If they had lived in Europe, they would have been a brand of knight. Literally, they were men…
De Mente, Boye Lafayette. (1998). There's a Word for It in Mexico. New York: McGraw Hill.
Catholic Church in Mexico underscored both its conquest and its independence. Organizationally, the church prior to the liberation theology of the 20th century has always been more cogent than the Mexican government. The church has traditionally been amalgamated with conservative interests that include the military and wealthier landowners. The institution of tithing and the role of the church as a colonizer through its missions helped to make the church the most powerful pre-revolutionary institution in Mexico. Additionally, at a time before the existence of broad-based commercial lending, the church not only acted as the principal lender in the colony and early republic, but served as the nexus for all public activity in many smaller communities. However, the influence of the church was severely limited under liberalism. Although the iaz government returned to the Catholic church some of its former glory, the 1916 Constitution ultimately spelled an end to the church's…
Despite this relatively recent accommodation, the Church has not remained quiet on the issue of poverty. Historically, as the government failed to care for the people, the Church assumed greater responsibility and became more vocal in complaining about the government's shortcomings. Today the Church, which once strove mainly to preserve its own authority, has emerged as an outspoken opponent of the government. Yet aggressive Church actions were evident early in the century, both in opposition to the anti-clerical language of the 1917 constitution and in the violent Cristero rebellion of the 1920s. From 1926 to 1929 Mexico faced strong resistance by Catholics who opposed the anticlerical component of the Constitution of 1917 that regulated the affairs of the Catholic Church. After the emergence of liberation theology among Latin American Catholic priests in the 1970s, Mexican clerics became vocal in their condemnation of oppressive government policies. In 1991 clerical officials leveled a broad range of charges against the government including torture, abuse of prisoners, political persecution, corruption, and electoral fraud. These charges were repeated by Pope John Paul II in his 1999 visit when he called for an end to "violence, terrorism, and drug trafficking." The Church has been critical of the government by supporting the rebellion in the southern state of Chiapas. Tension between church and state emerged again as recently as 1994 when the government attempted to blame the Chiapas uprising on the language and actions of various clerics.
Traditionally regarded as a woman's issue, birth control has become a mainstream political issue since the 1970s. After all, through the combined effects of cultural expectations to raise large families and the Catholic Church's ban on birth control, the population grew dramatically. Women who chose not to have children resorted to crude abortions. In 1970, the year Luis Echeverr'a became the first Mexican president to call for a reduction in the nation's population, as many as 32,000 Mexican women died from abortion complications. Although discussions of population control have long been taboo by the Catholic Church, 1972 saw a reversal when Mexican clerics called for reduced family size. Thereafter government support enabled family planning clinics and educational programs to be developed. By 1988 the Mexican annual population growth rate was nearly halved, to 1.8%.
Women in Mexico have been pushing for significant changes within the political and social arenas, and they are slowly gaining access to previously male-dominated spheres. For example, they are now elected as state governors and as representatives in the Chamber of Deputies. Increasingly they are leaving bad marriages in spite of condemnation from the Church and hostility from their own families. Indeed, there is growing liberation from the traditional roles and expectations for women in Mexican society.
ACME Mexico City Analysis
Acme New Mexico
The author of this report is asked to conduct an analysis and issue a report for the ongoing operations of Acme New Mexico. First, there will be a focus on two data-collection techniques, those being sustainable supply chain management and decision support systems. The purpose of each technique chosen will be explained in addition to why each choice benefits the company. However, the limitations of each option will be explored and discussed as well. The costs and training of each technique will be mentioned. The problem, opportunity or challenge of Acme Mexico City will be mentioned as well as the roadblocks associated with achieving the necessary metrics and outcomes.
The reasoning behind the two techniques selected is not hard to decipher or justify. Sustainability is often dismissed a sham or unrealistic, even when it comes to supply chain topics. While petroleum…
AP. (1999, August 22). Hurricane Bret Nears Texas, Mexico. Los Angeles Times.
Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://articles.latimes.com/1999/aug/22/news/mn-2698
CareerBuilder. (2014, February 3). Greater Efficiency by Working Remotely.
CareerBuilder.com. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://www.careerbuilder.com/jobposter/small-business/article.aspx?articleid=ATL_0117TELECOMMUTE
Particularly, many democrats and republicans expressed their dismay about the fact that the ush administration did not notify or seek congressional input while the policy was being developed. However, as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, Roberta Jacobson, who actually drafted the 'Merida initiative' says, "Although it [Merida] was proposed by a Republican administration, it was passed by a Democratic [party-controlled] Congress." [Jim Fischer, 2009]
Some policy analysts from Mexico have expressed their concern that controlling drug trafficking in Mexico would be better achieved if the U.S. takes active measures to control the arms trafficking from across its borders into Mexico. Gen. Javier del Real Magallanes, who is in command of the northeastern states such as Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, and San Luis Potosi says, "If there are no weapons, there's no violence. These arms aren't from Mexico; they're from the other side." [Laura Starr, 2007]. Sharing…
1) Colleen W. Cook, Oct 2007, 'CRS Report for Congress: Mexico's Drug Cartels', retrieved Apr 22nd, 2010, from, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34215.pdf
2) Bernd Debussman, 'Latin America: Mexico Drug War Update', retrieved Apr 22nd 2010, from, http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/604/mexico_drug_war_update
3) Manuel Roig-Franzia, 'U.S. Guns Behind Cartel Killings In Mexico', retrieved Apr 22nd 2010, from, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/28/AR2007102801654.html
4) Inside USA, 'Mexico's Drug', retrieved Apr 22nd 2010, from, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hyDHNeJxazU
Mexican Economy: The resources that help the Mexican economy include petroleum (oil), silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, and timber (CIA orld Factbook). Mexico has a free market economy (into the trillions of dollars), featuring a mix of "modern and outmoded industry and agriculture," the CIA Factbook explains. Mexican leaders in recent years have expanded the country's airports, seaports, telecommunications, railroads, natural gas distributions and electrical generation, the CIA orld Factbook reports.
The per capita income for Mexico is only a third of the per capita income of the United States, and the GDP (purchasing power parity) is an estimated $1.675 trillion (based on 2011 figures). The country's "real growth rate" (as of 2011) is 3.8%. By sector, the GDP is: 3.9% from agriculture; 32.8% from industry; and 63.4% from services (including tourism), based on 2011 data. An estimated 47.77 million people are in the Mexican workforce and 13.7%…
Central Intelligence Agency. (2011). Mexico. Retrieved May 23, 2012, from https://www.cia.gov .
Flannery, Nathaniel Parish. (2011). Violence on Mexico's Northern Border Not Stopping
Wave of Investment in Country's Booming it Sector. Forbes. Retrieved May 22, 2012, from http://www.forbes.com .
Anthropological Exploration of the Zapatistas of Chiapas, Mexico
Zapatista Army of National Liberation coded EZLN is a Mexican organization. The organization takes its name from their leader, Emiliano Zapata. The organization has a formidable influence on the southern region of Mexico. It follows that this liberation movement was essential in fighting for the rights of poor Mexican farmers. The Army came into operation on the November 17, 1983. The leader of this organization, whose aspiration was to liberate farmers from their suffering, has a poetic style of referring to details. The organizations represent the rights of the people of Chiapas the poorest state in Mexico (Stahler-Sholk 48-63). The people of Chiapas suffered from lack of good healthcare facilities, lacked food, and their agricultural land taken.
The group has built social relations with other organizations. Peasant farmers' organization as well as the Catholic Church had an influence on the development of…
Cleaver, Harry. "The Zapatista Effect: The internet and the rise of an alternative political fabric."
Journal of international affairs, 50.2 (1998): 621-640. ProQuest. 12 Dec. 2013
Rus, Jan. Mayan Lives, Mayan Utopias: The Indigenous Peoples of Chiapas and the Zapatista
Rebellion. Lanham, MD [u.a.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. Print.
Wal-Mart, Mexico, and NAFTA
Was NAFTA the reason for Wal-Mart's success in Mexico or was it Wal-Mart's new competitive strategy? Wal-Mart's generic competitive strategy is clearly that of a 'low price' model in all nations where the retailer is located. It sells a seemingly infinite amount of goods and services in an undifferentiated fashion. The main reason that consumers go to Wal-Mart is because of its prices. Wal-Mart claims to offer one-stop shopping with the lowest prices a consumer can find in the area. Without offering such low prices, the store has little traction in the market, given that other retailers offer a more expansive product line of specific items, offer specific special deals, and offer greater prestige to the customer in terms of store name. NAFTA (The North American Free Trade Agreement) marked a watershed in Wal-Mart's relationship with Mexico. Today, Wal-Mart is the largest private employer in Mexico…
Zimbabwe did not sign the Kimberley Accords, an agreement used to introduce ethical mining practices to the diamond industry. Combined with his policy of land seizure, President Mugabe is using the nation's diamond supply to support his rule and hold onto his position of power within the nation, after decades of bloody rule.
Lieberman, Rachel. (2008, September 9). Majority stake in Williamson diamond mine acquired by Petra. Israeli Diamond News. Retrieved January 28, 2011 at http://www.israelidiamond.co.il/english/News.aspx?boneID=918&objID=4031
In Tanzania, one of the nation's largest diamond mines was acquired in 2008 by Petra, which is based in Jersey (United Kingdom). This adds Petra's global diamond portfolio. The exchange was for a cash interest of $10 million bestowed to the Tanzanian government, illustrating the willingness of the African nation to do business with corporations of former colonial powers of the region.
territory flow understand conflicts water mexico-U.S. border region
Across the borders throughout the world there have been numerous cases of disputes for different reasons, which vary from illegal immigrants to the use of natural resources that cross the borderlines. A situation is also at the American border with Mexico concerning the water resources available and their use.
The issues between the two countries are not necessarily a matter of conflict but rather one that needs constant monitoring and international regulations. The problem revolves around the sites that are shared by the two countries that are the aquifer region of the Colorado iver and the io Grande. In 1944 a Treaty was signed between the two countries that share the water potential available on the shared border and initially it was believed that such international law would solve the matter. Moreover, "The 1944 Treaty also provides each country one-half of all…
Vina, Stephen. "The United States -- Mexico Dispute over the Waters of the Lower Rio Grande River" CRS Report for Congress. 2005. Available online at http://www.policyarchive.org/handle/10207/bitstreams/4079.pdf
Wolf, Aaron T. And Joshua T. Newton. "Case Study of Transboundary Dispute Resolution: U.S./Mexico shared aquifers" Oregon State University. N.d. Available online at http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/research/case_studies/US_Mexico_Aquifer_New.htm
Wal Mart De Mexico
The implementation phase will propose a plan of action to be followed. The implementation is a complicated process, for several reasons, including () the complexity of the issue; (2) the fact that this is a corporate cultural problem and not just a marginal event; (3) that the company's top management was involved or at least condoned the actions and (4) that the company's image was so badly damaged. As a consequence, the implementation plan will take all these aspects into consideration and will directly address them
address the Mexico situation
The first action that needs to be undertaken is strictly related to the Mexico case. It is difficult for the company to state that it will change its corporate culture while still perpetrating wrongdoings by former executives. As a consequence, the company needs to undertake all reasonable action in order to ensure that the executives…
1. Walmart -- Statement of Ethics. On the Internet at http://cdn.walmartstores.com/statementofethics/pdf/U.S_SOE.pdf. Last retrieved on April 24, 2014
2. Kenny, Katherin, (2007). Code or Contract: Whether Wal-Mart's Code of Conduct Creates a Contractual Obligation Between Wal-Mart and the Employees of its Foreign Suppliers. Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Volume 27, Issue 2 Winter
3. Barstow, David, (2012). Vast Mexico Bribery Case Hushed Up by Wal-Mart After Top-Level Struggle. The New York Times.
Business Ethics: China and Mexico
This work in writing will discuss the business ethics in view of countries that are foreign to one another and specifically the countries of ussia and China and Mexico. This work will contrast and compare the business ethics of these two countries toward providing a contribution to the global ethical perspective. The work of Ma (2010) states that business ethics "refer to the moral principles or values that govern a group of people. These principles and values distinguish right from wrong, good from evil, and thereby guide individuals in their personal and professional decision making." As noted in the work entitled "European Business and Economics Ethics: Diagnosis -- Dialogue -- Debate: Is There a European Business and Economic Ethics Approach?" presented at the Berlin September 2007 states that the economic reality in Europe today is increasingly determined by pan-European and global forces that transcend the…
Iwan, Lee (2006) How to do business in Mexico. Lee Iwan Accumulated Experience. Retrieved from: http://leeiwan.wordpress.com/how-to-do-business-in-mexico-parts-1-28/
Iwan, Lee (2010) Corruption, Bribes, Mordidas, tips." Lee Iwan Accumulated Experiences. Retrieved from: http://leeiwan.wordpress.com/2006/11/07/corruption-bribes-mordidas-tips-doing-business-in-mexico/
Ma, Zhenzhong (2010) The SINS in Business Negotiations: Explore the cross-Cultural Differences in Business Ethics Between Canada and China. Journal of Business Ethics 2010. Retrieved from: http://sixdegreemarketing.com/marketing/work%20images/MY%20FILES/FIT/paper/ZZ%20-%20ones%20that%20I%20have%20used/social/Explore%20the%20Cross-Cultural%20Differences%20in%20Business%20Ethics%20Between%20Canada%20and%20China.Full%20Text%20Available.pdf
MacDonald, Chris (2010) Business Ethics in China. The Business Ethics Blog. 30 Aug 2010. Retrieved from: http://businessethicsblog.com/2010/08/30/business-ethics-in-china/
Working with the U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs to define future growth plans - This is also critical as more and more patients age and require specialized services. The NMVHCS needs to continue working with the Department of Veteran's Affairs to plan for and respond to the needs of the aging veteran's population.
As the NMVHCS is completely funded by the U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs, their financial needs are budgeted as part of that federal agency.
As the NMVHCS is underwritten by the U.S. Government and does not specifically compete with private healthcare, there are no other primary competitors in the region from a government perspective. There is however the competition for federal funds with other agencies throughout the region. In terms of healthcare however, the veterans in the region receive greatly reduced prices and have in some cases free medical care for their lifetimes,…
Presentation Lesson Plan on "Mexico from Early ecorded Time with Influence from Outside the Country"
"Mexico from Early ecorded Time with Influence from Outside the Country"
Mexico from Early ecorded Time with Influence from Outside the Country (from 16th century till 1940 and beyond)
Before troops from the Spanish Empire set foot on Mexican soil in 1519, indigenous Indian groups that had different trade and social systems occupied majority of the lands that now form Mexico. In general, relatively small indigenous tribes that were largely involved in the hunting and gathering of food occupied the northern arid parts of the country. These tribes, were called Chichimecs, collectively, even though they were different in several cultural and linguistic aspects. By 1100, much of the central and southern parts of the country was occupied by the Toltecs. The Toltecs had their capital at Tula and were also known for their…
Cary, Diana Serra. "Mexican War of Independence: Father Miguel Hidalgo's Revolt." Military hisyory. HistoryNet, October 12, 2000. Accessed June 8, 2016. http://www.historynet.com/mexican-war-of-independence-father-miguel-hidalgos-revolt.htm .
"History of Mexico - Mexico." HISTORY.com. Accessed June 8, 2016. http://www.history.com/topics/mexico/history-of-mexico .
"Mexico, A Brief History." Http://history-World.org/mexico.htm. Last modified 2007. Accessed June 8, 2016. http://history-world.org/mexico.htm.
Palfrey, Dale. H. "The Spanish Conquest (1519-1521)?: Mexico History." Mexconnect. Last modified August 29, 2007. Accessed June 8, 2016. http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/1538-the-spanish-conquest-1519-1521 .
This change in national politics has resulted in a much improved standard of living throughout Mexico and the growth of the middle class. The business climate inside Mexico is much improved and this trend should continue, however, the country is only a few years removed from being a totalitarian regime.
The illegal drug business remains a serious problem for the Mexican Government. It is a high priority for the Government as substantial portion of the national budget and military manpower is dedicated toward Mexico's war on drugs. This war often affects the operation of business within Mexico and must be considered (Gonzalez).
The taxing structure within Mexico is highly transitory (Stewart). The system is in a continual state of flux and anyone contemplating doing business in Mexico should be careful to be diligent and avail themselves of a qualified tax accountant well-versed in Mexican tax laws. The national government has…
DeMente, Boye Lafayette. Why Mexicans Think and Behave the Way They Do!: The Cultural Factors that Created the Character & Personality of the Mexican People. (2d Edition). Beverly Hills, CA: Phoenix Books, 2009.
Gilbreth, Chris. "Democratization in Mexico: The Zapatista Uprising and Civil Society." Latin American Perspectives (2001): 7-29.
Gonzalez, Francisco E. "Mexico's Drug Wars Get Brutal." Current History (2009): 72-76.
Nelson, Mexico Mike. Live Better South of the Border: Practical Advice for Living and Working (Live Better South of the Border in Mexico) 3rd Edition. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 2000.
It is important to note, from the onset, that there are many commercial benefits that our company could reap by expanding internationally. Thus, the expansion into Mexico is not only timely, but also well considered. However, in engaging in the said expansion, the company ought to be aware of the pertinent aspects of both the U.S. and Mexican law. It is with this in mind that this memo highlights the most likely compliance issues or concerns in as far as the various aspects of law and ethics specific to Mexico are concerned.
Pertinent Aspects of U.S. Law
There are a number of laws and certain legal provisions specific to our expansion into Mexico. Key amongst these include, but they are not limited to; USMCA (which replaced NAFTA a month ago), Customs and Border Protection (CBP) laws, and laws relating to engagement in corrupt practices and money laundering.…
Deloitte (2019). 1.0 Investment Climate. Retrieved from https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/cn/Documents/international-business-support/deloitte-cn-csg-a-guide-to-investing-in-mexico-2019-en-190428.pdf
Department of Justice (2020). Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/criminal-fraud/foreign-corrupt-practices-act
Gomez, O.D. (2018). Labour and Employment Compliance in Mexico. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer.
Graycar, A. (2020). Handbook on Corruption, Ethics and Integrity in Public Administration. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Human Rights Watch (2020). Mexico Events of 2019. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/mexico
Stuart, O. (2018). How Will the Shift from NAFTA to USMCA Affect the Auto Industry? Retrieved from https://www.industryweek.com/the-economy/article/22026500/how-will-the-shift-from-nafta-to-usmca-affect-the-auto-industry
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission – EEOC (2020). Employee Rights When Working for Multinational Employers. Retrieved from https://www.eeoc.gov/laws/guidance/employee-rights-when-working-multinational-employers
U.S. Department of State (2019). U.S. Relations with Mexico. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-mexico/
Resentment toward Hispanics grew constantly from their arrival in New Mexico. Amerindians in the present day are also reluctant to accept Hispanic customs and their traditions have not changed much in the last centuries (Silverberg, 1970, p. 70).
Politics is a domain rarely dealt with by Native Americans in New Mexico, mostly because of the discrimination they risk facing as a result of joining politics in an Anglo-dominant government and because they are aware they have limited chances to occupy a high position in the state administration. The Civil Rights Division has approached this condition and emphasized that the state Administration should not act inequitable toward Native Americans who want to engage in performing politics (CASES RAISING CLAIMS UNDER SECTION 2 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT). Mexican-Americans have a larger contribution to the New Mexico political scene, even with the fact that their authority is often oppressed by the government…
1. Blake, K. "Sacred and Secular Landscape Symbolism at Mount Taylor, New Mexico," Journal of the Southwest 41.4 (1999): 487.
2. Blanton, C.K. "George I. Sanchez, Ideology and Whiteness in the Making of the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement, 1930-1960," Journal of Southern History 72.3 (2006).
3. Gomez, L.E. "Race, Colonialism, and Criminal Law: Mexicans and the American Criminal Justice System in Territorial New Mexico," Law & Society Review 34.4 (2000).
4. Griesbach, D."Resilience as Resistance: Representing Hispanic New Mexico to the Federal Writers' Project in Lou Sage Batchen's Placitas Stories," MELUS 32.1 (2007)
Bringing Dick's Sporting Goods Into Mexico
Dick's Sporting Goods is a company that is specialized in the manufacture and sale of sports gear within America and other 45 states around the world. It was started in the year 1948 by one ex-soldier, ichard Stack. After the World War 2, ichard retired and started this company. In a short while, the company grew to countries beyond the United States of America. The company also increased the capacity of its production and expanded the market. In all instances, the expansion was done to areas that were in need of the sports regalia. With developments in new sports in the world, the company has been in the forefront diversifying their production. This way, the company has kept being accustomed to the situation in the market. The expansion has also spanned through the areas of technology to bring new products that are better than…
American Football Teams in Mexico. (2010). S.L.: General Books.
Browne, M., & Steane, P. (2011). Cases in Strategic Management. South Yarra, [Australia: Macmillan Education Australia.
Cateora, P. (2010). International Marketing (5th Ed.). Homewood, Ill.: R.D. Irwin.
Higgs, T. (2010). Strategic Analysis Of Dick's Sporting Goods, Inc. New York: Paperbag
Student please request a revision. I was waiting tohear back from you on answer to my questions. Will go ahead in next 20 minutes and finish paper as is. And send it to you then.
At present, although the United States and Mexico are embraced in an atmosphere of cooperation that is unprecedented, there are still potential areas of conflict that could chill relations between the two countries if they are not handled with great diplomacy. The tricky part here for President Bush, Mexican President Fox and other leaders is that these issues are more about perception than they are based on reality. The two major issues that come up the most are directly related to one another. These two issues, trade and immigration also touch on other politically sensitive issues which include environmental concerns, worker conditions, economic parity, political freedom, and governmental control.
ow, nearly nine years afters its…
New York, Hyperion Books. 1993
Staten, C.L. The Mexico/USA Border; The Gathering Storm. May 28, 1997. Chicago, IL.
November 11, 2002 http://www.emergency.com/mexusa97.htm
U.S. get Involved Militarily in Mexico's Drug ar
The United States has occupied a place unique among nations since the fall of the Soviet Union. Super power is a term that can only apply to one country due to economic, military and domestic strength. Although there are other countries, most notably China, that are gaining ground, there is no other country that can currently claim to be a super power. But, this does not mean that the U.S. can act with impunity whenever it wants to. This paper will discuss the current drug war in Mexico and why the U.S. should not intervene militarily because Mexico is a sovereign nation, of the possibility of an international backlash, there could be a drug spillover into the U.S., it could cause a great deal of U.S. deaths, and of the possible added cost of the war during a recession.
Bricker, Kristin. "Mexico's Drug War Death Toll: 8,463 and Counting." Narconews, 2008. Web.
Chacon, Justin Akers. "U.S. Intervention in Mexico will make Things Worse." The Progressive, 2011. Web.
Harnden, Toby. Barack Obama: 'Arrogant U.S. has been Dismissive' to Allies." The Telegraph, 2009. Web.
Kearney, Kevin. "Pentagon Warns of U.S. Military Intervention in Mexico's 'War on Drugs'." World Socialist Website, 2009). Web.
Narcotic Trade in Mexico
Mexico's War on Drugs: Legitimate Efforts, Ineffective Results
Advocates on the war on drugs claim that the Government of Mexico is well on its way to victory since Vicente Fox-Quesada assumed the presidency in December 2000. After taking office, President Fox launched a national assault against drug trafficking and organized crime, developed the 2001-2006 National Drug Control Plan, and made the trafficking of drugs to be a national security issue. Under the Fox Administration, Mexican authorities have arrested key members of the major cartels and have dramatically increased information sharing between the United States and Mexican Governments. However, a never ending supply and corruption fueled by enormous profits appear to be rendering the legitimate efforts of Fox ineffective. In fact, policies encouraged by the United Stated and executed by Fox may hold the potential for the future destabilization of Mexico.
During the stepped up efforts of…
Carpenter, Ted. "Is Mexico the Next Colombia?" 20 Mar. 2003. CATO Institute. 5 Sept. 2004. http://www.cato.org/dailys/03-20-02.html .
Country Profile for 2003." U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. 5 Sept. 2004. http://www.usdoj.gov/ dea/pubs/intel/03047/.
Ereli, Adam. "2003 Drug Cultivation Estimates for Mexico." 6 Apr. 2004. U.S. Department of State. 5 Sept. 2004. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2004/31185.htm .
Mexico Anti-Drug Force to be Scrapped." 17 Jan. 2003. BBC News. 5 Sept. 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/2670291.stm .
film La Otra Conquista captures the complexity of the process of colonialism, as even after he becomes known as Tomas, Topiltzin never loses his Aztec identity. The brutal use of force against the indigenous people of Mexico could not have alone erased the collective memories, dreams, and experiences of the people who survived. Historians have repeatedly pointed out the all-encompassing, major ways the colonial social systems and institutions transformed life for the indigenous people of Mesoamerica. Even the most "basic institutions" such as "family, marriage, and access to property," the issues that affect daily life as well as long-term survival of individual identity and community, would become "Europeanized."[footnoteef:1] Yet it would be impossible for Indian memory to completely end with the conquests. Collective memory is not so easily erased. Moreover, the indigenous people's customs, values, worldviews, and beliefs sometimes permeate and permanently alter those of the conquistadores. As La Otra…
Katz, Friedrich. "Rural Uprisings in Preconquest and Colonial Mexico." In Riot, Rebellion, and Revolution, Princeton University Press, 1988.
Medrano, Ethelia Ruiz. "Indigenous Negotiation to Preserve Land, History, Titles, and Maps: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries." In Mexico's Indigenous Communities. University Press of Colorado, 2010.
Villella, Peter B. "Pure and Noble Indians, Untainted by Inferior Idolatrous Races." Hispanic-American Historical Review 91, no. 4 (2011): 633-663.
economic advantages for the U.S., Mexico, and Canada of signing the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
The most obvious, direct impact of NAFTA upon the three signatory nations is the liberalization of international trade between them all. By doing away with tariffs and other prohibitive trade restrictions, consumers in all three nations can more easily purchase one another's goods at lower prices. Not only was the U.S. able to purchase less expensive goods from Mexico: Mexico likewise experienced an increase in international trade, foreign direct investment, and labor productivity (Iyer 11-12). Canada also saw increased labor productivity and a greater free flow of trade between the two nations but both Mexico and Canada lost jobs in their agricultural sectors while they gained jobs in their manufacturing sectors (Iyer 13). The theory of comparative advantage in trade suggests that when a nation does or makes what it can do 'best,'…
Iyer, L. "To trade or not to trade?" HBS Case Study. 17 Nov 2005.
ACME Mexico City (AMC).
The possible expansion of the ACME outlets into the city of Mexico has been seen as a perfect avenue to help the mother company reach its profitability targets as well as expand the brand name to international levels. This is the first branch that will be done in the Mexico region and hence needs a lot of proper planning and careful implementation of the project plan in the identified region.
The AMC project will involve the building of a structure that will house the ACME products and offices as well as the contraction of a two level parking lot for the numerous cars that are expected. There are various factors that need to be considered as below;
Being that ACME is planning to expand from the U.S.A. and into Mexico, there is a wide cultural difference between these two zones hence the possible cross…
FCB Worldwide Inc., (2016). Where we Are. Retrieved January 22, 2016 from http://www.fcb.com/where-we-are/locations
PWC, (2015). Radio Industry in Mexico. Retrieved January 22, 2016 from https://www.pwc.com/mx/es/knowledge-center/archivo/2015-03-kc-radio-industry-in-mexico.pdf
Art on the Mexico and US Border
How Art is Being Used for Social, Cultural, and Political Expression
The border between the United States and Mexico has been a focal point of a significant amounts of media attention in recent years. The newly elected US president has consistent stated his intentions to build a wall between the two countries in an overall effort to crack down on illegal immigration. In some of his acts as President, the newly elected Donald Trump has ordered increased immigration enforcement which has come in the way of mass deportations and cancelled visas from certain countries that have been associated with terrorism in the Middle East. He had previously announced that he would build a wall between the US and Mexico and even went as far as claiming that he would make Mexico pay for its construction; a contemptuous claim that has worked to polarize…
Brouillette, L., & Jennings, L. (2010). Helping Children Cross Cultural Boundaries in The Borderlands: Arts at Freese Elementary Creates Cultural Bridges. Journal for Learning through the Arts.
Brown, P. (2016, October 26). No Walls Here: Between Tijuana and San Diego, an Art Ethos Thrives. Retrieved from The New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/30/arts/design/between-tijuana-and-san-diego-an-art-ethos-thrives.html
Lee, R. (2012). Tijuana Dreaming: Life and Art at the Global Border. Canadian Journal Of Latin American & Caribbean Studies, 269-271.
Moctezuma, A. (2007). Strange New World: Art and Design from Tijuana. Artforum International, 257-258.
Environmental History of Sandia Mountains
The view from the top of Sandia Peak is breathtaking. Showing off some of Nature's finest work, the Tramway glides along the cable climbing the rugged Sandia Mountains presenting spectacular views of the io Grande Valley and nearby Sandia Crest. Even though you're just a few miles from Albuquerque, the 15 minute tram ride has taken you far away from the everyday world. As your eyes sweep across the mountain range, appreciating one geological feature after another, you're taken by the spirituality of the scene. You have discovered what every Pueblo Indian knows, that this is indeed a sacred space. At the same time, you understand too why obert Nordhaus was inspired to build the Sandia Peak Tramway to share this picturesque bounty with millions of tourists. For Sandia Mountains, past and present, is a place where residents and tourists, Native Americans and…
Benedict, Cynthia. 2009. Contemporary American Indian uses and tribal consultation, U.S. Forest Service, http://www.fs.fed.us/outernet/r3/cibola/projects/nepa_reports/hondo/tribal_uses_specialist_report.pdf (accessed March 22, 2012).
Hawkinson, Bruce. 2011. History A brief, unresearched history of the Sandia Park Scenic Byway neighborhood. Sandia Park Scenic Byway Neighborhood Association, http://www.sandia-park.com/History_and_Maps.html (accessed March 22, 2012).
Indian Pueblo Cultural Center. 2007. Sandia Pueblo, http://www.indianpueblo.org/19pueblos/sandia.html (accessed March 22, 2012).
New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. 2012. Sandia Pueblo, http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1220 (accessed March 22, 2012).
Contextualizing Old World Mexico
There are numerous ways that one can explicate the fanatical attachment of the tomochitecos to Teresa Urrea. Nonetheless, characterizing that attachment as fanatical is not quite accurate. When one considers all of the logical reasons why these people revered this woman, that affinity they expressed towards and about her becomes much less fanatical, and simply another manifestation of popular religiosity in Mexico. Granted, there is a fine line between these sentiments. Still, the tomochitecos' regard for Urrea encompassed the latter, and not the former, because she had a strong political influence that was rooted in religion and healing.
Ultimately, it was the practicality of the attachment the tomochitecos had to Urrea that underscores the fact that it was not fanatical in nature. Were this people's valuation of Urrea merely based on her religious influence, the devotion that they had for her might righteously have been fanatic.…
Joseph, Gilbert M., and Henderson, Timothy J. The Mexico Reader. North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002.
Vanderwood, Paul. The Power of God Against the Guns of Government: Religious Upheaval in Mexico at the Turn of the Nineteenth Century. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.