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Dry Tortuga National Park
Granted that Key est, Florida may be the southernmost indicate in the mainland United States, the story of America's rich customary legacy develops past the zero mile marker of U.S.-1. Found practically 70 miles off Nexus est is a group of seven coral reef islands that pilgrim Ponce de Leon came across in 1513. Upon seeing the bounteous people of ocean turtles, he named the islands Las Tortugas (The Turtles), but when pioneers and vendors studied that the islands hurt for new guzzling water; they soon updated the name to Dry Tortugas (Macpherson, pp. 34-45).
In spite of their name, the group of islands at Dry Tortugas National Park -- which incorporates Enclosure, Loggerhead, Shrubbery, Extended, East, Healing facility, and Center Keys -- is the post of occasions that have played a foremost part in American customary and oceanic history.
Describe At Least Two…
Hamilton, M. National Park Service Dry Tortugas National Park, Oxford University Press vol 2 (2009) pp. 46-50
Herndon, D. Trips: Florida's Dry Tortugas National Park." National Geographic Adventure Publications. Retrieved 26 August 2012 vol 5 (2011) pp. 78-80
James, S. Five-Year Annual Recreation Visits Report. Public Use Statistic Office, National Park Service Retrieved 2012-03-06 (2005) pp. 231-234
Macpherson, J. Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011. Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-06. (2004) pp. 34-45
Specific legislation on rights of way would have to be enacted separately in order to apply to any of the other parks (for instance, the 1915 act creating ocky Mountain National Park contained rights of way). (Winks 1997)
Under the Act of 1970 act, Congress proceeded to create new National ecreation Areas, including "urban parks." The act clearly strengthened the Park Service to protect park units in all ways by Congressional mandate. The Park Service was given the ability to exercise the broad powers it already possessed and would acquire in the future.
The act also changed the definition of the Park System to include "any area of land and water now or hereafter administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the National Park Service for park, monument, historic, parkway, recreational, or other purposes." Even though this provision was directly given for national seashores, national lakeshores, and wild…
Everhart, William (1990).The National Park Service: The First 75 Years. Park Net: National Park Service
Frome, M. (1992). Re-Greening the National Parks. Arizona: University of Arizona Press
Machlis G.E. And Field, D.R. (2000) National Parks and Rural Development, Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis
National Park Service: History and Culture. (2006) Retrieved September 26, 2006 at http://www.nps.gov/ .
National Park Service: Safety at Yellowstone National Park
The National Park Service (NPS) is assigned the responsibility of managing national parks, historical property, national monuments and such other conservancies by the U.S. federal government. Its primary duties include protection of the park and its visitors, maintenance, recreation and marketing of the country's beautiful natural resources. However, national park rangers and other employees often have to deal with various obstacles in their quest for smooth interactions between citizens and nature. This text presents various challenges faced by Yellowstone National Park. It is based on an inspiring story of anger Anny Pidgin, who was passionate about national parks from a young age and explains various experiences by visitors at the park.
The main communication challenge facing the NPS with respect to visitors of Yellowstone National Park
The main communication challenge faced by the NPS is how to express the importance of all…
Coon, D. & Mitterer, J.O. (2013). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning:
Stiff, J.B. & Mongeau, P. A (2003). Persuasive Communication (2nd Ed). New York, NY: The Guilford Press
XXX-Book sent as resource
particularly pertinent for campers as campers will have a lot of trash and
there are specified places to throw it away. Great care should be taken to
properly dispose of garbage.
Camping brings about another area of concerns as it is imposing on
nature, but if a camper respects nature, then he or she will leave little
effect on Yosemite. Campers should camp in designated areas, should not
kill wildlife for camp fire wood, should not harm animals, should not feed
animals, and should throw away trash. Most importantly, when starting camp
fires, careful attention must be made that the fire is completely
extinguished. If a fire is not put out properly one spark can start a big
fire and thus cause great natural damage ruining much of Yosemite. Many
fires of this kind would surely be a detriment to the natural resources of
Yosemite for future generations.…
Everglades National Park
Life Forms Found in the Area
Biological interrelationships among life forms in the area
Species depend on one another for food, etc.
Human intrusions threatening the area
Protections that exist to safeguard and preserve the area
hat individuals can do to help protect the Everglades
A. Visit the Everglades
B. Learn ways to conserve the environment
C. Volunteer your time (if local)
D. Adopt a restoration project
E. Get involved in related elections
The Everglades National Park
The Everglades National Park is a large area of subtropical wetlands that comprises a large portion…
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, (2010). Everglades restoration Retrieved from http://www.dep.state.fl.us/secretary/everglades/
Plants and animals of the Everglades. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.evergladesplan.org/facts_info/sywtkma_animals.aspx
United States Depertment of the Interior, National Parks Service. (2010). Birds of the Everglades
Helens was for viewing the crater and the experience of the volcano instead of mountain climbing per se and even more of a draw that personal testing or challenge. (Ewert, 1990; paraphrased)
Upon completion of group meetings the 300 individuals were randomly selected from a registration list for the period beginning in may and ending in august 1987, totaling 1000 individuals. Each of the 300 chosen in this random selection process were mailed a questionnaire containing 16 items.
The study was conducted through use of a multimethod methodology which rewer and Hunter (1989) advocated and a study that was both quantitative and qualitative in nature. The questionnaire was the quantitative section of the study and upon finalization and distribution and then following group focus meetings qualitative sessions were conducted for the purpose of refining the instrument's wording and to inform the researcher of the "issues and concerns…
Ewert, Alan (1990) Mount St. Helens: A Case Study of Managing for Change in Wildland Recreation. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Stations. USDA Forest Service, Riverside, California.
1988 Fire at Yellow Stone National Park. This paper discuses the events that took place during the 1988 Fire at Yellowstone National Park that took out 1.2 million acres.
1988 Fire at Yellow Stone National Park
Fires are dangerous and deadly but just how far they can go that can be seen with the example of the 1988 fire at the Yellow Stone National Park. Yellowstone National Park is located in the states of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming is the first and oldest national park in the world. It covers 8,983.210 km2 (2,219,790.71 acres) mostly in the northwest corner of Wyoming. Yellowstone is home of the brown bear (sometimes called "grizzly bears") and wolf, and free-ranging herds of bison and elk. It is the core of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, one of the largest intact Temperate Zone ecosystems remaining on the planet. The park was named for the yellow rocks…
Tom Meersman; Staff Writer, Landmarks in Yellowstone National Park's History: Minneapolis Star Tribune, 10-26-1997, PP 14G.
Hanson, Brooks, Atmospheres: Not so fired up., Science, 03-24-2000.
E.N. SMITH Associated Press Writer, Ten years after fires, Yellowstone National Park prospers., AP Online, 06-20-1998.
financial structure of the National Park Service (NPS). It reviews their operations, discussing how they generate revenue and manage their financing. The paper also reviews their financial performance along with their organizational structure.
The NPS had its beginning when Congress set aside the watershed of the Yellowstone River "for the benefit and enjoyment of the people" with the Yellowstone National Park Act of 1872. The actual system of national parks administered under a federal bureau began with the creation of the NPS on August 25, 1916 when President oodrow ilson signed the Organic Act. Established under the U.S. Department of the Interior, the NPS was responsible for protecting the 40 national parks and monuments then in existence (Smith, 2011).
There was no single agency providing unified management of the varied federal parklands until an Executive Order in 1933 transferred 63 national monuments and military sites from the Forest Service and…
About Us. (2011). National Park Service Website. Retrieved July 9, 2011 from http://concessions.nps.gov/about_us.htm
Annual Report 2010. (2011). National Park Foundation Website. Retrieved July 9, 2011 from http://www.nationalparks.org/files/about/financials/annual-report-2010.pdf
Budget. (2010). National Park Service Website, About Us. Retrieved July 9, 2011 from http://www.nps.gov/ aboutus/budget.htm
Financial Analysis. (2011). National Park Service Website, Management Topics. Retrieved July 9, 2011 from http://concessions.nps.gov/man_finance.htm
Overnight Trip from San Jose Community College to Yosemite National Park
A visit to Yosemite National Park has much to offer first-time visitors, as well as returning visitors who have already experienced the abundant natural resources, including spectacular waterfalls, scenic valleys, flower-filled meadows, ancient giant sequoia trees, an enormous 1,200-square mile wilderness area and a great deal more (Yosemite National Park 2). This paper provides a review of online resources to describe a possible round-trip mode of transportation from San Jose Community College (SJCC) to Yosemite National Park, where the visitors will stay, what they will do during their trip and what they can reasonably expect to learn from the experience.
Mode of Transportation
Local charter buses are available from San Jose Charters, Inc. For overnight trips to Yosemite National Park (About Us 2). The bus will pick up travelers at a designation location near SJCC and based on a…
"About Us." San Jose Charters, Inc. 2015. Web.
Russell, C.R. "Yosemite -- Still Magnificent." Sunset 174 (2009): 108-109. Web.
"Yosemite Lodge." U.S. National Park Service. 2015. Web.
"Yosemite National Park." U.S. National Park Service. 2015. Web.
Yasuni National Park: Cultural Aspects that May Impact Biodiversity and Sustainability
The biodiversity record of Yasuni National Park is amazing – with the park being “the most biologically diverse hotspot in the Western Hemisphere” (Andrianos, Sneep, and Kerber, 2014, p. 32). It is important to note that in addition to having a healthy vertebrae assembly, Yasuni National Park also covers a relatively huge wilderness area and is home to a wide range of species (Andrianos, Sneep, and Kerber, 2014, p. 32). In addition to the Waorani communities, who have largely been seen as having been the ancestral guardians of Yasuni National Park, other indigenous groups who continue to live within the Yasuni National Park territory (in voluntary isolation) include the Taromenanes and the Tagaeris (Waller, 2016). The relationship of these indigenous populations with the environment has historically been harmonious. All along, they have mostly made use of natural resources for…
The final step in decrease law enforcement budgets was the cut of 20% federal prison system. As of right now, prisons take up millions of dollars to house drug offenders and other non-violent criminals. These funds are needed elsewhere, and so they must be taken from keeping up the building and regulation of so many unnecessary prisons in the United States.
In terms of protecting consumers much needed to be done. To ensure consumers protection on investments, deposit insurance increased by 10%. This will allow people to renew faith in the banking system in they have more insurance on their deposits. Additionally, I cut 20% of tax cuts for the richest 1% of tax payers, 10% for the second two richest. Hold even for the third, and an increase of 10% for the bottom tax payers. Furthermore, I cut 20% of untaxed foreign profits and 10% of tax benefits for…
After instituting a controlled burn, forest managers can determine what areas are ripe for vegetation and which are not. Because this article contains one of the many effects of burning, its inclusion in the cannon of literature is important.
Houston, Douglas B. (1971). Ecosystems of National Parks. Science. 127 (3984), 648-
Though Douglas B. Houston's article is older than some, its topic is one that does not necessarily require a modern time stamp. Additionally, this article that discusses national park maintenance was written before the great fire in Yellowstone National Park. For those writing about controlled burning, this gives a unique example of the opinions of maintenance and the ecosystem before the fire, which allows the researcher to make comparisons between the pre and post-fire opinion. Other relevant information in the article is a detailed discussion of the parks' ecosystems, and a conclusion that the destructive activities of humans are…
In this article, the authors discuss changes in landscape patterns, and how these changes affect natural features including "wildlife abundance, nutrient flow, and lake productivity" (664). Though this may not seem relevant to controlled burning at first, landscape patterns are intrinsically important to the ecosystem of any national park. Landscape patterns also have a direct impact on plant diversity and what kinds of plants thrive in certain areas. This article will be an important research for those who believe it is important to discuss planting and planning after the controlled or prescribed burn. Additionally, the article describes prescribed burning and some of its effects, including effects on nutrition and plant and animal life. Finally, the article is easy to read and chalk full of facts, numbers, and information about the park. As a reference, therefore, it is useful if only for fact-finding purposes.
Turner, Monica G., Romme, William H., and Tinker, Daniel B. (2003). Surprises and Lessons from the 1988 Yellowstone Fires. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 1(7), 351-358.
For ecologists, naturalists, park personnel, and those living in Wyoming, the 1988 Yellowstone Fires were a monumental experience. When discussing prescribed burning, therefore, scholars continue to return to the fires for inspiration and research purposes. Written by at least two of the leading experts on controlled burning and the Yellowstone Fires, this article discusses the surprises levied by the 1988 Yellowstone Fires. These were mainly positive surprises, such as plant life growing rapidly, and the fact that human restoration in the area was not necessary. By studying the wealth of information available about the fires that was discussed in the last fifteen years, the scholars are applying the information they discovered due to the 1988 fires to prescribed burning and forest fires in other areas. Because this article is written by experts in the field and addresses the real-life effects of prescribed burning, this article is an excellent addition to the collection of research about controlled burns in Yellowstone National Park.
Yosemite National Forest
In East Central California, Yosemite National Park spans the eastern portions of Tuolumne, Mariposa, and Madera County. Approximately 3.7 million tourists have come to love and visit the park on an annual basis, spending time on a seven square mile sector of the 760,000 acre park. Yosemite is known for the enormous rocks dating as far back as ten million years in age, with one particular known site: The half dome, where hikers may climb the treacherous rock (Yosemite National Park, 2011). With such a large amount of tourists, the park calls for a well developed management team.
Yosemite Tourism and Ownership Establishment
Yosemite was officially discovered in 1855 by James Mason Hutchings, Thomas Ayers, and other tourists to the area. The two were among the first to create publicity for the area, making artwork and articles about the wildlife and experiences, and sending them…
Harris, A.G., Tuttle, E., & Tuttle, S. (2003). Geology of national parks. Kendall/Hunt
National Geographic. Dna to help find "problem" bears at yosemite. (2001, April 1). National
Central Park (New York) and Mohawk Park (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
Municipal parks have a long history, and the importance of these invaluable green and open spaces to the people who live around them cannot be overstated. Perhaps the best-known pubic park in the United States is New York City's Central Park that provides the city's citizenry with an enormous green space in the middle of a concrete jungle. Although lesser known, Tulsa, Oklahoma's Mohawk Park is the third-largest municipal park in the country and provides a wide range of resources for the citizens of Tulsa and its surrounding communities. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to identify the designs of these two municipal parks and their use of space for their patrons. A summary of the research and important findings concerning New York's Central Park and Tulsa's Mohawk Park are presented in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Carr, E. (1999), Wilderness by Design: Landscape Architecture and the National Park Service.
Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Kirlee, D. (2011, February 23), "Oklahoma Polo Enthusiasts Working to Revive Sport of Kings,"
The Journal Record, p. 17.
co.uk 2012). These issues can negatively affect the economic impact of the parks operations.
- Visitor Experience and Quality
As noted above, variability can have a huge impact on economics. However, the intangibles of visitor experience and quality have been affected as well. Visitor perceptions have a lot of relationship to the visitor experience and its quality. This is what the attractions sell and it is much more abstract and harder to qualify which is why this critical feature of management is often ignored (Week 8: Visitor Experience 2012). The performance of the attraction itself will have a direct impact upon user experience and satisfaction (ibid). Swarbroke notes "Visitor attractions are at the heart of the tourism industry, they are motivators that make people want to take a trip in the first place (Swarbroke, 2002)."
This author visited the park on March 21th, 2012 and had a chance to play…
Bbc.co.uk. (2012). Thorpe Park Rollercoaster Swarm Stops, Leaving People Stuck. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-17389375 . Last accessed 1 April 2012.
Barkham, P. (2012). M25 is UK's newest tourist attraction. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/mar/12/m25-coach-tour-surprise-hit?newsfeed=true . Last accessed 2 April 2012.
Belohlavek, P. (2008). Unicist Marketing Mix . New York: Unicist Research Institute. p. 13.
Bose. (2012). The Tussauds Group - Success Story. Available: http://worldwide.bose.com/pro/en/assets/pdf/en/ss_uk_tussauds.pdf. Last accessed 1 April 2012.
Aristotle and the Cynics Conspire to get Snowmobiles out of Yellowstone National Park
In the scenario whereby individuals are rampaging across the wilds of Yellowstone National Park, willy-nilly upon snowmobiles, the great Greek philosopher Aristotle (presumably after overcoming his initial surprise at the existence of such a mechanized craft) would remind the snowmobile's users of Book VIII, Chapter 3, of his Ethics. A means of use of the park that is amicable and amenable to all, rather than to one subspecies of user, the snowmobiler, would be most desirable.
In this treatise upon Ethics, Aristotle defines relationships between human beings on the basis of friendships into of good people, friendships based on utility and friendships based on shared pleasures of company. Ethics, for Aristotle, is grounded in a need in human nature, that is, the essence of living human beings to require a just, virtuous, and happy way of…
Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "
Above the roundel is a frieze from a monument to Trajan depicting a battle scene, and the west end contains an image of Luna, the moon goddess, in a chariot" (Sullivan, 2005, p.1). In contrast, the more modest, but still impressive, single-barreled Valley Forge structure is resoundingly secular in its images, as befits a national, American structure in a nation where freedom of religion reigns. (Interestingly, Constantine would later become famous as the first Christian emperor, despite the fact that his triumphal arch contains images of pagan gods and goddesses. The left hand roundel on the north face of the structure even shows Constantine in the form of a recut head of an older emperor, sacrificing to the god Apollo) (Sullivan, 2005, p.2).
In the past, triumphal arches were almost exclusively used to commemorate either great men or great victories, or both in war. The Arch of Constantine thus may…
Sullivan, Mary Ann. "Arch of Constantine." Rome, Italy. 2005. 5 Apr 2008. http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/italy/rome/archconstantine/arch.html
National Memorial Arch." U.S. National Park Service. 5 Apr 2008.
American National Character (history)
The Ongoing Search for an "American National Character"
This assignment asks the following pertinent and challenging questions: Is it possible to find trends amongst so much diversity? What characteristics are distinctly American, regardless of class, race, and background? What is problematic about making these generalizations and inheriting the culture? What have we inherited exactly? What problems arise with our ideals - and are we being honest with ourselves? Discuss individualism and the "American Dream." Are these goals realized and are they realistic? This paper seeks solid answers to these often elusive questions.
The search for a national character should be never-ending, and the pivotal part of the search that should be enlightening and enriching for the seeker of that knowledge may just be the inspiration from the books and authors springing into the seeker's mind along the way to discovery.
Who is presently engaged in a…
Bellah, Robert. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life.
New York: Harper & Row, 1985.
Cochran, Thomas Childs. Challenges to American Values: Society, Business, and Religion. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, 1973.
Personal, Local, or National Issue;
Climate change has become one of the most debated subjects that mark the current political agendas throughout the world. The international community, the international and regional NGOs as well as the public opinion are constantly flagging more and more issues on the negative impact the lack of sustainable development has on the environment. Among other perspectives, one that has been rather often considered in relation to this subject is the role international organizations and in particular the ones at the level of the United Nations have mitigating the risks of climate change at the global level. This is in my opinion an important matter to discuss from several points-of-view; firstly, the issue of climate change affects the world at a global level and its perspectives are grim in comparison to the efforts made by every state individually in addressing the particularities of the situations; secondly,…
national symbols used in marketing products, sometimes to evoke a feeling of viewpoint, sometimes to add credibility to the project, and sometimes to actually encourage the consumer to purchase based on the symbol. The American Flag, for instance, is used in marketing to prove that something is American made or that purchasing it will help America; it can also be used in certain political campaigns to evoke the feeling of patriotism and therefore the desire to use that particular product to be patriotic. The American Eagle is often used in the same way -- to purchase minted coins, stamps, or as a symbol of freedom and individualism. Flags or strategic positioning of symbols (Mexican sombrero, Irish flag or Leprechaun, etc.) help consumers identify the nation with the brand.
DP 5-2 -- Enculturation is a learning process in which an individual learns the values and behaviors required of them to belong…
The first phase, implemented in 2010, provides immediate access to a high-risk insurance pools for individuals excluded from healthcare coverage because of pre-existing conditions; it also allows children to remain covered under their parents' insurance plans until the age of 26 and provides tax credits to small employers that give their employees health insurance (Tumulty, Pickert, & Park, 2010). The second phase begins in 2011 and will require private health insurance companies to spend at least 80% of premiums on healthcare services; in 2013, Medicare payroll taxes will increase on the wealthiest individuals and families to enable that program to overcome the aby oomer problem (Tumulty, Pickert, & Park, 2010). In 2014, most Americans will be required to obtain health insurance to reduce the collective cost of treating the uninsured (Tumulty, Pickert, & Park, 2010).
Unfortunately the primary reason that healthcare reform was not able to incorporate more wide-sweeping reforms…
Kennedy E. (2006). America: Back on Track. Viking: New York.
Reid T. (2009). The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. New York: Penguin Group.
Tumulty K, Pickert K. And Park a. "America, the Doctor Will See You Now" Time, Vol.
175, No. 13; (2010).
Markeaton Park is Derby's most heavily used park and is indeed one of the most frequently visited of all East Midlands sites, two facts that would suggest that its upkeep is highly important (Turbutt 1999: 18-20). However, a combination of this high degree of use and a lack of consistent funding for upkeep and infrastructure improvement has left the park in a far-less-than-ideal state. While the park remains attractive to a range of visitors (including families with children), it has entered what the Derby City Council believes may be a cycle of decline in which poor upkeep and the failure to modernize lead to a decline in use and popularity, which in turn will lead to fewer visitors and less money (Derby City Council 2011).
Keenly aware of the fact that the park's future hangs in the balance depending on what decisions are made now, the Council has begun to…
Adams, W.H. (1991). Nature Perfected: Gardens Through History. New York: Abbeville Press.
Agranoff, R. (2008). Managing Within Networks: Adding Value to Public Organizations. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.
Agranoff, R. & McGuire, M. (2003). Collaborative Public Management: New Strategies for Local Governments. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.
Boyne, G. (2003). Sources of Public Service Improvement: A Critical Review and Research Agenda. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 13/3, 367-394.
Stated examples include: "cessation of mining or farming or causes of erosion, restricting livestock from riparian areas, removing toxic materials from soil or sediments, and eradicating invasive exotic species; (4) restoration of processes/disturbance cycles and this involves restoration of important ecological processes including natural flooding or fire regimes so that natural integrity is restored; (5) rehabilitation of substrates which may be any type of activity focused on repairing soil texture or chemistry that has been altered or the restoration of hydrological regimes or the quality of water; (6) vegetation restoration which may include direct revegetation of a site and generally with species that are native to the local conditions of the environment. This involves collection of seeds or cuttings from various sources in the local region; (7) Maintenance and monitoring the restoration site across time is required to ensure that objectives are being met. Observation assists in knowing when something…
Ecological Restoration Option (2014) Humboldt State University. Retrieved from: http://humboldt.edu/environment/programs/environmental-science/ecological-restoration-option
The Croton Waterworks (2014) Retrieved from: http://crotonaqueduct.wordpress.com/field-notes/individual-structures/jacqueline-kennedy-onassis-reservoir/
Vaughn, K.J., Porensky, L.M., Wilkerson, M.L., Balachowski, J., Peffer, E., Riginos, C. & Young, T.P. (2010) Restoration Ecology. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):66. Retrieved from: http://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/restoration-ecology-13339059
Figure 3: Groups by Children Present
It is important that some of these groups that include children plan to feed the ducks meaning that children will be near the water and requiring assurance that required staff be present to manage the feeding of ducks and to ensure safety of the children. The following chart indicates the with red highlighting the groups that will be grilling during trail use indicating the requirement of staff being present to ensure that there is no occurrence of fire that is incorrectly used or extinguished while grilling that might harm the environment of the trail area.
Figure 4: Presence of Children equiring Additional Staff
It is recommended that each group include a trail guide and a trail assistant. The trail guide will lead the group on the trail with the assistant walking, running or bicycling at the rear of the group to ensure the group…
Capital Area Greenway System (2014) City of Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved from: http://www.raleighnc.gov/parks/content/PRecDesignDevelop/Articles/CapitalAreaGreenwayTrailSystem.html
Chavez, DJ, et al. (1993) Recreational Mountain Biking: A Management Perspective. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. Vol. 11, No. 3. Retrieved from: [HIDDEN]
Conflicts on Multiple-Use Trails: Synthesis of the Literature and State of the Practice (nd) Federal Highway Administration and the National Recreational Trails Advisory Committee. Retrieved from: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/recreational_trails/publications/conflicts_on_multiple_use_trails/conflicts.pdf
Conflicts On Multiple-Use Trails: Synthesis of the Literature and State of the Practice (2014) Trail Maintenance and Management. National Trails Training Partnership. Retrieved from: http://www.americantrails.org/resources/ManageMaintain/MooreConflictMgmt.html
The community of Park Slope is an affluent, cohesive neighborhood in Brooklyn, NY. Although relatively healthy, a significant number of individuals who have access to health insurance do not utilize it. Additionally, Park Slope residents have a higher than average rate of tobacco product usage. This report describes two initiatives to address both problems, using community nurses to lead and implement community projects and one-on-one counseling and education programs.
Alleviating Health Insurance Under-usage
Assessment of Problem: The assessment process will proceed in the following phases:
Identification of Population: Approximately 8% of Park Slope residents (~7,900 individuals) have health insurance, but do not use it. These individuals can be identified in the following ways:
a. Emergency Department eports: According to a recent study, patients with insurance who do not regularly use their plans form a significant subset of emergency department visits (Ginde, 2012). Identifying these individuals while they are…
Ginde, A.A. (2012,March 20). How insurance status influences emergency department visit rates. Medical News Today. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/17/us/17smoke.html
Gale-Cengage. (2011).Demographics Now [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.demographicsnow.com/
Goodnaugh, A. (2010, September 9). Massachusetts antismoking plan gets attention. New York Times. Retrieved from
Why do you think that the world's largest theme park operator, Walt Disney Company, was motivated to establish parks in Tokyo, Paris, and Hong Kong?
Disney Strategic Planning was able to find the optimal mix of income, family composition by key demographics, and favorability of national government to their expansion in each region (Data Monitor, 2004). The one area they had the most trouble with from a cultural and media relations standpoint was Euro-Disney in Paris (Forman, 1998). Disney pressed on however as the potential to attract millions of visitors from the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and throughout western Europe galvanized their commitment to this market (Kepler, 2005). Tokyo was a completely different experience, with many Disney fans asking for a park to be built there and the per capita income and demographic factors aligning with Disney's most loyal customer bases (Kepler, 2005). Hong Kong is one of…
Data Monitor (2004) -- EuroDisney Profile. Reference Code 16537. Publication Date November 2004. New York, NY
Forman, Janis. 1998. "Corporate Image and the Establishment of EuroDisney: Mickey Mouse and the French Press" Technical Communication Quarterly. Summer 1998, Volume 7, Number 3 (Pages 247-258)
Geoffrey A. Fowler and Merissa Marr. 2006. Disney and the Great Wall; Hong Kong's Magic Kingdom Struggles to Attract Chinese Who 'Don't Understand' Park. Wall Street Journal, February 9, Eastern Edition.
Kepler Equities (2005) - EuroDisney Investment Brief. April 6, 2005. Kepler Equities. Catherine Rolland. New York, NY.
My territory, the Lincoln Park neighborhood of Chicago (zip code 60614) differs significantly from the U.S. national averages in many respects. In general, this is a wealthy urban neighborhood with a large population of professionals and students both. The neighborhood is highly educated, since DePaul University is located within the district. Levels of education attainment are very high, both among those associated with the university and among the rest of the population, as there is a high percentage of professionals living within this area. Occupations such as finance and professional science are overrepresented, while manufacturing, retail and health care are underrepresented.
As a couple of El lines pass through the neighborhood, this area has a high percentage of people who take public transit to work. The number of people who walk or bicycle to work is also overrepresented and there are far fewer people who drive alone to work…
New King Fahad National Library in iyadh
The rise of the electronic medium of media amongst the masses has become the main motive of decrease in the progress of printed tools and materials along with the decrease in using the academic materials. Each one of these new developments combined with the data of students visiting the library has laid down numerous claims on the entire abolishment of the standard structure of a library. Nonetheless, some researchers have aggressively suggested incorporating the "social" spaces such as for example cafes, museums and theaters; creating a mutual group study and forming "information commons," while some have simply given up the idea of the subsistence of the traditional form of libraries. The assorted reactions to the down sides of the King Fahad National Library have embedded the concept that libraries facilitate a lot more than just being truly a storeroom or a storage facility…
Armitage, C.J. And C. Mark (2001). "Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour: A meta analytic review." The British Journal of Social Psychology 40: 471.
Bagozzi, R.P. And Lee, K-H. (2002). "Multiple routes for social influence: The role of compliance, internalization, and social identity." Social Psychology Quarterly 65(3): 226.
Barbara Fister, "Common Ground: Libraries and Learning," Library Issues, 25 (Sept. 2004): 2.
Beagle, D. (1999). "Conceptualizing an Information Commons," The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 25 (Mar. 1999): 85.
MESIC's have been singularly unsuccessful, and have been deemphasized in recent years.
Related to this are: State-sponsored venture capital investments. Countries and regions invest in venture capital funds as Limited Partners, meaning that they have the same or similar financial returns as all other investors in a Fund. In many cases, such state investments require some conditions on the privately-run venture fund. The most popular conditions include:
fixed percentage threshold of investment in the region or country, or certain number of jobs to be generated by their investments, or Attracting a certain multiple of investment from outside the state or region into the fund, or Limiting the venture investments to the types of technologies and industries which are of greatest interest to that state or region.
Examples of the above can include the Indiana Futures Fund, in which the State of Indiana invested $100 million in several venture funds. Among…
Asen, R. "The Multiple Mr. Dewey: Multiple Publics and Permeable Borders in John Dewey's Theory of the Public Sphere." Argumentation and Advocacy, 2003: 174-182.
Balzac, M. "Recent Trends in the Research on National Innovation Systems." REPEC. November 26, 2007. http://ideas.repec.org/p/aug/augsbe/0254.html (Accessed November 28, 2007).
Birch, D.L. MIT Program on Neighborhood and Regional Change. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1987.
Christensen, C. The Innovator's Dilemma. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1995.
American National Character
America can almost be thought of as a massive experiment in culture. Here we have a nation inhabited almost entirely by immigrants; all with different languages, customs, beliefs, and appearances who are forced to somehow reach a common understanding and identity. Through the over two hundred years of American history many differences have threatened to unravel our diverse nation, but still, many commonalities have ultimately held it together. Amidst such a range of economic, political, and racial mixtures it is a daunting task to identify what characteristics are uniquely American.
Yet, what can be considered "American" can also be traced to the roots of the nation. The place now called the United States was founded by puritan settlers who valued the notion of all men's equality in the eyes of God. Accordingly, the authors of the U.S. Constitution included equality under the law as one of its…
Bellah, Robert N., et al., eds. Habits of the Heart. Los Angeles, California: University of California, 1985.
Cochran, Thomas C. The Puerto Rican Businessman: A Study in Cultural Change. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania, 1959.
Hacker, Andrew. The End of the American Era. New York, New York: Atheneum, 1968.
Klausner, Samuel Z. "A Professor's-Eye View of the Egyptian Academy." The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 57, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug., 1986): 345-369.
globalization that diversified cultures and backgrounds have converged and are working together in collaboration. Considering the scenario of today's world, the rapidly changing demographics have played a critical role in the emergence of new styles of leadership. The definition of competitiveness and the qualities associated with a leader have also changed in the current times. And among all the qualities the two most prominent qualities that every leader must possess is related to the consideration of equity of gender, and equity of diversified cultures.
Different cultures suggest different roles for males and females based on their unique value system. The mindsets, couture, and eating habits of almost all the cultures are traditionally unique. Countries belonging to a particular geographical area behave in a certain way, so do the organizations and leaders belonging to those areas. Their attitude and approach is derived from their cultural values. Some countries have common cultures…
Fiedler, F. (1972). Predicting the effects of leadership training and experience from the contingency model., Journal of Applied Psychology, retrieved April 27, 2011 from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/apl/56/2/114/
Fiedler, F. (1972). The effects of leadership training and experience: A contingency model interpretation, Administrative Science Quarterly, retrieved April 27, 2011 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2393826
Fiedler, F. (2005). CONTINGENCY THEORY OF LEADERSHIP, Essential theories of motivation and leadership, retrieved April 25, 2011 from http://books.google.com.pk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=8yo2Fp6UAEMC&oi=fnd&pg=PA232&dq=fiedler%27s+leadership&ots=2YX-FkEKy0&sig=WEtmbDIw5HZywNFFIi5Z1zYYkTw
Harris, P. & Moran, R. (1996). Managing cultural differences, retrieved April 27, 2011 from http://www.angelfire.com/nj4/ambass148/Harris_ch7.doc
There is no traditional network apex, but, rather, a number of high-level networks connecting through Network Access Points of NAPs.
When information is sent across the Internet, the Transmission Control Protocol must break it up into packets. These packets are then sent to your local ISP, where after they pass through many levels of networks, computers and communications lines. Hardware analyzes the packets of information and routes them to the destination. The hardware responsible for processing the data is the glue that holds together the Internet. There are hubs, which are important for linking groups of computers; Bridges connect local area networks; gateways function as bridges for the internet; repeaters solve the problem information connections weakening over long distances by amplifying the data at certain intervals. (Gralla)
The Internet is important because of its ability to transmit information to most individuals on the planet at lightning speed. Still, many people…
3. Markoff, John. Do We Need a New Internet? New York Times, 14 February 2009.
Accessed at: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/15/weekinreview/15markoff.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3
" http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2009/02/15/weekinreview/markoff-2-sub-190.jpg " ?
The decision as to which protests should be permitted needs thorough evaluation in this particular case.
The Amnesty International protest proves to be at a safe enough distance from the convention and is also a more secure situation, where police and other law enforcement can better keep suspicious bags and packages from entering the area. However, there could be a number of legal claims if the Committee grants a permit to Greenpeace to conduct a protest at the shopping mall. There is a possibility that protesters might spill into the roadway adjacent to the American Airlines Arena, where the Conference is taking place. Due to the fact that it is so close, it would be difficult to keep people from entering that area from the protest, which could be a danger to all the attendees and politicians inside. If the permit is granted, police can not lawfully conduct pat downs…
ACLU. (2011). Bystander sues the city of Pittsburgh over pain and hearing loss caused by the use of Long-Range Acoustic Device at G-20 protest. Press Room. Web. http://www.aclupa.org/pressroom/bystandersuespittsburghove.htm
ACLU North Carolina. (2012). Right to protest. Democrats.com. Web. http://www.democrats.com/right-to-protest
Knoxville News-Sentinel. (2004). First Amendment Zones restrict free speech. Common Dreams. Web. http://www.commondreams.org/views04/0125-02.htm
McKechnie, Douglas B. (2011). Don't daze, phase, or lase me bro! Fourth Amendment excessive-force claims, future nonlethal weapons, and why requiring an injury cannot withstand a constitutional or practical challenge. Kansas City Law Review, 60(2011), 139-192.
Korea had gone from 22% literacy in 1945 to almost 90% by the end of the 1970s. Thus the Korean workers' knowledge level picked up the slack - Koreans were working smarter rather than simply harder.
One of the reasons productivity decline in the 1970s was increased political instability. A wealth gap had emerged in Korean society, evidenced by a reduction in the Gini coefficient. Park was assassinated, resulting in increased instability. After the economic boom was established, further changes were made in economic policy at the political level. Deregulation was imposed in order to rectify some of the social sacrifices that had occurred as a result of the nation's push to prosperity. The Park government had been roughly modeled on a colonial system and reforms were required. Inflation was high and the country was developing strong class divisions that threatened the social order.
These reforms brought South Korea its…
Gregg, Donald. (1999). Park Chung Hee. Time Magazine. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at http://www.time.com/time/asia/asia/magazine/1999/990823/park1.html
Menarguez, Francisco Garcia-Blanch. (2002). Economic Growth in South Korea, 1961-2000. Universidad Complutense Madrid. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at http://www.ucm.es/info/eid/pb/Book02FGB.pdf
No author. (no date) the Economy Country Studies - U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at http://countrystudies.us/south-korea/45.htm
Myung Soo Cha. (No date). The Economic History of Korea. EH.Net. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at http:/ / the.net/encyclopedia/article/cha.korea
hat are the pros and cons of controlled burning in Yellowstone?
The pros and cons of controlled burning in Yellowstone National Park have the same consequences -- uncontrollable fire. The pros of controlled burning are twofold. First, studies have proven the positive effects of controlled burning with regards to fire management. As previously stated, controlled burns remove debris from the forest floor that can be considered fodder for larger fires. In addition, controlled and natural burning allow fires to ecologically impact the park. In recent decades, a variety of research has been completed concerning the benefits of the burns on ecology, and controlled burning is proven to, in most cases, allow for positive change within the ecosystem.
Part II Recommendation Analysis
Based on the above information, fires in Yellowstone National Park, whether controlled or otherwise, are an issue of grave importance to park personnel. In order to appropriately deal with…
National Park Service. "Evolution of Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy." The National Park Service. 2001 January. 17 June 2008. http://www.nifc.gov/fire_policy/docs/chp1.pdf .
National Park service. "Wildland Fire in Yellowstone." The National Park Service. 28
June 2007. 11 June 2008.
...This whole country is dry...If you don't have to burn it, don't burn it" said the fire marshal from the area (Shay & Johnson 2008). Fire damage at Yellowstone such as the damage that occurred in 1988 and 2008 has come at a tremendous cost: "Since 1984, the annual average number of fires that burn 1,000 acres or more has increased from 25 to 80...and the total average number of acres burned by each of these fires has increased from 164,000 to 765,000. Naturally, the costs of controlling such fires also have escalated exponentially -- from $134 million in 1986 to $335 million in 1994 -- which does not include the higher costs of preparedness, not to mention health consequences, environmental impact and property damage" (Paige 1998). Fire is not only damaging to life and property but also to water quality and air quality, which can hurt the wildlife the…
Albright, Del. (May 2008) "Controlled fire." Retrieved June 4, 2008 http://www.delalbright.com/Articles/fire.htm
Cullen, Barry. (24 Sept 2008). "No, don't let Yellowstone burn." The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2008 at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE1D81F3EF936A1575AC0A96E948260
Shay, Becky & Clair Johnson. (19 Apr 2008). "Winds take control of controlled burn."
Helenair.com. Retrieved June 4, 2008 http://www.helenair.com/articles/2008/04/19/state/top/50st_080419_bil-fire.txt
The National Park Service Web site also does not mention the role of Native Americans during the colonial period of history or the role of African slaves. The omission of the latter is striking, given Yorktown was an important Virginia tobacco port (Twin Cities Public Television 2004). Not mentioning the impact of colonialism on Native American culture is a significant omission for a park called Colonial National Historical Park. Just as the Battle of Yorktown commemorates victory of the British, it also emphasizes the conquering of the indigenous people and the taking over of their lands. Interestingly, the perception that the colonialists now owned that land is stressed by the very fact that it was the colonialists of European descent who fought for the New World and not the Native Americans. Discounting the British or loyalist point-of-view is understandable, given that the battlefield signified victory for the Americans over the…
"Battle of Yorktown." (nd). Kidport. Retrieved May 4, 2010 from http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/americanrevolution/YorktownBattle.htm
"The Battle of Yorktown 1781," (nd). BritishBattles.com. Retrieved May 4, 2010 from http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-yorktown.htm
"Colonial National Historical Park." (2010). National Park Service. Retrieved May 4, 2010 from
US Government and Environmental Ethics
The United States government has had a long history with the environment, beginning with the very beginning of the settlement of the Pilgrims, through the industrialization era, forming the beginning principles of having national parks, and to today with the onset of climate change and the environmental hazards of the 21st century. (National Park Service, 2012) Compared to other countries, the U.S. has had a more favorable view towards the use of the environment for business matters, often leaving entire communities scarred by the unprotected use of machinery and pollution to retrieve coal minerals, build six lane highways through forests, and even building massive subdivisions of buildings so close together that they represent risks of fire and natural disaster. There are several government agencies that have been created through the years to govern the vast territories that have been preserved, but the amount…
American Farmland Trust. (2012). "History of the Farm Bill." Retrieved from, http://www.farmland.org/programs/farm-bill/history/usfarmsubsidies.asp .
The Encyclopedia of Earth. (2008). "Roosevelt, Franklin D. And his Environmental Policies." Retrieved from, http://www.eoearth.org/article/Roosevelt,_Franklin_D ..
The Environmental Protection Agency. (2012). "About Us." Retrieved from, http://www.epa.gov/aboutepa/ .
BBC News. (2011). "What is the Kyoto Treaty?." Retrieved from, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2233897.stm .
The Gray Wolf, which is also sometimes referred to as the tundra or timber wolf, belongs to the canidae species-also known as the dog family. Among its kind it is the largest member and can weigh up to 100 pounds. The gray wolf typically originates from areas in North America, Europe and North Africa. Although these wolves are called gray wolves, they are not necessarily gray in colour. They can range from being black to white or anywhere in between. Colour depends on the age of the wolf and also the area from where the wolf belongs. These wolves have an average life span of 12 to 20 years.
Gray wolves live in the open forests and before they occupied European areas they were commonly found in areas of North America. These wolves travel in packs and the number of individuals in the packs may go up to…
Bangs, E. (2012). The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone national park and central Idaho; final environmental impact statement.
Ewing, C. (2012). Gray wolves and the endangered species act. Nova Science Pub Inc.
Lopez, B. (2004). Of wolves and men. Scribner Mech, D. (2007). Wolves: Behavior, ecology, and conservation. University Of Chicago Press.
V, A. (2009). Recovery of gray wolves in the great lakes region of the United States: An endangered species success story.
He also mentions how the lack of fire has affected whitebark pine, a species that supports a variety of high mountain flora and fauna, and attributes this to the fact that there is not sufficient fire to eradicate competing species.
H.E. cLean, writing in 1995 in American Forests, covers a handful of relevant topics. These include stating that there is an inherent risk in using prescribed fires because they are subject to the unpredictable forces of nature, but that this risk is acceptable. He discusses the need for prescribed burns in Alaska, due to the state's climate and corresponding slow decomposition rate. In addition, he outlines briefly the role of prescribed burns in Sequoia NP, Yosemite NP, and Stanislaus NF.
Further examples of controlled burning programs and a recap of the issues discussed above are found in other sources. The article "Wildland Fire in Yellowstone" discusses issues pertaining to that…
McLean, H.E. (1995) Fighting fire with fire. American Forests. Retrieved on June 15, 2008 at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-17099755.html
No author. (2007) Wildland Fire in Yellowstone. National Park Service Retrieved June 11, 2008 at
What would make you decide to put an end to th e project/
What are you solutions for dealing with the problem?
Part of the problem of cost and procrastination is the continuous spate of law suits. What can be done, if anything, to resolve conflicts between the opposing parties and to make opposing parties more amenable to th ugar deal?
Learn & Teach About the Everglades
Water's journey Everglades
Burnham, Michael. (2010). Energy and Environment News. Energy by the Acre.
Caperton Morton, Mary. (May 20, 2010). Land Deal Likely to Improve Everglades, Ecologists ay. Inside cience News ervice.
Freechild, a. (2010).ugar Barons and takeholders:the Impact of the U.. ugar Deal on Everglades Restoration
Eye on Miami Blog. (2010) Kendrick Meek's sweet tooth could doom his political campaign for U.. enate.
National Research Council of the…
Burnham, Michael. (2010). Energy and Environment News. Energy by the Acre.
Caperton Morton, Mary. (May 20, 2010). Land Deal Likely to Improve Everglades, Ecologists Say. Inside Science News Service.
Freechild, a. (2010).Sugar Barons and Stakeholders:the Impact of the U.S. Sugar Deal on Everglades Restoration
A petroleum geologist against drilling in the area writes, "For all practical purposes, the refuge is utterly pristine. It also encompasses an area 26 times larger than Yosemite National Park, almost nine times the size of Yellowstone" (Herndon). While few visitors seek out the Refuge, there are several small native villages in and around the area, and these Native Americans rely on the bounty of the Refuge for their continued survival. These Gwich'in people oppose drilling in the ANWR for a number of important reasons. They feel it will permanently damage the tender tundra, which is easily damaged and non-renewable once it has been damaged, and it could affect the Porcupine Elk herd, which migrates through the area, as well. Drilling could disrupt their traditional birthing and nursery grounds, which could cause them to migrate along a different route. Since the Gwich'in people rely on the caribou for sustenance, this…
Staff management plan for the Olympic Park development will include management of construction staff, program staff, landscaping and public works staff.
Park Staff - Construction
Included in the construction staff management plan are those in the following capacities:
Formation of the Olympic Park development platform, including construction of utility tunnels, ducts, service diversions, demolition, earthworks, site remediation, and new road networks comprising of structures, bridges and highways.
Construction of Venues (Olympic Park and non-Olympic Park).
Construction of International Broadcast and Main Press Centers.
Provision of Program Site Establishment and Logistics facility to support delivery of Olympic Park Development platform and Venues construction.
Olympic Park Landscaping & Public ealm works.
General Projects and other items such as Masterplan, Section 106 constructions, Project insurances and Security associated with the construction phase
Transport projects including capital projects, capital contributions to Network ail, DL, etc. And operational projects for Games time operation.
Olympic National Park Long-Range Interpretive Plan (2010) Harpers Ferry National Park Services. U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved from: http://www.nps.gov/ olym/parkmgmt/upload/2011-02-07-OLYM-FinalDocument.pdf
This entity follows the California Clean Air Act and the Federal Clean Air Act so that it is responsible for air monitoring, permitting, enforcement, long-range air quality planning, regulatory development, and education and public information activities with regard to air pollution.
A more recent concern has developed as the first cruise ship to enter Monterey ay since 1966 caused environmental groups to demand increased protection for marine sanctuaries and to increase regulation of the cruise ship industry. The water around Monterey ay has also been affected by sewage spills at local beaches, leading to viral and bacterial contamination. In 2000, four Monterey County beaches were closed because of sewage spills, and twenty-five warning advisories were issued. In 2001, there was one beach closure and eleven advisories. It has also been found that there is inadequate storm pipe maintenance in cities on the Monterey peninsula.
The California Ground Squirrel is a…
Burde, John H. And George a. Feldhamer. Mammals of the National Parks. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.
Environmental Impact Analysis." San Benito County 2005 RTP EIR (2005).
Castillo, Edward D. A Short Overview of California Indian History (1998). http://www.nahc.ca.gov/califindian.html .
Cato, Paisley. "Spermophilus beecheyi." San Diego Natural History Museum (2007), http://www.sdnhm.org/fieldguide/mammals/sper-bee.html .
Another case study, this one by Cole (2011) examines the cultural and community impacts of tourism, both sustainable and unsustainable, on specific cultures in Indonesia. Cole concludes as well that in order to help keep the cultural and community influences and positive attitudes intact, it is important to consider the local community as a major stakeholder in the sustainability of a tourist destination. Cole states in her article, "ourism has the potential to empower communities and the sustainable tourism agenda needs to focus on how to bring this about. As the case study illustrates, understanding tourists and tourism processes is the first stage to empowering the local community to make informed and appropriate decisions about their tourism development. Considerable investments are required in communication and trust building between the actors in tourism. his paper examines how action research, focus groups and the creation of a tourism forum can be concrete,…
These are the questions which are very difficult to answer, but in order to have a maintained tourism system they plays an important role.
Moreover, the use of term "itself" is confusing for a sustainable tourism. Alternative tourism, 'soft' tourism, ecotourism, and 'green' tourism are the types of tourism which can be used with sustainable tourism which is a high class branch of tourism. The story behind tourism in 1919, about 664 million tourists were present, and those who were known as mass tourism were approximately 80%. Development of sustainable tourism is affected by the differences in between mass tourism and sustainable tourism (Berno and Bricker, 2001).
If one can make a difference between 'good' tourism (best known as the alternative forms of tourism) and 'bad' tourism (particularly mass tourism) then sustainable tourism can appear as disruptive force in the society (Swarbrooke, 1999). To confuse ecotourism with sustainable tourism can give a bad result because all sustainable tourism does not take place at natural area and not all types of ecotourism are sustainable. According to Wall (1997), as the mass tourists might not prefer to visit threatened remote areas, their demand may be lesser than that of
From the point-of-view of the variation and flexibility of the species such cultivated woody crops rank as no more than cornfields. While the tree farms are conveniently be stretched on the private lands, national forests those are considered priceless reservoirs of most of the biological diversity of the nation cannot expand so easily. The commercial logging is considered as the greatest danger for survival of the national forest system. The timber sales are growingly concealed beneath the post fire recovery and fire prevention missions, forest health initiatives and restoration programs. (Endangered Forests: Endangered Freedoms)
Declining wetlands and reservoir construction are having spectacular influences on a global scale. (the Importance of Wetlands and the Impacts of eservoir Development) the data of USF & WS reveals that the United States added 2.3 million acres in ponds and inland mudflats during the period of mid 1950s and mid1970s. The country added…
Acid Rain -- a Contemporary World Problem. Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/narilily/acidrain.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Acid Rain: Do you need to start wearing a rain hat? Retrieved at http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html . Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Barney, Gerald O. The Whole World in Our Hands. SF Chronicle. 31 December, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/in-Our-Hands.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Bryant, Peter J. Biodiversity and Conservation: A Hypertext Book. Retrieved at http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/lec05/b65lec05.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
" Johnny Miller, famous golfer and tournament champion in the 1970s and early 1980s. (Dulac, Oakmont Country Club: Awakening the Beast, 2007)
"You can hit 72 greens in regulation in the Open at Oakmont and not come close to winning." Arnold Palmer, famous golfer. (Dulac).
"The golf course is going to be one of the toughest tests we've ever played in a U.S. Open, especially if it's dry, it will be unreal because those greens are so severe." American icon Tiger Woods. (Oakmont: ock & oll ( & roll & roll & roll) nightmare, 2007)
Video and Pictures -- there are a number of graphic and video sources for the course, but some interesting additions might be:
Oakmont: ock & oll ( & roll & roll & roll) nightmare. (2007, June 9). etrieved from Pittsburg Post-Gazette: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/sports/golf-us-open/oakmont-rock-roll-roll-roll-roll-nightmare-488737/
Oakmont Country Club. (2010, June). etrieved from National Parks Department: http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?esourceId=1880&esourceType=District
Oakmont: Rock & Roll ( & roll & roll & roll) nightmare. (2007, June 9). Retrieved from Pittsburg Post-Gazette: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/sports/golf-us-open/oakmont-rock-roll-roll-roll-roll-nightmare-488737/
Oakmont Country Club. (2010, June). Retrieved from National Parks Department: http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1880&ResourceType=District
Olympia Fields Country Club. (2013, January). Retrieved from GolfNow: http://www.golfnow.com/course-directory/illinois-golf-courses/olympia-fields-golf-courses/olympia-fields-country-club-south-course
Dulac, G. (2007, February 11). Oakmont clears trees to revive Scottish-lins look for U.S. Open. Retrieved from Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/sports/golf-us-open/oakmont-clears-trees-to-revive-scottish-links-look-for-us-open-471759/
landscape studies pioneer, John rinckerhoff Jackson, studied the contemporary landscape - common, everyday places where we live, work and play - for the clues it provides to American culture.
In 1964, the American Congress passed the Wilderness Act, thereby protecting over 100 million acres of public land from development. Wilderness was "recognized as an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain." Wilderness must remain "in contrast with those areas where man and his own works dominate the landscape." Finally, Wilderness is "an untamed natural realm,"..."that's ideally"..."unpeopled.."
People should stay back, as if in front of a picture, admire and enjoy it but they are not allowed to trespass it. The landscape has to remain untouched. As I was reading the above mentioned fragments from the Wilderness Act, a question popped up: "Why?"
1. John Brinckerhoff Jackson Obituary, available on the www.brinckerhoff.org/JBJsite/
2. Thoreau, Henry David, Walden Contents - next Section of Chapter One available on the www.eserver.org/thoreau/walden1a.html
3. McDonough, William, Design, Ecology, Ethics and the Making of Things, available on the www.mcdonough.com/Sermon.pdf
4. Luke, W. Timothy, Generating Green Governmentality: A Cultural Critique of Environmental Studies as a Power/Knowledge Formation, available on the www.cddc.vt.edu/tim/tims/Tim514a.PDF
Currency fluctuations tend to create instability and disrupt the planning activities of tourists. In times of an economic recession, there is normally a lot of fluctuation in the currencies. In the previous year, many currencies appreciated in value while some depreciated. The appreciation of Great ritain Pound and U.S. Dollar against currencies of other countries, such as third world countries, while the depreciation of the Pakistani Rupee, Indian Rupee and the Sri Lankan Rupee against the U.S. Dollar (REPORTER, Staff, 2012) made it less likely for the travelers located in such places to plan to visit countries, as expenditure on goods and services will be incurred in the appreciated currency of the destination country and will have to be supported by the depreciated home currency. This increased expenditure, especially in the times of an economic recession, is considered to be a luxury that needs to be overlooked, at least until…
ALI, Shazad. 2010. The Rise of Terrorism: Examining Terrorism in the Middle East from a Pakistani Perspective. Duke Journal of Public Affairs. 5(2), pp.6-21.
Bangkok's new airport opens to first commercial flights. 2006. [online]. Available from World Wide Web:
BRANCATELLI, Joe. 2013. Where have all the business travelers gone? [online]. Available from World Wide Web:
CNBC. 2011. Egypt's tourism which adds 11% to GDP plunges amidst chaos. [online]. Available from World Wide Web:
"with rough passages here and there they are flowery pathways conducting to the snowy, icy fountains; mountains streets full of life and light, graded and sculptured by the ancient glaciers, and presenting throughout all their course a rich variety of novel and attractive scenery -- the most attractive that has yet been discovered in the mountain ranges of the world" (Muir, 1912, p 2). By reading his works, individuals who had never set eyes on the Sierras felt an emotional and personal connection to them.
Muir was also careful to address the sublime nature of these mountains. According to Edward Burke in his classic writings about the nature of the sublime, "when danger or pain press too nearly, they are incapable of giving any delight, and are simply terrible; but at certain distances, and with certain modifications, they may be, and are, delightful as we every day experience" (Burke, 1757,…
Burke, Edward. (1757). A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful. The University of Adelaide.
Fleck, Richard F. (1979). John Muir: The celebration of wilderness. Sierra Club. Web. Retrieved from http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/life/celebration_of_wild_fleck.aspx
Muir, John. (1912). The approach to the valley. The Yosemite. John Muir Writings. Web. Retrieved from http://www.yosemite.ca.us/john_muir_writings/the_yosemite/chapter_1.html
Gypsy Moth Control and the Diana Fritillary (Speyeria diana): Carolina Landscape in Conflict
The Gypsy Moth is an exotic pest and invasive species that feeds on the leaves in the middle branches and crowns of tress, and while populations tend to persist at low levels in some areas for quite some time sudden and as yet unexplained population explosions can lead to massive defoliations (Liebhold 2003). The Speyeria diana, commonly known as the Diana fritillary, is a butterfly species that inhabits the northwest counties of South Carolina and certain surrounding areas, with recent evidence suggesting that populations might be more widespread than previously thought; unlike many other fritillary species the Diana fritillary primarily populates wooded and shaded areas (Scholtens n.d.). The overlap of these two species is fraught with complications that threaten the survival of the Diana fritillary.
There are several significant environmental issues that need to…
Any action taken by any federal agency, which includes actions taken on the federal lands include in the targeted region as they are part of the National Forest Service's dominion and thus require federal approval, is required to conduct Environmental Assessments and produce Environmental Impact Statements in accordance with EPA guidelines, as per 1969's National Environmental Policy Act (EPA 2011). The pest management control methods and treatment must be shown to have a minimal expected impact on other populations of both flora and fauna based on available evidence, and the benefits and necessity of these actions must also be demonstrated (EPA 2011). Coordination with other efforts to reforest specific areas of the region, correct other environmental damage, and promote the overall health of the ecosystem must also be a part of the treatment plan development, as well (National Forest Service n.d.). This is not only due to regulatory and legislative concerns but also because such coordination will represent the most efficient and effective use of resources available (National Forest Service n.d.; EPA 2011).
The control of the Gypsy Moth population in the Eastern United States has been a long-running issue since the introduction of the species. The threat the Gypsy Moth represents to the Diana fritillary butterfly is both direct and indirect, and moth population control methods can themselves be harmful to the Diana fritillary. Careful consideration of landscape issues and other concerns is necessary in the development of a treatment plan.
Tourism in Thailand
Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Thailand
Urban and rural tourism in Thailand accounts for around 7% of the total GDP. There are various factors, social, economic, environmental and cultural factors which affect the tourism industry in Thailand. Also, the rural tourism in Thailand needs more work. This report has some strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of Thailand's tourism industry. In the end, recommendations are given on how to improve the tourism industry in Thailand.
Tourism in Thailand
Impact of Environmental, Economical, Social and Cultural Factors on Tourism in Thailand
Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries, and this industry has been identified as a means of generating national income (Pender, & Sharpley, 2005). Thailand, a beautiful country at the heart…
Chon, K, Singh, A, & Mikula, J. (1993). Thailand's tourism and hotel industry. The Cornell hotel and restaurant administration quarterly, 34(3), 43-49.
Elliot, J. (1983). Politics, power, and tourism in Thailand. Annals of tourism research, 10(3), 377-393.
Forsyth, T, (2002). What happened on the "the beach"? social movements and governance of tourism in Thailand. International journal of sustainable development, 5(3), 326-337.
Gold, J, & Revill, G. (2004). Representing the Environment. Routledge, London
Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude Oil/Natural Gas Exploration, Transportation, Refining and Storage
Ever since crude oil was first successfully drilled in the U.S. In Titusville, Pennsylvania, in 1859, the demand for oil has only been increasing over the years in countries all over the world. (Camden, 1883) Crude oil, from which various petroleum products are obtained, is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon component found trapped in rocks below the earth. The word "petroleum" means "rock oil" or "oil from the earth." Natural gas is another form of hydrocarbon that is also found in nature. oth crude oil and natural gas have excellent combustibility and are good sources of energy. Crude oil is not used in the extracted form; but it is refined to obtained products such as gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, kerosene, gas-oil and fuel oil. Secondary products during the purification of crude oil are obtained are…
Associated-Press, and Reuters. World's Biggest Oil Rig Sinks. 2001. CNN. Available:
http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/americas/03/20/brazil.rig.02/.August 2, 2004.
AWMA. Oil Spills - a Fact Sheet. 2000. Air & Waste Management Association. Available:
http://www.awma.org/education/oilspills.htm . August 1, 2004.
Mining on the Denniston Plateau
Towards the northwestern side of South Island of New Zealand is situated a small settlement that is known by the name of Denniston. The area formed by this settlement is the West Coast region of the country. This small town is situated on the small Mount ochfort Plateau in the mountain ranges of Papahaua, which measure around 600 meters above sea level, meanwhile the distance from Westport is 18 kilometers towards northeast.
At the start of the 20th century, the population of this small settlement was recorded to be about 2000, because of the huge coal mine that is situated quite close to where the people had settled. Speaking of now, the area has become more of a ghost town and hardly 50 people live here. It will not be wrong to say that the fate, location and history of Denniston are not very different…
Barnden, A., & Harding, J. (2005). Shredders and leaf breakdown in streams polluted by coal mining in the South Island, New Zealand. University Of Canterbury. School Of Biological Sciences..
Cashdollar, K., & Sapko, M. (2006). . -- EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF COAL DUST IN THE PRESENCE OF METHANE. Handbook For Methane Control In Mining, 147.
Greenpeace International. (2010).
Mfe.govt.nz,. (2014). Laws and treaties | Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 21 August 2014, from http://www.mfe.govt.nz/laws/
A related case of Toxic Torts occurred in East Anglia, where chemicals from a factory seeped into a dam (Barcelona Field Studies Centre, 2009).
The best risk management method is prevention. While Alumina's current situation is somewhat dire, the company can learn from its mistakes and attempt to prevent the same thing from occurring in the future. One measure that can be taken in this regard is to fully assess the current situation in terms of the amount of danger caused, the amount of people affected, and the mitigation measures necessary to eliminate the health risk. A cost analysis should also be conducted to quantify the financial risk, especially in the future (.
The risk of public image can be mitigated by taking the option of settlement via arbitration or mediation. Alumina's guilt and wrongdoing cannot be denied. Being subjected to a court battle that will probably be lost is…
Barcelona Field Studies Centre. (2009). Donana National Park: Causes and Effects of Toxic Waste Pollution. http://geographyfieldwork.com/DonanaCauses.htm
Landlin, David C. (2005, Aug.). Current Trends in Toxic Tort Litigation. Risks Management Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.hunton.com/files/tbl_s47Details%5CFileUpload265%5C1238%5CLandin_Toxic-tort.pdf
Because of the newer mobility of a significant amount of suburban America, driving to national parks was even more an option. The more people visited the Parks, it seemed, the more of a synergistic effect upon their funding and use (Jensen and Guthrie, 2006).
By the Johnson Administration in the 1960s, coupled with more media attention, there was increased public awareness of America's natural treasures. This was now that "Parks for People" Campaign. During this period there was also a fairly significant new awareness about ecology and the natural environment. The mission of the National Parks Service was called into question. eacting to this, Congress passed the General Authorities Acts of 1970, which became known as the "edwood Amendment," since a large part of the Act was devoted to conserving edwood National Park. Based on political pressure from citizens, Congress was also forced to provide a rather significant funding increase…
The National Park Service. (2002, March). Retrieved October 2010, from U.S. History.com: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1605.html
National Park Services Almanac. (2008). Washington, DC: National Parks Service, GPO.
Blackburn, S. (2007). Plato's Republic. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.
Brown and Pozner. (2001). Exploring the Relationship Between Learning and Leadership. Leadership and Organizational Develpment, 68(2), 274-80.
Additionally, conservationists suggest increasing patrols to improve overall enforcement of existing laws, better boundary demarcation, and the development of stronger hunting quotas. All of these measures require significant and lasting funding.
This Park is in a state of crisis. ith most of its large mammals now extinct from the Park, and illegal users on the rise, Park Rangers are simply outmatched. Poachers can find a thriving market for illegal bushmeat and rare birds. Illegal loggers easily find buyers for rare trees. The Park is under-staffed and under-funded and soon to face new challenges if the upstream dam is built along the Gambia River as planned.
The Galapagos Islands and the Niokola-Koba National Park represent two of Planet Earth's most valuable treasures. They contain biodiversity that not only provides scientific opportunity but may support the health of the entire ecosystem in their respective regions. Both sites are listed…
Novy, Julia W. 2010. Incentive Measures for Conservation of Biodiversity and Sustainability: A Case Study of the Galapagos Islands. United Nations
Environment Program: WWF-USA.
UN Chronicle. 1999. Conservation of Endemic Biodiversity of the Galapagos World
Heritage Site. Available at: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1309/is_3_36/ai_58675442/
This analyst adds that Andy Davies of the Tussauds Group that operates Alton Towers reports that park visitors subscribing to the "Magic Moments" DVD "simply see it as a fun souvenir," and adds, "esearch shows that our visitors have a positive propensity to purchase these products, providing themselves with a personalized reminder of the day they and their friends and family had at Alton Towers. The system proposed will allow guests to relive their unique day time and time again through personalized digital video footage'" (quoted in Tucker at 10).
These types of innovative marketing initiatives are important for a theme park competing in the United Kingdom today because of the approaching saturation levels that appear to be developing in some regions of the country. For instance, besides the historic attractions that are ubiquitous throughout the United Kingdom, Alton Towers is also in competition with a number of other theme…
"About Us," 2010. Alton Towers Resort. Retrieved from http://www.altontowers.com/about-us/ .
Brown, T., 2007, March 6. "Merlin Will Rival Disney with [Pounds Sterling]1bn Tussauds
Deal." The Daily Mail: 73.
Burling, R., 1985. Hill Farms and Padi Fields: Life in Mainland Southeast Asia. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
However, when I visited Big Thicket National Preserve, I got an entirely different view of Texas, which actually seems to capture the essence of the state. Driving through Texas, I learned that it is an incredibly biologically diverse land, and nowhere is this biological diversity more evident than in the Big Thicket. t the park I learned that the Big Thicket has an extremely unusual level of biological diversity, and actually represents almost all of the major North merican geography types including swamps, forests, deserts, and plains. I was lucky enough to see some of the alligators that populate the park, but which are rarely seen by people. I also met some "hunters" who were at the preserve hoping to photograph some of the rarer wildlife in the park: black panthers. The problem is that the panther population is not large, and they are not seen reliably at any set…
A also did things in Salt Lake City that would have been difficult to do in any other city. For example, I visited the Family History Library, which is the largest library of its type. I was able to look up some of my family history and was pleased to see that admission was free. I also went to visit the Great Salt Lake, which, as its name implies, is filled with salt water. In fact, it is much more saline than the average ocean. What I was surprised to find out is that there are no fish in the lake. The lake does contain a number of shrimp and supports large populations of birds, including migratory bird populations. I was also surprised to learn that companies actually extract salt from the lake for use as table salt. http://www.visitsaltlake.com/visitor_info/photo_video_tours.html
After visiting Salt Lake City, I traveled to San Francisco. Of all of the places I traveled, San Francisco was probably the touristiest city, and I was actually familiar with some of its more famous landmarks. In fact, I was so anxious to see these famous landmarks that I restricted my visit to viewing them. I began in the historic Market Street area, where I visited the Financial District and Union Square. I left my car and used the famed San Francisco cable cars to travel up and down some of the city's 50 famous hills, most notably Nob Hill. I could not resist a trip down Lombard Street, more commonly known as the crookedest street in the United States. Walking down the street's sharp grade, I came to understand why they chose to place such severe winds in the street. While in the area, I visited Fisherman's Wharf. I ate some delicious seafood and was surprised to discover that Fisherman's Wharf is actually part of a currently working commercial dock area.
After leaving the Market Street area, I went to see some of the other famous San Francisco landmarks. My first stop was the Golden Gate Bridge. Once the longest suspension bridge in the United States, it has been surpassed in length, but remains symbolic of San Francisco. Until seeing the bridge in person, I did not realize that I could see the Pacific Ocean from the bridge. It offered a truly amazing view of the Golden Gate, which is the opening of the San Francisco Bay into the Pacific Ocean. My next stop was the Transamerica Pyramid, the tallest skyscraper in the San Francisco area. The Transamerica Pyramid is not really noteworthy for its height, but for its very unusual shape; it is shaped like an extremely tall and skinny pyramid, with a spire-like protrusion on the top. I also went to visit San Francisco's Chinatown, which may be the most famous China town in all of America. I was surprised to find it in some disrepair and also by the sheer number of tourists in the area. I ended my visit to San Francisco with a trip to Alcatraz Island. I took a ferry from Pier 33 to the island and toured the old prison facility. I found myself acutely aware of the island's extreme isolation. However, the island has been used as a national park for quite some time, and I was surprised to find beautiful gardens and some wonderful natural features on the island. One of the more interesting people I met on my tour of Alcatraz was a person who said that her grandfather had been incarcerated on the island, who said she was touring it in order to understand his experience. There were inconsistencies in the woman's story, which makes me wonder whether or not she was telling the truth. Her story, whether fact or fiction, was extremely compelling.
The promising areas of Dutch expertise are in modeling, risk management, water quality management and also institutional strengthening. The Dutch stakeholders across the board can also contribute through a cooperative and integrated approach to river basin management. All of this has to be taken into account as well as the spatial aspects of water for te new water management to be effective. It is a recognition of the need for wetlands as a water retention resource that has to be maintained in the balance. Then, there will not be a crisis. The water-shed will be most sustainable if it can be developed as a protective barrier ("aterland Information Network") .
The Biesbosch is also becoming as an economic as well as a water retention resource. The future of the area lies in the field of sustainable tourism. In the history of the place, man has worked both with and against…
Biswas, Asit K. Water Management in 2020 and Beyond. 1st. New York, NY: Springer, 2009. 190.
De Velliers, Marq. Water: The Fate of Our Most Precious Resource. 1st. New york, NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001. 3.
Hobbelen, P.H.F., J.E. Koolhaas, and C.A.M van Gestel. "Risk assessment of heavy metal pollution for detritivores in floodplain soils in the Biesbosch, the Netherlands, taking bioavailability into account." Environmental Pollution . 129. (2004): 40919. Print.
Hopkins, Anna. "Communities and Waterpoint Management." The Chapter Buzz. / blogs.ewb.ca/annahopkin, 21 Oct 2011. Web. 25 Oct 2011.