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Another reporter notes, "Still, others caution that the strains could soon become too heavy to bear for some troops and their families" (Bender). This could lead to disastrous results. A service member worried about his long-term absence from his family, or suffering pressure from that family about his length of service, could become preoccupied and inattentive, leading to disastrous consequences. He or she could miss an important sign or bit of evidence, and end up being killed or injured due to their preoccupation. They could also suffer from fatigue and depression, which could also lead to their injury. They could suffer from "burn out" and simply quit caring about their job or their survival, and that could lead to disaster, as well.
In addition, the families at home are suffering years or more away from the ones they love. In the case of families, they are essentially single-family households, struggling…
Barnes, Julian E. "Soldiers in for Extended Tour of Duty." Los Angeles Times. 2006. 10 May 2008. http://bethink.org/upload/LATmExtndTr.pdf
Bender, Brian. "Concern Voiced on Multiple Tours of Duty." Boston Globe. 2005. 10 May 2008. http://www.boston.com/news/world/middleeast/articles/2005/11/11/concern_voiced_on_multiple_tours_of_duty/?page=1
Graham believes strongly that the United States military needs can be met through volunteer efforts (Heilprin, 2006).
I think we can do this with an all-voluntary service, all-voluntary Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and Navy. And if we can't, then we'll look for some other option," said Graham, who is assigned as a reserve judge to the Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals (Heilprin, 2006).
angel counters that argument with his belief the nation is stretched to thin with its current overseas military obligations. His bill does not require everyone to serve in the war, but asks that every young person commit two years of his or her life to service in the military whether that service was in the trenches, hospitals or schools.
Graham said he believes the all-voluntary military "represents the country pretty well in terms of ethnic makeup, economic background (Heilprin, 2006)."
Why it is a Bad…
Dunbar, Liz (2002) International students reflect on mandatory military service
____(2001)France ends mandatory military service.
United Press International
Conscription in the United States (Accessed 4-20-07)
The Vietnam experience illustrated that, as well as the need for more fair methods of defining exemptions and assigning stateside military duties in times of foreign wars.
It is rather well-known that 18 is a comparatively dangerous age, primarily because, with the exception of consuming alcohol and tobacco products, it marks a period of youth where one enjoys all the legal rights of adulthood in the U.S. despite the fact that most psychologists and adolescent behaviorists consider this chronological an "intermediate" period between childhood and true adulthood. This conclusion reflects the common observation that for most individuals, social and interpersonal judgment and skill both remain relatively undeveloped until the mid twenties.
Generally, the age of 18 marks a psychological period characterized by relative immaturity, particularly in complex thought processes involving behavioral choices and their consequences. This is precisely the reason that automobile insurance rates are highest for drivers under the…
Nations cannot be secure unless they are defended. While civic duty and virtue might compel citizens to want to provide voluntary military service for the good of their country, civic duty may at times need to be compelled through compulsory service. As Simon and Lovrich (2009) point out, the War on Terrorism has propelled the nation into a new environment in which security and defense are top priorities. In such times, a country cannot depend upon the hope that citizens will volunteer their time in military service in defense of the country. It becomes imperative at such moments for mandatory military service to be enacted so that the nation can be sure of being prepared at all times to oppose its enemies and maintain its security. This paper will show why mandatory military service for all able bodied citizens is an idea that should be supported in the present climate.…
Technology in Higher Education
Technology is crucial in higher education because every aspect in education, technology should be incorporated. Technology enables collaboration between students and even lecturers when they are in different geographical areas. For example, when studying online, students can be given instructions and materials that will enable them to study in their workplaces. In the case of the military, the student can access all the materials and instructions from the lecturer and other students using the technological techniques. he/she does not need to move from workplace to the college to get the materials. Technology has made higher education to be convenient as compared to earlier days where the student was necessary to be in class. In the early days, someone working in different places was difficult for him/her to advance in education. he/she would either decide to resign and continue studying or keep working without advancing in education…
Arfield, J. & Wade, W. (2013). Flexible learning in higher education. Routledge.
The colonists' most revered military institution was the militia, a model inherited from their forebears in England. The philosophical underpinnings of the militia model are easy to understand: "fear of a standing army," (Millet and Maslowski 1). A standing army can turn against its people, staging what now would be called military coups one after the other. During and especially after Independence, the validity, effectiveness, efficiency, and relevance of the militia model was called into question. This is why the United States Constitution eventually included the provisions for federalized systems of national security. Naturally, the existence of a standing army to "provide for the common defense" would be required. Independence required an organized military strategy against a powerful Empire; to protect the new nation, it was certain that the military would be necessary to preserve all that hard work. The Constitution therefore enabled the creation and maintenance of standing…
Boot, Max. "The New American Way of War." Foreign Affairs. 2003.
Jay, John. "The Federalist 2." Independent Journal. Oct 31, 1787.
Madison, James. "Federalist 41." Independent Journal. Jan 19, 1788.
Millet, Allen R. And Maslowski, Peter. For the Common Defense. Free Press, 1994.
Likewise, according to Anderson (2004), "War, if good for anything, is great for business. It means more than just the production of weapons and equipment -- sometimes faulty and overpriced. It promises billions in government revenues for increasingly privatized military training, recruiting, laundry and even KP services" (p. 155). These privatized military services all provided courtesy of the friendly folks at Kellogg, Brown & oot - and all at a hefty profit, of course. To be fair, though, the vice president is not the only one involved in this unholy conspiracy to bilk the American taxpayer while bleeding the armed forces dry. In this regard, Achcar (2004) emphasizes that the president is also implicated by virtue of his close ties with the oil and gas industry and the enormous political contributions they have provided to support his administration's prosecution of the war in Iraq. "Besides his own personal and family…
Achcar, G. (2004, February). U.S. imperial strategy in the Middle East. Monthly Review, 55(9), 23.
Anderson, R. (2004). Home front: The government's war on soldiers. Atlanta: Clarity Press.
Cobe, C. (2004, July 4). Fence post. Daily Herald, 17.
Goodman, a., & Goodman, D. (2004). The exception to the rulers: Exposing America's war profiteers, the media that love them and the crackdown on our rights. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.
That is why I became Treasurer of the ives Club, out of gratefulness for this extended family. I know many people of my generation struggle to find 'who they are' but the structure of the military offers a potent and compelling answer to that question. To serve means always to be at home amongst people who understand exactly what you are going through: "Home is the place where, when you have to go there, they have to take you in" (Frost 118-119).
Being in the military does not mean, contrary to conventional wisdom, that one must obey an unthinking policy of 'my country right or wrong.' The men and women in the military must obey because soldiers cannot afford to question every order and live, however, this does not make them unthinking automatons -- far from it. In fact, soldiers think more about the great questions of life and death,…
Frost, R. (2009). The death of the hired man. In G. Perkins, & B. Perkins (Eds.), The
American Tradition in Literature (12 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 888-891). New York City:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Iyer, P. (2000). The empire. In The global soul: Jet lag, shopping malls, and the search for home. (pp. 234-265). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
The definition for "subversives" is a bit vague, but Fagen explains that in Argentina and elsewhere in Latin American dictatorships the victims of violent repression tended to be union leaders, liberal political leaders, artistic people in cultural circles, student protest leaders and media personalities (p. 41). The whole point of these horrendous repressive policies was to inspire fear, confusion and "distrust" among the general population. For those who believe the United States' military always stands on the side of democratic movements it may come as something of a shock that the U.S. funded and trained many military outfits during the time of dictators in Latin America.
"An entire generation of Latin American military officers and police were armed, trained, and 'professionalized'" by American police and military leaders (Fagen, 1992, p. 43). Fagen says the repression in Argentina was, in part, designed to "Purge ideological infection"; Argentine present General Jorge Rafael…
Fagen, Patricia Weiss. "Repression and State Security." Fear at the Edge: State Terror and Resistance in Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Hunter, Wendy. "Continuity or Change? Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Argentina,
Chile, and Peru." Political Science Quarterly 112.3 (1997): 453-475.
Remmer, Karen L. Military Rule in Latin America. University of Texas: Unwin Hyman, 1989.
Military Aircraft and Their Effect on Commercial Aviation
Civil aviation deals with the organization and use of aircraft as a means of commercial transportation. The principal interest is the use of aircraft on scheduled and chartered flights to carry passengers and cargo, but the subject also covers the use of aircraft for pleasure, business, and medical services. ecause of the international character of civil aviation, governments play a major role in its conduct and regulation, through both national legislation and international agreements. This governmental influence was a major factor in commercial airline operation until the early 1980s, when the U.S. domestic market was deregulated. The result was a massive increase in competition, which led in turn to a reorganization of the airlines into larger groupings. It seems likely that this process will continue in the international market, which will lead to an increase in air travel, and increased pressure on…
(1963)Aeroflot, Flight International, Vol. 84, No. 2856, December 5,
Harrison (2000)Mastering the sky: a history of aviation from ancient times to the present.
Shulman, S (2003).Unlocking the Sky: Glenn Hammond Curtiss and the Race to Invent the Airplane
Taylor, J & Munson, K (1973)History of aviation
In addition, the Marines have a much smaller force than the army.
On the other hand, the army cannot be as selective as the marines because it needs to maintain a much higher number of troops. The article explains that the army "needs 80,000 new soldiers this year and must find them in a populace that is in many ways less willing and less able to serve than earlier generations were (Mockenhaupt, 2007, pg.86)." The article explains that teenagers and young adults are overweight and less fit than any previous generation. In addition, this generation of young Americans eats more unhealthy foods, watches more television, and engages in less physical activity than previous generations. The article further asserts that this generation is "more individualistic and less inclined to join the military. And with the unemployment rate hovering near historic lows, they have other choices (Mockenhaupt, 2007, pg.86)."
Overall it is…
Anderson, P.M., & Butcher, K.F. (2006). Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes. The Future of Children, 16(1), 19+.
Body Mass Index. http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/
Belkin D. (February 20, 2006) Struggling for recruits, Army relaxes its rules: Fitness, education, age criteria change. The Boston Globe Retrieved March 16, 2008 from; http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2006/02/20/struggling_for_recruits_army_relaxes_its_rules/?page=1
Daniels, S.R. (2006). The Consequences of Childhood Overweight and Obesity. The Future of Children, 16(1), 47+.
Military personnel must achieve and maintain the best physical conditioning of they are reasonably able to reach for the duration of their enlistment as a fundamental obligation of being fit for duty. Smoking makes that impossible. Likewise, the American taxpayer has a justifiable interest in reducing the costs of fielding a military by eliminating unnecessary costs. Smoking invariably adds to the already substantial costs of providing medical care to armed services personnel, both during their active service as well as throughout their lives afterwards to the extent they rely on veteran's services for medical care.
Military personnel already understand that the privilege and benefits associated with military service entail various restrictions on rights enjoyed by civilians. In this case, military justice must catch up to the manner in which civilian society has already incorporated the understanding of the risks of smoking into American life.
Dershowitz, Alan. (2002). Shouting Fire:…
Dershowitz, Alan. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
O'Neill, Xana and Lite, Jordan. "Real Estate Companies Making it Tougher for Smokers
in Their Homes" The New York Daily News, March 30, 2008. Retrieved February
Military Bearing to the Mission Readiness and Camaraderie
The Military culture is extensively wide-ranging, but distinctive amongst them (Branches). This is for the reason that its affiliate are drawn from across the citizens as well as resident aliens from other countries and it's as diverse as every personality, except attached together with core principles as well as customs inherited from generation to generation of Military. In almost every military setting, the official as well as unofficial customs of the Military Corps serve up to strengthen camaraderie as well as set the service separately from others. The solders clinching of its loaded traditions as well as accounts are quoted as grounds for its elevated esprit de corps. For this reason, this paper is going to give a brief definition of the words Military Bearing and camaraderie and goes further to highlight the effect of military bearing to the mission readiness as…
Sports-elated Military ecruiting Initiatives Today
armed forces have traditionally had a lot to offer for new entrants into the job market, but in recent months, these benefits have increasingly been insufficient to sell the idea of military service to young people during a time of war. In response to this shortfall in recruiting levels, military recruiters have resorted to a number of alternative approaches to marketing military service as a viable option to qualified candidates. To determine the current initiatives being used by military recruiters today, this paper will provide a review of the military's use of sports, specifically racing such as NASCA and NHA for recruiting purposes. An examination of the effectiveness, associated costs, and the history of these sports-related initiatives will be followed by a summary of the research and an assessment of current and future trends in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview.
Air Force Sports program. (2005). Official Site of the U.S. Air Force Sports Program.
Retrieved July 16, 2005 from http://usmilitary.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?
zi=1/XJ& sdn=usmilitary& zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usafsports.com%2F.
About Us. (2005). The National Association for Stock Car Racing. Retrieved July 16, 2005
First of all only a scant few of these Veterans groups will acknowledge the "promise" of free health care; for the most part these groups will tout the benefits already promised by the Veterans Administration and assert that cuts in these benefits are the same a broken promise-or contractual breach in legal terms. The idea of the United States military making a "promise" or forging a legally binding agreement between individual veterans or groups of veterans is barred by the United States Constitution. As will be demonstrated in the Literature eview, specific Constitutional language from Article I give Congress and only Congress the express authority to make laws and regulations pertaining to the armed forces. Therefore, the idea the military breached a contract with service members is, ultimately, inherently inaccurate. Combining the lack of specific language within the materials provided by any governmental agency with the clear language of the…
.... (n.d.). The RETIRED MILITARY ADVOCATE. The RETIRED MILITARY ADVOCATE. Retrieved November 29, 2010, from http://mrgrg-ms.org/
Best, R. (2003, August 7). Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers. Congressional Research Service, 1, 1-17.
Birkey, a. (2010, July 21). Fraudulent vets charity raised big money in Minnesota. The Minnesota Independent, p. 3.
Burrelli, D. (2008, August 12). Military Health Care: The Issue of Promised Benefits. Congressional Research Service, 1, 1-14.
military experience relates to HR concepts
Most of the organizations that adopt a classic approach in their management tend to follow a comprehensible, coherent, planned and premeditated strategy in their running. This is the case of a Military camp. Most of the lessons and trainings involved illustrate a close link with Human Resource concepts. This is in terms of employment skills, leadership qualities and the connection between power and politics. Having worked in a military camp for a couple of years, I can strongly link my military experience with the Hr concepts. In terms of Leadership and followership, the military has played a larger role in improving my leadership skills, since; currently I have confidence in making crucial decisions and offering potential solutions (Armstrong, 2008, P.11)
Furthermore, through motivation and engagement, I experience a new personality in my career path and I am capable of improving my relation with others…
Billsberry, J. (Ed.) (2008) Discovering Leadership. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Boxall, P. & Purcell, J. (2011) Strategy and Human Resource Management (3rd ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Jackson, B. & Parry, K. (2011) a Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book about Studying Leadership (2nd ed.)London: Sage.
Berrone, P. & Gomez-Mejia, L.R. (2009) the pros and cons of rewarding social responsibility at the top. Human Resource Management, 48(6), 959-971.
His impetuous style however drove him in a series of aviation accidents that often caused the concern of his close ones. In this sense, he experienced three close calls from having a plane crash, once during practice run in Texas, the second time because of flying too low in Spain, and the third one in Virginia. Although these experiences point out a sense of carelessness, they are also relevant for a courageous and free spirit.
There are certain moments that are defining for establishing the true nature of one's character. Often these moments come at a time of great need and suffering and underline the best qualities in an individual. The early adulthood of John McCain was deeply marked by the war in Vietnam, as that of many young people in the 1970s America. Due to his abilities as a good aviator, he became involved in the war, motivated by…
Keepandshare. John McCain biography. 2007. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.keepandshare.com/doc/view.php?u=63650
McCain. Ready from day one. 2008. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.johnmccain.com/About/
McCain, John. Why Courage Matters? New York: Random House, 2004.
McCain, John, Character is Destiny. New York: Random House, 2005.
Archives are a great way to research topics of interest pertaining to historical events and people of interest from the past. Depending on how extensive the archives are, they can truly help any aspiring researcher or historian to discover a new angle or new story within the countless archives and microfiches. Some archives do not possess variety. Some do. Some even have excellent and varied online access. The site used for this assignment is the Civil War Archives: http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/.
These archivers belong to a much larger grouping of archives concerning American history. They have many online links and online information easily in view. The website itself is easy to navigate for the user. Everything has references so research can pinpoint where the information originated.
The documents come from a series of areas such as the Union and Confederate army. Archives from this topic of interest come from Lee D. Bacon's…
Archives.gov,. (2015). Civil War Records. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/resources.html#where
Military life and civilian life differ in key ways, and these differences affect families in particular. Since September 11, there have been higher rates of deployment and a correspondingly increased rate of family stress and domestic abuse. Deployment and the stressors associated therewith are especially important to understand. A review of literature shows that PTSD and other problems are linked to increased rates of abuse among military families. esearch also shows that abuse can be prevented, whether or not PTSD exists. The ways to prevent abuse include developing resilience. esilience includes a range of coping mechanisms that help parents be more able to deal with change and uncertainty. Parents can then pass on these traits to their children. Developing a strong social network has been proven especially helpful in both military and civilian families. Both civilian and military parents benefit from the development of resilience, coping skills, and…
Bursch, B. & Lester, P. (2011). The long war comes home: mitigating risk and promoting resilience in military children and families. Psychiatric Times 28.7 (July 2011): p26.
Chandra, A. & London, A.S. (2013). Unlocking insights about military children and families.
"Help Your Family Face Challenges Successfully," (2014). MilitaryOneSource. 22 Feb, 2014.
Masten, A.S. (2013). Afterword: what we can learn from military children and famliies. The Future of Children 23(2): Fall 2013.
Fearfulness of non-state actors remains salient, but what is particularly interesting is the way ussia and China are singled out as nations with whom the United States is not currently engaged in war with but which nevertheless present peculiar threats. The Department of Defense's National Defense Strategy notes that China's blossoming wealth has also enabled the proliferation of its military, which threatens peace in the Straits of Taiwan and potentially beyond. ussia presents its own realm of problems, especially in light of the failure of democracy to take root there.
The supremacy of the United States as a global military power is an underlying message in these strategy papers, which are written as much to motivate and inspire as to guide policy. isk management is addressed within a characteristically confident framework, reflecting the overall ambition of America's military strategies. Commitments to far-reaching objectives in Iraq and Afghanistan are toughed upon,…
Department of Defense (2010). Quadrennial defense review report.
Department of Defense (2008). National defense strategy.
"The National Military Strategy of the United States of America." (2011).
"National Security Strategy." (2010).
In arguing against reinstating the military draft in the United States, several things come immediately to mind. First among those, for anyone who has learned anything at all about the Vietnam ar, is that the draft can be devastating to society, causing upheaval at home as well as the return of bright, strong young men in body bags. David Halberstam, a journalist of considerable experience, wrote a book, The Best and the Brightest, about the sacrifice of these young Americans for precious little, if any, gain to this country or any other.
Moreover, that war lasted for years, ending in horrific scenes of people running through the streets of Saigon trying to leave any way they could. In the end, there was a Communist takeover despite the loss of all those young Americans.
In an article called "Thinking About the Draft," illiam Galston wrote:
In the wake of…
Galston, William A. 2004. Thinking about the Draft. Public Interest, Wntr, 6ff. http://www.questia.com/ .
Swomley, John. 2004. The Return of the Draft? The Humanist, July/August, 14ff.
Military Recruitment Issues and Concerns
Time is a valuable commodity that is always a factor in recruitment operations. In addition to regularly visiting (in my case) twenty-two high schools and two junior colleges, a recruiter must also factor in the time necessary to meet with the family of each future soldier. In many instances, each recruit can represent a full eight-hour commitment on the recruiter's part required to travel to his home, pick him up, and escort him to the office to take a Military Entrance Processing System (MEPS) practice test. That process also includes scheduling time to complete the physical fitness, psychological, and ABVAST exams for each recruit.
Subsequently, each recruit represents additional time necessary to conduct a thorough background check and to verify all of the information provided by the recruit. In many cases, recruits have issues in their past that do not necessarily preclude their serving their…
Despite the high operational tempo though of the U.S. military, it is still an organization that undergoes constant transformation in not only to meet the various missions thereof but in keeping with the changing times. The changes that the American defense forces are contained in policy changes that originate with the National Command Authority and executed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff down the chain of command. Of late, two policies will pave the way for major paradigm shifts in the very fabric of the U.S. military. These policy changes are the repeal of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy banning acknowledgement of gays in the service and the gradual pull-out of troops in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Late in July 2011, President Obama along with Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral ichael ullen signed the certification for the implementation of the…
For the last few years following the 9-11 terrorist attacks on the American homeland, the United States military has been overstretched with two major wars involved in (Iraq and Afghanistan) and several other missions ranging from low-intensity conflicts, humanitarian efforts to continuous training and exercises on its own or with allies and partners across the globe. As the only remaining superpower and acknowledged "police" or the world, the United States uses its military to project its might and ensure that intransigent nations or entities are made to abide by international laws. Despite the high operational tempo though of the U.S. military, it is still an organization that undergoes constant transformation in not only to meet the various missions thereof but in keeping with the changing times. The changes that the American defense forces are contained in policy changes that originate with the National Command Authority and executed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff down the chain of command. Of late, two policies will pave the way for major paradigm shifts in the very fabric of the U.S. military. These policy changes are the repeal of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy banning acknowledgement of gays in the service and the gradual pull-out of troops in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Late in July 2011, President Obama along with Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Michael Mullen signed the certification for the implementation of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT) Repeal Act of 2010. The final paragraph of the document states that "the Act is consistent with standards of military readiness, military effectiveness, unit cohesion, and recruiting and retention of the Armed Forces (DADT Repeal Act of 2010)." The policy or law prior to its development has faced several hurdles especially from those who are bent on not allowing gays and lesbians in the U.S. Armed Forces. At the end of it all, what prevailed is the rationale and logical decision that fighting for one's country is not dependent on one's gender or sexual orientation but the desire to be of service without any reservations whatsoever. Although there are still several days
He goes on to insist that "professional military education alone is not sufficient" to develop a real NCO leader. The ability to make decisions in a split second, the ability to make the best use of technologies, and the ability to train others, to be able to evaluate the men around you -- these are the components of leadership that Maxwell emphasizes. I like the fact that Maxwell emphasizes versatility, creativity and good coordination skills for the NCO, because today's Army is isn't just about giving orders and expecting everything and every soldier to follow without question. It's about leadership, and yes a civilian education is important, and military training is pivotal to success; but, Maxwell concludes, the NCO must also be able to "apply new, innovative techniques to lead and influence soldiers." That includes encouraging those in the NCO's unit to use the Internet, to engage in distance education,…
Crozier, David. (2009). Leadership / Ethics / The Larger Moral Issues. Fort Bliss, Texas
Reading M. 1 Leadership
Leadership Assessment and Development. Reading A: FM 6-22.
Maxwell, Frederick J. (2009). Preparing the NCO Corps for the 21st century. American Civil-Military Relations Reading C161RE.
-29 and -26 bombers were used by U.S. forces to decimate Korean cities through round-the-clock air war using incendiary bombs, delayed demolition explosives and an "infernal jelly" called napalm.[footnoteRef:38] Created secretly during World War II, napalm was basically a mixture of petroleum and a thickening agent, designed to fiercely adhere to the target and severely burn it. Though first used against enemy structures and humans in World War II, napalm was used in the Korean War to devastating effect.[footnoteRef:39] the results of the U.S. air war against North Korea were intentionally catastrophic: at the commencement of the War, North Korea had 22 major cities, 18 of which suffered at least 50% obliteration.[footnoteRef:40] Furthermore, the U.S. government seriously considered using the atomic bombs that had so decisively ended World War II in the Pacific Theater. Particularly in September and October of 1951, -29 bombers were used for multiple runs to drop…
Bizony, Piers. The Space Shuttle: Celebrating Thirty Years of NASA's First Space Plane. Minneapolis, MN: Zenith Press, 2011.
Blight, James G., and Janet M. Lang. The Fog of War: Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005.
Boyne, Walter J. Beyond the Wild and Blue: A History of the United States Air Force, 1947-2007, Second Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 2007.
Chant, Christopher. The World's Greatest Aircraft. New York, NY: Crescent Publishing, 1991.
ithout the integrity to understand the importance of proper maintenance, a soldier may well be risking the health and safety environment for himself and others, not to mention risking the success of a task or mission (Army 2-33).
A leader of integrity is well aware of the Army Values and how important they are in defining character traits that aid in the development of discipline and the ability to maintain that discipline (Army 1-50). These values breed integrity which in turn results in the type of discipline necessary for a soldier to recognize the right course of action and to continue that course, no matter the difficulty encountered (Army 1-50). For leaders, these qualities are even more important because soldiers follow their leaders' examples, thus a leader must demonstrate the values and integrity that encourage his soldiers to excel in every task they attempt and within every aspect of their…
The Army Noncommissioned Officer Guide. Field Manual No. 7-22.7.
Headquarters Department of the Army. Washington, DC. December 23, 2002; pp. 1-60, 2-6, 2-7, 2-8, 2-14, 2-15, 2-23, 2-31- 2-33, 5-2, 5-6.
Living the Army Values. http://www.goarmy.com/life/living_the_army_values.jsp?fl=false
Services Presentation in Older Adults
Approximately 75 million baby boomers were born in the United States between1946 and 1964. This generation will stress the healthcare system as has no other generation in history. There are many services available for older adults in relation to their psychosocial, cognitive, and emotional issues. This work will identify available services for older adults in a specific facility and address the issues relating to older adults and mental health programs or the psychosocial health of older adults in this facility. The facility at focus in this work is Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii.
The adult psychiatric treatment program for older adults at Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii is such that focuses on depression experienced in older adults. The U.S. Department of State examines the issues of dealing with elderly parents by those in the service so that the health care of…
Aging Baby Boomers In a New Workforce Development System (nd) report updates and revises an earlier study by the Urban Institute, The Aging Baby Boom: Implications for Employment and Training Programs, June 1997, by Stacy Poulos and Demetra Smith Nightingale.
American Legion giving little ground over proposed cost-shifting (2011) The American Legion Legislative Point Paper (2011) TRICARE. 4/6/2011. Retrieved from: http://www.legion.org/files/legislative_pointpapers/legislative_tricare.pdf
Caring for Elderly Patients (2010) U.S. Department of State. Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/m/dghr/flo/c23141.htm
Department of Defense Health Care System and Military Facilities (2010) Brown, Bauman & Smith. Attorneys. Retrieved from: http://www.brownbaumansmith.com/newsletters/Elder-Law/?launch_pg=NewsletterDetailLayout&launch_sel=1000283&title=Department+of+Defense+Health+Care+Benefits
Time Warner approaches the issue of returns and service adjustment through a series of escalation paths and programs. These are the first step in averting any potential need for service recovery. When the service disruption is their fault or the fault of weather-related causes the company, Time Warner is quick to provide a refund or at least a credit for lost service. This is consistent with the concept of reciprocation and respect for customers as well (Thanh, 2007).
Time Warner is less apt however to provide a refund or credit if there is a conflict with a customer over the quality or latency of a signal over time. This is unquantifiable from a Time Warner standpoint, but very real to a customer. The divergence between what quality level Time Warner thinks it is delivering and it actually is from a customers' perception causes the majority of churn in their customer…
Pazzanese, Christina. 2007. To get a train-delay refund, you must click the link. Christina Pazzanese. Boston Globe. Boston, Mass.: Oct 21, 2007.
Seiders, Kathleen, & Berry, Leonard L. 1998. Service fairness: What it is and why it matters The Academy of Management Executive. Briarcliff Manor: May 1998. Vol. 12, Iss. 2; pg. 8
Birud Sindhav, Jonna Holland, Amy Risch Rodie, Phani Tej Adidam, Louis G. Pol. 2006. The Impact of Perceived Fairness on Satisfaction: Are Airport Security Measures Fair? Does it Matter? Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice. Vol. 14, Iss. 4; pg. 323.
Dang, Dan Thanh, 2007. Tenacity more help than warranty. The Baltimore Sun Tribune Business News. Washington DC.
Attendance will be required for all group members to optimize the effect of the sessions. Group members will be allowed to leave the group as long as the intention to leave is provided in writing. No reasons will be required.
Because of the nature of the group, a mutual confidentiality agreement will be signed by all group members, including leaders, at the first meeting of the group. There will generally not be homework, apart from the requirement to apply what has been learned to the work and home environment. Group members may report on results if they feel they want to.
There is no need for a formalized institution to determine the ground rules and structure of the meetings. This will be a collaborative process between me and the group members.
IX. Group essions
Group dynamics generally consist of four stages: forming, storming, norming, and performing (Group Dynamics, Unit 10).…
Adams, B.D. And Webb, R.D.G. Trust in Small Military Teams. Retrieved from http://www.dodccrp.org/events/7th_ICCRTS/Tracks/pdf/006.PDF
Armstrong, R. (2005) Requirements of a Self-Managed Team Leader. Leader Values. Retrieved from http://www.leader-values.com/Content/detail.asp?ContentDetailID=1004
Borchers, T. (1999). Small Group Communication. Retrieved from http://www.abacon.com/commstudies/groups/leader.html
Castano, E. Leidner B, and Slawuta, P. (2008, Jun). Social identification processes, group dynamics and the behaviour of combatants. International Review of the Red Cross, Vol 90, No. 870. Retrieved from http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/review-870-p259/$File/irrc-870_Castano.pdf
military has a number of jurisdictional and operational issues associated with what it will do with personnel involved with the use of medical marijuana. Though it claims that there is no ambiguity -- that its Directives (DOD 1010.1) are clear -- in reality it now finds itself facing a "Don't Ask, Don't Smoke" problem. What is happening inside and outside of the armed services is mystifying how the rules are actually enforced and understood by its legal structure.
In general, the rules are clear. Law enforcement and command personnel inside of the services say the same as those on the outside who advice people about this issue:
The fact that your state has decriminalized marijuana use is not relevant to military law. The military is a federal institution, governed by federal laws. Drug use is a crime under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) Article 112a, 10…
Byrne, A. (2010). Some U.S. Military Veterans Allowed to Use Cannabis. The Daily Dose. Viewable at http://medicalmarijuana411.com/mmj411_v3/?p=10498 .
DOD (1999). Directive 1010.1. Military Personnel Drug Abuse Testing Program.
Free Advice (2011). Public legal posting site. Viewable at http://law.freeadvice.com/government_law/military_law/military_marijuana_illegal.htm .
Krawitz, M. (2010). Veterans Health Administration Tolerates Veterans Use of Medicinal Cannabis as Adjunct Therapy to VA Hospital Supplied Opioids. MedicalCannabis.com. Viewable at http://www.medicalcannabis.com/Journal-2010/vmma-press-release-41610 .
Military Theory: Jomini on Napoleon
The objective of this study is to use the Campaign of 1813 culminating in the battle of Leipzig and to identify and analyze both the critical points and decisive points that Antoine-Henri Jomini in his 'Principles of War' would have listed in relation to proper time and sufficient force and identify how many would be applied both positively and negatively to Napoleon's maneuvering and engaging.
The focus of Napoleon in the Campaign of 1813 was to launch such a mass attack on the enemy that they would be overcome and decimated. However, as this study will demonstrate, Napoleon missed chances to do just that and his poor planning and improper timing resulted in the losses of many thousands of lives that did not have to be lost. According to Jomini, the art of war is comprised by six specific parts including: (1) statesmanship…
Allen, BM (1998) The Effects of Infectious Disease on Napoleon's Russian Campaign. Air Command and Staff College, Air University. Retrieved from: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA398046
Jomini on Strategic Lines and Points, Decisive Points of the Theater of War, and Objective Points of Operations. [Excerpted from Antoine-Henri Jomini, The Art of War G.H. Mendell and W.P. Craighill, trs. (Philadelphia: Lippicott, 1892), pp. 85-92]. Retrieved from: http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/JominiSP.html
Keefe, JM (1995) Napoleon's Marshals in 1813. School of Advanced Military Studies. United States Army Command and General Staff College. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. First Term AY 94-95. Retrieved from: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA293453
Nomura, RC (2012) Issues in strategic thought: from Clausewitz to al-Qaida. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL I. JOMINI VS. CLAUSEWITZ December 2012. Retrieved from: http://calhoun.nps.edu/public/bitstream/handle/10945/27881/12Dec_Nomura_Ryan.pdf?sequence=1
Military Draw-Down from Afghanistan
hen terrorists attacked the United States on September 11, 2001, there was very little hesitation on the part of then President George . Bush -- and the United States Congress -- to mount a retaliatory military campaign in Afghanistan, the place where bin Laden was training terrorists to kill Americans. The Taliban militants were control of Afghanistan at that time and they had provided training camps for bin Laden and al Qaeda to plan their terrorist activities against the United States. Bush gave the Taliban time to either hand over bin Laden (which they were not about to do) or prepare for a bombardment by U.S. military. The American public was fully behind the 2001 military engagement in Afghanistan, but few citizens at that time imagined that more than ten years later American soldiers would still be in Afghanistan, fighting the resurgent Taliban militants.
Aymeen Jawad, al-Tamimi. 2012. Rethinking U.S. Strategy in Afghanistan. Middle East
Quarterly 19 (Winter) 1-15.
Jones, Jeffrey M. 2011. Americans More Positive on Afghanistan After Bin Laden Death.
Gallup Poll. Retrieved January 29, 2012, from http://www.gallup.com .
Our military is rightfully said to be not only one of the most powerful but also one of the most professional militaries in the world. So, who are those who have served in our nation's military force over time? With regard to race, immigrants have participated in the U.S. military for a long time. Some of the things that have historically had an effect on the racial-ethnic composition of the U.S. military include but they are not limited to changes in recruitment and enlistment policies, changes in the demographic characteristics of the American population, etc. (Wilmoth and London, 2013). During the evolutionary War, a significant percentage of those enlisted to serve in the American forces comprised of Germans and Irish immigrants. Blacks were also allowed to participate in the said war after the ban on their participation in the military was lifted. During the Civil War, the participation of…
Dolan, E.F. (2009). Careers in the U.S. Navy. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish.
Schmidt, S.W. (2013). American Government and Politics Today. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Wilmoth, J.M. & London, A.S. (Eds.). (2013). Life-Course Perspectives on Military Service. New York, NY: Routledge.
The Navy also established institutions to particularly cater for women wishing to enter the service. It recruited women into the Navy Women's eserve, which was known as
Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), in 1942. More than 80,000 such women served the military in occupations relating to communications, intelligence, supply, medicine and administration. The Marine Corps Women's eserve was created in 1943. Women in this establishment held jobs such as clerks, cooks, mechanics, and drivers. An increasing number of women served in these positions, among others in nursing and the Coast Guard -- there were more than 400,000 American military women serving both in the United States and overseas during the Second World War. Although many of these women served close to combat stations, the work of the majority involved non-combat duties.
After the World Wars
The Korean War
When the Korean Conflict broke out in 1950, President…
Norris, Michelle. Roles for Women in U.S. Army Expand. NPR, Oct. 1, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14869648
Women in Military Service for America Memorial Foundation, Inc. Highlights of Military Women. 2010. Retrieved from http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/timeline.html
Women in the U.S. Army. Generations of Women Moving History Forward. 2010. Retrieved from http://www.army.mil/women/index.html
private military companies Iraq illustrate a trend warfare? -No, Historical reasons great empires employed a large number mercenaries.-What reasons, -Type firms, divided types- type spear
Private military companies
Today's society is more challenging and dynamic than it has ever been. And this trend is manifested within the military sector as well. Here, the employees in the division have to be better motivated in order to risk their lives and this motivation has to be complex, and include both financial and non-financial incentives. While the major non-financial incentive would be the sense of fighting to protect one's country, the financial incentive has to be substantial and significantly larger than that of any other category of employees.
The modern day army then integrates technologic developments to improve the nature and outcome of its operations. It as such strives to answer the more and more complex demands of the contemporaneous society and, in…
Adebajo, A., Sriram, C.L., 2000, Messiahs or mercenaries? The future of international private military services, International Peacekeeping, Vol. 7, No. 4
Avant, D., 2006, Private military companies and the future of war, Foreign Policy Research Institute, http://www.fpri.org/enotes/200604.military.avant.privatemilitarycompanies.html last accessed on May 27, 2011
Beutel, M.D., 2005, Private military companies: their emergence, importance and a call for global regulation, Northwich University, http://princess.digitalfreaks.org/thesis/beutelmdthesis.pdf last accessed on May 27, 2011
Carafano, J.J., 2008, Private sector, public wars: contractors in combat-- Afghanistan, Iraq, and future conflicts, Greenwood Publishing, ISBN 0275994783
Military training means more than the physical rigors of boot camp; new recruits also learn about the state-of-the-art developments in weaponry, surveillance, and information technology. A potential political career and professional military career are other potential outcomes of early military service and training.
Because of the vast educational and professional development opportunities available to the new and youthful recruit, military service also entails valuable personal and social skills development. The basic training endured by all new recruits taxes both body and mind. Getting into physical shape is one of the possible benefits of military duty. Military training is also notoriously rigorous and highly demanding. Senior officers require continuous respect and obedience and therefore the young recruits learn about deference to authority. Consequently, the new officer develops admirable self-restraint and self-discipline, traits that come in handy throughout the rest of their lives. Troubled teens or at-risk youth may therefore benefit most…
Brian inston, "9 'smell the Tulips': the Internet, Neo-Liberalism and Millenarian Hype," in Access Denied in the Information Age /, ed. Stephen Lax [book online] (New York: Palgrave, 2001, accessed 10 December 2008), 166; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102376364;Internet.
Stephen Lax, ed., Access Denied in the Information Age / [book online] (New York: Palgrave, 2001, accessed 10 December 2008), 5; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102376197;Internet.
Michael H. Hoffman, "Corporate arriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry," Parameters 34, no. 3 (2004) [database online]; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007239156;Internet; accessed 10 December 2008.
Joshua Kurlantzick, "Outsourcing the Dirty ork: The Military and Its Reliance on Hired Guns," the American Prospect, May 2003 [database online]; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001916974;Internet; accessed 10 December 2008.
Woman in the Military
Although their numbers are still disappointingly small, military women now serve with distinction in every service. The women who served in Operation Desert Storm flew planes into enemy territory, fired weapons, commanded combat support units, ferried troops in to the combat zone and carried them fuel and supplies. At the end of the war, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney applauded the women's performance: "They did a bang up job....They were every bit as professional as their male colleagues." He also noted that he "wouldn't be at all surprised to see the role of women in combat expanded in the year ahead." Yet, more than a decade later, women are still prohibited from direct combat. Recently, Jessica Lynch's actions on the battlefield in Iraq are once again fueling the debate over the role of women in the military. Many are in favor of letting women join men…
Active Duty Servicewomen by Branch of Service and Rank, 2001." Infoplease. 23 May 2003. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004600.html .
Hoar, William P. "Case Against Women in Combat." The New American. 8 Feb. 1993. Vol. 9,
No. 03. 23 May 2003. http://www.thenewamerican.com/tna/1993/vo09no03/vo09no03_women_combat.htm .
Jones, Rebecca. "Women in the Face of War." Oak Park and River Forest. 23 May 2003. http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:QX4Uem6XEmsJ:oprfhs.org/division/history/inter pretations/2000interp/Jones, Rebecca.doc+military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
Homosexuals of either gender don't really have that option. The "don't ask, don't tell" policy has been rendered impotent if not downright illegal by various Supreme Court rulings, and yet the military's stance on the subject remains ambiguous. Before the institution of the "don't ask, don't tell" policy, under which individuals were not to be asked about their homosexual desires or activities nor to discuss them with anyone, the number of people who had been discharged from the military for engaging in homosexual acts -- which is still grounds for a discharge -- had been steadily decreasing. After the policy was officially implemented, discharges for homosexuality became more regular, and were on the increase until just recently (Burelli & Feder 2009). Though the Supreme Court has rendered discrimination based on sexual orientation a violation of basic civil rights, such discrimination continues.
The various branches of the United States military claim…
Enrst, R. & Gilbeau, R. (1993). "Gender bias in the Navy." Naval postgraduate school. Accessed 24 September 2009. http://www.stormingmedia.us/42/4258/A425862.html
Burelli, D. & Feder, J. (2009). "Homosexuals and the U.S. The military: Current issues." Congressional research service. Accessed 24 September 2009. http://ftp.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL30113.pdf
FID Technology in the Military
adio frequency identification (FID)
adio frequency identification (FID) is a term used to refer to an electronic system that transmits in form of serial numbers that are distinct, the identity of a person or an object in a wireless manner with the aid of radio frequencies. The FID is categorized under the wider automatic identification technologies category (Association of Automatic Identification and Mobility, 2011). The FID are intelligent bar codes that are connected to a networked system and can communicate back and forth with it.
The FID is nowadays used all around us, from the supermarket items to the pet ID tags, toil booths, gas stations and several security items. Unlike the predecessor UPC bar-code, the FID does not require any contact or line of sight in order for communication to be enabled between the tagged item and the centre of the system. The data…
Army of Robots, (2011). Development of Military Robots. Retrieved September 10, 2010 from http://www.armyofrobots.com/discussion-development-military.html
Association of Automatic Identification and Mobility, (2011). Technologies: RFID / What is
RFID? Retrieved September 10, 2010 from http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/RFID/what_is_rfid.asp
Brian F, (2011). Pros and Cons of RFID Technology. Retrieved September 10, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?Pros-and-Cons-of-RFID-Technology&id=522015
motivational Speech importance Military Birthday Celebrations. I inspire motivate a crowd history importance Military Birthdays. I talk actual dates speak extremely important person important birth service.
Why celebrating military birthdays is important
The Marine Corps
The Air Force
The National Guard
Evoking self-assertive citizens
For one to take fate into his/her hands is an act of self-assertiveness. For one to do so and claim responsibility for the faiths of entire troops and units is the burden of proof for bravery. When such men and such women choose to take the helm and lead the nation's destiny as entrusted to them by the very latter, this is devotion and glory. The people in the military forces are the above. These are the people who must never be forgotten, those who are no longer with us and the living. The purpose of this essay…
Blythe, B. (2008). John Paul Jones (1747 -- 1792). National Park Service. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/revwar/about_the_revolution/jp_jones.html
Kroesen, F.J. (2013). Remembering a sin wave: A history of feast and famine for the U.S. Army (Special Report). Institute of Land Warfare. Retrieved from http://www.ausa.org/publications/ilw/DigitalPublications/Documents/sine-wave/index.html
Palmer, M.A. (n.y.). The Navy: The Continental period, 1775-1890. National History and Heritage. Retrieved from http://www.history.navy.mil/history/history2.htm
A Discussion of how the Boer ar helped to Shape Modern Day Canada
The Boer ar was not a Canadian war. Rather, it was a war started and perpetuated British influence and Canada's participation was mandated by British dominion. As a result of their colonization, Canada had little influence over strategies or direction of the war. At the time Canada was a self-governing colony which had no control over its foreign policy. Canada's military contribution to this war was very important but it was still Britain who had control over Canada's military. However, Canada's participation in the war was as a turning point in the country's history in which its fostering of its own command over its military eventually led it on an eventual path to independence. This essay will provide a brief overview of how Canada increased its sovereignty over its forces and its importance to the…
CBC. (2001). The Boer War. Retrieved from Canada - A People History: http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP11CH2PA3LE.html
Morton, D. (N.d.). Epilogue. Retrieved from Images of a Forgotten War: http://www3.nfb.ca/ww1/independence.php
The Canadian Encyclopedia. (2012). Canadian Expeditionary Force. Retrieved from The Canadian Encyclopedia: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/canadian-expeditionary-force
The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Museum. (2010). Boer War. Retrieved from Canadian Military HIstory: http://www.lermuseum.org/en/canadas-military-history/boer-war/
Pride in Serving Military
Compare the job of serving in the military to the regular day by day job of working in the office with briefcase and cellular phone heading meetings, but more likely listening to the boss, whilst sitting down by the desk and filing paper after paper trying not to yawn. In this scenario, there is the office gossip, the attempts not to yawn, the stress, and the doldrums, and over and again the knowledge (lurking at the back of one's mind that Businessman is constantly trying to suppress) that he is working for another, not for himself. Now compare that to jumping out of a plane; to landing in some new, foreign, interesting Argentinian or Afghanistan village; to striding down those streets with a gun knowing that one is protecting the people from harm and that one is protecting the world from tyrants such as Ibn Laden.…
Sandifer, S. (July 02, 2010). The Pride of Military Service. Syndication http://cinchouse.com/AboutUs/Syndication/tabid/3315/ID/830/The_Pride_of_Military_Service.aspx
Gender Integration in the Military: Should Women be allowed in Military Combat?
From ancient times, women have participated in fighting their countries' enemies sometimes as foot soldiers, queens, and sometimes having to disguise themselves as men. However, many societies have always felt disinclined to admit women in front line military combat. In the U.S. For instance, women make up more than 15% of the military, but the debate on whether women should be further integrated into military services rages on. Lorry Fenner, a former senior intelligence officer and Vice Wing Commander for over 4000 men and women, and Marie De Young, a former captain in the U.S. Army reserves (2001), put the debate into perspective. They state that the debate has always centered on women's access to combat positions, their physical and emotional fitness, and the societal implications of their participation in military combat. They further explain that vehement arguments…
Denn, W. (2014). Women in combat roles would strengthen the military. The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 June 2015 from http://www.washingtonpost.com /opinions/women-in-combat-roles-would-strengthen-the-military/2014/04/03/f0aeb140-bb50-11e3-9a05-c739f29ccb08_story.html
Devilbiss, M.C. (1990). Women and Military Service: A History, Analysis, and Overview of Key Issues. Alabama: Air University Press.
Downin, R. (2003). Why Christian Women Should Not Join the Military: A Plea From a Woman Veteran. Beautiful Womanhood. Retrieved 19 June 2015 from http://www.ladiesagainstfeminism.com/artman/publish/Hot_Button_Issues_21/Why_Christian_Women_Should_not_Join_the_Military_A_410100410.shtml
Collins, S.M. (2015). Christian Faith and Military Service. Retrieved 18 June 2015 from http://www.godward.org/archives/Special%20Articles/christian_faith_and_military_ser.htm
Female Leadership in Combat Units
The research proposal is outlines a study into whether women should lead during combat situations. The hypothesis is that reasons to keep women out of leadership positions in combat are socially constructed, and not attributed to anything biological or psychological. The methods will mimic some of the methods presented in military studies into the same area, with individual modifications for this particular study. The plan of analysis includes ANOVA, and descriptives. The results of the study could lead to a greater understanding of how institutions manage and process change.
Female Leadership in Combat Units
The equality and guaranteed rights of women in the United States have been issues a part of American history and American culture for most of the country's history. What women fight for changes with time. Over the past several decades, women have sought more social freedoms, freedoms where…
Dao, J. (2012). Servicewomen File Suit Over Direct Combat Ban. NY Times, Web, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/28/us/servicewomen-file-suit-over-direct-combat-ban.html?_r=0 . 2012 November 30.
Harding, Lt. Col. T.A. (2012). Women in Combat Roles: Case Study of Female Engagement Teams. United States Army War College, Philadelphia.
Lamothe, D. (2011). Marines split on women joining combat units. The Marine Times, Web, Available from: http://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/2011/04/marine-women-combat-marines-infantry-041911w/ . 2012 November 30.
O'Keefe, E., & Cohen, J. (2011). Most Americans back women in combat roles, poll says. The Washington Post, Web, Available from: http://www.washingtonpost.com /local/politics/most-americans-back-women-in-combat-roles-poll-says/2011/03/16/ABTereg_story.html. 2012 November 30.
In those days prior to 2003, TADOC gave recruits nut-and-bolt basics, then sent the new Soldiers to their units where the real training started....nTo achieve "Soldier" status, recruits now spend 21 days in the field during basic training. The training focus has changed dramatically from what was primarily a standards, discipline and soldierization process to one of intensive combat skills. (Leipold, 2009)nHowever, such changes have tended to come about without any sort controlled, rigorous study. There is nothing wrong about changes that come from within and that grow organically out of the requirements of an organization. However, a controlled experiment offers certain key advantages because it can cast off old attitudes and biases.nI have already described the control group in this experiment. The three experimental groups add different elements to the equation. The first of these experimental groups is actually one that I predict will reduce the overall fitness of…
References\nEvans, M. (2005). Women pay painful price for equal military training. The Times, retrieved 9 February 2010 from http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article434024.ece .\nhttp://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100121052640AAZ1xPL \nhttp://www.military.com/military-fitness/fitness-test-prep/physical-fitness-test-anxiety \nLeipold, J. (2009). Not your father\'s basic, anymore, retrieved 8 February 2010 from \nhttp://usmilitary.about.com/od/armyjoin/a/newarmybasic.-u5p.htm.\nO\'Reilly, K. (1981). Dick and Jane in basic training. Newsweek. \nhttp://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953209-\n2,00.html#ixzz0fYEyTybe \nRichards, T. (n.d.) What is comprehensive cognitive-behavioral therapy? \nRetrieved 10 \nFebruary 2010 from \nhttp://www.socialanxietyinstitute.org/ccbtherapy.html.\nSegura, L. (2009). Veterans Decry Institutional Sexism in Military, retrieved 11 February 2010 \nfrom http://www.alternet.org/reproductivejustice/79877/ .
U.S. Selective Service System
Conscription is the term used to describe what we today know as a military draft, or compulsory military service. The United States has a long history of attempts at the institution of conscription for all male citizens. It began in 1863 during the U.S. Civil war but was extremely unpopular. Furthermore it allowed those who could find them to offer the military a replacement, such as an indentured servant or slave, or early on they could pay a $300 fee to be exempted from service. ("Selective Service" Columbia Encyclopedia)
Another attempt was made during I (1917) to establish a selective service registration system the but again the response was poor with 50,000 men applying for exemptions and 250,000 simply failing to register at all. After the close of I when the country and congress were still hoping that I was the last war we would ever…
Charlotte Observer "From WWI to Today." July 18, 2004.
Mehren, Elizabeth "Winds of war could lead to return of draft." Los Angeles
Times, July 17, 2004.
Selective Service" The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2003.
In this sense, his parent's influence was obvious. Since his early childhood he would listen to stories from the war period without any practical consideration of the actual facts those stories conveyed. However, his parents would later choose for him by guiding him towards the military education. In this sense, "in the early years of his life, Johnny's parents made one decision about which they would be unwavering: When Johnny grew up, he would follow the family model and attend the Naval Academy and would then enter the navy (...) the first demonstrative move Jack and Roberta made toward realizing their goal came in September 1946; they enrolled Johnny, then 10 years old, in St. Stephen's School in Alexandria, Virginia" as part of a higher type of academic preparation that would make him eligible for the Navy Academy later on.
In the current society, the one in which the idea…
Alexander, Paul. Man of the People: The Life of John McCain. Wiley: Hoboken, 2003.
Feinberg, Barbara Jane John McCain: Serving his country. New York: Lerner Publishing Group, 2000.
Kaczor, Bill. McCain Divorce Settlement Outlined. Associated Press, 2000, accessed 29 February 2008, available at http://www.usvetdsp.com/mcaindiv.htm
Kissinger, Henry, Diplomacy. London: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
Countries such as Spain and England were able to colonize other countries with their advanced military and weapons system.
With the two World Wars in the 1900s, weapons and military have evolved to meet the challenges posed by the times. States are in particular looking for more technological applications in developing their army and navy. Another branch of the military service was developed in this era, the birth of the air force. The invention of the airplane led to its development from a means of transportation to a formidable military weapon. The quest of military superiority was now determined by an advanced air force, planes well armed to drop bombs at the opposing navy and army as well as deploy infantry in the battlefield. Germany and Japan in World War II had good fighter planes that won them several battles in the onset of the war, but the consolidated air…
Stearns, Peter, Donald Schwartz and Barry Beyer. World History Traditions and New Directions. New York: Addison Wesley, 1991.
Crevald, Martin. The Transformation of War. New York: The Free Press, 1991.
Goodwin, Peter. Nuclear War - the Facts on Survival. London: Ash and Grant, 1994.
I would include a DVD with a clip from the first debate between President Barak Obama and Senator John McCain, in which McCain told a story of how a woman with a son serving in Iraq begged him to keep American troops in that land, so her son would not die in vain. Obama responded that he also wore a bracelet given to him by a woman whose child had died in the fight, a woman who begged him to bring the troops home so no other mother would have to suffer as she had suffered. The quality of this level of debate about a questionable military enterprise would stand as testimony to our democracy.
Finally, I would include a biography of Colin Powell, a man who has served his nation proudly in combat, and most recently as Secretary of State, despite the prejudice he faced in…
front line of defense and the first line of offense of American might, the United States military plays an essential role in maintaining the integrity of the nation's interests at home and abroad. In sharp contrast to the highly motivated and professional armed forces that are in place today, though, the U.S. military struggled to overcome the legacy of its conscription-based approach to maintaining adequate manpower during the Vietnam War where relatively short enlistment periods and high attrition rates resulted in diminished combat readiness and dangerously low levels of troop morale. This paper examines how the U.S. armed forces overcame this legacy to emerge as the preeminent military power in the world today. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.
Organizational Behavior in Today's Military
Over the past half century, the United States armed forces have experienced a number of changes to their…
Gates, R.M. (2008, September 29). National Defense University. U.S. Department of Defense
Greenberg, J. (2003). Organizational behavior: The state of the science. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
The USMC has established an immediate, direct, and clear relationship between recruiting and socialization." (Baker & Jennings, 2000, p. 369) by "socialization," the United States Marine Corps (USMC) means the precise functioning of each individual Marine in relation to the entire corps. Every marine, like every soldier in the regular army, and every sailor in the Navy, is destined for a specific purpose. hile military personnel may possess wide training in many different areas, there is nonetheless, a definite "military culture." Each and every member of America's Armed Forces - and those of all other nations as well - must fully understand how it is that they contribute to the organization tyo which they belong. The above-mentioned advertising campaigns focused mostly on very personal reasons for considering a military career. Unfortunately, personnel reasons do not always add up to the realities of military service, neither in terms of what the…
Military Recruitment and Management
PTSD on the U.S. Military
In order to fully understand the issues with PTSD and the military, one must consider the idea that military service can have a serious impact on soldiers, even when they do not see combat. In the past, the argument has been that PTSD was a combat-related illness, and that only soldiers who were actively engaged in combat in the recent past struggled with the issues related to PTSD. Now, many studies have shown that most soldiers live with the thought of never knowing when their turn to die is next, and that constant agitation and anxiety can cause these soldiers to experience PTSD (Delahanty, 2011; Ehlers, et al., 2010; Feldner, Monson, & Friedman, 2007; van Zuiden, et al., 2009). This is even more pronounced for soldiers who have been on multiple deployments and, by extension, have been in harm's way and under stress more often…
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Cahill, S.P., & Foa, E.B. (2004). A glass half empty or half full? Where we are and directions for future research in the treatment of PTSD. In S. Taylor (ed.), Advances in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Cognitive-behavioral perspectives (pp. 267-313) New York: Springer.
Delahanty, D.L. (2011). Toward the predeployment detection of risk for PTSD. American Psychiatric Association.
Ehlers, A., Bisson, J., & Clark, D.M., et al. (March 2010). Do all psychological treatments really work the same in posttraumatic stress disorder?. Clinical Psychology Review 30 (2): 269 -- 76.
Suicide and How it Impacts Military Families
Description of the Case or Problem
As the number of suicides amidst the U.S. Armed Service members have constantly increased in the past decade, so has the rate of survivors affected by military suicide, leading to loss of life. Whenever a loved one loses their life as an outcome of suicide, the resulting trauma and shock might compromise the survivors' physical and mental health. This leaves the victims more susceptible to a more agonizing and intricate grief process. Those individuals bereaved by suicide are at an increasing danger of also committing suicide. Peer encouragement, a recognized recuperation method from addictions and sickness, has been clinically monitored to be broadly used by the suicide loss survivors. esearchers have given minimal interest to effective interventions for the victims of suicide loss in the general U.S. population; less is recognized regarding the efficiency of peer support…
AFSP. (2014, August 8). President Obama Announces Executive Actions to Address Veteran and Military Suicide. Retrieved from American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: https://www.afsp.org/advocacy-public-policy/policy-news-updates/president-obama-announces-executive-actions-to-address-veteran-and-military-suicide
American Association of Suicidology. (2010). Survivors of suicide fact sheet. Retrieved from American Association of Suicidology: http://www.suicidology.org/c/document_library/get_file?folderId=232&name=D
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. (2010). Survivor research: AFSP and NIMH propose research agenda. Retrieved from American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: http://www.afsp.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.viewpage&page_id=2D9DF73E -BB25-0132-3AD7715D74BFF585
Cerel, J., Padgett, J. H., Conwell, Y., & Reed, G. A. (2009). A call for research: The need to better understand the impact of support groups for suicide survivors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 39(3), 269-281.
The war in Iraq has spawned a debate over whether or not all persons should have to spend some time in the civil service when they reach the age of eighteen. There are huge sacrifices that are being made in Iraq and Afghanistan but they only really affecting working class Americans. Not everyone can be in the military but everyone can participate in various aspects of the civil service. The purpose of this paper is to provide definitive proof that civil service should be mandatory at the age of eighteen.
Many veterans and ordinary Americans believe that a grave mistake was made in 1973 when the draft was abolished. Many felt that military service should be mandatory.
An article in Washington Monthly explains,
Such a system should be mandatory not voluntary. It should be broad, not narrow, with exceptions based on inability rather than personal inconvenience.…
Civil Service." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.
You will volunteer / National-service schemes ultimately are a self- contradiction. Gazette Feb 7, 2002. April 1, 2004 http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/2629/7256.html www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000836118
Bridgeland, John M., Stephen Goldsmith, and Leslie Lenkowsky. "New Direction: Service and the Bush Administration's Civic Agenda." Brookings Review Fall 2002: 18+. http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=5000685691
Just, Richard. "Suddenly Serviceable: Is This the Moment for National Service." The American Prospect 1 Jan. 2002: 15+.
Proud to Serve
Largely as a result of the political aftermath of the Vietnam War, mandatory service in the United States military was abolished. Part of the reason this action was undertaken was that this conflict had torn apart United States as a nation. One of the reasons for the divisiveness the conflict spawned was that individuals in disproportionate numbers were sent to Vietnam whom were poor or nonwhite, whom could not afford a college education. However, the overall effect of the abolition of a mandatory draft has, ironically, meant that many poor individuals, seeking remuneration for their undergraduate and graduate expenses, as well as further opportunities, still make up a disproportionate amount of our national forces.
In Israel, all members of the nation are required, to the best of their ability, to offer service to their nation for two years. This is true of women as well as men.…
It delved into the historical record of integration of blacks into the military, public opinions and health risks and unit disruption. It also incorporated the findings of scientific literature on group cohesion, sexuality and relevant health and legal issues and their implementation. Only one policy would fulfill the President's directive. It would consider sexual orientation as not inherent in determining who may serve in the military. It would set a standard of professional conduct for all personnel in the pursuit of good order and discipline. And it would be enforced in every level of the chain of command so as to maintain effective unit performance (Rostker et al.).
Policy for Ending Discrimination
This policy binds all service members to the same standard of professional behavior (Rostker et al., 2000). It draws upon actual conduct, not behavior from presumed sexual orientation. It elicits tolerance and restraint for the good of the…
Burrelli, D.F. And Feder, J. (2009). Homosexuals and the U.S. military: current issues.
CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service: Federation of American
Scientists. Retrieved on March 5, 2010 from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL30113.pdf
Roberts, R and Roberts C. (2010). Society ready to accept gays in the military. Topeka Capital-Journal: ProQuest Information and Learning Company. Retrieved on March 5, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4179/is_20100222/ai_n50180056
This option would, however, allow the opportunity to eliminate the issues that stem from the existing policy and incorporate all of our objectives into our new policy.
The third alternative would also require approval from Congress, but would represent a less radical change. Such changes to the law could include bulking up the protections for homosexuals against harassment (in light of the lack of enforcement on the Don't Harass side of the policy); raising the threshold for discharge; the implementation of due process into the discharge process; or changing the discharge status to protect pension and benefit rights in light of a good service record. This alternative may be easier to implement than an entirely new policy because it would leave the homosexual ban nominally intact. This compromise could potentially be more palatable to both Republicans and military leadership.
The fourth alternative would provide a means to gather more information…
Rodgers, Sam. (2006). Opinions of Military Personnel on Sexual Minorities in the Military. Zogby International. Retrieved June 28, 2008 at http://www.palmcenter.org/files/active/1/ZogbyReport.pdf
Lusero, Indra. (2008). Chief Congressional Architect of Military's Gay Ban Ends Opposition to Openly Gay Service. The Michael D. Palm Center. Retrieved June 28, 2008 at http://www.palmcenter.org/press/dadt/releases/chief_congressional_architect_of_militarys_gay_ban_ends_opposition_to_openly_gay_service
Shanker, Thom & Healy, Frank. (2007). A New Push to Roll Back Don't Ask Don't Tell. New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/30/us/30military.html?_r=3&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&adxnnlx=1214709917-GiujWI/uyDJJ85DmeFbEBA
Thompson, Mark. (2008). Don't Ask, Don't Tell Turns 15. Time. Retrieved June 28, 2008 at http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1707545,00.html
Family members of military service personnel, like active duty service members, can also receive healthcare using the same system. The military health system offers other Prime subtypes of the plan including the overseas service option for military family members that live overseas and the "global remote overseas" option that enables service personnel managed care benefits when they work overseas and live in remote locations (TPA, 2007).
As with any healthcare system TRICARE offers other options to service members and beneficiaries. "Active" service members typically must enroll in the managed care option offered by TRICARE Prime, however there is another subset of the program called "TRICARE Standard and Extra" that is available to beneficiaries of service personnel, though active duty personnel are not able to participate in this service plan alternative, but do have to enroll in TRICARE Prime if they want the Standard and Extra service available to their beneficiaries.…
Humana Military Healthcare Services, Inc., (2007), Humana Military Healthcare Services
Program. Department of Defense TRICARE Program. Retrieved November 4th, 2007: http://www.humana-military.com/South/provider/TRICAREResources/Handbook/ProvHndbkS1P2.htm
MHS. (2007). Military Health System, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense
Health Affairs), Retrieved November 4, 2007:
Disruptive Technologies for the Military
Disruptive technologies are innovations that aid in creating new markets, eventually going on to disturb or even dismantle the current value networks and market, and to displace an older technology. Clayton M. Christensen, a professor at Harvard Business School, coined this term, now used frequently in technology and business literature for describing innovations that bring about improvements to any service or product, in ways not expected by the market (Lucas, 2012). The Professor first made use of the term in his best-seller "The Innovator's Dilemma" (published in the year 1997), wherein he classified new technologies into two groups: disruptive and sustaining. The former category refers to novel, inadequately refined technology, typically associated with performance issues, known only to some group(s), and normally lacking any proven practical use. Meanwhile, the latter category includes familiar technologies undergoing successive improvements. Disruption may be viewed from another perspective, if…
Brimley, S., FitzGerald, B., Sayler, S. & Singer, P.W. (SEPTEMBER 2013). Game Changers: Disruptive Technology and U.S. Defense Strategy, Center for American New Security
Christiansen, C. (1997). The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
FitzGerald, B., Sayler, K., Lynn III, W.J. & Stavridis, J. (JUNE 2014). Creative Disruption Technology, Strategy and the Future of the Global Defense Industry, Center for American New Security.
Fonseca, M. (03/02/2014). Guide to 12 Disruptive Technologies. IntelligentHQ.com digital, retrieved from http://www.intelligenthq.com/technology/12-disruptive-technologies / on 20 February 2016