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This is dangerous as if the resource is not worth, or if it is not managed well, the economy will collapse. Moreover, these other industries are equally beneficial for growth of the nation hence a country that concentrates its factors of production on the natural resource suffers the curse. Moreover, the natural resources that are discovered can be depleted. Therefore, a country or an economy dependent on the resource and the resource become depleted suffers a lot. The country collapses immediately, hence the resource curse.
The most significant and prevalent reason why the country with plenty of natural resource will not prosper is conflicts. Conflicts among the ethnic groups, religious divisions, and the government and rebel groups are mostly driven and funded by the natural resource (Vatansever 21). Issues of corruption, weak institutions and power hunger crop from the desire to control the natural resource. This is the reason why…
Haber, Stephen, and Victor Menaldo. "Do Natural Resources Fuel Authoritarianism? A
Reappraisal of the Resource Curse." The American Political Science Review 105.1
(2011): 1-26. ABI/INFORM Complete; ABI/INFORM Global; ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry; ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry; Accounting & Tax; The Advocate (Stamford);
Baltimore Sun; Banking Information Source; Greenwich Time; Hartford Courant; Los
Natural esource & Energy
Natural esource Energy
Economics is how to earn money and how to consume it. Adam Smith is known as the father of economics who proposed the basic and the most authentic definition of the term 'Economics'. Economics is known as a king subject which is used in almost every field.
The main perspective of this study is to jot down about an ecosystem of Big Bear Lake. Apart from its description, we also have to identify the risks and benefits associated with the renewable and non-renewable energy sources. Before come over the main topic straightaway, it's necessary to define the ecosystem first.
Basically, an Ecosystem is a biological environment consisting of the entire living organism in the particular area. Apart from the living things, there are non-livings; tangible components also found in an Ecosystem belong to the environment like air, soil, sunlight and water. In typical…
Ecosystem, retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/ecosystems.html, Accessed on 14th-Feb-2011
Big Bear Lake, retrieved from http://www.bigbear.com / Accessed on 14th-Feb-2011
Canada, too, is filled with much natural resources, which prove vulnerable to modern urbanization and the increasing demand for water. One thing that Canada does have as an advantage over Australia, is a larger source of replenish able water supply which comes annually with the melting of the winter snows in the great mountain ranges of the region. Therefore, Canada does have some sense of security that nature will help in terms of a conservation strategy. However, the nation does also want to ensure greater protection of its natural resources, which depend highly on water, especially in an age where the cities are growing across the region. In order to protect these valuable natural resources, Canada too, relies heavily on groundwater for its water allocation. According to research, around 30% of Canadians get their drinking water from groundwater resources, instead of surface water resources that endanger the natural environment of…
Cote, Francois. (2006). Groundwater. Freshwater management in Canada. Library of Parliament. Retrieved March 5, 2010 from http://www2.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/prb0554-e.html#groundwateruse
Government of South Australia. Water resource management overview. Water Resources. Retrieved March 5, 2010 from http://www.dwlbc.sa.gov.au/water/1overview/index.html
WWF-Australia. (2010). National Water Initiative. Water Management. Retrieved March 5, 2010 from http://www.wwf.org.au/ourwork/water/nwi/
Forest Land Management
One of the most precious resources that the United States possesses are the national and state forests which dot the landscape. Federally protected forests can be a great asset to government if they are properly controlled, and there has been some concern shown by the present administration regarding this issue. The Bureau of Land Management has just issued new directives about "which parts of the forest can safely be opened to logging, mining and recreation, and which parts must be set aside to protect wildlife and the health of the forest" (NY Times). This paper discusses what investments are worthwhile for foresters.
The main issue for the loggers and other who would use the federal lands is whether the projects they wish to undertake are a good investment for them. Of course, the federal government is much more concerned with management practices that benefit both…
Bettinger, Pete, Kevin Boston, Jacek P. Sirey, and Donald L. Grebner. "Management of Forests and Other Natural Resources" in Forest Management and Planning (pp. 2-13). Burlington, MA: Elsevier, 2009. Print.
Buongiorno, Joseph, and J. Keith Gilless. "Analysis of Forest Resource Investments" in Decisions for Forest Resource Management (pp. 373-400). Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science, 2003. Print.
NY Times. "New Light in the Forest." New York Times, 2012 February 2. Web.
Natural Resources in US History
The study explores how the US has used the historical wealth of its natural resources to offer the country a strong and sustained economy for many decades.
The USA is one of the greatest countries in the world, not just because of its superpower in terms of policing the entire globe, but also being with an extensive source and use of the natural resources. The country has been rich in natural resources since the early 1800s. ith the use of these natural resources, the country has been able to feed its population, with the population being one of the greatest, and continually growing even with an annual admission of over 700,000 people from other countries. ith the use of the resources, the country developed a strong capacity before the world wars to feed its people, power its machines, and establish oil and coal, which are…
Cubbage, Frederick Jay O'Laughlin, and M. Nils Peterson. Natural Resource Policy. New York, NY: Waveland Press, 2016
Lindstrom, Matthew J. Encyclopedia of the U.S. Government and the Environment: History, Policy, and Politics. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, 2011
MacDonnell, Lawrence J, and Sarah F. Bates. The Evolution of Natural Resources Law and Policy. Chicago: Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, American Bar Association, 2010
Natural Resources and nergy: Florida verglades
ffects of Agriculture
The verglades' freshwater ecosystem supplies vital services to the local population, such as the maintenance of South Florida's agriculture and drinking water (National Wildlife Preservation, 2012). However, these services are rarely accounted for in decision making in regards to land use and planning. As a result of the natural services being taken for granted, Agricultural scientists agree that modern agriculture faces an environmental calamity. Specifically, " the very nature of the agricultural structure and prevailing policies have led to this environmental crisis by favoring large farm size, specialized production, crop monocultures and mechanization" (Altieri, 2001).
The absence of diversifications and rotations of crops, necessary for the self-regulating process, induces the agroecosystems to rely on vast amounts of chemicals, such as fertilizer nutrients. Moreover, crops ineffectively absorb the chemical fertilizers, thus contaminating the surface and ground water. According to Altieri (2001), "In…
Effects of Human Population
In July 2010 the World Heritage Committee placed the Everglades on the "List of World Heritage in Danger" as a result of the reduction in natural water flows and the introduction of various pollutants from urban growth that reduce the nutrients necessary for ecological balances to occur naturally. Excess water flows at given times is also a problem for nesting animals that build in areas that would normally be elevated during dryer seasons. The Everglades is an aquatic ecosystem and the loss of the habitat for all the species that inhabit or migrate to the area is critical. Furthermore, the Everglades represents a dynamic region where saltwater meets freshwater. This acts to provide a replenishment area for the Biscayne Aquifer which in turn accounts for most of the freshwater supply for Southern Florida.
The increase of construction and related activities after hurricanes Katrina and Andrew have increased the amount of pollution emitted into the local system which in turn further increases the environmental threats for 14 endangered species, over 400 birds, and many mammals,
War is one of the primordial human traditions. Man has always been enthusiastic about fighting, murdering and stealing from others. However, it doesn't derive us to the conclusion that interpersonal associations are dependent on war as a requisite or obligatory institution (Mises 10+).
Many believe that war is a natural necessity and man can only attain full human importance if he behaves aggressively and antagonistically (Mead 415). If the militarist theory is taken into consideration for the sake of argument, it can be accepted that man is gifted with an intrinsic natural feeling to struggle, battle and to cause destruction and damage. Nevertheless, man cannot be characterized with these instincts and primal inclinations to harm and destroy. Man is distinguished from other mortals on the basis of his intellect, rationales and imagination. It is the 'reason' and 'logic' that teaches and guides man to the right path. The…
Bannon, Ian, and Paul Collier. Natural Resources and Violent Conflict: Options and Actions. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2003. ix. Web. .
"Conflict & Natural Resources." Environmental Literacy Council. The Environmental Literacy Council, 26 August, 2008. Web. 23 Sep 2011. .
Gausset, Quentin, Michael A. Whyte, and Torben Birch Thomsen. Beyond Territory and Scarcity: Exploring Conflicts over Natural Resource Management. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute, 2005. 20. Web. .
Kaptur, Marcy. " Feb 15, 2007- Kaptur: No Troop Surge in Iraq." Marcy Kaptur Representing Ohio's 9th District. U.S. House of Representatives, n.d. Web. 23 Sep 2011. .
Fate of the Earth
Unfortunately, even if someone could wave a magic wand that causes all of the nuclear weapons on earth to disappear, many believe that due to the depletion of natural resources, the earth would still be in danger of catastrophe, and humankind in danger of extinction.
Jonathan Schell's book "Fate of the Earth" is an alarming portrait of the nuclear power in the world. Since the end of orld ar II, nuclear arms have kept the world's population in a state of constant concern that "something" could happen, whether by design or accident. As tensions continue to build throughout the Middle East, particularly between India and Pakistan, and more recently the nuclear potential of North Korea and China, the nuclear arms race may have subsided between the United States and Russia however, it is still alive and thriving around the globe. As Schell writes, "These bombs were…
Borenstein, Seth. "Study blames global warming for early springs."
St. Louis Post-Dispatch; 5/17/2005; pp.
Hanley, Charles J. "Ocean Study Confirms Global Warming."
Wisconsin State Journal; 4/28/2005; pp.
8 billion, and primary metal manufactures, $1.4 billion (Exports pp). Together, these five manufactured product categories accounted for 61% of the state's total exports of goods in for that year (Exports pp).
In dollar terms, the leading manufactured export growth category is transportation equipment, rising $294 million between 1999 to 2003, while others included miscellaneous manufactures, up $248 million, processed foods, up $192 million, and primary metal manufactures, up $171 million (Exports pp). In percentage terms, the fastest growing manufactured export category is fabric mill products, which grew 70%, from $99 million in 1999 to $169 million in 2003, while others included processed foods, up 52%, miscellaneous manufactures, up 48%, and beverages and tobacco products, up 48% (Exports pp).
The Port of Pittsburgh is the largest inland river port in the United States and the 11th largest port of any kind (Water pp). The Port Commission is the central point…
Coal Mining in Pennsylvania." Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/enved/go_with_inspector/coalmine/Coal_Mining_in_Pennsylvania.htm
This is a web page from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental
Protection web site. It provides a history of the state's coal mining industry.
Gordon, John Steele. "Iron and Steel Industry." Readers Companion to American History. http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_046100_ironandsteel.htm
In the GEOMA methodology, carbon dioxide displaces methane within the water lattice which reforms into a more stable state than was present with the methane. While this new technology is still in development, it is very promising (Traufetter, 2007). ecent advances by researchers from Japan, China, India, Canada, Australia, and the United States could result in commercial exploitation of Methane gas within the decade.
Natural gas recovery techniques have come a long way since that first primitive well in Fredonia. Now, a complex and sophisticated process brings natural gas from the field to your home. Exploration for new sources of natural gas has become a highly evolved science. Geologists study the physical structure of a potential site. The scientists can use seismology and magnetometers to develop three dimensional models of the earth using computer programs designed for that purpose. These models allow the geologists to narrow down specific areas that…
There is also concern that the Obama administration will introduce more environmental legislation (Ibid). The coal market is becoming more challenging. The rapid increase is crude oil prices in the first half of 2008 had sparked a boom in coal as a substitute product. However, with the speculative bubble in crude prices coming to an end, coal prices too have fallen, between 37-72% depending on location (Commodity Online, 2009). The strongest demand for coal is seen in China and India and although there has been an increase in seaborne coal trade (Reuters, 2009), this does not strongly affect the U.S. market. The increasing sophistication of the coal market, and the demand internationally, has lead to a need for ever-larger coal companies. Analysts have long predicted another round of consolidation in response to these environmental changes (Huber, 2009).
The deal is viewed as strong strategically by analysts. The combined entity will…
Huber, Tim. (2009). Alpha Natural Buying Foundation Coal for $1.4 billion. Associated Press. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Alpha-Natural-buying-apf-15223235.html?.v=14
Financial information from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/detail/stock_quote?Symbol=anr&getquote=Get+Quote and http://moneycentral.msn.com/detail/stock_quote?Symbol=fcl&getquote=Get+Quote
No author (2009). Foundation Coal to merger with Alpha Natural Resources in $2 billion Deal. Corridor Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from http://www.corridorinc.com/content/view/901/172/
No author. (2009). The World's Top Coal Companies. Reuters. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from http://www.reuters.com/article/marketsNews/idUSLI62998020090519
For most of the time since the subject of economics was first studied, the idea of resource constraints has been irrelevant. The world was simply not viewed as a finite place. The concept of resource constraints was limited, more or less, to the consideration of constraints on an individual economy. Adam Smith recognized that all economies would face resource constraints of one type or another. As Snowdon (2003) points out, "to Smith, it was obvious that all economies were faced with resource constraints and that free trade was a policy that would allow any nation to achieve the most efficient allocation of its scarce resources." This notion was built into the Ricardian trade theory and classical economics. It has not been until recent times, however, that the concept of worldwide scarcity has become relevant. The idea of peak oil and a world with seven billion people (or more) has…
Alexandratos, N. (2005). Countries with rapid population growth and resource constraints: Issues of food, agriculture and development. Population and Development Review. Vol. 31 (2) 237-258.
Asheim, G., Buchholz, W., Hartwick, J., Mitra, T. & Withagen, C. (2005). Constant savings rates and quasi-arithmetic population growth under exhaustible resource constraints. CESInfo Working Paper No. 1573
Ellis, K., Cantore, N., Keane, J., Peskett, L., Brown, D. & te Velde, D. (2010). Growth in a carbon constrained global economy. Overseas Development Institute. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/details.asp?id=4984&title=growth-carbon-constrained-global-economy
Friedman, M. (1971). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html
played a dominant role in other countries' local conflicts because of our interest in the petroleum resources of these countries. The U.S. has been at the center of heated internal political debates in Iran. For example, the U.S. sided with the Shah, and when the Shah was overthrown, there was a great backlash against us. In addition, the U.S. has been involved in conflicts in Mexico over oil. Currently, our country is involved in a resource war in Colombia, which is as much about oil as it is about drugs.
According to the Secretary of State for the U.S., Alexander Haig, the efforts by the Soviet Union to extend its influence in Africa were the beginning rounds of a "resource war" aimed at the United States and its industrial allies. Haig was particularly concerned about cobalt and manganese, for which the U.S. is 100% dependent on imports. Most comes from…
N. Choucri and R.S. North Nations in Conflict. Freeman, 1975.
White Paper: The Resource War and the U.S. Business Community. Washington, CENS.
Knight and Behr, "Strategic minerals acquire news prominence in U.S.." The Guardian, April, 1981.
Klare, Michael. Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict. Henry Holt, 2001.
Comparing and Contrasting Resource-Based Strategies with Competitive Positioning Strategies
Competitive Positioning Strategies
Strategies For-Profit in the 21st Century
There are two schools of thought regarding the composition of a competitive strategy. The first is resourced based. This approach identifies key resources and seeks to leverage these in order to provide value to the consumer and achieve a competitive advantage in the marketplace. The next strategy begins with identifying a niche or more general opportunity in the market and aligning resources within the organization to achieve a competitive position in regards to the competition. The former strategy can be generalized as more of a push strategy while the latter is more of a pull strategy. Both have advantages as well as disadvantages and fit certain circumstances better than others. In this research project, a brief literature review of both vantage points will be provided follow by a…
ARchpru, M., & Alden, D. (2010). Global brand positioning and perceptions. International Journal of Advertising, 37-56.
Berry-Stolzle, T., Altuntas, & M. (2010). A Resource-Based Perspective on Business Strategies of Newly Founded Subsidiaries: The Case of German Pensionsfonds. Risk Management & Insurance Review, 173-193.
Eschenfelder, B. (2010). USING COMMUNITY BASED ASSESSMENTS TO STRENGTHEN NONPROFIT-GOVERNMENT COLLABORATION AND SERVICE DELIVERY. Journal of Health & Human Services Administration, 405-446.
Fransico, G., & Vicenta, S. (2009). A political candidate's brand image scale: Are political candidates brands? Journal of Brand Management, 207-217.
esource management is an effective and efficient way of deploying the resources within an organization. These resources include human skills, inventory, financial resources, production resources or even the information systems. For there to be success in any project there has to be effective management of resources when it comes to assigning them to the projects. This often includes hours of labor for those people who are assigned to the particular project. esource management also involves management of the labor hours of the people that are involved in subcontracts. Apart from the management of people, resource management also involves managing equipment that are to be used for specific projects and the materials required by people and the specific equipment that have been assigned to the projects. When it comes to project management there are techniques, philosophies, and processes can be developed in a bid to ensure that the best approach is…
Lock, D.(2007).Project management, Gower publishing limited.
Ready.(2010).Resource Management.Retrieved November 6,2013 from http://www.ready.gov/business/implementation/resource
Aiber, S, Gilat, D & Sela A.(2011).Business objective-based resource management.Retrieved November 6,2013 from http://www2004.wwwconference.org/docs/2p236.pdf
NetSuite Inc.(2013). Resource Management. Retrieved November 6,2013 from http://www.openair.com/Resource-Management
Natural selection is the very efficient and predictable means of evolution by which a species adapts to its environment, that results in evolutionary change as individuals with particular characteristics have a greater survival or reproductive rate than others in a population, and these genetic characteristics are then passed on to their offspring (Natural pp). In other words, natural selection is a consistent difference in survival and reproduction between different genotypes in what is referred to as reproductive success (Natural pp).
Although Charles Darwin's book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection caused much ado when it was published in 1859, science now accepts that evolution is indeed a fact, and that natural selection effectively explains how adaptive evolution takes place (Natural pp).
There are two requirements that are essential in order for natural selection to occur (Evolution pp). One is that there must be heritable variation for…
Evolution and Natural Selection. Retrieved August 10, 2005.
Natural1 Selection. Retrieved August 11, 2005 from:
PART 2-Historical Event
A specific historical event which has added to our understanding of certain aspects of the natural world is represented by the Chernobyl disaster. Which occurred in 1986. "The accident caused the largest uncontrolled radioactive release into the environment ever recorded for any civilian operation, and large quantities of radioactive substances were released into the air for about 10 days." (www.world-nuclear.org) in the period in which the accident took place, many countries were undergoing development processes. The international trend included an increased trust in the use of science and technology. Locally, while the importance of the central was understood, the same thing could not be stated about the risks it involved. It is believed that the accident was caused due to the lack of proper preparation of the workers.
The consequences of the explosion included the death of thirty workers and the contamination with thyroid cancer of…
About the Human Genome Project in genomics.energy.ov, Retrieved March24, 201 from http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/project/about.shtml
Chernobyl Accident in World Nuclear Association, Retrieved March 24, 2011 from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/chernobyl/inf07.html
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) in Access Excellence, the National Health Museum Resource center, Retrieved March 24, 2011 from http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BC/Gregor_Mendel.php
James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurtice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin in Chemical Heritage Foundation Library Museum for Scholars, Retrieved March 23, 2011 from http://www.chemheritage.org/discover/chemistry-in-history/themes/biomolecules/dna/watson-crick-wilkins-franklin.aspx
(1958: 191) (Scott, 2003, p.50) Simon states that a hierarchy of goals is established in which each level is "...considered as an end relative to the levels below it and as a means relative to the levels above it. Through the hierarchical structure of ends, behavior attains integration and consistency, for each member of a set of behavior alternatives is then weighted in terms of a comprehensive scale of values -- the "ultimate" ends. (Simon, 1997: 74) "In addition to simplifying decisions for participants in all these ways, organizations also support participants in the decisions they are expected to make.
WEER'S THEORY of UREAUCRACY
DESCRIPTION of THEORY
Scott (2003) notes that it was observed by Collins (1986) that there is nothing "...known in the field of organizations, perhaps in all sociology, than Weber's model of bureaucracy. It also happens that there is no more complete misunderstanding of a major sociological…
Scott, W. Richard (2003) Organizations; Rational, Natural and Open Systems. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
Natural disasters have the potential to dramatically alter life in local communities. The loss of human life reverberates through the generations, as does the loss of local businesses and the generalized economic and psychosocial strain. Yet there are also larger impacts from localized events, such as changes to public policy and political philosophies resulting from major natural disasters. One of the most impactful natural disasters in recent American history is undoubtedly Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Katrina showed Americans the many shortcomings of federal disaster relief response programs like the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which was restructured after the event (Zimmerman, 2015). In addition to the political ramifications from Katrina, the storm revealed weaknesses in local, state, and federal infrastructure: showing that public spending patterns need to change in order to make American communities more resilient in the future. Another reason why Katrina remains one of the most important and impactful…
Fidelity Investments- Human esources
Fidelity Investments- T&D Program
H Transformation strategy- Fidelity Investments
Key Issues identified in interview
Business Case: Context of program application
Table 1- Implementation and Accountability of L&D program
Figure 2 Business Case ationale for T&D program at Fidelity
Figure 3- H edesign Elements
This H Learning and Development (L&D) program proposed for Fidelity Investments is aimed at addressing the key challenges faced by the firms in its human resource management. There are several instances when H function has contributed to the bottom line of firm as well as pursued an egalitarian culture of society. Present program is spanned over 5 weeks and will be implemented in Americas & Canada region initially. With successful implementation of this L&D program in one region (Americas & Canada), further implementation will be recommended in…
Ahadi, H.R. (2004). An examination of the role of organizational enablers in business process reengineering and the impact of information technology. Information Resources Management Journal (IRMJ), 17(4), 1-19.
Bontis, N., & Fitz-Enz, J. (2002). Intellectual capital ROI: a causal map of human capital antecedents and consequents. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 3(3), 223-247.
Deloitte. (2013). 2013 Financial Services Industry Outlook. Retrieved from Deloitte: [ http://public.deloitte.com/media/0146/us_fsi_OutlooksConsolidatedDocument_021813.pdf ]
Fidelity Investments. (N.d.). Our Business. Retrieved from Fidelity Investments: [http://www.fidelity.com/inside-fidelity/about-fidelity/our-businesses]
Human esource Management PBL exercise
Human esource Management
PBL exercise 1: Taking an HM job
The cereal company Sanitarium is currently seeking an H generalist. Sanitarium advertises itself as the company that transformed Australia's eating habits, shifting the tastes of the national palate from traditional 'fry-ups' to more healthy whole grains at the breakfast table. "We were the first to introduce healthy and innovative breakfast foods and soy foods. We promoted plant-based eating before it became trendy, and offered well-being clinics in our cafes throughout Australia. In caring for the health and well-being of all Australians, we have created great breakfast cereal foods, soymilks, spreads and healthy vegetarian foods" (About us, 2012, Sanitarium).
Sanitarium's flagship products include the popular wholegrain staple Weet-Bix, which is currently Australia's best-selling breakfast cereal. Sanitarium emphasizes sustainability in its product offerings as well as good health. It has made a particular commitment to…
About us. (2012). Sanitarium. Retrieved:
Lifestyle. (2012). Sanitarium. Retrieved:
Human esource Management class focus area. Here questions: 1. Your company plans build a manufacturing plant undecided locate .
New manufacturing plant
The opening of a new manufacturing plant in a different location is pegged to a series of uncertainties and risks. In order to minimize these risks, it is necessary for the economic agent to consider a wide array of elements in making the final decision of the location. At this level, a notable role is played by the purpose of the new location. The two more common reasons for opening new manufacturing plants are either a desire to expand production, or a desire to cut costs and as such support profitability.
In the first scenario then, more emphasis in choosing the location would be placed on the identification of a new site that possesses some comparative advantage in the field of manufacturing. This advantage could refer to skilled…
Greenhouse, S. (2011). Union membership in U.S. fell to a 70-year low last year. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/22/business/22union.html?_r=0 accessed on December 19, 2012
Schmidt, P. (2009). Minimum wages and employment -- theory and empirical evidence with a special emphasis on Germany. GRIN Verlag.
(2012). Union membership in the U.S. International Labor Organization. http://www.ilo.org/washington/ilo-and-the-united-states/spot-light-on-the-us-labor-market/union-membership-us/lang -- en/index.htm accessed on December 19, 2012
(2010). The world factbook -- United States. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html accessed on December 19, 2012
Private armies and warlords support themselves with these crops -- an instance of exploiting (in fact, abusing) the environment to pay for war (Global esources, 2004).
Use of esources to Finance Conflict
Forest products are also often used to pay for conflicts. Timber requires little investment and can be converted to cash more cheaply than oil, which requires technology. Control over timber resources can shift the balance of power during a conflict and affect how long the conflict lasts. Underfunded armies, military, police, and rebel forces often finance themselves by cutting trees. Conflicts in Cambodia, Burma and Liberia have been funded with timber, and in each of those countries the wood produced more than 100 million dollars per year (Global esources, 2004).
Incompatible Uses Leading to Conflict
Use or misuse of resources can be very profitable on one hand but ruinous to another. For example, jurisdictional conflicts have heated up…
Breaking the habit (2004). The Nation (Feb 9), 178 (5), 11-14.
Brown, V.J. (2004). Battle scars: Global conflicts and environmental health. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112 (17), 994-1003.
Coles, C. (2004). Resources for peace. The Futurist (Jan/Feb), 38 (1) 6.
Conserving the Peace: Resources, Livelihoods, and Security (2002). IUCN/IISD E&S Task Force. Johannesburg: World Summit on Sustainable Development.
International Human esource management Articles
In this paper, we will critically evaluate two separate journal articles related to international human resource management (IHM) and draw out their contribution to IHM in an integrated literature review. The topics of these two articles are Development and Globalization. First, we will overview both of the articles separately in this introductory phase and then in the literature review we will support our outline of concepts and ideas in the two articles. A critical analysis will then be done relevant to the articles which will examine the strengths and weaknesses of the articles. After the critical analysis we will advise how both of the subject matter discussed can be applied to multinational companies either large or small.
Finally, we will give a conclusion and recommendation in which the former will include summary of what we have found looking back at the overall paper and the…
Bizukov, P. 2005. Sluzhbi personala -- upravlencheskaya perfieriya, Moscow: ISITO
Tayeb, Monir. 2005. IHRM, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Keeley, Dean. 2001. International Human Resource Management in Japanese Firms, New York:
Managing Human esources
Change and conflict are some of the manager's current challenges. This thesis tries to inquire into the change processes and managers response to conflicts that arise as a result of change resistance. The manifestation of conflict and the impact of conflict are also discussed. The thesis also looks into the different theories formulated to explain change process and their relationship to conflict management. Also covered is the way decision makers can mitigate conflict and bring sanity in their organizations.
Today's managers are faced with the trade off between change and conflict. Change has become an irresistible part of organization and managers must therefore come up withy strategies and policies of managing change in an order to reduce conflict that may hinder the performance and also to reduce performance gap.
Conflict is bound to occur when different individuals have different perception, opinion, ideas and thought. Change and…
Knudsen T.(2003).Human Capital Management: New Possibilities in People Management. Journal of Business Ethics, 21(2),42-45.
Humphreys, M. (2005). Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution: Uncovering the Mechanisms. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49 (4), 23-36.
Kindler, H.S. (2005). Conflict Management: Resolving Disagreements in the Workplace. London: Thomson/Course Technology.
Kotter, J. (1995, march-april). Leading Change:Why Transformation Efforts Fail. Havard Business School Review, 59-67.
Geen" Human Resouce Pactices And Envionmental Pefomance
A numbe of entepises have histoically adopted the appoach of compliance within thei envionmental initiatives, and by consequence, ules and legislations guiding thei envionmental appoaches. Howeve, ove the last many yeas, new consume needs, consume boycotts, global envionmental standads, dynamic pefeences, and othe envionmental factos have influenced coe values and the fundamental business stategies of copoations (Daily, Bishop and Steine, 2007). Oganizations ae pat of society, and it is impeative that they function like team playes; this is whee the concept of "geen" management becomes elevant. A key schema now is that a company's outcome is stongly impacted by envionmental concens (Taiq, Jan & Ahmad, 2016).
Envionmental and human esouce (HR) management's effect in the business context elates powefully to a moe compehensive association between oganizations' economic and envionmental pefomance. In this context, it is fequently agued that impoved envionmental pefomance esults in…
references for sustainability and their impact on supply chain management. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 43, 380 -- 406.
Benn, S., Teo, S. T., & Martin, A. (2015). Employee participation and engagement in working for the environment. Personnel Review, 44(4), 492-510.
Boxall, P., Purcell, J., & Wright, P. (2009). Human resource management: Scope, analysis, and significance. In J. Storey, P. Wright, & D. Ulrich (Eds.), The Routledge companion to strategic human resource management (pp. 1 -- 17). New York: Routledge.
Crotty, J., & Rodgers, P. (2012). Sustainable development in the Russia Federation: the limits of greening within industrial firms. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 19(3), 178-190.
Daily, B. F., Bishop, J. W., & Steiner, R. (2007). The mediating role of EMS teamwork as it pertains to HR factors and perceived environmental performance. Journal of Applied Business Research, 23(1), 95.
Having all these in mind, I cannot see any reason for which a person would decide not to work for the Russian Company. Actually, "a good salary is each employee's ultimate goal." In addition, the international development the company has experienced might provide many opportunities to travel and even the leisure activities it organizes are a good reason why Lukoil employees should be proud of their workplace. On the other hand, the fact that the company is relatively young is in direct connection with the existence of young employees within its structures. Therefore, the atmosphere would surely be a pleasant one. esides this, the retirement and insurance benefits would also be an important argument; the table elaborated above has proven that not all the companies of the same kind provide such offers, just as it happens in the case of the health benefits as well.
All in all, I consider…
Rory O'BRIEN, "Normative vs. Empirical theory and Method," New York American Library, 1981;
General Information about Lukoil, at www.lukoil.com/static_6_5id_29_.html
Lukoil-Company Mission, at www.lukoil.com/static_6_5id_297_.html
Lukoil Staff Retirement Plan, at www.lukoil.com/static_6_5id_265_.htm
Cross-oundary Offshore Oil & Gas Resources
Joint Development Agreements & Frameworks
[Type the company name]
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 3
2. The rule of capture 3
3. The CooperationApproach 4
4. Legal framework to develop trans-boundary offshore O&G resources 5
4.1 Cross-border unitization agreements 6
4.2 Joint Development Agreements (JDA) 6
4.3 National law and its application in Co-operative Agreements 7
4.4 ilateral treaties for trans-boundary oil and gas exploration 7
4.5 The Framework Agreement Approach 9
4.6 The Third Party approach to dispute resolution 10
5. Conclusion 10
Treaties & Conventions 11
Subsea resources such as petroleum and natural gas are important sources of meeting the energy demand of countries. Cross-territory disputes are arising among different countries. Advancement in technology in exploration and extraction of subsea resources has expedited the overall procedure of competitive drilling. This…
Treaties & Conventions
Cross boundary petroleum cooperation between the UK and the Kingdom of Norway 2005
Treaty, Timor Sea. "Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste relating to the Unitization of the Sunrise and Troubadour fields Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Canberra (Dili, 6 March 2003)(1)." Accessed from
U.S-Mexico Trans-boundary hydrocarbons agreement 2012
Environmental determinism has long been out of favor among historians and social scientists, although well into the 19th Century even the majority of Westerners were highly dependent on the climate and environment for their survival. Since the entire world economy was based on agriculture, a shortfall in harvests meant famines, epidemics and death for those who were at or below subsistence level. Such famines were a primary cause for the overthrow of the monarchy in France in 1789, for example, and they led to rebellions, riots and instability wherever they occurred. As late as the 1840s in Ireland, the great potato blight led to the death or immigration of half the population, and the near-destruction of Irish society. In the case of Easter Island, Norse Greenland and the Classic Maya civilization, climate change combined with deforestation and agricultural practices that destroyed the environment led to the total collapse…
Diamond, Jared. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (Penguin Books, 2006).
Demarest Arthur A.. Ancient Maya: The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization (Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Fagan, Brian M. The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History (Basic Books, 2000).
Gill, Richardson B. The Great Maya Droughts: Water, Life, and Death (University of New Mexico Press, 2000).
The planet's major resources are continually threatened by industry and business. Among them, water has become such a priced commodity that finding areas with uncontaminated drinking water is slowly becoming a feat. How many people actually still trust to drink quality tap water without being cautious over it? That seems to be the premise of the documentary Gasland (2010), which focuses on the negative effects of siphoning gas through hydraulic fracturing on surrounding areas of the land. In Josh Fox's travels across the countryside, the testimony, evidence, and glaring supportive evidence seem clear enough that there are adverse effects. The companies, however, seem reluctant to do any further investigations.
Gasland's introduction brings the audience first to Fox's land, with a special focus on the history of his house and a greater focus on the beauty of the surroundings. He proceeds through the film by mentioning the letter from a…
This would require the full support of government and state authorities to punish those who break the rules. For instance, officers should patrol the forests and severely fine the tourists who leave trash in the nature. Also, a radical change should come from the multinationals, which should respect stricter environment protection rules and should pay drastically when breaking these rules. The first point in this direction would be achieved once the population has an environment education and would then punish and ban the organizations which break these rules. With a damaged reputation and customers refusing to purchase their products, the corporations would have to reconsider their actions. Then, the second direction would appeal to the good will of the people and would state that the good deeds relative to the natural habitats are a social duty of each and every one of us. Therefore, if these two courses of action…
Leonard, a., 2008, the Story of Stuff, http://storyofstuff.ethicalbrand.org/,last accessed on July 10, 2008
January 10, 2000, Impact of Solid Waste, Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Council, http://www.ceroi.net/reports/johannesburg/csoe/html/nonjava/Waste/solid/Impact.html. Ast accessed on July 10, 2008
1997-2008, Garbage - How Can My Community Reduce Waste?, the Annenberg Media
http://www.learner.org/interactives/garbage/solidwaste.htmllast accessed on July 10, 2008
Human Resources Management at Boeing
Corporate Governance Strategies at Boeing 5
CSR and Ethical Training
Boeing's CSR Progress
Boeing is the world's largest aerospace company and the leading manufacturer of commercial jetliners and military aircraft combined. Boeing has built a model that focuses on operating sustainably and being good corporate citizens. However, to effectively integrate an effective CSR model so that the employees use this on a tactile level this will require a significant training effort. This analysis will provide a brief overview of the company, their CSR statements and desired outcomes, as well as provide some analysis on the training that the organization will need to conduct in order to meet its objectives.
Boeing is the world's largest aerospace company and the leading manufacturer of commercial jetliners and military aircraft combined; Boeing also designs and manufactures rotorcraft, electronic and defense systems,…
Boeing. (2008, October). Getting eco-engaged. Retrieved from Boeing Frontiers: http://www.boeing.com/news/frontiers/archive/2008/october/mainfeature.pdf
Boeing. (2012). Corporate Governance. Retrieved from Boeing: http://www.boeing.com/corp_gov/
Boeing. (2012). Global Corporate Citizenship. Retrieved from Boeing: http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/aboutus/community/gcc.html
Boeing. (2015). Boeing Overview. Retrieved from Boeing: http://www.boeing.com/assets/pdf/companyoffices/aboutus/overview/boeing_overview.pdf
Societies are organized in an exceedingly gendered manner; that is, the “natural” difference between females and males and attributing distinct traits to both genders lies at the heart of all social institutions’ structures, right from families to job structures, to the private-public division, to power accessibility. Hence, resource access and the enjoyment of secure property rights remain highly gendered within several areas across the globe. Females, both minor and adult, suffer particularly due to unfair land rights, besides encountering obstacles when it comes to accessing resources and even their own inheritance. That is not to say that males (adult as well as minor) are never faced with such challenges (consider the example of first sons inheriting more as compared to their younger brothers). Furthermore, right to resource access can also end up impacting people’s ability of accessing other services. For instance, a female’s limited rights or lack of property ownership…
Over the last several years, social workers have been continually involved in various societal problems. This is because they are serving as someone who is a go between for the government and those individuals that are being impacted by a series of incidents. To include: domestic violence, substance abuse and sexual assault just to name a few. This is significant, because it is highlighting how social workers are facing a number of different challenges. To fully understand their shifting roles requires looking at: the discontinuity between policy / practice, how communities are incorporating inclusive approaches and examining decision making in relation to re-storying. These different elements are important, because they are showing how the role of social workers is constantly changing to meet the needs of society and various governments.
Give an example of a discontinuity between policy and practice that might benefit from reframing of the sort…
All Inclusive Approaches to Policy Making. (n.d.)
Feminist Therapy. (n.d.)
A Resettlement Story. (n.d.).
Unit 7 All Inclusive Approaches. (n.d.).
Future of Renewable Energies
hile the reliance of the United States on natural resources and fossil fuels must give way to renewable and sustainable resources at some point, the ability to change to new technologies is not yet here and further efforts are needed to make the United States both energy-independent and free of fossil fuels.
The USA is one of the greatest countries in the world. This is not just because of its superpower in terms of policing the entire globe, but also being with an extensive source and use of the natural resources. ith the use of these natural resources, the country has been able to feed its population. This population is one of the greatest and is continually growing even with an annual admission of over 700,000 people from other countries. ith the use of the resources, the country developed a strong capacity before the world wars…
CEF. "Alternative Energy Sources - Solar, Wind, Geothermal, Biomass, Ocean And Other
Energy Sources." Conserve Energy Future. N.p., 2017. Web. 1 May 2017.
Cubbage, Frederick Jay O'Laughlin, and M. Nils Peterson. Natural Resource Policy. New York,
NY: Waveland Press, 2016
How global warming induced natural resource shortages will cause violent conflict in the Middle East
Background on Climate Change
Implications for the Middle East
Global warming, or climate change, is no longer begging the question of when the effects of this phenomenon will begin to unfold; rather the changes in the climate are already being witnessed. There are many at risk populations all over the world. Many of these populations already are dealing with food and/or water shortages which will only become more problematic in the near future. Once resources become scarcer and exceed the carrying capacity of the local or regional population then this will introduce a new level of conflict that has the potential to easily become violent. There are few mitigation strategies that can help this point. Migration is always an option, but regional areas will be affected in similar ways. This analysis…
Britanica. (N.d.). Greenhouse Effect. Retrieved from Answers: http://www.answers.com/topic/greenhouse-effect
Brown, O., & Crawford, A. (2009). Rising temperatures, rising tensions: climate change and the risk of violent conflict in the Middle East. Retrieved from IISD: http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/rising_temps_middle_east.pdf
Clayton, M. (2007, March 22). Global boom in coal power - and emissions. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from The Christian Science Monitor: http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0322/p01s04-wogi.html
CO2 Now. (2011, November 16). Earth's CO2 Home Page. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from CO2 Now.
pursuing an intellectual interest satisfied my natural passion solving problems; however, it left me strangely unfulfilled for reasons that were not immediately apparent to me. With a team of friends, I developed a cheap MP3 system that enables users to upload and listen to audio books. On an intellectual level, it was a meaningful achievement. However, I eventually realized that although the project provided assistance to some users who otherwise had limited access to information in those convenient formats, there was evidence all around me that suggested the need for much more significant projects.
Specifically, in my home community, I am surrounded by fellow Palestinians who endure day after day without access to enough electricity to support ordinary life needs. The more I thought about the reality of their lives, the more I realized that for my pursuit of solutions to provide genuine fulfillment, it would have to satisfy more…
All these issues point out to the indubitable fact that the human resource in Taiwan is coming closer to the labor force in the highly developed western economies and that additional efforts will have to be made in order to succeed in the island.
Another human resource issue that is important to be mentioned is given by the different cultural values of Taiwan and the American multinational. Divided by language, religion and customs barriers, Taiwan is closer to the Japanese culture than the American one. This will unavoidably mean that our organization has to hire several human resource specialists to make a transition from the Japanese H issues to the U.S. implementation of human resource policies. Some other issues that have to be understood by our company refer to the decision making process, which is generally done in groups; a decision once made is supported by all individuals, regardless of…
Boje, D., Academic Studying Adidas, Reebok and Nike -- Taiwan, New Mexico State University, College of Business, http://cbae.nmsu.edu/~dboje/nike/taiwan.html last accessed on May 11, 2009
Gross, A., 1996, Human Resource Issues in Taiwan, Pacific Bridge, http://www.pacificbridge.com/publication.asp?id=6 last accessed on May 11, 2009
2009, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html last accessed on May 11, 2009
The Everglades subtropical wetlands in Florida are recognized for their unique features and for the fact that they are one of the most beautiful places in North America. The territory is also impressive for the fact that it is one of the largest wetlands in the world. ater and fire are two of the two main elements shaping the land, given that floods and draughts constantly affect it. In spite of the qualities that Florida Everglades has, the land is severely harmed by outside factors and it is essential for society to acknowledge the fact that urgent action needs to be taken in order for it to be brought back to its initial status.
The Everglades are full of sawgrass that moves as a result of the fact that water goes through the marshes. This is the reason for which the region came to be known as "The River…
Levin, Ted, "Listening to Wildlife in the Everglades," National Wildlife June-July 1998
Ridgley, Heidi, "Second Chance for a Dying Estuary - the Monumental Task of Restoring the Everglades Begins 100 Miles to the North," National Wildlife Aug.-Sept. 2002
Stoneman Douglas, Marjory, The Everglades: River of Grass (New York: Rinehart, 1947)
"Everglades: Overview," Retrieved May 20, 2011, from the Florida Everglades Website: http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/everglades/FEeverglades1.html
Internal Analysis SWOT Analysis
esource-Based View (BV) analysis in Kraft Foods Company
esources in Kraft Foods Company
Kraft Foods Company has an advance of physical resources. These resources are meant for production and creation of a sustainable environment of productivity. Within the notion of productivity, Kraft Foods Company benefits from the resources since they offer the company a positive strength or capability to perform in the market. Increase in the amounts of resources translates to increase in productivity within the organization. Therefore, fullness of resources within the company has fostered its existence and strength of productivity in the market. Physical resources are the tangible facets that are used in production. For instance, the company relies on manufacturing structures, tools, and transportation mechanisms like trucks. These tangible resources are of immense assistance when it comes to productivity within the organization.
The physical resources give the company strength of productivity.…
Henry, A. (2007). The Internal Environment: A Resource-Based View of Strategy.
Understanding Strategic Management. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199288304/henry_ch05.pdf
The Value Chain. (2007). Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from:
The U.S. Supreme Court has given employers "little choice" in the matter, Boyd explains. If a company "can prove" they took "reasonable care" in order to prevent or to correct inappropriate behavior, under the law they have (in many cases) "safe harbor" from punitive damages (Boyd, p. 332). The author states that sexual harassment training "…has evolved to become an ornate administrative display which has the appearance of concern…" but which in fact is "expedient in that it mitigates employer liabilities in any future court cases" (p. 332).
Charles a. Pierce, Professor of Management at the University of Memphis, offers another approach for HR managers in his article published by Human Resources Management. He asserts that "nearly 10 million workplace romances develop annually" in the U.S. And "about 40% of employees" have had a workplace romance (Pierce, et al., 2009, p. 448). The reasonable and logical point of Pierce's article…
Appelbaum, Steven H., Marinescu, Ana, Klenin, Julia, and Bytautas, Justin. (2007). Fatal
Attractions: The (Mis) Management of Workplace Romance. International Journal of Business Research, VII (4), 31-43.
Boyd, C. (2010). The Debate Over the Prohibition of Romance in the Workplace. Journal of Business Ethics, 97(2), 325-338.
Mathis, Robert L., and Jackson, John H. (2007). Human Resource Management. Florence, KY:
Natural Resources: The Leading Development Trap
This paper argues that the natural resources trap is the main cause of poverty among billions of people in the poorest countries in the world today.
Paul Collier (2007 p 4), in his famous book, ottom illions, thoroughly explores and discusses the causes behind the grueling poverty of a billion people in the poorest countries. At the outset, he narrows down the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations into tracing the development progress of countries up to this year. This has led to the realization of a billion rich people in separate developed countries against five billion in separate under-developed, developing or non-developing countries. That horrid contrast reflects the 80% of humanity that lives in these stagnant countries and poses the true challenge to all development efforts everywhere. The author emphasizes that these people in these countries are not only "falling behind" but…
Collier, P. (2007). The bottom billions. Parts 1 and 2. Oxford University Press
-. (2015). Improving aid with smarter compassion. An Interview. Oxford Economist:
PovertyCure. Retrieved on April 25, 2015 from http://www.povertycure.org/voices/paul-collier
Durairaj, V. (2007). The bottom billion: why are the poorest countries failing and what can be done about it. Vol 85 # 11, Bulletin of the WHO: World Health Organization. Retrieved on April 22,2015 from http://www.who.it/bulletin/volumes/85/11/07-045229/en/#
Bernard Malamud, a Natural Writer
Bernard Malamud, was the oldest son of an immigrant grocer. His parents, Max and Bertha, were ussian-Jewish immigrants and would frequently work late, and Bernard would spend many hours in the Gravesend section of Brooklyn absorbing the atmosphere of the area. Times were different then and he was allowed to stay out late as a child, and "wander in the neighbor hood." He would skate on the streets, go sledding with friends, climb trees and play games late into the evening. His first trip to Coney Island allowed him to see the ocean, and he fell in love with its movements (Biography esource Center, 2004).
Malamud also enjoyed literature. He attended Erasmus Hall High School where he began to write. He made good grades and his stories and drawings began to be printed in the high school magazine.
He graduated from high school in 1932,…
Boaz, Amy. "The Complete Stories." Library Journal. 117 (1997): 129.
Bernard Malamud." Authors and Artists for Young Adults. Vol. 16. Gale Research, 1995. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: The Gale Group. 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC
Field, Leslie, "Bernard Malamud," Dictionary of Literary Biography, 28, Gale, 2002, pp. 166-175.
Helterman, Jeffrey. Understanding Bernard Malamud. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. 1985.
The issue could still be argued in terms of the ethics of withholding care, but it is not discriminatory.
Age Discrimination vs. ace Discrimination
In principle, age discrimination is like race discrimination in that it results in different rights or treatment of certain people because of a shared characteristic and also because that characteristic is not something that is the result of choice. Just as nobody can control his or her ethnicity or skin color, nobody can avoid aging or deteriorating in health as a function of advancing age. However, age discrimination and race discrimination are much more different than they are similar, mainly because everybody ages and because there are objective rationale for certain kinds of different treatment of people based on chronological age that do not apply to racial discrimination. For example, race does not determine how physically capable a person is of performing a set of tasks…
Yates L.B., Djousse L., Kurth T., Buring J.E., and Gaziano J.M. "Exceptional
longevity in men: modifiable factors associated with survival and function to age
90 years." Archives of Internal Medicine, 168(3) 2008: 284 -- 290.
evolution and natural selection is the addition of information. The process of evolution requires massive amounts of new information be added to an existing gene pool. What most people refer to as evolution is, in fact, natural selection. Natural selection occurs when genes that already exist in an animals' DNA, or sometimes on defective genes that have lost information (called mutation) are somehow altered. Neither process adds information to the gene pool so cannot be considered to be evolution. The evolutionary process is a slow and meticulous one and is preceded by numerous incidents of natural selection. True evolution is truly rare and takes place over the span of many years. Natural selection occurs far more frequently and can occur in the space of several generations.
Natural field experiments are efforts by the scientific community to apply the scientific method to real life situations. This process allows scientists to test…
, 2010). The model includes several mediator (e.g., knowledge exchange) and moderator variables (e.g., self-leadership competencies of actors) that explain why and when this approach is effective and looks at leadership in more of a comprehensive way than focusing on one individual. Such perspectives have suggested that when employees become involved in the decision making processes then this can strengthen leadership.
Transactional leadership is the leadership model that represents what most people view as the concept of management. Transactional leadership is defined by an exchange relationship between the managers and the employees that are all motivated by their own self-interests and meeting the expectations that are associated with their job description. Transactional leadership consists of monitoring, controlling, and motivating employees through economic incentives and other types of exchange incentives (Bass, 1985). Most of the motivation in this model stems from financial exchanges such as by either salaries, performance…
Alipour, F., K., I., & Karimi, R. (2011). Knowledge Creation and Transfer: Role of Learning Organization. International Journal of Business Administration, 2(3), 61-67.
Antonacopolou, E. (2001). The Paradoxical Nature of the Relationship Bewteen Training and Learning. Journal of Management Studies, 38(3), 327-350.
Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. (1998). Transformational leadership: Industry, military, and educational impact. Mahwah: Erlbaum.
Natural Way Products: Alternative Advertising and Diversification for Greater Market
Natural Way Products is already a leader in the natural products market in New Zealand's North Island due to the quality and effectiveness of its products, which are hand-crafted in a way which is respectful of nature and better for the consumer, using the best ingredients. They want to expand their market share to include all of New Zealand, to go from their current share of 10% to 15% in the next five years, and expand to Australia. The way they should do this is by expanding and increasing their advertising, to raise awareness of their products, opening up new markets and increasing their visibility (Demers, 2010).
SWOT Analysis. Through breaking down Natural Way Products into these four essential elements, it is possible to gain more insight into the strength and stability of the…
Demers, J. (2010). Online marketing strategies for natural product retailers. Retrieved March 24,
2011 from http://jeffreydemers. com/marketing-strategies/?p=71
Nmisolutions. com. (2008). National marketing institute: Consumer insight and market opportunity report. Retrieved March 24, 2011 from http://www. nmisolutions. com/r_consumer_insight. html
Hartman Group (1). (2008). The many faces of organic. Organic Magazine. Summer Issue.
Finite Health Care esources
Cutting health care costs is becoming a serious issue for the government and for medical corporations and patients throughout the U.S. today. There are several ways in which these costs can be cut, and one of those ways is to limit the life-extending care that is currently being provided to the elderly (Bond & Bond, 1994). This is not the same as limiting care that would improve their lives, but is only designed to limit the care that prolongs a life that already has little to no quality. However, it is not just the elderly who cost the country a great deal of money when it comes to medical care. Premature infants are also very expensive to keep alive, and an argument could be made that these infants should be allowed to expire, since they were not viable when they were born. It is a conundrum…
Bond J. & Bond S. (1994). Sociology and Health Care. NY: Churchill Livingstone.
Saunders, C.M. & Kastenbaum, R. (1997). Hospice Care on the International Scene. NY: Springer Pub. Co
The Hoover Dam was built in the 1930s as a major infrastructure project to help create jobs during the Great Depression and to help meet the energy needs of a growing Southwest. The human population has grown considerably in the region since then, putting a strain on a number of different resources. The dam actually helped to facilitate an increase in the human population in Nevada, particularly in Las Vegas, by providing a source of electricity. The dam actually created a means of controlling the water supply along the Colorado iver, which in turn allowed for a lot of the growth in the population of the area (ONE, 2014).
This growth has been a challenge to the local ecosystem, however. The Hoover Dam is located in the Mojave Desert, and desert ecosystems are typically quite fragile. A lot of this ecosystem has been overrun for urbanization that the…
Crook, H. & Fudge, T. (2010). How has Hoover Dam impacted the growth of the American west? KPBS. Retrieved May 31, 2014 from http://www.kpbs.org/news/2010/jun/09/how-has-hoover-dam-impacted-growth-american-west/
ONE. (2014). Hoover Dam's impact on Las Vegas. Online Nevada Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 31, 2014 from http://www.onlinenevada.org/articles/hoover-dams-impact-las-vegas
Thomas states that she never forgets 'where she came from.' She serves on numerous community boards including the Charlotte Mecklenburg Housing Partnership and the Women's Intercultural Exchange. As a golden life member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated, Thomas says that the need to be a member of something 'greater than herself' has always been an integral part of her character. She strives to better the community and to better herself through her many charitable efforts.
Thomas is testimony to the power of education and the ability to use one's natural talents for the good of others. Through education, Thomas has continually advanced in her vocational life, bolstering her credentials and framework of knowledge. She has a technical grasp of the power industry with 'people smarts' honed through personal experience and the academic study of management. She has made a passionate commitment to diversity part of her work life, through…
History Of Human Resource Management in the Public Sector
efore business was conducted in the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of commerce that exists today, large firms in the public domain were able to keep a much more direct eye on their employees. This historic reality involved much more personal and face-to-face interactions within much smaller operating environments. There were far less multibillion dollar corporations, and thus workforces were typically much less segmented and estranged . This made labor pools much easier to supervise and monitor. Consequently, periodic progress and performance reports were the primary human resource management tools utilized during much of the 20th Century . Recently, however, the globalization of public sector business has forced companies to restructure their human resource management systems. eing that performance-screening devices (that have been dated back to the Chinese Empire in 1115 .C.) started to show their age, firms must now…
Bratton, J., & Gold, J. (2000). Human Resource Management: Theory and Practice. Mahwah, NJ, United States: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
Carroll, a.B., & Buchholtz, a.K. (2008). Business and Society: Ethics and Stakeholder Management. Mason, OH, United States: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Chen, C.-J., & Huang, J.-W. (2009). Strategic Human Resource Practices and Innovation Performance. Journal of Business Research, 62 (1), 104-114.
Despres, C., & Hiltrop, J.-M. (1995). Human Resource Management in the Knowledge Age. Employee Relations, 17 (1), 1-23.
Human Resources - Critically appraise the historical development and future direction of Human Resource Management in the Hospitality Industry
Personnel Management & Human Resource Management
Links of Corporate Strategy and Human Resource Management -- An Analysis
Trends in Hospitality Management
Human Resourcing strategies in Hospitality Industry
Personnel Management & Human Resource Management
The practices of people management have received additional importance due to the present emphasis on the renewed interest in human resources. Traditionally, there has always been a dividing line between operational managers and personnel managers who are now called human resource managers. In the United States the function of personnel management has been a recognized function since the National Cash Register Company had opened their personnel office in the 1890s. The American personnel managers have always closely identified themselves with the objectives of the organization and this may be considered as a unitary tradition.…
Rowland, K. And Summers, S. (1981). Human resource planning: A second look. Personnel Administrator, December, 73-80.
Lorange, P. And Murphy, D.C. (1984). Bring human resources into strategic planning: Systems design considerations. In: Fombrun, C., Tichy, N. And Devanna, M. (eds.), Strategic human resource management. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 275-296
Nkomo, S.M. (1984). Prescription vs. practice: the state of human resource planning in large U.S. organizations. Paper presented at the Southern Management Association meeting, 14-17, November, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Golden, K.A. And Ramanujam, V. (1985). Between a dream and a nightmare: On the integration of the human resource management and strategic business planning processes. Human Resource Management, vol. 24, no. 4, 429-452.
Activity 1: Human Resource Management (HRM)
HP Corporate Objectives
Profit: Recognizing that profit constitutes the single most effective measure of the organization's contributions to the community, in addition to being the most basic source of business strength. Attaining maximum possible levels of profit in line with other business goals is the aim.
Striving for constant advancement in company offering (i.e., services and products) quality, value, and utility (Hewlett-Packard, 2016).
Field of Interest: Focusing efforts and constantly pursuing fresh development opportunities, whilst simultaneously limiting participation to areas wherein the company possesses capability and is able to effectively contribute.
Growth: Underscoring corporate growth as one of the prerequisites for survival and one of the measures of corporate strength.
Employees: Offering employment opportunities to the workforce, including a chance to be a part of corporate success by helping to make it possible. Personnel must be afforded job security on the basis of their…
Dangerous and Natural Energy
Patterns in the distribution of earthquakes in the U.S.
The earthquake patterns in the U.S. are fairly distinct. The most high-risk areas are the west coast, especially along the Pacific Coast, the Big Island of Hawaii and pockets in Alaska, Tennessee and South Carolina. A good part of the western part of America from ocky mountain region has a moderate chance of earthquake while the remaining parts of the country are under a slight risk of earthquake. The areas that have the lowest chance of earthquakes are southern Texas, Florida and the northern-most states of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. Hawaii and Alaska also have a moderate risk of earthquake according to the U.S. Geological Survey's Seismic Hazard Maps (USGS, 2008).
I live in New York and this means I live in a region that has a slight risk of earthquakes, typically 4-8g. Most earthquakes are measures…
Wielandt, Erhard. (2002). Seismic Sensors and their Calibration. Institute of Geophysics, University of Stuttgart.
USGS. (2012). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved from: http://www.usgs.gov/
Of particular focus is the situation of the deployment of forces in a case of national security such as the floods and fires which have affected the territory of the United States. In these situations, volunteers and reserves are also part of the intervention forces, aside from the police patrols. More precisely, in the most recent floods from Iowa the help of ed Cross volunteers were asked for in order to be able to resist the natural disaster and in time to rebuild the territory. A similar situation occurred in New Orleans as well when non-specialized aid was asked for because the police was overwhelmed by the situation. However, it can be said that in situations such as these, the discussion is no longer related to the issue of law enforcement but rather to that of human solidarity. Nonetheless, the presence of volunteers and reserves is crucial in such moments.…
America Civil Liberties Union. (1997) Fighting Police Abuse: A Community Action Manual. Accessed 5 July 2008, at http://www.aclu.org/police/gen/14614pub19971201.html
Downs, a., et al. (1969) "Round Table on Allocation of Resources in Law Enforcement." The American Economic Review, Vol. 59, No. 2, pp. 504-512.
Frisbee, W.S. Jr. (n.d.) "Patrolling." Accessed 5 July 2008, at http://www.military-sf.com/Patrols.htm
Gallo, J.N. (1998) "Effective Law-Enforcement Techniques for Reducing Crime." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. Vol, 88, no. 4.
Humanities Related Library Internet Resources
Pierce, James Smith and H Janson. From Abacus to Zeus: A Handbook of Art History, 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.
There are several factors that make arts to be valuable or not. Art value is assessed via several ways including comparison to existing market standards of similar arts before they are taken for auctions. According to this article, hypothetical methods based on market values are used to find the value of arts taken for auctions. The most important factor used during the valuation is the artist who designed the art. Artists who are well-known and highly regarded have high value associated with their works. Paintings like Matisse's call for higher price than those of little known artists. The other factor vital during the valuation is the uniqueness, type and copies of the work. Art pieces produced in…
Erich, Duetsch Otto. Mozart: A Documentary Biography. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1965.
Pierce, James Smith and HW Janson. From Abacus to Zeus: A Handbook of Art History, 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.
Saint, Andrew. "Frank Lloyd Wright and Paul Mueller: The Architect and his Builder of Choice." Architectural Research Quarterly (2004): 157-167.
Vlastos, Gregory. Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.
This virtually means that the international community could soon observe mutations in the type and nature of the outsourced processes.
In general terms, companies are looking to outsource growing numbers of more complex operations as they are not willing to assume the risks and make the necessary investments. In this order of ideas, they outsource the operations to firms which have already made the investments and assumed the risks. "Organizations are reluctant to invest in and maintain cutting-edge technology and technical specialists internally, when they know that similar assets exist externally, and were developed with others' investment and risk" (Greaver).
While the companies recognized and capitalized on the benefits of outsourcing, the communities identified the limitations of the processes. The most common dissatisfaction was linked to the fact that outsourcing took jobs away from national workers and gave them to foreigners. In 2003, over 300,000 jobs within the United States…
2009, International Association of Outsourcing Professionals Predicts Top 10 Outsourcing Trends to Watch for in 2010, International Association of Outsourcing Professionals, http://www.outsourcingprofessional.org/content/23/196/1967 / last accessed on March 15, 2010
2009, the benefits of outsourcing, Outsource2India, http://www.outsource2india.com/why_outsource/articles/benefit_outsourcing.asp last accessed on March 15, 2010
Benaud, C.L., Bordeianu, S., 1998, Outsourcing library operations in academic libraries: an overview of issues and outcomes, Libraries Unlimited, ISBN 1563085097
Bucki, J., 2010, Top 6 outsourcing disadvantages, About.com, http://operationstech.about.com/od/outsourcing/tp/OutSrcDisadv.htm last accessed on March 15, 2010
Things run relatively smoothly overall, but they could be vastly improved if there were more communication channels and if more people in the company felt like HR personnel were more approachable and easier to talk to.
The Creation of Strategic Plans
So many things go into the creation of a strategic plan, that it is often very difficult to know where to even begin to make one, but this is one of the most important and helpful areas for anyone who is in HR, especially in a large company where planning is needed. The difficulty of it, though, is one reason why so many businesses do not have their own strategic plan. Some think they do not need one, especially if the business they are running is relatively small. Others find that the task is too daunting, and because they cannot see a good starting point, they assume the task…
Bartlett, C.A., & Ghoshal, S. (1995). Changing the Role of Top Management. Harvard Business Review: 132.
Bechtell, M. (1995). The management compass: Steering the corporation using Hoshin planning. New York, American Management Association.
Campbell, A., Goold, M., & Alexander, M. (1995). Corporate strategy: The quest for parenting advantage. Harvard Business Review, pp. 120-132.
Chuvala, B. (2002). Keeping up with change: human resource managers facing new challenges. Westchester County Business Journal.
Within Human esources Development
The literature which describes and analyzes the important aspects of adult education - within the Human esources Development genre - is vitally important in relating to today's employees who seek - and deserve - learning opportunities within their workplace environment. It provides a point of reference, it offers stimulating ideas for digestion and analysis, and it zeros in on the issue at hand, which is that learning should be encouraged and facilitated by employers, and it should be done in such a way that gains in individual learning and knowledge will transfer to competency on the job, and ultimately, profitability for the employer.
An exceptionally useful article by Theodore J. Marchese, entitled, "Insights from Neuroscience and Anthropology, Cognitive Science and Work-Place Studies": e.g., the brain is "remarkably plastic across the lifespan..."
Early experiences and genetic inheritance are very important," Marchese writes in his piece,…
Glastra, Folke J; & Hake, Barry J.; & Schedler, Petra E. "Lifelong Learning as Transitional Learning." Adult Education Quarterly 54 (2004): 291-306.
Hodkinson, Phil; & Hodkinson, Heather; & Evans, Karen; & Kersh, Natasha; & Fuller,
Alison; & Unwini, Loma; & Senker, Peter. "The significance of individual biography
In workplacelearning." Studies in the Education of Adults 36, (2004): 6-26.
Equity in Human esource and Management
For a Human esource Department to be successful at what it does, there is a need for the management to put in place policies, regarding rewards system, motivation, job design and equity. Job design, motivation and rewards systems are geared towards increasing the productivity of the employees at the workplace. The objective of having equity in the workplace is to make sure that there is a balance between what workers put in and the wages they get out of their efforts. Equity is also about making sure that if there are conflicts, they are resolved in a fair and just manner. It is obvious that conflicts occur frequently in the workplace. Therefore, there has to be someone who is neutral and can take care of the interests of both sides. This role falls squarely on the shoulders of the guys in charge of Human…
Adams, J.S. (1965) "Inequity in Social Exchange." In L. Berkowitz (Ed.) Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. New York: Academic Press, Iss.2 p. 267-299.
Harvey, C. P. and Allard, M. J. (2012). Understanding and Managing Diversity (5th Ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc. pp. xii -- 393.
Hatfield, E., Salmon, M., and Rapson, R. L. (2011). Equity theory and social justice. Journal of Management, Spirituality, and Religion, 8, 101-121.
Judy, R.W. and D'Amico, C. (1987). Workforce 2000 -- Work and Workers for the 21st Century, Hudson Institute.