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Founded on factors for instance an increase in disposable revenue, leisure time, and transportation, the economic and technical method clarifies why people travel. The social-psychological method enlightens not only why persons travel but also why persons really desire and do in their travels. The sociological tactic goes one stage in advance by taking into explanation the historical development through which tourism ascends as a cooperative circumstance-transformation -- and seeks to classify a profounder motive for tourist motivation developing as a social fact. (ang, 2000, p. 43-45) Because nature tourism is contingent on vigorous ecosystems to happen, the ecosystem method has been established to endorse the upkeep of natural resources. The ecosystem method means that "Less effort is being done to break down the setting into its constituents for study, but somewhat to take an all-inclusive view to see how mechanisms are working together" (Barrow, 1995, p. 29). This kind of…
Cooper, C., Fletcher, J., Fyall, a., Gilbert, D., Wanhill, S. (2005) Tourism Principles and Practice. 3rd ed. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited
Department of National Heritage (1997) Success through Partnership: A Strategy for Tourism, DNH, London
English Tourist Board (1993) Insights, ETB, London
European Commission (1995b) the Role of European Union in the Field of Tourism -- Commision Green Paper, EC, Brussels
It is quite true that the advancements and the technology of the world today have gone to make the world far more complicated. Life itself and the things around us have become so objective and materialistic at the same time. Thoreau went on stress on the importance of simplicity. In stating that, he emphasized that people need to live simple in order to be happy. In other words, the more complicated we make our world; the unhappier we are going to be.
e know that Thoreau lived in the time when industrialization was at its peak and the face of the city was changing. As people were becoming aware of the changes, Thoreau was there to emphasize that it could all just be trap that doesn't make things easier. The experience of leaving things like phone and iPod allows a person to appreciate the simple things that don't cost…
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Nature. Hoboken, N.J.: BiblioBytes, n.d.. Print.
Thoreau, Henry David. Walden. Raleigh, N.C.: Alex Catalogue, n.d.. Print.
Nature or Nurture
Nature vs. Nurture
Is one shaped by nature or by nurture? This question of nature vs. nurture has been the center of controversy since the beginning of time. Insomuch, some feel that a living organism, such as animals, human beings, or cells may be influenced by external or internal stimuli based on one's environment. With such a huge divergence of perspectives on the issue, the nature-nurture debate is prominent in the academia arena with respect to intelligence. Although the dispute has its complexities, the two positions' essential elements are simple. Nature entails the genetic, inherited traits that a person possesses. Smart parents pass their good genes onto their children just as dull parents do. The result is smart and dull children, respectively. Nurture entails all of the environments, the variables outside the body in which a person experiences, such as books, teachers, parental love, and other helpful…
Gottfredson, L., & Saklofske, DH (2009). Intelligence: Foundations and issues in assessment. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 50, 183-195.
Healy, J.M. (2011). Impacting readiness: Nature and nurture. Exchange: The Early Childhood Leaders' Magazine Since 1978, (198), 18-21.
Jensen, A.R. (1969, Winter). How much can we boost I.Q. And scholastic achievement? Harvard Educational Review, 39, 1-123.
Murdoch, S. (2007). IQ: A smart history of a failed idea. New York, NY: Wiley.
In an episode of the popular television show The Simpsons, Lisa tries to talk Mr. Burns into developing environmental awareness. The unlikely duo picks up discarded cans, bottles, and other recyclable materials. On the beach one day, Lisa finds a plastic six-pack holder with a live fish caught in one of the rings. After telling Mr. Burns that six-pack holders are potential death-traps for small animals, she frees the fish and tosses him back in the water. No sooner than the fish hits the surface of the water does a large shark sails up, grabs the fish and ends its life by eating it. This story illustrates part of John Stuart Mill's philosophy of nature: nature cannot teach us how to live. On the one hand, Mill states that following nature is unavoidable because natural law dictates all human action. On the other hand, nature, with all its beauty…
Nature of Tragic Hero
The nature of the Tragic Hero in Gilgamesh
We can see all through the literature that the characters that have showed fortitude, audacity and strength have always been idolized. Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient story that had initially been based on twelve large tablets which are said to date back to approximately 650 B.C however, they aren't believed to be the original tablets as; the parts about the flood in the story mentioned in the tablets seem to date back to approximately 2,000 B.C.
The character of (Lorey) Gilgamesh who is the King of Uruk is known as a man with great strength and pure nature and a legendary hero. Gilgamesh contains the almighty power which enabled him to be "one-third mortal and two-third divine," (33) There are multiple aspects that are associated with a hero that have been shown in the character of Gilgamesh.…
Conrad, J. Heart of Darkness. Tree of Wisdom (October 20, 2013)
Cowie, P. The Apocalypse Now Book. Da Capo Press; 1ST edition (April 20, 2001).
Damrosch, David. The Epic of Gilgamesh, from Gateways to World Literature. Pearson Education, Inc., 2012. Print.
Okpewho, I. Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart: A Casebook (Casebooks in Criticism) Paperback. Oxford University Press, USA (May 15, 2003)
Nature of Philosophy
In some ways, the nature of philosophy is complex. There are a number of difficult questions which philosophy considers, and which it is applied to in order to answer. In other ways, philosophy is fairly straightforward. It serves to provide a basis for a way of life most suited for the individual who chooses to apply it. As such, different people have different philosophies regarding different facets of life. The nature of philosophy, then, is that of providing a basic foundation from which to approach different situations which one might encounter. In some regards philosophy's nature is amenable, at least in the respect that it is largely applicable to a variety circumstances. However, for the most part philosophy is rigid, since its general principles may impact a variety of situations -- yet those principles themselves do not change.
Ultimately, however, the nature of philosophy is that it…
Alexander, L., Moore, M. (2007). Deontological ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/cgi-bin/encyclopedia/archinfo.cgi?entry=ethics-deontological
Driver, J. (2009). The history of utilitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Ethics. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/
Wiesel, E. (1998). Adolf Hitler. Time. Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,988156,00.html
Nature of American Revolution
Over the period of time, there has been a continuous debate over the nature of American revolution. Historians and scholars of every time have seen the entire movement with their own perspectives and labelled it according to their own thinking. The revolution has been considered social, radical, conservative or simply an independence movement from British Rule due to discontent amongst the masses which was led by thirteen independent states. Hence the question arises at many occasions that the American Revolution was indeed, revolutionary in nature or not? If it was a real and true revolution by all means, then up to what extent? And if it is not, what prevented it from being a revolutionary movement and how much were the social impacts? To answer these questions in appropriate way, lets have a brief look at the entire scenario of the movement so that it becomes…
Aptheker, Herbert. 1960. The American Revolution, 1763-1783: a history of the American people: an interpretation. New York: International Pub.
Cobbs Hoffman, Elizabeth, Edward J. Blum, and Jon Gjerde. 2012. Major problems in American history: documents and essays / edited by Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman, Edward J. Blum, Jon Gjerde. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Medvedev, Sofya. 5/7/2012. Was the American Revolution a Revolution? Retrieved from:
Nature vs. Nurture in Criminology
The nature/nurture issue has been a controversy in professional circles for many years. In criminology then, some hold that criminal behavior is socially (nurture) influenced, while others are of the opinion that genetics (nature) play a substantial role. While it is true that the environment in which a person is raised plays an important role in possible criminal tendencies, studies show that the innate nature of a person plays a very prominent role in criminal behavior. In fact, Plomin (1990, p. 108) states that genetic influence on body build and neurologica may affect such areas as mental ability, personality and psychopathology, thus also influencing personality traits that would include criminal tendencies.
Adopted Children and Twins
In order to determine the extent of genetic influence on behavior, as well as psychological disorders, studies have been conducted involving adopted children and twins (Plomin, 1990, p. 109). Prominent…
Eaves, L.J., H.J. Eysenck, and N.G. Martin. 1989. Genes, Culture and Personality: An Empirical Approach.
London: Academic Press.
Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. 2001. "Nature/Nurture Controversy." Gale Group.
Harris, Judith Rich. 1999. "Why Children Turn out the Way they Do." In Saturday Evening Post, May 1999. Saturday Evening Post Society.
Cellulase helps to digest cellulose, which is the main component of fibrous diets. In patients with yeast overgrowth (Candida symptoms) the use of cellulase enzyme can be very effective. Yeast cell membrane contains a chemical known as chitin, which is very similar in structure to cellulose. Thus the use of cellulase enzyme helps breakdown this structure and effectively control yeast growth. Most enzyme supplements include plant derived Cellulase. The cellulase enzyme-based treatment approach to controlling intestinal yeast infections is relatively new but is considered very effective since yeast cannot develop resistance, as they cannot modify their cell wall. Thus plant derived cellulase enzyme supplementation is useful for digestive purposes as well as in the treatment of intestinal yeast infections. [EIR]
Lactase is another important enzyme that could be derived from plants. Naturally occurring in the small intestine of animals this enzyme is essential for the proper breakdown of lactose into…
1) Burton Goldberg, 'Alternative Medicine', Second Edition, 2002, Berkley Books
2) UMMC, 'Bromelain: Overview', Accessed Mar 17th 2010, available at, http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/bromelain-000289.htm
3) Andres Illanes, 'Enzyme Biocatalysis: Principles and Applications', Springer Publications, 2008.
4) EIR, 'Antifungal Treatment', Accessed Mar 17th 2010, available at, http://www.ei-resource.org/treatment-options/treatment-information/antifungal-treatment/
It is the character's inner nature that eventually triumphs in its fight with the environment.
Goethe's main character is apparently obsessed with the fact that he is human, especially given that his point-of-view regarding the topic is that people are predisposed to losing their control at a certain moment in their lives. Emerson wants his readers to learn more about the benefits that the surrounding environment provides them with. He considers that the natural world and society as a whole is meant to assist people through their difficult moments, indirectly condemning erther's conviction concerning how it would be unsuitable for a person to express their feelings of distress in public.
Through committing suicide, erther proves that he is too selfish to share his problems with the world. He considers that individuals who put across their emotions in the presence of others are arrogant. However, his own approach at resolving the…
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Nature.
On Emerson. Contributors: Edwin H. Cady - editor, Louis J. Budd - editor. Publisher: Duke University Press. Place of Publication: Durham, NC. Publication Year: 1988. Page Number: 31.
Nature in Wordsworthian Poetry
William Wordsworth was an English poet who became renowned for his Romanticist type of poetry during the 18th- early 19th centuries. Through this time period, Wordsworth have became known for formulating his own theory on poetry, referred to as the "Unconventional Theory of Poetry," wherein he stated that "poetic truth is the direct experience of the senses." Along with this principle, Wordsworth believed that poetry is also an "emotion recollected in tranquility," did not subsist to the rational and intellectual approach that 19th century poets subsisted to, as a result of the emergence of the Enlightenment period during the latter part of the 18th century and early 19th century. He is also known to introduce the lyrical ballad, a form of poetry that became prevalent during the Romanticism period of English literature, a movement wherein "reliance on imagination and subjectivity of approach, freedom of thought and…
Abrams, M.H. "Romantic Analogues of Art and Mind." In The Mirror and the Lamp.
Arnold, M. "Essays in Criticism."
Wordsworth, W. E-text of "Perfect Woman." Available at http://www.poetry-archive.com/w/perfect_woman.html .
Wordsworth, W. E-text of "The World Is Too Much With Us." Available at http://www.poetry-archive.com/w/the_world_is_too_much_with_us.html .
While rost's poetry about nature is mainly metaphoric, there were times when it was not metaphoric. As it was stated above, rost also saw nature being able to destroy man but at the same time, he saw man's struggle with nature as it was seen in his poem, "Our Hold on the Planet." rom there, some of the imagery in this poem clarifies what a man goes through in order to survive what nature throws at him, which encourages the reader to take an interest in it because it is something that some Americans are going through at the moment. As it can be seen in the following stanza of "Our Hold on the Planet," it shows a lot of imagery where a man experience when he is fighting with nature itself (rost and Nature).
There is much in nature against us. But we forget:
Take nature altogether since…
Frost, Robert. 2004. Birches. 5 April 2010. http://www.love-poems.me.uk/frost_birches.htm
Lynen, John. 2010. The Pastoral Art of Robert Frost. 5 April 2010. http://www.frostfriends.org/FFL/Nature%20and%20Pastoralism%20-%20Lynen/lynenessay1.html
Landau, J., Garrett, J., & Webb, R.. (2008). ASSISTING A CONCERNED PERSON TO MOTIVATE SOMEONE EXPERIENCING CYBERSEX INTO TREATMENT: APPLICATION OF INVITATIONAL INTERVENTION: THE ARISE MODEL TO CYBERSEX. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 34(4), 498-511. 5 April 2010. ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 1589445491).
22) (1854). The women are fighting at many fronts once they neglected their natural job of looking after families. Women have their national role as well but the role is often solely translated into economic role. Thus in her struggle to fulfill her economic duty to nation, she could not maintain balance between her family and work life. In her quest to be a better 'multitasking person," she often fails to be a better friend of her children. She is engaged in proving her civilized skills and her natural role is at stake.
The women's major loss was her loss of delicacy and dignity. The natural woman was considered fragile and thus not tasked with physically tough challenges. But today she seems to be overburdened. It is not to say that the natural woman was more fragile but that she was treated with much more care than the women is…
1. Dillard, A., (1992), "In the jungle," Retrieved from: http://teachers.cmsfq.edu.ec
2. Emily Dickinson 1082 Poems, (2012), Retrieved from:
3. Pollan, M., (2009), "The Omnivore's Dilemma," Dial Books
e're taking the radical position that the smarter thing is to just say 'neither' -- to throw out the debate as it has been historically framed and embrace the alternative perspective provided by developmental systems theory." (Science Daily, 2009)
And research does seem to suggest that such a view is valid. Jay Belsky and Michael Pluess (2009), for example, review the related literature concerning the concept of plasticity to show that children having clear susceptibility to negative programming also show susceptibility to positive programming. They argue that the interaction between inheritance and environment can be seen in both cases, and that the reaction doesn't just go one way. It can actually be reversed. This suggests that genes are actually reacting to environment in a systemic fashion.
Margaret Beale Spencer and Vinay Harpalani (2003) argue that a "behavioral genetic" model is the best model available at present to show how nature…
Beale Spencer, M,. And Harpalani, V. (2003). Nature, nurture, and the question of "how?": a phenomenological variant of ecological systems theory. In Garcia Coll, C., and Bearer, E. (Eds.), Nature and Nurture: The Complex Interplay of Genetic and Environmental Influences on Human Behavior and Development (53-78). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Belsky, J. And Pluess, M. (2009). The nature (and nurture?) of plasticity in early human development. Perspectives on Psychological Science 4(4): 345-351.
Richardson, K. (2000). Developmental psychology: how nature and nurture interact. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Science Daily. (2009). Nature? nurture? child development scientists say neither. December 14, 2009. retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090720163723.htm .
Nature in Poems by Frost, Marlowe and Thomas
Nature is often praised and celebrated in poetry. Three poems by three different authors all illustrate this well: "Fern Hill" by Dylan Thomas, "irches" by Robert Frost, and Christopher Marlowe's "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love." While each poet has a different purpose, all three choose in their poems to focus on joy in life rather than despair, and use the beauty of nature to justify their optimism. In addition, all three poets present living within nature as a life of freedom and joy.
Robert Frost is perhaps the most obvious of the deliberate optimists. He looks at birch trees that have nearly been killed by ice storms and instead sees the beauty. He knows logically that the trees are gracefully curved to the ground by nature's destructive forces. He says,
"EThey are dragged to the withered bracken by the load,
Craik, Roger. 1998 (Fall). "Green and Dying in Chains: Dylan Thomas's "Fern Hill" and Kenneth Grahme's "The Golden Age." Twentieth Century Literature.
Liebman, Sheldon W. 1996 (Winter). "Robert Frost, Romantic." Twentieth Century Literature.
Parini, Joe. 2002. "The Art of Reading Robert Frost. Poets and Writers 30:1. Accessed via the Internet 2/19/02.
Hurricane Katrina has shown most blatantly that nature and man live at odds with one another. People and the planet on which they live have for centuries been at odds with one another. However, especially since the Industrial evolution, nature has posed particular problems for humanity. Before industrialization, nature was our friend when the crop harvest was healthy, when the weather was mild, and when it rained just enough to provide the land with moisture. Nature was our enemy when drought or floods arrived, when we suffered through a particularly harsh winter, or when we had to traverse mountain ranges on foot to reach our destination.
Oscar Wilde said, "Nature is not a great mother who has borne us. She is our creation. It is in our brain that she quickens to life. Things are because we see them, and what we see and how we see it,…
Wilde, Oscar. "The Decay of Lying." Intentions. New York: Brentano's, 1905. Reproduced online Sauer, G. Retrieved September 6, 2005, from http://eserver.org/books/intentions/the-decay-of-lying.html
According to McGoldrick recognizing these repeated patterns in families can help individuals understand and deal with them today, potentially combating their effects. The work is noted as a guide to dealing with unresolved grief. Though the work is informative, it would also seem to be rather destabilizing in that it points out so many flaws in familes and then tells the modern individual that if they do not react, and quickly these problems of significance may be continually repeated in the subsequent generations.
The last work to be discussed here is a theatrical presentation that contains a great deal of autobiographical information about its author, the Long Day's Journey into Night. The work would in fact probably be a well founded example of the premise of McGoldrick's work as well as Smith's take on maltreatment of children as the repetitive nature of maltreatment of children and repeated adult conflicts is…
Smith, Harriet J., Parenting for Primates, New York: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Small, Meredith, Our Babies, Ourselves, New York: Anchor, 1999.
Coontz, Stephanie, Marriage, a History: From Obedience to Intimacy or How Love Conquered Marriage. New York: Viking Adult, 2005.
O'Neil, Eugene, Long Days Journey Into the Night, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
Natue and Nutue
A study of identical twins sepaated at bith is useful in detemining the effects of natue and nutue on human behavio, since twins ae genetically the closest pototypes of each othe that can be found among human beings. Thus, when twins ae aised in diffeent envionments, it is likely that any esulting diffeences between the two could be ascibed to thei envionment in geate pat than to thei inheent genetics. Convesely, whateve similaities ae found between the gowing twins, depending on the divesity of thei envionments, could then be ascibed to the genetics inheited fom thei paents.
A study to detemine the effects of natue and nutue upon human behavio could be designed involving a numbe of twin sets fom a vaiety of age goups. Gown-up twins can fo example be examined fo thei diffeences and similaities, and used as a contol goup fo younge sets of…
references in brand of cigarettes or marriage partner. Furthermore coincidences like timing of miscarriages and falling down stairs have also been documented (Neimark, 1997). It therefore appears that nature has a much bigger influence than might at first have been supposed, while the effect of nurture serves merely to supplement the strong influence of genetics.
Holden, Constance. (September 1987). "Genes and Behavior: A twin legacy." In Psychology Today. Sussex Publishers Inc. Online database: Findarticles.com
Neimark, Jill. (August-September 1997). "Nature's clones - research on twins." In Psychology Today. Sussex Publishers Inc. Online database: Findarticles.com
Nature of Truth
We exist in an age swanked by an intense opposition to assertive truth. Truth can supposed to be either a "bond" or an "individual meet." Truth is compared to opinion, discernment, and viewpoint. Truth is compared to personal viewpoint as a person, family, faction, city, country, civilization, and humankind. The doctrines of viewpoint are identical on every social range, but their comparative particulars vary due to their comparative point-of-view, discernment and outlook. Truth is mainly compared to being altered on the constricted personal-array of solid truth, not as much on the intermediate city-range of perception, and minimum of the wide spectrum of humankind with its universal perplexing values.
Truth for variety, ideas for concord, values for unanimity. Just one among these might be apparent at an instant, relative to viewpoint. A harmonizing alteration between the values of a trinity of truth exists. This contains the trinity of…
Barrett, W. Zen Buddhism: Selected Writings of Suzuki. St. Martin's Books: NY, 1958, pp-8-290
Craig, W. Reason and Truth. New York: HarperCollins. 1995. p.111-114
Davson-Galle, Peter. The Possibility of Relative Truth, Brookfield: Ashgate, 1998, pp.74-76
Jiyu-Kennett, Roshi P.T.N.H. Zen is Eternal Life. Shasta Abbey, 4th ed., 2000.p.142-144
Nature in Troilus and Cressida
Both Troilus and Cressida and The inter's Tale deal with nature as an allegory for human nature. Many kinds of metaphors are used, from the classically romantic, to the dirty joke, to positive and negative portrayals of personalities. Many of the most powerful metaphors are in the initial portion of the play.
In Act I, Scene I, of Troilus and Cressida, Troilus compares being observed by his father and Hector to "as when the sun doth light a storm" (line 31). Presumably his inner turmoil over his love for Cressida is the storm, and his false good humor is the light in the storm. This implies that nature can be false, as well. Later in the same discussion, Troilus says his hopes are drowned, again using the depths of the ocean as an expression of his emotions (line 37). Later he compares Cressida to a…
Rubinstein, F. (1995). A Dictionary of Shakespeare's Sexual Puns and Their Significance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
1). Hence when mankind creates something that is meaningful and orderly it will probably work effectively.
Krieger counters that it may not be possible to deliberately create something that is "orderly, purposeful or meaningful" and that works well (Krieger, 2005:76). Historically design has focused on structures that are sacred including cities (Krieger, 2005). It is important if planning to redesign nature that mankind takes into consideration the sacredness of nature. It is not geographers that would give meaning to the Earth but rather nature itself; it is too important for mankind to forget the original design and hence become confused about that which is real vs. that which is fake (Krieger, 2005).
Balance may be defined once mankind realizes it's understanding of the natural landscape has changed. egardless of how much mankind may revere trees for example, mankind rarely treats nature or trees as sacred or relevant; rather nature has…
Light, Andrew. The Beauty Around Us: Environmental Aesthetics in the Scenic
Landscape and Beyond. Albany: Suny Press: 2003.
Elliot Robert. "Faking Nature." Environmental Ethics. 4th edition.
Ed. Louis P. Pojman. Belmont, California: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.
Natures Healing Powers
The Power of Nature in the healing process has been known for centuries by the various civilizations of the world. The process of engaging nature in the healing process is done in a variety of way. It can be through the action of some herbs, performing meditation on mountains, relaxing in a windflower terrain/field or even by strolling by a slow flowing stream.
In this paper however, we are going to critically focus on the psychological, emotional and culturally healing power of nature as seen by indigenous peoples of the world-including Native Americans, Inuit, and Inughuit, African, Aboriginal, Asian cultures
The Native American nature healing process comprises of several beliefs and practices which make part of the life of the native tribesmen, women and children. The process is made up of several elements. These elements include religion, herbal medicines, spirituality and several other rituals that are all…
Durkheim, E. (1912) The Elementary Forms Of The Religious Life.
Gateley.E in God's Womb: A Spiritual Memoir
Gennep, A. (1960) The Rites of Passage. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Grimes, R (1994) The Beginnings of Ritual Studies. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina
Smith notes that it may be impossible to unequivocally prove something with one hundred percent accuracy; rather, scientists seek probability.
The term theory is often misconstrued: Smith states that "theories always explain facts." Moreover, there is no clear demarcation between a theory and a hypothesis. Theories are basically broad hypotheses. Laws, on the other hand, are more restrictive and are often derived from theories. The practice of science entails experimentation as well as presentation to the scientific community. When the research is presented to other scientists, it is usually done so through peer-reviewed journals. Often other scientists will critique and critically evaluate the scientific experiment and attempt to replicate it. When the experiment has been replicated the hypothesis may become part of the canon of established science and from there, common knowledge.
Because science can only deal with what is observable and measurable, it can not apply to philosophy, aesthetics,…
Smith, David. "The Nature of Science."
Providing more effective and less painful treatments would indeed be a very large step in the right direction. The study results indicated by the above authors provide significant hope in this direction.
Jaffee, S.. And Price, T.S. (2007). Gene-environment correlations: a review of the evidence and implications for prevention of mental illness. Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 12. etrieved from: http://www.biostat.sdu.dk/courses/f11/TwinAnalysis/papers/Gene%20Environment%20interaction/jaffee2007.pdf
Lahey, B.B., D'Onofrio, B.M. And Waldman, I.D. (2010, Feb. 10). Using Epidemiological Methods to Test Hypotheses egarding Causal Influences on Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. etrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2819309/
oth, T.L., Lubin, F.D., Sodhi, M. And Kleinman, J.E. (2009, Jun. 25). Epigenetic mechanisms in schizophrenia. Biochim Biophys Acta. etrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2779706/
utter, M. (2010). The Cutting Edge: Gene-Environment Internplay. Depression and Anxiety. Vol. 27. etrieved from: http://www.moffittcaspi.com/Documents/utter_2010_D%26A.pdf
Wermter, A-K., Lauch, M., Schimmelmann, B.G., Banaschweski, T., and Sonuga-Barke, E.J.S. (2010). From nature vs. nurture, via nature…
Jaffee, S.R. And Price, T.S. (2007). Gene-environment correlations: a review of the evidence and implications for prevention of mental illness. Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 12. Retrieved from: http://www.biostat.sdu.dk/courses/f11/TwinAnalysis/papers/Gene%20Environment%20interaction/jaffee2007.pdf
Lahey, B.B., D'Onofrio, B.M. And Waldman, I.D. (2010, Feb. 10). Using Epidemiological Methods to Test Hypotheses Regarding Causal Influences on Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2819309/
Roth, T.L., Lubin, F.D., Sodhi, M. And Kleinman, J.E. (2009, Jun. 25). Epigenetic mechanisms in schizophrenia. Biochim Biophys Acta. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2779706/
Rutter, M. (2010). The Cutting Edge: Gene-Environment Internplay. Depression and Anxiety. Vol. 27. Retrieved from: http://www.moffittcaspi.com/Documents/Rutter_2010_D%26A.pdf
Nature of Language / Heidegger
In "The Nature of Language" Heidegger (1982) posits that most people would say that they are close to language because they speak it -- but it is not that simple. He claims that our relation to language is "vague, obscure" -- and even -- "almost speechless" (p. 58). This notion makes our relationship to language much more complicated if we are to assume that what Heidegger says is correct. Not only is the idea complex, but it is nearly incomprehensible. Isn't language, after all, about speech? How can our relationship to it thus be something deemed as speechless? To complicate matters even further, Heidegger says that philosophers have come up with what is called "metalanguage" for which to use as the focus of their examination of different languages. Heidegger states: "Metalinguistics is the metaphysics of the thoroughgoing technicalization of all languages into the sole operative…
Heidegger, M. (1982). On the way to language. Harper One; 1st edition.
Olivier, A. (2008). On the nature of language -- Heidegger and African philosophy. South African journal of philosophy,27(4), 310-324.
Nature of Thought and Memory
The Nature of Complex Thought Processes
The human thought process represents a complex set of different types of cognitive processes, some of which occur consciously and some of which occur entirely automatically and without our conscious awareness (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). Conscious thought emphasizes reasoning processes, but they occur simultaneous with multiple aspects of thought that are functions of prior conditioning and memory. However, the most complex aspect of complex thought is the degree to which conditioning and memory play in conscious thought. Despite the fact that we believe our responses to others and to the environment are under our conscious awareness and control, even our most conscious thought processes are profoundly influenced by our previous experiences, our environmental conditioning, and our socialization. Those elements of our development determine most of what we come to consider normal and most of what we expect from others…
Dennet, D. (1999). Consciousness Explained. New York: Little Brown & Co.
Gerrig, R.J. And Zimbardo, P.G. (2008). Psychology and Life. Boston: Pearson.
In several well documented instances, the twins pursued identical courses of academic study and career, married spouses of the same name, and even exhibited identical habits, such as their preference for a type of clothing, a brand of beer, and even a unique style of opening a beer can (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2005).
However, that environmental influences have a significant effect on the development of behavior is equally evident, even in animal studies, such as experiments involving chimpanzees exposed to various environments that produce behavior that appears contrary to their known genetic predisposition (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2005). Ultimately,
both "nature" and "nurture" likely play approximately equal roles in shaping behavior.
Coleman, J., Butcher, J., and Carson, . (1994). Abnormal
Psychology and Human
Life. Dallas: Scott, Foresman & Co.
Gerrig, ., Zimbardo, P. (2005). Psychology and Life 18th Ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Coleman, J., Butcher, J., and Carson, R. (1994). Abnormal
Psychology and Human
Life. Dallas: Scott, Foresman & Co.
Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2005). Psychology and Life 18th Ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
In contrast to the field study approach used by the University of Michigan researchers, the Ohio State studies used a series of questionnaires administered to both military and civilian personnel. Based on their findings, the researchers at Ohio State found that "subordinates perceived their supervisor's behavior primarily in terms of two broadly defined categories labeled 'consideration' and 'initiating' structure. These two types of behavior were relatively independent which means that a leader's use of one behavior was not necessarily the same as his or her use of the other behavior" (Yukl, 2005, p. 51). These two categories, consideration and initiating structure, are described in Table 2 below.
Main Findings of the Ohio State Studies
This category of behavior involves leader concern for people and interpersonal relationships. The leader acts in a friendly and supportive manner and shows concerns for the needs and feelings of subordinates.…
Biech, E. (2001). The Pfeiffer book of successful team-building tools: Best of the annuals.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.
Buttner, E.H. & Gryskiewicz, N. (1999). Entrepreneurs' problem-solving styles: An empirical
study using the Kirton Adaption/innovation theory. Journal of Small Business
Evidence of improved access and cost effectiveness should soon follow. Over the next two decades, e-health could deliver patient, provider, and planner/manager interactions for all aspects of health care (Detmer, 2000, p. 181). Detmer continued on to state that this could be a positive move from seeking out errors and problems to information systems whose processes prevent many adverse outcomes. When the problem becomes one of error and miscommunication, one needs to do all that is necessary in order to correct the problem. McKnight et al. continued to report how physicians and nurses both report how there were problems with having updated information both web based as well as written copy (McKnight et al., 2002).
A question that also comes to mind is the concern of training or lack there of. Not only should all current systems of information and resources be overhauled, there is also a need to train…
Detmer, D.E. (2000, July 6). Information technology for quality health care: a summary of United Kingdom and United States experiences. Quality in Health Care, 9, pp. 181-189.
McKnight, L.K., Stetson, P.D., Bakken, S., Curran, C., & Cimino, J.J. (2002, 2002). Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 9, pp. 64-69.
Nature Agency Video
The issue that is presented in this video is pertaining to the authority of the agents in business law. Such issues are very common since not much attention is paid to the rules of law in small businesses. As for this scenario, we see that the "agent" (Janet) signed a document that bound Quick Takes (the company she works for) to pay the partner for some procured equipment. Later on, we find out that the Janet was in fact, not authorized to sign that document, since the owner of Quick Takes did not allow her to sign contracts that bind the company for make payments.
On the other hand, there is also a side issue, which is not that significant; and that is that one of the employees (who is a very competent salesperson) has not been informed of the whole situation. Before we proceed towards making…
Agency Law -- Agent Law. (2012). HG.org Worldwide Legal Directories.( http://www.hg.org/agency-law.html )
LaMance, Ken. (2012). Scope of Agent's Authorities. Legal Match. ( http://www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/scope-of-an-agents-authority.html )
Principles of Business Law. Diploma in Business Management. P 292.( http://www.scribd.com/doc/55716810/100/A-Authority-Of-Agents )
These rules can also however restrict the critical and creative aspect that is necessary for growth. This is so because they restrict any new information that may lead to what is perceived as chaos.
Traditions play the same role. They are established in order to maintain a certain status quo for the purpose of organizational unity. However, an excess of such unity can also mean that no new thought is available or stimulated to create new growth for the future.
Cultural blocks is an important perceptual block that can often lead to prejudice or ostracization from a group. A cultural block requires conformity to the accepted ways of thinking and acting within a cultural group. Daring to differ from these established traditions often result in a sense of discomfort for the individual. Cultural blocks often lead to prejudice against those that do not look, act, or think according to the…
Davis, Garry a. Blocks and Barriers: Are they Squelching Your Creativity. R&D Innovator Vol 1, No 5. http://www.winstonbrill.com/bril001/html/article_index/articles/1-50/article17_body.html
Jones, Patricia M. Human Memory. NASA. 2009. http://human-factors.arc.nasa.gov/cognition/tutorials/ModelOf/Knowmore1.html
Socyberty. The States of the Human Perceptual Process. 2009.
Nature of Justice -- ecular or Divine?
The comparison of Antigone and Dante's Inferno is interesting as they are really quite different in style, tone, context, and story type. Both stories address the choices made by mankind, and the allegiances that people form and that impact their actions. Dante is in charge of the telling in his story, but Antigone must suffer through the interpretations, telling, and retelling of her story and that of her opponent.
Antigone. Third of the three Theban plays, Antigone is a tragedy attributed to ophocles circa 442 BC. Of the three plays set in the city of Thebes, Antigone was created first but is chronologically the last in the stream of events. Establishing the premises related to the characters in the story is dominant in the first part of the play, then the action relentlessly advances toward the outcome, which the reader assumes…
Antigone. Retrieved http://classics.mit.edu/Sophocles/antigone.html
Dante's Inferno. Archive of Classic Poems. Retrieved http://www.everypoet.com/archive/poetry/dante/dante_contents.htm
Nature of Intelligence
In the world of global diversity, creativity, sustainability and computer technologies it seems hard not to assume that the multiple theory of intelligence is preferable to the more general one. Naturalistic, verbal, musical and interpersonal examples of this type of thinking seem more aligned with the way we see the universe today (ardner, H., 2003).
On the other hand, the educational system in the country is acting as if it believes the model of general intelligence is necessary for academic success. The movement toward young people being taught highly standardized school subjects so that they can all take similar tests matches this assumption because it allows for using scientific tools to measure achievement and one's supposed intelligence. It was this philosophy that allowed Spearman and others to first use their ideas of finding common personal characteristics to identify intelligence (ottfredson, 1998). Eventually this would be the foundation…
Gardner, H. (2003). Multiple Intelligences after twenty years. Harvard School of Education. Viewable at http://pzweb.harvard.edu/pis/hg_mi_after_20_years.pdf.
Gottfredson, L. (1998). The General Intelligence Factor. Scientific America. Viewable at http://www.udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/reprints/1998generalintelligencefactor.pdf .
Sternberg, R.J. (2007). Wisdom, Intelligence, and Creativity Synthesized. New York: Cambridge University Press.
It is what we know, because that which we understand from the experience of the vision quest finds no words to express it, and if we cannot express it, hear it said, we question and fear it. But we continue to long for the escape, to shed the body like the snake that sheds its skin.
We try to share our experience, the knowledge that nature has imparted upon us -- but it is difficult, and often times seems to fall upon deaf ears. But we cannot pace others, only ourselves, and we cannot make them hear what they resist; perhaps they just are not ready. Enlightenment through nature comes to people at their own pace through life. Often times, I think, it is later in life, when the noise of youth subsides. It is then, for some, that the distant mountain beckons us to our individual vision quest, and…
Needleman J., and Lewis, D. (Eds.). (1976). On the Way to Self-Knowledge. New York,
Perluss, Bessy, (2008). Climbing the Alchemical Mountain. Psychological Perspectives, 51/1, 87-107.
Perluss, Betsy, (2007). Touching Earth, Finding Spirit: A Passage into the Symbolic Landscape. Spring Journal, 76/2, 201-222
Eventually, I realized not simply that teachers are human -- that they go to the bathroom, and function in all the ways 'normal' adults do -- but I later learned, from discussing the matter with my fellow classmates that most of them felt Mrs. X had been particularly cruel as a grade school teacher. I also learned that most of the students from the class felt that she had not been particularly cruel towards myself -- all of them felt particularly persecuted during her reign!
Critical thinking is objective. However, the perceptions of a child, and even of a more mature student seldom have this objective perspective in the classroom. Also, one is always dealing with imperfect information, as one does not know about what is going on in the life of the teacher as well as one's own life. Later, I heard Mrs. X had been suffering a particularly…
That voice that Leopardi compares to "infinite silence," allows him to think of eternity, an ocean of thoughts in which he enjoys floundering. Thus, while Leopardi had always seen nature as something important, he experiences an awakening and growth when he understands that nature is more than just something to enjoy, but the impetus for his creativity.
In addition to providing a sanctuary for him, Leopardi notes that nature acts as a barometer of humankind's relationship to the universe. hen fully immersed in nature, Leopardi realizes that nature is not something for him to enjoy, but something for him to revere. hen looking at the vastness of nature, he realizes how small he, and other humans, are. This can be clearly seen through the imagery regarding endlessness, eternity, and immensity used in the poem. The hedge, which does not allow Leopardi to see the entire horizon, suggests that humans' views…
Leopardi, Count Giacomo. "L'infinito." Poemhunter.com. n.d. Poem Hunter. 17 March 2009. http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/l-infinito-english-translation/
(O'Neill, 2001, p. 34)
Thee is gowing evidence to suppot the claim that cetain behavios ae in found hadwied in you DNA. Conventional thinking had usually been that childen ae always poducts of thei envionment and it is this ecological suoundings that often is at the oot cause of eithe good o bad behavio. But looked at fom anothe viewpoint, it could be possible that thei envionment, which is geneated in lage pat by thei paents, is a consequence of paental genetics as well and not the simply the envionmental cause of the behavio. A ecent eseach study at the Univesity of Viginia concluded that:
naughty youngstes aen't simply copying behavio they may have been subjected to at home. Instead, taits such as bullying, lying, o being agumentative could be passed on in the genes. The eseach, fom the Univesity of Viginia, indicates that some childen would be badly behaved…
references and You: What 'Innate' Behaviors and Perceptions Tell Us about Ourselves and Our World. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 6(4), 28-37.
O'Neill, M.E. (2001). Stalking the Mark of Cain. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 25(1), 31-38.
Strickland, S.J. (2001). Music and the Brain in Childhood Development. Childhood Education, 78(2), 100-110.
Tremblay, T., & Gagne, F. (2001). Beliefs of Students Talented in Academics, Music and Dance concerning the Heritability of Human Abilities in These Fields. Roeper Review, 23(3), 173.
Vander Zander, James W. (2003). Human development. (Crandell, L.T. & C.H. Crandell
(We've never had it so good - and it's all thanks to science) Thus the question of genes is an effect on certain humans and their behavior; in short their physical and behavioral traits. That does not change the view of society on what a well nurtured human is.
Thus we still expect "other people" in society to be upright, polite, incorruptible, generous, are honest, hard working, well-informed, broadminded, who are conscious about society, sensitive to environment, non-violent and self-restraint. In short, those are the objectives of good nurturing, but does it happen all the time? Even in the Old Testament we had the tale of Cane and Abel. Society involves both nature and nurture.
Bad Gene Ups Prostate Cancer isk in Black Men. 9 July, 2003. etrieved at http://www.hon.ch/News/HSN/513973.html. Accessed on 10 August, 2005
Did the march of progress bring Aids to Africa? Sydney Morning Herald. 15…
Bad Gene Ups Prostate Cancer Risk in Black Men. 9 July, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.hon.ch/News/HSN/513973.html . Accessed on 10 August, 2005
Did the march of progress bring Aids to Africa? Sydney Morning Herald. 15 September 2000.
Retrieved at http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/dissent/documents/AIDS/rs/SMH.html . Accessed on 10 August, 2005
Lemonick, Michael. D. Gene Mapper. December 17, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.time.com/time/poy2000/mag/venter.html . Accessed on 10 August, 2005
Nature of Heat
The nature of heat -- where it comes from, what it is made of, how it moves -- has been a source of fascination to philosophers and scientists since the earliest civilizations. The Ancient Greeks connected heat to their early atomic theory. Natural philosophers and chemists during the Enlightenment in Europe considered heat to be its own substance known as 'caloric.' It was not until the 19th century that physicists connected heat to the emerging theories of energy. In the 1840s, James Joule discovered that the appearance and disappearance of heat was always accompanied by the appearance and disappearance of kinetic energy (Tippler, 1999). It soon was confirmed that heat is not in fact its own substance but is a form of energy.
The study of heat as a form of energy, known as thermodynamics, is closely tied to the kinetic theory of matter. The kinetic…
Guha, E. (2000) Basic Thermodynamics. London: Alpha Science International.
Hermans-Killam, L. And Daou, D. (2011) Heat and temperature. Caltech Cosmic Classroom. Retrieved from http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu / cosmic_classroom/light_lessons/thermal/index.html
Jha, D.K. (2004). Textbook of Heat. New Dehli: Discovery Publishing House.
Zobel, E.A. (2010) Heat and Temperature. Zona Land Education. Retrieved from http://zonalandeducation.com/mstm/physics/mechanics/energy/heatAndTemperature/heatAndTemperature.html
The problems that the men in Allison's family face may have been a bit personal, but they were probably more social than anything. She grew up in the south during an era where women weren't a liberated as they are today. She never gives any indication that there were strong male role models in her family for her uncles. Given this, the men in her family probably did not have any guidance and this goes back to the personal level. On a social level the author notes how many people in the south could say that their descendants own a plantation and that her family could not say such a thing because they were so poor. It is evident from this short narrative that the poor were treated differently than those who weren't poor. There was a definite distinction between the social classes which is not much different than it…
Allison, Dorothy. Two or Three Things I Know for Sure. New York: The Penguin Group, 1995.
Nature of Organizations and the Contemporary Environment
Cultural norms play an important part in interpersonal relationships and mechanisms at work. Culture is the collective mental programming of an individual's mind, which distinguishes one person from another. Individuals have defined sets of beliefs and about the society: nature works and the standards of behavior derived from these values. This shows that culture greatly affects social norms and economic behaviors like the propensity to innovate or save and other economic decisions, including investment in education, willingness to contribute to the society, fertility choices, and charitable contributions. This study shows how one's environment and culture affect organizations and management approaches as seen in the case of Myers. The adoption of Hofstede's dimensions of culture to compare American and Korean assumptions about interpersonal management and relationships will be critical in this study. The study also offers recommendations that Myers could have made in her…
Green, S. (2011). The would-be pioneer. Harvard Business Review. 89(4), 124-126
Nature of Declarative Memory
In the event that someone approaches an isolated ranch house at twilight and sees a barely visible person, the nature of declarative memory and the possibility of its involvement in parallel distributed processing regarding formation can affect one's perception of this scene in a number of different ways. Firstly, the fact that the scene is taking place at dusk suggests that vision is limited for the individual approaching the ranch. Therefore, although he or she may be able to see some things, that person's efficacy in viewing them is inherently circumscribed and will likely be augmented by other sensory factors. In addition to the feel of the temperature and the particular sounds such a person hears, the memory of this person can help to supply some of the sights that are missing due to the limited amount of light.
In particular, declarative memory can play a…
Hupbach, A., Dorskind, J.M. (2014). Stress selectively affects the reactivated components of a declarative memory. Behavioral Neuroscience. 128(5), 614-620.
Lo, J.C., Dijk, D-J., Groeger, J.A. (2014). Comparing the effects of nocturnal sleep and daytime napping on declarative memory consolidation. PLoS ONE. 9(9), 1-5.
e cannot read his poem without catching a glimpse of the poet's message. "The Enthusiast: or, the Lover of Nature" and "Ode to Evening" are two examples of how arton lures us into admiring nature in different ways. In "The Enthusiast: or, the Lover of Nature," the poet takes us on a journey that is filled with rich detail. Nature abounds and by interjecting the image of the primitive man, arton is able to contrast the development of modern man with the simplicity of nature. In "Ode to Evening," we see the same type of appreciation but the poet delivers it to us in a different way. In this poem, the poet simply allows us to see nature as it is thorough his eyes. The poet does introduce some basic personality characteristics that help him make his case in both poems. By doing so, he brings even more attention to…
Phelps, William. "The Beginnings of the English Romantic Movement: A Study in Eighteenth Century Literature." GALE Resource Database. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.comSite Accessed February 07, 2008.
Smith, Audley. JSTOR Resource Database. Modern Language Notes. JSTOR Scholarly Archive. http://www.jstor.orgSite Accessed February 07, 2008.
Vance, John. "Joseph and Thomas Warton" and "Literary Criticism." In pp. 14-53; 54-80. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1983. GALE Resource Database. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.comSite Accessed February 07, 2008.
Warton, Joseph. "The Enthusiast: or, the Lover of Nature." Rutgers Database. http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/Texts//enthusiast.html. Site Accessed February 07, 2008.
" (4) it is unclear how to understand "things are because we see them." Traditionally perception is conceived as a passive process: we open our eyes and receive input from the world. Kant suggests that perhaps it is not so passive: we "organize" the world into temporal and spatial dimensions, attribute cause and effect, etc. But what Wilde suggests here is even more radical. The "things are because" suggests a causal relationship, such that what we see exists as an effect of seeing. It would be as if looking "paints" the world. But this is completely absurd. Onto what would seeing "paint" the world? and, even weirder, notice that it wouldn't be that seeing paints the world so that we could then look at what was painted. Rather, it would be that seeing is painting, so that we always see and paint simultaneously, always just "creating" whatever we see, under…
1. Wilde, Oscar. Intentions. New York: Prometheus Books, 2004. 1-55. Print.
2. Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray and Other Writings. New York: Pocket Books, 2005. 241-365. Print.
The Decay of Lying was first published in 1889; the Golden Stair is from 1880.
Furthermore, this same prophecy made to Oedipus himself leads him to flee to Thebes -- which in turn leads to the murder of Laius on the road and his subsequent marriage to Jocosta. And finally, it is Oedipus' "wish to know the seed from where [he] came," that results in the ultimate knowledge of his birth, his true nature, and his ultimate downfall (Oedipus the King. 1295).
hile the Book of Genesis seems to suggest that the crux of man's nature is knowledge seeking, man is also by nature a prideful, self-serving being, inherently motivated by a keen desire -- or perhaps even instinct -- to preserve him self. For example, regarding God's call of Abram in chapter 12, it is not the mere pleasure of serving God and righteousness that motivates Abram to follow God, but rather God's promise to establish and preserve Abram's name. "I will make you…
Broadman & Holman's NIV Pocket-Size Bible. Pocket-Size ed. Nashville, TN. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005. Print.
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Trans. Ian Johnston. Malaspina Univeristy-College, 2010.
Nature vs. Nurture
The nature vs. nurture argument is one that has been around for many years—especially since the behavioral sciences emerged in the 20th century with the experiments of Skinner and Bandura. It was Bandura’s (1977) theory of social learning that viewed all behavior as learned from one’s environment. Skinner (1957) likewise postulated that it was the “nurturing” side of one’s experience that shaped human activity, thought and expression. Galton (1883) on the other hand felt differently. He predated both Skinner and Bandura and was himself a student of Darwin. He thus postulated that “nature” was responsible for the development of human behavior—that some people were simply born with greater gifts, such as intellectual ability, than others. Galton was a 19th century philosopher and scientist and his views aligned with ideas like the Great Man Theory, which articulated the position that great leaders are born, not made. This paper…
According to theorists such as professor of Religion Michael H. Barnes (2003), a tremendously wide range of different religious beliefs and thought on religion (both across contemporaneous cultures as well as among cultures existing at different historical periods) is exceptionally useful for evaluating the literal truth of specific beliefs in any particular society. On the other hand, it may be possible to strip away those differences that are impossible to reconcile to reveal a more general fundamental religious perspective or tendency that exists as a common natural theme throughout humanity, with specific societal differences more akin to harmonics on the same chord rather than to different chords altogether (Barnes, 2003).
That view is sharply contradicted by several renowned authorities in so-called "hard" sciences, including neurobiological theorist Daniel Dennet, the late paleontologist and evolutionary biologist, Stephen J. Gould, and evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins. According to their view, any similarity among…
Barnes, Michael H. In The Presence Of Mystery: An Introduction to the Story of Human Religiousness. Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications (2003).
Dawkins, Richard. The God Delusion. New York: Houghton Mifflin (2006).
Dennet, Daniel. Kinds of Minds: Toward an Understanding of Consciousness. New York:
Basic Books (1996).
Strategically, the first option is the best fit given the financials, the revenue targets, and the way it sets the firm up to succeed immediately and subsequently expand into other segments and markets after meeting with this success.
Action Plan: The company should adopt option 1. This will require several changes. The current marketing team should be retained to work on the natural foods channel, which is rapidly growing. However, a new marketing team should be brought in to work on this initiative. This will allow the current staff to remain within their comfort zone and abilities. True grocery people will be needed because the business is more competitive and also because the company cannot afford any missteps as they introduce their yoghurts to this market. By operating the grocery and natural foods divisions separately, the company minimizes channel conflict, even if it costs a little bit more. Moreover, the…
Porter, Michael. (1980). Porter's Five Forces, adapted from Competitive Strategy. Retrieved July 16, 2009 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
No author. (2007). SWOT Analysis. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved July 16, 2009 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/SWOT/
While the first chapter was brief, it is important to explain what will be studied and then move forward into the literature review.
In Chapter 2, the literature review provides a review of academic literature by way of journals and textbooks. This information is placed into separate sections which allow for ease of understanding. An introduction is made to capital structure, and information is given on the Indian capital structure specifically.
Chapter 3, the data methodology, provides the methodology that was used for the data. The reasons behind the methodology and what was studied are both discussed.
Chapter 4, data analysis and findings, is the chapter in which the results of the data analysis are presented.
Chapter 5, the conclusion, provides not only a conclusion to the research that was conducted in this paper but questions that are left and areas for further research in the future.
Baral, K.J. (2004). 'Determinants of Capital Structure: A Case Study of Listed Companies of Nepal'. The Journal of Nepalese Business Studies, Vol. 1(1).
Baral, K.J. (2004). 'Determinants of capital structure: A case study of listed'. The Journal of Nepalese Business Studies, Vol. 1(1).
Bauer, P. (2004). 'Determinants of Capital Structure Empirical Evidence from the Czech Republic'. Czech Journal of Economics and Finance .
Bellalah, M. & Wu, Z (2009). "An intertemporal capital asset pricing model under incomplete information." International Journal of Business. 1st January 2009. Downloaded from http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-192485625.html as at 17th September 2009.
The monster knows right from wrong and he choice is one of desperation. Victor never realizes the difference between right and wrong because it is not within his nature to do so.
Frankenstein will always be closely examined when it comes to matters of humanity because of its subject matter. Victor has every opportunity to do something good with his life and the most he can muster is achieving his own dreams of glory by attempting to recreate life. Despite his education and loving family, Victor swerves off the normal path and skids onto the freakish one. The monster he creates encompasses more goodness than he does but he cannot see this because he is just like the rest of humanity - unable to see beyond the monster's appearance. The monster tried everything within his power to remove himself from the freakish path that Victor placed him on and gain…
Bloom, Harold. "An excerpt from a study of Frankenstein: or, the New Prometheus." Partisan Review. 1965. Gale Resource Database. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.comInformation Retrieved December 4, 2008.
Bloom on Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley." Bloom's Classic Critical Views. 2008. Bloom's Literary Reference Online. Information Retrieved December 4, 2008. http://www.fofweb.com
Gould, Stephen. "The Monster's Human Nature." Natural History. 1994. EBSCO Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 4, 2008. http://search.epnet.com/
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. New York: Bantam Books. 1981.
nature is that opposites attract and there is much binary opposition in human-Nature relationships.
It is important to understand that the human species -- along with its culture -- is a part of the ecosystem. Therefore, ecology describes the material processes in ecosystems, such as the imbalances of carbon, nitrogen, or phosphorus cycles, the population problem and the rates of fishing and resource management.
Having sufficient ecological knowledge is not sufficient to solve many of the ecological problems because it is not able to solve the environmental issues of modern culture. Even though we know why the number of living species in the world is decreasing, the human population is growing, the mounting waste from the backyards and oceanic abyss reach the upper layers of the atmosphere. The solution to these problems requires knowledge of ecological processes, and human behavior too.
The relationship between humans and nature are connected very…
Laws of Nature [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, available at http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/l/lawofnat.htm , accessed on: April 13, 2004
THE ECOLOGICAL CRISIS: Changing the paradigm, available at http://www.aiias.edu/ict/vol_24/24cc_197-215.htm, accessed on: April 13, 2004
Nature of omen
In many ways, the relationship between the female characters in Edith harton's "Roman Fever" and Susan Glaspell's "Trifles" is diametrically opposed between the two stories. Although there is a degree of amicability prevalent in the relationship in each tale, the principle characters in harton's narrative are largely antagonistic towards one another, whereas the principles in Glaspell's play seem to grow closer towards one another the more time they spend together. hat is significant about this fact is that the reason for the animosity in the former work and the growing sense of unity in the latter is relatively the same -- the nature of women. The conflict in "Trifles" presents a number of facets about the nature of women that allows for solidarity in the face of adversity, whereas the conflict in "Roman Fever" illustrates aspects of womanhood that is indicative of disunity and antagonism.
Wharton, Edith. "Roman Fever." Classweb.gmu.edu. Web. http://classweb.gmu.edu/rnanian/Wharton-RomanFever.html
Glaspell, Susan. "Trifles." One-Act-Plays.com. 1916. Web. http://www.one-act-plays.com/dramas/trifles.html
nature as human beings has long been debated heatedly throughout human history. Some influential thinkers have seen human nature as essentially "evil" or flawed, while others viewed human nature as basically good. Great estern philosophers like Plato, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, and even notable historical figures like Machiavelli and Thucydides all delved deeply into the problem of human nature. Despite these prolific, influential and varied opinions, the true nature of human beings is far from completely understood. In this light, it may be helpful to look outside of philosophy to determine the basic, underlying nature of human beings. In our modern capitalistic society, the workplace may offer important and practical insights into human nature.
Further, traditional theories of human nature have largely ignored the female in their studies. Certainly, given that almost half of the human population is female, this is a grievous and important oversight. It is perhaps this oversight…
Goodman, Ellen. Being a secretary can be hazardous to your health. 11 December 200. Reproduced online at http://www.isu.edu/~diorcynt/goodmansource.doc
Steinem, Gloria. The Importance of Work.
That is simply because individual in the same family are much more likely than unrelated individuals to share similar foundational experiences by virtue of their exposure to similar parenting and resources in their immediate environment throughout their early lives (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2007; utter, 2006). Just as hesus monkeys tend to adopt maternal behaviors and elements of personalities of their mothers irrespective of their genetic inclinations, so do human infants and growing children and adolescents internalize and adopt various aspects of the behaviors and reactions exhibited by their parents and other significant adult behavioral role models in their lives (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2007).
The quality of resources available to siblings (such as food, medicine, educational opportunities, etc.) is generally very similar within biological families (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2007; utter, 2006). To the extent these factors contribute to the development of behavior, it is extremely difficult if not impossible…
Gerrig, R., and Zimbardo, P. (2007). Psychology and Life. Prentice Hall.
Rutter, M. (2006). Genes and Behavior: Nature - Nurture Interplay Explained. Wiley-
Steen, R.G. (1996). DNA and Destiny: Nature & Nurture in Human Behavior. De Capo.
nature of Leonard illiams Levy's Origins of the Bill of Rights is not as simple as it seems, and this is in fact a measure of the strength of the book. e are so accustomed to dividing the world into clear categories - popular fiction on one side, serious scholarship on another, pulp fiction over there in the corner - that we are given pause when we come across a book that cannot be so easily categorized. Our first impulse may in fact be to decided that this means that there is something wrong with such a book, that the author has failed in his (in this case) attempt to produce a particular kind of text.
But a more thoughtful examination of the work suggests that Levy has in fact succeeded doing in what he set out to accomplish, which was to create a work about the Constitution's Bill of…
Levy, Leonard, Williams. Origins of the Bill of Rights. New Haven: Yale UP, 2001.
Ethics in public administration is one of the most glaring of needs as without such ethics standards will not be met and many people will be unhappy with the work of the programs and/or administrations that govern and/or organize the resources around them. Though the old saying "you can't please everyone all the time," often comes into play in public administration making a bold effort to do so in balance with needs of the environment and the people who live in and effect it are essential traits of a good public administrator and without such a line of thought many mistakes of the past would be realized again.
This work has influenced a much greater understanding of leadership as a science and a developed set of abilities and is very timely in the way it introduces the ideas. I have gained a great deal by reading the idea of these…
Anatonkis, J. Cianciolo, a.T. & Sternberg, R.J. (2004) the Nature of Leadership. New York: Sage Publications.
Another interesting aspect of this book is that the authors present differing ideas about leadership, draw some conclusions, but allow the reader to draw their own conclusions, as well. Thus, they acknowledge there are many differing attitudes about leadership and how it functions, and that while some theories may be outmoded, they are all relevant in a discussion of modern leadership. In essence, the authors have researched numerous studies, research, and theories about leadership, and gathered them all together for the reader to assess and process. Instead of dealing with numerous reports and assessments, the authors bring them all together in one document, making serious leadership theory study much easier for the reader.
The authors do not rely on old data, however. They present the newest concepts in leadership, as well, such a "e-leadership," a development of the rapidly changing digital age, women's rise in leadership roles, and even more…
Antonakis, John, Anna T. Cianciolo, and Robert J. Sternberg. The Nature of Leadership: Reptiles, Mammals, and the Challenge of becoming a Great Leader. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. 2004.
Nature Purpose Human Services Practice
Functions and History of Human Service Professionals
On a fundamental level, the overarching goal of human service workers is to serve their clients. It is widely acknowledged within this profession that there are a variety of client types who have a plethora of issues that human workers assist in solving. To that end, the primary goal of human service employees has been succinctly summarized within the preamble of the "Ethical Standards for Human Service Professionals," which unequivocally states that "Human services is a profession developing in response to and in anticipation of the direction of human needs and human problems in the late twentieth century" (No author, no date, p. 81). Therefore, the goal of this profession is to ideally solve problems that plague individuals and groups of people in the latter stages of the twentieth century and in the beginning stages of the 21st…
No author. (No date). Ethical Standards for Human Service Professionals. Journal of Human Services.
Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. (No date). "A History of Human Services." Retrieved from http://www.dshs.wa.gov/history.shtml#1933
Wendi, W. (2012). "What is Human Services? The History of Human Services in America." Retrieved from http://wendiw.hubpages.com/hub/What-is-human-services
nature project, sources information plan, important concepts techniques applied. You receive feedback proposal Instructor Week 6, give time make adjustments.
Proposal for new strategic endeavors of production, pricing and resource utilization at Ford Motor Company
In the context of the global economic recession, the American automobile industry faces demise. Out of the three main players in the United States, Ford Motor Company has rejected the bailout from the government and has focused its strategy on internal restructuring. As part of this effort, the future project would set out to provide some recommendations of how the company can reshape its production, pricing and resource utilisation strategies in an effort to create more value for the organisation.
With the commencement of the 2007 economic crisis, the American automobile industry has been facing endless challenges. The number of customers has decreased, as has their purchase power and the subsequent demand for the…
Pride, W.M., Hughes, R.J., Kapoor, J.R., 2011, Business, Cengage Learning
Rosenfeld, H., 2009, The North American auto industry in crisis, Monthly Review, Vol. 61, No. 2
Soy, S., 1997, The case study as a research method, Texas University at Austin, http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/~ssoy/usesusers/l391d1b.htm last accessed on May 24, 2012
Vasudev, P.M., Watson, S., 2012, Corporate governance after the financial crisis, Edward Elgar Publishing
nature of inequality between the north and south, he has to understand the role of technology in the international system. Someone who would say such a thing overlooks the fact that it's not the amount of technology that counts, but how you use it that matters. In the wealthiest western nations, the use of technology has been actively directed by well-regulated capital lending mechanisms. These financial instruments allow inventors, laborers, and merchants to borrow money at interest that can later be repaid within the context of a legal environment that protects property and contracts.
According to Weatherby, the tragedy of the third world has four culprits: dependence on the west, delayed modernization, increasing population, and the unequal distribution of wealth. He argues that even if all third world countries don't possess these qualities; that each possesses two or three of them. If the lack of modernization is to serve as…
Angloplat Goes the Extra Mile to Pioneer Black Empowerment. Sunday Times; November 10th 2002.
Immanuel Wallerstein, The Eagle Has Crash Landed. Foreign Policy, July, 2002.
Between Here and There. The Economist, July 5, 2001.
Does Population Matter? The Economist, December 5, 2002.