Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Narrative Analysis on "Confessions of a Stupid Haole"
okanaan Kearns's short story "Confessions of a Stupid Haole" explores the broad and multifaceted issue of cultural integration in the United States. The plot scenario for the story involves a Harvard professor who loses her job and returns home so that she can bid her dying grandmother farewell. Additionally, the heroine, ap, has lost her position as professor and will need to move in with her parents until she can find new employment. There are many ways in which the failure of cultural integration manifests, and the first is names. Another of the sources of conflict centers on the fact that she is unable to get along with her family, as they resent her for losing her job despite the fact that her termination was conducted through no fault of her own. The heroine also has difficulty interacting with others in her…
Yap's inability to get along with her family represents another form of cultural integration. When Yap returns home to Hawaii, no family member greets her, and her mother does not even take a break from putting away groceries. The only family member with whom Yap has a strong rapport is her grandmother, Popo, who is ready to die at the conclusion of the story. The fact that the grandmother is dying also suggests that the narrator will not have any familial support after the grandmother dies. In her last exchange with her grandmother (which serves as the final passage of the story), Yap refers to herself as a "stupid haole," the same phrase used by the driver in the car on the freeway. The fact that Yap identifies herself as a "stupid haole" suggests that she actually considers herself to be as much a member of mainland American culture as native Hawaiian culture, reflecting the way she has been marginalized by her family. Cultural integration often refers to one's attempt to integrate into a foreign culture, but in the case of the narrator, she is unable to assimilate within either her second culture (mainland America) or that of her native Hawaii.
Lack of cultural integration also manifests through the narrative structure of the story itself. Specifically, the narrator tells the story in a fragmented, vignette structure that shifts in location and time. The story begins in an airport in Hawaii in the present tense, but then jumps backward in time on a number of occasions, each of which convey scenes where cultural prejudice surfaces. For example narrative "detours" shift the action to August 1989 (in Cambridge), September 1985 (New Haven), July 1990 (Boston), October 1990 (Sulton), March 1995 (Sutton), and September 1971 (Honolulu). These shifts are particularly important because location is inextricably linked with culture, so that the absence of a stable location reflects the way in which the narrator does not have a culture in which she is accepted. Indeed, the fact that the location changes almost constantly parallels the many instances of cultural marginalization inflicted upon the narrator and by her as well. Moreover, by telling the story through a vignette structure, the narrator reveals her conflicted psychological state, as she has difficulty attempting to integrate within her native and adopted cultures.
Yokanaan Kearns's "Confessions of a Stupid Haole," reveals the cultural prejudices that exist between the mainland American and native Hawaiian cultures, which are ostensibly both "American" and yet unable to embrace the other. The cultural prejudice is portrayed in a balanced manner, as it is exhibited by both the mainland and Hawaiian characters. Names, familial interactions, and the structure of the story itself all constitute elements that relate to the theme, and there are no characters who do not exhibit prejudice. Kearns demonstrates how decades after the integration of Hawaii within the United States, there continues to be animosity tension between the two cultures.
Narrative of Frederick Douglass
Slavery is perhaps one of the most common forms of human justice in the history of the world. Although the phenomenon has existed for centuries, across many cultures, a particularly brutal form of the phenomenon was perpetrated in the United States before its abolition. It is, however, a testament to the human spirit that some, like Frederick Douglass, had the inner will and drive to escape overwhelming odds that would keep him a slave for life. In his book The Narrative of Frederick Douglass, the former slave recounts not only the ways in which he worked to escape the slavery into which he was born, but also the brutal and literally bloody conditions often suffered by slaves. It is little wonder that Douglass did not only want to escape these inhuman conditions, but also that he recognized the dehumanizing effect of slavery on both slaves and…
I would beg to differ with this, because of specific stories that place the human spirit far above the sum of its physical parts.
I read a document by Jewish captives I a Nazi camp once. They went through the most terrible of physical hardship. There was no food, or food was at least inadequate. There was not sufficient health care, and, for most inhabitants, they have been separated from friends, family, and even acquaintances. By theories such as that of Maslow, these people should have become feral animals, fighting like dogs for the little food they were provided with.
But, according to the story I heard, this was not so. According to my story, the feeling among the Jews was that their humanity was the last bit of dignity that they could hold on to. They shared everything. If a person was hurt or died, they took care of…
Science holds that there is a central "truth" to every artifact, which is seen as the primary evidence for the specific time period investigated. This is then used in writing cultural histories. Once again, this relates with the above-mentioned assertion by assi, that the visual orientation and accurate depiction of recent history via the visual media inspires the same for art from periods before such technological advancements as photographs. This also influences the way in which contemporary art is displayed and viewed.
As such, the contextualization of the narrative in creating historical texts is mutually influencing among the past, present and future, with the present carrying the most influence. Current culture and contextualization necessarily influences interpretations of art from the past, and particularly from the ancient past. In this way, the distance in terms of time and culture is bridged by narrative interpretation and contextualization. Although this may be inaccurate…
Albano, Caterina. 2007. Displaying lives: the narrative of objects in biographical exhibitions. Museum and Society, March 2007. Vol. 5 Is 1. http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/6aa/6aa459.htm
Baetens, Jan & Van Looy, Jan 2007. digitising cultuarl heritage; the role of Intereptation in cultural Preservation. http://www.imageandnarrative.be/digital_archive/baetens_vanlooy.htm
Bassi, Karen. 2006 Things of the Past: Objects and the time in Graak Narrative. Johns Hopkind University Press
Mr. Murdoch's rehearsal of his presentation indicates an attempt to verbally convince the Chinese of his goodwill. It does not however include a connection with the Chinese way of thinking. This is what the actual narrative during the meeting provides.
The initially cold Chinese reception of Murdoch and his company indicates the truth perceptions initiated by Murdoch's earlier speech. His willingness to however participate in Chinese narrative protocol does win him a degree of favor. This narrative also differs fundamentally from his failing speech in that it is an interaction rather than a one-sided speech. The Chinese delegates are able to respond to every element of the narrative and draw conclusions based upon Murdoch's responses. This contrasts with the initial speech in that conclusions were drawn without the opportunity for rebuttal. Murdoch could only attempt to make amends by non-verbal means, and this was insufficient.
Another way in which Murdoch's…
The narrator in alzac's novel is passing judgments and making comments related to the characters and their environments, in the purest realist style. He is observing and describing as if he was watching them through a huge magnifying glass. His own opinions are less transparent than in the case of Oliver Twists' narrator. He chooses to stay detached and observe and record instead of sympathizing with one or the other.
The author deliberately chooses to superpose his voice over that of the narrator, pointing out that his work is destined to entertain, being a work of ficiton: "You will do the same, - you my reader, now holding this book in your white hand, and saying to yourself in the depths of your easy chair: "I wonder if it will amuse me!" (Pere Goriot, p. 2). On the other hand, even if the characters and the events are fictional, they…
Balzac, Honore de. Pere Goriot. Comedy of Human Life. Roberts brothers, 1886
Proust, Marcel. Swann's Way. Holt, 1922
Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist. Oxford University Press, 1999
Narrative Contrast of the Male and Female Enslaved Experience in America:
Comparison and Contrast of the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass by Frederick Douglass and Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriet Jacobs
Female and male autobiographical narratives invariably take different forms because of the different, albeit culturally constructed, nature of male and female experience. This is true of narratives of free people even today, but even more so of the enslaved African-Americans of the 19th century. Thus, not only does Frederick Douglass' Narrative contrast in its 'plot' or true-life story structure and interest in comparison to Harriet Jacob's tale of her escape from bondage. Both tales are significantly impacted by the gender of the authors as well as the author's intent in writing and intended audience. Douglass tells the tale of a young man, whom escaped ignorance and violence through movement. Jacobs tells the…
Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Jacobs, Harriet. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself.
Edited by Jean Fagan Yellin
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987.
He began to use religion to sanction his cruelty toward slaves. He became pious, attended Church meetings, and invited other persons of religious piety to his house. But in his treatment of human beings whom he held in bondage, nonetheless, the master became a more cruel and sadistic monster. He became a barbaric religious hypocrite.
Ultimately, Douglass argues that American slaveholders totally perverted the meaning of Christianity and that the slaveholders were not true Christians. He makes it clear toward the end of his narrative that his criticism of religion was directed at the specific way American slaveholders practiced it. Douglass explains:
hat I have said respecting and against religion, I mean strictly to apply to the slaveholding religion of this land, and with no possible reference to Christianity proper; for, between the Christianity of this land, and the Christianity of Christ, I recognize the widest, possible difference -- so…
Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Forgotten Books, 2008. Print.
Narrative of Frederick Douglas, American Slave
Numerous authors have written accounts of the horrors of slavery. Some of the most convincing of these accounts were written by actual slaves themselves, a fact which is readily underscored by an analysis of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. However, there is a principle point of distinction between Douglass' work and that of other accounts of the iniquities of slavery, which predominantly include the intense physical horrors the institution of chattel slavery produced during the formative years of the United States. Many accountings of slavery detail the lascivious and rapacious behavior of masters and unspeakable acts of physical cruelty that typified this lucrative practice. However, there were also a number of psychological and mental horrors produced by slavery, the effects of which are perhaps more lasting and profound than those of the former. An analysis of several key scenes…
Douglass, F. (1845). Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. Retrieved from http://www.ibiblio.org/ebooks/Douglass/Narrative/Douglass_Narrative.pdf
The Fairy Tale would have been jealous of her, if she wasn't my best friend. We all were all jealous of the two of them in high school. They were perfect teenage lovers, like Romeo and Juliet minus the heartbreak. Even when they got married right out of high school and everyone said it was too soon "they are too young," they seemed to make it work. Even when she got pregnant so soon, they scrimped and saved and got by. The two little girls were never wanting.
See what I'd brought you," Teddy would say when he came home on Friday nights, his hands filled with fruit and chocolate purchased on the way home.
A called the girls my nieces when I came to visit. The eldest girl had light hazel eyes piercingly resembling the actress, Vanessa Williams. Her daddy always joked that we was already jotting down…
Narrative Role in Story
Narrative perspective plays an important role in many works of literature and often helps to determine the themes of said work. DH Lawrence's short story, "The Rocking Horse inner" is an allegorical tale, which investigates the relationship between luck and money and the impact that these topics have on the characters in the story. The omniscient narrator of the story helps to guide the reader through the story without influencing the events that transpire, thus establishing that the events that take place are allegorical and are supposed to teach a lesson to the reader.
The story is told from an omniscient narrator's perspective who understands the complexity of the relationship between Paul, a young boy whose "luck" enables him to bet on horses and provide his mother, Hester, with money that he believes the family so desperately needs. Throughout the story, Hester continuously argues with her…
Lawrence, DH "The Rocking Horse Winner." Web. 21 August 2012.
Sue Monk Kidd's novel The Secret Life of Bees and Angela Carter's "The Company of Bees" both feature adolescent female protagonists who escape from a patriarchal world of poverty, abuse and oppression, although the young women end up in very different places. In addition, the stories contain many magical, fantastic and surrealistic elements such as werewolves, witches, magical forests or the three Boatwright sisters acting as shamans or wise women in a matriarchal religion. Carter's short story is a take-off of the Brothers Grimm Little Red Riding Hood tale, even though none of the characters actually have names, while Kidd's novel is set in South Carolina in 1964, at the dawn of the feminist, civil rights and antiwar movements that shaped the entire decade. Indeed, it is a more feminist and matriarchal story than the revised version of Little Red Riding Hood, given that male characters are far…
Carter, Angela. The Company of Wolves. Logie, 1984.
Kidd, Sue Monk. The Secret Life of Bees. Penguin Books, 2002.
Her life seemed to be seeping away. I pushed her hair away from her mouth to keep her airway clear, and tried to tilt her head back, but as I did so, she gave a small gasp, and quit breathing.
Frightened now by this event, I pried her mouth open and leaning over I placed my mouth over hers and exhaled. I watched as her chest expanded with the incoming air and then as it slowly compressed again. I tried again, and then again. I put my ear next to her heart and her rough-spun flannel shirt brushed against my ear as I listened for her heartbeat. It was not audible. I made a hammer with my two fists and struck her chest.
In a desperate attempt to save this young girl's life, employed all the life-saving techniques I had been taught as a coach and a lifeguard who was…
Human beings tend to focus on first impressions as a means of judging someone by using that first impression in order to compare what they expect from someone based on their appearance or initial interaction with what the person is actually like. Oftentimes one's first impression is actually quite astute, but occasionally people who may seem "limited" or otherwise discountable for one reason or another upon first meeting surprise you by revealing a depth of character and insight not visible upon cursory introductions. In these cases, the person you misjudged not only surprises you by proving you wrong, but also offers a lesson in judgment that can be useful the next time around. So it was with my last landlord, Terry, who, upon first meeting, struck me as a burnt-out stoner, incapable of real conversation, let alone friendship. It was only after some time did I realize that in…
But was not interned, and like your grandfather's stories of hiding in bunkers or fearing the draft, it is part of a distant knowledge of something that it supposed to be me. The Japanese-American history is one of immigration, discrimination, and internment; of reparations, intermarriage, and an awkward transformation and amalgamation of cultures. t is about being the Japanese of hip anime, world-class technology, and cutting-edge fashion.
Being American is about McDonalds, Levi's jeans, the proliferation of Starbucks, the Michael Jackson scandal, and essay topics like this.
The plaque at the Poston/Colorado River Relocation Center reads: "May it serve as a constant reminder of our past so that Americans in the future will never again be denied their constitutional rights and may the remembrance of that experience serve to advance the evolution of the human spirit ... "
While may not be constantly reminded of a servitude of the past,…
Asakawa, Gil. Being Japanese America: AJA Sourcebook for Nikkei, Hapa ... And Their Friends. San Francisco: Stone Bridge Press, 2004.
Iritani, Frank and Joanne. Ten Visits. San Mateo, CA: Asian-American Curriculum Project., Inc., 1995.
Narrative Proposal: Preschool Classroom
Bright colors have been shown to be extremely stimulating for children. The proposed preschool will feature a brightly-colored room or rooms that are designed to delight the eyes of children. "The favorite color of most preschool children, up to the age of five, is bright red" (Fischer 2011). Using different bright colors also serves the function of teaching children their colors. Posters with labels for colors, numbers, shapes and other basic concepts help reinforce basic skills and ideas that the children are trying to learn.
Hanging mobiles of colors in different shapes can create visual excitement for young children. Different textures in the rugs, walls, and using different-shaped chairs and tables also can stimulate children's minds. These can provide teaching tools for concepts like 'rough' and 'smooth.' From a practical perspective, they accommodate children of different shapes and sizes, but they also allow children to understand…
Bruno, H.E., (2009). Leading on purpose: Emotionally intelligent early childhood administration. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Fisher, Jeanette. (2011). Color help. Color Psychology. Retrieved:
"I have orientation on the 21st," he acknowledged, to no one in particular. My mom immediately made her way to her calendar, noting the date. "Let me know what the schedule is, and I'll make sure I'm available that day," my mom said. "No, let Elaine take me," responded my brother.
It took me about a minute for my brain to register my brother's words. I realized that this was the first time my brother actually WANTED me to help him with something. "Why do you want me to go?" I replied nonchalantly, hoping not to sound too eager. "Because," he said, "you actually know what I have to do at the school. You can help me a ton and I will probably end up better off than most of the other kids going there." That was all I needed to hear from him to accept his request. While this…
He rolled a one, a low score.
They drowned Robert," said Mrs. Napoli, looking up from her letter.
You mean that he's finally given up that imaginary friend of his?" said Mr. Napoli.
I don't know, but he writes that Robert drowned," said his wife.
Images of splashing, laughing, as Billy's campmates pretended to throw Robert into the water, and then insisted on turning the canoe in the opposite direction and paddling furiously away, deaf to Billy's shrieks to go back for Robert.
Maybe that's a good sign," said Mr. Napoli. Mrs. Napoli wasn't so sure.
At the end of the three weeks, Billy was returned to his family, looking pale and wan. The only thing pink and healthy about Billy's color was the calamine lotion speckled all over his arms and legs, after the rest of his bunkmates had thrown him into a patch of Poison Ivy. He wore…
Narrative (topic of Your Choice)
Never did the notion of love appeared as alien and as bittersweet as in one late September as I was driving back from my grandfather's friend's house. The location was just thirty minutes outside of Chicago but it left the impression of an area somewhere in the grip of no man's land. And I had just discovered that people carry enormous weights and that life sometimes leaves them taunting and tantalizing over things in the past. It started out a fine bright day, the sun spreading its dazzling beam over the little town. But now clouds were building over the horizon and seemed to be speeding up, almost intentionally wanting to embrace the echoing houses, the jumble of shops, and the silenced voices in the evening. There was an eerie feeling in the air as if I was leaving behind not a small town in…
Writing effective narrative essay titles is all about tapping into the essence of the story you’ve told and then revealing enough of it in the title to whet the reader’s appetite. The title is like the little morsel on the fishing hook and the reader is the fish. Get a good title out there and you’ll hook the reader immediately. Some of the best narrative titles give almost nothing away about the book, but get readers’ attention because they are loud and declarative. Other narrative titles get the reader’s attention by giving the reader a good idea of what the narrative is about. Here are some examples of good narrative essay titles. Have a look.
Narrative Essay Titles
1. It’s Never Too Late to Go Home: Lessons from a Prodigal Son Who Took Years to Figure Out that Home Truly Is Where the Heart Wants to Be
Qualitative data using individual stories are very important because they give insight into the challenges faced by certain groups such as pregnant teenage mothers. A more comprehensive approach to reducing adolescent pregnancy is needed. Many risk factors including a mother's own history, the absentee father, and misuse of birth control contribute to teenage pregnancies. These can override the benefits of school activity participation and performance in preventing teenage pregnancy. Therefore, programs designed to prevent pregnancy need to address many factors.
Allen E, onell C, Strange V, Copas, a, Stephenson, J., Johnson, a.M. & Oakley, a. (2007, January). Does the UK government's teenage pregnancy strategy deal with the correct risk factors? Findings from a secondary analysis of data from a randomised trial of sex education and their implications for policy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61 (1): 20 -- 7.
Clandinin, J., & Connelly, M. (1990). Stories of…
Allen E, Bonell C, Strange V, Copas, a, Stephenson, J., Johnson, a.M. & Oakley, a. (2007, January). Does the UK government's teenage pregnancy strategy deal with the correct risk factors? Findings from a secondary analysis of data from a randomised trial of sex education and their implications for policy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61 (1): 20 -- 7.
Clandinin, J., & Connelly, M. (1990). Stories of experience and narrative inquiry: Educational Researcher, 19(5): 2-14.
Chase, S. (2005). Narrative inquiry: Multiple, lenses, approaches, voices. In Codjoe, H. (2007). The importance of home environment and parental encouragement in the academic achievement of African Canadian youth. Canadian Journal of Education, 30(1): 137-156.
Creswell, J. (2003). Research design. London: Sage Publications, Inc.
Yet even when Douglass is the slave of a good white woman who treats him well physically by satisfying his bodily appetite for food and he is "better off in the regard" that he always has bread with him, unlike "many of the poor white children in the neighborhood," he does not regard himself as a happy child and envies the free white boys. In fact, "I used to bestow upon the hungry littler urchins," this bread of slavery, for the poor white boys, "in return, would give me that more valuable bread of knowledge."(1898, Chapter IIV)
Beasts can eat, but only human beings can think and learn. After Douglass gains literary knowledge, "I envied by fellow-slaves for their stupidity. I have often wished myself a beast. I preferred the condition of the meanest reptile to my own. (1899, Chapter IIV)
But slaves true higher nature that they possess as…
Douglass, Frederick. "Narrative of the Life of an American Slave." From the Norton Anthology of American Literature. Volume 1. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Narrative of a Revolutionary Soldier
In Martin's (2001) narrative, he addresses many aspects of soldiering in the Revolutionary War. There were many deserters during that time, but Martin chose to stay. That makes him somewhat unusual, but he had a different outlook about American officers, ritish regulars, soldier morale, and the physical discomforts that came with soldiering. He talks of how he could have easily killed enedict Arnold, but did not realize at the time the significance that would have come along with that act (Martin, 2001). He was fiercely loyal to his cause, even though many of the American officers under whom he fought were not well-liked. According to Martin (2001), the largest risk that the American officers were taking in battle was from being killed by their own men. The conditions were bad and many of the men were mistreated by the officers, but most of the men…
Martin, Joseph Plumb. A Narrative of a Revolutionary Soldier. New York: Signet Classics, 2001.
The phone rang. I watched the red light on the device flash intermittently, and was momentarily paralyzed. A dizzying array of buttons stared back at me from the black plastic receiver, and I wished the noise would go away. I looked down at my grandmother. She did not seem to notice the phone at all. She had barely shown any sign of consciousness today, although her eyes were open and I saw her chest rising and falling as methodically as a metronome.
A nurse appeared in the doorway.
"It's your father," she said firmly, looking directly in my eyes. "How's she doing?"
Startled out of my temporary paralysis, I replied reluctantly that my grandmother was "okay," not really knowing what to say given that there were only degrees of badness at this point.
"Your father said he's on his way," the nurse simply stated before walking away, leaving me…
Nina is an eight-year-old girl who lives in my neighborhood. She is a good friend of mine daughter, who I have known since birth. She is the first of two children and was born premature at six months. She is now about four and a half feet tall and very thin, she weighs about seventy pounds. She lives with her mother who is 39 years old and her father who is 40 years old. Her mother graduated high school and father has an Associate's degree. Her mother is a stay at home mom and father works in the mortgage industry. The family lives in an urban community, where they own their own home. Nina is musically talented and plays the piano well.
Nina was very tiny when she was younger. She was a premature baby and it took her a while to catch up with her peers.…
Keeping the continuous, cycle and rhythmic sense of time before us is another task we have come to associate with the study of narrative." (2000, p. 8)
V. Reflection and Deliberation
Clandinin and Connelly state that 'reflection and deliberation' are both terms which "refer to the methods of practical inquiry and are springboards for thinking of narrative and story as method." (2000, p. 8) Reflection is stated to have a sense of "looking back' or a "casting back, whereas deliberation has a forward sense, a sense of preparation for the future." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p. 8)
oth reflection and deliberation are stated to be terms that "refer to practical reasoning and yield uncertain results." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p.9) A narrative is sated to be "always tentative to a degree" and that the narrative 'produces likelihood, not certainty." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p.10) A narrative is stated to be…
Riley, T. And Hawe, P. (2005) Researching Practice: The Methodological Case for Narrative Inquiry. Health Education Research Vol. 20 no.2 Oxford University Press.
Webster, L. And Mertova, P. (2007) Using narrative inquiry as a research method: an introduction to using critical event narrative analysis in research on learning and teaching. Routledge, 2007
Kramp, M.K. (2004). Exploring life and experience through narrative inquiry. In K. deMarrais & S.D. Lapan (Eds.), Foundations for research (pp. 103-121). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Clandinin, D.J., & Connelly, F.M. (2000). Narrative inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
As the story progresses, the donkey develops methods to trick the ox again to send him back to work, but this portion of the story seems to be of lessened importance to the story to the father, who initially stops his tale at the point where the donkey becomes obsessed with ensuring that the ox gets back to work. Scheherazade's father is trying to impress upon her the dangers of letting the mind become obsessed with an idea, and though this is not the ultimate lesson of the story it is the part of the story that is important in context, and thus affects the telling of the story. No story exists simply on its own; each creation and retelling of the story has its own purpose, motives, and interpretations based on the personal experiences and beliefs of the teller and each of the people hearing the tale. There are…
A qualitative approach to the research was definitely indicated above a quantitative approach for several reasons, not the least of which is the type of therapy being employed and the types of outcomes expected. Because narrative therapy techniques are by their very nature deeply personalized and subjective, it is next to impossible to quantify the actions or results that occur in/come out of this therapeutic technique. Also, n order to develop the same comprehensive understanding in a quantitative way the researchers would have needed to control as many variables as possible within the situation, quantifying such things as the position of chairs, the availability/type of snacks, etc. With a qualitative approach, and especially an ethnographic approach, notes can be made on anything that seems to have an impact on the group without prior quantification and control.
Cultural concerns were not really a paramount feature of the research study, given the…
Narrative Poems: The Influence of Celtic Elements
Poetic styles obviously different greatly among early European writers. These three poets represent writing that captures not only their ethnicity but also thematically what was common in their worlds. The reader will notice a harshness in the Irish poem; a sense of romanticism in the French poem and an almost depressing element in the English poem. But even with these differences, it would seem that even though each depicts the mindset of their era, that they all have an element of Celtic tradition.
This essay will contrast and compare the stylistic technique of three poems, all of which appear to have a romantic lament as the theme. I have selected The Wife's Lament to compare/contrast to Lanval and Exile of the Sons of Uisliu (referred to as Exile in this paper).
Comparisons & Contrasts
Lanval, written by Marie de France uses a historical…
The reason that the watch reminds me of my father's humility is the way he avoids wearing it in any company who might perceive it as a purposeful display of wealth or status.
My father has never worn it where the circumstances would amount to rubbing his (apparent) wealth in the face of others. In my family it has always been a good-natured joke that my father's watch is worth more than everything else he owns combined, except for his car. In fact, if my father keeps both his car and his watch for much longer, it may be worth more than everything else he owns including his car. He has always bought his clothes at places like Target and he said many times that if he ever lost his watch he might have a hard time justifying paying for a new one and that he might not be able…
Damn fool," my father popped off.
Political topics were not something my father and I discussed. I don't know why; we just never got around to it. I always thought my dad didn't care much about politics. However, in the truck, driving to the store, he was livid.
What's he talking about?" I asked, almost fearfully.
Who the hell cares? What does it matter? He don't know nothing," my dad spit out at me.
Okay, let's just turned it off," I said, reaching for the radio.
You like that guy? You think he's so smart?' he snapped.
Uh, no, dad. But we don't have to listen to it if it's going to get you upset," I told him.
You gonna listen to that guy and suddenly get smart and decide you know more than anybody else?" he looked at me. His face was red and his eyes were big and…
As children we must learn how to interact with the world we were delivered into. One type of children's education comes in the form of literary training. Children must learn to conceptualize meanings from a set of two dimensional objects as well as the story being read or told. Upon the surface this seems like a fairly straight forward process. However, as this article points out, when the process of learning is dissected it is definitely more complex than it may first appear. For example, it takes a high level of cognition to realize that a certain two dimensional object represents a three dimensional counterpart in the real world. Connecting the association between a two dimensional representation of a pig on a page and a living, breathing pig on a farm takes quite a bit of mental ingenuity.
This article highlights many of the subtle aspects and processes…
Narrative From the Life of an International Student
If my life were a fairy tale, it would not begin with the words "once upon a time, in a land far, far away." To many Americans, Lebanon seems like a land very far away from what they know. Most Americans have heard of Lebanon in terms of its existence as a war-torn nation. They read about it in the newspapers in phrases, along the lines of "because of Israeli-Palestinian conflicts, the nation of Lebanon became drawn into the contentious issues at stake between these two warring peoples." Or, they hear about Lebanon in terms of phrases, such as "in the war-torn nation of Lebanon, the inhabitants were horrified by the destruction that the civil war caused, in political and societal terms."
To me, Lebanon is not a land far, far away, and the civil war is a part of my history,…
Narrative in Asian Art History
Exporting Buddhism's Moral Authority
Whether or not one accepts Hayden White's assertion that the will to narrativize history is inseparable from a will to impose moral authority in a specific social reality, a brief survey of the artworks of several important Asian religious sites shows that there were narrative works. A further look reveals that those narrative works took as their subject matter the most significant entity in the region, the Buddha.
In addition, the fact that the Buddha and the ideas of the Buddha were exported to sites beyond the Indian subcontinent, to Jakarta, Indonesia for example, does indicate that perhaps White is correct. Perhaps by exporting the ideas attributed to the Buddha, those who commissioned the artworks were attempting to impose their own moral authority on a specific social reality, as well as reinforcing it at home.
Author Jean Johnson of New York…
Johnson, Jean. "Decoding Borobudur," http://www.askasia.org/frclasrm/lessplan/l000070.htm,1 June 2003. http://www.hydonline.com/people/Kids_Corner/kingsibi.html
Narrative Style of Twain's The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn
The entire structure of the novel is one of frustrated attempt to escape from restrictions only to find the refuge susceptible to invasion and destruction.
Huckleberry Finn himself is the most American of heroes: he is the boy-man in a male world... And solitary -- alone even among others. (Solomon, 175).
While the vast majority of critical analysis conducted on Mark Twain's The
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn focuses on the symbolic significance of the river within the overall narrative; few scholars have suggested that Huck himself may have been constructed in such a way as to evoke the emergence of America and the realization of its national identity. A youth filled with the spirit of rebellion, yearning to live free from the dominion of an arbitrary authority, self-sufficient and reliant on his own intelligence to guide him, Huckleberry Finn embodies the…
innie exerts an opposite influence by recalling to Jake the necessity of being a good, moral person if he wishes to keep her in his life. Even the baby that innie is carrying plays a part in Jake's need: he uses the baby as leverage to win back the money that Gordon has pilfered from him and innie. The baby is "time," and "time" is what Gordon really values. Jake offers Gordon the opportunity to make right with innie by donating the $100 million from the trust fund to the charity that Jake and innie support. By helping Gordon make right, Jake buys himself an "in" with innie, and Gordon is there to insist that the two give their relationship another try.
Prior to this happy reunion, however, Jake suffers his lowest moment in the film. That moment comes as a consequence of the false solution provided at the end…
Stone, Oliver, dir. Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps. LA: 20th Century Fox.
The narrative research study area aims at engaging with the system that helps people to make sense of experiences and meaning in the greater social context and the social patterns in it (Golsteijn & Wright, 2013). Collaborating with the research subject is one of the highlights of narrative research studies. The subject in research is viewed as a collaborator as opposed to being a provider of information, as led by the researcher’s agenda, under this approach (Moen, 2006).
Accounts of experience under narrative research are guided by discussion in dialogue with the subject of the research. Various data collection approaches are available to the researcher. Such data can take various forms, including journal records, transcripts, observations, letter writing, class plans, stories, pictures, among others (Moen, 2006).
Explorative research assignments can gain from narrative research because they aim at delving into the experiences and the process of making meaning of people…
At which point, he would escape and settle in New edford, Massachusetts. This would mark the beginning of the long fight that Douglas would have in the abolition of slavery and campaign for civil rights. This awakening would lead to the publishing of the book, The Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglas, An American Slave. Where, he would print the different speeches on the abolition of slavery. This would become a best seller and make Douglas famous. However, he was wanted by southern slave hunters and began to campaign in ritain against the evils of slavery. This allowed for sympathetic friends to buy Douglas's freedom, which helped him to return to America.
The different events that were described by Frederick Douglas were a testament of his desire to obtain his freedom at any cost. Where, he would endure suffering and brutality at the hands of slave masters. These incidents…
Douglas, Frederick. (2009). "Chapter Two." The Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglas, An American Slave. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 21 -- 27. Print.
The objective of this paper is to provide the analysis of lifespan interview of Ms. W who was forced to take the additional responsibilities because her father died very young leaving her mother to raise three young children. The study discusses the psychological, sociological, and biological stresses that a single parent and their children face when the father, who is the breadwinner of the family suddenly gives up. The study uses Ms. W case for the narrative analysis
Ms. W was very young when her father died to leave her mother to shoulder additional responsibilities of taking care of three children. Ms. W case was an excellent choice for the review and analysis because the information collected for a review assists in providing the in-depth understanding of the individual personal problem who has experienced a sudden a loss of a father at a younger age and being raised by a…
Narrative of a evolutionary Soldier
In his memoir A Narrative of a evolutionary Soldier, Joseph Plumb Martin recounts his experiences fighting in the evolutionary War as a private, providing a view of the war not usually seen in histories dealing with the more famous major political and military leaders of the day. In particular, Martin's perspective on colonial and British officers and soldiers, the day-to-day experience of the war, and his reasons for staying throughout the campaign offer the reader a useful insight into the realities of the American evolution from the perspective of an average soldier.
Although Martin serves under a variety of admirable officers during his time fighting for the colonial army, at one point in the narrative he encounters a particularly heartless officer which serves to demonstrate some of the class differences likely not seen in other accounts of the war. As Martin and some of his…
Martin, J. (2010). A narrative of a revolutionary soldier. New York: Signet Classic.
I made standard cooing and crying noises as the situation warranted, but I never even appeared to be trying to sound out words even under encouragement (again, I have to take the word of my parents and siblings on this, as I was far too young to remember any of it). Urgings of "Say Mommy!" were rewarded, I am told, with smiles and coos, but no apparent understanding of what was being asked of me or any indication that I knew how to consciously produce sounds vocally that had any meaning to anyone else.
Then, pretty much overnight (as my mother tells it), I began speaking in complete sentences. I went from appearing developmentally challenged to speaking as well as or better than an average toddler without really going through any of the preliminary steps. One day, I couldn't be pressed into saying "mama," and the next I was lucidly…
Why a]re the dearest friends and relations now... prevented from cheering the gloom of slavery with the small comfort of being together and mingling their sufferings and sorrows? Why are parents to lose their children, brothers their sisters, or husbands their wives? Surely this is a new refinement in cruelty, which, while it has no advantage to atone for it, thus aggravates distress, and adds fresh horrors even to the wretchedness of slavery... I have even known them gratify their brutal passion with females not ten years old; and these abominations some of them practised to such scandalous excess, that one of our captains discharged the mate and others on that account." (Vol. 1 p. 206)
On the other hand, there is a paradoxical problem that probably undermines that hope: awareness of how much worse slaves were treated earlier in their lives could have also allowed some of…
What was surprising or affected you in the book?
The most surprising aspect of the book is that it highlights the challenges that are impacting everyone. This is accomplished through showing the brutality and the sense of unconcern about what is happening. For example, in one section Douglass illustrates how female slaves are often victimized by their slave masters or relatives. This is taking place through showing how many are often brutally raped and forced to deal with these abuses continuously. These areas are shocking, as it is showing why slavery must be destroyed at all costs. This is surprising as Douglass will talk about these issues in great detail. (Gates)
Comment about the incidents related to slavery in that book.
The incidents related to slavery are illustrating how the slave master and society have a sense of indifference. This is because they do not care about what happens…
Gates, Henry. Classic Slave Narratives. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.
This type of writing makes the readers actually feel, see and hear what has been felt, seen and heard by the writer. This writing could describe anything such as a person, place or any other entity. The main purpose of the writer is to reveal its subject by careful selection of details. It is often seen that description involves a single personality or entity and how it changed its surroundings through its own actions or by other's actions on itself. The main aim is often to put the reader on the place of subject entity so that the reader could see the world from its perspective.
It is commonly seen that biographies and autobiographies involve the usage of descriptive/narrative writing by the authors. Many tend to give the world their own point-of-view on how they see the world so that the masses might agree with them in their…
An employee resenting their supervisor is going to negatively affect the way they receive communications and their willingness to utilize the information they do receive. For this reason, supervisors at Kongsberg Automotive should ensure they are not micromanaging their employees, while still giving them the help and support they need to perform their duties.
Employing transformational leadership tools too will help improve the communication process as well. Leaders who inspire their employees through their passion and their vision are more likely to have employees who are willing to follow them. These employees are more willing to listen to their supervisor's communications and implement the ideas presented in them. In addition, these employees more often feel as if their communications up the organizational chain will be better received.
Lastly, communication at Kongsberg can be improved by ensuring the communications are coming from the right channel. If the communication is job-related or…
This is one company that encourages the customer service representatives to develop relationships with the customers so that they can ask for individuals when and if they need to call back. I enjoyed this aspect of the job because everywhere I had worked before, we had a contact with the customers and the chances were extremely slim that we would ever hear from or speak to that customer again. There were many customers I enjoyed talking to and wished I could handle their future needs.
A learned through my experience that customer service can make or break a company. Several of the things my experience has taught me include:
set yourself above your existing competition (Customer, 1992).
A make it difficult for new competition to get a foothold in your market (Customer, 1992)."
Observations and eflections
When I first began my career in customer service I believed it was a…
Customer service: back to basics is better.
Public Management; 12/1/2004; Clark, Doug
How to win through great customer service.
Canadian Manager; 3/22/1992
Even though some of the Indians were kind to her, she never changes her mind about them, and never gives them the benefit of the doubt, even when they ransom her and keep their word about taking her home.
Mary's faith carried her through her ordeal, and helped after she returned to her husband, as well. Eventually, both her son and daughter were ransomed, and the family moved to Boston, since nothing was left of their home in Lancaster. She writes, "The Lord hath been exceeding good to us in our low estate, in that when we had neither house nor home, nor other necessaries, the Lord so moved the hearts of these and those towards us, that we wanted neither food, nor raiment for ourselves or ours" (owlandson). Strangers and friends helped the family get back on their feet, and eventually, they moved to Connecticut. Her story is one…
Canada, Mark. "Mary Rowlandson: Narrator of Captivity." University of North Carolina at Pembroke. 2002. 16 Feb. 2008. http://www.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/markport/lit/amlit1/fall2002/04rowlan.htm
Editors. "About Mary Rowlandson." Mary Rowlandson Elementary School. 2008. 16 Feb. 2008. http://rowlandson.nrsd.net/aboutmary.php
Klekowski, Libby. "Mary Rowlandson - Captive in 1675/76." University of Massachusetts. 1997. 16 Feb. 2008. http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/conn.river/mary.html
Lavender, Catherine. "Mary Rowlandson." City University of New York. 2000. 16 Feb. 2008. http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/rowlandson.html
It is the intention of this paper to explore the methods utilized which resulted in the transformation of not only the behavior of a teenage boy but also in the transformation of his very life. Many methods have been utilized in attempting to modify behavioral-patterns in problem children and teens.
This paper will look at the changes in a young man whose name is Reuben, the elements that contributed to those changes and the viewpoint of Reuben as he tells us the story of his new outlook and life view.
This is a story told by Ruben about his life. It is a candid look at the manifestations of anger, frustration, rebellion against authority, and it is a story that gives voice to the possibilities of transformation or change within an individual. Further Ruben will reveals the conditions, or change of conditions in the environment that is conducive…
narrative structure common to short stories of the past cannot be found in modern examples of the literary form, and that in short "nothing happens" in modern short stories. hen one examines the modern short story on its own terms, however, exploring the text for what it contains and extracting meaning and action from the words on the page (and the words not on the page), rather than trying to read modern short stories according to the frameworks and preconceptions of the past, it becomes clear that this stance simply doesn't hold water. hile it might be true that a direct narrative structure is less present in modern short stories than in examples from the past, it is far from true that nothing happens in the modern short story. An examination of two canonized and gripping short stories, illiam Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily" and Andre Dubus' "Killings," reveal that…
Dubus, Andre. "Killings." In Selected Stories 2nd Ed. New York: Vintage: 1996, pp. 47-
Faulkner, William. "A Rose for Emily." Accessed 18 October 2011.
narrative which describes your personal understanding of how race functions in contemporary society.
I understand that "race" is largely a human social construct that has little factual basis. With the benefit of the various modern DNA sciences, we know today that the external features that typically denote race are completely unreliable because they do not accurately correspond to our lineage. I would define "race" as a meaningless distinction that has evolved into one of the primary factors that many people use to distinguish groups of people they consider "different" from themselves.
Racism is evident to me on a daily basis in the sense that I continually observe social interactions dictated substantially by race-based associations and expectations instead of by objective elements of those interactions. To me, racism encompasses much more than negative conscious beliefs and attitudes about other people; it includes the so-called "positive" elements of racial heritage, such as…
relied upon within the world of communications. This discussion will focus on the theory of narrative paradigm. We will discuss when and why the theory developed and how the theory of narrative paradigm has been researched. Then we will discuss the theory in detail including the views of rational world paradigm. In addition we will summarize what scholars believe to be true about the paradigm theory. We will also discuss suggestions for future research in this area.
When and Why the Theory was developed
The Narrative Paradigm theory was created in the 1970's by Walter Fisher. (Narrative Paradigm Theory, n.d) Fisher created the theory because he felt that the rational world paradigm did not take into consideration the need for the narrative form of communication. Fisher asserts that the rational world paradigm only took into consideration the argumentative nature of communication a theory that was made famous by philosophers such…
Aiex, Nola Kortner.(1988) Storytelling: Its Wide-Ranging Impact in the Classroom. Bloomington, IN: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills. (ERIC Digest Identifier: ED299574) Retrieved on December 1, 2002 at http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed299574.html
Note from Walter Fisher.(n.d.). Retrieved on December 1, 2002 at http://www.engl.niu.edu/wac/fisher.html
Fisher, Walter R. (1984). "Narration as Human Communication Paradigm: The Case of Public Moral Argument," Communication Monographs, Vol. 51, pp. 1-22.
Fournier, Stephen. (2002). "Walter Fisher's Narrative Paradigm." Retrieved on December 1, 2002 at http://stevefournier01.tripod.com/hist/hist-4.html
Jerome Bruner makes in his book Making Stories: Law, Literature, Life. When I read this for the first time, it seemed a little strange to me. I am certainly not aware of almost constantly using stories as I go through my routine every day. But as the book went on, it became clear to me that this is true. Life itself is almost constructed as a story. From this understanding, it is possible to apply Bruner's ideas to education in order to make the process and meaningful and intriguing one for students.
One of the first points Bruner makes is that we seldom think critically about the way in which we make stories out of reality:
"In any case, whatever the source of our odd reticence, we rarely inquire as to the shape reality is give when we dress it up as a story. Common sense stoutly holds that the…
Bruner, J. (2002). Making Stories: Law, Literature, Life. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, LLC.
They may not be overtly trying to keep blacks down, but I have noticed they it is important in this company to keep whites at the top of the ladder.
For example, my manager, a Caucasian, has been with this company for 20 years, he earns a salary in six figures and has no college experience. It shows. In fact under his supervision our department is collapsing. There is a supervisor who is African-American who tries hard to cover up for his boss's errors of judgment and wrongheaded decisions. He should be the one running our department, but he hasn't been promoted or compensated -- or even given credit for the yeoman's work that he does. The black supervisor has been with the company as long as the white manager, and the black supervisor has two master's degrees, but he can't catch a break in the company pecking order. The…
validity, and for school administrators Goldstein's points should be discussed and debated. Goldstein suggests that without violating students' privacy rights, instructors / teachers nationwide need to be far more alert to weirdness, aggressiveness, "creepiness," Nazi-related hatefulness, "Fierce racism" and homophobia.
Students that have obsessive video game habits -- with a daily dose of violent games like "Grand Theft Auto" -- are potentially antisocial individuals that need to be watched (hiteman, 2013). There is ample evidence in the literature that impressionable young men and boys that play the most violent video games are living in a violent world of their own (Jaslow, 2013). Those working towards the prevention of homicidal violence in Germany's schools have employed anti-bullying programs and the "Leaking Project," which mirrors what Goldstein proposals; this should be studied by American school leaders (Leuschner, 2011). Also, those troubled students, known to be suffering from depression -- such as the…
Harwood, V. (2011). Connecting the Dots: Threat Assessment, Depression and the Troubled
Student. Curriculum Inquiry, 41(5), 586-593.
Klebold, S. (2009). "I Will Never Know Why." The Oprah Magazine. Retrieved January
24, 2014, from http://www.oprah.com.
He is a constant dreamer, perhaps daydreaming about position he would rather have in society (pilot, surgeon) or what he would not want to be (a witness accused of a crime he didn't commit, facing a firing squad). Readers also know that Mitty's character is so given to daydreams he has practically lost his ability to remember things. It comes across in this
Added to that, his wife is obviously a strong personality and his personality appears to be very meek and easily intimidated. Still, Mitty is an endearing character, someone that could be the absent-minded uncle, or grandfather who needs to be reminded of what his duties are for the household.
The setting in this story is in the community of Waterbury during World War II. Mitty doesn't need to conjure up his own private daydreaming narrative because things around him remind him of what time and place he…
But by using an 'instructional,' distanced format, the reader is able to both laugh and sigh at the same time, as the implied meaning of Diaz's phrases is slightly softened by the harshness of the satiric tone.
The use of deliberately offensive terms like 'halfie' indicates Diaz's dual project of parodying racial and gender norms while also showing the humanity behind them. Even when talking about dating whites, Diaz elides the two words together, to suggest the way that people speak: whitegirls, he says, are easy and "give it up," a "halfie will tell you that her parents met in the [civil rights] movement," showing a sly mockery that the reader is only interested in how to get the girl in bed, not to hear about the serious effects of the civil rights movement on black and white people's lives.
Diaz's story shows the complex, contradictory, and often offensive stereotypes…
For Marie, there is a consistent struggle towards upward social mobility. This struggle is a reflection of her desire to be both a good wife at such a tender age and to advance her husband's station. At the same time, her husband, a young and ambitious tradesman is attempting to validate himself through business success. Their struggle within the colonial society is a reflection of the struggle for survival and upwards social mobility. The defiance of their character to conventional norms and their driving ambition are both representative of the individualism that is evident in this society.
For Charles Renaut, the struggle of being a fisherman is evident in his letter. Moore carefully portrays Renaut's life as a reflection of the both the classicism within colonial society as well as the holistic portrayal of the fisherman's lifestyle. Renaut feels himself caught between the middle as he fears to leave Louisbourg…
After she got cleaned up and put down her bag, they went out to eat at a diner. Lexi wanted to order the beef that tasted of home, but Grandma and Pop-Pop said that would be too much for a little girl and ordered her chicken fingers instead. "Every kid likes chicken fingers," they said. Lexi hated chicken, and she also hated the Jell-O that came with her kid's meal. Her grandparents ordered from a menu called 'Early Bird Special.'
Lexi found riding around in the car after the long plane ride from Texas really boring, but she didn't say anything. That was Lexi's usual technique, to say nothing. Her dad called her the strong and silent type.
"What do you do all day in the middle of nowhere?" said her grandmother. Lexi imagined herself on a map labeled 'nowhere.' She knew what her grandmother meant, and kind of felt…
Rise of the Narrative
Are we returning to a narrative in history? Yes. But now it is a narrative impacted by the numbers of the technology of the information age, which is a different type of impact tha the guardians of the past saw coming.
There is little question but that narrative has again begun to find a place in documenting and shaping the substance of history. Few people believe that numbers, be they those of the math of the hard sciences or those of the democracy of the softer sciences, can provide all the answers. As Lucien Febvre is reported to have complained to some of his students, "We have no history of Love. We have no history of Death. We have no history of Pity nor of Cruelty. We have no history of Joy." These were not of the topics of scientific inquiry in the traditional sense when…
logs and narrative-only reports is commonplace in a number of public and private sectors, including law enforcement and health care where they are used to codify different types of events for different purposes. Irrespective of the setting and purpose, though, these types of written records can play a vital role in keeping track of important events and establishing accountability for future analysis or investigation. To gain some fresh insights in this area, this paper provides an explanation concerning the purposes of and differences between incident reports, logs, and narrative only reports. A discussion concerning the five rules of narrative report writing is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the importance of honest, factual report writing.
eview and Discussion
As the term implies, an "incident report" is intended to capture the important details of an untoward incident of some type. In a tertiary health…
Berntsen, K.J. (2004). The patient's guide to preventing medical errors. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Brenner, E. & Freundlich, M. (2006, May/June). Enhancing the safety of children in foster care and family support programs: Automated critical incident reporting. Child Welfare,