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The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is currently at work in the city on a project to increase the height of the levees and construct floodgates, at a cost of over $12 billion. This work will be able to protect from a "100-year" storm as they are called -- dangerous but not severe -- with a 1-in-100 chance of hitting in any given year. It is estimated it will take two more years to finish.
"For heavily-populated urban areas, where the failure of protective structures would be catastrophic -- such as New Orleans -- this standard is inadequate," the report said.
This independent group urges that the city should have either 500-year or possibly even 1,000-year levees and floodwalls. They insist that the same kind of engineering standards utilized in earthquake zones should be used in New Orleans.
And there is more. ecause of this future vulnerability to flooding,…
Bergal, Jenni, Sara Shipley Hiles, Frank Koughan, John Mcquaid, and Jim Morris. City Adrift: New Orleans Before & After Katrina. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007.
"FAQ's." Hurricanekatrinarelief.com. n.d. http://www.hurricanekatrinarelief.com/faqs.html (accessed May 3, 2009).
Grunwald, Michael. "Hurricane Katrine Two Years Later: The Threatening Storm." Time.com. August 1, 2007. http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1646611_1646683_1648904,00.html (accessed May 4, 2009).
Handwerk, Brian. "New Orleans Levees Not Built for Worst Case Events." NationalGeographic.com. September 2, 2005. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/09/0902_050902_katrina_levees.html (accessed May 4, 2009).
New Orleans Flood Control System Analysis
Dr. Maribel Mojica Howell
This paper will look into the cost and benefit analysis of the New Orleans Flood Control System. The origin of the flood protection system and its mode of operation will also be discussed. Finally, we will evaluate the expenses of running the system as well as the valuation of expected returns in case of a subsequent calamity.
The engineers faced with the task of strengthening the city's flood protection confess how much they learned during their trip to Dutch riverbanks and floodgates. They also reveal how Netherland's engineers are advanced in this trade and what could be done to level the disaster management preparedness. The Dutch government has funded flood control in billions of dollars and is still pumping money into the projects. The engineers however believed that support and funding from the government is all they need to reach…
Hallegatte, S. (2007, July 22). A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Orleans Flood Protection System. Retrieved February 25, 2015, from
Lo, C. (2012, May 8). Louisiana's flood protection infrastructure: Safeguarding the South. Retrieved February 25, 2015, from
In the meantime, a number of interim technologies are widely available that are paving the way towards ubiquitous computing, including Wi-Fi technologies that provide wireless communications services to large numbers of users within a metropolitan area.
In sum, the research showed that the city leaders in New Orleans struck while the legal iron was hot by formulating plans to deploy a citywide Wi-Fi network that exceeded the limits allowed by state law for municipalities providing wireless services. The research also showed that this wireless communications initiative stands to assist New Orleans in a number of ways, including improving the ability of emergency first responders such as police, fire and medical personnel to react to disaster events, as well as providing city authorities with secured communications for ongoing citywide administrative functions. The Wi-Fi network being deployed by New Orleans is also expected to increase the city's overall attractiveness to conventions…
Bird, L. (2005, November 29). New Orleans to deploy free Wi-Fi city wide. Slashdot. Retrieved from http://hardware.slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=05/11/29/1833202&from=rss .
Dingwall, C. 2006. Municipal broadband: Challenges and perspectives. Federal Communications Law Journal, 59(1), 67-68.
Hayes, F. (2005, December 5). Big easy Wi-Fi. ComputerWorld. Retrieved from http://www.
New Orleans Should Not Be Rebuilt
Throughout history, humans have learned the hard way that living in some parts of the world is risky because of any number of factors, such as living near an active volcano such as Pompeii or earthquake- or flood-prone regions such as along the Yangtze where millions of lives have been lost over the centuries. In some cases, the geographic attributes of such regions are so compelling that people have ignored these dangers and rebuilt their cities time and again, only to have them ravaged by the destructive forces of nature. In other cases, though, the decision was made to simply abandon the affected area in favor of more hospitable living areas where Mother Nature was more amenable to human occupation and the chances of yet another disaster were far less. Today, the City of New Orleans is faced with this same type of decision…
Behar, Michael. 2006, February. "5 Bold Ideas for a Hurricane-proof New Orleans Why Just
Rebuild the Crescent City When We Can Reinvent It? Here, the Complete Plan for Riding out a Category-5 Storm." Popular Science 268(2): 56-58.
Colten, Craig E. An Unnatural Metropolis: Wresting New Orleans from Nature. Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
This is one way in which the city may find a compromise with its perceived problem of the influx of Hispanics. The Central Business District is growing and finding the tourist trade to be coming back, but it is only with the help of the Hispanic population that it will continue to grow.
In the Central Business District, public and private buildings are still being rebuilt. The delay in making repairs to the Criminal Justice buildings in New Orleans creates a danger to public safety in that police stations and police headquarters are operating out of FEMA trailers. Because of this space in inadequate; there is a lack of desks for writing reports, the ability to plan strategies is hampered; interrogations and interviews are not private, protection of evidence, and housing of criminals and victims is lacking, the crime lab is only partially functioning. Special Operations, Traffic, Recruiting, Juvenile, Compliance…
Belsie, Laurent and Axtman, Kris. "Post-Katrina, New Orleans coming back more Hispanic." Christian Science Monitor. 12 Jun 2006. http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0612/p01s03-ussc.html .
Liu, Amy and Plyer, Allison. "The New Orleans Index, Second Anniversary special edition." The Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program. Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Aug 2007. http://www.brookings.edu/reports/2007/~/media/Files/Metro%20Simple%20Pages/ESNOLAIndexAug07.pdf .
Zagat Survey. "Zagat releases first post-Katrina New Orleans survey showing tourist areas rebound while residential neighborhoods remain battered" PR Newswire, United Business Media. 10 Jan 2007. http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/01-10-2007/0004503240&EDATE= .
If people were to realize the imminent danger, they would have probably paid more attention to the wetlands. It seemed irresponsibly to invest in something such as marshes and lands that were seemingly of little use to the city and individuals thus preferred to invest in other matters, such as the Mississippi River's commercial purpose. However, seeing the damage, the tens of billions of dollars lost in the disaster, and the lives lost it is likely that the price to pay for restructuring the wetlands would have been significantly smaller.
In addition to the improper management of the Mississippi River and the lack of regard in reference to the wetlands, the magnitude of the disaster was influenced by the levee construction standing protecting the land from the river and the sea. hile the levee system was actually meant to prevent floods from happening, it failed entirely in accomplishing its purpose.…
1. Eckel Catherine; Grossman, Philip J., and Angela Milano, "Is More Information Always Better? An Experimental Study of Charitable Giving and Hurricane Katrina," Southern Economic Journal (2007): 74.2
2. "Creating a sustainable and desirable New Orleans." Ohio State University. 01 August 2010.
"Creating a sustainable and desirable New Orleans." Ohio State University. 01 August 2010.
"Creating a sustainable and desirable New Orleans." Ohio State University. 01 August 2010.
evolution of a festival: Creole Christmas in New Orleans" by Harsha E. Chacko and Jeffrey D. Schaffer
Although ravaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the "Big Easy" has recovered once again to become the destination of choice for millions of tourists each year, even during the city's off-season in December. To determine how the city achieved this success, this paper provides a summary of the article, "The evolution of a festival: Creole Christmas in New Orleans" (1993) by Harsha E. Chacko and Jeffrey D. Schaffer, including a brief discussion this event, a summary of the author's main argument, and a discussion of what this argument advises concerning the nature of events. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings from this article are presented in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
A brief discussion of the event
This article describes the annual Creole Christmas event held in New Orleans during…
Chacko, HE & Schaffer, JD (1993, December). 'The evolution of a festival: Creole Christmas in New Orleans.' Tourism Management, pp. 475-482.
To help improve employee's outlook about the Nosh, Ms. Pepper must release a statement to the media affirming her intentions to reestablish the Nosh as a frontrunner in the community with respect to its services and commitment to a family style work environment. The intent of this message will include demonstrating that while impacted by Katrina, the Nosh remains a responsible employer committed to its employees every step of the way in their own personal journey's to recovery.
It is important Ms. Pepper recognize employee's feelings about change and articulates her rationale behind hiring new employees. It is important former employees who worked at the restaurant who plan to return recognize that any new employees hired by Ms. Pepper will adopt the same cultural values and moral principles that have made the restaurant so successful in the past.
To ensure the consistency of all messages relayed to customers and employees,…
ACA (Audience Centered Analysis)
Hurricane Katrina of 2005 and Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of 2011
The success of emergency management in the event of a natural disaster is dependent upon a plethora of various factors. Each disaster is completely different and it virtually impossible to prepare for every scenario that could play out. Yet, in many cases, the resilience of the community depends on how prepared and sustainable the community is in general. Some planners will consider the likelihood of certain events and try to plan accordingly. For example, the levees in New Orleans we designed to withstand the impacts of a category 3 hurricane which was thought by some to be sufficient in this environment. However, Hurricane Katrina was a category 4 hurricane that broke the levee system in 2005. The tornados that hit Joplin, Missouri, were another example of an event that was much stronger and more devastating than was ever previously imagined.…
Anthes, R., Corell, R., Holland, G., Hurrell, J., MacCrackin, M., & Trenberth, K. (2006). Hurricanes and Global Warming - Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bulletin of the American Meteoroligical Society, 623-628.
Campanella, T. (2006). Urban Resilience and the Recovery of New Orleans. Journal of the American Planning Association, 141-147.
Smith, D., & Sutter, D. (2013, Fall). Response and Recovery after the Joplin Tornado. Retrieved from Independent Review: https://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_18_02_01_smith.pdf
Spencer, M. (2011, May 24). Red Cross responds to tornado destruction in Missouri . Retrieved from International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: http://www.ifrc.org/en/news-and-media/news-stories/americas/united-states/red-cross-responds-to-tornado-destruction-in-missouri/
Hurricane Katrina devastated one of the most culturally rich, vibrant, and unique cities in the United States. New Orleans lost a significant number of historical and natural icons, including the Naval Brigade Hall, which had been a hub of music during the heyday of jazz in the 1930s and 1940s. The Naval Brigade Hall was not only home to dances and concerts but also to a school of music. Until Katrina, the Naval Brigade Hall had been part of the National Park Service's jazz tour and had been slated to be renovated to house new condominiums because it was no longer being used as a music conservatory (Foster, 2005). Therefore, even before the hurricane hit, there was considerable tension between those developers who wished to transform the historical icon into profitable housing and historic preservationists. The Naval Brigade Hall was the first historic building to be demolished after Hurricane Katrina…
Foster, M. (2005). In sudden demolition, New Orleans loses first historic building since Katrina. National Trust for Historic Preservation. Sept 15, 2005. Retrieved online: http://www.preservationnation.org/magazine/2005/todays-news/no-s-1st-hist-bldg.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/#.Vi_vza4rKRs?referrer=http://www.preservationnation.org/magazine/2005/todays-news/no-s-1st-hist-bldg.html
Thorp, S.M. (2006). Integrating historic preservation and disaster management. University of Pennsylvania Thesis.
Tompkins, E.L. & Adger, W.N. (2004). Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change? Ecology and Society 9(2).
New Orleans Jazz
The history of New Orleans was very interesting to me. It was nice to read about the city, as I knew nothing about it previously. What I most liked about this chapter was getting a sense of how the city came to be and what it was like for the people there. I was surprised to see life expectancy so low in that place for both blacks and whites. Looking back, it is not really surprising that jazz would come out of this place for it was like a city in decline and jazz was like a boisterous response to this decline. Or it could be, as the author notes, that jazz was born out of vice and that vice is what ruined the city.
I don't really feel that is probably true as vice and virtue are part of the human condition wherever you are. New…
The complex issue of providing adequate care and preventative testing to a population that is increasingly unable to afford the rising expenses associated with such care remains a substantial problem in the United States, and directly impacts care provided for cases of head traumas in rural areas. The Canadian CT Head Rule (CCHR) and the New Orleans Criteria (NOC) are two clinical decision making methods for determining when the expense of a CT scan is warranted following a head trauma, though indications for the use of either testing procedure differ. Despite widespread and successful use elsewhere, the CCHR is not widely used in the United States and is especially under-utilized in rural areas, leading to rising expenses and the mistreatment of traumatic head injuries. Equipment shortages and other facility limitations in rural hospitals and clinics further complicates treatment for head injuries, and sheer geographic distance to facilities means that…
New Directions for Police Psychology
Community policing entails a value system that permeates the police department where the primary goal is working with individual citizens, citizen groups as well as public and private organizations in a cooperative way in order to identify and resolve problems which affect lives in specific neighborhoods, or the entire city. This discourse will look at two articles; one that highlights a successful collaboration between the police and the community they serve whereby community oriented policing and principles are well exemplified while the other will highlight how the police procedures, policy or decisions of individual officers work against the community policing models.
The first article by U.S. Department of Justice (2011) is an example of a success story of community policing. The Macon, Georgia police department has increased its community policing efforts so as to ensure that there is public safety within the down town area…
Kolodziej, M.(2013). Local Immigration Enforcement Harms Community Policing and Public Safety. Retrieved March 4, 2014 from http://immigrationimpact.com/2013/09/13/local-immigration-enforcement-harms-community-policing-and-public-safety/
US. Department of Justice. (2011). Community Policing Success Story: Macon, Georgia, Police Department. Retrieved March 4, 2014 from http://cops.usdoj.gov/html/dispatch/07-2011/macon.asp
New Marketing Strategy for Caribou Coffee
To survive firms need to adapt and change in line with the general marketplace. Many successful firm have been able successful deal with dominant competition and high levels of challenge. One firm which faces these challenges is Caribou Coffee, although the second largest coffee house chain in the U.S. it is an underdog when compared to Starbucks, with just over 400 stores across 18 states in the U.S. and 203 stores in 10 international countries, many of which are franchises (Caribou Coffee, 2016). The company has faced some setbacks due to the high level of completion within the coffee house market, closing some 80 stores in 2013, and a further 88 were converted to Peets Coffee and Tea (Leavitt, 2014; Leonard, 2013). This indicates the firm needs to…
Baye, M. (2007). Managerial Economics and Business Strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Caribou Coffee, (2016), Home Page, retrieved http://www.cariboucoffee.com
Chaffey, D., & Smith, P. R. (2013). EMarketing Excellence. Abingdon: Routledge.
Dolgui, A., & Proth, J. (2010). Pricing Strategies and Models. Annual Reviews in Control, 34(1), 101-110.
In fact the aims of theosophy when it was founded was to "form the nucleus of a Universal Brotherhood of Humanity without distinction of race, creed, or color," and also "to promote the study of Aryan and other Eastern literature, religions, and sciences," and also "to investigate the hidden mysteries of nature." (Prothero 197). New Human Potential Movement members have written books but none have penned a book that is recognized as a sacred text or as a key piece of religious dogma.
As an eclectic faith, the New Human Potential Movement has a less rigid code of ethics than most other religions do. Like ceremonial magickal traditions, moral relativism and ambiguity is tolerated. However, there are a few beliefs that are cohesive enough for scholars to define the New Human Potential Movement as a religion rather than as a cult or a simple offshoot of New Ageism. One of…
Neusner, Jacob. "Introduction." In Religion, Science, and Magic: In Concert and Conflict. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Neusner, Jacob. "Introduction." In World Religions in America. 4th Edition. Westminster John Knox, 2009.
Prothero, Stephen. "From Spiritualism to Theosophy: 'Uplifting a Democratic Tradition." Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation
Vol. 3, No. 2 (Summer, 1993), pp. 197-216.
Toms iver Township is a hub of the Jersey Shore. On October 29, 2012, "superstorm" Sandy hit the area, leaving widespread damage to property and infrastructure. A month after the storm hit, most of Toms iver homes are uninhabitable and businesses are far from returning to their "usual" operations. The mayor has been working closely with the state of New Jersey and federal agencies like FEMA, but requires the assistance of an experienced NGO like Acme Disaster Support Services (ADSS).
Goals of recovery include debris removal, restoration of infrastructure, essential services, and core structures, returning the community to a livable state as soon as possible so that residents and business owners may return, promoting resilience, and reducing future vulnerabilities. ADSS serves in a support and organizational role, focusing primarily on facilitating communication and coordinating recovery efforts and activities. While ADSS does not supply actual funding or resources, we will help…
Campanella, T.J. (2006). Urban resilience and the recovery of New Orleans. Journal of the American Planning Association 72(2).
"Introduction to Sustainability." Chapter 1.
Katz, A. (2012). One month after Sandy: Where the storm came ashore. Time. Nov 29, 2012. Retrieved online: http://nation.time.com/2012/11/29/one-month-after-sandy-where-the-storm-came-ashore/
Mission (2015). Retrieved online: http://FedExcares.com/learn/disaster_readiness_relief_and_recovery
Urbanization is changing the way people live and work in America. With higher population density, residents are creating economies of scale that allow greater access to goods from around the world at competitive prices. All the cities of the Eastern United States are linked via trade routes to the Old World and beyond, introducing items ranging from spices and food to luxury goods. The American trade industry is booming so much so that this nation's raw materials are in demand all over the world. New immigrants to American cities can participate in the exiting endeavors of world trade, working on docks loading and unloading cargo or helping ship raw materials from mines and factories to the ships that will take them overseas.
The American housing industry needs laborers to build and help move large tracts of lumber across many miles of land. Similarly, giant steel companies are hiring as many…
American Industrialization." Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/lec.indust.html
Industrialization, Immigration, Urbanization." Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://faculty.utep.edu/LinkClick.aspx?link=industry_immigration.ppt&tabid=20250&mid=66301
Transportation Revolution." Interactive Maps. Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073124923/student_view0/chapter17/interactive_maps.html
" The lawsuit states that the "defendants knowing paid out far less than policy holders deserved to repair flooded homes and property [Officials throughout NFIP] deliberately and fraudulently used low-balling, high pressure tactics to get people to accept pennies on the dollar of what they are entitled to. (Seid, 2005)
In an article entitled "Multiple Failures Caused elief Crisis - The Breakdown of the elief Operation in New Orleans was the esult of Multiple Failures by City, State and Federal Authorities" (eynolds, 2005 BBC News) which states: There was no one cause. The failures began long before the hurricane with a gamble that a Category Four or Five would not strike New Orleans." (eynolds, 2005 BBC News) This mistake followed with an evacuation plan that was lacking and resulted in "a relief effort hampered by lack of planning, supplies and manpower, and a breakdown in communications of the most basic…
Seid, Jessica (2005) Disaster strikes, lawsuits follow -National Flood Insurance Program may pay out billions, but some may choose to head to court.
CNN Money September 15, 2005: http://money.cnn.com/2005/09/14/news/economy/katrina_lawsuit/index.htm
La Monica, Paul R. (2005) Rebuilding the Gulf, but at what cost? - Economists say Bush's reconstruction plan is necessary; some wonder if the government can afford it.
CNN Money September 16, 2005: http://money.cnn.com/2005/09/16/news/economy/katrinarebuild/index.htm?cnn=yes
Describe where you would locate your urban forest and explain why you would locate it there. emember to take into account major features, waterways, elevations, roads, etc. As well as climate and soils of the location. You can describe the area by noting bordering roads and features.
The devastation created by Hurricane Katrina was at least partially due to the decision to build homes in areas highly prone to flooding during frequent storms. Given the likelihood of another catastrophic hurricane, 'locating' an urban forest as inland as possible on elevated ground would be essential. "New Orleans offers an opportunity to study an urban forest in a subtropical environment…The city has been built on the natural levees of the Mississippi iver, backswamps, marshes, and reclaimed land along Lake Pontchartrain. Little of the natural vegetative cover of the site remains; today's urban forest is anthropogenic" (Talarchek 1987: 217). This means…
Gill, Dan. (2012). Fruit trees provide sweet harvest for your landscape. Times Picayune.
New Orleans' urban forests survived Katrina. (2005). MSNBC. Retrieved:
And because you breached the conditions set in this social contract, we are now taking full ownership, once again, of our liberties and properties that we had entrusted you. This condition of civil society was illustrated concretely in Treatise, and if you do not recall Locke's reminders on this, let me help you recall his wisdom: "...but whenever his property is invaded by the will and order of his monarch, he has not only no appeal, as those in society ought to have, but, as if he were degraded from the common state of rational creatures, is denied a liberty to judge of, or defend his right, and so is exposed to all the misery and inconveniencies that a man can fear from one..."
This is the state we are in at the moment. New Orleans is in a state of strife, as we, the citizenry find ourselves in conflict…
Extant literature has been dedicated to the evaluation of closed head injuries using the Canadian Scale and New Orleans criteria for Adult patients in rural areas.The work of Stielle et al. (2005) explored the comparison of the Canadian CT head rule and the New Orleans Criteria in various Patients suffering from minor head injuries. Their work indicated that the current application of computed tomography (CT) for cases of minor head injury is rapidly increasing.This technique is further noted to be inefficient and highly variable in its actual application. The Canadian CT Head ule (CCH) as well as New Orleans Criteria (NOC) are clinical decision rules that bwere previously developed in order to guide CT use for the patients suffering from minor head injury while also recording a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of between 13-15 for the CCH as well as a score of 15 on the NOC scale. Stielle…
Smits at al (2007). Minor Head Injury: Guidelines for the Use of CT -- A Multicenter Validation Study. Radiology: Volume 245 (3).
Smits et al. (2005) External Validation of the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria for CT Scanning in Patients With Minor Head Injury. JAMA, September 28, 2005 -- Vol 294 (12)
Stiele et al. (2001). The Canadian CT Head Rule for patients with minor head injury. Lancet 2001; 357: 1391 -- 96
Wu, C .,Jallo, J (2011).Developing a Clinical Guideline for CT scans involving closed head injury. Available online at http://jdc.jefferson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1056&context=jhnj&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.co.ke%2Furl%3Fsa%3Dt%26rct%3Dj%26q%3DDeveloping%2Ba%2BClinical%2BGuideline%2Bfor%2BCT%2Bscans%2Binvolving%2Bclosed%2Bhead%2Binjury%26source%3Dweb%26cd%3D1%26ved%3D0CB8QFjAA%26url%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fjdc.jefferson.edu%252Fcgi%252Fviewcontent.cgi%253Farticle%253D1056%2526context%253Djhnj%26ei%3DcstyUJCDIIbBhAf884HoDg%26usg%3DAFQjCNFLWHfFLaCEDc4ohOwNRsgLdB4grA#search=%22Developing%20Clinical%20Guideline%20CT%20scans%20involving%20closed%20head%20injury%22
In the city of New Orleans, murder is an epidemic; one cannot watch a local news program or read a newspaper without hearing of another murder. The deaths and their attendant toll on families and loved ones are devastating, but the impact is not limited to the victims. Instead, this epidemic of murder impacts the entire community; the murders demonstrate a lack of respect for the value of human life, as well as a callous disregard for the rule of law. The justice system appears to be broken, and it appears that people commit murder without considering the morality of their actions or feeling the real-life consequences to them if they are caught. The disregard for the law can be understood when placed in context; even murderers who are caught, prosecuted, and convicted of their crimes tend to serve marginal sentences before being returned to the community to…
Blecker, Robert. "The Death Penalty as Delineated by the Old Testament (Cover Story)." USA
Today Magazine 133.2714 (2004), 56-61. Academic Search Complete. 1-9. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
Blecker, Robert. "With Death Penalty, Let Punishment Truly Fit the Crime." 22 Aug. 2013.
CNN.com. N.p. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system that digitally creates and manipulates spatial areas. The system stores, edits analyses and shows topographic information that is critical in decision-making. GIS applications enable creation of interactive queries, analysis and editing and then present results. This is beneficial in management of disasters.
Disaster management signifies preparedness involving a chain of measures incorporating disaster prevention, emergency response as well as reconstruction. Many organizations federal, state and non-governmental as well as businesses, public health benefit from GIS technology. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is actively involved in improving and publicly availing geo-processing specifications using Web Map Service and Web Feature Service protocols. OGC divides GIS products or software into two categories, compliant and implementing products, based on their level of compatibility with OGC specifications, which aid them in communication. In recent times, an explosion of online mapping applications has given the public enormous geographic information. The…
Battista, C. (1994). Chernobyl: GIS model aids nuclear disaster relief. GIS World, 32 -- 5.
Cova, T.J. (1999). GIS in emergency management. In P.A. Longley, & D.J. Goodchild, Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Applications, and Management (pp. 845-858). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Grif-th, D.A. (1986). Hurricane emergency management applications of the SLOSH numerical storm surge prediction model. In S.A. Marston, Terminal disasters: computer applications in emergency management. Boulder: Boulder Institute of Behavioral Science.
Hotel industry is currently in the middle of its economic cycle. The industry tends to be strongly affected by macroeconomic conditions. hen the U.S. slipped into recession in 2008-2009, the hotel industry slumped as well. As Turner (2010) notes, "trading volume fell sharply…lodging operating metrics of RevPAR and ADR deteriorated accordingly." hile the economy recovery somewhat over the past couple of years, there are signs now that growth is slowing again. In particular, RevPAR declined in September (De Lollis, 2012). After an optimistic start to the year, the slow pace of economic recovery appears to be weighing on the industry. That said, because the economy is at a key juncture where it could begin to improve rapidly or it could slip back into recession, the hotel industry finds itself in roughly the same position.
Choosing the right type of hotel is important to its success. If the brand is going…
De Lollis, B. (2012). Signs show slowing of hotel growth. USA Today. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://travel.usatoday.com/hotels/post/2012/09/slight-signs-that-usas-hotel-market-recovery-is-slowing/70001237/1
Eggler, B. (2012). Even a booming tourism industry won't solve New Orleans' fiscal problems. The Times-Picayune. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2012/10/even_a_booming_tourism_industr.html
Enterprise Plus. (2012). Hotel organization chart. Enterprise Plus. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://www.enterpriseplus.net/hotel.pdf
Turner, C. (2010). The state of the U.S. hotel industry. Seeking Alpha. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://seekingalpha.com/article/230331-the-state-of-the-u-s-hotel-industry
psychological impact of Katrina & Lusitania
Hurricane Katrina which took place in the year 2005 is said to be one of the worst storm disaster that took place in the history of the United States. It led to loss of many lives, and it was unavoidable. The winds both from Louisiana to Alabama caused the level of water to arise at about 80% of the New Orleans and neighborhoods. The tragedy left many people with worries asking how the tragedy like that could happen to threaten the lives of many Americans (Brinkley, 2006).
The sinking of Lusitania on the other hand, contributed to various impacts on America as well as, the World War One. However, the Americans were never interested in joining the war unless they had finished another two years. The Lusitania sinking also enraged many Americans as well as, hastening the people from United States' entrance into the…
Brinkley, D. (2006). The great deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. New York: Morrow.
Guterman, P. (2005). Psychological preparedness for disaster. Retrieved October 10, 2012 from http://www.academia.edu/233646/Psychological_preparedness_for_disaster
Gant, P.G., & Gantt, R. (2011). Disaster Psychology. October 10, 2012 from http://www.asse.org/professionalsafety/pastissues/057/08/042_049_F1Gan_0812.pdf .
Ballard, R.D., & Dunmore, S. (2003). Exploring the Lusitania: probing the mysteries of the sinking that changed history. New York: Warner Books.
I know that I cannot give all of my students the advantages of a stable, high-income, two-parent home, a safe neighborhood, and parental involvement. If educators could do that, then there would not be an education crises in this country. However, I can work to make sure that all children receive the same real opportunities in their educational environment. This means going beyond giving children theoretical access to the same opportunities, and making sure that high-needs children have the same real access to resources and opportunities. If I can play a role in bringing educational equality to disadvantaged children, then I think that I can help make a meaningful difference in the lives of disadvantaged children. Just days ago, the United States experienced an inauguration that was historically significant because a poor, African-American child of a single mother attained the highest office in our nation. Obama would not be President…
Garrett, Brandon L., and Tania Tetlow. "Criminal Justice Collapse: The Constitution after Hurricane Katrina." Duke Law Journal 56.1 (2006): 127+. Questia. 1 Mar. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019431816.
Images of Hurricane Katrina, found online at http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&q=looting%20hurricane%20katrina&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wi,2005,retrieved 1 March 2009.
Images of Brittany Spears, found online at http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://judicial-inc.biz/81b.ri1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://thisiszionism.blogspot.com/2008/01/brittany-spears-rushed-to-hospital.html&usg=__uoZgO_FKCKQSYT3FQzen5-UUDYU=&h=317&w=405&sz=27&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=HnAV16M6q9DM:&tbnh=97&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbrittany%2Bspears%2Bhome%2Bchildren%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG,retrieved1 March 2009.
Bloggerhead.com, found online at, retrieved 1 March 2009.
Garrett, Brandon L., and Tania Tetlow. "Criminal Justice Collapse: The Constitution after Hurricane Katrina." Duke Law Journal 56.1 (2006): 127+. Questia. 1 Mar. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019431816 .
Images of Hurricane Katrina, found online at http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&q=looting%20hurricane%20katrina&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wi,2005,retrieved 1 March 2009.
Images of Brittany Spears, found online at http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://judicial-inc.biz/81b.ri1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://thisiszionism.blogspot.com/2008/01/brittany-spears-rushed-to-hospital.html&usg=__uoZgO_FKCKQSYT3FQzen5-UUDYU=&h=317&w=405&sz=27&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=HnAWV16M6qW9DM:&tbnh=97&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbrittany%2Bspears%2Bhome%2Bchildren%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG,retrieved1 March 2009.
" The rebel army thought nothing of stealing food and good drinking water from the citizens of Vicksburg. The rebel army authorities put 100 men in charge of securing homes and lives, but "over seventy-five of the men selected" for the policing duty were Creoles who spoke little or no English, and the troops pretty much took what they wanted. Many people became refugees and moved into tent cities outside the range of the Union guns. "There was something tangible about stealing a pig or helping oneself to a buck of water," alker explained on page 123.
Prices for food and other necessary items went through the roof during the build-up to the battle. Brandy was $40 a gallon on December 3; on December 29, "when Sherman was knocking on the gates of the city," brandy went up to $60 a gallon (p. 128). On December 20, the Vicksburg City…
Arnold, James R. Grant Wins the War: Decision at Vicksburg. New York: John Wiley & Sons,
Confederate Military History, Vol. 7, Chapter IX. "The Vicksburg Campaign." The Siege of Vicksburg (May 18 - July 4, 1863). Retrieved 23 Nov. At http://www.civilwarhome.com/siegeofvicksburg.htm .
Faust, Patricia L. "The Battle of Vicksburg." Historical Times Encyclopedia of the Civil War. Retrieved 20 Nov. 2006 at http://www.civilwarhome.com/battleofvicksburg.htm .
Grant, Ulysses S. "The Vicksburg Campaign." The Siege of Vicksburg. Retrieved 22 Nov. 2006 at
Hurricane Katrina and the Plan Efforts to educe elated Disaster Impacts in Future
The hurricane Katrina is one of the deadliest hurricanes to occur in the United States. The hurricane hit Louisiana, Florida, and New Orleans amongst other places. It led to losses, evacuation of people, loss of lives and many businesses came to stand still. New Orleans had flood preparedness systems, which did not help, and floods persisted for weeks. The tragedy was contributed to by the lack of risk preparedness systems. Scientists have estimated lower storm surges and small coverage of wetlands in the 20th century. The winds, surges, and wetlands help to weaken the powerful winds. The areas are still vulnerable to hurricanes and storms in the future due to the geographic location. New Orleans city is also sinking geologically rapidly. Lessons learned from the hurricane Katrina should be used for disaster preparedness.
Department Of Homeland Security Appropriations. (2008). New York: DIANE Publishing.
Daniels, R.D. (2006). On Risk And Disaster Lessons From Hurricane Katrina. New York: University of Pennslyvania.
Huddow, G.J. (2010). Introduction To Emergency Management. Atlanta: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Jenkins, O. (2009). National Preparedness. New York: DIANE Publishing.
Preservation and Conservation
Conservation, Preservation & Natural Regulation
Te purpose of tis paper is to define te difference between "conservation" and "preservation" and to researc "natural regulation" and define tat as well and to examine te results of "natural regulation" in terms of animal population, forest fires and any oter results wic may be discovered due to "natural regulation."
Te 'conservationist movement' was born in te decade of te 1960's and grew strong in te 1970's. Tere was a smaller movement of preservationists tat was bot ally and enemy to te conservationists in teir pursuits. Te survival is eac plant and animal in te ecosystem, or teir demise as a species if by te process of natural selection is only accomplised troug maintaining biodiversity in te ecological system of te eart. Biodiversity as been described as te "structural and functional variety of life forms at genetic, species, population,…
Covering of the Tree Tops
This paper to be used for reference purposes only
Citicorp Center made me much more aware of my responsibilities as an engineer to go above and beyond the law regarding safety guidelines. Laws are not written by engineers, and there is no way that building codes can anticipate the stresses to which every building design will be subjected: that is the role of the engineer.
The idea of constructing a building with an ethical flaw is every engineer's worst nightmare: it could mean that the engineer was responsible for the deaths of other human beings that could be prevented.
How much of a responsibility does an engineer have to his or her design, once it is constructed? To what extent does an engineer have the responsibility to anticipate various types of damage and disasters?
Q4. I would have insisted on a more safe design to begin with.
When faced with the dilemma of safety vs. aesthetics or safety…
(1) Discuss which of the interrelationships between the environmental spheres, in your experience, has had the biggest effect on human society, or vice versa. Give some examples.
The work of Manahan (2005) explains that there are four traditional environmental spheres including the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere and the biosphere. It is related however, that a fifth sphere should be included and that is the anthrosphere, which consists of "the things humans make and do." (Manahan, 2005) The atmosphere is reported as a very thin layer compared to the size of Earth, with most atmospheric gases lying within a few kilometers of sea level. The atmosphere serves a vital protective function in that it absorbs highly energetic ultraviolet radiation from the sun that would kill living organisms exposed to it.
A specifically important aspect of the atmosphere is that the atmosphere serves a vital protective function in that it absorbs highly…
Thomas, WA (2004) Meeting Challenges with Geologic Maps. AGI Environmental Awareness Series. Retrieved from: http://www.agiweb.org/environment/publications/mapping/mappingbook.pdf
Choi, CQ (2012) Jupiter's Moon's Ocean May Be Too Acidic for Life. Space. Retrieved from: http://www.space.com/14757-europa-moon-ocean-acidic.html
Jovian Planets vs. Terrestrial Planets (2012) Buzzle. Retrieved from: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/jovian-planets-vs.-terrestrial-planets.html
Social work history displays that the desire of social justice is both a task and a myth for employees and their immediate predecessors in organizations. This study provides a critical analysis of Janet Finn's and Maxine Jacobson's work titled "Just Practice." The great focus is on the first and the third chapter where their contributions and critical omissions are identified. Finn and Jacobson have worked hard to illustrate the historical development of social work, which was largely premised on charity for the poor (Finn, & Jacobson, 2003). In both chapters, they have elaborated in length on how social work came into being. Ideally, social work history revolves around the industrial revolution and the way the rise of capitalism created a gap between the rich and the poor. In the first chapter, the role of Charity Organization Societies and Settlement House Movement as the pioneers of social work has been elucidated…
Barusch, A.S. (2009). Foundations of social policy: Social justice in human perspective. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Finn, J.L., & Jacobson, M. (2003). Just practice: a social justice approach to social work. Peosta, Iowa: Eddie Bowers Pub. Co..
Leiby, J. (1978). A history of social welfare and social work in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lundy, C., & Lundy, C. (2011). Social work, social justice, & human rights: A structural approach to practice. North York, Ont: University of Toronto Press.
Personal freedoms and choice to say is all well and good, but forced evacuations should have been done and the parking lots full of empty buses prove that this can and should have been done had anyone had the temerity to do it. The state of Louisiana and the city of New Orleans should fully implement the NF/NP frameworks so as to prepare for the next storm, which will come.
One issue that predates 9/11 and has gotten both better and worse since then is airport security. Some of the screening tactics and procedures engaged in by the TSA are reassuring but some of them are head-scratching. When grandmothers and infant children are being poked and prodded for bombs or weapons, that is lunacy. Israel is widely condemned for their unapologetic racial profiling, but they simply point to two facts. The first is that most airplane-oriented terrorists are…
Barbera, J.A., DeAtley, C., & Macintyre, a.G. (1995). Medical aspects of urban search and rescue. Fire Engineering, 14888-92.
Currah, P., & Mulqueen, T. (2011). Securitizing Gender: Identity, Biometrics, and Transgender Bodies at the Airport. Social Research, 78(2), 557-582.
Edmonson, J.W., Keeton, M., & Vernon, M. (1995). Rescue command. Fire Engineering, 14848.
Fagnoni, C.M. (2006). Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Coordination between FEMA and the Red Cross Should Be Improved for the 2006 Hurricane Season: GAO-06-
April 15, 2013 is Patriots' Day in Massachusetts, and a particularly notable day in Boston because of the running of the marathon. Local news coverage in the morning consisted of pre-race interviews with runners and spectators. By mid-afternoon, tragically, the focus had shifted from the elite athletes and their sport to the explosions that killed two and injured many others. The explosions occurred before millions of people, both those at the scene and those watching on television in the Boston area, where the entire event is covered live.
Reporters spoke rapidly in excited voices. There were reporters at the scene and in the studio. They all struggled to make sense of what happened and tried to relay to viewers what little information was known. At first, there was speculation that the explosions were an accident, but it soon became apparent that small bombs were detonated deliberately to disrupt the…
Dyson, Michael Eric. "Frames of Reference."
"Breaking News." CBS-Boston Affiliate. WBZ, Boston. 15 April 2013. Television.
The role of community in achieving proper water and sanitation standards in times of disaster
It is important to note that whenever a natural or manmade disaster hits a particular region, the entire community is put at risk since it is them who suffer the direct results of the disaster. These negative outcomes of the disaster could be social, economic and even psychological. It is therefore necessary to properly educate the entire community on how they can cope with water shortage and sanitation problems that are as a result of either flooding or hurricanes. The various community drinking water treatment plants should have elaborate emergency plans that are to be put in action should there be a disruption of the service. It is integral that the community water treatment facilities comply with the stringent requirements that are laid down by both the federal and state regulations.
After the emergency for…
Associated Contents,(2010) The Importance of Water to Health and to Human Life
Copeland, C (2005). Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities:Impacts,
Needs, and Response
The people cannot do it themselves, although they have been making a valiant effort in Detroit, New Orleans, and other areas. They need help, and help quickly, and that help is not forthcoming.
The federal government seems to operate in a mode that initially recognizes a crisis, throws some initial aid toward management of the crisis, and then moves on to the next crisis, leaving the citizens and local governments to cope on their own. This strategy should be overthrown, replaced by a strategy that recognizes long-term support and aid is necessary in the face of crisis. Without urgent rethinking of this policy, and urgent aid to these suffering cities, the urban crisis in America is only going to continue, grow, and multiply until it is unmanageable and unsolvable.
Dyson, M.E. Come hell or high water: Hurricane Katrina and the color of disaster.
Sugrue, T. Origins of the Urban…
Dyson, M.E. Come hell or high water: Hurricane Katrina and the color of disaster.
Sugrue, T. Origins of the Urban Crisis.
Since September 11, 2001, the United States has made a significant progress guiding against terrorist attacks using terrorism preparedness to forestall further terrorism attacks in the United States. Terrorism preparedness exercise is a broad range of response and preparedness program to support communities that might be affected by the terrorist attack. (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, 2004).
Typically, the U.S. government has implemented a range of program for terrorism preparedness and one of the policies employed is the use of wide range of intelligence to investigate the imminent terrorism that might have occurred in the United States. Typically, the U.S. intelligence has collaborated with other intelligences globally to prevent act of terrorism in the United States. For example, the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) has collaborated with Pakistan intelligence to locate the hideout of Ben Laden and killed him.
Moreover, the United States has implemented various military exercises for…
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks. (2004). 9-11 Commission Report. USA.
Stenner, R.D. Kirk, J.L. Stanton, J.R. (2006).National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report. U.S. Department of Energy.
Department of Homeland Security. (2012).National Response Plan. USA.
Here, criminal law is of course preemptive in all jurisdictions, yet enforcement is restricted to agencies dedicated to law enforcement investigation and apprehension of individuals.
In spite of billions of dollars spent on homeland security, in the aftermath of Katrina pediatric-specific preparations continue to lag behind. Lack of disaster readiness for hospitalized children and for those undergoing reunification process sheds light on the disjuncture of public administration duty to rescue of minors; regardless of state intervention as 'duty' in all other areas of their lives (i.e. foster care). Children's advocates argue that,
"federal and state policy makers should dedicate research funding for the development of redundant strategies for implementation in states to assure timely reunification of infants, toddlers, and children and with their correct parents and caregivers" (Dolan and Krug, 64).
Articulation of those terms and the implications of not doing so are inflected in a broader discussion that is…
Dolan, M.A. And Krug, S.E. Pediatric Disaster Preparedness in the Wake of Katrina: Lessons to be Learned. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Elsvier, 2006, 59-66.
Handfield, R. In the Wake of Hurricane Katrina: Lessons Learned through the Lens of Supply Chain Disruptions - Part 1. Supply Chain Management 08 Sept 2005.
Implementation of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act And Other Organizational Changes. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 2006. Web.
Laws and Regulations. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 2010. Web.
Another internal factor that affects the O'Connell High School are the customer demands, in which in the school's case, the customers are the students. O'Connell High School satisfies everything that students and their parents would want in an education. Aside from the low tuition fee and quality education that the school offers, it also reinforces learning to students and to anyone who wishes to gain more knowledge through community education. This is done through evening and weekend classes and a variety of non-credit courses. Thus, these positive internal factors of good opportunities given to students, O'Connell High Schools organization behavior is influenced.
estructuring is another internal factor that positively impacts the organizational behavior of the school. Despite of the closing of the school in school year 2003-2004, the school is now back in pursuing its missions and objectives. It has restructured its curriculum, expanding through more educational degrees that are…
O'Connell High School.
Retrieved on September 01, 2005, from Online. Web site: http://www.ochsgalv.com
This image has lasted for nearly three thousand years but may now be in need of renewal. "God" may be longing for release from His immolation in the structure of our beliefs. To use a gardening metaphor, God has become pot-bound, fixed and constricted by the anthropomorphic, gender-biased, paternalistic image that we have projected onto Him. As Teilhard de Chardin suggested, we need to formulate a new image of God that is related to the phenomenal discoveries science has made about the new dimensions of the universe.
What have we done to God? The old image we have inherited from the Iron Age portrays God creating the Earth from a distance; God as something transcendent to, different from, creation and ourselves; God as male; God as fearful Judge, God as both punishing and loving Father. We have divided life into two - spirit and nature - and have lost the…
Edinger, E. (1985). Anatomy of the psyche: Alchemical symbolism in psychotherapy. La Salle, IL: Open Court
Edinger, E. (1996). The new god-image: A study of Jung's key letters concerning the evolution of the western god-image. Wilmette, IL; Chiron publications.
Goodchild, V. (2001). Eros and chaos: the sacred mysteries and dark shadows of love. York Beach, ME Nicolas-Hays, Inc.
Goodchild. V. (2006). Psychoid, psychophysical, P-subtle! Alchemy and a New Worldview. In Spring: A journal of archetype and culture, 74, "Alchemy." New Orleans, LA: Spring Journal Inc.
Blues music however did not cross racial lines, with the majority of famous blues musicians still residing in New Orleans and various other well-known black music entertainment venues of the South.
Gospel music has been an African-American church tradition with influences from traditional African music and especially prevalent during the slavery era. Later (most likely because of those particular ignominious associations and all they implied, especially in the South) gospel music was strongly discouraged within mainstream society and actively suppressed.
Similarly, blues music represented a blending of black musical traditions with a centuries-long history originating from the earliest days of American slavery. Sammy Davis Jr. And Nat King Cole, were and remain today among the best-known of early black entertainers within the (then) up-and-coming rock 'n roll genre of the 1940's. Each had a heavy influence upon Elvis himself.
Obviously, though, the blending of Southern musical traditions was not started…
African-American Musical Tradition." (June 9, 1998). Retrieved January 9, 2007,
From: http://www.questia.com/html .
Bane, Michael. White Boy Singin' the Blues: The Black Roots of White Rock.
Harmondsworth, Eng: Penguin, 1982.
There were incidences of the army having supplies but no requests came in for the supplies from FEMA which was supposed to be initiating that.
The lack of the CIA activation also meant there was no unified command on the ground hence the delay of the arrival of the active duty-federal troops in New Orleans. Even though there were in excess of 50,000 troops sent with resources from over 49 states, the operations did not proceed efficiently due to lack of the command from federal Northern Command, which was overseeing the large-scale deployments and operations of the active-duty military (Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, 2006:Pp11).
3. Politics and decision making process
In the event of any disaster, be it natural or an act of terrorism, there is always an attempt to politicize the process of making decisions particularly relating to the search and rescue and general response…
Department of Homeland Security, (2004). Catastrophic Incidence Annex. National Response
Plan. Pp1. Retrieved October 2, 2012 from http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg534/nsarc/Catastrophic_Incident_Annex.pdf
Homeland Security, (2005). Catastrophic Incident Supplement to the National Response
Plan. Retrieved October 2, 2012 from http://publicintelligence.net/catastrophic-incident-supplement-to-the-national-response-plan/
Walter Lippmann, Drift and Mastery
Walter Lippmann wrote Drift and Mastery in 1914, at a time when party politics in the United States were in a distinct state of flux. The 1912 election of Woodrow Wilson was the first time since the Civil War that a Democrat was elected President -- if we recall that Grover Cleveland (the only other Democrat elected in this half-century) was only elected by the support of the renegade "Mugwump" Republicans, who were dissatisfied with corruption within their own party. The split between traditionalism and reform among the Republicans, however, that permitted Cleveland's election had widened into an actual party split -- Theodore Roosevelt ran as a "ull Moose" Progressive against Taft, while Eugene V. Debs ran to Wilson's left as a Socialist. In some sense, Lippmann's Drift and Mastery is a response to the strange condition of partisan politics at this moment in American…
Lippmann, Walter. Drift and Mastery: An Attempt to Diagnose the Current Unrest. New York: Mitchell Kennerley, 1914.
The SpeedPass would be an FID chip embedded in plastic, preapproved based on a renter's record, insurance ratings, and credit ratings if applicable, and mailed to the cardholder for their use in high risk areas. The SpeedPass would then be scanned at the rental desk in the airport and the car would be lined up by the rental center. The customer could take the bus to the SpeedPass lane, and the FID contained they had would flash their specific stall number and then they would get their car. Just to make sure the right customer got the right car FID scanners would be underneath the dashboard and the car would only start for the right FID card match. By simply typing in a short code, the support staff getting the cards lined p would be able to ensure only the right customer gets the right car. This would save hours…
Harold Boeck, and Samuel Fosso Wamba. 2008. RFID and buyer-seller relationships in the retail supply chain. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management 36, no. 6, (June 1): 433-460.
Ford, R.. 2008. Improving efficiency by maximizing technology. Retailing Today: CONNECTING NORTHWEST ARKANSAS, October 1, 7.
Michael Heiss. 2006. Simple, Subtle, Memorable Tech Perks Make A Difference At Retail. Systems Contractor News, January 1, 40
Krotov, V., and I. Junglas. 2008. RFID as a Disruptive Innovation. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 3, no. 2, (August 1): 44-59.
For children, going to school, even a new school, provided a sense of order. It also gave parents time to plan for the future. Wealthier parents were able to enroll their children in private schools. Poorer families faced a greater struggle.
In Texas, officials reported enrolling19,000 children displaced by the storm (Katrowitz and reslau, 2005). They were able to waive normal rules, such as proving residency or providing immunization records. The opportunity to start over was critical for thousands of families, including Kathy Jemison and her daughter, Sarah McClelland, 17. The night before the storm hit, they gathered their clothes, keepsakes and important documents (such as birth certificates and Social Security cards). As the storm was destroying their home, they drove 15 hours to a friend's house in San Antonio. Sarah began her senior year at San Antonio's MacArthur High School, and Kathy, who worked for a bank in New…
Abramson, David, and Richard Garfield. (April, 2006). On the Edge: Children and Families Displaced by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita Face a Looming Medical and Mental Health Crisis. New York: Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, National Center for Disaster Preparedness.
Brown, Donal. (November 16, 2005). 1,000 Katrina Children Still Missing. Mother Jones.
Callimachi, Rukmini. (April 23, 2006). Katrina's Children Struggle With Fears. The Associated Press.
Cass, Julia. (June 13, 2006). For Many of Katrina's Young Victims, the Scars Are More Than Skin Deep. The Washington Post; A01.
What they did not anticipate was the levees breaking nor were they aware of the level of immediate need of the people. He also says that with Hurricane Andrew, about two million residents were evacuated and only about 10% we left homeless whereas with Hurricane Katrina approximately the same number of residents were evacuated yet over 90% were left homeless (Halton, 2006). This was much more of a burden than FEMA had anticipated and it was a result of poor emergency response at lower levels of government.
Even still, FEMA should have been better prepared to handle the situation. They should have been called in earlier than they were and if this were the case they situation would have been easier to manage. Paulison says that FEMA was not fully aware of what was needed and where. This is a result of poor communication. y the time they were called…
Halton, B. (2006). FEMA's response to Hurricane Katrina. Fire Engineering, 159(5), 213-218.
Kelley-Romano, S. And Westgate, V. (2007). Blaming Bush: An analysis of political cartoons following Hurricane Katrina. Journalism Studies, 8(5), 755-719.
Perry, R.W. And Lindell, M.K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: Guidelines for emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.
S. history such as Hurricane Andrew and the Northridge earthquake. Post-9/11 infrastructure protection investments have focused on increasing the security of infrastructure, not in increasing its resilience." (p. 258)
Certainly, these breakdowns are an indication that many of the interagency strategies brought to bear in the discussion on public administration had not been executed effectively, especially those intended to coalesce under the roof of the Department of Homeland Security. A quick review of the disaster management failures of Katrina are appropriate here. Accordingly, for five days after the landfall and passage of Hurricane Katrina, hordes of people stranded in New Orleans continued to wait for some indication that the federal government would soon be provided relief. Stranded and contained in horrific conditions in the city's football arena, the Superdome, which had been converted to a makeshift evacuation shelter with woefully insufficient supplies and accommodations for the tens of thousands who…
Agnos, a. (1998). Single Family Loan Production and Servicing. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. (USDHUD).
Associated Press (AP). (2005). FEMA knew Katrina response was 'broken,' MSNBC.
Brown, a.D. (2004). Authoritative Sensemaking in a Public Inquiry Report, Organization Studies, 25(1), 95-112.
Brown N., Vega S., Dupree a., Hartong R. (2010). DHS' Progress in Federal Incident Management Planning, Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General
Jelly oll Morton was born Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe in 1890 and later became a pioneer of modern American jazz. Growing up in New Orleans, he played piano in saloons and brothels when he was still a child. As an adult, he formed a band, the ed Hot Peppers and also played on his own. Morton is renown for his ability to bring traditionally black musical styles to the mainstream and he was heavily influenced by his New Orleans upbringing. Morton is particularly remembered for a series of recordings he made in Chicago for CA Victor in the 1920s, and Morton is credited as being one of the first to mix individual improvisation with more structured group arrangements. Although he claimed to have invented jazz, this is not strictly true; instead, he is credited as the first jazz composer. After Morton, improvisation became a staple of jazz. His best-known tunes…
"Jelly Roll Morton." The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. Accessed 10 October 2004.
"Jelly Roll Morton." Accessed 10 October 2004. http://www.redhotjazz.com/jellyroll.html
"Jelly Roll Morton. World Book online. Accessed 10 October 2004. http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aamusic/html/morton.htm
This problem was compounded by the fact that many of the people that stayed behind were low-income, had many children, or were elderly. Some also stayed because they could not take their pets and would not leave them behind. Many of these disadvantaged people needed the help much more rapidly than they got it, especially if they were elderly and infirm, or if they had young children that needed to be taken care of. They needed food, water, diapers, etc., and this was part of what caused the looting in some areas. While some people looted simply because they could, others broke into businesses and stole water, diapers, and non-perishable food - things that they should have been able to get for free, much sooner than the state actually provided it. The state government had an obligation to take care of its own people, and it appeared that this was…
Detroit House Flipping
Detroit Housing evamp
Detroit is a city that is indeed behind the proverbial "eight ball" in a lot of ways. The nastier parts of Detroit are full of abandoned and burned houses, crimes go unreported or at least unanswered and local agencies are uniquely pathetic at completing and providing even basic services at a satisfactory level. However, not unlike work industries and neighborhoods of yesteryear, it is possible for the Detroit housing market to see a rebirth. This would need to be done carefully due to monetary, cultural and economic pressures but it is entirely possible. While the house flipping alone would not solve the problems that Detroit has, it is absolutely part of the overall solution and the free market is the best source to use as the government money well is currently tapped out.
There are some that have stated that many large portions…
ABC. (2014, July 18). GM Delayed Recall in Another Ignition Switch Case. ABC News. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/gm-delayed-recall-ignition-switch-case-24628352
Bradford, H. (2012, April 6). Homeowners Stuck With High Interest Rates Even After Government Refinancing Program. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/06/mortgage-refinance-program-underwater-homeowners-lack-competition_n_1407949.html
Burdeau, C. (2012, August 28). New Orleans' post-Katrina gentrification is touchy. The Big Story. Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://bigstory.ap.org/article/new-orleans-post-katrina-gentrification-touchy
Campanella, R. (2013, March 1). Gentrification and its Discontents: Notes from New Orleans. Newgeography.com. Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://www.newgeography.com/content/003526-gentrification-and-its-discontents-notes-new-orleans
This city, so dependant upon the hospitality sector for its economic lifeblood may have permanently lost jobs and entire facets of its entertainment and hospitality industry.
This reality suggests there are further long-term costs to the local population and the national economy at large, again exacerbating the spiraling effect of the damage from Katrina. Particularly if the city's ills such as looting, health hazards posed by poor sanitation, poor drainage, and poor public relations are not treated in an expedient fashion, many businesses will likely relocate from the area, precipitating the core industries of local economy into long-term decline and adding to the costs of this terrible human and economic tragedy to the city and to America at large.
The article ends on a high note, stating that the impact of Katrina may be more modest than expected on a national level, but even if this is true in dollar…
What is the significance and quality of his life? He is a little like a force of nature, a little like a trickster god, a little like a criminal... his activities make his like and that of all those around him at once interesting and uncomfortable, and every day he challenges those around him to change and renew their lives.
To understand how his behavior itself is and creates chaos, one can just glance at a few of his reported activities. I wrote to him just a few days ago, asking him to tell me a few of his newest stories -- as always, they were full of humor and insight. Once upon a time, he said, not long ago, this little girl came up to him. "Are you a boy or a girl?" He grinned at her, leaned in close, and said: "I'm a radical gender*****." "What's that?" He…
There have been several memorable moments in the films we have watched in class. For instance, in the Leopard Man, the scene in which the killer believes to hear castanets being played and a woman walking towards him provides psychological insight into the killer's mental state; he was not only paranoid, but appeared to be haunted by his crimes. In "Cruising," the gay club scenes add to the confusion of the murderer's identity. These scenes are not only claustrophobic, but they are also loud and cause a visual overload; this further adds to confusion Steve Burns begins to feel in his life and allows the audience to see him begin to question his identity. In White Dog, the final scene where Dr. Hyde (the dog) attacks Carruthers -- the white trainer -- is impactful because it insinuates that animals can learn to rationalize and attempt to hold those…
Mold emediation in Wilkes-Barre, PA
Mold emediation in the Aftermath of Flooding in Wilkes-Barre, PA
Mold emediation in the Aftermath of Flooding in Wilkes-Barre, PA
Pennsylvania was hit hard in September, first by Hurricane Irene and then by the remnants of Tropical Storm Lee (Huber, 2011). Close to 100,000 residents living in areas that were inundated in 1972 due to Hurricane Agnes were ordered to evacuate on Thursday, September 8, 2011 (The Times Leader, 2011) and were not allowed to return until Saturday afternoon or later (Olson, 2011). Fortunately, the levees built in the aftermath of Hurricane Agnes did their job and a comparatively low number of 5,400 homes were exposed to floodwaters (Huber, 2011). However, those residents whose homes were flooded will be faced not only with physical damage to their property, but also the threat of significant exposure to mold-generated bioaerosols if their homes were exposed…
Brandt, Mary, Brown, Clive, Burkhart, Joe, Burton, Nancy, Cox-Ganser, Jean, Damon, Scott et al. (2006). Mold prevention strategies and possible health effects in the aftermath of hurricanes and major floods. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 55, 1-27. Retrieved 23 Feb. 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5508a1.htm
Cabral, Joao P.S. (2010). Can we use indoor fungi as bioindicators of indoor air quality? Historical perspectives and open questions. Science of the Total Environment, 408, 4285-4295.
Committee on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health (CDISH). (2004). Damp Indoor Spaces and Health. Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. NAP.edu. Retrieved 23 Feb. 2012 from http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309091934
Cummings, Kristin J., Cox-Ganser, Jean, Riggs, Margaret A., Edwards, Nicole, and Kreiss, Kathleen. (2007). Respirator donning in post-hurricane New Orleans. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13, 700-707.
race the events that led up to the War of 1812 and be very specific in describing those events.
Chapter 7 begins with background review of how (in the late 18th century) the young nation began to be concerned with education. Medicine, too, was beginning to actually define diseases and help heal people, and Americans were inventing technologies (like the cotton gin by Eli Whitney) including Whitney's machine "…to make each part of a gun according to an exact pattern" (192). In fact the development of Whitney's system of making weapons was important due to the fact that the U.S. was preparing for war with France; "Americans were deeply troubled by their lack of sufficient armaments for the expected hostilities" (192).
In 1789 Congress passed laws that gave preference to American ships in U.S. ports; moreover, between 1789 and 1810, the U.S. had "more ships and international commerce" than any…
The House of Representative elections of 1812 were pivotal to the launching of war with England as voters "…elected a large number of representatives of both parties eager for war with Britain" (210). Among those war-mongering elected officials were Henry Clay (Kentucky) and John C. Calhoun (South Carolina). Clay, as Speaker, appointed members he knew to be eager for war -- in particular, war to seize Canada from England -- to the Committee on Foreign Affairs (211). On June 18, President Madison "…gave in to the pressure" from the House and approved a declaration of war against Britain (211). Madison was very concerned about the threats to American vessels engaged in trade with Europe, and since Britain was hostile to the idea of Americans trading with France -- and of Americans gaining power on the high seas -- Madison reluctantly agreed to go to war.
What were the major outcomes of the war? As a result of Treaty of Ghent, the British gave up their demand for an "…Indian buffer state in the Northwest" and in time through additional negotiations the British agreed to allow full trade with American ships (213). The Treaty of Ghent also supposedly provided that the Native Americans would get back their tribal lands (that had been taken during the war); albeit, the Indians never did get their land back. The Treaty also called for a "mutual disarmament on the Great Lakes" and in time the Canadian-American boundary became the "…longest 'unguarded frontier' in the world" (213).
In conclusion, the War of 1812 did not go well for the new American nation, and it was a terrible blow to Native Americans who witnessed the killing of their peoples and the stealing of their ancient tribal lands. Still, with the addition of the Louisiana Purchase, America was now a much bigger nation, with new lands to populate and new challenges to face as well.
Developing a critical eye for the media also demands culling information from multiple sources and not believing everything stated by the media. The media is not an authority; the media consults authority figures to gather sellable data.
For "They Shoot Helicopters, Don't They?"
1. Matt Welch cites general "communication breakdown" and an "information vacuum" as main culprits in the misinformation leaked about Katrina (p. 13). However, Welch places the blame squarely on reporters for not having enough skepticism of the oral sources they acquire information during a natural disaster. Rumors spread readily during a disaster also because of a breakdown in telecommunications infrastructure. What Welch refers to as a:rumor mill" seems to be the source of much of the media's coverage (p. 13).
2. The kinds of rumors and stories spread by reporters and enhanced by sensationalist media coverage suggest that various lenses are used to view reality. One of…
However, as criminals become more aware of undercover tactics, the covert officer is required to provide more and more proof that he is indeed a criminal- which leads to the officer committing acts that compromise his or her integrity for the sake of maintaining cover. y understanding the often conflicting nature of these goals, deception and integrity, we can see how an undercover officer can become confused, lost, and susceptible to temptation (i.e. criminal behavior).
y examining both aspects- environmental factors and personality factors- we take into account both sides of a complex relationship. These two groups of factors, when combined together, shed some light on the exact nature of criminal tendencies amongst police officers.
Definition of Terms
Covert: another term for undercover, meaning the use of deception for the purpose of gathering information or intelligence.
Non-covert: police officers that, even in plain clothes, maintain their own true identity instead…
Choo, A., and Mellors, M. (1995) Undercover Police Operations and What the Suspect Said (Or Didn't Say). Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, Blackstone Press, University of Leicester. Web site: http://wenjcli.ncl.ac.uk/articles2/choo2.html
Girodo, M. (1985) Health and Legal Issues in Undercover Narcotics Investigations: Misrepresented Evidence. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 3(3),299-308.
Girodo, M. (1991) Drug Corruption in Undercover Agents: Measuring the Risk. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 9, 361-370.
Girodo, M. (1997) Undercover Agent Assessment Centers: Crafting Vice and Virtue for Impostors. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 12(5), 237-260.
Next, the researcher will conduct a query of the computer awareness of education administrators, teachers, parents, and students in the New Orleans school district, then evaluation of documented data will provide a research base of the required elements needed to consider while developing a framework that can be used as a guide by educational leaders and parents for the protection of children at school and at home. esearch areas will include law enforcement agencies, various information systems security sites that provide security solutions that can be implemented in schools and in the home, other avenues of research will include interviews with a multitude of technical personnel proficient in hardware, software and network technology utilized for computer security.
The purpose of this dissertation is to provide recommendations from experienced practitioners of detailed, hands on instruction or guides that even the computer illiterate parent or senior caregiver can use to…
Atkinson, E.N. (1995). Interactive dynamic graphics for exploratory survival analysis. The American Statistician, 49(1), 77.
Barker, C., & Groenne, P. (1996). Advertising on the World Wide Web. [online]. Available: http://www.samkurser.dk/advertising/research.htm[1998, April 6].
Bever, T.G., Smith, M.L., Bengen, B., & Johnson, T.G. (1975). Young viewers' troubling response to TV ads. Harvard Business Review, 54, 109-120.
Cai, X., & Gantz, W. (2000). Online privacy issues associated with Web sites for children. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44(2), 197.
Regulating Oil and Gas Drilling and Transport
The American economy runs on energy produced from oil, coal, natural gas, hydroelectric power, nuclear power and renewable sources like solar and wind energies. In fact according to a report in the Congressional Research Service, oil provides the United States with 40% of its total energy needs. It is used in myriad ways, providing "…fuel for the transportation, industrial, and residential sectors" (Ramseur, 2012). Because of the great need for energy to fuel the American economy, oil in "vast quantities" enters the country and moves through the country by ships and by pipelines, Ramseur explains in the Congressional Research Service. Hence, it is inevitable that some spills will occur, and they certainly do occur, notwithstanding the attempts by the industry to conduct its business safely.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports that the U.S. consumed 6.87 billion barrels (about 18.83 million barrels…
American Petroleum Institute. (2012). Energy Security. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://www.api.org.
Barkham, Patrick. (2010).Oil spills: Legacy of the Torrey Canyon. The Guardian. Retrieved February 14, 2013, from http://www.guardian.co.uk .
Griffin, Catherine. (2013). European Satellite Confirms Arctic Ocean is on Thin Ice, Global
Warming Strikes Again. Science World Report. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://www.scienceworldreport.com .